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BY f f??nrr I==? : IV. IT w.i? long before Rezanov slept that night. The usual chill had come In from the Pacific as the sun went down and the distinguished vis tor had intimated to his hosts that he should like to exercise on shore until ready for his ill tested quarters; but Arguelio dared not in the absence of his father invite tlie foil inner ev< a to sleep in the house so lavishly offered in the morning;' a though he had si nt Mich an abundance of provisions to the ship that the jmor sailors were deep in t vep, gorged like boa constrictors; and he could satey promise that while the Juno remained in port her larder sluiu.d never be empty. lie shared the evening howl of punch .11 the cabin, then went his way lamenting that he could not take h.s new friends with him. Kezanov paced the little deck of the Juno t" k?ep his blood in stir. There was no moon. The islands and promontories on 1 the great sheet of water were black save | for the occasional glow of an Indian ! camp-tire. There was not a sound but the j lapping of the waves, the roar of distant i breakers. The Kiea. silver stars and the j li11; gn en stars looked down upon a soli- j tude that was almost primeval, yet mysteriously disturbed by the rtsuess currents j in the brain o! a man who had little in i common with primal forces. Kezai.ov was uneasy on more scores than ? one. We was annoyed and mortified at ' the discover.x made over the punch bowl? j that ti.e fcirl he had taken to be twenty J was but sixteen. It was by no means his j first experience of the i;li ek maturity of j ? ......... I I o ( JV M . i I i t . . I ? "111' II Mill V. 41 . * * V- !'?? ; neviT wasted ;t moment on a chit before, and although he was a man of imagina- J tion. and not.withst.inil ng her intelligence i and dignity, he could not reconcile prdper-* j tits so conflicting with any soil of lem- | inine ideal. And the pressing half of his mission he , ha 1 confided to her! No man knew bet- i ter than he the value of a taciiul and | witty woman in the political dilemmas of ' lif?-; more than one had given him devoted j service. nor ever yet had he made a mis- 1 t ike After several hours sj ent in the so- | cit ty .?t this clever, politic, dissatisfied girl J he had come to the conclusion that he ' could trust her, and had told her of the | lamentable condition of the creatures in the employ of the Kussian-American Company; of their chronic state of semi-starvation. of the scurvy that made them apathetic of brain and body, and eventually would exterminate them unless he could I - 1 A .. I.AI Ui: I t1 i i . i[ l I << . im i >< .t I i! :i ut' 11 lit lions Willi California and obtain regular supplies of farinaceous food; acknowledged that lie had brought a < irgo of Russ.an and Boston goods necessary to tlie well-being of the missions and presidios, and that lie would not return to the wretched people of Sitka, at leart. without a generous substitute of breadstuffs, dried meats, peas, beans, barley and tallow Not only had he no longer the courage to witness their misery, but his fortune and his career wi ri- at stake. His entire capital was invested in the company he had founded, and be had failed in his embassy to Japan ?to the keenest mortification of the tsar and the jubilance of his enemies, if he left the emperor's northeastern dominions unreclaimed and failed to rescue the company from its precarious condition he should hardly care to return to St. Petersburg. Dona Concha had listened to this eloouent harangue?they sat alone at one end of the ' long sal a while l.uls at the other toiled Over letters to the governor .-ind his father aflvlsing them of the formidable honor of the Russian's visit in exac.ly the temper he would have chosen. Her fine eyes had melted and run over at the moving tale of the sufferings of the servants of the company-until his own had softened in re- i pponse and he had impulsively kissed hor hand; they had dilated and flashed as he spoke of his personal apprehens.ons; and when he had given her a practical explanation of his reasons for coming to California she h'ld given him advice as practical In return. JIh must withhold front her father and the governor the fact of his pressing need; they were high officials with an inflexible q . "HE WILL MARRY ME! 3 eise of duty, and did ;ill tlicy could to enforce the law against trading with foreigners. He was to maintain the fiction of belting the globe, but admit that he had Indulged in a dream of commercial relations ?- lor a ueneni sinewy mutual?-oeiween ni lghbors us close as the Spanish and Russians In America. This would interest them ?what would not, on the Mge of the world? ami they would agree to lay the matter, reinforced by a strong personal plea, before the viceroy of Mexico; who In turn would send it to the cabinet and king at Madrid. Meanwhile, he was to confide In the priests at the mission. Not only would their sympathies be enlisted, but they did much tradIns under the very nose of the government. Nut for personal gain?they were vowed to a life of poverty; but for their Indian converts, und there were twelve hundred at the mission of San Francisco, they would wink at many things condomnable In tho abstract. lip had engaged to visit them on the morrow, and he must take presents to tempt their Impersonal cupidity, and Invite them to Inspect the rest of bis wares? which the governor would be Informed he had been forced to buy with the Juno from the Yankee skipper D'Wolf. and would rid himself of did opportunity offer. TUzanov had never received sounder advice, and had promptly accepted it. Now, as he reflected that It had been given by a girl of sixteen, he was divided between admiration of her precocity and fear lest she sZANC GERTRUDE ATHERTC iirht, 1006, by Gertrude Atberton. All Rights Recer bp too young to keep a secret. Moreover, there were other considerations.. Rezanov, although in his earlier years he had so far sacrificed his interests and played into the hands of his enemies in avoiding the too embarrassing partiality of Catherine the Great, had nevertheless held a high place at court by right of birth and been a man of the world always; rarely absent from St. Petersburg during the last and least susceptible part of the imperial courtesan's life, the brief reign of Paul, and the. two years between the accession of Aleiander and the sailing of the Nadeshda. Moreover, there was hardly another court of importance in Europe with which he was not familiar, and few men had had a more complete experience of life. And the life of a courtier, a diplomat, a traveler, noble, wealthy, agreeable to women - by divine right, with active enemies and a horde of flatterers, in daily contact with the meaner and more disingenuous corners of human nature, is not conducive to a broad optimism and a sweet and immutable .Christianity. Rezanov inevitably was more or less cynical and blase, and too long versed l.> #!>?. wave r.f nnnrto rnurtipI'S tn re- ! tail! more than a whimsical tolerance of the i.aked truth and an appreciation of its ex- ] < t Hence as a diplomatic maneuver. Never- ' theless, tie was by nature too impetuous ever to become under any provocation a ] dishonest man. and too normally a gentleman to deviate from a certain personal code of honor, lie might come to California with fair words and a very definite intention of limning it to Russia at the first opportunity. but he was incapable of abusing the hospitality of the Arguellos by making love to their sixteen-year-old daughter. Had she been of the years he had assumed he would have had less scruple in embarking upon a flirtation, both for the pastime and the use lie might make of her. A Spanish beauty of twenty, still unmarried, would be more than his match. But a child, however precocious, inevitably would fall in love with the first uncommon stranger she met; and Rezanov. less vain than most men of his kind, and with a fundamental humanity that was the chief cause in his efforts to improve the condition of his wretched pro11 -;i-1 outn fnr tlia rnlr? of I mUSCUUMIIKI. llclu iiu v. v, v..?. . ?w ? lieartbreaker. But the girl had proved her timeliness would. If trustworthy, be of further use in inclining her father and the governor toward such of ills designs as he had any intention of revealing; and weighing carefully Ids conversation with her, he was disposed to believe that she would screen and abet him through vanity and love of intrigue. After the dinner, in the seclusion of the sala. he had taken pains to explore for the causes of her mental maturity. Concha had told him of Don Juse Arguello's ambition that his children In their youth should have the education he had been forced to acquire in his manhood: he had taught them himself, and, notwithstanding his piety and the disapproval of the priests, had permitted them to read the histories, travels and biographies he received once a year from the City of Mexico. Kezanov nau mrI .n.iuanit- uc Siael and other bas bleus. and given them no more of his society than politeness demanded. but. although astonished at the amount of information this young girl had assimilated, he found nothing in her manner of wearing her Intellectual crown to offend his fastidious taste. She was wholly artless in her love of books and of discussing them; and nothing in their contents had disturbed the sweetest Innocence he had ever met. Of the little arts of coquetry she was mistress by inheritance and much provocation, but her unawakened inner life breathed the simplicity and purity of the elemental roses that hovered about her In his thoughts. Her very unsuseeptibility made the game more dangerous: if it piqued him?and he aspired to be no more than human?he either should have to marry her, or nurse a sore spot In his conscience for the rest of his rtfe; and for neither alternative had he the least relish. lie dismissed the subject at last with an impatient shrug. Perhaps he was a conceited ass, as his English .rienus would suy: perhaps the governor would be more amenable than she had represented. No man could forecast events. It was enough to be forearmedBut his thoughts swung to a theme as little disburdening. His needs, as he had confided to Concha, were very pressing. [ FEEL IT, I KNOW IT!" The dry or frozen fish, the eea dogs, the fat of whales, upon which the employes of the company were forced to subsist In the least hospitable of climes, had ravaged them with scorbutic diseases until their numbers were so reduced by death and desertion there was danger of depopulation and the coneequent bankruptcy of the company. Since June of the preceding year until his departure from New Archangel in the nrpvlnna V-? i?* ? ? --- . ..wuvii iic imu uccu actively engaged In inspection of tho company's holdings from Kamchatka to Sitka? reforming abuses, establishing schools and libraries, as well as measures to protect the fur-bearing animals from recklees slaughter both by the promuschleniki and marauding foreigners: punishing and banishing the worst offenders against the company's laws: encouraging the faithful, and sharing hardships with them that sent memories of former luxuries and pleasures scurrying off to the realms of fantasy. But his rule would be incomplete and his efforts end In failure If the miserable Russians and natives in the employ of the company were not vitalized by proper food and c'heered with the hope of its permanence. In Santiago's story of the Russian visitor's achievements and status there was the common mingling of truth and fiction the exalted never fall to inspire. Rezanov, although he had accomplished great ends against greater odds, was too little of a ?* )V. )N. Ted.) courtier at heart ever to have been a prime favorite at St. Petersburg until the -?- ?' ~ o ? v. V>A an cflsiuii ui tt i uici wiin w nuui uu uau something in common. A dissolute woman and a^crack-brainod despot were the last to appreciate an original and independent mind, and the seclusion of Alexander had been so complete during the Mfetime of his father that Rezanov had barely known him by sight. But the tsarovltz, enthusiastic for reform and a passionate admirer of enterprise, knew of Rezanov, and no sooner did he mount his gory throne than he conllrmed the chamberlain in his tremendous enterprise, and two years later made him a privy counsellor, invested him with the order of St. Ann and chose him for the critical embassy to the verdant realm with the blind and sateless walls. Rezanov had conquered so far In life even less by address than by the demonstration r.f abilities very singular in a man of his birth and education. When he met Shelikov, the Siberian fur merchant and trader, during the latter's visit to St. Petersburg in 17?8, he was a young man with little interest In life outside of Its pleasures and a patrimony that enabled him to command them to no great extent and barely to maintain the dignity of his rank. Shelikov's plan to obtain a monopoly of the fur trade in the islands and territories added by his company to Russia, possibly throughout the entire pos &CSMUU, c 12 o yi cvciuwig me ucsu ui:iiu;i of sables, seals, otters and foxes by small traders and foreigners, interested him at once; or possibly he was merely fascinated at first by the shrewd and dauntless representative of a class with which he had never before come in contact. The accidental acquaintance ripened into intimacy, Rezanov became a partner in the Shelikov-Ciolikov Company and marrie-l the daughter of his new friend. After the death of his father-in-law, in 1795, liis ambitions and business abilities, now fully awake, prompted him to obtain for l himself an<3 his partners rights analogous to those granted by England to the East India Company. SheliKov had won littla more than half the power and privileges he had solicited of Catherine, although he had amalgamated the two leading companion, drawn in several others, and built ships and factories, the latter protected by forts. And if'the regnant merchants made large fortunes, the enter jji ist: in fct iiuiiii suutren 110111 me rival- j ries betwter the various companies, and above ail from lack of Imperial support. Renazov his plans made, brought to bear all the considerable influence he was able to crmmand, called upon all his resources of brain and address, and brought Catherine to the point of consenting to sign the charter he needed. Before it was ready for the imperial signature she died. Hezanov was forced to begin again with her ill-bf.lanced and intractable son. Natalie Shelikov, his famous mother-in-law, the old shareholders of the company, and the many new ones that had subscribed to Rezanov's ambitious project, gave themselvee up to despair. For a time the outlook was dark. The personal enemies of Rezanov and the bitter and persistent opponents: of the companies threw themselves eagerly into the scale with tales of the brutality of the merchants and the threatened extirpation of the fur-bearing animals. Paul announced his intention to abolish all the companies and close the colonies to traders big and little. Hut the enemy had a very subtle antagonist in Rezanov. Apparently dismissing the subject, he applied himself to gaining a personal ascendency over the erratic but impressionable tsar. No one in the opposing camp could compare with him in that fine balance of charm and Kxnin urt.l^t. ...... .. U(n ?. ~ 1 J 1*4. 1 _ UI cl 111 WIIRII W ?l? ills pccuilill gill, or 111 the adroit manipulation of a mind propelled mainly by vanity. He studied Paul's moods and character, discovered that after some senseless art of oppression he suffered from a corresponding remorse. and was peculiarly susceptible to any plan that would increase his power and add luster to his name. The commercial and historic advantages of prosperous northeastern possessions were artfully instilled. At the opportune moment Rezanov laid before him a scheme, mature in every detail, for a great company that would add to the wealth of Russia and convince Europe of the sound commercial sense and unmortal wisdom of its sovereign Without more ado he obtained his charter. This mrmentous instrument granted to the "Russian-American Company under our Highest Protection" "full privileges, for a period of twenty years, on the coast ,, of northwestern America, beginning from latitude t>o degrees north, and Including the chain of islands extending from Kamchatka northward, and southward to Ja pan; ine exclusive ngnt to sn enterprises, whether hunting, trading or building, and to new discoveries; with strict prohibition from profiting from any of these pursuits, not only to all parties who might engage in them on their own responsibility, but also to those who formerly had Ships and establishments there, except those who have united with the new company." All private traders who refuse to Join the company were to be allowed to sell their property and depart in peace. Thus was formed the first Trust Company of America; and the Un ted States never has had so formidable a menace to her territorial greatness as in this Russian nobleman who paced that night the wretched deck of the little ship he had bought from one of her skippers. Per- i turbed in mind at his recent failures and Immo/Hota nrcicnn/>^o Via ti- o c Iiiiiiivuiuiu piu^fivvto, iiv <? CIO ilVJ 1COS UV" termined to take California from the Spaniards either by absorption or force. i On his way from New Archangel to San Francisco he had met with h s second failure since leaving St. Petersburg. It i was his Intention to move the Sitkan colony down to the mouth of the Columbia river, not only pressed by the need of a i more beneficent soil, but as a first insidl- 1 dus advance upon San Francisco bay. Upon ] this trip it would be enough to make a ( survey of the ground and bury a copper plate inscribed: "Possession of the Rus- i sian Empire." Tiie Juno had encountered j terrific storms. After three desperate attempts to reach the mouth of the river, Rezanov had been forced to relinquish the enterprise for the moment and hasten with his diseased and almost useless crew to the nearest port. It was true that the ittempt could be made again later, but 1 Rezanov, sanguine of temperament, was correspondingly depressed by failure and disposed to regard It as an Ill-omen. An ambassador inspired by heaven could have accompl.shed no more with the Japanese at that mediaeval stage of their development than he had done, and the most Indomitable of men cannot yet control the winds of heaven; but sovereigns are rarely governed by logic, and frequently by the favorite at hand. The privilege of writing personally to the tsar. In h's case, meant more and less than appeared on the surface. It was a measure to keep the reports of the company out of the hands of the Admiralty College, Its bitterest enemy, and always Jealous of the civil service. Nevertheless. Rezanov knew that he had no Immediate reason to apprehend the loss of Alexander's friendship and esteem; and If he placed the company, in which all the Imperial family had bought shares, on a sounder basis than ever before, and doubled Its earnings by insuring the health of Its employes, he would meet, when In St. Petersburg again, with practically no opposition to his h ghest ambitions. These ambitions he deliberately kept In a fluid state for the present. Whether he should aspire to great authority In the government or choose to rule with the absolute powers of the tsar himself, these already vast pos sessions on the Pacific?and to whose expansion there need be no limit within the boundaries of his own .will?would be decided by events. All his inherited and cultivated Instincts yearned for the brilliant and complex civilizations of Europe, but tlie new world had taken a firm hold upon his liumaner and appealed more Insidiously to his despotic. Moreover, Europe, torn up by that human earthquake, Napoleon Bonaparte, would lose the greater half of Its sweetness and savor. All that, however, could be determined upon his return to St. Petersburg in the autumn. But meanwhile he must succeed with these Callfornians, or they might prove, toy soldiers as they were, more perilous to his fortunes than enemies at court. He could aot afford auother fallurt; and mws of this attempt and an exposition of all that depended upon It was already on the i road to the capital of Russia. He had known, of course, of the law that forbade the Spanish colonies to trade with foreign ships, but he had relied partly 1 upon the us? he could make of the orders given by the Spanish king at the request of the tsar regarding the expedition under < Krusens-tern, partly upon hl? own wit and I address. But although the royal order had i Insured him immediate hospitality and saved him many wearisome formalities, he had already discovered that the Spanish on the far rim of their empire had lost nothing of their connate suspicion. Rather, their Isolation made them the more wary. Although they little appreciated the rich ness ana variousness or uanrornia s son, and not at all this wonderful bay that could accommodate the combined navies of the world, pocketing several, the pious zeal of the c>ergy In behalf of the Indians, and the general policy of Spain to hold all of the western hemisphere that disintegrating forces would permit, made her as tenacious of this vast territory she had so sparsely populated as had she been aware that Its foundations were of gold, conceived that Its climate and soil were a more enduring source of wealth than ever she wouM command again.. If Rezanov was without a prophetic sense of the former?although he had taken note of Arguello's casual reference to a vein of silver and lead In the Monterey hills?no man ever more thoroughly appreciated the visible resources of California than he. Baranhov, chief man "THE < ager of the company, had talked with American and British skippers for twenty years, and every Item he had accumulated Rezanov had extracted. Today he had drawn further Information from Concha and her brothers; and their artless descriptions as well as this Incomparable bay had filled him with enthusiasm. What a gift to Russia! What an achievement to his immortal credit! The fog had,rolled In from ' the Pacific in great white waves and stealthily enfolded him, obliterated the sea and the land. But he did not see It. Ap- 1 prehension left him. Once more he fell to dreaming. In the course of a few years the company would attract a large population to the mouth of the Columbia river, be strong enough to make use of any favorable turn in European politics and sweep down upon California. The geographical ' position of Mexico, the arid and desolate, ' herbless and waterless wastes Intervening, would prohibit her sending any considerable assistance overland, and, all powerful ' at court by that time, he would take care J that the Kussian navy lnspireu fHium nm. a distaste for refriote Pacific waters. He had 'ong since recovered from the disappoint- j ment Induced by the orders compelling him to remain In the colonics. The great com- | pany he had heretofore regarded merely as ' a source of Income and a means of advanc- , lng his ambitions he now loved as his child. Even during the marches over frozen swamps and mountains, during the terrible , winter In Sitka, when he had become familiar with Illness and even with hunger, his , ardor had grown, as well' as hi9 determination to force Russia Into the front rank of i commercial Europe. The United States he , barely considered. He respected the new < country for the Independent spirit and mill- j tary genius that had routed so powerful a , nation ag Great Hritain, but he thought of \ her only as a new and tentative civilization ( on the far shores of the Atlantic. After j some experience or travel m oiucua, j knowing the immensity and primeval condl- c lions of northwestern America, he did not c think It probable that the Mule cluster of g states, barely able to walk alone, would in- e clulge in dreams of expansion for many g years to come. He had heard of the pro- c jected expedition of Lewis and Clarke to the mouth of the Columbia, but?perhaps he r was too Russian? he did not take any ad- e venture seriously that had not a mighty nation at Its back. And as it was almost a the haft of a century from that night be- i fore the American flag flew over the cus- a torn house of Monterey, there Is reason to a believe that Russian aggression under the 1 leadership of so energetic and resourceful a. spirit as Nlcolal Petrovlch de Rezanov t was in a fair way to make history first in 1 the New Albion of Drake and the Califor- a ?'? Cna nia fr? C Uia KJL blio liiv-viui'vivnv ufwtxv.. V. The Russians were to call at the house of the commandante on their way to the mlsBlon, and Concha herself made the chocolate with which they were to be detained for an hour. It was another soarkling morning, one of the few that came between winter and summer, summer and winter, and made even t'his bleak peninsula a land of enchantment before the trade winds took the sand hills up by their foundations and dirove them down to Yerba Buena, submerging the battery an?d every green thing by the way; or the great foga rolled down t*iA tiiilA 1nn<ta r>f th? ll/ir.li nnrt in from the sea, making- the shivering 8an g Franciscan forget that not ten mfies away the sun was as prodigal as youth. For a J few weeks San FYamelsco had liw spring- t time, when the days were warm and the r air of a wonderful lightness andi bright- 1 ness, the atmosphere so clear that the (lowers might be seen on the Inlands, when man J walked with wings on his feet and1 a pong In his heart: when the past was done with. 8 the future mattered not, the present with t its ever-changing hues on bay and hill, Its , cool electrical breezes stirring imagination J and pulse, was all In all. And' It was In San Francisco's springtime t that Concha ArgueWo made chocolate for J the Russian to whom she was to give a ' ndche In the history of her land; and sang ? at her task. She whirled the mollnillo In each cup as It was filled, whipping the fragrant liquid to froth, pausing orily to . scold when her servant stained one of the . dainty saucers or cups. Foor Rosa did not 0 sing, although the spring- attuned her r broken spirit to a gentler melancholy than y when the winds howled and fhe fog was ' cold in her marrow. She had been senteneed by the last governor, the wise a BoHca, to eight years of domestic servi- j tude In the house of Don Jose ArgueHo for j, atoettlng her lover in the murder of his t wife. Concha, thoughtless in many things, g did what she could to exercise the terror y and despair that started from the eyes of / the Indian, and puzzled her deeply. Rosa t adored her young mistress and exulted even j when Concha's voice rose in wrath; for was r not ali? noticed by the loveliest senorita in t all the California*, while others, envious, ind spiteful to a poor girl no worse than themselves, were Ignored? Concha's cheeks were as pink as the Ca?tilian roses that grew even before the kitchen door and were quivering at the moment under the impassioned carolling of a choir of lark*. Hev black eyes were full of dancing lights, like the Imprisoned sunlecks under the rose bush, and never had Indcrtent Spanish hands moved so quickly. "Mlra! Mlra!" she cried to the luckless Rosa. "That is the third time thou hast spilt the chocolate. Thy hands are of wood when they 6hould be of air. -r- soft bit of linen to clean them, not that coarse rag. Dios de mi alma! I shall send for Ma,!ia." "For the love of Mary, senorita, have pity!" walled Rosa. "There?see?thanks to the Virgin I have poured three cups without spilling a drop. And this rag Is of soft linen. Look, Dona Conc.ia, Is it nottrue?" "liU'eno; lane care iiuru ica.vjr?i. u-ul uuo drop 011 a saucer and I will forgive thee? do not kiss my hand now. foolish one! Howcan I whirl the molfniHo? Be always good and I will burn a candle for thee every time I go to the mission. The Russians go to the mission this mi/rnin*. Hast tliou seen the Russians. Rosa?" "I have seen them, senorlta. Dfd I not serve at table yesterday?" '"True; I had forgotten. What didst thou think of them?" "What matters It to such great folk what a poor Indian girl thinks of them? They are very fair, which may be the fashion In 3L0TH OF GOLD WAS MAGNIFICE* their country, but I am not accustomed to It; and I like not beards." "His excellency wore no beard?lie who sat on my mother's right and opposite to me." "He Is very grand, senorita; more grand than the governor, who after all has icd hair and is old. lie is even grander thjn Don Jose, whom may the saints preserve; or than the padres at the mission. Perhaps he Is a king, like our king and natural lord in Spain. (Ei rey nuestro y s?.ior latural.) Is he a king, senorita?" "No, but he should be. Rosa, thou miyst have my red cloak that came from Mexico ?last year. I have a new one, nnl that [s too small. 1 nau lruenueu 10 h iu Ana Paula, but thou art a good girl and should have a gay mantle for Sunday, like :he other girls. I have also a red ribbon for thy hair-? Rosa spilt half the contents of the chocolate pot on the floor, and Concha gave her i sound box on the ear. However, .'he lid not dismiss her, a senteace f >r which he trembling girl prepared horsalf "Make more?quickly!" erf 1 the lady of :aprice. "They come. I hear th^m. B it :his is enough for the first. M ike the rest md beat with the molinillo as I have done, ind Malia will bring all to the corridor." She ran to her room and her mirror. Both tvero small, the former lit'le m no luxurious than the cell of a nun. But the osos hung over the window, the birds had Duilt In the eaves, and over the wall the sun shone In. In one Conor was an altar ind a crucifix. If the walls war.i rough, md white, they were as inoclesj as the rands that shook out and then t%iist"d high he fine dusky masses >[ hair.' When a 'i-vivi imri Kaon flrawn flown nj*r rithtT oar. v_'m iiti-u wvbiA ? ?w .... . , n the modest fasiiicn of t'ia California naid a"hd wife, and the tall sholl comb had 'astened the rest. Concha Instead of flnishng the headdress with her long- Spanish jins, divested the stems of two half-blown oses of their thorns and thrust them >bliquely through the knot. Her dress was if simple white linen, made with a very full kirt and little round jacket, but embroidred by her own deft lingers with the color ihe loved best. She patted her frock, rolled lown her sleeves, and went ou4 to the 'corridor" to stand demurely behind her nother as the Russians, escorted by Fathir Ramon Abella, rode into the square. Rezanov had intended merely to pay i call of ceremony upon the hospitable ^rguellos, but after he had dismounted' ind kissed the hands of the smiling senora ind her beautiful daughter he was nothing oath to linger over a cup of chocolate. It was served out there in the shade of he vines. Rezanov and Concha sat on the ailinc nntl th?a mA n starpfi nwr his pun it the girl with the roses touching her ; rheek and ruffling her hair. "Do you like chocolate senor?" asked Concha, who was not In the Intellectual ' nood of yesterday. "I made It myself? 1 and my poor Rosa." 1 "It is the most delectable foam I have iver tasted. I am interested to know that t has the solid foundation of a name. ,V>hat Is the matter with your Rosa?" < "She Is an unfortunate. Her lover killed lis wife, and it is said that she Is not in- ) locent herself. The lover serves In chains 1 or eight yearj, and she Is with us that we 1 nay make her repent and keep her from l urtlier sin. She is very unhappy and will i narry the man when his punishment is < iver. I am verry sorry for her." ' "F'ftncy you living close to a woman like hat! I find It detestable." J "Why?If I can do her good?and make i ler happy, sometimes?" "Does she ever talk about her life?before l ne came nere: "Oh. no; she Is far too sad. Once only, vhen I told her I would pray for her In the 1 nlaslon, she asked me to burn a candle lint her lover might serve his sentence i nore quickly and come out and marry her. tVUl you light one for her today, senor?" "With the greatest pleasure; If you really vant your maid to marry a man who no loubt will murder her for the sake of ome other woman." "Oh, surely not. He loves her. I know hat many men love more than once, but vhen they are punished like that they must emember." "Is it true that you are only sixteen? Is hat an impertinent question? I cannot -1- U n,.n cn #An? o?/1 i IKl p U. i IIUOC J cell o ate au it **, auu ou nuch wisdom has gone into that little < lead." 1 "Sixteen Is quite old." Concha drew her- i elf up with an air of offended dignity. 1 'Elena Castro, who lives on the other side, < s but eighteen, and she has three little i ines. The Virgin brought them in the i light and left them in the big rosebush 1 ou see before the door?one at a time, of i ourse. Only the old nurse knew: the ] Virgin whispered it while she was saying . prayer for Elena; and early in the morn- | ng she came and found the dear Jittle iaby and put it in Elena's arms. I am i he godmother of the first?Conchitita. In I ianta Barbara, where we lived for some 1 ears, Anita Amanda Carillo, the friend of i Lna Paula, is married, altnough she is but ) welve and sits on the floor all day and < (lays with her dolls. She prays every 1 light to the Virgin to bring her a real 1 iaby, but she is not old enough to take j care of It and must wait. Twelve Is too young to marry." Concha shook her head. Her eyes were wise, and Reranov noted anew that her mouth alone was as young as her years. "My father would not permit such a thing. I am glad he Is not anxious we should marry soon. I should love to have the babies, though; they are so sweet to P'ay with and make little dresses for. But my mother says the Virgin does not bring the little ones to good gltls? poor Rosa had one, but It died?until their parents find them a husband first. I have never warned a nuHua.nu V^UU" cha darted a swift glance over hor shoulder, but Santiago was In the clutches of the learned doctor and wishing that he knew I^atln; "so I go every day and play with Elena's babies, which Is well enough '' Rezanov listened to this Innocent revelation with the utmost gravity, but for the first time In many years he was conscious of a novel fascination In a sex to which he had paid no niggard's tribute. In his world the married woman reigned: It was doubtful If he had ever had ten minutes' conversation with a young girl before, never with one Whose face and form were as arresting as her crystal purity. He was fascinated, but more than ever on his guard. As he rode over the Band hills to the mission she clung fast to his thoughts and he speculated upon the woman hidden away In the depths of that lovely shell like the deep color within the tight Castilian buds that opened so slowly. He recalled the personalities of the young officers that surrounded her. They were charming fel rT." lows. Bay, kindly, honest: but he felt sure that not one of them was fit to hold the cup of life to the exquisite young lips of Concha Arguello. The very thought disposed him to twist their necks. VI. The Mission San Francisco de Asslsl stood at the head of a great valley about a league from the Presidio and facing the eastern hills. Behind it, yet not too close, for the priests were ever on their guard against Indians more lustful of loot than salvation, was a long irregular chain of u;n? *?*_ . . . inns in caning inlu twin peaKS on lis nignest ridge, with a lone mountain outstanding. It was an imposing but forbidding mass, as steep and bare as the walls of a fortress; but in the distance, north and south, as the range curved in a tapering arc that gave the valley the appearance of a colossal stadium, the outlines were soft In a haze of pale color. The sheltered valley between the western heights and the sand hills far down by the bay where it turned to the south, was green with wheat fields; and a small herd of cattle grazed on the lower slopes. The beauty of this superbly proportioned valley was further enhanced by groves of oaks and bay trees, and by a lagoon, communicating with an arm of the bay, which the priests had named for their lady of sorrows?Nuestro Senora de los Dolores. The little sheet or water was almost round, very green ana set In a thicket of willows that were green, too, in tne springtime, ana golden in summer. Near its banks, or closer to the protecting mission?on whose land grant they were built?were the comfortable adobe homes of a few Spanish pioneers that preferred the bracing north to the monotonous warmth of the south. Some of these houses were long and rambling, others built about a court; all were surrounded by a high wall, after a brief interval of garden where the Castilian roses grew even more luxuriantly than at the Presidio. The walls,, like the houses, were white, and on those of Don Juan Moraga, a cousin of Dona IgnaciaArguello, the roses had been trained to form a border along the top in a fashion that reminded Rezanov of the pink-edged walls of Fiesole. The white, red-tiled church and the long lino of rooms adjoining were built of adobe with no effect at grandeur, but with a certain noble simplicity of outline that harmonized not only with the lofty reserve of the hills, but with the innocent hope of creating a soul in the lowest of human bipeds. The Indians of San Francisco were as immedicable as they were hideous; but the fathers belabored them with sticks and heaven with prayer, and had so far sue- j ceeded that If as yet they had sown piety no higher than the knees they had trained some twelve hundred pairs of hands to useful service. On the right was a graveyard, with little in It as yet but rose trees; behind the church and the many spacious rooms built for the consolation of virtue In the wilderness way a large building surrounding a court. Girls and young widows occupied the cells on the north side and the workrooms on the east, while the youths, under the sharp eye of a lay brother, were opposite. All lived a life of unwilling Industry: cleaning and combing wool, spinning, weaving, manufacturing chocolate, grinding corn between stones, making shoes, fashioning the simple garments worn by priest and Indian. Between the main group of buildings and the natural rampart of the "San Bruno Mountains" was the Rancherla, where the families lived in eight long rows of Isolated huts. In spite of vigilance an Indian escaped now and again to the mountains, where he could lie naked in the sun and curse the fetich of civilization. As tho Russians approached, a friar, with deer-skin armor over his cassock, was tugging at a recalcitrant mule, while a bodyguard of four Indians stood ready to attend him down the coast In search of an enviable brother. The mule, as If in sympathy with the fugitive, had planted hia four feet in the earth and lifted his voice in derision, while the young friar, a recruit at the mission, and far from enamored of hie task, strained it the rope, and an Indian pelted the hindquarters with stones. Suddenly, the mule flung cut his heels, the enemy in the rear sprawled, the rope flew loose, the beast tvith a loud bray fled toward the willows 3f Dolores. Bui the young priest was both igile and angry. With a flying leap he reached the heaving back. The mule acknowledged himself conquered. The bodyguard trotted on their own feet, and the party disappeared round a bend of the hiWs. Rezanov laughed heartily and even the glum visage of Father Abella relaxed. "It is a common sight, excellency," he sa^d. "We are thankful to have a younger friar for such fatiguing work. Many a time have I belabored stubborn mules and bestrode bucking mustangs while searching for one of these ungrateful but no doubt :hosen creatures. It is the will of God, and jve make no complaint; but we are very willing, Father Landaeta and I, that youth should cool its ardor in bo certain a fashion while we attend to the more reasonable du? ties at home." They dismounted at the door of th? church. The horses were led oft by waiting Indians. The soldier on guard saluted and stepped aside, and the party entered. Two priests in handaome vestments stood before the altar, but the long dim nave wal empty. The Russians had been told that a mass would be said In their honor, and they marched down the church and bent their knees with as much ceremony as had they been of the faith of their hosts. When me B.'iun mass wits over m'zanov pethought himself of Concha's request, and whispering Its purport to Father Abella was led to a double Iron hoop stuck with tallow dips In various stages of petition. Rezanov Ht a caudle and fastened It In an empty socket. Then with a whimsical twist of his mouth he lit and adjusted another. "No doubt she has some fervent wish, like all children" he thought apologetically. "And whether this will help her to realize It or not. at least It will be Interesting to watch her eyes?and mouthwhen I tell her. Will she melt, or flash, or receive my offering at her shrine as a matter of course? I'll surprise her tonight In the middle of a dance." He deposited a gold piece among the candles on the table and followed Father Abella through a side door. A corridor ran behind the long line of rooms designed not only for priests, but for the travelers olnrnve cur.i /-?<" o u -'?? ? hu.v vi ii nru xiiic ut iiuppiia- 1 We missions. Father Abel la shuttled ahead, halted on the threshold of a large room, ceremoniously invited his guests to enter. Two other ptlests stood before a table set with wine and delicate confections, their hands concealed in their wide brown sleeves, but their unmatched physiognomies ?the one lean and Jovial, the other plump and resigned?alight with the same smile of welcome. Father Abella mentioned them as his coadjutor Father Martin l.andaeta, and their guest Father Jose I'ria of Pail Jose: and then the three, with the scant rites of genuine hospitality, applied themselves to the tickling of palates long unused to ambrosial living. Responding ingenuously to the glow of their home-made wines they begged Rezanov to accept the mission, burn it, plunder it, above all, to plan Iris own day. "I hope that I am to see every detail of your Kroat work." replied the diplomat!o guest of honor. "But at your own li'isuro. Meanwhile. I beg th.it you will <rder ono of your Indians to bring in the Uitle presents I venture to offi-r as a rokt n of mv ltipped. You may have heard that tlx- presents of his Imperial majesty were refused by the Mikado of Japan. I reserv .1 many of them for possible uso In out own p?.sI?tons, particularly a plcce i>f loth of gold. This T tiaci tntfmlfd for our chnrch at New Archangel, but finding ;iie priests there more in need of punishn.- ;n ;..?n reward. I concluded to bring It here ami offer it as a manifest of my admiration for whit the great Francifvan Order of the Most Holy Church of Kon^e has accomplished 111 the Califomias. Have I been too pr -u.np? tuous?" The priests all wore the eager expression* of children. "Could we not see them firs.T" a.-ked Father I.andaeta of his superior; and Father Abella sent a servant with an order to unload the horse and bring In the presents. Not a vestige of reserve lingered. 1'rlei.tR and guests sat about the table, eating and drinking and chatt ng as were they old friends united, and Rezanov extracted much of the information he desired. The white population?"gente de razon"?of Alta California. the pocuii ir province of Lhe Franciscans* -the Jesuits having bi?n the 'Irst to invade Baja California, and with little success?numbered about two thi'.is ml. the Christianized Indians about twenty thousand. There were nineteen missions and four presldial districts?S.m Di.'go, " close to the border of liaja California, Smta Barbara. Monterey and San FrancUoo. Each mission had an immense grant of land, or ranch-o?generally fifteen miles square?for the raising of livo stork, agricultural necessities and the grape. At the Presidio of San Francisco there were soma seventy men. Including invalids; and tho number varied little at the other mil tar/ centers, Rezanov inferred, although thero was a natural efTort to impress the foreigner with the casual inferiority of tho armed force within his ken. Cattle and horses Increased so rnpldiy that every few years there was a wholesale slaughter, although the agricultural yield was enormous. What the missions were unable to manufacture was sent them from Mexico, and disposed of the small salaries of the priests; the "pious fund of California" In tiie city oi MfKico ueing systematically embezzled. The first nresidio ar.d mission were founded at San Diego In July of the Hot at San Francisco in September and October of 177G. Rezanov's polite interest tn the virgin country was cut short by the entrance of two Indians carrying heavy bundles, which they opened upon the floor without further delay. The cloth of gold was magnificent, and the padres handled it as rapturously a* had their souls and Angers been of t'w sex symbolized while exalted by the essence of maternity in whose service it would be anointed. Rezanov looked on with an amused sigh, yet conscious of being more nn m t~i *-? li o n H i n tr anri c v m n? t h??t !r? f hi n he journeyed straight from Europe to California. It wag not the first time ne had felt a passing gratitude for his uncomfortable but illuminating sojourn so ciose to the springs of nature. The priests were as well pleased with th? pieces of tine English cloth; and as t own homespun robes rasped like hairslirts, they silently but uniformly congratulated themselves that the color was brov. i Father Abel'a turned to Rezanov, Ills saturnine features relaxed. "We are deeply grateful to your excellency, and our prayers shall follow you always. Never have we received presents so timely and so magnificent. And be sure we shall not forget the brave officers that have brought you safely to our distant shores, nor the distinguished scholar who guards your excellency's health.'' He turned to Langsdorft and repeated himself in Latin. The naturalist, whose sharp nose was always lifted as if in protest against oversight and ready to pounce upon And penetrate the least of mysteries, bowed X-I- 1 A Kio. ,, ?, ,1 , nula Willi Ills 11HI1U Ull lilo urai i, ana uauciaivu for the benefit of the officers. "Humph!" said Davidov In Russian. "Much the chamberlain will care for the prayers of the Catholic Church if he haa to go home with his cargo. But he has a fine opportunity here for the display of his diplomatic talents. I fancy they will avail him more than they did at Nagasaki? where I am told he swore more than once when he should have kowtowed and grinned." "I shouldn't like to see him grin," replied Khnstov, as they finally started for the outbuildings. "If he could go as far as that he would be the most terrible man living. Were It not for the fire In him that mens me nun just su uucu uc wuuiu uo crafty and cruel instead of subtle and Arm. He is a fortunate man! There were many fairies at his cradle! I have always envied him, and now he is going to win that beautiful Dona Concha. She will look at none of us." "We will doubtless meet others as beautiful at the ball tonight," said Davldov philosophically. "You are not in love with a girl who has barely spoken to you, I suppose." "She had almost given me a rose this morning, when Rezanov, who was flatter- ? lng the good Dona Ignacia with a moment of his attention, turned too soon. I might have been air. She looked straight through me. Such eyes! Such teeth! Such a forml She Is the most enchanting gli. I have ever seen. And he will monopolize her without troubling to notice whether we even ad mire tier or not. r-mj iica.vcn ne uues noi break her heart." "He Is honorable. One must admit that, If he does fancy his own will was a pergonal gift from the Almighty. Perhaps she will break his. I never saw a more accomplished flirt." "I know women," replied the shrewder Khostov. "When men like Rcsanov make an effort to please " He shrugged hi* shoulders. "Some men are the offspring of Mars and Venus and most of us are not. We can at Teast be philosophers. Let u? hope the dinner will be excellent." (To be continued next Saturday.) Atrial Navigation. FVnm thp Npw York Sun. Once the delight of the country fair, the balloon ascension has now become the sport of restless amateurs. Ascensions from the city have been frequent this summer and the dwellers of crowded streets have Crooked their necks to gaze up at the idly hovering bag of gas. There have been very few accidents and still fewer fatalities. While the seekers after new sensations have learned to float among the clouds, less attention has been paid to the engineers who are still striving to solve the problem of aerial flight through machines # heavier than uir. Under laboratory conditions It works out so nearly to success?on the paper of the mathematical Investigator It can he so completely proved?that interest never flags among those who pursue , this line of Inquiry. .