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No. 16,952. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1907-TWENTY PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAR WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. tniin?ttOAc?, 11th StrMt u4 Pawuylraaia Aran*. Ti# Br suing SUr Nswipapsr Company. THSOOOIE W. NOTXS Pmiitii. Ktw York Offlca: Trifcnu? Building. Cbicafo Office: Firit National Bank Building. The Evening Star, wltk the /nnday roornln* edltlon, is delivered by carrier*. on tl^ir own acconnt, within the city at .%0 cent* per month* without the Sunday morning edition at 44 rent* per .^onth. mall imatflpp nr.>nafd? Pally, San?lay Inrlodfd. one month, 60 cents. Dally. Sunday excepted, on# month, 00 cent*. 8a tunlay Star, one rear. $1.00. Sunday Star, one year, fl-50. TEN ARE RESCUED AFTEfl WILD NIGHT flN WRFf!(fFfl SHIP VII VI I I > w IILU Willi Clung to the Spars and Timbers Until Help Came to Hand. STORM RAGED FOR HOURS life-Savers Were Unable to Reach the Ship Until the Wind Abated. HEAVY SNOW ADDED TO TERHOU Vivid Description of How She "Was Parted in the Hurricr.ne? Steamer Was Battered. Recent Marine Disasters. Steamship. Place. Lives lost. ! Berlin Honk of Holland 142 Larclimont Long Island sound.... 22 ' Hilda Off St. Malo 127 tleneral Slneum..East river 1,031 Islander Pacific ocean 52 Nutmeg State Long Island sound.... 4 La Hourgogne. ...Midoceaa 571 After over thirty hours of almost incessant efforts and splendid work the Dutch lifeboatmen were rewarded by reaching the wreck of the British steamer Berlin, which went ashore yesterday morning, and ten survivors on the after nart of the vessel were saved. Buffeted and driven back time after time, the sturdy Dutchmen refused to relax their attempts in behalf of the handful of shipwrecked people, and tnrougtiout yesterday, last night and , tliis morning they launched their boat repeatedly, only to be foiled by the mountainous seas. In the early afternoon the lifeboat again went out. The receding tide and some improvement in the weather gave better hope of success, and after a hard tussle with the seas the few persons still living were safely taken off at 3 :3? P-m. HOOK OF HOLLAND, Holland. February 22?Ten of the persons Tvho pas.= ~d the night on the after part of the wreck 't the Berlin have been saved. COULD SEE THEM. Survivors Clung to the After Fart of Ship. HOOK OF HOLLAND. February 22.When daylight broke this morning a handful of survivors of the Great Eastern Rallway Company's steamer Berlin, from Harwich to Rotterdam, which was wrecked off the Hook of Holland yesterday morning:, could still be seen clinging to the after part of the steamer. The efforts made to rescue the survivors yesterday were continued throughout the night, but proved futile, owing to the furious seas and heavy snow torm which rageil all night long, rendering 4* I V. 1 ? ?... ? H*-i ?- - 4b tiii^uooiuic iui uic lujji? ur ineuuaia to approaoh the wreck, over which mountainous Beau continue to dash with terrific fury. Bo Intense was the cold last night that It was thougtit that those who were still alive on the remnant of the steamer when darkness came must have frozen, but some six ?r eight persons appear to have survived the terrible experiences of the past twenty.four hours. Steamer Has Not Moved. The stern of the Berlin is so firmly embedded in the sandbank on which she went ashore that it does not appear to have moved during the night. At high water this morning the poop deck houses were ?v... Ant? ? - ' L - ? -- - vin; ui i ijtr steamer visible, and there the few survivors were huddled. A lifeboat which went out to'the wreck at midnight accompanied by three tugs remained there, anchored closu to tne Berlin for three hours, but was unable to get alongside of her. as the heavy seas would have dashed her to pieces. The life boatmen report that they heard an occasional hout for help, but they ultimately were forced by the rising tide and Increasing dangers to temporarily abandon their efforts to rescue the survivors. How the Accident Occurred. Captain Parkinson of the Holt steamship line, who was on his way to Amsterdam on board the Berlin to Join his vessel, the Myr midon. and take her back to Liverpool. U the sole aurvtvor of the disaster who thus far has reached the shore. He said this morning that the catastrophe was due to the fact that the Berlin broached to In the terrific sea, as she was entering the waterway. and that before she was able to recover herself she was dashed upon the pierhead. Immediately "crunched up like a concertina," and parted amidships. The straggling little village of the Hook cf Holland is lined witn anxious relatives of the passengers and crew of the Berlin, and heartrending scenes are witnessed at the Improvised mortuary, where the thirtyfive bodies which already have been washed up are lying. Battered Beyond Recognition, ^any of these are battered beyond reccg nltlon and some are without heads, and others without arms or legs. Veteran pilots and seamen who watched the Berlin being driven to her doom say the gale was the fiercest in many years. One of the eyewitnesses described the scene as follows: "As the vessel approached It was noticed that she was being carried out of her course by the force of the wind and the tremendous driving power of the waves. The trained eyes of the officials of the Jetty who wero awaiting the steamer's arrival saw she was in Imminent peril, and a flare from the Berlin showed that the Inevitable had been realized by those on board. Burled Into Sea. "Before the flare died out the crash came. It could be heard above the din of the storm. When the Berlin struck the waves were "sweeping the northern part of the pier, which Is little more than a breakwater. from end to end, and the tremendous seas which washed over the Berlin from bow to stern quickly battered her to pieces, r or a snort nine me nu^icaa sel lay at the mercy of wind and waves. Huje rollers struck her and earned off her deck ge.-r and pwept some of the passengers Into the churning t aters. Suddenly a great rent gaped amidshlp, and the Berlin's bow and stern parted, hurling nearly all on board Into the sea." EFFORTS TO RESCUE. Could Hear the Cries for Help of the Unfortunate. LONDON, February 22.?The Great Eastern Railway Company's steamer Clacton returned to Harwich this mornirj- from the I IT 1. _M TT^llon J oka O rrhro/1 roetpr. II IJUh Ul Iiunanu, mint .ill X. U. ... J ? day morning about an hour after the illfated Berlin was wrecked. The Clacton stood by the remnants of the Berlin all day long and made strenuous efforts to rescue te survivors. An officer of the Clacton today gave a graphic account of the scene as follows: "On o. * arrival at the Hook of Holland we found the Berlin broadside on at the north pier end, and we at once set to work in an endeavor to succor the stranded steamer. A tremendous sea was running. The waves were forty feet high, the tide was flood and a fierce gale was blowing Ke? r? or nn c>tnrp "We got In close to the rocks, but nearly went on them ourselves and had to put about in order to escape the fate of the Berlin. It was impossible for us to get out a life boat, as it would have been sm shed to pieces In the raging waters. Raised a Cheer. ."We could ace people in groups on board the Berlin, some on deck and some In the smoke room, on the forepart of the vessel. As we approached in an attempt to rescue them the persons on board raised a cheer. ' Apparently the best of discipline prevailed on board. All the passengers had been furnished with life belts and had gathered on the lee side, endeavoring to shelter themselves from the awfjil seas which were breaking over the vessel, submerging her decks, funnels and almost her masts, at times hiding her entirely from view. When within a hundred yards of the Berlin we threw out all our life belts with lines attached, but tliey failed to reach her. "It was impossible to take a line aboard the stranded steamer, as nothing could have lived in the terrible waves. Could Hear Shouts. "When the Berlin broke In two the pas- 1 sengers and crew were swept off her decks in batches and drown within a fsw yards ; of safely. We could hear their shouts for 1 help, but could do nothing to assist them. ' We saw scores of people struggling In the water, many clinging for brief periods to floating wreckage, but In their benumbed 1 state they were unable to long resist the tremendous force of the waves and dropped off one by one." In the course of the morning the Great Eastern Railway Company received a dispatch from their marine superintendent at the Hook of Holland as follows: "Have been In the vicinity of the wreck with a tug and life boat all night and have just returned. Was unable to rescue the people still on board the Berlin. The captain of the life boat reports there are still three or four alive. Will try again as the water falls." J PKINCE HENRY SUES WRECK. He Went Out as Niar as Possible to Derelict. ( HOOK OF HOLLAND. Holland, February ^2.?Prince Henry of" Netherlands, the prince consort, arrived htre this morning and twice went out in a . team pilot boat as near the wreck as it was possible to .approach. Subsequently the prince visited 1 the building which is being used as a morgue and passed down the lines of white \ draped figures, stopping with bowed head . for a few minutes before the body of a fair-haired child. The lifeboat put out again at noon, al- ' though the efforts to save the few who are still on the wreck are regarded as al- ] most hopeless. . Took Later Boat, Luckily. Kpn-lal Dispatch to The Star. 1 NEW YORK. February 22.?Mr. E. l Strooch of 1188 Park avenue. New York, received a cablegram from London and j Berlin today stating that his sister-in-law, , Rosa Olitzka, who was mentioned in the , dispatches yesterday as among the passengers on the Berlin, was not on the Berlin, but took a later boat from London. Rosa Olitzka was one of the principals In 1 the German Opera Company, late of Co- 1 vent Garden, London, nineteen members ' of which were passengers on the Berlin. 1 She is now on her way to fill an engage- ' ment at the Royal Opera, Berlin. 1 Sensation in Berlin. , BERLIN, February 22.?The wreck of the British steamer Berlin off the Hook of ' llallond yesterday caused a sensation in 1 Berlin, as the Rotterdam-Harwich route s the one usually followed by Germans In ' trawling to and from England. There 1 have been hundreds of inquiries at the 1 tffioes of the line here. Several members ' of the German Opera Company who were ' among those drowned resided in Berlin. V. REST FORK THAW She Has Three Days in Which to Prepare Herself. MORE TROUBLE FOR HER Ordeal Has Been One Hard to Endore for So Long a Time. ATTITUDE OF ME. JEROME He is Not Half Through With His Cross-Examination?More Sensationalism Expected. NEW YORK, February 22.?Evelyn Nesbit Thaw has three days and rest to prepare for a continuation of the ordeal which she Is undergoing at the hands of District Attorney Jerome. The Thaw trial was adlourned last night until Monday morning, ifter Mrs. Thaw had spent the entire day m the stand on a searching crass-examination by the district attorney. On Monday morning she will again take the stand and will be forced to go into more fetalis of her life. All day long she is expected to be on the stand, and there Is some question whether even then the llctrirt attnrnpv will be throuflrh with her. Her associations with both White and fhaw after her return from Europe In tUOB; the Interviews with Abe Hummel when was drawn the famous affidavit she has denied she had any part In framing; the European trip of 1904; the Cumberland Hotel and other Incidents with Thaw, following her return; her marriage and the subsejuent events up to the fatal night in Madison Square?none of these has come up In cross-examination. More "Yellow" Evidence. It would seem that the climax of sensationalism had been reached yesterday, but It is said that the district attorney expects to bring out on Monday incidents of at least as sensational character as those touched upon yesterday. Aiuiuugu 11 was vuiy cviutrui iuai ine Wlie of Harry K Thaw was under a great strain yesterday, only once did she give way to tears. That was when, after fencing with the district attorney for an hour, she was finally driven into a corner by his pointed questioning and took refuge In tears. Throughout the day Harry Thaw sat In bis accustomed place at the end of the table Hanked by his lawyers. When his wife wept he burled his face in his hands for a moment, but during most of the day he made notes or conversed excitedly in whispers wun inose ox wuuuki wuu sai nearest him. When court adjourned he hurried back to the Tombs with a smile on his (ace. The Trip Abroad. The detail of the European trip of 1904 la itlll to be gone Into. The return to America ind the false announcement of Thaw's marriage to Evelyn Nesbit when the flrst scanSal arose Is still to be told of. yThe facts Df the pursuit of the young woman by Stanford White after her marriage, which the defense told of In the opening address, may be brought out Whatever the result may be. this is certain, Evelyn Nesbit Thaw's ordeal is not half over. Thaw was In his usual vigorous health today, and In his cell in tb<* Tombs prison read the newspaper reports of his trial with lively interest. He declared that he was Feeling fine and expected his wife to call Before noon. Mrs. Evelyn Thaw had not (Continued on Fifteenth Page.) . ~ ^ ii* WRECKED A CHUBCH. Dynamiters Also Destroyed Two Stores?Saloon the Cause. TERRE HAUTE, Ind., February 22 -Following the raid of an alleged "blind tiger" liquor shop at Sandford by a sheriff's posse yesterday two stores and the Methodist Church at Sandford were dynamited early today. The people of the village were aroused shortly before midnight by the explosion which blew up the church. A few hours later the general stores of J. TV. Reese and I Schickel & Johnson were ^ynamited. The | structures were wrecked and the stocks of goods practically ruined. The Reese store was a two-story building, the upper floor being occupied by the Masonic Lodge. Sandford citizens allege that the dynamiting was perpetrated out of revenge for the raid yesterday on the liquor store. TERRORISTS KILL FIVE. Score of Bystanders Are Also Wounded. WARSAW, Russian Poland, February Tl. ?The post office, in Napolna street, was attacked at noon today by a band of terrorists, who shot and killed the postmaster, two postal clerks and two soldiers guarding the offica and wounded a score of bystanders. The terrorists robbed the safe of the cash and stamps and escaped In cabs. ' The robbers belong to the < 'animation Known as Fighting Socialists, and displayed a red flag while making their escape. The post office authorities admit that the robbers got away with several thousand roubles. This was the first important raid In two months, and shows that the terrorists were not suppressed, as the authorities alleged. The Incident has caused intense excitement In Warsav.-, and arouses fears of a resurrenee of the sanguinary events of the early winter. FUNDS FOB BASSETT CASE. . , i Kev. E. L. Hunt to liaise Money for I Appeal by Lecturing. Special Dispatch to Tbe Stnr. OMAHA, Neb., February 22.? Dr. E. Law rence Hunt, co-respondent in the Bassett divorce suit, will deliver a lecture at the Lyric Theater Sunday afternoon. The subject will be Browning's "Ring and the Book," which lias a theme almost parallel to his own case, declares the minister. As part of the talk Dr. Hunt will refer to his own case. He will also discuss the church and the home, and marriage and divorce. The proceeds will be used to appeal the Washington case. Dr. Hunt declares that since the cutting ofT of his income from the Brooklyn church he is practically penniless. There was no court hearing today in the Bassett case. Mrs. Bassett is in a se:'ioua condition, following her complete collapse yesterday. The evidence on her behalf is practically all In. The last documents in her defense will be ofTered tomorrow. Following that, on the insistence of the counsel for Mr. Bassett. the legal questions urisine out of the Washington decree, will , be argued before the court. An adverse decision, meaning the recognition of the legality of the eastern decree, would end the case here. Eighteen Drowned. COPENHAGEN, Denmark, February 22. ?An unknown three-masted vessel, probably Norwegian and presumably bound from Norway to Bremen, went ashore off FJaltrmg, on the west coast of Jutland, > today. Owing to the violence of the gale It was impossible to s<?nd out the life boat. Five rocket lines were fired at the vessel without any success and eventually she broke up completely. Her crew of eighteen men clunc for a time to the rigging, Lut when tl i masts went by the board the Bailor^wefe swept away and drowned. v.wWan Dies In a Well. SPARTANBURG. S. C., February 22.? After weeks of despondency Mrs. Bessie Thomas, wife of a promlnrtit cltlsen of this county, committed suicide last night by jumping into a well. i$)i m ^ ^ 0 [RACKS TOJHE PLAZA Proposed Extension to tne Union Station. REPORT MADE TO HOUSE Substitute for the Senate Bill Submitted. USE OF K STREET ELIMINATED Massachusetts Avenue East From 7th Street Selected?Northeast Section Accommodated. It is understood that the House of Representatives will insist upon the adoption of the rider to the union station railway billfavorably reported from the House District committee?extending the Drovlslnn of the local smoke law to steam railway locomotives, and. If necessary, will make the Senate assume responsibility of killing the bill if that body refuses to agree to the smoke amendment. The railroads concerned, particularly the Pennsylvania, are making the strongest kind of a fight against the passage of any bill or amendment extending the smoke law to steam locomotives. The members of the House received letters this morning from the Pennsylvania railroad setting forth the argument of the railroads against the smoke law extension. The members of the House District committee are much incensed at this and over the fact that the railroad has seen fit to make & fight on the proposition. Representative Babcoek of Wisconsin, < chairman of the House District committee, called attention this morning, in discussing the matter with a Star reporter, to I the millions of dollars now being expended by the government in the construction In i Washington of granite and white marble buildings. These buildings, Mr Babcock I pointed out, were most of them in the 1 vicinity of the new union station and would i be peculiarly susceptible to disfigurement by soft coal smoke. The problem could easily be solved by the railroads, it is said, by the use of coke or anthracite coal, md Mr. Babcock thought the companies J were making a great mistake in opposing the smoke amendment and in antagonizing their friends In Congress over a matter of the greatest importance to the District, but which can truthfully be called a minor consideration so far as the railroads themselves ire concerned. Mr. Babcock today submitted to the House his report on the union tation bill, it recites that the general purpose of the proposed legislation la to provide for such jxtenslon of the existing treet railway ines as will give the patrons of both systems access to the new union i atlon, now learly comDleted. and which. It Is conflii?n?- . y expected, will be occupied by all steam j ailroads before the 1st of ext December. j Terms of the Substitute. 1 The first section of the substitute?all but :he enacting clause of the Senate bill havng been stricken out?requires the City and Suburban railway to extend its lines from ' Mew Jersey avenue and G street along Massachusetts avenue past the :ew union itation to junctions with the existing lines , it 3d and D streets northeast and at Stan- t on Square, and also to extend its North t Capitol street line from G street to Massa- c ;husetts avenue, connecting with the othei extension, thus giving the business and . ihopping districts direct communication vlth the station. This construction means in all about 1,000 feet of single track, or about seven ?ity blocks or double track construction, t rhe route favored by the House commitee differs from the routes approved by the Senate by extending the G street line lirectly to the station along the shortest -oute, instead of making the detour by deriation northwardly to North Capitol and G h streets, and this direct extension is made la possible in the substitute bill by the In- t lertion- of a proviso which requires the <_lty ind Suburban railway to purchase as much J jroperty in square ?f7 as may be neces- 1 lary to permit of its tracks being ex:ended in a straight line eastwardly from heir present location on G street to Mastachusetts avenue. By section 2 of the substitute the Wash- to ngton Railway and Electric Company is r equired to extend its lines from Delaware g avenue and C street northeast along Delaware avenue to the station, connerting with the City and Suburban lines authorized in the first section of the bill. This extension of about two blocks of track will give a direct lfne to and from the Capitol, a little more than three blocks distant, and this section Is practically the same as me corresponding section of the Senate act, so far as it relates to the route and to the Metropolitan Coach Company. The committee, however, thought best to add a proviso requiring within one year after the completion of the authorized extension the removal of the tracks along the various streets which will be rendered unnecessary for the operation of the systems after the new tracks are in use. Along Massachusetts Avenue. By section 3 of the substitute the Capital Traction Company Is given an extension on Delaware avenue from C street to the plaza and the station, so that the cars running on Pennsylvania avenue may have the necessary connections. It further gives them a connection from the 7th street line at 7th and K streets by a joint occupation of trackage with the City and Suburban line on Massachusetts avenue from 7th street to 4th street and from 1st street to the plaza, and by a new construction of a double-track line from 4th street to the newly authorized City and Suburban line at Massachusetts avenue and G street. The route proposed In this section of the substitute differs from the route favored by the Senate act, by following Massachusetts avenue direct from 7th street to the plaza instead of PMrhin? ih? ?-- > __ ... ...s vnv ]7ia?a UJ cuts IIIUIrect route of K street and North Capitol street. The House committee also provided that this extension shall be a straight one. This was done by Inserting in section 8 of the substitute the proviso that the Commissioners may use any necessary portion of reservation 77. The committee recommended tills route in preference '.o the one in the Senate act as being more direct and therefore more convenient to the public; as involving no greater joint occupation of trackage than the Senate route, and a much less Installation of new track; besides which the committee received a large number of protests from the residents of the seven blocks nt ir - ducci, which are largely residential In character and along which the Senate act proposes a franchise. Relative to the general problem of the approach to the new union station from the northwest section the report says that the plan proposed in the substitute bill Is the best that can be devised having consideration of all circumstances. It eliminates several bad curves embodied In the routes provided by the Senate and places the points of connection between the two systems all on Massachusetts avenue, which is a wide avenue, rather than at points on narrower streets, where congestion of traffic is liable to give much greater difficulty. For the Northeast Section. Section three of the substitute bill also provides for extensions of the Capital Trac tion line from Pennsylvania avenue and 8th street southeast to Florida avenue and 7th street nortRwest. by way of 8th street east and Florida avenue, and also from the extension at 8th and F streets northeast westwardly along F street to the union station. The committee considered this to be necessary in order to give access to the new station, although it involves a considerable extension of tracks. In his report Mr. Babcock says that the residents of that section of tl}e District north of slWet Wiw rin station tbfi H street line. yjiich requires tliem fo pass west of the station thenoe dowji- N?rlti Capitol ftreet and back" east along Massachusetts avenue to the station or to alight at 2d street and walk south nearly three blocks. The extension was petitioned for by all residents of that section of the city lying north of Pennsylvania avenue and east of 7th street west; It Is also recommended by 1 the District Commissioners, and in addition the Capital Traction Company Is willing to construct it. ! In Mr. Babcock's report only the reasons for granting this extension In so far as j they relate to access to the union station ! 1 are given Many other reasons were ' brought to the Commissioners' attention 1 which are not enumerated In the report. ' But Mr Babcock says that the Commls- J sloners believe that this extension should ' be authorized without fall by the present 1 Congress, as it will take eighteen months to 1 construct the lines. SATISFIED WITH TOWER. , No Intention of Summoning the Ambassador Here. It Is said at the State Department that Ambassador Tower has not been recalled to Washington to explain any matter connected with German court presentations or for any other purpose, nor is there any intention of summoning him home.- It Is added on the highest authority that the department Is entirely satisfied with Mr. Tower's work, and commends especially his ontlrlHr In mnn.rtl nrlf>. ?- ^ UVV'OkJ ?' VW....VVMUI1 ""HI iU? VM7.1 IU UCImany of tlie United States tariff experts headed by Director North. Relative to the court presentation of Mr. Harry Lelir, referred to in newspaper publications as a matter of complaint against the ambassador, It is stated at the department that, according to German court etiluette, no person could be presented unless his or her name had .first been approved by the officials, nor would any one be admitted to the imperial audiences except his or her costume conformed to the court rules. Such stories as those referred to have never found place In the files of the State Department, and are usually ascribed to some disgruntled member of the American colonies In European capitals. THE LEGISLATIVE BILL. a IVgreement by the Senate to the Con- [ ference Report. C The Senate today agreed to the confer- 1 ;nce report on the legislative, executive ind judicial appropriation bill. Senator ^ullom evplalned that the appropriation of ?i 150,000 to be used in part for an investlga- li Ion of cotton culture abroad by the De- 1 jartment of Commerce and Labor remained o n the bill. Th? House, he said, had sue- a essfully stood out against the mention In e he bill of any subject for investigation, n jut that assurances had been given by the c Secretary of Commerce and Labor that the nvestlgation would be carried on as al- J eady be^un. * , e MILITARY ACADEMY BILL. c Measure Reported to the Senate To- 11 , u day. a The Military Academy, appropriation bill a vas reported to the Senate today and noIce given by Senator Scott that ne would |( isk that a session be held ton., 'it for Its tl onsideration. The bill carries $1,047,383, an L ncrease of $33,400 over the amount approbated by the bill as It passed the House. ? t 8< SOME MATTERS UNSETTLED. ? ti 'rogress of Conferees cn the District A Bill. ? The conferees on the District approprlaton bill were In session twice today. They E ave agreed upon nearly all the Items of the >? till, and before the day Is over may be able ' o come to a full agreement, so that the bill & nay be reported to tlie Senate before adStornment. fc ? di Senator Hale 111. ? Senator Hale was not In the Senate today, leing detained at home on account of ill- c? iess. The senator Is threatened with the ^ rip. # J > 1 " *11 Weather. ? Fair and colder tonight, . . ? minimum temperature aoout 14 degrees. Tomorrow fair. OLD GLORY FLIES IN BRISK BREEZE Honor Paid Memory of Father of His Country. (\IATAL DAY ANNIVERSARY Birth of George Washington Occurr./4 17K vv * 4vu v xgais agu. CELEBBATING WITH FEBVOR Functions by Local Organizations?* Hatchets and Other Reminders in Evidenc* on All Sides. One hundred and seventy - five years ago today George Washington came into being in a homely Virginia farmhouse in what is now Westmoreland county. The celebration of his birthday anniversaries began a few years after the death of the rrrpof A " ? -1 vuk j. liiivi ivan uutiaiui , pan iui dim President, but for a while interest in the event lagged and the celebrations were not general. Then came the civil war, and at its close greater significance than ever was given to the occasion, because of the emancipation of the slaves and the welding together in stronger bonds than ever of the states of the Union which had been brought into existence through the valor, endurance and suffering of Washington and his small army of American fighting men. Again the people of this republic realized the full meaning of the work of Washington and his men, and Congress wlse'y made the birthday of the continental coniminderin-chief a legal holiday, and the world took notice that America was not forgetful. Next came the war with Spain, exemplifying the gnat principles Tor which Washington fought and suffered?human liberty and freedom from tyrannical oppression. That conflict won by the American arms after a short, sharp and decisive struggle. the United States became the world power it Is today and an impetus was given to the oppressed of other lands to strive for the goal that has been reached by this nlnnn llMnn .. 0 #? 1 r 1-.. lw uuiij aiuiia Hiiro U1 11CI:UUIU MM" IIUmanlty from thralldom of all kind?. The aggregate result La that George Washington Is recognised the worlil over as the great apostle of human liberty and Ills very name lias become the hope and inspiration of peoples who are still under the iron heel of despotism. It Is recognized that the Incentive for the United States to reach Its present greatness and power waa given In the first instance by the handful 3t Americans In their uniforms of buff and ttlue who so successfully waged the w.ir of '.he revolution against powerful Great Britain, the mother country. Celebrating With Patriotic Fervor. Hence, In the year 1!K)7, the American people are found celebrating with patriotic Fervor the anniversary 8t the occasion which gave Jo the world a George Washington and the manifold blessings that have Followed In his wake. Here at the capital. named In honor of the great statesman and soldier, there Is added zest to the cele orations, ana me magic or tne name or IV ashing ton is fluttered Into the atmosphere from the hundreds of American 11 tgs that ire flying from housetop, from st:ifTs. mill:a;y post*, public buildings and river craft. Die patriotism inspired by the first comnander-in-chief of the American forces has jecome contagious, not alone here in the capital city, nor within the bound iries of the states of the t'nlon, but away beyond he seas, where all eyes are directed to 'Old Gloiy," the Living sign and symbol ft human emancipation?the hope of the >resent and posterity. Following their annual custom, tiie mem?ers of the Influential Association of the Dldest Inhabitants of the District of Coumbia remembered George Washington and lis great service as patriot, soldier, statesnan and President today and held their isual patriotic exercises, Including t lie readng of that great Instrument for good, the declaration of Independence. UVtr 111 Alexandria me own is nine rith patriotism,'" as a venerable Virginian xpressed It. By a coincidence the .late for he holding of the annual encampmi-nt of he Department of the Potomac, O. A. R., ell upon Washington's birthday this year, ind the significance of that fact will be ailed to attention. It Is said, af the meetat Grand Army Hall this evening, when ?ommander-in-Ohlef Robert B. Brown will >e the guest of honor. Hatchets and Othtr Reminders. George Washington hatchets and other renlnders of "the father of his country" are n evidence on all sides In this ?.lty today, 'here are miniature cherry tree?, fac similes f the Mount Vernon Washington mansion, nd other things of that kind to remind verybody that the occaalon is the 17olh anilversary of the birth of the treat Amerian. Announcement is made that patrlotio ervlces will be lield by the Junlur B. Y. >. u. of the Fifth Baptist Church this vening. National song drill, recitation* nd a number of speeches will constitute the elebratlon. The Daughters of the American Revolulon of this city went to Alexandria today i?a# 4 ha nauffht^rs there and poll llivuaiiuu U? _ ttended the service In old Christ Church t 11 o'clock. Rabbi Simon announce* a lecture this ! venlng at the regular Friday evening serv. e of the Washington Hebrew Congrega* Ion upon the subject, <Vashi:igton's ?egacy to Us." The Navy League of the United State* elebrated the day by holding a patriotic fusion at the New Wlllard. during which eferences were made to the great pccomllshments of the first American navy in tie stirring days of Washington and the'1 .merlcan revolution. Exercises Held Testerday. The program In the public schools of the 'istrlct yenterday formed a distinctive and npresslve feature of the celebration of /ashington'? birthday. The exorc'ses were II pitched In a high key of patriotism, and ie tenor of the speakers was not "lest we rget," but "because we remember." In adItlon to the school services published by he Star yesterday, others arc given here 1th. ^ At the Webster school Mrs. Ellen Spen>r MuBsey, dean of the Washington College v ' Ijiw, and a member of the board of edu(Continued on Eighth Page.)