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RICH MEJMMDISE Diplomatic Service an Open Sesame to Royalty. RESHUFFLING PERSONNEL How the Dancers Pay the Palace Fiddlers. SACRIFICES FOR UNCLE SAM Congress Stirred Up to Buy Homes for Ambassadors?A Few the Gift of Rulers. <C?i|>Trigbt. l!"OT, Ity Jnhn Klfreth Watkins.) Our diplomatic servicr Is murh in the lime light, owing to the Storer and White Incident. and th?> President's re-shuffling of its jH-rsonnt* i. This service Is the millionaires' paradise and any one who enlists in the European end of it does so with the understanding that lie will expend, for the glory of our republic, several times?often many times? tils ambassadorial salary of $17,r<0?> or his ministerial salary of ?1U.<KK.?. In return for this fltian ial sacrifice to him I'ncle Sam vests these millionaires with title and rank which will enable them to rub elbows with royalty and sit cheek by jowl with the nobility of the old world. The President has ever before him a <tock of applications from multimillionaires nHriKfring rnr commissions i In this picturesque body, but before thrust- I inc their knees beneath the mahogany of his I fellow rulers he must take careful inventory of their stork of wealth, culture and tact and recent events have demonstrated that he must quite as scrupulously examine into the resources of their spouses. Thus there ar? other qualifi'\?tions than wealth and social success Mr. James llazen Hyde In return for a < umpaiem contribution of WKJ personally asked th? President to commission him aiiib;i>-ador to Paris, but as | )se was but twenty-seven at the time, he I failed of appointment. ! Prerogatives of Ambassadors. Our ambassadors sent to monarchies en- j joy royal prerogatives nt the capitals to which accredited, even though at home they may he nobodies. An American ambassador forms part of the court and entourage of the ruler with whom he is commissioned to do business, He is spoken of as "residing at court.' and is invariably addressed as "your excellency"- a title which our President does -not receive. Wherever he goes he is considered as President Roosevelt's proxy. His person Is sacred and ex?mpt against arrest, or even from being required In court as a witness. He cannot be Hued for debt nor arrested, even for engaging in a treasonable plot against the ruler at whose court he resides, lie and his wife rank next to tlie crown prince and crown princess at all court ceremonies, and all nobles, as well as many royal personages, must stand aside when they enter. The arrival of our ambassadors at the courts to which dispatched is accompanied by great pomp an/i ceremony. After Ambassador Held reached I,ondon the king a master of ceremonies called and took him, with the embassy staff, to the palace in three royal carriages, with coachmen and footmen in long scarlet cloaks, j Tli?- king, in a held marshal's uniform, received him. and upstairs In the palace the two joined the queen, who was already entertaining Mrs. Held. When Ambassador W hite k>" - to Paris a squadron of cuiras sters. in steel breastplates and helmets, will sftnllarly tscort him and his s?uite to the Klysee Pala< in state coaches emblazoned with the arms of the republic, drawn by horses in gilded harness and driven by coachmen and outriders in full state livery Chum With Royalty. At some courts our diplomats chum with royalty t|uit?- as freely as if they were great lords. While Ambassador Meyer, shortly tu enter the cabinet, was at Home he and his wife were very intimate with the king and queen. While Mr. Meyer would be boar hunting with King Victor, Wueen Helena would have Mrs. Meyer with her at the palace The Meyer children romped with t lie little Princess Mafalda in the royal nurst i v. ano me queen, happening to hear that out ambassador's little son was an amateur philatelist, sent him two handsome albums, one containing a complete collection of Montenegrin stamps. Ambassador and Mrs. Ci.oate used to visit KinK Edw ud and Queen Alexandra at Windsor castle, or go for a spin in the j royal motor car. sometimes eating: luncheon with their royal hosts in the woods about i London At the court hall at Brussels in i 11*02. our minister, Mr Townsend. while | seated upon the rai-sed dais reserved for the court was approached by the court eham- I berlain, who bowed very low and remarked: "Her royal highness will open the ball with yonr excellency." Our minister dancing with the future Queen of the Belgians is not worthy of remark, but the custom of : Brussels nre<<'ribe.s that r<?v;il shall open court balls with tlie master of ceremonies. Others are seldom honored. While Commander William U. Beehler was lately naval attache at our Berlin embassy he became on suoli intimate terms Willi the kaiser that the latter familiarly called him ' Bill," and was seen to affectionately put Ills august arm about the broad shoulders of the naval officer, who during his stay in Berlin was said to have breakfasted. lunched and dined with this sovereign twenty-seven times. Spencer Rddy, our secretary of embassy at Paris.is another losser light of our diplomatic service who is on verj intimate terms with royally, lie -_:^- Jr-^Tr^rrsrJ-Tin!K?^fw ~p visited the Grand Duke Michael and Countess Tarby just after being appointed secretary to St. Petersburg three years ago, and on arriving at Paris this fall he leased the magniticent nine-room apartment formerly occupied by Prince Hohenlohe. For this he pays a year, exactly double hie cm in rv tie also keeDs in Paris four au tomobiles. Mrs. White, Pet of Royalty. Indeed, our secretaries of embassy at the European capitals are required to expend at least $25,000 a year above the little stipend of $3,000 which Uncle Sam allows them. It is said that the late Representative Hitt, when secretary of legation at Paris, spent $30,000 a year for entertainment. while Ambassador Henry White, just transferred from Rome to Paris, is known to have parted with quite as much during the many years that he was secretary at our London post. Mrs. White, formerly Miss Margaret Stuyvesant Rutherford of New York, has been more peited by royalty than any other American woman in Europe She was a great favorite of Queen Victoria, and by the present King and Queen of England Is treated iike a member ot me royal family. As a result of this royal petting Mrs. "White has become quite ultra-exclusive, and this attitude is rumored to be the | cause of her husband's recent withdrawal from Rome, at the suggestion of the Itilian government. After their arrival in Horn? the Whites were waited upon by court officials, who, in accordance with the prescribed etiquette, asked them arrange for a reception, when the members of the court, the aristocracy and the diplomatic corps might be introduced to them at the American embassy. It is customary on these occasions for the court officials to Issue all Invitations, the diplomatic host an! hostess having no say in the matter. But It is stated that the Whites insisted upon having tiie list of their guests submitted to them before Issue. . This was amizing * - *'? ?..hnf when i enougn 10 me iuui l vi>ivu.?, Mrs. White erased the names of several of the ladies of the court and of the aristocracy?considered exclusive enough for the queen herself?on the ground that she did not care to have them meet her daughters, the court officials nearly fell in a faint. One of the excluded ladies is alleged to have been the Countess Grazzioli, a universal favorite in Rome, and her treatment, esj pec-tally, is said to have made Mr. White persona non grata to King Victor, who had ' been on such intimate terms with former Ambassador Meyer. Lloyd C. Grlsco.n, transferred from Brazil to succeed Mr. White ut Rome, will undoubtedly revive the entente cordiale. He has proven to be the rin-hr man in the right place since?shortly after being graduated from Pennsylvaniahe served his apprenticeship as SfCretary to Ambassador Bayard at l>ondon. Since then tie has been a captain of volunteers in the Spanish war, a traveler and writer, our secretary at Constantinople, minister to Persia and to Japan. The Shah of Persia decorated him with the "Order of the LJon and Sun," while the Sultan of Turkey decorated Mrs. Grlscom w'.th "The Grand Cordon of the Order of Chefekat." Mr. Irving Dudley, promoted from Peru to succeed Mr Griscom at Brazil, is an Oaioian, who studied law in Washington and successfully practiced it and polities in San Diego Cal. More Petticoat Diplomacy. This business of having your guests inr,.? nr vnnr bavin* no sav in the matter yourself Is fully expected by every trained diplomat accredited to certain European courts. An ambassador can no more properly refuse to entertain a king's courtiers or their ladies than can our President decline to receive at his levees any of the members of the Washington diplomatic I corps on the ground that they are gossiped | about. When Charlemagne Tower arrived in Berlin as our ambassador the court offl; cials issued the 1.800 invitations for his introductory reception, of which hospitality he. of course, bore the expense. The grand marshal of the court and the emperor's master of ceremonies received and introduced the guests. After Bellamy Storer arrived at Vienna, where he was dispatched four years ago by his then intimate friend, President Roosevelt, the same procedure obtained. All of the arrangements for the Initial reception at our embassy were carried out by the attaches of the chamberlain's office, and the invitations were issued only I to persons eligible to presentation at court. The ambassador did not even have the privI ilege of inviting any members of the Ameri can colony In Vienna. Indeed, the Vienna court etiquette is the most inflexible of all codes extant in Europe, ana Mr. Storer had just prior to this reception received a snub for reminding: the court chamberlain that the latter had not arranged for his presentation to the emperor at the palace at the same time when our retiring ambassador was received to say his farewell. This had been the usual procedure, and Mrs. Storer is said to have urged her husband to dispatch a note reminding the chumberlaln that he had overlooked it. The court chamberlain declined to alter his plans, and the complaint was next carried by the Storers over his head, whereupon Qur ambassador was promptly squelched. Before this, while her husband was minister to Spain. Mrs. Storer?not long a convert from Buddhism to Catholicism?had been rebuked for meddling in Spanish politics, and had been caricatured in the Spanish newspapers as visiting parliament with her i little mnnbfi Rut I* uuifilllft "ill! nine wtmn. ?'U?. * v | was not until later that she became known throughout Europe us the "American ambassadress to the Vatican." Etiquette When Dining Kings. Our ambassadors are often the hosts of monarchs, as well as their guests, and on such occasions, especially, they and their wives have to mind their p s and q's. Whenever Ambassador Reid, at London, dines King Edward he must previously submit for that sovereign's approval the names of all oiher contemplated guests. The king may then revise the list and not only strike i i>ff certain names but suggest other guests, j no matter whether Mr. Reld may know j them or not. Every one else must be as somoit'u in uie uiumg room oeiore me King I and queen enter and their majesties must l>e seated In the center of one side of the board. Finger glasses must be omitted for the nonsensical reason that they hive been forbidden the British rojal tables since the time when the Jacobites, drinking the royal health. use<i to hold their glasses over their tinger bowls, indicating thereby that they drank to the Stuart king "over the water." Moreover, no servant Is ever permitted to hand the king his dishes, this duty devolving upon his hostess, sitting next him, of f course. At almost every capital of Kurope It is customary for the monarch to dine with the American ambassador. While King Charles of Portugal was visiting Paris last winter he accepted an invitation to dine with Ambassador and Mrs. McCormick, who later in the evening entertained him with a dramatic performance upon a stage erected in the embassy ball room. U. S. Ambassadors in Palaces. Such hospitality of course demands that * - n~K?i,oo/1rtro actohllch thAtncpIvPQ In uui onroossinnn o ^Lauiiou iuliuuli i uu m ? veritable palaces. In St. Petersburg Am- J i fi f\B^ y^. -..^ _ .rs:.-:'.i' bassador Meyer occupied the Klelnmichel Palace, while his predecessor, Mr. McCormick, lived in the Von Berve Palace. For his lordly I>ondon mansion, rented from thr king's equerry, Mr. Reld pays $24,000 a year, or $6,500 more than his salary. Gen. Porter, who recently retired from our Parts embassy, occupied a veritable palace which, by a special electric Installation, the brilliantly illuminated within and without when he gave entertainments. During some of his notable functions the famous band of the Republican Guard played in the great hallway of his palace and when his daughter was married he engaged Bessie Abbott and other celebrities of the Paris opera to sing in the choir. The French government on this occasion presented the bride with a magnificent sfet Or Sevres ware made at the government potteries. Since Mr. McCormlck of Chicago has been ambassador to the same capital he has made an equally brilliant showing in his palace, located almost on the banks ut the Seine. Tower Spends $200,000 a Year. But the ambassador who has spent his money most lavishly for the glory of America Is Charlemagne Tower, now representing us at Berlin. His fortune, made by his father In Pennsylvania anthracite, Is said to be $10,000,1100, and it is alleged ttiat he gives Mrs. Tower an allowance of $21*1,000 a year Just "to keep America's end up." While representing us in Vienna he occupied the palace of a grand duke, and at one of his dinners there lie laid plates for 200 guests. In St. Petersburg, where he was ambassador for a time, his wealth dazzled the Russian court, where he appeared In cocked hat, court sword and goldembroidered court uniform. This outfit, re quired by the court chamberlain, was reproduced by Mr. McCormlck. his successor, the State Department permitting them both to wear it. Just as it allowed Mr. Breckinridge. Mr. Cleveland's ambassador, to appear at the czar's coronation In a court costume, including knickerbockers. At Berlin Mr. Tower has kept up the same place in the famous granite Pringheim Palace, the first American embassy at which the kaiser is said to have ever dined, and for which Mr. Tower pays $18,000 per year. It is said that at a recent court ball Mrs Tower wore a gown covered with gold .spangle?, costing per spangle, and lined at the neck with golden bees with ruby eyes. It is said | that 011 tilts occasion even the empress felt herself outshone by Mrs. Tower, wiio sat at the right of the throne, on a dais in the ball room It Pays Uncle Sam. This lavish expenditure by our ambassadors in Europe has been criticised by politicians, but almost always in an ill-disguised spirit of demagogy. But to the State Department, despite the party in power, the proposition has been one of hard and cold business enterprise, and the same as that inspiring any great corporation to serjd its agents out upon the road and instruct them to live at the best hotels, wear the best of clothes and chum with the elite of the land. But these corporations guarantee all expenses, while Uncle Sam only pays a small fraction. While the figure cut by the deposed Storers did not revert to the credit of Uncle Sam, every cent that such men as Mr. Reid and Mr. Tower are spending in Kurope is brea I cast upon the waters. It will drift back to Uncle Sam, some day, across the Great Pond. "If a foreign envoy succeed in averting. Just for half a day, a serious war between America and a European nation, the expense saved would be enough to support the entire embassy of the United States In splendid style for a hundred years." said former Ambassador Andrew D. White. It. was realized that we lost the Bering sea controversy at St. Petersburg because Great Britain's social prestige at that capital eclipsed that of our poorly paid and poorly housed minister of that time. We then lost enough to buy a palace iui ttctj auiuaanaiiui ami minister in our service and to pay the salaries for a century. Embassy Just Bought. A bill to provide a suitable official residence, rent free, for each of our ambassadors and ministers In pending before Congress. It authorizes Secretary Root to spend $5,000,000 in proper sites and build-* lngs. "No man of however great learning, experience or ability can represent this country abroad unless lie be a man of great wealth," states the favorable report of the House committee on foreign afTalrs. Our new ambassador to Paris, Mr. I^loyd Griscom, with his bare salary of $17,500 will have to cope with the British ambassador there with a salary of $45,000, the "Russian ambassador with $40,000. the German ambassador with $;w,00i> and so on, all of them provided with palaces, rent free. Mr. Griscom. happening: to be. the son of 'the millionaire shipping magnate, Clement A. Griscom, can more than afford to make up all deficiencies from his private purse. But Sir. Riddle, just elevated from secretary of the embassy at St. Petersburg to ambassador to the czar, is not a millionaire, and how he is going to cope there with Britain's ambassador salaried at $39,000, Germany's ambassador with ?!7..ri00 and France's ambassador with $40,000? all having free use of palatial residences?it is difficult to see. Mr. Riddle, however, is a bachelor, and will have no bill* trow the milliner or modiste. His promotion Is based strictly upon merit. He will be the first American representative at St. Petersburg with a knowledge of the Russian language, a certificate of proficiency in which he holds from the College of France. He is our first ambassador to any court who can boast of institutional training In International law and diplomacy, which he received from the School of Political Sciences. Paris. But his brains ' will not pay the butchar, the baker and the candlestick maker until he learns a new trade. Inconsistent as It may seem. Ambassador Leishman. a millionaire, will have rent free hereafter at Constantinople. The State Department has just paid an Italian widow upward of $100,000 for the house lately occupied by him there. It was about to be sold over his head, and there was not another possible building for rent in the Turkish capital. So all future ambassadors to Constantinople will have a free residence, in addition to $1T,500 in salary, and the post Will De a paying one, as 111 ream*, wiieie, : ' :-::^r ;x H 'BR nBM for the protection of Americans from future Boxer uprisings, we have Just finished a substantial wall-inclosed legation, costing something like $100,000. At B.ingkok, the capital of Siam. we own the rickety bungalow in which our minister lives, it having been presented by the king. Also at Tokio, Japan, we own our embassy building, which occupies a beautiful site, presented by the mikado. At all other capitals the government provides only office space, always rented, and some of the office buildings occupied are modest affairs to say the least. While our ministers to the larger Kuropean countries, not honored with ambassadors, receive $12,000. there are lower grades of ministers, receiving $10,000, $7,50o and $5,000 each, the last including "ministers resident" and "diplomatic agents." Diplomatic agents are usually tonsuls general having diplomatic duties. We have such a post at Cairo, Egypt. Congress will appro priate $34,000 this session for the purchase of the legation building now rented by Minister Pearson at Teheran, Persia. JOHN ELFHETH WATKINS. PROTECTING CITY TREES. Association Working for the Beautiflcation of New York Streets. The Tree Planting Association of New York, an affiliated member of the National Municipal League, is not satisfied with what it has accomplished. It has something to show for Its work. But a great deal more remains undone. It has secured the enactment of a law putting all trees and shrubs in the city streets in the care of the park department, another law providing for the planting of trees on new streets opened by the city, and through its counsel it has prosecuted and convicted a number of persons for mutilating trpda nr- nthornMau /-?! o # i??.?iI ? ??..? .t.uv ? cue IUIC3 UI I the park department. The city magistrates have shown full sympathy with the association by imposing the maximum tine on linemen who spoil trees to make room for their wires. The association now employs an inspector to notify owners of street trees needing carf to look after the trees on the sidewalks of our own members, and to report where trees may be set out to the greatest advantage. This greatly aids us in appealing to property owners to plant more trees. The park department has adopted the plans prepared by its consulting expert for replacing on upper Broadway the trees and shrubbery destroyed while building the subway, as well as his plans for planting trees in the new Delancey street approach to the Williamsburg bridge. But the association has not vet been able to influence an appropriation for the planting of trees around the public school houses and other city buildings and for the care of nr In I- * ? vto IIW? in nit DU ccin. -i II?3 Ja IU uc pressed uhUl It is made a regular item of the park department budget. The success of the committee on planting trees In the tenement house districts has proved that trees will flourish in any city street, that they are in no danger from the children, and that their beauty and shade are a comfort aiid a joy to the people. The poor appreciate as keenly as the rich the difference between a city block of brick and stone aa bare and cheerless as a row of catacombs, as brown and baking as the desert, and another street lined with rows of shade trees whose rustling leaves give life and color to the scene, and life and comfort to its people. fans nas iw,?iw street trees; ?asnington about ?0,1)00. The Tree Planting Association of New York is striving to exceed these figures. By Royal Messengers. Fom the Chicago News. Very odd are some of the errands done by the royal messenger service in Great Britain. At an English seaport, for instance, a sealed packet which was being conveyed across the channel to Windsor In care of the British foreign office became accidentally unfastened In the custom-house and a quantity or cigars tumbled out. As the packet In question was invoiced as containing "important confidential government dispatches" no little amusement was caused. Nothing serious, however, came of the incident, for it is a recognized rule that "the king can do no wrong," and neither, therefore, can the king's messengers. Besides, it is well understood that the service is maintained for other purposes than the nominal one. During the late Queen Victoria's reign these messengers used frequently to carry to the continent, in sealed bags supposed to contain dispatches, shirts and collars of a special make and pattern for one of the British ambasadors, Hate anH hnnnpfs fnr her moloefv'c mnmnn relatives, all sorts of English knickknacks for the late Empress Frederick at Berlin and even barrels of native oysters for the embassies at Paris and Vienna. For many years, moreover, it was tho practice of the messengers to call each week on their way back to England at Brussels, where they received from the court kitchens a box of special biscuits of. which Queen Victoria was very fond and which she believed nobody could make as well as the head pastry cook of King Leopold's kitchen. This bpx of biscuits waa solemnly sealed tip at the Brltfsh legratlon with the official seal, and then conveyed with Infinite care to Windsor, by way of Dover and Ix)ndon. The state commissioners for the Jamestown exposition have decided that they have no power to appoint women commissioners on behalf of the state. The general assembly had made no provialon for lady managers. KlCwDIT MEMOIRS OF PRINCE CHLODWIG OF HOHBNLUHG - SCHILLIXUSFUERST, Autnorizea Dy rnnce AiexHnuer ui Hohenlohe-Schillingsfuerst and Edited by Frledrich Curtius. English Edition Supervised by * George W. Chrystal. B.A., formerly exhibitioner of Balllol College, Oxford. In two volumes. New York: The Macmilinn Company. Washington: Brentano's. Prince Hohenlohe's early reminiscences cover the changes Inaugurated by the revolution of 1S48. As president of the Bavarian ministry he saw the first beginnings from which the German empire rose; and his success in keeping Bavaria In line with the federation after the Franco-Prussian war promoted him to office under the empire. As a member of the imperial diet he had every opportunity of studying the methods of Bismarck's statescraft. As ambassador In Paris from 1874 to 1S8B he was in close personal contact with the statesmen wfio were raising France from her knees. In spite of Bismarck's machinations, and as viceroy of Alsace-Lorraine from 1SK5 to 18JM, striving to rivet the conquered provinces to the fabric of the German empire he was brought into intimate relations with both the Iron chancellor and the emperor. The son of one of the oldest and proudest houses In Germany, Prince Hohenlohe was steadllv In touch with almost every court of Europe. One brother was a magnate in Prussia, another the confidant of the Emperor of Austria, a third a cardinal at the Vatican; and he mirrled a Russian princess whose family was among the most intimate members of the imperial court at St. Petersburg. To this favored position, in respcct to opportunities for obtaining information at first hand, must be added the personality of the diarist. Subtle, shrewd, closely observ *?/*> ho TVOQ wpiromp every ail L J W UlOX.tVJVt. IIV .. - _ where and the recipient of many confidences?even from Bismarck, crowling like a wounded lion in his lair In the Sachsenwald. Thus, in every dispute, whether a court sauabble or a conflict that made history, he heard the story. To his diaries alone he intrusted these confidences; and to their record was added a great accumulation of memoranda and correspondence. Few Incidents in contemporary history have been more dramatic than that of Bismarck's fall: and in these memoirs for the first time the true story of the struggle and of the enormous issues it Involved is related at first hand by the chief actors on both sides. SOCIAL I SAGES AT WASHINGTON. By Florence Howe Hall. New York: Harper & Brothers. This little volume will doubtless fill a real want. Not only newcomers to tne iascinatlng life of Washington, but those "old residents" who, immersed in the comfortable contemplation of their own permanence in the midst of change, have lost sight of social development and wake to find themselves not up-to-date, will find it of value. The volume covers the fixed etiquette of official circles ami also the new social i.ssuea that have come up under the present administration. It is not a mere compilation of arbitrary laws, but suggests the reason underlying conventions and is full of common-sense hiints for simplifying the conduct of social life. BEACHED KEELS. By Henry Milner Rideout. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. ? -- which 'rne xnree rauivi ivm6 ? are brought together umler the common 1 title, "Beached Keels" show unusual power and a strong grasp upon human sympathy. They are unusual In conception and admirable In execution. Of the three, "Blue Peter" Is possible the most noticeable for Its Ideality, "Wild Justice" for somber power, and "Captain Christy" for a certain human kindliness. Bach has its own peculiar charm and together they promise much for their author's future. The hero of each is of the men who "go down to the sea in ships." although 1n the episodes of which Mr. Rideout treats their keels are beached and the battle with a various fate is to be fought on land. PARDNBH OP III.OSSOM RANGE. By Frances Charles, author of "In the Country God Forgot." Boston: Little, ' Rrnwn Co. "Holly Blossom," the bright young girl about whom the action of this Arizona story revolves, is a charming portrait of the American girl in her most distinctively American type. The granddaughter of old I "Jeddy Blossom," reared almost without j feminine Influence, she has yet, together with manly straightforwardness and courage. all of the most alluring feminine virtues and graces. The fate which sends to i her the man whom?in ignorance of his real motives? she had most hated, is more unkind to her than any one who knew her could have the heart to be. It is due to the manly young officer himself that love, not hate, should finally triumph. "Pardner of Blossom Range" is full of the color of the * - -- ?1' ~e ...i wonderful west, ana iun, as wcu, m admirable portraiture. THE KEY OF THE BLUE CLOSET. By \\". Robertson Xicoll. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. Washington: Brentano's. Under the title which he has given to the most significant of them. Mr. Nlcoll has collected a number of short, pithy essays | which contain his reflections with regard to topics of moment to human life. They are written in admirable English, colloquial and yet dignified, and are full of allusion and 1 rich with anecdote. Best of all, they are < Biiggestive and helpful in their garnered | wisdom. HALF A KOCIK. By Harold MacGrath, ' author of "The Man On the Box." ' With Illustrations by Harrison Fisher, i Indianapolis: The Bob;>i-Merrill Com- . pany. An interesting story, with many of the qualities which made the success of "The Man on the Box," and with a more seri- , ous element In the treatment of local poli- j tics ami of the laibor question. The fact j that these questions are worked out in a I thriving interior town of the Empire state, ' instead of in one of the larger centers mere- J ly adds point to the scleral diffusion of the problems of tlie day.. Thie dram;*, is acted out by two men who know how to be friends through good and evil report, aixl two women, who are contrasted and yet admirable typas of American womanhood. THE WONDERS OF THE COLORADO DESERT ( SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA) 1 Its Rivers and its Mountains, its Canyons and its Springs, its Life and its History, Pictured and Described. Including an Account of a Recent Journey made down the Overflow of the Colorado River to the Mysterious Salton Sea. By George Wharton Jamep, author of "In and Around the Grand Canyon," &c. With Upwards of Three Hundred Pen-and-ink Sketches from Nature by Carl Eytel. In two volumes. Boston: Little, Brown & Co. Many days passed In the Colorado desert southern ^California, have enabled Mr. J James to aescrioe wiih iascinaung vivianese and realism all its wonders, its weirdness, mystery, storms, calms and solitudes; its life, both of man and animals; its lofty mountains and its volcanos: its wonderful river; its canyons and passes; its streams and its springs. He has written most entertainingly, but accurately, of the physical history of the desert, of its climatology, of its explorers and pathfinders, of its plant life, of its horticultural possibilities, of its irrigation t and of the industries of the aborigines. He a has told the story of Its tragedies and mys teries, of the old stage coach days and of Us former bandits. THE COMING DAff!t, Ry Charles Eperton. New York: John I^ne Company. The early yenTs of the reign of George II of England offer a picturesque fteld for romance. *Th? beginning of the opposition to Walpole's .ninistry, the mingled etjrruptlon and brilliancy of court life, with its dominion of the beauty and the wit, the powder a-nd patchcs as' 6ff.?ot by the doctrine of repentance and spiritual regeneration preached by W hi tele y" and the other [ great Methodists?these all furnish abundant light ami shade for the setting of a story. But Mr. EgertoTi's nr>v?-l hoius the attention of the reader by its human quality, even more than by these charms of setting. There will be few who will not lie impressed by the love of Walsingham and his Julia, and touched by the story of the suffering and spiritual rebirth of the Wtvman for whom W'alsingham most chivalrously gave up the world. BOOKS RECEIVED. DOLLY MADISONs a Story of the War of 1812. By Mary Elizabeth" Springer, author of "Lady Hancock; a Story of the American Revolution." New York: Bonnell Silver & Co. REMINISCENCES; Childhood. Boyhood and Youthful Days of Connecticut's "Favorite Son." Orville H. Piatt, late United States Senator By an old playmate, schoolmate, fellow townsman and friend, Stanley G. Fowler. Washington: Stanley G. Fowler. PLANE GEOMETRY. By Edward Butledge Bobbins, A.B., senior mathematical mastw, the iV. ill jam Penn Charter School. New. York: The American Book Company; THE LODGING HOUSE PROBLEM IN BOSTON. By Albert Benedict Wol. \ Ph.D., associate professor of economics and sociology in Oberlin Col lege, sometime holder of the South End House Fellowship in HarvarJ University. Published from the Income of the William H. Baldwin, Jt., 1885 Fund. Boston: Houglilon. Mifflin & C?' ' -- y , REPORT OF THE COMPTROM.ER OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK, for the Fiscal Year Ending December 31. lD-ii. Volume I. New York: Alaftin B. Brown Company. GOD'S ACRE. By Rev, James Bqrrell, LL.D. Published by the Morgan Shepard Company. New York: Tiffany * Studios. A CENTURY OF MISQUOTATIONS. By Mnrv n V-.,.- v,.rl, Elder & Co. THE FOOLISH ALMANAK, SECOND) For Another Year. With Apologiz to the Karnagy Spellng Skool. Purpetrated, with the Aid ov Wallace Goldsmith's Pictures. Boston: John W. Luce & Co. ' THE FARMING ALMANAC; a Real Almanac and Reference Book for the Home and Farm, 'with Special Planting Time Tables. Rules for Foretelling the Weather, Fiirm LkW, and Arithmetic, Rules for He^l^h, Simple Remedies for the Diseases of Farm Animals, I'seful Recipes and Household Hints, and Twelve "Immediate Service Coupons." Compiled by.CIamle .H. Miller. Ph.B. York: D^Qubleday, Page & Co. THE CAftlTERVILLE GHOST; an Amusing Chronicle of the Tribulations of the Ghost of Canterville Chase when his Ancestral Hall.-! became the Home of the American Minister to the Court of St. James. By Wilde. Illustrated by Wallace Goldsmith. Boston: John W. I-uce & Co. ? ? - ? FROM OLD FIELDV( Toems of the <"*!vil War. By Nathaniel Soutligate Shale.r, late professor of geology in Harvard University and dean of l?nvrenee Scientific Schodl." Boston: Houghton, Mifflin H Co. NELSON'S ENCYCLOPAEDIA i Everybody's Book of Reference. Iii 12 Volumes. Profusely Illustrated. Kditorsin-Chief. Frank Moore Colby, M.A.. New York, and,,George Sandeman, M.A., Edinburgh. Volumes VIII (Mart to Numid) and X (Piescr to Sax>. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons. A DIALOGUE ON RELIGIONt Between Kev. John Jutz-Js. J., and Dr. T. A. Bland. Chicago: T. A. Bland, Publisher. LETTES OF A BUSINESS ivovtv Tn HER NIECE. By Caroline A. Muling. New York: R. F. l-'tnno & Co.-'Washing-ton: Woodward & Lothrop. CONCRETE CONSTRI CTION; About the Home and on the Pai*m. New" York: The Atlas Portland Cement Company. CONCRETE COUNTRY RESIDENCE! Wltli- a Huttdned* lMustraTlons and Ground Plans. New York: The Atlas Portland ("emtiit'Ci.mpany. * HISTORY OF DIPLOMACY IN THE INTERNATIONAL HEVEIJOPMENT OF El ROPE. By David Jayne Hill, LI,.D. Volume II. 'i he Establishment of Territorial Sovereignty. With Maps and Tables. New York: Kong-mans, Green & Cot xtine snooting. from the Lontkm Spectator. It ts not only- the muscles of the arm which are tested by properly organized rifle shooting. It supplies an excellent exercise for the chest and lungs. One of the Irst things the young rifle shot has to learn Is how to take a deep breath, to fill the lungs with air, and then to hold the breath while the rifle Is kept absolutely steady and [he finger Is gradually tightening on the [rigger. A glance at any Kuccessful rifle ?hot will show you a man with a deep chest irid full powers of oreathing. Any form of recreation which trains the UU0VIV0 ui inc wiin auu rACIUSCT tile CneSI md lungs would seem likely to be beneIclal to health; but if that Is not enough there is the unequaled training which rifle shooting gives to the eye and to the hand working with the eye. The writer remembers hearing a musketry instructor boast :hat he had lengthened not only his own sight, but the sight of scores of boys whom le had taught how to use their eyes in liming at a target, by two or three hunIred yards, Bimply by continued practice it long-distance shooting. It is astonishng what results tan be obtained in this way by platting a rifle on a sanding raised jn a tripod and making the pupil aim as iccurately as He 6an at any distant object, rhe eye can be trained, of course, equally ivell, though the sight will not necessarily ie lengthened, by aiming at objects close it .hand. rruth About .Mysterious Everglades. 'rani Harper's Magazine. Our experience was that one meets delay n the Evergladw,. but not danger. The vater Is pure and sweet and food plentiful enough. LlmpRJrts taste tike jotlng turteys; all members q/_ the ,berot> faqjlly are ikely to be found in the Glades and most >ther birds are" fair -pooxh- Snails. which ibound, are delicaciea when called perltinkles; you WOUTd paylT dollar a portion n New York for the frogs that are yours or the catching in tfie'Glades. There are >lenty of turtle.jgrijlth possess all the good tiolitioa e<cpnt ivisl fiMti^epppn Fllrflo nr i he terrapin. A few.fruits can .be had for i lessert?cocoa plums, custard apples and t >awpaws? while the UsaY#s^?f the sweet- 1 lay make a fragrant beverage. Crossing ( he Everglades of MorMa Ui a canoe is not i in adventure; It ia a picnic. 1 I THE PUBLIC LIBRARY PANAMA CANAL PHOTOGRAPHS AND BOOKS?NEW ACCESSIONS. Through the courtesy of the isthmian canal commission the District public library is able to exhibit a set of the photographs used to illustrate the President's iwnt message on the Panama canal. Thesw photographs and a copy of the map'that alt J accompanied the message are displayed in the exhibition room on life second floor of the library building. The library ?Jf*> offers the following selected list of tx>ftlcs and ir.-igaz ne articles on the Tunam:* <-anal. This list is confined to a few of the most recent publications. An txtended list in manuscript will be found la the library's reading room. Panama Canal Books. Abbot. 11. I.. ProMoma of tbc Panama Canal* 190.V HJC Al^f, Johnson, \V. ! '. Four Onturiea of the Pantunft Canal. HH*V HJC-Jiaxf. Lindsay, C li. A Forlx*. Panama. the Isthmus ami the ('anal. 1J*m>. IIJC Ia?47i?. Reed. C. A. L. Panama Canal Mismanagement* ii*?.?. IIJC-R2&<I>. Mionts, T. IV Address Before the Bankers* Club, Chicago, liK?o. liJ(' ShT(?>*ad. Shouts T r. Sjieeeh Before the Commercial Clul?. Ci icinnati. 1MH?. HJC-Sh7?SSs. Taft. W. 11. Panama ('anal; Sjieet h at the St. Louis < oimnercial club. lWUo. IIJC-TlLISp. Taft, W. 11. Statement Before the Coininittee oq Intc-roeeanlc Canals of the L. S. Si'uuto. llHMj* HJC TllISs. I nited States Isthmian Canal Commission. Annual U.-jKirt, 1MM HJCln37an. I'ulwil States Isthmian Canal Commission, ran* ama Canal. 1U0."?. llJC-l Uo7p. I nited States President, 1*01? Roosevelt. Special Message Concerning the i'auaina Canal, December 17. l'JOti. 1UC-1 u3s. Magazine Articles on Canal. Benefit to American Commerce. H. II. Harper s Weekly. V. 50, p. 438-40. March 31? lirtMi. i-irst Year's Preparatory Work on the Panama Canal. J. F. Wallace. F.nglneering Mazarine. V. 30. p. 1(51-74. November. li*?f?. Machinery for the Panama Canal- Old and New. F. L Waldo. Kngineering Magarinc. \ . 31, l>. 11 I ri ; Miuing Methods for the Culebra <*ut. II. M. ('h*u<e. Engineering Magazine. \ . 31, p. .'*lo-73? July. 1W00. Modem Machinery and ilie Panama Canal. W. Ltobinson. Engineering Magului*. \ 2i?, p. 1U8, Hil \ April, .tiay, li?or?. Our Misrnanagt incut at Panama. I'. BigeloW. Independent. \. p. tt-21. January 4. HmJ. Tait's lteply to liigelow. Independent. V. 00t p. 12?-8. January lb, liHW. Panama Canal. i . i\ Shouts. National Geographic Magazine. V. 17, p. 5.Vt?.v February, Panama- the Human Side. Poultney Itigvl^w. Cosmopolitan. September, October, November? ll*X>. Plain Facts. J. F. Wallace. Engineering Magazine. V. 30, p. HM1 l.*?. March. 11HX>. Preparing the Isthmus for Caual Const ruction Work. F. L. Waldo. Engineering Magazine. V. 31, p. 17-25. April, lllOti. President's Plan for liutldtng by Contract. II. II. Lewis. Harper's Weekly. V. 50, p. 152-6. February 3, 1900. Problems of ihe Pnnamn Canal. W. P. Parsons. Century. V. 71, p. 138-5U. Noveml>e.\ 1M).'?. Projects of the Board of Consulting Engineers* II. L. Abbot. Engineering Magaziue. V. 31, p. 481-H1. July, ll*Mt. Progress on Panama Canal. L. I>enlson. Every body*i?. V. 14. p. 57iMH). May. 11R#?. Progress ou Pauaiua Canal. H. C. Rowland. Book lover's Magazine. V. 7. p. 5G3 71. May, li*06. Truth Al?out the Panama Canal. II. f. Kowland. Book lover's. V. 7. p. 527-37. 707 14. June l'J06. Why the Look System VVaa <'hoseu. W. if. Taft. Century, December, 1WH1, p. 300 13. Work of the Sanitary Force. J. F. Carr. Out* look. V. 83, p. W 72. May 12, 1900. The following list of books includes a selection from those most recently added to the library: Conduct of Life. Gracian. Raltaear. The Art of Worldly Wisdom. BQT G7L2.E. Salevl.y. C. W. Ethics. BM-Sa333e. Washington, B. T. Putting the Most Into Lif?? BQSW273p. Philosophy and Religion. Bowne, B. P. Theory of Thought and Knowl* edce. BIl-B6*6t. Lambert, J. t\ The Romance of Missionary Heroism. D8-L177r. Kaupert. J. G. The Dangers of Spiritualism* BXS-RlWd. Saleeby, C. W. Psychology. BI-Sa333p. Biography. Browne. Mary. Tbe Diary of a Girl in France lQ 1K21. EB8183. Cadogan, Edward. Makers of Modern History. E-9C113m. Catbey, J. H. The Genesis of Lincoln. K-LCicat* Crlsaey. Forrest. The Making of an American School Teacher. E-C77.V. FitcheU, . 11. Wesley and HI* Century. E Wolf. Fitter*Id. G. F. I-ord Kelvin. K K2907f. Gilchrist, Alexander. The Life of William Ulaks. Lang, Andrew, coran. I.ife and Letters of John Gibson Lockhart. E-L813I. L.rdekker. Richard. Sir William Flower. K-FG581. Martin. B. K. In the Footprints of Charles Lainh. E-L188ma. Meyrlck, Frederick. Memories of Life at Oxford, E-M577. OJdfleld. S. If. Some Records of th" Later Life of Harriet. Countess Granville. E-G7tkki. Purcell, K. S. Life and Letters of Ambrose 1'hillijms de Lisle. K-K*T?38p. Wilkius. W. H. Queen of Tears. Caroline Matilda, Queen of Denmark. K C225w. History. Macalister. R. A. S. Bible Side Liphts From the Mound of Gezer. FF<?1-M112b. Mait lnnd. Sir F. L. Surrender of Na|?*leon? F39442-M2*8a. llhvs, John. and Jones, 1>. B. The Welsh People* F44-R:W93K. Schooler, James. Americans of 177*J. FSJ90* Sch(t8T?am. . ? Description and Travel. Biddle. A. J. L>. The Madeira Islsnds. U708B473tn. Bovd, M. 8. Versailles Christmas-tide. G39V* BU9Sv. Brabant. F. G. Oxfordshire. G4S0-B722o. Bnrk. W. H. Uis!(tri<al und Tonoffranhb'al Guldft to Valley Forge. <ifcf>4V-RWlfib. Hail. II. 1'. A People at School. r.(?8;>-HH2p. Harper. C. 1?. The Oxford, Gloucester ami Mil* ford Haven Road. (MS H^to. llotne. (i. C. Yorkshire l?ules ami Fells. <i45YHTW.v. Hoik-. A. R. Surrey. 04??Sn-M742s. Hughes, Kuperi. J he K?al New \ork. <;k"?INH87ftr. Hyrst, H. W. O. Adventures in the <?reat Deserts. (ill-11007ad. Jekyll, tiertrude. Old West Surrey. <;4r>SuJ2?7o. Mackenzie. W. A Short History of the Scot* tish Highlands and Islea. U43-M193S. Mitton, CJ. K. 1 he Thames. 04.Vi'-MC08t. Sidney, F. E. Anglican Innocents in Spain. G40Sll.Vtfln The Thames and Its Story From the Cotiwotdg to the Nore. 045T-T32K. Treves, Sir Frederick. The Other Side yf t be Lantern. Gll-T720o. Wharton, A. II. Italian Darn and Ways. <J35* W55371. Moral Aspects of Suicide. From the Century. Voluntary self-murder Is not only a violation of the divine law, but Is also a crime against society. We are social beings. We owe a duty to the commonwealth as well as to ourselves. We mutually deoend on one another, like the members of our physical body. "For none of us llveth. to himself; and no man dieth to himself." Human society may be compared to a grand army, every meirJber of which has a special place and mission assigned to him by his Sovereign Commander. To abandon the nAut r%f Hnt\* intrnsfMl tn a cMitltu'l Ir rp garded by the military code uh a rnoHt cowardly act, which Is punished with extreme rigor. What less does the suicide do than basely abandon the situation assigned to htm in the warfare of life? And there is 110 vice more contagious than cowardly desertion. It is often followed by a general mutiny. The same Is true of suicide. When a few deeds of self-murder are widely circulated by the press, they are not infrequently followed by numerous voluntary slaughters. A suicidal wave rolls over the land. The Magazine and Literature. From Harper'* Magadan. Periodical literature, in - its very beginning. accomplished for the writer one very important result. It enabled him to secure at least partial independence of patronage - *- TI-, n n WlinOUl rccuurw lO pm.tWi>uiiK I n?: H'nri, which was its natural offspring, and which, from the first, was a profitable undertaking. helped to complete the emancipation. Richardson's "Pamela," the earliest society novel, tedious as it may seem to us, appealed to the sympathies of every class In Europe, and established a new school of foreign as well as of domestic fiction. The * novel and the monthly magazine emerged during the same generation. Together with the polite essay, they helped to abolish pedantry, and we may Justly say that they brought the development of modern English prose literature to a stage of finished gruce and elegance not hitherto reached even In the noble examples furnished by Bacon, Taylor. Milton and Sir Thomas Browne, ? 1.S* n-rntA uU NlMI milHt Writ#. llAVf nnt been brought Into Intimate accord with the idiomatic expression of a general audience. The oldest house In Cumberland., Md.. [he Tuttle property on North Mechanic street, has been razed to make room for :hree modern dwelling*. A letter dated ' 1791 was found in the attic and a cane unjerneath the house. It was located on the naln thoroughfare of the old national pike ihrough Cumberland.