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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 20, 1907, Image 14

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REAL ESTATC GOSSIP
Dull Summer Season Is Not
Uapo Vot
lit/It/ I ^ll
'THINGS ARE STILL LIVELY
Buying for Investment a Feature of
Market.
SUPPLY AND DEMAND UNEQUAL
"Would-Be Investors Cannot Find Suitable
Properties in Which to
Put Their Money.
The past week In the local real estate
market has been a lively one, despite the
depressing heat There continue to be numerous
transfers of both residential and
business properties in the city and of residences
and lots In the outlying districts.
No particular part of the District has been
favored, but all have shared alike. Values
are said to be Increasing right along, notwithstanding
the Influence of labor conditions
Several brokers report soles that
Indicate a marked Increase In value within
several months, especially in the suburbs.
There s?ems to be a special demand for
suburban places within easy walking or
ridir.g distance of a car line, but sufficiently
removed from the lines of traffic to Insure
rest and quiet. Choice sites of this
kind are being gobbled up very fast and
prices are consequently going up.
"Ths dull summer season has not struck
us yet." said Mr Plllsbury of David
Moore's office to a Star reporter today.
"Our men have had a splendid season and
we are still busy showing property even in
the face of the exhausting heat.
"The old story of plenty of buyers and
little to sell has certainly been thoroughly
demonstrated this year. The meager number
of new houses which were really salable
were quickly disposed of. leaving only
V\?-?o . tvy- ? olthrtr t rw> hi<rh in rvrin.?
or having radical defects. The market today
offers a very poor assortment of new
houses at prices which make a purchas3
attractive. Out of the very small number
of new houses built the present season j
only a small portion were in keeping with
the requirements of the demand. The buy"ers
want one thing, the builders are putting
uj> another?the demand is for detached
housfs and only about r> per cent of the
houses built ae of this class. Some builder.
some day soon, will finally perceive th?
trend of opinion and the desire of the buying
public and proce ed to build such houses
and they will sell as -fast as they are
completed.
For Investment.
"Buying for investment is now the feature
of the market. This is evidenced by the
large number of small houses, bringing
attractive rentals, now being sold. The
demand for this class of property has
caused a marked advance In small Income
houses.
"Business property has. of course, continued
to be In big demand, and this rise
In prices has been in keeping with
the predictions made by this office early
In the present year. Today we have clients
who will pay 10 to 20 per cent more for
business property than the same property
sold for less than six months ago. This
Use is not phenomenal in any way?it is
simply meeting new conditions and the demand
for more commodious and finer accommodations
for the business houses to
meet the increasing business.
The present business section will surely
be Sertoli*!)* curtailed and the spirit of getting
a location that will be permanent has
taknn possession of a good many of the
mer iianta on the south side of Pennsylvania
avenue. This is one of the reasons
for the "moving up' of the old business
section which has taken place, and naturally
tries have 'moved up' as well."
Time for Bargains.
"Thi.<? is the season when bargains are
picked up in the real estate market," said
Mr Charles Stone of the real estate firm
of Stone & Fairfax, when approached yesterday
by a Star reporter and asked for
an expression as to the conditions of the
local real estate market.
"The time has now arrived." continued
Mr. Stone, "when the man or woman who
has held his property for sale for some
time decides he or she needs money, and
their real estat" representative La ordered
to sell. Thus It Is at this time that the
buyers who lay low.and wait for bargains
In the local real estate field are often rewarded
for their patience."
Very often, according to Mr. Stone, the
party who has property upon the market
gofj to the seashore, and after a short
stay there becomes Imbued with the idea
that It is best to let the property go at
H somewhat reduced price than to carry it
longer
The demand for business property, it was
tated, continues brisk, and well located
property of tills class at a reasonable price
will not be upon the market a great length
of time before it is taken up by one of a
number of persons who are engaged in
realty operations of such character.
"We have a fairly good number of people
looking over property, though." said Jlr.
Stone; "but. of course, it is to be expected
that sales will be a trifle slow at
this season of the year. There are a great
many prospective real estate buyers who
tiisllke going to look over houses on warm
days. They wish to wait for cool days,
which at this season are few and far between.'
Houses for Legislators
The firm has been favored with a number
of lettt-rs from representatives in Congress
who (1 -sire furnished residences. As the
cumins session of Congress is to be lengthy,
many of the members of both houses want
to bring their families and In ord?r to
reap ill of the possible b-nefits of home
lif<- and comforts do not care to spend
the time In the hotels. In many of these
injures the desire is expressed that large
ar.ii finely furnished residences are desired,
wh:l. others ar.- more mod ?st in their
d?-s r -s .13 tu th>*ir t -mporary homes.
BUSIEST SEASON.
Moore & Hill Say Demand for Real
Estate Has Never Been Greater.
"Tl e present s. axon." ??|<1 William A.
lltU. [>r> stUfnl of M<?>r.' & 1111. Inc.. "has
busiest in the history of our office.
If t .? r? is any suninn-r dullness we have
failed to see it Tin demand for real estate
has never been greater. This condition applies
to every branch of sa'es, but more |
t specially perhaps to the sale of residence |
yro\? rty.
"As Indicative of the active business of
the pr? sent season. 1 can say that out of
ti.lrty houses at the corner of Quincy and
Eckington streets northeast there haw
alr? ady been sold twenty-three, most of
these before completion. The sale of these
has been principally to persons who will
occupy them as home?. Several, however,
that have been sold as Investments were
rented in each case before the transfer was
closed.
"In suburban nronertv 11KV7 hae >^.'n
behind any preceding year. Our sales ill
Cleveland Park have been especially gratifying.
One house, which because of change
| of plans of owner, was thrown on the inariket
shortly after its orig nal purchase, was
I eold again within a few weeks to a local
?purchaser. Tills transaction has been par1
aJleled in a numlx-r of previous case* where
i the original purchaser found it necessary
' to give up his home n that delightful sub'
urb.
"In our rent department we are hav ng a
very early beginning for the fall business.
1 As Illustrating the state of the rental hustings
1 will say that in one apartment huild.
lug which will not he completed until Oc'
tobei 1, we have already rented one-third
of the suites of rooms. These apartments
have all been renter! simply from the p ans.
Our calls for property from ?;utside duums
how an lncieasc every mouth."
REAL ESTATE TRANS
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dWCOP. 7r"&lf&76.NW$0LD *
' ST 6QLO?N3??G
ENTERPRISE IN ALEXANDRIA
PROPOSED APARTMENT HOUSE
KNOWN AS "THE FAIRFAX."
Project Under "Way and Will Be
Pushed to Completion by
a Syndicate.
The syndicate which purchased the northeast
corner of King and Columbus streets,
Alexandria. Va.. has authorized the construction
of an apartment house on that
site, and the work Is being pushed as rapidly
as possible. The task of tearing down
the old buildings which now occupy the
site will be completed in about two weeks.
It Is expected that the structure will be
completed about February li> next.
The building will be known as the Fairfax
apartments, and will be of the most approved
type of construction, and will be
equipped with modern appliances throughcut.
It has a frontage of fifty feet on King
street and 100 feet on Columbus street.
It will be four stories high with basement.
Two commodious stores are planned, facing
King street, and the rest of tire building is
arranged for housekeeping apartments,
fourteen in number, consisting of live
rooms, kitchen and bath. Kach apartment
will be equipped with electric lights, electric
bells, speaking tubc-s, hot and cold water,
dumb-waiter service, cold storage, etc. The
building will be heated by hot water, and
the basement affords every facility for
convenience and storage, also containing a
fully t quipped laundry.
The tacade is designed along the lines of
| the Spanish type of architecture; copper
baj windows and Iron grilles forming bal[
i>nn> o k i 1 ! ha intrr?/^n/?oH TKo ontro nna
the apartments will-be conspicuously enhanced
by an artistically designed marquise.*
It is intended to erect a pjrgola on the
roof that it may be used in summer as a
roof garden.
Award of Contract.
The contract for the construction of the
building has been uwarded to Mr. J. 0.
Knight of this city. The architects are
Oscai G. Vogt and Milton Dana Morrill associated.
The oflicers and directors, who
are all prominent Alexandrians, are A. S.
Doniphan, president; W. A. Smoot, jr.,
vice president; Clarence C. Deadbeater, secretary
and treasurer; John Leadbealor. E.
S. Lead beater, \V. A. Smoot, T. C. Smith.
\I n Morrill I f Sm.u.t unrt W W
R acker.
Promoters of this enterprise feel that Alexandria
lias great need of a modern apartment
house, and this seems to be corroborated
by the fact thit the majority of the
apartments In this house have already
been spoken for. Only a few weeks ago the
company secured a charter, and since then
no time has been lost in pushing the plans
to completion. It Is the intention of thosj
interested to have the work of construction
pushed in the same energetic manner.
Promoters of the apartment say that this
will be the first of several projects for
houses of a similar character in this city.
It is also announced that there seem to
be splendid opportunities for the opening up
now of new subdivisions in and around the
city, and also for the erection of mediumsized
detached houses.
HOUSES FLOODED.
Capitol Hill Sewers Failed to Carry
Off Water.
Residents of Southeast Washington in
the vicinity of (1th and B streets were
made aware very forcibly last Thursday
evening of the inadequate sewerage facilities
in that section.
When the heavy rain of that evening
began to tlood the streets and the water
Injured into the sewers they were suddenly
dumfounded to witness the phenomenon
of sewer traps turned into outlets
for fountains of muddy water. During
the time the storm was at its height
it was impossible to prevent basements
and cellars from being Hooded to a depth
of several Inches.
The water boiled from the sewer openings
under high pressure from the conduits
beneath the streets and the occupants
were forced to stand by and see
their property damaged without being able
to lift a hand to alter the conditions. The
sewers simply failed to carry ofT the water.
Several basements were so flooded that It
w in Ltxtvc v> crr.a iu tai * uicui uui.
To Save Telegraphers' Nervea.
From the Terhnica! World Magazine.
Although thousands of telegraph operators
have been forced out of the profession
through paralysis of their hands and
fltigers In the manipulation of the Morse
key. it is only within the past two years
that Improvements in this crude instrument
have begun to be made.
Dynamos have been substituted in place
<if the old chemical batteries in tha making
of the telegraphic currents, and with
the coming- of dynamos a greater study
of mechanics on the part of telegraphers
who Here ambitious to become chiefs of
i-uifr.
With this study of mechanics came a
realization of the waste of energy in the
maniniil.itlon nf ?h? nld-fimhlnn.'J Morse
i lever key. It was found that two .notions
i' of the hand were required to m.iite the
single dot or the single dash, and that the
Morse letters, having an average of four
dot and dash characters, required an average
of eight movements of the hand and
arm in their formation.
A rapid sender?a sender who could
average as good as thirty words per minute?it
was found, was required to move
his arm up and down at the rate of 1,200
to 1.5UU times per minute. Many men
were compelled to continue this rapid
spring-like movement for many hours at
a stretch, and when the figures were considered
electricians marveled ih.it the
arms of line operators held out as long as
they did. Many of the flrst-class men
have been known to maintain a ^peed of I
fifty words a minute for several consecutive
hours. This means that titey operated
their arms like delicately poised
springs at \iie rate of between 2.-<h) and
-'..Vmi vibrations per minute, or nearly
forty stroke-* in a single second.
Telegraphers throughout the country
recognized the advantages of a device
that eliminated the making of aots by
hand The rise of automatic sending machines
whs, therefore, rapid, and tne re- i
suit has been that dozens of these mventions
now are on the market, all utilizing
the old mechanical principle of & vtbra- I
tor ill some forin or another. j
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FARMERS VS. MINERS.
Hydraulic Mining and the Federa
Government in California.
From Mines and Minerals.
The richness of the gold fields of Call
fornla, discovered a generation or mor
ago, often seems almost fabulous. Scarcel
a stream of the western slope of the Sier
rae but held hi its gravel bed quantltie
of this precious metal. When thes
streams had been robbed of the trcasur
by the early miners it whs found tha
enormous wealth could be extracted fror
the old gravel beds of the rivers of th
tertiary period. Thousands of men worke
for years washing this gravel, and hun
dreds of millions of cubic yards of thef
ancient deposits were thus -vashe
through their sluice boxes into th
streams leading to the great rivers o
the state.
This mad rush for gold at the expens
of the future development of the' In
dustrial conditions of the valloys wa
aided in various ways by both the stat
and national governments, and little o
no thought was then given to tne in
juries which might be caused later b
these operations. But as the populatioi
of the valleys increased, and the agri
culturists found that the accumulation o
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mining- debris was working incalculable
Injury to their farms by often eo'tring
j their land with same and by causing
widespread overflow, a growing hostility
arose toward the miners, who were believed
to be responsible for such injurious
conditions afrinor the rivers The hnstilitv
thus engendered grew to such magnitude
e that finally both state and nation awoke
ly to the seriousness of conditions, and for
years engineers and legislators have been
endeavoring to solve the debris problem.
3 The problem of what to do with the
e debris resulting from years of Hydraulic
e mining, which still remains in large
t quantities in the upper rivers and in
their mountain tributaries, and how to
n protect the valley farms from further
e Injury due to the downward flow of this
j old debris, has been the subject of both
state and national investigation, until
finally an act was passed by Congress in
,e 1S03 providing for a federal^ board com
u poseu or three engineer officers of the
e army, to be called the California debris
f commission. This commission found a
condition -for the improvement of which
e there was neither precedent nor previous
experience, and everything had to be
s originated de novo, as no such condie
tion exists elsewhere in the world,
r The first efforts of the commission were
directed toward an examination of the
y mines in order to see what relief could
n be given to' the miners who were
clamoring for permission to re3Uins minf
ing, which had been stopped by court
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Injunctions at the Instance of the farmers
of the lower valleys. It was found that
the construction of dams In the canons
below the mines would In mo.n cases
store all the material that would be removed.
After many years of study of the
problem It was seen that either tl.e logcrib
dam or the brush dam would answer
the purpose for all small mines.
These two types of dam are now in general
use for Impounding debris for the
protection of the lowlands.
Of the two the log crib Is the usual type.
It consists of a "cob-house" crib made of
large logs which are notched and drift
bolted together. It is filled with quar.-led
rock and chinked against leakage. The
limit of height p'acej on these dams by
the commission for safety Is forty feet.
The brush dam Is constructed with strong,
live brusTh, ami may be twenty feet high,
at least ten feet long. Thes.* darns must
comply strictly with the specifications of
the commission, and before beginning to
mine the hydraulic miner must obtain permission
or license of the California debris
commission, which Is not given unless all
the conditions specified as to their dams
have been complied with. In addition, a
monthly report is required by the commission
-Showing the quantity of material
mined, the amount of water used dally,
and the conditions of th! dams. DeputyUnited
States marshals are also constantly
employed inspecting the dams nnd mines
to see that all the requirement are com- i
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NTH AND F STS. N. W.
Ssasa^^SL H
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CSf M/Cft CHANGED HANDS V?04ST
W??K'
INVENTED STEEL SKELETON
DEATH OF ENGINEEB WHO
SOLVED THIS PROBLEM.
His Name Was William L? Baron
Jenney?Hl? Method Now Generally
In Um in This Country.
From the Engineering News.
We briefly noted In our obituary column
two weeks ego the death of William Le
Baron Jenney, a prominent Chicago architect,
and a member of the firm of Jenney,
aaunuie & jensen or 171 Lta saile street. We
are Indebted to the Arm for additional Information
concerning Mr. Jenney's career,
with full statement of Mr. Jenney's work
In connection with the Introduction of steel
skeleton construction for office buildings.
We print lt nearly In full, as follows:
In 1863 Mr. Jenney graduated from the
Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard
University, ajid In 1854 he entered the
Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufacture* at
Paris. Here his career was a brilliant one.
and he received his diploma in 185tt. During
1858 he again visited France, and remained
a year and a half, engaged in the
study of architecture and art.
After the war, In 18CS, he went to Chicago
and began his professional career. His
early works of note were Grace Episcopal
Church, Wabash avenue ajid 16th street;
the Portland block. Washington and Dearborn
streets, built Just after the tire, and
the Maaon building.
It was Mr. Jenney who invented and
made the first application of the steel skeleton
type of construction now used universally
in tall buildings. In the fall of 1883
he was appointed architect for the Home
Insurance Company of New York city, and
Instructed to prepare designs for a tall,
fireproof office building to be located on the
normeast corner of Adams and La Salle
streets, Chicago, and to he named "The
Home Insurance Building;" he was given
further Instructions that the pkins above
the second story should provide for the ]
maximum number of well-lighted small
offices. The Instructions further stated
tha,t the building committee were. aware
that this would necessitate very small piers
?smaller, probably, than were admissible
If of ordinary masonry construction, unless
perhaps In the upper stories.
The architect was requested to report to
the building committee the method of construction
that would saisfy the requirements
for stability and for small piers. It
naturally followed that if brick or stone
were insufficient to carry the loads on the
piers a material must be provided that
would support a greater load per unit of
section. Architects had often been obliged
to build an iron column Into the masonry
pier where the load was exceptionally great.
Mr. Jenney had done the same thing, building
Iron columns Into the small piers some
years before. The natural solution of the
problem was to lnciose an Iron column
within each of the small masonry piers,
thus satisfying the three requirementssmall
piers, strength and flreproofing.
Solution Found.
The question of a column 15 feet high
under the extreme variation of temperature,
say 100 degrees F. or more, from the hot sun
In summer to the excessive cnlrt In wlnta
now presented Itself. A solution was soon
found by Mr. Jenney, by supporting the
walls and floors of each story Independently
on the columns, thus dividing the total
movement Into as many parts as there were
stories, the expansion and contraction In
no one story being of sufficient importance
to require special consideration. The drawings
were then prepared and the first design
for a fireproof skeleton building was
made and presented to the building committee
of the Home Insurance Company for
their acceptance. As business men, they
naturally inquired. "Where is there such a
building?" The architect replied, "Your
building at Chicago will be the first." This
naturally suggested to the company the very
important question. "How do you know It
is go?d?" The architect proposed to submit
his designs and calculations to one or more
brirlee engineers of distinction, as Hi#* p.ini.
pan}- might select, the design for the skeleton
building resembling, in many respects,
iron railroad bridges standing on end, side
i by stde.
The columns in the Home Insurance
building were of cast iron, the riveted columns
of plates and angles being at that
time thought, too expensive. It was in
i this building that the first Bessemer steel
beams were used, manufactured by the
Carnegie-Phipps Company, who stated at
the time that the Home Insurance building
was the first in the United States to use
steel beams in its construction. It not
only introduced the steel skeleton construction
to the world, anl was the first
building in America to use steel beams
in its rnnstrnrtir*r? Knf ~?"
list to the requirements of a fine office
building*, such as wind bracing; thorough
flreprooflng; rapid running and safe elevator
cars; light and well-ventilated rooms
and corridors; fan-lights along the corridor
side of the rooms, adding to the light of the
corridor and to the ventilation of the
rooms; an electric plant; provision of offices
with tile vaults handsome in their
appointments, and a system of plumbing
of the highest modern type. All these appointments
are now common to all good
office buildings, hut they were first used
in the west in the Home Insurance bull <ing;
and many of thein^ like the metal
elevator oars and the office vaults, were
invented by Mr. Jenney for that building.
Among other prominent buildings built
by Mr. Jenney while associated with Mr.
Mundie are the t'nion League Club, the
Hortirultural building at the Columbian
exposition. "The Fair" department store.
Siegel. Cooper X- Co.'s store, the Association
building, the New York Life building, the
Chicago National Bank building, the Trude
building and the Fort Dearborn building.
Hawk That Never Fails to Get Its Prey
From the Hartford Ooiirnnt.
A persistent hawk has taken more than i
a hundred chickens from the premises of ;
Walter Wade in Bloomfleld. The bird is of
the pigeon species, swift of wing and seem- '
ingly sure of Its prize every time.
The people about the house have endeav- ;
ored to scare It away, but It invariably g*ets i
its prey. Once It starts on its upward I
flight all the small birds in the vicinity s ;t i
sail for it. endeavoring to force it to release I
its victim, but the hawk s ion outstrips i
tUem and gets away with lis tender morsel. 1
IN EASTERN SECTION
1 >
This Part of City Participating
in Good Times.
RECENT ADVANCE IN PRICES Sales
on East Hunitnl t in ?
coin Park.
EIGHTH STREET IS BOOMING
s
Influence of Railroad and the Other
Improvements Is Already Felt. *
Investments Are Being Made. ?
During the past five years the eastern '
section of the city has seen some wonder- ,
ful Improvements. First, the railroad carna
and purchased square after square of
ground, starting In South Washington and
going across the eastern section clear to tha
reform school, building all sorts of buildings
along the tracks such as warehouses
and coal dumps. Ninety per cent of the
people who sold to the railroad reinvested
in real estate. The same can be said of
the people who owned the ground taken
by the government for the House and Senate
office buildings. These people as a
irule bought a comfortable home an.I re- t
invested the balance in investment proper- *
ties.
There Is very little vacant ground to !>? t
had this side of the avenue bridge, and
the only salvation Is for the government to
fill In the flats and build a sea wall near
the Anacostla bridge, so that there will l*?
some ground to build on In the future.
New Dwelling*.
From the Capitol to the Eastern branch.
Including Bennlng. Anacostla, Twining
City, In fact, every section In this vicinity,
new houses can be seen In every strict and t
are readily sold or rented on completion. * '
There are fewer vacant houses In this section
than any other, and according to the
last police census the southeastern section
grained more than any other portion of the 4 ?
city. ? '
Eighth street southeast from Pennsylvania
avenue to the navy yard gate Is
getting to be quite a business thoroughfare
on both sides of the street. East
Capitol street still governs the eastern s>-ctlon
prices, and there are not ten houses
for sale on both sides of the street from
the Capitol to Lincoln Park.
me nignest prices ever received from real
estate In the eastern section, outside of the
prices paid by tije government, were obtained
by the Arm of John F. Donohoe *
Sons. They sold the southeast corner of
8d and East Capitol streets to George P. *
Zurhorst for $5 per foot; the corner of 11th
street and Massachusetts avenue northeast
to Bernard Walls for $4: the northeast corner
of 3d and B streets southeast to the
German-American Building Association for *
$3 per foot. About a year ago they ?oKl
the east half of Grant row. which had been
an eyesore to East Capitol street. The now
purchasers spent considerable money, and
are occupying the houses for homos
Twenty-Five Years Old.
This firm was established In Its present
location twenty-five ycais aso, and has a
business that covers. the entire section of
the city. The business was established by
John F. Donohoe. the senior member of the . v
firm. Twelve years ago Charles F. Donohoe
was taken in the firm, and six years
ago Milburn J. Donohoe was added. Be- '
sides these the Arm has the following in Its .
| employ: John W. Rldge'.y, Edward E. King, fk
Thomas P. Kennelly, Fred S. Rogers, Mai- %
colm C. Dorsey, Louis J. Dorsey and
Helen G. Marr. Mr. Clarence Donatio - reports
business flourishing, a great number
of deals pending and settlements da ly.
The firm's rent list Is among the largest
of any' firm in the city, covering all sections.
A specialty is made of handling estates.
and they have some very large ones
In their charge.
The Inheritance of Ability.
From the CUlengo Rfcoril-Hirtlil. W
Francis Galton's researches Into genius
a generation ago found little imitation until '
recent years. Nowadays, however, no year
passes without the appearance of several
elaborate statistical studies In which the
endeavor Is made to learn whether Intellectual
ability and moral character are Inherited
in the same way that physical
characteristics are inherited. Biologists
have determined the ratio In which certain
marked physical characteristics of one
generation appear among the members of
the second generation, and sociologists and 4
psychologists hope to be able to show a v.
similar ratio for the mental and moral
nnallf IfiB
Some of these studies have been made In '
America, as, for instance. Dr. Woods' Investigations
Into heredity In royalty, hut '
most of them come from England. Have- '
lock Kilts, for example, studied genius as
he could learn of It In the Dictionary of
National Biography, and published his results
ii^ a volume three years ago. Now
two students of the University of Iyondon,
one of them holding a Galton fellowship
In eugenics and the other a Galton scholarship.
have published the results of a similar
study, their material being the heredity
shown among Oxford honor men. All Oxford
graduates from lmxt-to IMC were
taken and divided into three groups, each
covering a period of about thirty years.
The graduates whose fathers had not boen ?
educated at Oxford were first excluded, ani (
then the others in each group were dlvid-d
Into six divisions with reference to tlnlr
rank at degree time. Then the test wis
made to see whether the fat hem of the
men In each division had taken cori>?.s;-?ruling
rank. Roughly stated. It was f >un?l
that the fathers of first-class honor ni'-n
had taken about tliree times as many h:ifh
honors as the fathers of men in the lowest
rank. There were, however, material !>'
ferences in the percentage figures for th *
different generations studied.
Tin* investigators believe themselv<-s I
justified in holding that physical and j
psychical characters are in general inlier- J
ited in mar# in about the same proportion j
All investigators in this line come to !<* '
sum.' conclusion, but most of them al i "
that they fully believed it b fore i!
started in to work. Their results ar?- h
teresting, but ttiey will not cirr> ? -nvn tlon
to the outside world until disturbing
factors are carefully eliminated. The ,nvestigation
described, for example. a> ; '
that all Oxford men want to t ike honors
equally, and that only their capacity : %
ing tested. As a matter of fact there may
be great differences in th. d'-siiv of ?lt!
ferent classes of men at d ft relit periods.
1'ntll the variation in wants is \ . i l- <1.
the test of capacity is far from perfect.
Begin With the Big Smash.
From the Ivlitor and Puhlinber.
In the meantime, we venture to offer sori^.jr
fundamental things to those who are not I
contldcnt of their ability to ?\*rite a
story:
An event, or series of events, m^ be related
in two style? viz lrom 4ne bottom
uj>, or from the to]
The cumulative ? i that used by the
novelists. The e fis softly and
crescendoes up to jinjj, th clim.ix
it or near the end.
The Journalistic style begins with tlio
limii\, the big smash.
The first (|ii. s.ion a reporter assigned to
1 sU ry should i.?: "Wa it is tlnr most I
mportant single tiling hero. the thing tie
jublic wants to know first of all?" When he v
inils that let him write It as th hi "ititing
of his story. Then he will ask wh. I
he next most Important thing, anil he wflT f ?
vrlte tliat second. And so on down to the
*?t Important, wiiiicli lie will write iwt-* }

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