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THE EVENING STAR.'
With Santtny Morning Edition. i _ _ ( WASHINGTON. SUNDAY August 11, 1907 CROSBY S. N0YH8 Editor . Entered aa xecond-c'aas mail matter at th# post- I offlc* at Washington, D. 0. I THE STAR has a regular and permanent Family Circulation muoh mora than in* combined circulation of thm othmr Washlr.g-ton dallies. As a News and Advertising Medium It has no competitor. Brening; Star. with (he Snnday ror>rnlng edition. la delivered by carrier? within the city et 50 centii per month; without the Sunday morning edition at 44 cent* per month. By mail. postage prepaid: D?.iy. Snn.iaj im*lnded. one month. 80 eents. bally SunU?y excepted one month. 50 eenta Saturday Star, one year. $1.00. Humlajr Star, one year. $1 50. Have The Star Follow You. i Readers of The Star may have The Evening and Sunday editions mailed to them In any part of the country at the rate of 60c per month, or The Evening Star only 50c per month. The address may be changed a> frequently as desired. Gov. Glenn. !ie following announcement Is made In i N>w York: Gov. Glenn of North Carolina, who was t > I ive been one of th.^ star guests at tho dinner of the Brooklyn Democratic Club ot Brighton H-ach on August 26. has notilled the club that he lias been compelled to decline Its invitation. He explains that he has to be at the Jam-stown exposition next week, and after t at must return at once to North Carolina t.> attend to tie railway rata difficulties. The manage: s of the club are much dilapidated, as they were preparing to give i? v Glenn a big reception. Gov. Glenn Is to be congratulated. His HI IMJIIie IS IILUCil mule lui^LLiuii than tills visit to New York would liavo l??en, and In deciding to stay at home he haji decided well. As The Star pointed out at the tl?ne, th's invitation was of a somewhat cheap partisan variety The purj>ose was to play Gov Glenn as an "attraction." His action in the railroad matter had brought hlin ir.to national notice, and this New York . Inh conceived the idea of "featuring" him at Us dinner. The club was to advertise Gov Glenn and ha was to give yeclat to the club's function "I tickle you, and you tickle me " The game is often played, and sometimes successfully. Gov. Glenn, however. has bigger tish to fry He could not make a greater mistake than to permit any partisan influence to welgii with him ' at this time. The question at Issue in Ms state ia not a partisan question, and cannot he settled satisfactorily on partisan linos. It has to do with constitutional features of government, and tie as tha governor of tlie state is charged with very broad and responsibilities*. *lt: uouiu nut nua.vw or lower tlijm without injury both to the 1 state and to himself. Tlte question la one of law. and he as the chief executive must that the law is enforced. do far. the action of Gov. Glenn seems to have been altogether correct. And this may be a aid without regard: to what the courts may finally decide as to the matter In controversy In its la-gpst relation. The atatn law was on the books, and &a laws are Intended to be enforced, this, with the others, must be respected. The governor could neither Ignore nor suspend It. He Insisted upon respect for it, and this he has ootainea. Now let lilrn proceed In this epirlt. Let Jiln? beware of tl>e political boom and i l*>omers. Fu.kei3 would take him up today and drop him tomorrow He should steer clear of the whole noisy outfit. It Is a season of hysteria, when th? majority of men seem unable to tell a hawk from a hernmiaw. with the wind In any quarter, and t:;? lesn attention he pays to political Ohatt.-r the b?U?r it will be for his official reputation and Us per.-sonal peace of mind. The Effect of the Big Pine. Whether the Standard OH Company of Indiana or Its parent corporation, the real Standard Oil Company, ever pays its $23),000,uO? flna or not, it Is a moral certainty that th? practice of giving and taking ra> t.D V.?. K^/V? ?<../.? . tmvco aaa ijcch ((tvcu a. bcuuub jua, jwo* | e'bly l.as been checked to a finish. This i ci9" lias served a most excellent purpose ljthat It has demonstrated first that the gov- j ernment now l.us means of ascertaining the j la<:ts regarding the secret dealings between i the railroads and the big shippers In con- j tra vent ion of the law, and second that there la vitality in the maximum-punishment provisions of the laws. In short, a new standard has been established, and j every offender of the past Is likely to be extremely wary about repeating the performances that were once considered mere1> us "good business." The ttrmi was, not so long ago, when the rebate was commonly demanded and given. Th'-r? ? s little or no secrecj* about It, no ;:?ter.se of concealment. E\en when the law specifically prohibiting that practise u . -t i-nacted, the rallroids and the shippers o: the f.n-ored class did not take It very s : .ously It wan thought to be a mere ; e of I-gislative demagog uery, designed to qui ? the public clamors and never int' 1-1 to be enforced. Now th< re Is a difference. The law against rebating Is a live statute, and Its t : > -em< t m>*ans that the small shipper I a hance to g.-t lit* goods to market at a freight rate. Ho may find d:fH-u!ty -n t!.e maik't In g-ttlnif his prices. t ;it hr ! n.? at I tsr nn opportunity to move hs prnd'i' <n i* cheaply as any other prod'ji'T In the sam? line . . fjrt ti.tt t-.e defendant corporation 1 > '1 and Is likely to prolong the 51 'SS ..-lj : itlo:: for sever*] year*. ? s no- -? ii t: .. moral effect of the fine. N ?r;T it lor. !? Ilk- ly to run the risk of suffering from similar HHMMmenta n? as then- 's a rlian ?-e that !t may be put out bus:n?*ss by the imposition o? a cruslili g tax It '* r v den;*-<i that Mr. Fairbanks while In !'.<* V* wstojie Park, rescued a y.?,in? wuian fi ?ru drowning. There Is no man t.*j "?re the pu ?. c in whose career rumors and contradictions follow more rapidly. Kveji If a tr .st official were sent to Jail ! for . few weeks, his company wojild 2>e are t<- r? ward him with an enormous In- i creas<- In salary. > r, .k.,* %t- T-?-t - I .t-- i ji. ?<i wimi -'ii iivinion; n-\s aonn for tl i turf Id frequently made Think also of wha* the turf has don>- for Mr Belmont. Our National Fault. A German statistician ha-s >*en computing the records of railway deaths and Injuries nn<1 works out the showing that the American linen are the n?ost deadly in tlie world. Th'.? ia not aurpr sing It is a fact which this country has been forced to fact) for "ms time, and which is even now the subject of the must serious consideration by a tpeolal commissi'>n. Nevertheless it la a S-ameful fact, which shouli cause great humiliation on the part of the railway manager* of the United States. We are a progressive people, alert to Improve our ways and means of getting around lu the world, i ^ taMbl UitwB Mviun Uiia but deplorably | careless about human life. VTe wast* It prou gal'j. criminally. We calmly permit dangerous conditions to continue, knowing them to !>e dangerous until a great disa.?t^r forces action, an.l tlien we spasmodical1y rof Ami r\> r muthrulu a nfl fit r >1 t FT! t* rTiAifl tuir. a higher standard. What this country inoet serious y needs today is a higher appreciation of the value of a life, of the Importance of safeguarding existence. We see the laws which forbid the carrying of deadly weapons oontinually violated and are content with an occasional prosecution and line, never thinking that the only way to prevent the danger is to cut off the supply. We see other laws wan tonly set aside In favor of local isenttnrwnt or traiiitlon and lives sacrificed -by th? hundreds unnually and hesitate about imposing compelling restriction# upon the public In the matter of wreaking private vengeancs. We fulminate occasionally when the rollA t? .. * ln?Wnl..n? rv.ar.a rv.> ?veluo, in uuiiscvjucucQ ui iiiruiuicm nmi??QCa nient, or Inadequate equipment, or excessive "enterprise," slay scores of people at a time, and put our faith In the persuasive force of the economy of avoiding money damages to work out a reform from within the corporations themselves. We are. In fact, too much hurried In our lives to safeguard them properly. We rush about In hot weather until we drop, realizing too late the folly of trying to clip the nwconds when we Ivave minute* to spare. We refuse to wait for the next oar lest we miss a little of an entertainment. We bolt our food because we have never learned the leason of lelsureJtneae and true time economy. We demand record-breaking speed from the railroad* and ourselves contribute to the deadly conditions attending our travel. We rush madly about In motor cars and risk our own livee and those of others In order to ttnjoy the sensation of annihilating space. Truly, If there is one feature of all the others of our national life that seriously needs reform It Is this habit of forgetting the value of existence. Lodge of Massachusetts. Says the Boston Herald: " Boss' Braytun has loosened hl9 grip on Khode Island, Samuel Kessenden Of Connecticut's republican 'machine' announces his retireui*?t from active political strife, and 'Boss rTatt of New l'ork is down and out. How long before the Massachusetts republican dictator will step aside, or be deposed?" This Is too much, or too little. The Herald should have nanvjd the man. Who la the republican dictator of Massachusetts? Since Mr. Hoar's death, Mr. vLodge haa in Ma nurtv ar hnmA In the estimation of the outside world. But he is not ranked with the Braytons or th? Pessendens or the Plates. On the contrary, he is ranloed with the Intellectual men of the organization, and as altogether worthy of the high office he fills. It haa never been understood that lie obtained the place by sharp practice or money expenditure, and certainly he has carded himself In It with dignity and usefulness. Ha has been neither a mute, nor anybody's rubber stamp. The Braytons and the PJatts offend because there seems to be nothing to them but "fine work." They are simply bosses, In the coarsest Interpretation of that word. It shocks the better sense of things to see the affairs of a state In the hands of a man who, whether In office or out, suggests nothing but the mastery of the caucus and the wisdom of distributing "pie." Mr. L/odge Is better defined as a leader. Of course he understands the game of polltics. and presumably plays It according to the generally accepted rules. Organization Is essential, and all men are not swajed by unselfish cons derations of the public welfare. Mr. Lodge could not have reached his eminence by accident, or by altruism. He "got thero" by Industry and Intelligent effort. He must ke*p books, and in doing so must reward his friends and punish his enemies. He does right In that. We shall not s?e any change until men are made in a. different Imaxo from that they now bear. So that M.r. Lodge?If ha -S the man the Herald l.as In rnlnd?cnay be a dlotator, and even a hard taskmaster,'*and yet no boss of the yrayton and the Piatt class. It Is unwise to get things confused. Roscoo Conkllng was something of a dictator, but rule goes with Intellectual masterfulness and will power. Mr. Piatt has never been more than a boss, and should never have held a seat In the Senate. His reward Bhould have been elsewhere, and of a far lower grade. "That Oood Southern Mail." The Charleston Evening Chronicle expresses thJa opitilon: "The straight republican papers of the north don't seem to want a southern man nominated for President. One might think they felt surer of winning against a northern man." On the contrary, nothing would pleaae them better. But there is no such movement. All that is asked of the south is to turn from Mr Bryan and accept a new IpailAr Will thfl AOiith tin th1?? Sho woull have thought better of the proposition If It li'ad not eome from a^republlcan newspaper supported by Wall street Influences. That Is what gives ths south pause Why this republican bearing a democratic candidate? The south, from long eelf-efTacement, has become something of a novice In national politics, but she can see through a "con" game like that. President Zelaya of Nicaragua wants to have the Central American republics repre sented at a peace conference In Wasnington. In order to avoid any discouraging examples, a tline should be selected when Congress la not in session. Many eminent financiers are generous In their advice to young people to save money without being explicit in their instructions for getting the money in the first place. Miss Liberty, who resides on Bedloe's Island, Just outside New York, will be twentyone years old next October. She is a big iT-rl. even 1f not very li^rrrrtsome. The rules of warfare may yet become so complicated that It will be necessary for each side to briny a corps of attorneys Into battle. The change In sailors' costumes Is a reminder that Japan la not the only country where the picturesque Is 'being swept iislde by the practical. New Theory on Stars. I.">ndon eahle dispatches announce that Sir David Gill at the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science delivered himself of the theory that All stars are of the same composition. but are divided Into two sets, each Sf t t rftV'plmtr f hrntioh onaj>a tn a -n " v. in tk umoicui direction mid at various speeds." The new theory wll! no doubt arrest the attention of those gentlemen who are versed in stellar subjects, as well as that vi-ry considerable body of men who are strangers to the stars. When all the details of this new theory reach America an impetus will be given to star study in VVashlngion, but there may be some disappointment on this score. The stars have been the victims of many theories?so a'.so have tie sun. earth and moon. The word "victims" is used here to give literary piquancy to the sentence and not because It means anything, for, so far a.- known, stars have never really been taken in by any theory, exploded or unexpliMjed. Only men get taknn III on theories Some men seem to enjoy the sensation of being swindled on a theory. But wltii tlie stars this is sM so. The star* I never appear to -alter their right ascension or declination, or to twinkle more or less, no matter how many theorfes are worked off in their name. When a man has a theory In his system and wants to get rid of it, he finds it easy to pin it on the creation of the earth or to hitch it to the stars. So many men are always going around with clubs trying to swat every ineory in sism inui mo ucsi thing to do with a new an.il tender theory is to hang it up among the stars. It Is so much harder to get at It. This new theory about the stars carries the mind back to Diedrlch Knickerbocker's History of New York, the first and sccond chapter* of which are devoted to "Cosmogony, or the creation of the world; with a multitude of excellent theories by which the oreatlon of a world Is shown to be no such difficult matter as common folk would Imagine." * The earth has had Its share of theories, and Is still yetting all the theories that It requires. Some sapee held tltat It was a plane supported by pillars; some that it rested on the hoad of a snake; some on the back of a. tortoise. Knickerbocker observes that "The Brahmins assert that the heavens rest upon the earth, and the sun und moon and stars swim therein like fishes In the water, while Pauranlcas of India holds that it Is a vast plain encircled bv ??vwi nwniM of milk, nectar and other delicious liquids; that It is studded with seven mountains and ornamented In the center by a mountainous rock of burnished gold, and that a great dragon occasionally swallows up the moon, which accounts for the phenomena of eclipses " Knickerbocker also reminds one that Aboul-Hasaan-Aly held that the earth was a huge bird, Mecca and Medina constituting the head, Persia and India the right wing, the land of Gog the left wing, and Africa the tail. Some of the philosophers have affirmed that the sun is a vast wheel of brilliant lire, and others that It Is mereai? nViara r\f r?rvnt?l TV h 11 ft Anaxagoras Instated that It was a huge ignited mass of Iron or stone. While the earth and sun have had a number of theories applied to them, It Is trulygratifying to feel that any unertalnty with whioh men regarded the stars has been satisfactorily cleared up by these late London dispatches. Fined at Last. H*r? la a its-patch, from Chicago, whflch should bs painted In lange letters on signboards and studs up conspicuously on ths shores o<f ail ponds, lakes and rivers frequented by thoss who see-k tlie water for pleasure uuruijj uiv vuaimrcr muuiuo. "A man and woman, accused of rocking a rowboat In which they were rowing In Washington Park Sunday afternoon, paid for their fun yesterday when they wore flned by Municipal Judge Lantry. The woman, Mrs. Annie Flnnle, was flned the court costs amounting to $7, and the man, George Morris, was flned J25 and costs. Both paid and promds-ed never to rock a boat agai'n." Th? boat-Jfockers are seldom caught. They are efther drowned with their victims or escape In the confusion following the climax of their prank. Unfortunatwly, the d'-a * - L ? ?* Vl/vM Hi AQQ p&icn uuea nut aiaio juot v.w ular offenders were caught In the act, but the (fact that they were hale<l to court and fined suffices to give emphasis to the fact that pub'.itj sentiment and the law are In conjunction In the crusade agaiYiot thda desperately dangerous pasttme. Plutocracy and Expatriation. Richard Croker has deserted us, and John -.4 : W. Gates Is reported on ins eve ui uumj o, but Mr. Roc kef oiler had navor entertained bo uapatrlotle an Idea. And we may be but? that he never will. Mr. Croker and Mr. Oates are dead game sports and have to take, and like to take, risk* (or what they get. Sport abroad Is more to their taste, and they seek It. But Mr. Rockefeller has had, and still has, a dead sure thing, and he will not leave It. America, where everything has come hU way, la good enough for him. We have a great country, and It produces all sorts of men. Some mane tneir pue nere tuiu oyenu It abroad, while other# not only make their "pile" here but keep It heaped up In the land of lta origin. Still Mr. Rockefeller could be spared. The Standard Oil Company Is probably congratulating- Itself on the fact that Its method* of eolleotlng bills are more punotual than anything the government can bring to bear for the collection of fines. No real reason has at any time existed for the fear th?t the Southern railway would be compelled to sell its locomotives for scrap Iron and let rust accumulate on its tracks. This constant discussion of what constitutes a democrat may be due to a desire ? ? *1.? ?" T??Vin a no. oilmlna^a /Nf U Ik IIIO V Ul *TMW ?tv WiUWD V* Mr. Bryan's rhetorical powers to ke?(p htm In action. Thar# la no certainty that the fines cannot toe kept piling uip against the Standard Oil Company almost as fasrt as the profits ! come in. T.tttla />nnju^h>t!nn la tr? ho iIpHva^ frnm the fact that New York's crime wave Is for the most part an imported article. ' SHOOTING STABS. Business and Science. "Have you succeeded In demonstrating that astronomical theory of yours?" "Certainly not," answered the eminent scientist; "as soon as an astronomical theory becomes thoroughly demonstrated. It loses half its value as a subject for magazine articles." Daoniml?4 ft?~. "How iild you.know he was a defeated candidate ?" "Because." answered Miss Cayenne, "he Is always talking about the country's need of an absolutely honest ballot." A Sign of Other Times. Maud Muller on a summer's day Raked the meadow sweet with hay; From which 'tis plain, you must allow, Hired men were quite scarce then, as now. Social Distinction. "You have very few social distinctions in this country," said the foreigner. "Haven't, eh?" rejoined the New York ?. .. Vrvii incf fn* haor n hl?.U 111*111. l UU J""1 v/ubu? ntai <X illjjllpriced soprano t-alk to a chorus woman." Small Figures. "To show you how a man can get along In this country," said the Tammany man citizen. "I started In life as a policeman, and at the present day I am worth a hundred thousand dollars." "A hundred thousand!" repeated the Interested auditor. "How have you been losing your money?" A Kindly Day. Summer day. It stop to smile) oays, le a iuiti a in-iiw wiino. See dera pictures In de sky, When de dark Is drawln' nigh: See de moon a-shlnln' clear, See d?ra stars dat seem so near; Dar aln' nuffin' much to do, 'Cep' to sliow sech things to you. If you wants to shet yoh eyes, F'um de radiance In de skies. Listen to de music sweet Whah de bendln' branches meet; "Hear dat tune so soft an' slow, Whah de rlpplln' waters flow? A!n' got nuflln' much to do i 'Cep' to sln? a song to you. FIFTY YEARS AGO IN THE STAR Whereas nowadays praetl'cally all th? balloting for public office, save In municipal contests, takes place In NoAugust verrrber. half ft century ago many of the states voted for .Elections. gtate can<lldate4! and for ppp. resentatlvoa In Congress earlier ita the season. In The Star of August 3, 1657, la a ! summary- of the potitlcal schedule of that i month: "Elections will be held In AlaJbama., Ar! kansas, Texas. Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa I and the territory of Nebraska today, and in j North Carolina and Tennessee on Thursday I * * ?* a, v, \o in ?Airnral nf UCVJkl AU|UBl 11 it; vua. no the?i atatea the congressional delegations are to J>e cftosen the elections are of much Importance. In Alabama there Is not much division of parties. In the last congressional delegation there were two Americana, eesenitlally pro-slavery. In Arkansas the t lection Is of little Importance, being for the legislature and county officers. A I'nlted States senator is to be choser- In Kentucky -the congressional canwasa has been an exciting one. In Missouri congressmen are not to be elected, the election t>?lng only for state officers. The antlBenton or pro-slavery democrats arc running under Col. R. M. Stewart and the united opposition Col. James 8. ttomnB, American. The latter Is not an avowed opponent of slavery. In Iowa the chief question is the adoption of a new constitution, formed by a convention containing a reputo- ^ llcan majority. It permits negro suffrage. If acceded to by the whites, and the demo. crats oppose this and the constitution genJ erally. but It is supposed the latter will be I adopted without the objectionable feature. "In Tennessee a governor, congressional delegation and legislature are to be chosen. The candidates for governor are Isham G. | Harris idem.) find Robert Hatton <Am?r.). in North Carolina a congressional delegation Is to be chosen: but whatever the result. it Is not probable that any of the delegation will act against the administration, or that especially on the question of slavery they will separate from the southern members. Ip Texas state officer? and two members of Congress are to b? choawi." * ah * Under the headings. "The Very La-test Dodge; How to Obtain Promotion," a paragraph In The Star of August Promotion 1867, gives the reafler of Hnntari. today some Interesting Information: "Whenever, reader, you find omebody holding a little clerkship In one of the departments, or some other little place under the government, "being puffed In many newspapers. Intellectually, politically, oratorlcally, lnfluentlally, etc., write him down In your own mind as a seeker after promotion, so far as 'd? monlsh' 1# concerned. In one of the departmen-ts today we saw a clerk as busily engaged In clipping from newspapers as though he "was the Items man on a dally. He was cutting out puffs of the remarkable political services of a clerk praying for promotion, wlilch he had filed as testimonials of his merits and 'claims.' We know enough of the manner in which such 'flrst-rate notices^ are obtained from editors to be aware that in nine casus out of ten they are accorded either as the shortest way to get rid of a bore or to gratify some third party. Ware we the appointing poww, we wouldn't aocord to such 'notlc#s' the weight of a feather, against a reputation for blathersWtlng etc., which usually attaches to every person tn such positions who seeks thua to bo blown into some notoriety, lr not Importance, through the editorial goose quill." * * * Possibly eus an evidence of the general midsummer dullness, the following paragraphs appear in the lasue cjh k of The Star of August 7, TV 1857: Joke. i.Qf our readers have noticed In the river reports of the Washington evening papers the announcement of the appearance In the Potomao of & formidable shark, and have no doubt wondered what this marine monster wu doing away up country here. Be it known that the River Reporters have had their nice sense of decorum inexpressibly wounded all summer by the sight of the rasoally boys who will go swimming with their pantaloons off in broad daylight directly In view of folks. The R. R.'s didn't like It, xney determined to put a stop to It; not that they wished to Interfere with the boys' sports, but the public morals were at stake. There was danger, too, In It. "Ho they spread themselves for a reform, remonstrated with the youngsters on the Impropriety of the thing?didn't work; on Its danger, 'cramps.' &c.?didn't work; threatened them with the police?boys snickered, and as they plunged Into the water quavered their pedal extremities In the air In a manner disrespectful. "Then the R.R.'s, mighty In resources, laid their heads together. That evening appeared the shark story. Bless us. how the R.R.'s dwelt upon his colossal proportions. the size of hlB front teeth, the devilish look of his eye and the commotion he made in the water where he disported, which, by a singular coincidence, happened to be juat on the bathing ground of the young unsl Then the R.R.'s retired to their virtuous pIHows, and next morning, on approaching the river, felicitated themselves that their eyes were no more to be shocked by the ten-year-old nudities. We submit, then, If It was not confoundedly trying to the sensibilities of these young moral reformers to find the water fairly swarming with young uns, armed with sharp sticks, wading up to their chins, 1 ruiUnor fnr* fho ohorlr t'' 1WW?.U6 "* " ? * * Washing-ton was visited by several very heavy rainstorms about this time fifty years ago. and in The Star ? of August 7. 1857, is the foly lowing paragraph telling of Rains. die damage done by the precipitation: "The damage by the late rains to the corporation haa been much more considerable than was at first supposed. Not a brick is left of the arch over Capital branch, at North Capitol street near New York avenue, in Its proper place, and some of the heavy gneiss rooks used In the foundation of the abutments were washed as much as one hundred yards from their places. The I building of this arch cost the rltv *SiY> ?nH was new. This Is the fifth bridge destroyed t>y freshets at this place, and for twenty or twenty-five years the corporation haa endeavored to get a bridgo to stand permanently there. The Iron bridge over Capital branch, at H street, was carried away. The cost of this bridge must have been considerable, as tlie workmanship was of excellent quality, as well as the materials, and It was regarded as a permanent structure." THE MISSISSIPPI PRIMARY. j From the St. Paul Dispatch. According to all reports, except those di reot from Vardaman, the entire nation appears to have concurred In the nomination of Williams for Mississippi senator. From the Galveston News. Mississippi has eight members of the lower house of Congress, and the total vote cuat for tliem amounts to 45.51S and the opposition vote was *540- So it will be seen that in the Williams and Vardaman raoe the Misslsslpplans "turned out." From the B!rmlnpb?m Ledger. Brains and hair are mighty near even In old Mississippi. Those congratulations to Mississippi over the defeat of Vardaman are hereby modified. The blatherskite came near to getting elected, as is made painfully plain by the final returns from the back townships. From th? Knoxville Journal kdJ Tribune. Tillman and Davis will have to get aJong without the help of "Vardaman. From the Buffalo Commercial. The decent voters In Mississippi ought to be grateful to the republicans who helped to elect Williams and to defeat the obnoxious Vardaman. From I lie Newark Morning Star. Vardaman might get somo points on reoounts from William Randolph Hearst. FRANCE, SPAIN, GE The Joint action of France and Spain In the military operations at Oasa Blanca, or ? &1 TJ nl.lo nn iha tract Algeclras coast of Morocco, Is In ] ? . entire accord with the Al- ! Agreement. Kecira, convention. The | Franco-8panIsh note communicated .to the signatories of the convention affirms positively that the authority and Independence of the Sultan of Morocco will be maintained. The expression in the note: "If any future measures are necessitated by the situation, they will be communicated to the powers." has created some criticism In the opposition press In France. L? Gaulols, for example, says: "The position of France ia difficult, for she assume* greater responsibilities than ever. If England recognized France's liberty of action In Moroooo In exchange for the renunciation of her rights In Egypt, Germany will have the right to protest should France exceed the limits marked at Algeclras." It is certainly to be deplored that the Moroccan police has not been organised as provided for by the Algeclras act, and the German press uses that argument to In sinuate that the massacre at Casa Blanca might have been averted had more energy been employed In th? establishment of the Franco-Spanish constabulary. Such, Indeed, would appear to the casual observer to be the ease. But the situation In Morocco Is complex. France Is confronted there by three obstacles: the makhzen, the pretender, and Ralsull. Behind the makhzen there has been, until now. the unmistakable shadow of the kaiser; the pretender Is an unknown quantity, while Ralsull?well, Ralsull Is an exceedingly suspicious character, and It would not be at all singular If Ralsull received advice In his "body-snatching" raids from Germany's : representative In Morocco. A knowledge of these facts has doubtless Inspired the French government to go slow in the mat. ter of the police, as well as In the case of Ralsull, In order not to precipitate matters. * * It Is too lata to speculate upon the apparent singular diplomacy which Inspired France to exchange her Peculiar* situation In Egypt for the Exchange equivocal one In Morocco. When the story of the deslstance of France at Alexandria In 1882 and the abandonment of her traditional rights In Egypt is told, there will appear behind the sultan then, as behind the makhzen now, the same shadow of the kaiser. The memoirs of M. de Freyclnet on this head will prove even more Interesting that those of Prince Von Hohenlohe. ' Kalsull, who JUanapea i-eraicaria a-na wuu recently captured the Kald MacLean, lias again become a central figure in Moroccan affairs. Ralsuli, It appears, has communicated the following ultimatum to the makhjen: First?That he shall be made governor of the northern chain of mountains comprising Fahc, which Is In the district of Tangier. Second?that he shall bo accorded protection and Immunity from arrest, and that these conditions shall be guaranteed by some foreign power, preferably Germany. This latter condition will a * "' Imnro ftQ! rvn In liVnnrv UVU1U tu fctlu 0OUVIM1 luip* V9~?v? ? ?_ that the relations of Germany with Raisuli are not entirely matters of suspicion. The pretender, it may be repeated, is the unknown Quantity of the situation, and has either been ignored or neglected. Now, however, he Is heard from opportunely. A cable from Melilla announces that the pretender desires to profit by the aotual state of affairs, and has sent a deputation or rebel chiefs to protest against the massacres at CaBa Blanca. The pretender has given orders as a sign of mourning to suspend the fetes organized to celebrate Ma ovw the sultan's army. Ho declares that ha !s disposed to co-operate wtth all measures which Europe may adopt to ameliorate the condition In Morroco. * * * Franca and SpaJn should seize the present opportunity to Inflict upon the capricious and insincere malchzen a lesExcellent eon which may Inspire the Oportunlty. resi>ect that OTlly follows fear In the soul of the Moroccan. Above all the capture and punishment of Ralsull is the only guarantee against a repetition of his offense and the ohronlo state of anarchy In Morocco. An agreement with the brigand, any transaction nnmnromlsp or the Davment of a ran som for the Kald MaoLean will simply be turning In & circle. A tacit recognition by France of the pretender's claim la exohange for Raisull, dead or alive, would repay the sultan in his own coin for his large share of the responsibility for Moroccan troubles, which have kept Europe on the alert these several years. The capture of Raisull. then, should bo the object of the actual military operations, and anything less than this result means an Indefinite prolongation of anarchy in Morocco. A? for Germany, that power expects that France and Spain will ultimately stumble upon the key to unlook the Moroccan door, and deems It inevitable that it may be found between Ralsull and the pretender. Prince von Buelow has recently been interviewed at Norderney by M. Jules Huret of the editorial staff of the Figaro, who discussed with the chancellor many questions, all bearing upon the possibility of an economical rapprochment between France and Germany. The chancellor, among other things, said: "You may be sare that we will not create new difficulties for you In Morocco. V>'e remain faithful to the Algeciras act On your part you should frankly and without reservation practice the economical pollcj* of the open door, as the English say. Germany does not ask more than that. "The conference at Algeciras has proved that with moderation and good Intention you can arrango that the peace may not be broken. You nave seen in your travels in Gearmany that no one wants wfr. Franoe also does not want war. You are, at the bottom, a country of good sense and reason. You have remarked that Frenchmen are well received In Germany and that they are regtirueu ivixuy wun ojuiiiatnj. * * * Apropos to the real question which divides Germany and France, the Zukunfdt tHerr Maximilian Harden), writing France and about the emperor's stay at Germany. KleI' 8ays; "Tlle emperor wjis on board the yacht Nirvana of the Countess de Beam. An American lady boasted of the charms of the beautiful city of Paris and expressed the regret that the emperor could not admire its magnificence with Ills own eyes. His majesty politely adhered. There is a way, said the lady with millions, encouraged by his attitude, to cause this obstacle to disappear. The emperor showed politely particular attention. 'An enthusiastic reception at Paris would certainly follow If your majesty would decide to give back to France the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine." 'Ah! that has not yet occurred to me,' re joined the emperor. "The naive American thus Indicated more clearly and more exactly the price of reconciliation than all the statesmen and agents of the republic." The conversation of the editor of the Figaro with Prince von Buelow, following the visit of M. Etlenne, the colonial deputy NEW YORK'S CRIME WAVE. From the Milwaukee Journal. New York attributes the wave of crime to the absence of the mayor and police commissioner on vacation. Most likely, however. It occurred because the wicked people stayed In town. From the Pittsburg Gaiette-Tlmw. If lynching Innocent men Is a curative, the reign of crime In New York should soon reach Its flnlah From the Syracuse Herald. j 'rne JN6*w acorK papers nna no space mo Bummer for editorial castlgatlon of southern communities for mob violence. From the Columbus Dispatch. The Pittsburg publicists Insist that New York should henceforth be cftlled not Gotham, but Gomorrah. Oh, the Joy of the jibe! From the Cleveland I'iala Dealer. As usual the Innocent bystander Is suffering at the bands of New York's frenzied mob. From the Florida Times Unloo. Ths Increase In crime In New York came Juet In time to keep the all-night police court M)1. MANY, MOROCCO of the French chamber, and his Intlinit6 Interview with the empen>r, has created great Interest in France and throughout Kurope. After an entente between Russia j and England, why not a rapprochement between France and Germany? The subject is of such general and absorbing Interest that the Interview may be quoted freely. "Is It rational." asked M. Huret, "to think that there must always be war" May not a day come when a better humanity Will refuse settlements by bloody conflicts?" "Ask the oracle of Delphi!" g-slly responded Frlnee von Buelow. raising his forefinger In the air. "Germany does not wish extension and has few colonies. Her im ? J u ??. aQ IUV 11w WII.JI IU ^ivvcvi uct Wvtil merce. The French navy, has It not been made to serve several times to better accounts with an urv willing creditor?" "Is It not reasonable to hope," asked M. Huret. "that a united Kurope, comparable to the Amphlctonles of Gre<H-e. tov rise up against an invading Asia, for example?" * * * "I do not believe In the yellow peril," replied the prince. "The Japanese are too wigs and too serious to "Yellow dream of Invading Kurnpe " Peril " "But," rejoined M. Huret, "while waiting they appear to be threatening America. After having crushed the Russians, should they whip the Americans this will constitute them a very dangerous people." "But there is China." Insisted M. Huret. "China, which is arming and perhaps ona day may throw upon Europe Its millions." M. von Blielow smiled and replied: "L do not see them yet, either at Angouline or at Magdeburg." M. Huret -rejoined: "European ormle# 1 were united once in China May it not l>e looked upon as a permanent possibility In the future? In the nlaie of i\ temDorarv and accidental collaboration, may It not be made a normal co-operation which may place a more civilized humanity In charge of a less civilized humanity?" "Yes; certainly," replied the prince; "It may be permitted to look nt that Ideal as one regard# a mountain top which rises far away on the horizon and which one may have to climb. But we know that It can't be,reached today and that fact is the guide of those who see cletyly. Others, whose Vision Is less clear. Bee the mountain close at hand. They may say It will bo for tomorrow. In waiting let us take care not to wound our feet In marching without looking at Uie ground. Yea. let us avoid accl dents which retard our voyage. And ir these parables do not please you, let us say: "i>et us live first, then In the words of CSandlde, let us cultivate our own garden." * * M. Huret in the evening dined with the Prince and Princess von Buelow. The conversation ran upon the realTeutonic lstlc education of the new Education, r^^lon of Germans. Education which M. Huret re marked he had seen practiced In the gymnasiums and universities; the abandonment almost entirely of philosophic studies In which students were no longer Interested, and hence In consequence of such pedagogy In the country of philosophy, there wer? now no great philosophers. Replying M. Von Buelow said: "The tastes of people change with their wants. Tho 1lfh r\ f f\r> r\Kn r 1 BAA W otral rtrnffta _ i ??VI A XVX1 V/l WVUVO I iUW| AlUQWi, r * VIVD sor at Jena, waa working at on* of hi* famous subjeots when hts desk was suddenly encumbered with fragments of glass and Iron. He called hts servant girl and made a scene- 'What Is all this uproar about?' The girl told him that Prussians were fighting the French on the hill above and that it was a part of a shell whloh had caused the trouble. "That Is nothing to me," said Hegel. 'Such things do ndt Interest me. See that I mav do my work un disturbed.' It was th? day of the battle of Jenal "It Is juat a century," continued M. von Bualow, "since Schiller wrote: 'France has taken the earth. England has taken the sea. What remains for us? The domain of thought." "We have gone far enough, perhaps, in philosophy," said the chancellor. "We have become realists and our great minds have gone Into Industries and the army. You have seen our 'captains of Industry," as Americans say, from the Rhine and from Westphalia, men of the first order. But who knows if in fifty years when we shall have become rich we will not become again the artistic and philosophic people we were? The history of the mentality of people obeys, as the sea. the law of flux and reflux." 4 * * The conversation touched upon art, painting. architecture, music and Anally the German cuisine. The Von Buelow's different dishes they French Cook. wer? eatlns wer* pro" pared by a French cook, nineteen years in the service of th? prince of cooks, "Mlsere." "The emperor named' him Misere." ?ald the prince. "You have heard the aneodote, perhaps? We were In Italy where he nad served us during: several years when I was called by his majesty to the ministry of foreign affairs. I sent for this good man and Informed him that we were going to leave Rome for Berlin, but that our future home as also his kitchen would be much mailer than the palace Coffarelll, and I asked him If he would go with us? Ha demanded a half hour for reflection, apfl at the end of that time came back and said with simplicity: " 'I have decided. I accept. When one haa such good masters it would he unworthy to abandon them when they fall into misere ?poverty.' I told the story one day to the emperor, who laughed excessively and who ' calls lilm now only 'Cook Misere.' Two years ago the emperor gave Misere a fine gold watch and chain with the imperial initials." THa mr!nnoco a phormincr la/^v Tf a lion birth, took part In the conversation. She remarked that it was unfortunate that the publication of memoirs was no longer considered as the_proper thing. "How," asked the princess, "are we ever to understand the ipast if we suppress the treasures contained only in memoirs." The me-ir '- * of Prince von Hoheniohe were mentf i with expressions of regret at t). premature publication, and thus the interview of the editor of the Figaro with the German chancellor emted. leaving the former under the impression that a rapprochement was not only possible but probable. * * * Germany, Indeed, has she not played her part In the game at Morocco? Is she out noV for a new game in Asia Germany's Minor? Germany Is rich In Game. but very poor in money. France Is poor in population, but rich in money. France onlv may help Germany In Asia Minor. Poes diplomacy hold In store as a supreme surprise the announcement of a political as well as economical agreement between France and Germany? Is this the reign of pacification into which the world has suddenly and insensibly drifted, and In which the idea of a permanent court of arbitration at The Hague has passed unawares into the realm of a regime? CH. CHAILLE LONG. THE BIG FINE. ? __ From the Dayton News. Tihe Standard Oil Company should cheer up. The United States itself owes $025.ISO,. 2.'>0, and will therefore still be In debt when it collects the fine. From (he Detroit Times. Mr. Rockefeller would probably like to know just what the amount of It would have been If the process server hadn't found him. From the Richmond TImes-Pispatch. An Indiana Jurist declares that the modern Judge lacks backbone. Mr. Rockefeller's belief is that the average judge not only ihas plenty of backbone but that It is located In his cheek. From the Atlanta Georgian. The Standard Oil Is prepared to believe that Judge Kenesaw Mountain I^andis lives up to his name, at least in assessing tall tines. From the Charleston News and Courier. The fine of $29,000,000 Imposed upon "Standard Oil" is a punishment perhaps as great proportionately as a sentence of six months In Jail would to for a negro boy who robbed a ben roost. WW not? * ANSWERS TO j CORRESPONDENTS fin tb!? column will he ?nswcr<vl *11 quiMHIntii of proper nature utnn1M<M to The Star Inquirer* houlti write on on* aide onljr ami kiltlreaa thtlr Ut ter* "I'm-Ie Jasjx-r." Star office. In , nae of Jlta cult conundrum* answers inn* he del* red for * wyfh or two. Ij* It n> n y ! atl * i ??1>1? fur all questioner* to >vat<-h Ibis column ordiillr.l 8. K. T.?Undo Jaepor. please tell me ell the details of Vice President Fairbanks' heroic reoeue of a waltreee out In Yellowstone Park. A.?With pleasure. The water was two fe^t >l?ep end Mr Fairbanks wee twenty minutes lute. Metal Is melting for the Oaj-negle meAal That's all. ETTIK.?Cncle Jasper, what la the latest and most comprehensive Illustration thAt this Is an advanced iigv 7 A ?The use of the automobile hearse, my dear Ton our soul It makes tile ride almost enJoywMe. Try It eonve time. VACATION?What Is the lateet nfws from Atlantlo City? A.?Although the I we&ther mntimiM vorv wanm mut>? ?i,.? are seen. Yes? A most learned doctor. ne'er heard of before. Has decided that John D. will reaoh ninetyfour. "Twould have T>een as consoling to you and to me If that l?l?tm<d old physician had a.ild. "Twenty-three!" SWEITZENR KRO KRSTKl X ? fnole J asper. I saw a paragraph In a local morning paper the other day slating that the city of St. I.ouis tined .VxmK>?.<*x' gallon* trf water last vear T? fhls a ?*"Hi I yes. They use It out there In ttie manufacture of beer ETHEL.?Uncle J-aspor. i whs told the other night that kissing: would uro freckle*. Is It so? A.?Fhr be It from us to s.?y, Ethel. But we've never been troubled with , freckle*. "I Ju?t want to say," remarked John IX. As he halr-olled his domelike head. "That when the twenty-nine million Is pail L&ndls'll be mighty dead E7THICAL.?Does It Indicate a lack of culture not to be able to enjoy llenry Ja.me.sT A ?.Not at !! hlir Ir ilnua fo it POLITICAL.?Why was It that the re nt contest hi Mississippi between John Sharp j William* and Gov. Vardaman wan so closeT A.?Very simple. Folly. Brains and hair are usually mighty close together. and the fact that in this case they belonged to two different men doesn't seo<m to have mattered. "I ain't a doctor, but I'm sure." Said Jones?a constant klddcr. "Hay fever Is what al'.s the man Who marries a grass widow. " J. T. U.?How la It. Unci* Jasper, thai th?re hasn't been at much s*d and written a>lx>ut the sea, serpent this ?umm?r as usual? A.?We are not certain, but reports from Atlantlo City and elsewhere Indicate that there are so many other wonderful shapes on the beach daily that the iwrpent has been forgotten. Maybe later we'll go and see. MAROARET?My church society Is gotng to give a charity supper next week and I'd like a good recipe for clam chowder. A ? ? Certainly. Tou can make any quantity in the following proportions; One gallon of mim, on> gallon o; water, sufficient flour thlokenlnr to cult, several onions chopped fine and a Quarter of a peck of potatoes. When thoroughly cooked, take a trained clam of g*ntle habits and good disposition and lower ft gently Into the chowder several time*. Do not leave too Ion* at any one time, as you may easily Injure the clam. J. M. K. L.?is It true that Secretary of War Taft Intends to visit tha Philippines this fallT A?Oh, yes. Mr. Taft ratnemi* tiers that other boom thAt *M heard around the world. UNCLB jAflPHK. JOHN D.'S HEALTH. Money can't buy everything?at least ao many aay. Jhere are a few eiceptloua one hears moat ever/ day. And chief among tbe list of tbeae, beyood tbe pale of wealth, * la clasaed tbe beet ot things to have, and there good health. But I am growing skeptical, a regular doubting yeller, Since reading how the doctore have fixed up Rockefeller. It'e wonderful tbe change they wrought; at leaat, they say they did. Thev've ehanff&l htin from an old man InfA a regular kid. Sloe* giving up bard labor, way back Id nloetythree, HI* health baa been Improving, slow but steadily, I'D til at present be Uaa passed all danger of decline. Nothing seems to worry him, not even tbat big fin*. ?Brooklyn Times. THE BELLS. 'Tls Sunday In the broiling town. My early walk well timing. I saunter forth an<l wander down To listen to the chiming. The bell* are pealing In a style That makes one want to stop a while. "fls Sunday bj the ocean's bed. Abroad 1 amble gayly. 1 ii'jte that Mabel's chin Is red And Dora's nose Is soaly. Q'lie belles are i>eellna In a way riuat makes one hardly care to stay. ?Loulsrllle Courier-Journa. A DREAM OF THE PALACE OF PEACE. I dreamed I met the architect Who builds the palace grand, * And asked hlui much, and asked him muck About the work ou hand. "Why do you nail the root so tight I 'poo the walls so neat?" "To keep it ou. to keep it on When delegations meet." "Why are the windows made so small? lu truth it seeuis a sin." "So love can't fly, so love can't fly When poverty conies in." "Why do you build the basement well And finer than the rest"? "The Janitor, the Janitor Will have to have the l>est." ?McLandburgh W ilson, In the New York Sun. Til i TIO All IflAl d ALL. First a slrl wonts to marry w?ll. And that wish makes her tarry; But aa the years creep on the maid Just merely wants to marry. ? Houston l ost. CUT if OUT. If j'ou're falling prey to worry, Cut It out; If you llnd you're wont to hurry, Cut It out. If you meet a pretty tflrl And she Bets your lead a-whlrl. Don't, oh, don't your love unfurl? Cut It out. If at Kate you wish to rail. i ui u oin ; Don't be grouchy when you fall, Cut it out. If some morning you should feel Your pain you, meal 0 To the good, kind tloc u:.<l he'll + Cut It out. ?Milwaukee Sentinel. > JOHNNY," DON'T I He used to hear Ms mother say, "Johnny. don't!" She cried a hundred times a day, "Johnny, don't When people asked hlin who he was. lie answered, "Johnny Don't," because 'Twas thus that he wan dallv hailed. The Instant that ho turned aside To pull a cat's tall or to slide Down anything his mother cried, "Don't, Joltuny* don't!" fcibe never failed, -m la eMoHtiff Ia h(m cat "Johnny I>ou't." lie is not Buffered to forget Johnny Don't." A maiden who U fair und alini As Johnny Don't" addresses him Whenever lie a kiss would claim; And "Johnny, don't!" she pleads when he Kunotlmes declines to set ner free Alas, alack. It seems to be Ills fate through life to hoar that name. What happiness those words destroy? "Johnny, don't!** r How oft we hear them, man and boj? "Johnny, dcn't!" From mother, maiden and from fate They serve to check us, small and groat. And, doubtless, after heaven Is gained, .M" 'Twill be our duty to obey; Oh. if some time. In some fair way, i'oor Johnny might for just a day * Pursue his pleasure unrestrained I ?ft. ?. Riser, In the Chicago Accord-Hsrald.