Newspaper Page Text
Sbc long (Ma?.
By J. Russell Verbrycke, Pastor Gurley Memorial Presbyterian Church.
T?i: EiodiM xlU:17, 1? "Aod it came to pass,
when Pbaraob hart lot the people go. ,hat
tb?m not through tbe way of the Iwil of tbc Fhin
trtlnes. altbonfb that near; ? * * &?t Owl
Ui the people about through the way of the wll
dtrnesa of th" K*'<1 ???*."
It la an old saying that often "The farth
est way round is 'he nearest way home.
The fugitive Israelites found tills to be pre
eminently true, although it did not appear
so at first when God ordered them off the
nearest route, to turn into the largest and
8?ex?liigty most difficult one. From the
bondage of Egypt, the children of Israel
were on their Journey to the iar.d of prom
ise and freedom. Their deliverance had
been achieved after thrilling scenes and
wonderful demonstrations of divine power.
It had been a contest between God and a
deEart ruler, but God had won. The lib
erated people had started on their ,
their destination, Canaan: <3od had prom
ised them "that country shall be your in
heritance. The pilgrimage was no little
undertaking It was no little emigrant
train that set out from Goshen, under the
generalship of Moses, but the mightiest
exouus that the world has ever witnessed.
Some say it was a multitude of 2,000,000
of souls; others have estimated that It ex
ceeded 3,000,000 of people. With all their
foods utensils, property and flocks and
Rev. J. Russell Verbrycke.
kerds, it was no small undertaking If
Divine Providence had not had a hand in
It, It could have resulted in nothing but an
But God was back of Moses. Moses was
tout the Instrument through whom God
worked, the mouth-piece through whom
Ood spoke, and the guide by whom God
led The three days which the Hebrews
??k- d of Pharaoh, that they might go into
the wlluerr.ess to worship their God, had
expired. It was now ? critical time for
the great host. To go on would plainly
de< lar* to Pharaoh that they had made a
break for liberty, defied his authority, and
never meant to return. The three days
Journey had brought them near to the head
?f the Red tea There were two ways
which they might take to their destination.
One was from the north of Egypt to the
south of Canaan, the shortest and most
direct. It would have taken but a few
flsje. The other way was much longer
and very indirect.
Greatly to the surprise of the j>eople. God
directed then-, to take this last way, and
Inttead of leading them to the isthmus of
Buex. He conducted !o the border of the
Red sea. Moses would have chosen the
first of these two ways, but God declined
the common road, which everybody else
might have recommended, and chose the
most unlikely. God's ways are not ae
mm. h ways. We have found this so often
to be true Our waje are hasty, but God
)? slow and deliberate in Ills methods.
With all adequate power to call a world
Into existence in a single moment, He
ignored this power and formed this world
through long, almost incalculable, geologic
periods His way is almost always the
long way. "Nature evidences this. God
does not call the fully developed herb and
plant ar.d tree Into full being; but It Is first
the seed, then the tiny shoot, then the
blade, the bud. the leaf, the blossom, and
after patient waiting, the fruit. God could
call the fully-formed man and woman into
being, as He created the first man and
woman, but we arrive at fully developed
manhood and womanhood only after years
of slow growth. He has the ultimate end
?f manhood and womanhood in view, but
Ho takes every one of us by "the long
way ' of the successive periods of infancy,
childhood, youth and then full development.
Across the thresholds of the academy, the
college, the university, we step Into the
Some Big Organs.
from the New York Mail.
?j'he Cathedral of St. John the Divine still
consist*, to the eye of the passenger on the
elevated, of a few great naked pillars, a
single rude, unfinished arch and of a great
deal of massive Utter. Hut it is announced
that th" organ which Is to thunder forth
praises beneath the roof, when that root is
rats'd at last, has already been ordered,
and that it is to be "one of the most pow
erful in the world." It will need to be
powerful In order to nil every nook and
cranny of the vn?t cathedral that Is so very
slowly raising Itself on MornlngsUle
Hut it may well be powerful, for never
befcrv 1 ?? it been possible for an organ
builder to avail himself of so many me
chanical agencies favorable to volume and
effect. Hydraulic organs date back many
centuries, and electrical organs to 1WH, but
rot until now, we believe, have air currents
keen driven through, mammoth cylindrical
"resonators" by means of an apparatus re
sembling the pistons of engines; and never
until now have these resonators been ex
tended beneath the floors of cathedrals, to
" produce these vast subterranean roarings
that may resemble a cross between a
school of real life. There, from entered
apprentice, step by step, we are initiated
| into the trades and professions, in which,
; after years of patient toil, we become
master workmen. God's way in our devel
opment is "a long way." You and I are at
school yet?the wide school of experience,
from which I believe we shall never grad
| uate. for by new experiences we shall go
j on developing in the world to come. God's
process in the evolution of nations is slow
and deliberate. Every page of history is
marked with God s dellberateness. For ex
amples. study Israel's history?our own his
tory a? a nation. God's ways are not as
man's ways. God moves with stately pre
cision; man chooses the short cuts. Man
often fails; God never. The course from
which Israel was turned was the nearest;
but the nearest is not always the best.
Friends, perhaps God Is leading some of
you by "the long way." Tou have your
goal, your longing ambition; but you have
not yet reached it. Tou have come to the
very verge of your ideal; so near, yet at
the supreme moment of realization, as a
test of faith and character, you have met
with some misfortune or reverse, and have
een led back into the wilderness.
home men and women have met with this
experience time and time again, an.l it has
seemed that some ill fate is warring against
their ultimate success. If we be children
of God, we recognize these things as His
leadings by "the long way." There are
some Christians who have had the noblest
aspirations to attain the higher plain of
Christian living, a thing that it would seem
that God would be most ready to grant
speedily. They have longed for that closer
union with God. through Christ, and yet
they feel today that they are far distant
from that sweet experience which some en
joy. There have been so many staggering
tests of faith, so many trials that have
filled the heart with unbidden doubts, that
the soul is yet journeying on its way in
the wilderness, and has not found that ab
solute repose In God. Friend, it is God
leading you by "the long way" round to
Again "The long way" led Israel through
the wilderness. The way of life Is often a
wilderness way. God leads many of Ills
children through the desert. Oh, how bar
ren It has seemed; how cold and cheerless.
Some through the wilderness of trials and
afflictions; some through the wilderness of
bodily suffering; some through reverses and
harsh injustices; some through a way bar
ren of friends and Joy; some through disap
pointments and loss of earth's dearest
loved ones; some through the bleak waste
of domestic infelicities. The way is long,
the way is hard; but let us remember that
God's way is n way of mercy. It is not an
If He did lead Israel by the longest way.
It was the right way. They saw It when
they reached Canaan. Mercy, why it stands
out with wonderful clearness. "He know
eth our frame; lie rememb* th that we are
Just." "A bruised reed He will not break,
and the smoking flax will He not quench "
God earns for His children. We remember
the great Knox fire here in our city in -D3
AVe are told that In the warehouse, where
were stored the household effects of so
many of our citizens, a strange thing hap
pened. The Hie began on the first floor,
and took everything before It. it ate its
way through floor after floor until It flamed
through the roof. The waier poured into
it seemed to be but added fuel. Soon the
massive waiis crushed in with a mighty
crasY The flre raged fiercely for some
time, and then left a mass of smoldering
ruins. After the fire, came the work of
clearing away the debris. Everything that
was In the building seemed to be -erushed.
I.oad after load had been hauled away,
when, we ar? told, underneath it all. pro
tected by a huge beam which lay aslant,
was found a delicate l!ttle cut-glass vase.
Its crystal beauty untarnished by the
smoke, umnarred by the crash, as perfect
us when It left the skillful hands of the
artist who made It. What an Illustration
of protecting providence.
Am.d the wrecks of all tilings temporal,
God will guard His own. When He comes
to make up His jewels. He will spare the
trusting i*>u! as a father epareth his own
son. Trust In God, for His way at last
leads to Canaan. The reward will come at
length; to rich, so beautiful; the enjoyment
so entrancing that there will be no thought
of the hardships by the way.
"And It came to pass, when Pharaoh let
the people go, that God led them not
through the way of the land of the Philis
tines, although that was near ? ? .
but God led the people about through the
way of the wilderness of the Red sea."
! thunder peal and an earthquake. Unfler
1 the system, according to which the con
structors of the new organ for St. John's
Is to be built, the cathedral really would
appear to beo>me a part of the organ
rather than the organ a part of the cathe
At the present moment, if we mistake
not. the largest organ In this country-Is In
the Mormon Tabernacle nt Silt l>ake City.
It was erected originally in Music Hall, In
Boston, but was not an economic success
there, and was long ago bought by the
Mormons. But tills is smaller than thu
organ In the Royal Albert Hall in London.
The finest and most famous organs in th's
city are probably tiiose in St. Patrick's
Cathedral, in St. Bartholomew's, in the
Church of the Ascension, in St. Mary Ihe
Virgin's, in Plymouth Church, Brooklyn;
in St. George's and In the-Tempie Emanuel.
Consldeiing that Puritanism and Presby
terianism have in times past utterly con
demned organs, great and small, as a sac
rilegious attempt to "praise God by ma
chinery." the cause of good organ music
lias fared pretty well In this country. It
there is a large church In any large town in
the country that is without an organ it
would be hard to tell where it is. The ad
vance from the small affair that Is not un
fittingly described by the Scotchman as
"klst o' whustles," to the vast modern me
chanical affair, with thundering resonators
under the church floor, has been tremen
_____ JNTERIOR_OF_THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY COMFORTER.
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
TO BE DEDICATED TODAY
The Church of ihe Ho'v Comforter, lit
14th and Bast Capitol streets, which has
recently been completed, will be dedicated
this morning with appropriate religious ex
ercises conducted by Cardinal Gibbons.
The ceremony will take place at 10:30 a.m.,
and will consist of the blessing of the Inner
and outer walls of the edifice, the singing
of psalms and the chanting' of the litany
of the saints.
During the dedicatory ceremonies the car
dinal will be assisted by Very Rev. E. R.
Dyer. D.D., the president of St. Mary's
Seminary, Baltimore, and the Kev. W. A.
Kelly, D.D., and Rev. Paul Griffith, pastor
of St. Augustine's Church, as deacons of
honor. At the conclusion of this Interesting
and significant ceremony solemn high mass
will be sung, with Rev. Valentine F.
Schmitt, pastor of St. Joseph's Church,
cclebrant; Rev. Charles F. Aiken, D.D.,
acting as deacon, and Rev. Paul Griffith as
subdeacon. Rev. George Dougherty, assist
ant treasurer of the Caj.hollc University of
America, will act as master of ceremonies,
assisted by Rev. Charles E. Buone, assist
ant pastor of the Church of the Holy Com
forter. The sermon will be preached by
Rev. Edmond T. Shannahan, dean of the
faculty of theology at the Catholic Univer
sity, and said to be one of the foremost
Catholic scholars In America.
It Is expected that the music will be of a
particularly interesting character. Eykens'
Gregorian mass will be rendered by the
full vested choir of the Holy Cross College
students of the Catholic University, which
Is under the direction of Mr. Wm. AViuberg.
In view of the more than ordinary Interest
attaching to such ceremonies it is expected
that a large number of clergy will bo In
The final completion of the Church of the
Holy Comforter is a happy consummation
of the labors of Rev. Joseph I. Maguire,
tlie pastor of the church, and h!s congre
gation. In addition to i*is utility, the new
church commends Itself to the onlooker In
an architectural sense, being In the Span
ish mission style, and is said to have been
Inspired by an old mission house at "San
Plego, Cal. B. Stanley Simmons of this
Rev. Joseph I. McGuire.
city was the architect. The building has
three entrances. Broad windows provide
ample light and ventilation.
A suitable room has been placed at the
north end for the meetings of the different
societies connected with the church. At the
EPISCOPAL CHURCHES TO
WIPE OUT ALL DEBTS
"I feel greatly encouraged by reason of
the generous responses by the people of
the diocese to the movement to wipe out
all the debts of the churches of the d'.o
cese," Bishop Satterlee of the Protectant.
Episcopal Church said yesterday afternoon,
in speaking of the effort to raise $300,000
for liquidation of church Indebtedness#.
Only one week remains before the collec
tions are to be made; and all of the
churches which have debts have active
committees at work. The reports made to
the bishop, he says, are very gratifying.
The day of the Feast of the Annuncia
tion, March 25, when the collections for
the purpose stated will be taken, Is a his
toric one in the local diocese, for it r.arks
the tenth anniversary of the -creation of
the diocese and of the convolution of
Henry Yates Satterlee as blstop. When
the manner of celebrating thl: important
event was considered It wis decided to
mark It by canceling the debts on the
various churches, amounting to more than
The churches that are engaged in the
movement, arid the amounts which they
hope to raise, are as follows: Trinity Church,
$10,000, on parish hall and rectory; St.
Thomas', $59,000; St. Andrew's, $15,".00; St.
Margaret's, $51,575; Pro-Cathedral Church
of the Ascension, $15,000; St. Mark's,
$27,000 on parish property, rr.ctory and par
ish hall; St. Stephen's, Christ
Church. Georgetown, $3,500; '"Kirch of the
Good Shepherd, $11!,000; Clm-ft Church,
navy yard, $2,<JOO.
The largest separate amount to be raised
Is that by St. Thomas' Churcn, 18tii street
near Dupont Circle. Rev. C. Ernest Smith
haB made an earnest appeal to ail the
members of his congregation to loin In the
effort; committees have been appointed and
the progress Indicates that the parish Is
equal to the emergency, and will have a
clean slate after March 25.
The committees appointed oy St. Thomas'
Church are as follows:
Men's committee?Mr. S. II. Agnew, Mr.
L. S. Bacon, Mr. A. A. Birnov, Mr. C. J.
Bell, Chief Justice H. M. Clabuugh, Mr.
A. P. Crenshaw, treasurer; Mr. Melville
Church, Mr. J. B. Ohlpmui, Mr. J. C.
Davidson, Commander F. H. Eldridge, U.
S. N.; Mr. Norman Gait. Mr. It. A. liar
low, Mr. W. D. Hoover, Mr. Beale B.
Howard, Brig. Gen. John A. Johnston. Mr.
A. Geary Johnson, MaJ. L. J. McOIII, Mr.
F. D. McKenney, Mr. George T. Marye, Jr.,
Mr. Theodore Noyes, MaJ. I>. C'. Phillips,
Admiral G. C. Itemey, Mr. John Sherman,
Brig. Gen. F. G. Smith, U. S. A.; Brte.
Gen. J. M. Wilson, U. S. A., and Brig. Gen.
G. A. Woodward, U. S. A.
Women's committee?Mrs. F. V. Abbott,
Mrs. W. Acker, Mrs. J. K. Angei, secre
tary; Mrs. H. B. Brown. Mrs J. IJ. Crane,
Mrs. DeValin, Mrs. If. W. Fitch, Mrs. It.
T. Frank, Mrs. H. W. Fuller, Mrs. J. E.
Gadsby, Mrs. C. H. Gardner. Mrs. I-. W
Glazebrook, Mrs. J. J. Gordon. Mrs. W. H.
Billiard, Mrs. M. Hutchinson. Mrs. J. H.
Johnson. Mrs. F. B. Moran, Miss McC'am
mon, Mrs. Mcllhenney. Mrs. F. G. McKean,
Mrs. Crosy Miller, Mis. C. II. Poor, Mrs.
J. W. Rellly, Mrs. S. Sch.-oe.Jcr. Mrs. C.
.Ernest Smith and Mrs. A. S. Worthingtbn.
FOUND IN JAPAN
Yesterday, which was celebrated in many
lands as St. Patrick's day. Is said to be ob
served In Japan, by Roman Catholics, as a
special feast day. This has no connection
however, with St. Patrick's feast, but Is
known as the Feast of the Finding of the
Christians. It !s In honor of the Japanese
Cathollca, who, on the reopening of the
country to missionaries, were discovered to
have kept their faith, though isolated for
centuries, when many clergy, together with
yjO.O'H) native Christians, suffered martyr
dom, and the faith preached by St. Francis
Xavler was apparently stamped out.
It is ?ald that when St. Francis left
Japan, In 1551?Japan then possessing 500,
000 converts?he wrote:
"So far as I know, the Japanese nation
Is the single and only nation of them all
which seems likely to preserve unshaken
and forever the profession of Christian holi
ness if once it embraces it.".
The condition of Christians in Japan at
this time paralleled Rome under Nero, and
in 1587 the Mikado HideyoshI, who other
wise was said to have been a splendid ruler,
ordered all Christians out of Japan In
twenty days. Two years later twenty Chris
tians were crucified at Nagasaki.
but this only seemed to Increase the ar
dor of the Christian Japanese and thous
ands of converts were gained. Under the
rule of the nexj. emperor, Yeyasu, from
1HH to 1?540, even the name Christian
seemed to have been annihilated. It Is de
clared that thousands were swept into the
sea and drowned amid a bedlam of con
fusion. Christianity and all its followers
had, it was thought, been wiped out with
one fell swoop.
In the eighteenth century, however,
through pressure brought to bear by the
leading Christian countries, the mission
aries were allowed to return to the land
and mission .house? were again set up.
March IT. lhC5. the feast of the finding of
the Chriirtians had its inception, when a
motley crowd of Japanese entered Naga
saki and kneeling in front of a mission de
clared that they,- too, were christians.
Jt afterward proved that these people were
descendants of a band of Christian refugees
that had fled at the outbreak 'of the relig
ious insurrection two hundred years before.
These refugees had migrated to a distant
and almost impenetrable mountain section,
where they colonized and practiced their
During the next year a papal brief de
creed that "the almost miraculous event of
March 17, 1WV>, should be celebrated as a
feast under the title 'The Finding of the
The voice of the more than 400 Christian
Endeavorers of St. Thomas, Ont., has been
heard against the Sabbath desecration be
coming too prevalent. The resolution
adopted by the last local union meeting ad
vised the appointment of a good-cititenship
committee to aid the officer* of the law.
opposite end niches are mad? In the par
tition containing the confessionals, while a
central niche is occupied by a shrine. To
the rear of this and immediately adjoining
the sanctuary Is the sacristy. Adjoining the
saxrlsty at the south end of the church is
the sanctuary and altar upon a raised plat
form. with steps and floor of terrazzo and
mosaics. Rough plaster of a yellowish cast
has ibeen applied to the walls, the ceiling
and trusses 'being of mission oak. exposed.
The seatings and other wood trimmings
are treated likewise, and the fixtures, elec
troliers and altar rail in verde antique.
On the north end is the choir loft, ele
vated above the church floor, where an or
gan In the mission style has been installed.
As has already been stated in The Star, this
Instrument was donated by Thomas F.
Walsh. The pulpit, which has been erected,
was the gift of E. Francis Riggs.
The rectory adjoining the edifice, which Is
practically a part of the church. Is on the
south end of the lot, the entrance being
from 14th street. It is three stories In
height. On the first floor is a reception
room, pastor's study, dining room and
kitchen. There are four good-sized rooms,
exclusive of a bath, on the second floor, and
on the third floor there Is an assistant pas
tor's suite, with bath, and other rooms for
domestics. An assembly room Is one of
the feature? of the basement, while a heat
ing plant, laundry and coal bins have also
been set up there. Both the church and
house are heated (by steam heat.
Rev. Charles E. Boone Is the assistant
pastor of the church. He was born in Plain
field, N. J., In 1875. He was a student at
?t. Charles' College and St. Mary's Semi
nary, and after his ordination went to the
Catholic University of America, and, prose
cuting further studies, was assigned to his
present charge last September.
The untiring efforts of Father McGulre
as pastor of the new church and hie pre
vious record of good works have already
been given at length In these columns.
Norfolk Divine Starts Something by
Sp?.ip.l Dispatch to The Star.
NORFOLK, Va., March 17.?The preach
ing of a sermon here by Rev. Dr. W. M.
Vines of Freemason St. Baptist Church,
in which discourse Dr. Vines declared the
Bible contained "mistakes" and that "mod
erp science had reconstructed the llible,
has created a great furor among the church
people, and ministers of Virginia, and sev
eral leading clergymen here will reply to
Rev. Dr. Calvin S. Blackweil, Baptist,
telegraphing from Baltimore today, declares
he will hasten home to make a vigorous
reply to Dr. Vines next Sunday. Dr. Vines
f>zy he will reiterate lilx contentions ana
point for confirmation In his doctrines to
Rev. Dr. Strong Prest of the Rochester. W.
T.. Theological Seminary: Dr. Fail nee,
president of the Brown University; the late
Dr. George Dana Boardman. Rev. Dr.
Mitchell of Richmond College, and Dr.
Poteat, president of Wakeforest College In j
Maryland and Virginia Conference
The following appointments of pastors
were made at the closing session of the
Maryland and Virginia conference ?f the
United Brethren Church (radical branch).
In session at Rohrersvllle, Ud? recently:
- Augusta circuit?J. L. Knapp, Dong Glade;
E. W. M. Hartman, East Holson; J. Combs,
West Holson; E. Perkins, Highland Mis
sion; J. Cromwell, Hagerstown, circuit to be
supplied; Rohrersvllle circuit to be sup
piled; conference evangelist, J. E. Hott.
The conference voted to retain within its
bounds all missionary money collected and
by resolution relieved Rev. R. H. Clopper,
secretary-treasurer, from all blame for not
sending the money to the general treasury.
Rev. E. W. M. Hartman was elected
treasurer of the church extension fund.
Rev. D. L. Perry was chosen custodian of
the preachers' aid fund.
In the absence of a bishop Rev. William
Funkhouser presided at the sessions of the
conference and Rev. D. I>. Perry was secre
tary. Rev. Mr. Funkhouser was elected
presiding elder. The conference will meet
next year at Olivet Chapel, Va.
At Oalbraith Church.
The ceremonies at the golden Jubilee at
Galbralth A. M. E. Zlon Church, on 6th
street northwest, Friday evening consisted
of singing, two addresses and a general
experience meeting, in which all joined.
The first speaker was Mr. Stlckney, who
gave a white man's view of the colored
race. He said the colored race has many
virtues of which it may well be proud.
The pastor of the church. Rev. Dr. S. L.
Corrothers. addressed the meeting along
the same line.
Boston Divine Dead.
BOSTON, March 17.?Word was received
here today of the death In Atlantic Ctty
of Rev. P. J. Daly, for many years pastor
of St. Francis de Sales Doman Catholic
Church, und one of the best known clergy
men of that faith in Massachusetts. Sev
eral years ago Father Daly founded the
Daly Industrial Home in Dorchester for
destitute children. He was about sixty
one years of age. The cause of death was
complications following an operation for
The New Ki nd of House of Worship That is Springing Up
All Over the Country?Reflection of Modern
Life in Many Respects.
Written for Th? Star
Shortly after the close of the civil war a
Baptist preacher, wlio was then located in
a village in the norti entern part of Che
mung county. N. Y., found it mccs-ary to I
drive to Horse Heads, :i:so In Chemung
county. He took w-lth hint li's elder son.
then about six yea-s old. Having linisned |
the business that called bin' to H >rse
Heads, he drove a few miles farther, to El
mlra. principally because he was anxious j
to see the church there which l:?d a Miliar 1 i
table, a bowling alley .mil some cooking
apparatus In Its basement These Innova- j
tlons, widely heralded, had stirred up no ;
end of controversy among laymen ,'.nd
clergymen ail through that portion of New
Arrived at the church, man and boy
hitched the horse, found the church doors
locked, and had to content themselves with
an outside view of the structure and what 1
glimpses they could get of Its Interior by :
peering In the basement windows. Then
they regained their buggy and as thef
started off the father con:hied to his son
that he had thought loig over the Innova
tions, at first had l>een decidedly opp s .1 to
such methods, but now was convinced 'hat
they were conceived In wisdom.
The pastor of this then rem im ible
church was the ilev. I_)r. Thomis K
Beecher, a half-brother of Henry wara
Beecher. It was he who had placed tli?
billiard table, the howling alley and the
cooking apparatus In the church s iiase
ment. and he who. In the words of l.yman
Abbott, "built up an institutional church
before the institutional church had been
heard of. and It remains to this day one or
the best conceived, in lis ^ulpm. at, of any
of its class."
Singular as It may j-.cm, the iusU;uticr.al
j church was not heard of until twenty three
years after the visit of :ne Baptist pieacher
and his son to the Jilmlra Congregational
In 1888 Berkeley Temple, Motion, aaoptcd
distinctively new methods of work. Piesi
dent William J. Tucker of Dartmouth t'ol
lege came to the temple to deliver an ad
dress. and in the cour3e of it spoke or the
new work as Institutional. i'litra uas a
bright reporter present, the definition stuck
in his mind, and the next morning when his
paper appeared it was found that he had
called Berkeley Temple an "Institutional
church." Thus, through an unknown
writer's faculty for catchy phrase-making.
Berkeley Temple became the original insti
tutional church, so-callt-d.
Berkeley Temple, however, simply adapt
ed to its uses methods that had already
gained a considerable vogue, not without
much opposition, however, in several cities
Under the Rev. Dr. W. S Rainsford. St.
George's. NeV York, had In 1SN3 started
institutional work, which speedily proved
lo be the church's salvation. The year fol
lowing the Judson Memorial, also of New
York, began similar worV In 1886 th'
Tabernacle. Jersey City, now famous for
its People's Palace, fell Into line: the next j
year the Pilgrim Church, Worcester, Mass. I
started the original Boys' Club; and by the
time Berkeley Temple was designated as
an Institutional church, perhaps a score of
ahurches throughout the country were deep
in Institutional work. Trinity Church, Bos- I
ton, in 186*5 had founded an industrial so
ciety, which cut out clothing, to be made
by poor women; but this work, like that at
Elmira, was looked upon as sporadic, when
in fact it wag simply ahead of the times.
The old-line church believes in being con
cerned wholly and absolutely in the spirit
ual welfare of man. The Institutional
church lias for Its aim the whole man?his
care and upbuilding physically, mentally,
morally. The field is the broadest possible,
and in the effort to cover It. the up-to-date
institutional church etanTfti ready to per
form almost any needful service that can
"Well," was the dry comment of a visitor
who had been shown through the busy j
'parish house of St. George's, New York, It |
strikes me that you do aibout everything
there is to do for a man except to get him j
"That Is our aim," was the clerical guide's
The evening trade schools of St. George's
offer printing, carpentry, plumbing, manual
training, drawing; its schools for girls and
young women Include cooking, housekeep
ing, millinery, sewing and kindergarten
Like several other churches. St. Bartholo
mew's boasts its class in literature; and at
Grace there are classes In bent Iron work,
electricity, chair caning, bookkeeping.
But you're seeking amusement, recreation
not instruction, or relief from the press of
temporary or chronic poverty? Very good.
Social teas for women at St. Bartholo
mew's. Gymnasium at almost any institu
tional church. A foot ball team at St.
Bartholomews. The Men's Club at St.
George's, where you can smoke in peace.
read your favorite paper, have a game or '
cards, listen to an amusing lecture, and. If
the day is hot and you feel like it, enjoy
the luxury of cooling oil under a shower
bath. Not a few churches have tlietr danc
ing classes, likewise glee eluhs, and like
wise again, athletic teams that engage in
cross-country running and other outdoor
sports. Wrestling? Yes, that's permissible
at St. George's and the People's Palace,
where there Is a swimming tank
The stifling heat of the citv Is paling
your baby's cheeks? Seek out St. George's;
it maintains a roomy, airy cottage by the
sea especially for the use of tired mothers
and their little children. Then there Is the
roof garden on St. Bartholomew's parish
house. You can put your child there ^n the
morning when you start to work nn<J know
that all day long it is breathing In the pure
air of the upper strata and being delightde
with a sight of groen things and toys well
Poor working girl, a year behind the
counter has given you listless eyes. You'd
Max Nordau on Heine.
From the Outlook.
His influence on German prose was no
less great than that which he wrought
upon the country's poetry. Heine may be
called one of the three molders of German
prose; Luther brought form and method
Into the language, Messing contributed
clearness, simplicity and a greater pliancy,
but to Heine \t Is that the German tongue
owea her rich color, her electrical force.
Luther's "Bibel" we might fitly liken to j
ore?the bronze whereof great monuments J
are molded; l.esslngs "Laocoon," as also
his "Hamburger Dramaturgie," are solid
silver, tit ware to ornament the tables Of
the greatest patricians; but Heine's "Reise- i
bllder" and incomparable "Lut^tia," these !
are the finest gold and the rarest ol
precious gems?rubles and diamonds tit to j
deck the neck and arms of the loveliest of I
When ,we set aside for the moment that
princely pair or poets In Weimar, then no
other has done a tithe of what Heine has
done, toward spreading the knowledge ol
Herman literature beyond her frontiers.
His position, indeed. Is that or a German
ambassador to the nations of foreign lands,
yet his own country disowns him: Not the
people, be it said; they read him, buy him
laud him as no other poet has been lauded;
but "official" Germany?that gang so in
curably smitten with the foile de b-andeur
?which, swarming n?re, there and every
where, penetrates Into the ttnlVerWtiaa and
better K* t Into the country for your vaca
tion. Not not the money, sir? An. w?ll,
perhaps you .1 have to stay in the <i\ thi?
year. But run straight away anil J 'in t
senior club of St. Bartholomew s <; ri ?<
Club, keep up your monthly dues ..f
cents, and next irummcr you 11 t>e ?(>!.? to
spend two Jolly weeks in the open r?t ll ?
dn> House. Washington, Conn.
S<> with yen. cocky young shaver 'l<t
Into the lluMillion Club of St Gorgt *, for
example, rind two weeks In camp .-?? a
where in the country (one of the gun
Joys that ton liefall a real boy) will l.?- \ ":r
portion. ln<Wd. father, mother. bojr.
If your lungs are crying out for fr<**h > ? iu
try or sea Hlr and you are at you. w 111
end how to get It. turn to the net.rest It *?:
tutlonal church?more than likely Ju*t
around the corner?and p<-rlinps the wvt
Jay you will be greedily sniffing sal: air or
luxuriously rolling in the long, nrrrt
scented grasx clothing some far-away In -
Penny provident banks, cant m. o. y
nurseries, cobbling classes, wood ? ai is,
coal clubs, lodging and boarding hou<e?
flower missions, cofTee and 6->up bum*
legal aid societies, civic clubs, Red Ci oss
auxiliaries, toy missions, diet kitchen' - x
curslons to art galleries, museums, ra. To
ries. etc., homes for aged people, churoft
services, clut? and classes tor various ra
tionalities. shelters for little children ,vhos<t
mothers are dead or 111. Sunday afternoon
church socials, free beds, endowed cots i.ial
college echo arshlps are to be lncl.id< ii
among the means emploj t d by the institu
tional church In Its efforts to look aft< , the
whole mun and all men.
That the work Is not in vain a gia: t at
a few statistics shows. Us< year the sf <tC
of St. George s received ov? i- lo.ono visits
and made nearly ? ;* visitors are < m
ployed. Five thousand books went out
from the church's free circulating llbran
The Men's Club has a membership of &??.
and 125 applications for membership were
received during litoTi The total enrollment
In the trade school exceeded SOU. At Its
Long Island seaside cottage over Ml per
sons were taken care of ror a week e.i.?!?,
and 7.300 for the day.
St. Bartholomew s employment l ui. ? J
gets positions for about li.Ooo p<-rs ms
yearly. The number of constiltatons in ttfl
clinic annually tops twenty-live thovi-an.i
As far back as seven years ago Its io..; as
sociation received over $70,000 and ?.m
burstd over ftKt.ooo at much lower interest
rates than the poor borrowers could have
got elsewhere. Yet the association Is !>
| managed that It pays Its running expt n*'s.
Statistics collected In l'.tKj by Dr. Josiaii
I Strong, president of the American Institute
of Social Service, show that, all other
things being equal, the Institutional < huro'i
Increases In membership much faster than
its old line Bister. At thst time two of the
twenty-tliree churches In the Miami Associ
ation of Ohio were Institutional. Both are
I downtown In Cincinnati, the hardest sort
of field for a church to work in. Still, :M<
of the additions to all the churches of
the association were to the two Institutional
churches. The gain of these two churches
over their losses, which were naturally
heavy, owing to removals to the suburbs,
was 181. The association's total gain over
losses was 177. "It appears, therefore,"
said Dr. Strong, "that without these t\\ ?
churches the membership of the association
would have been smaller by four at the end
i of the year than It was at the beginning."
The churches In New York that show (iia
largest uniform growth are those which ar<>
most extensively engaged in institutional
work?St Bartholomew's. St. George a.
Grace, the West End Presbyterian, among
others. Six years ago 112 if the 488 Protes
tant churches In old New York were Insti
tutional in whole or in part. The number
has undoubtedly Increased materially in
the last five years, but not all the church's
so working care to be consnlcted as Insti
tutional churches. Nevertheless, and what
ever their aversion to the classification,
that is their work, more or less, and in
most cases it has been notloeaoJe that, fol
lowing the adoption of the new method*,
cliurcli membership has increased, and the
church's hold on its neighborhood and its
During the first years of the new kind of
church the Congregational denomination
led In the movement. A few years agr> this
distinction belonged to the Protestant Epis
copal Church. In many quarters popularly
supposed to hold Itself aloof from the
; masses. The institutional church is now
j found in practically every denomination,
big and little, and as the statistics of Its
i spread In New York city Indicate. It Is the
church militant, the one with a remarkable
I growth still before it.
With the Institutional church has rom? n
a distinctively new kind or preacher. He
fore the days of Its multifarious activities
the American university got along very
well with a scholar for president. Nowa
days, If a university Is to go forward rrom
year to year it Is absolutely essential that It
have an able executive, a shrewd business
man at its head?and lucky and exceptional
Is that university whose chief business man
Is also Its first scholar.
So with the Institutional church. ^ h. <i
It was an old-line church. Interested only In
the moral third of Its members, then ti e
man for Its purplt was a theological orator,
an expounder of the Bibles moral laws.
Here is St. Bartholomew s, with upward of
two hundred meetings classes, se''vl<***SH
and so on, a week. Is It conceivable i . a
man trained for pulpit oratory only 1
run such ft complicated and enormous or
ganization. keep all the various whe. ?
turning smoothly prod here, t heck then t
the psychological moment, determine tar
reaching policies, appropriate large sums of
money be president of this club and trut
school? No; It takes a man with etrong
ability as organizer, executive, flnar. ler
and diplomat to be at the head of an insti
the lecture rooms and permeates the press,
the histories or literature, the very eaci
The fanatics, bolstered up in their con
celt by some nincompoop*" theorK-s as to
the "mysteries ot race, ' these inquisitorial
believers in a religion or hate, have by
their uncompromising attitude or scorn
and disdain been responsible for the
fact that Heine's country has up to now
raised no monument to his name. Sever!
Greek towns dispute to this day tiie honor
of having been "the birthplace or Homer;
and now some seven G'-rman ones?among
them Berlin. Dusseldorf, K'oln and Frank
fort-on-the-.Main?are each vying for thij
honor of being known as the one that has
refused to permit a statue being erected
within her walls to the memory' of Heln
rich Heine, c.lthough his admirers have
promised the ground for the same. Thus
does modern Germany characteristically
parody the ways of classic Greece.
Announcements have been Issued for~tfis
national purity conference to convene at
Chicago, October 0. 10, 11. 1P0H. This con
ference will be held under the auspices of
the National Purity Federation, an organ
ization having for Its object the uniting of
all forces In the United States that are
striving to promote purity In the life of ths
Individual. In social relations and in fam
ily life by preventive, rescue, educational,
reformatory, law enforcement snd leglili
I tive lines of work.