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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 05, 1907, Sunday star, Image 21

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11-* ^
Religious Gatherings at
Arranged For
flpei lal Plupatrb to The Star.
K'VSr NORTH Fl EM.1>. "Mass.. May
Tlans l'or the twenty-fifth season of
i Nnrthfield religious conferences and su
mer schools are already nearingr comr
lion. Four separate conferences and t
summer schools are scheduled^ In addlt
to the work in the two Jforthfield schc
whose commencements have always
traeted many friends and former studer
Purinp the summer resslon at Mount H
iron particular stress will be laid upon
Bible study courses, given by such men
Prof. H. R. Wright of Yale. Rev. F.
Meyer and I)r. G. Campbell Morgan
England. A new departure will be
classes in V. M. C. A work, led by Pi
James McConaughy, A. E Roberts a
other able teachers.
Rev. F. B. Meyer, recently ,=o promin
in the educational controversies in Ei
lan<l and one whose religious books h;
a world-wide circulation, will hold mo
ing Bible classes and address the conf
cnces during July.
? *
Mr. \V. H. Moody also announces tl
Dr. R A. Torrey and Mr. Charles M. A1
ander, the two prominent figures in l
great revivals in Australia. Great Briti
and America, will be present during i
August conference. Dr. G. Campbell M
gan. who is to be one of the leading spei
ers at the world's Sunday school conf
ence in Rome, will also arrive at Nor
field in August.
The first of the gathering*, th? studer
JL, t.
The Young Men's Congregational Union
Chicago has taken the Initiative in a mo
ment for the organizing of a Congregatlo:
brotherhood, which shall include In its me
ber9hip the men of all Congregatlo:
churches in America. A committee of i
Chicago organization, having bf>en charf
with the investigation of conditions In i
denominations, has decided that 'sufflci<
Interest has been manifested throughout
churches of the country to mane a uanu
organization advisable. The committee 1
issued a petition to the National Council
Congregational Churches, which meets
Cleveland. Ohio, next fall, asking coun
first, to Issue a call for a convention
Congregational men for the purpose of
gn nizing a brotherhood to Include all ijie
organizations now existing or hereafter
t>e formed in connection with the Cong
gational churches of the United States, a
rerond, to appoint a committee represent!
different sections of the country to arrar
for the convention and to arouse i
churches to united action in promoting a
??^ ~ 1-tr.r-Vinr.r? naartr
PCI ICClIiig litC L?un>\.<tawu. wmov
To the Editor of The Star:
In your very excellent Issue of the 2
Instant I read with some pleasure the artl
by Mr. William T. Ellis upon ttie wond
ful work accomplished by Mr Lebbeus
Wllfley, judge of the United States co
for China, in the "reform movement tl
has struck wide-open Shanghai." Mr. E
starts out with the statement. "What n
sionarles have been vainly trying to do
fifty years, a United States circuit Judge
rompllshes in a month."
It is not my purpose to disparage in
least the great work done by Judge Willi
He should have the hearty support and J
praise of every moral, law-loving citizen
his own country as well as or those
Shanghai. But does Mr. Ellis, your esteen
correspondent, mean to detract from I
treat work done In the city of Sbang
by the Christian missionaries within the p
fifty years? Can he say that the sudden
cult brought about by Judge WllHey is i
the moral development of the misslonarl
slow and quiet work during the period
ferred to above? The picture that Mr. E
paints Of the moral condition of cert
i>arts of Shanghai, up to a short time a
Is appalling Indeed, and to the shame
Americans he puts the blame upon th
for such conditions. "For fifty years."
writes, "the abandoned women of this cl
port of the orient have been claiming
protection of the Stars and Stripes." No
respectfully ask, Is it not true here In
own country that the greatest hindrance
the moral work of our great cities Is foi
on the part of many of our municipal t
?ers? Are not conditions in our large cl
very much like conditions as referred
by Mr. Ellis In Shanghai": i nings are cim
lug some along these lines In this coun
and >>ur municipal authorities are in mi
ways greatly assisting the moral forces
driving out open and flagrant evils. '
peopl.: are rising In this country against
gambling dens, saloons and brothels, i
our city officers are getting Into line v
the mass of people, and such evils are 1
becoming objects of Investigation and
being driven out. Buppoae we could h
such men as Judge Wllfley as mayors i
eouncllmen for our cities. How long wc
these evils flaunt themselves before
moral, upright Influence of our cities'
venture the statement that this splen
Judge lias succeeded In Ills great work
Shanghai a* much from the courageous c
duct and united moral support of the I
people hi that city as from any other sou
Who today -in the whole Chinese em]
stands higher in the opinion of every w
Informed moral native or foreigner than
R. H. Graves, the American missionary
Canton? Suppose when he went out
China fifty years ago conditions could h
been such as we now find them at m
points In China, a great Judge represent
this great nation, willing to put hlmsell
the head of the work, does Mr. Ellis t
pose that the development of the mis:
work In China would have been as bt
uarrt n* it now Is? What have been
greatest drawbacks to our mission wi
not only In Ohlna, but everywhere e
The presence of the worst element of s
ety. Just as soon as the missionary
(one to a heathen country and by ills m
force and character has rotten a footh
we And soon following It'm, and suppo
by our own government, and indorsed
citizens of our own nation, the I'um se
the gambler and the harlot, all adml
Into the heathen country to live upon
people by their Immoral and hurtful p
lice*. These profligates And among
poor, Ignorant heathen a ready accepts
of their wares, and Jt does not take I
"or such evils as we notice at Shangha
grow Into awful proportions, and sin
ui '.auso llic urj;i?ivu ^tavuo c I
* led to look to the Star* and Stripes for ]
teotlon. The missionary's hands are i
and his work must, of necessity, be ?;
If our government would be as carefu
end out such men as this high-minded
k. _ 3
/!* Ari fA t* An AA A
Northfield, Mass., Are Being
the Coming Season.
conference, June 28 to July 7, has always
4 _ boon largely attended by young men from
" nearly every eastern college, the number
1 "e of delegates Inst year being narly a thouim
sand Yale, who held a separate conferee
ence l*st season, will again be in line with
wo a large delegation.
ion *
ils. During the afternoons the Intercollegiate
at- ball games and the tennis tournament furits.
nish recreation for participant and ob
er- server. On the 4th, with the speeches, the
the college yells and the gigantic bonfire, the
as excitement runs high, but always keeping
B. within the bounds of the expression of
of true patriotism. From July it to 19 young
the women will take the place of the college
of boys. Following their conference come
" the two summer schools, one to teach
L11(* practical Sunday school methods, from July
20 to 27, and the other for the Women's
ent Missionary Societies of the United States
r^g. r.nd Canada, July 23 to 30. During1 August,
from the 2d to the 18th, comes the gen*.
eral conference for Christian workers, established
by D. L. Moody. It attracts lm"
mense crowds from every state In the
t'nion and from England, in addition to
being a rallying ground for missionaries.
lat During the following month the post conference
addresses and the series of Iectur?>s
at tfle Northfieid schools, with their
the opportunity for closer etudy, will hold
ain many of the eummer visitors.
the A partial list'of the leading speakers for
t Vid oummar fnllnn-c IWr PnKflr+ IT. Qrvoop
or" Right Rev. William Lawrence, Mr. John R.
Mott. Rev. F. B. Meyer, Miss Margaret
er- Slattery. Rev. C. A. R. Janvier, Rev. Henry
th- Sloane Coffin, Rev. R. A. Torrey, Dr. Den
G. Broughton, Rev. William R. Dane and
its' Rev. J. Stewart Holden.
of tlons. Congregational clubs and other bodies
ve. are requested to discuss the matter In the
j meantime.
There Is a similar movement among
m" Baptist men, and there met, a few weeks
nal ago, at Worcester, Mass., a number of
representative Baptists of New England,
. who decided to send a memorial to the
criming general convention of Baptists of
'he Xorth America, which is to meet in Jamesant
tnnrn Vfl thJo mnn oalr(nn> t+a o 1
. ,ak w .. mm, ? >?., vino iiivuiii, uoniiig no ctppiuvai
the af a Baptist brotherhood, to be organized
I along similar lines to those proposed for
Congregational men, and It is considered
139 probable that a constitution for the Baptist
of organization will be suggested at the generln
al convention.
The two organizations for men in the
' ' Methodist Episcopal Church, the Wesley
of and the St. Paul brotherhoods, are beginrv*?
?!??? - J J- J x' ?*?11 1
- nine icaiue iiicil ituueu siren&m mi?nt
n's come from their union, and a movement is
to now under way with that object in view.
The Brotherhood of St. Paul has already
re~ put itself on record, by action at its.recent
nd, convention in Columbus, Ohio, as hoping to
Ing see a union with the Wesley Brotherhood
ige brought about. There has not been time
the for official action by the latter organization,
ind but Methodist leaders look to see the mergia
ing of the two organizations.
capable judge to represent us among the
heathen, and would forbid the exportation
_ . of Intfitiratinr llminrR imiier the fluff and
rA would say to the Immoral element that
claims this country as their shield and protection
in vice, "You must go," it would not
be many years before China would look
upon every American as an honest man
1st am} treat him as such. You cannot blame
cle We heathen for his dislike to a foreign eleer_
ment In his society when that element is
R made up, as Mr. Ellis tells us, of the very
. worst characters of American manhood and
urt womanhood. Give us good men as reprelat
sentatives to the heathen nations, and keep
IDs out the vile and depraved, and let our mlssionaries
have the power of such at moral
113 ? i * U *1 ? a TMM.I 1
- iuilc mill infill, miu ml. bills JJUUI ujlinor
Ion of their work may change.
ac- The" outlook is encouraging In China,
though of necessity the work must be slow,
the Moral force, while dynamic in character, is
always slow in action and result.
ust Leesburg, Va., April 26, 1807.
of ,
The second meeting of the general conits'
ventlon of the Baptists of North America
re- Is to be held In the Convention Hall of
'lls the Jamestown exposition on May 22 and
aln 23. This convention was organised two years
go, ago at St. Louis, and It was at that time
of planned to have meetings annually. The
iem necessary arrangements could not be made
he between the Baptist of the north and the
*'?f south last year, however, and the conven
l"" tion went over. This year's meeting folw
1 lows the anniversaries of the Baptists of
our the north, to be held In Washington, and
and the meeting of the southern Baptl9t con,jB_
ventlon, which Is to be held in Richmond,
ties Matters that are likely to com* before the
to funeral Baptist convention Include the prong~
nosed meetln* of the Baptist World Altry
llance In 1010, the Baptist Brotherhood.
uJy church federation, a national Christian tem'
perance movement, arbitration and1 divorce
r[ie legislation. The announced program of the
convention Includes addresses on "The Coran?
rectlon of Public Evils." by the Rev. Dr. O.
nth p (*l ffnrrf r*f llnff-lo' < ? TJ-l-.-J o A
r * . V.-.4W.U V4 uuuaiv, A nciaicu DJ OlQIIl
**' of Baptist Summer Assemblies." by the
ar? Rev. Dr. W. J. Williamson of St. Louis:
av" "Missionary Interest Among the Young
lIi|j People." by the Rev. Dr. B. E. Oh 1 vers of
New York. and "The Contribution of Baptri?
tlsta to American Civilization." by the Rev.
.,i Dr. E. T. Mulllns of Louisville.
id i a
on- Nuggets From Success Magazine.
rce. The sun never sees the dark side of anyPjre
owna arc ugiunouses creciea Oil 1*1 e
at great wa of time. i
to He who estimates his money the highest
a\-e values himself the least.
Ung Every time you get mad and break loose
f at there Is a circus and you are Its clown. .
iup- Live, laugh and love. There'll come a
slon time when you can't.
ick- If college life did nothing else but to show
the the student that there is something better
ark. In life than mere money making.' than the
lse? pursuit of a sordid aim and piling up of
ocl- dollars, It would justify Its existence a
has thousand times over.
oral J, "Sculpture Is the simplest thing In the
viu. -woria. " says a rustic: "all you have to do
rt^J Is to take a bis chunk or marble and a hamas
mer and chisel, make up your mind what
Her, you arc about to create, and then chip off
tted all the marble you don't want."
the ,
The Pulpit Denunciation Heeded.
inoe From the British Mrdlcal Journal.
?n* A little more plain speaking from the
puTpIt would help to breed a wholesome
init- spirit among persons who would doubtless
pro- resent being charged with the utterance of
Jed, an untruth and who yet seem to see nothlow.
ins morally wrong or nothing to be
1 to ashamed of In the acting of one of the
and meanest kinds of lie.
mkt^!? *'" ;" iJfcreHM&^BS^SWW
h . . -*';V
v r ... r' - - ^
1 l*XW A ** * A
Nn FMrort Rpneftts Have Fol- I
lowed Martyrdoms?Will
There Be Anot' er
(Copyright, 1907, by Joseph B. Bowles.)
PEKING, China.?Neither missions nor
po.ltlcs in China is comprehensible until the
Boxer outbreak Is understood. All roads of
Investigation lead back to 1000. That was
the most eventful year in unina? uyai<
history. Already Its vast economic and
political significance looms so U.rge that
the massacre of more than 200 minslonarles
is coming to be regarded as a mere phase
of a great epoch.
The Boxer troubles were the blrththroes
' of a new China. In those terrible days the
? " ' ..rltl.
nation, all unwillingly, uruhi* rae.c.
her self-satisfied, self-secluded past. And
the punishment meted out to her, including
all the horrible and shameful excesses of
the foreign troops, and everythlrg else
that was comprehended within that unprecedented
orgy of lust, loot and lawlessness,
has put the fear of civilisation into the
hearts of the Chinese. Whatever reaction
may come?and I write in the midst of one
?Oie nation will never again array itself
blindly against the world. Furthermore,
1900 convinced China that Christianity is
here to stay; the sword, the Are and the
stake of torture cannot extirpate it.
Since 1900 each year In China's history
has accomplisnea more pruuicsa umhi iw
merly was achieved In centuries. Undoubtedly
this country has made greater strides
in the past six years than In the preceding
two millenniums. The change has been so
swift, so startling, so kaleidoscopic that
the world outside cannot comprehend it.
Missionaries who come back after a year's
furlough have to pinch themselves to make
sure that they are awake.
* *
This province of Chill, which Includes
Peking and Tientsin, affavda the most extraordinary
evidences of transformation.
?* --?? 4- av?*v? Va I Phlna'a trrpnt.
118 viceroy to x uan
est man, although at the moment overthrown
by the Manchu reactionaries who
now dominate Peking. It was Yuan Shih
Kal who created and controlled the modern
army of 70,000 men which is one of the assets
of new China. It was Tuan Shih Kal
who made over into a modern city a large
part of old native Tientsin. It was Yuan
Shih K&l who established there and at
Peking a police system and a fire department,
and Instituted regulations which have
diminished to an enormous extent the fllthiness
of the streets. It was Yuan Shih Kal
who made the narrow, rough and tortuous
alleys which throughout centuries have
passed for highways give way to wide.
smooth, straight, moaern inorougnmreo. u
was Yuan Shlh Kal wiio fostered a system
of modern education, of all branches; and
who opened public reading rooms and lecture
halls, thus instilling the leaven of
modern progress Into the minds of all young
Today Yuan Shih Kai's sun is under a
cloud. He has been shorn of the command
of the army, of all his numerous posts except
his viceroyalty, and of what is all important
in Chinese politics, his enormous
revenues. The Manchu reactionaries who
comoose the palace clique are on top; but
no one expects them to attend the mad
follies of seven years ago. Halted as a reformer
by these. Yuan Shlh Kal Is also
hated by the extreme wing of reformers
themselves, whom he betrayed In 1900, thus
making possible the "coup d'etat*' whereby
the empress seized the reins of power from
the feeble hands of the emperor. There Is
said to be a blood feud between Uio emperor
and his most powerful subject, and
* o a fn what
ail sorts OX CUIlJCViUi?a <? ? w w. 44^v
will happen when the empress dies.
But the reform spirit grows dally. The
revolutionary society Is Increasingly formidable.
Nobody here would be surprised
at a national political conflagration and
revolution which would be as different from
the present sporadic outbreaks as a war is
from a skirmish. But, at the same time,
nobody expects China to go back to the
? ?*--* T >-? ~i .<
old days. rTom wu?i i u/uiu gioan u10
opinions of Sir Robert Hart and the oldest
diplomats, merchants and missionaries, a
general massacre of foreigners Is?not an
Impossibility; but It will not be by government
connivance as before. And whatever
comes, China is inevitably destined to become
one of the nations controlled by the
western Ideals of civilisation.
* *
This much of the political consequences
of the Boxer outbreak it lyts been necessary
*" '* *?*** malr* nlain * hp rftlirinna
w WIIVC t? ?" ?" o ? ?~
conditions, with which this article la primarily
concerned. On every hand I have
heard In America that "the blood of the
martyrs" had again proved to be "the seed
of the church." It Is a surprise to And
to what a slight extent this Is true. Undoubtedly
extraordinary progress has been
. I I II I
WKT \ .< vw^s \ AgSf*
^r ? ya J,K
P *. ; -/- ' ;:::-.p; jp
t mn t/-i t-it\ r>
made in mission work since 1000, for reasons
that will be later explained; but for
direct results of the faithful testimony of
the rnanv who hpminallv saaImI their lnv
alty with their lives I have looked In vain.
I have talked with the missionaries in
Peking, Paoting-fu, Tung Chow and other
scenes of the worst massacres. They sadly
admit that they cannot trace any conversions
to the shining heroism of the men
and women, native converts and foreigners,
who laid down their lives for the Gospel.
Instead, there are villages where all the
Christians were murdered in 1900 into which
the missionaries are now unable to penetrate.
The people say that Christianity has
caused them, enough suffering; they want
no more to do with It. In numerous communities
where mission work was conKof/M>o
4 It A ' mo aeo nraa t Vir.rn I a nn
uuv. ivu uciuic 111c iitaiNKKica sucic <a iiu
mission work now, although the missionary
force had been increased. Similarly, for
years after the troubles It was found that
inquirers concerning "the Jesus way" who
had been reached through the street chapels,
medical work and otherwise were forcibly
prevented by their families and
friends from having anything to do with
the church. All this Is contrary to the expectation
and preconceptions of Christendom;
but the truth is more sacred than any
* 4>
Certain manifest results from tl?e Boxer
tiays are apparent, as aireaay staiea,
that uprising, which weis primarily directed
against Christians and secondarily against
all foreigners, was a futile attempt to
stamp out the western religion. China now
knows that Christianity Is here to stay, a
force to be permanently reckoned with.
Tfiis is an immeasurable gain for missions.
The massacres challenged Christendom.
They called forth a vigorous reassertlon 01
the ages?old Christian faith and expectation
of ultimate conquest. As one of the
finest of the Boxer martyrs, Horace Tracy
Pitkin of Foating-fu sent as his farewell
word tQ his little son the message that he
should one day come out to China to take
his father's place, so the churcnes generally
answered China's defiance by increasing
their missionary forces and taking up the
work with new skill and resolution.
By the wiping out of mission work in
north China all the tactical mistakes of
missions were obliterated. The missiono?(ao
mora Anahla/1 man rtnt an on tl rp 1V
new plan of campaign. With the wisdom
of experience, the most strategical placcs
alone were reoccupled. A readjustment of
forces and methods followed, which has
borne fruit in a markedly increased success.
>4 1
For the reasons enumerated, and because
of the spirit of progress which was imparted
to China at the bayonet's point, the
rnnvortc rtf tha misalnnflrios hflW nnt nnlv
been more numerous since 1000, but also
of a higher class as well. Before that time,
while much?too much?was said about the
favor of Li Hung Chang, of the presentation
of BW>le? to the empress, et cetera.. The
fact remains that the missions were reaching
practically only the lowest class of Chinese.
The "rice Christian" was far more In
evidence than today. Now the sons and
daughters of the highest officials attend
mission schools. The social standing of the
missionary has vastly Improved. In Tung
llMtw, ior Hisiance, uie jjiuyuniuu in
gentry belonging to the church far exceeds
the proportion In the community at
This state of affairs runs right up to the
top. Probably no foreigner, certainly no
foreign woman, has met the empress dowager
so often as Mrs. I. T. Headland, one
of the Methodist missionaries In Peking.
On one occasion Miss Sheffield of Tung
Chaw met the empress, and that shrewd old
woman, who seems never to forget a friend
or^ forgive an enemy, asked, "Are you the
daughter of Dr. D. Z. Sheffield of the
American board, who was so kind to Prince
so-and-so, ana who treated nim ana nis
house so honorably during the foreign occupation?"
Upon learning: that her surmise
was correct, the empress sent grateful messages
to Dr. and Mrs. Bheffleld and the
other American board missionaries, who;e
conduct had been so greatly the reverse of
looting that t'hey had saved' the lives and
property of one of the imperial princes.
When, shortly afterward, Miss Sheffield was
married to Dr. Steele of the same mission
the empress sent her sumptuous presents. It
is said, by the way, that the empress has
richly rewarded all who assisted her In that
hurried. flight from t'he palace at the approach
of the allies.
* *
On? cannot talk for fifteen minutes with
anybody In China upon a missionary topic
without belnr brought face to face with
1900. A missionary's name Is mentioned:
"You know he lost all his children In the
Boxer troubles," remarks your companion.
Tou pick up a photograph from your host's
mantelpiece and are informed, "That entire
family was wiped out, from grandparents
to little children. In the massacre." Somethlnor
la aHrmt tVie pnnahlHfv r\t a no.
tlve preacher whom you have met. "It tu
his brother, you know, who stood so loyally
by Dr. Taylor and was killed with him,
although he might have escaped. This man
himself was through the siege at TlenTsin."
"Are you not glad to have had that exp?
pi f ~ J * ' Mil
|| I< ^
r^A 1 I .J ' ' %*^1 I :
^I cor
^^BKy^RSawSHngH^^^^^H Pr
^^^H>rc^[email protected]||%gjH|^H^^H tht
>T St<
' ' H<
rlence?" you enthusiastically Inquire of ca
missionaries who had borne a brilliant part an
In the siege at Peking. "No, I am not," de- th
cidedly affirms a young mother: "when a nu
woman has had to consider, directly and fe<
finally, while a mob of Chinese wlio would an
torture and murder her and hers is howling ou
for blood only a few feet away, whether or co
not she is willing to take her own children's zo
lives, to save them_ from the unspeakable vo
vengeance 01 me Boxers, she has under- 1?
gone an experience which she would will- 1
ingly have foregone." It la said that per- as
sons are still dying, both among the Chinese th
and the foreigners,' from the effects of the kii
Boxer troubles. di'
* _ .to
* * or
The world has never learned either the m|
full extent of the horrors of the atrocities on
perpetrated by the Boxers and the allied t>u
soldiers (these last having violated every
law of God and man) or of the part played
bv the missionaries: fn tho mmm
.v.- ... 01VQV U1 X ___
On the former point conslieratlon for the ^
feelings of the families and friend; of the Imartyred
missionaries has prevented a Xull A
recital of the Indignities <o which their
bodies were subjected. If a person were Inclined
to brood over such subjects I should
think it would get on his nerves to recall
that the very men who slaughtered the missionaries
and the Christian?, and who destroyed
mission compounds so completely
that not onfe brick was left standing upon SP'
another, and all trace of the site of the C
building obliterated, are still walking the
^ ??tll ~ ? -
oiiccio, uuu ouit ul Liit: siime minu. ,
The magnanimity and the courage of the ln'
missionaries now working at the scene of an
the Boxer troubles are beyond prate?. They ov
show no resentment, but only forgiveness. ?e
For the sake of these murderers of their .
friends the missionaries are giving their Dy
lives. And they are unafraid, although they les
are not blind to their danger. They knoyf Is
full n,A11 I* ' ? J a -*
iu? ncu iuat 11 is umj me ureaa or me
merciless and all-devastating foreign troops tlo
which keeps the Chinese from falling upon ^
them again. At Paotlng-fu we were enter- ?
tained at the Presbyterian compound, and ^
Miss Gowans, a quiet, sweet-faced, serene- %
eyed little woman from Canada, gave up
her own room to us. Something was said
about the attractively simple white furniture.
"It is all made from packing casts
and' boxes," came the quiet rejoinder. "You T
know I lost everything in the troubles, and 1
X did not think it would be right, consider- W:
ing the possibility of a similar experience, Vo
to put in more expensive furniture." That ....
was the only allusion made by Miss Gow- '
ans to the presence of danger, and she Itinerates
freely out In the country; yet she all
lives, unruffled in spirit, in the constant pit
presence of the realized possibility of fol- res
lowing her friends to a martyrdom.
* trl
* * str
Having said so much concerning the bu
Boxer days it Is necessary to say more, tai
Most ,of the missionaries. In the siege and xb
out of It, acted heroically: but they are not in
bragging about their conduct. They have an
even kept to themselves the facts concern- ce]
ing certain eminent officials (not Amerl- bu
cans, be it said) who figure largely in the
public records of the siege, but whose inefficiency
during those testing days was ?8'
only equaled by their cupidity afterward, th<
when they earned for themselves the repu- i
tation of being the prixe looters of Peking, gj,
A word as to the conditions at that time, ter
Absolute chaos reigned. All the foreign- to
ers, except thos* in the legations which sur- ral
vived the siege, were homeless and without ar)
woriaiy possessions, as were also the native <j0
Christians. The Chinese were fleeing, ijj,
panic-stricken, for their lives. Soldiers and an
civilians were taking- pot-shots at them do
"just for fun." Shops and houses were Dr)
abandoned. So terrified were the natives v ,
that they would surrender anything on demand.
A Chinese on horseback passed fh
along on the street holding aloft a placard "j
in English, such as the fear-smitten people
were affixing to their houses, which read, f!"
"Don't shoot! Very good people live in ?.
this house." An Englishman, amused at tj!
the spectacle, asked the Chinese where he ifT
naa goi ine norse. ine lauer simply got
down and ran In fright, leaving the horse ^
to his questioner. An army officer called
at the American legation one day during DeJ
this period and hitched his horse outside; ln
a Russian soldier promptly appropriated "J8
the horse. The rights of private property
had been forgotten; people seemed to lose
themselves utterly. "I could have looted
myself." said a careful journalist, a man 1
who participated ln these scenes. And ap
some missionaries did toot, to a greater m(j
or lesser degree. One independent mis- ?c'
slonary boasted In print of iris looting. lnt
While this must be admitted, It Is only ?el
fair to add that the great majority of mla- fe'
sionaries were free from this stigma. }ec
* t0
A ^
True, some, or all, of the missions, ln or,
their organized capacity, and acting under mi
the advice of the American minister, did thi
enter abandoned shops and possess them- ler
selves of supplies of food and clothing for CQI
the native Christians, who had been left w?
homeless and penniless by the Boxers. re5
When the owners could be found, I am told,
payment was made for these supplies; 061
when not, a collectable memorandum of the ar<
transaction was left. This passed under the as
head of "looting;" so did many of the pur- m?
chases made later by missionaries from ?
sidewalk merchants. Nearly everybody whs ra<
looting and selling. Chinese as well as soldiers
and camp followers. Rich people in Y?
hiding were also selling their possessions * '
for what they would bring, in order to buy ao'
food. So priceless treasures could be boucht v
on the street for a song, and some mission- ma
arles availed themselves of the opportunity. ltu
Others accepted ijlfts from grateful Chinese tn;
to whom they gave protection during those loo
days of danger. The possession of these
mementos brought upon many missionaries
the suspicion of having been among the I
looters. on
. M. C. A. in the States
ernment in Pro\
!laims of the Young Men's Christian As iation
as to adaptability to varied condins
and needs meet a strong test in the deopment
of the organization in the Pana
canal zone. The fact that in the zone
ictieally everything is owned and eonlied
by the United States government
me tiKi<juiixuun a, peculiar reiauon 10
i government. The fact that the assoc:on
is the main channel through which
i government Is spending money to prote
the club life and recreation of Its emyes
In the zone makes It necessary for
i association to assume certain obligana
of the government toward the men In
litlon to its own natural obligations,
'he isthmian canal commission, under
airman Shonts, originally planned to
istruct and furnish houses for local clubs.
t later, upon the recommendation of
esident Roosevelt and Secretary Taft,
: international committee of Young Men's
ristian Associations was asked to furih
supervision for extensive club work
d to operate an equipment provided by
5 commiwlon. Along; with the commit>'8
acceptance of this charge went a
table expansion of the whole work. The
eds of the men are now better under>od,
and the commission has constructed
ibhouse* of more than four times the
:e and coat of those originally planned.
* *
n undertaking this work the association
~kled a problem that was the source ol
JOh concern to the commission. Unck
m knew his workmen needed recreation
d social centers, but he didn't know Just
w to give them such blessings. So he
is glad enough to And an organisation
at did.
Phe clubhouse at Empire opened May 1,
}uaes of the same size and style are lo
lea ai cuieDra, uorgona ana (jnstoDai
d these four buildings are being opened
is month for the use of the men. The
Un structure of each la 133 feet by 4f
st. Including verandas on all sides. Th?
nex Is 00 feet 3 Inches by 28 feet, witht
verandas. The buildings are the best
nstructed and the mo?t beautiful on the
ne, with the exception of the Hotel Tilt.
Similar buildings have been author>d
at four other leading towns.
Che work to be done will be an all-round
soclation type, wnn special rui|>iii?ii! un
e social, and with liberal use of various
nds of platform talent that will furnish
version and relaxation. Libraries suited
the requirements of men have just beer
dered to be installed by the canal comIssion.
The need of this is great, nol
ly because of a hick of Other diversions,
it because of the monotony of life on th?
rhe Americans on the zone, as a class,
mr rrrvT
Klal Cablegram to Ttie Star.
JLASGOW, May 4.?The proceeding's ol
lent clerical gatherings have not madB
i most' clleeVful reading. There has been
outpouring of grievous lamentations
er the b&ckslidinga ?f this untoward
neration. Thus the United Free Pres
tery of Haddington and Dunbar, or at
ist some of Its more prominent members,
greatly distressed at the strides that
bbath desecration is making in that secn.
The chief tblng objected to is the
unday Morning Talk
Living Up to One's Possibilities.
n one of his stimulating books Prof
i)liam James of Harvard University detes
considerable space to the subject of
rnutllised Resources." He develops the
a that the average man does not employ
his powers and that he might aocomsh
more if he would but summon up his
lerves.. That may seem at first hard docne
for an age which is probably more
- A ' ? ?ft
enuous than any inai uai in?i.wv.
it let us ponder a moment on the Imporice
of living up to one's possibilities
ere Is a big: difference between doing this
a quiet, determined, sympathetic way
d doing it noisily and feverishly. Chau
speaks of a man "who always seemed
sier than he was," and we are all faliar
with that type of Individual, fussy,
tentatious, constantly solicitous to give
- * * lo a hnatlar
Jut our doctrine, if rightly conceived
d carried* out, would not make any more
lse nerves that are already stretched
their utmost capacity. It Is designed
;her for the multitude of persons who
5 Just falling short of what they might
and be, who go through long years of
i without ever putting at work talents
d capacities with which God has enwed
them. That there could be vast Imjvement
and development no one doubts.
L school of medicine Is growing up which
iphasizes as no school before it has done
5 part which the patient must play if he
illy wants to get well. So appeal is
ide to what is sometimes called the
ihiimlnnl" Rplf- to r nower of will not
t recognized by the patient. The aim Is
jroughly to stimulate the personal force,
hen men are thus aroused they find they
n do and bear more than they ever
aught thetnselves capable of doing and
irlng. It U not an uncommon experience
an emergency when a sudden draft is
i<Je on strength to find' that our normal
?ngth is reinforced. Now, why cannot
s same reserve be made a part of our
lly working capital.
I me Doay cui ue BuriiuLiieiieu uy una
peal to unused forces, the mind Is even
ire capable of more Intense and fruitful
tlvity. Take the simple matter of listenf
to others. That Involves mental conization.
How many of ua are able to
ep our minds alert through a sermon or
ture and follow it point by point so as
be able to carry away the substance of
lat is said? In reading a book, who
ces himself to grasp quickly and vig>usly
the meaning of every page? We
ght be far more attentive if we tried, and
it would make our memories more reitive.
We might learn to think more
lsecutively and logically. Ah, it's hard
rk this bringing forward our Intellectual
lerves; but it pays every time.
Jo less responsible are we for the utmost
velopment or our spii-uum iinuin, ??o
; not as rood as we ought to be, either
respects Qod or man. We might have
ire faith if we sought it diligently. We
ght work out for ourselves a fairly satis:tory
theory of human life, and certainly
might all be a bit kinder than we are.
s, a good bit more considerate of those
th whom we live and work day by day;
ne of whom love us devotedly; some of
iom have shown their love for us by
iny a sacrifice. To live up to our spiral
capacities, to be as fine and pure and
le as wo can be, as we ought to be; to
>k out upon the world or men lenaeriy,
apathetically?this takes time and strugi,
but this also pays.
>anlel Webster at the height of his fame
:e went back to the little Massachusetts
at iDanama.
! '
Co-operating With the GovRiding
Comfort for,
on Isthmus.
represent a high degree of Intelligence. It
is said, and are appealed to by a virile,
vigorous type of work that will help them
to maintain the moral standard of living
to which they have been accustomed in the
states. Such a type of work to be conducted
by the association was in the minds
of the commission when it expressed
its confidence that the money invested
in association equipment would not only
be profitable to them in a business way, but
would also be a means of meeting their
obligations for the moral standard of their
employes. The entire association enterprise
will be conducted on a broad basis,
and will aim to be of some practical benefit
to every American.
Aside from the representative of the international
committee of the Young Men's
Christian Association who has been on the
] zone for the past ten months, four secretaries
of special training and large experience
have already gone to the isthmus,
and are in charge of the four buildings
above mentioned. These secretaries will
be assisted by commission employes, who
volunteer to act as librarians, social secretaries.
irvmnasium instructors and teams
experts. *
* ?
m *
In an enterprise so mammoth as the construction
of the Panama canal It is necessary
for every one to exercise unusual
patience. No exception has been expe-/
lienced In the preliminary work of the
> association, and yet it is remarked by
' many that no other feature relating to the
. canal construction has been favored by
, more rapid progress. If such is the case .
It ts due to John F. fltevens, former chief
eng:neer, who todk a. strong personal In!
terest In securing sood clubhouse eaulp
' mem as speedily as possible. Employes
enjoying the privileges of these association
clubhouses will think the more often of
Mr. Stevens, who has said that he could
[ leave no other monuments on the lsthmua
; In which he would feel more pride. Canal
: officials and employes generally have given
hearty support to the association enterprise.
This plan for the welfare of the government
employes Is recognised as co-operative
on the feart of the canal commission
and the Young Men's Christian Association.
Col. George W. Goethals, chairman
| uiiu cniei engineer ui me nei^iy uppuimeu
, commission, gives hearty assurance "that
, the government will do Its full share. In,
dividual members of the commission hav*
I expressed their* Interest in the work, and
, on inspection oT one of the clubhousea
. Major Gaillard remarked that It was one
t of the best things that he had seen on the
isthmus. Col. W. C. Oorgaa, chief aanl
tary officer and member of the commission,
has been Invaluable to the undertaking
from its very beginning.
costume of the week-end golfer, who Inp
vades MulrfleVd, not In single spies, but,
according: to one clerical observer, as on
Easter Sunday?In whole battalions.
While at Haddington and Dunbar Mr.
Matthew and others were engaged In lay
ing an impressive linger on tnis woriaiiness.
Dr. Howie, In the Glasgow United
Free Presbytery, was expending considerable
Indignation on the attempts to bring
about creed revision. Altogether, to say
the least, the sermons and addresses before
these gatherings of Scoth clericals recently
have been decidedly pessimistic.
town where he was reared. An old sea
captain who had known him In his boyhood
came up to him after his speech, an*
after shaking his hand and looking Into his
face said: ''Daniel, you ain't done your best
yet! Would that aom? Influential friend
would take us by the hand today and say
In all sincerity and in a way that wou!4
carry termendous inspiration, "You haven't
done your bast yet.-' THE PARSON. .
The world'? fifth Sunday school conven?
tlon is to be in session in Rome, Italy, from
May 18 to 23, and because of It Sunday,
May 19, is to be observed by a large number
of the churches of the United States as
-Sunday school day. The plan which is to
be followed In most churches calls for a
presentation from the pulpit of the outlook
for the Sunday school movement, considering
especially the organized efforts, of
which the world's convention is one evidence,
and the international convention^
which meeta next year at Louisville, la
A deputation from the Layman's Missionary
Movement in the United States and
Canada will visit England at the Invitation
of a committee representing missionary societies
of the Established and Nonconformist
churches. The deputation goes for conference
and to make addresses throughout
England and Scotland concerning the cooperation
of the English speaking peoples
in the evangelisation of the non-Christian
' | Russian Students.
Prince Kropotkln, In the Wlndaor Mafaiioe.
Nowhere Is the university and nowhere
the students held In such high esteem as In
Russia. For the average educated Russian
a university professor is not merely a
scholar who teaches chemistry or mathematics
or law to a number of young men.
ThiB is all very^ well for a teacher in a
tcuill, uul iiiuvu iiiuiq m caj/vvivu wi u
The latter, if he keeps true to the rood
old traditions, must be an enthusiast and
a philosopher In his subject. He must possess
a spark of the divine Are, so as to be
able to Inspire his students with the worship
of science and truth; and, above all,
he must be a man of advanced thought?
am nf Hmne who make hlatorv. and not
one of those who let themselves be dragged
along by historical events.
As to the student, he, too, must not
merely be a young man who studies certain
matters In order to become In due
time a doctor or a lawyer, so aa to get
earnings so much higher than those of an
artisan. This might do for the men whose
one aim Is to make a successful "career,"
and of whom, of course, there are a number
In each university, but the true student
must be a. worshiper of science and
art?a seeker of truth, one of those whom
the great philosophical question* of human
understanding interest and perplex mor*
than the miserable petty questions concerning
personal welfare, and one who has
come to the university to find there a reply
to these questions.

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