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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 07, 1906, Image 8

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"And a Box of Ivory Soap, Please."
The better the store, the greater, pro
portionately, is the sale of Ivory Soap.
To illustrate: In a certain store in New
York which has almost a monopoly of the
trade of the wealthiest people of that city,
Ivorv Soap is usually sold, not by the cake
or quarter's worth, but by the box. r
And it is used, not only for the "bath and
in the laundry, but for the toilet as well.
There is no "free" (uncombined) alkali in Ivory Soap. That ia
why it wi.i not :jurc the finest fabric or the mo?t delicate tki.i.
Ivory Soap
It Floats
Easter Shoes
Patents, DlbEEs, Suede,
Tar.s and Canvas,
$3.00 & $3 JO.
wsj, siili n ami,
H14 F St. NoW.
'At -tu,th.sa-45t 40
The the leading medical writers and teachers of j
? : ?},<? several school* of practice endorse and
rec"ii.ii.en?\ In the sir i.gost terms possible, each
and every Ingredient entering into the composi
te \ ut 1 >r Pierce's dden Med -al Discovery for
t c are of weak stoma -h, dyspepsia, catarrh of
*' ru h. liver complali>t. torpid liver, or Ml
t ?? '?>*. chronic bowel affections and all catarrhal
dire: >e? ? whatever region, name or nature. It Is
tN in-- remedy for al' such chronic or long
*ta:.Iii.g cases of catarrhal affections and their
resultant#, ns bronchial, throat and lung diseases
(except consumption) accompanied with severe
coughs. It 1* not so good for acute colds and
c< ;ghs, but f< r lingering, or chronic cases It is
esp?< tally tffi-acioua in producing perfect cures.
It contal - Black Cherrybark, Golden Seal root.
Blood root ^tone root, Mandrake root and Queen a
root 1 of wh: h ere highly praised as remedies
for i the above mentioned affections by such
*c:1i 1.1 1 writers and teachers as Prof.
It-- v. ,.f Jefferson Medical College; Prof,
liar. <-f * Ii.lvtrsity of Pennsylvania; Prof.
' . If. D f Besaett Medical Ool
l^g* ? "htrui^ . T*r- f John Kirig. M. D., late of
( :.at.. P: f J?'lr: M Scudder, M. I>., late
of ( M. I * Ui :. M. Hale. M. I)., of
1. ? Mf?! ?>>lleg.?, Chicago, and scores
f t < t ? rs i'l.tii; eminent in their several schools
?f practl* <*
T:." t. .!? ? Medical Discovery" Is the only
i:.?"it-l-ie put u;> for sale through druggists for
?!k? ; ri ^ * that has any such professional en- j
dc semeut worth more than any number of or- ;
<' ? y testtii.viKttls. Open publicity of Its formula
e e '? ?tie wrapper is the best possible guaranty
?f ? rits A glan- e at this published formula
v ? v that "Golden Medical Discovery" con
t; po'ixonoim or harmful agents and no alco
y ; ire, triple-refined glycerine being
used instead. Glycerine Is entirely unobjectionable
* d U-v; iva .h a nv St useful Ingredient In the cure
of h: stowsK'-h aa well as bronchial, throat and
lung ztfrr'Ui ib. There is the highest, medical au
thority for its use In all such cases. The "Dis
covery* la a concentrated glyceric extract of na
tive. medicinal roots and la safe and reliable.
\ b<?oklet of extracts from eminent medical au
thorities. endorsing its Ingredient# mailed free cd
tepien Address Dr. K V Piene, Buffalo. N. *.
Ecys with bicycles can
cfctain employment in oyr
Messenger Department.
Apply Ij
Postal! Telegraph
CabSe Co.,
1345 Penna. Ave.
* Price k
An auti'inotille owned by Mrs. Clark
Fisher, widow of Capt. Clark Kisher, U. S.
N.. ran down and seriously Injured an Ital
ian nnme<l Nicholas De John near Coron;..
Ix>ng Island, last nlRht. LO John is in the
Hospital with two broken ribs and other
Internal and External injuries that ma>
cau?o his death.
SHORN OF Sl.200,000 BY THE
While Apostle Dowie Is speeding north on
his way to Zion from the City of Mexico
the wires are fairly hot with messages ema
nating from the repudiated prophet, telling
of the terrible fate he has in store lor those
t in Zion who have rebelled against his au
Yesterday came the news straight from
Dowie himself to one of his followers that
he will enter Chicago dressed as Moses.
Carrying a "scroll" made in New York for
him at a cost of over $2,000, he will step
from the train at Zion City next week to pun
ish his enemies and then to lead the faithful
to the promised land?Mexico. It is said
that a miracle will be performed when the
prophet arrives. A great flash of fire is to
rend the heavens and crush the unbelievers,
in the message he sent he said he was a
greater man than his followers ever believed
him to be.
All these threats are taken In Zion to
mean that Dowie hopes to scare his de
traators into silence as to his past doings.
Hy way of reply to the Moses-with-tlie
scroli a id tiash-of-flre threat, the new rulers
in Zion dug into Dowie's past again yester
day, and showed the miracle-maker up as
a plain Wall street gambler, a lamb who
was shorn to the nuick in the stock slump
of 1903.
Caught In Stock Slump of 1903.
An examination of Dowie's papers shows
that he lost fully $1,200,000 In Wall street
in the 1903-04 slump. In February, March
and April of that year he dealt in the fol
lowing stocks: Ontario and Western, 400
shares; Southern Pacific, 700 shares; Union
Pacific, 2,000 shares; Missouri Pacific, 3oo
shares, United States Steel preferred 2,000
shares, Amalgamated Copper 2,000 shares.
All these shares were sold out at heavy
lo^s. !
Dowie, it is said, still owes $48,000 to his
New York brokers. It Is declared that he
opened accounts with four stock broker
one houses, and that three of them went
out of existence soon after he deposited
margins for the protection of his doals.
It was agreed that a 2o per cent margin
be kept good, and ail differences were to
be settled every Saturday by telegraph
drafts drawn on a special account opened
for the purpose with one of the branches of
the London City and Midland Bank. Lon
don. and regulated by a man named Oofa
Asks for Prayers for Hubby.
In the prayer meeting yesterday Mrs.
Dowie asked for prayers for "my dear hus
band." He had sinned, but it was the work
of an unclean soirlt. It is saJd, however, j
that she and her son stand firm in their re
solve to pull t ne prophet down from his j
high station. If ho doesn't come down |
peacefully there will be trouble.
Among the stories from Mexico is one to
the effect that Dowie Is coining with $10,
000,000 in cash and that he has asked
President Roosevelt to give him an escort |
of federal troops. This is the same money,
so Gladstone says, that his father imag
ined he would get while in Jamaica. The
son says that his father had a hallucination
that he was settling the Morocco trouble
for Germany a nd France, and tlrat he was
to g? t $lo.ooo.o<io in cash. Roosevelt was
helping him. he thought.
Illinois Republicans Elect Officers.
At the annual meeting of the Illinois Re
publican Association Wednesday evening at
the Rlggs House several reports were read
and arrangements made for the annual ex
cursion of the members of the association '
to Marshall Hall. Miss Anna Hage and
Messrs. Alfred Lindstrom and John Rurke
w ere elected to membt rship. The election
of officers to serve during the ensuing year
resulted as follows President, R. Stone
Jackson; vice president, H. H. Martin;
second vice president. Mrs. Electa e!
Smith; secretary, I,. C. Stockton; treasurer",
W. II. Richardson, and sergeant-at-arms,
Horatio Whltted. Isaac R. Hitt, jr., of Chl
, cago, was elected chairman of the advisory
i Among those present were 1*. M. Kelley.
I Theodore I,. Deland, F. J. Young, J. B.
Chase. E. B. Payne, L. B. Stine. J. O. Mc
Clellan, H. H. Jeter. J. P. O'Neill, J. B.
Atkinson, W. M. Jones. W. M Crain, A. T.
Canisius W. M I-a Porte, Mark Goode, I,.
E. llarriss, M. M. Knapp, J. L. Motyka,
Guy Leonard, M. McNamara. Gus >{. I,.
Dulilberg, L. Kukart and 11. Whltted.
Ordered by the Commissioners.
Orders Just Issued by the Commissioners
Include the following:
That the west roadway of 14th street,
from Monroe- street north about 000 feet, be
macadamized and granite block gutter laid,
at an estimated cost of $500.
That catch basin be constructed in alley
of square 800, at an estimated cost of $415.
That the following water mains be laid:
Three hundred and twenty-five feet, more
or less, of 8-lnch water main in the south
side of South Carolina avenue between 14th
and 15th streets southeast; 203 feet, more
or less, of S-lnch water main in the east
side of 10th street north from Florida ave
nue northwest.
That the resignation of W. A. Greer, in
spector In the engineer department, be ac
cepted to take effect April 2, MM.
That the tentative appointment, under
dale o>f April 2. 1U0?J. of John J. Curran
as Inspector in the engineer department at
a compensation of $4 per diem, payable
from the deposits for Inspection of the
Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington
Railroad Company as services rendered, is
hereby continued.
Railway Spanning the Isthmus
of Tehauntepec.
Preparing to Handle Immense Quanti
ties of Freight.
Earbors Being Constructed at Both
Ends of the Line?Great En
gineering Project.
Special Correspondent of The Star and Chicago
April 1, 1900.
There Is now a standard gauge rail
way with eighty-pound rails and a perfect
ly ballasted track extending across the
Isthmus of Tehuantepec. The track is equal j
to any in the United States; the rolling '
stock Is all American and most of the men <
In charge are citizens of the United States. :
Trains are running dally from ocean to
ocean, a distance of 193 miles. In about !
eleven hours, with Pullman cars from the
City of Mexico, in which meals are served [
from a buffet. The journey from the City
of Mexico to Salina Cruz, the Pacific port,
is now made In about thirty-six hours, and 1
the time will shortly be reduced to thirty
hours. Mr. Galbraith, the general man- i
agcr, said this morning.
"In July we shall be prepared to handle '
lOO.OOo tons of freight a month, and as
our equipment is increased we can handle ;
more. lty adding to our rolling stock we
can take caje of 2 000,000 tons a year. At
present, however, we haul only local freight
and construction material for the harbor
, works at either end of the line, but by
| July or August,- when the ports are com
pleted, otir contracts with steamship lines
to New York, New Orleans, San Francisco,
Honolulu and elsewhere will be taking ef
fect and we will inaugurate a traffic which,
I believe will grow to large dimensions.
There are great possibilities for local de
velopment also. The soil and the climate
are capable of producing everything. Only
industry and labor is needed. The people
down here plant their corn with a stick
without even plowing the ground, and even
with that primitive method of farming the
crops are large and profitable.
"This is Intended to be a through route
from the Atlantic ports of the United States
and Europe to the Pacific ports of the
United States and Asia in competition with
the Panama railrcad and canal when the
latter is completed and it will always have
certain geographical advantages. We ex
pect to do a very large business, and the
preparations are made accordingly. Through
business, however, is impossible until the
harbors and port works at Coalza'-oalcos
on the Gulf of Mexico and at Salina Cruz
on the Pacific arc completed so that ocean
steamers can discharge and receive cargoes
without difficulty. These works are now
almost done. Within three or four months
at the latest we shall have harbors and
docks on both 6ideS of the Isthmus capable
of handling any amount of freight that
may be offered with the most modern
electrical machinery."
Topography of the Isthmus.
J The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is very much
j different in appearance from what I ex
I pected, and I presume the popular impres
sion of the topography is a mistaken one.
The Cordilleras, the great range of moun
tains which forms the backbone of the
hemisphere and extends from the Pacific
! coast, subsides considerably here, although
not so much as on the Isthmus of Panama,
and Is divided by valleys, canyons and
i rocky ravines through which the railway
I has been built. Ky the railroad it is liKi
miles between the oceans, and the lowest
level, the t'hivela pass, is ii8<> feet above
the Gulf of Mexico. The Isthmus of Pan
ama Is only forty-seven miles wide, and
Gulebra 11111, the highest elevation, is 857
feet above th? gulf At one place the Te
huantepec railway runs for fifteen miles
through a canyon; it follows another fur
ten miles, and crosses the great divide
| through a short tunnel.
It was remarkably considerate on the part
of nature to lower the mountain range here
ancl at Panama, the narrowest places of
the continent, and for years after the dis
covery of the Pacific this phenomenon de
ceived the explorers, who expected to find
a passage by water.
Dream of Columbus.
Columbus was positive that one existed,
and he sought for It in the most persistent,
determined and confident manner. One of
the most pathetic pictures In all history Is
the venerable admiral, broken in health
and in reputation, propped up by cushions
upon the deck of his caravel, cruising
along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in
search of the water passage to India which
j he had seen in his dreams and was con
| vinced must be there. He entered every
J river, he coasted around every inlet and
bay, and finally, when his supplies gave
out and he was compelled to return to
Spain, disgraced and humiliated, he still
I insisted upon the accuracy of his theory,
and would have undertaken another voy
age to prove it if some one hatL furnished
him a fleet. He died unconvinced. One of
his last acts was the preparation of ar.
elaborate argument to prove that there
was a waterway across the isthmus and
that it was the shortest route to India
I from Spain.
1 All the early navigators had a similar !
opinion. Cortez believed in the theory of
Columbus until his death, and in a letter to
the great Emperor Charles V concerning
the expedition sent by him under Alvarado
to Guatemala he says:
"I have received Information as well aa
of the riches of that country as that in the
1 opinion of my navigators there exists a
strait leading from that bay into the oppo- 1
site sea, which Is the thing above all otherB
in the world I am desirous of meeting with,
on account of the immense utility which I
am convinced would result from it to the '
advantage of your Imperial majesty."
This waterway, however, has never been
found. The nearest approach to it Is by
the river and lakes of Nicaragua; the nar
rowest passage and lowest point between
[ the two continents is on the Isthmus of
Oarien, where it Is asserted that the In
dians cross from one ocean to another in
canoes with only a few miles of portage.
Various Schemes of Transit.
i The Isthmus of Tehuantepec, in a direct
i line, is only 125 miles wide; the lowest
j point is said to be 730 feet above tidewater,
? and this depression occurs from heights of
more than 5,000 feet in the state of Oaxaca
on one side and the Chiapas on the other.
A canal was proposed shortly after the
Spanish authorities became convinced that
a natural waterway did not exist, and sev
eral concessions have been granted from j
time tj> time during the last three centuries 1
for that purpose to English, French and
American citizens. Repeated surveys have 1
been made and all sorts of schemes have 1
been submitted, more or less practical, more
or less fantastic. Some of them have con- i
templated a canal the entire distance. Oth
ers have been part canal and part rail
way, and Captain Eads of St. Louts, as
you doubtless remember, spent years
around the Capitol at Washington trying
to secure the indorsement of our Congress
for a plan to carry ocean ships over the
Isthmus of Tehuantepec upon railroad
trucks?to lift them out of the sea on one
side and launch them again on the other.
The government of Mexico finally settled
down to the necessity of a railway and be
came convinced that It was the only prac
tical trans port.it ion plan. Several conces
sions were granted to various people, but
no construction work was actually done
until 1.S82, when Deltlno Sanchez, h Spanish
promoter, who had already built a line from
Vera Crua to the City of Mexico, organ
ised a company and was given a subsidy of
$25,000 per kilometer for building several
miles. He drew about $750,000 from the
pubtlc treasury, but did not make much
progress, and finally the government, be
coming weary of his procrastination, bought
him out and paid him $174,224 as Indemnity
tor the pro&U that he might have made It
Milieu .y- ..!? ?. I ?'?' 1 ?"
he had completed the Job. jn 1888 Edw*r<J
McMurdo of London undertook to rebuild
the track flanchex h*d laid, tut be died be
fore he had been able to do very much, and
the government paid his widow n handsome
bonus to cancel the contract. Thrn J. H.
Hampson of Washington, D. <\, E. L.
Corthell of Chicago and Charidos 8. Stan
hope of London obtained a concession. They
spent $13,800,000, which had been borrowed
by the Mexican government, and then quit
with the work two-thirds done. Fifteen
million dollars more was borrowed, and
with that money Stanhope completed the
track, but It was unfit to use. It was
scarcely possible to run a triin over it.
and there were no terminal faculties what
ever at either end. Althougl something
like fSO.OOO.OOO altogether had b'en Invested
in trying to build a railroad lflu miles long,
the results were not of the slightest conse
quence, and the Isthmus need riot have
existed so far as any benefit to the gov
ernment or the people was concerned
Built by the Pearsons.
Finally a contract was entered into be
tween the government and the firm of S.
Pearson & Son of Liverpool to put tilings
In practical shape. Sir Weetman Pearson,
the head of the firm. Is a member of the
British parliament, and a man of universal
reputation as an engineer and contractor,
who has carried through successfully some
of the greatest engineering enterprises ever
undertaken. The firm has been particularly
fortunate In Its dealings with the Mexi
can government. It bored a tunnel through
the mountains to drain the valley of Mex
ico and built a harbor at Vera Cruz. which
I described the other day. Therefore, with
entire comfldence President Diaz entered
Into partnership with the firm of Pear
sen & Son to do a railway business. The
working capita! was fixed at >7,000,000, to be
furnished In equal shares by the two part
ners. Pearson & Son agreed to rebuild and
equip the Tehuantepec railway at Joint ex
pense and operate it for a term of fifty-one
years. During the first thirty-six years the
government is to enjoy 65 per cent of the
net earnings; during the next five years
68% per cent; the next five years 72% per
cent and the last five years 76% per cent,
Pearson & Son receiving the balance.
Under this contract the track has been
completely rebuilt and placed In the most
perfect physical condition possible. All the
bridges have been replaced with steel and
solid masonry abutments, and a full equip
ment of loco.motives and passenger and
freight cars has been purchased, so that no
other road In Mexico, or even In the United
States, is in better condition for traffic.
Terminal Facilities.
At the same time the Mexican government
entered into two other contracts with the
firm of Pearson & Son to construct harbors,
docks, warehouses and other terminal fa
cilities for handling any amount of freight
at Coatzacoalcos, the northern end, and at
Salina Cruz, the southern end of the rail
way. These two contracts, although made
with the same firm, are separate and dis
tinct, and involve the heaviest engineering
construction now going on anywhere on the
American continent, with the exception of
the Panama canal, and probably In the
world. They represent an expenditure of
about $30,000,000 silver, paid from the pub
lic treasury of Mexico. Everything is new
from the st3rt and of the most complete,
extensive and expensive character. I shall
describe them more in detail in another let
ter. It is proper to say. however, in this
connection, that no public work has ever
been done more thoroughly anywhere on
either side of tlie world, and no expense has
j been spared to secure the most completo
i and perfect facilities for handling freight
i and passengers.
If the Tehuantepec line had been con
! structed twenty years ago It would doubt
less have been an even more Important In
fluence upon the commerce of the American
continent than It Is destined to have in the
future. It has been built for the purpose of
competing with the Panama railroad, which
now belongs to the United States govern
ment, and the facilities for handling large
traffic are so much greater here than at
Panama that the trend of commerce will
be watched with Interest. The Panama
canal cannot be finished for fifteen or
twenty years. In the meantime the project
ors of the Tehuantepec railway expect to
demonstrate its advantage and receive a
satisfactory return from their Investments.
Knights of Columbus Arranging for
May 27?Flag Day Exercises.
At a recent meeting of the State Chapter
of the Knights of Columbus of the District
of Columbia It was decided that a me
morial meeting be held the Sunday prior
to Decoration day. May 27, which will be
open to members of the order and their
friends and relatives of deceased members.
A committee of arrangements has been ap
pointed. and it is expected that a fine pro
gram will be prepared. Addresses will be
delivered by prominent members of the or
der and there will be musical features.
It is stated the local councils of the
Ki.lghts of Columbus have agreed on a
pioposition to see to the decoration of the
giaves of deceased members on Decoration
day. Committees have been appointed for
the purpose, and it Is the intention to make
this an annual feature.
Another matter of particular interest that
is being discussed has a patriotic end In
view, and it has been practically decided
that the Knights of Columbus hold a dem
onstration on Flag day. Patriotism, it is
declared, is one of the dominating tenets
In this order, especially in the ritual of the
fourth and highest degree of the organiza
tion, the regalia of the latter being a pic
turesque embodiment of the stars and
stripes. But the knights are determined to
go further in spreading the highest Ideals
of love of country and of the starry ban
ner, and to this end propose to surround
the observance of Flag day with more than
the ordinary significance and ceremony.
Wiiile no definite arrangements have as
yet been made, the exercises will in all
probability be held on the grouhds of the
Catholic University of America. This move
ment it can be stated, will have the hearty
approbation of the university authorities,
who will lend all possible aid to make the
demonstration a notable one. It is pro
posed to erect a tall flagstaff on a promon
tory of the university grounds, and from
the head of this staff the stars and stripes
will be unfurled. Those interesting them
selves in the movement expect to arrange
?a program combining addresses by speakers
of botli national and local prominence, and
in addition an immense choir of school chil
dren are to lend their voices to the singing
of national airs. There will also be an aug
mented band.
Besides the prominent orators, distinguish
ed clergy and laymen will be among the
specially invited guests, and It is hoped to
make the demonstration the most fruitful
ever held under the auspices of the local
Meeting of the Capitol Heights Citi
zens' Association.
At a meeting of the Capitol Heights Citi
zens" Association, held Thursday evening
last, at the residence of Mr. George M.
Jacobs, Capitol Heights. Md., a protest was
ordered to be made to the Washingtou^tail
way and Electric Company agalnst^lie car
service and request made for improvement
from 15ih and H streets northeast to the
District line, and also to have the company
provide and install electric lights at the in
tersection of 61st and C streets northeast.
The residents of Capitol Heights nre a
unit in the opinion that the service on this
branch of the Columbia line Is the poorest
In the District, alleging that for only a few
hours In the morning and evening the cars
run on a twenty-minute schedule, and from
U a.m. to 3:30 p.m. on a ferty-fflinute sched
ule. The object of the association is to get
a tlfteeen-minute schedule from 4 p.m. to
8 p.m.
A motion was made and adopted to ap
point a committee of three to wait upon the
road commissioners of Prince George coun
tj. In an effort to have Central avenue Im
proved from the District line to 03d street.
? A motion was unanimously adopted to
communicate with Representative HeflUn
by letter conveying to him the hearty in
dorsement by each and every member of
the Capitol Heights Citizens' Association of
his earnest and praiseworthy efforts to se
cure for the people of the District of Co
lumbia a law compelling the street rail
way companies to inaugurate and put in
operation the "jlm crow" cara.
The committee on sidewalks reported that
within about thirty days all arrangements
will he made to commence wort: on the new
sidewalk for 61st street from the District
boulevard to Central avenue.
The following new members were en
rolled: It. W. Brooke, H. C. Walker. B. C.
Weston, B. H. NOel and M. H. Hardee.
If more than ordinary skill in playing brings the honors of the
game to the winning player, so exceptional merit in a remedy
ensures the commendation of the weH informed, and as a rea
sonable amount of outdoor life and recreation is conducive to
the health and strength, 60 does a perfect laxative tend to one's
improvement in cases of constipation, biliousness, headaches,
etc. It is all important, however, in selecting a laxative, to
choose one of known quality and excellence, like the ever
pleasant Syrup of Figs, manufactured by the California Fig
Syrup Co., a laxative which sweetens and cleanses the system
effectually, when a laxative is needed, without any unpleasant
after effects, as it acts naturally and gently on the internal
organs, simply assisting nature when nature needs assistance,
without griping, irritating or debilitating the internal organs in
any way, as it contains nothing of an objectionable or injurious
nature. As the plants which are combined with the figs in
the manufacture of Syrup of Figs are known to physicians to
act most beneficially upon the system, the remedy has met
with their general approval as a family laxative, a fact well
worth considering in making purchases.
It is because of the fact that SYRUP OF PIGS
is a remedy of known quality and excellence, and approved by
physicians that has led to its use by so many millions of well
informed people, who would not use any remedy of uncertain
quality or inferior reputation. Every family should have a
bottle of the genuine on hand at all times, to use when a
laxative remedy is required. Please to remember that the
genuine Syrup of Figs is for sale in bottles of one size
only, by all reputable druggists, and that full name of the
company?California Fig Syrup Co., is plainly printed on
the front of every package. Regular price, 50c per bottle.
(al'fqrnia Fig Syrup (?
Great Interest was aroused In Russian
revolutionary circles In New York last
night by cable dispatches that Maxim
Gorky, the Russian revolutionist and nov
elist, had boarded the North German Lloyd
liner Kaiser Wllhelm der Grosse at Cher
bourg and was en route to New York.
The dispatch further stated that Gorky
was traveling under an assumed name in
order to elude the Russian secret service
agents, who have been dogging his foot
steps since he left St. Petersburg.
Gorky, It Is said, is coming to this coun
try to Inaugurate an agitation among Rus
sian refugees and friends of liberty In this
country, to the end that the present govern
ment of the czar may be overthrown. The
work he is about to begin will enlist the
eo-opcration of a number of famous polit
ical exiles in New York and Chicago.
A Remarkable Career.
Maxim Gorky is the son of a poor Rus
sian upholsterer, who died when the boy
was five years old. He is thirty-six years
old. His life lias been varied and tem
pestuous. After trying many occupations
Gorky sold Beer for a while; then was hired
by a lawyer, but tramped off to Tiflis,
where he worked in a railroad shop and
published his first novel in a local paper.
Later he wandered back to the Volga, and
at Nizhni-Novgorod lived by selling
sketches to newspapers.
In this way lie met the writer Vladimor
Korolenko, one of the most brilliant men
of Russian letters, and developed very rap
idly under his guiding hand. He attracted
no attention until he so suddenly sprang
Into prominence.
Gorky's writings early attracted the at
tention of Tolstoi, and they became fast
Gorky was three times arrested by the
Russian government for alleged conspiracy
and treason, but each time, owing to the
great Influence which was brought to bear,
was released.
The last arrest was on January 21, 100G,
when he was decoyed to his home in Riga
by a telegram from the police stating that
his wife was 111 and desired to see him.
Upon his arrival he was arrested, charged
with conspiracy, and was taken to Fetro
pavlovsk fortress, near St. Petersburg,
where he was Incarcerated.
After Gorky had served nearly a month
in prison he was released, only to be re
arrested upon leaving the fortress, but
this time he was held only for a few days.
| Officials of the Immigration bureau said
I that they had not been notllied of Gorky's
Impending arrival. They said also that un
less socme appeal was made to them they
Baw no reason why he should be detained
for any further examination than any
other alien would be subjected to. namely,
whether he was morally and physically
fitted to enter this country,- and whether
| he had money enough to prevent his be
coming a charge on the public, and whether
j or not he had been convicted of anj crime
| involving moral turpitude.
So far as could be seen from reference
to the exclusion law, there was only one
section under which Gorky might be ex
cluded, namely, belonging to an association
authorizing and teaching the use of force
in the overthrow of constituted authority.
Gorky was, of course, arrested In Russia
and charged with being a dangerous agi
tator. It waj alleged that he belonged to
the fighting wing of the revolutionaries,
t but whether this charge could be madn to
hold against him to the point of presenting
I his entry to this country Is a question that
I could only be determined by an actual hear
It was pointed out at the department that
he does not come under the heading of a
convicted felon, as in the case of Romaine
curiae, the member of the notorious Hum
bert family, who attempted to gain ad
mittance to this country after he had
i served his term In a French prison. It Is
not claimed either that the anarchist law
which was invoked in the case of Joljn
Turner, the English labor agitator and an
archist. in the fall of 1904, would apply.
The Kaiser Wllhelm der Grosse Is due to
I arrive tomorrow, and the case of Mr. Gorky
will be relegated to the ordinary lmmlgra
| tlon Inspectors unless they feel it necessary
to pass it up to the department In Wash
| ington.
Million-Dollar Hotel and Theater.
I A million dollar hotel and theater is to be
| built at the corner of 8th and Broad streets,
on the site of the old Bijou property, in
, Richmond, Va? which changed hands
I Thursday. The promoters are said to be 1
New York men, and it Is believed the Sliu
herts.are behind the movement. The ho
cel Is to be five stories above the theater,
and the auditorium is to have a capacity for I
seating 5,0)0 people. 1
Decision in Hagerstown Almanac Case
In a decision rendered by the court of
appeals at Annapolis, Md., yesterday, the
| opinion being delivered by Judge Briscoe,
the right of the Gruber Almanack Company
to the exclusive right to issue the famous
"Gruber's Hagerstown Almanack" was up
held against Otho Swingley, alleged to be
an infringer. In the dectaion rendered the
court of appeals reverses the low^ir court
and orders the Injunction which was issued I
Mjalnst the apptOlees and dtosolved to be re
Unloading of Wagons?Cost of Bind
ing?Falling Off in Amount
of Copy.
In the plans for the reorganization of the
government printing office. as outlined ex
clusively in The Star yesterday, Mr. Charles
A. 8tlllings, the public printer, has set
aside the large office room which fronts on
both North Capitol and G .streets as a re
ception room. This apartment was for
merly occupied as an office by i'ubllc
Printer Palmer, but Mr. Stiliings has se
lected a smaller apartment on the same
floor as his workroom and will use the for
mer "front office" for the reception of sen
ators, representatives and others who may
call at the big prlntery on business.
The reception room is undergoing a course
of beautilication, and will, when completed.
It Is said, t>e one of the prettiest official
apartments in this city. Mr. Stiliings has
been presented with a number of large
palms, ferns, azaleas and tropical growths,
which have been placed about the reception
room. On the'walls will be placed paint
ings representing "The Making of the
Hook" and portraits of former public prim
ers, besides oilier decorations.
In the rotunda and main approaches on
the second floor of the office there is also a
display of palms and other tropical plants*
and a new registry desk, chairs and set
tees have been placed in the visitors' lobby.
A matter of some moment to the govern
ment printing office that it is said Mr. Stil
iings will take up with the several gqpern
mcr.t departments Is tlio unloading of the
government printing office wagons. Here
tofore in many instances the wagon men
from the printery have been compelled not
only to unload tlie vehicles, but to convey
the mass of printed matter up several
fl'gilts of stairs to the publication division
of the departments. The imblic printer
contends that when the printed matter is
delivered at the several departments unc is
placed under cover of the llrst floor the du
ties of the printing office employes are at an
end, and if it becomes necessity to carry
the product to other floors he will make a |
charge for porterage against the depart
ment making such requirement.
Efforts to Reduce Printing.
Joint resolution No. 14, which recently
passed both houses of Congress and was
approved by the President, gives authority
to the heads of the various departments
and bureaus to print only such number ot
regularly authorized publications as they
think will be required, anil to order re
prints of the same as required until the
maximum allowed by law has been reached.
It lias been the practice to print the full
number authorized by law. regardless ot
the probable demand, the statutes being
cons dered mandatory In that regard.
This resolution will greatly lessen the
amount of material used and the cost ot
binding at the government printing office. It
Is said, and will enable the heads of the
printing d visions Of the government service
to utilize the amount saved In getting out
much printing that is now shelved owing to
the large printing bill. The composition ac
count will not De redueed by the operation
of this resolution, and It is believed that
the pressmen will have about as much
work, the time required in the "make- I
ready" equaling that saved in the shorter |
It is said at the big prlntery that the
falling off in the amount of copy is vfcry
notlceable. there being only sufficient work
to keep the various d visions moving. Con
siderable distribution of little-used type Is
being done by the printers?work that is
usually postponed until the dull days of the
summer, fciven the machine divisions are
not rushed, it being a matter of some con
cern to keep the employes profitably em
William G. Dunne, a pressman 'n the Ga
zette press room and one of the o'<Jest em
ployes In point of service, is reported to be
seriously ill.
Jesse M. Clark of the tilth division ma
chine force is recovering from a recent op
Boardman Thousands in Legacies.
legacies amounting to about $000,000 were
made public when the will of the late Mrs.
Lucy C. Boardnun, widow of Judge W. W.
Boardman, was offered for probate at New
Haven. Conn., yesterday afternoon. During
her widowhood Mrs. Boardman gave away
three-quarters of a million dollars to public
and charitable institutions, while her pri
vate benefactions were exceedingly gener
ous. After bequests amounting to $120,000
to relatives and friends she gave $175,000 to
the general hospital. New Haven; $10,000 to
Tale for assisting worthy students, $10,000
to the Sheffield Scientific School for the
same purpose, $50,000 to Trinity College,
Hartford, for an historical museum; $10,000
to Tuskegee Institute, $50,000 to the Kpisco
pal Domestic and Foreign Missionary So
ciety, which body also will divide with Trin
ity College the residue of the estate. Be
sides many large gifts are made to local
charities and $5,000 is given to Chriat
Caurch, Warren, Ohio.
MINERS" trouble has littlb
R. O. Dunn & f'o.'s weekly review of
trade for the week Fays:
Opening of spring trade is not perceptibly
retarded by the partial interruption of coal
mining, except in the immediate vicinity of
anthracite mines. High temperature not
only broadens the demand for reasonable
merchandise, but stimulate* agricultural
operations, reopens northern navigation and
| starts many contemplated building opera
tions. ?
Were It not for a few labor font rover
sies, tho commercial horizon would be cloud
less. But some manufacturing plants will
be compelled to suspend if the fuel supply
is cut off. and structural work is Inter
rupted by demands, for higher wages in cer
tain localities.
"That the year 1900 started out to ec'.ipee
all records is evident by bank exchanges 18
per cent larger than In the Hist <iu.i!t"r of
the previous prosperous year, while liabili
ties of commercial failures average.! only
81 cents to each $1,000 of solvent payments
through the clearing houses, which i.s the
lowest commercial death rate for the first
three months of any year.
"The average loss, if distributed through
all the firms in business, was onlv t'?
each concern: not a serious burden to be
borne by the mercantile world.
"Railway earnings in March were 6.9 per
cent larger than last year, and foreign com
merce at New York for the last week showed
gains of Jl,i;t9.36? In Imports and $X'!7 U.'A) la
exports, as compared with the correspond
ing week in 1005.
"Progress in the iron and steel industry
has not suffered as yet from the partial
suspension of coal mining, and new busines#
comes forward each week in great volume
Latest developments are most pronounced
in the structural steel division. Xex 'n
order in new business js the tonnage of tt? el
rails that is rapidly closing order books up
to the end of the year. Further strength
appeared in the hide market. Failures this
week numbered 197. a-s against zd last
year, and 18 in Canada, as against Inat
Bradstreet's Weekly Review.
Bradstreet's summary of the state of
trade says:
"Real spring weather, which has stimu
lated retail trade, except in a few sections
sijll affected by heavy rains and bad coun
I try roads: an excellent-in fact, almost
Ideal winter wheat: more animation in the
iron Industry: continued activity in nearly
I all linos of inquiry; heavy railway earnings;
increased bank clearings, and the surpris
ingly little adverse effect of the coal miners'
partial shut-down are the significant fea
tures presenting themselves this week
"The rush of spring jobbing is now about
over, but improved retail demand has al
ready evoked some reorder of husin- s? and
encouraging reports as to enlarged orders
for fall delivery present themselves. All
kinds of light summer-wear goods are active
and strong In price. l>ry goods, millinery
shoes, clothing and farm Implements are
marked features at retail, while in w hole
sale lines the demand for lumber, hardware
paints, glass and other materials bear wit
ness to the present record rate of building
"Business failures In the United States fo*
the week ended April 5 number ir.1 against
170 In the like week of 1!M.Y i? Canada
failures were 17. as against 28 a vear ago "
The Knoxville (Tenn.) presbytery of the
Southern Presbyterian Church, In session
there yesterday, adopted a resolution favor
ing church union.
No dangerous drugs or alcoholic concoctions are
taken Into the stomach when Hj-omei !s used.
Breathed through the inhaler, the balsam!-* healing
of Hjoinei penetrates to the most remote cells of
the nose and throat, and thus kills the catarrhal
germs, heals the irritated mucous membrane, and
gives complete and permanent cure.
IJyomei is the simplest, most pleasant and th?
only guaranteed cure fur catarrh that hit* t.eaa
discovered. Complete outfit, $1.00; extra bottlat
60 cents.
If you cannot obtain Hyome! of yonr dealer, tt
?rill be forwarded by nail, postage paid, on re
ceipt of price. W.-ito . today for a free cample
bottle and consultation blank that will entitle yon
to (etTlcea of our medical department without
charge. The B. T. Booth Company, Hjeaei bulM?
lag. Ithaca. K. T.

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