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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 23, 1907, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1907-02-23/ed-1/seq-10/

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The Star's Fina
EVERY SA
STOCK AND BO]
i Below will be found a list of reli
change connections.
When one deals with these firm:
their own large capital, hut by Stock
New York Stock Exchang
New York Cotton Exchan
ru: d i t?wlo
v^Ilivctj^L/ DUdlU Ui iiau^.,
Boston Stock Exchange..
Philadelphia Stock Exchai
Washington Stock Exchat
?mffilei Satis <? Go.
(Trinity Building),
111 BROADWAY. NEW YOKK.
Members of ill Exchanges.
7
* Branch Offlcet.
The Waldorf-Astoria. New York;
Bookery Building, Chicago;
Hallway Exchange Building, Chicago;
Atlantic Ciry, New Jersey;
French IJck Springs. Indiana.
Washington office, munsey building.
TELEPHONES. MAIN 3790-3791?3792.
Direct Private Wire 6er?lce.
Long Distance Bell 'Phones Main 1453 and 1439.
; MULE! & COMPANY,
BANKERS All
BBS0KER8,
Adams Building, 1333 F Street.
.u miners .>ew lorn s;ock r.*cnange. .>ew ion
Cotton Exchange. New York Coffee Exchange, New
York Produce Exchange. New Or'eans Cotton Exchange.
New Orleans Board of Trade. Chicago
Board of Trade. Philadelphia Stock Exchange. Associate
members of Liverpool Cotton Association.
HAKKY L. LCDWIG, Manager.
Private Wires to New York.
ff& f? n n fMi
la ifu y IT lr u 'JxJ
MILSTEM <H ?l?s
Members
"WASHINGTON STOCK EXCHANGE,
! S44 F SHEET I. W.
\ Telephones Main 4C2 and 4C3.
)
? INVESTMENT SECURITIES,
STOCKS AND BONDS,
CURB SPECIALISTS.
I. R. CIMMAK & S?.,
Members N. Y. S'.o jk Exchange,
80 IB?ATOM, [SEW VOIR.
WASHINGTON OFFICE,
/c\ /s\ tA fp r\n wi\n
1IOT1I P gil. H. W.
G. IB. CMDIPMAMs,
Manager.
llenibcr Washington Stock Exchange.
INVESTMENTS AND INSURANCE.
CONTRACT AND
FIDELITY BONDS.
/an tf$nnfo)!?iPW
m u u u
60MPAHY,
60S COLORADO BU3LDINCL
J. T. KIRKMAN, Resident Mgr.
sl tj?
8IIM1 4111 (SOI?MO lUML
BEALTV
IMVEOTMEINSb
'FROHE MAIM 1074.
...THE...
mil ttllMIL
LIE
CINCINNATI.
RAYMOND & RICKETTS,
General Agents,
208=9 Colorado Building,
WASHINGTON. D. C.
I E0 SHOEMAKER,
412 COLORADO BUILDING),
R?AL ESTATE IOTESTMEOTTS
AGENT FOR
THE ARLINGTON F1KK INS. CO. AND OTUEB
LEADING COMPANIES.
'I'llONE 6574.
VERDICT AND AWASD.
Value of Land for Extension of Euclid
Street.
The verdict and award of the Jury sum ..<...,,,1
t.. n uuai'O t)iA t'olna i\t land liai'M.
IllUilCU bu aaocro v ? oiu?; wi iuiivi nvvv,o
sary to be taken for the extension of Euclid
street in Meridian Hill has been tiled. The
damages to property is estimated at
ItJ, which, with the cost of the proceedings,
amounting to $!?,OJO, is assessed against certain
lots in square 2580, ?>63 and 2504 adjacent
to the property taken as benefits.
The Jury comprised Erank K. Raymond.
Charles J. Walker. Evan H. Tucker, J. S.
Swornistedt, \\ iiilam fc.. Charrer, Eugene J.
Tighe and William P. May field.
THE SUNDAY STAR,
Including the Magazine Section.
By Mail, $1.50 a Year.
mcial and Comi
TURDAY AND
ND BROKERS.
able firms with reputable Stock Ex5
his money is not only protected by
Exchange seats worth as follows:
r,e .... .$90,000
ge 12,500
3.500
30,000
ige 10,000
ige 10,000
* |
Real Estate
From $50?
Upwards.
Thorp in no loan too lurce for us to handle. If it
Is satisfactorily secured on District of Colombia
real estate. If you want money and can offer
rea" estate security let us sbow you how promptly
we ear pass on Tour application and on what satisfactory
terms we caD make It, if approved.
5% Investmeout.
We offer for sale real estate note* In denominations
of $.">00 and upwards, well secured by deed of
trust (mortgage) on Washington city property only.
Thtye investments pay 5 per cent net. We collect
the interest. etc..( and remit without charge.
Jiel^rences: Any financial Institution in Wash
lpfton.
ARMS & DRURY,
Real Estate, Insurance,
Investment Loans,
H3IIII G Street Northwest.
Washington, D. C.
ESTABIJSHED 1874.
fo2Q-tf
POST a MM
Members N. Y. Stock Exchange,
1331 F SWEET .
'Phone Main 1420.
Benjj. Woodruff,
Branch of
HENRY SLEWS & ?U
-BANKERS708
14th Street N. W.
Phone M. l.r>56.
S IT. AGNEW. MANAfi. ??
DIRECT PRIVATR WIRES TO NEW YORK.
Intercut paid on deposit accounts suhtrct to che^k,
MK.UBF.U3 NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE,
BOSTON. CHICAGO. ETC.
WHOLESALE MARKET BEPOBT.
Quotations given below are for large
lots. Jobbers' prices from 1 to 2c. higher.
KGGS.?Nearby fresh Virginia. 28a29;
west Virginia and southwest Virginia,
Tennessee. U7al!S: Norih
27a28. '
BUTTER. ? "Creamery, fancy, 34a,1i>.
Western firsts, 31a32; seconds, 'J 4 a 25.
Process, fancy, 25a26; fair to good. ISalO.
Store-packed, fresh. 17a 18.
CHEESE. ? New York state /actory,
new. large, lOalo1,*.
POULTRY?Chickens, per lb.. 15al6;
hens, per lb.. l'Jal'Jij; roosters, per lb.. 7;
ducks, per lb., l.'ialii; geese, per lb., Oall;
keats. per lb., 12al3; turkeys, per lb.,
Ha 15.
DRESSED POULTRY. ? Chickens, per
lb., 15al7; hens, choice, ner lb i:tan
roosters, per lb., 8; ducks, per lb.. 15al7;
turkeys, hens, per lb., 17al8; tgms, per
lb., Haiti; capons, largo, per lb, 17al8;
capons, small, per lb., 15altt.
VEGETABLES.?Potatoes, per bbl.. So.
1. 1.05a^.<H); No. "J, 1.00al._5; N. Y. state,
per bu.. 05a"0; Maine, per sack. 2.0?a2.25;
yams, per bbl., 1.00a2.50; new potatoes,
per bbl., 5.00a6.00; yellow sweets, .per bbl..
z.uua3.uu; carrots, old. per bu., 75al.00;
carrots, new. per bunch, f?a6; cucumbers,
hothouse, per doz.. Toal.OO; onions, per
bbl., 'J.^r>a3.iK); Spanish onions, per box,
l.'J.r?a3..)0; peppers, per carrier, 4.00a5.00;
tomatoes, Fla., per carrier. 4.00a5.00; tomatoes.
Cuban, per carrier, 2.50a3.50;
Danish cabbage, per lb., 2c.; eggplant,
Fla.. per crate. I5.00a8.00; celery, per do*.,
aOal.OO; turnips, per box, 50a75; turnips.
per DOi.. i.oua^.uu; cauiillower, per crate,
2.00a3.25; squash, Fla., per basket, 3.00a
3.50; snap beans, Fla.. per bu.t 4.00a5.00;
wax beans, per bu? 4.00a5.00; new beets,
per bunch. 6a8; new beets, per crate, 1.50;
Hubbard squash, per bbl., 2.50a4.00; okra,
per crate, 1.00a2.00: Brussels sprouts, per
quart box, 15c.; lettuce. Fla., per ft-bbl.
basket. 1.00a3.00; kale, per bbl., 1.50;
parsley. New Orleans, per bunch, 5c.;
spinach, per bbl., 2.50; rhubarb, per
himoh * nAoo Pflfl Kooi?^* ? ,ul~
rvusi wuoaoi, o.wa
11.00.
GREES FRUITS.?Apples, packed, per
bbl., 2.00a4.50; oranges, Fla., per box, 2.00
a3.50; oranges, Cal. navels, per box, 2.00a
3.25; grape fruit, per box. 3.00a5.00: pineapples,
per crate. 3.00a4.00; cranberries,
per box. 2.00a3.00; cranberries, per bbl.,
6.50a9.00; strawberries, per qt. box. 25a40.
HAY AND STRAW.?Timothy, choice,
20.00a20.50: No. 1, 10.50a20.00; No. 2. 18.00
nlO.OO: mixed hay, 15.00al9.00; clover, |
J3.00al0.00. Straw, rye, bundle. 10.50a
11.00; rye, machine thrash, 8.50C.9.00;
wheat, 7.00a7.25; oat straw, per ton, 8.00
a8.50.
BEEF Cl'TS.?No. 1 ribs, per lb., 13; No.
2 ribs, per lb., lOall; No. 3 ribs, per lb..
8al0. No. 1 loins, per lb., 13; No. 2 loins,
1 *_ ? A . ? < ? '
per iu., luun; i>o. ?J loin*, per lb., 8al0.
No. 1 chucks, per lb., 7; No. 2 chucks, per
lb., 5%a6; No. 3 chucks, per lb., 5. No 1
rounds, per lb., 8; No - rounds, per lb., 7;
No. 3 rounds, per lb., 0',4.
DRESSED MEATS. ? Ham. country,
sugar-cured. 16al8. Hogs, small and neat,
per cwt., 0.00; medium, 8.30; heavy, 8.00.
LIVE STOCK.?Cattle, extra, per cwt.,
5.00u3.23; butcher, per cwt., 4.50a4.75; ordinary,
per cwt., 2.30. Hogs, per cwt.,
gross. 7.25a7.50. Sheep, 4.S0a5.00; lambs,
choice, per lb., 7^; medium, per lb.. fl?7
Calves, choice, per lb., 7a7%; medium, per
lb., 6^a7. Cows, prime, fresh, each. 35.00
aoO.OO; common, each, 20.00a30.00; old and
dry, each, 10.00al2.00.
WOOL AND HIDES. ?Wool, washed,
free of burs, per lb.. 35a30; wool, unwashed,
per lb., 27a28. Hides, green, per
lb., 11; dry, per lb., 16a]8. Sheepskins,
green, each, 1.25al.50; dry. ea*h, 75a 1.25.
Calfskins, green, each. l.OOal.SO. Minks,
ea.cn, i.ouao.w; musnrais, iua^o; roxes,
75a2.25; opossum, 15a25; coonskins, 75a
1.00; skunk, 50al!25; otter. 7.00&12.00.
GRAIN.?Wheat, choice, 72a75; fair to
good, 05a70; ordinary, 55a60. Corn, shelled,
white, 53a55; yellow, 52a54; ear, 2.75a
3.00. Oats, western white, No. 2, 47a48;
mixed, 4ta48. Bran, per ton, 24.00a29.00.
xiercial Bulletin
SUNDAY.
| FARM PRODUCTS.
Established 18S?.
jp
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
(c&frrrrn^rMirrrM
?ieiewsmeiki,
ssi i sheet 1=
WASMIWOTOIU, I. IE.
Send for our New Seed Catalogue.
SELECTED SEEDS.
o|n.via< >|UVI?ilUlia. BUUjrVl lu CUHIIge WUUUUl IlWUtt.
Furnished by F. W. Bolglano & Co.
BEANS tcrmi pod), per bit.?Extra Early Valentine,
$3.00: Burpee's Strlngles*. $3.25.
BEANS (wax [hhI>. per bo.?Improrcd Prollflc
German Black. $4.50; Carrie's Rust Proof. $5.00;
Extra Ecrly Refugee. $4.00; Wardwell's Kidney.
$4.50.
BEANS (po'e limn), per bu.? King of the Garden.
$5.00; Ford's Mammoth, $5.00; Extra Large
White. $.-.,00,
BEET, per lb.?Eclipse, 40c.: Detroit Dark Bed.
35c.; Edniaud's Blood Turnip. 30c.; Dewlng'a Blood
Turnip. 30c.
CABBAGE, per lb.?Extra Earl* Jersey Wakefield,
$1.25; Select Jersey Wakefield $1.25: I-arge
Charleston Wakefield. $1.25: Early Succession,
I1K- brlr KiimmAi. tl <!! .. m U.a.i *1 ?*.'
Extra i>arge Flat Dutch. $1.(M.
CAULIFLOWER, per ox ?Early Snowball, $2.00.
CARROTS, per lb.?Early Ox-Heart. 50c.; Half
Long Orange. 50c.; Pan vera Half Long. 50c.; Early
Rubicon. 50c.: Improved Long ?;range. 50c.
CUCUMBER. per lb.?Arlington White 8p!ne. >
50c
BOG PLANT, per lb. ? New York Improved
Tliorolcaa. $2.50. i
KALE. per lb.?Norfolk, or Curled Scotch. 40c.;
Curled Long Standing. ?5c.
LETTUCE, per lb.?Perfected Salamander. 73c.; I
Bolgiano Sc Co.'a Black Seed Summer. 75c.; New
Golden Queen. $1 00.
MUSKMELON. per lb.?Rocky Ford. 50c.; Baltimore
Nutmeg. 50c.; Netted Gem. 50c.
WATERMELON, per lb.?Triumph. 35c.; Kolb'a
Gem. HOc.; Florida Favorite. 40c.
ONION, per lb.?White Stiver Skin. $1.50: Danvera
Fine Yellow. $1.50: White Portugal. $1.75.
ONION SETS, per 32 11*.?White Silver Skin.
$2.25: Yellow Danvers. $1.75.
PARSLEY, per lb.?Triple Curled. 40c.
HOLLOW CROWN PARSNIP, per lb.?35c.
PEAS, per bu.?Extra Early Triumph. $2.75;
Extra Early Alaska. $3.00: First and Beat. $2.75;
Extra Early Gradn*. $7.00; Telephone. $4.50;
a'kU. ? M f? **--??
.< unr iv v .<iuiiu? i?i, U.t.I k vjjr aiBiiwn*
fat. $22.-..
POTATOES, per bbl.?Iloulton Early Roue, $2.25;
Irish Cobbler. $2.2.': CJreen Mountain. $2.25.
RADISH. |?er lb.?No. 2 Scarlet Globe. 50c.:
New (fli?s. XV.: Selected Long Scarlet, 30c.;
White StrnsburR. 40c.
SALSIFY, per lb.?Mammoth Sandwlcb. 80c.
SPINACH, per lb.?Curled Savoy, or Bloomsdale.
15c.: New Sprinsr. 13c.
SQUASH per Jb.?Early White Bush. 33c.; Yellow
Summer Crook neck. 40c.
TOMATO, per lb. -Prize taker. $1.23: Sprak's
Earliana. $2.50: Acme. $1.25; Livingstone * Beauty,
$1.25.
TURNIP, per lb.?White Globe. 23c.: Yellow
Globe per lb.. 2T?e.; Extra Early Milan. 40c.
CLOVER. |?er lb. ? Imported Clover, 12% to 14c.;
Domestic ('lover, l.'l1,^? to l.'^c.
'Phone Main 1568.
Iei Eiiteii,
Scrap Iron, Metals,
Hides, Furs,
Machinery,
30 8 Tenth St. Northwest,
Corner Tenth and C.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
METAI-S, HIDES AND FUItS.
Quotations furnished by I'cn Einstein.
FUR3?Mink. dark. $:J.OO to $5.00: brown. $2.00 !
to $3.00. Skunk, black. $1.00 to SI.30: strlned.
50c. to 75c.; white. 25c. Musk.at winter, 20c. to
24c.; fall. 12c. to 15c.; kitts. Sc.; black, 20c. to
30c. Raccoon, largo. 75c. to JOc.; medium. 40c. to
fiOc.; Email. 20c. to 40c. OnosMim. 10c. to 30c.
Fox. gray. 50c. to 80c.; red. $1.50 to $2 50. Otter,
dark. $8.00 to $12.00; brown. $<>.00 to $8.00. Bear,
black, $5.00 to $15.00; brown. $5.00 to $15.00.
Beaver. $5.00 to SG.00.
HIDES?Beef bides, ;rrecn. 11c.; bulls', 10c.;
dry. lCc. to 18c. falfskfn. dry. per lb.. 14c.T|
preen. eacb, $1.00 to $1.30. Sheepskins. 25c. to
$1.00.
MET AI A?Copper. 18c. to 21c.; Brass, 14c. to
17c.; Lead. 5c. to ft^c.
GUM SUOKS AND BOOTS? 10c.
FOR RAILWAY SIDINGS.
jsui to supply mem at wholesale
Market Approved.
In a report to Congress today the Commissioners
approved the bill recently introduced.
providing for railroad sidings along
the proposed big wholesale market which is
to occupy the block bounded by I, and M
streets and North Capitol street and the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad tracks northeast
However, the Commissioners only
made this favorable recommendation providing
their railroad smoke law passes, and
nrnvidinfir thf tmoles tn fho mortot 1
go within 100 feet of North Capitol street.
They consider this thoroughfare a purely
residential one and the appearance and
presence of freight cars backed up on tlie
street would be objectionable, particularly
so from the fact that the Sibley Hospital
and the Rust Hall for Nurses would be inconvenienced.
Aside from these requirements the Commissioners
are heartily in favor of the provisions
of the bill. It is intended to run the
freight trains from the railroad direct to
the market with a view of giving the merchants
quicker deliveries and better service.
The sidings, according to the bill, will be
elevated.
.NEW YORK SANK STATEMENT.
NEW YORK. February 23.-The statement
of clearing hou*e banks for the week
(Ave days) shows that the banks hold
$4,309,575 more than the legal reserve requirements.
This is a decrease of $121,475,
as compared with last week. The statement
follows:
Loans, *1.083.400,400; decrease, J8.600.000.
Deposits. J 1.015,021.700: decrease, $12,524,500.
Circulation, $33,001,500; decrease, $189,200.
Legal tenders, $75.43!).400; decrease,
$1,230,900. Specie, $190,145,200: decrease,
$2,021,700. Reserve. $265,565,000: decreiase,
$3,252,600; reserve required, $261,255,425; decrease,
$3,131,125. Surplus. $4,309,575; decrease.
$121,475. Ex. United States deposits,
$7,898,725; decrease, $330,200.
Argentina Orders Hall*
1ST. PETERSBITRG. February 23.?Argen- I
tina has ordered 80,000 tons of steel rails
from the Russo-Belgian factories In the
Donetz mining region, these establishments
having underbid the Americans who competed
for the orders.
London Closing Stocks.
LONDON, February 23, 1 p.m.
Consols for money 86 13-18
i > - iv> <i' ivuu ' BH%
Anaconda 15^4
Ateblaon 105'%
Atrtilnoil |>f(l 103
Baltimore and Ohio 115Vi
Canadian Pacific 101%
Chesapeake and Ohio S3
Chicago Great Western 18^4
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. I'aul 151
De Beera 29%
Denver and Rio Grande 38'/i
Denver and Rio Grande pfd 83
Erie 36ty
Erie lat ptd 72^
Erie 2d pfd 63
Illinois^ Central;....... lfiO
Ii.fMiisviue anu nwttvllW 187
Missouri, Kansas and Teias 42%
New York ?>ntral 131
Nurfoik and Western 88ft
Norfolk and Western pfd 88
Ontario and Western 46%
Pennsylvania W
Band Mines 6%
Reading 81)4
Southern Railway 27%
Southern Railway pfd ?9 |
Southern Pacific 1PM4
Union Paciflc 177% I
t'nlon Pacific ofd ""
, 0U I
United State* Steel 4C4
United State* Steel pfd 108
Wabaah IT
Wabash pfd 32si
Bar silver, steady. 81 15-16d. per oonee.
Money. 4%s5 per cent.
The rate of discount In the open market for short
bills Is 4 15-10*5 per cent.
The rate of discount In the open market tor throemonths
bills Is 4 13-16*4% per cent.
NAVY LEAGUE BANQUET
Col. Thompson Discusses
Merits of Personnel Bill.
CHAIRMAN FOSS RESPONDS
Dinner First by the Organization With
Ladies Present.
GEN. HORACE PORTER PRESIDES
Service in the Cause of International
Peace?Toast "To the Watch
Below."
Peacefully, quietly and without personal
violence the banquet to the Navy League
at the New Willard was concluded last
evening. That fact, perhaps, was a disappointment
to some persons, for there had
been rumors of a sort of Gridiron Club dehfltP
hptwppn Pftl Pnhorf Thnmnonn onH i
Representative Foss of the House commit- j
tee on naval affairs. But no clash occurred.
Col. Thompson was very positive In his
statements as to the needs of the navy, but j
Mr Foss did not reply In incendiary vein.
He said that the House had done a good
deal for the navy in the past and was ready
to do more in the future, and promised the
passage of the naval personnel bill at the
next session of Congress. So everything
ended happily, and after a long evening of
dining, song and speaking the gathering
aajournea towara midnight, wnen, at tne
word of the toastmaster, Gen. Horace Porter,
the guests arose and in silence drank
to the dead of the navy.
The dinner was the first given by the
league at which ladies were present. The
Innovation was considered a success, and
several of the speakers alluded to it as
auguring well for increased influence of
the league. According to Mr. Sulzer of
New York, with the women of the land behind
It the league would be invincible, but
he advised the members when they start to
use their influence on Congress to remember
that though there are 380 members in the
House, there is only one autocrat and ,385
auivuiaii/iio, auu inai 11 inCJ' WUUIU t'UHcentrate
forces on the Speaker and tell him
to order Chairman Foss to report the personnel
bill from the committee, such would
be done and the measure would be law before
the 4th of next March.
"On the Quarterdeck."
The gathering was a brilliant one. "On
the quarterdeck," a raised table along one
side of the room, were Gen. Horace Porter,
the toastmaster, and a score of guests.
The other guests were seated at small
tables about the room. In an alcove on
the side opposite the toastmaster was the
Marine Band. Above the musicians the big
flag of the league, a blue lield with a
gold anchor and the letters "X. L,.," was
suspended.
Gen. Porter spoke of the necessity for a
powerful navy. He said it is like a lightning
rod for the nation. It does not attract
trouble, but when trouble comes it
dissipates it. The speaker instanced the
UUIIJUtri UI IIJ lit ? lliai Ule IiaVJ IlilU Ijeeil U[
service in the cause of international peace,
and spoke of the great peace conference at
the Portsmouth navy yard and the Marblehead
conference ofT the coast of South
America. Gen. Porter remarked that both
the Secretary of the Navy and Admiral
Dewey had acceptcd invitations to attend
the banquet, but both were taken ill during
the afternoon and he regretted to announce
their absence.
Power to Baise the Bead.
Kear Admiral Barker was the iirst
speaker. He created laughter by liis response
to Gen. Porter's introduction, saying
it was an honor he appreciated, for he
recognized in the general not only a gallant
soldier, an able legislator and a
highly-trained diplomatist, but one with
power to raise the dead. The speaker
referred in feeling terms to the service
that had been done this country by bringing
back the remains of John Paul Jones
to rest at Annapolis, it was remarked
that a great navy is not a luxury, but a
national necessity; that there is yet no
sign of the millennium when nations will
observe the golden rule, and till that time
the navy is a necessity.
Col. Thompson made the most serious
speech of the evening. He referred to the
needs of the navy and the necessity of
having young men promoted to command
positions, so that when need ar'ses they
1 I nnoocci] f Vio ovniivi nnrm t <w< lulmr
??*J? jyUODtiJtJ IIH, I n UIIU liauiillg
necessary to handle a fleet. The fleet, and
not the individual ship, the speaker explained.
is now the unit of naval strength.
He referred to the twenty-five years of
stagnation in the navy that followed the
civil war and pointed out that now the
junior captain of the navy is fifty-five years
of age, with five years to serve before he
attains fleet command. He will be retired
by operation of law upon attaining the age
of sixty-two years. No man, it was added,
ought to be called on to command a battleship
after he is fifty-five, the physical and
mental strain being too great.
Naval Personnel Bill.
Referring to the naval personnel bill, Co!.
Thompson said it had been drawn by offirwirc
Af tlin nax'ir n-hn mo t li,-k f.
vvjsj ui >i? i jr n uw ivaiiAcu inc nrvu iu:
weeding out the ranks and putting younger
men in the upper places. The officers who
had drawn the bill, it was explained, would
be the sufferers by its operation. They had
in the aggregate cut themselves out of
$1,0(10,000 a year in pay, bul they realized
the need of the navy in having men of the
right age in command, and had cpme forward
voluntarily and offered themselves as
a sacrifice. The bill, the speaker went on
to say. regarding the merits of which there
should be no debate, should become a law.
But ltN had not been enacted, and If the
country should suddenly be plunged in war
it would be disgracefully beaten, not because
of lack of splendid ships and men,
but because of absence of men of the right
age and vigor, trained and experienced, in
command.
Turning to Mr. Foss. the speaker said:
"Yes, Mr. Foss, X mean Just what 1 say.
You gentlemen of the House of Representatives
will be recreant to your duty and
traitorous to your country If you do not
realize the need that is on us and prepare
to meet It. Had there been war and had
we been defeated, you would have been responsible
and.no one else. You have raised
your own salaries, you have raised the salaries
of the postal employes who have numbers
and political influence, but you have
neglected tWs urgent need of the navy.
when the otncers come rorwara ana offer
themselves as a sacrifice. This condition
must remain till changed by law, and when
the emergency comes you will be bitterly
ashamed if you And you have not prepared
for it."
Need of Powerful Navy.
Mr. Foss responded that he realized with
Gen. Porter the need of a powerful navy
and the necessity of its always being pre
pared for war. He said that Congress had
provided for the material of the navy quite
generously, and that it should also look
after the needs of the personnel. But, the
speaker added. It should be remembered
that In 1889 Congress had passed a personnel
hill designed to remedy lust the eonril-'
tions that now exist. The bill was drawn
by the officers of the navy, but owing to a
fatal Interpretation by the Navy Department
the law had been of no effect, and the
conditions In the service are as bad If not
worse than ever. While Congress is willing
to pass the personnel bill, Mr. Foss remarked,
it thinks it has a right to discuss It
seriously and with abundance of time before
it, and that it would be worse to pass
snap legislation on such an important measure
than to let things rest as they are until
the next session of Congress.
Mr. Foss then spoke of what has been
done in the way of material Drosress in the
navy, saying that from thirty old hulks we
now have a magnificent navy of twentynine
battleship*. In addition to cruisers and
torpedo boats. He figured the cost of the
navy at one-tenth of one per cent of our
national wealth, and said that It is the
Bost magnificent and cheapest insurance
the nation can purchase.
' Justice Harlan of the Supram* Court of
the United States announced hlmsey as a
man of peace, remarking that if Jps wife
were present she would testify thaft in fifty
years of married life they had never com?
to blows. But, he said, he believes thoroughly
in a powerful navy as an insurance
against war. and more than that, he believes
not only in having ship for ship, man
for man, and gun for gun as many as any
other nation, but also in the two-power
standard, and would have a navy strong
enough to withstand the combined attack
n# anv ttAotAM 4 ~ J
? ? . j i nil |/u nil o 111 LUC WVI 1U. X IHT
speaker mentioned the danger that threatens
us on the western coast, where we ar?
face to face with tKe new civilization of the
Orient, and of the situation on the eastern
shore, where we are face to face with the
European powers, "none of whom." Justice
Harlan said, "love us any more than they
ought to do."
Egotism and Land Hunger.
As to the possibility of national egotism
and land hunger from having a powerful
navy. Justice Harlan stated that he apprehends
no danger from It.
"We have never grabbed territory," the
speaker mentioned, "though we have had
a powerful navy.
"Yes," he added, hesitating, "I believe we
did acquire the Philippines, but I have
never yet met a man who d!d not wish we
could get rid of them."
Representative Weeks spoke of the necessity
of the Navy League doing practical
work by educating the constituents of all
congressmen, especially those inland, to the
needs of the navy.
"I am for the Navy League," Commissioner
Macfarland said, "because it Is for the
navy, and therefore for the defense of our
country, for its support in promoting international
arbitration as the best means of
settling international differences and so securing
international peace. It stands, too,
for a profession of men who are not making
money, but who are serving their country
on inadequate salaries and adding in |
nuano o c ?1 *?
wen iiM in war Dy administrative
work, by scientific work, by honorable devotion
to the glory of their llag. I believe
the Washington section, organized today,
ought to have a membership of a thousand
within a year, and ought to be of great
service to the navy and the nation."
1 A few remarks by Mr. Sulzer, in praise
[ of the navy and in token of respect to the
! Speaker of the House were appreciated. At
the word from Gen. Porter the company
arose, and with raised glasses, drank in
silence "To the watch below."
Received by the President.
In the afternoon yesterday the delegates
of the Naval League were received by the
President, who addressed them as follows:
"I take a peculiar pleasure in greeting
you here, because it is eminently true in a
j democracy that what Is every one's business
is apt to be no one's business, and you are
' here on everybody's hu?ino?o ?- i
?? - la
plenty of pressure of local Interests for
public buildings; plenty of pressure for
local improvement in the river and harbor
bill; but there is no special Interest that
is seeking to bring pressure to bear as it
ought to be brought to bear for matters of
great national concern, pre-eminently the
jiavy. Persons who are engaged in the hur!
ly-burly of active political life most naturally
tend to pay especial heed to the re'
guests that are insistent; and it behooves
our people to encourage patriotic societies
like this, which shall be insistent upon the
needs of America as a whole. The President
and Congress both need to be reminded
that it is necessary for the sake of
America to encourage the upbuilding and
the maintenance of the United States navy.
1 am happy to say that whereas last year
we failed to get a battleship, this year we
have two. We have made good the loss we
met with last year. Now, I want all of you
in vnnr roonnotUra r.?-??~u "
J vlitc liulliCQ, llUUUgll Lilt: urgans
of public opinion, by your influence
upon your representatives in every branch
at Washington, to see that the needs of the
n^vy are not forgotten in the future. The
navy has no one to speak for it save those
who speak for it because of their devotion
to the honor and the interest of the United
States, and I ask that you and those like
you make your voices heard for the general
welfare amid the din of voices that speak
only for special interests." /
Washington Section Organized.
Several hundred Washingtonlans, twothirds
of them being women, met the of
I uct-rc> ui me .>avy Jjeague ai Mr. and Mrs.
Pinchot's yesterday afternoon at 4:30 'clock
and after listening to an address by Gen.
Horace Porter, president, organized the
Washington section of the league, \tfhich
lias not heretofore been represented here,
and elected Commissioner Macfarland its
chairman.
Mr. James Stokes of New York presided
at the meeting, and l.rought a message from
! the parent society, introducing Gen. Porter,
who m?de the principal address, setI
ting fdrth the patriotic objects of the
league, quoting President Roosevelt's indorsement
of it, and heartily commending
the proposition to establish a Washington
secuun. jir. oiokps men introduced Commissioner
Macfarland, who made a brief
address, stating that it seemed very appropriate
to have a section here, and especially
encouraging that the ladies took such
an interest, because that assured its success,
and it success would benefit not only
the navy and the country, but the pea?e
of the world, which depends so largely on
tlie United States.
List of Those Present.
The following were seated at the speakers'
table, which was elevated above the
I rest of the room: Gen. Horace Porter, exambassador
to France; Col. Robert Thompson,
Hear Admiral Barker, U. S. N.;
| Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court, G.
1 H. Fosg, chairman of the House committee
on naval affairs; Rear Admiral Stockton.
U. S. N.; Adolph Meyer, House committee
on naval affairs; Rear Admiral
Hemphill, U. S. N.; Thos. S. Harrison,
Gen. G. F. Elliott, commander of the I*. S.
Marine Corps: Capt. Alexander Sharp, U.
S. N.; John W. Weeks of Massachusetts,
ij. A. Watrous, ex-lieutenant governor of
Pennsylvania; P. P. G. Hall of Philadelphia,
Commander C. O. Bond. U. S. N.. re
1 tired: Commander M. A. Orlopp, U. S. N..
retto-ed: Rear Admiral Chester, U. S. N.;
Rear Admiral Rae, U. S. N.; G. E. Loud,
House committee on naval affairs; Capt.
Richard Wainwright, U. S. N.; G. S. Lilly,
House committee on naval affairs; Capl.
W. J. Barnette, U. S. N.; Wm. Sulzer of
New York. Rear Admiral M. T. Endicott,
IT. S. N.; Rev. Roland Cotton Smith, John
A. Meigs, Capt. Ruschenburger, U. S. N.,
retired.
The following guests, in addition to those
at the speakers' table, were present: Lieut.
Commander Spencer O. Wood, Admiral
iienirn rx. oioi'Kiun, u. a. i\.; commander
A. Ij. Key, U. S. N.; O. H. Tittman, Ernest
W. Roberts of the naval committee of the
House, L. P. Padgitt of the House naval
committee, Capt. Raymond P. Rogers, U.
S. Is'.; Capt. Alexander Sharp, U. S. N.;
Capt. Frank H. Eldridge, U. S. N.; John R.
Williams, Senator P. J. McCumber, North
Dakota; Prof. Maurice F. Egan. Alexander
McDowell, Senator Elmer J. Burkett of
Nebraska, Miss Laura Harlan, Dr. Stands,
Dr. Liewte, Capt. I^eutze, U. S. N., and Mrs.
Leutze, Mrs. E. Mulligan, Mrs. Converse
and daughter, Mrs. Charles Rae, Mrs.
Alexander Sharp. Mrs. A. L. Kev. Pnm
mander Marsh, U. S. N., and Mrs. Marsh,
Mrs. A. S. Barker. Capt. E. K. Moore, U.
S. N.. and Mrs. Moore, Miss Louise Maxwell,
Col. and Mrs. Denny, Rear Admiral
Hemphill. U. S. N., retired; Lieut.
Commander and Mrs. Eberle, Rear
Admiral Chester, U. S. N., and
Mrs. Chester, Mrs. C. F. Goodrich,
Captain Colvocorresses, U. S. N., and Mrs.
Calvoeorresses, Mrs. W. J. Barnette, Mrs.
Seaton Schroeder, Mrs. Richard Wain
wrlght, l^leut. Commander Philip Andrews,
U. S. N.; Mrs. John Weeks, Captain Badger
and Miss Badger, Mrs. Walter Gherardi,
Eugene Ensign Stephens, Gov. W. B. Hoggatt,
General and Mrs. Grosvenor, Mr. and
Mrs. Crumpacker, Mrs. Gate-wood, Mrs.
Nefl, Miss Converse, Mr. and Mrs. James
Stokes, Mr. Millar, Miss Beeck, Mrs.
Spaulding, Mrs. Walters, Miss Mar win. Miss
Badger, Lieutenant Roper, Mr. W. A.
Butler, Mrs. Sharp, Mrs. M. Mills,
Miss Maxwell, Miss Leutze, Mr. H. C. Butler,
Mrs. Harry May, Mrs. Casey, Miss
Emery, Mrs. Harrison, Mrs. Lloyd, Capt.
manage, unuea mates navy; Mrs. Froctor,
Miss Van Brunt, Mrs. Curtis, Maj.
Wetmore and Mrs. Wetmore, Gen. and Mrs.
Murray, Dr. W. Wharton Hollingsworth,
Mrs. Walter Gherardl. Senator Crane of
Massachusetts, Meredith Bailey, Harold
Yarnall. Mr. and Mrs. R. K. NefT, C. Fred
Stout, Mr. and Mrs. Curtlss, Dr. Croskey,
Miss Clark, Miss Henry, LJeut. Gibbs, Mrs.
J. W. Miller, Mrs. Ryan, Mrs. Shaw, Mrs.
Loud. Mrs. Orlopp, Miss Harvey, Mrs.
Chester, Mrs. Hardl/ige, Mrs. Atkinson,
Mr. T. Proctor, Miss Murray, Mr. Buffing
ton, Mrs. Henry Wheelan, jr., J. E. Hood,
Maryin Van Bergen, Mr. and Mrs. Bond,
Mr. and Mrs. Orlopp, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd,
Mr. Mitchner, Mr. and Mrs. Graham Shaw,
Maj. and Mrs. Wettmore, Mr. Thomas S.
Harrison, 3. 8. McCord, Dennis McKee,
Benjamin S. Baker, Mr. and Mrs. W. W.
Russell. Commander Marsh. United 'States
navy; Robert Sloan of New York, Mrs.
Pancoast, W. H. Stayton, D. C. Wharton
Smith, Mrs. Henry Wheelan, Jr.. Gen. and
Miss Murray, Misa Harrison. R. L. Frailer,
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Proctor.
DUTY OF CITIZEt
TO HBCOBUBt
(Continued from Firsf Po?r? \
good also because they encourage a true
* democratic spirit; for in the athletic field
the man must be judged not with reference
to outside and accidental attributes, but to
that combination of bodily vigor and moral
quality which go to make up prowess.
I trust I need not add that in defending
athletics I would not for one moment be
und^rRtfvwl no ?*?
. vavumug iiiai yrr"versiOH UI
athletics which would make it the end of
life instead of merely a means In life. It
is first-class healthful play, and Is useful
as such. But play is not business, and it
is a very poor business indeed for a college
man to learn nothing but sport. There are
exceptional cases which I do not need to
consider; but disregarding- these. I cannot
miu suuicieni empnaMs say that when
you get through college you will do badly
unless you turn your attention to the
serious work of life with a devotion which
will render It impossible for you to pay
much heed to sport in the way in which It
1b perfectly proper for you to pay heed
while In college. Play while you play and
work while you work: and though play is a
mighty good thing, remember that you had
better never play at all than to get into a
! condition of mind where you regard play
as the serious business of life, or where
you permit it to hamper and interfere wltn
your doing your full duly in the real work
of the world.
A word also to the students. Athletics
are good; study is even better; and best of
all is the development of the type of character
for the lack of which, in an individual
as in a nation, no amount of brilliancy
of mind or of strength of body will
atone. Harvard inust do more than produce
students: yet. after all. she will fall
immeasurably short of her duty and her
opportunity unless she produces a great
number of true students, of true scholars.
Moreover, let tlie students remember that
In the long run in the Held of study JudgI
mpnt mn?r ho '? *??...
?-?-??. .vwhivm u|/vu me quaiiiiij>
of first-class work produced in the way of
j productive scholarship, and that no amount
of second-class work can atone for failure
In the college to produce this first-class
work. A course -of study is of little worth
if It tends to deaden Individual initiative
and cramp scholars so that they only work
in the ruts worn deep by many predecessors.
American scholarship will be Judged,
not by the quantity of routine work produced
by routine workers, but by the small
amount of first-class output of those who,
in whatever branch, stand In the first
rank.
Premium on Originality.
No industry in compilation and In combination
will ever take the place of this
first-hand original work, this productive
and creative work, whether In science. In
art, in literature. The greatest special
function of a college, as distinguished from
its general function of producing good
citizenship, should be so to shape conditions
as to put a premium upon the development
of productive scholarship, of the
creative mind, in any form of intellectual
work. The men whose chief concern lies
with the work of the student In study
should bear this fact ever before them.
So much for what 1 have to say to you
purely as Harvard men. Now, a word
Which aotjlies to VOll inorolv na It a nnHoe
to all college men, to all men In this
country who have received the benefits of
a college education; and what I have to
say on this topic can properly be said
under the auspices of your political club.
You here when you graduate will take up
many different kinds of work; but there is
one work in which all of you should take
part simply as good American citizens, and
that Is the work of self-government. Remember,
in the first place, that to take
part in the work of government does not
In the least mean of necessity to hold office.
It means to take an Intelligent, disinterested
and practical part In the every'
day duties of the average citizen, of the
citizen who is not a faddist or a doctrinaire,
but who abhors corruption and dislikes
inefficiency; who wishes to see decent
government prevail at home, with
genuine equality of opportunity for all men
so far as it can be brought about; and
who wishes, as far as foreman matters are
concerned, to see this nation treat all other
nations, great and small, with tespect, and
if need be with generosity. and at the
same time show herself able to protect herself
by her own might from any wrong
al me nanus ui any uuifliuc puwei.
Duty to the Nation.
Each man here should fuel that he has no
excuse, as a citizen In a democratic republic
like ours, if he fails to do his part
In the government. It is not only his right
so to do, but his duty; his duty both to
the nation and to himself. Bach should
feel that. If he fails in this, he Is not only
falling in his duty, but Is showing himself
In a contemptible light. A man may neglect
his political duties because he is too lazy,
too selfish, too shortsighted, or too timid;
but whfltPVP!* tilP ivner.n mu\- it 4o
tainly an unworthj reason, and it shows
eitlier a weakness or worse than a weakness
in the man's character. Above all. you
college men, remember that if your education.
the pleasant lives you lead, make you
too fastidious, too sensitive to take part In
the rough liurlyburly of the actual work
of the world, if you become so overcultivated,
so overretlned that you cannot do the
hard work of practical politics, then you
liad better never have been educated at all.
The weakling and the coward are out of
place in a strong and free community. In
a republic like ours the governing class Is
composed or the strong men who take the
trouble to do the work of government; and
if you are too timid or too fastidious or
too careless to do your part in this work,
then you forfeit your right to be considered
one of the governing and you become one
of the governed instead?one of the driven
cattle of the political arena. 1 want you to
feel that it is not merely your right to take
part In politics, not merely your duty to the
state, but that it is demanded by your own
self-respect, unless you are content to
ui'KiiuwieuK?> mil you are unni to govern
yourself and have to submit to the rule of
somebody else as a master?and tills Is what
it meanf If you do not do your own part in
government.
Misuse of Education.
Like most other things of value, education
is good only in so far as It is used
aright, and if it is misused or if it causes
the owner to be so puffed up with pride as
to make him misestimate the relative values
of things It becomes a harm and not a
benefit. There are few things less desirable
than the arid cultivation, the learning
and refinement which lead merely to that
Intellectual conceit which makes a man In
a democratic communltv like nnm
himself aloof from his fellows and pride
himself upon the weakness which he mistakes
for supercilious strength. Small is
the use of those educated men who in after
life meet no one but themselves, and gather
in parlors to discuss wrong conditions which
they do not understand and to advocate
remedies which have the prime defect of
being unworkable.
The iudement on nrnetlnnl ?ffaira
. ? "' " "i F"
litlcal and social, of educated men who
keep aloof from the conditions of practical
life, Is apt to be valueless to those other
men who do really wage effective war
against the forces of baseness t?nd of evil.
From the political standpoint education Is
a harm and not a benefit to the men whoni
It serves as an excuse for refusing to
mingle with their fellows and for standing
aloof from the broad sweep of our national
life in a curiously impotent spirit of fancied
superiority.
The political wrongheadedness of such
men is quite as groat as that of wholly
uneducated men. and no people could be
less trustworthy as critics and advisors.
The educated man who seeks to console
himself for his own lack of the robust
qualities necessary to bring success In
American politics by moaning over the degeneracy
of the times instead of trying
to better them, by railing at the men who
do the actual work of political life instead
of trying himself to do the work, I? a poor
creature, and, so far as liis feeble powers
avail. Is a damage and not a help to the
country.
You may come far short of this disagreeable
standard and still be a rather
useless member of society. Your education,
your cultivation, will not help you if
you make the mistake of thinking that It
te a substitute for instead of an addition
to those qualities which in the struggle
of life brin* success to the ordinary man
without your advantages.
No Special Privilege.
Your college training confers no privilege
upon you save as tested by the use you
make of it It puts upon you the obligation
to show yourselves better able to do
certain things than your fellows who have
not had your advantages. If it has served
merely to make you believe that you are
to be excused from efTort in after life, that
you are to be excused from contact with
I
the actual world of men and events, 1MB'
It will prove a curse and1 not a lilmtlnn
If on the other hand you treat your cdiw
cation as a weapon the more In yoUB
hands, a weapon to flt you to < <> l?ettef
In the hard struggle of effort, an.l not atf'
excusing you In any way from taking pare
In practical fashion In that struggle. thenl'
ii will be a benefit to you.
1-et each of you college men renumber]
in after life that In the fundanu mills he Is'
very much like his fellows who have no*
been to college, aiul that If he Is to ? hlev<f
reaultii. InHtead of confining himself exclu*
slvely to disparagement of other men wlitf
have achieved them. he must in himk? t<T
come to some kind of working Hur.-. ment
With thMA follnn-o a# V?l?. "* 41 "
. \ 11 11 >o. AHCM- ?iir- UIIH'B
of cotirnc when II may be the hid'; >-st flutyr
of a citizen to stand alone or pi .( tlcallyfj
alone. But if this Js a man * norr'al attU
tud?f?If normally lfe Is unable to ?ork li?l
combination with a considerable H?w1y oP
his fellows?It is safe to set lilm flown a?
untit for useful service in a democracy. la!
popular government results wort 'i having'
can only be achieved by men who ,>mbin?J
worthy Ideals with practical goo I sense;who
are resolute to accomplish good pur
ptiu'-s. urn who can accommodate themselves
to the give and take nece><s.ii\ nlirrtf'
work has to be. done, as almos: all important
work must necessarily be clone, bv
combination Moreover, remembt r that
normally the prime object of political life
should be to achieve results and not merelyy
to Issue manifestoes?save of coarse where
the Issuance of such manifestoes helps t?f
achieve the results.
n is a very i>ml thing to he morally ral-' J
loon, for moral CtlloUSBMI Is ills HC. Bu(T M
Inflammation of the conscience nm\ be Just
as unhealthy so far as the public Is concorned;
and if a man's conscience Is always
telling him to do somothlnR foolisK
he will do well to mistrust its \\ >i kings.
The religious man who Is most useful in
not he whose sole care Is to save his own'
soul, but the man whose religion bids him
strive to advance decency and clean living
an<l to make the world a better pin e for,
his fellows to live in, and all this Is .lust as
true of the ordlnaiy citizen In the performance
of the ordinary duties of po?itl -Hl life.
In the Philippines.
During the la^t few vears miu'li ??? ??! lidA
been done to the people of the Philippines;
but this has been done, not by those wh(f
merely lndulge.1 hi the personal luxury of
advocating for the Islands a doctrinaire liberty
which would have meant their imme?
dlate and Irretrievable ruin, bul by thosa
who have faced facts as tlu-y a* uially,
were, remembering the proverb thai I adieu1
us tliat in the long run even the most uncomfortable
truth is a safer companion1
than nlpnMnntost faI?ohrn-*H Ii
men, the men who with shortcomings and,
stumblings yet did the duty of the moment,
though that duty was hard and often1
disagreeable, and not the men who ionlined
themselves lo Idle talk of no matter' .
how high-sounding a nature. w!io have
done real good to the Islands. There aret
the men who have brought justice as between
man and man; who arc building
roads; who have introduced schools, who,
gradually, with patience and firmness, are!
really fitting the Islanders for *olf-go\erii?
ment.
So it is with the great questions which <
group themselves round the control of corporations
In the Interest of the public. There
has been a curious revival of the doctrine
of state rights In connection with these
qmstlons by the people who know that the
states cannot with Justice to bo'.It sideal
practically control tlie corporations, and'
who. therefore, advocate mioh control because
they do not \enture to express their
real wish, which is that there sli;ill be no
control at all. Honest and fair dealing railway
corporations will gain and not lose by
adequate federal control. Most emphatically
it is both the duty and the Interest or our
people to. deal fairly with such corporations!
and to see that a premium Is put upon tli?
honest management of them, and that those
who invest in them are amply prote.-ied.
But those who invoke the doiirme ol.
state rights to protect state corporate creations
in predatory activities eNloruled^
through other states are as short-sighted
as those who once invoked the same doctrine
to protect the special slave-holding1
Interest. The states have shown iliat theyi
liave not the ability to curb the power of!
syndicated wealth, and, therefore, in the
interest of the people, it must he done by,
national action.
The Present Warfare.
Our present warfare Is again* special
privilege. The men?many ol them, j ain
sorry to say. college men?who are prompt
to speak against every practical means
whicii can be de\ised for achieving llie object
we have In view?the proper un?J adequate
supervision by the federal govern*
ment of the great corporations doinii an interstate
business?are, nevertbe!';<*. themselves
powerless to so much as outline any
>' otutoaMinnchiii vvhlrh >
piclll VI U/IIOllui iltv ovu?.v<a>i>u...-wr .... ..
shall give relief. I have watched for nix
years these men. both those In piiMic anil
those in private life, and thouKh they arq
prompt to criticise every affirmative step
taken I have yet to sefe one of them lift a,
finger to remedy the wrongs thai Nisi. So
it is in every Held of public activity. States'
rights should be preserved when tin v mean
the people's rights, but not when they mean
the people's wrongs; not. for install" e. when ?
they are invoked to prevent the abolition of
*" ** * * ~ 1 fnrno f 1 I.O lilTl'M
CI11IG IB.DOT, or iu IJI ciiiv mc tuiv-v. v> ?i.v _
which prohibit the importation of contract
labor to this country; in short, not when
they stand for wronK or oppression of any
kind or for national weakness or Impotence
at home or abroad.
It is to the-men who work in practical
fashion with their fellows, and not to those
who, whether because they are impractical
or incapable, cannot thus work, that we owe
what success we have had In dealing witll
every problem which we have either solved
or" started on the path of solution during
tin* last decade.
The last ten years have been viars of tfl
great achievement for tills nation. During i
that period we have dealt and arc dialing
with many different matters of great moment.
We have acquired the right to build,
and are now building, the Panama canal.
We have given wl?e government to th?
Philippines. We have dealt with exce edingly.
complex, difficult and important questions
in Cuba and Santo Domingo. We have
built up the navy; our surest safeguard of
peace and of national honor.
Progress Everywhere.
We are making great progress In drallnff
with the questions of Irrigation and forestry.
of preserving to the public the rlgiit'ful
use of the public lands and of the mineral
wealth underlying them, and with that
group of vital questions which concern the
proper supervision of the Immense corporations
doing an Interstate business, thg
proper Control of the great highways of interstate
commerce, the proper regulation of
inj.i.tri,,, which. If left unregulated, threat
en disaster to the body politic. We have
done many other things, such as securing the
settlement of the Alaska boundary. We
have made progress In securing better relations
between capital and labor. Justice aa
between them and as regards the general
public; and adequate protection for wageworkers.
We have done much In enforcing
he law alike against great anil pmall;
against crimes of greed and cunning no less
than against crimes of violence ami brutality.
We have wrought mightily for th?
peace of righteousness, both among the nations
and in social and industrial life hern ?
at home. Much lias been done, and we are
girding up our loins to do more.
In all these matters there have been *nni6
men in public life and some men in private
life whose action has been at every point
one of barren criticism or fruitless obstruction.
These men have had no part or lot In
the great record of achievement mid suecesi;
the record of good work worthily
done. Some of these men have been collegn
graduates; but all of them have been poor
servant* of the people, useless where they
were not harmful. All the credit for the
good thus accomplished In the public life of
[ this decade belongs to those who Imve done,
affirmative work In such matters as those I*
hare enumerated above, and not to those
who, with more or less futility, have sought
to hamper and obstruct the work that has
thus been done.
In short, you college men, be doers rather
than critics of the deeds that others do.
Rfaml stoutiv for your ideals; but kc?p In
mlrd tliat they can only be realized, even
partially, by practical methods of achievement.
Remember always that this reuubllo
of ours Is a very real democracy, and that
you can only win success by showing that
you have the right stuff In you. The college
man. the man of Intellect and training,
should take the lead In every flght for civic
and social righteousness. He can t;ike that
lead only if in a spirit of thoroughgoing democracy
he takes h"!? place amoiiK Itls fellows,
not standing aloof from them, but
mixing Wlin infill, I?U uwi nr nuit kimiw.
may feel, may sympathiae with their hopex.
their ambitions, their principles and even
their preudicea?aa an American anion;
Americana. a? a man amon^ men. *
A "Slight Cold," Cough. Hoaraerieu
or Sore Throat. If neglected, mar remit fa
chronic Throat or Lung Trouble. BROWN'S HKON. ~
CHI AT. TROCHES gire prompt and ettectire reUaf,
Kn.lA ?nl> In kao Nan> la Knlk
<l .A'hiatwfega I

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