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N * I > - ?1 - ''< <s " < ?, v ' yirsjU&&* &2&:40fik ... . ;.: .. V;. 1~ < ?. ? .*- '." "- r. -*:' >. . :. .. ^ * >'.-> "m- . A*. :? . 7* -" = .. .. . .. * Tmvoijf ???? Ox I JliI)LA' ' OiVj UNCLE SAM Is careful of tl:e health | oT his defenders, whether they i are on the field or in the'r bar- ! rark homes. Visitors to Fort ' 2V!yer may find ?vldcnte of this in | a rati r unp?ete:itious looking two-story j brick-fi'.eed s ructure now in process of I f rev.-rl.jii in t!,e r<ar of the old fori hospital. It i * a r? w Isokrtion Hosalta1, and is to I cost *?. Sillier.-: at t'.o post who hive the nr!:;fo::un-; to contract any coi.t'igi'vjs di- a?=e will be phic d in tills bul'.i':::.^ for t: ' itmetit. }|i.eiofo;such C '?r i have l ad to bs our' .I for iii t'i<: 01 c:i wards of tho old hospital. Danrrer <.f contagion and spr*ad of the ailment is always Imminent under sucii conditions, however, and to remove thi ; difi'.cjlty the new qu irtjrs are being * rected. Several novel features enter Into the construction o' the new home for the sick. There will be no inside connection whatever between the liist and second floors. An outside stairway will afford entrance to the upper wards. This measure insures entire separation of the ur.ner and lower wards at a'l times, and removes the possibility of the communication of disease upon the entrance or removal of patients. Another Innovation is a two-story front porch so constructed that it may be enclosed by windows at any time. By this means extra rooms can be arranged for In case of emergency. The enclosures also furnish cxe-Hent sun parlors for patients In the convalescent stage whose condition prevents open-air exposure. There Is a second open porch from basement to eaves at the rear of the building. All disinfecting will be done by means of a steam disinfecting plant, which obviates alnu>?t entirely the necessity of noisome fumigation. m ? * The building will be ready for occupancy by the 1st of January. It contains five wards?three on the first floor and two on the second?each completely isolated and fitted with its own tiled and wainscoted toilet and bath. On each floor is a dressing FIRST GREAT EI EXCURSION T >RTY and si* years ago the first great editorial excursion that ever g" visited t lie capital of the country JL crime to Washington. In fact, it j was the first great editorial excursion planned and executed in the country. Sin. e then many trainloads of editors have come to see the beauties of Washington, but In many respects the first was greater than any of its successors. It was greater btcause it brought more members of the profession than any other, and they were brought from a far wider extent of territory, for they came from every state between the Alleghanies and the Rockies. It was originated and engineered by the controllers of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and wits Intended to kill two birds?'bring the railroad into national prominence and boom Baltimore. While Washington was the paper objective point of the excursion, Baltimore was the real, for tlie railroad company, it Is declared, cared little for Washington at that time, and none but the most extreme optimist wouM have been bold enoush to predict that Washington would eve"r be more than an overgrown village in the WJOds. Just now. when all Washington is stirred up over the effort to boom ttie beautiful capital into a manufacturing city, it > is uell to rccall this first great excursion ' that came to see it when it was still in its swaddling clothes. In many respects this excursion was unique. The Baltimore and Ohio was the first railroad charted in America, and the first to begin the work of construction. Way back In when the road was granted its charter, it was considered a daring scheme to attempt to bulla a railroad across the Aileghanies. But little of the territory through which it wculd pass was developed, ar.d but few Americans at that time really believed the country west i\cf= ??mB*.? - . --"* <v -r , - jfp ' * s" .< \ + <** ' ' '": &?'! ' "J' / ..'v.: - .- v.- :-v ->--^ \ "" r" ' | ' room, linen room, nurse room and serving room. The basement contains the steam heating plant, ?=tore room, disinfecting plant and an apartment for placing bodies i:i cisr;s of dexth. The building Is to be lighted throughout by electricity and gas. Conking will be possible, although, except under extrao"dinary circumstances, food for ioth hospitals will be prepared in !V.(. in 11^ -,,1 'ninlnv Since the 1st of July the soldiers have been away from Fort Myer ii summer cam;-, at Mt. Gretna.. Pa. They return (jctobe: 10. It was expected to have tiie hospital nearly ready by that time, to enable repairs to be made in the old building. Within t!.?- next f? w months ?5,(XH) is to be expend-d in thoroughly modernizing the operating room. X-ray room, laboratory. dit-ssing room and ,sll plumbing in eorincction with them and the toilet and bath rooms in the old hospital. New tiling and wainscoting are to t:ike the place of the present wooden material on iioors and wails, and the partial electrical wiring now in use will be extended to all parts of the old structure. * * * The; equipment of a well appointed civil hospital contains little with which a member of the army hospital corps is not familiar. The equipment of the hospital corps at an army post, however, has much that is strange to the servant of the sick in private life. The training of the hospital corps man in the army looks toward caring for the wounded on the Held of battle, and for this are furnished many odd emergency devices. There are packs for carrying' medicines and dressings, to be borne either by members of the hospital corps or on the backs of pack animals; there are hand litters, for moving wounded men quickly from the firing line, litters bound on the backs of pack mules, to be used where longer distances must be traversed; "travois," litters of the primitive type, made by swinging a blanket between two poles, one end of which rest in loops at the side of a pack mule and the other end dragging on tile ground; pouches for the hospital corps mest containing scissors, pin3, r.redles, thread, a roil of wire gauze, llasks, knives, bandages, plaster and other accessories for sudden use. Then there are the various ambulances for the more careful removal of wounded men on the Held, and lareer waeons with HTORIAL O WASHINGTON of the mountains would ever be more than a sort of great hunting range for woodsman. The possibilities of the central west were not appreciated, but the daring mind of Alexander Latrobe leaped the barrier of the mountains, and, gazing into the future, k.iw populous states, great cities and prosperous towns where thtn was a wilderness, so, under the inspiration of his spirit the road was charted and the work of construction began. * * * More than a third of a century elapsed before it was completed to the Ohio river. It was the first great thoroughfare to the west. The Krie panal nnri great lakes bad made New York the outlet of the central west, and Baltimore thought it saw a chance to rival the Kmpire city, in some respects at J^ast, so the idea of a "boom" originated. At that time the directing head <M the railroad was Mr. William Prescott Smith. He it was who concaved the project of bringing together all tlie editors west of the Alleghanies and transporting them by special train to Baltimore. and ultimately to Washington. Mr. William Henry Smith, who is now a resident of Washington, in describing the lirst great editorial excursion to the capital. forty-six years ago, said: "1 was then editing a country weekly in one of the central counties of Indiana, and was one of the 700 or ?00 editors invited to join in the excursion. The Invitation was a handsomely' engraved affair, but the ticket of transportation was a blanket sheet. The Baltimore and Ohio authorities 1 i (lA^'rmtnn.1 tj? nr, In so hud made arrangements with a!l other roads in the country, all steamboat and s:agt> lines, to transport the bearer of the ticket over their lines, so it mattered not how far the editor might live from the Baltimore and Ohio, it was to cost him nothing for transportation to reach the meeting point?Wheeling. At that time there were not many railroad lined west yQp?-1 a &nd\ '< I il i ?> ? I room for tents, poles and other Impedimenta on the march?all a part/of the equipment of the field hospital corps. Since the Spanish war there has been a boom, so the post surgeon at Kort My or says, in litter experimentation and various emergency devices for moving wounded men away from the line of battle and for carrying supplies forward. Old and once abandoned contrivances have been brought from their places of retirement In array medical museums for the purpose of securing suggfstions for improvements and their ultimate adoption. * * * One arrangement now at Fort Myer is a one-wheel litter, which was devised twenty years ago by the noted artist, Frederick Remington, when he was at a western army post. The principle Is simple, the ends of the litter being carried in the hands of two men. while the weight is partially supported in the center by a single wheel mounted with springs on which of the mountains, so many 01 those who were to join in the expedition had to travel by steamboat or stage, or both. The ticket contained the corporate name of all roads over which It was good, the name of all steamboat and stage lin<'.s, together with the authority for all conductors, pursers and stage line collectors to pass the holder. "The editors were to come from the east and the west, the north and the south, and meet at Wheeling on a certain day. On reaching that point th'e excursionists were to become in reality the guests of the railroad. * * * "There were 110 Pullmans in those days. and the finest of the coaches hardly equaled the poorest of these times, but we thought the appointments were magnificent. The good people of Wheeling took an Interest In us, and the town was placed at our disposal. There were editors from Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi Alabama, Texas, and one from Arkansas. Many were accompanied by ladies, and it was really a merry party of strangers that met at Wheeling, but it became a merry party of friends before it separated at Washington, two weeks later. In Wheeling- we were reealcd with all the traditions and folk-lore of that once frontier town. The story of the Wetzells was told and retold, and we were pointed to the spot where it was said Aaron Burr entered his boat for his first adventurous trip down the river. "At last the expected guests had all arrived, and the time came for us to begin our journey to "Washington, D. C. Mr. William Prescott Smith himself was with the party to see that everything was done for our comfort. Doubtless a large majority of those who took that trip have passed to the other world, but none could ever forget the first sight we had of the Cheat river country. The bold, rugged outlines of the mountains, the stream dashing against the great rocks, the glfmpses here and there of beautiful valleys enforced on our minds that the great barrier that had separated us from the older states on the Atlantic seaboard had been conquered by the skill, enterprise and determination of man; that the days of canal boats and Conestoga wagons had passed away forever. \V# of the west and the southwest Lucie \Jr\ttT\r\ Tuuinj ~r T' . _ . : > V, " " V..V ' -.'5"." ' v? v- ?'" --r vi. -* ? > :' : i ' -V' , '.v. 1 """" * -'4- ' ^ ; > y ** ' A X . v< ... . <: . . ' . v. > ' ' . X ft the poles rest. It was never put Into general use, for It was considered too heavy and inconvenient. The principle is Bald to be all right, but in its present state it is too clumsy and needs improvement, which the hospital coirs at Fort M>er is seeking to make. The "aparejo" litter, so-called because of -Its Spanish orisirf, was used to good advantage by "Co!. Scott In Jolo, P. 1., during the late trouble in the Philippines. It was also used earlier in Indian fights in this country. This, tco, is an emergency appliance to be used in cases where wheeled vehicles coulil not be employed. The r.aine apurejo FPrves hjso iu l: iut; pack borne on the ever-useful mule, the rude litter being bound to it by straps. It is an old method, but is tried and true. The "truvois" litter is perhaps the oldest and simplest contrivance now in general use for emergency purposes. It is borrowed from the Indians and is familiar to all who have seen Indians on the march or who have looked at pictures of such a scene'. From this to the "white steamer ambulance"?the highest type of transwere to become, In fact, a part of a great nation. * * * "Every mile of our trip had its delightful story telling of the struggles of the pioneers and their conquest of the wilderness. There were many places of interest, but the one of most absorbing interest to all, was Harper's Ferry, where only a few months before John Brown had made his attempt to start a war. The editors were of all shades of polities, democrat, free soil, republican, old line whig and know-nothing. "I remember yet the strange feelings I experienced as we grouped ourselves around the little engine house that Brown had made his fort, and listened to the story as told by those who had witnessed the fiirht or took mirt in It. Somehow or other It impressed each one of us that this was but the beginning of a struggle that we felt was sure to come, but all hoped would not. Some of us who stood that day around that little fort a few months later met on the same ground, or nearby, contending against each other in the life and death struggle of the Union. We were taken out on Bolivar Heights, and wandered through the arsenal, and later climbed Maryland Heights, afterward made famous by Stonewall Jackson. "We came to Baltimore, and it seemed as if all the city had turned out to wel come us. We were the guests or honor. To many of us it was our first visit to the east, and when we went out to look at Fort McHenry we ail joined in singing 'The Star Spangled Banner.' "After a delightful stay In Baltimore we journeyed on to Washington. Oh, what a disappointment was cur first sight of the capital city. It Is true that we iiad heard it spoken of as a 'city of magnificent distances,' and knew that it was meant in a spirit of derision; we had also read in Dickens, Tom. Moore, or some other stilted English writer, of its unkempt, untidy and unckyfled appearance, but we had placed all that to the rancor and jealousy of the inborn hostility of Englishmen to everything American. In our own imaginations we had pictured it as "a city of pa'.-aces, an embryo Paris, so to speak, with grand public buildings, imposing hotels and costly residences, but alas! we found that what the envious Englishmen had said was nearly true. "There was no city here; a few scattering =Ja? Led q)( 1 ' ' . - . '' s - >??'*>'**. ij.-^,*>" m^SSSm tV J B~ m-tA-,* ?* fj-.-ji&ntd V^r-ti . j d\if 4g|| I j||f \ ^ 1I I .'' portatlon for the wounded?is a long step. Yet the former Is considered more reliable than the latter. During the course of the experiments nude at the M:. Gretna summer camp this was proved when the chief surgeon of the camp took some visiting officers out with the auto-ambuiance to display its advantages and possibilities. All went well for a while, but when they were some distance from headquarters a trivial explosion placed the machine out of commission and the services of a mule team had to be engaged in hauling the humbled surgeon and his guests back to camp in the crippled steamer. "Mules are always to be relied upon," it was said. "They never blow up." * * * According to Maj. Glennan of Fort Myer general use is to be made of what is known as the "galloping ambulance." This vehicle was first brought to the attention of army authorities in this country about a year ago by an Englishman, the brother of a surgeon in the British army who had houses, an unfinished Capitol, streets either deep in dust or in mud, paved sidewalks like angles' visits, trees or stumps of trees everywhere, cattle and hogs roaming the streets, and kept out of the parks only by unsightly looking fences, the muddy, illsmelling Tiber flowing sluggishly alongcutting the city off in time of flood from the Capitol, business houses mostly onestory high, many of wood and none with any attempt at architectural beauty. Such was the Washington that greeted us forty and six years ago. * * ? "James Buchanan was President. I can recall yet his appearance as we paid our respects to him in the famous east room. Tall, with high forehead, narrowing toward the top, hair very white, high-stocked collar, one shoulder lower than the other, eyes rather restless -and shifty, he was the embodiment of courtesy, but even then ho had the look of a hunted man-, of one whose brrden was too great for him to carry. He was in the midst of his party strife with Stephen A. Douglas, and the leaven of disunion was already working in the south. v congress at mat time was a hot-beil of slavery agitation. Tlie squatter-sovereignty doctrine of Douglas was still a bone of contention; the smoke had hardly cleared away from the John Brown raid at Harper's Ferry; the nation was still trembling with the convulsive throes which followed the Dred Scott decision, hence to us western and southwestern visitors Congress was of much more interest than was the President and his cabinet. "In the Senate were: Sumnc-r, liardly recovered from the attack of Brooks; Zacli. Chandler of Michigan, one of the boldest spirits of the new political party just then coming into prominence; Jeff. Davis, recognized as the head and front of the secession Idea; John P. Hale, the leader of the abolition forces; Seward, regarded as one of VJ1 n r-P Dan lUorlfi tho Ini.lar nf i:ic ? iocov, uiuu uv.ii " uuv, ivuu^i vj. t the famous sextet who made a compact to accept any and every challenge from the south, whether to debate or fight; Baker of Oregon, the silver-tongued and fiery orator, and "Andy" Johnson, known as the leader In the south opposed to all ideas of disunion. "In the House were Burlingame, one of the fighting sextet; F. P. Blair and John A. Logan, both picturesque figures; Tom aS=<$ Dldier, seen Its practical use by the English army in South Africa during the ISoer war. It is said to have been suggested to them by certain native carriages ir. Asiatic India. In many ways it resemDies uic ja;iajiese jlnriksha, and in appearance it lmmed'ately suggests it. Its chief advantages are iii its lightness, easy motion, the readiness with which it can be moved by either man or beast and the fact that it can be used over rough places, in woods and tangled vegetation where the ordinary wheeled carriage could not be of any service whatever. During recent experiments at Fort Myer with the Galloping ambulance MaJ. Glennan stated that the men in charge of it had taken It over the nearby railway embankment, where the horse hitched to It could go only with great difficulty. It Is said to De especially goou ior quicK anu aci.ve service behind tiie firing line. There are but two of these ambulances now in this country?the one at Fort Myer and one at Fort Leavenworth Kansas. The Fort Myer vehicle has just been returned from the summer camp atChickamauga, where it was . ..... - Oorwin and John. F. Potter of Wisconsin, who had backed down Koger A. Pryor of Virginia by choosing bowie knives for weapons when challenged to a duel. Perhaps the most interesting lisure to us in the House was Daniel E. Sickles, because of his affair with Key and of his trial for the killing. "There were not many republican editors in our party, but what few ther-j were of j us gave our greatest attentionto Sunnier. Seward and Wad;-, an<l we managed to be j presented to r ich of then* 1 remember ' Seward's greeting- His face was impassive, i but his voice v?as winning and there was warmth about hini tint mi'.de each of us more his friend than before. Surnner was as cold as an iceberg, and seemed to look over and beyond us, and the touch of his hand was like that of an icicle. Wade was as bluff and hearty ss Sumner was cold, j and we gave him our he.uts at once. "But why linger over these reminiscences, j The Washington of the forest, ti c dust, the ! mud, the hove'.r. has changed into the magnificent city we had imagined it to be. The old nation, with, its sectional feuds and strife has passed away, and a new nation, united, strong in the love ?f the people, i great in its influence on the Governments j and peoples of the worl- 1 1ns taken its : place. The memory that I was one of the first great excursion of editors to visit j Washington is still fresh notwithstanding j almost half a century of time has passed since we journeyed hither." WAYS GV REEIC COLLECTORS. ! Saving the Hair of Celebrated Men? Story Told cf Wagner. From London Tid-EIts. The tree at Handcross Hill which figured j so tragically in the recent motor omnibus accident has been condemned by the po- j lice. Although tarred and surrounded by ( a fence it continued to be cut up by relic s hunters, who flocked thither in crowds in j order to carry away a memento of the I terrible accident in the form of a piece of ' wood. One party of cyclists went so far as to arrive armed with hatchets with which to chop souvenirs from the trunk. Celebrities are a favorite prey for relic hunters, and their hair is especially s.n:g'..i after. When the late Mr. Gladstone w s at- ! tending a place of worship in the south cf ! S 58 * mf A Wm ;T IT' wt - ' -Jmi / f'' '?' IP Hp tried successfully. Arrangements lire now being made to have the galloping ambulance manufactured, and Its general usa In our army Is predicted. I An interesting relic of Fort Myer Is a I combination "aparejo" litter and chair, i which wus used In the Modoc war. It was > devised by Surgeon McElderry and was i employed by h'm in moving his wounded men across the lava beds. It never camo Into general use. and the specimen now at Fort Myer is the only one In existence. Upon the return of the Hospital Corps from its maneuvers at the Mount Gretna summer camp the experiments with emergency litters and other ways and means of caring for the wounded on the march or field of battle which It has been conducting throughout the summer will b? resumed at Fort Myer and pursued with renewed Interest. The mover-lent in this direction is general in all army circles, for the Importance of the proper care of the sick and wounded Is ri-cogniz-'d to be a paramount consideration i:i the < tablisiiment nf a perfect organization of the nation's defensive forces. Franco a prefervid admirer sitting behind nim noticed a gray hair on the collar of his coat. This lie deftly secured, much to the envy of another collector, who, at the conclusion of the service, offered him -0 fran s for his treasure. The ofTer was rejected with disdain. An amusing story is related of Wagner, r:ho, being subject to severe headaches, j ?\as rccommcnded by l:is medical man t.? nave his hair cut. He accordingly made an appointment for a tixed day with a oaibcr, who thinking to turn an honest penny, communicated tie i.ews to his cus- < tamers, from many of whom he received orders for locks of the gicat composer's hair. The day came, so d'd Wagi.er. so?to Figaro's dismay?did Wagner's wife, who. standing by her husband's side, superin-. .. . J - I . V. .. ,:f : ;c n-hi,.;, it ' ICiJUCU l !' 7i.rai Jill, ill." iio.it, M liivu, an 1 Ifell, s'.e gathered up lor rc :r.oval. The barber was aghast, for he 1. id sold the locks, and, what was worse, h:;d spent the money. He implored Frau \\'agr.< r to di-slst. but the lady was obdurate, relenting, however, j?o far as to remark that her butcher had hair very like her husband's?. The barber's customers were not disappointed. Neither were the many fair admirers of the great j i:nist L.Vzt. wl.o, lo obtain noaiimemento of their ideal, weic ever willing to disburse a lavish price. This Infatuation was shrewdly taken advantage of by the abbe's servant, whose father char.e; d to possess hair of the same eolor and texture as the maestro':!. Whenever, therefore, opportunity served the man would raise the hopea of sorr.e sighing lady by hinting' at the possibility of his obtaining for her a lock of her idol's hair during Sleep. The danger of detection, coupled ? r li the value of the promix-J souvenir, demanded a handsome fee, which was readily Ijaiii by the devoted ailrr.irer, who in due course lec.ivc J a few hairs from the hi a<l of the valet's father, and tlnis enabled hi* sen to make a fairly tidy income, as much as ?1(0 being on one occasion given for an especially luxuriant loci:. Cven monarchs have been known to yield some personal souvenir to the relic hunter. A few years hack, at th.- military mancu- ? ?vers, the Gem.an emperor, stelng a carriage containing the Emp:(.?s of Austria and the Que^n oi' Italy approach, threw away his cigarette. A scramble at once tooi; place for the treasure, which ultimately fell t?< a d peasant., who nil it to a tourist for ?2.