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THE EVENING STAR
VTTL SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. Business Office. 11th Street tod Pea?fyiT*ni? Arcane. The Evening Star Newspaper Company. 8 H KAUmUXN, President. flew Terk Oflea: Tribune Building. Ohic&g* Offiee: Tribune Building. The Evening Star, with the Sunday morninjc edi tion. is delivered by carrier*, on their own account, within the city at SO centa per month; without the Sunday morning edition at 44 cent* per month. Fv o.all. poatarr prepaid: Dally, Sunday included, one month, 60 centn. Daily. Sur^ar excepted. one month, 50 cent*. Saturday Star, one year, 11.00. Sunday Star, one year, $100. fuelling Weather. Fair, colder tonight; mini mum temperature about 8 degrees; tomorrow fair. No. 16,567. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1906?TWENTY-TWO PAGES. TWO CENTS. Resolution as to New York Cus tom House. WHY DEED IS NOT RECORDED National City Bank of New York City Implicated. A SCANDALOUS TRANSACTION Mover of the Resolution Explains as to Value of the Prop erty. Mr. Sulzer offered a resolution of inquiry in the House today in regard to the New York custom house property, stating that the agreement with the National City Bank by the Treasury Department to purchase it at a ridiculously low price amounted to a scandalous transaction. A in solution introduced today by Repre sentative Snlzcr of New York requests thj Attorney General. "If not Incompatible with the public interest." to inform the House "when the government executed the deed for the custom house property in Wall street. New York city, to the National City Hunk; where the deed Is at present In whose custody it has been since executed and why the deed has never been recorded." In a statement explanatory of the resolu tton Mr. Sulzer says: "My resolution speaks for itself. ] think it will be compiled with by the Attorney Oeneial and we will so..n And out when the deed was . xecuted and why it has never been recorded, so that the bank will be lia ble for taxes. This entire custom house transition is one of the most scandalous psg< _ In the history of this government. All the tacts In connection with tills business ; ,ar,;r?'b investigated by fon gress. .,,,d [ beh.ve that if it were In vert |. Jf. I,y . ' ongrer* sufficient would be shown to vitiate the whole business. Agreement With the Bank. "As i.^ well known, the Treasury Depart ment made an agreement with the Na tional City Ht'ttik by which ths bank pur (.ias,, tae ( ustoms house property for 13. S ^lTeU?r,f"U'n??,fV'-'^t^toPrth: ji , <><? Property >S worth at least div 'pi, "a " increasing in value every DninV hank- however, never actually paid the government a dollar for tins prop erty ,.\t the time of the transaction it pimply transferred on Its books from one vn "^iVtT r?hase "ri^e . -iiKi mis latter amount }m? minerdubr?0trtah"Sf, rred -lnd 13 ^PP^enUy ?"?" out to the government. Everybody knows that the National City Bank ?s on? <f the large depositories of the government and the te.-cretary of the Treasury alw.vs has on deposit in the bank government fund-* to the extent of millions of dolT-irs "* ? matter of fact not a single doUa; tli. bank'lo Stl^?p,ey haS eVCr sone out of rmnk to the government for this most valuable pitce of real estate in Wall street Why $50,000 Was Held Back. * M1' thti reason why the ??.?*> was held back was so that the deed would The b?tUka ' PaSM fr?m lh<i ?0Vfrnment to the bank and hence it would not have to hi recorded in the county of N'ea- v< ri ?howing that the title had passed JJid th^ making the bank liable for tw^ Then another thing still worse- The Co iV ^i:vf <he, Treasury madJ a ? ? with the National City Hank hv PrXr,yhto tahek r* ' U?t0rn renul of 4 government for an annual ?h. *? per CPnt on tlie pur II a? r. r, V afmountin* to $l;Mi.00i? a rental Just plunk of if The bank leasing t.> the government the governments own property, and the gov (, r ,'i'\ r'ay"!E the bailk 1130,000 a vear for the privilege of occupying its own ?lgh" vear?A?n fih i"1" bc,'n Kolng on for tothe fini, the government has paid to the bank a rental of over a million do.lars. Ijist year 1 succeeded in stopping III l^vnent of this rental, striking thf appropriation ,?lt ?t th(. 8Un<lry '"'J1* And I shall m;ike a fiirht against thn -ir?' propria,ions this year If any "altempt ?s mad- to pay this rental to the bank. it may be years before the new custom house Is completed, and In the metntlme the ?ngle"d nil1 ,ftaUk- w'thou? Parting *,th a ? J of ,ts own money, will haVe rece ved practically the amount of money ^J",ld for lhe ol<1 ru"tom house property 1 hen ,h(. bank hav,, a CJear title to th? property without actually ever i--uii.g paid out a dollar for it and having n ade on the transaction several millions of dollars In rents It Is a disgrace to the government." Mr. Bulzer closed his statement by urglnc that the whole matter be probed and in vestigated. and scoring Messrs. Gage and Vumlfrlip In unmeasured terms. Device to Escape Taxation. NEW YORK Februarj 2,-It was an. nounced several w.-eks ago that City Con troller Mete was trying to ttnd a way to colle. t taxes on the old custom house at Wall and William streets. The negotia te i..- for the sale of the building and site ??> ih? government to the National City vear ,7,17 ''? 1??. and about a } ar later the sale was concurred In by f "ngre.-s In a special act. The price fixed rlJ:"o\<lf \hU amount all but *.*><>. ???> ??- pa Id by t lie National City Hank ?.t! an understanding that the f-o 000 ?iM.uld I..- ;,ald win n the government leas.s , -cupari. y of the buildlr.g and movt to Its new custom house at the root of Broadway. I'ntU that tline the government yea,K rental". N'HUu""' W a C ontroller Met* In announcing his lnt?n collect taxes on the building for ?even-years past. If possible, said he believed the withholding of ICO.tlOu of the purchase money was a <K-vice to escape taxation long as the building remained federal prop the tit"*"1 ??U n0t col'*?tod on It by WRECK ON SALT LAKE ROAD. Three Persons Injured. One Seriously, by Head-On Collision. LOS ANGELES. Cal.. February 2 ?Three persons were Injured, one of them seriously. In a small wreck on the 8-ilt Lake road. In which two passenger trains crashed to gether in a head-end collision near Rowland last night. All of the Injured were pas sengers. They are: Hev. E. J. Hulgin. traveling evangelist, temporarily residing In th's city, two or three rib" broken.lnternal Injuries which lia-ve caused hemorrhages; Mrs. Fred Itunta. Redlands; 8. P. Rowland, Rowland. Springlike Conditions Dispelled by the North Winds. JACKIE FROST RESUMES Sudden Decline of the Mercury Noted by Weather Bureau. MONTHLY WEATHER SUMMARY Forecast of Colder Weather Tonight? Groundhog Has Ample Sunlight for Shadow Dance. Jack Frost has resumed business at the old stand, as a veteran weather man ex pressed It today, after an absence of sev eral weeks, during which time springlike conditions prevailed. He came In late last night on a howling and marrow-chilling north wind, and sent the mercury rapidly down, until at 9:30 o'clock this morning It w*as but thirteen degrees above zero. It is regarded as a coincidence that the prevailing cold wave arrived on groundhog <Ia>, with fair skies, which, according to ancient belief, means forty days more of wintry winds, snow, sleet and icy con ditions generally. There is no question but that the little weatherwise animal saw his shadow just as soon as he emerged from his burrow this morning, in which he had been taking a long winter nap, and that, according to tradition, he scurried quickly back into the aperture to continue his sleep six weeks longer. It Is said the super stition of the groundhog and his shadow can be traced back nearly two thousand years, and today it Is regarded as "the Bible truth" by many farmers In this country, some of whom never deign to oon sult T'ncle Sam's weather reports on Feb ruary 2. Prof Edward B. Garrlott, the weather forecaster, said to a Star reporter today that the temperature will continue to go down, and tonight it will be somewhere between the 5 and 10 marks above aero. The fall between yesterday morning and this morning was 13 degrees. Candlemas Day. In the calendar of the Catholic Church to day is known as Candlemas day, -when all the candles to be used In religious cere monies are blessed by the clergy. Tomor row will be St. Blasius' day, when, at the late mass at 0 o'clock tomorrow morning, the clergy will bless the throats of their parishioners with appropriate ceremonies. The monthly weather summary for Wash ington just issued by Prof. Willis Moore chief or the weather bureau for January, shows that the highest temperature during that period was 71?, on January 23. while the lowest was 11?, on January 10. The mean temperature for the month was 40?, which was the highest in thirty-five vears with four exceptions. Tne mean for'Jan uary for thirty-six years is given as 33.3?. The absolute minimum for the same period was 14? below zero. The total rain fall for the month was 8.11 Inches and the snowfall 2.8 Inches. The prevailing wind direction was south, and the maximum wind velocty was tlirty-eght miles on hour, from the west, on January fl. There were eight clear days during the month, fifteen partly cloudy and eight cloudy, and eleven on which there was rain or snow. Under the head of "miscellaneous phenomena" it Is recorded that there was a solar halo on Jaouary 11, lunar halos on January 4 and 11 and fog on four days. No Prospect of Snow. At a late hour this afternoon Prof. Gar riott said there Is no prospect of snow, and the temperature was ranging between 15 and 17 degrees above zero. The pros rects are for biting cold weather tonight and tomorrow morning. Below zero weather was reported to the weather bureau this morning from the lake regions and the west. The temperature was 30 below at Rockliffe. Ontario; 24 be low at Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.; 10 below at Duluth, the same at Des Moines and Keo kuk, Iowa, and lti below at Moorhead. Minn. Down-Town Temperature. Temperature recorded today by Feast & Cq.'s standard thermometer: 9 a.m., 20": 12 m., 22?; 2 p m., 24?. DROP OF ABOUT 40 DEGREES. Big Change in the Weather Last Night. MAIXJNE, N. Y? February 2.?The tem perature today touched the lowest point reached In the Adlrondacks this season. It was 29 below zero at Meacham Lake. PLATT8BURG, N. Y.. February 2.?Tele graph reports from the Adirondack regions today state that the temperature dropped about40 degrees there last night. Yesterday was almost like April throughout the North woods, but today the thermometer regis tered from 12 to 20 degrees below zero. Winter's Coldest in Ohio. CLEVELAND, Ohio, February 2.?Ohio today experienced the coldest weather of the winter. A cold wave from the north west spread over the state last night and this morning the temperature registered zero at many points. The cold wave is accompanied by a tine cutting snow, driven by a biting northwesterly wind. A still lower temperature is promised by the weather bureau for tonight. Fall of 22 Degrees at Pittsburg. PITTSBURG, Pa.. February &?The cold est weather of the present winter la being experienced in tills city and vicinity today. The government thermometer recorded a fall of twenty-two degrees since yesterday touching three degrees above zero, while many other thermometers In different parts of the city registered from two to Ave de grees below The weather forecast is for colder conditions tonight. BUFFALO, N. Y.. February 2.?The cold est weather of the winter was recorded here today. At 8 a.m. thermometers registered 1 below zero. Although the sun was shin ing at 9 a.m.. It failed to bring the mercury above the zero mark. NEW >ORk, February 2.?The mild weather of the last few weeks was broken toda) with the advent of a cold wave The temperature began falling at midnight, and the thermometer recorded 15 degrees above zero at 10 a.m. I'll TSFIELD, Mass.. February 2.?The mercury took a decided drop In this city to day. Within sixteen hours the temperature fhanged 40 degrees, registering 2 above zero this morning. BOSTON, February 2.?Candlemas day was "clear and bright ' in Boston and In all parts of New Kngland. Reports received nere irftllcated that It was a beautiful Win er's day. save for the absence of snow in nearly all sections except In northern Maine and New Hampshire, with temperature be low freezing. GROUND HOG DAY. OF LOCAL INTEREST BILLS ACTED ON BY SENATE DIS TRICT COMMITTEE. The Senate committee on the District or Columbia held a meeting today and acted upon a number of bills of local interest. Former Representative John J. Hemp hill appeared before the committee to pro test against favorable action on Senate Mil 2000, authorising the extension of W and Adams streets northwest. This bill pro vides that the total cost of the land to De condemned for the extension of these streets should be assessed against abutting property. Mr. Hemphill claimed that as the streets will go through Prospect ceme tery the result will be that the cemetery will be obliged to bear the expense of the street opening, whereas it is not in the. position of a landowner, who would recei ve many benefits from such an opening. The cemetery would, it is claimed, be damaged by having Its land taken from it without any benefit. The cemetery managers have Indicated their willingness to dlspcse of this land necessary for the opening of the streets at 17 cents per foot, and as the government has paid 41 cents for land lor the filtration plant it is claimed that this Is a reasonable compensation. The matter was not acted upon by the committee, but will be in the near future. 23d Street and Kalorama Avenue. Senate bill 133, authorizing ihe joining or 23d street northwest and Kalorama avenue, was discussed and a favorable report was ordered. The bill was amended so that the entire cost of the extension adjoining these thoroughfares shall be borne by tne abutting property owners, who will be benefited under tfie terms of the bill. The committee ordered an adverse report on Senate bill 5137, "to acquire land for a park approach to Connecticut avenue bridge over Rock creek. This bill was sent to the committee by the Commissioners, and a subcommittee consisting of Senators Bur kett, Scott and DuBols made a personal visit to the locality, and after an inspeo tion of conditions there decided upon an adverse report. Senate bill 120. to amend the code so as to provide that justices of the peace In the District of Columbia may issue warrants on Sundays and holidays free of charge, was. considered and a favorable report was authorised. The committee also authorized favorably reported House bill 5795, amending the ap propriation act of 1002, which contained a provision providing license fees for per sons storing and selling kerosene exclusive ly in the Dlstylct. Referred to Subcommittees. House bill 125, in relation to relent on contracts, was referred by the committee to a subcommittee consisting of Senator Gam ble, who will give a hearing to Representa tive Pearre of Maryland, who will appear before the senator for that purpose in the pear future. Senate bill 2623 for the extension of Eu clid street. Meridian Hill, was referred to Senator Gailinge* as a subcommittee. Senate bill 2877. to Increase penalties for certain offenses in the District, was re ferred to Senator Gearin. Senate 3002, to prohibit the killing ot wild birds and wild animals in the Dis trict. was referred to Senator Blackburn. Seriate bill 2830, for the protection of pro ducers and manufacturers and vendors in ntilk, cream, etc., was referred to Senator Martin, as also was Senate 3744, which is for the same purpose, the latter bill being proposed toy the Commissioners as a suto stltute for the former measure. Senate bill 1887. to restore the name of California, avenue, was referred to a sub committee consisting of Senators Scott. Burkett and DuBols, A similar bill has toeen reported to the House with an amend ment changing the name to California street. The proposed amendment of Senator Lodge to <he District appropriation bill providing for the paving of Massachusetts avenue from Sheridan Circle to Decatur street was referred to Senators Scott and DuBols as a subcommittee. The Commis sioners favor this improvement, tout not to the exclusion of any other recommenda tion that tlfey have made. Ocean Steamship Movements. NEW YORK, February 2.?The steamer St. Louis. from Southampton, was In wire less communication with the Marconi sta tion at Sable Island at 4 a.m. today, when the steamer was 600 miles east of Sandy Hook. The St. Louis will probably dock about 1 p.m. Saturday. The steamer Carmanla. from Liverpool, was In communication with the Marconi station at Sable Island at 6:3i> a.m. today, when ti e jteamer was 080 mllo3 from New York. The Carmanla will probibly dock about 8:30 a.m. Sunday. PALM BEACH MOTOR RACES. Trophy Refused the Winner of Fif teen-Mile Event Yesterday. PALM BEACH. Fla., February 2.?An other disqualification of a winner in the motor boat regatta now in progress here was announced today by the regatta com mittee. Coo, the boat which won the fif teen-mile event yesterday, was refused the trophy because there was only one man in the boat during the race. The race wt-s awarded to the Allon, which finished sec ond. The regatta, was" weheduled to end today with a program of five races. The day's leading event was the mile race against time for the Sir Thomas R. Dewar trophy. This race was from a flying start, eacn contestant to be allowed the privilege of running two heats and the trophy to go to the boat making the fastest mile. The trophy must toe won twice in succession be fore becoming the permanent property of a winner. The other events in the schedule were: A teri-mile event for class "C," the rerunning of the first event of last Tuesday, a five mile event for boats that have not won a cup and a ten-mile event. 2 TONS OF POWDER EXPLODED. One Workman Blown to Pieces at Du pont Works. WILMINGTON, Del., February 2.-About two tons of powder in the grinding mill at the Hagley yard of the I>upont Powder Company exploded with terrific force to day. Samuel Buchanan, aged forty-two years, the only workman in the mill at the time, was blown to pieces. The roof of 'he grinding mill, which rest ed on the walls without fastenings, as is the rule in all powder buildings, in order to give vent to the explosive forces, was blown across the Brandy wine creek, a dis tance of 300 yards. Houses in this city were severely shaken and the force of the explosion was felt several miles from the mill. FOR INSURANCE REFORMS. Today's Proceedings of the National Convention at Chicago. CHICAGO, February 2.?The national con vention called to consider proposed re forms in the supervision of life insurance companies turned its attention today to the subject of uniform legislation. A committee of fifteen w;.s appointed to decide upon a report which is to toe sub mitted to the convention later in the day. In addition to the fifteen active members o>f the committee, all the governors and memtoers of the conference of commission ers on uniform legislation were designated as memtoers of an advisory committee. The governors present when the conven tion opened today were: Johnson of Min nesota, lilrod of South Dakota, Beckham of Kentucky, Davidson of Wisconsin, Cum mins of Iowa and Sarles of North Dakota. Prior to the retirement of the committee for consultation Governor Beekman ad dressed the convention briefly, assuring the delegates of his support and that of the legislature of Kentucky as far as he could give it of such measures of protection for the policyholders as shall toe recommend ed by the convention. THREE HELD FOR MURDER. Father and Two Sons Lodged in Wilkesbarre - Jail. Special Dispatch to The Star. WILKESBARRB, Pa., February 2?Mat thews Weitus and his two sons. Joseph and Charles, were lodged ki Jail here this morn ing, charged with the murder of Martin Blcxis near Pittston on December 17. The detectives who have been working on the case failed to get any evidence at all until a few days ago, when some of the boarders at Weitus' house, friends of the murdered man. overheard him talking with one of his sons about the murder, and they claimed to have heard him make damaging admis sions. The young man was upbraiding his father for shooting the victim after he had been knocked semselesB, and arguing that it was not necessary to kill him. Twenty wit nesses have toeen secured. If THE EVENING STAR cannot be bought at any place from newsboys for Two Cents please notify the office. FRANKING PRIVILEGE POSTMASTER GENERAL HA? POWER TO REMEDY ITiS ABUSE. Attorney General Moody has notified the National German-American ^.lliance thai he has forwarded to the Post Office Depart ment the complaint of that 'organization that Rev. Wilbur F. Crafts of this city is illegally using the frank of ' Senator Gal lingvr to propagate an attack jjn l?*er and to advertise the prohibition bureau over which he presides. The Attorney General Informs the officials of the organization, the most powerful German political body in this country, that it is the duty of the Post Office Department to pass upon questions as to abuse of the franking privilege and to remedy it if the abuse is discovered. If that department should decide that the Crafts bureau is abusing the franking privilege it could issue an order prohibiting the use of the mails for the particular matter com plained against. Whether it could institute criminal proceedings is not known. Crafts Not Afraid. Mr. Crafts does not seem to have feared the attack made upon his concern, as the day of its publication in the Washington papers some one mailed to all Washington correspondents and newspaper men, under the frank of Senator Gallinger, the iden tical document complained of. The German-American Alliance has called the attention of the government to the mat ter, It is stated, not because it is trying to defend the brewing industry, but because it believes that if this sort of thing is permit ted any organization may be permitted to attack any industry without cost through the mails. The alliance considers that the taxpayers of the country are defrauded of revenue by free use of the mails under these circumstances. It is further stated that the national officers are going to pur sue the matter and are writing to the local lodges of the country directing them to take the matter up for continued agitation. Wliat a Member Says. A member of the organization, who was a delegate to its last bi-annual convention, said today: "We are not doing this In the Interest of the brewers, as some may think, but aside from the fact that it is depriving the government of its just dues ,we, as Ger mans, whose national drink beer has been for centuries, feel offended by the attack upon it. We consider beer a healthful bev erage, promoting sociability and preventing the use of stronger drinks. Surely German culture has not suffered by its use. "Dr. Wiley and other chemists assert that beer is the purest drink made." Postmaster General Cortelyou has the matter under consideration. He recently excluded from the mails a somewhat sim ilar document along other lines, and the National German-American Alliance be lieves he will repeat his orders in this case. CONSIDERING CANAL REPORT. The Commission Hopes to Put in Final Shape Tomorow. The isthmian canal commission today re sumed its work of putting in final shape the report which It la making to Secretary Taft, recommending a type of canal and transmitting the reports of the majority and minority of the board of consulting en gineers. There were some changes to be made and some details of the report to be considered before it was in form for the signature of the commissioners. It developed today during the discussion that one member of the commission is in favor of a sea level canal, and he will sub mit a minority report. It was foreshad owed at the latest meeting of the commis sion that this member entertained views which diverged from those embraced within the report recommending a lock canal, and today the extent of those views was learn ed. Although he may approve of the lock canal contemplated by the majority recom mendation as the best type of a lock canal, he will at the name time record hlms^Jf in separate views in favor of a sea level canal. The type of canal recommended in the draft of the report, as It now stands, calls for an 85-foot level. The commission hopes to be able to put the report In final shape tomorrow for transmission to Secretary Taft, who in turn will forward It to the President with such comment or remarks a? he may desire to make, and the Pres dent will forward It to Congress with ills views, together with all the documents, In cluding the majority and minority reports of the board of consulting engineers, the commissioners' recommendations and Sec retary Taft'B letter of transmittal. Two Midshipmen Resigned. Special 'Dispatch to The Star. ANNAPOLIS, Md., February 2.?Midship man Chase W. Nichols of Winchester, R. I., and Charles Hlbbard of Providence, R- I., both of the fourth class, have resigned. GHNOR-GREEHE TRIM Chief Clerk Sterley Gave Fur ther Testimony. SOME INSIDE FACTS ON BIDS Certain Understandings With Alleged Conspirators. PARTIES USED AS FIGUREHEADS k Attorney Erwin to Show Pretty Much Whole of Gf.ynor Family Mixed Up in Affairs. SAVANNAH, Ga., February 2.?T*p<>n the reconvening of the federal court this morn-, lng J. W. O. Sterley, chief clerk In the Sa vannah office of United States engineers, re sumed the stand. Mr. Erwln tendered blank specifications for the 181*2 contract, explaining its rele vancy In connection with the letter of Car ter to the secretary of state of West Vir ginia asking for a certified copy of the ( bar ter of the Atlantic Contracting Company, for which Carter had paid $."i from his own private funds ten days before the bids on the contract were opened. The bids, he said, were to have been opened August 20. but the advertisement was recalled and the bids submitted returned unopened. Subsequently there was a new advertise ment and an opening of bids on September 17, 1S5'2. The conclusion he would show, he said, was that Carter was a partner in the Atlantic Contracting Company, in which the defendants were the holders of nearly all the stock. Carter's letter to the secretary of state of West Virginia, he said, was the earliest known connection of the officer of engineers with the contracting company. Mi . Osborne's questioning of Mr. Sterley Indicated that no understanding between Carter and the defendants was required for Carter to have known that the Atlantic Contracting Company was a bidder on the contract. The inquiry to the secretary of state, Mr. Osborne held, was natural, and the specifications had been requested by the Atlantic Contracting Company, but" Mr. Sterley did not bear out this view, saying that the inquiry should have been made after the bids had been opened. No refer ence was made by the defense to the pay ment of the fee of from Carter's own funds. Understanding With Conspirators. Mr. Br win drew from the witness that the Atlantic Contracting Company had not written for specifications and inferred that there was an understanding among the al logeu conspirators that the bid of the com pany would bo offered. ?>ir. Erwin presented checks that he claimcil connected Edward H. Gaynor W. T. Gaynor. John P. Gavnor and B. D. Greene with the "big contract" of 1892. say ing tiiat thereby he must have shown to the court the relevancy of some evidence sub mitted a few days ago, and which the court had reserved the right to exclude unless such relevancy might be established. Mr. Erwin concluded the introduction of the vouchers, contracts and checks relating to the Savannah river work and the Cum berland sound contract was taken up. Edward Gaynor appeared as a hondsm.in on this contract, and the defense main tained that it was the father of the de fendants instead of Edward H. Gaynou. Whole Gaynor Family Involved. "We will show that pretty much the whole Gaynor family was mixed up In this ?business," said Mr. Erwin. By Arthur S. Cooper, an assistant engineer under Carter. Mr. Erwin established the connection be tween Edward H. Gaynor and the Cum berland contract* Gaynor having superin tended the work. Aekcd by the court for what purpose he was introducing checks relative to An son M. Bangs' Cumberland contract, Mr. Erwin said it was to show that Bangs was but a figurehead, the money really going to Greene and the Gaynors, as shown by the indorsements of these latter, upon the checks. Furthermore, lie said, he would show that the plant of the Atlantic Contracting Company was used in doing the work on the Bangs contract and thit Bangs' name was simply tfsed as a blind, as were those of several others, to made it appear at Washington that the contracts -were going to other contractors, whereas, as a matter of fact, all save one had gone since 18S6 to Greene & Gaynor. Carter was being paid by Greene & Gaynor an the while up to 18H2, said the district at torney, but It was not until 1802 that the alleged division into -thirds between Greene and John F. Gaynor and Carter began. Mr. Cooper testified that on one Cumber land contract granted to Charles C. Ely the work was done by the Greene & Gay nor outfit, that John H. Gaynor, a cousin of John F. Gaynor. superintended It aa.l that he never once saw Ely about the works. Contracts in Evidence. A contract with William II. Walsh for work at Fort Glinch was exhibited. Mr. Cooper said Walsh was a foreman for Greene and Gaynor. The check in pay ment was Indorsed by Walsh to the order of John F. Gaynor. Other contracts were Introduced for work at Darien and the mouth of the Altamaha river, the allega tion being that the work was really done by Greene and Gaynor, and the checks Indorsed to them. Similar exhibits were made relative to contracts for the Improve ment of the Savannah river at Augusta, Ga. J. L. Ga'lagher, who in 1892 was pay master and bookkeeper for the Atlantic Contracting Company, scaled that he had gone to Augusta in that year to pay off with the Atlantic Contracting Company's money thfe labor working under a contract that had been let to William II. Walsh. Mr. Erwin stated that he had Introduced all save two contracts, and that he thought he had established the connection of the defendants With them. He then introduced a table showing the amounts of contracts let In the Savannah district from 1800 to 1890, and the nswepaper advertising re lating to them, his contention being that far less than the usual time for such ad vertising to run was observed by Carter. Objections to this as evidence were inter posed by the defense, and the court took the matter under consideration, adjourning until tomorrow. LORD MASHAM DEAD. He Was the Patentee of Many Inven tions. LONDON, February 2?Lord Masham (Samuel Cunlifee-Lister), the patentee of many inventions. Including a compressed airbrake for railroads and a wool combing machine, died this morning at Swinton Abbey, Masham, County of York. He was born in 1813 and was created a baron in 1801. Japanese Mew Tear Day. Special Cablegram to The Star. PEKING, February 2.?This morning early, the emperor gave the usual New Year audience to the members of the diplo matic corps. Matters to Be Considered by Senators. PARTY LINES TO BE DRAWN Upon Measures Wnere Party Issue ia Presented. MINORITY WANT UNITED FRONT j Special Question the Dominican Treaty, but Bate Legislation May Be Taken Up. The effect of the proposed caucus of the democrats of the Senate to be hel.l tomor row morning is being: discussed with Inter est by leaders of the minority. Primarily the caucus will be for the purpose of dis cussing: the position the party will take on the Dominican treaty. Many democrats contend that the bed rock principles of democracy would be vio lated by the ratification of the Santo Do mingo treaty. While there are many ques tlons in their view that democrats can di vide upon with propriety, this Is one on which there can be but one point of view. An effort will be made by some of the strongest leaders on the democratic side to have the party take a stand not only on the Dominican treaty, but on all questions that come before the Senate, in order that an effective organization may be had to pass or defeat the measures that come up for action. ,Ag one lending democratic senator explained the situation todav the minority will endeavor to effect a\,'rong partj organisation that may have all the advantages of a united front to be pre! sentcd on all questions of Importance on which party lines could reason ibiy be drawn. To Draw Party Lines Tighter. The constant taunts that members of the minority have met to the effect that enough democrats can always be had by the republicans to secure a two-thirds vote whenever it is necessary to have one to rat ify a_ treaty is far from pleasing to leader* of the minority. The coming caucus will unquestionably be characterized by some very urgent speeches in favor of drawing party lines tighter than In the p?s: ;lr!d in favor of caucus action orr all Important measures of a party nature. The fact that the minority of the Senate has constantly failed to present a united front on question* th.u are ordinarilv re gard-d as of ? party nature has created a tfui "B.that "ny ,-rrort of U,:U ki<"' " not [ J , ? Pr?vc effective. On the other hand, there are a number of leading dem ocrats who feel tliat It Is worth v. ,lle rr.ik I ing another attemr.t to unit. democ'a;lc I vote* in order that the party m-v ,.X( r clse its entire strength in the Senate :n whatevc.- course may be adopt. ,1 hv dem ocratic caucuses. This movement Is proving of Interest to the republicans as well as democrats not only on account of its possible effect on the pending treaties, but also because of the influence that may lie exerted In that wav on great legislative and other measures that will shortly be fought over in the Senate. Bate Legislation Uncertain. Although some senators have their own views as to the way the Senate will stand on the subject of rate legislation, the lead ers do not feel any assurance as to what the situation will be when the issue Is clearly drawn between the two dominant propositions for the regulation of railway rates. Until the committee has reported and the debate has opened In the Senate, so that It will be possible to definitely de termine where many senators who are now regarded as doubtful stand on such legisla tion, it will not be practicable for leaders to determine with any certainty how a final vote on those propositions will di vide. Should democratic leaders succeed in drawing their membership in the Senate together in such a way as to present practically a united front on the pending treaty, they will have great encourage ment in an effort that will surely follow to get the party together 4n favor of united effort In relation to the rate hills. As It is now, democrats are considerably divided, and although there has been sucjk unani mous action on the Hepburn bllr In the House, there is no assurance that a like situation will be developed In the Senate. For these reasons the greatest Interest is attached to the efforts that will be ftiade by democratic leaders at their caucus to get their people together in a compact or ganization. Bule Still Stands. A rule adopted by the minority a few sessions ago, which empowers two-thirds of their number to bind the whole to united action, is held by party leaders to be In effect at the present time. This con tention is denied by several senators. In cluding some who are opposed to the Santo Domingo treaty, but it is agreed that a ma jority of the democrats cou'.d put such a rule into effect at any time. In that event. If the two thirds are found to oppose the treaty, as appears likely from the esti mates made by those who are responsible for the call of a caucus, any democrat vot ing for the treaty would be classed as an "insurgent" by his fellow-mlnorlty mem bers. FOUB HUNDBED HOMELESS. Secretary Beed Beports on the Dam age Caused by Panama Fire. The Isthmian canal commission today re ceived the following cablegram from Mr. Reed, the executive secretary, relative to the fire in Panama: "Fire is said to have originated In the kitchen of the C'oncord:a. JOstimjited value of property lost and damaged, 1350.000? In surance, 170,000, gold. Estimated number of persons rendered homeless, 400, including about twenty-live canal employes, Ameri cans. No lives lost. "Waterworks system of Panama proved satisfactory. Fire was prevented from spreading and communicating with Kspa nosa drug store on the east vide uilev or buildings on the north side Carrera Consti tution, or wearhouse containing keroeene oil immediately back of Concordia, facing Oalle Allante. "There was a report shortly after the fire broke out that the water had been cut off from the city. Report due to the failure of the firemen to get water from hydrant ,n the new main on the side of street nol yot connected. Sufficient number of streaius secured from ten adjacent hydrant.:, ail available." Mrs. Ellis of Waverly Dead. Special Dispatch tc The Star. SUFFOLK, Va., February 2.?Mrs. Jen nie EIHs, the mother of Nansemond coun ty's treasurer, Sydney T. Ellis, d.ed this morning at her home In Waveriy. Va aged seventy wwj yean.