Newspaper Page Text
New Mexico. There wu, he said, no power
In Utah to punish polygamy, and Mormon
lam was so strong In his own state of Idaho
that, notwithstanding the leader o( the sect
In that state had testified that he was the
Jiuoband of three wives, there was no possi
bility of bringing him to account because
of the political power of his church.
"Wherever there Is Mormonlsm there la
polygamy." he a?>d, and added that the
only way to prevent polygamy was to strike
at the organisation that cncourages it.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Private pension legislation was the order
of business In the House today. 408 bills
being on the calendar. The first motion
entered was by Mr. Payne (N. Y.), that
when the House adjourn today It be to
meet on Monday nest. The motion was
The Senate amendements In the Carnegie
educational foundation bill were agreed to.
The legislative, executive and Judicial
appropriation bill was reported by Mr. En
tailer from the appropriations committee.
A resolution calling on the Postmaster
General to Inform tfie House why the Inda
liuma 1'nlon Signal of Shawnee. Okla., Is
excluded as second-class matter was laid on
the table by unanimous report from the
post office committee.
When the pension calendar had been
cleared by the passage of 4<?8 bills at 3
o*< Io"h. Mr. Prince demanded the regular
order fur the purposo of getting up the bill
to abolish the grade of lieutenant general
In the army.
Mr. Uonynge (Col ) called up the privi
leged I.Ill to establish a bureau of Immigra
tion and naturalization. This took pre
cedence. and Mr. Bonynge took the floor to
explain the bill.
MRS. TOLLA TO SERVE IMPRISON
MENT FOR MURDER.
By A*?ocl?te<l PreM
TRENTON. N. J . March 0.?The sentence
of death imposed upon Mrs. Antoinette
Tolla, the Bergen county murderess, for
the killing of Joseph Sonta, was today
commuted to seven und one half years' Im
prisonment by the court of pardons.
The vote stood 0 to 2.
Mrs Tolla was to have been hanged In
llackensack on Monday, March 12. Tills
Is the first time the court of pardons has
ever commuted a death sentence to other
than life Imprisonment.
Kpeelni IlUpntch to The Star.
TRBNTON. N. J.. March 0.?The belief
here was that Mrs. Antoinette Tolla would
this afternoon obtain a further reprieve from
the court of pardons preliminary to a new
trial, on the ground that Mrs. Tolla's evi
dence In court when she was convicted was
not properly interpreted.
The court met this afternoon in ex
traordinary session, by call of Gov. Stokes.
Ueiwuse of the governor's action in calling
the court together it was considered certain
that he will vote for a further reprieve and
tiiat a majority will vote with him.
GOES TO SBAND JURY
LEO R. FITZGERALD HELD FOR A.
W. C. NOWLIN'S DEATH.
A coroner's Jury, composed of Messrs.
C. O. Abbott, C. L. Tschiffely, John Holmes,
Qeorge Stone, J, T. Milton and J. A. Ed
wards, sat in the hearing before Coroner
Ramsay Nevltt at the morgue this morn
ing to examine Into the cause of the death
of Abner \V. C. Nowlln, the aged attache
of the Central Union Mission. Nowlln dletl
from injuries resulting from a fail down
the steps of the mission on C street the
night of March o while engaged in a tussel
with Leo K. Fitzgerald. The Jury held
Fitzgerald for the action of the grand Jury
k-< being rcsjKmslble for Mr. Nowlln's
The Inquest begun shortly after 11 o'clock
this morning. Deputy Coroner Glazebrook
being the first witness. Dr. Glazebrook tes
tified that he had performed an autopsy on
tile body of Nowlln at the morgue and
found he had died of some fracture of the
skull at the back of the head. Dr. L. I>.
Whiting, the next witness, slated that Now
lin was brought to the Emergency Hospital
the night of March 5, and that he was suf
fering from a severe scalp wound und con
cussion of the bain. He never regained con
sciousness. and died March 7.
Otfi er \\\ J. Can tie Id of No. ti precinct
told of the arrest of F.tzgerald and of his
being locked up.
George C. Townshend and James'C. Hur
ley. attaches of the Central Union Mission,
both stated that Fitzgerald came Into the
mission after 12 o'clock; that he wis drunk
and acted in a very ugly munner. Mr. Now
lln, who was in charge, told htm he would
either hive to go to bed or go out, and
when the prisoner refused to do either Now
lln smarted him out. Nowlln had gone with
Fitzgerald to the door of the mission, when
the latter tripped Nowlln, and both rolled
down the steps. In the opinion of the
witness Nowlln received the Injuries from
which he died. Both witnesses character
ized the prisoner as troublesome when
Tin- n.funcr asked the accused man if he
w shed make any statement, and warned
htm that whatever he said would be used
against lilni if the case should go to court.
After some hesitation, ho decided to
nuke a statement. He said that the even
ing Mr Nowlln was hurt he had gone to
the mlssmn and attended the religious serv
ices. At the conclusion of the services he
?had .- ured his bed ticket and had gone
out On his return he claimed that Nowlln
bad caught hold of hlni, and in trying to
put liini out of the building had fallen
over the feet of the prisoner. He denied
In positive terms having tripped Nowlin
or having had any grudge against him, but
acknowledged that lie had been drinking.
This closed the testimony. The Jury
were about a half hour in reaching
the verdict given. At the conclusion of the
hearing the prisoner was taken to head
quart> rs to be photographed and afterward
ta the jail, to await the action of the grand
CLOSE OF NIGHT SCHOOLS.
Sessions of Majority of Them to End
Ilistru. (ion for the present year will cease
in the majority of the local public night
schools this evening. The Gales and Gar
net and the night business high schools
will close next Monday.
The appropriation for night school work
permits the extra session for three schools,
and those mentioned are selected because
of their uniformly excellent attendance and
as representing the three different classes,
the white and the colored grade schools and
Jilgh school work.
Appropriate exercises for the closing of
the schools are being prepared in many of
the buildings, the Jefferson School partic
ularly having arranged to close with an
The schools have been open for ilfty-seven
WRIT OF MANDAMUS.
Hearing of Case Against Georgetown
After hearing argument today on the ap
plication of Edward Gannon for a writ of
mandamus to compel the president and di
rectors of Georgetown College to reinstate
the plaintiff as a student in the freshman
class of the college, Justin Barnard. In
? "rlmlnal Court No. 2. took the matter un
der advisement. Attorney Wilton J. Um
bert appeared for the plaintiff, and argu
ments In behalf of the defendants were
made by Attorneys Hamilton A Colbert.
The hearing occupied the attention of the
court throughout the morning and during a
part of the afternoon session. Among the
interested auditors In the court room were
Rev Father Buet, president of the college;
Mr Frank S. Gannon .And hla son, the
Report of Business Men's Asso
MORE PAY FOR TEACHERS
Washington Much Behind Other
AGAINST PROPOSED CHANGES
Pending Bills Discussed?Hearing Be
fore Representative Mcrrell's
Engineer Commissioner Biddle and Fred
O coldren, chairman of the committee on
school and library of the Business Men s
Association of this city, were the principal
witnesses today before the MorreU subcom
mittee of the District House committee
which is conducting hearings on the loca
public school system.
Commissioner Blddle. when asked b>
Representative Morrell concerning a state
ment made before the subcommittee some
days ago to the effect that local school
houses were Insanitary, said that in the
new school houses, at least, the sanitary
proposition was excellent. The plumbing
was modern in type. and. If anything, was
too expensive. The playrooms were usual
ly located downstairs, had concrete floors
and were sanitary.
The cloak rooms were located on one or
the class room floors, and it the nature or
things their sanitary condition must ne as
good as that of the class rooms themselves.
So far as the heating apparatus was con
cerned. the most modern appliances were
used, and In all the new buildings, at leasU
the scholars were supplied with ample
quantities of fresh air. In reply to ques
tions of Representative Green of Massachu
setts a member of the subcommittee. Com
missioner Blddle said that there had been
no complaints concerning the Inadequacy of
any heating plant In the local schools.
Conditions at Mott School.
Mrs. Curtis, the wife of Dr. Curtis, the
colored surgeon-ln-chief of Freedmen's Hos
pital. asked Col. Biddle if he knew anything
of the sanitary conditions at the Mott
School. Col. Biddle replied that he was not
familiar with the individual schools, and
Mrs. Curtis, for his information, stated that
the Mott School, being located at the foot
of Howard hill, received all the draining
from that declivity, and very frequently a
pool of water collected beneath the struc
Col. Biddle admitted that some of the old
buildings were not in proper shape, and told
the subcommittee that he would look into
conditions at the Mott School and report as
soon as possible.
Commissioner Blddle did not think much
of the Idea of having a superintendent of
'buildings and supplies. He did not think
that a man who looked after the heating
apparatus, for Instance, shouli have to also
care for the question of supplies.
In reply to questions by Dr. Fardon,
chairman or the school committee of the
Board of Trade, the Commissioner said that
the new school buildings erected In Wash
ington were not what might be called fire
proof, although they were considered to be
perfectly safe, having at least two sets of
stairs and three exits. The authorities had
not had sufficient money to make the build
ings actually fireproof.
Returning to the question of a superin
tendent of buildings. Commissioner Blddle
said that the same purpose that was in
tended by the creation of the new office
would be served In increasing the present
force. If additional inspection of school
buildings was desired an increase In the
force, he thought, was the proper way to
accomplish it. He did not approve of the
tendency to specialize In this direction.
Mr James F. Oyster, president of the
board of directors of the Business Men's
Association, then introduced Mr. Coldren.
who presented to the subcommittee the re
port of the association's committee on
schools and libraries, which had been
adopted by the board of directors of that
Mr. Coldren said that the committee haa
devoted much time to the subject of the
local school system, had held hearings ex
tending over several weeks, had heard a
very considerable number of witnesses,
and had made vigorous efforts to obtain In
formation from any reliable source bearing
upon proposed changes in the school law.
More Pay for Teachers Urged.
Mr. Coldren said that the committee,
after all this Investigation, was very
strongly in favor of on.? feature of ttie
pending legislation?that providing better
salaries for teachers. He asserted that
Washington teachers reclve lower piy than
the teachers In nearly all the lirg*- cities of
the country, and much lower pay than the
teachers in those cities having the best
school systems. Of the thirty-nine cities
having over 100,000 population only two. he
said, pay a lower average salary to high
school teachers than this city.
He presented figures to the subcommittee
showing that the average salary paid to
principals and teachers In high schools in
the cities of from 200,000 to 1.000.000 popu
lation was $1,287. In Washington it was
J.H'Jl. The average salary of principals and
teachers of elementary schools In the same
cities was $t>;i2; In Washington it was
The witness said that a considerable
number of exceptionally valuable teachers
have recently left Washingon to accept
higher paid positions elsewhere, and the
board of education was experiencing con
siderable difficulty In securing desirable
teachers because of Insufficient silarles.
Mr. Coldren said that all the bills intro
duced made provision for Increased sal
aries, and, speaking for the business men
and taxpayers of Washington, he asserted
that the committee wants such Increase In
the appropriation for teachers' salaries as
will permit the board of education to secure
and retain teachers of the highest stand
ard and to compete with the other cities of
the country In doing this. The committee
had placed education as the foremost of
Appointing Board of Education.
Considering the proposltiorf of having the
President appoint the m< m'oers of the
be .rd of education. Mr. Coldren said the
committee would strongly oppose this
"Whatever," he said, "might be the Presi
dent's deslte or personal interest In the
matter, it would be a physical impossibility
for lilrn to be accessible to the people of the
District for consultation about such ap
pointments The Commissioners are unques
tionably in better position to know and to
properly Judge of the fitness of our teach
Mr. Coldren said that If presented as an
Independent proposition the Commissioners
would favor a change of the term of mem
bers of the board of education from seven
to three years, vacancies at the expiration
of the t-rms of members of the present
board to be tilled by three-year anoint
ments. He believer, however, that this
change should be made in a bill Independent
of the salary bill, as after the whole con
sideration of the subject the Commissioners
believed that the salary bill would only be
hampered and perhaps prevented from pass
age by being loaded down with other prop
ositions for changes.
Neither could any udvantage be seen, he
said. In changing the number of the board
from 7 to It. the modern tendency In busi
ness. as well as In school organisations,
being toward smaller managing boards.
The association. Mr. Coldren said, favore.l
the proposition that all meetings of the
board of education, except committee meet
ings. dealing with the appointment or char
acter of teachers, should be public. This,
too. it was believed, should be provided In
an independent bill.
Superintendent of Building*.
"Some bills." said Mr. Coldren. "providt
for a superintendent of buildings and sop
plies to submit plans, award contracts and
supervise the construction of new build
ing, purchase and distribute books and
other supplies. This would, in some re
spects. be advantageous, especially in
bringing those matters mors directly under
control of the board of education. The es
tablishment of aaob an office would, bow
ever, r?joire considerable expenditure, In
cluding the salary of the superintendent.
Ms quarters, office equipment and clerical
force. We are advised that our later
school buildings, constructed by the build
ing department of the District government,
although often less attractive architectur
ally than we might wish, owing to Insuffi
ciency of appropriations, are excellently
adapted to their practical uses.
"Submission of all detailed plans to the
school officials would, we are sure, avoid
the very few criticisms they now offer as
to arrangement and equipment of build
Mr. Coldren said that the 'committee had
deolded. after full consideration, that the
establishment of the office of supervisor of
lectures, to be appointed for a term of six
years, removable only for cause in written
charges, by a vote of two-thirds of the
board, and to have full control of lectures
rorthe people, was both unnecessary and
Such lectures." he said, reading from the
I ffpori, , th* committee, "should unques
tionably be controlled by the board of edu
a"5* It can readily be conducted
th? director of night schools or
aJl i agencies of the board, either with an
advisory committee of citlsens. as at pres
?therwlBe- as may be found de
U98 of the scho<>I buildings.
an<l apparatus should under no
rnbiS tn ?h? be intrusted to any one not
Stlw?" control of the board of edu
Importanee of Night Schools.
More libera! appropriations for night
schools were also strongly favored by the
committee. Mr. Coldren said. These schools,
ne said, reach a most deserving class, those
employed during the day, yet so fully ap
preciating the need of education that they
we?? aPp'y themselves at night when
^ the days labor- These schools.
W0uld reach many more or
thi extended to other portions of
llSti ?' aJL ey should also be opened
th? Vie fa." and continued later in
ent time18 n the custom at the pres
^F?Idre? sal<1 the committee opposed
u i1? ^ 'aw any change in text
books oftener than three years. Where
text books were provided from public
funds as in this District, the committee
Ihuw?" ... limiting the peHod within
i it16* be changed. Geographies,
fOSfU'i Tt he remarked, might become
Quite Inaccurate within a period of three
years and such questions should be left to
the determination of the board of educa
Superintendent of Schoola
The witness then called the attention of
the committee to the requirement contained
in some of the bills that the superintendent J
of schools shall have received the degree or i
doctor of philosophy. Such provision. Mr. |
Coldren pointed out. would remove the
present superintendent, whose degrees are
M. A. and Ph. B.. and it was the unanimous
opinion that the standing of the present
superintendent is such that a proposition of
this nature ought not to receive serious
consideration from any source.
f?Th?>.COrnrnitt?e also ?PPosed the provision
tor the omission of the director of high
schools from the organization. The duties
^L5e, /"^ed by thls offlciaI should not be
added to the present responsibilities of the
superintendent of schools.
fvfn? ''o^mlttee wa3 also opposed to specl
il,., c inflexible, statutory law the sub
jects of examinations of teachers, either in
rrJFr es or *'le high schools.
?i3 he thought, should be left to
[ committee also opposed the
asseospd v .In 0tfH flT6d I>ercentage of the
of real Property In the Dis
outfhnt . fupport of schools. He pointed
'"' f'1 J" case of protracted financial de
pression such assessed valuation might tem
KS^-JSTTST ?k remain stationary for
Jteiriiit- in school popuplatlon would
rnmm rt T.6' W!,S "ie ?PlrlIon Of the
committee that appropriations for school
purposes should be as liberal as possible un
de?r circumstances and that the annual
amount should be determined by yearly es
Submission of Estimates.
The proposition that the board of edu
cation should transmit Its estimates for
the ensuing year to Congress without trans
mitting them through tlie Commissioners
was considered to be manifestly Impracti
cable. It was pointed out that the funds
available for all municipal expenses are
limited and that the Commissioners must
necessarily have the entire field in view
when presenting their recommendations for
The committee, he said, considered that
it would be Just as reasonable to transfer
the estimates for militia support to one
channel, for maintenance of charities
through another and for police and fire
service through another. The result, he
said, would, of course, be that the com
bined estimates would greatly exceed the
total revenues and Congress would be at a
loss to know where the necessary reduc
tions could he permitted.
In the opinion of the committee, derived
not only from the present inquiry, but also
from general observation and information
the local public school system was good
and the general results excellent.
Committee's Views in Brief.
Briefly summed up. the position of the
committee as to proposed legislation was as
Material increase of salaries for school
officers and teachers.
Nearly all the proposed changes of law
are unwarranted or not adapted to local
conditions and are unwise.
As to those features not clearly unwise
not one compares in importance with the
necessity for the increase of salaries.
To Insert any of these propositions in a
bill for increasing salaries might hinder,
delay and endanger the success of the one !
teature that is essential.
That the bill H. K. S472, providing for I
increase of salaries and excluding all other
considerations, should be properly passed, i
Every question aside from that of In
crease of salaries should be presented, if
at all. In a bill or bills independent of the
measure for increase of salaries, so that
each idea may stand or fall on Its merits
and not embarrass the one principle on
which apparently are agreed.
The report of the committee presented
to Chairman Morrell of the subcommittee
bore the signatures of Fred O. Coldren, W.
A. H. Church, Allan D. Albert, Jr.. Albert
Schulters, I'erclval M. Brown, James L. ]
Norris. Jr., ohn V. Daish. H. Rozler Du
laney, Charles W. Claggett, V. Baldwin
Johnson, James F. Oyster, A. Leftwitch
Sinclair, Benjamin S. Graves. William J.
Acker and William F. Uude, secretary of
the board of directors of the association.
Mr. T. Edward Clark, who appeared be
fore the committee the other day, and
whose testimony created some amusement
in view of the fact that lie could not see
anything good about the present school
system, took occasion to question Sir
Coldren as to how the committee ascer
tained that the public schools were excel
lent and the general results good.
Mrs. Murray's Suggestion.
Mr. Coldren was beginning to reply when
Representative Morrell shut down on the
discussion, and Mrs. Annie Murray, col
ored. representing a local kindergarten as
sociation, addressed the committee briefly
urging additional salaries for teachers!
Mrs. Murray advocated a rather unique
proposition as to a wage scale. She thought
normal school graduates should be started
in at the third or fourth grades, and that
the wage scale should go both ways. She
thought a teacher who was specially quali
fied to teach younger children should be
permitted to follow her natural bent, bnt
not be barred from promotion. She pointed
out that at present it w?? necessary
for a normal school graduate to begin at
the first grade, and no matter whether her
work was especially congenial. In order to
secure promotion she was automatically ad
vanced from grade to grade. Some women
who taught the younger children when
they began would be very glad to continue
In this special work If permitted to do so,
and if promotions could be assured.
Mrs. Murray Indorsed the public lecture
provision in some of the bills, claiming that
a large proportion of the laboring element
of the city are very glad to visit these
places, and received much benefit from
Body Found at Paris Not an
PARIS. March 9.--Mr. and Mrs. Brown
of London arrived here last night from
England and recognUted the body of Ethel
A,- which was found recently in the
M t,?elr ,a*?*fcter .thus ter
mISShS* # ?k Inquiries as to the
of 'he deceased, who was errone
ously supposed to be an American girl.
(Continued from First Page^
at the outbreak of the 8panlah war as a
sergeant hi Company M. 2d Mississippi In
fantry, and in 1899 +10 was appointed a sec
ond lieutenant In the 43d United States In
fantry. In 1901 he was honorably mustered
out of the volunteer service, and In the
same year entered the regular army as a
second lieutenant In the 10th Cavalry. In
1002 he became a first lieutenant of the 15th
Cavalry, and in 1908 was detailed to the
First Lieut. Ernest H. Agnew entered
the army as a second lieutenant In the 20th
Kansas Volunteer Infantry. May 10. 1888.
and was made caxttain of the 11th United
States Volunteer Cavalry In 1899. He was
appointed second lieutenant in the regulsr
army February 2, 11101, reaching the grade
of first lieutenant on the 28th of the same
month. He has been attached to the 6th
Infantry since June, 1902.
First Lieut. Wylle T. Conway Is a native
of Illionois, and entered the army as a pri
vate In the 7th Infantry May 27, 1898. In
February. 1901. he was commissioned a sec
ond lieutenant, 28th Infantry, and in May,
1905, was made first lieutenant, 6th In
Cooke a Native of the District.
Ensign Henry D. Cooke, Jr., who com
mands the gunboat Pampanga, a small
craft of 200 tons, was born in the District
of Columbia and appointed to the navy
from New York in September, 1899. His
father lives at 168 West B5tli street. New
York. His commission as ensign was only
recently signed by the President, and Is
now on its way to the Philippines. He has
been on duty on the Asiatic station since
1003, and recently relieved Ensign Oscar S.
Cooper of command of the Pampanga, of
which, prior to that time, he was executive
It Is supposed the Pampanga was at Jolo,
but the movements of the gunboats of the
Philippine squadron are reported to the
commander-in-chief of the Asiatic station,
but are not forwarded to the Navy Depart
ment. and the latter is without any advices
concerning the engagement. Nor is It
known whether other naval vessels were
present at the time of the trouble.
No Moros Made Prisoners.
From the fact that the official report of
the Jolo engagement says nothing about
captured or wounded Moros, It is assumed
by army officers at the War Department
that all the natives who made their last
stand at the fortifications on Mount Dajo
were exterminated. The presence of Gens.
Wood and Bliss at the fight makes it evi
dent that serious trouble was expected at
Jolo and that vigorous and decisive action
was planned to thoroughly subjugate the
lawless bands of Moros who persistently re
fused to respect the authority and laws of
the United States in the Philippines.
The news of the sanguinary engagement
came as a surprise to the officials at the
War Department, as t.hey have not received
any reports from the Philippines recently to
Indicate anything in the nature of a general
uprising in Jolo. or, in fact, anything more
than the sporadic outbreaks of small bands
of fanatic follower of the sultan.
The officer who sent the dispatch from
Manila in the absence of Oen. Wood Is Col.
George Andrews of the military secretary's
department, who was recently stationed at
As soon as received a copy of Col. An
drews' dispatch was sent to Secretary T&ft
at the White-House and formed the basis
of a general discussion by the President
and his cabinet of the troublous condition
of affairs In the Philippines.
Discussed at the Capitol.
The Associated Press dispatch of the Jolo
battle was particularly interesting to mem
bers of the House who were with the Taft
expedition to the Philippines last summer.
Representative Longworth remarked on
wading the message of Gen. Wood: "I re
member that little island very well indeed.
We went all over it. It was there the Sul
tan of Sulu entertained us with an exhibi
tion of the native sport, including buffalo
fights. The inhabitants of the island are
entirely uncivilised, being Mohammedans
and religious fanatics of the most pro
nounced type. They have no military or
ganizations and their fights are all Inspired
by religious beliefs.
"At any time a priest among any of the
mountain bands can Inspire an uprising,
when a swoop on the lower country will be
made. The belief that If killed in battle
they will go directly to heaven makes them
desperate and anxious to fight to the death.
"This island, which is one of the extreme
southern islands of the archipelago, was one
of our last stops In the Philippines."
"I took pictures of those hills," remarked
Representative Sherley of Kentucky, who
was also of the party. "Jolo," he contin
ued, "is an old walled town. Directly to
the south outside the wall Is an extended
natural amphitheater sloping to the sea.
It Is formed l>y a circular chain of hills, of
which the battlefield described in the dis
patches was undoubtedly one."
"The soldiers told me," said Representa
tive Cooper of Wisconsin, "that they were
exceedingly glad when our party went
aboard ship from this island. The natives
there are the most treacherous of any in
the group. Our people kept them down for
some time by telling them that whenever
they were killed in battle the Americans
would bury them with a pig in their grave.
They believe that they cannot go to heaven
through a pig, and were in mortal dread
of being killed for that reason."
MOKE MASSACRE TALK
RUSSIAN JEWS ALARMED AGAIN
AT APPROACH OF EASTER.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 9.?The fears
of a renewal of Jewish massacres at Eas
ter, to which a deputation recently called
Premier Witte's attention, appear, upon
investigation, to have real foundation. The
"Black Hundred" organizations in the
"pale" and also elsewhere in European
Russia are conducting an agitation to
slaughter the "enemies of Russia."
Circulars have been prepared In St.
Petersburg calling for the extermination of
the Jews. At Minsk the Society of Old
Believers has had the temerity to address
a request to the premier for permission to
crush the nation's toem
The premier immediately notified the
governor general of Minsk to take meas
ures to prevent any outbreak.
Funeral 0$ A. W. C. Nowlin.
Arrangements have been made for the
funeral services over the remains of A. W.
C. Nowlin to be held In the auditorium of
Central Union Mission tomorrow afternoon
at 3 o'clock. They will be conducted by
Rev. Richard Pardee Williams of Trinity
rectory, this city.
Old Gold and Silver
The above are advertised In
today's Star. Watch the want
columns for a purchaser.
THE PACKERS' HEARING
SPECIAL AGENT EOBEBTSON ON
THE STAND TODAY.
CHICAGO, March #.-T. M. Robertson,
special agent for the government. declared
In a letter produced In court at the packers'
trial today, that he had declined to ax*
amine any of the books of Armour Jfc Co..
if that examination were made conditional
upon his living a pledge that the Informa
tion would not be published by President
Attorney Miller, conducting the cross-ex
? amlnatlon in behalf of Armour Sc Co., asksd
! if witness would declare himself to hare
been given an opportunity to decline to take
the Information on the terms named. Mr.
I Robertson replied that he would not say
that he had been given such an opportunity.
! The attorney then brought out the letter.
Mr. Robertson declared tfikt the letter re
ferred entirely to another matter.
Martin M. Flannery, also a .special agent
for the government In the beef Inevstlga
tlon, was called after the conclusion of the
testimony given by Mr. Robertson. It was
announced when he took the stand that the
government will call but one more witness.
The testimony of Mr. Flannery relative
to the manner of conducting the Investiga
tion in behalf of the government, and the
amount and kind of Information furnished,
was much In the same line as that given
by previous witnesses.
INSURANOEME N HEARD
IMPORTANT GATHERING AT AL
BANY TO DISCUSS A NEW LAW.
ALBANY, N. Y., March 0.?Probably never
before has a more remarkable gathering of I
life insurance men been assembled under
a single roof than that which met today
in the state capltol In connection with the
hearing of pending amendments to the in
surance law. The hearing on the bills was
had before the Joint special legislative In
vestigating committee, which drew upon It
self last fall universal attention by Its ex
posures of many of the conditions surround
ing the business of life Insurance as carried
on In this state.
Today's hearing was the first public op
portunity of the Insurance companies to ex
press themselves upon the provisions of the
ten bills presented by the committee to the
legislature as the result of its Investigation,
and the great and small companies concen
trated a powerful personnel upon the occa
Arrangements had been made for a very
large attendance, and yesterday It became
evident that the great crowd of Insurance
men coming In on every train would tax to
the utmost the capacity of the big assembly
chamber. Last night the corridors of the
hotels suggested the night before a great
Many radical changes in the state Insur
ance law and kindred statutes are proposed
in the ten bills under consideration. A
resume of these measures has been carried
heretofore in these dispatches.
Assembly Boom Crowded.
Long before the time set for the hearing
the assembly chamber was crowded to the
point of discomfort. Former Lieut. Gov.
Timothy L. Woodruff, president of the
Provident Savings Life, acted as master
of ceremonies and introduced the speakers.
Mr. Woodruff outlined the program, and
said that former Judge William B. Horn
blower of the New York Life Insurance
Company would sum up for the Insurance
He Introduced President Paul Morton of
the Equitable Life Assurance Society as
the first speaker. Mr. Morton presented a
communication In which he began by ad
mitting that serious evils had crept into
the insurance business, and by assuring the
committee that he was In accord with Its
general purposes. He said, however, that
tf these Mils were enacted without change
it would seriously Injure the Insurance in
terests of the state. "Not only will the in
surance companies be unable to conduct
their business In such a manner as to pro
duce fair returns to their policyholders, and
meet the requirements of the people of the
state for new Insurance, but the conserva
tive insurance companies of other states
will be forced to discontinue business in
"In short, the result of the legislation
which you have recommended will be the
reverse of the result you are seeking to
Mr. Morton referred to the suggestion that
the bills, even If Imperfect, could be amend
ed at the next session of the legislature,
but pointed out that the Investigation had
commanded such widespread confidence
that the example of New York would quite
surely be followed by other states, and
that, therefore, the laws enacted at this
ses&lon should be as nearly perfect as pos
Mr. Morton then took up the changes in
the bills he would suggest. In brief, he be
lieved that with certain qualifications in
surance companies should be allowed the
same latitude in the matter of investments
Mr. Morton submitted schedules showing
the present Investments which would come
within the proposed prohibition, considered
under three heads, namely, collateral trust
bonds, railroad stocks and stocks in banks
and trust companies. He believed that only
In particular instances should collateral
trust bonds be criticised as unsafe Invest
ments. To force the marketing of all, he
contended, would work great damage; that
while insurance companies ought not to be
allowed to continue control of banks and
trust co4k>an!es, to force them to relin
quish at once would place them at the
mercy of the narrow market for these secu
He recommended, with reference to exist
ing investments, that life insurance com
panies be permitted to retain their present
investments in collateral trust bonds and in
railroad stocks, and also their present In
vestments In banks and trust companies,
provided that in no case shall an insurance
company hold over 20 per cent of the stock
of a bank or trust company.
As for future Investments, Mr. Morton
suggested that they be permitted in collat
eral trust bonds of companies operating
railroads, possibly restricted to those which
have not defaulted for ten years In interest
payments; In preferred or guaranteed
stocks of railroad companies which for five
years have paid 4 per cent, and in no case
more than 5 per cent of the issue. He ob
jected to the proposed standard forms of
The large mutual companies should be
permitted to issue non-participating poli
cies. He accepted the proposed limitation
upon new business, but he maintained that
the companies should be permitted to make
good annual losses by termination. The law
should fix a minimum, not a maximum con
tingency reserve percentage. There should
be some limit upon expenses, but the pro
posed limitation would not allow for in
evitable uncertainties, and it was sure to
"paralyse" the insurance business. Insur
ance companies should be permitted to par
ticipate in syndicate holding securities legal
for insurance investments; otherwise it
must pay more for them than parties to
He questioned the justice of the proposed
prohibition of directors not directly mem
bers of financial committees from partici
pation In syndicates selling securities to
their companies. Such a prohibition, he
said, wduld cost the companies the services
of some of the most valuable men.
Alexander EL Orr, successor of the late
John A. McCall as president of the New
York Life, followed Mi". Morton. He said
that the enactment of the bills as they
now stand would cut In half the business
of bis company, especially as they would
take effect immediately, without giving the
companies a chance to conform gradually
to the law. He declared that the effects
of the legislation would be felt throughout
the country, and that the responsibility
rested upon the committee.
PRINCE TSAITSBIN NEW YORK.
Mat by the Chin?? Minister and Other
NBW YORK, March 9 ?Prince Tsai Tse.
head of the Chinese imperial commission
now passing through this country on Its
way to Europe, arrived here today.
He was met by (Mr Chentung Liang
Cheng, Chinese minister to Washington,
and by members of Ms party who preceded
Aim to New York.
KNOWS OF NO MUTINY
MB. ELY RXCEIVED NO PETITION
FROM SCHOOL PUPILS.
Supervising Principal 8. M. Ely of the
ninth division of the public school^ in
which the Gales School building is located,
today. In aa Interview with the principal
and eighth grade teacher of the building,
declared that he had received no petition
from the pupils of the school as a declara
tion of grievance*, it had been reported
that a "strike" is on at the Gales building,
and that a petition drawn up by all the
boys of the school save two . had been the
proclamation of revolt.
The alleged petition was published in a
morning paper and was said to have been
addressed to Mr. Ely. superintendent of
the Gales School, and signed by Cecilia Mc
Grath. Edith Ricketts. G. G. Frasier. L.
Van Reuth, M. Offenberg, C. E. Paroni,
M. J. Helm, T. F. McCarthy, P. W. Carrots,
J. B. Brooks, H. Merlllat and William J.
It is quoted as follows:
"Dear 8!r: We. the undersigned, hereby
request Just treatment while attending the
publk* schools of Washington. I). C. We se
riously object to the method of marking
whlcfo our present instructor has estab
"This system Is that each pupil 1s given
100 per cent at the beginning of each m?mth.
respectively, and at every mistake that is
made 10 is supposed to be taken off. How
ever. this is not being done. Are any ex
ceptions allowable in this rule? It seems
that some pupils receive more or less marks
according to the fancy of the teachen
"At the beginning of the school term we
did not object when five marks were taken
off during the long months and ten taken
o(T during the short ones.
"We hereby ask that the rule adopted at
the beginning of the school term be re-es
"Trusting this letter will receive favorable
consideration and be promptly acted upon,
respectfully. Pupils of the Eighth Grade,
Know Nothng About It.
The supervisor states that neither he nor
any of the teachers has seen any such pe
tition. Of the forty-one pupils enrolled in
the eighth grade all were in attendance to
day and only four were absent yesterday.
There has been no rumor of discontent, say
fhe teachers, and the discipline is all that
can be desired.
Reports of pupils' scholarship were given
out last Monday, and It is presumed that,
as usual, some pupils may have been dis
satisfied with their marks, but no complaint
has been Made.
The principal today has been in receipt
of letters and messages of apology from the
parents of the alleged petitioners, declaring
the greatest confidence in the fairness of
the marking system at the school and the
general Justice of the administration, and
regretting the mortifying association of
their children with any such report.
SALE OF 11TH STREET PROPERTY.
Mr. Milton Smith of New York the
Stone & Fairfax, real estate brokers,
have made another sale of business prop
erty. The building 720 11th street, on the
west side, diagonally opposite the Palais
Royal, has been sold through them to Mr.
Milton Smith of New York. The new owner
will remodel for business purposes. The
price paid was $15,000, or about $8 per
square foot. The lot has a frontage of
twenty feet and a depth of ninety-five feet
to an alley.
JOINED ARMY TO REFORM.
Wealthy Son of Former Congressman
Special Dispatch to The Star.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, March 9.?Gavin Har
ris, the actor, son of the late Representa
tive Stephen R. Harris of the thirteenth
Ohio district, is a member of the third com
pany of recruits at the United States army
post here, having enlisted at Cleveland
ten days ago under the name of Harris
Harris, using his middle name that he had
dropped in his stage career. Harris was
wild in his youth and ran away from home
to go upon the stage, his father being much
opposed to such a course. Accidentally his
father saw him play at Toledo several years
ago, was pleased with his ability and a
reconciliation took place on the stage. By
his father's death he inherited about $75,
Harris says he takes this course to get
away from fast companions whom he could
not shake off In any other way. What as
signment will be made of him cannot be
told as long as he is a "rooky," but he
hopes for service In the Philippines. He
says he lias still $50,000 of his legacy, which
he will keep as an investment in western
AN ANTI-PASS MEASURE.
Iowa Senate Passed Bill Against Issu
ance of Passes.
DE-S MOINES, Iowa, March 9?The
Hughes anti-pass measure, prohibiting
railroad, street railway, telegraph and ;
telephone companies from issuing passes !
and franks to state and national officials,
with the exception of railroad commission
ers and newspapers, passed the senate by
a unanimous vote today.
The measure carries with It a provision
making a violation of the law a misde
meanor punishable by fine or imprisonment.
It has not reached the house.
THE HOLLISTER MURDER TRIAL.
Defendant's Counsel Failed to Break
Down Doctor's Testimony.
CHICAGO, March 9.?When the trial of
Richard Ivens for the murder of Mrs. Bes
sie Hollister was resumed today, Dr. W.
D. Hunter, county physician, again took
the stand. Attorney Folz, who Is defend
ing Ivens, made an effort to break down
the statement made yesterday by Dr. Hun
ter that the woman's death was caused by
strangulation by the wire which had been
twisted around her neck.
The effort was unsuccessful, the physi
cian declaring that death was unquestion
ably caused by strangulation.
REBELS SHOWED BAD FAITH.
Fired on Dominican Troops During Ne
The State Department is in receipt of a
cablegram dated Monte Christl, Santo Do
mingo, yesterday, saying that on the pre
ceding day while the terms of surrender
were being carried out between the govern
ment forces and the revolutionists the latter
acted in bad faith, and there was a fight In
which two officers and six men were killed,
including Gen. Cepin. The revolutionists es
caped to the bushes.
Bills to Enlarge Powers Passed.
Special- Dispatch to The Star.
ANNAPOLIS, Md.. March !>. ? Delegate
Carroll's bills to enlarge the corporate pow
ers of the towns of Takoma Park and Glen
Echo, Montgomery county, passed both
houses this morning and will be signed by
the governor next week. The general as
sembly adjourned before noon to Monday
Oreely In Command at San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 9.?MaJ. Gen.
A. W. Greely, until recently chief signal offi
cer of the War Department at Washington,
arrived here yesterday to assume command
of the Pacific division of the army. Ailing
the vacancy caused by the retirement of
Gen. Sumner some weeks ago. He will to
day formally relieve Gen. Funston, who has
been in command since Geo. Sumner's de
Concurred in Raport.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
RICHMOND. Vs., March ft?The house
today by an overwhelming vote concurred
In the action of the senate in adopting the
minority report in the oonporattott commis
Many attractively illus
trated special features will be
found in this week's issue of
THE SATURDAY STAR.
Included in the large list of
notable articles will be the 5
STORIES OF COWBOYS. |
Frank Carpenter contributes 5
an interesting collection of *
stories about second sons of jr
English lords and their an- ?-.?
tics in the Canadian cattle
An entertaining story of the
theaters in New York where
plays are given in foreign w
CAUSE FOR REJOICING. |
Young people of France are =|jj
happy over the favorable at- ^
titude of the lawmakers to- &
ward the Lemirc law, which jr
will make marriage easier. X
NEW ANIMAL SPECIES. |
Scientists of Bureau of Ani
mal Industry hope for sue
cess with experiments in #
breeding "Zebroids." Illus- k
WOMEN AS ACROBATS. |
An old performer explains J;'
the important part that ;??
woman plays in the profes
sional "strong act." Illus
In Fashion's Realm.
A MI-CAREME FETE.
Paris feminine |>opulation ?
getting ready for annual
carnival. Splendors of dress *?:
in the spring modes. Illus
? THE EASTER BONNETS.
Great variety noticed in ??
& styles for straw hats. Em- ??
pire and page models prom- A
^ ise to be popular. Illus- jj;
k ? I
| CROCUSES IN MARCH.
$ An entertaining bit of fic
Jt tion written for The Star
i* by Edith M. Doane. Illus- ?
% trated. 51
j THE YELLOW DANGER. 6
jii; Another installment of M. Sj;
$ P. Shiel's novel which is
& running as a daily serial in $
THE SATURDAY STAR.
CHURCH UNION PROJECT.
Two Local Presbyterian Congregations
At a meeting held In the Assembly's
Presbyterian Church, 5th and I streets
northwest, last evening there was much In
terest shown In a discussion of the pro
posed consolidation of Assembly's Church
with the New York Avenue I'reshyterlan
Church. The consolidation Is said to be In
furtherance of the movement advocated by
Mr. Justice Harlan of the United States Su
preme Court to have several Presbyterian
churches In the District combined. In the
effort to form a nucleus for the foundation
of a great central Presbyterian Church In
the naUonal capital. The matter was thor
oughly gone over, and many of the mem
bers seemed to be in favor of the move
ment. The point was made that for a
church to go into the movement meant to
lose its individuality, but tlie statement was
made that if the end was to be accomplish
ed then some of the churches must make
It was Anally decided to have a letter sent
to all members of the church asking them
to be present at the next meeting, which
will be held next Thursday evening, when
the Assembly's Church members will vote
upon the question of joining with the New
York Avenue Church.
The warm affection of the members of
the Assembly's Church for their pastor man
ifested Itself when it was stated this morn
ing that the plan that the Assembly's Church
members will advocate having Rev. Georgu
R. Wilson as co-pastor with Rev. Dr. Wal
lace Radcllffe in the church that may result
from the consolidation. One of the officials
of the Assembly's Church said that, In his
estimation, the plan for the consolidation
of the two churchcs will probably be voted
upon favorably when the matter comes up
for a decision Thursday evening. He also
said It was the plan of the members of the
Assembly'sChorch to sell the present church
site and set aside the amount to be placed
In the purchase price when the site for
the proposed great national Presbyterian
Church is purchased.
BRIDGE PIERS DAMAGED.
Alleged Attempt to Blow Up Structure
in Alexandria County.
One of the heavy stone piers supporting
a new bridge In Alexandria county, Va.,
about a half mile north of Alexandria,
carrying Poor House lane over the newly
built tracks of the Washington Southern
railway, was partially damaged by an ex
plosion of dynamite some time during
Wednesday night last. The party respon
sible for the explosion Is not known to the
Virginia authorities, but. it is stated, an
investigation is being made and the officers
expect to develop something of Importance
regarding It in a short time
The cause for the attempt to blow up
the bridge Is not known, but it Is generally
attributed to a desire on the part of some
to cause trouble for the contractors on the
work, and It is on this theory. It Is stated,
the Virginia authorities are working. Al
though the attempt to blow up the bridge
was made Wednesday night last. It w?
not until this morning that It became gen
erally known that such an attempt had
It Is stated at the Alexandria county
court house that the parties responsible for
the explosion handled the dynamite In a
very bungling manner, as the damage done
the stone work of the pier was compara
Uvely small, and can be repaired In a few
days. It is ml so stated that the use of the
bridge is but Uttle Interfered with oy the
Substituted as Collector.
Justice Stafford in Equity Court No. 2
today appointed Delmas C. Stutler collector
for the estate of the late Charles H. Smith
In place of William E. Ambrose. The
court directed the latter to turn over what
effects of the estate he had la his charge
to the aew collector.