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Honors Paid to the Remains of Gen. Schofield. SERVICES AT ST. JOHN'S Many Associates of the Late Com , mander in Attendance. IMPOSING MILITARY ESCORT Bepresentatives Present From the Veteran Societies of Which the Deceased Was a Member. By direction of Secretary of War Tart full military honors were accorded to the memory of Lieut. Gen. John M. Schofleld thl? afternoon. The funeral services were held at St John's Episcopal Church at o'clock, in the presence of a distin guished assemblage of men high in civil and military life. The simple and Im pressive burial rites of the Episcopal Church were conducted by Bishop Maokay Smith. The front pews of the church had been reserved for tlie President, members of the cabinet and the diplomatic corps and prominent officials and delegations from the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, the , Society of the Army of Ohio, the Loyal Legion and the Grand Army of the Re public. A blare of bugles and the clattering of arms as the long lines of soldiers about the church came to a "present," announced the arrival of President Roosevelt at the church at 2:3f> o'clock. He was unattend ed, save by a mounted secret service officer. A great crowd was assembled about St. j John's Church, flanked on three sides by long lines of infantry, artillery and cav ai ry. The delegation of members of the G. A. It. who served with Gen. Schofleld in the tixtles and attended the funeral today was a notable one. It included Corporal James Tanner, commander-in-chief; Past Com mander-in-chiefs William Warner, senator from Missouri and Gen. John C. Black, Past Department Commander M. Emmet Vrell, who was also commander-in-chief of the Spanish War Veterans; Past De partment Commander Frank H. Sprague, Department Commander B. P. Entrikc n Mr John Tweedale, national adjutant general; Past Assistant Adjutant General Hustead, Past Department Adjutant B. F. Chase. Past Department Commander A. P. Tasker, MaJ. George H. French, Capt. New ton Ferree, Maj. F. S. Hodgson of the Spa Irish War Veterans. Commissioner of Pensions Warner, Gen. E. W. Whlttaker. Deputy Commissioner of Pensions Kelly. Senior Vice Department Commander T. II. Martin. Junior Vice Commander B. F. Gra ham, Past Assistant Adjutant General Vhndeh >of, Harry Mutton and others. The following committee of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, appointed by Gen. Dodgo, the president, were present; Gen. John C. Black, Maj. Vespasian War ner, Maj- William Warner, Capt. J. A. T. Hull, Col. W. P. Hepburn, Capt. R. H. Par sons, Col. O. 1). Kinsman. Col. R. H. Tilton, Capt. J. K. White, Gen. Maxwell Van Zint Wood hull. Mrs. John A. Logan, Mrs. John -C Black and Mrs. C. A. Hovey. Col. Roosevelt Garrison, No. 74, Army and Navy 1'nlon, was also represented l?y a committee. Gen. Thomas J. Henderson, Gen. John VV. Foster. Gen. O. L. Spaulding, Col. John A. Joyce. Col John McElroy and Comrades J. G. Burchtleld, Maurice Pechln, N. N. Mc Culloch and Thomas F. Brown were pres ent as representatives of the Society of the Army of the Ohio. National Commander J. Edwin Browne had requested all members of the Army and Navy Union who could do so to unite with the Grand Army of the Republic and attend the funeral. The decision was reached last night that the members of the G. A. R. who had >n t^nd^d to attend the obsequies in a body should be present as Individuals. Taken to Arlington. Fpon the close of the services the re mains were taken to Arlington. The hon orary pallbearers were Secretary Taft, former Secretaries of War Root, Alger. Proctor and Elkina, Lieut. Gen. Merrltt, Rear Admiral Remey. Brig. Gens. Bates, U. M. Dodge. J. P. Sanger, Thomas M. Vincent and \\ . M. Wherry. The military escort, in command of Brifr 1 ? 11 Barry, consisted of six compa nies of < oast Artillery from Fort Monroe. 1 . l*? companies of Coast Artillery from f ort Washington. Md? and four com|>an!es of engineers from Washington barracks, as the Infantrv detail, and a squadron of cav Fort *Myer*0 les <>f field artillery from A battery, stationed on a crest at Fort w?rr r , Salute ,,f tbe Secretary of w ar. se\ en teen guns. Site of the Grave. The Picturesque site In Arlington in whiclr the remains of Gen. Schofleld were placed was selected by Gen. Schofleld himself "]"r^ 'han nf.,een J'cars ago. It Is said he . od upon the elevation, upon whioh a monument will now be erected, and an* S;^"''r','J- !hat he W"U'<1 choose that place as . He communicated his wishes to z&astLzsr ?Washington barracks the re J ?K TS. at Order Announcing Hia Death ?r? ?? "War Department, In the cabinet ,.f Pre?i.?.?, . r * VN dl Ma> .'S. 1S4JN. to March ,from devoted ?o't he^m il It a r y^servlce'of Sto'^un* '"Graduated from the United States Mifl aiy Academy. he entered the ? iv-< ' I "eutenant. 2d Artillery. July l i4lul- r's'?* steadily through inter mediate grades. Hnally reached that of waiTSlr ,*rm'ra1' r,th which rank he ? from ,apUve "erv,c?l September T H" wa? In command of the army fioin August 14. INKS, to September Lit. lMt.-, During the civil war period his services were constant and distinguished. At Wil V,reek' ^redeii'-ktown. Buzzird Roost. Renaca Dallas. l^8t Mountain, ivolb s j-arm Kenesnw Mountain. Atlanta >ranklin, Nashville, Fort Anderson Wll ?"?????. Klnirston and Durham Station he fulfills! the hopes of his most ardent fr.ends. ? The surviving members of the Army of the Ohio, which he so long <-ommanded In the great civil war struggle, and the asso ciate armies of the Tennessee and the Cum berland will ever be mindful of his pa tilotlc services and will mourn the loss oc casioned by his death. "In testimony of respect to the memory of General Schofleld. former Secretary of War. It Is ordered that the flags at all mili tary posts be displayed at half-staff on the dny of the funeral, which takes place In thl> city on the 7th In.itant. "WM. H. TAFT, "Secretary of War." Alliance Story Declared Untrue. LONDON. March 7.?"Interesting, but untrue,' is the British foreign office com ment on * story" published In Paris to the effect that a formal political alliance be l \een Gre-v Britain and Spain will prompt ly foil*mr King Alfonso's marriage to Prln cjjs Ena. FOE FEDERAL CONTROL QUARANTINE BILL TO BX BX PORTED BT COMMITTEE. By a vote of 11 to 2 the House commit tee on Interstate^ and foreign commerce agreed today to make a favorable report on a committee substitute for the Williams bill to extend federal control of quarantine. Representatives Bartlett of Georgia, and Russell of Texas cast the negative votes, and will make a minority report opposing the measure on the ground that It Is uncon stitutional, In that It interferes with the rights of states. Representative Wanger will make the report on the bill. The bill is essentially the same as the amended Mallory bill reported by the Sen ate committee on public health and na tional quarantine, with the addition of two important amendments. One of these amendments extends federtJ control to in terstate quarantine, and is as follows: "Sec. 7. That it shall be i nlawful for any state or municipal health officer or other person to hinder, obstruct, or unnecessarily delay any common carrier or to interfere with any Instrumentality of commerce en gaged In the transportation of passengers or freight between the states; provided that this act shall not be construced or under stood as giving authority to any person to debark or unload freight at any locality against the state or municipal regulations of such locality. Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction thereof be punished by a line not exceeding $300 or be imprisoned for a period not exceeding one year. or by both such fine and impris onment, in the discretion of the court." Another amendment provides that when tne government acquires property for quar antine use the states shall release all rights to the property when the purchase price Is paid. The bill In Its amended form provides for the establishment of four harbors of ref uge, of which Dry Tortugas Is to be one. 'nut Secretary of the Treasury Is placed in direct control of quarantine, and Is to ad minister It through the public health and marine hospital service. The bill carries an appropriation of $500,000 to carry its provisions into effect. SCHWAB IMPROVED. Train Bearing Steel Magnate Hurrying Eastward. EL PASO, Tex., March 7.?A telegram from Corona, N. M., says that Charles M Schwab's condition was Improved this morning. NEW YORK, March 7.-At the offlcia of Charles M. Schwab in this city Mr. Schwab's secretary said that no word had beer, re ceived from Mr. Schwab today. A telegram received from him yesterday made no men tion of his Illness. KANSAS CITY. Mo., March 7.-At the offices of the Rock Island railway here It was stated today that the train bearing Charles M. Schwab, the steel magnate, from Los Angeles to New York, which was due at Santa Rosa, N. M.. at 6:50 this morning, was reported seven hours late at the latter point. TO PROTECT THE CONSUMER. Chairman Hepburn Reports Pure-Iood Bill to the House. Chairman Hepburn of the House commit tee on interstate and foreign commerce to day reported the enacting clause of tlie Senate pure-food bill, folowed by the pro visions of the Hepburn bill, which passed the House in the last session. Mr. Hepburn said: "The purpose of the pending measure is not to compel people to consume particular kinds of foods. It is not to compel manufacturers to produce particular kinds or grades of food. It is to prohibit in the manufacture of foods In tended for Interstate commerce the addition of foreign substance poisonous or deleteri ous to health. "The question whether certain substances are poisonous or deleterious to health the bill dt^es not undertake to determine, but leaves that to the Secretary of Agriculture under the guidance of proper disinterested scientific authorities after most careful I study, examination, expeiiment and thor I ough search. "The bill attempts to give a measure of j protection to the consumer by forbidding interstate traffic in falsely labeled or brand ed articles. The theory of tlie bill Is that the consumer of food products is entitled to consume whatever he may wish, but that he is also entitled when lie x>urehases an article purporting to be one thing not to be cheated by having some inferior or different article passed off on him." THREE PERSONS SHOT. Row Started in a Saloon by One-Leg ged Man. Sjtet'ial Dispat'-h to The SI a r. MEMPHIS. Tenn., March 7?By forcing his way Into a saloon at 2 o'clock this morn ; ing, In an attempt to secure a drink after j closing hours, John Jordan, a one-legged man, employed as a clerk In the local Western I'nion office. Is saal to have started ; a fight with Jack Laray, the bartender, which | resulted in three persons being shot. Jor j dan, who was refused a drink, is said to j have pulled his pistol and tired at Lamy, the bartender returning the fire. Jordan was shot in the back and may die. j Lamy wis wounded in the leg. Ed. Tay | lor, a bystander, was hit twice in the arm j by stray bullets. The principals were ar I rested. FOUND DEAD IN FATHER'S BARN. Kentucky Young Woman Hanged Her self to Rafter. Special Dispatch to The Star. CV NTH I ANA, Ky? March 7?Miss Mar tha K. Ummon, living near Republican, in this county, was this morning found dead in her father's burn by her brother, who was looking for her. She had hanged her self with a rope attached to a rafter. The body was still warm. A note was pinned to the bosom of her dress In which she asked for forgiveness. She was despondent over a love affair. It Is said that she had been engaged to a school teacher of Nicholas county and the date had been set for the wedding, but he married another recently. Miss Lem mun was a beautiful young woman, but nineteen years of age and one of the belies of Harrison county. Boston Brokers Assigned. BOSTON. March 7.?W. N. Fuller and Company, bankers and brokers, of this city, assigned today. The firm was not a member of any stock exchange. It had branch offices at Worcester and Hartford. Tiie liabilities are estimated at lliio.UO and the assets at J30.000. Midshipmen Resigned. ANNAPOLIS. Md.. March 7.?Midshipmen B. MelMnlel and William Wallace Sercy, both of Texas, and L. W. T. Warner, Jr., the latter of whom was appointed '>y the Presi dent, have sent in their resignations. Republican Mayor for Seattle. SEATTLE, Wash., March 7.?Complete returns from sixty-three out of ninety-six precincts give John Riplinger, republican ca. 'idate vfor mayor, fourteen plurality ove. William H. Moore, municipal owner ship. The result is in doubt. Sigsbee's Squadron. CONSTANTINOPLE, March 7. ? The American cruiser squadron commanded by Rear Admiral Sigsbee .a expected to arrive at Beirut, Syria, tomorrow, and stay thpre three days, after which the warships will go to Alexandria, Egypt. PtJBPOSE OF LOCKOUT STATEMENT USE TODAY BY XA8IB1 PLUMBER. Master plumbers deny the published Mate meat that they have set Monday or any other day aa the time limit when the Jour neymen will be allowed to resume their work, or that unless they do so by the day mentioned the open shop will be declared. "This fight on the part of the Plumbers' Union." said a prominent member of the Master Plumbers' Association to a BUr re porter this afternoon, "is being waged against the helpers rather than against the employers. The Journeymen regard the helpers as a menace to them and have de cided, we understand, that they must be eliminated from the business. Under the original contract entered into between ths masters and the Journeymen the helpers were allowed to handle tools, but the mem ?' lJ]e Plumbers' Union now deny them this privilege. This action forms one of our most Important grievances. We want the to ''ve up to the contract it has made with us by allowing helpers to use tools when necessary. This contract was signed it Parties supposedly in good faith, ana if the Journeymen will live up to It this contention will cease and harmonious rela tions wall again exist between employer and employe. There Is no question as to wages or *he "ours of labor or any other matter." The master plumber also said that a boy has to serve a certain length of time as a helper before he can become an ap prentice and learn the trade, but as the books of the boys' union are closed, no helper can be employed unless his name is entered on such books. For instance, in ^event that an employer has use for an additional helper he must apply to the union for such boy. If there is not an idle helper available to the union, then the em ployer has to do without one. Regarded as Probable Result. The result of the system proposed by the union, if carried out," said the em ployer. "will be that in five years there will be no helpers or apprentices either. Some time ago the union of apprentices adopted a rule which prohibited a boy from rldlns a bicycle during working hours. That Is. ir a boy was helping on a Job that was one mile or more from the shop, and \ neiessary to return to the shoft for h "ttln*',,h? ?.u.^ do so on foot, so more time could be killed.' Journeymen plumb ers are not allowed to use wheels during Thl i"8 'rs' e'ther in going to or from the places they are working. Should they ?y subjected to a heavy fine. ? f .?. PI rule was adopted to pro tect the older men w+io cannot ride bicycles against the younger men who can. I will say in conclusion," said the mas ter p umber, "that this fight on the part of tne Journeymen Is being waged against (1!^ u, ptlra ,that several members of tne .Plumbers Lnlon have declared that the helpers must go, cost what It may. I claim that the plumbers are deluding the helpers in this matter." It is announced that the Helpers' Union win meet tonight to consider the helpers status in the present lockout. Denial by Journeymen. officers of the Journeymen Plumbers' i n on this afternoon denied that they were making a tight for the purpose of driving the helpers out of the plumbing trade We are simply seeking to regulate them ' sa'" ?"e offlcer- "There are entirely too ?irena'bou?fyvi<>anf Vl? buslness now- There are about ,jOO of them employed in the sev eral shops here, while there are but ? journeymen in the city. This Is out of all' proportion and unfair to us." FORESEES AGREEMENT. Berlin Thinks Police Question is Near Settlement. BERLIN, March ".?Private conversations between the German and French envoys at Algeciras have brought them almost to an agreement on the Moroccan police contro versy 6? near, indeed, that the foreign office here regards a satisfactory issue of the conference as assured. Germany it is understood, accepts France and Spain as having the officers best fitted for policing Morocco and France accepts international control in principle, undertaking to supply adequate guarantees that the police shall not be national in character. It '3 the specific form of these guarantees iL r??fl'ns unsettled and continues to be the subject for discussion. It is likely that an international inspectorship will bo created, consisting of a single officer of repute from a power other than France or Garmany. One detail which con tinues to be dis. ussed is the propriety of the inspector being located in a neutralized haibor. The ministers of the powers will also < xercise general observation over the UNOFFICIAL NEWS AT PARIS. Strong Indications of Concessions by Germany. PARIS, March 7.?The foreign office says it Is unable to confirm the announcement from Berlin that Germany !g about to yield at Algeciras by conceding French and ?Spanish officers for the Moroccan police. However, unofficial reports strongly Indi cate that Germany Is disposed to make con cessions having the efTect of settling the Franco-German controversy. One Berlin re port says that Germany will concede the policing of one Moroccan port by the French, the other ports remaining under International police. The foreign office hero specifically repudiates this report, saying that the concession of a single port would not be accepted if proposed. Another report received here from Berlin Fays that Germany will concede the police to trance and Spain if they will agree to the appointment of an inspector-general from a neutral power. The officials here that the latter condition is unaccept able. 7 hey point out that a mandato to t rench and Spanish officers would not be effective if a neutral general were placed over them, as the general would counter act the French and Spanish authority Wlule the foreign office thus sees some difficulties remaining, It is evident that the pacific overtures from Berlin diminish the gravity of the crisis, and open tne way to u possible solution in which Germany will concede the police and France will con cede the bank. Donatloi^for Harper Memorial. CHICAGO, March 7. Martin A. Ryer son, president of the board of trustees of the University of Chicago, cabled from Spain yesterday a donation of 125.000 to the fund for building the William Ralner Har per Memorial Library. The announcement of the gift was read at the monthly meet ing of the trustees. 95 WANT HELP TODAY MALE. Mesnenfcerti Veat Maker C'b!i> Maker Plumlwrs Timekeeper Talfora Errand Ikjv Bundle Wrapper Janitor Typewriter Chauffeur Stenographer Solicitor* liutlera Clerks Salesmen Bookkeeper FEMALE. Canvassers Stockkeeper Pressera Ketoueber Bookkeeper Millinery Preparer Seamatreases Stenographer Typewriter 1Valat Hauda Nurses Walfreaaea Salesladies Launlreaaea Cooks Chambermaids Housemaids Houae workers Pattern Stampers The above are advertised In today's Star. If you want work read the wanted help column for the best positions If you want help, advertise in The Star for the best Continuation of the House Hearings. MR. FOSTER FIRST WITNESS Wanted to See an Independent School Board. THE CITIZENS' ASSOCIATIONS Represented by Their Presidents, Object to Change in Present Regime Except Increase of Salaries. Hearings on the school bills introduced at this session of Congress were resumed to day before the subcommittee of the House District committee, of which Representa tive Morreil of Pennsylvania Is acting chairman. Representative Qreen of Mas sachusetts, & member of the subcommittee, served in Representative Morrell's plaoe today, as the latter is in Florida with his mother, who is ill. Representative Foster ot Vermont, the author of one of the school measures be fore the District committee, was the first witness heard this morning. He gave it as his opinion that teachers in the local public schools were very poorly paid. The school system himself he 'believed to be good, but certainly not the best. There was, in his judgment, room for much Improvement. Mr. Foster said he particularly desired to see an Independent school board?a board which should have no connection with the regular District government. In this connection lie deplored the fact that the people of Washington were not permitted self government, and he said he looked forward to the time when the residents of this city would wake up and assert their rights. Had Talked With the President. Mr. Foster said he had talked to Presi dent Roosevelt about the school situa tion and that the President understood what was being attempted in the way of school system reforms. Personally. Mr. Foster said, he had no Intention of legis lating anybody out of office. His measure placed the power of appoint i ment of the board of education in the hands of the President, and if the President de sired to retain the present board under this law. If passed, Mr. Foster said he. for one, would be very slow to object. Mr. Foster said that the members of the House of Rep sen tatives felt that some changes were necessary In the schooi system in Washing ton, and it was desired by all friends of this movement that the District committee go In on the floor and lead the movement. Repressitative Foster said further that he had nothing against the District of Co lumbia Commissioners, and that he had great respect for their ability. But he said it was Impossible to tell how long the dis tinguished and cultured gentleman. Mr. H. B. F. Macfarland, would remain at the head of affairs, and he thought It wise to legis late for the future of the boys and girls of Washington. Wise legislation along this line, he said, was all he asked. Allan D. Albert, who announced himself to be "a product of the Washington public 1 schools," appeared before the subcommittee to urge various ohanges. He wanted the ' business authority and the professional au thority in the schools clearly defined; hs wanted to see nine members on the board of education, and shorter terms of office for the members, and he did not desire to see any limit on te appointive power which I creates the board. William G. Henderson of the Northeast I Washington Citizens' Association said he i appeared as a taxpayer to urge better ' salaries for the teachers, to ask that 'he j board of education be not appointed by the I President, but by the District Commission- I ers, who are better able to tell what the ! people desire, and to urge that the mem bers of the board of education be com pensated for their work In recognition or their labors for the public good. Mr. Hen derson supported the Commissioners' bill, and claimed that the other measures intro duced would serve no end other than to in crease the operating expenses of the public S;V8te.w- -Mr" Henderson called at tentlon to the fact that one of the bills provides for a series of public lectures to be managed by a superintendent of lectures, who shall serve without compensation. I The witness remarked that in his opinion Congress would be asked within a vear or nnrt ho ?? a 8alary for thli? official, and he thought no such method of pro cedure should be permitted. He thought education was entirely compe manage any course of free lectures to the people that might be inaugurated. hiV?A.<2>Ur?8e* 0t Mr Hender8on's remarks he made a statement to which Mrs Gitter of the Public Educational Association, took exception. Mrs. Gltter- 1 man declared that Mr. Henderson's state ment was not true and entrusted Represen tative Green, who was acting as chairman ! of the subcommittee to have It expunged from the record. This Mr. Green declined to do. #L?u,SrF\ ?hoen\aker appeared on behalf | of the Bright wood Citizens' Association to i express the opinion that the members of j that association saw no reason for such radical changes in the public school system of the city as are contained in most of the measures before the subcommittee He urged the passage of the Commissioners' bill. The system in Washington had been long established, he said, and was a good system. He wanted the committee to find out who were behind the new bills, what their interest in Washington consisted of and what taxes they paid. The Colored Schools. Former Representative George H. White of North Carolina said he represented the literary and historical association of the District which had appointed a commit tee to look Into the school situation. He Introduced Prof. Joiner, a member of the subcommittee and a colored educator of some prominence. Prof. Joiner's remarks showed evidence of careful preparation and were moderate and rational. Prof. Moore, dean of the Teachers' College of Howard University, urged that additional salaries be paid to the teachers. As a result of the present low scale, he said, there was a decided lack of enthusiasm and inspiration among the teachers of this city. This would continue to grow worse he thought unless something In the nature of a remedy as proposed by one or the other of the vari ous bills were decided upon. He approved of the Goulden bill In many of its features, but criticised that portion of the measure which provides practically that the schools must follow the pupils. Prof. Moore said that he should hate to see a school building erected in Goat alley or some other place of this kind, merely be cause th#re was a large negro population in that vicinity. He thought that any sys tem of promotions would be defective un less based on the principle of merit. Teach ers who stagnated In their positions should not be compensated, he thought, as should teachers who went on year after year Im proving their minds and Increasing In In structive ability. In reply to questions by Representative Goulden Professor Moore said that he thought it would be ?well to create the po sition of superintendent of supplies and have it understood that there would be en tire equity In the distribution of supplies to colored schools. He was sorry to force this proposition to the attention of the subcommittee, but It was necessary, he said, to deal with conditions, not theories. Professor Moore also heartily advocated the free lecture proposition. Mrs. Gitterman took occasion at this | point to Inform the committee that the I public educational association had never had a candidate for a paid position which i had anything to do with education. She ! took exception to the remark of Mr. Hen derson that any one had ever been antag onized by the utterances of any lecturer at a public lecture In the Washington course. On the contrary, she said, she had re ceived many letters from Instructors, from i trustees, from professors and from people who worked with their hands and the sweat of their brow for their daily bread, heartily Indorsing the work of the Public I Educational Association and the free lec-1 tores to tbe people. She reiterated her etatemaat that the Public Educational As sociation had never had a candidate for * paid olBce. and said further that the ap propriation of $1,600 allowed by Congress had atiw been sufficient to continue tbe lectures throughout the year, and that the association had gone into its own pocket. Rev. D. K. Wiseman, colored, of the Civic CInb, made a barlef speech Introduc ing Dr. William 8. Lofton, also of the civic club, who addressed the ommittee at some length. Dr. Lofton said the col ored people of Washington were seeking a square deal. He considered the present system to be entirely too top-heavy. The foundations of the system were being neglected in order that the top might bo benefited. Dr. Lofton thought that the high schools should be placed directly under tbe superintendent of schools and that thla would be one way of cutting loose from several expensive Jobs. He thought there was very little difference now between the system used In 1900 and that being followed today. Xr. Blrncy's Views. William Blrney. a former member of the board of trustees of the schools, thought It was very unwise to have the President appoint the members of the board of edu cation. This was a sure way, he thought, of introducing politics into the public schools. He also disapproved of special class legislation for tbe whites and the blacks as extremely unwise. He thought there was no necessity for increasing the membership of the board. The present system, he said, was very top-heavy. Schools for the younger children were neg lected. while too much money was spent for the higher branches of education. Mr. Birney also disapproved of the distribution of free text books, claiming that It was a tendency toward pauperization. He was interrupted by Representative Green, who said that Fall River, his home town, had been tie ftrst to distribute free text books, and that It had been found such a splendid Idea that now every town In the commonwealth ht.d followed the example set. From Massachusetts the free text book idea had spread all over the country. Mr. Blrney also claimed that the present board of education had a sectarian bias, and that the hymn books in use in the high schools at present should be expurgated. TOOK UP BILL FOB FIBST TIME. District Commissioners at the Capitol Today. The three District Commissioners appeared this afternoon before the District of Co lumbia subcommittee of- the House appro priations committee to participate In a gen eral discussion of the District appropriation bill. The subcommittee took up the -bill for the first time today, and from now on will keep plugging away until the measure has been whipped Into shajpe. From the attitude of the appropriations committee In general. It.is expected that some big slices will be pared oft the present estimates before the measure gets outside of the committee room. From one member of the committee, at least, the proposed changes In the police department with Increased pay to members of the force will be opposed. This measure is not now a part of the appropriation bill estimates, but it will be considered by the committee in view of the fact that it will be an additional drain upon, the District revenues next year. If not this. The Commissioners confined themselves today to reviewing the District bill In gen eral, pointing out the main items which are in the nature of necessities to the wel fare of the District, and answering ques t!ons by members of the subcommittee. Chairman Tawney of the committee, who has sat with every subcommittee up to date, will keep up the good work on the District bill. WIDTH OF THE STBEETS. Important Decision Today by Court of Appeals. The District Commissioners may not nar row the established roadway of the streets of this city to a width of less than thirty five feet, notwithstanding such action might be to the public advantage. Such Is the purport of a decision of the District Court of Appeals today, in the case 'of Le Roy D. Walter, Evan H. Tucker and Wil liam J. Frizzell against the District Com missioners. The decision reverses the decree of the District Supreme Court, which dismissed the bill, and directs that an injunction Is sued as prayed for by the complainants. The Commissioners attempted to narrow G street northeast from 4th to 14th streets, which had a roadway of thirty-five feet, so as to leave the roadway only thirty feet wide. Similar changes were pontemplated ta 7th and 8th streets from Maryland ave nue to Florida avenue northeast. The complainants. Hied a bill for injunc tion, which was dismissed by the lower court on the theory that the right to reg ulate the width of the streets of the city was vested in the Commissioners. From this ruling the appeal was taken. The only question, the Court of Appeals declares, is not one of expediency but or power. The exclusive control of the streets and the power to make regulations for keeping them in repair does not necessarily imply the power to change their width at discre tion after they have been established and improved and gone into public use. If the power to narrow the width of the roadway at all in a single street can be implied from the general central power, then, says Mr. Chief Justice Shepard, for the court, it may be exercised to any ex tent in the discretion of the Commission ers, short of closing it completely, and by the same reasoning all of the streets and avenues of the city may be subjected to the same process at their discretion. PBOSPECTS BRIGHT. Members of D. A. B. See Success of Continental Hall. The members of the national board of the Daughters of "the American Revolution have cause for congratulation over the con tributions to Continental Memorial Hall. The sums which have come from various sources amount to >3,000 for the last week. Exercises of one kind and another were held ail over the county February 22, al most every chapter in the United States taking that day to raise funds for Conti nental Memorial Hall. ' The money thus raised is known to aggregate several thou sands of dollars, but the total will not be made public until the meeting of the conti nental congress in April. A prominent D. A. R. member In an eastern state said today that the outlook has never been so bright as now for the early completion of the beautiful white marble building. Mrs. Donald McLean, president general, today made the following official announce ment of chairmen of committee for the con tinental congress: Program committee, Mrs. Alex. E. Patton of Pennsylvania; house committee, Mrs. Howard L. Hodg klns of the district: entertainment commit tee. Mrs. Charles H. Terry, of New York; Reception committee, Mrs. Angus Cam eron, Wisconsin; decoration committee, Mrs. Dennis Egun. Florida; music committee, Mrs. Charlotte Emerson Main of the Dis trict; committee on charter members, Mrs. Roger A. Pryor, New York; pages, Mrs. Robert E. Park of Georgia, and Mrs. Nancy Otis Winston of the District, vice chairman; railroad committee. Mrs. Kate Kearney Henry; press, Mrs. Ellen Spencer Mussey. The national board is considering routine business and completing arrangenymts for the meeting of the continental congress. ST. ELIZABETH INQUIRY. Favorable Be port on Bepresentative Grosve:aor's Bill. Representative Grosvenor's bill authoriz ing the board of visitors of St. Elizabeth's Insane Asylum to Investigate that institu tion was favorably reported today by the House Judiciary committee. The measure further makes it a misdemeanor for any witness called by the board of visitors to refuse to attend or testify or to produce desired books and papers. Hew Venezuelan Charge Presented. Mr. Pulldo, ftrst secretary of the Vene zuelan legation, today presented to Sec ? retary Root, Dr. Garbiras-Guxjnan, the new charge d'affaires of the Venezuelan legation at Washington. It Is not cus tomary to present charges d'affaires to the President, b?t in view of the relations be tween the two countries it is possible the President may desire to confer directly with the charge that Veaesuela may be fully informed of the President's views. FOE FOREIGN TRADE m. DUBOIS' VIEW OF CONSULAR REORGANIZATION. In an address before the Potomac Liter ary Society last evening Mr. Jamea T. Du Bols. former United State* consul general to Switzerland, had many interesting things to say about the I^odge consular reorgani sation bill now before the House of Repre sentatives. "I hold," said he, in part, "that the hour for commercial optimism has passad away and the hour of commercial opportunism has come. For Instance, the government of the United States is digging the Panama canal, but the government of tha United States Is Itself not an exporter, and when the canal Is in operation you will find the finished products of the orient floating as freely and easily this way as the'^Balied products of the Occident will float toward the Japan sea. "You will find many things coming our way naturally and without the U-ast exer tion on our part, but you will not find many things going our way unlers we push them. Up to now our export system has been in the kindergarten ciass as com pared to that of England and Germany. Our extporters have simply supplied a volun tary demand. Soon they will front a mighty struggle for the world's markets and must win If their surplus products are to be sold and American labor to be employed at fair wages. If the commercial forces of this nation are to win our share of the world's "trade every factor must fight for It and hold It, when won. by constant watchfulness. Consular Corps to Aid. "To do this, I believe the American con sular corps should be deployed along the commercial picket lines of the world's trade under a control and discipline as rigid as that of the army and navy. This being the case, the question arises, how can wo best improve the consular service to meet this task? And right here I beg to state that the subject Is too important and the needed reforms too varied and pressing to be explained in the time limit of this ad dress. And yet, in the presence of this intelligent audience I am willing to say that if the Congress of the United Slates will do four things, and do them thoroughly well, the American consular service will become pre-eminently the best In the world; and these four things are as fol lows, and they are practically embodied In the new Lodge bill that has passed the Senate: "First. Properly classify all of the po sitions; then readjust and pay reasonable salaries to all of the Incumbents, and place the service under a rigid inspection by able, fearless and Impartial consuls general. Congress must arrange for this. "Second. Cover all fees, official and un official, Into the treasury of the United States, every cent of thein. Congress will have to legislate for this. "Third. Construct and pass a law that no man holding an American consular com mission, who does his whole duty, can be catapulted out of the service without warn ing and without cause upon the political change of an administration, or for t'jr t matter, at any other time. Congress must act upon this. Representative American as Helper. "Fourth. Beneath every American con sular shield place a capable representative American citizen to oare for the interests of the American people. Congress can make this thing possible, and If Congress will do these four things the patriotic chler magistrate of this nation, with his great Secretary of State, will do the r<st and do It well. "If Congress will make the?e four sug gestions operative the commercial for cs or this country will realize what they have long and earnestly sought, a properly or ganized, well-disciplined and thoroughly efficient consular corps. LEADER OF LADRONES KILLED. His Body Identified by a Large Num ber of Witnesses. The bureau of insular affairs of the War Department has received a cablegram from the governor general of the Philippine Is lands announcing that a committee ap pointed by him has held a four days' in quest on Cornelius Fellzardo. the body of a lauorne, killed by two members of the Phil ippine constabulary, and that thirty-two witnesses who knew him well, among them being Mrs. Trias, the wife of the former governor of the province of Cavlte, and Gov. Callles of the province of Laguna. have identified the body as h's. complete identification of the features of Fellzardo being absolute by every witness. Fellzardo was one of the noted ladrone leaders of the Philippine Islands, and fig ured prominently in the disorders last year in the province of Cavlte. His death Is re garded as a severe blow to ladronlsm In the Philippines, as he was one of the most no torious of the few ladrone leaders still at large In ihe Philippine Islands. CUSHMAN BELL OPPOSED. Proposed Further Regulation of Fish ing on Alaskan Coast. Representatives of Alaskan canners and fishermen appeared before the House com mittee on territories today to oppose the Cushman bill for the further regulation of fishing along the Alaskan coast. C. W. Dorr of San Francisco, Capt. D. H. Jarvls, Representative Humphreys and Fred Stim son of Seattle addressed the committee In opposition to the bill. The Cushman bill gives the Department of Commerce and Labor practically a free hand in regulating Alaskan fisheries, and the measure was criticised chiefly on the ground that It centers too great power In the department. Mr. Dorr, who is general counsel for the Alaska packers' association and a vice pres ident of the corporation, said the Cushman bill Involves provisions for the regulation of fisheries, which, if enforced would ruin many canners. The Secretary of Commerce and LjtLbor is authorized by the bill to fix fishing limits, and could so restrict fisher men that great hardship would be suffered. Hotel Arrivals. Ebbltt?D. P. Dyer, St. Louis, Mo.; Burton Hills, Chicago; W. B. Wheeler, U. S. A.; M. J. Cummlngs, Wilmington, Del.; L. F. Brue, Duluth, Minn.; S. C. Creasy and Mrs. Creasy. Bloomsburg, Pa.; L. W. Cooke, U. S. A. Shoreham?J. H. Sturgls, New York; Miss Gordon, Louisville, Ky.; Schofield Andrews, Cleveland, Ohio; J. Pardo, Lima, Peru; O. P. Crocker. Memphis, Tenn.; D. C. Wll loughby, London. England; DeLand An drews, Cleveland; T. W. Jackson, Memphis, Tenn. Arlington?Bishop and Mrs. Mackay Smlth, Philadelphia, Pa; M. Keifer, Balti more, Md.; J. J. O'Brien, Sandy Hill, N. Y.; F. F. Nelson. Rockford. 111.; J. H. MacDer mott and Mrs. MacDermott, Worcester, Mass.; S. S. Allison and Mrs. Allison, Stony Point, N. Y.: J. A. Curtln. Troy, N. Y. Raleigh?J. B. Mitchell. Norfolk. Va.; O. H. Sinclair. Detroit. Mich.; G. W. Smith, New York; O. H. King, Richmond, Va.; W. C. B. Cave, London, England; J. D. Hagler, Tulsa. I. T.; D. S. Cox, Columbia, S. C.; H. H. Stewart. Morgantown, W. Va. New Willard?J. G. Clark and Mrs. Clark, New York; E. E. Wakefield, Jr., Boston; Karl Frees, Stockholm, Sweden; G. T. Braden and Mrs. Braden, Pittsburg, Pa,;. F. Cornell. Baltimore; W. M. Biggs, Helena, Mont.; W. H. Barclay and Mrs. Barclay, Pawtucket, R. I. St. James?Dr. and Mrs. G. M. Con verse, San Francisco, Cal.; R. B. Paine, New York; T. W. Waterman and Mrs. Waterman, Providence. R. I.; B. Fish, Bridgeport, R. I.; J. Duncan and Mrs. Dun can, Colorado 8pringB, Col.; F. B. Dunlop, Birmingham. Ala.; J. J. Davenport, Stur gls. S. D.; J. E. Nix. Atlanta, Ga.; John Hubbard. Amherst, Montana; T. K. Bry ant. Ithaca, N. Y. Hotel Normandle?Robert Hunter, New York; R. M. Dutton, city; A. A. Acheson, Princetown. Ky.; F. P. WulUn and wife, Philadelphia; George 8. Hohner, . New York; Representative Spencer Blackburn and Mrs. Blackburn, North Carattwa, DISCIIM OF RATES Messrs. Scott and Clapp Hold Attention of the Senate. INDIAN BILL IN THE HOUSE Mr. Burke Consider* the Red Man Well Treated. NO SYMPATHY FOR "POOR LO* Joint Resolution of Sale of Govern ment Coal to Citizens of Nome, Alaska, Passed. The Senate bessn It* session today with the prospect of hearing two ?pwhf? the railroad rate question?one by Mi Clapp. In support of the measure, and th-> other by Mr. 8cott. advocating radical amendment*. Both senators wpm early In their seat# and prepared to proceed as aooti as the disposition of the routine business would permit. Mr. Koraker presented a report of th. committee on foreign relations on the bll authorizing the appointment of a comntls slon to co-operate with a British oommls slon to consider the diminution of the wat ers of the Niagara river at Niagara Palls, and made an effort to secure Immediate consideration. Mr. Telle.r antagonised this request, expressing the opinion that the duty of caring for the falls belongs princi pally to the state of New York. The bill went to the calendar. A bill amending the law relative to terms of the i'nited States courts at Kvan.iton Wyo., was passed; also a joint resolution authorizing the Secretary of War to sell coal to residents of Nome. Alaska. At 12:30 o'clock Mr. Scott was recognized and he proceeded to address the Senate o the railroad question. An abstract of hi remarks will be found In anotlier column. Mr. Scott spoke for about an botur. and when he closed the President's nicssiLge on the Joint congressional resolution directing an investigation into the coal and oil traffl. was read. Mr Clapp then took the floor to deliver a speech on the railroad rate bili. He did not speak specifically in reply to Mr Scott's speech, but gave ?inu attention to the West Virginia senator's remarks. Mr. Clapp's speech will tie found In an other column. Mr. Clapp spoke for an hour, and when he closed was congratulated by h number of senators friendly to the Uolllver-Hep burn bill. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Indian appropriation bill was the con tinuing order In the House today. An agree ment was reached to conclude the general debate on the measure at the end of todaj '? session. Before taking up the bill Mr. Capron (R. I.) secured the passage of a Joint resolution permitting the sale of government coal at Fort Davis, Alaska, to the citizens of Nome. The situation in Alaska prompting the legislation, as Indicated by Secretary Taft recently, is that there is an absolute coal famine at Nome. The cold weather closed navigation before the coal ships arrived and the government's supply at Fort Davis is the only available supply. It is estimated that the government has an excess of 35<? tons at this place which will be sold under the authorization. Mr. Burke (S D.) l>egan an exhaustive discussion of the Indian problem. Mr. Burke said It had been proven con clusively that instead of being oppressed, the "poor Indian" was treated decidedly better than the white man. Mr. Kline (Pa.) delivered a set speech t>n several phases of currency reform. Mr. Kline advocated a national currency secured by the pledge of I'nited States bonds, also permission to national banks to loan not only 10 per cent of their capi tal, but 10 per cent of their surplus. PITTSBURG OPERATORS TO MEET. Important Conference Has Been Call ed for Next Friday. PITTSBl'RG, Pa.. March 7.?Chairman Francis L. Robblns of the Pittsburg Coal Company, who has represented the bitumi nous coal operators at all wage-scale con ferences, has called a meeting In this city next Friday of the operators of the Pitts burg district, to decide what action they will take at the general convention to be held at Indianapolis. It Is expected that the developments of the Pittsburg meeting will be Interesting, as the result, It Is said, will practically determine the stand to be taken by the operators of the bituminous fields. The more conservative operators In this district will not discuss the situation, fur ther than to say that they would hke to prevent a strike. At the same time they Insist that there is nothing In the report that they have agreed to grant the miners more money, and say that It is Impossible to increase the employes' wages at this time. dark in daytime. Chicago Covered With Pall of Smoke ?Delayed Traffic. CHICAGO, March 7.?For several hours today Chicago was covered with a pall of smoke, which, coupled with heavy clouds, made the day as dark as night. At 10:30 o'clock In the morning all the stores and offices In the business section of Che city were lighted up as they are at 0 o'clock on a midwinter evening. Street cars ran with their headlights burning and with all lights turned on. At times it was impossible to see h9lf a square along the street, and the big downtown buildings were discernible only because of the lights that tilled them. The darkness was the cause of much tiouble and delay In the streets, ai>d col lis'ons were numerous. The darkness brought business !n the stock yards to a complete standstill for a time. About 10 o'clock it became so dark that cattlemen were unable to dlstbiguish their stock from that owned by others, and great confusion was created. Ths sit uation Anally grew so bad that buyers ?nd employes of tbe various packing houf< s who work outside were compelled to abandon their efforts to herd the stock until the darkness should pass away. Observer Cox of the Chicago weather bureau said that the darkness was due to hsze from the lake, to clouds and to smoke which the alieence of wind had allowed to gather thickly in the atmosphere. ST. LOl'IS, Mo.. March 7.?A dense pall of smoke began settling over St. I^ouis this morning, gradually growing in density as the day progressed, until at 11:30 o'clock a midnight darkness prevailed. Business houses and residences were lighted, street lights were turned on, street cars used their electric lamps, and day was turned Into night. Left Half Million Estate. FRANKFORT. Ky? March 7.?H. P. Mason, president of the Mason-Hoge Com pany. and one of the most widely known railroad contractors In the country died at his country home here today following a brief illnese. He leaves an estate of half a million dollars. Chinese Commission at Hew Tork. NEW YORK, March 7.?Sixteen members of the Chinese Imperial commission which Is studying American institutions arrived [fere today. This party U distinct from a former body of Imperial commissioners who recently visited Now Tork on s similar mission and who have sons to Europe. Prince Tsal Che, head of the commission which arrived today, stopped over In ths ?rest sad is not expected hers until Friday.