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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 04, 1906, Image 1

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018m, 11 th Stmt and PenDiylrmni* A rente.
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
Hew York Offiw: Tribnna Bnildlag.
Chiaago Offlot: Trihwa Baildinf.
The Frenln* Star, with the Sunday mornln* edf
?ton, is delivered by earrlera, on their own aeconnt.
within the city at RO centa par month; without tha
Bandar raornftig edition at 44 centa per month.
Br B*al). pnataffe prrpatd:
Pafly, Sunday Included, one month. AO renti.
Dully. Sundav excepted, one month. 60 centi.
Saturday Star, one year, $1.00.
Sundar Star, one rear, tl 50.
Fair tonight; tomorrow
partly cloudy.
No. 16,689.
Transmitting Report of Messrs.
Neill and Reynolds to Congress.
Into Conditions in the Stock Yards
of Chicago.
Partial Statement Showing Those Practices
Common in Most Every Packing House
Examined?Uncleanliness and
Insanitary Hahits.
The President today sent a message to
Congress transmitting the preliminary re
port of Mr. James Bronson Reynolds and
Commissioner Charles P. Nelll. the special
committee appointed by him to investigate
the conditions In the stockyards of Chi
cago The message and report follow:
The Senate and House of Representatives:
I transmit herewith the report of Mr.
Jam. s Bn.nson Reynolds and Commissioner
Charles P Nelll. the special committee
whom 1 appointed to investigate Into the
conditions in the stock yards of Chicago
Ind report thereon to me. Th.s report Is
of a preliminary nature. I submit it to you
now because it shows the urgent need of
Immediate action by the Congress in the
dh. ction of providing a drastic and thor
oughgoing Inspection by the {ede? "
eminent of all stock yards and pa. king
houses and of their products, so far as the
latter enter Into Interstate or foreign com
merce The conditions shown by even this
TorT'lns ection to exist in the Chicago
? k vards are revolting. It is impera
tively necessary in the Interest of health
and of decency that they -houW be radicaK
lv changed. Under the existing law it Is
wholly impossible to secure satisfactory re
* When my attention was first directed to
this matter an investigation was made un
der the Bureau of Animal Industry of the
department of Agriculture. When the pre
liminary statements of this Investigation
were brought to my attention they showed
such defects in the law and such wholly
unexpected conditions that I deemed It best
to have a further immediate Investigation
by men not connected with the Bureau, and
accordingly appointed Messrs. Reynolds ?nd
Nelll It wan impossible under the existing
law that satisfactory work should be done
by the Bureau of Animal Industry. I am
now. however, examining the way in which
the work actually was done.
Before I had reecived the report of
Messrs. Reynolds and Nei? I bad directed
that labels placed upon any package> of
meat food products should state on V ^at
,he carcass of the animal from which the
meat was taken had been Inspected a: the
time of slaughter. If inspection of meat
food products at all stages of preparation
is not Bocured by* the passage of the ligls
latlon recommended I shall eel <x,mpelled
to order that Inspection labels and cert Ifl
rates on canned products shall not be used
h Th^-port shows that the stock yards
and packing houses are not kept even rea
sonably clean and that the method of
handling and preparing food P^ct? '8
cleanly and dangerous to health, I nder
existing law the National Government has
r>o power to enforce Inspection of the many
forms of prepared meat food products that
are dally going from the packing houses
Into Interstate commerce Owing to an
Inadequate appropriation the Department
of Agriculture is not even able to place In
spectors In all establishments desiring
them. Tlie present law prohibits the ship
ment of uninspected meat to foreign coun
tries. but there is no provision forbidding
the shipment of uninspected meats In in
terstate commerce, and thus the a\enues
of Interstate commerce are left open to
traffic In diseased or spoiled meats. If. as
has been alleged on seemingly good author
ity further evils exist, such as the Improper
vse of chemicals and dyes, the Government
lacks power to remedy them. A law is
needed which will enable the inspectors ot
the General Government to Inspect and
supervise from the hoof to the can the
preparation of the meat food product. 1 he
evil seems to be much less In the sale of
dressed carcasses than In the sale of cannea
and other prepared products and very much
less as regards products sent abroad than
as regards those used at home."
In my Judgment the expense of the ln
? Hon should be paid by a fee levied
on each animal slaughtered. If this is not
done, the whole purpose of the law can at
any time be defeated through an Insufficient
appropriation; and whenever there was no
particular public Interest in the subject It
would be not only easy but natural thus to
make the appropriation insufficient. If It
were not for tills comslderatlon I should fa
vor the Government paying for the In
The alarm expressed In certain quarters
concerning this feature should be alleyed
by a realisation of the fact that tn no
case under such a law, will the cost of In
spection exceed 8 cents per head.
1 call special attention to the fact that
Oils report Is preliminary, and that the in
vestigation Is still unfinished. It Is not yet
possible to report on the alleged abuses in
the use of deleterious chemical compounds
tm connection with canning and preserving
meat products, nor on the alleged doctoring
In this fashion of tainted meat and of
products returned to the packers as having
grown unsalable or unusuable from age or
from other reasons. Grave allegations are
made In reference to abuses of this nature.
Let me repeat that under the present law
there is practically no method of stopping
these abuses if they should be discovered
to exist. Legislation is needed in order
to prevent the possibility of all abuses In
the future. If no legislation Is passed, then
the excellent results accomplished by the
work of this special committee will endure
only SO long as the memory of the commit
tee s work is fresh, and a recrudescence of
the abuses is absolutely certain.
I urge the immediate enactment into law
of provisions which will enable the Depart- i
ment of Agriculture adequately to inspect
the meat and meat-food products entering
into interstate commerce and to supervise
the methods of preparing the same, and to
prescribe the sanitary conditions under
which the work shall be performed. I
therefore commend to your favorable con
sideration and urge the enactment of sub
stantially the provisions known as Senate
amendment No. a> to (he act making ap
propriations for the Department of Agricul
ture for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1907,
as passed by the Senate, this amendment
being commonly known as the Beveridge
The White House, June 4, HXKj.
The Report.
The President:
As directed by you, we investigated the
conditions in the principal establishments
in Chicago engaged in the slaughter of cat
tle. sheep and hogs and In the preparation
of dressed meat and meat-food products.
Two and a half weeks were spent in the
investigation In Chicago, and during this
time we went through the principal packing
houses in the stock-yards district, together
with a few of the smaller ones. A day
was spent by Mr. Reynolds in New York
t!T ,n.ve8tlSalltt of several of Its
lead ng slaughterhouses During our in
vestigation statements of conditions and
w'thtlCm?'n,.lhe ?ackln? hou8e?. together
with affidavits and documentary evidence
Most of UB fr?m numerous sources!
Most of these were rejected as being far
?th* facts alle*ed a"d as be
bv\v b** possibility of verification
?.LU?? have ">ade no statement as a
fact In the report here presented that was
Certainr^?f,by ?U?i PersonaJ examination.
I- matters which we were unable to
verify while in Chicago are still under in
' nflttPda ??n' The f.oIlowin& 18 therefore sub
mitted as a partial report touchiriK uDOn
those practices and conditions whi^h we
h1081 common an<l not confided to a
h ^ if J10"86 or class of houses. A more
detailed report would contain many
tajtance. of defects found InTarUctlar
2?Condition of the Yards.
Before entering the buildings we noted the
condition of the yards themselves as shown
In the pavement, pens, viaducts and plat
forms The pavement le mostly of brick,
the bricks laid with deep grooves between
them, which inevitably fill with manure anj
cleaned a?nd T^X^nd1
?S? Z P Sti-aS S?!",?
ass ~
21?Buildings. *
J?*ler!iaJrThe ,nter1or Bn'sh of most of
wall, 0t WOOd: the Partition
wails, support, and rafters are of wood
uncovered by plaster or cement. The floor
ing in some Instances Is of brick or cement
but usually of wood. In many of the rooms
where water le ueed freely the floors are
soaked and slimy. ?wrs are
Lighting.?The building* have been ?n
.trueted with little regfVto eit?? light
or ventilation. The work rooms, as a rule,
are very poorly lighted. A few rooms at
the top of the buildings are well lighted
because they cannot escape the light but
"uflc?ill^Urm" are dark ? tomake
arunciai l%ht necessary at all time*
"""wlthou? T!?8 where food I" Prepared
j , 1 windows, deprived of .
outside'^r' dThev commuhnlc?"on with the
<Bngy that natural li*ht onlvr nl , d
twenty or thirty feft frnm th Penetrates
thus making artificial light In portlonsWnf
even these outride rooms necessar^ The^i
dark and dingy rooms are naturollv
kept suitably clean. wuraiiy not
Ventilation.?Systematic ventilation of tun
workroom* l? not found In any of the
(Continued on Tenth Pug. ) ?
His Resignation Handed Gov.
Result of Secret Conference With
Senator's Friends
He Declined to Talk for Publication
Before Holding the Consulta
tion This Morning.
TtDPEKA, Kan., June 4.?United States
Senator Joseph E. Burton of Abilene, after
a conference here this morning with several
close friends, placed his resignation in the
hands of Gov. Hoch. The resignation was
sent to the governor shortly before noon.
Senator Burton left his home yesterday
for Topeka, and immediately upon arrival
here this morning went Into a secret con
ference with his close friends to talk over
the situation. These friends Included
Bailie Waggener of Atchison, a democrat;
W. P. Hackney, George Flnd'.ey and a lew
As had been his custom since the charges
of Irregularities were first brought against
him, Senator Burton today declined to talk
for publication before going Into the con
Vice President Fairbanks Notified.
Soon after receiving the resignation, Gov.
Hoch sent a telegram to Ylce J^reeident
Fairbanks, notifying him as the presiding
officer of the Senate of Senator Burton's
resignation and Its acceptance.
Gov. Hoch declined to make any state
ment at this time as to the appointment of
a successor.
Senator Burton called upon Gov. Hoch
early today. After an hour's conference
with the governor, Senator Burton returned
to his hotel'and immediately entered into
the conference with his attorneys and
friends. The second conference lasted over
an hour. When it was concluded B. P.
Waggener and R. P. Hackney, two of the
senator's attorneys who had been prominent
In the trials of the case against the Kan
san, went to the state house and conferred
briefly with the governor.
Messrs. Waggener and Hackney were In
the governor's office but a few minutes.
When they emerged Gov. Hoch informed
the waiting newspaper men that he had
Senator Burton's resignation in hie pocket.
Resignation Letter Brief.
The resignation was extremely brief. It
"June 4, lSKXi.
"Sir: I hereby resign as a United States
senator for the state of Kansas, to take
effect immediately. Very respectfully,
"To His Excellency,
"Gov. E. W. Hoch."
Just what Gov. Hoch will do in the matter
of appointing a successor to Senator Burton
is not known. The friends of Burton would
prefer the selection of David B. Mulvane,
republican national committeeman for
Kansas. Within a few minutes after the
governor had received the resignation he
called Mr. Mulvane into conference. The
conference lasted an hour, but when It was
concluded neither would talk of the situa
tion. _ ..
Several politicians have urged the gov
ernor to refrain from mftking the appoint
ment until after the November election.
Commander Witherspoon Now Under
going Court-Martial.
Word has reached the Navy Department
that the general court-martial, of which
Rear Admiral Sigsbee is president, con
vened on board the battleship Rhode Island
In Hampton Roads, has finished the trial
of Capt. Perry Garst, commanding the
Rhode Island, and has taken up the case
of Lieut. Commander Edward T. Wither
spoop, the navigating officer of that vessel.
These officers were joinly charged with be
ing responsible for the recent grounding
of the Rhode Island near the mouth of
the York river.
Capt. Garst was charged with negligence
"In suffering a vessel of the navy to be
run upon a shoal" and also with neglect of
duty. Commander Witherspoon was charg
ed with neglect of duty In having failed to
provide the commanding officer with proper
data regarding the ship's course. The rec
ord in the case of Capt. Garst Is now un
dergoing review by the Judge advocate
general of the navy, who will probably oc
cupy several weeks in that duty. Mean
while the finding and sentence (If any) of
the court will be withheld from the public.
It is expected that the record in the case
of Commander Witherspoon will be re
ceived at the Navy Department by the end
of the present week.
Passage of the Burton Bill by the
The bill for the control and regulation of
the Niagara river and the preservation of
Niagara Falls was passed by the House to
day under suspension of the rules, as was
the bill creating a collection district at
Port Arthur, Tex.
War on Anti-Paas Amendment.
A campaign has already begun to defeat
the unti-i>a?5 amendment to the railroad
rate bill In so far as It applies to railway
trainmen and their families. Many tele
grams have been received today by members
6f the House signed by officers of organiza
tions of railway employes, reading: "Please
use all means within your po<wer to stop
passage of bill prohibiting the issue of
passes to railway employes and their fami
Reports on Land Bills.
The House committee on Indian affairs
today authorized a favorable report on a
bill opening for settlement the Blackfeet In
dian reservation in Montana. The provisions
of this bill were incorporated in the Indian
appropriation bill, but omitted In conference.
The committee also authorized a favorable
report on a bill allowing settlers on 40,000
acres In what is known as "pasture No. 3"
of the Kiowa reserve in Oklahoma to pur
chase the lands on which they have settled
at an appraised valuation.
? ^
Credit for Naval Service.
The House committee on military affairs
today authorized a -favorable report on a
Senate bill giving credit on retirement rec
ords of officers and enliBted men of the
army for service in the navy to make up
their thirty years' of service.
MADRID, June 4.?The police are on
the track of the accomplices of Manuel
Morales, the would-be assassin of King
Alfonso and Queen Victoria, who commit
ted suicide Saturday at Torregon de Aldos
after having shot the rural guard 'Who ar
rested him. Hie confederates. It Is now
known, assisted Morales In escaping and
gave him shelter Thursday and Friday
It is believed that the anarchist used
an automobile in escaping from Madrid,
and a canvass of all the automobiles is go
ing on. The movements of Morales in nts
fiight have been traced through the sub
urbs where he changed his clothes.
An autopsy on the body of the anarchist
piscloses that a disease was making him
a mental degenerate. He belonged to ^he
anarchist sect known as the antl-Malthu
sians, who uphold the theory that the pre
vention of marriages and births would
gradually reduce the population, so that
the rich would be unable to procure serv
ants. ?
Reward Will Be Distributed.
The reward of $3,000 offered for the ap
prehension of the would-be regicide will
be distributed among the widow and live
children of the guard who apprehended
Morales. A popular subscription will also
be raised fo? the widow.. *
The personal visits arid attentions of the
Grand Duke Vladimir to the officers wound
ed by the explosion of Morales' bomb have
caused a committee of officers of the gar
rison of Madrid to present the grand duke
with an address of thanks.
The post of honor at the royal military
review at Carabanchel camp today was
occupied by the Wadras Regiment, to
which belonged the officers and privates
who were killed by the explosion May 31
of the bomb hurled at the King and Queen
of Spain. The sovereigns and the Wadras
Regiment received ovations.
May Be Obliged to Keep Quiet for a
Few Days. '
Senator Beveridge is confined to his
apartments today owing to indisposition. It
's not thought that the senator's condition
is by any means serious, but he may need
to keep quiet for a few days to recuper
ate. He has had a very strenuous winter,
and the last five or six weeks have brought
many cares upon him In connection with
his work on the conference committee hav
ing charge of the statehood bill.
If Senator Beveridge Is unable to come
back to the Senate tomorrow or next day, It
may be necessary, It is said, to turn over
to Senator Aldrieh or some one else the
conference report on trie statehood bill. A
bitter and determined fight is in prospect
over this report, and the man In charge
of It evidently is going to have a hard time.
It is not known a^ yet whether Senator
Beveridge will be strong enough to under
go the physical strain which will be re
quired to tight th? conference report
through the Senate.
Conditions at San Francisco Much
Maj. Gen. Greely has telegraphed the War
Department as follows regarding conditions
at San Francisco:
"Everything progressing most harmoni
ously and satisfactorily; food issues have
dropped from 313,117 May 1 to 44,239 May
3T. While under careful administration
and restrictive measures they are steadily
decreasing, yet further important reduc
tions cannot be reasonably anticipated.
Health conditions continue excellent. With
drawal of militia throws additional refugee
camps and relief work upon army, but un
der rearrangements relief of troops and
officers will progress gradually and Judi
Threatened Demonstration Did Not
Take Place.
The threatened "Insurgent" demonstra
tion growing out of the report of the con
ferees on the statehood bill, which seemed
imminent on the convening of the House
today, did not occur, the journal being ap
proved without a dissenting voice.
Mr. Murphy (Mo.) had offered a resolu
tion on Saturday discharging the conferees
on the statehood bill, "and that it shall be
in order Immediately, without debate, for
\he House to proceed to vote on the ques
tion, 'Shftll the HouBe agree to and concur
In the Senate amendments?' "
This resolution was held not to be privi
leged or parliamentary, and the Speaker,
amid a great deal of confusion, declared
the House adjourned, although Mr. Murphy
had appealed from the decision of the chair
and Insisted that a "square deal" ought to
be given even the opponents of the confer
ence report.
The dove of peace seemed to hover over
the House when It convened today, tue mi
nority leader, Mr. John Sharp Williams
(Miss.) intimating that he would be "good"
for several days, at least, giving the Speak
er every opportunity to give the House a
chance to vote on the conference report.
? The following figures are added
teatlmony to The Star's Increased
value to advertisers:
The Evening Star.
May, 1906 2351
May, 1905 2J26
GAIN, 225
The Sunday Star.
May, J906. . . % . 468
May, J905 324
- GAIN, 144
The Evening & Sunday Star.
May, J906 2819
May, *905. . . . . 2450
GAIN, 369
The advertising In The Evening
Star grows steadily year by year.
The month of May ahowe a re
markable Increase.
The Evening Star alone gained
more than 8 columns a day?a
gain of over a page each day In
advertising. The Sunday Star In
four Issues gained 144 columns?a
gain of over 8 pases of advertis
ing each Issue.
Unexpected Termination of His
Long liiness.
Condition Had Improved in the Past
Succumbed to an Acute Attack of a
Combination of Heart and
Stomach Trouble.
Senator Arthur P. Gorman of Maryland
died at his home in this city, 143- K street,
this morning at ?:05. Although he had been
111 and confined to the house for months,
the end was sudden and unexpected. It was
known that he was ill of a combination ot
heart and stomach trouble that was likely
to have serious results at almost any time,
but at the end he passed from comparative
health to death In five minutes. The attack
that carried him off was similar to such as
he had several times suffered from, but
from which he always rallied.
Up to the moment of death Senator Gor
man was conscious. His condition during
the past week had Improved to much that
yesterday the family had hopes of shortly
taking him to the country. He partook of
some nourishment at 8 o'clock this morn
ing, but at 0 o'clock he was seized with a
heart attack and died in five minutes. At
the bedside were Mrs. Gorman, Miss
Gorman, the senator's eldest daughter, and
ttie nurse. When the attack came physi
cians were sent for. but the senator was
dead before they arrived Up to late last
night he was in the best of s.D,.^*Ef11?hat"
ted with various members of the family.
As soon as he passed away word was sent
to the Senate. The arrangments for the
funeral have not yet been n^de ?ut prob
ably the Interment will be at Oak Hill, in
deference to an oft expressed wish of Mr.
Confined to House Since January.
Senator Gorman had been confined to the
house since January 16. He was a very
hard worker in the latest Maryland cam
paign, and the strain, coupled with an at
tack of grip, forced him to give up finally,
but long after most men would have been
In bed. He went back to the Capitol, how
ever, after the first of the year, and was
again obliged to relinquish his duties in
the Senate and go home. He had several
heart attacks, but rallied from each one,
and it was thought that he would surely sur
vive the summer, and possibly would be able
to take up active work again. Political
friends were not allo?sd to see him In the
past few weeks, as he would talk and work
If given -a chance, in spite of medical in
junctions. He was allowed the papers
however, up to the last, as they entertained
him, and he was so constituted that nothing
said in print worried him, as it does many
public men. ,
He had a bad attack of heart trouble
week ago Saturday, but recovered as usual,
and at the time of his death his family
were making arrangements to go to his
home at Laurel for the summer.
Senator Gorman leaves a son, Arthur P.
Gorman, Jr., who Is a member of the Mary
land legislature, and beside Miss Gorman,
four married daughters, Mrs. Wilton J.
Lambert. Mrs. R. A. Johnson and Mrs. R.
W. Hill?, ail of Washington, and Mrs.
Stephen Gam-brill of London, who is now
in this city, having arrived about ten days
ago. ?
Eulogies of Late Associates.
The news of Senator Aorman's death
reached the Capitol at about 9:50 o'clock,
when it was filling for the day's work.
Every arrival was met with the announce
ment that the minority leader In the Sen
ate had shifted life's cares and found rest
from the illness that had kept his seat in
the Seriate vacant practically all of the
present session. The announcement In
nearly every case brought forth spontane
ous eulogies, such as seldom are given to
any man, and especially to an intense parti
san who had been a leader of a great party.
Several of the moat Important committees
which meet on Monday derated newly at!
of the time they were In session to discuss
ing the high places Senator Gorman haa
ailed in life at the Capitol. It was assumed
that a state funeral would be held for him.
although at that time no word had been re
ceived from his family.
Col. Ransdell. serjeant-at-arms of the
Senate, sent to the Gorman home as soon
as he learned of the death of the senator to
take charge of all of the arrangements for
the participation of the Senate in the
funeral services. The family did not wish
public services at the Capitol, and there
fore they will not be held. Senator Gor
man. In a written request addressed to Mrs
Gorman, had asked that no state funeral
should be held. He said that he d d not
wish his body to be taken to the Capitol, as
he wanted his colleagues always to think of
him as they knew him In life, as an active
senator. There he was always cheerful and
Invariably smiling, and It is regarded as
characteristic of Ills disposition that lie
should desire so to be remembered.
Announced to the Senate.
Tihe Senate adourned today Immediately
upon receiving the announcement of the
senator's death. No business whatever was
transacted, even the reading of the Journal
being dispensed with. There was an un
usual number of senators present and all
were manifestly Impressed by the solem
nity of the occasion.
The opening prayer was delivered by Rev.
Ulysses G B. Pierce of this city, and was
as follows:
"We come Into Thy presence, our Father,
with hearts veiled with sorrow Hut It Is
not as If Thy love were taken from us. or
Thy power had fniled. for we are still Thy
children, Thou still our Father. Renew our
days as of old. Cause the light of Thy
countenance to shine upon us. I.et Thy
grace strengthen us and through the cloud
lead us Into the light that never was on
land or sea. So our Father wilt Thou turn
our mourning into Joy and our tears Into
thanksgiving. Amen."
Senator Bailey then announced the death
of Mr. Gorman. He said: "Mr. President,
in the absence of the surviving senator
from Maryland, it becomes my painful duty
to announce the death of Senator Gorman.
The end which awaits us all found him
this morning at his home in this city, sur
rounded by his stricken family. He passed
from the strife and bitterness of this world
to the peace and rest of a better one.
"I would ask the Senate to honor his long
and faithful service as a member of this
body by holding a public funeral In this
chamber except for the fact that he has
himself left instruction that his burial shall
be a simple one. In obedience to his wishes
I forbear to make that request and ask
the adoption of the resolutions which I send
to the desk.
"At some later day his colleague, who
learned of Senator Gorman's death when
it was too late for him to reaeh the cham
ber for this morning's session, will ask us
to set apart a day upon which the Senate
will pay a fitting tribute to the memory
and services of our deceased associate."
Action of the Senate.
The following resolutions were thsn
"Resolved, That the Senate has heard
with profound sorrow of the death of Hon.
Arthur Pue Gorman, late a senator from
the state of Maryland.
"Resolved, That a committee of seven
teen senators be appointed by the Vice
President to take order for superintending
the funeral ot Mr. Gorman, which will
take place at his late residence at
o'clock, June Instant, and that the Sen
ate will attend the same.
"Resolved, That as a further mark of
respect his remains be removed from his
late home to the place of Interment In OaK
Hill cemetery, for burial, in charge of the
sergeant-at-arms, attended by the commit
tee who shall have full power to carry
these resolutions Into effect, and that the
necessary expenses in connection there
with be paid out of the contingent fund
of the Senate."
The committee provided for by the reso
lutions was then announced by the Vice
President as follows:
Messrs. Rayner, Allison. Morgan. Hale,
Aldrlch, Teller, Galllnger, Klkins, Martin.
Tillman, Clay, Spooner, Kean. Bailey,
Blackburn, Clark (Mont.) and Overman.
The Senate then, at 12:10 p.m., as a fur
ther mark of reopeot, adjourned for the
After the Senate adjourned the desk and
chair formerly occupied by Senator Gorman
were draped in deep black. In accordance
with the custom in such cases.
Committee Representing the House.
Speaker Cannon appointed the following
committee to attend the funeral of Senator
Gorman, representing the House of Repre
Representatives J. Fred C. Talbott. John
Gill, Jr., Thomas A." Smith, Sydney E. Mudd,
Frank C. Wachter of Maryland; John 8harp
Williams (Miss.), Leonldas F. Livingston
(Ga.), Samuel M. Robertsoq (La.), John A.
Moon (Tenn.), John H. Stephens (Texas).
C. L. Bartlett (Ga.).
Sketch of His Career.
The public career of Arthur Pue Gorman,
a senator from the state of Maryland and
the acknowledged leader of the democratic
party in the Senate at all. times while he
was a member of that body, Is character
ised by many striking incidents that illus
trate his forceful nature. As a political
leader he attained his greatest imputation
Shrewd, alert and endowed with rare Judg
ment of men. he waa marked for success in
many a political battle.
Senator Gorman was particularly strong
(Continued on Thirteenth Page.
Cross-Examination of Govern
ment's Witnesses.
Nothing Unusual in Meetings With
George W. Beavers.
Former Chief of Division of Salaries
and Allowances Merely Discharg
ed Official Duty.
Under cross-examination witnesses for
the government In the case of George EL
Green and Wlllard D. Doremus, on trial
before Justice Gould In Criminal Court No.
1 for alleged conspiracy and bribery la
connection with the Post Office Department
Irregularities, today gave testimony tend
ing to offset the evidence heretofore
brought out by the government as to con
ferences between Green and Beaver and as
to the official duties of the latter.
It was shown by the defense that there
appeared to be nothing in the slightest de
gree unusual in the meetings between Green
and Beavers in the office of tiie superin
tendent of the division of salaries and al
lowances, about which testimony was
given last week.
Ordinary Business Matters.
The defense also brought out testimony
tending to show that on such visits of
Green to the office of Beavers the two con
versed about ordinary business matters
connected with the furnishing of Doremu?
canceling machines to the department.
Furthermore, evidence was adduced to
show that George W. Beavers, In direct
ing postmasters in various parts of the
country to pay for canceling machines,
was simply discharging a recognized part
of his official duty. It was also testified
that Beavers was in the habit of consult
ing with his superiors before entering into
any important transactions involving tho
purchase of canceling machines.
General Line of Evidence.
The general line of the evidence gtvea
under the questioning by Mr. Worthington
tended to show that Beavers, in so far as
the greater part of his official acts In rela
tion to the case on trial was concerned,
acted In accordance with the rules of the
office and under the supervision of his
3'Since' Justice Gould put a stop to the ad
mission of a mass of documentary evident*
offered by the government to prove the dur
ties of Beavers and to show his responsibil
ity the case has progressed much more ex
nedl ously than before. At the mornln#
session today several witnesses were ex
amined and a quantity of correspondence
Subpoena for Perry S. Heath.
The attempt of the government to secure
the attendance of Perry S. Heath, former
first assistant postmaster genera!, as a wit
ness In the trial ha/! so far proved un
successful. The subpoena directed to him
at Noblesville, Ind? was this morning re
turned without being served. It Is under
stood that the government will take other
steps to discover the whereabouts of Mr.
Cross-Examination of Mr. Groff.
H. Clayton Groff, who was on the stand
the whole of Friday's session, continued his
testimony this morning under cross-exam
ination conflicted by Mr. Worthington. The
witness described the routine connected
with the ordering of Doremus canceling
machines. He. said he had seen several
papers, purporting to have come from the
Postmaster General, directing Beavers to
order machines for post offices. Sometimes,
he said, the Instructions for the buying of
machines came down to the office of the
division of salaries and allowances on cards,
letter heads and plain pieces of paper. It
was a part of his duty, he testified, to
put such papers on tile. For each company
or individual with whom the department
had business dealings, the witness stated,
there was a file or Jacket, where such mem
oranda were placed. The witness said that
since leaving the department he had seen
a numiber or the orders for canceling ma
chines, but had not seen any of the mem
oranda, excepting one paper. He could not
tell what had become of them.
Conversation With Beavers.
He remembered one conversation with
Mr. Beavers when the latter stated that
he had received a memorandum from the
Postmaster General directing the purchase
of 100 canceling machines. He could not
tell what had become of the single memo
randum he had seen since leaving the of
fice. This bore a date In May, 1801. He
thought that these papers should be in
their accustomed places In the department.
The United States attorney said that the
government had made an effort to find all
the memoranda connected with the orders.
He suggested that George W. Beavers w
the only man who could tell what had be
come of them.
In answer to a question by Mr. Worth
ington the witness expressed the opinion
that he had prepared and Beavers had re
vised a letter of May fl, 1902, to George BX
Green, as president of the Doremun Ma
chine Company, in reference to the pur
chase of canceling machines. The witness
said that orders frequently came down in
reference to questions as to the work of
the machines. Sometimes, he said, mem
oranda were sent down directing that ma
chines be forwarded to certain poet offices
In line, the witness understood, with re
quests made to the department by certain
Witness Questioned Closely.
The witness was questioned closely by
Mr. Worthington as to the occasions when,
as testified by Mr. Groff In his direct ex
amination, he had seen Mr. Green in con
versation with Mr. Beavers In the office of
the latter in the department. The witness
said he had been called into the office of
Beavers on a few of those occasions to ex
plain some point under discussion pertain
ing to the work od! the canceling machines.
"Was there anything unusual In the pres
ence of a president of a corporation In
the office of the superintendent of the sal
aries and allowances division discussing the
merits of a canceling machine?" Mr. Worth
ington asked, to which the witness re
sponded In the negative.
No Attempt to Conceal.
In answer to another question the witness
? aid that while Green was a visitor in
Beavers' office there wasrao attempt, so far
as the witness had seen, to conceal any
thing or to keep anything quiet wlt"
nee* testified that Beavers was frequently
away from the department, once for si*
another time.for thrse
Mr Groff said, the business or

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