No. 16,600. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 190d-TWENTY PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAR
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Address Jury Today in Trial of
George E. Green.
GUMMING UP ARGUMENTS
Decided Disposition Shown to Applaud
CHECKED BY JUSTICE GOULD
Consul General Wynne Referred to as
"That Much-Abused Witness"?
T lie task of presenting a final
summary of all the evidence and
of addressing the closing appeals
to the jury in the trial of George
I*.. Green, indicted for conspiracy
to defraud the United States in
connection with the Post Office
Department irregularities, devolved
today upon Mr. A. S. \\ orthington
for the defense, and Major Holmes
t onrad for the government.
From In o'clock this morning until a
IjiIc hour this afternoon the room of
Criminal Court No. 1 was crowded with
Interested spectators, who listened with
the closest attention to the forceful pleas
and convincing; reasoning of tlie opposing
legal representatives. The jurors, who
have never shown any evidences of flag
ging interest at any stage of the long and
tiresome trial, carefully followed the
train of thought of each speaker, weigh
ing and pondering every statement made. I
The las* word for the defense was said '
shortly after noon by Attorney Worthing- j
ton. At the close of his speech he was j
warmly congratulated by hia friends. His
presentation, man> present declared was j
one of the most forct ful ever heard in the
local court room. i
Closed for the Government.
Maj. Conrad becun li's address when
court reconvened after the miJday ivot-.-s.
HIh argument, delivered in Ii'h usual stylo. !
was t'owerful, whMe his recital of ficts j
adduced on 11..? witness stand was In clour J
and forceful sequence. He w is address- |
ing the Jury at a late hour this afternoon.
During till speech of Attorney Worthing
ton this morning the interest of the soec
t a tors gave evidence of transgressing the
usual forms of the court At one time when
a tilt oi r.ni.'d between Mr. Worthington
and Maj Conrad over the testimony ot
former Postmaster (General Wynne, the
crowd made a show of applauding each
parry and thrust of the legal champions.
Justice Could speedily restored order,
"i'he audience In the court room," he an
nounced. "wl!! preserve order. If anv one
Is observed applauding he will l>e brought
before m< and dealt with according to
Attorney Worthington began his address
*'->n after court convened this morning.
It appeared, said counsel that he could
hardly expect to add anything to what his
colleagues had said, but he had carefully
pondered over the evidence last evening
and hoped to be able to jiresent some
phases of the case in such a way as to
ass'st the Jur\ In reaching a just verdict.
The jury must k.-e:> |n mind the character
ef tli> defendant as shown on the witness
stand. .Mr. Worthington declared, in Con
sldering each contention of the government
as to the existence of a fraudulent agree
ment or the commission of fraudulent acts,
lie added th. j-.iry must always ask: "|? it
l?kei\ that sm-h a man would have been
Built;, of the offense charged?"
Alt \\ orthington told the jurors that tiiey
1,1 s' f'd.y ^-ttistled as to four proposi
tions iH'foii- tl;e> could he justified in re
tarains ? verdict <>f guilty He fe.t sure
thf'' i ,i' ment was entirely supported
? ruction* of the court. These
points !??? announced to In- as follows:
"Fii.-!. yon inns' he sitlsried beyond a
re, .nalde douht th:?t .Mr. Green agreed
with Mr. Be i vers that the International
Tin,* Recording Company would pay to
Heiv.-rs a commission of 10 per cent on all
?ales of t.me :ecordlng devices to the l-ov
"Second, that the orders for the tlme-re
cordmg (levies wen obtained through the
pmeurHtnen- and liifluoice of Betvers.
J.hlrd aMe: they h'ld entered Into
'nen: one or the other must have
en'? ted Into some overt acf.
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt.
i'ourth, that the government must satis
fy you i? ,n(| reasonable doubt, either
that the conspiracy wis entered into In the
l'lstr.ct of c'??'umbia or that some one of
the eleven overt acts were committed here."
la king up the first proposition Mr.
Worthlngto., sked if this agreement was
made how was it that Beavers got only
one-third of the money reptes<*nting the lo
per cent commission? How WJK |t Uso
asked the attorney, that Green wan re
ceiving this money some years iKfore he
lad anj transactions with Beavers concern
ing the pur, ha*, of Hundy time recorders?
Mr Worthington discussed the checks ind
other tins nclal paper, from which t,,e
fraTl'd" n" ***** "* Jl"'-V '? l,,f" <l
fraudulent agreement H. severely erltl
ciaed the contention that any such infer
ence could t*. drawn from the mere counllnK
of certain checks hearing only a vague re
?emhlance. As on instance of this cla?s of
evidence he mentioned the claim of~'the
prosecution that a suspicion of agreement
could be read Into the figures ?170.01 on the
^e hand and ^OO! on the other. How
was it, Mr Worthington asked, that Mr
Green paid Mr. Beavers fjoo more th '
former had obtained himself?
Influence of Beavers.
As to the second proposition, that of the
alleged procurement and influence of Beav
er* In the purpose of clocks, Mr Worth
ington declared that the government had
absolutely failed to prove Its claims. The
documentary evidence produced by the
ffr?thev"h/1,1 ,lr i'"'1 ?fc?wn nothing
rtiine ordered^ by B^reriatwaaeo?iina^
om"erKh Ih? lns.truct,,,n? of his superior
officers. In one Instance, he said the ?rov
er3thflHt.hid <? show that B?av
nn , ^ *llfrn ,u upon himself to pass upon
f" to ih? ? important transaction relat
m Purchase of machine* This tos
? Worthington added, had proved
had ^T^o'Vr, V* K?verament. 'for n
I aL ? Introduction of evidence
allowing that Mr. Beavers In every Instance
proceeded under an order promulgated by
u'? ??""??? ?<
Counsel asked why the government had
(Continued on Sixth Page!)
RUSSIA'S m REGIME
Vagueness in Manifesto Calling
FOR NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
Believed to Have Been Intentional by
NO WRITTEN CONSTITUTION
Interpellations of Ministry Restricted
?Some of the Comments on the
ST. PETERSBURG. March 7.?Although
yesterday's manifesto and uka?e referring
to the national assembly leave considerable
vagueness regarding the exact status of
the parliament under the new political
scheme of the government?the vagueness,
perhaps being intentional and intended for
future definition according to the develop
ment of events?it is made clear that Rus
sia has not been granted a written consti
tution. The cabinet, as in the German sys
tem, remains quite Independent of the ma- j
jorlty in parliament.
The hope expressed after the manifesto
of October 30 that the cabinet wou!d be
responsible to the national assembly, after
the British system, has not been realized.
Even Interpellations of the ministers are
restricted to alleged violations of the law
and the apparent causes of events.
The government believes it will control
the new parliament and proposes to fight
further concessions to the radical parties.
That it expects to succeed Is evident by
the fact that Premier Witte lias definitely
eltanged Ms plans and will not retire on the
opening of the national assembly. He had
frequently declared that his task would be
confined to tiding over the government till
the representatives of the people were con
voked, but having accompls-hed this task,
the revolutionary storm having somewhat
abated and conditions being altered, he has
decided to continue at tin head of the gov
ernment. His decision is expected to aid
in the negotiation of the new foreign loan,
of which the treasury stands in urgent
Expropriation of Lands.
Another subject removed from the con
sideration of parliament, which was omit
ted from last night's dispatch on the sub
ject. is the expropriation of private lands,
the compensation for which is a question
which vitally affects the interests of the
rich landed proprietors and the court, and
which might even be interpreted to affect
crown lands which parliament might de
sire to appropriate for the benefit of the
The newspapers' comment on the scheme
reflects their political complexion. The
Novoe Vremya considers it to be the real
ization of a grand reform, while the Russ
and radical organs accept it as a limitation
of the autocracy, but bitterly criticise its
narrow limits and restrictions. The Russ
demands an explanation of the oath of
fidelity to the autocrat which members of
parliament will have to take.
The list of electors of the city of St.
Petersburg Is completed and shows that
there are 148,104 voters.
NOTED LUTHERAN MARRIED.
Rev. M. W. Hamma of Baltimore
Wedded to Miss Keesey.
Special IHspatcb to The Star.
AT/rOONA, Pa.. March 7.?Dr. M. W.
Hamma of Baltimore, one of the most dis
tinguished ministers in the Lutheran
church, was married at 10 o'clock this
morning to Miss Clara Keesey, a former
parishioner during the doctor's pastorate
here, and also a warm friend of Mrs.
Hamma, who died two years ago.
The ceremony was performed in the First
Lutheran Church by Rev. O. C. Roth.
They left on a wedding trip through the
south. Dr. Hamma is sixty-seven, the
BLEW OUT HIS BRAINS.
Brooklyn Man Had Been 111 fort Some
Special Dispatch to The Star.
NEW YORK, March 7.?Frederick Haft,
fifty-three years old, went Into the base
ment of his home at 707 Glenmore avenue,
Brooklyn, at 1:30 o'clock this morning and
blew his brains out with a .32-eallber re
volver. An ambulance surgeon pronounced
the man dead. Haft had been ill for some
time and was very despondent. This was
supposed to account for his act.
He may have had another reason, how
ever, as indicated by a note he left ad
dressed to his wife, which read:
"My dear wife?Please excuse me for
killing myself, but I believe I am going
AMENDING THE TREATY.
To Protect American Interests in the
Isle of Pines.
Senators Spooner and Bacon today reached
an agreement concerning an amendment to
the Isle of Pines treaty which is Intended to
protect American Interests. It provides that
the island shall be regarded as a separate
province, within the meaning of the Cuban
constitution. This would give to the island
local self-government and a representative
In the Cuban congress when the population
of the island warrants such representation.
As the Americans are In the majority on
the Island It Is understood that the pro
posed amendment will be satisfactory to
them. It will be ottered In the Senate when
the treaty is taken up in executive session.
PROFESSED HER FAITH.
Princess Ena Made a Catholic at San
SAN SEBASTIAN. Spain, March 7.?The
Impressive ceremony of the conversion of
the Princess Ena of Battenburg to the
Roman Catholic faith, prior to her mar
rying King Alfonso, took place today In the
chapel of the palace of Mlramar. Tie
Right Rev. Robert Brlndle, Roman CathoLc
bishop of Nottingham. England, officiated.
Premier Moret and the Duke of Alba were
witnesses for the princess.
The members of the royal party were
deeply moved, the Princess Beatrice, Prin
cess Henry of Battenburg. mother of the
Princess Ena. and Princess Ena were In
tears. An artillery salute announced the
termination of tlM ceremony, after vhlch
the royal party lunched together.
The town is enjoying a holiday in honor
of the event, processions headed by bands
of music passing constantly through the
MAJOR GILLETTE REGALED TO
THE STAND TODAY.
SAVANNAH, Ga., March 7.?Upon the
conclusion of the reading: or '.he deposition
given by the late Charles Vande venter be
fore 1'nlte;l States Commissioner Shields In
New York Major Cassius E. Gillette was
recalled to the stand today in the Greene
and Gaynor trial. Mr. Vaudeventer's tes
timony related to bond transactions with O.
M. Carter, for whom li*? had made various
purchases of securities.
Major Gillette said he first saw B. IX
Greene, one of the defendants, about ten
days after he succeeded Carter In charge of
the engineering work of the Savannah dis
trict, when Greene appeared to get the
checks for the work done in Cumberland
sound. Gillette paid him for none of the
work done since Carter had relinquished
control, but said that he paid $31,159.50 due
from Carter's administration. Shortly aft
erward the work at Cumberland sound was
stopped. The defendants, as far as the wit
ness knew, had stopped work of their own
Relevancy of Question.
Maj. Gillette was asked about the price
of dredging by District Attorney Erwin.
The court failed to see the relevancy and
Inquired regarding It, whereupon the ? dis
trict attorney said he was proving that
when Carter found that the jetties being
built by Greene and Gaynor were not doing
much good he attempted to get the gov
ernment to allow him to enter Into a sup
plemental contract for nearly half a million
dollars' worth of dredging by the defend
ants at 25 cents per cubic yard.
Jne judge advocate general to whom this
recommendation was referred, decided that
such a contract would be illegal. The witness
said tiiat 10 cents a cubic yard would have
been enough to pay, and subsequently In
this connection Mr. Osborne for the de
fense brought out that two bids were sub
mitted to Maj. Gillette for similar dredging j
In the same place and that one of them
was as high as 70 cents a cubic yard. This
was touched upon by the district attorney
In the redirect examination.
This 70-cent bid, said the witness, was
for a very small piece of work which,
taken in connection with other more ex
tensive work, averaged only 10 cents. The
price paid, he said, always varies Immense
ly with the amount of work to be done.
The average cost of doing the work by
government dredges at Cumberland sound,
he said, exclusive of .that investment rep
resented by the dredges is only 0 cents a
Judge S. B. Adams, for the government,
upon the conclusion of Maj. Gillette's tes
timony began to read the evidence given
by R. F. Westcott, deceased, father-in-law
of O. M. Carter. This evidence is regard
ed by the government as being highly Im
portant and the defense had fought vigor
ously but without success to have it ex
[Miring the progress of the reading nu
merous objections were offered by counsel
for the defense and exceptionsj?oted when
the court overruled them all. When the
hour for adjournment arrived no great
progress had been made.
TO SEEK RETURN OF MONEYS.
Hamilton's Home-Coming to Start
BUFFALO, N. Y., March 7. John G. Mil
burn, attorney for the trustees of the New
York Life Insurance Company, to bring suits
against the McCall estate and .Andrew
Hamilton for the return of the money al
leged to have been fraudulently taken from
the compojiy. today expressed surprise and
delight at the return of Hamilton to New
York. He said: "Andrew Hamilton was
sued along with the McCall estate and the
matter will be pressed Immediately In the
courts for return of the money. I shall re
turn to New York city tonight and there
wir be no delay in prosecuting the suit."
"Will you bring criminal proceedings
against Hamilton?" Mr. Mllburn was asked.
"No, I have nothing to do with that:
that is the duty of the district attorney. I
don't remember the amount Involved In the
suit, but It Is a large sum, and we believe
wo have a good case against the McCall
estate and Andrew Hamilton."
ALBANY, N. Y., March 7.?Senator Arm
strong, chairman of the insurance Inves
tigating committee, today expressed the
opinion that the commlttes 'would make no
attempt to call Andrew Hamilton, the life
Insurance legislative agent, before It He
sail he saw no reason to suppose that
the railing of Hamilton or any ono else
to testify now would assist in perfecting the
legislation requested by the committee and
The return of Hamilton to hla home here
was the chief topic of interest and con
versation in the legislature and through
out the city today. He spent last evening
at home with 'his family and one or two
close friends, and had nothing to say for
publication. Today he again denied him
self to newspaper men. Insisting that While
he would have something to say at the
proper time, that time would not be today.
FURNISH A REMEDY IO
THE PACKERS' HEARING.
Special Agent Robertson on the Stand
CHICAGO, March 7.?Special Agent T. M.
Robertson of the bureau of corporations oc
cupied the stand in the packers' case when
the hearing was resumed today.
The witness first testified regarding a con
versation between himself, J.Ogden Armour
and Arthur Meeker, general superintendent
for Armour & Co. The witness asked for a
financial statement of the profits of the pri
vate car lines, and then information con
cerning th<! lines. He was told, he said,
that Armour & Co. was a "family com
pany." and a corporation merely for con
"I was told by Mr. Armour," he said,
"that this class of information was none of
the government's business. That the pri
vate car lines were matters of controversy
with the government. He said at a later
time that he had regretted that I reported
to the government that he had said that the
private car lines were none of Its business,
and he wished to withdraw the statement,
meaning no disrespect to the government.
I reported that to the government also. Mr.
Armour said that he must respectfully de
cline to furnish the information I wanted.
He also said that he did not believe the gov
ernment would co to the extent of exercis
ing its compulsory powers. X was allowed
to examine some of the accounts and take
some of the figures from the books. X was
also told that 1 might take some of the fig
ures on salaries paid to some of the olll
ON TRIAL FOR ABORTION.
Hearing of Hermann and Tompkins at
Special Dispatch to The Star.
HAGERSTOWN, Md., March 7.?Great in
terest is being manifested in the trial of
Hermann, the young druggist, and Dr.
Tompkins, the negro physician, charged
with being responsible for the death of MiS3
Jean Maxwell, daughter of Joseph S. Max
well, a wealthy brick manufacturer, at
Cumberland last June. Miss Maxwell died
from Wood poisoning following a criminal
operation alleged to have been performed
by Hermann, who was tngaged to marry
her, and by Tompkins. One of the most
important witnesses put on the stand to
day by the state was Joseph S. Maxwell,
father of the young woman. He told of the
dying confession made by his daughter.
In tills statement, which Mr. Maxwell
said was given with reluctance by his
daughter, she said Hermann had taken her
to Tomokins' office, where the operation
was performed by Tompkins. Mr. Max
well's testimony was in corroboration of
the statements made on the witness stand
last night by the young woman's mother
and by Dr. Thomas W. Koon, the attend
ing physician. Mrs. Maxwell identified a
bottle of bichloride of mercury which had
been sent to the house for her daughter
from Hermann's drug store. Miss Max
well's engagement ring is also In evidence.
It is not believed the case will be concluded
before tomorrow or probably Friday.
WRECK ON THE ERIE ROAD.
Engineer Probably Fatally Hurt?
Close Call for Passengers.
BINGHAMTON, N. Y., March 7.?West
bound lCrie railroad train No. 7, traveling
at the rate of twenty miles an hour, com
posed of eight coaches and carrying a
tralnload of emigrants bound for the west,
was derailed at the Erie tower above the
Court street drawbridge, near Griswold
street, today, and the engine, mall, bag
gage and express cars plunged over the
embankment to the street.
Samuel Mason, the engineer, was pinned
beneath the wreck pf the engine and Is at
the hospital so badly injured that his death
Is expected. I.esne Jackson, the fireman,
was also injured, but hope Is expressed for
his recovery. None of the passengers waa
'llFlve minutes after the wreck the entire
Are department was on the scene and was
followed in a few minutes by ambulances.
The wreck caught fire, but the flames were
WOMEN IN PISTOL DUEL.
Wild Bullet Struck and Killed Han
Inside Pool Boom.
CHICAGO, March 7.?A dlspateh to the
Tribune from Mlddlesboro, Ky., says: In a
pistol duel yesterday between Mrs. Alice
-Moore and Mrs. Lucy Tucker, as the result
of a long-time quarrel, Frank Maden was
killed by a bullet from the revolver of
The women met In front of a saloon, and
after exchanging a few words both drew
weapons. Mrs. Tucker was the first to
open Are. At the third shot Mrs. Moore
turned and ran down the street unharmed,
though her clothing was twice pierced
It was this last shot which strode Maaen,
who was near the saloon door engaged In
?i game of pool. The bullet hlt hlm square
ly In the forehead, causing Instant death.
The cause of the trouble Is said to have
to??a a love affair.
R THIS EVIL?
TO BAB CLEEES OF 70
PROPOSED TO ESTABLISH THE
RULE IN 1913.
The provision in the legislative, executive
and judicial appropriation bill which deals
^Ith the questi >n of superannuation in the
government departments in Washington is.
as finally decided upon by the committee,
even more radical than was outlined in The
Star of yesterday.
T lie provision, which is expected to cre
I au more discussion than anything of a
j similar nature that has been turned out of
the House appropriations committee for a
; Bood lon^ while, prohibits the payment to
any clerk sixty-five years or over In the
government departments of more tiian
, a year; to any clerk sixty-eight years
| o d of more than $1,200 a year, and to any
| clerk seventy years old of more than $810.
i Moreover, another paragraph is included
which provides that after 1013 all govern
ment clerks reaching the age of seventy
years shall be dismissed outright from the
It is very doubtful whether this provision
will stay in the bill as it is now written.
As a limit upon an appropriation the para
graph is not susceptible to a point of order,
but as at present written it is believed that
it comes under the head of new legislation
and can therefore be eliminated by one ob
jection. If such happens to be the case
paragraph will undoubtedly be redrawn
ana an attempt made to insert it in the
i Whether thls attempt will b^
succetsful or not remains to be seen, but
Chairman Tawney of the House appropria
tion committee is very much in earnest in
I the matter, and assorts that somethini?
| a.ong this line is absolutely necessary if
I economical and efficient administration of
the executive departments is des'red
The provision will undoubtedly result in
a lively discussion on the floor, besides cre
ating considerable consternation in the
homes of government employes.
KIDNAPED BOY RETURNED.
Escaped From Captors Out of Room
NEW YORK. March 7.?Antonio Bozzuffl,
the fourteen-year-old boy who was kidnaped
last Sunday and held for $20,000 ransom, re
turned alone to his home today. He had es
caped from his captors, he said, by stealing
out of a room above a saloon in o'.lth street
today, while one of his captors, who iiad
been left alone to guard him, turned his
back for a moment. The boy says that it
took him but a second to spring beyond the
man s reach and get downstairs to the
street, where no attempt was made to pur
o hu.w -he ,was terrorized into writing
a letter to his father. John Bozzuffi. an East
Side banker, informing him that $20 000
must be paid and that if the police were in
formed his life would be taken He was in
d,'ced( to enter the saloon by two Julians
who told him they wished him to do tome
speak 3 K"glish- which they did not
wJsaatnfl,-?r I*16 ui)stal,rs room, he says he
TREND OF SENTIMENT
For a More Comprehensive Plan of Ju
n"ere,Wre distinct evidences this after-I
* trend ?f segment among in- !
flucntlal democratic senators favorable to
C,?mprehonsive I>Ian of Judicial re
h n .h ! embodied in the railway rate
b 11 than has heretofore been considered.
den^'Li? U'at a namb?r of prominent
senatora wh? have given serious
thought to the Hepburn bill and to the
arguments of those who contended that
tho Hepburn bill without a judicial review
provision might be found to be unconstl
Th?n?LaEe ,5omln? around to that view.
They ^ think it would be a grave political
mistake for the democrats to be a party to
5o?Y ^ Pr?ved unconsUtu
tjle al,e8red defects had been
rn!n ^ Pointed out by other senators
rhe conservative senators, including most
republicans and democrats who have hAAn
contending for JudlclaI l?vl? ^
much encouraged this afternoon over the
co^erencea "which they had had
with their odllea^ues who. sl few davs n?m
STSt^SS1 of.a^en<lin? the Hepburn blli
In tho manner Indicated.
The conservative senators Insisted this
t?*t Prospects were brighter to
day than they have been at any thne for
incorporation in the bill of a cWprehen
?lv.": Pjf? 'or appeals to the courts. They
thrir fcrth6?!0? Knox an<1 S^ner In
. *t>eche3 win further
elucidate the necessity for such amendment
# validate the Hepburn bill, and
t ?KWfr<l 10 ?W,nnln* a number of
recruits to their way of thinking.
PARIS DEATH MYSTERY
American Woman Found Dead
in the Seine.
LOOKS LIKE MURDER CASE
Deceased Was Elegantly Dressed and j
DEEP SCALP WOUND FOUND
Underclothing Embroidered With
Name of "Ethel A. Brown"?Be
lieved to Have Lived in Georgia.
PARIS. March 7 - The prefecture of po
lice has requested she American authorities
to assist in unraveling the mysterious death
of Ktnel A. Brown, believed to be an Ameri
can. whose body wis found recently in the
river Seine. A boatman discovered the
body floating near tiie suburb of Charen
ton. It appeared to be that of a woman of
means and was elegantly dres?ed. The
underclothes were embroidered with the
name "Ethel A. Brown."
On the hinds wore two gold rings, she
wore pear! earrings, a (fold lorgnette was
suspended from a chain around her neck,
and she had kid gloves on her hands. No
money and no papers were found on the
body, and there was a deep wound, tive
Inches long, across tiie scalp.
The police are unable to decide whether
the wound was the result of an accident or
of an intentional blow. The body appar
ently had been in the water several weeks.
The first clue to the Identity of the wo
man was the following entry, made tn
on the police records of foreigners visiting
"Ettle Brown. American: born in Fay
etteville Novemter 21, 1*72; father, John;
mother, Sally Geachy."
The entry indicates that the maiden name
of the deceased was Ethel Geachy. The
name of the state from which she came was
The body remains at the morgue.
The French and American officials are co
operating with the police in the endeavor
to establish the identity of the woman.
Believed to Have Lived in Georgia.
ATLANTA, Ga.. March 7.-Xliss Ethel A.
Brown, mentioned as having been mur
dered In Paris, is believed to have been
formerly a resident of Fayattevllle, Ga.. a
small town thirty miles south of Atlanta.
THE NANCHING RIOT.
Further Details of Massacre of French
SHANGHAI. March 7.?All is quiet at
Nanchlng, the scene of the recent massacre
of Catholic missionaries, and the mission
aries who Red are returning. It is snted
that the Chinese governor has admitted his
guilt in failing to preserve the peace and
has asked for personal punishment. He
will probably be degraded.
An Investigation of the trouble shows
that the French missionaries invited the
magistrate to a feast and urged him to
sign papeis promising an Indemnity for
property wrecked last year and to release
six Catholics charged with murder. The
magistrate declined to do so. and he was
fatally stabbed. It is reported that Eng
land will demand for the murder of the
Kingman family the punishment of the
murderers, an Indemnity and the privilege
of stationing gunboats on Poyang lake.
The French demands have not yet been
formulated. There was no loss of Ameri
can life or property.
A recent imperial decree sternly com
mands the provincial ajthoritles to protect
foreign property and persons, especially
FATAL NAPHTHA EXPLOSION.
One Employe Killed and Five Serious
ly Hurt at Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA. March 7. ? Adolph
Friedman, aged fifty-five years, was In
stantly killed and five other men were serl
j ot'sly injured by an explosion today at the
I Printz degreaslng works. Magazine lane
and the Schuylkill river, the extreme
southwestern section of the city.
The men were working In the extracting
department, where oil Is taken from leath
' er, when a tank of naphtha exploded.
Friedman was blown through a window
and his fellow workmen were badly burned.
The building, a one-story brick structure,
was destroyed by fire, which followed the
KING OF SAXONY WOULD WED.
Asks Pope for a Special License to
Special Cat.letf;-nm to The Star.
BERLIN, March 7.?Whom the King of
Saxony wishes to make his wife is not
known here. He asked the pope yesterday
for a special license to marry again. It is
believed that the king's choice U either a
Bavarian or an Austrian princess. The Idea
of his marriage Is welcomed throughout
It was three years ago that King Fred
erick Augustus of Saxony divorced Queen
Louise, after the scandal caused by her
elopement with Andre Glron, the tutor of
her elder sons. The former queen Is now
in exile, a pensioner of the Saxon crown.
Child Scalded to Death.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
BRISTOL, Tenn., March 7.?While lifting
a kettle of boiling water from an open fire
place last evening the tifteen-year-old
daughter of Sain Wine, a farmer residing
near here, accidentally fired her skirts and
was quickly enveloped In flames. As she
was endeavoring to extinguish the blaze
her fivs-year-old sister, who ran to aid her,
tripped and fell face foremost Into the
steaming kettle, which had been placed on
the floor, and was scalded to de?th. The
elder girl was badly Injured.
Susan B. Anthony Improved.
ROCHE8TER, N. Y., March 7.?Susan B.
Anthony, who Is 111 with pneumonia. Is said
by her physician to be considerably Im
proved this morning. She spent a restful
night. The doctors now say she has a fair
chance for recovery.
Williams' Students to Quit Hazing.
Special Dispatch to The Star. -?
WILLIAMSTOWN, Mass., Mfcrch 7.?The
Williams College students after a spirited
debate on the haslng question last night
voted 190 to 133 that It is the sentiment of
Williams College that the students co
operate with the trustees to eliminate has
lng for tbe second half-year. The meeting
opened with cheers for President Hopkins,
who made an earnest appeal for a reversing
Of Friday night's motion, but refused to
vote to entirely abolish basing.
Cloudy and warme ;tonigtrv
and tomorrow, with occasional
10 (lira ACTION
Proposed Investigation of Rail
MESSAGE FROM PRESIDENT
Would Increase Authority of Inter
MONEY NEEDED FOR AN INQUIRY
Suggests According Bight to Compel
the Attendance of Witnesses and
to Administer Oaths.
President RoosevHt today sent a mos?s|
to Congress announcing his signature to
the Joint resolution recently ptawd instruct
ing the Interstate commerce commission to
make examination Into the subject of rall
load discriminations and monopolies In coal
and oil. He says frankly that iic has
Fig lied It with hesitation, because it may
achieve little or nothing. He Indicates, too.
that If the Investigation proposed by ths
risolutlon is conducted thoroughly It will
ritoit In giving immunity from criminal
prosecution io all persona who are called
and sworn as witnesses.
In the opinion of the President the direc
tion contained In the resolution will remain
practically Inoperative unless money be pro
vided to carry on the Investigation and tho
commission be authorized to take testimony
tinder Its provisions. He suggests, there
fore. that Congress give serious considera
tion to Just what It desires the Interstate
commerce commission to do. and that tho
sum of S50,0"0 l>e placed at the disposal of
the commission to defray the expenses of
the proposed investigation. The message
The President's Message.
"To the Senate and llouss of Represent**
"I have signed the Joint resolution 'In
structing the interstate commerce com
mission to make examinations into the
subject of railroad discriminations and
monopolies in coal and oil and report on
the same from time to time.' 1 have
signed it with hesitation, because in the
form in which it was passed it achieves
very little and may .K-hleve nothing; and
it is highly undesirable that a resolution
ol this kind shall become law in sucli
fortr. as to give the impression of insln
terity: that Is. of pretending to do some
thing which really is not done. Mut after
much hesitation l concluded to s'.*n the
resolution because its defects can be
remedied by legislation which I hereby
ask for; and It must be understood that
unless this subsequent legislation Is
granted the present resolution must be
ir?jiiniy. and may be entirely. Inoperative.
"Hefore specifying what this legislation is
I wish to call attention to one or two pre
liminary facts. In the first place, a part
of the investigation requested by the House
of Representatives in the resolution adopted
February lo, 1803, relating to tlie oil in
dustry, and a further part having to do
with the anthracite coal Industry, has been
for Rome time under investigation by the
Department of Commerce and Labor Theso
investigation, 1 am informed, are approach
ing completion, and before Congress ad
journs I shall submit to you the prelimi
nary reports of these Investigations l*ntll
these reports are completed the interstato
commerce commission could not endeavor
to carry out so much of the resolution of
Congress as refers to .the ground thus al
ready covered without running the risk of
seeing the two investigations conflict and
therefore render each other more or less
?^In the second place, I call your atten
tion to the fact that If an investigation of
the nature proposed In this Joint resolution
Is thoroughly ami effectively conducted, It
will result in giving immunity from crimi
nal prosecution to all persons who are
called sworn and constrained by compul
sory process of law to testify as witnesses;
though, of course, such Immunity from
prosecution is not given to those from
whom statements or information merely In
contradistinction to sworn testimony, is ob
Benefits of Publicity.
?This is not at all to say that such in
vestigations should not be undertaken Pub
licity can by Itself often accomplish ex
traordinary results for good; and the court
of public Judgment may secure such results
where the courts of law are powerless.
"There are many cases where an Investi
gation securing complete publicity about
abuses and giving Congress the material
on which to proceed In the enactment of
laws. Is more useful than a criminal pros
ecution can possibly be. Hut it should not
be provided for by law without a clear
understanding that it may be an alternates
instead of an additional remedy, that Is,
that to carry on the Investigation may
serve as a bar to the successful prosecu
tion of the offenses disclosed. The om
clal body directed by Congress to make
the investigation must, of course, carry
out its direction, and therefore the direc
tion should not be given without full ap
preciation of what St means.
Powers Needed by Commission.
"But the dilution contained in the joint
resolution which I have signed will retnoin
almost Inoperative unless money is provid
ed to carry out the investigations in ques
tion, and unless the commission, in <^rr>'"
Ing them out, is authorized to admlnlsist
oaths and compel the attendance of wk
nisses. As the resolution now is * com
mission which is very busy with Its legit
imate work and which has no extra money
at Its disposal, would be able to mske the
investigation only in the moat partial and
unsatisfactory manner; and, moreover, it
Is questionable whether It could. un,ltr
resolution, administer oaths at all or com
pel the attendance of witnesses
"If this power were disputed b> the
parties investigated the investlgatlon wojUd
}L held up for a year or two until me
eu}.\ '^rdTngly recommend to Congress
.ho sertous cons deratlon of Just what they
w'lh the remission to do. and how far
7h'e\h wish It to go. having In view the pos
=iwe 'ncompatibility of conducting an In
v?tl,ratXnk? this and of also proceeding
SK 'n a ^ of l.w; ?n,d furt!?r
more that a sufflclent sum, ?a> f.iO.OUU, be
2 once added to the current appropriation
for the commission, so as to enable them to
do the work Indicated in a thorough and
complete manner; while at the s_ime t.m?
the power is explicitly conferred upon them
to administer oath* and compel the attend
ance of witnesses In making the investiga
tion in question, which covers work quits
apart from their usual duties. It seems
unwise to require an investigation by a
commission and then not to furnish either
the full legal power or the money, both ol
which are necessary to render the Investi
"The Whits House, March 7. 100ft."
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