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THE EVENING STAR.
With Snn*ny Morning Edition. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY July 28. 1907 CRGSB\ S. NOYZS Editor Eatc.cJ ai aecond c;an rr.ail matter at the p;stcdlcc at Washington. D C. THE STAR has a restal.1T and permanent Family Circulation much mora than th? combined circulation of the other Washington dailies. As a News and Advertis- , in^ Medium It has no competitor. The F.venlnjr Stnr. w!rh the Snndiij mocnlnu edition. !? ?!eltrered bj carriers vitbln the city at 50 cent.|??t nionrri. without the bumlay winning edition Ht 44 cents per month. Pr mn!'. |*?Ht*tre pr#o?Ws r?!!.r inem-leil. one in?>nth. CO cents. I>nl.'y Sundxy excepted one mcotli, 50 cents. Rafuii!:iv SIhp on?? vi'sr Sl.'H). SumJ.ijr Star one year. $1.50. Have The Star Follow You. Readers of The Star may have The Evening and Sunday editions mailed to them In any part of the country at the rate of 60c per month, or The Evening Star only 50c per n onth. The address may bs changed as frequently as desired. Judge Taft and His Boom. T'.io SprinKtk'M Republican, in some commw ts ..? The St,ir's JluKni'sIs of the Taft Koraker row in Uhio, is disposed to hold Judge Taft himself responsible for the way his interests have been managed. Its argument is that in a matter of so much consequence to himself he must have been consulted about t!i different moves made, and hence that they have been made with his consent. The stigges;:~.n is strong, although one may not care to accept It. In matters of his own initiative and discretion Judge Taft has not blundered. His success In all he has attempt--'! since entering national life has not only been marked, but his methods nave shown DOtn conciliation ana diplomacy. Whether in the Philippines handling a mixed population unfamiliar with American forma, or In Cuba negotiating with angry factions, or In Panama straightening out the kinks Inevitable in bl? a job as that of the canal. Judge Taft lias been equal to the occasion and settled trouble where trouble existed. In personal address he is a winning man. He had friends in both parties, and everywhere He is firm without being disagreeable, and If thera Is any "hatred or uncharlt.ibleness" in his nature his conduct as man and official does not suggest the fact. For these reasons one hesitates to associate Judge Taft with the launching of hl? koom for President. It was so awkwardly, not to say unwisely, done. There was so much anti-Foraker mixed with what should have been exclusively pro-Taft. The boom, 80 to say. was made to carry a chip on its shoulder, and to trail the tall of a long coat in front of the senior senator from Ohio, as if to challenge him to tread on It. Now, as everybody knows. Mr. Foraker l.i not tiie aort of man to take a dare, lie thinks well of himself, and has every right to do so. And the country thinks well of lilm. Where partisanship is particularly fierce l.e is handled in rather a fierce spirit. But he is too muoh of a man to be disposed of with mere epithets and cheap ridicule. So Mr. Foraker knocked the chip off the shoulder of the Taft boom, and planted his foot on the tail of Its coat, and ever s.nee the shindv In Ohio lias been of the liveliest. Tlit- Star repeats the opinion expressed lajjt Tuesday. It would be to the advantage of the Taft boom to be transferred to nc-w hands. The Ohio managers are injuring it; and nothing t ley have done has been more fo i.isii than the effort to force the state , 0' ni:ai committee at a called session to put j Its stamp of approval upon their work. Even if tiiat should carry, the effect, in the clrci;n?.~tallies, would be Injurious to Judge Taft l."th inside and outside of Ohio. Rules of the Road. Two motor cars came into collision on Wisconsin avenur the other night. Iwcause, It would appear, one or the other of the driv? er3 t-rred In steering. The roadway Is narrow at tiie point at question, being bounded on one side by a car track, beyond which the street is not improved and is therefore of no use. The conclusion is unavoidable that one of the drivers must have turned to tho left, a mistake which should noi'T oe maue dj tnose at me controllers of h gh power cars ami usually attended with serious consequences. Tills accident should emphasize the necessity of a strict observance of the rules ot the road. These rules are well established in custom and are furthermore incorporated In tiie po;i? e regulations. Section.t> of art.cle X of ti.e regulations provides that "every vehicle, when passing another vehicle facing or moving in the opposite dilution. shall pass to the right; but In passing another vehicle mtving in the same direction. shall pass to the left." This is the American rule, and is supposed to be understood by all users of the highways and streets. There is another rule, officially promulgated in tliis District and in full force, which is not generally understood, and a mote general observance of which would materially lessen the dangers to wlilch the occupants of vehicles art' subjected. This is embraced in the linal sentence of the same section of the regulations, as follows: "Travel on the public streets shall be regulated at aii Intersecting crossings bv al? lowing the right of way to those going north and south." That is to say. the driver of a vehicle moving east or west should, on approaching another street, observe tiio rules of caution, making certain that there is no other vehicle moving across his course. The phrase "right of way" means that the north or south bound vehicle shall be permitted to pass without slackening speed or ( h inging course, while the east or west bound vehicle must be checked sufficiently to allow tiie free passage of the other. This rule Is constantly violated, chiefly. It Is believed, tt.tough Ignorance of the regulation. The eminent scientists who profess their belief in spiritual;.-in ae still a long way from putting spiritualism on a scientific basis. A Title Graft. According to a story that Is being told by a titled Hallan now in this country as the a vepted suitor of the hand of an heiress, a game very like the "Kads and Fancies" enterprise of a few seasons ago is being played in Kurope. by no le>s an Institution than the celebrated "Almanach do Gotha." The "Almanach' is regarded a* the lnv.olate and Infallible record of all Ihe nobility of the old world. It contains genealogies of the princes, duke*, earls, counts, marquises and les.-er pirsonag-s with handles to tiielr names, traces their descent to remote ancestors. exhibiting their titular greatness with infinite detail. If a man Is in the "Almanach" he is regarded as formally O. K.'d. To occupy a page In that book la to bear the hall mark of aristocracy. To ba Ignored by the "Almanach" Is to be cast Into the outer darkness oNplebelanlsm. And the compilers of the "Almanack" were always regarded as animated by the loftiest motives possible fn the care of a commercial enterprise. They were looked upon as the guardians of society. Now they are likely to fail from grace and may henceforth be regarded, if this tale now telling is true, as mere grafters and extortioners. The Italian personage in q.ie=tion was herald- d upon arrival as the Duke of TorIonia, brother of the Prince of ClvSteiiaCesi and of the Duke of Poll and Guadagnola. Somebody wilh a curiosity which exceeded his politeness questioned the title sufficiently to cause a research in tin "Al ; manach." There was no Duke of Torlonla | in Its pages. There was no Duke of Poll I and Cluadagnola. There was no Prince of Civitella-t'esl. The horrible fact was spread f<wth In the pubiic print;!. The skeptics were delighted. Th_" alleged duke was called upon for an explanation. It was given freely and frankly. Turning to a copy of an older edition of the "Almanach" the duke pointed out certain pug s devoted to the Prince of Civitella-Cesi and the Duke of Poli and Guadagn<>!a. The Duke of Tnr lonl n \x a vj nr\t r*i ?ri t inn .nl hi* that i title, but was given a line as "Don Marino," brother of the titled ones. Passing over the Indifferent treatment accorded to his own position in the world of honors and titles, the duke explained that when one of his brothers, six years ago, had filled out the blanks submitted by the editors of the "Aimartach" and forwarded them, a polite intimation was received that the matter would be printed as prepared, provided the family would produce an equiva lent, ine duke am not mention the sum, but said that It was "enormous." The family, he explains, decided that the Torlonlas were already too well known to waste big money on further publicity an J the proposition was rejected. The "Almanach" was consequently printed In the next edition with a yawning vacancy where once the glittering names of Civitella-Cesl and of Poll and Guadagnola had appjared. If this Is the way the "Almanach" Is run It might pay some of the American plutocrats with growing daughters to start a rival publication, limited circulation, with all graft eliminated, and based upon the theory of giving to those deeply interested the . true nistory or every available titled fam- j Uy. For if the "Almanach" will take j money for printing the truth about the ! real things, may it not be suspected of publishing near facts about almost dukes, likewise for a consideration? Pulchritude in Politics. The senatorial contest in Mississippi is not based solely on the race question. Both Mr. Williams and Gov. Vardaman keep the negro well to the front, and neither neglects an opportunity to take a crack at the tirteenth amendment to the Constitution. Some of Mr. Williams' utterances have surprised his friends in the east, who had come to regard him a3 a man of considerable breadth of view. It turns out, however, that in voicing local sentiment In an appeal for votes he can easily keep pace with his rival both as to narrowness and extreme language. But there is another factor In the contest of very great moment?pulchritude. The people are remarking on the advantage Gov. Vardaman enjoys by reason of a fine figure, and a taste for dress. We are told that he Is dressing the part, not only to the queen's taste, but to the taste of the class known In the state as "hi'ii-billles" and "red necks." Those picturesque voters are not dandles themselves, but they like a dandy. They are warming to this man who appears before them groomed In the latest style and bearing himself like a hero from the prints. His neat-fitting suit, hla spotless linen, his well-selected four-in-hand, his abundant poll parted to a hair and smouimy arrdiiK^u, are piaying noos, it is stated, at the cross-roads with tlie Wiliiams outfit. Mr. Williams is not a beauty. His most ardent admirers and supporters are free to confess that he lacks something in that line. They base their attachment on other things. They overlook ills dowdy appearance and awkward carriage in their attention to his attainments and influence as a public man, and do not wince when he i stands up in company with his spruce and I graceful competitor. i Are the "hill-billies" and the "red necks" in the majority? Are they to name the senator? One does not care to accept the prediction. Mississippi must be informed about the Senate, and must know that it is not a parade ground for swells or dandies. Sartorial effects count for nothing in that j body. If Gov. Vardaman wins he will And i when he reaches the Senate that a dashing i appearance alone will not secure the rejieal I of the fifteenth amendment. The galleries i may follow him with Interest, but voting Is done on the floor by senators, who. as a rule, are men of plain dress and plain Rpeei h. and as Indifferent to raiment as to ; the hlfalutln In language. Mississippi should make no mistake In so Important a matter. As she has but two votes In the Senate, she cannot afford to waste one. Mr Fairbanks may find that the harmless pleasantries concerning his beverages are aft^r all a safer method of maintaining popula- ir.t rest than a discussion of the delicate points now arising in questions of public policy. The annual announcement that ragtime i music lias had Its day is b'fore the public. It usually comes along about the same time when announcements of the mosquito's extermination fall due. Even the most Implacable jingos in Japan must admit that there la something r.-a? suring in the fact thai no Americans have been found trying to get plans of their fortifications. Every now and then Judge Parker is brought forward to public notice as a warning to men who may get an idea that Roosevelt would be easy to beat for th? nr^srid*?n<*v. The sea serpent has not been seen tlus summer. Perhaps ha is restrained by the feeling that there Is no telling when or where he may run into a battleship. Every now and then some millionaire ! steps forward with the cheering informai tlon that his titled son-in-law is not at all like Bont Oastellane. China ought to be pretty well accustomed by this time to prophecies by world polltli'lan? i.f itk Our Lopsided Country. In every city of the United States are hundreds, possibly thousands, of young men. able-bodied, strong, capable of doing effective work, and yet out of employment. Out In the west a demand for workers Is raised, insistent and appealing, but In large measure unanswered. The farmers of Kansas are pleading for harvesters to care for 1 the arreat era in crops that have been devel oped by the warm weather of the past few weeks, and are paying good wages to all comers. Any man with a strong pair of arms is welcomed, whatever Ills nationality or his degree of experience at the work. From Spokane, Washington, tog. comes a call for help. The engineer in charge of a large irrigation enterprise In that state has just announced that he will pay $2.75 a day for laborers, and provide them with comfortable quarters, assuring them of employment until at least the first of next December. The railroad fare out to the scene of operations Is not prohibitive, some of the transcontinental roads offering special rates for Immigrants and laborers at various points throughout the country. Yet the army of the unemployed remains large, as the idle men prefer to remain in the cities. They refuse to go west because it is a strange country. They would rather ioaf in the big towns. Out In Kansas or Washington they might earn enough to give them a good start in life, possibly set them in the way to founding their fortunes. They wouid broaden their views, perhaps shake off evil associations and abandon bad habi its. They would come in contact with new conditions, get into different currents of thought, and acquire more wholesome views of life thm are to be gained by' constant association with the sordid circumstances of life In the crowded centers. Still the call for help Is unanswered. Here is one of the national problems. Its solution taxes the ingenuity of the most accomplished statesmen and baffles the sociologists. Immigrants are flowing in by the tens of thousands to swell the numbers in the cities, while the wide areas of the west | clamor for workers. What the country needs today Is a readjustment of its population. Can it be accomplished by persuasion, or must stronger measures he adopted? The cities are suffering because of the presence of these thousands, contributing nothing to the welfare of their communities, sapping their strength, lowering their moral tone. The open lands of the western region are at the same time suffering for men of brawn and energy. There Is a waste here, and If it be not checked the result will be seriously injurious to the American civilization. New York's Little Four. It is reported that the delegates at large from New York to the next democratic nat i ona.1 ronVHntinn wi'l ('harlao v \tnr. phy, William J. Conners, Patrick McCabe nn<l Joseph Cassldy. Tilings are in a bad way In New York, but are they actually aa bad as this? Tammany Hall has power, and about all the power that remains In organized democratic form. It Is always ready for action. Nor does It change much as t.me passes, either in personnel or methods. Its present leader has received his whole training aa a Tammanyite, and Is fairly representative of the organization. He lacks the presence of Fernando Wood, and the education of John TvP-llv }>1lt la Hnh ua Pi^horrl Croker- was. and close to the rank and file, and so, as Mr. Croker did. he manages the "boys" with a full understanding of their tastes and capacities, and gets results. Mr. Connors is chairman of the state central committee, and that is a post of Importance. lie controls an influential newspaper, and has money. Dast year he was a Hearst man. This year he Is his own man. And next year? \Ve must all wait to see whose man he will then be. Mr. McCa.be is an Albany man, and familiar with Albany politics. He knew Daniel Manning. He knows both David B. Hill and D. Cady Merrick. He may be classed as a sort of section boss. He has had success with small things, but has never been put over large things. He may be equal to them. People smiled when Daniel Manning was first mentioned for Secretary of the Treasury, but he got the office. Joseph Cassidy? Here now Is a poser. Who Is Mr. Cassidy? And why make him a leader In the next democratic national convention? Of course ho has done something to make him a figure at home, but what? The country will want to know, if ! he is to be elevated into national notice. With these men on deck it would be inappropriate for anybody to refer to New York's big four. They would not recall, cxcept to the party's disadvantage, the days when men of the Hill and Whitney stamp gave to New York's voice and maneuvers In national conventions great weight in the determination of Questions. And next year Now YoTk will want to be heard both about the candidate and the platform. Hut who will listen, or, listening, heed, should Murphy, and "Fingy" Connoro and "Par?lf v'' VfnPaho nml fnwinh Cassldy, whoever he may bo. appear as New York's loading representatives in a body charged with business of so great moment as the shaping of a campaign for the presidency ? About the only boast that remains to the King of Korea In his controversy with the mikado is that he was never made the hero of a successful comic opera. After the usual experimentation, the customary summer decision has been reached that the only absolutely safe warm weather beverage Is boiled water. Rescues by famous men are becoming so frequent that a hero medal will not ba regarded as any special advantage In a presidential campaign. Ralsull, being a somewhat hospitable and convivial man. is always cheered by the news that somebody is on the way to capture him. Mr. Bill Devery Is not afflicted with any modesty which forbids him from Intimating that things went much better when ho was in charge. President Roosevelt wisely got through with Ills hay-making bafora the worst of the hot weather set in. orrnnTT vn otido >311 WX J.i.1 \jr U JL u. The Next Step. "I consider It quite probable," said the scientific dreamer, "that we shall demonstrate that Mars is Inhabited. Then, what will the next step be?" "I suppose the next step," answered Mr. Dustln Stax, "will be to send along; the usual equipment of benevolent assimilation and get 'em Into shape to pay taxes.". "De man dat thinks of nothln' but his selfish Interests," said Uncle Eben, "!? arwineter put in de bes' part of his life either in beln' lonesome or havin' fights." An Immune Naturalist. When Adam christened every beast As it went promenading by, He murmured: "I'm secure at least Against the nature-faking cry!" Unfortunately Associated. w ny isii i oimni'ayeaie more popular, said the literary person. "Shakespeare." answered Miss Cayenne, ".suffers, like other very competent writers, from the fact that so many stupid people persist in?tiuoting him." The Twentieth-Century Sage. "Remember," said the sage, "that wisdom is better than riches." "Yes," answered the college professor, "but these days it Is a good idea to have a little of both." A Summer Suggestion. Listen, Mistuh Weather Man, * nllK ^v-yi upjicajr xii You lsn' no George Washington, Dat dasn't tell a fib. We's tired o' hearln' stories 'bout De sun's terrific glow: So can't you sort o' stretch a point An' tell us 'bout de snow? Why can't you twls" de news aroun', An' make It sort o' gay? Jes' prophesy- a blizzard now An' take It back nex' day. Dar aln' a heap dependln' on . De promiain' you do; So, make it ea9y as you kin. An- not so dreffui trual FIFTY HEARS AGO IN THE STAR The recent invasion of the presidential precincts at Oyster Bay lends cspecial Interest to the following Army paragraph, taken from The Star of July 20. IS57: WOTlll. " A cintrular snpprarla just now presented in the large oat Held between the Smithsonian Institution and the (unfinished) Washington monument. Thousands of army worms nre marching through the field in a westerly direction, cutting down in their progress the few stalks of oats which were spared by the late hall storm. The people in the neighborhood are watching the progress of these voracious destroyers with considerable interest, and it seems to be the prevailing impression thereabouts that It is the purpose of the varmints' to hold a national worm convocation at the base of the Washington monument, as they are headed in that direction. Whether they have been summoned by the monument board, or come at their own pronrpting to affiliate arith the management in 'completing the monument' remains a profound secret, as 'reporters are not admitted' to their modern Diet of Worms.' " * ? * Items like the following, taken from The Star of July 21, 1837. were by no means rare in those days. Warlike though many years have j passed since the frontiers were alarmed In Hie same manner by restless aborigines: "The Indians of Minnesota?nearly all the bands in the territory?exhibit a very bad state of feeling: toward tho whites, according to advices received at the Indian bureau in this city. Superintendent -Cullen is at Yellow Medicine (the upper Jiv/uA aft tinj /, anu, av(.uiuiilg I \J 'iiaii ui,tions. refused to pay the annuities until the Spirit Lake murderers should be brought In and given up. He llnds that the Indians of that agency sympathize with the murderers?Ink-pah-du-tah's band?-and are not disposed to surrender them, and are manifesting a hostile disposition. He reports about J.UlH) Indians concentrated there, and he apprehends serious trouble if the annuities are not at once paid, which will not be $}one unless the murderers are brought in. The government is, of course, taking due measures to hold the savages 111 check." * * It has been so many years since the small brick building In the Mall, south of the Pennsylvania railroad sta armory tion, was used ror its origiBuildine "al PurP?30 as an armory that few Was-hingtonians ever think of it in that connection. For a nuralwr of years it has been the headquarters of the fish commissioner. In The Star of July 23. ]857, is the following item, which indicates that the modest structure had a pronounced locdl significance in those days: "The improvements In the New Armory Park are progressing. Under the superintendence of the commissioner of public buildings the grounds are now being laid ofT and graded. The grade will t>e an inclined plane from the surrounding streets toward the line of the canal, with flag runs at proper Intervals to carry off the -water. The whole Armory Square Is to be surveyed and planted with beautiful silver maple shade trees tlits fall. The grading will be completed by the first of October, and the space contained within the grounds -will be sufficiently large for light artillery practice. The Improvements are calculated to beautify and adorn that portion of our city, which has been too much neglected. The new armory 'building Is undergoing a finishing process under the active superintendence of MaJ. Bell. The exterior portion is now receiving a ooat of paint at the hands nf O'Brien and Scott. Willie the Inside work 13 being rapidly closed up: the carpenters' work Is nearly all done and the workmen expect to have the building completed. Inside and outside, by the first day of October next. The now building has three principal floors, and Is arranged bo as to furnish the very best accommodations for our volunteer military." * * * One of the greatest drawbacks to local urban life half a century ago was the great number of animals loose in Dogs and the streets of Washington. tx Mention was made in thlji " column last Sunday of the dog nuisance. In The Star of July i!4, 1857, !s a paragraph headed "Dogs and Hogs," as follows: "For the information of those who are owners of the animals above mentioned we would slate that while the officers are op eratlng In the lower wards against the one kind they are at work In the middle and upper wards against the other. It Is said that though there are between two and three thousand dogs In the second ward, there are only about forty licenses granted. Since Monday last the number of dogs has decreased, having eaten too freely of the luscious morsels prepared by Order of the authorities. In addition to the strychnine mode of de 1 creasing tne numDer, me omcera in me ward have determined to fine the owners of dogs who have not paid the taxes prescribed by law. This, they think, will Induce many to be careful to comply with the law. 'The owners of hogs, too, will see the necessity of securing those animals, as the time has arrived in which the officers usually seize upon swine going- at large. The work was commenced on Wednosday In the fifth and sixth districts and caused quite a rush of hog owners to the city hall to recover their missing porkers. Section 3. chapter 11, of Shehan's Digest of the Cor poration Laws milkes It unlawrul ror nogs to go at large; makes it the duty of the police officers to take and convey them to the asylum; forfeits them to the corporation and appropriates them to the use of the asylum. Twenty-three fine hogs were taken to the asylum on Wednesday morning from the fifth and sixth districts." mmm KOREA'S TROUBLE. I From the Minneapolis Journal. Korea appears to be In the position of the unfortunate canary In the drama In which the kittle took the star part. From the Knoxrllle Journal and Tribune. Japan Is doing for Korea what Russia would have done had It had a good chance; 'o Viintr if nnt RcarrpssivG. vi a^nii io - ??^w- ? From tlie Omaha Bee. The Emperor of Korea drew $400,000 from the Imperial bank and placed It In his personal pocket Just before he abdicated. The rumors of his Incapacity seem to have been exaggerated. From the Newark Evening N'ew?. We infer from the veracious dispatches that the ex-Emperor of Korea abdicates even oftener than Mr. Roosevelt declines another term. From the Columt>U3 T)h!o State Journal. Probably by this time ex-Emperor Y1 Heui Is around claiming he had. to resign on account of 111 health. From the Chicago Evening Post. Wlio will doubt It when Japan declares that it pains her more than Korea, whom she is compelled to discipline? From the Chicago Sews. Japan insists that cherries are ripe In Korea. From the Memphis Commercial-Appeal. The outbreak in Korea is only a gingerbread affair. From the New Orleans Times-Democrat. Japan fired the Emperor of Korea so fast that there appears to be serious danger ol a "flare-back." From the New York Evening Sun. When the former Emperor of Korea has abdicated a few more times he will get quite accustomed to it and regard the ceremony with complaisance. From the Birmingham Ledger. "If the Koreans will just keep the Japs Interested this summer we' will take care of them after that. KOREA: "MUCH ADi It Is now more tlian twenty months ago that Tho Star, In a respectful obituary j. . . entitled, "The Passing of 6 Korea," saluted that morlRevival. bund state, assuming that It was positively her last appearance In a comedy which had been expensive, instructive and amusing. Nevertheless, the play has been revived ?or a very few representations only?the principal feature being a ttnal transformation scene In which the king-emperor abdicates. Korea in ner transition iu a. dependency will be made to appear (a fiction) as a "Korean throne," and this Action might indeed have been prolonged Indefinitely but that In an evil moment the king-emperor lent willing ear to the Evil Dragon, who advised htm to send a delegation to the peace conference at The Hague, and to the United States, to invoke aid In an hour of supreme peril. "Whether this Korean delegation was InSDlrcd by that immense quantum of vanity and love of parade, which Is a Korean characteristic, or was a Japanese inspiration made with the idea of precipitating a prompt solution of the Korean question, ] It matters little. It is sufficient that a i Korean delegation went to The Hague and was refused recognition by the conference. The delegation would perhaps never have been heard of more but that It was accorded a public recognition by the "International Peace Club." A gentleman, an American long time resident In Korea and now in America, has been interviewed, and claims to understand the Korean question well. He says: "It Is worth while asking what the Japa nese expect irum una biuuiucu ainiutiim-.t. In the first place they wish to publicly reprimand the emperor for daring to send a protest to The Hague. In the second place It is to pave the way for the setting aside of the entire dynasty and the annexation of Korea to Japan." * * * A cable of the 21th instant from London announces that the Korean delegation, Mr. Kt Yl TJylng Chi at the Treaty head, had sailed on the Maof 1882 Jestlc for America to appeal to President Roosevelt and the American people. Of course Mr. Ki Yi TJying will remind the President and the public that the United States in 1S82, at Inchon, concluded a treaty with Korea (which, parenthetically, was written with a soft C, the change of which to K, according to the horoscopers, has brought evil things upon the country). Article I of the treaty, it may be said in advance of Mr. Ki Yi's arrival, ran: "There shall ItA nrrnptnni nfliod ond friendship between the President of the United States and the King of Corea and the citizens and subjects of their respective governments. "If other powers deal unjustly or oppressively with either government the other will exert their good offices on being Informed of the case to bring about an amicable arrangement, thus showing their friendly feelings." The above treaty was signed May 22. 1?S2, and an envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary was appointed by the United States in 18X3. A minister was not sent to the United States by Korea until 1888. Japan, it should be said, was the first to make a treaty with Korea In IsTC. The United States was followed by Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Hussia, France, Austria, China, Belgium and Denmark. In February, 11)04, an agreement on behalf of Japan and Korea was signed at eeoui, tne Japanese, undertaking to Insure the safety of the Korean Imperial throne and guaranteeing the Independence and territorial integrity of the country while the Korean government, placing full confidence In the Japanese government, would adopt | Japanese advice with respect to admJnlstraI tive Improvements. Under an agreement | signed August 22, 1SKV1, the Korean govern! ment accepted a Japanese financial ad; viser and a foreign diplomatic adviser for the department of foreign affairs who would consult the Japanese government in dealing with foreign powers and in making concessions to or contracts with foreigners. Under the Russo-Japanese treaty of peace September 5, 1905, Russia acknowledged j i Ja<r>an's naramount interests In k'nrp'i :mH I engaged not to obstruct or interfere with tho measures of guidance, protection and j control which Japan anight take in Korea. The Anglo-Japanese agreement of August 12, 1905, contains similar recognition on the part of Great Britain. The agreement on behalf of Korea and Japan, dated November 17, lflOo. placed the control and direction of Korea's foreign relations In the hands of the Japanese gov- j eminent. It provided inter alia that a Japanese resident general should be stationed in S<?oul. and the first Japanese resident general. Marquis Ito, took up Ills residence in Seoul March 2, 1906. The Japanese government In commnnl eating the agreement to foreign powers made a formal declaration that fore'gn treaties with Korea would be maintained and respected and that Japan would In no way prejudice the legitimate commercial and Industrial Interests of foreign powers in Korea. By reason of the extraordinary Interest manifested by the press In Europe and America In recent Korean Incidents the writer refers here to the opinion of two Parisian journals of opposite vlewrf on the subject. * * * The Gaulols of July 20 says that the abdication of the Kmperor of Korea brings out the cowardice of the French powers; that the apparition Views of the Korean delegates at The Hague was never anything but a pretext; that It was easy to predict the future of Korea; that the Japanese are too smart to proceed to immediate annexation, "but strangulation is inevitable, and will be accomplished slowly but surely; no power will protest. Japan will profit by the anarchy which exists In Korea. When It has attained the object sought Japan will employ the same tactics which served her In Manchuria, then will come the turn of China." The Echo de Paris, of the same date, declares that "It would be stupid to deny that the annexation of Korea Is an accomplished fact. In the presence of difficulties which Japan has encountered In America, It Is evident that the government at Tokio has decided to turn its tide of emigration toward Korea and Manchuria. Who may say to what degree the recent Incidents at San Francisco have precipitated the coup d'etat at Seoul? France may look on with calmness, for her recent treaty recognizes the situation." From the myths and legends of Chinese literature the Korean has constructed a mythical origin. He came from the clouds and was left under a sandal tree. He gave himself the name of Than-Klun, frlnce a# Qon^.il on/1 hla klncrlnm txraa r?f?11ar1 Chosen, which signifies the Land of the Morning Calm. This was in the time of Thang-Y&o. 23 centuries B. C. Kltzu was the first king. M. Leon de Rosny, In his Jtfook, "Les Teuples Orlentaux Connus des Anclens Chinols," writing- on this subject says: TEXAS. From the Nashville Banner. Texas seems inclined to take seriously to the proposition to push Senator Culberson for the presidential nomination. From the Cleveland Leader. Texas has a new law by which half the money from the sale of pistols goes to the state. That's monopolizing a leading Industry, Isn't It? From the Providence Tribune. The Texas legislature is so hot on the trail of the trust^ that it would not be surprising If one or two of them pretended to comply with the law for a few days. From the Birmingham News. A Texas paper says that state is next to heaven. Now watch Doople stuff their handkerchiefs in their mouths and snicker. From the Charleston News and Courier. The Houston Post now declares that Adam and Eve were the first settlers of Texas, and yet has never boasted of Texas fig- leaves. Think of facing u Texas norther in fig leaves! From the Richmond Tlmes-Dlspatch. We are willing- to admit, however, that Texas is quite old for Its age. The maneating simoon is a terribly aging sort of proposition. 0 ABOUT NOTHING" < "Indian migrations, which brought into Chosen Indian letters, brought at the same time the great doctrines of Brahma and Buddha, and with them its literature." In the commencement of the Christian era the Korean peninsula was inhabited toy savage tribes, which the writer, by employing tiie methods of the : gist, lias fixed as peoples from (he polar i regions. The Korean. Indeed, in form, feature and characteristics, la more Ks- j quimaux than Mongol or Mancliu He was never a part of the Korean civilization, which was fostered in the In.i.>-< 'hinese mountains, which created the three kingdoms of Korai, Hiaksal and s>hutral, which, under the bonze civilisation, became at Kion-Tchou a great center of Buddhistic culture that spread to Japan. + * * Mention should be made of the invasion of Korea by Japan in the third century A. P., under Zin-gou-kuoTapanese go, a princess of Japan. Invasions. who fr?"> -01 t0 269 A. D. The great Khoubla-Khan conquered Korea and ndd'-d to the splendor of the three kingdoms. Buddhism fell in 1392, and on its ruins rose the present dynasty of Tsi-Tsien. Japan invaded Korea in lf>92-9S. under the command of Kato Kiyom isa and jvuiiHiu i uiiKinn^n.. ill ioio peace was signed and Japan thus acquired a settlement at Fusan and the Island of Tsuhima; the Invasion of Manchus and Tartars in the sixteenth century imposed their power over Korea and exacted a tribute, which has since been rendered each year by Korean vassal kings under the title of "China's I.lttle Brother." It may bo said without fear of contradiction that the joint interference of Russia and the United Slates in the affairs of Korea in 1888 provoked the war which broke out between China and Japan In 1894, In which China was defeated and Korea accorded the semblance of Independence by the treaty of Shimonosek'. The Russo-Japanese war In 1904 was Russia's penalty for her intrigues In Korea. The coming of K1 Yi TJying will recall the responsibility of the I'nlted | States for having disturbed the peaceful repose of the Land of the Morning Calm. The writer was United States consul general to Korea from 1S87 to 1SS9. and resigned, unwilling to be a party to a policy which was unjust toward China. When he arrived at his post in Seoul the situation briefly resumed was ns follows: Russia, represented by M. de Waeber, exercised almost supreme control over the Korean king; Japan, scarcely a factor, was an apparent looker-on; China was represented by Yuan Tse Kwat, now viceroy of feeheli, as Chinese resident general; Germany was actively fighting for commercial supremacy; England and Fr;ince were indifferent; the T'nited States was blindly following the Rusian policy dictated by de Waeber. As a bait the Russians proposed the setting up of Korea as independent of China, at Washington and St. Petersburg, followed by the appointment of three American military Instructors and the appointment of the I'nited States representative as foreign adviser to the Korean king, which meant the control of Korean gold-mining concessions. This practical seizure of Korea was really the work of an official of the American State Department, to whom the foreign affairs were at that time exclusively intrusted. * * * The United States will be reminded of the obligations assumed toward Korea In 1882, and In order that It American may not find itself without Obligations. armB to COn>;>at Korea's " B claims, the writer submits the following- facts to show, as!de from tiie rase of "force majeure," that government Is absolved from its obligation to Korea. In 1882 Korea, then little known to the world, represented herself through her accredited agents, as a civilized nation?"The Hermit Nation"?possessed of a civilization of "four thousand years. 1 ue e*yt-i-cute of a quarter of a century has proved the absolute insincerity of that pretension and that the Korean government Is a savage or, at most, a half-clvllized state, and the king-emperor a savage of the same class as the late kings of Africa, M-Tesa and Behanzin. George Kennan may be cited as writing of Emperor LI: "He will have the head off his best friend If that friend gives him cause of alarm-. This gentle little man, who consults his horoscope through the medium of a soft-handed woman, can order the execution of a friend without a tear and then go on playing with his stars and trinkets. The government wnn ins majesty's sanction or permission has burned men with hot irons, imprisoned them in cangues, broken their bones with levers or torn them asunder by driving apart four bullocks harnessed to their ankles and wrists." Crimes of palace are of- almost daily occurrence In Seoul, and a change of ministry is usually effected by poison or the knife. King IJ-H1 confided a special mission to one at his diplomats to assassinate a former member of a Korean ministry. The king's messenger profited by the mission to visit the United States and France, where he was feted and lionized. He disappeared one day and was heard from next at Shanghai. where he murdered his victim, and. returning to Seoul, was accorded the honors of a triumph by the king and was paid the promised blood money. The American confidential adviser has full knowledge of these facts. + * * Henry Norman was In Korea and. writing of Korean topics, said: "Another illuminating fact iiai uaiuuo is LiiciL wiirrii a aiaifa- i Country man ls 1)an,slled or executed I for political trespasses his wife and daughters and all his women kind are taken and attached to one of the departments of state for the use of the minister and his assistants. "This ls the country," adds Norman, "for which the United States are supposed to be shedding tears of sympathy, and where they are certainly through some of their representatives engaged in a ludicrous course of political Intrigue." A quarter of a century of actual contact with occidental civilization has not weaned the king-emperor either from dog soup, the moutang or other charms that compose the menu of a man born and bound In sorcery and the superstitions of fhamanism. What might have been accomplished by giving the klng-emperor a series of strong, capable roreign advisers n is noi possiDie to say. That 1b pure speculation. The writer merely submits that In view of the discussion which the Korean delegation hopes to provoke, the Korean treaty of 1882 was founded upon a fraud, and waa therefore null anu void. The Korean claimed that he had been civilized since "four thousand years." It was not true. In the flowery language of the Briton he was a "blooming savage." an Intractable savage, commerce with whom has been difficult. Involving the useless maintenance of a legation In Seoul, and the frequent landing of troops to collect det>ts and protect proteges from threatened massacre. Surely such considerations should serve as a sufficient answer to the solicitations of K! Yl TJylng. CH. CHAILLE-LONO. ABOUT WOMEN. From the Buffalo Express. An Indiana woman is said to hav* eloped _ i.i _ _ -.a. a rtt iir rP hit iinlf urm wun a aireei cai iwiuutu;.. * ?.v again! ' . From tlie Louisville OMirlcr-Journal. As the fashions in women's e:othes in Japan have not changed during 2.500 years there is no reason why the men of that country should not have the most serene 1 countenances huuwu umuug iivnizea people. Prom the Portland (Me.) Advertiser. A contemporary Fays that the wise virgin becomes a wife while the foolish one remains an old maid. Before accepting this opinion it would !> > well to get an expression of views of wives who, wlse'y or foolishly, leave their single state. Prom the Des Moines Capital. Up In St. Paul a woman is going to Europe for the sole purpose of studying noise. As a preliminary step she might take a course of lessons on the slide trombone. From the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. A Don yulxotlc squaw in North Yakima fought her husband on horseback, using her umbrella for a lance. Even native Americans have not forgotten the time when knighthood was In flower. True to woman's progress, however, this lady had tha mail?where she wanted him. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS fTn this column will t?o imnwerM nil (juration* of nrnnor natnrn nlmiJti.i.i ?.? tu. c?-- ' 1 ahoulJ write on one aid** only mid addrosa th?*lr lottors "I'm-lo Ja<|?or." Star office. In ?-ano of dlt!lcolt conundrum* unswrrs may l?e do la rod for a week or two. Conacqueutly It mar l?e arivtaalde for all iju-??tloners to wat'U tliia column carefully.] ANXIOrS. - How long be for* Walter * Well man will start on his aerial dash for the polo? A.?That depends. Mr. Wellman has found such a ready sale for lils magazine articles that he has begun a new series entitled "Sparks From Spit ?l>e risen, or Hot Air Vs. tras." So you see there'# . v. it uiiiK wuen mo rauioon will go up. A large hungry bull dog namc.1 Pete With exceedingly bow-legged feci Cried, "Oh. 8( ?* who w here' 'Tis ;i diplomat dear. With legs Just too diucedly sweet." 11. Y. H?Is the President spending !* pleasant, quiet vacation at Oyster Hay this year? A.?Oh. yes, the President Is having a fine time. It Is currently reported, however. that one William t.oeb will need a vacation by the time the autumn leaves begin to fall. MARIA.?T'nele Jasper, why Is It that so many more people are going to the mountains and to the country this year than ever oerore? Hardly anybody I know Is Koing to tli.? seashore A.?'TIs a slmpla thing:. The leading physicians are now prescribing whisky for poison Ivy and poison oak as well as for snake bite. Fingers In ears, the candidate sit? Fearfully In his roomHe's so afraid that soon he'll hear That noisy Cannon boom. M. K. I...?Uncle Jasper, has that professor who says we think with our fingers i^nd toes any ground for sifrh a statementT A ?Ah ve* TTe notleeil that A mnn whrt lost three Angers from frost bite never growled about the heat. BILL.-Is It true. Uncle Jasper, that every square Inch of the human skin contains .1,500 pores? A.?We never knew the exact number, but to us that sounds mighty conservative, Bill, mighty conservative. Ours are all working:. Said a professor from out of the west: "Who but I could have possllrfy guessed Kids shouldn't wear clothes. Or, at mnet, goodness knows. Nothing more than a short fancy vest." MAURICE.?Why Is It that statist Ida ra are rredlctlng an enormous Increase In the soda water business this year? A.?Such a simplicity. Georgia has gone prohibition. N. P. I..?Is golf as popular a as It used to bp? A.?Yes. that ran he said this summer. The Scotch whisky habit has recovered from the awful assault committed by Dr. Harvey Wiley. PRI'NET.T^A.?T'ncle .Jasper, would -^>ou call President Roosevelt a Jack-of-alltrades? A.?Why not? Vie not only pitches hay like an expert, but he cuts Ice?lots of u?at me proper time, ahk wauswunu al. 'Tis very easy to explain The simple reason why The population of Canada Is jumping: Kvery time we read the papers We note with vain regret That another frisky bank cashier Is humj? lng. OEORG-E.?Uncle Jasper, what Is the difference between a republican caucus and a democratic caucusT A.?A republican caucus resembles a sweet, harmonious note, preceded by much profanity and cracking of whips, while a democratic caucus consists of a loud, abrupt explosion, followed by considerable debris. These are not dictionary definitions, but they are waterproof. NOTE.?Another day like yesterday and 4 we will forgive Prof. Willis Moore everything. We used only one collar, and didn't know what to do with our Florida sponge and extra handkerchiefs. Thanks, prof. I'NCLE JASPBR. t WHAT HE GETS. IIo spends his money?likes to blow His coin?in fact, to burn It? To lend it to his friends, although He knows they'll not return it. Great admiration they evince When they incur such debts; They all declare that lie's a prince. That's what he gets. Each time he in his pocket dips He shows his money's power; On flunkies, one and all, his tips Tall in a golden shower*. To niunirp at Homethiui: is his forte; He makes most foolish bets; Bat people say, "Well, he's a sport!" That's what he gets. # He thinks that It is worth his while, Rut I can see his finish; For day by day his little pile Will woefully diminish. You've noticed how the world will cool To former fortune's pots; You'll hear them say. "That silly fool I" That's what he gets. ?Chicago New*. THOUGHTS "lN SUMMER. How sweet the snowflakes gathering on the sill, v Piling each crevice with a glistening hill Of crystal beauty. soft as down of dew, Wish the reflected sunlight shimmering through! The streams are frozen; o'er the Icy road The wain rolls by with all its creaking load; The sweet bells jingle through the frosty day As o'er the crystal leaps the flying sleigh! Loud roars the wind around the chimney place, The back log simmers with a glowing grace. Ah. howl without, ye biting blasts, while wo # Uug the warm heurth and revel In our glee! ?Baltimore Sun. THE WAY HE USED TO DO. Sometimes wuen i romp in hi mgui And take my shoes off at the stair, I hear my pop turn on the light And holler, "William,'* are you there?" And then he says, "You no to bed? I knew that stealthy step was you.*' And I asked how, and then he said, " 'Cause that's the way 1 used to do." Sometimes when I come home at six O'clock find hurry up my chores. And get a big armful of sticks Of wood and bring it all indoors. 4 My pop he comes and feels iny head. And says. "You've been In swimmln'?youl" When 1 asked how he knew, he said, 'Cause that's the way I used to do." Sometimes before a cirrus comes. When I'm as willing as can be To do my chores, and all mv chums They all take turns af helptnz me. My pop he pats "em on the head And says. "You lfke a circus, too?" When I asked how he knew, he said, " 'Cause that's the way I used to do." And lots of times when he gets mad # Knough to whip me and declares He never saw another lad Like I am?well, at last he spares g Me from a whipping, ami ho lays His rawhide down: "I can't whip you For that, although I should." he says. " Cause that's the way I used to do." ?J. W. Foley, in the New York Tlm% CI1MMLDV JUinriLiw. The white suit Rains In favor. And it has a cooling savor That ten<ls much to make you braver When you face midsummer heat; When you're cap-a-pie, ImmacuLate then courage seems to back you. As if h**at could not attack you? All so natty and so neat. But, until you've tried It, never I)o you think twon't last forever. Or you from Illusions sever. And <-ause most distressing ills; But 'twill soon be called to mind that Other factors bear; you'll find that The white suit is of the kind that Makes enormous laundry bills. 4 ?Indianapolis News. BUSY. Although the hammock lonely swayed Through chilly eves of our near-H|>rlug, And bran' new furniture, dismayed. I pon me porcu aiu not n ming, A blander period has come To open wide the big front door And set in tune the Juno I.uk's hum i t'ufil we take a chance once more. Of coarse, you know, one cannot tell f From day to day what our punk chin- ^ r Ate will turn out for us. but?well. The porch now works much overtime. ?Indianapolis Newt* ' ? ?