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CAMP A, WHEELER'S CONFEDER ATE CAVALRY.
(By a .Staff I'botograpber.) Henry. I>r. Sinclair Bowon and foriner Senators Pugh, Jones and Henderson. After l^avln?r the church the cortege ?turned Into Pennsylvania avenue and pro ceeded along that thoroughfare wejtwjird. to th?- sound of muffled drums and solemn dirge, to Georgetown. There the Potomac river was crossed on the Aqueduct brigs'* Into Virginia and to Arlington cemetery The route to the cemetery was past Fort Myer. As the head of the column reached a point opposite that poet cannon boomed, sound ing the major general's salute of thirteen guns at regular Intervals. At ths Cemetery. Impressive military services and the final services of the church marked the ceremonies at the cemetery. The cavalry dismounted at the gates and proceeded within the silent city of the dead on foot. The troops formed In line at the grave and stood at "present arms." The veteran associations took positions around the grave. With the casket resting just above the grave the committal services of the Episcopal church were conducted by Rev. I^r. Ernest Stires of St. Thomas' Episcopal Church. New York. As the flag-draped casket was lowered Into the ground a detail of United States soldiers tired three volleys over the grave, and a lone bugler stepped forward and sounded the solemn, soulful "taps"? lights out. good-night?which concluded the ceremonies. The spot selected for the final repose of General Wheeler Is on the grassy slope In front of and to the right of the historic born at I>erby, Conn.. 1753. died at New ten. Mass.. 1828; captain of Derby Com pany In 1775, served In siege of Boston; major of :J:h Massachusetts Regiment In 1777, lieutenant colonel in 177!> and inspect or general under Baron Steuben. Camp A, Confederate Veterans. AA feature of the funeral procession to- j djy was Camp A, Wheelers' Confederate I Cavalry, many of them being clad In their gray southern uniforms. This camp is com posed of men who served under Gen. Jo seph Wheeler in the civil war, left Atlanta Saturday night in special sleepers provided for the old cavalrymen by Maj. Joseph Wheeler, on of the departed warrior, and arrived in Washington last night to attend the funeral of their beloved leader. Among those on the special which arrived last night, to be followed by eleven more members of the camp, are J. 8. Pratfier, commander of the camp; CoL T. Hardin Jones of the Hd Kentucky; Col. J. P. Austin, Oth Kentucky Cavalry; Maj. Nathan Ly ons. 8th Confederate Cavalry; B. G. Rey nolds. 1st Georgia Cavalry; S. B. McFad den and T. J. Smith. 1st Georgia Cavalry; T. S. Bowen. 51st Alabama Cavalry; J E. Fain. 31st Alabama CavaJTy; G. A. Web ster. 1st Georgia Cavalry; P. M. T. Med lln. 1st Georgia Cavalry; John S. Cobb. 1st Georgia Cavalry; J. E. Cloud, 11th Georgia Cavalry; J. E. Toole. 2d Tennessee Cavalry; W. T. Jones, 2d Georgia Cavalry; J. R. j Ray. 1st Georgia Cavalry; W. L.. Bryan, 2d Georgia Cavalry; H. F. I .ester, 6th Georgia I Cavalry; J. A. Loftus and P. L. Fuller, 1st ] LYING IN STATE. (By a Staff Photographer.) J.ee mansion. It is regarded as one of the most beautiful sites In the home of the soldier dead, overlooking the nation's capital arrows the Potomac. Floral Tributes. Miss Nii'.nie Randolph Heath of Virginia, daughter '>f the late Gen. Horry Heath of the confederate a~my, was In charge of the reception <>f the floral tributes Sit St. .Jphn's Church t lav. Miss Heath enjoys the dis tinction . f being the sponsor of the entire south in the I'r.iled Confederate Veterans, having been selected for that honor upon the death of Miss Winnie Davis, known as "the daughter of the confederacy." The floral offerings were in many designs and embrai od some of the choicest exotics of the sunny southland. The floral piece from ilie White House, sent by President and Mrs. Roosevelt, was particularly pretty and appropriate. There were several of ferings from the army and the Spanish war veterans of the District of Columbia. Massachusetts and New York. Public Printer Charles A. Stiliings sent a design In white roses, violets and palms. The Daughters of the Confederacy sent from Soutl Carolina a tribute in laurel tied with red and white ribbon, the colors of the "lost cause." The Confederate Veterans' Association of Washington contributed a polliw of white roses, lilies of the valley and southern smilax There were other tributes from the south ynd the north, in cluding a floral pillow from Gen. Joe Wheeler Garrison. Army and Navy t'nlon ?>f New Jersey, and a design from the head quarters of that organisation in tills city. Get Adn.i H. < haffee and Gen. George H. llarr ? >mmantling the District National Uu.ird W.rc at the church early today as Alabama Cavalry; W. C. Hughen. 1st Geor gia Cavalry; W. F. Shropshire, 1st Georgia Cavalry; Thomas McClendon, Bell's Cav alry; Dr. T. D. Longino, 2d Georgia Cav alry; R. H. Caldwell, 5th Georgia Cavalry; Karl A. Webster and F. A. Hilburn, 1st Confederate Battalion. The Invited guests are Miss Furlow An derson, one of the south's sweetest singers; Miss Davenport, Mrs. N. A. Bartholomew. !"'al Wilson, David Silverman and Fay Wilson, the bugler whose name and fame brought into requisition his services at the gravesides of l>oth President Mcltin ley and Gen. John B. Goijdon. Battered Bugle of the Sixties. W. L. -Bryan, who was General Wheeler's war-time bugler, carried in line today with Camp A of Wheeler's Cavalry the original bugle of the sixties on which General Wheeler commanded him to sound the last call of the war. "This call was 'taps, lights out,' said Mr. Bryan to a Star reporter, and it was lights out in fact for us fellows in gray." The bugle is badly crushed, having been run over by an ambulance In one of the battles during Sherman's march to the sea. The battered old bugle sounded the call for the survivors of Wheeler's Cavalry today on their march to Arlington. TRIBUTE IN NEW YOBK. Brief Funeral Services and Imposing Military Pageant. An imposing military pageant passing across Brooklyn bridge, brief services at St. SPANISH WAR VETERAN GUARD OF HONOR. (By ? Staff Photographer.) ?lstlng In arranging for the obsequies, which ?were in immediate charge of Maj. Wil liam D. Beach of the general staff of the army Another prominent figure at the church was Col. Brewer, late of Adams' Alabama Cavalry, who served on (Jen. "Wheeler's staff during the civil war and was his colleague In Congress; also Col. end Mrs. Milton Humes, in whose colo nial home on their southern plantation Gen. Wheeler made bis home when he ?went south after his entry Into the regu lar army at the cloec of the war with J3paln. Commissioner H. B. F. Macfar land was also at the church to pay his respects. Gens. Chaffee. Bates and Hawkins attend ed the obsequies as representatives of the General Society of the Army of Santiago fie Cuba, while Gen. George H. Harries tre presented the local branch of the organ isation. Gen A W. Greely, V. 8 A.; Maj. Wil liam D. Beach, tT. 8. A., and Oapt. George W. Balrd, U. S. N, were appointed a com mittee to represent the National Society of Sons of *'?? American Revolution at the fue ?'er, a member of the , u.,a>.n u. (Jen. William Hull. Thomas' P. E. Church on Fifth avenue and an escort across the North river ferry to Jersey City, where the body was placed on a train to be taken to Washington for In terment In the national cemetery at Ar lington. marked the funeral of Brig. Gen. Joseph Wheeler In New York yesterday. The funeral took place from the home of Gen. Wheeler's sister, Mrs. Sterling Smith, In Brooklyn, where Gen. Wheeler died on Thursday of pneumonia. The body was borne from the house by eight non-commls sloned officers of Infantry and placed upon a flag-draped artillery caisson. Squadron C and a detail of the 3d Battery of Artillery escorted the body, and on the Manhattan side of the bridge the 71st Regiment, New Tork National Guard. In full-dress uniform, was drawn up. The 71st, commanded by Col. W. G. Bates, served under Gen. Wheel er in Cuba, and today was given the post of honor. Infantry from Governors Island, headquarters of the Department of the East. United 8tates army, also joined the procession on the west side of the river. From Brooklyn bridge the line of march lay across town to Washington square and thence up Fifth avenue from 8th street to 53d Htreet to St. Thomas' Church. A rlderi-iss horse, with boots reversed in the atlrrups and a cavalry eword dangling from the saddle, was led behind 1he cais son. The altar of the church was almost hid den Ijensath the floral offerings, one among therm, a great wreath, sent by President Roosevelt. The brief services were conducted by Rev. Krnest Stlres, rector of the church, assisted by Rev. Dr. Morgan Di*. who, meeting the body at the door, led the way to the chan cel. They were followed by the church ves try. consisting of D. O. Mills, George Mc Culloch Miller, J. A. Atterbury, Anson R. Flower and Charles H. Stout. Following tf<ese came the honorary pall bearers, Col. J. J. Astor, J. Pierpont Mor gan, R. T. Wilson, Fitch Smith, I>r. JFohn Wyeth, John McKesson. S. R. Bertron, Dr. W. M. Polk, Commander Parker. U. S. N.; Archer Huntington. Gen. J. H. Wilson. Gen. Kent. Senator Clark of Montana. Charles 3. Fairchlld, Gen. O. O. Howard. U. S. A., retired; Gen. Stewart Jm Woodford. Dr. R. 1 Ogden Doremus and Dr. Parrlus. Following the church service the body was escorted to Jersey City, where it was placed on board a train of the Pennsylvania rail road, which left for Washington shortly af ter 4 o'clock. BECEPTION AT WHITE HOUSE. President to Meet Wheeler's Cavalry men Tomorrow. President Roosevelt announced today that he will receive the members of Gen. Wheel er's cavalry regiment at the White House at 10:30 o'clock tomorrow morning. flEPORTED TO SENATE Another Step in Progress of the Statehood Bill. DISCRIMINATION ALLEGED Charges Against the B. and 0. Bead by Mr. Tillman. THE BOYCOTT BY CHINESE Resolution Directing Investigation by the Committee on Immigration Taken Up in the Senate. The House statehood bill was reported favorably to the Senate today by Mr. Beverldge, chairman of the committee on territories. The bill had been under con sideration in the committee for three days. No announcement was made by Mr. Bev eridge in reporting the bill. Mr. Patterson, from the territories com mittee, gave notice that there would be a minority report. Alleged Hallway Discrimination. Mr. Tillman had read a letter addressed to him by the Red Rock Fuel Company, owners of 4.000 acres of coal land in West Virginia. setting forth discriminations against that company by the Baltimore and Ohio railroad for the alleged reason that the railroad did not want to permit the Red Rock coal to come into competition with coal from mines in which the railroad is Interested. The letter asks for an in vestigation of all bituminous coal carrying roads. An order from the Interstate com merce commission to desist from the. dis criminations practiced was also read, which order, the coal company says, has been ignored. In commenting on the case Mr. Tillman said It appeared to him the relief could be obtained under state law, and if this was impossible under the laws of West Vir ginia that state stands disgraced. Mr. Elkins said the relief could be had under West Virginia laws, but he did not know why the coal company had not re sorted to the courts. The Red Rock Company alleged In its let ter that the Baltimore and Ohio railroad was under the control of the Pennsylvania railroad, which Mr. Tillman said should be Investigated. Investigation of Chinese Boycott. The resolution of Mr. Tillman asking the committee on immigration to investigate the facts of the Chinese boycott of Ameri can goods was laid before the Senate. The preamble which alleged that Wu Ting Fang, former Chinese minister to the United States, had been a leader in the movement, was objected to by Mr. Teller, Mr. Uodge and Mr. Warren. The latter sen ator said Wu Ting Fang had explicitly de nied the charge In conversation with the senator when he was in China last summer. Mr. Tillman read from the President's message on the harshness of the exclusion laws. Mr. Dubois said he would vote for the resolution, but thought an Investigation would not show that the exclusion laws had been too rigidly enforced. He said the boycott was contincd almost wholly to the Canton district, which the Taft party, of which he was a member, was warned not to visit. A few of the party learned, he said, that the Japanese were back of the boycott, for the reason that when American traders leave the Japanese take their place. All the guilds In the Cantonese district, said Mr. Dubois, are back of the boycott because of the effort to keep coolies out of the United States. The coolies now here are from that dis ^Both^Mr. Dubois and Mr. Teller declared that the students and merchants were not back of the boycott and that It originated with persons Interested In getting coolie labor Into this country. Not Wanted in the South. Mr. Dubois referred to the south and the demand for Chinamen to supplant negro labor, which remark provoked disclaimers from Mr. Clay and Mr. Tillman. The lat ter said the south had conditions bad enough now, without further mixing them " "The boycott Is going on; we cannot stop i* " Mr Teller. "The time Is not far & when we ^11 have no trade In China The Japanese will soon seize the trade of those four hundred millions of people. Mr Newlands supported the remarks of Mr Dubois. Ho said that when the cool ies were arousfed the authorities were pow erless. He predicted an Increase In our trrwihles with China on the matter of Im migration He also said that the Chinese resent their exclusion from this country, and added that if we shoifld add the Japa nese to the excluded class we would have the active hostility of that empire. This feeling would, he predicted, be Intensified bv the exclusion of the orientals from the Philippines. He declared that it was not consistent to demand the open door In China and not grant it in the Philippines, and that tn going after the exclusive trade of 7 000,000 people In the Philippines we were' liable to lost that of 700,000,009. Mr Tillman struck out all the portion of the preamble of the resolution to whiah objection had been made thus modifying It so as to merely order an Investigation. The resolution was then referred to the ?committee on contingent expenses. Mr Heyburn then addressed the Senate in support of his bill providing for the com 1 oensation of states for school lands taken possession of by the national government for forest reservation purposes. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. On meeting today the House of Repre sentatives authorised Its elections commit tee No. 1 to take testimony regarding the charge that Anthony Hichalek, elected to Congress from Illinois, is not a cltlsen of the United States. It also passed bills ex tending the time for constructing the fol lowing bridges: At Shreveport, La., over Red river; at Yankton, 8. D., two bridges over the Missouri river, and to build a rail way bridge between Cedar Point and Dol phin Island, Ala. The House proceeded to get Itself tangled Into a hard legislative knot over the con struction of Its rules, and succeeded tn un tangling only by a roll call. The ilrst chap ter In the difficulty consisted of the presen tation of a resolution by Mr. Stevens (Texas). It required information of the in terstate commerce commission regarding alleged high freight rates on cattle from Texas. He explained that the resolution was "privileged" because it asked informa tion and had been before a committee a week without action. "But." ruled the Speaker, "rule 22 pro vides that resolutions must be addressed to a head of a department to become privi leged in this manner. The interstate com merce commission Is not a department." ThiK ruling opened the way for an objec tion to considering the resolution, which was promptly made. Alleged Pennsylvania Railroad Merger. Mr. Gillespie (Texas) was on his feet < with a resolution for information regard ing an alleged railroad combination be tween the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, tho Pennsylvania Company, the Norfolk and Western Railway Company, the Baltl *n<l Ouio Railroad Company, the Philadelphia. Baltimore and Washington Railway Company, tho Northern Central Railway Company and the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company. This resolution wjlb address**! to the President as the logi cal head of the Interstate commerce com mission. At first it seemed to meet the objection which prevailed against the Stevens reso lution and was agreed to without a negative vote. It was at this point that Mr. Dalzell (Pa.) began to "see a distinction without a dif ference 'between the two resolutions. He proceeded to explain that the rule could not be obviated and a resolution not privi leged made so by simply addressing the Inquiry to the President. "But," suggested the Speaker, "the reso lution has been agreed to." "Then I move to reconsider," said Mr. Dalzell. "But has It been agreed to?" suggested Mr. Mann (111.). "I think only the amend ment was agreed to." As no one could remember Just what action had been taken the House waited for the notes of the official reporter to be transcribed. "The resolution was agreed to," said the Speaker, whereupon Mr. Dalzell insisted on his motion, and Mr. Gillespie moved that the Dalzell motion be laid on the table. On this motion the roll was called, resulting In 122 yeas and 05 nays. This had the effect of tabling the motion to reconsider and made the resolution effective. Hepburn Bill the Continuing Order. By unanimous consent the Hepburn rail road rate bill was. made the continu'ng or der in the House from tomorrow until a conclusion is reached. According to ">e regular order legislation for the District of Columbia had the right of way. Eight District bills were on the calendar. Ill HONOR OF WHEELER Five City Streets Combined Un der the General's Name. ACTION OF THE HOUSE Passage of the Measure Almost Unani mously. DISTRICT BILLS CONSIDERED Betent on Contracts Requiring Fire Escapes?Regulating Sale of Inflammable Oils. This was District day in the House and eight bills on the calendar were speedily passed. The only one which resulted in any debate was that authorizing the Commis- J sloner.3 to change the names of Pierce place, Blake street, Swann street. Cedar street | and Oregon avenue to Samson street. Rep resentative Sims of Tennesse was the only member to oppose this. Representative Morrell of Pennsylvania was in charge of District business on the floor today, as Representative Babcock ot Wisconsin, chairman of the House District committee, is ill and was not at the Capitol today. Retent on Contracts. The iirst bill passed was that regulating the retent on contracts with the District ot Columbia. The present law compels the District government to retain 10 per cent ! on all contracts for public works except on building and grading. This, it has been I found, works a great hardship upon small contractors by tieing up 10 per -cent or their capital on all of their work, including pavements, bridges and sewers, and In a large measure prevents competition by rea- ! son of the fact that if a person is a fre quent bidder much of his capital is with held as retent and is unavailable. Thus contractors with limited capital are embarrassed when called upon to compete with ofliers with large capital. The pur pose of the bill Is to relieve the contractors from useless retent on their work where it is absolutely unnecessary that a live year retent should be had. In the case or bridges, sewers and concrete work of an kinds the retents are usually ascertainable within one year. Therefore it is a mani fest injustice to retain money, according to the committee, beyond the time neces sary In which to discover and correct any defects in public works. Procuring of Warrants, fir. MorreU called 4ip ?use bill 120, I which is intended to facilitate the procuring by the police of warrants erf private citi zens on legal holidays and at other times when the olerk of the Police Court Is inac cessible. The bill makes provision that any Justice of the peace may at any time in cluding Sundays and legal holidays,' on complaint under oath or actual view, issue warrants returnable to the Police Court and such warrants shall be issued free of charge. The bill was passed. Construction of Fire Escapes. The 'bill to compel the construction of Are escapes on buildings in the District of Co lumbia three or more stories In height or over thirty feet in height used for various purposes was then called up. Representa tive Tayler of Ohio, in his report to the full committee on this bill, said that "an Investigation convinces us that by far the most dangerous fire traps in this city are those buildings more than thirty and less than fifty feet In height ocoupled as fiats or tenements. They entirely escape in spection and regulation under the present law." The regulations In the bill are not intend ed for the better protection of property, but rather for the protection of the occupants of such property. The committee also held that the present law was entirely Inade quate for compelling non-resident owners to comply with Its provisions, and an amendment was Inserted authorizing the Commissioners to erect a fire escape and tax the expense against the property. The bill passed without opposition. Requiring Accurate Weighta. The Houss then passed two bills, relating to the office of the sealer of weights ana measures. One provides that accurate weights must be used in all places where sales of commodities In the District are made, and the other prohibits any person from selling coal or coke in the District unless the weight of the load Is certified in writing. Sale of Inflammable Oils. Mr. Morrell then called up the bill re ported by Representative Taylor of Ohio to the full committee, to place a license tax on the sale of inflammable oil*. The purpose of the legislation is to im prove governmental oversight of the sell ing and storing of inflammable oils ex plosives, fireworks, Ac., and to charge a license fee to persons engaged in this business. Under existing law the Com missioners have no authority to charge a license fee, and the committee believes that the enactment, into law of this legis lation would resolt In better protection of life and property wKhin the District of Columbia. After the matter was explained by Mr. Morrell the House passed the bill with out debate. The Public Hayscales. The measure authorizing the Dletrict Commissioners to make such regulations as they may deem necessary for the sale of the use of the pupbllc hayscales in the District of Columbia In order to obtain therefrom an adequate revenue was passed without opposition. Samson Street Proposed. Representative Wiley of New Jersey, a member of the District committee, ex plained that the next bill called up was for the purpose of designating as Samson street a practically continuous thorough fare Ave blocks in length, each block of which now has a separate name?Pierce place. Blake street, Swann street. Cedar street and Oregon avenue. The name Sam son was selected In honor of the late George Whltofleld Samson, for many years presi dent of the Columbian College, now the George Washington University. The merger. Mr. Wiley said, had the approval of the Commissioners. Representative Sims of Tennessee, also a member of the District committee, objer ed to the proposed change. He ?ald that th< practice of naming the streets of Wash ington after states and after sreat national characters should be adhered to. He had nothing against the memory of Mr. Sam son. he said, but called attention of the House to the fact that he had been merely an ex-school teacher and that he did not see why five streets should be mutilated as to their names and the residents thereon inconvenienced merely to do honor to this man. Representative Wiley remarked that some presidents of the United States have been school teachers at one time or an other and he produced two letters from residents on the thoroughfare in favor of the change. Representative Campbell of Kansas, a member of the District committee, explain ed that it was not proposed to honor Sam son, but that It was to give uniformity to the streets named. Representative Olmstead of Pennsylvania offered an amendment to consolidate the streets under the name of Sampson place in honor of the late Admiral Sampson. To be Called Wheeler Street. Representative Sherman of New York offered an amendment to change the names of the live street to Wheeler street In honor of Gen. Wheeler, whose funeral took place today. He considered it eminently fitting to change the names of this street to Wheeler street, and thus pay a tribute to the man who served In the House of Representatives for more than a decade. Mr. Sherman then paid an eloquent tribute to Gen. Wheeler as a confederate and Union soldier and as a man. The House ap plauded vigorously. Representative Campbell remarked at the close of Representative Sherman's speech that the House could not add to Gen. Wheeler's fame by naming after htm a lit tle street only five blocks long. After Representative Morrell had made a brief speech on the street extension sys tem now followed in Washington, the House voted on the Sherman amendment, and by a practically unanimous voice decided to consolidate the Ave streets in question un der the name of Wheler street in honor of the soldier, author and statesman. There was considerable applause follow ing the vote. GERMANY'S VIEW. Reported That Kaiser Regards Castro's Position Wrong. Special Cablegram to The Star. PARIS, January 'JO.?The Berlin corre spondent of the Temps says he Is assured by the foreign chancellery that the German charge d'affaires in Venezuela lias stated to President Castro's government that Ger many considers Venezuela in the wrong In respect to her treatment of M. Taigny, the French charge d'affaires. JACOB LACEY ACQUITTED. j Not Guilty of Manslaughter, by Direc tion of Court. By direction of the court a jury in Crim inal Court ?o. 1 late this afternoon re turned a verdict of not guilty In the case of Jacob Lacey, who was placed on trial on a charge of manslaughter. In directing the verdict of not guilty the court remarked that no case had been made out against the accused. Lacey was indicted in connection with the killing of Frank Merrill August 2 last. LICENSE REISSUED. | Action of Excise Board on John B, Buckley's Application. After deliberating over the evidence for and against the establishment of John B. Buckley at the corner of l?th and T streets northwest, as presented at a formal hear ing several days ago. the excise board todiy unanimously decided that Mr. Buckley's li cense to conduct a liquor saloon should re issue. When the hearing in the case was held Senator Burkett of Nebraska, Prof. Hodgkins and several other prominent real dents and property owners in the vicinity appeared before the excise board to pro test against Mr. Buckley being permitted to continue in business in what was termed a constantly improving residence locality. Attorney A. E. Shoemaker presented argu ments along the same line for the Anti Saloon League. Attorneys Bell and Madi gan conducted the applicant's side of the i case. THREE KILLED IN WRECK. Fatal Head-on Collision in Illinois Today. PEORIA, 111., January -1*.?In a head-on collision between a passenger triin and a freight train near Edelstein tod .y three men were killed, another fatall: injured, the exipre^s car. with all its contc.i j, burn ed, and much damage, done to t; j.in prop erty. Noted Woman Dead. NORTHFIELD. Vt., January 29.?Mrs. Frank Plumley, one of the most prominent women In the state and wife of the French Venezuelan arbitrator, died at her home here today. In the adjustment of the claims of the French government against the government of Venezuela, Mrs. Plumley took a prominent part with her husband, who was the referee. She visited Venezuela to assist In an investigation of the matter there, and at the final meeting of the repre sentatives of both governments l>efore the referee Mrs. Plumley acted as interpreter to the commission. Building Permits Issued. Building permits were issued by Inspector Ashford today as follows: To John Sherman, architect, for two story frame dwelling at 3311 Park place; builders. Building and Supply Corporation; estimated coat, |5,000. To F. T. Sanner for three three-story brick apartment houses at 2120-2124 f street northwest; builder, John Brennan; estimated cost, $45,000. To F. H. Hlgdon, architect and builder, for two-story frame dwelling on 22d street; estimated cost, $1,200. To City and Suburban Railway Company for one-story brick car house at 6th and T streets northeast; architect and builder, W. B. Upton; estimated cost, $16,WH). Ocean Steamship Movements. NEW YORK, January 2ft.?Arrived?Pa tricia, from Hamburg; Finland, from Ant werp; Pannonla, from Trieste; Noordam, from Rotterdam. Miss Roosevelt in New York. NEW YORK, January 29.?Miss Alice Roosevelt and Congressman Nicholas Ix>ng worth arrived In thla city from Philadelphia today. Miss Roosevelt will be the guest of Mrs. Robert Goelet while in thlri city. Prosecution Sustained in Beav ers-Green-Doremus Case. POSTAL IRREGULARITIES Government s Objections to Pleas in Abatement Upheld. SACRIFICE OF PUBLIC JUSTICE Unless Special Appeal is Taken Trial Will Commence Monday, February 12. Justice Gould, in Crlminul Court No. 2, today overruled the demurrers filed by C-eorge W. Beavers, former chief of the division of salaries and allowances. Post Office Department, to the Indictments for conspiracy and bribery against him In con nection with the Post Office Department Irtegularltles. The pleas In abatement fll#d by George K. Green, former state sen ator of New York, and Wlllard D. Dore mus of this city, indicted Jointly with Beavers, were held to be insufficient, and the demurrer of the government to the pleas was sustained. Should counsel for the defense not seek the allowance of a special appeal by the Court of Appeals the cases will probably be called for trial Monday. February 12. In overruling the demurrer to the indict ments. Justice Gould .said that to hold the Indictments void on the ground that they failed to charge the commission of a crlmo under the statute would be to sacrlfic the administration of public Justice to exces sive subtlety and overstrained observance of form. The defendant's counsel at the hearing had urged that the indictments were bad because the check that was al leged to have been given was not an obli gation within the meaning of the statute. Justk-e Gould held that the the word ??obli gation." as used in the statute under which the Indictments were framed, should be construed to Include a check. The court discussed at length the evolu tion in the meaning of the word "obliga tion," saving that originally, as a legal term, it meant a stolen Instrument, but than an examination of modern -de cisions and a reference to text books show that there has been a marked departure from the original significance. and that its meaning now depends largely upon the con text. In none of the more recent analytical treatises on the law of contracts. It was stated, is the word given its archaic mean ing of a sealed Instrument. It is rather defined as a rule against a person reduci ble to a money value. Meaning of "Obligation." The oourt stated that it was evident that the word "obligation," as used in the stat ute, was not intended to Include sealed In struments only, for the word "contract." which precedes it in the section in question, must be held to include sealed instruments and. therefore, the term "obligation" would be rendered useless and meaningless if con fined to that construction. The court held a check to !>e an obligation in a two-fold character. In being written evidence that the maker is under pecuniary obligation to the holder and in signlflying obligation on the part of the bank upon which it is drawn to the drawer to honor the same when duly presented, sufficient funds for its payment having been sup plied. The court discussed the second objection urged by the defendant to the Indictment which was that a check, if held to be an obligation, had not been set out and sulii cieBtly described in the indk'ment. Jus tice Gould said that he had been unable to lind any authority which holds that writ ten instruments shall be set out in ha?c verba, excepting In case.s of forgery and libel. "The error of the opposite conten tion, the opinion stated, "lies In assuming that the gravamen of the offense is in the means or Instrument used as a bribe. The 1 gist of the offense Is the corruption of the public officer; the character and description of the means are simply incidental." The third contention made bv counsel for the defense, to the effect that if the check be an obligation and properly described it is a void one and of no value, and hence could not perform the function of a bribe, was refuted by the court. It was held that a section of the statute under which the Indictments were framed clearly made pro vision for that particular point. Opinions in line with the position of the court were Quoted. Sustained the Demurrer. At the conclusion of the announcement of the opinion on the demurrer, Justice Gould sustained the demurrer filed by the gov ernment to the ileas in abatement In the cases of Geen and Doremus. The court re hearsed the history ot the cases, taking up the Green case first. It was stated that cases of Gren and Doremus. The court re stitutlonal rights of the defendant had been ignored when he had been called upon to testify before the grand jury which was in vestigating his conduct anil which subse quently indicted him. The court said that an examination of the records showed that Green had de <!!ned to ansvv-'t most or the questions pu; to h;m. claiming his constitutional privileges in immunity. It was shown that he had answered one question In full alone, and that said question was considered by the witness as not being of a class be longing to the others. The court said it was taken that a grand Jury had not been confined to the statements of the witness in making the finding The influence his answers had on the question of guilt was not the cause of the finding of the jury, the court held. It was stated that the court would not attempt to segregate the competent from the incompetent testimony given before a grand Jury. The Justice held that no constitutional rights of the witness had been violated. It was stated that the statute simply declares that a witness shall not be compelled to testify against him self. The court further stated that even if Green be assumed to have been a de fendant, which he was not technically, in i his examination before the grand jury, he had no more rights than any other wit- I ness Here the court recites statutes gov erning this point and quoted legal opinions in such cases. Among other cases cited was one which had been passed upon by Chief Justice Marshall of the I'nited States Sufcreme Court, in which it was held that a witness must say upon oath as to whether his an swer might tend to incriminate htm. Other cases were referred to showing that the court must see that there is reasonable ground for the position taken by the wit ness even when his statement respecting his testimony is made under oath. Further more, the court stated that the mere ad ministering of an oath cannot deprive a witness or his constitutional rights and that a witness should not refuse a sub poena and should not refuse to be put un der oath. Turning Point of Question. The whole question, the court stated, turns on what Is compulsion, each case standing on Hs own merits. Justice Could took occasion to remark that his opinion was not to be taken as an endorsement of the practice of summon ing men before a grand Jury which has under investigation matters bearing upon the conduct of those thus called upon to testify. He thought that such a practice tended in the wrong way. But there was no evidence, the court added, to show that Green had surrendered any of his consti tutional rights in the matter. Respecting the case of Doremus. the court held that the conditions were very different The records showed. It was stated, that the defendant had gone before the Jury and had testified freely without making the slightest objection. The court quoted an opinion holding that a man is expected to understand what his constitu tional rights aro without instruction. Former Senator Thurston of counsel for Green and Doremus made formal tender of demurrers similar to the ones filed in be half of Beavers for the purpose of pre serving the record. Thejr were overruled by the court and exceptions were noted. DIES BY HIS OW* HAND Fritz Reuter, Hotel Proprietor Commits Suicide. WORRY WAS THE CAUSE Had Frequently Threatened to Take His Own Life. I THE BODY FOUND BY HIS WIFE The Deceased Was a Native of Oer many and Regarded as a Success ful Business Man. Frlta Renter, forty-four )?ira old. pro prietor of the Hotel Frit* Reuter. killed himself by shooting today In the parlor of his hotel shortly before 11 o'clock. The body was discovered by his wife a few minutes later. Coroner Ncvitt was notified and. after viewing the remains, he Rave a certificate of death by suicide and gave permission to have the Iwjdv conveyed to I.ee's undertaking establishment to be pre I pared for burial Funeral arrangements I will be made Inter. Mr. Reuter had been in 111 health for some time and for the past year had been under the cure of Dr. G. 1?. P. Bailey Hl? ailment wns nervous depression, and dur ing that time he was frequently melan choly. lie recently complained much and wished if WHS ended. Mental depiesslon is attributed as the cause of the suicide. On several previous occasions he had. It Is said, threatened to take his life. Sev eral weeks ago he was found with a re volver In his pocket, and It was taken from him. I>ay before yesterday another re volver was found on Mm. and he said then ? that he would use It to his own personal injury. The revolver was taken from him by his brother-in-law. Frederick Franke. It was not known that lie had another weapon. Yesterday he was very depress" 1 a^d irelancholy all day. and for several hours he sat In the parlor In which he killed him- ? self today. He was watched carefully, but It was not thought that he would kill him self. Wife's Discovery. This morning about 11 o'clock his wife wished to see him l>efore going to market, and knowing that he stayed In the parlor In the front of the second story of the hotel, she went to that room. She was hor rified to find him dead, with a revolver In his hand. She rushed at once to Mr. Reuter s brother. Henry Reuter. and noti fied him of her discoveuy Frederick Frtinke was in bed and heard a noise short ly tjofore 11 o'clock, but paid no attention to It. It Is believed to have been a re volver shot. . The news of the suicide spread rapidly through the hotel. At the time Mr. Ren ter fired the fatal shot lie was sitting on a divan in the front second-story parlor, and leaned against several pillows. He placed nn Tver Johnson 38-callber revolver against his skull on the right side and -fired, the ball passing through his head and striking the wall above the seat. The hand that held the gun fell to the sofa. After Coroner Nevltt viewed the remains the weapon was turned over to the police. Born in Germany. Fritz Reuter was born In Hanover. Ger many, on September 30. forty-four years ago. He remained there until twenty three years ago, when he embarked for the I'nited States. He worked in Haiti- ? more for about- nine months and then came to Washington and was employed in a saloon at 511 7th street for about four years. About that time he returned to his native land, and while there, for a short stay, married Adolphlne Franke. They returned to Washington, and had been in ' business here since. For about one year he was with Gerstenberg's. Sixteen years ago he embarkt d in busi ness tor himself at the corner <rf 41, street and Pennsylvania avenue mtrthwest. Ills hotel and restaurant on that corner have have become noted, and have been the scene of many a banquet which public men attended. His business will be turned over to his l>rother, Henry Reuter, and his brother-in law, Frederick Franke, both of whom have helped to run the hotel for several years past. It was decided after the suicide that the restaurant should be closed, and that was carried out this afternoon. OBMOND AD TO MEETING FINE CONDITIONS FOR RACING EVENTS TODAY. ORMOXD, Fla., January 2?.?With the weather fair and warm, the beach course in excellent condition and the first event finished before 8 o'clock this forenoon, all the early indications today pointed to a speedy finish for the automobile tourna ment. Had the regular schedule been carried out the last event would have been run off last Saturday, but unfavorable weather during much of the week made numerous postponements necessary. When the racing ended Saturday five events re mained on the card, and It was decided to make every effort to finish them today. The first net mMoM for today was the thirty-mile championship lor Ameri can-bulU cars, and the contestants were lined up ready for the start at " o'clock. Mariott, in the cigar-shaped Steamer which has shown sensatlonul bursts of speed upon several occasions during the tournament nnd which set rt new mark for the mile for all cars, won the #vnt. although delayed more than five minutes at the start. His official time for the thirty miles was r?4.i*4 2-.V The actual time consumed by the car in covering the distance was ?'S .38 Two Killed in Auto at Train Crossing. LOUISVILLE, Ky.. January 2!t. -Dr. and Mrs. J. H. Dye of Louisville were struck and instantly killed by an outgoing pas senger train on the Southern railway this morning at Ruechel station, ten miles from Louisville. The doctor and Ills wife were In an automobile, but owing to a heavy fog. did not see the train. Transferred to Athens. Information has reached here of the transfer of Senor Rorghettl. attache of the Italian embassy at Washington, to Athens, as secretary of the Italian legation there. Personal Mention. Gen. Oliver, assistant secretary of war. has gone to bis home in Albany, N. Y.. for a few days. Mr. Charley Carter, who was operated on at Garfield Hospital Friday last for an In testinal trouble. Is reported to be In a se rious condition. Mr. Walter Beattle of Fairfax county. Va.. who Is attached to the engineer corps of the Panama canal, with headquarters at Ancon, left 8a urday for New York to take steamer for Pamma. Mr. Beattie has been spending a short vacation with hi* parents In Fairfax county. Death of Mrs. Hilborn The large circle of frienda ?f Mrs. Luina Hilborn, widow of Congressman S. G. Hilborn. were pained to hear of har death In San Francisco. She was of a kind, cheer ful nature that made her loved by all who knew her. She leaves only one child, Miss Grace Hilborn. who also is held In warm esteem because of her brilliant and amiable qualities. Alcohol Proves Fatal. William H. Humphrey, sixty-two yeai? Md, was taken to the Casualty Hospital ' last night from his home, at 040 Morton place northeast, to be treated for Illness caused by his having accidentally swal lowed a quantity of wood alcohol. He dl?4 toon After reaching the hoaoltaL