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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 17, 1906, Image 18

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UNCLE SUM 11 CANADA
American Citizens Buying Up
British Northwest.
MEANING OF THE INVASION
*
Loss of S80.000.000 to the United
States in 1906.
YANKEES STARTED MOVEMENT
P.cal Estate Agents :.n the Farming
Section Are Making- Fortunes?
A Woman Who Sells Land.
(Coj'trtch !!#of>. 1-y Frank <?. Carpenter.)
WINNIPEG.
There arc now mofe than two hundred
thousand Amerlcans In the Canadian north
w Th*-. number one-third of 11 so popu
lation and som> sections of tin- wheat l>?-it
are settled almost entirely by them. A few
American syndicates have taken tip large
tracts and ?ome individuals have bought
tl usand- of acres and are holding them,
l.at tin majority <>f our people have swt
th d on ti" homeste ids allotted by the
crnmen: and, having bought lands ad
joining. ni" waiting, to grerw up with tbe
country. ?
Americans are doing a birge share of the
bt. iness of the new towns. A few are
m "cI ? ts others are In. stint? In elevators
rid in lis and there are a number nt Win
; sj who have much to siy in the grain
exchange and other linareial renters
The American Invasion.
Indeed Canada may be said to have a
leal Invasion of Americans. In ISOti less
than lift> honrn steads wa re allotted to
t hem. In 1.M17 the numl*r jumped to
1 .(*?>, and in 1S5W it was 21.000. In 11KK) it
rose to o<h>; and last year more than
fid.OOO Americans, an army ten times as
large as that which Xenophon led on his
march to the sea. came over into Canada
and ai' now hen besieging the God of
Prosperity.
The government officials tell me they
expe< to have SO.OfR> more Americans this
year, and 1 warn you that both they and
the American real estate syndicates, who
are m .king money out of buying lands
at 1 - lling them again, will do what they
can to Increase that numlwr in the future.
Th's ?- a matter of vital interest to the
Vr.iti I Statf" It m< ans ttie loss of some
of tlie best of our farming population. ;ind
In addition i he actual carrying away Into
Canada of millions of dollars of good
American ?old
Uncle Sam Will Lose SS0.000.000
in 1006.
Tiie most of the Americans who go to
Canada are skilled farmers. They are
men of means, and nearly all of them
ca-ry jom- money along. I atn told that
the average, so far. has be?n at least a
thousand dollars per head, which for the
2 ?>.!??i immigrant? who have so far gon?
there would mean an actual loss of some
thing like J2<*>.UU0.tJU0. If the average is j
? ke|i up it means that Uncle Sum will |
b?se from such emigration this I
year, and that to say nothing of the en
erg> brains a id mutch of S0(Mt good i
American citizens. It is generally esti
mated tl; it a drst-class mart without n |
cent in !.is po.-ket is worth at least a thou
san I dollars to the country in which he
s?t'.ies, i:, 1 our emigrants are centalnly
worth tha? to Canada. Xhey are worth
m In :ii" building up of this country,
for the; know Just how to handle It. They
hi. valued at something Ilka a million
doll r - a j ear by the railroads as traffic
pi' '!.; ? James J Hill estimates that i
e\.-ry i . w family which settles along the
Great Northern Is worth at least a hun
ircd dollar* a year in additional fr-Ight.
Now ?>.<*?> Americans at even five to the
fatnU means W,W*> families; and. at Mr
Hill's estimate tills equais an annual in
crei-.- of at least $1,000,000 to the re
ceipts of the Canadian railroads
Do you wonder that the Canadians are
anxious to get us?
The Movement Started by Yankees.
ns remarkable Invasion originated in
In the combined forces of Hie Dominion
gov. nment and Yankee speculators, and It
lm- l.?en '-nrried on by those forces from
the bcglnniag until now ind-ed. 1 might
??v that our real estate men were the
real discoverers of the new Canada. The
Canucks have long known that they have
a vast area of gixid soli, but they had no
Idea how It could be developed until the
strenuous American crossed the boundary
and planned out tlie way.
To begin with, the movement is the out
come of the tilling up of the I'nlted States.
For years tie American railways, which
are always figuring after possible traffic,
have known that they were carrying about
SMO.OOO emigrants to our great west every
twelve months. This ariry has been scat
tered over our country, and It has rapidly
tilled the vacant spaces It has e^ten up
most of the homesteads given free by
our government and has swallowed about
all the cheap lands that could be had In
large blocks. About 1M00 the fact that
the most of such lands were gone be
came well known, and the American pio
neer farmer who had settled In Ohio and
there made money by selling out and buy
ing cheaper lands In Illinois, and again
made more by moving from there on to
North L>akota, found himself at the end
of sucli speculation. Lands everywhere
fcad rtawn and in the far we? they were
worth from ?IS and upward per acre.
At the same time the big land operators,
who had been buying largo tracts in Minne
sota and the ltakotas from the Northern
Pacific and other railroads and selling them
out to the farmers, found that there was
no more land to buy; utid that they would
have to have new territory or quit the
business The farmers began to wonder
wliat kind of lands there were In Canada,
and our real estate men to search far and
wide for new worlds to conquer.
A Million Acres Sold by Americans.
Among these real estate agents were two
who had made qnick fortunes by buying
our railroad lands and selling them. Their
names were Robertson and I.ynch. Rob
ertson had started life as a country school
teacher at ISO a month, and Lynch had
begun as a land surveyor at a few dollars
per tract The two discussed the situation
and Robertson was sent to Canada to spy
out the land. He came here in -the winter
and took trips from Winnipeg out over
tha Alasi ant railroads visiting tha small
town* of the wheat belt and of the new
country beyond. He would "stop at a vil
lage hotel, and engage In conversation w't?
the farmers, asking as to theh* crops ana
the prospects. One man would tell "tin
that he got twenty-seven bushels of
per acre that year, and. on being asked as
to the year previous, would reply that he
had made twenty bushets then, but tnat
the year before he had gotten only fliteen
-bushels. as his crop had been a failure.
As Robertson heard this kind of talK
hij eyes oulged out so that they almost
dropped upon his cheeks. He raw the pos
sibilities of land speculation, for he knew
th- average vield In Minnesota at that
time was not' more than fifteen bushels
per acre. When he learned that the men
held their farms at only a<bout ll'? per
a-re he was still more excited. He heard
tt - s Lme stories at other villages and when
h- returned to Winnipeg he called upon
Mr. Griffin, the Canadian Pacific railroad
land commissioner. and told hhn that r.e
wanted to buy 50.000 acres along the Soo
Pat-lflc, which comes into Canada from the
United States and Joins the Canadian Pa
ciftc trunk line a short distance above the
boundary.
As the story goes, Mr. Griffin was not at
all anxious to sell. I am told he looked
upon Ri Vrtnon as crazy, and advised hi<n
to purchase the lands through the local rsal
esttte agents. This was done, and It
created sueh a sensation in Winnipeg that
the agents employed by Robertson were
accused of unmercifully skinning a poor
American. At all "vents, the land was soon
pure based, and within four months it was
all =old for $t<> per acre. A short time
after that Robertson and Lynch came to
Canada, and bought a million acres of the
Canadian Pacific railroad grant. In the
western part of Manitoba, and in wtutt is
now lower Saskatchewan. They paid, I
am told, less than ?> per acre. That was
four years ;igo and their land has all been
sold. They have let the land go at all
kinds of prices, but it Is said that the
average has been at least $? per acre, and
thit t they have made in all profoa/blllty J2,
000.000 out of the deal.
Another Lucky Real Estate Dealer.
About this same time another Minnesotan
bought a big tract of land and disposed of
it at a profit of millions. This was Colonel
Davidson of Duluth, who had made
much money In buying Minnesota lands and
selling them. Colonel Davidson went Into
Canada to buy some cattle for a farm he
had in the United States. He made in
?
quiries as to the cro<ps and saw the possi
bilities of land speculation. In looking
ai>out he found that the Qu' Appelle Long
Lake and Saskatchewan railroad had a mil
lion acres which they were anxious to get
rid of. The railroad company had received
the land as a concession for building the
toad, with the provision that It was to
be good farming land. They "did not un
dc rstand the soil, however, and were so
disgusted with their grant that they wanted
the dominion government to take it "back
and allot them something else. The road
Itself was almost bankrupt. It consisted
I of little more than two streaks of rust and
a mortgage, with a stray settler here and
t ere along the line. When Colonel Da
! vidson offered to take the grant off its
hands at a dollar cash per acre the owners
i fairlv tumbled over themselves in their
rush" to accept. Davidson first got the sale
confirmed t'V the dominion government, and
I then brought In a tralnload of bankers
and capitalists from the United States. He
took them over the tract and showed them
the land. I am told that he sold one
fourth of It on the train, and that wlth'.n
a year the whole of his million acres had
been disposed of. As to his prices, I un
derstand'that he started at *1 per aero in
1 Si blocks, and that quarter sections were
retailed at $0 per acre and more.
th<n those same m<'n and others
have gotten possession of land grants be
longing to the various railroads, and they
have sold some millions of acres. Indeed,
the most of the land selling has been done
bv Americans. This is especially so w!th
th. large tracts. There are also Canadian
real estate agents, but the most of tll>-m are
doing business in the small.
An American Woman Agent.
Indeed, one of the chief businesses of the
| new Canada is selling lands. The real es
tate agent Is found at every station. He
| meets you as you step from the cars. You
see his sign in the samples of wheat, oats
potatoes and other products in his office
windows, and you inay find farm exhibits
even at the depots.
Take, for Instance. Moose Jaw. at the junc
tion of the Soo Pacific and the Canadian
Poelfi ? railroads It is a lively city of 4.000
souls and the livliest pirt of It Is the rail
road depot Just outside the station build
ings ii pyramid h?? I:.- n erected of sheaves
of oats, wheat and barley, with a ( ana
dlan flag floating over It. The pyramid Is
made up of samples of the grain Krown
in the vicinity, and they are so displayed
that they can be seen from the cars. We
bad ?i wait of twenty minutes at Moose
Jaw, and I stepped off and walked about.
As 1 ?t!K>d before this pyramid a line htok
lng American woman of forty, with a
buxom rosy-cheeked girl of sixteen, drove
up in a buggy. Both ladies were clad In
furs and the cheeks of the girl shone like
Jacqueminot r<tse?. The lady accosted me,
asking :f 1 were about to settle in Canada,
and If so did I not want some choice lands.
1 replied that I had not fully decided,
whereupon she continued:
"Well. I < an tell you, sir, that there is
no better soil than right about Moose
Jaw and that I have the best of all left
In the neighborhood. 1 have a few choice
pieces that I want to sell, and if you car?
to look T will drive you out into the
country. That is my sign!" And she
thereupon pointed to a billboard tacked up
beside the straw stack saying that Mary
Jams bought and sold lands.
I asked her where her lands were and
she told me, saying that they were worth
from $18 to $20 and that they would produce
40 bushels of wheat, ninety bushels of
barley, or 120 bushels of oats to the acre.
"But," said I, "I am afraid It will be too
cold. I understand you people freeze to
death In the winter."
"As to that," said the madam, I am
an American woman who came here for
my health from Colorado a good many
wars ago Suppose you take a look at my
daughter, who sits here beside me. She is
sixteen years old and I have never paid a
cen' for doctor bills on her account. Do
either of us look like freezing to death?
No sir, we have a few cold days in the
winter, but as a rule our climate is better
than that of the northern parts of the
United States." _
I then totd the madam that I- was a
newspaper correspondent and not a
purchaser, whereupon she handed me her
card, saying: "Well, I would like to inter
est you in our lands, and. If you see any
one who wants to buy, send him to me_
I mean any man with good hard castr
Send your card along with him. aad If h?
buys you will get your commission." With
that she drove quickly away to aeeost an
other stratger who had come out of the na
tion.
American Settlements In Canada.
Durtng my travel# here I hare visited
many of the localities where Americans
have settled. They have come to Canada
In all aorta of ways. Some were brought
by the tralnload, by the real estate agents
and the government, almost depopulating
the little farm communities of our country
from whence they came. Icrwa, for In
stance, has fallen off 10.000 or more
through this and other emigration. Some
of the settlers had crossed the boundary tn
canvas-covered wagons, and others had
driven Into Canada In aH sorts of vehicles.
I have photographs of men who came In
using oxen and horses to pull their effects,
and of some who plodded along for days
with ox teams on the way.
The first Americans to arrive squatted
down close to our boundary, getting home
steuds and buying farms along the Boo
Pacific railroad. Soon afterward they be
gan to take up the lands farther west, and
now fully 70 per cent of all the settlers be
tween Moose Jaw and the international
boundary are Americans. They own a line i
of wheat farms extending on each side
from the railroad back far Into the country.
Their homes remind me of the settled por- !
tlons of North Dakota, and they have
many good little towns such as Weyburn,
which has 1.200. Milestone 600, and Others.
In such towns the business men are chiefly
Americans.
Another line of American settlements has
grown up along the Prince Albert branch
of the Canadian Pacific railroad, and
others along the Canadian Northern. It 19
on the Canadian Pacific branch that David
son got his cheap lands and resold them.
As it is now there Is a continuous line of
unbroken wheat fields running from fifty
miles above Reglna to Rosthern. a distance
of 170 miles. Ninety per cent of the lands
along that road are owned by Americans,
their farms extending back from the track
for about twelve miles on either side. Some
of the farmers are homesteaders, many ot
whom bought the lands adjoining them, so
that they each have all the way from M2U
acres up to 5.000 acres. They are building
comfortable houses and good barns.
Don't Want Homesteads.
Some of the Americans will not take up
homesteads, although they can get the land
for living on it. They prefer to buy rather i
JAC3KATCHCVYAM
than relinquish their allegiance to the
1'nlted States. Every homesteader has to
become a naturalized Canadian before he
can have a clear title to this free land. If
he buys, however, he can get a title upon
paying the money, and as the outsiders
have about as many rights as the Cana
dian. with the single exception of being
able to vote or run for office, a large num
ber of our citizens are Americans still.
Within the past year the Canadian
Northern has been pushed through the
wheat belt to beyond Edmonton. There
are Americans settled along that line, and
it Is probable that some of those who come
this year will take up settlements between
Edmonton and the Rockies, toward which I
the Canadian Northern is building. The
latest colonies are along the line of the
Grand Trunk Pacific, and, Indeed, there
are Americans in every part of the New
Canada. In another letter I will show the
effect that this large American Influence Is
likely to have upon the future of this great
region. FRANK G. CARPENTER.
Chess and Soldiers.
Friiin the Westminster Gaiette.
Mr. Francis George Heath writes to us
pointing out that the suggestion of Gen.
Sir Frederick Maurice that "every poldler
should play chess." raises a point interest
ing for both chess-players and soldiers,
which perhaps some chess-playing readers
could settle:
"It has been averred that the great mili
tary commanders of the last century?I
need not say the great military strategists,
because the strategical faculty must be
included in the expression 'great'?have
been clever chess-players. Can any mili
tary or other reader inform me and others
to whom chess is the favorite game whether
this averment is a fact?"
Were Napoleon, Wellington and Moltke,
asks Mr. Heath, great chess-players?
A story concerning one of these famous
men Mr. Heath tells. It is to this effect:
"A great Turkish player, at a big hotel
in Constantinople, had been challenging and
beating everybody within a wide radius.
One day a mean-looking stranger walked In
and watched the game. Upon Its conclu
sion he quietly offered to play. The Turk
ish grandee' looked at him rather con
temptuously, and remarked, 'I will play
you for a hundred sequins!' The stranger
said: 'Very well, sir; I will play you for
a hundred sequins.' The game commenced,
and during Its course an unusual 'gambit'
was offered by the stranger. Its acceptance
by the Turk caused the latter to lose the
game. He said to the winner: 'Sir, I
thought there was only one man in Europe
who understood how to take advantage of
that move." "Who might that be?' queried
the unknown. 'Baron von Moltke,' snapped
the Turk. 'Slr.^retorted the stranger, "I am
Baron von Moltke, at your service!' "
Mr. Heath wonders whether any one could
confirm or refute this story.
To Facilitate Trade in Chtna.
According to the Anglo-Japanese Gazette
the Chinese minister of commerce has made
the necessary arrangements for the estab
lishment of an Industrial and commercial
museum at Peking. A site for the erection
of suitable buildings has already been ac
quired. It is Intended to establish a per
manent exhibition of Chinese and foreign
goods In the museum. No provision has yet
been made for the purchase of artistic ex
hibits. and It Is probable that the museum
will be used more especially for commercial
and Industrial purposes. It Is anticipated
that the museum will serve as a record or
the progress made by Chinese manufactur
ers, and at the sam? time that foreign ex
hibits will incite the native Industry to still
greater efforts. It Is prohablw that foreign
manufacturers who find a place for thetr
wares In this museum will profit by an In
creased sale In Chinese markets. The Japa
nese are taking an active part In the organ
isation of the museum, and. Indeed, It is
not unlikely that they are responsible in
some degree for its Inception. The buildings
are In Japanese style, and Japanese mer
chants and manufacturers have promised to
co-operate largely. Foreign firms will ttnd
It to thetr advantage to obtain a place In
the museum, affording as It will an oppor
tunity to display their goods to great advan,
tag a. 1
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A Few Features of Tomorrow's Bag Paper.
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Ir N1 e?e 1
Rev. Dr. Edward
Hale contributes a
article to the magazine section of The Sunday Star to
morrow. After touching lightly upon the congested con
ditions of the large cities, and turning now and again to
the manner in which various remote localities have been
populated from time to time in the history of our country,
he points out that millions of acres are still open to settle
ment. In irrigation Dr. Hale sees immense possibilities in
the future. The "thirst for the horizon" is, he thinks, as
strong today as ever it was in our country's history.
Cow and Supercow
This is the second of Martha S. Bensley's mildly satir
ical series on the Settlement House ideas as adopted by the
cows in the pasture. Miranda, the benevolent bovine, who
conceived the idea of "The Settlement in the Pasture," was
completely overcome, like many of her human prototypes,
with the new education idea.
This week's installment of Sir A. Conan Doyle's great
historical romance is a most interesting preliminary to what
promises to be one of the strongest incidents in the stor\
for it tells of the arrangements made to meet the gigantic
Spanish fleet in the English channel.
Uncle
Sam's
Chain of
Lighthouses
An attractively illustrated
article describing some of the
great difficulties encountered
in constructing the beacons
placed along the coasts for
the protection of all manner
of vessels from shipwreck:
also something about the sv>
tem by which they are main
tained.
Jolly Eph
a
Party
The announcement of
Prize Winners in The
Sunday Star's Amateur
Photographic CorieM for
last week will be found in
tomorrow's big paper.
Picture of
Nicholas Lon:
'worth
This is an interesting story
written by John Allen Horns
by. "Jolly Eph" was a comi
cal bear whose acquaintance
Mr. Hornsby made at the
foot of the great Taku Gla
cier up near the headwater
of the Yukon river. Theseries
of antics with which this
furred practical joker made
fun of the gold-hunting min
ers in his vicinity furnishes
Mr. Hornsby with a number
of "exceedingly laughable little
tales.
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Accompanying each copy of tomorrow's Sunday Star
as a special supplement will be a handsome large reproduc
tion in photographic tints of what is considered the best
photograph ever taken of Mrs. Nicholas Longworth. The
picture is by Miss Frances Benjamin Johnston. See that
this picture of the latest White House bride is with your
copy of The Sunday Star tomorrow.
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Who Held the 'Phone?
This is a charming short story by Carolyn Wells, which
-deals with the love affairs of a pretty and sensible young
woman who had two suitors, a professional man inclined to be
a bit dreamy and a business man of a practical turn of mind.
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OTHER NOTABLE FEATURES
Indians' Use of Language
By Franklin Welles Calkins
The Tonic of Politics
Illustrated
Ringing Off the Rust
A College Story by Ernest IngersolJ
f,
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Superstitions of fledicine
Illustrated
Yellow Danger
Bv M. P. Shiel
Leader of Russian Revolution 1
Illustrated
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FRANCE'S WORK CLASS
THE INDUSTRY AND UNEEWABD
ED TOIL OF THE PEASANTSY.
How the Money is Spent?Magnifi
cent Chateaux, Costly Churches?
The Standing Army.
Correspondence of the New York Erenlog Post.
'The rapidity with which countries, even
when devastated as thoroughly as the Pala
tinate, recover from the ravages of the war,
has led economists to compute the accum
ulated wealth of the civilized world as
amounting to no more than three or four
times the annual production. How comes
It, then, that, in a country like France,
where population Is stationary, and where
peace has prevailed for more than a gen
eration, the condition of the peasantry has
so little Improved? Their Industry Is in
cessant; not always directed most effec
tively, but In the main intelligently, and
often attaining a high degree of perfection.
Their toll is not only assiduous?even the
women not ceasing to knit when they are
gossiping?but also severe. Even with-anti
quated methods, the product of such enor
mous?one might almost say such terrible
?industry should raise the laborers fo af
fluence. Yet In the moat fertile parts, such
as those watered by the Indre and the
Loire, the life of the peasants seems not
much better than what we read of In the
descriptions of the times before the Revo
lution.
Mode of Life.
' The habitations, both of man and beast,.,
are generally identical ones then used;
because of their solid construction not need
ing much repair, but inconvenient, dark,
cramped, and generally the worse for wear.
People stump and clatter about in wooden
shoes, and their ordinary garments are of
course cotton cloth. They are starved with
cold, for they have little material for fire,
except their pitiful fagots of brushwood and
dead limbs, such as In our country are
burned as rubbish. To be sure their cook
ing is a small matter; the baker does most
of it (and very well, too), and not much
fuel is needed to stew a few vegetables
and boil that mysterious substance called
coffee. As there Is little reading, artificial
illumination Is not of so much importance;
but it Is painful to see th? women bending
over their needlework In their struggle
to discern the stitches by a feeble lamp.
Probably the standard of life Is higher
than It appears, for the French peasant
has been taught by centuries of op
pression to be secretive, and he may have
Invisible resources; but tt Is not what his
la.L r would Justify. He has much comfort
In his wlr.e. even if It Is only the poorest
that he keeps for himself, and a meagre
pleasure In the vile tobacco provided by
the government's monopoly?a pleasure
lessened by the viler matches likewise pur
veyed; but he does not get his deserts.
Militarism.
What becomes of the product of his In
dustry? In part, the eye gives answer. The
magnificent chateaux, the costly churches,
the enormous convents, show what was
done under the feudal sjrste>m; and the vast
casernes thronged with myriads of peasant
lads In blue coats and red trousers show
what im done now. This half-million of
able-bodied men, withdrawn from produc
tive Industry, must be fed and clothed and
housed and officered by the labor of per
haps twice that nuiober of workmen?a
burden of appalling magnitude. The naval
establishment, although on a smaller scale
and less conspicuous, is also an enormous
burden. The employes in the navy yards,
exercising a dubious right, have formed
ttAlons, and reoently (truck work because
?some of their number had been disciplined
for denouncing' militarism. The govern
ment, depending for its existence on the
workmen's votes, was obligfii to Justify its
denial of the right to strike on the ground
that its employes were a favored class. Oth
er workmen must toil ten or twelve hours;
its workmen only eight. Other workmen
are laid off when they are not needed; its
workmen art* paid whether there is any
thing to do or not. Other workmen are
liable to be dismissed by their masters; its
workmen hold their places until they are
of an age to retire on their pensions, which
ore payable also to their widows and chil
dren, and are twice as large as those of
fered to outside workmen by the bill now
pending. Under theso circumstances, the
ordinary workingman can hardly be ex
pected to think the employes of the gov
ernment need the right to strike.
Extravagant Public Buildings.
Fui ther evidence is afforded to the senses
in the enormous public buildings that havo
sprung up in the towns, large and small,
flaunting extravagance in their gaudy arch
itecture. Here in Tours, for example, there
Is not only the vast prefecture, but aiso, in
addition to many other buildings, an enor
ously expensive new Hotel de Vllle. The
population of the town is 65,000, but this
building would be sufficient for the proper
administration of a town ten times as
large. Any of the railroads, constructed by
the government or with its guaranty, are
obviously unprofitable; and even the roads
brought through centuries of labor very
nearly to perfection, often bear signs of
stupidity and extravagance of a central
ised administration. Yet here, we must
concede, the peasant receive* something
tike an equivalent for his tax, and it is
pleasant to see the draft hors9a so aided
in their work. As to the schools maintained
by the government. It is hard to make out
that they increase the inte4iigence of the
common ?people; and the quality of the
teaching is bitterly complained of. 6tll},the
ability to read and write Is worth paying ,
for, and may to* said to be cheap at *ny J
price. '
Dress.
From the Chicago Tribune.
Not to be especially conspicuous a? an
individual In dress has come to be the car
dinal doctrine of the geptleman, and it U
that factor of good breeding, together w!tn
adaptation for doing the work of a man,
that Is really at the bottom of the much
decried prosaic uniformity In men's dress.
Sameness In style is not necessar.ly ugli
ness. nor does tt militate against tne
strongest Individuality In character. ir
character Is not the first attribute of man
hood, or womanhood, either, It Is impossi
ble to say what is first. In any hundred
men we will find only two or three varieties
of hat. for example, but among a hundred
women we will find probably a hundred
varieties. No woman is content to have a
hat or a gown precisely Hke that of any
other woman, and she wastes her time and
strength and exhausts her ingenuity to es
cape being "rigged" like anybody else.
There are millions of American women
most of whosfe waking hours are devoted to
shopping and planning and "being fitted.''
This must be, of necessity, an enormous
waste of energy unless dress be the chief
end and aim of living. In any case it must
be a nerve-nacking, braln-fagglng labor,
to say nothing of its cost In other ways.
When men turned from the barbarities or
warmaking and troubadouring and danc
ing attendance on regal courts as the chief
business of men who aspired to be other
than hewers of wood and drawers of water
and gave their attention to that endless
process of betterment which Is known as
the world's work, the first and Inevitable
step was the simplifying of dress. Men
recognized centuries ago that If they would
help lift the world upward they must cease
worrying dver how they should dress. Ortiy
a few women j-et recognise this, but If tne
whole sex could see how the squander
their potential foroe In trylmg to be each ?
law of dress for herself and would adopt
some uniform system, apt and "becoming,
of course, hut asking only a minimum or
tlwe and lsbor from each, then they could '
do their ftill share of the world's work, and
till they jfto that they never tu accomplish
their full sh&r*.

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