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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 25, 1907, Image 17

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P^es , 7=20 gfyo j^f. Part 2
9uUio?sO<B??,l!tL ?tr?e* re -'tanijlTtnU ATWlf.
The E-ening Stai Newspaper Company,
THfcCJ "BE W NO?EL Presitcu...
Ke^r York 05xc?: Tribune Buildinf.
Chi~*fo Office: First National Bank Building*
Kver !nz Star, with tU?? Sun-lav morning '<11tkm.
i- ?! ];\ r??d \ y carriers. on th? ii own account,
wtrhin th?' ity nt *0 nts jut month: without the
uuu . ij M'oiiiitifc ruiiinu ?i *1 crni!" pr: iiiuuiu.
Py ninfl. jH^tase r?rew?l?l fr>allv.
Sun?lnj Incluileil. one month. fiO rent?,
P*v s'm Imy one month. 50 cents.
F*tm<iay Star. ??nr roar. $1 'X).
Hun-lay Star, one year.
More Rich Merchants Get j
blackmailing Letters.
Pnest Accused of Being the Head of
the Band.
Revolutionary Committee Warns a
Wealthy Boston Importer, Who
Takes It Seriously.
WAY YOKK. July U.">- Fattier Levont
>Iartoog< ssian w.i- .rnly charged yesterday
l>v half a di>Z'-n Armenian merchants,
who have large interaets in New York,
with being the head t>f the Hunchakist. to
whose door is laid tie murder of Tavshan
jian in Cnion Square Monday, and that
of Father Caspar Father Martoogessian
claims to be the rector of the Armenian
Church in New York and pastor of the
con:.'. ?-galion of the Ap??stolic Armenian
"if the distrb t attorney is looking for
evidence \u this matter, then let him arrest
Father Martoogessian, who, as sure as I
am standing on this spot, is the head of
the murdering gang of blackmailers." said
a prominent Armenian. "On the very day
that :l. newspapers printed an account, in
September. 11 h>r>, of the killing of a prominent
mere i int in Constantinople because
he would not. pa> a blackmailing tribute
Father Martoogessian append at the offices
of the richest Armenian merchants!
and presented a letter demanding payment
of money for the patriots in Turkey. The
beggar was smiling and bowing, and after \
presenting tin letter pulled a newspaper
clipping from his pocket and showed it to .
over the telephnoe. He was called up yes- !
terday an<I asked, in no uncertain tones, I
why tlie inoney was not forthcoming-. and j
If cii?I not realize that he would meet
the same fate as iiis father.
"My : itl r was driven crazy, and eventually
to d. it!i. hy tii'-s.- hounds." said Mr. |
Aleon. lie was in Persia several years!
ago. and r**ceived a :hreat? n;np letter ask- '
ing for money. He ?1 i I not eo-mplv with tie- '
requf .1-:. After that. "ii every hand, he was
so threaien?'d that he finally lost his mind,
and ! ier died in a sanitarium.
"As *'>.r rr.vselt". I'm u'Oli.tf ta-i out of 1
N?w York until this thinjr :\vs ov?*r. I
can't *<> busirn-s A lar^-- -;i:*,
war.t i t?> huy a shlpm-nt t?f ni'-r.s that
in- if. I ?. !s ? ; dollars to !:;? . .' it I
tlirin't : > to the bon<i< <1 Witivh??::>
v. .m t?? i ' ?k ovr. htcaus- in this
Sta' aft'. Irs ?: - - not kl?ow when he
will f ? ?i I ' -i\" mov *<! my desk
h4-v*-r.i! - lh*-y may br
w .1 - i?! <window
' i :. is :.o ;t a t... story that I
am ?s .? <. t.\.- * ,r th?? <1 strict j
?'* I t*n - . *? ?I will con- ,
4oct 1 isiti w.. . the -ii'i o? subordl- j
rial' - .;? . : a- \v* 11 as possible.
N ? \ .-i: ?i< n<?; i iliz_* the |
gravit) of sit Basiness is ;it aj
starj. ' t : .i: colony. Kvery- j
bo<ly i.- I- iv . .v M'-.-arils an- hur-j
ryi:i;r f'r.?. .? - : - ?r.?l conferring:
about li.' : ? '<? ..<> Kv? ry one is !
pa! i w < :! <1.
"!t >s a I 1 : i1 Mate < f ; ffalvs, and I ;
hope tie ?i?: ? ? . . ? - ir.-t ti,#- '.iki Vnaihrs '
li #*!"*??"? 1 ? V tr? nu
1'?>] i< < < '< :nii: >i H' . a s ; . ?| today
tj.tt f??r a liii.i: Tin,- ,.r- i own ??f
Armenians who v? ta .* h'.. kni.ti:ri? h
menha Ms
"An A : rr> 11 i;s n f ri "f mine. ? j
ate of Y.i.o. h^s t '.*] )) a . } ?U?i 1
at?? ? t '.e ! '' i:t v ?.f 11 V }.
f. ! ! l .inly 1 oal s r.-it nt\ re<i j.- i that
I u r>.<! - #l i l?"?st S j.oihi ii. 1 ?..*
t ho I : ?' : ! - i % T >rrvi--?? !
v. ! '<. s 1 t ..ir n; n . a h? } i ! t > K?> j
.. r.! t .? fnruiu' in ?!> ;. i: ami !
0 \ i '
"i'l ? ' 'TioivnV J . t v tmJay r?-t ann-.l a ;
\- ' I ? ?ir?.s Hamj?artz-? unian, j
v. i ! th< r;;;r nit !v|;;:::t, on a "harKe ;
of h?* f.. ale 'I ho *rran*l jury. alt? r hear- j
im: i;, .\ ita? ?wI:?? t' ^tilio'l !>**foro !
t> .* -r. ; <1 II. mi'iiMMomian |
1 - r: irder in t!.?- I:; st ?Io^i^e.
jlx :t\ i;.mm in -s. luviunac.
!'!:oVIIi':\ri:. R I Jnl> 2.~?. -It Wame
k*v v. n'^V.t that t! prominent
A: '!i- f i: :ty hav*- been apT?'
! ' rn v b\ th?* Harahtkis! So<
? :\ '!' a - was leani'-d If
?:i\ . ! -1 .i.t : v\?? . : - wi: h a t??t 11 m? m>
?m ' t 1 ". . . j ? n trying .
t t*2 ' it ' w. A rnirri'aris.
J-.}!:: Bezasian memb^i the firm ??f
i 7 : 1' * - w r y i ,-j? m? r>':i nits,
adrnr- t. it wis - ..! i? .1 i ; n by tn? rn- !
!**r? "f Thr organization and ..*k<?l for
r. l?a* says that h?- re fa i : h-:n
!:?> \i;-ar V.i rtannlan. the only ,\rir?
:! a < it sryman in th?* oit\. was an iher
t ? w >:n app?al w.?s nrnit', hut he too.
r? *' -I Th?- third ?-in- did I:k?\v.s? 1? is
I-..:; - v i *! r?t that t h- Armenians
h a d . id ?>: tin- I Iun< hak:st. and for
that reason will not tt 11 mm a.
Strikebreakers Enjoy High Life.
rnrin:rR<;. Ma-s July Strikela.
.h- rs who haw tu-? n brought here in an
att.-nn?t t?> !>n ak t i<e strike of mainkta
T.. .. - ? - * ? --
- - - ......^ ..i imvi-i i n?-y ;i r?
?j . 111? r? <1 in th*? Fltrhhurg athletic
pymriaslum and haw all manner of luxur?-s.
The kitchen is presided over by a
French chef. Th? y hav?- tin* free run of
ti?*- place and at night the billiard and card
rooms are in constant use by them.
The striking machinists want better pay
and shorter hours. The master machinists
have determined to resist the demands
the man to whom tlie demand had been
Colony in State of Frenzy.
"These Utters were turned over to the
district attorney, and the aid of the police
department was finally enlisted. Detective
Petrosini was put on the ease, and it was
finally dropped for la< k of evidence.
"< >n th?- morning after the assassination
of Tavshanjlan letters were received by
prominent nun in the eoIor.\ wh.- ii. after |
telling that the soeiety hail murdered j
Tavshanjian the day l#ef.?r?\ demanded
$lo.? r o fr??m eacii in a threatening mann?
r and warn d the pri son to whom it
w;i - s? nt n.?: to inform the police. It was j
\ 11 ?' . t i v:;i rr .. Iv ; . I it" it 1 -1 ?. r in f h?? I
san. ;i.. l <n lii. sam-- kind of j
I?a: :*. as t on. Father Martoogessian ;
j as. -i ar?-!ii:il. And t!.t* sam?* soei(_-ty.
*.\n<l we hav- ir.tTf inl<.rmaiion than
that to prov? that he is the ehi f con- ? :
spira:-'!. It's i. i.I to ti. i.k that a
bard of m n lik t at mild tl r,,\v the
Anr.vMan i'. i:;io ;; slat - of frenzy. ]
Why. this Is worse than massa re time in |'
Turk* ; \\V ?i.:n't Ur.<>w who is go:ng to :
\ in r?I?-r*-d n? \t. Not only hav? these !
i .irakis t. r: .?riz? i N? w York, but t.a y are i
berommg v i'y powerful in Turkey."
Amoni: those who reee A e i threatening !
let t rs the day after the I'nion Square |
inurcb r wiTv* (I??i::igi (iulb? nkian of Guibenkian
e>: Co. in t : N?*\v Brunswi k build- J
ing. in Madison Siiuaiv; A. M. Karagheu- i
sian. >n the i'ark< r building, and Armen :
Aieon, head of the firm of A. Aleon's
Sons. Ail these nun art wealthy rug importers.
Insane From Threats.
Besides the letter- l*tw??n limes Mr.
i'.nn k. ?? v*wl thr*-Hteniner mcssaffi-s !
These Killings Were Also the Work of
the Hunchakist Society ? Troubles
of Rival "Patriots."
S|*r<ial CrtMejrrnill tn The Star.
LONDON. July Z">.?More interest is taken
in the murder of the Armenian merchant
Tavshanjian in New York than is usually
vouchsafed to an American killing. This is
because it appears to be part of a chain of
blackmailing murders that have been com- j
ill it ted bv litis same Ilunrhnkist sociptv in '
different parts of the world. Tlie latest preceding
the present outbreak of activity were
committed in London in KUKi by a man who
evidently had been sent from the I"nited
States for the pur|>ose.
Murders of the secret sort are common
enough in Kngland, but street killings are
uncommnn enough to attract attention, and
when three murders were committed on the
streets In daylight !n London, and the murderer
then committed suicide to escape capture.
it stirred up the English authorities
considerably. The detective force worked
on the matter fur weeks and dug up the
fact that the murderer and suicide was
the same man who had attempted to mur
der an Armenian editor in Boston about two
years before. Also they unearthed a good
deal of ancient history about feuds Inside
the blackmailing socle'y and the disappearance
of a big revolutionary fund. But
further than that nothing was found on
which action could b? taken.
The murders in London occurred in the
little second-class suburb of Peckhani Rye,
south across the Thames from the city.
Tin- meeting of the Armenian revolutionary
society was being held there, though no one
knew anything About it till the killings
started. There were a large number of
Armtnians in London all connected in one
way or another with the Ba kan revolution
that breaks out regularly every spring and
that is featured in the papers if there is
nothing more important In tiie way of news
at the time.
First Man Shot.
The president o>f the revolutionary society
was going home early one evening when he
was shot at his front gate by another Armenian.
Several people saw the murder,
and lie remarkable feature of it was that
tin- h ii' i \%;;s fviut'iuiy a proiessionai gun
man. for he shot equally well with either
hand. He shot the Armenian leader and as
the latter staggered within his walled garden
tlie murderer switched the gun to his
left hand and swinging open the gate with
his right, fired agnin. k lling his man instant!;-.
He ran down the street and disappeared.
and nothing more was heard of him
for a week.
Of course the killing set the London police
by the ears and they got wry busy.
The fact that the revolutionary meeting
was in progress was unearthed. All the
members of the society took the matter
very coolly. The president of the soe'ety,
who was the first victim, liad evidently
been going in fear of assassination, for his
clothes were a regular arsenal, including a
long stiletto hung by an eyeglass chain ins
de his coat within reach of his hand jftid
two guns, one of them an automatic revolver
of the latest pattern.
Two More Murdered.
It was discovered at the time that the killing
of the president of the society had
some connection with a revolutionary fund
of $1."?0,<K)0 that had been collected in the
United Slates within two years and more
than half of which had disappeared. The j
Armenians themselves laid the murder at
?i s. ..* ti.A i ji?>1 />Vt !ir;c<t !
they saiil was a semi-patriotic, semi-black-i
mailing organization at odds with their own.
As nt'iir as could be discovered the two
branches of the same society were really at i
oiMs. but about the only difference was that J
one <?f th?m got the money and succeed d :
in keeping it. while the other, being the j
m?-st expert i;i l'u:? 5*la.y. did most of the)
k i 1 i: npr.
Within a week after the first killing two
<> t.:e members of tiie society whose presi*1
nt had be? n assassinated were walking
home from the iast meeting ?f the con- j
\>-ntion when a man walked up l^ehind i
Iii? in. shot them both in the back and j
t'.rnel to run. There was a crowd on his
heels in .';n instant, and he was chased up
vv nri. ...l i.t. : i Klin.I 11.. ^ 11J
* "* " ;
and f? !! looking tor an exit, and, finding
ti ; his pursuers w?re bound to get him, I
!-.?!led a revolver and k died himself. i l?- !
s!,<?; himself with his It*ft hand. Indicating
! ! identity witn the other killing, and this
\\;ts afterward more fnl'y established.
Clever Disguise.
When he was undressed at the morgue a
rather clever plan of escape was shown.
The murderer was dressed in a long: light
overcoat of rather stylish cut and a black
cier.,y hat. I'nderneath of this coat lie
won- ti?- most disreputable old tattered suit
of clothes that could be found on any
street loafer. In the pocket of the overcoat
wns a c:?{? tha.t matched the ragged suit,
llis underclothes were all new and fine.
If was v. ry j lain what h!s plan of action
had I.tii. if he coui I have droone I the
>!; !.s:i < v; r-oat and hard hat at the end
i alley and slipped ov? r a fence. donn.
n g i .-'.d i ;ip to mntcU the ragged suit
: ? . th-s. nobody would ever liavt* known
h:rn lor th-* man who did the killing. The
:.!> mistake he made was in not assuring
.nisei f of a liii" of retreat.
it was id. niili-<1 by witnesses as the
man who d.d the lirst killing, and it was
* i that his name was Varzbadian. i
hat further than that little could he learned I
htm At time of the first murder j
h. dropi 1 a s. :t f. it hat that was stamped !
inside with the nam-- (>f a St. Louis firm, ;
indicating that he had been in America, j
It;.- k i *ti desc r j >i i?>n and a s? ar on his
la. * answ? i-'d t ? the description of the man ;
v\ i??? had made the attac k on the Armenian j
editor in Hoston. but aside from that his !
ant' , t dents were a blank, and, though it !
was believe 1 that tlie Armenians in London j
kr.fW who he was, they professed ignorance, ;
an l there was no way of contradicting '
ih#-m 1
With the fresh outbreak "f the llunchakist
So i'.-ty in New York their is every
i xp station !i re of further murders.
War Standards Discussed.
C|??m i ll <'al?legrain to The Star.
LONDON. July 23.?Great Britain, like
t!i * r.Mit <1 States. is indulging in di-tusas
to what constitutes the readiness
of a tW-ft for war. In the current Issue of
Utf Navy J.ague Journal it is pointed out i
that Kn^land must demand the highest j
I os^ihUr standard of nadiness of !ir fleet i
thai such ;i standard ??t' readiness invo:v?
s ji carefully thought out plan of
an.paiKM and t*?.i? - at Utm disposal of the
admiral eharg *d with the execution of the
I':ar., adequate i? 1 his opinion to carry it
If th?? admiral is not sitiMled either with
the plan or the force assigned him the
mandate of Nnpoleon is < ?r. a *,v ..t
-.--v ?uow mat |
he is criminal" !f h.* becomes "th<> in- I
strument of ruin to ills men and people "
The importance of concentrating all available
force for tliat "grave antl terrible
thine a pitchcd battle, is emphasised.
Figures are given showing the British
channel fleet to be weaker in numbers and
less ready than the German high ?"a
Union of Irish Nationalists and
Workingmen Suggested.
Other News of the Week in London
Highest Real Estate Values in the
World on the Strand?Report Upon
Housing Conditions in England.
Special Cablegram to The Star.
I,oNl)OX, July '23.?The practical triumph
of a socialist In the hotly contested election
In the division of Jarrow, where the Irish
nationalists presented a candidate for the
avowed purpose of worrying the Knglish
liberals, has only accentuated the break
which has occurred between the CampoollBannerman
government and his Irish supporters.
The Irish aie, of course, indignant
over the failure of their dreams in connection
with home rule, the Irish nationalists
utterly repudiating the measures proposed
by the present liberal government.
Though in reality opposing candidates
were nominated by the Irish nationalists
and the laborites in the bye-election of
Jarrow, the socialist-laborite, triumphing
over the literal, the unionist and nationalist
nominees, it Is now being suggested that
the Irish nationalists really placed their candidate
in the lield for the purpose not only
of defeating the liberal, but also lor tiie
purpose of aiding in tiie election of the socialist-laborite
candidate. By many this is
regarded as foreshadowing a prtctic tl un o;i
between the Irish nationalists, the laborites,
the socialists ar.d the disaffected elements
in the united kingdom. In a single general
election it is figured the combination, by
ignoring not only the conservatives and
unionists, but the liberals as well, could
make as much headway as the socialists
have made in Germany (luring the past ten
years, and it is argued that the radicals
and the home rulers could in this way
eventually win control of the empire. For
many years there nas existed a strong sympathy
between the Irish nationalists anu treworking
men of England, Scotland and
Wales, and once in control of parliament
with a mandate from the people it is argued
that such a combination, which would
utterly ignore tie two great historic parties
of parliament?the logical successors of
the whigs and tories?ancl the new party
would make short work not only of the
Irish question by passing a satisfactory
home rule measure, but would also m.'.ke
short work of the house of lords, which
today is supposed to stand as the embodiment
of everything that pertains to privilege
and vested interest*.
London Times Is Sarcastic.
With all of these conditions confronting
the present liberal government the London
Times, "The Thunderer," conies out with
a leader practically laughing at Campbell-llannerman
and his suuporters. Snvs I
tiif Times:
"The government carried their resolution
for the house of lords to the position
of a debating society by a majority
of 2S5. They have won fhis great victory,
as we are told it is. for the people
and now the people will lo >k with curiosity
to see what they will do with it. That
is manifestly the touchstone of their sincerity.
if they believe that the house <>f
lords is the upas tree tin y prg? Iaim it to
be, casting its deadly light over all the
wholesome aspirations of the democracy
ami the beneficent activities of the commons,
their duty and their interest are
clrar. Doth dictate to them the necessity
of ending it or mending it without
delay. They can no longer suffer the obstacle
to th" public g'.od which Mr. j
Chur -hill and Mr. Ll>yd-George have denounced
with such roburst rhetoric. They
have no mind for Mr. Henderson's proposal.
It savored too much of "thorough,*
and led Mr. Madden to declare that he approves
of a second chamber. But having
discarded tiie abolition of the house of
lords for the present they are b >und not
to flinch fror*i the military operations
which Mr. Churchill has described with
such zest. They have opened, he says,
the lirst lines of ;i great s*eg\ What will
be thought of them if they sit down In
their tranches and content themselves
W!tli tlirM-.i-ino- . .
_; . 1 V . I > I L J I" ' 'ill MO
;i little tlust? The people who nave plenty
of shri-wiliicss iiiKl plenty of humor will
not be slow to interpret operations of this
kind. They will make up th ir mind that
Sir Henry (.'ampbell-Bannerman and his
host are either unwilling or uirible to
advance, and really will have some ex
use for their opinion. The trumpet haa
b ? n blown- -and wry loudly blown by |
some of th performers--but the walls
have not fallen. Nobody ever expected
that they would fall. If the army remains
inactive after delivering this blast what
will be the efferts upon its prestige and
its discipline? Yet it would almost seem
that this is the most lame and impotent
conclusion to which the government have
brought their followers, and whk'h they
ask them to celebrate as a glorious victory."
A U_
ii-auv<auuiiiH muveny.
London has an educational novelty. The
day schools subcommittee of the educational
committee of the I.undon county
council has arranged for open-air schools
during the remainder of* the summer
months. If the experiment proves successful
it will be tried another ear on a larger !
scale. For the present it has decided to !
accept the offer of the committee of the |
Royal Arsenal Co-operative Society, Lim- I
ited, of the use of the society's woods and !
recreation grounds at Bostail, Plumstead, j
for the purpose of an experiment with such
a schoo!. The day school^ subcommittee
further reported that Mr Ernest Gray and !
the assistant educational adviser had vis- I
ited the grounds, which were about twenty
acres in extent, beautifully wooded and
situated on a slope, and that one hundred
children could easily be accommodated, the
spot being an ideal one tor the out-of-door
education of children.
During a discussion in the Westminster
city council the other day on the proposal
of the London county council to widen the
Strand at the corner of Agar street and ,
King William street, Mr. Abady said that
t he cost worked out to per acre.
The council decided not to contribute anything
to the improvement unless the corner
was rounded off. This was rod shown on
the county council plan, and unless such a
course i* adopted the Westminster council
censidi r? that very little relief will be afforded
to the traffic at that spot; but it
w is commented upon at the time that the
real estate at the price quoted was as expensive
as any in the whole world.
Lady Somerset in New Role.
I*ady Henry Somerset, whose <ampaigns
against Intemperance made her famous on
two continents, has again aroused considerable
discussion throughout Kng'and by
her declaration that most of the cottages
which one sees along the countryside are
merely "whited sepulchers," and that insan- i
l(u PV KArnlMlrtMC At'fiin ? --V -? " ' 1 ! * -
wiiu.iiuuo <iinr C J i111 itiilU'irilS I
to Urink. This time LaJy lleury Sonnrse'. I ;
lias the advantage of !>eing able to quote
from the Investigations of Miss Constance
Cochrane and her report to the National
Housing Reform Association after making
a special study of the homes of the agricultural
"I have see n," says Miss Cochrane, "men,
women and children living In houses without
a water supply anywhere near, or with
only polluted supplies quite unfit for drink.
"I have seen leaking roofs, floors and
n-nl!o oali.w.tn.l 1
nnuo .-?aiuiciiru, taiycm iiuiuctveu, siui in
water flowing through living rooms, bedrooms
small, close crowded and with tiny
windows nearly on the floor level; larders
merely dark cupboards opening into living
rooms; rotten floors Incapable of supporting
beds; windows that do not open; wide
crevices around badly fitting outer doors;
broken and uneven brick floors, and many
other discomforts such as no copper or cupboards.
and thick mud uup to and around
the houses."
Memorial for Mrs. Craigie.
The attention of Amfrlcan visitors to
England is being called to the fund which
is being raised for the purpose of a memorial
to Mrs. Craigie (John Oliver Hobbes).
It is proposed to commemorate the authoress
by a portrait plaque to be placed
in I'niversity College, London; a replica of
the plaque to be sent to the United States;
f.c1k>!|( ]>?:tp8 'for the study of modern
English literature to be given periodKally
in England and the United States. It Is
Interesting to learn tliat of the $3,.100 already
subscribed e ver has come from
Mrs. Cralgle's native country, the United
Coventry, or rather Mr. Edward O'Brien,
who occupies a prominent position in connection
with the bicycling Industry of the
city, has been struck with a briliiant idea.
It is nothing more nor less than a twentieth-century
Godiva. Forgetful of Karl
Lrt'ofrie and Saxon simplicity, it Is proposed
that this latter day Godiva shall wear a
bicycle costume and ride a bicycle. Mr.
\j ni imi fvt'ii uuertru a ciiuicu wuciu iu i~*tt
Milo. .>ut La Mllo announces that she prefers
tlie old-fashion'd horseback ride, and
the committee in charge announuces that
it has had too much in the way of trouble
already without new complications.
General and Personal News of Montgomery
Sj?eoiji 1 (\?rr#'KiK>n<l?'U'*f ?>f Tlie Star.
ROPKVILLE, Mil.. July 1!*?T.
Tlie county public school commissioners
for llils county have announced tlie appointment
of Prof. J. Frank SIcBoe, formerly
of Carroll county, as principal of
Darn est own high school, which will bo
established by the beginning of the next
school year. Prof. James N. Noble, formerly
principal of the high school at
Trappe. Md., lias been appointed vice principal
of the Rockville high school, in the
place* of Samuel A. Lehman, resigned.
Other appointments of teachers are as follows:
Frank T. Watkins, as principal of
the school at Potomac, and Mrs. Watkins,
as assistant teacher; James iv Duvall. as
principal of the Cedar-! [eights school; Miss
Laura V. White, as assistant at Barn *sville,
and Miss Lucy Rice Calicher, as assistant
at I'nity.
Mr. Roscoe Grimes and Miss Mary ( ockrille,
both of Great Falls, V'a., visited
Rockville yesterday afternoon and were
married by Rev. Ernest L. Woolfe, pastor
of the M. B. Church South, the ceremony
taking place at the minister's home.
A few d;?ys ago Rev. S. R. White of the
Baptist Church officiated here at the marriage
of Air. Herbert King of Baltimore
and Miss Willi M. Ray, the home of the
minister being the scene of the event.
The supervisors of elections for this
county?Messrs. William H. Wade and William
H. Griffith, democrats, and Thomas j
Vinson, republican?mot nere yesterday ma
appointed the following' to serve as judges
and c! 'rks at the November election, the
first-named judge and clerk In each precinct
being a democrat, the other a republican:
J/aytonsville?Is. K. RIggs and Henry H.
Griffith, judges; I>loyd C. Collitlower and
William D. Bell, clerks.
Clarksburg?William R. King and John
W. Boyer. judges; J. Alphonse Reed and
Newman G. Ijutrow. clerks.
Poolesville?S. A. Byrd and Usher Charlton,
judges; Mortimer B. Itall and Henry
L. Willard, clerks.
Kockville?First precinct, Wlnfred E.
Berry anil Arthur B. Gleason, judges; I-.ee
S. Dorsey and A. A. Braddock, clerks;
second precinct, Thomas N. Bailey and Iv.lmund
W. Monday, judges; Claiborne A.
Mannar and Simon V. Wagner, clerks.
Colrsville?Kdmnnfl C. Dnvts n rwl S tmnnl
S. Bond. judges; Odorian W. Robey and J.
Janney Shoemaker, clerks
Barnestown?Charles (J. DuFief and
James T. Purdum, judges: T. Maynard
II- yle and Frank T. Martin, clerks.
Bethe^da?M. Wilson Offutt and Ira H.
Fill, judges; John K. Johnson and Edward
K. Crockett, clerks.
Oln^y?First precinct, George K. White and
Clarence Carroll, judges; Nicholas R. (Jr "
fith and Malcolm Farquhar, clerks; second
precinct. John C. Bentley and Charles II.
Shaw, judges; James M. Strain and Lafayette
A!. l)\vy?*r, clerks.
Gaithcrsburg? S. B. Briggs and 15 Ld ridge
D. Kingsley, judges; John T. Martin and
John C. Burns, clerks.
Potomac?Henry M. Clagett and John W.
1 vnc'n illilfOS ' ( 'urt.^r 1'loor.lf .. . ,1 i
it. Stone, crierks.
HiirnoAivillt?Isaac N. Emmert anil Andrew
C. Brown, judges; Daniel Shreve and
ilenry M. \Au \.g, clerks.
Damascus- Sarnin I V. Broadhurst, jn^r; I
James K. Duvall and J. W. Burdette, I
Wheaton?First precinct. Frank Stubbs
and Thomas <\ Parker, judges; William A.
Fidler and J. 11. Massey. clerks; second j
precinct. John B. Giddings and George F. I
Burdette. judges; Hugh O'Donnell and Wil- j
liam P. Wilson, clerks.
Information was received here yesterday I
of the death in the Philippines of Airs.
Lydia Kilgour Porter, daughter of Frai. is
S. Kilgour of Glen, this county, and a niece
of the late Col. William Kilgour. She was
the wife (j! Surgeon Ralph Porter. I*. S. A.,
v/ho has been stationed in the Philippine*
several year:-;. Surviving her are her par*
ents and several sisters.
Mr. William II. Abhett. aged twenty-two,
of .'ill lUth street southwest, Washington,
and Miss Maria F. Mooney, a^.'d nineteen,
of 227 l.'tVfe strict visited R??ekvil!e yesteiday
afternoon and were married by Rev. S. K.
White of the Baptist Church, the ceremony
beinx performed at the minister's
home. The young folks returned to the
city immediately afterward.
The county public school commissioners
have announced the appointments of Miss
Lucy R. Gallaher as assistant teacher at
the school at Unity and Miss White as
assistant at the Barnesville school. The
citizens of Bethesda have asked the board
to provide an additional teacher for the
Bethesda school, but no decision lias yet
been reached.
Prof. Karle B. Wood, county superintendent
of public schools, lias submitted to
an operation in a Washington hospital for
an abscess of the side. He is repented to
have stood the ordeal well and his condition
is said to be satisfactory, although
quite serious.
A warrant lias boon issued by Justice of
the I'eace Joseph Reading litre charging
John Paul Jones of tin- lower section jif
the county with failing to display
Maryland number on his automobile, lie
will be given a hearing here next Tuesday.
Marshal Collins of Glen Echo swore out
the warrant.
Fear for Their Relics.
Special Cablegram to The Star.
LONDON. July 25.? A warning against
American relic hunters ha.s been sent by
Dr. Rendel Harris, president of tlie Free
Church Council, to the London Young Free
Churchmen's League:
"They have plots laid to unearth William
Penn and exhibit him as a relic in Philadelphia."
Dr. Harris says. "This cannot be
permitted. They also want to carry away
the house at Chaifont where ?11 wood vried
to teach Milton the doctrine of Paradise
Regained. Don't let the Americans carry
that house off. It ought to be government
property. I will buy it myself presently and
present it to the Free Church Council."
For Punishment of Chinese
Criminals in Shanghai.
Youthful Members of Imperial Clan
to Study in Europe.
Inquiry Into Female Education in the
Empire?Officials Lose Lives in
Anti-Opium Crusade.
Cablegram to The Star.
PEKING, July 23.?Native (rime lias born
greatly on the increase in the British set
tiement at Shanghai and the municipal
council ha.?, in consequence, decided to
press for the reinstatement of the cangue
and biimhoo methods of punishment. Both
of these things TV'ive been so long omitted
from tlie criminal code of Shanghai and the
results proving anything but satisfactory,
that there is a disposition to return to
old-fashioned ideas of punishment. Native
crimin: is, in fact, have bec ime increasingly
daring, and the prospect of imprisonment
In the ordinary jails lias no terrors
for them. While they are in the modern
jails they are weil house.'! and fed?better
probably than when at liberty?and experience
has shown that imprisonment, so far
from being a deterrent, is actually an in
IU tJ iiiie.
The cangue !s a large wooden collar fitting
closely around the neck-of the criminal, it!
cannot be removed by day or night during
the entire period of punishment, which may
vary in duration from a fortnight to three <
months. Its' form prevents the victim from ]
stretching himself at full length, and upon j
this depends In great part the severity ol
the punishment, although it is questionable |
whether the Chinaman does not feel more
keenly the "loss of face" entailed by the
public exposure.
The offend r In time3 past was usu illy
1 . rt 1 i ? r ? ? 1 I '
c j xjsz l<ki ui siarwu oy uie puonc at
their pleasure. His name and the nature
of his offense were also written on the
eaigue in large letters. At one time in Mongolia
some wealthy merchants were found
guilty of effecting a corner in corn, and
their names and the nature <>f their offt-nse
being stated on the eaigue, the public
took drastic leverage upon the criminals.
They allowed thesa wealthy men :<> starve
to di itli. claiming that the corn merchants !
had deliberately tried to starve the peop! * |
to death. These particular merchants did j
starv to death, but sorn*- of their wealthy |
relatives at Peking had inlluence enmiirh i
with tli?? court to brin# about the abolition
of the caigue a. a m of punishment,
tlie claim being1 ni.-.d-j that it was baiburk*. j
and not "lip to date, wh. n compared with
the methods of punishment adopted by nations
liko Kngland and the United States.
Recommendations to Throne.
The Jfoa'd of controllers g-n-ral of the
imperial household department lias r < ommraiiMi
to the throne the nam's of
twenty youthful nwmh:>rs of the imperial
clan to study in England and (I :rmany.
Eight of these imperial clansmen will study
in England, it lias bo . n d- t- rmin d, and
! will nr.iiinr? f<?r tl>r? rriv ?' i.
government having1 consented to allow a
certain number ol? Chines cadets to join
the royal r.avy and learn th.i jM-ni>ssion in
British ships of war. The remaining; twelve
will study in <* rmany and tut 1 military
schools there in order to tit them for commands
in th1 reorganized armi s of their
country. It is stated that twenty or more
^B?igiea?ftUEMwigKrrwMi uiflwBSsS?!
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Chinese midshipmen will enter the I?ritish
navy as sublieutenants some tim this year
or early next year. A similar step has
been taken by Gen. Tleh luting, president
of the ministry for war. who has made arrangements
with M. l'ahst, Fr? neh minister
at Peking, for the d:spateh annually
of fifteen certificated Chines** military
students to the French government's college
in Paris to study modern war subjects
on French lines. In this way it is !
expected China may count on the se v c *s \
of ninety fully qualified students during
tho next twelve vm:i rc Kof'Uu.. ... . .5
tachment of students will remain In Fiance
for fully six years. Inclusive of the time
devoted to extra regimental training m
the French army. The Chines Knvernment
''pledges Itself to give suitable appointments
to these students alter their
return to China In accordance with their
proucieitcy ana regardless or tn ir omcial
ranks and titles.
Bases for New Navy.
Following expert advice, the following
places have been selected by the ministry
of war as bases for the future reorganized
navy of the Chinese empire: The Of angshan
group of islands in the vicinity of i
Yungch'eng bay. Shantung province; the
islands of the Chusan archipelago. which
I lie for the most part in Chekiang province .
I and partly in the province of Kiangsu; cer- ]
tarn islands of the Miaotao group in the
Yellow sea, lying partly wthin the jurisdiction
of Fengtien, southern Manchuria,
and partty under that of Shangtung and the
Island of Hainan in Kuangtung province, j
I It has further been decided to lay aside an ;
J annual sum of about $?S,UtKi,UUU to prose- i
' cute the scheme of reorganizing the impe- i
i rial navy, which should in the ruture, in the i
| opinion of Chinese naval experts, he com->
} posed of speedy armored cruisers and bat- j
1 tleships of light draught and moderate ton- I
i nage, in the main similar to those of the |
i German navy. A feature of this new navy,
j when it is completed, will be its abnormal
' number of torpedo boats and torpedo de!
stroyers, with at least a dozen submarines
cl tiie Holland type.
Imperial sanction has been given to a
sut,3 stion made by Viceroy Yuan Shih-kai
tl.iic a couple of cruisers of tiie Chinese j
navy should visit thj various islands of
the south Pacific where there are innumer- J
able Chinese ilointf business, manv of them I
descendants of m n who emigrated during j
the previous Ming dynasty. These socalled
Chinese are in many cases quite
ignorant of th :r ancestral districts and
dialects and possibly have even forgotten
thai they are "Sons of Han." As a matter
of policy, therefore, and to make them,
even in the south Pacific, feel that they
hav- a sovereign who is solicitous for the
, welfare of his subjects in ioivign countries
| it is tVlt necessary that the "giten dragon '
i Hag should be shown once in a while to
tii.* blai'k-i:air? d rae of Han abroad, and
so stir within the breasts of these exiles
the latent patriotic feeling which is gradually
pervading the hearts of - aina's
Are Events Moving Too Rapidly?
An order has been sent to all the heads
of education throughout the provinces eallI
i <r f,\f an innnlrr into fli*? r?nnrl i t i r:n Of f
i male education. A similar edict was not
long ago issued regarding the capital e ty
of Peking, but the order has now been extended
throughout the. length and breadth
of Chinese provinces. People with a
i knowledge of Chinese ways are wondering
I just what the government really is seeking;
j whether it is intended to increase facilities
for female education or whether there is a
suspicion thai things are going too fast
and that statistics and details are being t
collected for the purpose of putting the
drag on the whe is ??i education j> ogress '
so lar as the women of China are con- [
Instructions from the central board of
finance of Peking have been sent to the
Canton mint not to impress any more Eng- j
lish words on any coins, and similar in- j
structions are being prepared f< r mints in j
other provinces. This measure is being
adopted, the board explains, in order t<> ;
preserve the dignity of the empire.
niin-t- mi- en 101 ci-xuelll in l lie I^ium regulations
tli?' Chinese officials are having a j
pretty hard time of it and the other day
two prominent officials in Canton died as a
result of their attempts to comply with instructions
and give up the opium habit.
Awards to Elks.
PHILADELPHIA, July 25.?Tiip Elkscommittifc
on awards lias announced that i
tin. Cincinnati lodge won th > first pnz of
i for registering th" greatest number |
of ladies at the r union lier last week. I
Brooklyn was second and lJuffulo third. |
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A Merchant Recently Remarked I
"The men who go to work
at 8 o'clock in the morning
get up at 7; those at 9 get up
at 8, and so on; and it is my
observation that men do not
have time to read advertise
merits in the morning."
| Juniata, |
v 1424 W Street N,W. ; ?
5 rooms and bath, $35.00.
)i 6 rooms and bath, $45,110.
vf All conveniences, all outsulo rooms. '
?;f plenty of lawn and convenient to
\t cars hikI markets. >:
S B. F. SAUL CO.. ?
k 7til arid L Streets N.W. !
4s Jv?>.23.r. *
]"" $5,500 "|
Reduced From $6,500. 1
A three story ami cellar tmy w indow 1
brick, on ?1 lettered street n.tv ; 8
rooms. tlrst-floor kitchen; hnih. cellar,
furnace, deep lot. See this ut once.
A Very Cheap iHorrce.
.Mil* rooms. first floor kit.hrii. nio<1>-rn
bath. furnar?> h??nt. roimI ???r?r; !n north*
w#?st. on Uttered street; a r.>>lU? noo
J.v2? tf.28 ^
11332 Q STREET.
n ? vd o
. J.?6-30t 21 U >U> 0-i.o
Invest m
D. ol C. Real Instate.
The most substantial?
tl.e most promising
realty propositions ara
to be found iin ?ir lists
of Home properties.
Uusiness properties and
Investment properties.
Ill Thos J.Fisher<S: Co., Inc.,
134114 F St. N.W.
ls% Investments.;
We o.fer for sal.- tilt" l^'e r. al ? ?!
tnte notes In denominations of (.*00
! and upwards, well seeure.1 by ti.-t ]
deed of trust (mortgag I in Washington
city property only These in- ,
vestments pay 5 per cent :iet We
collect tlie Interest, etc . and rem'.*
without charge.
References: Any financial Instltu- i
tlon in Washington.
MOORE & HILL (Inc.), il
11333 G Street N.W.
Hoadqwrtitcr* for Kvcivti. !u Heal Mstate. {
I ap.20jf.28 . ^
* * (J o the Way of the Ar;<\v."
"A I'lace to Livr."
On Miiini'*otn hv<*.. mi joining K.-itxIlc Highlands.
Itusin?*b* ;iu?l home sites, T? rent* t<> LT? rents s<|.
ft. Kivv terms.
See these I its before hitvin? eNehere.
w. m:k whim: & >o\s.
Bl?? W.-icdilustou Loan & T. i.c KM*..
Plmiu? M.iia IUU4. Dth and F sti.
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