Newspaper Page Text
IVritten for The Star.
With the Installation of wireless teleg raphy on the Nantucket Shoals lightship, the ol<l landfall of Nantucket began to be come the most famous in the world. Before that thousands of vessels ran toward it to get their proper liearlngs when approaching the American coast; but since then every ship that can possibly do so alms to pass the lightship, l>-ith in and outbound, to get herself reported and re ceive or transmit Important information. Nantucket is not the real landfall any more. The great ships would never ven ture Into the network of shallows and deeps that extends for more than a hundred square miles around that Inland and Its neighbor, Martha's Vineyard. They pass far southward of old Ran katy?Head, which was one Of the first landfalls ever made in tlie narth Atlantic. From the decks of the liners there is no land to be seen when the ships pass the lightship, for it is anchored fifty miles south of Nantucket Island; and though the brave old light vessel is moored well out side of all the shoals, In more than I'M* feet of water, the steamships do not go too close even to it. for the waters here are recognized as being the most dangerous parts of the I'nited States coast. In late years, since practically all ocean steamships are full-powered, so that they ran choose their own way. and need not fear being driven out of thoir courses by gales or currents, the dangers of Nan Vticket's shoals ure diminished for lar??e Vessels, for the only way that they could get Involved In the maze would tie by gross blundering Hut In tie* days of sailing ships, the sunken sand? and the wicked tides that swirl and make chops and rips everywhere were menaces that fulfill'd their threats only too often. Menaces of the Sea. So serious were they that once even an American frigate came near to leaving her bones there The natives have forgot ten the name of the ship, but they have not forgotten the story. The people of Mus lieget and Tuekernuck Islands still tell with pride bow one morning a sudden lift In a gr.iv fog disclosed the fire ship stand ing Into" danger between the two islands, how men from both raced to net the honor of piloting her out, and how the Muskeget boat touched her port side Just as the Tucker nuck boat touched her starboard, with the result that both Islanders shar d, the glory of saving 'he frigate. Hilt if the transatlantic ships no longer have to fiai the shoals as oice they did. they still remain deadly for the great coast Vise traffic of the north Atlantic. Almost two hundred vessels straeded In various parts of tl" sand-beset s* a there dining the last ten years When fogs cover the vexing waters, navigation Is almost im possible, owing to the perplexing twin's that the narrow ? hannels make, and it is tben that a< boonlr? and steamers anchor " where\er lltcy can find holding ground, with tin result that others still under way drive Into thetn. and they send each oth r to the bottom la the ghostly dark. Most famous, though by no means most tragic, of the scores of collisions that have oecurrcd there In the past few years was the sinking or the beautiful steam yiu ht Alva, when her owner, William K Vanderbilt. and his guests nearly lost their lives. The Al\a, caught In the treacherous waters by n fog had to come to anchor in the fairway. While she lay there a coasting steamship went Into her headlong, and she sank almost at once. Had both crew and passengers on the Alva not remained cool and clear-headed the shoals would have added them to the long list of human victims that makes al most every rip and drowned satid the background for a gh>?ni\ tale. The reports of the life-saving stations on the islands and points that thrust themselves into this dismal sea are full of routine reports of the finding of wreck-4 nge and the recovery of the bodies of drowned sailors, who are picked up only to be buried as unknown victims, with ?o way of telling with what ship or in what tragedies they met their deaths. The number of shipwrecks on this part of the American coast, as recorded even In these years when all the shoals are Charted, buoyed, lit and guarded unceasing ly make:, an admirable ??ommentary on the wonderful nautical skill possessed by the , old sea i uptalns who penetrated Into these ? waters when they were strange and all ! Unknown. How did old Bartholomew Gosnold in his little unhandy ship, that wore and steered little better than a scow, ever pierce the hundred dangers of the foggy, stormy waters until lie reached Nan tucket Island itself and landed on what is now Sankaty Head? That was in 1602; so Nantucket h; s been a landfall for a little more than SOU years. Whales filled those seas then, and "all manner of incredible and strange crea tures of the sea whence may be deri.'<-d much profit " So. pressing close on the old sailor-adventurer's course, came men ?from Kngland to kill whale and catch cod and herring When the old I'llgrlms got their grant Nantucket was Included In It. It became part "f tin- state of New York in Hlrt-i. and was deeded back to Massachusetts in 1898 Nobody knows why or how the island came to be called Nantucket; but as Nan tucket It soon became famous all over the world, because the greatest whalers and salloi s that ever swept the sea for an honest and toilsome living went forth from Its wind-whipped, sandy shores. Famous Long Ago. I.ot.g before the revolution Nantucket ship", some not a^big as the ferry boats of today, wer.t up Into the Arctic ocean and brought back whale and seal and walrus. When the revolution began 130 whaling ships, sailed by more than 2,000 inen, carried the fame of Nantucket all over the world. They continued to take whale under the very fluttering of the British w,.r flags In the Atlantic and the Pacific but the Island sustained gfeat losses steadily. Undaunted, .iowever, the brave sailors continued to g> forth, and after the war ceased the first ship to fly the new American flag In an Kngllsh port was the Nantucket whaler Hedford The great shoals that surround the island nre the Southwest shoal, lying southwest of Nantucket an 1 Martha's Vineyard, and the Nantucket shoals, which is a very g< neral title for a ? ompl< x spread of water twenty three miles eastward and thirty-nine miles southeastward from Nantucket Island. Throughout this big urea there are shallow spots alternating with deep ones, and as the shallow ? are composed of sands that shift constantly, the navigation of the locality is the most baftl ng that can be Imagined. The depth-* vary hi the most startling way, some of ihe spots, though far out of sight Of land nd apparently In the deep open fe i. b. ing ? t more than three or four feet deep, while others near them may show twenty-five or thirty feet over them. Between these sandji are narrow, twlstlrtg channels called "slues.1' through which the tides race in confusion, making wicked , cross-rips as soon as the wind blows. And the wind does blow. Almost every : afternoon, as unfailingly a.s the Katies i/i the subtroplcs. a great wind begins to snore up through the southwest and aimosi at once the merry men of the shoals begin to dance and sing l.et a vessel then nilss the slue In which she happens to be by so much as an Inch and they will have lur by the heels and pound her up and down on the sunken sand until the mists shake out ot her and her back breaks like a match. K very where, as far ns the eye can see even from a big masthead, the shoals then present a thrllllngly beautiful but alarming picture. K very where the narrow slue? are beset with tossing waves. Hips and cross rips foam and make broken witter north, east, south and west. Hretkei's thunder I on Invisible obstncles. Green waters cas cade unceasingly. Tides whirl and suck. Now let a ship blunder while sailing In the northerly part toward Monoraoy and she will find the Stone Horse or the dreaded Handkerchief shoals ready to pick her bones clean before she can so much as tack. Or let a vessel get lost In the south erly part and Rose and Crown, Old Man shoal, Davis South shoal, Fishing Rip and a score more have traps of sand where the water in one place may be forty-five feet deep, while in the next it may be only five and even less. A Great Thoroughfare. Yet for all these dangers thousands of vessels tread the place each year, for Nan tucket and Vineyard sounds form a great passage for coasting vessels bound east ward of Cape Cod or returning south bound. In all that passage there arc only two anchorages for vessels drawing more than ten feet that afford shelter from all winds from all quarters. This fact has led to a petition by ship owners which has just gone before Congress to investigate the ad visability of building a great stone break water that shall run out Into Nantucket sound from a point a little south of Great Point on the Island of Nantucket. That a harbor of refuge is needed along that cruising ground is best shown by the great list of victims over which the merry men of the Nantucket shoals and sound can gloat when they dance to the tune from the southwest that draws up through the slues and wakens them to green rollings and spoutings. Of all tlie shoals and rips famous and dreaded Handkerchief shoal, lying south by west from wicked Monoray Island, has taken the most, for In the past ten years twenjy-three slilps have stranded among its smoky breakers. The other shoals have this record of stranded vessels: Biship and Clerks shoal, 2; Chatham roads, 4: Common fiats, S; Dennisport and beach, 1: Dogfish bar. 3; Haves shoal, 1; Horseshoe shoal. 2: lx>ng shoal, It; Mus keget Island, .">; Mutton shoal, Norton shoal, Osterville and Shovelful shoals, 1 each, and Tuckernuck shoal, 5. Vineyard Haven, in Vineyard sound, to which the ships that are sore beset on the shoals run for refuge, has a score of thirty-nine stranded ships in the last ten years witness to its treachery, and Menem sha bight, not far away, has eaten eight. Altogether the Marthas Vineyard waters alone have caught seventy-six vessels In their traps. Add seven taken by Nantucket shoals proper, twenty-four stranded on Nantucket bar. Great Neck. Great Point, Great Rip and other points of the oceanic Island, and the total record of strandings for all that area of shoals and harbors of refuge Is 1?J7 In ten years. The Storm of 1898. Most memorable of the great disasters of recent years Is the fierce cyclonic storm that began on the evening of Saturday, November 26, 1S0H, and lasted twenty-four hours, with a violence that even the matter of-fact official reports of the life saving service and of the lighthouse board describe as "almost unprecedented." This great tempest expended the greatest part of its rage in the area Included in Dis trict No. 1! of tlie 1'nited States life sav ing service, within which lie Martha's Vine jard. Nantucket and all ithe curiously named shoals, rips, slues and deeps which make up tl e seatrap known loosely under this general title, "Nantucket shoals." In this District No. 2. more than two I hundred persons perished at sea in that one I night. Of these, more than one hundred > and fifiy \v. nt down with the steamer Port land. which foundered off the cape. Most of the others who were drowned went down with vessels that were tossed on outlying islands where nobody saw them in the darkness of the terrible night, or on ves sels that were driven across the shoals and broken on the drowned bars far away from land, as a stick might be broken "across a man's knee. As Sumner I. Kimball, general superin tendent of the life saving service, said In his report. "This overwhelming loss of life on a coast long noted for frightful disas ter- was the result of a single stroke In flieteii in the dark, which was so sudden that it could not be parried and so power ful that its awful effects could not be mit igated." When the Portland, in spite of warnings ?teamed away from her pier in Boston h.irl lior that night, at about 7 o'clock, the sea between Cape Ann and gorgeous Gav Head on Martha's Vineyard, was white with sails beating desperately to get the shelter of harbors of refuge. Already, before the gale had really be gun. the s.-u was monstrous and the wlnA was blowing with what would have been-! called hurricane velocity bad it not been for the real Wow that began later in the evening. Forty and more ships reached Vineyard Haven tiiat night Before morning more than half of them were wrecked. Had as tile evening looked, and alarmed as the coastwise mariners were by the ap I" arance of the sky when that great storm really began to blow It exceeded the apprelier sions of even the most^lmld and tin- prophecies of the most experienced. Trans-Atlantic liners were beset so hard that even they had to tight for their lives. With the great northeast wind caine sleet and snow so thick that men on laboring schooners could not si c across the narrow decks. Bulkheads, breakwaters, piers and roads were washed away. Whole beaches were undermined and swept off Houses near shore wire blown down and beaten down by waves. A Terrible Uight. So huge v.as the force of the wind that its exact speed can never be known, for the Instruments were unable to record It. At Scltuate Point a life-savers' station was swept away, while the wind picked up the boat and carried It one way and then blew tiie boat carriage in the oppo site direction, scattering them far apart, though each weighed tons. The pilot schooner Columbia with four men dead in her, was thrown up on the beach and Into a cottage, which fell over on her when she struck. Life savers making their patrols had to lie fiat on the beaches at times to hold on. The life savers who tried to get out to two schooners that caine ashore almost alongside of each other in Menenisha Cove, on Martin's Vineyard, had a new and strange experience. Although the surf would have seemed fearful to a landsman, it was not a seri ous obstacle to the life savers. But when they put their boat into the sea tli?y dis covered that the wind was greater than even tlielr tough strength. Though they waded into the water till it was up to their armpits, they could not force the boat out. Every time It was blown in on them. At last It was actually blown bodily across the beach Into a poo! at least seventy-five yards away. They worked for twenty-nine hours be fore they got out to the wrecks. Tliey saved six men at last. All the rest hisS been drowned. Everywhere, from Gay Head to Mono inoy, the coast was lined with wrecks and for a lone while afterward almost every village along the New England coast burled unknown men who drifted ashore as ghastly reminders of that night. It was a fitting way for the year to end, for It had begun with the wrecking of the British ship Asia on the Rlioals in Janu ary, when eighteen were drowned. Eleven days afterward, on January 31, the Ameri can schooner St. Elmo stranded on the Shoals, and eight were taken by the sea. In June of the same year the British schooner Gypsum Princess was struck by another vessel and six of her crew went down. In September the American schooner Alice F. Jordan was in collision off Martha's Vineyard, and her crew of nine was drowned. GREEN TURTLES EXPENSIVE Where They Are Caught and How They Are Brought North. From the New Orleans Tiroes-Democrat. "The flesh of the green turtle often brings *r>0 a pound," said an oyster dealer. "Tills rich moat comes to us from the coral reefs of the West Indies. "The turtles are caught In nets among the rocks. They are very carefully brought north. They are deck passengers at first, ?>ut as the weather grows cold with the ship's progrers they are penned in warm rooms below?regular staterooms. "It's a different treatment that they get, thou^i, at the natives' hands. If a native is bringing turtles north he nails them fast to the deck by their flippers. Strange crea tures that they are, they appear to suffer little under such cruel treatment. "The calipee and calipash are respectively the fles<h from the breast and the back of the green turtle, tidbits which, I have heard epicures say, are unequaled in the earth be neath, the heavens above or the waters un der the earth. This meat Is superlatively rich, delicate and tender. "Lave green turtle fetches, wholesale, from a dime to a quarter a pound. What makes the meat so expensive in the end is that out of a 140-pound fish jou'll only g;et two pound3 of calipee and one of calipash. "Several times when there has been a tight turtle market the chefs of milliontires and of certain extravagant hotels have of fered me $1 a pound for live turtle. At that rate your calipee and calipash would come to quite $.V> a pound, wouldn't It?" He led the way to a basement, dark, warm, dry. Here drowsed a number of enormous green turtles, and in several heavy cases lay heaps of what looked like crisp, curly pieces of glue. "That," said the dealer, "is the finest sun dried turtle meat." "Do you ever have accidents in handling big turtles?" "Not often. Last month, though, a 2<T0 pounder bit my foreman's nose off. The fellow has sued me for damages. He claims the turtles ought to be muzzled. He says elevators and dangerous machines have guards and the muzzles would be tile guards of the turtles. But that Is nonsense." OUR LANGUAGE UNIFORM. While Great Britain, for Instance, Has Many Different Languages. From St. Nicholas. * It has been observed that th# language spoken In the United States Is remarkably uniform. True, there are many dialects, hut Great Britain, less In area than any one of half a dozen of our states, contains such very different languages as English, Welsh and the Gaelic of the Scottish Highlands, to say nothing of the provincial dialects of Cornwall and Yorkshire and the unique speech of the London cockney; while In this country, with Its vast expanse of ter ritory. Its settlement by Spanish, French, Dutch and Swedish colonists, and its mil lions of immigrants drawn from nearly every country, large and small, all over the world, there Is far greater uniformity of speecli than In any other land of equal area and population. . The causes can be readily seen. The pub lic schools have made us a nation of read ers, and tlie press has supplied books and papers without limit. Press associations have done their part toward giving a uni form and fairly good tone to the news paper language of the day. The telegraph, the telephone and cheap postage have brought distant parts of the country into quirk and easy communication, and so have aided In teaching a common language. The railroad has penetrated every corner of the land and made lis a nation of travelers. Countless human shuttles thus are thrown daily across the land In every direction, carrying with them the threads of thought and speech and doing their part to make one pattern of tlie whole. No doubt our maps, which still present so many different kinds of names, will In time lose the strange ness and the "foreign air" that are so no ticeable now. TWICE CABLED ACROSS OCEAN In Order to Get Important News From Cape Cod to Boston. From Everybody'!! Magazine. This problem of getting news back to the office worries a reporter more than anything else when he is sent out of town. The in genuity displayed is sometimes marvelous, and frequently is expensive. Still it Is not usual for a reporter to send a message twice across the Atlantic in order to establish communication with a place eighty miles away. Carberry did this when he covered the wreck of the Portland of? Cape Cod In December. ISi'S. It was bitter work travel ing up and down the coast In that zero weather, seeking to Identify the bodies of tiiosc washed ashore, collecting facts about the last terrible hours; but the knowledge that one train left Boston at .'i o'clock in the afternoon and that all the wires were down gave Carberry and his associates their keen est anguish, for the Important news had de veloped after that hour. If there was no direct wire to Boston there was a cable from Orleans, on the Cape Cod coast, to Havre, France. Carberry sent a dispatch to Boston by way of France and New York, a distance of miles. Orleans is eighty miles from Boston by railroad, and much more than half that distance as the crow flies. Lincoln Relief Corps. Lincoln Woman's Relief Corps appropri ately ^bserved <ho ninety-seventh birthday anniversary of Abraham Lincoln. A paper on the lives of Washington, Lincoln and McKlnley was read by Mrs. Mary V. Goun dle. Mrs. Ida L. Chase discoursed on the life of Lincoln and Mrs. !,ida A. Oldroy spoke of the serious side of his life. Mrs. Jeanle H. Street gave incidents of his hu morous side. The "Star Spangled Banner" was sung by Miss Jean Newland, accom panied by Miss Cella Newland. Mrs. Isabel Warrell Ball referred to the purity of the life of Lincoln. Mrs. Fauth also Bpoke. Judge Stuart In the uperlor court at Grand Rapids, Mich., yesterday entered an order which practically puts an end to the prosecutions of the men Implicated In the Lake Michigan water deal bribery scandal by the confession of form* Prosecuting Attorney Lant K. galsbury. Small Courtesies That Mean Great Results. PRIVACY AND RIGHTS Respect That Each Member of a Family Deserves. RUN THINGS- SMOOTHLY Expenses and Allowances Must Be Arranged on Equitable Footing. Written for The .Stur by Sally Ctaiinberlin. "This home has just saved me," remark ed a young business man who had fought his way up against big odds from a house to-house salesman to the manager of a bigf concern. "If it hadn't been for the com fort of staying here and being treated like one of the family and at the same time having liberty to do things the way I like to I should have married the first girl who came along, with a big chance that both or us would have been miserable for the rest of our lives." In this little speech lies the keynote to successful family life and the ever-widen ing influence which it exerts. To have al ways an air of affection and Interest about the home and still to have each member of the household consider the rights of every other member results in an ideal circle of people to whom life Is a constantly In creasing joy. and who are always able to meet the world with a smile. , Nor is this ideal state of affairs such an impossible one to arrive at. It is accom plished by paying attention to the little courtesies and kindnesses of every-day lire, no one of which is too small to be over looked bv any one person. And this is true In a small family as In a large one, in nar row quarters as In spacious apartments. There must be thoughtfulness <>n the par. of all and a general desire not to interfere in a curious way with the going and com ing of any of the others. Harmony Always. With husabnd and wife the very first harmonies are established by a wife s do ing everything in her power to aid her hus band in carrying out his work, centering her Interests in helping him to be success ful rather than in outside matters which do not in any way connect themselves with the foundation of every real home?the money which keeps the butcher s and t ie baker's and the furniture maker's b.lls paid. In these days of strenuous grabbing for the powerful dollar all the working and business men's energies are obliged to be fostered for business life, and a wife has an infinite number of little ways in which to render small attentions that are of in valuable service to him. Unimportant as it may seem, the break fast hour is a very decisive time of day, and a wife should respect it as such by not bringing up household or social caies. These should always be discussed after and not before the day's work, which occupies a-man's best thoughts during early morn ing hours. Sorrows and petty grie\ancos have to be laid aside as tiie new day breaks and cheerfulness must be the watchword of the breakfast table. Nor is it well to talk too much, for nothing dissi pates strength more than talking, and many a man has failed in business life quite as much through the cfTects of his wife's incessant gabble as from ins own wordy delays. Both Alert. Another little attention which coun's much in making a man appreciate his home is to be always at his command when he has unusual duties to perform. If there is a special piece of business that has to be attended to early in th<f morning, a wife should be up herself, too, and making sure that his breakfast is served hot and appe tlzlngly. Or when the order Is reversed and lie comes In late, a glass of milk and some dainty left from dinner never fails to find an appetite, while the attention is much more appreciated than the food. Equaliy is it true that every one who is busy during the day wants their meals at regular hours, and nf)t served fifteen or twenty minutes later than they are expected. But the wife should not be alone in pay ing little attentions of this sort. The hus band has quite as large a share to re tribute on his side. In fact, little atten tions are even more indispensable to a woman than to a man. A most essential thoughtfulness is an occasional bit of finery brought home unexpectedly to her, or fail ing this> a man should make sure that his wife has her recreations as often as he does his. Go Over Accounts. Then, also, a man should discuss house hold expenses with his wife at least once a week, not forgetting her personal spend ings. Much unnecessary debt could be avoided by families If expenditures of the household were discussed as often and as Carefully as are the finances in a business concern, and It Is a man's place to see that expenses arc kept up to date. Many wom en, In being obliged to do It alone, have to sacrifice some of their own allowance, when some slight advice or suggestion would save them endless worry and an^ety. And apropos of money matters, no riBini can ex pect ids wife to keep up her end of the expenses if he does not give her the weekly or monthly allowance, whatever its amount may be. as regul irly as he receives his own ^ Tj,,t (he structure of a congenial home is only begun by a thoughtfulness between husband and wife. Other members of the family, between whom the bond of affec tion is not so strong, have to consider qul'e as many little attentions toward each outer that are no less important. There cannot help being a mutual inter est among persons who see so muci of each other, whether they be related or not. and a verv essential duty Is to keep them always posted as to your whereabouts, lhat Is a sudden call out of town. an unexpected visit for dinner, or the night at some friend s or any delay in arriving at home on time! should mean tl*.t some other mem ber of the family was notified of it imme tiatelv To a careful housewife tills is sure fo result in a slight reduction of her ex pense account, while the entire household is assured of the absent ones safety and comfort. Postal cards, too. at regular ln te-vals keep a separated member in con stant touch with the remainder of the fam ily, and are welcomed almost as gladly as a ietter. The Family Spirit. Remembering all stories and incidents which will be of common interest has a value In maintaining the family spirit. In one house this Is a source of endless pleas ure. and the table at meal times Is alive with conversation and good nature. If a magazine or newspaper contains some ar ticle which Is particularly readable, or which relates to some former topic of dis cussion, It Is saved and either read aloud or recommended as exceptionally entertain '"with equal thoughtfulness, holidays and anniversaries of all sorts are marked by the giving of inexpensive gifts, either as a loke or a surprise. No one Is forgotten. In the same way pleasures are shared. The member who 1* favored with an invitation to the theater or an entertainment, keps watch that none of the others are Blighted In their good times, or. if necessary, gives up an outside pleasure in order that all may share their amusements together. Aside from these attentions there are m\ny petty annoyances which have to be guarded against at all times. One of these Is unwarranted disturbance bf some person while he or she Is resting. To waken every member of the family just because you have to get up early is sure to rouse an tagonism,, On the other hand, the person who steals In quietly when others have rc tired, takes pains not to turn the gas or light flaring In some one's sleeping face, nor to talk or whisper with a room mate until the wee small houra, assists lmmeas * % What JoyThey Bring To Every Home as v/ith joyous hearts and smiling faces they romp and play?when in health?and how conducive to health the games in which they indulge, the outdoor life they enjoy, the cleanly, regular habits they should be taught to form and the wholesome diet of which they should partake. How tenderly their health should be preserved, not by constant medication, but by careful avoidance of every medicine of an injuri ous or objectionable nature, and if at anytime a remedial agent is required, to assist nature, only those of known excellence should be used; remedies which are pure and wholesome and truly beneficial in effect, like the pleasant laxative remedy, Syrup of Figs, manufactured by the California Fig Syrup Co. Syrup of Figs has come into general favor in many millions of well informed families, whose estimate of its quality and excellence is based upon personal knowledge and use. Syrup of Figs has also met with the approval of physicians generally, because they know it is wholesome, simple and gentle in its action. We inform all reputa ble physicians as to the medicinal principles of Syrup of Figs, obtained, by an original method, from certain plants known to them to act most beneficially and presented in an agreeable syrup in which the wholesome Californian blue figs are used to promote the pleasant taste; therefore it is not a secret remedy and hence we are free to refer to all well informed physicians, who do not approve of patent medicines and never favor indiscriminate self-medication. Please to remember and teach your children also that the genuine Syrup of Figs always has the full name of the Company?'California Fig Syrup Co.? plainly printed on the front of every package and that it is for sale in bottles of one size only. If any dealer offers |my other than the regular Fifty cent size, or having printed thereon the name of any other company, do not accept it. If you fail to get the genuine you will not get its beneficial effects. Every family should always have a bottle on hand, as it is equally beneficial for the parents and the children, whenever a laxative remedy is required. urably toward the congenial workings of a lio:ne and family. Have Your Own. That each person shall have his own toilet articles, writing materials, sewing equip ment, etc., goes almost without saying. There is certain to be ruption when per sonal belongings are interfered with, for where one member may not even object to some one's wearing out his clothes, another dislikes to have even his tooth powder touched. Jii small apartments underwear, as well as outside apparel, needs to be put away promptly when it comes from the laundry or is taken off. else a continual hubbub exists trying to find clothes when they are needed. Welding all these little attentions to gether is the willingness of each member of the family rot to pry into the affairs of to .reaIlze "'at he must demand no more than lie gives. Mall matter of all kinds should be delivered to the person to whom It is addressed without being curious as to where or whom it is from. Postal tG,?' ,much fn,erest to the recip ient if the entire family has read them Questioning in other than a casual way is a very bad habit, no matter how Intimate an acquaintance or friendship mav be Ivr sons who mind their own affairs appreciate no attention more than allowing them to give whatever information pleases them Ju?t when the spirit moves. The first and last cry In family harmony Is that each mem ber shall respect the privacy of every other member. ? ui.ier THE CITY BEAUTIFUL. Los Angeles Desires to Be Hand somest Town on Earth. From the Los Angeles Herald. I he municipal art commission has Just filed its report with the city olerk. In sev eral particulars this report is noteworthy and its suggestions can at once be adopted! with the necessity of corwudering oppor tunity and expense required in dealing with such problems as an art gallery, a library, a museum and the like. In the general de tails of the aity beautiful these three build ings figure largely, but there are smaller less expensive problems which are just as important In evolving a well-rounded whole, and the closest attention should be given them. The commission recommends more atten tion to the beautiful in the erection of JV'<! al>1'roaches thereto. In some cities bridges are made monumental in ef w ??$ grV)* in ;,?Pecr' without hamper ing their utility or increasing their cost Here the bridges are as ugly as the mind of man can fashion them. A decided re form is needed in this respect. Then, the treatment of vacant lots; usu ally these are utterly nuglect. d In a cli mate such us this every vacant piece of ground in the city could and should be come a perpetual flower garden. The cost would be almost nothing; think of the wonderfully beoutlful result-think of the effect on visitors. Los Angeles streets, again, need atten tion. not more in the way of paving than In the handling of the traffic. This is now the jay-est of the jay?absolutely unregu lated, and congested "all the time The ivitching in the business center, keeping to the right, making proper turns at crossings ?all these things add no little to tie ^,uty of a cit>'' and com(' under this head a'y;,lld b? the most beautiful and artistic city in the world. With an unri valed climate, yearly sunshine, an ever lasting summer, it can be made so almost without cost. What it requires is intelli gent co-operation by everybody, and a lit tle labor rightly directed. It now ranks ax one of the fairest;- it may well usurp the title in the superlative degree?if it will. Peculiarities of the Octopus. From the Searchlight. Both the octopus and the cuttlefish have arms that are clothed with a formidable array of suckers, which are wonderful pieces of mechanism. When the sucker comes into contact with an object the central piston, having previously been raised so as to completely mi the cavity ?LV'VUCker' ls at once withdrawn and a *c. va(;uun\ Produced, explaining the great tenacity with which the suckers cling rhey number upward of 100 pairs to each arm of the octopus, and once thev ob tain a grip on the victim, unless the arm is actually torn away from the body of the octopus, It is practically impossible for i s prey to disentangle itself. In addition to these suckers, the octopus |ias a Powerful pair of Jaws, shaped like )? H Parrot- behind which Is a tormidabie armor-plated tongue used as a rasping organ. The octopus will attack and kill crabs and lobsters of considerable size, ripping open the body by means of its powerful Jaws and devouring the contents. In spite of being a creature of such awe inspiring looks, the octopus has several enemies in various species of whales sharks and conger eels; In fact, the latter are particularly fond of devouring the smaller octopuses. Conger eels hunt for the octopus and when found, proceed to browse on its limbs' The octopus tries to hug the slippery slimy conger tight, but In vain, and, finding its limbs growing less, discharges Its Ink in the face of the foe and tender cover of the turbid water beats a hasty retreat. It is to escape the too pressing attention of its foes that th? octopus possesses the power of changing its color, in the hour of need to correspond with that of Us surroundings.' ? HAULING ONTHE DESERT METHODS OF TRANSPORTATION IN THE SOUTHWEST. Burros as Burden Carriers?Great Mule Teams?Atteiupt to Use Camels?Traction Engines. From the Angeles Times. The history of desert transportation from the beginning of time has been the history of success and failure, principally failure. Few efforts within the realm of commercial life ha'e been attended with so many complications and distressing situations as the question of desert traffic. Exclusive of the railroad, four specific methods of transportation have been em ployed?Arabian camels, traction engines, mules and burros, and within the last year and a half the automobile has come into use to some extent. The steam traction engine passed reverently over Into the valley of sublime antiquity years ago; the jolting, rambling camel, "with his axio matic patience, also long since paused by the roadside with his heavy burden and fell asleep, and the burro and mule only remain to tell the story of the long ago. After 200 years of faithful service, how ever, the wise men of Washington, during the administration of Pierce, when Jeffer son Davis was Secretaiv of War. said one to another: "We must have camels for (Ttir desert work; the mule and burro are all right: they have stood by us when every one else had taken to the tall timber, but the time has come when we must have the ttusty camel." So in the early '00s "H'gli Jolly," a Grecian camel driver, arrived In California with half a hundred Bactrian and Arabian camels direct from Smyrna. Great was the rejoicing. The Camel Experiment. Fort Wilmington on the Pacific, Fort Yuma and Fort Mojave on the Colorado river were now to be brought into such cicse communication as to promote sociabil ity on the part of the commanding officers. Fort.Mojave, lying north of the Needles, was 500 miles away by way of Yuma,' anil over one of the driest, sandiest deserts that ever invited a traveler out into its bewilder ing depths; but bah, the S>rian driver with the red cap said: "What is that when a came! can go six or seven days without water and remain perfectly happy each dSy on a few mesqulte beans and a handful of carob pods." All of that was indeed true. The humped beast would also close his nos trils as High Henry represented when Hie desert sand blew as only desert sand can blow. Great, indeed, wrrc the expectations of the commanding officers, especially at Fort Wilmington and Fort Mojave, and there was likewise a hope born of anticipation at Washington. So far the plan had worked immensely, but. like the majority of plans woven in tke brain of ambitious man, It had its weakness and its little vulnerable points that lay hidden awa\ from the rosy surface. The camels, it was observed, after the first trip to Fort Mojave, were not its rugged as they had formerly been among the sand of far away Smyrna. Instead of making three miles an hour under their heavy burden they failed to average more than one and one-half or two. True, they paid no more attention to the blazing heat and the burning sand than an Indian does to social etiquette at a massacre, but there was that somethlg in the climate that caused a partial cessation of progress. The slow record was discouraging to the commanding officers, but still the great circus moved on like a mighty phalanx on the deserted sands. Traction Engines. At last the feet of the trusty beasts be gan to grow sore. It was found that the hard s-and on some pails of the desert soon affected the heavy pads of their feet, grad ually cutting them into small threads. After a thorough trial of six or eight months the government abandoned the ex periment and the camels were turned loose upon the desert along the Colorado river. While the herd is almost extinct, there are a few long-haired, shaggy specimens yet remaining along the Sonora and Arizona borders, existing in a wild state, and whose appearance frequently stampedes horses and cattle to an alarming extent. After the decline of the camel as a means of transport, the burro and mule again re turned to favor. Then came the heavy borax wagons with their twenty and twen ty-two-mule regimental line. Soon these great ponderous wagons, pro pelled by an army of mules, began to out live their usefulness, at least in the minds of the enterprising men engaged In desert traffic, and in obedience tu a general de mand for a faster and' more economical method of transit the steam traction en gine, with Its enormous bulk, huge iron tires and tremendous horse-power, was In troduced on the scene. Not the small trac tion engines that we have l?een accustomed to see hauling thrasher machines over the country roads, but a gigantic Iron structure weighing 20,000 to TO.OOO pounds and re sembling much.the appearance of a rail road locomotive. Tibetan Officials. From the Nineteenth Century. The officers, whose uniform includes a flat feather hat of .< brilliant scarlet, arc i>ai? tlcularly expensively attired. They inva* rlablv wear a charm box of solid gold Mud* dcd with large turquoises on the back their pigtails and a tine gold and tuniuols# earring terminating In a drop shaded hl<t? bead In the left ear. One. a mere boy. was wearing the most magnificent turquoises w* have seen In this country, where ev< ?; onu who can afford It wears turquoises. "Dig sex of these officials. owing to their lad> llke hats, long braided h3ir and ,1ew. 's of gold, used to puzzle the sepoys when tlrst reached Lhasa. ? BACILLUS OF INSANITY. A Scottish Practitioner Sets Up th$ Theory That Madness is Infectious. Krom the London Mull. Dr. Ford Robertson, in the flist of tl:4 Morison lectures at Edinburgh, has pu| forward a theory as to the cause of gen* eral paralysis of the insane which the med* leal faculty are In no wise Inclined to iiccept as conclusive, lie declares that evidence Is available to show that general parnlvslf .and the allied diseases, tabes dorsnlls. am as specific In their causation as tul ? n? losls, typhoid fever or diphtheria. With his assistants he succeede<1 In ob taining a culture of the diphtheroid bacillus from the brain in nine out of twenty-thre^ cases of general paralysis In which the tx* pertinent was made. j Inquiries among the best specialists In; ; London yesterday indicated that while th? | medical profession regard Dr. Fold Rob* ertson's theories with sympathetic Interest* they do not consider that they advance our knowledge of how best to deal with gen? eral paralysis In the insane one whit. Re* gret Is expressed that so far nothing de* clsive has come from his experiments. These have been carried out chiefly oil rats, and In the circumstances present difficulties not easily overcome They, have been going on for some years. A medical expert whose name Is knowtt throughout Europe yesterday Inform, d ilia | Daily Mail representative that the theory I was one which had regretfully to !?? liis* | carded. Me praised 1 >r. Robertson's ability, but suggested that he has not at all satis tied the best authorities on the subject oC general paralysis In the insane "The bacterial theory In this case doe* not hold water. It Is quite true that unless our system destroys the bacteria we shall be consumed by them, but they only do that in the body when It has begun to decay. The l>ody has begun to d?Cay when genetnl paralysis sets In. and the bacilli cluster there like flies on carrion. Dr. Kobertson ?* theory does not account for many things. "For Instance, for the fact that wo can detect general paralysis ten yearn liefore the acute stage s* ts in. Nor does it account for the cases of remission. Frequently patients fc-t better for a time. Now. who ever heard of remittent *scarl< t fe\i r or diphtheria?" Shields for Soldiers. Fro* the Broad Arrow. A writer in the Milltar-WochenMatt raises anew the question of the use of portable shields for the protection of In fantry In the attack. He writes approv ingly of the Japanese spade work in the offensive, the more so because he men tions incidentally, as a matter regarding which there can he no dispute, that the 1 German authorities have long since advo cated the use of artificial cover In the at tack. and points out that when the ground was frozen or rot ky, and the spade could make no impression upon It, the attacking Japanese Infantry not infrequently went for ward. carrying with them filled sandbag* weighing as much as forty pounds. He remarks that If the undoubtedly brave Jap anese soldier found It necessary to load himself with so bulky and burdensome a protection when advancing In the open against an Intrenched enemy It would seem far better to equip the Infantry witli a light, handy shield. Furnished with a handle by which to carry It. a loophole to fire through and some arrangement to pre vent Its falling down, the Infantryman would then find himself, like his gunner comrade, protected by a bullet -proof shield. The writer In the YVochenhlatt suggests that on the inarch the shield should bo carried on the back, when going Into ac tion on the chest, and when advancing to the attack In the left haad, so as 1o be at once available for use when lying down to fire, both as head cover and rifle rest. | Began the Day with % i You get the elements that make strong body and brain "Therea Reason." e a a aowtooa c a