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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 03, 1906, Image 2

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LAND HUNGER
OF PEASANTRY
Burning Question in Russian
Provinces Today.
A DIVERGENCE OF VIEWS
Threatens to Disrupt Ranks of the
Democrats.
DIVISION IN THE LOWER HOUSE
Many Suggestions in the Debate Over
Expropriation of Church, Crown
and Private Lands.
ST PKTKKSHt'RG. June 2.?Two days
oi debate on the great and burning ques
tion In Russia?the satisfaction of the
land hunger of the peasantry?has de
monstrated that the lower house of par
liament, which proposes to solve the ques
tion irrespective of the wishes of the
government, has no longer plain sailing
ahead. With the practical discussion even
of the general principles which the house
laid down In Its address in reply to the
upeecli from the throne a divergence of
views has developed which threatens to
split the ranks of the constitutional dem
ocratic majority and possibly wrack the
party.
The government in its enjoyment of the
ppectacie of its enemies fighting among
themselves seems oblivious to the fact
that failure to llnd a solution of the
question, no matter on whose shoulders
the responsibility falls, will arouse the
peasantry to fury. All reports agree that
the mujiks In the Interior are land mad
nnd are thinking and talking of nothing
el.se but the coming allotment.
It is like the cry of "forty acres and a
mule" among the negroes after the civil
war in the I'nlted States. Even the door
porters In St. Petersburg, who belong to
the peasant class, are arranging the re
turn to the villages as soon as the grand
distribution is made.
Hopeful Signs in Division.
Nevertheless, the divisions which have de
veloped In the lower house of parliament
are In reality hopeful signs of resistance to
the program of universal forced expropria
tion of church, crown and private lands,
and of a refusal to give way to the so
cialistic demand for the complete abolition
of the rights of private property and the
nationalization of land, and evidences a
saner appreciation of the responsibility
parliament Is assuming. Kven some of the.
peasant members who at first were filled
with hallustnattons that the land belonged
to those who tilled It no longer attem.pt to
defend the Idea that they should not pay
for it.
But. on the other hand. tl?ere is ample
evidence that some of the leaders, like Prof.
Hertzenstein, the member from Moscow,
who has made himself a popular hero
among the peasants by his radical speeches,
are merely playing politics, believing they
must win the support of the peasants at
any cost. In the case of Prof. Hertzen
stein. who is delll>erately sacrificing his
reputation as the foremost economic ex
pert in Russia, suspicion is not lacking that
he is seeking by advocating a realization of
the wildest dreams of the peasantry to
promote favorable legislation for his co-re
llctontsts
The Conservative Program.
Several points of the program In the
lower house already are clear. The con
servative program of the government de
nying nil right to forced expropriation
and offering Instead to purchase lands for
peasants through the Peasant Bank, and
emigrating to Siberia will be rejected.
The right of forced expropriation will be
Insisted upon, but whether the "land
fund" thus created will be distributed in
fee simple, or by lease, as the advocates
of nationalization desire, is a matter
which is -still to be fought out. as must
also questions In connection with payment ?
first, whether landlords shall be remuner
ated In government bonds, and, second,
whether repayment shall be made by
holders or leagues or by general taxation
The landowners of the central provinces,
headed by Prince Solkon.'ky, together
with the landowners of Poland, and the
western provinces under the leadership
of Prince Ponlatowski and Baron Popp,
while admitting the necessity for a cer
tain amount of expropriation, take a
strong position against division of the big
?states, which they contend would mean
ruin, and they equally oppose the nation
alization of land as a step backward.
They take the position that with political
liberty and abolition of vexatious state
control the measures projected by the
government will practically suffice
Oppose Nationalization.
Another group of owners, headed by the
constitutional democrats. M. Petrajlkkl of
St Petersbuig and Prince I.voff of the
province of Tula, advocate expropriation of
the crown, church and private lands, but
declare th<n- *sever will consent to its na
tionalization They believe a state fund
for leasing of land would only strengthen
the power of the bureaucracy over the peas,
an'ry and result in new form of servitude.
The peasants of the borderlands, espe
cially those In the Baltic provinces, al
though Insistent on expropriation, oppose
the nationalization of land, believing that
this would result In civil war. Several of
the constitutional democratic leaders, like
M PodlicholT and Prof. MllukofT, although
supporting partial nationalization, which is
In-hided in their project, really believe in
private ownership. They say the lease sys
tem would be merely temporary. The ex
treme peasant?workmen group?will hear
of nothing except the complete nationaliza
tion of land and the absolute abolition of
private ownership.
The debate on the general principles laid
down by the house will hardly be completed
before the end of next week, when the re
auks will be elaborated Into an actual bill.
THE ROYAL BULL FIGHT
CLIMAX OF SPECTACULAR FES
TIVITIES AT MADRID.
MADRID. June 1?'The royal bull fight
this afternoon was the climax of the spec
tacular magnificence attendant upon the
marriage of King Alfonso, and for the time
being Madrid forgot the horrors of the at
tempt on the lives of the royal couple
amid the brilliancy and excitement of this
national pastime. It was feared the event
would give another opportunity for an out
rage. but everytlng pissed oft auspiciously,
King Alfonso and Queen Victoria being
continuously the center of enthusiastic
popular ovations.
From about noon crowds choked the
Calle d? Alcala, leading toward the Plata
de Toros, and extraordinary precautions
were adopted to prevent another attempt
on the lives of th??r majesties. Within and
without the vast amphitheater the picture
was one of animation. Through every ap
proach oame the gorgeous equlppages of
members of the royal family and the per
sons of noble lineage.
The multitudes which packed the avenues
were held back by solid masses of cavalry
and Infantry. Within the structure pre
sented a wonderful scene of vibrating
color. The arena was carpeted with flowers,
which a sharp wind carried about in eddies
until the ring was cleared for the combat.
Around the circle, rlsin* on tier, wer? ?>.
win most of th^m in ff&jr CO?tum?s#
?
with the royal box dominating the spec
tacle.
Sovereigns Occupied Royal Box.
At 1 o'clock King Alfonso and Queen
Victoria entered the box and looked out
upon the shouting multitude. The king
wore a military uniform, while the queen
Jras attired in white lace with roses dain
tily Arranged in her white mantilla. Much
sympathy was felt for the young queen In
undergoing this further ordeal.
The bull fight Itself was a disappoint
ment to the Spaniards, as some of Its usual
blood-curdling features were omitted, prob
ably as a concession to the queen. She
viewed the gory spectacle without the
least outward evidence of emotion. One
maddened bull literally tore a horse to
pieces under the railing of the royal box,
from which Victoria looked down without
shrinking.
Eight bulls were dispatched, four of them
by cavaliers mounted on horseback, who
were chosen from the first families of
8paln, with the Duke of Medina Ooell. the
Duke of Alba and the marquis of Tobar as
their patrons.
British Did Not Attend.
The British official delegation did not at
tend the bull fight owing Jo the suscepti
bilities of the British public against this
kind of sport. The Prince and Princess of
Wales, Ambassador Bunsen and Princess
Henry of Battenburg, mother of the queen,
were among those who did not attend.
Most of the princes and envoys, how
ever. were present. The American special
envoy. F. W. Whitridge, Minister Collier
and Miss Whitridge attended.
The city has partially resumed Its carni
val aspect as a result of the heroic efforts
made to drive out the memory of the tragic
event. Tonight the king and queen re
ceived the princes and envoys at the pal
ace, the reception taking the place of the
royal ball, which was canceled because of
the recent calamity. Mr. and Mrs. Whit
ridge attended the reception, Mrs. Whit
ridge wearing a gown of white silk with
lace and gold embroidery. Minister Collier
and Mrs. Collier and MaJ. John H. Perrine
and Mrs. Perrine of Santa Barbara, Cal.,
also were present.
GORKY NOTOHEOFTHEM
SHARP CRITICISM OF HIS VISIT
TO THE STATES.
Special Dispatch to The Star. |
BOSTON. Ma.-*.. June 2, 1906.?The Daily
Advertiser today quotes a high Russian rev- I
oluttonist now in Boston under an assumed j
name as declaring that Oorky Is in the j
I'nlted States without authority from the j
revolutionary party of leaders in Russia, [
and that they disown 'him and hla claims. |
This party quoted, whose identity can be
vouched for. and who Is undoubtedly In a j
position to speak with authority from many
years' close association with the Russian
leaders, makes the statement that Gorky
has no connection with the revolutionists.
He says that Gorky Is neither called upon
to raise money nor Is such a course looked
upon with favor. He says further that the
revolutionary party is well supplied with
money and that there Is no need for addi
tional funds: that the only thing they need j
and want is men they can trust.
Not Authorized to Raise Funds.
I "We regard this way of raising money as ]
i Improper and Inexcusable," he says. "Rus
I sla is a government and is at peace with
the United States. This man Gorky has no
right to solicit public contributions in the
1'nited States to overthrow that govern
ment. His method Is on a par with the
filibustering expeditions this country for
bids.
"We of the revolutionary party are fight
ing the Russian government. But that Is
in Russia. We are not fighting It by ap
pealing to the American people to give
their monev In defiance of pofltica 1 rela
tions. Gorky's methods offend the real
Russian revolutionists. The true revolu
tionists are doing their work.
"The czar will be known as 'Nicholas the
Last.' He will be beheaded, but not by an
assassin. He will be tried and executed
by a judicial tribunal, and that Is all that
may now be said. Gorky and his associates
have nothing to do with this."
LOUISIANA IN COMMISSION.
Brief Ceremonies for New Battleship
at Portsmouth, Va.
j Special Dispatch to The Star.
PORTSMOUTH. Va.. June 2.?The battle
j ship Louisiana, the Goliath of the Amerl
i can navy, went Into commission at the
navy yard here today. The flag was hoisted
aboard her this afternoon with few cere
monies. Her crew had been assembled
aboard the Franklin for some time, and
most of her officers had previously report
ed for duty. Capt. A. R. Coudon, who has
been In charge of the government super
: vision of the construction and fitting out
i of the vessel, was yesterday assigned to
j duty as her commanding officer, and he
j took command today. The work of fitting
out the Louisiana at this navy yard has
been rushed since she arrived from the
yards of her builders, the Newport News
Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, two
weeks ago.
The Norfolk and Portsmouth Traction
Company, the new $14,500,000 trolley com
bine, came lato actual existence today,
although it is unlikely that any change In
the management or operation of the prop
erties of the company will take place for
a month or six weeks yet. No statement
has yet been made as to who the perma
nent officers of the company will be fur
then than that Mr. R. Lancaster Williams
of Richmond and Baltimore will be Its
president, and K. C. Hathaway of this
cltj and now general manager of the Nor
folk Railway and Light Company will be
general manager of the Traction, and prob
ably one of Its vice-presidents. The work
ing out of the plan for the operation of
the concern will continue for a month or
six, weeks, observed Mr. Hathaway today.
Medical Director Remus C. Persons, com- I
mandlng the Naval Hospital here, who
was detached today and ordered to San
Francisco, has accomplished a phenomenal |
work here. The only training school In '
the world for nurses In the navy taught
to care not only for the sick but for the
terrrlble wounds likely to be sustained by
fighting men in modern naval warfare has
been established here during his admin
istration The hospital has been greatly
Improved and renovated, and perfect ar
rangements made for the care of the tre
mendous Increase In the number of pa
tients under treatment due to the establish
ment of the training station at St. Helena
and the concentraion of thousands of sail
ors and landsmen at this point. The doctor
will leave behind him as a monument to
his zeal a magnificent $200,000 addition to
the present hospital. The Business
Men's Association made a strenuous effort
to have Dr. Persons retained, but although i
the rigid rules of the department were re- j
laxed to some extent and the doctor's tour j
here extended several months, his presence :
is now too badly needed at San Francisco j
for him to remain here longer.
RURAL FREE DELIVERY.
Order as to Display of Signals on
Boxes of Patrons.
According to an order recently Issued
from the Post Office Department, all
patrons of the rural free delivery service
will hereafter be required to display sig
nals on their boxes when they leave mall
In them for carriers to collect, as here
after carriers will not be required to open
and examine any mall boxes except those
to which they have mall to deliver and
those on which signals are displayed to i
Indicate there Is mall to collect.
Those patrons whose boxes are not pro
vided with signals must attach thereto ]
some device which, when displayed, will
plainly show passing carriers there Is mall
to be collected. It Is stated that any sim
ple arrangement will answer the purpose.
Carriers will lower the signals after mak
ing collections, provided no mail Is left
therein and must display the signal when
they deposit mall for patrons, unless the
patron has made request to the contrary.
Carriers have been instructed to promptly
Inform patrons of their routes with regard
to the order which was promulgated to
take effect oa and altar the first day of
June last.
THE MADfflD TRAGEDY
Chief Suspect Imbued With
Anarchy in Germany.
GREAT BRITAIN AROUSED
Sequel to Attempt 011 Spanish Sov
ereigns' Lives.
ANARCHISTS TO BE DRIVEN OUT
Italian Authorities Active in Ferret
ing Plots?Discovery of Bombs at
Ancona?Madrid Police Busy.
BARCELONA. June 2.?Inquiries at Saba
deii. near Barcelona, show that Morales, the
chief suspect In the attempt to assassinate
Kig Alfonso and his bride, is the son of
a manufacturer. He was educated in Ger
many, where he became imbued with an
archist Ideas. Aa he spoke several lan
guages when he returned to Sabadell
Morales was given a, position as a commer
cial traveler for his father's firm.
He became intimate with the local an
archists of his town, whom he supplied
with funds. His disposition rendered him
Insufferable to his family, and last Jan
us:ry, having inherited $2,000, he left his
father's, house. Since then he has main
tained the closest relations with anarchist.-.
Great Britian Thoroughly Aroused.
LONDON. June 2.?The desperate attempt
on the llve? of King Alfonso and Queon
Victoria closely touches the people of Greac
Britain, bringing home to them the ques
tion of harboring anarchists, which h;is
lcng been kept in the background. It is
now expected that this will immediately be
presented to the government upon the re
assembling of parliament after the Whit
suntide recess, when an effort will be made
to secure the passage .of a law excluding
anarchists from their long-enjoyed harbor
age In Great Britain. The effect of tho
agitation is problematical. Much lepends
on the result of the investigation being
made by the Scotland Yard detectives and
other officials.
Th? authorities at Scotland Yard are in
clined to doubt that the Madrid plot orig
inated in I?ndon. The evidence so far ad
duced does not warrant full acceptance of
the claim that this city has been used as
the rendezvous of anarchists and as the
base of their numerous operations. The
general idea Is that judgment must bo
suspended pending the disclosure of proofs
and details of the conspiracy.
If it is established that London was used
as a base, the demand for governmental
action will be immensely strengthened and
the prospects of legislation against anarch
ists will be enhanced. There has been long
a deep-rooted sentiment in Great Britain
against closing the doors to any political
refugees or plotters, however violent, and
apparently there has been an agreement
among the anarchists not to molest mem
bers of the British royal family so long as
the former enjoyed freedom of access to
the country and immunity from prosecu
tion when within.
It has often been asserted that the Brit
ish secret police had made the immunity
of members of the roiyal family the sub
ject of a definite pact with anarchists and
that it was enforced by the threat of rig
orous exclusion in case of the agreement
being broken.
If such a pact exists it was broken by the
attack on the queen of Spain. A clause
in the offenses against the person act
passed during the reign of Queen Victoria,
gives the police power to take action if
a conspiracy is hatched in Great Britain.
Bombs Found in Italian Towns.
ROME, June 2.?The police, suspecting
anarchist plots at Ancona, on the Adriatic,
185 miles northeast of Rome, today made a
sudden descent upon several houses there.
They found that a barber named Gabbia
nelli had several explosive mixtures, chiefly
of chlorate of potash and sulphur, and in
his shop were three bombs ready to be
exploded.
They were little larger than an orange
with an exterior of dark cement and a fuse
attachment. The bombs were similar In
appearance to that used in the attempt on
King Alfonso and Queen Victoria. Gab
blanelli and twelve other anarchists were
I arrested.
The Italiar; police discovered a plot
against King Alfonso a few days before
the attempted assassination was made ut
Madrid and informed the Spanish police.
Some Feeling Against British.
MADRID, June 2.?Judge Vallet today in
terrogated Robert Hamilton, the -English
suspect for an hour, after which he was re
leased, as his innocence was clear.
The arrest of the Englishman Is causing
a deep undercurrent of British resentment,
and has also reawakened the aaimoslty of
the Ignorant Spanish nibble against the
British, as the latter biindly assert that
Queen Victoria's coming to Madrid was the
main cause of the attempt on the king's
life.
The proprietor of the boarding house at
which Morales, the chief suspect, stopped
lias recognized him by a photograph as be
ing a notorious anarchist named Navarro,
who was one of the suspects after the at
tempt on the Spanish king's life when his
majesty visited Paris last year.
Report of Suicide.
The civil governor announces that an In
dividual exactly resembling the man sup
posed to have thrown the bomb at th? royal
couple as they were proceeding to the pal
ace from the church after the marriage
ceremony committed suicide in the village
of Torrejondeardox, near Madrid, when he
was about to be arrested.
PHILADELPHIA HOBSE SHOW.
Despite Threatening Weather At
tendance Was Large.
PHILADELPHIA. Pa., June 2?After an
exceptionally successful week the fifteenth
annual exhibition of the Philadelphia Horse
Show Association came to an end today.
Tho weather was oppressive and rain
threatened during the early hours, but the
attendance was large. The program con
sisted of twenty-one events, Including the
Judging of ponies, ladles' saddle horses,
roadsters, hackneys and champions. The
final class was the "best hunter," open only
to winners of the hunting and Jumping
classes of the present show.
First prizes were awarded as follows:
Ponies under aaddle?-Sunset; C?rr brothers. New
York, exhibitor*.
Hackney stallions, yearlings?Fortunatus; W. O.
Freeman, Cornwall, Pa., exhibitor.
Hackney stallions, two-year-olds?Eros; W. 0.
Freeman, exhibitor.
Roadstsrs, pairs?Preferred and Referred; K. T.
Btotesbury. Philadelphia, exhibitor.
Ponies in harness?Lady Eccles; J. W. Ilarrlman,
Sew York, exhibitor.
Horses in harness, nprices?Bryony; William H.
Moore, exhibitor.
Hackneys or half-bred hackneys?Memllla; Car*
brothers, exhibitors.
Ponies in harness, orer 13 hands 2 inches, not
exceeding 14 hand* 1 inch?Frills; Reginald Vander
bllt. exhibitor.
Pair of horses In harness orer IS hands and not
exceeding 15.3 -Lucia and Mia Cars; E. D. Jordan,
exhibitor.
Qualified hunters, lightweight?Queries; Sidney
Hjlioway, exhibitor.
Qualified hunter*. heavyweight-Jack Frost; Sid
ney Holloway. exhibitor.
Ladles' saddle horses over 14.3 and nnder 15.2
hands?Mayo; Mrs. John Oerkln. exhibitor.
Champion harness horses, under 15.1 hands?
Memlll; W. H. Moore, exhibitor.
Champion harness horse, exceeding 15.1 hands?
Bryony; William H. Moore, exhibitor.
Champion roadsters?Preferred; K. T. Stotes
bury, exhibitor.
Delegates to Pan-American Congress.
Mr. Munoz, the Guatemalan minister to
Washington, will be unable to attend the
pan-American congress at Rio Janeiro am
a representative of his government because
of other duties, and Antonio Batres Jau
requl has been named as the Guatemalan
delegate.
The Brazilian embassy has been advised
that the two other Cuban delegates who
will accompany Minister Quesada to Rio
Janeiro are Rafael Montoro and Jose An
tonio Oonaaltt Tanwnw.
MEXICAN TROUBLE
dOTYET ENDED
Presence of Armed Posse Had
Prompt Effect.
STRIKERS ARE NOW QUIET
Four Troops of United States Cavalry
at Naco, Arizona.
CONSUL URGED QUICK ACTION j
Because the Americans in Cananea
Axe in Great Danger?Message
to the President.
NACO. Ariz., June 2.?Col. W. C. Greene,
over the telephone thto afternoon, advised a
reporter of the Associated Press that Got.
Ysabei and the armed posse which accom- |
panted him from Bisbee had arrived at
Cananea, and that their appearance In the
town had a quieting effect on the strikers.
Col. Greene added that there was, however,
still considerable anxiety and uneasiness
apparent, and indicated that the trouble
was not entirely at an end.
Vice Consul Antonio Maza, who repre
sents the Mexican government at Naco,
has received a message from Cananea stat
ing that the authorities there had the
situation well in hand.
Four troops of United States cavalry ar
rived in Naco this afternoon from Fort
Huachuca, and have camped on the Ameri
can side of the line. The troops are under
strict orders not to cross the line until per
mission has been received from President
Roosevelt. It Is now learned that In the
encounter between Americans and Mexican
oUlcers at Naco last night two Mexicans
were killed beside the one previously re
ported as wounded.
Message to the President.
DOUGLAS, Ariz., June 2.?A later dis
patch to the International American from
Naco. Ariz., says that United States Con
sul Galbraith at Cananea has addressed
a message to President Roosevelt urging
the necessity for federal troops at Cananea.
Consul Galbraith, it is said, informed the
President that all the Americans in Cana
nea are In great danger, and suggested that
connection with the Cananea trouble
Charges of Unfair Treatment.
MEXICO CITY, June 2.?The government
has advices from Cananea, Sonora, to the
effect that the strike of Mexican employes
against the mining company's management
was at first perfectly pacific. The pretext
was that the Mexican employes were un
fairly treated and that preference In pay
and employment was given to Americans.
The Mexican miners' demands, it Is said,
were roughly repulsed, which gave rise to
an angry feeling, and the strikers set fire
to deposits of wood, resulting In an armed
conflict between Americans and Mexicans,
In which fourteen men were killed and
wounded on both sides.
The government has given orders to Gen.
uis Torres, commander of that military
zone, and to Gov. Yiabel, who are now
probably on the scene of conflict. A con
centration of federal forces was ordered so
as to stamp out the movement and to pre
serve order. Word has been sent to arrest
and duly punlsfy the guilty parties, and the
government will proceed with the utmost
vigor.
The statement published that Arizona
rangers were to cross into Mexico territory
is regarded here as preposterous. Arizona |
being a territory of the United States, no
such order, it is believed, would be given
for invasion of Mexican soil.
Acting under Instructions from the State
Department in Washington, the American j
ambassador today was in consultation with
tiie foreign relations department here. No
official statement as to the nature of the
question under discussion could be obtain
ed, but it is stated that the United States
government is giving every evidence of her '
good disposition toward Mexico in the joint
effort to reach a basis of co-operation in
connection with the Gananea trouble.
Warned by Arizona's Governor.
PHOENIX, Ariz., June 2.?Governor Kito
bey this morning wired to Thomas Ryn
ning, captain of Arizona rangers at Naco,
urging him to use every precaution to pre
serve order on this side of the boundary
line and Insisting that his authority ceased
at the line. He also warned Rynnlng that
any American who crossed Into Mexici on
account of the Cananea trouble will do so
ax serious risk, and that all Americans
should be so advised. Before the gover
nor's message had time to reacn Itynnlng
the following was received from the of
ficer :
"By request of Governor Ysabel of So
nora, 275 volunteers will go to protect
American Interests In Cananea."
To this message Gov. Klbbey replied:
"Volunteers going into Mexico do so at
the risk of divesting themselves of their
American citizenship and protection as
such while there. I cannot permit an offi
cer or man In the territorial service to go
Into Mexico at this time. Use every pre
caution to preserve order on our side of
the line."
There Is no reliable news here today of
the trouble at Cananea, except that ob
tained through the Associated Press.
Trying to Head Off the Troops.
On receipt of official Information that a
detachment of the 5th Cavalry, commanded
by Maj. Charles H. Watts, had left Fort
Huachuca, Ariz., at daylight yesterday
morning, bound for Cananea, Mexico, by
way of Naco, Ariz., officials of the War
Department took Immediate steps to inter
cept the troops, if possible. In order to pre
vent their going Into Mexican territory.
The military secretary sent the following
telegram to Maj. Watts at Naco, with the
hope of Its reaching him at that point:
"Secretary War directs that you and your
s<iuadron shall not cross boundary line Into
Mexico. If you reach Naco go Into camp
there and await instructions. If you re
ceive this message telegraph this office
your whereabouts Immediately."
BE CORD OF EARTHQUAKES.
Those on the Pacific Coast Pound in
the Smithsonian.
Perhaps the most complete record or
earthquake disturbances on the Pacific
coast is to be found in the records of the
Smithsonian Institution, a volume on the
subject having been published In the mis
cellaneous collection of the Institution in
1897. The work la by Edward S. Holden
and reaches back to 1600. There Is a record
of disturbances in Alaska and Oregon from
10&0 to 18WJ, showing 123 shocks and volcanic
eruptions. All of these are among the more
severe and were accompanied by so-called
tidal waves, opening of craters and the
submergence of islands. Many of the re
ports are from old mission records and
diaries kept at the time. One of the dis
turbances recorded by the mission fathers
at Santa Barbara, Cal., says that a ball
and stick set up as a rude seismograph kept
in continuous vibration for eight days ana
vibrated at intervals for fifteen days.
The regular catalogue of shocks, taking
In all those on the coast from 1760 to 18BT.
is, of course, more complete than the record
for Alaska in the early days. There are
recorded more than 1,780 perceptible shocks,
some of them severe and widespread, but
most of them merely local.
The conclusion of the observations is that
the shocks are more frequent in the neigh
borhood of the summer solstice than at
any other time, though they are vary even
ly distributed throughout the year.
Rival Conventions Held by Re
publicans of the County.
STRIFE IN SIXTH DISTRICT
Contesting Delegation* Elected to
Congressional Convention.
HIKES' SUPPORTERS PROTEST
Regulars Adopt Resolutions Strong
ly Indorsing Col. George A. Pearre
for Re-election.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
FREDERICK, Md., June 2.?The factional
strife in the republican party in Frederick
county, which caused a contest in the pri
maries last Sunday, waa renewed in the
convention and two meetings were held.
The split was caused by County Chair
man Harp's ruling which admitted to the
regular convention as representatives of
the districts from which there were con
testing delegations those delegates whose
election was certified to by the chairman
of the central committee In each of the
districts. In every case the delegations
consisted of "organization" men. The re
sult of the ruling waa that not only the
contesting delegations from these dis
tricts?Brunswick, Buckeystown, Emmlts
burg and Lewistown?left the convention,
but also delegates from districts which de
clared for Mr. Hinks in the primaries.
Proceedings of Regular Convention.
The regular convention met in Junior Hall
at noun. After calling the convention to
order, County Chairman Harp made this
statement:
"I do not wish to delay these proceedings
by making an address, but I have a sugges
tion to make to the convention. Last Sat
urday primaries were held in Frederick
county, and I think that every fair-minded
man must agree that the result of those
primaries was an overwhelming vindica
tion for our gallant representative. Col.
George A. Pearre. Since the primaries It
has come to our knowledge that attempts
have been ma(e to debauch delegates and to
induce the representatives of certain dis
tricts in this convention to desert Col.
Pearre and vote against him in the con
vention. I want to say that we have the
r.ajnes of the delegations and the Individ
uals who were approached in this manner,
and of the persons who offered the money,
and I suggest that when a vote Is taken
In this convention tha chairman of each
delegation in turn, shall come up on the
stage and publicly announce the vote, so
that we may see whether it is cast In ac
cordance with the wishes of the people as
expressed at the primaries Saturday last.'
Mr. Harp then announced that notice had
been received of contests in Buckaystown.
Lewistown, Brunswick and Bmmittsburg
districts. In each case the delegations whose
election wa3 certified to by the chairman
of the central committee of the district was
recognized as entitled to vote, pending the
statement of the contests by the committee
on credentials and permanent organization.
Col. John R. Rouseer of Thurmont was
made chairman of the convention, and Geo.
W. Crum of Jefferson and A. A. Harner of
Emmittsburg were named as secretaries.
Delegate Makes Protest.
The trouble came when a motion was
made by Chairman Harp that a committee
on resolutions and one on credentials and
permanent organization be named, each to
be composed of one representative from
each district. Eugene Harrison of Bruns
wick was the first to protest. In his dis
trict, he said, there was a contest, and he
objected to one side being given a repre
sentative on the committee to decide which
of the two delegations was entitled to rec
ognition. Mr. Harp replied that this point
was settled, having been decided by him as
chairman of the county central committee.
Immediately a hubbub arose. Harry Mil
ler of Petersville district, in which there
was no contest but wheh was represented
by a Hinks delegation, undertook to make
a speech protesting against the ruling, but
his voice was drowned by the din, and
finally he withdrew from the convention
with the other Petersville delegates, fol
lowed by the contesting delegations not
recognized by Chairman Harp and'by dele
gates from New Market. Tusearora, Catoc
tin and other districts favorable to the nom
ination of Mr. Hinks.
After these delegate* liad withdrawn the
convention proceeded with the regular or
der of business.
The committees were appointed, and the
one on resolution reported heartily in favor
of the renomlnation of Col. Pearre.
Delegates and Alternates.
The committee on credentials and perma
nent organization made a report, including
a recommendation that six -delegates and'
six alternates to the congressional conven
tion be named. a?d that the delegation he
Instructed to vote as a unit, the majority
of the delegates to rule. , .. , .
Both reports were adopted, and the roi
lowing delegates and alternates^ w^re
named?Delegates: Charles T.K.Joan?v
Millard F. Perry, Col. John R. Rouseer,
Charles L. Wachter. James W. Smltiiand
George R. Dennis, jr. Alternates: William
H. Ramsburg. Lloyd Palmer, E Stanley
Delanter, Charles E. Walker. vV 1111am B.
Grimes and Emory R. Remsburg.
Bolters' Convention.
The bolting delegates yesterday arranged
to hold a convention of their own. Kemp
Hall was secured for this purpose and un
der the direction of Clerk of the Circuit
Court S. T. Haffner, Former City Register
E. A. Gettlnger and others the meeting
was soon organized. There was a fair
sized crowd In the ball and Dr. Haffner as
serted that fourteen districts were repre
^Harry Miller of Petersville district, who
led the bolt from the regular convention,
called the meeting to order. In a brief
speech he declared that the republican
party In Frederick county was boss-ridden,
and that the time had come for republicans
who do not believe In bosslsm to make a
protest. Wood of New jfarket. a former
member of the Maryland legislature, was
made chairman of the convention, and B.
M. Wright. Jr., of Brunswick, secretary. A
committee on resolutions was appointed,
and while it was formulating Its report
Maj E Y. Goldsborough of Frederick, for
mer United States marshal for Maryland,
who was present as a spectator, was In
vited to address the meeting. He said:
Approves of Action Taken.
"I am not surprised at the action tft.s
body has taken, as I was present in the
other convention and heard the arbitrary
rulings of the man who had the reins of
the convention In his hards. I am not sur
prised that you are getting tired of this
sort of domination, and I congratulate you
on the quick, peaceable and orderly man
ner In which you have set about making
your protest.
"No man regrets more than I do that
the necessity has arisen, In the judgment
of this body, to withdraw from the
county convention. But It is not your
fault No man with any self-respect would
sit quiet under such arbitrary rulings as
were made there today. I hope that all
differences may yet be healed; that the
republicans of Frederick county may get
together amicably and agree upon a can
didate for Congress, and that the man so
agreed upon will be a resident of Fred
erick county."
Resolutions Adopted.
The committee on resolutions made a
report, recommending that six delegates
to the congressional convention be named
by a committee of three, to be appointed
by the chairman, and that "these dele
gates so selected shall use their best ef
forts to secure by all honorable means the
nomination of Wm. N. Hinks of Frederick
county for Congress.
"That Frederick county is entitled to tke
nomination, and a large majority of the re
publicans of the county would have so de
clared if a fair opportunity had been al
lowed to express their sentiments; that
such opportunity was not allowed the only
accredited delegates, who were deprived
of their rights by the arbitrary ruling of
the chairman of the county committee.
"In view of the foregoing, we submit our
claim to the Justice of the congressional
convention, confidently believing that the
delegation selected by this convention will
fitly represent the sentiment of the re
publican party of Frederick county."
The following were named as delegates
to the ?strlct convention: M. P. Wood,
C. S. Snook. Harry Miller. Eugene A. Har
rison, Charles Robinson. Charles W.
Wright.
Data of District Convention.
The District convention will meet In
Frederick Tuesday, July 3.
Chairman Wood of the Hlnks convention
this evening said to The Star correspond
ent: "There were sixteen districts reported
In our convention by delegates to the coun
ty convention. Fourteen districts were rep
resented when the convention was called
to order and delegates from two more dis
tricts came In while the convention was In
session. I .declined to assume the chair
manship of' the convention until convinced
that a majority of the districts were rep
resented. and we will be able to prove to
the district convention that this was the
case.**
In a number of cases delegations were
divided between the two conventions and
Mr. Wood admitted that in the Hlnks con
vention some districts were represented by
not more than one or two delegates.
Denies Charge Made.
County Chairman Harp tonight denied
that his ruling regarding the contested dis
tricts was arbitrary or unusual, and as
serted Chat It was justified both by the
party legislation and precedent. Mr. Harp
ridiculed the claims of the bolters that they
represented republican sentiment in the
county and declared that he had evidence
that the bolt was arranged forty-eight
hours in advance of the convention.
Even the Hlnks districts were represented
by delegates In the rogular'^onvcntlon after
the bolt occurred, Mr. arp said, and he
thinks the convention did not have a solid
delegation from a single district.
MARINE BAND PALYS
OPENING CONCEBT IN WHITE
HOUSE GROUNDS YESTERDAY.
The government authorities have once
again decreed a generous and ample pro
gram of music for the people of Washing
ton the whole of the heated term, now at
hand. That this action is appreciated Dy
the public was evidenced yesterday after
noon by the presence on the White House
grounds of a vast throng of interested, de
lighted and well-behaved men, women and
children who had gathered to celebrate the
Inauguration of the open-air concerts by the
; military bands In all sections of the city,
the program of which has been already
published In The Star. '
The principal attraction to the muslc
j lovers of the city who freqti?m open air
concerts has always been the Marine Band,
| and this splendid organization of mwrt
1 cians was first on the green this yeai. as
usual. The program pleased every one xho
had come prepared to listen, and attracted
crowds of persons who were passing by.
The other United States bands which
will furnish music in the public parks dur
ing the season are the United States Cav
alry Band from Port Myer, and the Engi
neer Band from the Washington Barracks.
The Marine Band will play at the White
House on Saturdays and the Capitol on
Wednesdays In the late afternoon. The
other bands will play at the sani3 hour In
various parks in different sections end on
different days of the week, according to
the schedule prepared by Col. Bromwell,
engineer officer In charge of public buildingrj
and grounds.
ACCUSED OF STABBING WIFE.
Edward Kilgore Locked Dp in Fourth 1
Precinct Station.
Edward Kilgore, colored. Is alleged to
' have used his knife too freely- in Willow
Tree alley last night about 12 o'clock, and
i In consequence is the occupant of a cell at
the fourth precinct police station. His wife,
Mary Kilgore, was taken to the Emergency
Hospital to be treated for a stab wound
of the chest. The wound. It is alleged, was
inflicted by her husband, but he denies the
| charge. It is said that Kilgore and his
j wife engaged in a dispute while In front
I of their home. 225 Willow Tree alley, but
I he declares he did not attempt to injure
| hur
Mrs. Kilgore. it is stated, wanted her
' husband to remain at home with her. but he
insisted upon going away. The wife, the
prisoner says, accused him of wanting to
go to see another woman who lives in the
alley.
"And." said the prisoner, after he was ar
rested by Policeman Davis. "I Just went
away from her."
He admitted that he had borrowed a pen
knife from a friend last night, but arifcl he
returned It before he and his wife had the
quarrel at the front door of the hous? In
which they had rooms. As the husband
walked away from the house his wife went
to the door and said to Mrs. Jane Cohen,
who rente the house: "Aunt Jane, I've
been cut."
She had been stabbed, it was evident, the
knife having entered Just above the heart.
She was cared for at the house until the
amoulance from the Emergency Hospital
reached her home. The driver was told of
the serious condltien of the wounded wom
an and he made a record run to the hos
pital.
The surgeons at the Institution announced
that she was in a serious condition, and
reported to the police that she was likely
to die. and Sergt. Carter, who was on duty
at police headquarters, directed the police
of the fourth precinct to arrest her hus
band. Detective Flather was also directed
to assist In the search, but Kilgore was
In custody by the time ht reached South
Washington.
At an early hour this morning the hos
pital surgeons reported that the patient was
holding her own. but that her condition
was critical. Kilgore told the police that
he had been out of Jail only about one
month.
ITALIAN SHOT BY A WOMAN.
Because He is Alleged to Have Forced
His Attentions.
NEW YORK, June 2.?Alexander Dipa
olo, forty years old, prominent In Italian
politics In Rarltan, N. J., was shot and
mortally wounded this afternoon by Flor
inda Illarie, twenty-eight, of his own race,
because, as she asserted, he persisted In
forcing his attentions on her.
Dlapolo, the woman said, went to her
home In Somervllle and asked her for $500.
He forced his way Into the house and tried
to drag her to an upper room, but she
reached Into his pocket, took out a revolver
and shot him twice In the head. He was
taken to the hospital, where he died. Miss
Illarie walked to the Somerset county Jail
and gave herself up.
Indicted for Alleged Jury Bribery.
GAINESVILLE, Fla.. June 2.?The grand
Jury of the special term of circuit court
convened to Inquire Into the irregularities
of the grand jury at Che last regular term
of court returned Indictments today against
. N. Strobhar, former agent of the Atlantic
Coast line at this point, and against J. C.
B. Thomas and William Thomas, for at
tempting to bribe the last jury. Both
Thomases were placed under 91,000 bond
for appearance at the next term of circuit
court. Sensational charges are also made
that certain prominent attorneys had at
tempted to bribe regular grand Jurors by
giving them whiskey. Strobhar is not here,
but If arreeted be will probably give bond
Immediately. The grand Jury at Its last
regular term found no bill against Strob
har, since which time he has left the city.
Condition of Mr. Hume.
The condition of Mr. Frank Hume, the
local wholesale grocer who has been seri
ously 111 at his home, 1235 Massachusetts
avenue tfci hUwest. tor the last week, was
reported Ahls morning to be unchanged.
His Illness is giving his firieada and rela
tives the gravest ooncera.
Distinguished Speakers at New
York Dinner
BY A DEMOCRATIC CLUB
Letters From Grover Cleveland and
Mr. A. B. Parker.
ADDRESS BY EX-GOV. DOUGLAS
Speech by Representative John Sharp
Williams of Mississippi, Leader
of Minority in Congr
NEW YORK, June 2.?A dinner wan
given by the tariff reform committee or
the Reform Club tonight at the lloiei
Astor to Inaugurate a movement to return
to Congress at the elfctlon members
pledged to tariff reform legislation.
Henry B. B. Stapler, chairman of the re
form committee, presided, and the speakers
included ex-Gov. William L. Douglas of
Massachusetts, Representatives John Sharp
Williams and J. T. Rainey. Letters of re
gret were read from former President
Grover Cleveland, Alton B. Parker and
Henry Watterson. Judge Parker's letter
was as follows:
Mr. Parker's Letter.
Mr. Parker wrote: "In the feverish dis
cussion during the past two years about
the ethics of business, there has naturally
been a recurrence to the causes which havo
promoted these conditions; and, as must be
admitted, the fountains of the great deep
of morals have not been broken up without
a reason. The more the question has -been
considered the clearer it has become that
a protective tariff has been a fruitful nour
ishing mother of all our serious evils. Its
malign Influence has made possible the cor
ruption of the electorate with money fur
nished by grateful, but always ularmed,
beneficiaries. Knowledge, of the fact that
the great patient public could thus be hum
hugged part of the time, has led to the con
clusion. not wholly unwarranted by ex
perience. that perhaps It could be done all
the time.
"If the government, looking for one dol
lar to meet Its own needs, can use its power
to reward Its favorites with three dollars,
why should a railway, n public service com
pany, or a great combination neglect its
chances In Its own special field. If the law
enables these to put their hands into the
pockets of the masses of the people for
their own benefit, why should their favorite
or responsible officials refuse to take ad
vantage of what are to them heaven-born
privileges? So the vicious circle will con
tinue to widen until the cause Is removed.
When this is done our people may take up
all related and contingent abuses with some
prospect of removing them gradually from
our life.
"Every good cltlien. every lover of his
country, every man who can see how privi
lege grows by what it feeds on. should wel
come and applaud the new crusade upon
which you and your club are Just entering
Very truly yours,
"ALTON B. PARKER."
Mr. Cleveland's letter read:
Mr. Cleveland's Letter.
Mr. Cleveland said:
"I am convinced that the value to our
people of wholesome tariff reform was
never more easily made apparent than now.
and that there was neve a more opportune
time for Its earnest advocacy. Those who
are enlisted in the cause should not allow
themselves to suppose that it has been
overwhelmed by other topics which Just
now seem to have taken possession of pop
ular consideration.
These will prove to be but temporary
and evanescent when the truth is brought
home to our countrymen that they an- dally
and hourly the victims of an evil underlying
nearly all other economic abuses wiilch
stealthily and unrelentingly betray the In
terests and welfare of the many fur the
benefit of the selfish and pampered few.
"It is not possible that our people can
continue to be misled to their hunt, nor
that they will continue to condone tlm
wrongs which are the progeny of an un
just and unfair tariff or fall to discover
and punish the criminal parent Very truly
yours, GROVER CLEVELAND."
Henry Watterson's Letter.
Mr. Watterson said in his letter:
"Hearty good wishes for the club and
God speed the day of our redemption from
a protective system which underlies all
sorts of conditions of dishonest money
making and has done more than all other
agencies to corrupt the morals of our people
and our politics."
An invitation was sent to William Jen
nings Bryan at Lincoln, Neb., but a reply
from Mr. Bryan's brother Informed the
committee that Mr. Bryan would not have
completed his tour of the world In time to
be present.
Representative John T Rainey of Illinois
said In closing his speech:
"There is nothing in the balance of trade
theory. None of these arguments appeal
to the American people as In the years that
are gone. Tou concede that an individual
has the right to buy in the cheapest mar
ket. Will you deny that right to ."KDlOO.OOrt
people? Commerce ought to be permitted
to flow unrestrained by tariff obstructions."
Former Gov. Douglas said:
Gov. Douglas' Remarks.
Massachusetts, like the whole of New
England. Is more remote from the raw ma
terials. foods and other supplies of this
country than are other states. She is also
nearer, commercially, to raw materials,
foods and other supplies of foreign coun
tries than Is any other section of tho
United States. She Is more dependent
than are most other sections. If Massa
chusetts could not obtain food from out
side her borders she would starve and her
mills would stand idle.
Because of her extensive seacoast and
fine harbors it is cheaper for Massachu
setts to bring In many kinds of foreign
made goods than to pay transportation
charges on goods from central and west
ern states. But Massachusetts Is not per
mitted to enjoy the benefits of location
bestowed by nature The protective tariff
will Interfere and deprive us of access to
our natural raw materials and our natural
markets. What we want, and all we want,
is a fair field and no favors. Take us out
of bondage to the hundreds of protected
trusts that exploit us; that charge us
more than they charge foreigners for the
same goods, and that levy tribute upon
our mills and our homes. The specific du
ties that we want removed at the earliest
possible moment, those that constitute
the minimum, that will satisfy us, and
that we will continue to demand of Con
gress. are the duties on hides, sole
leather, coal, iron, ore, lumber and wood
pulp.
Since July, 1897. Just before the passage
of the Dlngley act, prices have risen an
average of 4<J per cent. No one will pre
tend that either weekly or hourly wages
have risen 25 per cent since 1904. Tho
cost of living has gone up so much more
than wages that the wage earner Is now
worse off than he was In 1897. Let ua by
a fair revision of the tariff remedy the
cause of discontent.
Representative Williams' Remarks.
Representative John Sharp Williams said.
In part:
"Tou can look at this tariff question from
a personal standpoint and you will And that
It Is a question not of protection but of
favoritism. It is Immoral in that It teaches
the great dogma to support and make pros
perous the individual.
"I am greatly Interested In the reading
of the letters of regret from men like Cleve
land and Watterson, who have expressed
an Ides that has been more eloquently set
furth by William Jennings Bryan and
should be the slogan of the nest campaign.
The tariff Is not only the mother of trusts,
but the mother of graft.
**I come from a country which is the
most prosperous, not of the United States
fbut of the world. If you measure
rlty not alone by the Increase of
ture and commerce, but the advance
it transportation facilities as well.

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