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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 06, 1906, Image 13

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1906-03-06/ed-1/seq-13/

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Everything
for
Everybody
Trading
Stamps with
every purchase.
Tifty storesj^2!1
Pa. Ave. and 8th St. Southeast
EXTRA STAMP COPPONS.
This coupon entitles bearer to (5) extra Trading Stamps with pur
chases of 10c. or mure. Wednesday only.
Beautiful Silk Taffeta Checks in light
or dark blue, pink or black. 2llC
Very special at. a yard a w.
Full Yard-wide Percales; very soft
finish; best 15c. grade, in light or
dark checks, stripes or plain fl 2c
colors; a yard u^?v.
New Calicoes In mercerized
checks; very special value at, a Or
yard ov*
Galatea Cloth for boys' wash suits or
pants; many pretty patterns.
Regular l?c. quality at, a 11
yard UOV.
Spring Suitings In the new shades of
gray, violet and blue; also new plaids.
Best 75c. quality. Special.
Guaranteed Black Taffeta Silk; full
yard-wide; $1.25 quality Spe- 0&r?
rial value, a yard '
Fine White Mercerized Madras; the
IV* kind. In many pretty pat- T] OfT
!> rns Special, a yard ~
Pindar Batiste, in all the newest
patterns; best 8c. quality. Spe>
. l.d. a yard
Boys' Spring Suits, $1.89
Th s is a special for Wednesday only.
Roys' Stylish Spring Suits, In all sizes;
?ults that Sell regularly at $3.00 are
offered for Wednesday at, ? fl SIJ
Choice, for 3*11.0^
89?>6 Muslin Underwear
at Special! Prices.
UNDER WEAR AT i?9c.
Beautifully trimmed Corset Covers,
Skirts, Gowns. Drawers and Chem
ises. in dainty lace insertions, em
broidery and ribbons; regular $1.25
and $1.4!1 values. A gar
ment VW.
UNDERWEAR AT 17c.
Including Corset Covers and Draw
ers; very prettily trimmed; regular 25c.
garments. Choice Wednesday 117c.
UNDERWEAR AT 49c.
liwludlng Skirts, Gowns, Drawers
and Corset Covers; very prettily
trimmed with lace, embroidery and
ribbons; garments worth 59c..
tiSH-. and 75c. in this sale at, xl(fV*
choice
Boys' Pants, 23c.
These Pants are considered sood
value at .'flic, a pair and are equal to
many sold at 49c. As a special for
Wednesday we w II sell them ill any
size up to 14 years at. a 23c.
I Our Boys' Cilotihing Store
?j* ;< n..w ready with a complete stock of
y run Spring Goods, suits, ctps and
T hat*. pants, shirt waists, etc. All
T marked at surprisingly low prices.
Fancy Joint less China Mat
tings. yard
Neat Striped China Mat- |
tings, yard
Fine Heavy Mattings, pin
striped, yard
Extra Cjuality Japanese Car
pet Pattern, yard
Finest Quality Heavy China
Mattings, jard
When in Doubt, Buy of
House &? Herrmann.
Modern types ? modern
presses ? typesetting ma
chines?and the best print
ing skill combine to make
(itir services as "printers to
von" valuable to you.
Consult us
about tlie next
printing lob.
Our stock is replete with
new spring patterns in all
departments ? new patterns
in Furniture, new patterns in
Rugs, new patterns in Dra
peries, new Mattings, new
patterns in Go-Carts, new
patterns in Dinner Sets. We
have even our full line of
Refrigerators ready for you
to select from.
v ? ! Never Disappoint.
3J mhtf 40tl
Dr. Miles'
Anti-Pain PilJs
*ill jtrevent. find also cure, nil pains of every na
ture. anil are absolutely harmless. The soothing
Influence upon the nerves and muscles quiet and
refresh the Irritated conditions.
**Pr. Miles' Antl I'ain Pills always cure U&
headache, and th?* beauty of it Is It costs such a
trifle. I am gls.l there is such a remedy for people
who must work. sick or well. Headaches never
prevent me from keeping my engagements."?
MRS. G. N. GRIFFITH, Santa Ana. Cal.
The Cmt package will benefit; if not. the druggist
will return yoOr money.
23 (loses. 25 cents. Never sold in bulk.
This handsome Parlor Table,
24x24-lnch top, highly polished, in
oak or mahogany / p
tinlsh; a very pret
ty design; only ^
PaintBrush
'EYES Ex|^ned
SPECIAL ?SOLID GOLD
Spring Rimless EYE $ <1
GLASSES, with case jj
and guard
"Voo Seed Salinger's Eye Service."
SELINGER'S fF.
"Look for the Bis Clock."
feg-S0t 20
Impart* a sensation so exquisite and last
ing. It cleans ths teeth and gives ton
to ths mouth. Aak your dentist.
?for use la the kitchen rang,. House
wives hare learned bv experience that
It I* superior to all other fuel and
moat xsoutulcaL We'll npply jou
Coke.
K Rnshela forge Coke, delivered fJ.50
?0 ltosbrls forge Coke, delivered S3 70
AO Bnshels forge Coke. delivered S8.S0
1 XS Huahel? Crushed Coke, delivered... .11.00
40 Hostels Crashed Coke, delivered... $4 SO
00 Bushels Crushed Coke, delivered .. .$4.00
Washington G&sllghtCo,
! ub.1 28d 41? lom 81'. N.W.
?wltebea ?3 00-formerly fn.oo
Gray Switches 14.80?formerly $0.80
Or?y Switches te. 00?formerly (8 00
foe's Hair Medieaot. $1. Restores (ray hstr to
natural color?GUARANTEED. Prevents *.?????
atir. *
Hslrdresslng. Shampooing. I Eyeing sod Bleaching.
S. HELLER'S,
T20 SEVENTH ST. H.W.
MADE Or MEXICAN PEPPEBS.
Grown And 'ienerallv Used Is Mexico. Where
INDIGESTION is cnkkowm.
foadlitg Qrocera Have It.
lalT-gs.ta.tk.4St.10 'Phone North J641.
Automobiles are now in demand. If ]rou
want to buy or soil a second-hand one a
little ad In the automobile classified column
of The Star will probably do the business.
Try It.
iiiiiinini>iti>iiiniii??
Dulin & Martin Co.
in Richly
PLATE:
'HOSE desiring ex
ceptionally h a n .d
some china* will ap
preciate the great
saving opportunities offered
by this sale.
Dinner, Breakfast, Tea
and Dessert Plates in vari
ous rich patterns of Minton,
Cauldon, Coalport, Havi
land, etc., may now be had
at the very lowest, bargain
prices?prices which in
many instances are as low
as you would pay for ordi
nary china.
C7Make your selection NOW, while
the variety is still good.
Dulfn J
f Marti oCo.,1
f i
??F Pottery, Porcelain, China, Glaus, Silver, etc., T
|l215FSt.&I214-118QSt.i
+ it
Makes one linger at the break
fast table, so delicious.
*s <t
Coffee, 25c. St
1325 F St.
DO
YOU
USE
SHINOLA?
IF NOT. YOU HAVE NOT
EXPERIENCED THE FACT THAT
SHOE SHINING CAN BECOME A
PLEASANT DUTY. INSTEAD OF A
DREADED TASK.
SHINOLA IS THE ONLY SHOE
POLISH WHICH GIVES AN INTENSE
LUSTROUS BLACK SHINE, FREE
FROflfc ANY TINGE OF BLUE, PURPLE
OR GRAY. IT IS WATERPROOF
EASILY APPLIED. ONE SHINE LASTS
A WEEK.
There Is only one" best" shoe
Ish-it Is SHINOLA. A box of
shines it your detler's, 10
Buy SHINOLA to-d*^
THE SHINOLA
COMPANY,
Rochester..
N. Y,
A Wonderful Canary.
From the Boston Herald.
A wonderful canary bird belongs to a
family In Everett. The little fellow has
the freedom of the house, flying whither
soever he listeth at all times. While good
friends with every member of the family,
he is particularly attached to the child of
the house, a little girl four or Ave years
old. When the child comes where the csu
nary Is he rushes excitedly to meet her
and begins the most frantic caresses, perch
ing on her head and shoulders and Anally
nestling under her ear, where he reaches
round to the rosy chin and Hps and kisses
them In true bird fashion. But, not con
tent with this ardent demonstration, he in
sists on making the lltUe girl open her
mouth.and then he daintily taps each tooth
with his tiny beak. If she refuses to part
her llpe "to see what the bird will do," as
she says, he scolds and flutters and even
pecks at her cheek unUI he Anally obtains
his own way again. What the Idea can be,
unless Mr. Canary thinks the white teeth
are bits of sugar or cuttlefish. It Is difficult
to conjecture. That he has some method
in his caprice is quite evident. To no one
else does he show any such marked at
tention.
As the result of Internal Injuries sustained
last Wednesday by falling from a railroad
bridge near Hancock, Md.. Martin Luther
Shrelner died at his home, in Hagerstown,
Sunday, aged Afty-three. He had been in
the employ of the Western Union for over
thirty years.
FIRE-PROOF STORAGE.
tor tfc? stent* <* toasekaM
satsmard L? _J
c. separata looked compartmenta.
tt a
Et?7
goods, etc.
taootb up. Lowest rates of Insurance.
Merchants' Transfer & Storage Co.
?20 822 E st. 'Pbooe Mala
$400
E offer a fine now T'pright
Grand Piano?sent us as a
sample ? an elegant in
strument?line tone aud
action?rich, handsomely
carved mahogany case?3
pedals and all the latest
improvements?at the special figure of $225,
on $? monthly payments. This instrument
should sell for $400. aud carries with it onr
full regular guarantee. It's a snap at $225;
don't ml89 it. for surh an opportunity may
never he offered agaiu.
$350 Second-hand Upright
Piano, in good con- <1? ti g- g
dition, special at
Easy Monthly Payments
F.G. SMITH "cZ?
KiSSS' 122S Pa. Ave.
President -Roosevelt Sends a
Message to Congress.
PLAN OF ENDICOTT BOARD
Changes Wrought by the Derelop
ment of Ordnance.
DEFINITE POLICY MARKED OUT
Necessity for Affording Protection to
Our Insular Possession# and the
Entrance to the Panama Canal.
President Roosevelt has sent a message
to Congress, accompanying plans for coast
defense, prepared by a Joint board of army
and navy officers, in which he emphasized
the necessity for further defenses and re
views the history of defensive works In this
country.
The President calls especial attention to
the recommendation of the board that the
entrance to Chesapeake bay be added to the
list of placcs in the United States to be de
fended. He says the Insular possessions
cannot be long neglected If the 1 nlted
States desires to hold them.
Defenses are recommended for Manila
bay. Pearl harbor. Guantanamo, Guam, San
Juan and Honolulu, because of their strat
egic locations. Defenses aTe reommended
for entrances to the Panama canal. 1 he
President savs:
"The necessity for adequate coast de
fense Is greater today than twenty yeais
ago." and concludes: "it was due to the se
curely defended condition of Japanese ports
that the Japanese fleet was free to seek out
and watch Its proper objective?t he Russian
fleet?without fear of interruption or recall
to guard its home ports against raids by
the Vladivostok squadron. This, one of the
most valuable lessons of the late war in the
east. Is worthy of serious consideration by
our country, with its extensive coast line,
its many important harbors and its wealthy
manufacturing coast cities.
"The security and protection of our coast
and the accompanying plan merits and
should receive the generous support of the
Congress."
The President's Message.
The text of the message follows:
"To the Senate and House of Representa
tives:
"Our coast defenses, as they existed in
1800. were not surpassed In efficiency by
those of any country, but within a few
years the Introduction of rifled cannon and
armor In the navies of the world, against
which the smooth-bore guns were practi
cally useless, rendered them obsolete. For
many years no attempt was made to rem
edy "the deficiencies of these seacoast fort
ifications. There was no establishment in
the country equipped for the manufacture
of high-power rifled guns; there was no
definite adopted policy of coast defense, and
Congress was reluctant to undertake a
work the cost of which could not be stated
even approximately and the details of
which had not advanced?so far as could
be ascertained?beyond the experimental
stages.
"The act of March 3, 1883. was the first
decisive step taken to secure suitable and
adequate ordnance f>>r military purposes
Under the proviaons of this act a Joint
board of officers of the army and navy was
appointed 'for the purpose of examining
and reporting to Congress which of the
navy yards or arsenals owned by the gov
ernment has the best location and Is best
adapted for the establishment of a govern
ment foundry, or what other method. If
any, should be adopted for the manufacture
of lieavy ordnance adapted to modern war
fare for the use of the army and navy of
the United States.' This board, known as
the 'gun foundry board,' made its report In
1884 and directed public attention not only
to the defenseless condition of our coasts
but to the importance and necessity of
formulating a comprehensive scheme for
the protection of our harbors and coast clt
ies.
"As a result the act of Congress approv
ed March 3, 1885. provided that 'the Pros
ldent of the United States shall appoint a
board ? ? ? which board shall examine
and report at what ports fortifications or
other defenses are most urgently required
the character and kind of defenses best
adapted to each with reference to arttia
ments. the utilization of torpedoes, mines
and other defensive appliances.
Plans of the Endicott Board.
"The board organized under the forego
lng provision of law, popularly known as
the Endicott board, in its report of Jan
uury 23, 1886, cited the principles on which
any system of coast defense should be
based, and clearly stated the necessity of
having our important strategic and com
mercial centers made secure against naval
attack. In determining the ports that were
In urgent need of defense, since a fleet did
not exist for the protection of the iner
chant marine, fortifications were provided
at every harbor of Importance along the
coast, and at several of the la-ke ports
For any particular harbor or locality the
report specifies the armament considered
necessary for proper protection the char
acter of emplacements to be used, the num
ber of submarine mir es and torpedo boats
with detailed estimates of cost for these
various Items. The proposed guns, mounts
and emplacements were of types that
seemed at that time best suited to aocom
nils!) the desired results, based on the only
data available, namely, experiments and
Information of similar work from abroad
"After the report was made part of the
nubile records the development and adop
tlon of a suitable disappearing gun car
rlage caused the substitution of open em
placements for the expensive turrets and
armored casemates, materially reducing the
cost of installing the armaments; the great
advances in ordnance. Increasing the P^wer
and range of the later guns, caused a dim
lnutlon In the number and caliber of the
pieces to be mounted, and this fact, com
blned with advances in the science of en
glneering, rendered unnecessary the con
structlon of the expensive floating bat
terles" designed by the End'F$).tt lboH? ?>?
mounting guns to give sufficient flre for
the defense of wide channels, or for har
bors where suitable foundations could not
belecured on land. Furthermore, keeping
uaca with the gradual development and im
Movement in the engines and Implements
of war. fortified harbors are equipped with
rapid-lire guns, and, to a certain extent
with power plants, searchlights and a sys
tem of tire control and direction, now es
sentlal adjuncts of a complete system
defense, though not so considered by that
While the details of the scheme of d?
fense recommended by the Endicott board
have been departed from In making prorl
slon for later developments of war ma
t riai great value of its report lies
In the fact that It sets forth a definite and
Intelligible plan or pollcyupon !rh'oh t^?
very Important work of coast defense
should proceed, and which is as applicable
today as when formulated.
"The greater effective ranges possible
with the later rlfledcannon, thenecesslty
of thoroughly covering with gun fire
available water of approach, and the
growth of seacoast towns beyond the limits
of^some of the military reservations have
combined to move defensive works more
to the front, and many of the gun positions
now occupied have been obtained from prl
vate ownership. The cost of such sites has
been a large item in the present cost
fortifications, and this purchase of land
was not Included to its estimates by ths
Endicott board. ..
-An examination of the report also dis
closes the fact that no estimates were sub
mitted covering a supply of ammunition to
be kept in reserve for the services of the
guns that wore recommended, due perhaps
to the fact that a satisfactory powder to
give the energy desired and a suitable pro
jectile to accomplish the desired destruc
tion of armor were still in experimental
stages. These questions, however, are no
longer in doubt, and Congress already has
made provisions for some of the ammuni
tion needed.
"The omissions in tbe estimates of the
Endicott board and the changes In the de
tails of its plans have caused doubts in the
minds of many as to ths money that will
be needed to defend completely our coast
by runs, mines and their adjunct*.
Defence of Insular Po???ions.
"New localities are pressing their claims
for defense. The Insular possessions can
not be held unless the principal ports, naval
bases and coaling stations are fortified be
fore the outbreak of war. These considera
tions have led me to appoint a Joint board
of officers of the army and navy 'to recom
mend the armament, fixed and floating, mo
bile torpedoes, submarine mines and all
other defensive appliances that may be
n^ssary to couplete the harbor defense
with the most economical and advantageous
expenditure of money;' the board was
Turther instructed 'to extend its examina
tions so as to Include estimates and recom
mendations relative to the defenses of the
insular possessions,' and to 'recommend the
order in which the proposed defense shall
be completed, so that all the elements of
harbor defense may be properly and ef
fectively co-ordinated.'
"The board has completed its labors, and
i?i..r*iPOiT ' wlth a letter of trans
mittal by the Secretary of War is here
Ti! transmitted for the information of
the congress. It is to be noted that the
entrance to Chesapeake bay. not hereto
fore recommended or authorised by Con
added to the lists of ports In the
United States to be defended, with the im
portant reasons therefore clearly stated;
that the gun defense proper is well ad
vanced toward completion, and that the
greater part of tbe estimate is for new
work of gun defense, for the accessories
now so necessary for efficiency, and for an
allowance of ammunition which, added to
that already on hand, w.il give the min
imum supply that should be kept In re
serve to successfully meet any sudden at
tack. The letter of the Secretarv of War
contains a comparison of the estimates of
the Endicott board with the amounts al
ready appropriated for tho present de
fense and the estimates of the new board,
from which it appears that a complete de
fense of our coasts, emitting cost of am
munition and sites, can be accomplished
for less than the amount estimated by the
Endicott board, even Including the addi
tional localities not recommended by it. j
"In the Insular possessions tlie great
naval bases at Guantanamo. Sublg bay
and Pearl harbor, the coaling stations at
Uuam and San Juan, require protection,
and. in addition, defenses are recommended
for Manila bay and Honolulu, because of
the strategic Importance of these locali
ties. In the letter of the Secretary of War
will be found the sums already appropriated
for defenses at some of these ports or
harbors, and the estimates are for the com
pletion of an adequate defense at each lo
cality. ,
Defense of Panama Canal.
"Defenses are recommended for the en
trance to the Panama canal as contem
plated by the act of June 28. 1902 (Spooner
act), and under the terms of this act the
cost of such fortifications would probably
be paid from appropriations for the con
struction and defense of the canal.
"The necessity for a complete and ade- |
quate system of coast defense is greater
today than twenty years ago, for the in- I
creased wealth of the country offers more
tempting Inducements to attack, and a hos
tile fleet can reach our coast in u much
shorter period of time. The fact that we
now have a navy does not In any wise
diminish the importance of coast defenses;
on the contrary, that fact emphasizes their
value and necessity for their construction.
It is an accepted naval maxim that a navy
can be used to strategic advantage only
when acting on the offensive, aud It can
be free to so operate only after our coast
defense is reasonably secure and so recog
nized by the country. It was due to the
securely defended conditions of the Japa
nese ports that the Japanese fleet was free
to seek out and watch its proper objective
?the Russian fleet?without fear of Inter
ruption or recall to guard its home ports
against raids by the Vladivostok squadron.
This, one of the most valuable lessons of
the late war In the east, is worthy of seri
ous consideration by our country, with its !
extensive coast line. Its many important
harbors and Its many~ wealthy manufac- :
turing coast cities.
"The security and protection of our In
terests require the completion of the de
fenses of our coast, and the accompanying
plan merits and should receive the gener- |
ous support of the Congress.
"THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
"The White House, March 5, 1906."
Cost of Completing Defenses.
In his letter transmitting the report of
the board to the President Secretary Taft i
says that the board estimates the cost of
completing the defenses at $50,879,399, or ]
$22,896,806 less than the sum proposed by
the Endicott board. The Secretary says
the growth of the country, the Improve
ments of the ordnance and the increase of
the navy in the past twenty years have
brought about a rearrangement of and ad
ditions to the list of porta made by the
Endicott board. "The changes that have
taken place in the system of defense have
been so radical." he says, "that the one
proposed In 1880 is not comparable with the
scheme as it exists today."
The estimates for the ports added since
the Endicott board made its report, in
cluding Chesapeake bay, are as follows:
Eastern entrance to Dong Island sound,
including $2.948.iV?7 already expended. $8.
021283; Port Royal, already expended,
$182 101; Tampa, including $704,487 already
expended, $1,210,377; Puget sound. Includ
ing, $4.28*1,015 already expended, $9,800,2t>4;
Chesapeake bay. $0,102,871.
The amount so far appropriated ana al
lotted is $72,750,583. He estimates the cost
for the defense of the insular possessions,
including the naval bases and coaling sta
tions. at $19,873,890 In addition to the $2.
254,920 already appropriated The esti
mated cost for the defense of the isthmian
canal ports, exclusive of the cost of land.
'J^h'e report is made by the Taft board,
which was constituted by a presidential
order and consisted of Secretary Taft,
Dleut.' Gen. Chaffee. MaJ. Gen. Bate?. Rear
Admiral Charles M. Thomas. MaJ. Gen.
Story retired: Gen. Greely, chief signal
officer Gen. Crozler. chief of ordnance;
Gen. Mackenzie, chief of engineers; Samuel
M. Mills, chief of artillery; Cnpt. C. L.
Bperry. United States navy, with MaJ. Geo.
W. Goettials. general staff, secretary.
Report of the Board.
While the letter of Secretary Taft sum
marizes a report of the board, which ac
companies the message, this report Is a
voluminous document, and goes Into every
detail upon the points covered In the Presi
dent's message and the Secretary's letter.
A considerable part of the report Is devoted
to the necessity for defenses In the Insular i
possessions and Isthmian ports. The places
mentioned In this oonnectlon are Guanta
namo. San Juan. Guam. Subig bay, Manila
bay. Pearl harbor. Honolulu. Colon and
Panama, the latter two the canal ports.
The recommendations of the Endicott
board for the defences of home ports have
been revised, and the following ports rec
ommended: Kennebeo river, Portland,
Portsmouth. Boeton. New Bedford, Narra
gansett bav. eastern entrance to Long
Inland sound, eastern and southern en
trances to New York. Delaware bay, Balti
more. entrance to Chesapeake bay, Hamp
ton roads. Potomac river. Cape Fear river,
Charleston. Savannah. Key West,. Pensa
cola. Mobile bay. Mississippi river. Galves
ton, San Diego. Columbia river, Puget
sound, lake ports. Klska. Island.
A large part of the report Is devoted to
the questions of guns and projectiles to be
used for defenses. The board deduces the
following opinion on this subject: Ports of 1
the first Importance should be defended with
12-Inch guns and mortars; channels liable
to cruiser attack. 10-Inch guns; places sub
ject to naval raids: 6-inch guns; for the pro
tection of mine fields, 3-Inch guns.
The naval opinion Is that the first-class
fortifications will not be seriously attacked
by anything less powerful than battleships.
The board recommends that no change in
policy be made in regard to having private
establishments supply war material for
coast defenses.
Unique Railroad to Be Built.
Official announcement has been made at
Toledo, Ohio, by W. B. Strang of New
Tork that the right of way has been
secured between Toledo and Indiao
a polio for a new railroad, and that
work will begin next month. The company
Is capitalised at $3,000,000 and Senator
Thompson of Indianapolis is president. The
remarkable feature of the new project is
that while steam will be used for the
movement of freight, gaso-electrlc cars
will be used for passenger service. The
road will be known as the Toledo, Fort
Wayne and Indianapolis.
Dr. T. Campbell, who with bis father and
three brothers founded Dec Moines, Iowa,
died in St. Louis Saturday at the age of
elrhty years.
President Castro of Venezuela has released
Otn. Ramon Querra and several ether po
litical prisoners. The president has gone to
Mara cay.
Teapot Results Are Assured
BY USING
sum
CEYLON AND INDIA TEA
IT HAS A DELICIOUSNESS ALL ITS OWN.
Lead packets only. Trial packet, I Oc. At all Grocers'.
Highest Award St. Louis, 1904.
PERILS OF INDOOR LIFE.
Sedentary Occupations the Source of
Many Dangers.
From the ''Unique.
The sedentary lives led by most towns
men are declared dangerous. First of all h?
asserts that the character .of llfp In Amer
ica has changed and Is still changing, not
only from the outdoor life of pioneering
and settlement to the Indoor life of com
merce and manufactures, but k also from
the rough life of manual agriculture to the
less laborious methods of modem farming.
This cliange In the mode of life of the peo
ple has been followed, he believes, by a
corresponding change In the diseases to
which they are subject. He says:
"The change In physical conditions re
sulting from the indoor life Is of the ut
most Importance from the standpoint or
national welfare. ? ? ? Inasmuch as a
nation's existence may depend any time
upon the physical and moral strength of
'the man behind tbe gun,' It behooves us
to make every effort to prevent the de
terioration which Inevitably follows con
gestion and overcrowding. In my opinion
the problem is more sociological than medi
cal. and there are many thinkers working
on It In all countries.
"The establishment of parks and play
grounds and the extension of trolley lines
Into the country are doing considerable
good In the way of giving the people ac
cess to places where there Is fresher air,
but In addition I hold that near every
large Inland city there should be a national
park of larger size reserved forever for the
use of the people and containing attractions
sufficient to draw the crowds away from
the cities on Sundays and on holidays.
"The tendency of the people to live In the
?uburl)s la to be commended, especially in
families where there are young children;
but as yet the number of suburban towns
suitable for the Immense population of
laboring people is relatively small, and the
problem of building up such suburbs "for
such a clas3 is one of the most Important
which we have. It is probably, however,
not too late in this country to take these
things in time before the general physical
condition of our large city populations Is
hopelessly deteriorated. It is imperative
that those who work in factories and In of
fices should have a greater annual supply
of fresh air than they now possess. I^abor
unions should by combined effort establish
colonies of workers in the various nearby
suburbs before the factories and railroad
yards have entirely tak"n possession of
them.
"The problem of supplying fresh air to
those who are even too poor to take a
trolley ride is indeed a seiious one. It is
said that there are persons in the Chicago
ghetto district who have never seen I^ake
Michigan. For such a class the establish
ment o^ small parks with swimming pools
as near as possible to their district, and
the municipal ownership of surface lines
with reduced fares, would be a certain help.
The latter would enable a considerable per
centage of those not wholly submerged to
live farther away from congested centers,
while those who were still obliged to live
in crowded portions) of the city might at
least occasionally have the benefit of a
trip to the suburbs or country.
"The poor, however, are not the only ones
that suffer from the Indoor life. In these
days the ability to succeed in business de
pends In many cases on the ability to stand
protracted nervous strain quite as much as
it does upon the possession of brains.
Hence we find men In promient positions'
who are obliged to make every minute
count; who allow just so many hours for
sleep, so many minutes for eating, and
who practically work all the time. It Is
among such a class that we are likely to
find neurasthenia, heart disease, diabetes
mellitus and chronic Brtght's disease To
such men we advise the following: Sub
urban residence and the habit of taking two
vacations a year, one in the winter as well
as one in the summer. But during the
working season more sleep, less rich food,
less alcohol, less sweets, a walk after din
ner In the evening, and observance of Sun
day as a day of rest for the mind, and suit
able exercise for the body are desirable.
"An Important measure with reference to
the kidneys Is the systematic drinking of
water, cool to a degree sufficient to be re
freshing, but not iced. In every factory,
department store, bank and office there
should be a supply of pure water, easily
obtainable, of which not less than three
pints dally should be drunk by every per
son able to tolerate it."
Give Your Horse More Water.
From Gating Magazine.
Wafer should be before horses p t all
times when indoors, and at least rj meal
should ever be offered and no nigiit Ugl ts
ever turned out until every animal has hid
Ills chance at as many brimming buckets ..s
he will take. The shy drinker may be
tempted by many artifices, like mixing a
little molasses, or salt, or oatmeal, or flax
seed jelly, or bran, etc., etc., with the
water, and constantly varying the flavor.
Horses may even have all they want right
after feeding, provided they have not been
deprived of water for some time previous.
Many shy drinkers, like shy feeders, who
are generally nervous, take all nourishment
best at night when It Is dark and quiet,
and morning finds the empty manger and
bucket which it had seemed, by day, al
most nauseated them.
THE BIOOEST FARM
Don Luis Terrazas' Eight Million Acre
Present Superlative.
From Krerytwdy's Magazine.
In a moment of vinous enthuilasn
Danlel Webster put his hand In his pock
et. asked how much the national deb
was. and offered to pay it himself. A
Mexican farmer, Don Luis Terraxas.
great friend of President Dlax, onco of
fered to assume the Mexican nntlona
debt; and It wouldn't have kept bin
awake nights if his offer had been a<
cepted. Don Lui# has what you mlghi
call a tidy little farm at Chlhuahun
about eight million acres Takes th<
Mexican Central trains more than hid
a day to cross It. Whew! Don Luis 1
thought to own more than a million cat
tie, but a bagatelle of a hundred thou
sand or so more or less never bother
him. His stable consists of some 100,(Rm
horses; his sheepfold of TOO.Ooo sheep
From 200.000 to 300.000 calves are brand
ed with his brand every spring Mot
than a thousand cowboys and so on keei
his cattle on a thousand hills. By th
way, his farm Includes a few mountains
for diversification. At his slaughter ati'
packing houses, near Chlhuahaa City
2o0,000 cattle, as many sheep, and hog
Innumerable are killed; and .iwa> they n
In his own refrigerator cars. Some 40.00
persons dwell on his estate and are rul<
bj this Arabian Nights farmer, who live
in a two-million (silver) dollar castle an
Is a swell and nabob such as tliese I'niteu
States know not.
Some Invisible Certainties.
From Everybody's Magazine.
The change of personality; that is cla?S<
now The evidence for telepathy ts Indub
table. That may seem a bold statement; !'
Is a commonplace for those who are 1
touch with the latest experiments of t)
metaphyslc clinics Only a few years ago
before Pasteur came?It would have bee
deemed sheer Idiocy to talk of studying ty
phoid fever or cholera or erysipelas tn a
laboratory. Telepathy Is an acqulted cer
tainty?as much as Harvey's theory of th
circulation of the blood, which three acaJ
emles of physicians declared Impossible.
And the explanation of the strange phc
nomena; are they. hints and instlg.ttlor.
from another world?the Intervention o
spirits of the dead, of angels or demons
This Is the opinion held by almost all th
sects of the occult, those who worship li
the hundred and one little religions o'
mysticism. Sclent does not go quite ??
far. It declares:
First. There exist In nature certain un
known forces capable of acting on matte;
(This covers all the objective phenomena o'
metaphysics, such as the transport of bodlc
from one place to another, luminosity, etc
Second. We possess other means of know
ing than those of reason or the senw?
(This applies to the subjunctive phenomet:
of metaphysics. Including telepathy, secor.
sight, clairvoyance).
French Railroads Controlled.
From Kverybody's Magazine.
In France ncarljr all rhe railroads arc
owned by private corporations. Of a tota.
trackage of .To,000 miles the compinle
own about 2H.5O0 miles, tlie government
only 3,407 miles. Those that believe t ha'
the solution of our troubles lies In govern
ment control and not In government own. r
ship can And much to Interest them It;
the examples of France and England. It.
both countries the government rofttrols but
does not operate, but the methods of con
trol are different. In England there Is a
general supervision and regulation; In
France the government takes part In th<
actual direction, supervises the working1
01 the lines, and can Interfere at any tlrn<
In any way It sees fit to modify rates ot
make other changes It may desire. Tin
French railroads operate under the eye o:
the national minister of public works; they
are essentially attached to his department,
and are subject to severe regulations and
restrictions that for a very good and suf
ficient reason they cannot disregard.
The Old Wisconsin in History.
From Outtng Magazine.
The early French explorers called it the
Ouisconsln. The historians and geograpli
ers call It the Wisconsin. The river met.
called It always the Wlsconse, or sometime
affectionately, "the Old Wlsconse." It is n
river big In history, ancient and modern
adventurous and commercial. It carried thr
seeds of civilization Into the Mississippi val
ley, and It has brought down millions 01
wealth since civilization came. It bore tb
apostles of the church Into the wlldernes
in the early days, and since then It hs
floated Into Congress many a merchari'
wlo found wealth in the predatory com
me-ce that once lined Its shores. Its stalnf
waters ripple and roar, rush and glide l>e
twetn banks hung thick with deeds of dar
lng. Us banks are lined with graves, too
thougl. the grasses now are covering the?'
graves, making them ready for the grea'
oblivion which In time will enshroud th,
story of the old Wlsconse and the bold met
who once knew and loved It.
The Evening Star Patterns.
BY MARTHA DEAN.
A Charming Waist
for Evening.
No, (M33.?Separate blouses for dressy oc
casions are to be so popular that many
evening waists are being made and will b<
worn with skirts of another material. Tb<
elbow and short puff sleeve will reach thel
height of perfection here, accompanied b>
tbe high. Dutch or decollette neck. A
charming waist of this kind is shown, de
veloped In delicate blue radium and wit:
every movement of the wearer hinting a'
shades of pearl gray and pink. The slmpb
round neck Is finished In rows of shirrs
which provide the soft fullness for the
blouse The sleeve consists of a short pur
and a lower portion shirred snugly to the
arm. The small chou of lace fastened to
the outside of the sJeeve by a cut steel but
ton gives a chic touch?decidedly newer thar
the lace frill. A suggestion of cloth of golc
peeps oyt from the edge of the sleevi
which ends above the elbow. I,ong glove
of blue complete the outfit. Chiffon, net
lace, moussellne de sole and chiffon taf
fetas are excellent materials for such ?
waist. For the medium Rise, 4% yards of
27-Inch material are needed.
042(3?Sixes. ?2 to 42 inches bust measure
Fashion Department, The. Ereilsg Star, MaiblBgton, D. C.
For the 10 cents Inclosed please send pattern to the following address:
Size
Name
Address
City and Stat*
Pattern No. 6433.

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