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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 20, 1906, Image 1

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IwlMH OflM, 11 tk Stmt u4 Pinn?ylT?nl? irnu.
The Evening Star Newspaper Compur.
Saw Ttrk 09m: Trikon* Building.
ChlMfs Oftaa: Tribsaa Building
The Erenlnj Star, with the Sunday rooming fdl
?'on. la dellTered by carrier*, on their own acconnt,
within the city at PO oenta per month; without til*
Sonday morning edition at 44 cents per month.
? ^ .. - ?T postagn prepaid:
pally. Sunday Included, one month, 60 cent*.
I>ally. Sunday excepted, one month, 80 cent*.
Saturday 8tar, one year. tl.OO.
Sunday Star, one year. ?l.SO.
Fair for tonight and to*
No. 16,766.
500 Dead the Latest Estimate
From Valparaiso.
Parks and Hillsides Occupied by the
Great Damage Reported in Mining
Districts?Number of Villages
Totally Destroyed.
Five hundred persons are dead
at Valparaiso as a result of the
earthquake shocks, according to
the latest advices from Santiago to
day, based on the reports of refu
gees who reached Santiago, Chile,
this morntng.
The monetary loss at Valparaiso
runs into the millions. Six or eight
other cities* have been destroyed.
The railroad, street railway, tele
graph and telephone systems are
thoroughly demoralized.
The known dead in Santiago
number twenty. Mauame Mont,
wife of Admiral Mont, who was re
ported killed, is alive, but seriously
injured. It is expected that the
street railway and lighting systems
in Santiago will be restored today.
SANTIAGO, Chile, Sunday, August 19.?
The situation Is becoming clearer. A com
mittee whs organized here today and the
street railroad service was resumed. It
was feared that Santiago would be plunged
In darkness owing to lack of coal to supply
the gas works, but the officials of the gas
company say that they have a sufficient
supply to last a week.
Carlos Edwards, one of the proprietors
of the Mercurio of Valparaiso, has arrived
here on horseback from that city. He con
firms the reports that the Almendral quar
ter and the principal avenue of Valparaiso
have been transformed into heaps of ruins.
When he left the city the Inhabitants were
wandering about looking for relatives and
friends. The majority of the inhabitants,
he says, have sought refuge on the hills, in
the park and along the seashore.
The adm!n'stratk>n of the Victoria Thea
ter had disappeared even to their founda
tions. The marine arsenal was only
slightly damaged, but not any of the private
residences were habitable.
In spite of the desolation perfect order
was maintained by the troops, which were
bivouacked on the Grand avenue and Vic
toria square. The military ambulances
Were gathering up the wounded and the
dead. When Mr. Edwards left Valparaiso
it was impossible to determine the number
of persons killed, but. according to his esti
mate, the number of lives lost was small
when the extent of the catastrophe was
taken into consideration. At one depot he
law fifty bodies.
The main hotel was standing, and all the
guests escaped injury, but Mr. Edwards
regards Valparaiso as being uninhabitable
for the present. The squadron of cavalry
forming the presidential escort has .started
from here for Valparaiso with Instructions
to requisition all the cattle met .with be
tween this place and Valparaiso, and to
drive the herds to that city In order to
prevent a famine.
Refugees on Ships.
A large number of people have sought
refuge on the various ships at anchor in
the bay of Valparaiso.
The report that the naval school at Val
paraiso had escaped destruction is con
firmed today. A number of families have
sought refuge in the schools, where they
art- being cared for by the naval authori
Medical supplies have been sent from
this city to Valparaiso, and everything pos
sible is being done to assist the homeless
people. No accurate estimate of the dam
age done by the earthquake can yet be
made, but it is considered certain that it
will run Into the hundreds of millions of
dollars, and it Is feared that a commercial
crisis will follow the earthquake disaster.
It Is believed that steps will immediately
be taken to meet this situation. Business
is being slowly resumed here and at Val
The ministers of war and of the interior,
with detachments of volunteers from the
army and Are departments, left this morn
ing for the purpose of establishing tele
graphic communication with Valparaiso.
A train which left Santiago for the north
today arrived without any difficulty at
Calera. Contrary to the general belief, the
tunnels were not wrecked, and it is hoped
that trains will be running regularly to
The government has authorized the pro
vincial governors to spend all the money
necessary to help the earthquake sufferers
In their districts.
Prisoners Sang Hymns.
When the earthquake first shook this city
the prisoners in the penitentiary began
singing hymns. There was no loss of life
among them so far as known, but at Val
paraiso the prison walls fell and crushed
140 prisoners to death.
A telephone message received yesterday
from Vina del Mar announced that the por
tion of that town between the Royal hotel
and the custom house Is not seriously
damaged, but that the rest of Vino del
Mar is almost totally destroyed.
President Riesco has received dispatches
from I-a Serena, capital of the province of
Coquimbo. saying that no d image has been
done in the north, but the majority of the
houses in the Amagadt district have col
lapsed, as d:d a hill between Valparaiso and
Vina del Mar, destroying railroad communi
cation "between those two places. \
Despite the fact that the stores of pro
vls'ons here are intact a number of mer
chants have considerably Increased the
Damage at the Mines.
A great deal of damage was done at the
mines in the Noglais and Calera districts.
A number of houses have fallen at Talca,,
fifty persons were killed there and one
hundred and fifty wounded.. At Mellpllla
It is believed that all the houses will have
to be pulled down, owing to the severe
?haklng they received from the earthquake
and at Santa Turnino a number of public
buildings will have to be rased. At Llaillal
seventy houses fell. A number of small
villages In the Terremote district were
totally destroyed. At Terremote the popu
lace tried to pi'.lage the business houses of
Rose-Innis, which ha'd remained standing,
but the employes of the firm successfully
defended the place. ,?jav
It was Stated at the obser\atory today
that it is not likely there will be any| reP?"
tition of the seismitic disturbances in the
near future. This has gone a great way
toward calming the public Pe(1l.0
It was at the request of Madame Pedro
Montt, wife of the Pres'<lent-elect. that !?,
municipality of Iquique has-decided to de
vote the sum of money which had been sub
scribed for the celebration of the e'ection
of Senor Montt to the relief of the earth
quake sufferers.
? i 1 ' " ?
Valparaiso Damage Not as Great as
First Beported.
LONDON, August 20.?The Chilean lega
tion today received a cablegram message
from Santiago, dated yesterday, reading
as follows:
"On the evening of August. 10 a severe
earthquake was felt between Valparaiso
and Talca. The loss of life was not very
great. The damage to property was con
siderable at Valparaiso, but was less at
Santiago. Public order has been entirely
maintained. The authorities and private
persons are succoring the distressed1 peo
ple. The foreign legations are lending aid.
The north has been -wholly unaffected by
the earthquake."
Private cable messages received by mem
bers of the Chilean legation tend to show
that Valparaiso did not suffer as much as
was at first supposed. The heaviest dam
age was confined to the eastern section of
the town, which included the poorer resi
dential district. The port and shipping at
Valparaiso apparently escaped damage.
A Liverpool firm today received the fol
lowing dispatch from Santiago:
"I do not think there has been any loss
of life or personal Injuries among the Eng
lish residents of Valparaiso. The police ar
rangements there are thoroughly efficient.
Arrangements are in fair progress to sup
ply food to the needy. The fires and shocks
are apparently over."
Every Building Damaged.
LONDON, August 20.?The Tarapaca and
Argentina Bank has received the following
cable dispatch from Valparaiso:
"Every building here is damaged and
many of the principal business premises are
completely wrecked or burned. There have
been many casualties. All the trains have
stopped running. The railroad line has
been destroyed in places. Martial law has
been proclaimed. Absolutely no work Is
being done owing to the continuous small
shakes since the two severe shocks of
Thursday. We cannot get workmen to
clear away the debris from the premises.
We could start business Monday, but
we are unable to find the other bank man
agers. Thousands are living In tents in
the squares and parks."
American Oirl Safe.
CHICAGO, 111., August 20.?A cablegram
yesterday announced that Miss Agnes Ew
ing Brown of this city was safe at Santi
ago, Chile, where she passed through the
earthquake. Miss Brown went to Santiago
in May as a director of the normal schools
there, under the supervision of the Chilean
government. Miss Brown was graduated
from the University of Michigan and holds
degrees from St. Mary's Academy of Notre
Dame. Indiana, and from tbi- University of
South Dakota.
Connecticut Eire Companies Out of It.
. HARTFORD, Conn., August 20? Fire in
surance companies having their home of
fices in this state are not losers by the
earthquakes in Chile, as none has written
risks there. The officials of the Connecti
cut companies say that most of the British
companies carrying risks in South America
have clauses in their policies' limiting lia
bility of loss by earthquakes, total exemp
tion being the rule.
Electric Plant Escaped.
BERLIN, August 20.?The German Over
sea Electrical Company today received a
cable message from the Chilean Electric
Street Railroad and Light Company at San
tiago announcing that its power station
and other equiDments had not been dam
aged, that the lighting of the city had not
been interrupted, that the street cars re?
sumed running yesterday and that not any
of the company's employes were injured
by the earthquake.
The Center of the Disturbance.
NEW YORK, August 20.?W. R. Grace
& Co. of this city today received a mes
sage from their agents in Valparaiso spying
that the center of the earthquake disturb
ance was In Valparaiso and the Aconcagua
valley and that business in Valparaiso has
been suspended for two weeks.
English Firms Escaped.
LONDON,August Private cable dispatches
continue to tell of destruction at Val
paraiso, although the English firms appear
fortnuately to have escaped having their
premises destroyed. The agent of the
Rose-Innes Company reports that only the
wails of the building are cracked, while
the Hotel Ingle, opposite, is ruined. The
Transandean Railway Company is without
news of the fate of their lines, which tra
Nitrate Begion Escaped.
BERLIN, August 20.?The Chilean consul
"lias a cable dispatch from Iquique announc
I ing that the nitrate region has not been
affected by the earthquake, and that the
production of nitrate is proceeding uninter
Half of City Destroyed.
PARIS, August 20.?A brief dispatch from
the French consul at Valparaiso, received at
the foreign office this morning, says that
half that city was destroyed by the earth
quake and fires.
The post office here today announced that
telegraphic communication with Valpa
raUo was open by way of the north.
The Church Missions.
NEW YORK, August 20.?The general
board of the Methodist Missionary Society
report that it bay a large mission in San
tiago and smaller missions In Valpa
raiso, Iquique and Concepclon, but feel con
fident that no serious damage has resulted
to these missions.
Two Towns Escaped.
LONDON, August 20.?The Antafagasta
Bolivia Railway Company today received
cable dispatch, saying that no damage
whatever had been done at Antofagasta or
Mejlllones or to the railway, although
shock at Mejlllones lasted three minutes.
Charges of Violations of Bules of War
Proven Unfounded.
GUATEMALA, August 20.?Now that all
of the official documents relating to the re
cent war have been received and collated
they show clearly that the accusation that
Guatemala had violated the rules of war,
broken the armistice, shot prisoners of war,
?tc., so widely published throughout the
world, had no foundation whatever in fact.
A telegram from President Cabrera to his
military officers Is p I 'lished, showing that
when the Invading armies from Salvador
and Honduras were defeated instructions
were given to allow them a free exit from
Guatemalan soil, so as to avoid further
It is also pointed out that while the Sal
vadoreans were complaining that Guate
mala was In- the throes of a revolution,
perfect quiet was maintained at all the
Interior cities, and the only disturbances
were those caused by the invading army.
During the period, President Cabrera. In
person drove the first spike In the northern
railway, and later the train service from
Puerto Barrios was extended to Guasto
loya. ?
Wants No Illinois Indorsement
for President
.Unless Roger Sullivan is Repudiated
by Convention.
In a Letter to Judge Thompson of
Jacksonville?State Democracy
to Meet at Peoria.
PEORIA, Hi., August 20.?William J
Bryan, according to his friend. Judge Owen
P. Thompson of Jacksonville, IU., desires I
no instructed delegates from Illinois in the j
next democratic national convention unless
the national committeeman from Illinois,
Roger C. Sullivan, is repudiated by tomor
row's state convention.
Judge Thompson made the announcement
immediately upon his arrival in the city
that he had received such a message from
Mr. Bryan. When asked today for a copy of
the dispatch, Judge Thompson said:
"I cannot give out a copy of the message
as it contains other matter which should
not be published. I can, however, quote
verbatim all that it contains relative to the
instructions by the convention. This is 'op
pose instructions unless Sullivan repudl- j
at"What is Mr. Bryan going to do if Sulli
van is upheld by the convention andI m
structlons are given for Mr. Bryan despite |
Mr. Bryan's protest?" ?
"They will never do such a thing as tnat,
replied Judge Thompson. "Do you suppose i
that any man will attempt to compliment
Mr. Bryan with instructions, when he has
been Informed by Mr. Bryan that it is not
in his power to compliment him? I don t
believe it."
Sullivan Laughed.
Mr. Sullivan merely laughed when asked
what the convention will about Indorsing |
"We will not oppose any Instructions In
favor of Mr. Bryan. We have never j
thought of doing so. If delegates come to
the convention instructed for Bryan, the>
will have to vote that way I guess."
The actual fight for the control of the
convention will not commence until 10 ]
o'clock tonight wlven the state central
committee will meet. Former Representa
tive Williams, former Representative Kerns
and Judge C. C. Boggs are mentioned for
temporary chairman. After this matter is
adjusted, the ftght will be shifted to the
committee on resolutions.
National Committeeman Sullivan and his
friends do not wish the resolutions indors
ing Mr Bryan to contain anything beyond
that indorsement. The opponents of Sul
livan desire that It contain a condemnation
of Sullivan and a request for his resigna
tion from the national committee. The
matter will undoubtedly come before the
convention In the shape of majority and
minority reports.
Bryan Sailed for Home.
GIBRALTAR. August 20.?William J.
Bryan and his party boarded the North
German Lloyd line steamer Prinzess Irene
at 1:30 p.m. today, the steamer being
scheduled to leave at 2 p.m.
Mr. Bryan expressed himself as being de
lighted with his tour which closed with
visits to places of interest In and about
the "Rock."
Many Brokers Throng the Floor of
the Exchange.
NEW YORK, August 20.?Further excite
ment attended the opening of the stock
market today. There was an unusually
large attendance of members, many of |
whom had cut short their vacations and
hurried back to town. The visitors' gal
lery of the stock exchange was packed to
Its utmost capacity with sightseers. There
was "an accumulation of over-Sunday buy
ing orders, and a principal feature of the
early trading was in the Harriman stocks,
which led last week's movement.
Union Pacific opened with a block of 14,
000 shares at from lfW4 to 184^, later sell
ing to 183. Southern Pacific started off
with a block of 10,000 shares at an ad
vance of 1% points over Saturday, estab
?lishlng a new high record. Amalgamated
Copper opened with a lot of 13,000 shares
at an advance of 2%. Other stocks that
made substantial gains were Great North
ern preferred, with 0 points; Northern Pa
cific, 3V4; American Smelting, 4%; Ana
conda, 4%; Atchison, 2%; Reading, 1%, and
Illinois Central, 2%.
The buying orders were reported from
various out-of-town points, notably Boston,
Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Cleveland and Chi
cago London also was a reported pur
chaser. Sales in the first hour were prob
ably in excess of 000.000 shares. The trad
ing was almost entirely professional, and
much of it was covering by shorts. Profit 1
taking resulted in a number of recessions
before the end of the first hour.
NEW YORK, August 20.?The market
continued active, though the tone became
rather irregular, with considerable pressure
against the Harriman issues. Interest
shifted to Atchison, Reading and Missouri,
Pacific, all marking smart gains, Atchison
selling at 105, the highest price in its his
tory. Realizing in the general list wiped
out many of the early gains. The trans
actions in the second hour aggregated 502,
700 shares, making the morning business
far above the ordinary.
?11 Signs Indicate Harmonious Con
vention at Springfield.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., August 20.?All signs |
Indicate that the republican state conven
tion, which will meet tomorrow, will be a
harmonious one. A state treasurer, a super
intendent of public instruction and three
trustees for state university are the nom
inations to be made. Interest Is centered
largely In the state treasurer race, in which
there are four candidates, the leaders being
Andrew J. Russell of Jacksonville and John
M. Smulskl of Chicago.
Papers Pound at Marseille Telling of
Anarchist Plans.
MARSEILLE August 20.?The police have I
discovered papers indicating the connection j
with a band of anarchists of Cirlllo, the an
archist arrested here yesterday on the
charge of plotting to assassinate President
At the residence of the prisoner, w.io is an
Italian, the police also discovered explosives
and materials for the manufacture of j
Run for Governor on Demo
cratic Ticket \
Hearst is Working Hard to Capture
the Convention.
Politicians Taking Notice and Things
Humming ?? Hearst newspapers
Oo After District Attorney.
An exceedingly interesting turn was given
to the gubernatorial situation In New York
by the formal announcement of Wllliam
Travers Jerome last night that he would
accept the democratic nomination for gov
ernor if It were tendered him. His state
ment follows:
"In the present shameful condition of our
political life in this state.I am willing to
run for the office of governor of this state
if the democratic convention shall nominate
me without any understanding, expressed
or Implied, other than that K clect-id I shall
obey my oath of office as I understand It,
in letter and spirit
This means that Mr. Hearst's herculean
and. it must be admitted, formidable effovts
to capture the nomination from the regular
democratic state convention will be opposed
by the one man In New York state whom
Mr. Hearst has cause to fear most. Mr.
Hearst's campaign is being wased mainly
upon the platform of independent of par
ties, and especially of bosses. Mr. Jerome
gave last fall a successful exhibition of his
independence by gaining re-election as dis
trict attorney upon a platform of inde
pendence, on which he ran aga'.ist the reg
ular democratic, the republican and the
Hearst tickets.
What The Sun Says About It.
He proposes now, if agreeable to the
democrats, to run on their ticket, but also
to stick to his old policy of Independence of
boeses, according to his brief but explicit
statement. Of that document the New York
Sun this morning said In its leading edito
"Mr. Jerome says that if the democrats of
this state offer him the nomination he will
run as their candidate for governor. He sets
forth his platform frankly and explicitly. It
is the oath of office that he will take when
he enters on his duties at Albany.
"We would give more for that pledge f.-cm
Jerome than for all the other platforms
that could be erected from now until dooms
Of course, the first thing for Mr. Jer
ome's friends to do now is to control the
democratic state convention, if possible.
Mr. Hearst, however, has been beforehand
and has foregathered on several county del
egations, In the meantime laying plans for
a convention of his Independence League
to nominate him first as an independent
candidate in order to impress the demo
crats later with the apparent sentiment in
the state In his favor. ,
The fight between Jerome and Hearst
for the democratic state convention will
be a battle of giants. Each will have to
appeal to the rival factions of Murphy
and McClellan for New York city's im
portant support. It is still recalled how
Jerome and Hearst basted Murphy and
McClellan In the mayoralty campaign.
Murphy probably feels more resentment to
ward Jerome, however, than he does to
ward Hearst, for Jerome's flagellation of
Murphy was official?the act of the chief
law officer of Manhattan?while Hearst's
attacks were only through his newspaper.
The question next arises. What if Hearst
wins out In the democratic state conven
tion, will Jerome run as an Independent
candidate for governor? It will be recalled
that when the democratic machine in Man
hattan, through Murphy's bullheadedness,
failed to nominate Jerome for district at
torney last fall, he put his name on an in
dependent ticket, ran a campaign prac
tically without money and won with flying
Politicians Are Interested.
Politicians" are very much Interested in
the possibility of Mr. Hearst running as the
self-imposed candidate of the democracy,
Mr. Jerome running as the free lance, and
Mr. Hughes of Insurance fame as the Odell
choice of the republicans. For the opinion
is widely/ held among well-Informed New
Yorkers that if Mr. Hearst captures the
democratic state convention Jerome wiH
Jump In as the Independent. Jerome op
poses Hearst, regarding him with disifavor
on many counts. It is only frank to say
that the feeling la reciprocated by Mr.
Hearst. , , .
Mr. Hearst has lost no time in opening
up on his chief rival. His New York news
paper published this morning the Jerome
statement and Immediately proceeued to the
"skinning" process, which may be expected
from now on. Some of the remarks of the
Hearst newspaper about Mr. Jerome were
as follows:
"The announcement of Mr. Jerome s can
didacy has been expected for some days. It
was not thought, however, that he would
make a bold bid for the democratic nomi
nation. The well-known fiction as to Je
rome's independence, It was understood, was
to be resorted to, and an independent can
didacy by Mr. Jerome was looked for by
th"Jeromela^*'thus the candidate of the
Ryan-Be'i-mont interests, supplemented by
the Odell-Quigg republican machine.
At all events it will be a peach o* a
campaign, with the many entanglements,
contradictions and anomalies presented In
the three parties and the several possible
candidates. Politicians agree that the entry
? vrr Jtroine in the lists wil* lm
measurably to the gayety of politics in New
York for the next few weeks, whatever the
Hearing in Alleged Conspiracy to De
fraud the Government.
PORTLAND, Ore., August 20.?Trial will
beein today In the federal district court be
fore Judge W. H. Hunt of the Bluemoun
tain forest reserve case. It involves Rep
resentative Binger Hermann and J. N. Wil
liamson, State Senator F. P. Mays and
others who are charged with having vio
lated section 5440 of the Revised Statutes
hv entering into an alleged conspiracy to
defraud the government out of 200,000 acres
lying in different states and territories by
means of an alleged fraudulent p an con
templating the obtaining of the title.
Shocks of More or Less Severity for
Two Days.
FORT DE FRANCE, Island of Marti
nique, August 20.?Earthquake shocks of
more or less severity were felt in the Is
land of Martinique at 1:13 p.m. yesterday
and at 1:47 and 4 a.m. and 7 a.m. today.
No damage was done.
President Sent Characteristic
Letter of Appeal
[ In a Communication to Representative
| Declares That More Than Mere Parti
san Issues Enter Into Congres
sional Campaign This Tear.
NEW YORK, August 20.?A letter written
by President Roosevelt to Representative
| James E. Watson of Rushvllle, Ind., review
j ing and approving the work of the present
Congress and declaring: "To change the
leadership and organization of the House
at the time means to bring confusion upon
those who have successfully engaged In the
steady working out of a great and compre
hensive scheme for the betterment of our
social and civic conditions," was made pub
lic today through the republican congres
| sional campaign committee.
The President also declared that such a
change would result in a hurtful oscillation
between the extreme radical and the ex
treme reactionary. The President said also
that he hopes the present Congress will en
act laws prohibiting political contributions
by corporations, lowering the duties on Im
ports from the Philippines and limiting the
number of hours for railways employes.
Of the tariff Mr. Roosevelt says
"We stand unequivocally for a protective. I
tariff, and we feel that the phenomenal In
dustrial prosperity which we are now en
Joying is not lightly to be Jeopardized; for
it would be to the last degree foolish to se
cure here and there a small benefit at the
cost of general business depression. But
whenever a given rate or schedule becomes
evidently disadvantageous to the nation be
cause of the changes which go on from
I year to year in our conditions, and where
it is feasible to change this rate or sched
ule without too, much dislocation of the
system it will be done; while a general re
vision of the rates and schedules will be
undertaken whenever It shall appear to the
sober business sense of our people that on
the whole the benefits to be derived from
making such changes will outweigh the dis
advantages; that is, when the revision will
do more good than harm. Let me add one
word of caution, however. The question of
revising the tariff stands wholly apart from
the question of dealing with the so-called
'trusts'?that is, with the oontrol of mo
nopolies and with the supervision of great
wealth In business, especially in corporate
form. The only way in which It Is possible
to deal with those trusts and monopolies
and this great corporate wealtH is by ac
tion along the line of the laws enacted by
the present Congress and its immediate
predecessors. The cry that the problem
can be met -by any changes in the tariff
represents, whether consciously or uncon
sciously, an effort to divert the publle at
tention from the only method of taking
effective action."
All Ctood Citizens Interested.
Mr. Roosevelt says that if only partisan
Hsues were Involved In this contest he
should hesitate to say anything publicly in
reference to It, but he does not feel that
this Is the case. .He feels that "all good
citizens who have the welfare of America
at heart should appreciate the immense
amount that has been accomplished by the
present Cgjigress organized as it is, and
the urgent need of keeping this organiza
tion in power." The President declares
that "with Mr. Cannon as Speaker the
House has accomplished a literally phe
nomenal amount of good work. It has
shown a courage, good sense and patriot
ism such that It would be a real and seri
ous misfortune for the country to fall to
Mr. Roosevelt then enters on a review
of the work of the Congress, and the im- '
portant measures passed by it, measures
which, he declares, are important not in a
partisan sense, but are Important because
they subserve the welfare of the people as
a whole. Of the Panama canal he ex
presses the opinion that it is the colossal
engineering feat of ail ages, and the credit
for the acquisition of the canal strip is
given to Congress.
The interests banded together to oppose
the canal, says the letter, "are numerous
and bitter, and most of them with pe
culiarly sinister basis for their opposition.
Had Congress been either timid or corrupt,
and had not- the leaders of Congress shown
the most far-sighted resolution In the mat
ter, the work of building the canal would
never have been begun, or, If begun, would
now have halted.
The Panama Canal Issue.
"The opposition to the adoption of the
treaty by which our right to build the Pan
ama canal was Becured; a part at least of
the opposition even now being made to the
ratification of the Santo Domingo treaty,
which is one more step In the effort to
make peace and secure the waters througn I
which the route of the canal leads; the
constant effort to delay on one pretext and
another the actual work on the canal?all
prove how essential It is that if the Amer
ican people desire the Panama canal to be
built In speedy and efficient fashion they
should uphold the hands of those who In
the present congress have so effectively
championed tils work."
Strong approval is expressed of the atti
tude of Congress toward the upbuilding of
the navy and then the President takes up
the measures dealing with government reg
ulation of business. "The tremendous so
cial and Industrial changes In our nation,"
he says, "have rendered evident the need
of a larger exercise by the national gov
ernment of its power to deal with the busi
ness use of wealth, and especially of cor
porate wealth, In interstate business. It is
not too much to say that the course of Con
i gress within the last few years, and the
hearty agreement between the executive
and legislative departments of the nation In
taking the needed action each within its
sphere, have resulted In the nation for the
first time deftnite'y entering upon the career
of proper performance of duty in these
"The task is peculiarly difficult, because
It Is one in Which the fanatical or foolish
extremist and the reactionary, whether
honest or dishonest, play Into one another's
hands, and they thereby render it especially
hard to secure legislation and executive
action which shall be thoroughgoing and
effective, and yet which shall not needless
ly Jeopardize the business prosperity which
we all share, even though we do not all
share it with as much equality as we are
striving to secure.
Easy to. Play Demagogue.
"It is a very easy thing to play the dem
agogue in this matter, to confine oneself
merely to denouncing the evils of wealth
and to advocate, often In vague language,
measures so sweeping that, while they
would entirely fall to correet the evils
aimed at, they would undoubtedly succeed
in bringing down the prosperity of the na
tlon with a crash. But It is not easy to do
so, as the present Congress and Its Imme
diate predecessors have done?that Is.
sternly to disregard alike the self-interest
of those who have profited by the present
evils and the wild clamor of those who care
less to do away with them than to make a
reputation with the unthinking of standing
in extreme opposition to them. But this is
precisely what the present Congress has
"Instead of enacting anti-trust laws
which were either so vague or so sweeping
as* completely to defeat their own objects
it has given us an interstate commerce
law which will enable us to exercise in
thorough fashion a supervision over the
common carriers of this country, so as,
while scrupulously safeguarding their prop
' er interests, to prevent them from charging
excessive rates; to prevent their favoring
one man at the expense of another, and
especially a strong man at the expense of
a weak man: and to require them to be
fully accountable to the public for the
service which, to their own profit, they ren
der the public. The previous Congress, by
the enactment of the Elkifts law and by
the creation of the Department of Com
merce and Labor, including the bureau of
corporations, had enabled us to make great
strides in advance along the path of thus
bringing the uee ef wealth In business un
der the supervision and regulation of the
national government?for in actual prac
tice it has proved a sham and pretense to
say that the several states can thus super
vise and regulate it."
President Roosevelt reviews and approves
the measures taken to secure certain rights
to wage workers, including the employers'
liability law and the eight-hour law. He
announces that if additional legislation is
needed to make the eight-hour law effect
ive he will ask for it. and also that next
>ear he will ask Congress to put in per
manent form his regulations for securing
Saturday half holidays for wage workers
under the government during the summer
months. "We will do everything." he says,
"that can be done to further the interests
of the farmer and the wage worker, and
this declaration is subject to only one res
ervation. which is that for no man and no
body of men will we do anything that is
Bolt of Lightning Caused Panic
Among 300 Worshipers.
CHICAGO, August 20?Three hundred
worshipers at the Hegewisch Swedish Lu
I theran Church, 132d street and Ontario ave
nue, were thrown into a panic yesterday
I by a bolt of lightning which set fire to
I the building. Two persons were thrown to
the floor and rendered unconscious, but
| were later revived.
The church was crowded and because of
the heat several of the windows had been
I opened to admit the air.
A bolt of lightning struck the edtfice and
traveled downward and through the open
window. The woodwork was set afire and
the worshipers fled in terror. None was
Injured in leaving the place, and acting un
der the direction of the pastor several of
the men returned to the church and ex
tinguished the fire.
I The Twenty-Fifth Annual Tourney of
National Association.
NORWICH, Conn., August 20.?Roque
players from many parts of the country
have come here to engage in the twenty
fifth annual tournament of the National As
sociation, which began today on the grounds
of the association here. The list of entries
Is larger than ever before, and as the con
tests in ail three division* are likely to be
protracted it has been arranged to have
games played on nine courts In the day time
and three courts at night.
Many old-time players and several former
national champions have come back to take
part in the tournament. George S. Strong
of New Londorf. ast year'6 winner of the
Van Wyckle" medal, the chief honor, will r,ot
play this year.
| Precautions Taken at New Iberia,
La., to Hedge Yellow Jack.
NEW ORLEANS. La., August 20.?Ad
vices from New Iberia, 125 miles from New
Orleans, where a negro was reported yes
terday to be suffering with yellow fever,
report the arrival today of President Irion
of the state board of health and members
of hfs staff. Systematic fumigation and
screening is to be pushed, under the direc
tion of the health officials.
The fact that the case Is In the isolated
outskirts of the town encourages the belief
that there will be no further Infection.
There is no excitement at New Iberia and
no exodus, the people having faith that sci
ence will control the case.
Quarantines have not been Imposed, but
for a time indiscriminate travel to and from
the town will be prohibited. Doctors think
the present case was probably imported
from some point along the Mexican coast.
| A Magnificent Gift Collection From
Wealthy Filipino.
CHICAGO, August 20.?A special to the
j Tribune from San Francisco says:
President Roosevelt is to be the recipient
of one of the finest collections of orchids
ever sent to this country, the gift of Manuel
Dc Yriarte. a wealthy Filipino planter.
Seven thousand varieties are Included In
the shipment brought to this country by the
army transport Thomas, which arrived on
When Alice Roosevelt was In Manila she
was-Invited to visit the conservatory of the
planter, who is one of the Island's wealth
iest men. The President's daughter spoke
of her father's admiration for the orchid,
and the gift which has been sent to this
country Is the result of the planter's prom
ise to present the chief executive with a
"few" specimens from his hothouse.
A special car will be secured for the trip
across the continent.
Americans After Gold Mines.
ST. PETERSBURG, August 20.?The news
papers here report that Americans are ne
gotiating for the purchase of the Nerchinsk
gold mines, which have been the source of
a great scandal In which several of the
1 grand dukes were involved. The mines are
supposed to contain quarts worth $2,000,
000,000, and the Count Camarilla is reported
to be anxious to dispose of them, but the
Americans are chary of purchasing a con
cession which might be repudiated by par
* ?
To Succeed Mills at West Point.
SAN FRANCISCO, August 20.?Lieut.
Hugh L Scott, formerly governor of Jolo,
arrived Saturday on the transport Thomas
from Manila en route to Washington. He
Is to relieve General Albert Mills as su
perintendent of the Military Academy at
West Point.
Personal Mention.
Mr. Maurice B. De Putron of Falls
Church, Va., has been appointed chief clerk
In the office of the chief engineer, and also
assistant secretary of the local civil service
board, with offices at Culefora, canal zone,
Mr. Roy F. Carty of 1234 Harvard street,
Columbia Heights, departed last Friday
morning for Niagara Falls and vicinity, and
will also visit Toronto, Buffalo, Detroit and
Mr. Joseph L. Lyons of 923 North Caro
i Una avenue southeast Is at Atlantic City.
Trump Card of Labor Men in
Maine Campaign.
A Eed Hot Campaign Promised in the
Battle Boyal Between Him and Mit
chell 1b Hoped For?Both Sidea
Confident of Victory.
Special Dlapatrh to The Star.
LEWISTON, Me., August 20.?Now that
President Gompers is on the scene and has "
made his first speech In the campaign In
an effort to defeat Representative Charles
E. Llttlefield for re-election, the labor men
have become more active, and from now on
the hottest political fight ever waged in the
state will be continued on both sides.
It Is expected here that John Mitchell,
president of the Miners' Federation, wil?
come on to assist President Gompers In the
fight he is putting up against the return of
Representative Llttlefield. This Is the trump
card the labor men wil> play, for while
President Gompers is considered an able
and forceful speaker, it is realised that
Mitchell will be a great drawing- card and
will win votes for the cause.
On the other side it is stated that Speaker
Joseph Cannon of the national Hou*e of
Representatives will come into the district
September 5 and will speak in the interest
' of his colleague until the efectlon on the
This will bring President Mitchell and
Speaker Cannon in the district at the same
time, and will make the closing days of an
already red-hot campaign decidtuly inter
Statement by Gompers.
President Gompers said In an interview
"I believe that victory will be ours. The
voters In this district are aroused as they
never have been before. Not only the la
bor men, but other citizens who are not
affiliated with the labor unions are awake
to the misrepresentation of Representative
Llttlefield. We will keep up the' fight,
however, and show this man up In his true
light to the people of the second congres
sional district."
President Gompers will finish up his pres
ent tour next Saturday, but he has diecided
to return again to the fight right after
Labor day, and will stay until the elec
President Mitchell Is expected to come on
with him at that time.
Llttlefield to Answer Gompers.
Representative Llttlefield will speak in
this city on Friday, when he will answer
the charges made by President Gompers In
his speech last night.
This evening President Gompers will
speak at Rumford Falls. The Itinerary for
the remainder of the week Is as follows:
Tuesday, Livermore Falls; Wednesday, ,
Bath; Thursday, Waldoboro; Friday, Rock
land, and Saturday, Vinal Haven, which
will finish up the present trip.
The Littlefleld adherents do not believe
that Gompers will accomplish hiB purpose,
while the labor men, on the other hand, are
certain of victory.
Secretary Bonaparte Soon to Consult
With the President.
There is now ground for the belief that
the long-pending question as to who shall
succeed Paymaster General H. B. T. Har
ris as chief of the naval bureau of suppllee
and accounts will be settled within the
next few weeks. Rear Admiral Harris has
?held the office since July, 1?03. and was
retired In March, 1W?. There are several
candidates for the office, and each is strong
ly backed. The competition has become
so keen that the authorities have found It
difficult to reach a decision. The records
of all the officers of the pay corps eligible
for the appointment. Including all the can
didatee, have been prepared for the benefit
of Secretary Bonaparte, and he will per
sonally submit them to the President with
in the next few days In the hope of making
a selection.
Bales and Begulations Formulated
for the New Laws.
A syllabus has been prepared by the
commission appointed by the Secretary of
the Treasury, the Secretary of Commerce
and Labor and the Secretary of Agriculture
to formulate rules and regulations for the
'foods and drugs act, commonly known as
the pure food law, in order that the sugges
tions interested parties may have to offer
may be presented in a systematic and com
pact manner. These suggestions will be
offered at a hearing to be he'.d In New York
between September 17 and September 28.
The syllabus divides the questions of rul
ing into twelve groups. They deal with the
original package as prepared for export,
the collection of samples l.ear ngs and pub
lications, the use of colors, flivors and pre
servatives, misbranding of foods and drugs,
mixtures, compound, imitations and b.ends
proprietary foods, drug adulteration and
misbranding, confectionery, the establish
ment of the government guarantee and the
inspection of imported goods.
Circulars announcing the field to be cov
ered are being sent out to a I the food
manufacturers interested, and those who
wish to appear either in person or by
nroxy or who wish to file briefs are directed
to make their request to Dr. Wiley of the
Department of Agriculture before Septem
ber 10.
Newberry at the Wheel.
Assistant Secretary Newberry returned to
this city this morning from a short vaca
tion at Watch HIU, R. 1., and resumed
charge of the naval establishment. Secre
tary Bonaparte, who has gone to New Eng
land to Join Mrs. Bonaparte, is expected to
return to this city and relieve Mr. New
berry in about two weeks.
Bomb Throwing at Warsaw.
The State Department has received official
advices from Warsaw regarding the throw
ing of bombs at the governor general there
yesterday, stating that two bombs were
thrown at that official, who "escaped wit*
Slight injury." .

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