THE EVENING STAR.
With Sunday Morning Edition.
SUNDAY February 11. 1906
CROSBY S. NOYES Editor
Entered ai Mcond-claai mail matter at the peat
offlca at Washington, D. 0.
THE STAB has a regular and permanent
Family Circulation much mora than tha
combined circulation of tha other Wash- j
ingt'ui d.iillea. As a Haw* and Advertis
ing Medium It has no competitor.
The Evening Star, with the SuDdaj morning edi
tion. la delivered by carriers within the pity at Wt
rent a per month; without the Sunday morning
edition at 44 cents per month.
;*y mall, poatag* prepaid:
Dally, Sunday included, one month, f?0 cents.
Daily. Sunday excepted, one month, 50 cents.
Saturday Star, one year, SI.00.
Sunday Star, one year, $1.50.
A Retrograde Remedy.
One of the reasons urged against the
adoption of the whipping post method of
punishing wife-heaters is that It tends dan
gerously toward thp revival of other forms
of medieval punishments of a retaliatory
character, wholly out of harmony with the
progressive spirit of this day. There Is' a
pronounced trend toward faddism in this
country. Innovations, even reversions to
long abandoned customs, are eagerly adopt
ed <>n all sides liecnuse they are novelties.
They are differentiated, their applications
are varied and soon the whole community
is engaged in a race to produce the most
pronounced distortions of the proposition.
In this whipping-post scheme lies the
danger that If once established In the Dis
trict of Columbia for the punishment of
wffi-li-vitt rs, and if not quickly condemned
to desuetude by a revulsion of public sen
timent, It will soon be extended to the
treatment of other offenders than brutal
husbands. The proposal to this effect his
already been seriously made. Here and
there throughout the country the Idea Is
voiced that the lash should be laid upon
the backs of various Classen of offenders.
Thus, for example, the following paragraph
appears in the Birmingham L.edger:
"Whipping a wife is not the only crime
that ought to be punished with the lash,
l.oafing and petty larceny should have the
Here is the certain result of advocating
i seriously a plan of punishment for a single
offense which smacks of the old days of
cruelty and retaliation. Imagine the con
dition of society two hundred years ago
translated into terms of the present. ?Con
ceive the working out in practice of a
frank confession that the labor of decades
to Improve the methods of penological treat
ment has been utterly wasted, and that
there Is no hope of evolving an ideal sys
tem of penalties that will cure and not
merely punish according to the ancient
doctrine of giving like for like.
in another part of today's Star appears
an article which describes In this connec
tion the range of old-time punishments,
the application of the lash to all sorts and
conditions of law-breakers, to malefactors
of high and low degree, and the exhaus
tion of human ingenuity to devise barbaric
tortures to "fit the crime." The picture
thus drawn is revolting. It Is difficult to
believe that men In their sober senses will
agree that It Is desirable to move one stop
In this retrograde direction.
The bill to establish the whipping post In
this District is seriously proponed and seri
ously Indorsed by prominent officials and
individuals. There lies the great difficulty.
If it were merely an ordinary "freak" bill,
such p.s any one of the dozens annually
presented to Congress to satisfy amateur
law-makers with theories of government,
it might be dismissed without a thought.
Hut this measure comes before the House
with all the prestige of a presidential rec
ommendation, an Indorsement by the Dis
trict Commissioners, an approval by the
chief of police and a police Judge. It is to
be met with equal seriousness and fought
not only a? a specific evil, but as a reflec
tion upon a God-fearing. Christian, law- !
abiding. well - administered community,
whose percentage of wife-beaters is no
higher than that of'any other city, and
whose institutions are the more conspicu
ous because of its character as the seat of
this enlightened, progressive government.
The Inconsistency of human emotions was
demonstrated recently in Paris, where a
circus performer daily thrilled large crowds
by an exhibition of daring. Seated in an
automobile she "looped the loop." the great
structure being styled the "circle of death.''
The spectators were aroused to a keen
pitch of excitement by the performance and
cheered the woman vociferously when she
alighted from the car unharmed after her
ie kle>- transit around the loop. The other
day something went wrong, the car swerv
ed from the track and a crash resulted.
The woman was crushed to death. There
upon t:..' spectators arose In a mighty out
break of rage against the management.
Those who had been applauding the ven
tnr ornt performer a few moments before
turned on her employers, denouncing them
us responsible for the woman's death and
forgetting that they had been hugely en
J >1'!g the thrills provided by the enterprise
of the circus owner*. The mob was with
ditfi >'ty restrained from burning the build
ing The same spirit is occasionally dls
played by the spectators of prise fights.
W'liile the pugilists are pummelling each
oth^r with the accompaniment of much
blood, the crowd cheers lustily. The spec
ie :?? is diverting. No one thinks of the
pain of the participants. Bat let one of
t ? men chance to receive an exceptionally
severe blow, rendering him unconscious or,
ns sometimes happens, killing him. The
ring-side Income* the scene of a frantic
demonstration. It all dependit upon the re
*u.t. As long as death Is only threatened
the spectacle is delectable. A.** soon as the
th eat of death becomes a reality, the ex
ldldtlon is denounced.
Mr Jacob Hiis by denying the remarks
attributed to him foregoes the glory he
might have enjoyed of txirg the undis
puted original third-term Roosevelt man.
Colonel Mann may possibly hope for a
loiter chance as a defendant than he had
at i pto.tecuiing witness.
The New Regime in Russia.
Th. se are extracts from the letter of
r>:iskl to the managing editor of the St.
Petersburg Dally Mall, giving an account
of his visit to the White House:
He looks, and plays, the part. Knows
how to meet and dispose of a large com
pany in a short time. J'a considered
brusque for an American, but as compared
with a Russian bureaucrat Is pleasantness
Itself. He complimented my English, and
referred to the reputation Ru?.slans bear as
linguists. I confessed to French and Ger
man. and he tried me In both languages. I
suggested that we should feel complimented
if he would extend his studies to Russian.
Jle shook his head, and said It would make
Ms tongue sore twisting It around such
>cng names. I replied that he might test It
after the ordeal.
"Or have you the time to rest It?" I
a 4 dad.
A mistake of a moment to be regretted
"But. seeing my flushed race, he put his
hand on my shoulder, and said pleasantly.
"1 ha opposition newspapers My not.'
"His touch and manner restated me. and
I managed to retire without stumbling over
"When I return, and the boys are gath
ered around the Are in the early hours of
the morning after the forms have been
made up, I shall probably develop some
profound views about Mr. Roosevelt, and
lengthen in the telling our ten minutes
talk into an hour's. All men are liars,
says the good book. To which I reverently
add. particularly in recounting their meet
ings with celebrities. But I won t attempt
any such game with you. From the stand
up chat I had with Mm X could of course
gather little. He sails under his true col
ors In his photographs. Tliey are excel
lent. A robust man of middle life, and,
I should say. a large and rapid feeder.
Barring accidents and apidemics, he ought
to see ninety years: But think of leaving
the pinnacle of things at fifty, and spending
forty years below that supreme point!
Maybe that is to be his penalty for such
wonderful fortune in his younger days. It
is astonishing to hear that as a child he
was frail, and there were doubts about his
reaching maturity. Such a complete cor
rection of nature's first plan Is rarely seen.
"But. while I shall venture no appraise
ment of the man myself, let me set down
for you some of the estimates that ar.J
held over here toy his admirers:
"A Jim Dandy, from Wayback.
' "Ali wool, and a yard wide.
"A bully boy.
"The real stuff, and no mistake.
"These titles, you will see, are of the soil;
and 1 shall interpret them to you when we
nuet as they have been Interpreted to roe.
I sorrow for the boys In the ortire who
knew no English, for how 1 am to put
the3e phrases into as picturesque Ku^siiu
puzzles me. '
Hearst and the Governorship.
The attitude of Mr. Hearst toward the
race for the governorship o'.' New York re
calls the story of the lad whose compan
ions wanted him to show the way to a
tempting melon patch. Affecting great re
luctance, he said: "I won't do it unless you
tie me, and I'm not going to tell you where
the rope is behind the door."
Mr. Hearst in an interview In the Brook
lyn Eagle declares that he Is not a candi
date, has no desire to become one, and will
not become one unless forced to do so, and
then he proceeds to Indicate the kind ot
pressure that would result in his accept
ance of a nomination. We may probably
look to see the pressure as Indicated ap
plied, and Mr. Hearst made a candidate.
His lieutenants are already organizing the
cry for him, and, with the methods they
employ, they should succeed in securing
quite a volume of sound before convention
Nor are Mr. Hearst's sincere admirers the
only people who want him to make this
race. Men who abhor him would be glad
to see him nominated. As they reason, his
nomination would wake up the state from
one end to the other, and produce the
largest poll in the state's history. They do
not doubt what the returns would show,
but are convinced that Mr. Hearst would
be disastrously beaten, and that he would
thus be disposed of for 1908.
A feature of this calculation is the belief
that the Bryanites would not support the
New York editor in other than a listless
fashion. In case of his success they would
fear his prominence in the presidential
field against their favorite. And it must
be admitted that if elected governor of New
York this year by a substantial majority.
Mr. Hearst, with such prestige added to his
enormous wealth and the power of his
rapidly growing political organization,
would be a formidable figure in the next
demorratic national convention. Money and
office together "talk" loudly, and it might
not be possible even for Mr. Bryan, with
his most engaging smile and eloquence, to
mould the convention to his wishes.
No state election of this year will com
pare in interest or importance with that
to be held in New York, and may both
sides do their level best.
Hill an Invalid.
News paragraphs describing David B.
llill as an invalid make strange as well as
unwelcome reading. He has been tor so
many years in the public eye, and always
as an actor of both physical and intellec
tual force, that It is difficult to think of
him as out of kelter and out of the runnttig.
Politics has been his wife, his child, his
meat and bread and drink, his business and
his recreation. lie played the game; It lias
been laughingly suggested, even in his
sleep. But at last his physician has held
up a warning linger, and all activities, for
a time at least, are suspended. Fancy
such a man forced for entertainment to
take interest in a polo mateh! His worst
enemy could wish him no sadder fate than
this banishment as a spectator to the field
sports of fashionable idlers and dandies.
Things have come to a pa.?s where men
write to the" newspapers and declare they
will not stand up in the street cars to let
young women sit down. Is Mr. Bertie
Adams to be the sole surviving champion of
By demanding a 2-cent rate the Ohio leg
islature shows Its determination to give the
casual traveler the benefit of anything the
railroads may have gained by foreclosing
The American coal producers are not In
the least disturbed by the possibility of this
government's acquiring coal lands of Its
own in the Philippines.
A Russian officer gets court-martialed if
he doesn't obey orders and assassinated if
As for the Sultan of Morocco, he drinks
coffee, smokes cigarettes and says noth
Chinn of Kentucky.
Col.-Jack Chinn, the famous Kentuckian,
has taken under consideration a suggestion
that he stand for Congress al the next
election. His home is in the eighth dis
trict. which Is safely democratic, 0lid a
nomination by that party means election.
Col. Chlnn has but recently consented to
take office at the hands of his fellow citi
zens. Long a politician?as, indeed, every
man in Kentucky must be?the Sage of
Herrodsburg accepted a nomination last
year to the state senate, was easily elected,
and is now one of the most prominent fig
ures of the state assembly. Popular with
the reporters and with tlie public, hU hotel
table-talks, as well as his graver deliver
ances In the senate chamber, are duly
chronicled, and the life of Frankfort, social
and political. Is materially brightened by
his presence in town.
We see in "this case how office "bites" a
man. Col. Chlnn for yoars occupied himself
with securing offices for others. He put
political ambition behind him. He cared not
what the laws were so he was permitted to
help make the men who made the laws.
He assisted many men to honors and emi
nence, and felt rewarded by their friend
ship and the familiar salutation of "Jack."
Hitched up himself at last, however, he
likes the going, and If agreeable to the
people of his district, he.will transfer his
activities to Washington. His experience
at Frankfort has evidently whetted bis
appetite for something higher in the same
line, and a national career appeal* to htm.
Col. Chlnn la not an orator, but may be
more than that. Orators are numerous,
especially In Kentucky, where talking is
taught at school. But this man is at once
a raconteur and a philosopher, and knows
all about many things. An authority on
horses, he can start In at early caadle
light and discourse until cock-crow without
exhausting the subject. And now that Tim
Sullivan Is on the eve of retiring from the
House, the appearance of Col. Chinn there
would keep up the average of good tips for
the spring meetings at Benning.
As a statesman Col. Chinn's size may be
taken from the bill he has Just introduced
at Frankfort, proposing Henry. Clay and
William Goebel for Kentucky's representa
tives In Statuary Hall here. The man who
can thus couple Clay and Goebel must at
least have reach. Make way for Col. Mann.
Paris in a Panic.
Parisian society is apparently less con
cerned In tKe actual details of Obuntess
Boni's charges against Count Boni than in
the question of how much, if any, alimony
may be awarded to the divorced husband.
From all accounts Count Boni has been go
ing at a rapid gait of late. Stories of his
extravagences are now appearing with de
tails whiclj are calculated to appall even
those who are willing to believe anything
of the decadent scions of continental no
bility. He had evidently contrived to In
vent ways of spending money which threat
ened the early disappearance of the Gould
millions. This gilded youth recognised no
barriers to pleasure. He hopped, skipped
and Jumped over and around the conven
tions ffTth a blithesome indifference. There
was no meeting his demands ior cash to
supply the wants created by his Insatiable
thirst for novelties. Consequently he as
sembled around him a coterie of grafters
and sycophants who are perhaps today the
most doleful set of people In the world.
Their gold mine, their Fortunatus purse,
their per. pigeon, is threatened. Naturally,
they are Incensed at the sordid view taken
by the American members of the countess'
family who refuse to continue the sup
plies and highly indignant at the wife who
has been so far forgetful of French man
ners as to object to such a trifle as the
infidelity of her husband. "A bas!" they
cry. They have always suspected that the
Americans are canaille. Now they are sure.
None but canaille would play such a trick
upon a perfectly proper young man who
h?s afforded the pleasure-jaded Parisians
so wide a range of novelty and entertain
ment. So now they are wondering, these
precious pals of Boni, what settlements he
will receive. Of course, the countess will
not cast him off without a sou. It Is im
possible. France would be desolated at
%uch a gross affront to her cherished in
stitutions. Some of the boulevardlers, in
their frenzy of disgust at the turn of af
fairs, hint darkly at the growtu of the case
Into proportions of an international inci
dent. Ciel! Such a people! fuch an ex
acting, parsimonious, straight-laced people!
The unattached young noblemen of France
are warned never again to bestow their
precious titles upon unappreciatlve Ameri
Careful householders, during these days
when the Are danger is most acute, will
provide the means of a quick extinguish
ment of small blazes that may result from
the improper handling of stoves, furnaces
and ashes. It* is not difficult to keep
buckets filled with water close at hand,
especially in the basement or cellar where
the heat-making apparatus Is located. The
lack of a pall of water to be flufig on the
incipient blaze within a minute after
a fire is discovered sometimes means
the destruction of the house. In such
emergencies a cool head at the outset is
often better than an entire lire department
fifteen minutes later. If a fire starts in
side the walls, from an overheated flue,
there Is little to be done by the house
holder, whose safest move Is to sound the
alarm without delay. In any case. It la
always wise to close all doors In the vicin
ity of the fire, to shut off the draft while
awaiting aid. In the first moment of panic
the tendency is to open doors and win
dows, in a foolish attempt to save prop
erty. Thus often a small blaze is quickly
fanned Into a consuming conflagration.
Quick wit, quick action, steady nerves and,
above all, water or wet blankets or rugs
will save much property and perhaps pre
vent the loss of life.
Hereafter trust magnates in giving in
formation will ask the Department of Com
merce and Labor to step over to where the
Attorney General cannot hear them.
The lady anarchist has made her appear
ance in St. Petersburg. There should be
some check to this feminine desire to invade
fields hitherto occupied by men.
Now that she has a new battleship valued
at 17,,100,000, England will feel more than
ever entitled to speak with authority at a
Considerable apprehension has been
caused among the bystanders by China's
recently developed interest in firearms.
Anna Gould is going back to New York,
where the heart-to-heart talk is a feature
of dally journalism.
It is only natural to assume that the big
gest railroad Is the wickedest.
It can never be claimed that St. Valentine
has done much for art.
"Do you think that spiritualistic medium
was really controlled by the eminent finan
cier you wished to consult?"
"Yes. I recognize his methods. She in
sisted on getting the money first and mak
ing me take all the chances."
"Why don't ye>u tell some new stories?"
"What for?" asked the comedian Indig
nantly. "I'm not here to educate the pub
Some day the birds will sing anew
And blossoms deck the bough;
But what's the good of these, when you
Have rheumatism now?
"Have you none of the little fads that
leisurely people employ to dispel ennuiV
"Only one," answered Mr. Oustln Stax.
"I'm a coin collector from the heart."
"Do you like a man who quotes poetry?"
"As a rule," answered Mias Cayenne. "It
is likely to be so much preferable to his
This world is full of magic,
A strange, enchanted spot:
Sometimes it's rather tragic.
But mostly it is not.
Some man. <pjite ordinary.
Grows rich ere set of sun.
The trick's perplexing, very,
I wonder how it's done.
A youth of feeble seeming
An heiress will ensnare.
A wild romancer's dreaming
Sells stock most anywhere.
The wise man does the labor.
And the idler has the fun.
I'm not Jealous of my neighbor.
But I wonder how It's done.
FIFTY YEARS AGO
IN THE STAR
There was, half a century ago. no
regular- Interchange of police intelli
gence between the cities ot
A Wrong the United States. MaJ. Byi
Arrest. vestefs national association of
police chiers not having then
been conceived. Nevertheless, the autfior
lties of different cities did occasionally man
age to capture fugitive* from Justice ani
pay mutual compliments In this reaper,
and. as the following paragraph prlnta.l
In The Star February 4, 1886. suggests,
they made a few mistakes In so doing:
"In consequence of a telegraphic, dis
patch received by Captain Davis, chief ot
police, yesterday, a party or travelers from
the sooth were arrested as they were about
to leave for Bartlmore, on a charge ot
having robbed a fellow-passenger of two
trunks and a carpetbag at Richmond. The
dispatch was from Richmond and was sent
by the gentleman who claimed to have
been robbed and whose name Is Captain
McDonald of the ship Ambassador, no*
lying at New Orleans. The baggage de
scribed was found upon the parties ar
rested. but on examination before Justice
Holllngshead there appeared no proof ot
criminal Intention on the part of those ar
rested. It appeared, rather, that they had
been acting as his friends in the manor
and attended to his baggage when he had
evidehtly nflwed his train from ^ehmcma
after it was checked through. The P]l,s?""
ers were accordingly dismissed, and tn -
baggage Is now at the office of Justice Ho -
lings head. The affair was managed skill
fully and promptly by our police, althougn
It occasioned some inconvenience to the in
nocent parties, and it demonstrates the
alertness and vigilance with which acase
of real mischief would be tracked out.
As has been already noted in this column,
the newspapers of those days were t'harj
about mentioning the nanjes of
A Social women, even In the most
Event. pleasant circumstances, adopt
ing an expedient- which con
cealed and yet revealed the identities, and
which Is amusing to modern newspaper
readers. This paragraph in The Star of Feb
ruary 5, 1856. descriptive 9? a ball at
Brown's Hotel the evening before, is an
example of the style then prevalent:
"The cynosure of all eyes was the f.
New York bride whose recent marriage
Col. 8parks of CaJifornla was so fully^hron
tcled, even to the $3,000 necklace which last
night adorned her charms. The estimable
ladles of Justices McLain and Catron of t
Supreme Court also graced the scene. Nei
ther should we omit to
Brown, who made her guests feel truly at
home' or the pleasant lady of Gen^f1
Greene. Miss G?"r of Ohio was probablj
the belle of the house, though both Mrs.
K???t amj Mrs. B**r of Missouri had many
admirers, and deservedly. Mrs E**e and
Mrs. C**e of Kentucky. Mrs. Col. F y of
this city. Mrs. S"**r (who was bewitchingij
dressed). Miss L?y and Miss *"*??? (the
nightingale of Norfolk) were all prominent
among the gay throng. All admired the
queenlike Mrs'. Lieut. B?***t, as she glided
through the dance, and the charming Mad
ame A*****a. who with her husband exem
plified the 'poetry of motion' in the waits.
\mong the most bewitching of the demoi
selles were Miss t ****r of Virginia, the
Misses G****n of this city. Miss J***s or
Rhode Island, Miss z*""****r of Tennes
see Miss B****?*n of Virginia and Miss
of Pennsylvania. The supper w is
worthy of the place and the occasion, ev
ery luxury and delicacy of the season cov
ering two long tables. The floral decorations
were especially beautiful, although some
men present were not disposed to let them
be admired. Not only some baskets sus
pended from the chandeliers were ?ra&
bed,' but a large ornamental vase of atrti"
flciai flowers was stripped in the sack* or
The midwinter gas troubles of the pecple
of Washington, due to the condensation of
moisture in the pipes, were
Frozen perhaps more annoying then
On* Pinn than they are today, as this
P 'paragraph In The Star of
February 7, 1836, indicates:
"Wishing to be perfectly impartial, we
give place to the following communication.
Since its reception we have suffered great
personal Inconvenience on account of a poor
quality of light and sincerely hope that the
trouble may be remedied soon:
" The cause of many gaslights refusing
to burn at this time is owing solely to the
present extraordinarily cold weather. The
lowness of the temperature of the air
causes the moisture (always existing in gas
as well as in the atmosphere) to congeal in
the service pipe, forming an incrustation
similar to hoar frost, which Impedes the
flow of the gas. The obstruction may often
be removed by pouring boiling water upon
the service pipe which is exposed to the at
mosphere. especially where it leaves the
ground, or is in contact with a cold wall.
Many of the street lamps have been thawed
out but the continued cold season renews
the difficulty mentioned every night. The
unparalleled severity of the winter thus fai
ls unprecedented since the Introduction of
gas light Into the city, and the partial de
rangement of lights in consequence is of
course more sensibly experienced. The same
deprivation, from the same cause. Is much
complained of In our neighboring cities.
Signed: An Officer of the Company.
Dr. Sayer, the advocate of dress reform,
was still lecturing In this city, and In The
Star of February 8, 1836, is
Eclipsed printed a paragraph conceru
Blooiners. i"g her latest appearance, at
Odd Fellows' Hall:
"Her lecture was substantially the same
as that delivered at Temperance Hall,
though there were many additional hits at
folly and fashion Which her keen observa
tion has no doubt supplied to her since her
former lecture. As at Temperance Hall, she
seemed to carry with her the sympathy of
her audience and the applause was frequent
- ,,rn|?nz(>(i The remark that 'man s
true worth and character lies noMn the cut
?f hM oTherskirt* was indorsed so heartily
by the audience that one would have
thnueht every man and woman of 'hem
thought eve > Bloomerism: but,
W,al. ?fLshion? and 'custom' are mighty.
a'^ wilf we fea" put off 'the good time
3 foJlong. long years. It is a pity the
coming for long, m, ^ tempore. for a
dootor I P to spfc her dress can
long as the stands Intrenched
P0*^ while reading her lecture,
behind her d. majte a movement to the
T^^left thtre was 1 general dodging
and tuning of heads to get a peep at those
ou, forgot* sra
turned his head and so came near twist
ing his neck off."
THE COAL STRIKE MENACE.*
from the lirnnd Rapids Post.
Don't fret about the miners' strike. With
the industries ot the country closed for lack
of fuel the people might be induced to take
action that will revolutionise the coal busi
From the Colambu* Evening Dlapateh.
The coal miners' strike Is advertised to
begin April 1. Can anything really serious
begin on that day?
From tbe Topeka State Journal.
When the strike comes the miner will be
able to take a well-earned vacation, ami
the coal operator will shove up the price of
the coal he has accumulated, while the con
sumer will, as usual, foot the bills.
From the Portland Advertiser.
The coal barons are exercising great re
straint In their efforts to keep the price" of
coal at a proper level until after a strike is
actually on. Here's hoping that tempta
tion may not get the better of them.
From the Newark Advertiser.
The question may yet resolve itself into a
test of Which can hold out the lunger. *J>
000,000 tons of reserve coal or the miners'
savings, with the consumer paying for
From tbe Birmingham Ledger
If that big coal strike does come it wtit
not affect Alabama. The Alabama mines
working union labor have contract to June
SO. Tbe non-union misers are not asked to
strike. The convicts cannot strike. So we
THE ADSTRO-SERVIAN CONFLICT.
The commercial rupture recently declared
between Austria and Servia is due to the
ho*, pit and pork being Im
A Porcine portairt items of Servian ex
Dispute. port, and incidentally a
question of customs dues be
tween Servla and Bulgaria. Austria pro
tests that the attempt on the part of Ser
vla and Bulgaria to conclude a customs
union to their mutual benefit nullifies her
treaty with Servla whereby she enjoys the
privilege-of the most favored nation clause.
A Servo-Bulgarian rapprochement, however,
is taken to be a menace to her economical
interests in Servla, which affect also her
political interests in the Balkans.
A few days ago. at a ball at the palace
In Vienna, the emperor, Francis Joseph,
addressing Dr. Voultch, the Servian minis
ter, said to him with marked displeasure:
"Mr. Minister, I And that the Servian gov
ernment has acted very incorrectly in Its
negotiations with Bulgaria." "Sire," asked
the minister, "In what has Servia of
fended?" And the emperor replied: "When
a secret treaty has been made again*t
the interests of a certain state, negotia
tions with that state (meaning Austria)
should ncrt be continued." The emperor
thereupon abruptly turned and left the
The Austro-Servlan conflict, it may be
said just here, should servo to attract
American capital and industry to Servia.
In the first place, incredible as It may
seem, in 1908 there were only 562 kilo
meters of railroads in Servla. The entire
system of roadways and canalization re
quires reformation. Belgrade, the capital,
is wretchedly paved and Invites energy and
capital for its necessary transformation.
"The soil is rich in coal, zinc, antimony, cop
per, silver and gold, and awaits intelligent
exploitation. The government, it should
be added, encourages the formation of
agricultural companies, of which there
were 200 in 11W2. The country is particu
larly agricultural and raises In perfection
wheat, barley, oats, maize, hemp seed,
"hemp fiber, (tax seed, flax fiber and meadow
grass. In 181)8 the government was au
thorized to make concessions for industrial
enterprises and for this purpose to grant
free lands; to exempt from custom duties
and other taxes; to provide facilities for
the purchase of fuel, dtc., to reduce the
railway rates by 25 per cent and to assign
government contracts to native manufac
turers at rates 10 per cent higher than
the average rates. Cattle raising Is an
Important Industry. In Dece-mber. lwo.
the stock on hand was as follows: Horses,
184,841); horned cattle. 962.300; sheep. .#X>.
750; pigs. 950,580. ?_??_. .ho
The Servian is a Slav, orlg.naliy frt>m the
ancient kingdom of Gallcia, who emigrated
to Servia in the seventh century. He is tan
and muscular, with regular features. aqu?
line nose and prominent cheek bones. H-s
hair is blond or chestnut. He is very Intel
ligent and has a remarkable talent for song
and music. He was converted to Christian
ity under the reign of the grand-Joupan
Viastimir. A. D. 870.
Etlenne Donclian became king In 1334,
conquered Macedonia and Albania In 1345.
was proclaimed emperot of
Early _ the Servians and Greeks at
History. Cskub in 1347, and organized
his court and administration
on the Byzantine model. From 1347 to 1*18
he conquered the Epirus and Bosnia. In
1345) he promulgated at Uskub, before an
assemblage of his vassals, the celebrated
code of laws and rules known as the Zako
nik, which governed his vast empire, in
1354 he took Belgrade from the Hungarians,
and died in 1355 at the moment he was
about to tai^e Constantinople and force the
Turks from Europe.
The Turks defeated Servla at the battle
of Kosso va la 1389, and held it in sub
jection until 1804. when partial autonomy
was obtained under Kara George, aided by
Russia. Milosche Obrenovitch defeated the
Turks in 1815, and was named by the
skoupchtina as prince regent, and by th-'
natti-cherlb of 1830 the sultan confirmed
the vote of the skoupchtina and accorded
to Servia complete interior autonomy, in
185# the treaty of Paris placed Servla utidei
the collective, protection of the Christian
powers. When Bosnia and Hergeaovinfa
rose in revolt in 1876 Servia rebelled against
the porte. Her troops were defeated^ but
Russia intervened, and March 1. l??i.
treaty of peace was concluded wnlcn re
established the condition prior to the war.
After the fall of Plevna the Seijians at
tacked Turkey in December, 18<7, cap
tured Nich and penetrated to the plains ot
Kossovta The treaty of San Stefano. wnich
Russia forced upon the Turks, not conced
Ine to Servia the desired extension of ter
ritory. Prince Milan, by means of certain
concessions to Austrian diplomacy, obtain
ed the support of Austria, and Servia was
recognized as a kingdom In 1882.
The quarrels of King Milan and Qileen
Natalie (the daughter of Col. Kechko, a
Russian subject), together with the oppo
sition of the radical party, caused Milan t<_
abdicate in favor of his only son Alexandei
in 1889. ^ ^
The reign of Alexander Obrenovitch V
challenges comparison. He was only twelve
years of age on the abdlca
Alexander's tlon of King Milan and a
Beien. council of regents was con
? ' stituted. But the radical
ministry was not in harmony with the re
gents and resigned. The young king there
upon declared himself of age, sent away
the regents and formed a ministry of mod
The following year Alexand<* caused his
father to return to Belgrade and again the
ministry was changed, the constitution of
1S88 was suspended and that of 18<8) was
In 1887 Milan was appointed commander
in-chief of the army. Russia and Monte
negro thereupon broke off their diplomatic
relations with Servia. whilst the re at ons
with Austria were strengthened. In 1900.
however, these relations were brusquely re
versed on the announcement by Alexander
of his marriage with Draga, Machln, a for
mer maid of honor of Queen Natalie.
The Czar Nicholas II was represented at
the marriage, and Milan's departure from
Belgrade, on command, was the signal of
a rapprochement with Russia. In April. 1901,
Alexander promulgated a liberal constitu
tion. too liberal in fact for the Servian*.
Some officers of the army. June 11, 1903,
invaded the palace and killed both Alex
ander and Draga. On the 15th of the same
month Peter Karageorgevltch, the eldest
son of the former Prince Alexander, was
proclaimed king by the skoupchtina.
The executive power Is vested in the king,
assisted by a council of eight ministers,
who are Individually and collectively re
sponsible to tin- nation. The legislative au
thority is exercised by the king in conjunc
tion with the national assembly, or narodnn
skoupchtina. The council of state consists
of sixteen members, eight appointed by the
king and eight by the assembly.
The national assembly is composed of l.i?
deputies, elected by the people. Every
male Servian (with the exception of officers
and soldiers under the colors) twenty-five
years of age, paying $3 a year In direct
taxes is entitled to vote; Servians thirty
yliars' of age. paying $12 a year in direct
taxes, are eligible to the assembly, provid
ed they reside permanently In Servia and
can read and write. Lawyers and Servians
THE BOUNCIHG OF BOM.
From the Philadelphia North American.
Count Castellane denounces as absurd the
report that he got on his knees before his
wife and begged for mercy. Of course, it
fat A fellow can't spend mercy.
From the Hartford Times.
Whatever real grievances Countess Boni
de CasteHane may have against her hus
band, she can't justly accuse him of not
being a good spender.
From the Kanaas City Times.
Count Boni de Castellane cabled to his
cousin in New York yesterday: "Say that It
Is not true." It appears that among all
hts other shortcomings Count Boni is just
a plain garden liar.
From the Boston Globe
An expert at statistics figures that Anna
Gould's court has cost her just $2,017 a
day?and that's the least of it.
From the Toledo Prow.
Count Paul Ernest Boniface de Castellane.
P"'* ^ 22?** in. f,u?" J1', ?>St the
a no a jot * ?
who hold university decrees are eligible. If
they pay 18 in direct taxes, but government
employe*, mayors of communes and priests
are not eligible.
Austria has shown by her abrupt rupture
of commercial relations with Servla that
? there Is a question at rtake
Austria's with that country other
Interests. than that of the vulgar pig.
Austria thus manifests her
ambition to dominate in the Balkan* and
asserts her Influence over 8ervla. King
Milan In his time was a ready Instrument
of Austrian aspirations, but since his disap
pearance from the scene Austria has been
driven to other methods to effect her pur
pose. To force 8ervia to bend to her will
Austria has already taken measures to close
her doors on the frontier to the importation
of Servian cattle, the consequences of which
may be appreciated from the fact that last
year Servia's exportation* aggregated 104,
705 animals, principally pigs!
The Hungarian press expresses regret
over the customs war between Austria
Hungary and Servla, and violently attacks
Count Goluchowski as being the author, but
the truth is Hungary will doubtless profit
by the Servian embargo In an Increased
price for the Hungarian hog at Vienna.
The Servian press Is very bellicose, and
the organ of the government, the Odjek,
which has been silent until now. says that
! the customs war. although it may be preju
dicial to Servia In the beginning, will finally
produce the good result "that It will liber
ate Servla economically from Austria-Hun
I gary." ..
"There Is being tried every menps. say
the Odjek, "to compensate for the interdic
tion of exportation of pork.X The council of
administration of the abattoirs of Belgrade
have decided to augment the capita! of the
society and purchase without delay refrig
erator cars for the transport of meat. The
commercial world estimates the loss by the
closed door to Vienna at lS.tXK).""" francs
for the first year, but by reason of the re
frigerator system the loss will be gradual
"In 1897 the ministers Simitch and Storlof
had studied the possibility of a rapproche
ment between the Balkan states.
"The negotiations were renewed under the
cabinets of Vonitch and Danef. and ended
in li?04 by a postal and telegraphic ar
rangement. accompanied by a series ot
royal and princely visits, followed sowi
I after by a Servo-Montenegrin treaty of
! commerce, the preamble of which affirmed
| the solidarity of the Balkan states, and
! announced other agreements. The Serv-v
] Bulgarian customs union, cause of the
actual crisis, is one of these agreements,
and there is nothing to prove that It will
| b" the last, because there is even now un
der consideration an agreement with Rou
| n>r.nia. #
"It Is natural that Austria should fear
the consequences ,of combinations of thi*
character, and that the "Balkanlc Trip
lice," which has been mentioned several
times, may appear to her a menace.
But It Is more natural still that the Bal
kan states should see In these comblni
tlons the future guarantee of their political
"The Balkans for the Balkan peopiV
said M. Milenko Wessnitch. minister of
Strvla at Paris. "Is the principle which
I attests the solidarity of Sofia and Belgrade
against the brutalities of Vienna."
The history of Servia during the nine
; Leenth century shows the march of tlv?
nation toward national
Servian Independence; this idei
Independence. WHS so powerful that it
gained a complete tri
umph in 1S7S at the congress at Berlin,
rind this, too. In spite of their divisions and
fratricidal strifes. Obrenovltch and Kara
georgevitch," all of them, prince and peas
ant. either pork merchants or descendants
t of such, they are still imbued with a spirit
of .strife, but nevertheless aspire to nation.ilt
independence. Some idea of thie spirit may
be gathered from the story of the crown
prince, who recently undertook a voyage
outside of Servla Incognito; returning, he
had the fancy to follow the rail from
Gravosa to Sarajevo to visit Bosnia and
show himself to the people. As we can
understand. Austria looked upon the es
capade with ill feeling; at the station at
Sarajevo the young man was received by
the authorities, who expressed to him thsir
i "profound regrets at the contretemps, but
in all Sarajevo there was not a single
room vacant: all those at the hotels had
been retained:" It only remained for him.
therefore, to take the train he had quitted
md return to Belgrade. We can readily
I in ligine the severe reprimand which aw.il:
cd the youth. But It was not without :i
secret joy that the public learned of the
sxcuse given by the young prince: "I
i wanted to see my future state."
The sentiment of solidarity is latent
among the Servians, whose language Is the
same as the Croates, called Bosniac :n
Bosnia, and Is spoken in Servia. Croatia.
OElmatia. Bosnia, Montenegro. Old Servia
Istrla and South Hungary. The alphabet
lifters according to the country. The
Creates, Slovenes. Tcheque and Folds'
I alphabet is like our own. The Servians
juiploy the Cyrilltque. but all persons WHO
have any instruction at all are familiar
7/ith both alphabets in Servla.
Unfortunately, side by side with this ele
ment of Balkan rapprochment there ar.1
elements of discord. Croates and Servians
ire brother people*, but brothers who in
traditional enemies?the Croates are Ca'ii
jllc, the Servians orthodox. Servians and
Bulgarians, too. are separated by the Mace
donian question. The Macedonian hegemony
puts not only the Greeks against Bulga
rians. but Roumanians, Bulgarians and
Servians are found face to face in the
north and northwest of Macedonia. The
mixture at race and religion aeems a hope
It Is claimed that common interests win
bind in one the "Balkans precisely as t>y
the treaty of commerce between Servia
md Bulgaria. The y*)ung people, students,
orofessors and others favor a grand fed
eration of the Balkan states, and the ques
tion has already been treated hv M. MaJK
hazonny under the title. "I>e Panslarlsme
et la Question d'Orient."
The Balkan nuestion has likewise been
treated by M. Vieo Montegazza in a book
pubHshed in 1005 entitled 'TAltra Sponda"
?"The Other Shore." The writer was asso
ciated with M. Montegazza as his colleague
at the exposition at Paris in 1P.GO, and can
testify w'th pleasure to the value of his
opinion. He favors an entente between
Russia and Italv against Austria, who is
preparing, according to M. Montegazia. t?
denounce the treaty of lfc!i7 negotiated at
Murzteg. For a fact King Peter is In
good relations with the Italian court, and
the latter leaves no stone unturned to ex
tend its Influence in the Balkans, whether
In Albania. Montenegro or Dalmatia.
Germany has not overlooked the Balkans,
but aspires to play a grand role there. She
appears for the moment as the arbiter be
tween Turkey and the powers. In the Bal
kans as in Morocco Germany counts upon
the sultan to secure the place of honor. Al
ready Germany's commerce in Roumania
Is increasing. In Bulgaria, at Sofia, a
branch of the Deutsche Bank has been es
The writer repeats, in American Interests,
that the door is wide open in Servla to
American enterprise, genius and capital,
but American mettle will be tested to the
utmost, for Germany stands in the doorway
In Servla as elsewhere, to contest the de
velopment of American
From the Kno*?Ul* Journal and T.itaKie.
Senator Patterson has tried several
parties in his time and will not weep if the
democrats do excommunicate him; quit
ting will not give him insomnia.
from the Philadelphia PufcUc Ledger.
Senator Patterson doesn t inind being
read out of the party. He read, the party
out every time it fails to pleaa* htm.
From the Toledo Blade.
There are now two historic declarations
of independence, the one adopted ny tire
colonial congress and that of Senator Torn
Patterson of Colorado.
From the Boston Advertiser.
Senator Patterson of Colorado is In a. lair
wav to become a atralghtout republican.
His state, by a curious coincidence. Is al
ready strongly for Roosevelt and Mr. Pat
terson's term is nearly over. But that l?
merely a coincidence.
From the Houston Post.
Senator Patterson *'111 accomplish very
little In the way of reinstating himself in
- " regard ot hia j* ?
' *? column win h, ??m<l all qmtkM
af.? W*. Mt?r? ...ImUttert to Th. Star iT
Qiilrfn fthonM writ# on *m?* tid* nt
?Sl? th^r letter* to IVIf Jafiper ?* star
Sfc J?/!** of '"?cult ??nnndnim* luwcn ms?
w0tlayg4 far i w?*k or two. Consequently ft may
b# advisable for all questioners to ws.cb this
column carefully. 1
GENTLENESS -To my wife I nm kind
ness Itself. My wife's mother Is living with
us. Should I protest against the passage
of the Adams whipping post bill? A ?
Th#r? Is no reason why you should. The
Adams bill forbids you to strike your wife,
hut leaves the rest of the family open for
engagements We are awfully glad to be
able to relieve your fears.
HOME8TKAD-Kindly tell me the quick
est way to get rid of a belligerent cook.
WAR DEPARTMENT.?U). Yes. Bill to
still banting (2>. Yes, we also have heard
the report that there has been a diminution
LITERARY?I am afflicted with the
genius of authorship and have a great ad
miration for Henry James. Kindly tell me
how to procced. A.?Take a large, corpu
lent dictionary, reduce to fractions and
place in a hat. When thoroughly mixed re
move the fragments one by one and dictate
to a cross-eyed stenographer. This is un
derstood to be Mr. James' method, and he
Is now famous. Why not you, Kitty ?
ANXIOUS.?Is the work of excavat.ng
the Panama canal still going on? A - Slow
ly, very slowly. The largest excavation ye;
on the isthmus is that made by Secretary
Talt when he la*< visited those parts. Mr.
Taft slipped while crossing a piec* of
B.?Wood Is for <he fifth wedding anni
versary; what for the flrst four years? A
John, Henry, Jane and Maria are good, old
FOREIGNER.?Kindly explain the IMg
nincance of turning down the four different
corners of visiting cards. A.?The upper
left-hand corner means that you will be in
i di,1"rr.; ,ho upper right-hand oor
J catpa th*'t you are glad your late
hostess wasnt at home; the lower left
hand corner means tliat you are in a re
ceptive mood for dinner invitations; the
lower right-hand corner means that you
don t care for sweet champagne next time.
A MAT EI R.?Kindly give me a recipe for
mock terrapin A.?Here is one we trifle
with at.every Sunday evening supper. Take
a Iarge_ shivery liver, remove the scales.
bo<l and separate Into Insignificant hunks.
?hen the animal has been reduced to a
proper state of submission exefte with red
pepper; bathe tenderly In sherry and serve
NOVICE.?While passing through the
maible room of the Capitol the other day l
^nHi^i,Stdate"lo!>klns personage, with a
shillalah In one hand and a tomahawk In
xx-k " ?tan<1,nK ,n ?n expectant attitude.
VV ho was he and what was he doing? A.
fhOUu:1T H rpPul>"oa,? senator waiting for
the Hepburn railway rate bill.
'IRER.?While riding on a Connectl
? e aV*nue ?r the other day 1 sat opposite
a frock-coated individual, with an Ingrow
nrl,7l!i8.Ul,<,'he Hnd plnk Hpa,s whose |>eraon
wTrV-i ?C P?rf"'n* of W'X'<1 violets. Who
Tit mOL*. uJuikj' thinK: >ou wpre In
the same car with Bertie Adams of Penn
s> Ivan la, the whlpptng-post persuader.
ifS^>itftT|~KlndIy de"crlbfl for me the sfvle
of lettering on the back of a flfty-doliai
gold certificate. A.-The next time w
handle one we ll look It over. Your heirs
may appreciate the desired Information.
> REAK.-Is a two-cent stamp considere l
a negotiable Instrument? A. -Decidedly
not. according to our experience ths ia -t
time we tried to pay our fare home win
two of them.
foim in disposing of the soup course at a
tormal dinner? A.-The individual ladle
should be snovod from north to south anil
rot under any circumstance? from >-a'it to
west although northeast hy e.,?t is occa
sionally allowable. A small Florida sponge
concealed In the palm of the hand Is j
distinct advantage when haste is desired.
AlGI STl S.?Is it permissible at any
time to wear a rubber collar? A.?The rub
ber collar is only permissible at the sea
shore It will be found a distinct advan
tage over the ordinary variety (n impromptu
B.?Why has a loving cup three handles?
A ?In the good old days it was considered
a merry jest to hand a friend a .-up of
wine and cut his throat so that he couldn't
swallow It. The three handles were in
vented so that the person doing the pre
senting might have both hands occupied
during the ceremony.
I.EGAI..?What is the meaning of the ex
pression he perjured himself like a gen
tleman' ? A.?If your wife should ask you
If she looks as young as she did when you
married her twenty years ago. and you
should say. "Why certainly, darling," In a
loud, impressive tone, you would be oper
ating along the line of the expression under
ilscusslon. There are other examples just
HI good, which are better left !n mental
?old storage until needed.
From tlie Louisville Courier-Journal.
I spent a thousand pound* on her
I think. Alas! I know It,
T fear my Iff* irai rather fast.
For every corner that I paused.
The hoys would whisper. "Go It!*"
&he used to keep me out nt night
(I fear I can't deny it).
And many a time
I had to rlimb
Cp to the sill and pry It.
At last my wife got tire* out.
And went to see her brother.
He knew some law,
And soon he saw
I must choose one or t'other.
Ah, well! She's gone? the other om,
About whom I was silly
And now I blink
At home and think
About that chestnut filly.
A WELL-PRESFRYED MAN.
i-'rom the Cblca^a Tribune.
My ( Dele ioliu ill well prwprT*sI,
Though b?' 1* over fifty;
Of sturdy build atKi iron wired
In he. and ? rry thrifty.
Re will let nothing gn to waste,
(especially his victuals;
He carves a fowl with style and taste
While to the bene he whittles.
Bat that doea uot explain hia rim
Nor all his actiuus youthful;
Hia foodstuffs ate preserving him.
To tie cuct and irnrhfiil.
Tlie milk contain* formaldehyde,
4a chemists oft Itave noted -
Tlie bacon with which he's aapplird
Has all been crro?itr<l.
The jetty that he buy* contains
Some salicylii ackf;
This stops all bis rheumatic pains
Asd inok'-K my uncle placid;
The maple airtip for his cakes
Havi\? hu from qualm and <julrer?
SuJtubate or soda In It makes
Wot him a healthy liver.
The rlems be eats may hare b?-en dog
Back la the -Ik'' Jnrajwiic,
And still are fresh tttrougb some such druc
As add that's boraclc;
The ftouua he sips tn- kauws are "inrisd.
Bat takes th< m like a stop-;
Ther hare t>ee? most precisely p anned?
Their acids are benndc.
Corned beef-yon see my fncle John
la Quite s hearty rater
la lit ft.r him to fatten oa
Tls doctored with saltpeter;
Cloned peaebes. pickles, vinegar.
Ice cream and wise -he's astro
With things extracted from coal tar
And spirits methylated.
If be should be dowstowo for lunch
His menu is the snuggest;
He merely takes the time to munch
Some things bought from the druggist.
And ? M ? mt ancle is
Preserved as nature Bisancd him
1 >.-? drugs street tint frame of his'
As (bough some or* had eatmed hla.
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