Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING STAR
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. IwlMH OflM, 11 tk Stmt u4 Pinn?ylT?nl? irnu. The Evening Star Newspaper Compur. THIODOHJS W. HOTE0, PmTdent. Saw Ttrk 09m: Trikon* Building. ChlMfs Oftaa: Tribsaa Building The Erenlnj Star, with the Sunday rooming fdl ?'on. la dellTered by carrier*, on their own acconnt, within the city at PO oenta per month; without til* Sonday morning edition at 44 cents per month. ? ^ .. - ?T postagn prepaid: pally. Sunday Included, one month, 60 cent*. I>ally. Sunday excepted, one month, 80 cent*. Saturday 8tar, one year. tl.OO. Sunday Star, one year. ?l.SO. Weather. Fair for tonight and to* morrow. WASHINGTON, t). C., MONDAY, AUGUST 20, 1906-SIXTEEN PAGEa No. 16,766. TWO CENTS. 500 Dead the Latest Estimate From Valparaiso. STREETS FILLED WITH RUINS Parks and Hillsides Occupied by the Refugees. 20 VICTIMS IN SANTIAGO SHOCKS Great Damage Reported in Mining Districts?Number of Villages Totally Destroyed. Five hundred persons are dead at Valparaiso as a result of the earthquake shocks, according to the latest advices from Santiago to day, based on the reports of refu gees who reached Santiago, Chile, this morntng. The monetary loss at Valparaiso runs into the millions. Six or eight other cities* have been destroyed. The railroad, street railway, tele graph and telephone systems are thoroughly demoralized. The known dead in Santiago number twenty. Mauame Mont, wife of Admiral Mont, who was re ported killed, is alive, but seriously injured. It is expected that the street railway and lighting systems in Santiago will be restored today. SANTIAGO, Chile, Sunday, August 19.? The situation Is becoming clearer. A com mittee whs organized here today and the street railroad service was resumed. It was feared that Santiago would be plunged In darkness owing to lack of coal to supply the gas works, but the officials of the gas company say that they have a sufficient supply to last a week. Carlos Edwards, one of the proprietors of the Mercurio of Valparaiso, has arrived here on horseback from that city. He con firms the reports that the Almendral quar ter and the principal avenue of Valparaiso have been transformed into heaps of ruins. When he left the city the Inhabitants were wandering about looking for relatives and friends. The majority of the inhabitants, he says, have sought refuge on the hills, in the park and along the seashore. The adm!n'stratk>n of the Victoria Thea ter had disappeared even to their founda tions. The marine arsenal was only slightly damaged, but not any of the private residences were habitable. In spite of the desolation perfect order was maintained by the troops, which were bivouacked on the Grand avenue and Vic toria square. The military ambulances Were gathering up the wounded and the dead. When Mr. Edwards left Valparaiso it was impossible to determine the number of persons killed, but. according to his esti mate, the number of lives lost was small when the extent of the catastrophe was taken into consideration. At one depot he law fifty bodies. The main hotel was standing, and all the guests escaped injury, but Mr. Edwards regards Valparaiso as being uninhabitable for the present. The squadron of cavalry forming the presidential escort has .started from here for Valparaiso with Instructions to requisition all the cattle met .with be tween this place and Valparaiso, and to drive the herds to that city In order to prevent a famine. Refugees on Ships. A large number of people have sought refuge on the various ships at anchor in the bay of Valparaiso. The report that the naval school at Val paraiso had escaped destruction is con firmed today. A number of families have sought refuge in the schools, where they art- being cared for by the naval authori ties. Medical supplies have been sent from this city to Valparaiso, and everything pos sible is being done to assist the homeless people. No accurate estimate of the dam age done by the earthquake can yet be made, but it is considered certain that it will run Into the hundreds of millions of dollars, and it Is feared that a commercial crisis will follow the earthquake disaster. It Is believed that steps will immediately be taken to meet this situation. Business is being slowly resumed here and at Val paraiso. The ministers of war and of the interior, with detachments of volunteers from the army and Are departments, left this morn ing for the purpose of establishing tele graphic communication with Valparaiso. A train which left Santiago for the north today arrived without any difficulty at Calera. Contrary to the general belief, the tunnels were not wrecked, and it is hoped that trains will be running regularly to morrow. The government has authorized the pro vincial governors to spend all the money necessary to help the earthquake sufferers In their districts. Prisoners Sang Hymns. When the earthquake first shook this city the prisoners in the penitentiary began singing hymns. There was no loss of life among them so far as known, but at Val paraiso the prison walls fell and crushed 140 prisoners to death. A telephone message received yesterday from Vina del Mar announced that the por tion of that town between the Royal hotel and the custom house Is not seriously damaged, but that the rest of Vino del Mar is almost totally destroyed. President Riesco has received dispatches from I-a Serena, capital of the province of Coquimbo. saying that no d image has been done in the north, but the majority of the houses in the Amagadt district have col lapsed, as d:d a hill between Valparaiso and Vina del Mar, destroying railroad communi cation "between those two places. \ Despite the fact that the stores of pro vls'ons here are intact a number of mer chants have considerably Increased the price. Damage at the Mines. A great deal of damage was done at the mines in the Noglais and Calera districts. A number of houses have fallen at Talca,, fifty persons were killed there and one hundred and fifty wounded.. At Mellpllla It is believed that all the houses will have to be pulled down, owing to the severe ?haklng they received from the earthquake and at Santa Turnino a number of public buildings will have to be rased. At Llaillal seventy houses fell. A number of small villages In the Terremote district were totally destroyed. At Terremote the popu lace tried to pi'.lage the business houses of Rose-Innis, which ha'd remained standing, but the employes of the firm successfully defended the place. ,?jav It was Stated at the obser\atory today that it is not likely there will be any| reP?" tition of the seismitic disturbances in the near future. This has gone a great way toward calming the public Pe(1l.0 It was at the request of Madame Pedro Montt, wife of the Pres'<lent-elect. that !?, municipality of Iquique has-decided to de vote the sum of money which had been sub scribed for the celebration of the e'ection of Senor Montt to the relief of the earth quake sufferers. BEPOBTS AT LONDON. ? i 1 ' " ? Valparaiso Damage Not as Great as First Beported. LONDON, August 20.?The Chilean lega tion today received a cablegram message from Santiago, dated yesterday, reading as follows: "On the evening of August. 10 a severe earthquake was felt between Valparaiso and Talca. The loss of life was not very great. The damage to property was con siderable at Valparaiso, but was less at Santiago. Public order has been entirely maintained. The authorities and private persons are succoring the distressed1 peo ple. The foreign legations are lending aid. The north has been -wholly unaffected by the earthquake." Private cable messages received by mem bers of the Chilean legation tend to show that Valparaiso did not suffer as much as was at first supposed. The heaviest dam age was confined to the eastern section of the town, which included the poorer resi dential district. The port and shipping at Valparaiso apparently escaped damage. A Liverpool firm today received the fol lowing dispatch from Santiago: "I do not think there has been any loss of life or personal Injuries among the Eng lish residents of Valparaiso. The police ar rangements there are thoroughly efficient. Arrangements are in fair progress to sup ply food to the needy. The fires and shocks are apparently over." Every Building Damaged. LONDON, August 20.?The Tarapaca and Argentina Bank has received the following cable dispatch from Valparaiso: "Every building here is damaged and many of the principal business premises are completely wrecked or burned. There have been many casualties. All the trains have stopped running. The railroad line has been destroyed in places. Martial law has been proclaimed. Absolutely no work Is being done owing to the continuous small shakes since the two severe shocks of Thursday. We cannot get workmen to clear away the debris from the premises. We could start business Monday, but we are unable to find the other bank man agers. Thousands are living In tents in the squares and parks." American Oirl Safe. CHICAGO, 111., August 20.?A cablegram yesterday announced that Miss Agnes Ew ing Brown of this city was safe at Santi ago, Chile, where she passed through the earthquake. Miss Brown went to Santiago in May as a director of the normal schools there, under the supervision of the Chilean government. Miss Brown was graduated from the University of Michigan and holds degrees from St. Mary's Academy of Notre Dame. Indiana, and from tbi- University of South Dakota. Connecticut Eire Companies Out of It. . HARTFORD, Conn., August 20? Fire in surance companies having their home of fices in this state are not losers by the earthquakes in Chile, as none has written risks there. The officials of the Connecti cut companies say that most of the British companies carrying risks in South America have clauses in their policies' limiting lia bility of loss by earthquakes, total exemp tion being the rule. Electric Plant Escaped. BERLIN, August 20.?The German Over sea Electrical Company today received a cable message from the Chilean Electric Street Railroad and Light Company at San tiago announcing that its power station and other equiDments had not been dam aged, that the lighting of the city had not been interrupted, that the street cars re? sumed running yesterday and that not any of the company's employes were injured by the earthquake. The Center of the Disturbance. NEW YORK, August 20.?W. R. Grace & Co. of this city today received a mes sage from their agents in Valparaiso spying that the center of the earthquake disturb ance was In Valparaiso and the Aconcagua valley and that business in Valparaiso has been suspended for two weeks. English Firms Escaped. LONDON,August Private cable dispatches continue to tell of destruction at Val paraiso, although the English firms appear fortnuately to have escaped having their premises destroyed. The agent of the Rose-Innes Company reports that only the wails of the building are cracked, while the Hotel Ingle, opposite, is ruined. The Transandean Railway Company is without news of the fate of their lines, which tra Nitrate Begion Escaped. BERLIN, August 20.?The Chilean consul "lias a cable dispatch from Iquique announc I ing that the nitrate region has not been affected by the earthquake, and that the production of nitrate is proceeding uninter ruptedly. Half of City Destroyed. PARIS, August 20.?A brief dispatch from the French consul at Valparaiso, received at the foreign office this morning, says that half that city was destroyed by the earth quake and fires. The post office here today announced that telegraphic communication with Valpa raUo was open by way of the north. The Church Missions. NEW YORK, August 20.?The general board of the Methodist Missionary Society report that it bay a large mission in San tiago and smaller missions In Valpa raiso, Iquique and Concepclon, but feel con fident that no serious damage has resulted to these missions. Two Towns Escaped. LONDON, August 20.?The Antafagasta Bolivia Railway Company today received cable dispatch, saying that no damage whatever had been done at Antofagasta or Mejlllones or to the railway, although shock at Mejlllones lasted three minutes. GUATEMALAN MATTEB SIFTED Charges of Violations of Bules of War Proven Unfounded. GUATEMALA, August 20.?Now that all of the official documents relating to the re cent war have been received and collated they show clearly that the accusation that Guatemala had violated the rules of war, broken the armistice, shot prisoners of war, ?tc., so widely published throughout the world, had no foundation whatever in fact. A telegram from President Cabrera to his military officers Is p I 'lished, showing that when the Invading armies from Salvador and Honduras were defeated instructions were given to allow them a free exit from Guatemalan soil, so as to avoid further bloodshed. It is also pointed out that while the Sal vadoreans were complaining that Guate mala was In- the throes of a revolution, perfect quiet was maintained at all the Interior cities, and the only disturbances were those caused by the invading army. During the period, President Cabrera. In person drove the first spike In the northern railway, and later the train service from Puerto Barrios was extended to Guasto loya. ? W J.BRYMISTANDS FAT Wants No Illinois Indorsement for President AT TOMORROW'S MEETING .Unless Roger Sullivan is Repudiated by Convention. MAITOATE SENT ACROSS THE SEA In a Letter to Judge Thompson of Jacksonville?State Democracy to Meet at Peoria. PEORIA, Hi., August 20.?William J Bryan, according to his friend. Judge Owen P. Thompson of Jacksonville, IU., desires I no instructed delegates from Illinois in the j next democratic national convention unless the national committeeman from Illinois, Roger C. Sullivan, is repudiated by tomor row's state convention. Judge Thompson made the announcement immediately upon his arrival in the city that he had received such a message from Mr. Bryan. When asked today for a copy of the dispatch, Judge Thompson said: "I cannot give out a copy of the message as it contains other matter which should not be published. I can, however, quote verbatim all that it contains relative to the instructions by the convention. This is 'op pose instructions unless Sullivan repudl- j at"What is Mr. Bryan going to do if Sulli van is upheld by the convention andI m structlons are given for Mr. Bryan despite | Mr. Bryan's protest?" ? "They will never do such a thing as tnat, replied Judge Thompson. "Do you suppose i that any man will attempt to compliment Mr. Bryan with instructions, when he has been Informed by Mr. Bryan that it is not in his power to compliment him? I don t believe it." Sullivan Laughed. Mr. Sullivan merely laughed when asked what the convention will about Indorsing | Bryan. "We will not oppose any Instructions In favor of Mr. Bryan. We have never j thought of doing so. If delegates come to the convention instructed for Bryan, the> will have to vote that way I guess." The actual fight for the control of the convention will not commence until 10 ] o'clock tonight wlven the state central committee will meet. Former Representa tive Williams, former Representative Kerns and Judge C. C. Boggs are mentioned for temporary chairman. After this matter is adjusted, the ftght will be shifted to the committee on resolutions. National Committeeman Sullivan and his friends do not wish the resolutions indors ing Mr Bryan to contain anything beyond that indorsement. The opponents of Sul livan desire that It contain a condemnation of Sullivan and a request for his resigna tion from the national committee. The matter will undoubtedly come before the convention In the shape of majority and minority reports. Bryan Sailed for Home. GIBRALTAR. August 20.?William J. Bryan and his party boarded the North German Lloyd line steamer Prinzess Irene at 1:30 p.m. today, the steamer being scheduled to leave at 2 p.m. Mr. Bryan expressed himself as being de lighted with his tour which closed with visits to places of interest In and about the "Rock." WALL STREET IS LIVELY. Many Brokers Throng the Floor of the Exchange. NEW YORK, August 20.?Further excite ment attended the opening of the stock market today. There was an unusually large attendance of members, many of | whom had cut short their vacations and hurried back to town. The visitors' gal lery of the stock exchange was packed to Its utmost capacity with sightseers. There was "an accumulation of over-Sunday buy ing orders, and a principal feature of the early trading was in the Harriman stocks, which led last week's movement. Union Pacific opened with a block of 14, 000 shares at from lfW4 to 184^, later sell ing to 183. Southern Pacific started off with a block of 10,000 shares at an ad vance of 1% points over Saturday, estab ?lishlng a new high record. Amalgamated Copper opened with a lot of 13,000 shares at an advance of 2%. Other stocks that made substantial gains were Great North ern preferred, with 0 points; Northern Pa cific, 3V4; American Smelting, 4%; Ana conda, 4%; Atchison, 2%; Reading, 1%, and Illinois Central, 2%. The buying orders were reported from various out-of-town points, notably Boston, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Cleveland and Chi cago London also was a reported pur chaser. Sales in the first hour were prob ably in excess of 000.000 shares. The trad ing was almost entirely professional, and much of it was covering by shorts. Profit 1 taking resulted in a number of recessions before the end of the first hour. NEW YORK, August 20.?The market continued active, though the tone became rather irregular, with considerable pressure against the Harriman issues. Interest shifted to Atchison, Reading and Missouri, Pacific, all marking smart gains, Atchison selling at 105, the highest price in its his tory. Realizing in the general list wiped out many of the early gains. The trans actions in the second hour aggregated 502, 700 shares, making the morning business far above the ordinary. ILLINOIS REPUBLICAN S. ? ?11 Signs Indicate Harmonious Con vention at Springfield. SPRINGFIELD, 111., August 20.?All signs | Indicate that the republican state conven tion, which will meet tomorrow, will be a harmonious one. A state treasurer, a super intendent of public instruction and three trustees for state university are the nom inations to be made. Interest Is centered largely In the state treasurer race, in which there are four candidates, the leaders being Andrew J. Russell of Jacksonville and John M. Smulskl of Chicago. THE ALLEGED PALLIEBES PLOT. Papers Pound at Marseille Telling of Anarchist Plans. MARSEILLE August 20.?The police have I discovered papers indicating the connection j with a band of anarchists of Cirlllo, the an archist arrested here yesterday on the charge of plotting to assassinate President Fallleres. At the residence of the prisoner, w.io is an Italian, the police also discovered explosives and materials for the manufacture of j bomb* To Run for Governor on Demo cratic Ticket \ IF TENDERED NOMINATION Hearst is Working Hard to Capture the Convention. PEACH OF A FIGHT NOW ON Politicians Taking Notice and Things Humming ?? Hearst newspapers Oo After District Attorney. An exceedingly interesting turn was given to the gubernatorial situation In New York by the formal announcement of Wllliam Travers Jerome last night that he would accept the democratic nomination for gov ernor if It were tendered him. His state ment follows: "In the present shameful condition of our political life in this state.I am willing to run for the office of governor of this state if the democratic convention shall nominate me without any understanding, expressed or Implied, other than that K clect-id I shall obey my oath of office as I understand It, in letter and spirit "WILLIAM TRAVERS JEROME." This means that Mr. Hearst's herculean and. it must be admitted, formidable effovts to capture the nomination from the regular democratic state convention will be opposed by the one man In New York state whom Mr. Hearst has cause to fear most. Mr. Hearst's campaign is being wased mainly upon the platform of independent of par ties, and especially of bosses. Mr. Jerome gave last fall a successful exhibition of his independence by gaining re-election as dis trict attorney upon a platform of inde pendence, on which he ran aga'.ist the reg ular democratic, the republican and the Hearst tickets. What The Sun Says About It. He proposes now, if agreeable to the democrats, to run on their ticket, but also to stick to his old policy of Independence of boeses, according to his brief but explicit statement. Of that document the New York Sun this morning said In its leading edito rial: "Mr. Jerome says that if the democrats of this state offer him the nomination he will run as their candidate for governor. He sets forth his platform frankly and explicitly. It is the oath of office that he will take when he enters on his duties at Albany. "We would give more for that pledge f.-cm Jerome than for all the other platforms that could be erected from now until dooms d&y.*' Of course, the first thing for Mr. Jer ome's friends to do now is to control the democratic state convention, if possible. Mr. Hearst, however, has been beforehand and has foregathered on several county del egations, In the meantime laying plans for a convention of his Independence League to nominate him first as an independent candidate in order to impress the demo crats later with the apparent sentiment in the state In his favor. , The fight between Jerome and Hearst for the democratic state convention will be a battle of giants. Each will have to appeal to the rival factions of Murphy and McClellan for New York city's im portant support. It is still recalled how Jerome and Hearst basted Murphy and McClellan In the mayoralty campaign. Murphy probably feels more resentment to ward Jerome, however, than he does to ward Hearst, for Jerome's flagellation of Murphy was official?the act of the chief law officer of Manhattan?while Hearst's attacks were only through his newspaper. The question next arises. What if Hearst wins out In the democratic state conven tion, will Jerome run as an Independent candidate for governor? It will be recalled that when the democratic machine in Man hattan, through Murphy's bullheadedness, failed to nominate Jerome for district at torney last fall, he put his name on an in dependent ticket, ran a campaign prac tically without money and won with flying colors. Politicians Are Interested. Politicians" are very much Interested in the possibility of Mr. Hearst running as the self-imposed candidate of the democracy, Mr. Jerome running as the free lance, and Mr. Hughes of Insurance fame as the Odell choice of the republicans. For the opinion is widely/ held among well-Informed New Yorkers that if Mr. Hearst captures the democratic state convention Jerome wiH Jump In as the Independent. Jerome op poses Hearst, regarding him with disifavor on many counts. It is only frank to say that the feeling la reciprocated by Mr. Hearst. , , . Mr. Hearst has lost no time in opening up on his chief rival. His New York news paper published this morning the Jerome statement and Immediately proceeued to the "skinning" process, which may be expected from now on. Some of the remarks of the Hearst newspaper about Mr. Jerome were as follows: "The announcement of Mr. Jerome s can didacy has been expected for some days. It was not thought, however, that he would make a bold bid for the democratic nomi nation. The well-known fiction as to Je rome's independence, It was understood, was to be resorted to, and an independent can didacy by Mr. Jerome was looked for by th"Jeromela^*'thus the candidate of the Ryan-Be'i-mont interests, supplemented by the Odell-Quigg republican machine. At all events it will be a peach o* a campaign, with the many entanglements, contradictions and anomalies presented In the three parties and the several possible candidates. Politicians agree that the entry ? vrr Jtroine in the lists wil* lm measurably to the gayety of politics in New York for the next few weeks, whatever the outcome. HBBMANK ON TRIAL. Hearing in Alleged Conspiracy to De fraud the Government. PORTLAND, Ore., August 20.?Trial will beein today In the federal district court be fore Judge W. H. Hunt of the Bluemoun tain forest reserve case. It involves Rep resentative Binger Hermann and J. N. Wil liamson, State Senator F. P. Mays and others who are charged with having vio lated section 5440 of the Revised Statutes hv entering into an alleged conspiracy to defraud the government out of 200,000 acres lying in different states and territories by means of an alleged fraudulent p an con templating the obtaining of the title. EARTHQUAKE AT MARTINIQUE. Shocks of More or Less Severity for Two Days. FORT DE FRANCE, Island of Marti nique, August 20.?Earthquake shocks of more or less severity were felt in the Is land of Martinique at 1:13 p.m. yesterday and at 1:47 and 4 a.m. and 7 a.m. today. No damage was done. President Sent Characteristic Letter of Appeal WORK OF PRESENT BODY [ In a Communication to Representative Watson. EXPLOITS PROTECTION POLICY | Declares That More Than Mere Parti san Issues Enter Into Congres sional Campaign This Tear. NEW YORK, August 20.?A letter written by President Roosevelt to Representative | James E. Watson of Rushvllle, Ind., review j ing and approving the work of the present Congress and declaring: "To change the leadership and organization of the House at the time means to bring confusion upon those who have successfully engaged In the steady working out of a great and compre hensive scheme for the betterment of our social and civic conditions," was made pub lic today through the republican congres | sional campaign committee. The President also declared that such a change would result in a hurtful oscillation between the extreme radical and the ex treme reactionary. The President said also that he hopes the present Congress will en act laws prohibiting political contributions by corporations, lowering the duties on Im ports from the Philippines and limiting the number of hours for railways employes. Of the tariff Mr. Roosevelt says "We stand unequivocally for a protective. I tariff, and we feel that the phenomenal In dustrial prosperity which we are now en Joying is not lightly to be Jeopardized; for it would be to the last degree foolish to se cure here and there a small benefit at the cost of general business depression. But whenever a given rate or schedule becomes evidently disadvantageous to the nation be cause of the changes which go on from I year to year in our conditions, and where it is feasible to change this rate or sched ule without too, much dislocation of the system it will be done; while a general re vision of the rates and schedules will be undertaken whenever It shall appear to the sober business sense of our people that on the whole the benefits to be derived from making such changes will outweigh the dis advantages; that is, when the revision will do more good than harm. Let me add one word of caution, however. The question of revising the tariff stands wholly apart from the question of dealing with the so-called 'trusts'?that is, with the oontrol of mo nopolies and with the supervision of great wealth In business, especially in corporate form. The only way in which It Is possible to deal with those trusts and monopolies and this great corporate wealtH is by ac tion along the line of the laws enacted by the present Congress and its immediate predecessors. The cry that the problem can be met -by any changes in the tariff represents, whether consciously or uncon sciously, an effort to divert the publle at tention from the only method of taking effective action." All Ctood Citizens Interested. Mr. Roosevelt says that if only partisan Hsues were Involved In this contest he should hesitate to say anything publicly in reference to It, but he does not feel that this Is the case. .He feels that "all good citizens who have the welfare of America at heart should appreciate the immense amount that has been accomplished by the present Cgjigress organized as it is, and the urgent need of keeping this organiza tion in power." The President declares that "with Mr. Cannon as Speaker the House has accomplished a literally phe nomenal amount of good work. It has shown a courage, good sense and patriot ism such that It would be a real and seri ous misfortune for the country to fall to recognize." Mr. Roosevelt then enters on a review of the work of the Congress, and the im- ' portant measures passed by it, measures which, he declares, are important not in a partisan sense, but are Important because they subserve the welfare of the people as a whole. Of the Panama canal he ex presses the opinion that it is the colossal engineering feat of ail ages, and the credit for the acquisition of the canal strip is given to Congress. The interests banded together to oppose the canal, says the letter, "are numerous and bitter, and most of them with pe culiarly sinister basis for their opposition. Had Congress been either timid or corrupt, and had not- the leaders of Congress shown the most far-sighted resolution In the mat ter, the work of building the canal would never have been begun, or, If begun, would now have halted. The Panama Canal Issue. "The opposition to the adoption of the treaty by which our right to build the Pan ama canal was Becured; a part at least of the opposition even now being made to the ratification of the Santo Domingo treaty, which is one more step In the effort to make peace and secure the waters througn I which the route of the canal leads; the constant effort to delay on one pretext and another the actual work on the canal?all prove how essential It is that if the Amer ican people desire the Panama canal to be built In speedy and efficient fashion they should uphold the hands of those who In the present congress have so effectively championed tils work." Strong approval is expressed of the atti tude of Congress toward the upbuilding of the navy and then the President takes up the measures dealing with government reg ulation of business. "The tremendous so cial and Industrial changes In our nation," he says, "have rendered evident the need of a larger exercise by the national gov ernment of its power to deal with the busi ness use of wealth, and especially of cor porate wealth, In interstate business. It is not too much to say that the course of Con i gress within the last few years, and the hearty agreement between the executive and legislative departments of the nation In taking the needed action each within its sphere, have resulted In the nation for the first time deftnite'y entering upon the career of proper performance of duty in these matters. "The task is peculiarly difficult, because It Is one in Which the fanatical or foolish extremist and the reactionary, whether honest or dishonest, play Into one another's hands, and they thereby render it especially hard to secure legislation and executive action which shall be thoroughgoing and effective, and yet which shall not needless ly Jeopardize the business prosperity which we all share, even though we do not all share it with as much equality as we are striving to secure. Easy to. Play Demagogue. "It is a very easy thing to play the dem agogue in this matter, to confine oneself merely to denouncing the evils of wealth and to advocate, often In vague language, measures so sweeping that, while they would entirely fall to correet the evils aimed at, they would undoubtedly succeed in bringing down the prosperity of the na tlon with a crash. But It is not easy to do so, as the present Congress and Its Imme diate predecessors have done?that Is. sternly to disregard alike the self-interest of those who have profited by the present evils and the wild clamor of those who care less to do away with them than to make a reputation with the unthinking of standing in extreme opposition to them. But this is precisely what the present Congress has done. "Instead of enacting anti-trust laws which were either so vague or so sweeping as* completely to defeat their own objects it has given us an interstate commerce law which will enable us to exercise in thorough fashion a supervision over the common carriers of this country, so as, while scrupulously safeguarding their prop ' er interests, to prevent them from charging excessive rates; to prevent their favoring one man at the expense of another, and especially a strong man at the expense of a weak man: and to require them to be fully accountable to the public for the service which, to their own profit, they ren der the public. The previous Congress, by the enactment of the Elkifts law and by the creation of the Department of Com merce and Labor, including the bureau of corporations, had enabled us to make great strides in advance along the path of thus bringing the uee ef wealth In business un der the supervision and regulation of the national government?for in actual prac tice it has proved a sham and pretense to say that the several states can thus super vise and regulate it." President Roosevelt reviews and approves the measures taken to secure certain rights to wage workers, including the employers' liability law and the eight-hour law. He announces that if additional legislation is needed to make the eight-hour law effect ive he will ask for it. and also that next >ear he will ask Congress to put in per manent form his regulations for securing Saturday half holidays for wage workers under the government during the summer months. "We will do everything." he says, "that can be done to further the interests of the farmer and the wage worker, and this declaration is subject to only one res ervation. which is that for no man and no body of men will we do anything that is wrong." CHTJBCH FOLKS STARTLED. Bolt of Lightning Caused Panic Among 300 Worshipers. CHICAGO, August 20?Three hundred worshipers at the Hegewisch Swedish Lu I theran Church, 132d street and Ontario ave nue, were thrown into a panic yesterday I by a bolt of lightning which set fire to I the building. Two persons were thrown to the floor and rendered unconscious, but | were later revived. The church was crowded and because of the heat several of the windows had been I opened to admit the air. A bolt of lightning struck the edtfice and traveled downward and through the open window. The woodwork was set afire and the worshipers fled in terror. None was Injured in leaving the place, and acting un der the direction of the pastor several of the men returned to the church and ex tinguished the fire. BOQUE PLAYERS AT NOBWICH I The Twenty-Fifth Annual Tourney of National Association. NORWICH, Conn., August 20.?Roque players from many parts of the country have come here to engage in the twenty fifth annual tournament of the National As sociation, which began today on the grounds of the association here. The list of entries Is larger than ever before, and as the con tests in ail three division* are likely to be protracted it has been arranged to have games played on nine courts In the day time and three courts at night. Many old-time players and several former national champions have come back to take part in the tournament. George S. Strong of New Londorf. ast year'6 winner of the Van Wyckle" medal, the chief honor, will r,ot play this year. FEVEB CASE ISOLATED. | Precautions Taken at New Iberia, La., to Hedge Yellow Jack. NEW ORLEANS. La., August 20.?Ad vices from New Iberia, 125 miles from New Orleans, where a negro was reported yes terday to be suffering with yellow fever, report the arrival today of President Irion of the state board of health and members of hfs staff. Systematic fumigation and screening is to be pushed, under the direc tion of the health officials. The fact that the case Is In the isolated outskirts of the town encourages the belief that there will be no further Infection. There is no excitement at New Iberia and no exodus, the people having faith that sci ence will control the case. Quarantines have not been Imposed, but for a time indiscriminate travel to and from the town will be prohibited. Doctors think the present case was probably imported from some point along the Mexican coast. ORCHIDS FOB THE PRESIDENT. | A Magnificent Gift Collection From Wealthy Filipino. CHICAGO, August 20.?A special to the j Tribune from San Francisco says: President Roosevelt is to be the recipient of one of the finest collections of orchids ever sent to this country, the gift of Manuel Dc Yriarte. a wealthy Filipino planter. Seven thousand varieties are Included In the shipment brought to this country by the army transport Thomas, which arrived on Saturday. When Alice Roosevelt was In Manila she was-Invited to visit the conservatory of the planter, who is one of the Island's wealth iest men. The President's daughter spoke of her father's admiration for the orchid, and the gift which has been sent to this country Is the result of the planter's prom ise to present the chief executive with a "few" specimens from his hothouse. A special car will be secured for the trip across the continent. Americans After Gold Mines. ST. PETERSBURG, August 20.?The news papers here report that Americans are ne gotiating for the purchase of the Nerchinsk gold mines, which have been the source of a great scandal In which several of the 1 grand dukes were involved. The mines are supposed to contain quarts worth $2,000, 000,000, and the Count Camarilla is reported to be anxious to dispose of them, but the Americans are chary of purchasing a con cession which might be repudiated by par liament. * ? To Succeed Mills at West Point. SAN FRANCISCO, August 20.?Lieut. Hugh L Scott, formerly governor of Jolo, arrived Saturday on the transport Thomas from Manila en route to Washington. He Is to relieve General Albert Mills as su perintendent of the Military Academy at West Point. Personal Mention. Mr. Maurice B. De Putron of Falls Church, Va., has been appointed chief clerk In the office of the chief engineer, and also assistant secretary of the local civil service board, with offices at Culefora, canal zone, Panama. Mr. Roy F. Carty of 1234 Harvard street, Columbia Heights, departed last Friday morning for Niagara Falls and vicinity, and will also visit Toronto, Buffalo, Detroit and Cleveland. Mr. Joseph L. Lyons of 923 North Caro i Una avenue southeast Is at Atlantic City. EXPECT MITCHELL TO HELP GOMPERS Trump Card of Labor Men in Maine Campaign. TO DEFEAT LITTLEFIELD A Eed Hot Campaign Promised in the State. COMMENT ON CANNON'S COMING Battle Boyal Between Him and Mit chell 1b Hoped For?Both Sidea Confident of Victory. Special Dlapatrh to The Star. LEWISTON, Me., August 20.?Now that President Gompers is on the scene and has " made his first speech In the campaign In an effort to defeat Representative Charles E. Llttlefield for re-election, the labor men have become more active, and from now on the hottest political fight ever waged in the state will be continued on both sides. It Is expected here that John Mitchell, president of the Miners' Federation, wil? come on to assist President Gompers In the fight he is putting up against the return of Representative Llttlefield. This Is the trump card the labor men wil> play, for while President Gompers is considered an able and forceful speaker, it is realised that Mitchell will be a great drawing- card and will win votes for the cause. On the other side it is stated that Speaker Joseph Cannon of the national Hou*e of Representatives will come into the district September 5 and will speak in the interest ' of his colleague until the efectlon on the 10th. This will bring President Mitchell and Speaker Cannon in the district at the same time, and will make the closing days of an already red-hot campaign decidtuly inter esting. Statement by Gompers. President Gompers said In an interview today: "I believe that victory will be ours. The voters In this district are aroused as they never have been before. Not only the la bor men, but other citizens who are not affiliated with the labor unions are awake to the misrepresentation of Representative Llttlefield. We will keep up the' fight, however, and show this man up In his true light to the people of the second congres sional district." President Gompers will finish up his pres ent tour next Saturday, but he has diecided to return again to the fight right after Labor day, and will stay until the elec tions. President Mitchell Is expected to come on with him at that time. Llttlefield to Answer Gompers. Representative Llttlefield will speak in this city on Friday, when he will answer the charges made by President Gompers In his speech last night. This evening President Gompers will speak at Rumford Falls. The Itinerary for the remainder of the week Is as follows: Tuesday, Livermore Falls; Wednesday, , Bath; Thursday, Waldoboro; Friday, Rock land, and Saturday, Vinal Haven, which will finish up the present trip. The Littlefleld adherents do not believe that Gompers will accomplish hiB purpose, while the labor men, on the other hand, are certain of victory. SUCCESSOB TO ADMIBAL HABBT8. Secretary Bonaparte Soon to Consult With the President. There is now ground for the belief that the long-pending question as to who shall succeed Paymaster General H. B. T. Har ris as chief of the naval bureau of suppllee and accounts will be settled within the next few weeks. Rear Admiral Harris has ?held the office since July, 1?03. and was retired In March, 1W?. There are several candidates for the office, and each is strong ly backed. The competition has become so keen that the authorities have found It difficult to reach a decision. The records of all the officers of the pay corps eligible for the appointment. Including all the can didatee, have been prepared for the benefit of Secretary Bonaparte, and he will per sonally submit them to the President with in the next few days In the hope of making a selection. SYLLABUS OK FOOD. Bales and Begulations Formulated for the New Laws. A syllabus has been prepared by the commission appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Commerce and Labor and the Secretary of Agriculture to formulate rules and regulations for the 'foods and drugs act, commonly known as the pure food law, in order that the sugges tions interested parties may have to offer may be presented in a systematic and com pact manner. These suggestions will be offered at a hearing to be he'.d In New York between September 17 and September 28. The syllabus divides the questions of rul ing into twelve groups. They deal with the original package as prepared for export, the collection of samples l.ear ngs and pub lications, the use of colors, flivors and pre servatives, misbranding of foods and drugs, mixtures, compound, imitations and b.ends proprietary foods, drug adulteration and misbranding, confectionery, the establish ment of the government guarantee and the inspection of imported goods. Circulars announcing the field to be cov ered are being sent out to a I the food manufacturers interested, and those who wish to appear either in person or by nroxy or who wish to file briefs are directed to make their request to Dr. Wiley of the Department of Agriculture before Septem ber 10. Newberry at the Wheel. Assistant Secretary Newberry returned to this city this morning from a short vaca tion at Watch HIU, R. 1., and resumed charge of the naval establishment. Secre tary Bonaparte, who has gone to New Eng land to Join Mrs. Bonaparte, is expected to return to this city and relieve Mr. New berry in about two weeks. Bomb Throwing at Warsaw. The State Department has received official advices from Warsaw regarding the throw ing of bombs at the governor general there yesterday, stating that two bombs were thrown at that official, who "escaped wit* Slight injury." .