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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 05, 1907, Image 20

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IIJl
RICH MEJMMDISE
Diplomatic Service an Open
Sesame to Royalty.
RESHUFFLING PERSONNEL
How the Dancers Pay the Palace
Fiddlers.
SACRIFICES FOR UNCLE SAM
Congress Stirred Up to Buy Homes
for Ambassadors?A Few the
Gift of Rulers.
<C?i|>Trigbt. l!"OT, Ity Jnhn Klfreth Watkins.)
Our diplomatic servicr Is murh in the lime
light, owing to the Storer and White Incident.
and th?> President's re-shuffling of its
jH-rsonnt* i.
This service Is the millionaires' paradise
and any one who enlists in the European
end of it does so with the understanding
that lie will expend, for the glory of our
republic, several times?often many times?
tils ambassadorial salary of $17,r<0?> or his
ministerial salary of ?1U.<KK.?. In return for
this fltian ial sacrifice to him I'ncle Sam
vests these millionaires with title and rank
which will enable them to rub elbows with
royalty and sit cheek by jowl with the nobility
of the old world. The President has
ever before him a <tock of applications from
multimillionaires nHriKfring rnr commissions i
In this picturesque body, but before thrust- I
inc their knees beneath the mahogany of his I
fellow rulers he must take careful inventory
of their stork of wealth, culture and tact
and recent events have demonstrated that
he must quite as scrupulously examine into
the resources of their spouses. Thus there
ar? other qualifi'\?tions than wealth and social
success Mr. James llazen Hyde In
return for a < umpaiem contribution of
WKJ personally asked th? President to commission
him aiiib;i>-ador to Paris, but as |
)se was but twenty-seven at the time, he I
failed of appointment. !
Prerogatives of Ambassadors.
Our ambassadors sent to monarchies en- j
joy royal prerogatives nt the capitals to
which accredited, even though at home they
may he nobodies. An American ambassador
forms part of the court and entourage
of the ruler with whom he is commissioned
to do business, He is spoken of as "residing
at court.' and is invariably addressed
as "your excellency"- a title which our
President does -not receive. Wherever he
goes he is considered as President Roosevelt's
proxy. His person Is sacred and ex?mpt
against arrest, or even from being required
In court as a witness. He cannot be
Hued for debt nor arrested, even for engaging
in a treasonable plot against the ruler
at whose court he resides, lie and his wife
rank next to tlie crown prince and crown
princess at all court ceremonies, and all
nobles, as well as many royal personages,
must stand aside when they enter. The
arrival of our ambassadors at the courts to
which dispatched is accompanied by great
pomp an/i ceremony.
After Ambassador Held reached I,ondon
the king a master of ceremonies called and
took him, with the embassy staff, to the
palace in three royal carriages, with coachmen
and footmen in long scarlet cloaks, j
Tli?- king, in a held marshal's uniform, received
him. and upstairs In the palace the
two joined the queen, who was already
entertaining Mrs. Held. When Ambassador
W hite k>" - to Paris a squadron of cuiras
sters. in steel breastplates and helmets,
will sftnllarly tscort him and his s?uite to
the Klysee Pala< in state coaches emblazoned
with the arms of the republic,
drawn by horses in gilded harness and
driven by coachmen and outriders in full
state livery
Chum With Royalty.
At some courts our diplomats chum with
royalty t|uit?- as freely as if they were great
lords. While Ambassador Meyer, shortly tu
enter the cabinet, was at Home he and his
wife were very intimate with the king and
queen. While Mr. Meyer would be boar
hunting with King Victor, Wueen Helena
would have Mrs. Meyer with her at the
palace The Meyer children romped with
t lie little Princess Mafalda in the royal
nurst i v. ano me queen, happening to hear
that out ambassador's little son was an
amateur philatelist, sent him two handsome
albums, one containing a complete collection
of Montenegrin stamps.
Ambassador and Mrs. Ci.oate used to
visit KinK Edw ud and Queen Alexandra
at Windsor castle, or go for a spin in the j
royal motor car. sometimes eating: luncheon
with their royal hosts in the woods about i
London At the court hall at Brussels in i
11*02. our minister, Mr Townsend. while |
seated upon the rai-sed dais reserved for the
court was approached by the court eham- I
berlain, who bowed very low and remarked:
"Her royal highness will open the ball with
yonr excellency." Our minister dancing
with the future Queen of the Belgians is
not worthy of remark, but the custom of :
Brussels nre<<'ribe.s that r<?v;il
shall open court balls with tlie master of
ceremonies. Others are seldom honored.
While Commander William U. Beehler
was lately naval attache at our Berlin embassy
he became on suoli intimate terms
Willi the kaiser that the latter familiarly
called him ' Bill," and was seen to affectionately
put Ills august arm about the broad
shoulders of the naval officer, who during
his stay in Berlin was said to have breakfasted.
lunched and dined with this sovereign
twenty-seven times. Spencer Rddy,
our secretary of embassy at Paris.is another
losser light of our diplomatic service who is
on verj intimate terms with royally, lie
-_:^- Jr-^Tr^rrsrJ-Tin!K?^fw ~p
visited the Grand Duke Michael and Countess
Tarby just after being appointed secretary
to St. Petersburg three years ago,
and on arriving at Paris this fall he leased
the magniticent nine-room apartment formerly
occupied by Prince Hohenlohe. For
this he pays a year, exactly double
hie cm in rv tie also keeDs in Paris four au
tomobiles.
Mrs. White, Pet of Royalty.
Indeed, our secretaries of embassy at the
European capitals are required to expend
at least $25,000 a year above the little stipend
of $3,000 which Uncle Sam allows
them. It is said that the late Representative
Hitt, when secretary of legation at
Paris, spent $30,000 a year for entertainment.
while Ambassador Henry White, just
transferred from Rome to Paris, is known
to have parted with quite as much during
the many years that he was secretary at
our London post. Mrs. White, formerly
Miss Margaret Stuyvesant Rutherford of
New York, has been more peited by royalty
than any other American woman in Europe
She was a great favorite of Queen Victoria,
and by the present King and Queen
of England Is treated iike a member ot me
royal family.
As a result of this royal petting Mrs.
"White has become quite ultra-exclusive,
and this attitude is rumored to be the
| cause of her husband's recent withdrawal
from Rome, at the suggestion of the Itilian
government. After their arrival in Horn?
the Whites were waited upon by court officials,
who, in accordance with the prescribed
etiquette, asked them arrange for
a reception, when the members of the
court, the aristocracy and the diplomatic
corps might be introduced to them at the
American embassy. It is customary on
these occasions for the court officials to Issue
all Invitations, the diplomatic host an!
hostess having no say in the matter. But It
is stated that the Whites insisted upon
having tiie list of their guests submitted
to them before Issue. . This was amizing
* - *'? ?..hnf when
i enougn 10 me iuui l vi>ivu.?,
Mrs. White erased the names of several of
the ladies of the court and of the aristocracy?considered
exclusive enough for the
queen herself?on the ground that she did
not care to have them meet her daughters,
the court officials nearly fell in a faint.
One of the excluded ladies is alleged to
have been the Countess Grazzioli, a universal
favorite in Rome, and her treatment, esj
pec-tally, is said to have made Mr. White
persona non grata to King Victor, who had
' been on such intimate terms with former
Ambassador Meyer. Lloyd C. Grlsco.n,
transferred from Brazil to succeed Mr.
White ut Rome, will undoubtedly revive the
entente cordiale. He has proven to be the
rin-hr man in the right place since?shortly
after being graduated from Pennsylvaniahe
served his apprenticeship as SfCretary to
Ambassador Bayard at l>ondon. Since then
tie has been a captain of volunteers in the
Spanish war, a traveler and writer, our
secretary at Constantinople, minister to
Persia and to Japan. The Shah of Persia
decorated him with the "Order of the LJon
and Sun," while the Sultan of Turkey decorated
Mrs. Grlscom w'.th "The Grand Cordon
of the Order of Chefekat." Mr. Irving
Dudley, promoted from Peru to succeed Mr
Griscom at Brazil, is an Oaioian, who
studied law in Washington and successfully
practiced it and polities in San Diego
Cal.
More Petticoat Diplomacy.
This business of having your guests inr,.?
nr vnnr bavin* no sav in
the matter yourself Is fully expected by
every trained diplomat accredited to certain
European courts. An ambassador can no
more properly refuse to entertain a king's
courtiers or their ladies than can our President
decline to receive at his levees any of
the members of the Washington diplomatic
I corps on the ground that they are gossiped
| about. When Charlemagne Tower arrived
in Berlin as our ambassador the court offl;
cials issued the 1.800 invitations for his introductory
reception, of which hospitality
he. of course, bore the expense. The grand
marshal of the court and the emperor's
master of ceremonies received and introduced
the guests. After Bellamy Storer arrived
at Vienna, where he was dispatched
four years ago by his then intimate friend,
President Roosevelt, the same procedure obtained.
All of the arrangements for the Initial
reception at our embassy were carried
out by the attaches of the chamberlain's
office, and the invitations were issued only
I to persons eligible to presentation at court.
The ambassador did not even have the privI
ilege of inviting any members of the Ameri
can colony In Vienna. Indeed, the Vienna
court etiquette is the most inflexible of all
codes extant in Europe, ana Mr. Storer had
just prior to this reception received a snub
for reminding: the court chamberlain that
the latter had not arranged for his presentation
to the emperor at the palace at the
same time when our retiring ambassador
was received to say his farewell. This had
been the usual procedure, and Mrs. Storer
is said to have urged her husband to dispatch
a note reminding the chumberlaln
that he had overlooked it. The court chamberlain
declined to alter his plans, and
the complaint was next carried by the
Storers over his head, whereupon Qur ambassador
was promptly squelched. Before
this, while her husband was minister to
Spain. Mrs. Storer?not long a convert from
Buddhism to Catholicism?had been rebuked
for meddling in Spanish politics, and
had been caricatured in the Spanish newspapers
as visiting parliament with her
i little mnnbfi Rut I*
uuifilllft "ill! nine wtmn. ?'U?. * v |
was not until later that she became known
throughout Europe us the "American ambassadress
to the Vatican."
Etiquette When Dining Kings.
Our ambassadors are often the hosts of
monarchs, as well as their guests, and on
such occasions, especially, they and their
wives have to mind their p s and q's. Whenever
Ambassador Reid, at London, dines
King Edward he must previously submit
for that sovereign's approval the names of
all oiher contemplated guests. The king
may then revise the list and not only strike
i i>ff certain names but suggest other guests,
j no matter whether Mr. Reld may know
j them or not. Every one else must be as
somoit'u in uie uiumg room oeiore me King I
and queen enter and their majesties must
l>e seated In the center of one side of the
board. Finger glasses must be omitted for
the nonsensical reason that they hive been
forbidden the British rojal tables since the
time when the Jacobites, drinking the royal
health. use<i to hold their glasses over their
tinger bowls, indicating thereby that they
drank to the Stuart king "over the water."
Moreover, no servant Is ever permitted to
hand the king his dishes, this duty devolving
upon his hostess, sitting next him, of
f course. At almost every capital of Kurope
It is customary for the monarch to dine with
the American ambassador. While King
Charles of Portugal was visiting Paris last
winter he accepted an invitation to dine
with Ambassador and Mrs. McCormick,
who later in the evening entertained him
with a dramatic performance upon a stage
erected in the embassy ball room.
U. S. Ambassadors in Palaces.
Such hospitality of course demands that
* - n~K?i,oo/1rtro actohllch thAtncpIvPQ In
uui onroossinnn o ^Lauiiou iuliuuli i uu m ?
veritable palaces. In St. Petersburg Am- J
i fi
f\B^ y^. -..^ _ .rs:.-:'.i'
bassador Meyer occupied the Klelnmichel
Palace, while his predecessor, Mr. McCormick,
lived in the Von Berve Palace. For
his lordly I>ondon mansion, rented from
thr king's equerry, Mr. Reld pays $24,000 a
year, or $6,500 more than his salary. Gen.
Porter, who recently retired from our Parts
embassy, occupied a veritable palace which,
by a special electric Installation, the brilliantly
illuminated within and without when
he gave entertainments. During some of
his notable functions the famous band of
the Republican Guard played in the great
hallway of his palace and when his daughter
was married he engaged Bessie Abbott
and other celebrities of the Paris opera to
sing in the choir. The French government
on this occasion presented the bride with a
magnificent sfet Or Sevres ware made at the
government potteries. Since Mr. McCormlck
of Chicago has been ambassador to
the same capital he has made an equally
brilliant showing in his palace, located almost
on the banks ut the Seine.
Tower Spends $200,000 a Year.
But the ambassador who has spent his
money most lavishly for the glory of
America Is Charlemagne Tower, now representing
us at Berlin. His fortune, made
by his father In Pennsylvania anthracite,
Is said to be $10,000,1100, and it is alleged
ttiat he gives Mrs. Tower an allowance of
$21*1,000 a year Just "to keep America's end
up." While representing us in Vienna he
occupied the palace of a grand duke, and
at one of his dinners there lie laid plates
for 200 guests. In St. Petersburg, where he
was ambassador for a time, his wealth
dazzled the Russian court, where he appeared
In cocked hat, court sword and goldembroidered
court uniform. This outfit, re
quired by the court chamberlain, was reproduced
by Mr. McCormlck. his successor,
the State Department permitting them both
to wear it. Just as it allowed Mr. Breckinridge.
Mr. Cleveland's ambassador, to appear
at the czar's coronation In a court costume,
including knickerbockers. At Berlin
Mr. Tower has kept up the same place in
the famous granite Pringheim Palace, the
first American embassy at which the kaiser
is said to have ever dined, and for which
Mr. Tower pays $18,000 per year. It is said
that at a recent court ball Mrs Tower wore
a gown covered with gold .spangle?, costing
per spangle, and lined at the neck
with golden bees with ruby eyes. It is said |
that 011 tilts occasion even the empress felt
herself outshone by Mrs. Tower, wiio sat
at the right of the throne, on a dais in the
ball room
It Pays Uncle Sam.
This lavish expenditure by our ambassadors
in Europe has been criticised by politicians,
but almost always in an ill-disguised
spirit of demagogy. But to the
State Department, despite the party in
power, the proposition has been one of
hard and cold business enterprise, and the
same as that inspiring any great corporation
to serjd its agents out upon the road
and instruct them to live at the best hotels,
wear the best of clothes and chum with the
elite of the land. But these corporations
guarantee all expenses, while Uncle Sam
only pays a small fraction. While the figure
cut by the deposed Storers did not revert
to the credit of Uncle Sam, every
cent that such men as Mr. Reid and Mr.
Tower are spending in Kurope is brea I
cast upon the waters. It will drift back to
Uncle Sam, some day, across the Great
Pond. "If a foreign envoy succeed in
averting. Just for half a day, a serious war
between America and a European nation,
the expense saved would be enough to support
the entire embassy of the United
States In splendid style for a hundred
years." said former Ambassador Andrew D.
White. It. was realized that we lost the
Bering sea controversy at St. Petersburg
because Great Britain's social prestige at
that capital eclipsed that of our poorly
paid and poorly housed minister of that
time. We then lost enough to buy a palace
iui ttctj auiuaanaiiui ami minister in our
service and to pay the salaries for a century.
Embassy Just Bought.
A bill to provide a suitable official residence,
rent free, for each of our ambassadors
and ministers In pending before Congress.
It authorizes Secretary Root to
spend $5,000,000 in proper sites and build-*
lngs. "No man of however great learning,
experience or ability can represent this
country abroad unless lie be a man of great
wealth," states the favorable report of the
House committee on foreign afTalrs. Our
new ambassador to Paris, Mr. I^loyd Griscom,
with his bare salary of $17,500 will
have to cope with the British ambassador
there with a salary of $45,000, the "Russian
ambassador with $40,000. the German ambassador
with $;w,00i> and so on, all of
them provided with palaces, rent free. Mr.
Griscom. happening: to be. the son of 'the
millionaire shipping magnate, Clement A.
Griscom, can more than afford to make up
all deficiencies from his private purse. But
Sir. Riddle, just elevated from secretary of
the embassy at St. Petersburg to ambassador
to the czar, is not a millionaire, and
how he is going to cope there with Britain's
ambassador salaried at $39,000, Germany's
ambassador with ?!7..ri00 and France's ambassador
with $40,000? all having free use
of palatial residences?it is difficult to see.
Mr. Riddle, however, is a bachelor, and will
have no bill* trow the milliner or modiste.
His promotion Is based strictly upon merit.
He will be the first American representative
at St. Petersburg with a knowledge of
the Russian language, a certificate of proficiency
in which he holds from the College
of France. He is our first ambassador to
any court who can boast of institutional
training In International law and diplomacy,
which he received from the School
of Political Sciences. Paris. But his brains
' will not pay the butchar, the baker and
the candlestick maker until he learns a new
trade.
Inconsistent as It may seem. Ambassador
Leishman. a millionaire, will have rent free
hereafter at Constantinople. The State Department
has just paid an Italian widow
upward of $100,000 for the house lately occupied
by him there. It was about to be
sold over his head, and there was not another
possible building for rent in the Turkish
capital. So all future ambassadors to
Constantinople will have a free residence,
in addition to $1T,500 in salary, and the post
Will De a paying one, as 111 ream*, wiieie,
: ' :-::^r ;x H
'BR nBM
for the protection of Americans from future
Boxer uprisings, we have Just finished a
substantial wall-inclosed legation, costing
something like $100,000. At B.ingkok, the
capital of Siam. we own the rickety bungalow
in which our minister lives, it having
been presented by the king. Also at Tokio,
Japan, we own our embassy building, which
occupies a beautiful site, presented by the
mikado. At all other capitals the government
provides only office space, always
rented, and some of the office buildings occupied
are modest affairs to say the least.
While our ministers to the larger Kuropean
countries, not honored with ambassadors,
receive $12,000. there are lower grades of
ministers, receiving $10,000, $7,50o and
$5,000 each, the last including "ministers
resident" and "diplomatic agents." Diplomatic
agents are usually tonsuls general
having diplomatic duties. We have such a
post at Cairo, Egypt. Congress will appro
priate $34,000 this session for the purchase
of the legation building now rented by Minister
Pearson at Teheran, Persia.
JOHN ELFHETH WATKINS.
PROTECTING CITY TREES.
Association Working for the Beautiflcation
of New York Streets.
The Tree Planting Association of New
York, an affiliated member of the National
Municipal League, is not satisfied with
what it has accomplished. It has something
to show for Its work. But a great
deal more remains undone. It has secured
the enactment of a law putting all trees
and shrubs in the city streets in the care
of the park department, another law providing
for the planting of trees on new
streets opened by the city, and through
its counsel it has prosecuted and convicted
a number of persons for mutilating
trpda nr- nthornMau /-?! o # i??.?iI
? ??..? .t.uv ? cue IUIC3 UI I
the park department. The city magistrates
have shown full sympathy with the association
by imposing the maximum tine on
linemen who spoil trees to make room for
their wires.
The association now employs an inspector
to notify owners of street trees needing
carf to look after the trees on the sidewalks
of our own members, and to report
where trees may be set out to the greatest
advantage. This greatly aids us in appealing
to property owners to plant more
trees.
The park department has adopted the
plans prepared by its consulting expert for
replacing on upper Broadway the trees
and shrubbery destroyed while building
the subway, as well as his plans for planting
trees in the new Delancey street approach
to the Williamsburg bridge.
But the association has not vet been able
to influence an appropriation for the planting
of trees around the public school houses
and other city buildings and for the care of
nr In I- *
? vto IIW? in nit DU ccin. -i II?3 Ja IU uc
pressed uhUl It is made a regular item of
the park department budget. The success
of the committee on planting trees In the
tenement house districts has proved that
trees will flourish in any city street, that
they are in no danger from the children,
and that their beauty and shade are a comfort
aiid a joy to the people. The poor appreciate
as keenly as the rich the difference
between a city block of brick and stone aa
bare and cheerless as a row of catacombs,
as brown and baking as the desert, and another
street lined with rows of shade trees
whose rustling leaves give life and color to
the scene, and life and comfort to its
people.
fans nas iw,?iw street trees; ?asnington
about ?0,1)00.
The Tree Planting Association of New
York is striving to exceed these figures.
By Royal Messengers.
Fom the Chicago News.
Very odd are some of the errands done by
the royal messenger service in Great Britain.
At an English seaport, for instance, a
sealed packet which was being conveyed
across the channel to Windsor In care of
the British foreign office became accidentally
unfastened In the custom-house and a
quantity or cigars tumbled out. As the
packet In question was invoiced as containing
"important confidential government dispatches"
no little amusement was caused.
Nothing serious, however, came of the incident,
for it is a recognized rule that "the
king can do no wrong," and neither, therefore,
can the king's messengers.
Besides, it is well understood that the
service is maintained for other purposes
than the nominal one. During the late
Queen Victoria's reign these messengers
used frequently to carry to the continent, in
sealed bags supposed to contain dispatches,
shirts and collars of a special make and
pattern for one of the British ambasadors,
Hate anH hnnnpfs fnr her moloefv'c mnmnn
relatives, all sorts of English knickknacks
for the late Empress Frederick at Berlin
and even barrels of native oysters for the
embassies at Paris and Vienna.
For many years, moreover, it was tho
practice of the messengers to call each
week on their way back to England at
Brussels, where they received from the
court kitchens a box of special biscuits of.
which Queen Victoria was very fond and
which she believed nobody could make as
well as the head pastry cook of King Leopold's
kitchen. This bpx of biscuits waa
solemnly sealed tip at the Brltfsh legratlon
with the official seal, and then conveyed
with Infinite care to Windsor, by way of
Dover and Ix)ndon.
The state commissioners for the Jamestown
exposition have decided that they
have no power to appoint women commissioners
on behalf of the state. The general
assembly had made no provialon for
lady managers.
KlCwDIT
MEMOIRS OF PRINCE CHLODWIG OF
HOHBNLUHG - SCHILLIXUSFUERST,
Autnorizea Dy rnnce AiexHnuer ui
Hohenlohe-Schillingsfuerst and Edited
by Frledrich Curtius. English Edition
Supervised by * George W. Chrystal.
B.A., formerly exhibitioner of Balllol
College, Oxford. In two volumes. New
York: The Macmilinn Company. Washington:
Brentano's.
Prince Hohenlohe's early reminiscences
cover the changes Inaugurated by the revolution
of 1S48. As president of the Bavarian
ministry he saw the first beginnings
from which the German empire rose; and
his success in keeping Bavaria In line with
the federation after the Franco-Prussian
war promoted him to office under the empire.
As a member of the imperial diet
he had every opportunity of studying the
methods of Bismarck's statescraft. As ambassador
In Paris from 1874 to 1S8B he was
in close personal contact with the statesmen
wfio were raising France from her
knees. In spite of Bismarck's machinations,
and as viceroy of Alsace-Lorraine from 1SK5
to 18JM, striving to rivet the conquered
provinces to the fabric of the German empire
he was brought into intimate relations
with both the Iron chancellor and the emperor.
The son of one of the oldest and proudest
houses In Germany, Prince Hohenlohe was
steadllv In touch with almost every court
of Europe. One brother was a magnate in
Prussia, another the confidant of the Emperor
of Austria, a third a cardinal at the
Vatican; and he mirrled a Russian princess
whose family was among the most intimate
members of the imperial court at St. Petersburg.
To this favored position, in respcct to opportunities
for obtaining information at first
hand, must be added the personality of
the diarist. Subtle, shrewd, closely observ *?/*>
ho TVOQ wpiromp every
ail L J W UlOX.tVJVt. IIV .. - _
where and the recipient of many confidences?even
from Bismarck, crowling like
a wounded lion in his lair In the Sachsenwald.
Thus, in every dispute, whether a
court sauabble or a conflict that made
history, he heard the story. To his diaries
alone he intrusted these confidences; and
to their record was added a great accumulation
of memoranda and correspondence.
Few Incidents in contemporary history have
been more dramatic than that of Bismarck's
fall: and in these memoirs for the first time
the true story of the struggle and of the
enormous issues it Involved is related at
first hand by the chief actors on both sides.
SOCIAL I SAGES AT WASHINGTON. By
Florence Howe Hall. New York: Harper
& Brothers.
This little volume will doubtless fill a real
want. Not only newcomers to tne iascinatlng
life of Washington, but those "old
residents" who, immersed in the comfortable
contemplation of their own permanence
in the midst of change, have lost sight of
social development and wake to find themselves
not up-to-date, will find it of value.
The volume covers the fixed etiquette of
official circles ami also the new social i.ssuea
that have come up under the present administration.
It is not a mere compilation
of arbitrary laws, but suggests the reason
underlying conventions and is full of common-sense
hiints for simplifying the conduct
of social life.
BEACHED KEELS. By Henry Milner
Rideout. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin &
Co.
? -- which
'rne xnree rauivi ivm6 ?
are brought together umler the common 1
title, "Beached Keels" show unusual power
and a strong grasp upon human sympathy.
They are unusual In conception and
admirable In execution. Of the three, "Blue
Peter" Is possible the most noticeable for
Its Ideality, "Wild Justice" for somber
power, and "Captain Christy" for a certain
human kindliness. Bach has its own peculiar
charm and together they promise
much for their author's future. The hero
of each is of the men who "go down to the
sea in ships." although 1n the episodes of
which Mr. Rideout treats their keels are
beached and the battle with a various fate
is to be fought on land.
PARDNBH OP III.OSSOM RANGE. By
Frances Charles, author of "In the
Country God Forgot." Boston: Little,
' Rrnwn Co.
"Holly Blossom," the bright young girl
about whom the action of this Arizona
story revolves, is a charming portrait of
the American girl in her most distinctively
American type. The granddaughter of old
I "Jeddy Blossom," reared almost without
j feminine Influence, she has yet, together
with manly straightforwardness and courage.
all of the most alluring feminine virtues
and graces. The fate which sends to i
her the man whom?in ignorance of his real
motives? she had most hated, is more unkind
to her than any one who knew her
could have the heart to be. It is due to the
manly young officer himself that love, not
hate, should finally triumph. "Pardner of
Blossom Range" is full of the color of the
* - -- ?1' ~e ...i
wonderful west, ana iun, as wcu, m admirable
portraiture.
THE KEY OF THE BLUE CLOSET. By
\\". Robertson Xicoll. New York:
Dodd, Mead & Co. Washington: Brentano's.
Under the title which he has given to the
most significant of them. Mr. Nlcoll has collected
a number of short, pithy essays |
which contain his reflections with regard to
topics of moment to human life. They are
written in admirable English, colloquial and
yet dignified, and are full of allusion and 1
rich with anecdote. Best of all, they are <
Biiggestive and helpful in their garnered |
wisdom.
HALF A KOCIK. By Harold MacGrath, '
author of "The Man On the Box." '
With Illustrations by Harrison Fisher, i
Indianapolis: The Bob;>i-Merrill Com- .
pany.
An interesting story, with many of the
qualities which made the success of "The
Man on the Box," and with a more seri- ,
ous element In the treatment of local poli- j
tics ami of the laibor question. The fact j
that these questions are worked out in a I
thriving interior town of the Empire state, '
instead of in one of the larger centers mere- J
ly adds point to the scleral diffusion of
the problems of tlie day.. Thie dram;*, is
acted out by two men who know how to be
friends through good and evil report, aixl
two women, who are contrasted and yet
admirable typas of American womanhood.
THE WONDERS OF THE COLORADO
DESERT ( SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA) 1
Its Rivers and its Mountains, its Canyons
and its Springs, its Life and its
History, Pictured and Described. Including
an Account of a Recent Journey
made down the Overflow of the
Colorado River to the Mysterious Salton
Sea. By George Wharton Jamep,
author of "In and Around the Grand
Canyon," &c. With Upwards of Three
Hundred Pen-and-ink Sketches from
Nature by Carl Eytel. In two volumes.
Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
Many days passed In the Colorado desert
southern ^California, have enabled Mr. J
James to aescrioe wiih iascinaung vivianese
and realism all its wonders, its weirdness,
mystery, storms, calms and solitudes;
its life, both of man and animals; its lofty
mountains and its volcanos: its wonderful
river; its canyons and passes; its streams
and its springs.
He has written most entertainingly, but
accurately, of the physical history of the
desert, of its climatology, of its explorers
and pathfinders, of its plant life, of its
horticultural possibilities, of its irrigation t
and of the industries of the aborigines. He a
has told the story of Its tragedies and mys
teries, of the old stage coach days and of
Us former bandits.
THE COMING DAff!t, Ry Charles Eperton.
New York: John I^ne Company.
The early yenTs of the reign of George II
of England offer a picturesque fteld for
romance. *Th? beginning of the opposition
to Walpole's .ninistry, the mingled etjrruptlon
and brilliancy of court life, with its
dominion of the beauty and the wit, the
powder a-nd patchcs as' 6ff.?ot by the doctrine
of repentance and spiritual regeneration
preached by W hi tele y" and the other [
great Methodists?these all furnish abundant
light ami shade for the setting of a
story. But Mr. EgertoTi's nr>v?-l hoius the
attention of the reader by its human quality,
even more than by these charms of
setting. There will be few who will not lie
impressed by the love of Walsingham and
his Julia, and touched by the story of the
suffering and spiritual rebirth of the Wtvman
for whom W'alsingham most chivalrously
gave up the world.
BOOKS RECEIVED.
DOLLY MADISONs a Story of the War of
1812. By Mary Elizabeth" Springer,
author of "Lady Hancock; a Story of
the American Revolution." New York:
Bonnell Silver & Co.
REMINISCENCES; Childhood. Boyhood
and Youthful Days of Connecticut's
"Favorite Son." Orville H. Piatt, late
United States Senator By an old playmate,
schoolmate, fellow townsman
and friend, Stanley G. Fowler. Washington:
Stanley G. Fowler.
PLANE GEOMETRY. By Edward Butledge
Bobbins, A.B., senior mathematical
mastw, the iV. ill jam Penn
Charter School. New. York: The American
Book Company;
THE LODGING HOUSE PROBLEM IN
BOSTON. By Albert Benedict Wol. \
Ph.D., associate professor of economics
and sociology in Oberlin Col
lege, sometime holder of the South
End House Fellowship in HarvarJ
University. Published from the Income
of the William H. Baldwin, Jt.,
1885 Fund. Boston: Houglilon. Mifflin
& C?' ' -- y ,
REPORT OF THE COMPTROM.ER OF
THE CITY OF NEW YORK, for the
Fiscal Year Ending December 31. lD-ii.
Volume I. New York: Alaftin B.
Brown Company.
GOD'S ACRE. By Rev, James Bqrrell,
LL.D. Published by the Morgan Shepard
Company. New York: Tiffany
* Studios.
A CENTURY OF MISQUOTATIONS. By
Mnrv n V-.,.- v,.rl,
Elder & Co.
THE FOOLISH ALMANAK, SECOND)
For Another Year. With Apologiz to
the Karnagy Spellng Skool. Purpetrated,
with the Aid ov Wallace Goldsmith's
Pictures. Boston: John W.
Luce & Co. '
THE FARMING ALMANAC; a Real Almanac
and Reference Book for the
Home and Farm, 'with Special Planting
Time Tables. Rules for Foretelling
the Weather, Fiirm LkW, and Arithmetic,
Rules for He^l^h, Simple Remedies
for the Diseases of Farm Animals,
I'seful Recipes and Household
Hints, and Twelve "Immediate Service
Coupons." Compiled by.CIamle .H. Miller.
Ph.B. York: D^Qubleday,
Page & Co.
THE CAftlTERVILLE GHOST; an Amusing
Chronicle of the Tribulations of
the Ghost of Canterville Chase when
his Ancestral Hall.-! became the Home
of the American Minister to the Court
of St. James. By Wilde. Illustrated
by Wallace Goldsmith. Boston: John
W. I-uce & Co. ? ? - ?
FROM OLD FIELDV( Toems of the <"*!vil
War. By Nathaniel Soutligate Shale.r,
late professor of geology in Harvard
University and dean of l?nvrenee Scientific
Schodl." Boston: Houghton,
Mifflin H Co.
NELSON'S ENCYCLOPAEDIA i Everybody's
Book of Reference. Iii 12 Volumes.
Profusely Illustrated. Kditorsin-Chief.
Frank Moore Colby, M.A..
New York, and,,George Sandeman,
M.A., Edinburgh. Volumes VIII (Mart
to Numid) and X (Piescr to Sax>. New
York: Thomas Nelson & Sons.
A DIALOGUE ON RELIGIONt Between
Kev. John Jutz-Js. J., and Dr. T. A.
Bland. Chicago: T. A. Bland, Publisher.
LETTES OF A BUSINESS ivovtv Tn
HER NIECE. By Caroline A. Muling.
New York: R. F. l-'tnno & Co.-'Washing-ton:
Woodward & Lothrop.
CONCRETE CONSTRI CTION; About the
Home and on the Pai*m. New" York:
The Atlas Portland Cement Company.
CONCRETE COUNTRY RESIDENCE!
Wltli- a Huttdned* lMustraTlons and
Ground Plans. New York: The Atlas
Portland ("emtiit'Ci.mpany.
* HISTORY OF DIPLOMACY IN THE
INTERNATIONAL HEVEIJOPMENT
OF El ROPE. By David Jayne Hill,
LI,.D. Volume II. 'i he Establishment
of Territorial Sovereignty. With Maps
and Tables. New York: Kong-mans,
Green & Cot
xtine snooting.
from the Lontkm Spectator.
It ts not only- the muscles of the arm
which are tested by properly organized
rifle shooting. It supplies an excellent exercise
for the chest and lungs. One of the
Irst things the young rifle shot has to learn
Is how to take a deep breath, to fill the
lungs with air, and then to hold the breath
while the rifle Is kept absolutely steady and
[he finger Is gradually tightening on the
[rigger. A glance at any Kuccessful rifle
?hot will show you a man with a deep chest
irid full powers of oreathing.
Any form of recreation which trains the
UU0VIV0 ui inc wiin auu rACIUSCT tile CneSI
md lungs would seem likely to be beneIclal
to health; but if that Is not enough
there is the unequaled training which rifle
shooting gives to the eye and to the hand
working with the eye. The writer remembers
hearing a musketry instructor boast
:hat he had lengthened not only his own
sight, but the sight of scores of boys whom
le had taught how to use their eyes in
liming at a target, by two or three hunIred
yards, Bimply by continued practice
it long-distance shooting. It is astonishng
what results tan be obtained in this
way by platting a rifle on a sanding raised
jn a tripod and making the pupil aim as
iccurately as He 6an at any distant object,
rhe eye can be trained, of course, equally
ivell, though the sight will not necessarily
ie lengthened, by aiming at objects close
it .hand.
rruth About .Mysterious Everglades.
'rani Harper's Magazine.
Our experience was that one meets delay
n the Evergladw,. but not danger. The
vater Is pure and sweet and food plentiful
enough. LlmpRJrts taste tike jotlng turteys;
all members q/_ the ,berot> faqjlly are
ikely to be found in the Glades and most
>ther birds are" fair -pooxh- Snails. which
ibound, are delicaciea when called perltinkles;
you WOUTd paylT dollar a portion
n New York for the frogs that are yours
or the catching in tfie'Glades. There are
>lenty of turtle.jgrijlth possess all the good
tiolitioa e<cpnt ivisl fiMti^epppn Fllrflo nr i
he terrapin. A few.fruits can .be had for i
lessert?cocoa plums, custard apples and t
>awpaws? while the UsaY#s^?f the sweet- 1
lay make a fragrant beverage. Crossing (
he Everglades of MorMa Ui a canoe is not i
in adventure; It ia a picnic. 1
I
THE PUBLIC LIBRARY
PANAMA CANAL PHOTOGRAPHS
AND BOOKS?NEW ACCESSIONS.
Through the courtesy of the isthmian
canal commission the District public library
is able to exhibit a set of the photographs
used to illustrate the President's
iwnt message on the Panama canal. Thesw
photographs and a copy of the map'that
alt J accompanied the message are displayed
in the exhibition room on life second
floor of the library building. The library
?Jf*> offers the following selected list of
tx>ftlcs and ir.-igaz ne articles on the Tunam:*
<-anal. This list is confined to a few
of the most recent publications. An txtended
list in manuscript will be found la
the library's reading room.
Panama Canal Books.
Abbot. 11. I.. ProMoma of tbc Panama Canal*
190.V HJC Al^f,
Johnson, \V. ! '. Four Onturiea of the Pantunft
Canal. HH*V HJC-Jiaxf.
Lindsay, C li. A Forlx*. Panama. the Isthmus ami
the ('anal. 1J*m>. IIJC Ia?47i?.
Reed. C. A. L. Panama Canal Mismanagement*
ii*?.?. IIJC-R2&<I>.
Mionts, T. IV Address Before the Bankers* Club,
Chicago, liK?o. liJ(' ShT(?>*ad.
Shouts T r. Sjieeeh Before the Commercial
Clul?. Ci icinnati. 1MH?. HJC-Sh7?SSs.
Taft. W. 11. Panama ('anal; Sjieet h at the St.
Louis < oimnercial club. lWUo. IIJC-TlLISp.
Taft, W. 11. Statement Before the Coininittee oq
Intc-roeeanlc Canals of the L. S. Si'uuto. llHMj*
HJC TllISs.
I nited States Isthmian Canal Commission. Annual
U.-jKirt, 1MM HJCln37an.
I'ulwil States Isthmian Canal Commission, ran*
ama Canal. 1U0."?. llJC-l Uo7p.
I nited States President, 1*01? Roosevelt. Special
Message Concerning the i'auaina Canal, December
17. l'JOti. 1UC-1 u3s.
Magazine Articles on Canal.
Benefit to American Commerce. H. II.
Harper s Weekly. V. 50, p. 438-40. March 31?
lirtMi.
i-irst Year's Preparatory Work on the Panama
Canal. J. F. Wallace. F.nglneering Mazarine. V.
30. p. 1(51-74. November. li*?f?.
Machinery for the Panama Canal- Old and New.
F. L Waldo. Kngineering Magarinc. \ . 31, l>.
11 I ri ;
Miuing Methods for the Culebra <*ut. II. M.
('h*u<e. Engineering Magazine. \ . 31, p. .'*lo-73?
July. 1W00.
Modem Machinery and ilie Panama Canal.
W. Ltobinson. Engineering Magului*. \ 2i?, p.
1U8, Hil \ April, .tiay, li?or?.
Our Misrnanagt incut at Panama. I'. BigeloW.
Independent. \. p. tt-21. January 4. HmJ.
Tait's lteply to liigelow. Independent. V. 00t
p. 12?-8. January lb, liHW.
Panama Canal. i . i\ Shouts. National Geographic
Magazine. V. 17, p. 5.Vt?.v February,
Panama- the Human Side. Poultney Itigvl^w.
Cosmopolitan. September, October, November?
ll*X>.
Plain Facts. J. F. Wallace. Engineering Magazine.
V. 30, p. HM1 l.*?. March. 11HX>.
Preparing the Isthmus for Caual Const ruction
Work. F. L. Waldo. Engineering Magazine. V.
31, p. 17-25. April, lllOti.
President's Plan for liutldtng by Contract. II.
II. Lewis. Harper's Weekly. V. 50, p. 152-6.
February 3, 1900.
Problems of ihe Pnnamn Canal. W. P. Parsons.
Century. V. 71, p. 138-5U. Noveml>e.\ 1M).'?.
Projects of the Board of Consulting Engineers*
II. L. Abbot. Engineering Magaziue. V. 31, p.
481-H1. July, ll*Mt.
Progress on Panama Canal. L. I>enlson. Every
body*i?. V. 14. p. 57iMH). May. 11R#?.
Progress ou Pauaiua Canal. H. C. Rowland.
Book lover's Magazine. V. 7. p. 5G3 71. May, li*06.
Truth Al?out the Panama Canal. II. f. Kowland.
Book lover's. V. 7. p. 527-37. 707 14. June l'J06.
Why the Look System VVaa <'hoseu. W. if. Taft.
Century, December, 1WH1, p. 300 13.
Work of the Sanitary Force. J. F. Carr. Out*
look. V. 83, p. W 72. May 12, 1900.
The following list of books includes a selection
from those most recently added to
the library:
Conduct of Life.
Gracian. Raltaear. The Art of Worldly Wisdom.
BQT G7L2.E.
Salevl.y. C. W. Ethics. BM-Sa333e.
Washington, B. T. Putting the Most Into Lif??
BQSW273p.
Philosophy and Religion.
Bowne, B. P. Theory of Thought and Knowl*
edce. BIl-B6*6t.
Lambert, J. t\ The Romance of Missionary
Heroism. D8-L177r.
Kaupert. J. G. The Dangers of Spiritualism*
BXS-RlWd.
Saleeby, C. W. Psychology. BI-Sa333p.
Biography.
Browne. Mary. Tbe Diary of a Girl in France lQ
1K21. EB8183.
Cadogan, Edward. Makers of Modern History.
E-9C113m.
Catbey, J. H. The Genesis of Lincoln. K-LCicat*
Crlsaey. Forrest. The Making of an American
School Teacher. E-C77.V.
FitcheU, . 11. Wesley and HI* Century.
E Wolf.
Fitter*Id. G. F. I-ord Kelvin. K K2907f.
Gilchrist, Alexander. The Life of William Ulaks.
Lang, Andrew, coran. I.ife and Letters of John
Gibson Lockhart. E-L813I.
L.rdekker. Richard. Sir William Flower. K-FG581.
Martin. B. K. In the Footprints of Charles
Lainh. E-L188ma.
Meyrlck, Frederick. Memories of Life at Oxford,
E-M577.
OJdfleld. S. If. Some Records of th" Later Life
of Harriet. Countess Granville. E-G7tkki.
Purcell, K. S. Life and Letters of Ambrose 1'hillijms
de Lisle. K-K*T?38p.
Wilkius. W. H. Queen of Tears. Caroline Matilda,
Queen of Denmark. K C225w.
History.
Macalister. R. A. S. Bible Side Liphts From
the Mound of Gezer. FF<?1-M112b.
Mait lnnd. Sir F. L. Surrender of Na|?*leon?
F39442-M2*8a.
llhvs, John. and Jones, 1>. B. The Welsh People*
F44-R:W93K.
Schooler, James. Americans of 177*J. FSJ90*
Sch(t8T?am. . ?
Description and Travel.
Biddle. A. J. L>. The Madeira Islsnds. U708B473tn.
Bovd, M. 8. Versailles Christmas-tide. G39V*
BU9Sv.
Brabant. F. G. Oxfordshire. G4S0-B722o.
Bnrk. W. H. Uis!(tri<al und Tonoffranhb'al Guldft
to Valley Forge. <ifcf>4V-RWlfib.
Hail. II. 1'. A People at School. r.(?8;>-HH2p.
Harper. C. 1?. The Oxford, Gloucester ami Mil*
ford Haven Road. (MS H^to.
llotne. (i. C. Yorkshire l?ules ami Fells. <i45YHTW.v.
Hoik-. A. R. Surrey. 04??Sn-M742s.
Hughes, Kuperi. J he K?al New \ork. <;k"?INH87ftr.
Hyrst, H. W. O. Adventures in the <?reat
Deserts. (ill-11007ad.
Jekyll, tiertrude. Old West Surrey. <;4r>SuJ2?7o.
Mackenzie. W. A Short History of the Scot*
tish Highlands and Islea. U43-M193S.
Mitton, CJ. K. 1 he Thames. 04.Vi'-MC08t.
Sidney, F. E. Anglican Innocents in Spain. G40Sll.Vtfln
The Thames and Its Story From the Cotiwotdg to
the Nore. 045T-T32K.
Treves, Sir Frederick. The Other Side yf t be
Lantern. Gll-T720o.
Wharton, A. II. Italian Darn and Ways. <J35*
W55371.
Moral Aspects of Suicide.
From the Century.
Voluntary self-murder Is not only a violation
of the divine law, but Is also a crime
against society. We are social beings. We
owe a duty to the commonwealth as well
as to ourselves. We mutually deoend on
one another, like the members of our
physical body. "For none of us llveth. to
himself; and no man dieth to himself." Human
society may be compared to a grand
army, every meirJber of which has a special
place and mission assigned to him by
his Sovereign Commander. To abandon the
nAut r%f Hnt\* intrnsfMl tn a cMitltu'l Ir rp
garded by the military code uh a rnoHt cowardly
act, which Is punished with extreme
rigor. What less does the suicide do than
basely abandon the situation assigned to
htm in the warfare of life? And there is
110 vice more contagious than cowardly desertion.
It is often followed by a general
mutiny. The same Is true of suicide.
When a few deeds of self-murder are widely
circulated by the press, they are not infrequently
followed by numerous voluntary
slaughters. A suicidal wave rolls over the
land.
The Magazine and Literature.
From Harper'* Magadan.
Periodical literature, in - its very beginning.
accomplished for the writer one very
important result. It enabled him to secure
at least partial independence of patronage
- *- TI-, n n
WlinOUl rccuurw lO pm.tWi>uiiK I n?: H'nri,
which was its natural offspring, and which,
from the first, was a profitable undertaking.
helped to complete the emancipation.
Richardson's "Pamela," the earliest society
novel, tedious as it may seem to us, appealed
to the sympathies of every class In
Europe, and established a new school of
foreign as well as of domestic fiction. The *
novel and the monthly magazine emerged
during the same generation. Together with
the polite essay, they helped to abolish
pedantry, and we may Justly say that they
brought the development of modern English
prose literature to a stage of finished gruce
and elegance not hitherto reached even In
the noble examples furnished by Bacon,
Taylor. Milton and Sir Thomas Browne,
? 1.S* n-rntA uU NlMI milHt Writ#. llAVf nnt
been brought Into Intimate accord with the
idiomatic expression of a general audience.
The oldest house In Cumberland., Md..
[he Tuttle property on North Mechanic
street, has been razed to make room for
:hree modern dwelling*. A letter dated '
1791 was found in the attic and a cane unjerneath
the house. It was located on the
naln thoroughfare of the old national pike
ihrough Cumberland.

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