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THE EVENING STAR.
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY February 11. 1906 CROSBY S. NOYES Editor Entered ai Mcond-claai mail matter at the peat offlca at Washington, D. 0. THE STAB has a regular and permanent Family Circulation much mora than tha combined circulation of tha other Wash- j ingt'ui d.iillea. As a Haw* and Advertis ing Medium It has no competitor. The Evening Star, with the SuDdaj morning edi tion. la delivered by carriers within the pity at Wt rent a per month; without the Sunday morning edition at 44 cents per month. ;*y mall, poatag* prepaid: Dally, Sunday included, one month, f?0 cents. Daily. Sunday excepted, one month, 50 cents. Saturday Star, one year, SI.00. Sunday Star, one year, $1.50. A Retrograde Remedy. One of the reasons urged against the adoption of the whipping post method of punishing wife-heaters is that It tends dan gerously toward thp revival of other forms of medieval punishments of a retaliatory character, wholly out of harmony with the progressive spirit of this day. There Is' a pronounced trend toward faddism in this country. Innovations, even reversions to long abandoned customs, are eagerly adopt ed <>n all sides liecnuse they are novelties. They are differentiated, their applications are varied and soon the whole community is engaged in a race to produce the most pronounced distortions of the proposition. In this whipping-post scheme lies the danger that If once established In the Dis trict of Columbia for the punishment of wffi-li-vitt rs, and if not quickly condemned to desuetude by a revulsion of public sen timent, It will soon be extended to the treatment of other offenders than brutal husbands. The proposal to this effect his already been seriously made. Here and there throughout the country the Idea Is voiced that the lash should be laid upon the backs of various Classen of offenders. Thus, for example, the following paragraph appears in the Birmingham L.edger: "Whipping a wife is not the only crime that ought to be punished with the lash, l.oafing and petty larceny should have the same punishment." Here is the certain result of advocating i seriously a plan of punishment for a single offense which smacks of the old days of cruelty and retaliation. Imagine the con dition of society two hundred years ago translated into terms of the present. ?Con ceive the working out in practice of a frank confession that the labor of decades to Improve the methods of penological treat ment has been utterly wasted, and that there Is no hope of evolving an ideal sys tem of penalties that will cure and not merely punish according to the ancient doctrine of giving like for like. in another part of today's Star appears an article which describes In this connec tion the range of old-time punishments, the application of the lash to all sorts and conditions of law-breakers, to malefactors of high and low degree, and the exhaus tion of human ingenuity to devise barbaric tortures to "fit the crime." The picture thus drawn is revolting. It Is difficult to believe that men In their sober senses will agree that It Is desirable to move one stop In this retrograde direction. The bill to establish the whipping post In this District is seriously proponed and seri ously Indorsed by prominent officials and individuals. There lies the great difficulty. If it were merely an ordinary "freak" bill, such p.s any one of the dozens annually presented to Congress to satisfy amateur law-makers with theories of government, it might be dismissed without a thought. Hut this measure comes before the House with all the prestige of a presidential rec ommendation, an Indorsement by the Dis trict Commissioners, an approval by the chief of police and a police Judge. It is to be met with equal seriousness and fought not only a? a specific evil, but as a reflec tion upon a God-fearing. Christian, law- ! abiding. well - administered community, whose percentage of wife-beaters is no higher than that of'any other city, and whose institutions are the more conspicu ous because of its character as the seat of this enlightened, progressive government. ? ??? Risky Shows. The Inconsistency of human emotions was demonstrated recently in Paris, where a circus performer daily thrilled large crowds by an exhibition of daring. Seated in an automobile she "looped the loop." the great structure being styled the "circle of death.'' The spectators were aroused to a keen pitch of excitement by the performance and cheered the woman vociferously when she alighted from the car unharmed after her ie kle>- transit around the loop. The other day something went wrong, the car swerv ed from the track and a crash resulted. The woman was crushed to death. There upon t:..' spectators arose In a mighty out break of rage against the management. Those who had been applauding the ven tnr ornt performer a few moments before turned on her employers, denouncing them us responsible for the woman's death and forgetting that they had been hugely en J >1'!g the thrills provided by the enterprise of the circus owner*. The mob was with ditfi >'ty restrained from burning the build ing The same spirit is occasionally dls played by the spectators of prise fights. W'liile the pugilists are pummelling each oth^r with the accompaniment of much blood, the crowd cheers lustily. The spec ie :?? is diverting. No one thinks of the pain of the participants. Bat let one of t ? men chance to receive an exceptionally severe blow, rendering him unconscious or, ns sometimes happens, killing him. The ring-side Income* the scene of a frantic demonstration. It all dependit upon the re *u.t. As long as death Is only threatened the spectacle is delectable. A.** soon as the th eat of death becomes a reality, the ex ldldtlon is denounced. Mr Jacob Hiis by denying the remarks attributed to him foregoes the glory he might have enjoyed of txirg the undis puted original third-term Roosevelt man. Colonel Mann may possibly hope for a loiter chance as a defendant than he had at i pto.tecuiing witness. The New Regime in Russia. Th. se are extracts from the letter of r>:iskl to the managing editor of the St. Petersburg Dally Mall, giving an account of his visit to the White House: He looks, and plays, the part. Knows how to meet and dispose of a large com pany in a short time. J'a considered brusque for an American, but as compared with a Russian bureaucrat Is pleasantness Itself. He complimented my English, and referred to the reputation Ru?.slans bear as linguists. I confessed to French and Ger man. and he tried me In both languages. I suggested that we should feel complimented if he would extend his studies to Russian. Jle shook his head, and said It would make Ms tongue sore twisting It around such >cng names. I replied that he might test It after the ordeal. "Or have you the time to rest It?" I a 4 dad. A mistake of a moment to be regretted a lifetime! "But. seeing my flushed race, he put his hand on my shoulder, and said pleasantly. "1 ha opposition newspapers My not.' "His touch and manner restated me. and I managed to retire without stumbling over my feet. ?#????? "When I return, and the boys are gath ered around the Are in the early hours of the morning after the forms have been made up, I shall probably develop some profound views about Mr. Roosevelt, and lengthen in the telling our ten minutes talk into an hour's. All men are liars, says the good book. To which I reverently add. particularly in recounting their meet ings with celebrities. But I won t attempt any such game with you. From the stand up chat I had with Mm X could of course gather little. He sails under his true col ors In his photographs. Tliey are excel lent. A robust man of middle life, and, I should say. a large and rapid feeder. Barring accidents and apidemics, he ought to see ninety years: But think of leaving the pinnacle of things at fifty, and spending forty years below that supreme point! Maybe that is to be his penalty for such wonderful fortune in his younger days. It is astonishing to hear that as a child he was frail, and there were doubts about his reaching maturity. Such a complete cor rection of nature's first plan Is rarely seen. ? ?????* "But. while I shall venture no appraise ment of the man myself, let me set down for you some of the estimates that ar.J held over here toy his admirers: "A brick. "A erackerjack. "A Jim Dandy, from Wayback. ' "Ali wool, and a yard wide. "A bully boy. "The real stuff, and no mistake. "These titles, you will see, are of the soil; and 1 shall interpret them to you when we nuet as they have been Interpreted to roe. I sorrow for the boys In the ortire who knew no English, for how 1 am to put the3e phrases into as picturesque Ku^siiu puzzles me. ' Hearst and the Governorship. The attitude of Mr. Hearst toward the race for the governorship o'.' New York re calls the story of the lad whose compan ions wanted him to show the way to a tempting melon patch. Affecting great re luctance, he said: "I won't do it unless you tie me, and I'm not going to tell you where the rope is behind the door." Mr. Hearst in an interview In the Brook lyn Eagle declares that he Is not a candi date, has no desire to become one, and will not become one unless forced to do so, and then he proceeds to Indicate the kind ot pressure that would result in his accept ance of a nomination. We may probably look to see the pressure as Indicated ap plied, and Mr. Hearst made a candidate. His lieutenants are already organizing the cry for him, and, with the methods they employ, they should succeed in securing quite a volume of sound before convention day arrives. Nor are Mr. Hearst's sincere admirers the only people who want him to make this race. Men who abhor him would be glad to see him nominated. As they reason, his nomination would wake up the state from one end to the other, and produce the largest poll in the state's history. They do not doubt what the returns would show, but are convinced that Mr. Hearst would be disastrously beaten, and that he would thus be disposed of for 1908. A feature of this calculation is the belief that the Bryanites would not support the New York editor in other than a listless fashion. In case of his success they would fear his prominence in the presidential field against their favorite. And it must be admitted that if elected governor of New York this year by a substantial majority. Mr. Hearst, with such prestige added to his enormous wealth and the power of his rapidly growing political organization, would be a formidable figure in the next demorratic national convention. Money and office together "talk" loudly, and it might not be possible even for Mr. Bryan, with his most engaging smile and eloquence, to mould the convention to his wishes. No state election of this year will com pare in interest or importance with that to be held in New York, and may both sides do their level best. Hill an Invalid. News paragraphs describing David B. llill as an invalid make strange as well as unwelcome reading. He has been tor so many years in the public eye, and always as an actor of both physical and intellec tual force, that It is difficult to think of him as out of kelter and out of the runnttig. Politics has been his wife, his child, his meat and bread and drink, his business and his recreation. lie played the game; It lias been laughingly suggested, even in his sleep. But at last his physician has held up a warning linger, and all activities, for a time at least, are suspended. Fancy such a man forced for entertainment to take interest in a polo mateh! His worst enemy could wish him no sadder fate than this banishment as a spectator to the field sports of fashionable idlers and dandies. Things have come to a pa.?s where men write to the" newspapers and declare they will not stand up in the street cars to let young women sit down. Is Mr. Bertie Adams to be the sole surviving champion of American chivalry? By demanding a 2-cent rate the Ohio leg islature shows Its determination to give the casual traveler the benefit of anything the railroads may have gained by foreclosing on passes. The American coal producers are not In the least disturbed by the possibility of this government's acquiring coal lands of Its own in the Philippines. A Russian officer gets court-martialed if he doesn't obey orders and assassinated if he does. As for the Sultan of Morocco, he drinks coffee, smokes cigarettes and says noth ing. Chinn of Kentucky. Col.-Jack Chinn, the famous Kentuckian, has taken under consideration a suggestion that he stand for Congress al the next election. His home is in the eighth dis trict. which Is safely democratic, 0lid a nomination by that party means election. Col. Chlnn has but recently consented to take office at the hands of his fellow citi zens. Long a politician?as, indeed, every man in Kentucky must be?the Sage of Herrodsburg accepted a nomination last year to the state senate, was easily elected, and is now one of the most prominent fig ures of the state assembly. Popular with the reporters and with tlie public, hU hotel table-talks, as well as his graver deliver ances In the senate chamber, are duly chronicled, and the life of Frankfort, social and political. Is materially brightened by his presence in town. We see in "this case how office "bites" a man. Col. Chlnn for yoars occupied himself with securing offices for others. He put political ambition behind him. He cared not what the laws were so he was permitted to help make the men who made the laws. He assisted many men to honors and emi nence, and felt rewarded by their friend ship and the familiar salutation of "Jack." Hitched up himself at last, however, he likes the going, and If agreeable to the people of his district, he.will transfer his activities to Washington. His experience at Frankfort has evidently whetted bis appetite for something higher in the same line, and a national career appeal* to htm. Col. Chlnn la not an orator, but may be more than that. Orators are numerous, especially In Kentucky, where talking is taught at school. But this man is at once a raconteur and a philosopher, and knows all about many things. An authority on horses, he can start In at early caadle light and discourse until cock-crow without exhausting the subject. And now that Tim Sullivan Is on the eve of retiring from the House, the appearance of Col. Chinn there would keep up the average of good tips for the spring meetings at Benning. As a statesman Col. Chinn's size may be taken from the bill he has Just introduced at Frankfort, proposing Henry. Clay and William Goebel for Kentucky's representa tives In Statuary Hall here. The man who can thus couple Clay and Goebel must at least have reach. Make way for Col. Mann. Paris in a Panic. Parisian society is apparently less con cerned In tKe actual details of Obuntess Boni's charges against Count Boni than in the question of how much, if any, alimony may be awarded to the divorced husband. From all accounts Count Boni has been go ing at a rapid gait of late. Stories of his extravagences are now appearing with de tails whiclj are calculated to appall even those who are willing to believe anything of the decadent scions of continental no bility. He had evidently contrived to In vent ways of spending money which threat ened the early disappearance of the Gould millions. This gilded youth recognised no barriers to pleasure. He hopped, skipped and Jumped over and around the conven tions ffTth a blithesome indifference. There was no meeting his demands ior cash to supply the wants created by his Insatiable thirst for novelties. Consequently he as sembled around him a coterie of grafters and sycophants who are perhaps today the most doleful set of people In the world. Their gold mine, their Fortunatus purse, their per. pigeon, is threatened. Naturally, they are Incensed at the sordid view taken by the American members of the countess' family who refuse to continue the sup plies and highly indignant at the wife who has been so far forgetful of French man ners as to object to such a trifle as the infidelity of her husband. "A bas!" they cry. They have always suspected that the Americans are canaille. Now they are sure. None but canaille would play such a trick upon a perfectly proper young man who h?s afforded the pleasure-jaded Parisians so wide a range of novelty and entertain ment. So now they are wondering, these precious pals of Boni, what settlements he will receive. Of course, the countess will not cast him off without a sou. It Is im possible. France would be desolated at %uch a gross affront to her cherished in stitutions. Some of the boulevardlers, in their frenzy of disgust at the turn of af fairs, hint darkly at the growtu of the case Into proportions of an international inci dent. Ciel! Such a people! fuch an ex acting, parsimonious, straight-laced people! The unattached young noblemen of France are warned never again to bestow their precious titles upon unappreciatlve Ameri can heiresses. Fire Precautions. Careful householders, during these days when the Are danger is most acute, will provide the means of a quick extinguish ment of small blazes that may result from the improper handling of stoves, furnaces and ashes. It* is not difficult to keep buckets filled with water close at hand, especially in the basement or cellar where the heat-making apparatus Is located. The lack of a pall of water to be flufig on the incipient blaze within a minute after a fire is discovered sometimes means the destruction of the house. In such emergencies a cool head at the outset is often better than an entire lire department fifteen minutes later. If a fire starts in side the walls, from an overheated flue, there Is little to be done by the house holder, whose safest move Is to sound the alarm without delay. In any case. It la always wise to close all doors In the vicin ity of the fire, to shut off the draft while awaiting aid. In the first moment of panic the tendency is to open doors and win dows, in a foolish attempt to save prop erty. Thus often a small blaze is quickly fanned Into a consuming conflagration. Quick wit, quick action, steady nerves and, above all, water or wet blankets or rugs will save much property and perhaps pre vent the loss of life. Hereafter trust magnates in giving in formation will ask the Department of Com merce and Labor to step over to where the Attorney General cannot hear them. The lady anarchist has made her appear ance in St. Petersburg. There should be some check to this feminine desire to invade fields hitherto occupied by men. Now that she has a new battleship valued at 17,,100,000, England will feel more than ever entitled to speak with authority at a peace conference. Considerable apprehension has been caused among the bystanders by China's recently developed interest in firearms. Anna Gould is going back to New York, where the heart-to-heart talk is a feature of dally journalism. It is only natural to assume that the big gest railroad Is the wickedest. It can never be claimed that St. Valentine has done much for art. SHOOTING STARS. A Recognition. "Do you think that spiritualistic medium was really controlled by the eminent finan cier you wished to consult?" "Yes. I recognize his methods. She in sisted on getting the money first and mak ing me take all the chances." Responsibility Disclaimed. "Why don't ye>u tell some new stories?" "What for?" asked the comedian Indig nantly. "I'm not here to educate the pub lic." Vain Assurances. Some day the birds will sing anew And blossoms deck the bough; But what's the good of these, when you Have rheumatism now? A Collector. "Have you none of the little fads that leisurely people employ to dispel ennuiV "Only one," answered Mr. Oustln Stax. "I'm a coin collector from the heart." Preferable. "Do you like a man who quotes poetry?" "As a rule," answered Mias Cayenne. "It is likely to be so much preferable to his original conversation." Magic. This world is full of magic, A strange, enchanted spot: Sometimes it's rather tragic. But mostly it is not. Some man. <pjite ordinary. Grows rich ere set of sun. The trick's perplexing, very, I wonder how it's done. A youth of feeble seeming An heiress will ensnare. A wild romancer's dreaming Sells stock most anywhere. The wise man does the labor. And the idler has the fun. I'm not Jealous of my neighbor. But I wonder how It's done. FIFTY YEARS AGO IN THE STAR There was, half a century ago. no regular- Interchange of police intelli gence between the cities ot A Wrong the United States. MaJ. Byi Arrest. vestefs national association of police chiers not having then been conceived. Nevertheless, the autfior lties of different cities did occasionally man age to capture fugitive* from Justice ani pay mutual compliments In this reaper, and. as the following paragraph prlnta.l In The Star February 4, 1886. suggests, they made a few mistakes In so doing: "In consequence of a telegraphic, dis patch received by Captain Davis, chief ot police, yesterday, a party or travelers from the sooth were arrested as they were about to leave for Bartlmore, on a charge ot having robbed a fellow-passenger of two trunks and a carpetbag at Richmond. The dispatch was from Richmond and was sent by the gentleman who claimed to have been robbed and whose name Is Captain McDonald of the ship Ambassador, no* lying at New Orleans. The baggage de scribed was found upon the parties ar rested. but on examination before Justice Holllngshead there appeared no proof ot criminal Intention on the part of those ar rested. It appeared, rather, that they had been acting as his friends in the manor and attended to his baggage when he had evidehtly nflwed his train from ^ehmcma after it was checked through. The P]l,s?"" ers were accordingly dismissed, and tn - baggage Is now at the office of Justice Ho - lings head. The affair was managed skill fully and promptly by our police, althougn It occasioned some inconvenience to the in nocent parties, and it demonstrates the alertness and vigilance with which acase of real mischief would be tracked out. * * * As has been already noted in this column, the newspapers of those days were t'harj about mentioning the nanjes of A Social women, even In the most Event. pleasant circumstances, adopt ing an expedient- which con cealed and yet revealed the identities, and which Is amusing to modern newspaper readers. This paragraph in The Star of Feb ruary 5, 1856. descriptive 9? a ball at Brown's Hotel the evening before, is an example of the style then prevalent: "The cynosure of all eyes was the f. New York bride whose recent marriage Col. 8parks of CaJifornla was so fully^hron tcled, even to the $3,000 necklace which last night adorned her charms. The estimable ladles of Justices McLain and Catron of t Supreme Court also graced the scene. Nei ther should we omit to Brown, who made her guests feel truly at home' or the pleasant lady of Gen^f1 Greene. Miss G?"r of Ohio was probablj the belle of the house, though both Mrs. K???t amj Mrs. B**r of Missouri had many admirers, and deservedly. Mrs E**e and Mrs. C**e of Kentucky. Mrs. Col. F y of this city. Mrs. S"**r (who was bewitchingij dressed). Miss L?y and Miss *"*??? (the nightingale of Norfolk) were all prominent among the gay throng. All admired the queenlike Mrs'. Lieut. B?***t, as she glided through the dance, and the charming Mad ame A*****a. who with her husband exem plified the 'poetry of motion' in the waits. \mong the most bewitching of the demoi selles were Miss t ****r of Virginia, the Misses G****n of this city. Miss J***s or Rhode Island, Miss z*""****r of Tennes see Miss B****?*n of Virginia and Miss of Pennsylvania. The supper w is worthy of the place and the occasion, ev ery luxury and delicacy of the season cov ering two long tables. The floral decorations were especially beautiful, although some men present were not disposed to let them be admired. Not only some baskets sus pended from the chandeliers were ?ra& bed,' but a large ornamental vase of atrti" flciai flowers was stripped in the sack* or the table." * * The midwinter gas troubles of the pecple of Washington, due to the condensation of moisture in the pipes, were Frozen perhaps more annoying then On* Pinn than they are today, as this P 'paragraph In The Star of February 7, 1836, indicates: "Wishing to be perfectly impartial, we give place to the following communication. Since its reception we have suffered great personal Inconvenience on account of a poor quality of light and sincerely hope that the trouble may be remedied soon: " The cause of many gaslights refusing to burn at this time is owing solely to the present extraordinarily cold weather. The lowness of the temperature of the air causes the moisture (always existing in gas as well as in the atmosphere) to congeal in the service pipe, forming an incrustation similar to hoar frost, which Impedes the flow of the gas. The obstruction may often be removed by pouring boiling water upon the service pipe which is exposed to the at mosphere. especially where it leaves the ground, or is in contact with a cold wall. Many of the street lamps have been thawed out but the continued cold season renews the difficulty mentioned every night. The unparalleled severity of the winter thus fai ls unprecedented since the Introduction of gas light Into the city, and the partial de rangement of lights in consequence is of course more sensibly experienced. The same deprivation, from the same cause. Is much complained of In our neighboring cities. Signed: An Officer of the Company. * * * Dr. Sayer, the advocate of dress reform, was still lecturing In this city, and In The Star of February 8, 1836, is Eclipsed printed a paragraph conceru Blooiners. i"g her latest appearance, at Odd Fellows' Hall: "Her lecture was substantially the same as that delivered at Temperance Hall, though there were many additional hits at folly and fashion Which her keen observa tion has no doubt supplied to her since her former lecture. As at Temperance Hall, she seemed to carry with her the sympathy of her audience and the applause was frequent - ,,rn|?nz(>(i The remark that 'man s true worth and character lies noMn the cut ?f hM oTherskirt* was indorsed so heartily by the audience that one would have thnueht every man and woman of 'hem thought eve > Bloomerism: but, W,al. ?fLshion? and 'custom' are mighty. a'^ wilf we fea" put off 'the good time 3 foJlong. long years. It is a pity the coming for long, m, ^ tempore. for a dootor I P to spfc her dress can long as the stands Intrenched P0*^ while reading her lecture, behind her d. majte a movement to the T^^left thtre was 1 general dodging and tuning of heads to get a peep at those ou, forgot* sra turned his head and so came near twist ing his neck off." THE COAL STRIKE MENACE.* from the lirnnd Rapids Post. Don't fret about the miners' strike. With the industries ot the country closed for lack of fuel the people might be induced to take action that will revolutionise the coal busi ness. From the Colambu* Evening Dlapateh. The coal miners' strike Is advertised to begin April 1. Can anything really serious begin on that day? From tbe Topeka State Journal. When the strike comes the miner will be able to take a well-earned vacation, ami the coal operator will shove up the price of the coal he has accumulated, while the con sumer will, as usual, foot the bills. From the Portland Advertiser. The coal barons are exercising great re straint In their efforts to keep the price" of coal at a proper level until after a strike is actually on. Here's hoping that tempta tion may not get the better of them. From the Newark Advertiser. The question may yet resolve itself into a test of Which can hold out the lunger. *J> 000,000 tons of reserve coal or the miners' savings, with the consumer paying for both. From tbe Birmingham Ledger If that big coal strike does come it wtit not affect Alabama. The Alabama mines working union labor have contract to June SO. Tbe non-union misers are not asked to strike. The convicts cannot strike. So we THE ADSTRO-SERVIAN CONFLICT. The commercial rupture recently declared between Austria and Servia is due to the ho*, pit and pork being Im A Porcine portairt items of Servian ex Dispute. port, and incidentally a question of customs dues be tween Servla and Bulgaria. Austria pro tests that the attempt on the part of Ser vla and Bulgaria to conclude a customs union to their mutual benefit nullifies her treaty with Servla whereby she enjoys the privilege-of the most favored nation clause. A Servo-Bulgarian rapprochement, however, is taken to be a menace to her economical interests in Servla, which affect also her political interests in the Balkans. A few days ago. at a ball at the palace In Vienna, the emperor, Francis Joseph, addressing Dr. Voultch, the Servian minis ter, said to him with marked displeasure: "Mr. Minister, I And that the Servian gov ernment has acted very incorrectly in Its negotiations with Bulgaria." "Sire," asked the minister, "In what has Servia of fended?" And the emperor replied: "When a secret treaty has been made again*t the interests of a certain state, negotia tions with that state (meaning Austria) should ncrt be continued." The emperor thereupon abruptly turned and left the astonished minister. The Austro-Servlan conflict, it may be said just here, should servo to attract American capital and industry to Servia. In the first place, incredible as It may seem, in 1908 there were only 562 kilo meters of railroads in Servla. The entire system of roadways and canalization re quires reformation. Belgrade, the capital, is wretchedly paved and Invites energy and capital for its necessary transformation. "The soil is rich in coal, zinc, antimony, cop per, silver and gold, and awaits intelligent exploitation. The government, it should be added, encourages the formation of agricultural companies, of which there were 200 in 11W2. The country is particu larly agricultural and raises In perfection wheat, barley, oats, maize, hemp seed, "hemp fiber, (tax seed, flax fiber and meadow grass. In 181)8 the government was au thorized to make concessions for industrial enterprises and for this purpose to grant free lands; to exempt from custom duties and other taxes; to provide facilities for the purchase of fuel, dtc., to reduce the railway rates by 25 per cent and to assign government contracts to native manufac turers at rates 10 per cent higher than the average rates. Cattle raising Is an Important Industry. In Dece-mber. lwo. the stock on hand was as follows: Horses, 184,841); horned cattle. 962.300; sheep. .#X>. 750; pigs. 950,580. ?_??_. .ho The Servian is a Slav, orlg.naliy frt>m the ancient kingdom of Gallcia, who emigrated to Servia in the seventh century. He is tan and muscular, with regular features. aqu? line nose and prominent cheek bones. H-s hair is blond or chestnut. He is very Intel ligent and has a remarkable talent for song and music. He was converted to Christian ity under the reign of the grand-Joupan Viastimir. A. D. 870. * * * Etlenne Donclian became king In 1334, conquered Macedonia and Albania In 1345. was proclaimed emperot of Early _ the Servians and Greeks at History. Cskub in 1347, and organized his court and administration on the Byzantine model. From 1347 to 1*18 he conquered the Epirus and Bosnia. In 1345) he promulgated at Uskub, before an assemblage of his vassals, the celebrated code of laws and rules known as the Zako nik, which governed his vast empire, in 1354 he took Belgrade from the Hungarians, and died in 1355 at the moment he was about to tai^e Constantinople and force the Turks from Europe. The Turks defeated Servla at the battle of Kosso va la 1389, and held it in sub jection until 1804. when partial autonomy was obtained under Kara George, aided by Russia. Milosche Obrenovitch defeated the Turks in 1815, and was named by the skoupchtina as prince regent, and by th-' natti-cherlb of 1830 the sultan confirmed the vote of the skoupchtina and accorded to Servia complete interior autonomy, in 185# the treaty of Paris placed Servla utidei the collective, protection of the Christian powers. When Bosnia and Hergeaovinfa rose in revolt in 1876 Servia rebelled against the porte. Her troops were defeated^ but Russia intervened, and March 1. l??i. treaty of peace was concluded wnlcn re established the condition prior to the war. After the fall of Plevna the Seijians at tacked Turkey in December, 18<7, cap tured Nich and penetrated to the plains ot Kossovta The treaty of San Stefano. wnich Russia forced upon the Turks, not conced Ine to Servia the desired extension of ter ritory. Prince Milan, by means of certain concessions to Austrian diplomacy, obtain ed the support of Austria, and Servia was recognized as a kingdom In 1882. The quarrels of King Milan and Qileen Natalie (the daughter of Col. Kechko, a Russian subject), together with the oppo sition of the radical party, caused Milan t<_ abdicate in favor of his only son Alexandei in 1889. ^ ^ * * The reign of Alexander Obrenovitch V challenges comparison. He was only twelve years of age on the abdlca Alexander's tlon of King Milan and a Beien. council of regents was con ? ' stituted. But the radical ministry was not in harmony with the re gents and resigned. The young king there upon declared himself of age, sent away the regents and formed a ministry of mod erate radicals. The following year Alexand<* caused his father to return to Belgrade and again the ministry was changed, the constitution of 1S88 was suspended and that of 18<8) was restored. In 1887 Milan was appointed commander in-chief of the army. Russia and Monte negro thereupon broke off their diplomatic relations with Servia. whilst the re at ons with Austria were strengthened. In 1900. however, these relations were brusquely re versed on the announcement by Alexander of his marriage with Draga, Machln, a for mer maid of honor of Queen Natalie. The Czar Nicholas II was represented at the marriage, and Milan's departure from Belgrade, on command, was the signal of a rapprochement with Russia. In April. 1901, Alexander promulgated a liberal constitu tion. too liberal in fact for the Servian*. Some officers of the army. June 11, 1903, invaded the palace and killed both Alex ander and Draga. On the 15th of the same month Peter Karageorgevltch, the eldest son of the former Prince Alexander, was proclaimed king by the skoupchtina. The executive power Is vested in the king, assisted by a council of eight ministers, who are Individually and collectively re sponsible to tin- nation. The legislative au thority is exercised by the king in conjunc tion with the national assembly, or narodnn skoupchtina. The council of state consists of sixteen members, eight appointed by the king and eight by the assembly. The national assembly is composed of l.i? deputies, elected by the people. Every male Servian (with the exception of officers and soldiers under the colors) twenty-five years of age, paying $3 a year In direct taxes is entitled to vote; Servians thirty yliars' of age. paying $12 a year in direct taxes, are eligible to the assembly, provid ed they reside permanently In Servia and can read and write. Lawyers and Servians THE BOUNCIHG OF BOM. From the Philadelphia North American. Count Castellane denounces as absurd the report that he got on his knees before his wife and begged for mercy. Of course, it fat A fellow can't spend mercy. From the Hartford Times. Whatever real grievances Countess Boni de CasteHane may have against her hus band, she can't justly accuse him of not being a good spender. From the Kanaas City Times. Count Boni de Castellane cabled to his cousin in New York yesterday: "Say that It Is not true." It appears that among all hts other shortcomings Count Boni is just a plain garden liar. From the Boston Globe An expert at statistics figures that Anna Gould's court has cost her just $2,017 a day?and that's the least of it. From the Toledo Prow. Count Paul Ernest Boniface de Castellane. P"'* ^ 22?** in. f,u?" J1', ?>St the a no a jot * ? who hold university decrees are eligible. If they pay 18 in direct taxes, but government employe*, mayors of communes and priests are not eligible. * * * Austria has shown by her abrupt rupture of commercial relations with Servla that ? there Is a question at rtake Austria's with that country other Interests. than that of the vulgar pig. Austria thus manifests her ambition to dominate in the Balkan* and asserts her Influence over 8ervla. King Milan In his time was a ready Instrument of Austrian aspirations, but since his disap pearance from the scene Austria has been driven to other methods to effect her pur pose. To force 8ervia to bend to her will Austria has already taken measures to close her doors on the frontier to the importation of Servian cattle, the consequences of which may be appreciated from the fact that last year Servia's exportation* aggregated 104, 705 animals, principally pigs! The Hungarian press expresses regret over the customs war between Austria Hungary and Servla, and violently attacks Count Goluchowski as being the author, but the truth is Hungary will doubtless profit by the Servian embargo In an Increased price for the Hungarian hog at Vienna. The Servian press Is very bellicose, and the organ of the government, the Odjek, which has been silent until now. says that ! the customs war. although it may be preju dicial to Servia In the beginning, will finally produce the good result "that It will liber ate Servla economically from Austria-Hun I gary." .. "There Is being tried every menps. say the Odjek, "to compensate for the interdic tion of exportation of pork.X The council of administration of the abattoirs of Belgrade have decided to augment the capita! of the society and purchase without delay refrig erator cars for the transport of meat. The commercial world estimates the loss by the closed door to Vienna at lS.tXK).""" francs for the first year, but by reason of the re frigerator system the loss will be gradual ly diminished. "In 1897 the ministers Simitch and Storlof had studied the possibility of a rapproche ment between the Balkan states. "The negotiations were renewed under the cabinets of Vonitch and Danef. and ended in li?04 by a postal and telegraphic ar rangement. accompanied by a series ot royal and princely visits, followed sowi I after by a Servo-Montenegrin treaty of ! commerce, the preamble of which affirmed | the solidarity of the Balkan states, and ! announced other agreements. The Serv-v ] Bulgarian customs union, cause of the actual crisis, is one of these agreements, and there is nothing to prove that It will | b" the last, because there is even now un der consideration an agreement with Rou | n>r.nia. # "It Is natural that Austria should fear the consequences ,of combinations of thi* character, and that the "Balkanlc Trip lice," which has been mentioned several times, may appear to her a menace. But It Is more natural still that the Bal kan states should see In these comblni tlons the future guarantee of their political autonomy." "The Balkans for the Balkan peopiV said M. Milenko Wessnitch. minister of Strvla at Paris. "Is the principle which I attests the solidarity of Sofia and Belgrade against the brutalities of Vienna." ? \ The history of Servia during the nine ; Leenth century shows the march of tlv? nation toward national Servian Independence; this idei Independence. WHS so powerful that it gained a complete tri umph in 1S7S at the congress at Berlin, rind this, too. In spite of their divisions and fratricidal strifes. Obrenovltch and Kara georgevitch," all of them, prince and peas ant. either pork merchants or descendants t of such, they are still imbued with a spirit of .strife, but nevertheless aspire to nation.ilt independence. Some idea of thie spirit may be gathered from the story of the crown prince, who recently undertook a voyage outside of Servla Incognito; returning, he had the fancy to follow the rail from Gravosa to Sarajevo to visit Bosnia and show himself to the people. As we can understand. Austria looked upon the es capade with ill feeling; at the station at Sarajevo the young man was received by the authorities, who expressed to him thsir i "profound regrets at the contretemps, but in all Sarajevo there was not a single room vacant: all those at the hotels had been retained:" It only remained for him. therefore, to take the train he had quitted md return to Belgrade. We can readily I in ligine the severe reprimand which aw.il: cd the youth. But It was not without :i secret joy that the public learned of the sxcuse given by the young prince: "I i wanted to see my future state." The sentiment of solidarity is latent among the Servians, whose language Is the same as the Croates, called Bosniac :n Bosnia, and Is spoken in Servia. Croatia. OElmatia. Bosnia, Montenegro. Old Servia Istrla and South Hungary. The alphabet lifters according to the country. The Creates, Slovenes. Tcheque and Folds' I alphabet is like our own. The Servians juiploy the Cyrilltque. but all persons WHO have any instruction at all are familiar 7/ith both alphabets in Servla. Unfortunately, side by side with this ele ment of Balkan rapprochment there ar.1 elements of discord. Croates and Servians ire brother people*, but brothers who in traditional enemies?the Croates are Ca'ii jllc, the Servians orthodox. Servians and Bulgarians, too. are separated by the Mace donian question. The Macedonian hegemony puts not only the Greeks against Bulga rians. but Roumanians, Bulgarians and Servians are found face to face in the north and northwest of Macedonia. The mixture at race and religion aeems a hope less tangle. It Is claimed that common interests win bind in one the "Balkans precisely as t>y the treaty of commerce between Servia md Bulgaria. The y*)ung people, students, orofessors and others favor a grand fed eration of the Balkan states, and the ques tion has already been treated hv M. MaJK hazonny under the title. "I>e Panslarlsme et la Question d'Orient." The Balkan nuestion has likewise been treated by M. Vieo Montegazza in a book pubHshed in 1005 entitled 'TAltra Sponda" ?"The Other Shore." The writer was asso ciated with M. Montegazza as his colleague at the exposition at Paris in 1P.GO, and can testify w'th pleasure to the value of his opinion. He favors an entente between Russia and Italv against Austria, who is preparing, according to M. Montegazia. t? denounce the treaty of lfc!i7 negotiated at Murzteg. For a fact King Peter is In good relations with the Italian court, and the latter leaves no stone unturned to ex tend its Influence in the Balkans, whether In Albania. Montenegro or Dalmatia. Germany has not overlooked the Balkans, but aspires to play a grand role there. She appears for the moment as the arbiter be tween Turkey and the powers. In the Bal kans as in Morocco Germany counts upon the sultan to secure the place of honor. Al ready Germany's commerce in Roumania Is increasing. In Bulgaria, at Sofia, a branch of the Deutsche Bank has been es tablished. The writer repeats, in American Interests, that the door is wide open in Servla to American enterprise, genius and capital, but American mettle will be tested to the utmost, for Germany stands in the doorway In Servla as elsewhere, to contest the de velopment of American PATTERSOH'S bolt. From the Kno*?Ul* Journal and T.itaKie. Senator Patterson has tried several parties in his time and will not weep if the democrats do excommunicate him; quit ting will not give him insomnia. from the Philadelphia PufcUc Ledger. Senator Patterson doesn t inind being read out of the party. He read, the party out every time it fails to pleaa* htm. From the Toledo Blade. There are now two historic declarations of independence, the one adopted ny tire colonial congress and that of Senator Torn Patterson of Colorado. From the Boston Advertiser. Senator Patterson of Colorado is In a. lair wav to become a atralghtout republican. His state, by a curious coincidence. Is al ready strongly for Roosevelt and Mr. Pat terson's term is nearly over. But that l? merely a coincidence. From the Houston Post. Senator Patterson *'111 accomplish very little In the way of reinstating himself in - " regard ot hia j* ? criticising their I ANSVERS TO CORRESPONDENTS ' *? column win h, ??m<l all qmtkM af.? W*. Mt?r? ...ImUttert to Th. Star iT Qiilrfn fthonM writ# on *m?* tid* nt ?Sl? th^r letter* to IVIf Jafiper ?* star Sfc J?/!** of '"?cult ??nnndnim* luwcn ms? w0tlayg4 far i w?*k or two. Consequently ft may b# advisable for all questioners to ws.cb this column carefully. 1 GENTLENESS -To my wife I nm kind ness Itself. My wife's mother Is living with us. Should I protest against the passage of the Adams whipping post bill? A ? Th#r? Is no reason why you should. The Adams bill forbids you to strike your wife, hut leaves the rest of the family open for engagements We are awfully glad to be able to relieve your fears. HOME8TKAD-Kindly tell me the quick est way to get rid of a belligerent cook. A.?Move. WAR DEPARTMENT.?U). Yes. Bill to still banting (2>. Yes, we also have heard the report that there has been a diminution of enthusiasm. LITERARY?I am afflicted with the genius of authorship and have a great ad miration for Henry James. Kindly tell me how to procced. A.?Take a large, corpu lent dictionary, reduce to fractions and place in a hat. When thoroughly mixed re move the fragments one by one and dictate to a cross-eyed stenographer. This is un derstood to be Mr. James' method, and he Is now famous. Why not you, Kitty ? ANXIOUS.?Is the work of excavat.ng the Panama canal still going on? A - Slow ly, very slowly. The largest excavation ye; on the isthmus is that made by Secretary Talt when he la*< visited those parts. Mr. Taft slipped while crossing a piec* of marshy ground. B.?Wood Is for <he fifth wedding anni versary; what for the flrst four years? A John, Henry, Jane and Maria are good, old fashioned names. FOREIGNER.?Kindly explain the IMg nincance of turning down the four different corners of visiting cards. A.?The upper left-hand corner means that you will be in i di,1"rr.; ,ho upper right-hand oor J catpa th*'t you are glad your late hostess wasnt at home; the lower left hand corner means tliat you are in a re ceptive mood for dinner invitations; the lower right-hand corner means that you don t care for sweet champagne next time. A MAT EI R.?Kindly give me a recipe for mock terrapin A.?Here is one we trifle with at.every Sunday evening supper. Take a Iarge_ shivery liver, remove the scales. bo<l and separate Into Insignificant hunks. ?hen the animal has been reduced to a proper state of submission exefte with red pepper; bathe tenderly In sherry and serve while steaming. NOVICE.?While passing through the maible room of the Capitol the other day l ^nHi^i,Stdate"lo!>klns personage, with a shillalah In one hand and a tomahawk In xx-k " ?tan<1,nK ,n ?n expectant attitude. VV ho was he and what was he doing? A. fhOUu:1T H rpPul>"oa,? senator waiting for the Hepburn railway rate bill. 'IRER.?While riding on a Connectl ? e aV*nue ?r the other day 1 sat opposite a frock-coated individual, with an Ingrow nrl,7l!i8.Ul,<,'he Hnd plnk Hpa,s whose |>eraon wTrV-i ?C P?rf"'n* of W'X'<1 violets. Who Tit mOL*. uJuikj' thinK: >ou wpre In the same car with Bertie Adams of Penn s> Ivan la, the whlpptng-post persuader. ifS^>itftT|~KlndIy de"crlbfl for me the sfvle of lettering on the back of a flfty-doliai gold certificate. A.-The next time w handle one we ll look It over. Your heirs may appreciate the desired Information. > REAK.-Is a two-cent stamp considere l a negotiable Instrument? A. -Decidedly not. according to our experience ths ia -t time we tried to pay our fare home win two of them. constitutes good foim in disposing of the soup course at a tormal dinner? A.-The individual ladle should be snovod from north to south anil rot under any circumstance? from >-a'it to west although northeast hy e.,?t is occa sionally allowable. A small Florida sponge concealed In the palm of the hand Is j distinct advantage when haste is desired. AlGI STl S.?Is it permissible at any time to wear a rubber collar? A.?The rub ber collar is only permissible at the sea shore It will be found a distinct advan tage over the ordinary variety (n impromptu surf bathing. B.?Why has a loving cup three handles? A ?In the good old days it was considered a merry jest to hand a friend a .-up of wine and cut his throat so that he couldn't swallow It. The three handles were in vented so that the person doing the pre senting might have both hands occupied during the ceremony. I.EGAI..?What is the meaning of the ex pression he perjured himself like a gen tleman' ? A.?If your wife should ask you If she looks as young as she did when you married her twenty years ago. and you should say. "Why certainly, darling," In a loud, impressive tone, you would be oper ating along the line of the expression under ilscusslon. There are other examples just HI good, which are better left !n mental ?old storage until needed. UNCLE JASPER IN KENTUCKY. From tlie Louisville Courier-Journal. I spent a thousand pound* on her I think. Alas! I know It, T fear my Iff* irai rather fast. For every corner that I paused. The hoys would whisper. "Go It!*" &he used to keep me out nt night (I fear I can't deny it). And many a time I had to rlimb Cp to the sill and pry It. At last my wife got tire* out. And went to see her brother. He knew some law, And soon he saw I must choose one or t'other. Ah, well! She's gone? the other om, About whom I was silly And now I blink At home and think About that chestnut filly. A WELL-PRESFRYED MAN. i-'rom the Cblca^a Tribune. My ( Dele ioliu ill well prwprT*sI, Though b?' 1* over fifty; Of sturdy build atKi iron wired In he. and ? rry thrifty. Re will let nothing gn to waste, (especially his victuals; He carves a fowl with style and taste While to the bene he whittles. Bat that doea uot explain hia rim Nor all his actiuus youthful; Hia foodstuffs ate preserving him. To tie cuct and irnrhfiil. Tlie milk contain* formaldehyde, 4a chemists oft Itave noted - Tlie bacon with which he's aapplird Has all been crro?itr<l. The jetty that he buy* contains Some salicylii ackf; This stops all bis rheumatic pains Asd inok'-K my uncle placid; The maple airtip for his cakes Havi\? hu from qualm and <julrer? SuJtubate or soda In It makes Wot him a healthy liver. The rlems be eats may hare b?-en dog Back la the -Ik'' Jnrajwiic, And still are fresh tttrougb some such druc As add that's boraclc; The ftouua he sips tn- kauws are "inrisd. Bat takes th< m like a stop-; Ther hare t>ee? most precisely p anned? Their acids are benndc. Corned beef-yon see my fncle John la Quite s hearty rater la lit ft.r him to fatten oa Tls doctored with saltpeter; Cloned peaebes. pickles, vinegar. Ice cream and wise -he's astro With things extracted from coal tar And spirits methylated. If be should be dowstowo for lunch His menu is the snuggest; He merely takes the time to munch Some things bought from the druggist. And ? M ? mt ancle is Preserved as nature Bisancd him 1 >.-? drugs street tint frame of his' As (bough some or* had eatmed hla.