IN THE OLDJMINION
John Lee Not to Enter Congressional
MANN'S DOUBLE CAMPAIGN
Bail way Lawyers Becoming Unpopular
in Virginia Politics.
YOUTH TO RULE IN SENATE
Belief That Struggle Between State
and Railroads Has Come to
Bp- i ll IMsj >t?*h to TIip Star.
KMIMnND. Va , August 1? -The anil".:
- rn at that John I*. L*e, a lawyer of
Ts\r. M?urg. would 'iiter the field for the
Coii^r?uonal n<?rnir.at Ion against RopreBf-r.fativi?
Cart, r Glass excited more discu.-m
among the politicians than anything
that has happened in Virginia Tor
8e\ w:'.'ks. It is known that Mr. Glass
has ?:il?--rnator:al aspirations.
Mr !> ?? is the opposite of Mr. Glass tn
many r.'sp.-rts, The lawyer Is warm
heart- <1. tmpulstve and one of the b^st
Bp ik? rs In th stat'. H*? has held public
ofl; In the j as: and stands well with the
pt* ;>]*'. 1I?' rank.-} with the l**st lawyers
In th" state, has a w:d acquaintance
throughout thv district. and will make a
ca :i| alRn that will b*? to the liking of Mr.
GI >ss in point of vigor.
In a company of several members of the
Mar Association a few days ago the
car-.didaey of Mr Lee came up. There
Wf. a dozen men in the party, and all
w! <> express ?d an opinion or hope said that
n?..v irunlH l(lr.? tn ? Mr I .??*? w m Thla
m?.v t>e due to th?? fsrt that Mr. l,ee Is a
lawyer and "professional etiquette" might
have prompted the good wish, but there
are some of the members of the le^al profession
who would welcome the defeat of
|dr (#laas. But Mr. Lee has rliausrd his
mtml and says he will not make th* race.
Judge Mann a Winner.
As noted In The Star several days ago.
Judt?'* William H. Mann of Nottoway, can
CUd.it.- lor renommatton to the state conate.
ha* won out. liis retirement from the
position of counsel for the Norfolk and
Western having rallied h!s friends to his
support Judge Mann was opposed by E.
I' Wallace of Lunenburg, and many expressed
the belief that Judge Mann would
be defeated, but his resignation served to
bring him success. Judge Mann will make
S double campaign this fall. lie will go
6ver his district and w 1! appeal to the
vor rs to stand by him. and will also make
It known far and wid * that* he Is In the
gutiern.imriu race two years nence.
Complexion of Senate.
Twenty-four of the total of forty members
of the senate have hvn nominated,
ami of these half are new and half are old
men Four old men?Tavenner of Shenandoah.
Thomas of Lynchburg, Roberta of
Mecklenburg and Sears of Matttiews? were
oppotied by new men and w *re all beaten,
th -ir places being iaken by Robert M.
Ward of Winchester, Don P. Halsey of
Lynchburg, J I> K1 im of Brunswick and
John I! Saunders of Saluda. The whole
B naie is cnwn inu year, ana Lne indications
arp that the body will be controlled
by the n?w and younger element.
Senator Aubrey E Strod? of Amherst is
!iu ving th<? fight of his life for renomlnaIton
\V Kinekle Alien of Nelson Is In the
Held and the tight Is waging hot. The
Ijoving-Kstes murder Is figuring in the content-the
Kstes faction supporting Allen and
th?* I^ovlng faction standing by Strode,
leading counsel tor th?? defense In the
famous trial >f Judge I.ovltig for murd*r.
From all that can b- gathered at this time
It looks i8 though Strode will go down in
Th*? VWkham-Gravatt contest in Hanover
^ ftn?i Carolina Is on*- that has the people
gu >ssing Senator Wlckham is making an
ae*:ve canvass, and the voters of the district
ar* turning out in larg*? numbers to
!i?*ar the candidates. It Is believed tliat
Senator Wlckham win win. hut his vote
will much smaller than Tor some time.
This Is not due to any fault with Senator
Wlckham nor can it b*4 converted Into a
condemnation of his services as a repre
s*ntatlv*?. t?*lnjs due wholly to the fart
that he Is chief counsel for the Chesapeake
an.I Ohio railway, anil just at this time the
people of Virginia do not feel kindly to
lawyers who are counsel for the railroads.
Trying to Boom Keezell.
For many years Judge Mann has lieen
Chairman of the democratic legislative
caucus, which greets and maps out policies
of the general ass-mbly. There Is a
movement afoot to oust Judge Mann from
that position and to have Senator Keezell
made chairman of the caucus. Senator
Kee*??ll has been In the senate many years,
and in that time he has frequently presided
over the hody. The animus of the
fltfht Hx-ilnst Ju<l*e Mann Is that he has
bem so Ions affiliated with the railroad
inter?-?ts of the state it Is time now to make
a change, and to l??t those who are free of
railroad influences have a hand in the shaping
<?f legislation. It is no secret that the
new rn^n are behind tills movement.
Fifty one memliers of the house have
b?en nominated so far a? the primaries
tiHve he^n completed. and of these twonty ev*?n
are old men. and an even two dozen
ar?* n??w men All these nominees are demo
cr.its. the republicans not being considered
in making up the house or senate. The
hourtH will have about eighty-three democrats.
the republican* to have a minority
representation rf about fifteen or seventeen
in the ' I ranch.
It t* pretty well conceded at this time that
Richard K Byrd of Winchester will be
Speaker It Is known that he has received
assurances of support from more than
enough nominate him In the caucus on a
baslf of the membership of last session,
when the republicans had only about eighteen
meml?ers Fr??ra those already nomi
ttiited and those who nr-- up for re-election,
anil who have no opposition, Mr Byrd has
h'reiv-'il promses of support from more
th in rtfty of thosp who will be In the house.
End of Railroad Matter.
Ihe bel>f \b general that the struggle b?^
ween the state and the railroads, growing
out of the effort to enforce the two-cent
passenger rate. Is ended for all time. Just
|lOW the arrangement was effected la a
^ecret. but it in known that Gov. 8 wan son.
after a consultation with certain state^offlcials.
Informed the roads that they would
har* to face the representatives of the people?the
general assembly?unless Something
w. r*? <lon*? and <1nn?. nulrklv nnrf thu
ultimatum bad Its effect, the railroads
agreeing to accept the rates pending a decision
of the principle* by the federal
courts. The necessary order amending the
Injunction of Judge lytchard la expected
o be issued soon, and as quickly as possible
the railroads will have the new rates
In operation. The step, by whichever side
Introduced, has served to make friends for
ih.- railroad*, and has gone a long way toward
re-establishing the relations which
formerly existed- It will be a long time
unyic tne couru UfCiue lUC umiioi
finally In the meantime, the rebate checks
given ptuseitgera for t*xo?M fares are out t.inJln*.
ind will not be paid. so far at
known, till the matter la Anally adjudicated.
Tltere are several thousands of dollars Involved
In these rebate checks.
Preacher With * Record.
John T Margrave of Caroline is a formal
Pntdchsr, said to have been at one time In
tood standing In one of the Protectant <*e
omtnatlonn. Of late he has floured mucli
In the courts of the state?federal as well
4s Mate. In the sprlnc he was trralfnrt!
|" the federal court here on the <-h?rge ol
Uslac the malls to defraud He 1s unrtw
fond to appear In the Uau^ver. circuit court
the coming month to answer tj>e charge of
selling liquor without a license, and within
the la-st few days he has been sent to jail
for contempt of court In falling to answer
a summons to appear as a witness In a
case of alleged larceny, later being balled
by his daughter In the sum of >50 cash.
He Is to be tried here this fall for fraudulent
use of the malls.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTION SOON
TO BE HELD IN BOCKVILLE.
Special Correftpondenee of The Star.
ROCKVILL.E. Md.. August 10, 1907.
The republicans of Montgomery county
are looking forward with more than usual
interest to the county convention which
meets in the opera house here Monday. The
feeling among members of the party Is
strong that. If the convention makes no
mistake In the character of the candidates
nominated for the various offices to be
filled this fall, republican success is by no
means improbable. As there were no contests
at the recent primary election, the
gathering is expected to b? marked by per
?? i iinuuuii) , miii inai me strongest men i
available will be placed upon the ticket Is '
believed to be assured. The convention will '
also select delegates to represent the county
at the state convention to be held In Baltimore
Wednesday, and will choose four
members of the state central committee for
It can be definitely stated that Mr.
Thomas Dawson will be unanimously nominated
as the candidate for state's attorney.
Hp will h*? tllO nnlv i\arai\rt ol/lora/l '"
that connection, and it is known that lie
will accept. There is quite a contest on for
the shrievalty nomination, among those
who would like to have this place on the
ticket being Frank I.. Hewitt of Silver
Spring, who was his party's candidate for
11 it- pL?'-e two years ago; Henry L. Black
of Hnrnesville, who is one of the party's old
wheel horses, and Samuel Argent of Capitol
View There are many memb rs of the
party who would like to see I'riah H. W.
Griffith of I.aytonsville named for th!s position,
but Mr. Griffith is understood to be
averse to allowing the use of his name in
such connection. The convention, however,
may see fit to nominate him. and if it does
It is not thought he will decline.
i no most interest seems 10 center in tne
action of the convention In r.-gard to the
nominations for the house of delegates.
There Is no dearth of good material for
these positions, hut the difficulty lies in
persuading the best men to m:ike the sacrifices
their candidacy would Involve. If
Messrs. Thomas C. Noyes. Alban G. Thomas
and Willis B. Burdette are willing. It Is believed
the convention will gladly name
them, as It is consld-red doubtful if wiser
selections could be made. Dewald J. Wlllard
of Poolesville seems to be the favorite for
tlie fourth place, iind others bein* consld
ered are James E. Ayton. Clarence Dawson,
Henry H. Miller. Charles Colllnsgru and
Dr. Cli&rles Karquhar.
So faV as Is known, there are no aspirants
for the nominations for county commissioners
and Judges of the orphans' court, and
there Is believed to be a probability that
the convention will name no candidates for
these places. It Is argued that with the
ticket shortened In the way suggested the
illiterates would experience very little difficulty
In pro;>erly marking their ballots, and
una ??uiu iiiratt, u ?a inuugiii, ui4it> VUloa
for the rest of the ticket. Of course. If any
aspirants for these places should appear
nominations would prot>ahly be made, but
It Is believed to be probable that there will
be no seekers for these nominations, and
the Indications are that the spaces allowed
for the names of such cvidldates will be
The county committee elected at the recent
primary election will also meet Monday
and elect a chairman, who will, by
virtue of his office, be a member of the
state central committee for the county. So
far as Is known, there will be no opposition
to Mr. MorHmer O. Stabler of SpencervHle.
and be wjll probably be unanimously
NEWS O-t i! U ItU.
Democratic Voters Meet for Campaign
Spcrlal 0>rrp*pondence of The Star.
FREDERICKSBURG. Va., August 10, 1907.
A democratic meeting was held In tha
courthouse last night for the purpose of reorganization.
The meeting was presided
over by Chairman E. Cole and W. D.
S<-ott served as secretary. A resolution
offered by Mr. Lawrence Perry providing
that the city be divided Into two wards
and from the two wards twenty-one men
be selected to represent the party, with
power to elect a chairman, was adopted
Mr. J'erry then suggested a number of
gentlemen as committeemen, as follows:
Lower ward?A. W. Embrey, Henry
Dannehl. O. M. Armstrong, W. D. Scott,
T. McCracken, W. B. Goolrlck. John Minor,
W. H. Hurkamp and Frank Revere.
Upper ward?E. D. Cole. A. P? Rowe, F.
M. Aldrlch. F. W. Coleman, E. J. Smith,
G. R. Swift, C. O. C. Goolrlck. Maurice
Hlrsh. H. F Crlsmond. James R. Rawllngs
and J B. Colbert
The selections were approved. The committee
from the two wards will meet next
week and elect a chairman.
There are two candidates In the Held for
the house of delegates from this city and
Spottsylvania county?Messrs. C. O. C.
Gooirhk. a young lawyer of this city, who
Is the party nomine*, ?nd James R. Kvans,
a retired merchant o." jpoltsylvanla county,
now residing in this \l.>, who Is an Independent
Mr. A. B. Yates, clerk of the corporation
court of this city. Is 111 at the Elizabeth
Buxton Memorial, Hospital, near Newport
News. Va., suffering with stomach trouble.
Mr. John W. W'roten of this city haa In
his possesion a gold-lined cup, which was
found recently In the debris of an old
Dries caoin on i.ee mm. ?jn one ship or me
cup Is a blank shield, supported by head?
of wheat tied together. On the other side
Is the following inscription. "J. A. B., C.
8 A " It is thought the cup was used by
a Confederate soldier during the war.
A number of young men of Spottsylvanla
Courthouse gave a dance at Spottsylvanla
last night to a number of their friends.
Dancing began at 8 o'clock and lasted to
the wee hours of the morning. A light
lunch was served to the guests at midnight.
Music for the occasion was furnished
by a string band. A number of ladles and j
gentlemen from this city attended.
Rev. Marshall Fraser. a student of the
Theological Seminary at Louisville, Ky.,
wan ordained at the close of a series of
meetings at Pamunkey Haptlst Church In
Orangt* county last week by the pastor,
Rev. W. J Decker, assisted by Rev. Dr.
Taylor of Lynchburg and Rev. R. Aubrey
Williams of this city.
8. J. Qulnn, grand master of Masons of
Virgirfla. a resident of this city, has appointed
Mr. James H. Allen of Richmond
grand tiler of the Grand Lodge of Masons
to till the vacancy caused by the death of
the late W. C. Wilkinson.
Mrs Anne Ellxa Ficklen died this morning
at the home of her daughter. Mrs.
James P. Corbin. in this city, aged ninetytwo
years. Mrs. Ficklen had been an
Invalid for several years. Two daughters,
Mrs D M. Lee of Stafford county and
Mrs. J. P. Corbln of this city, one son, W.
F Floklen of Stafford, and one brother.
Saint George R Fitzhugh of this city,
survive her. This Is the third death In thts
family In the past six months, two sons
preceding her, one of whom was Prof. John
Ficklen. who died last week at Chautauqua.
Changes Transatlantic Route.
[ HAMBURG, August 10.?The HamburgAmerican
Steam Packet Company mall
steamer win here&rter call at Ryde, Isle of
Wight. Instead of at Southampton, thus
saving one and one-half hours.
Ryde Is situated on the north coast of tha
Isle of Wight, three miles southeast of
Portsmouth, and Is mainly a fashionable
watering place, with a flnw esplanade and a
pier for steamers bound to or from Southampton
or Portsmouth. Tlw? regular population
of Ryde la about 10,Wft but this
number la generally greatly increased in
ST. LOUIS. August 10?Horatio W Seymour.
formerly editor-in-chief of the Chicago
Chronicle, yesterday assumed charge
of the St. Uouis Poet-Dispatch In the same
capacity. The Post-Dispatch Is owned by
Joseph PuUtxpr, whose service Mr. Seymour
entered shortly after the Chronicle
scon LOOKS OVER FENCES
WEST VIRGINIA SENATOR PRE
PAKIKO FOB NEXT ELECTION.
Representative Hubbard Bobs Up as
a Possible Rival, and Gov.
8p?rlal Correspondence of The 8t?r.
WHEELING, W. Va.. August 10. 1!**T.
Senator Scott, accompanied by his private
secretary, John Steele, started this week to
swine around the circle and ascertain the
condition of his fences. He will make an
earnest study of the southern end of the
state, where the big republican majorities
come from and where legislative tickets
and the organizations that select them
should have respectful consideration.
Although there Is no announced opposition
to the senator's re-election, he does not
Intend overlooking any possible s!lp-ups.
The stale senators elected next year will
hold over for the United States senatorship
propositijn. There will be fifteen, just half
the senate membership. The selection ot
pronounced Scott men would be of distinct
advantage, since that much of a start i
would discourage rival ambitions which
were depending on the composition of the
legislature to be elected two years following.
Senator Scott has no reasons for concern.
Judging fr^m a superficial view of the situation.
but he realizes with a gredt many
I 3 uiai <x acuaiui9ui|j ua? uccn an <xuibltion
cherlRhed for years by Gov. Dawson.
He Is also doubtless Impressed by various
incidents in his home town which lead to
the conclusion that his fellow-Wheelinglte,
Representative W. P. Hubbard, will reach
for the senatorial plum If he can arrange
things to his satisfaction.
One Aspirant Active.
Hubbard Is showing characteristic activity
In familiarizing himself with political
management. There Is nothing more tangible
than suspicions to demonstrate he will
run counter to Scott, but circumstantial
evidence allied to knowing nods from local
Hubbard followers build up a case which
outlines a Hubbard campaign If he can see
his way clear to making the race. That
Scott considers that Hubbard needs watching
Is conclusive. In the same way Scott
- - ? <- T-v ?I. ~ U II..UV.? - J'
rt'garas VjrOV. i/awsuu, wjju to aui/uaiua
1 other self In another part of the state, so
far as senatorial succession rumor goes.
It may be that Hubbard Is merely enjoying:
himself after the manner of a boy on
a vacation these days. Coincident with his
1 determination to oust Papt. Dovener from
the lower house Hubbard retired from active
luw practice, giving up attention to
I kindred business affairs an well, and ripe
I maturity now finds him ready to play the
politloal Kame at his leisure, supplemented
by ample means, brilliant Intellect and a
He is now beginning to get really ac
quainted with his neighbors at home and
his constituents of the first district at large.
He Is accepting invitations to school cora;
mencements. farmers and teachers' lnstl- ,
tutea, fishing camp outings and divers
forms of gatherings where people are wont
to congregate. He Is diligently looking up
the first voters and otherwise keeping In
j close touch with the workers who do things.
Senator Scott has been camping hom?
since Congress adjourned closer than he
ever did before. Ho has been personally
conducting an Investigation In his own Immediate
territory and now has left to look
] over the field In the other districts. He
does business differently from his senior
colleague, for Elkins always made his trips
under the guise of examining business Investments
In the coal and timber belts or
sojourning In the towns and cities to look
after banking Institutions In which he was
interested. In this way Mr. Elktns could
never be Interviewed on subjects other than
business and prosperity.
So far the governorship proposition has
monopolized attention, and Senator Scott
may take more than a side Interest In it
by and by. For one thing, lie wants assurrance
that the nominee will not distribute
his patronage In a way prejudicial to Scott's
upbuilding of a legislative ticket when the
senatorial finals are on. Things may come
to a pass where Scott and Hubbard will be
on opposite sides in the gubernatorial race,
but the present does not indicate any division.
Short Time for Record.
A Scott-Hubbard contest does not appeal
to local pride where the fear is entertained
that it may lead to the selection of outsld- :
ers for both Jobs. The state's metropolis Is 1
rather proud of having both a repreaenta- I
tlve and a senator, when there are only
seven of them to go around. Another argument
Hubbard will have to meet la that he
has not yet been enrolled In the house and
that he will not have the opportunities and
time to make the record enthusiastically
predicted for him.
He can barely take his seat before the
matter of electing the state senate holdovers
comes up. and If he m!x?s into that
feature he will have opposition for a
second-term nomination in the same yesr.
At the best he cannot have more than two
full years In the lower house before a
senatorial decision, which will be manifestly
Insufficient for him to cut 'he swath
prtMlICl.ru. uiiuui uuuwi^ me aiui csaiu
swath his candidacy for higher lonors will
suffer a certain embarrassment.
Disasters Predicted in "Old Moore's"
fipeeUl r?Mi*nr?m to The Star.
LONDON, August 10.?"Old Moore" In
his almanack for 190* predicts the usual
assortment of startling happenings all over
the world. Earthquakes, fires, railway
disasters, notable deaths, flnanolal and
diplomatic crises are generously strewn over
the almanack's pages and "Old Moore"
has a particularly heavy calendar of accident
and Incident for London.
In January a national calamity will occur
close to St. Paul's and the I^ondon tram
ca.rs will help the rates by their profit.
In May a claimant will arise to a large
London estate and in July the people of
London w.111 be threatened with the collapse
of the Nelson column, the Duke of
York's column or the Monument. The latter
half of the year will be comparatively
uneventful, but about the time of Christmas
eve sixty-five engines and .VX) firemen
vrlll K.. Knav In a /laniror T/mn In <>U?
Experiments In wireless telephony are
shortly to be conducted on an extensive
scale In England. For some time past a
number <Jf experts have been making investigations
in Germany and Denmark and
Dr. De Forest Is also conducting a series
of Interesting experiments in America. So
successful have the experiments In Denmark.
for Instance, proved that two per
sons twenty-fire miles apart speaking Into
Instruments totally unconnected by wires
were able to converse distinctly. Even
greater results are anticipated In England
within the next few weeks.
The Amalgamated Radla-Telegraphy
Company possess experimental wireless
stations at Oxford and Cambridge. These
are now being converted to the wireless
telephony system of Mr. Poulsen. the Danish
Inventor, and the management hopes
that when arrangements are completed the
voice of a person at Cambridge will be
audible at Oxford sixty miles away.
Shot for a Burglar.
MOBILE, Ala.. August 10.-W. J. Patterson,
jr., too of a local publisher, was shot
and mortally wounded early today by Fremont
Thrower, the elghteen-ye&r-oM son
of Judgo Fremont Thrower, a friend and
neighbor of Patterson.
Thrower and young Patterson had answered
a call for aaslatanoe from a neighbor
who had been awakened by a negro
burglar. Mistaking Patterson for the burglar,
Thrower flred the contents of a shotgun
Into Patterson's abdomen at short
range. Patterson cannot survive.
FOIBLES JFBY PARIS
ai n x tin la.i... ^
uever rnesi wno waxes a
Phonograph Say Mass.
MAN AIDS WINE GROWERS
Sordid Bomance of a Queer Chickweed
DEVICE TO CURE NAIL BITING
Pathetic Side of Military Life When
a Man Is Called on to Serve
With the Reserve.
Special Cablegram to TTie Star.
PAIUS. August 10?M. Thomson, minister
of marine, has sent a circular to tha
port admirals which is of considerable
significance. It is drawn up with a view
to suppressing insubordination in the fleet.
Mention Is specially made of men. whose
example is bad for the crews, and whose
conduct may be a danger to the security
of their ships. Such characters are to b?
removed from their vessels, and after
awhile sent to others, and If they Jo not
Improve they are to be placed In a disciplinary
company. This is the gist of the
circular which displays"the firm resolution
on the part of M. Thomson to stamp out
Dr. Didsbury has Just read a paper before
the academy of medicine on the treatment
of onycophagy or nail biting. The
doctor proposes to employ an lngeious
apparatus which Is fastened on the lower
molars with a band pressing against the
front teath and preventing the upper and
Inwpr ku'.q fmm m*?^f 1 n cr Tho annara,tiisi
can be either fixed or made removable at
Another Invention which Is attracting
even more attention In France is the novel
method of saying mass which has been
adopted by the cure of La Martre In the
department of the Var, owing to the fact
that he has neither precentor nor choristers
In his church. He has fitted up a
gramophone In the chancel, which not only
makes the customary responses, but also
sings the canticles.
Down In the south In the distressed
country a heroic act has been performed by
a little lad of thirteen. A soldier belonging
to one of tlf? regiments specially mentioned
In connection with the troubles at
V a rKr> nna tva hathlnv In tha rluor All rla
when he suddenly got out of his depth.
The man was struggling: hard for life when
his dreadful predicament was perceived by
the poy, who plunged, fully dressed. Into
the water and by dint of desperate efforts
succeeded In getting Mm safely onto the
bank. The soldier thanked the lad most
: gratefully for having saved him. and as
soon as he got back to the barracks he
gave an account of his adventure, which
promptly reached the ears of the colonel of
the regiment, who complimented him upon
the courage displayed and presented him
with a small sum of money. The general
commanding askod the lad's mother to call
on him. and after having congratulated her
added another small sum of money. When
the father, who had been spending the day
as usual at work In the fields, returned
home in trie evening ne was naiurajiy
pleased to learn of the bravery of the child.
But after thinking over the distress from
which the wine growers are suffering, and
after consultation with his wife and child,
he set off with their consent and gave the
money presented to the youth to the relief
fund for the suffering wine growers.
Americans will be Interested In learning
that Judgment has finally been delivered
with reference to the Castellane divorce
case. Count Boni de Castellane had appealed
against the Judgment pronounced In
November In favor of Countess Boni de
Castellane. who had applied for divorce
an/4 #Ar tniar^lanGhln nf thp rhilffrpn
But Mils judgment Is now confirmed, so that
the divorce is definitive.
One of the suburbs of Paris has Just been
the scene of a gruesome tragedy. A man
in an excess of Jealousy killed a young
woman of whom he was Inordinately fond
and then hanged himself over her dead
body. A little dog was tied near by and was
howling pitifully wh?n the police came upon
the scene. The man seems to have been
known as a rather original character In the
district. He had built a hut out of boards
and dried branches of trees in a deserted
spot near the roadside several years ago
and was one of the peddlars of chickweed
known as "Marchands de raouron" In and
around Paris, who earn a m?ager pittance
by selling little bunches of greens for birds.
He led a rather lonely life for years like a
hermit." and all the comfort he had In his
hut was a rough straw couch. One day the
people of the district saw him return to t.he
hut In company with a young woman, whom
they afterward learned he was going to
make his wife. But from that moment the
peace of the lonely Inhabitant appears ts
have disappeared. It was noticed that he
had frequent disputes with the your* woman.
who, according to all account*, had
formerly been on Intimate terms wIUi a
lame youth In a neighboring village. He
accused her of still saelng her former lover
and of remaining friends with him. A few
days ago the lame man appeared In the
neighborhood of the hut and the chickweed
peddlar flew into a paroxysm of rage, so
much that the laime man took to his heels,
at least as fast as ihe could. But the old
man was not satlsfled with tills and said he
l#in th#? woman. She annarentlv bo
came frightened and left him. but for some
reason returned the same night.
What happened Is not exactly known, but
on the following day the peddler was seen
In a state of great excitement by a man
minding sheep near his hut. to whom he
walked up after some time and said that
he had killed his companion. The shepherd
thought he wa$ insane and saw him go
bark to the hut. Thinking, however, that
there might be something wrong he ln1
formed the police and when the latter
went to the hut they found It In disorder.
The young woman was lying on the floor
with her throat cut and the peddler also
dead, hanging over her body by a rope
! which he had fastened to the celling. His
body was only half suspended and his
| knees rested on the corpse of the woman.
! Their dog, fastened by a cord, was crouching
alongside the bodies and howling lamentably.
The examinations of the coipses
showed that the man had nrr.ua Jly K.iied
the woman early in the night and had
then hesitated a loog time before killing
Pitied the Reservist.
Military service sometimes has its sad
a a tho fr^l lowlnc tmiohlntr atorv which
has Just come In from the provinces will illustrate.
A man with a large fanflly was
suddenly called upon to decide between
stern duty and affection and he pronounced
In the direction which his heart
drew him, the consequence being his appearaaoe
before- a court-martial with every
prospect of a heavy punishment. The poor
fellow has a wife and five children, and
It Is as much as he can do to make both
ends meet. So his consternation may be
Imagined when after'having a particularly
Hor/1 tlmo e\t It ho ronplvflrt th?ft nrHop * r%
leave his home for four weeks' training,
he now being a reservist. If he went oft to
Join the regiment he feared that his wife
would starve. He was arrested and at the
court-martial stated his position. The members
of the court had already been Impressed
with his story, when his wife entered
the hall with their Ave children, holding
the youngest, a babe. In her arms, while
fho nthAra olunar tlmidlV to hftp TMa woa
too much for the court and the man was
not only released, but a collection taken up
for the woman.
To Lean Against.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
A contemporary asks:
"What are the street lamps forT"
The man who doesn't know what a street
lamp is for is hardly fit to sit In an editorial
chair and mold public opinion.
Street lamps are for young men to recline
against at midnight, when they forget
the way home.
FATE OF JOHANNESBURG
BAD PLACE NOW FOB SOLDIERS
Financial Outlook Very Bad?The
Boers Blame It on the British
Sperlal Cablegram to The Star.
JOHANNESBURG. August 10?Americans?gold-seekers.
laborers, soldiers of for
i u in*??r<j o>'inK warned away irom me
Transvaal. And. In fact, the Transvaal
of today is a pretty rood country to ke?*p
Never during the darkest hours of ths
Boer government did things appear as
gloomy. To be sure, the Boi;r government
was largely a government of farmers.
There were few large cities, and the reigning
ruling forces could always be sure of
malrlniv a 11 *rl r? rr J ? 1AI ? ?
uinnuig u itflllg. J.IJUCCU, vliC UIS^USIIIUU
of President Kruger and his associates was
to till the land and let the British hunt th?
With the ending of the Boer war and
with the construction of lart,'e sections of
the Cape to Cairo railroad it was everywhere
supposed that South Africa would
enjoy a boon unprecedented in the history
of that section of the world. The proBoers
with a religious bent of mind do not
hesitate to assert that God is punishing the
Daili^L ? J 1 1 - - ' ? - ?> ?...
di iLi&ii iur uepnving me tsoers or ineir
liberty. The British, at least that section
with a materialistic turn of mind, say that
the "hard times" whloh are now all but
ruining Johannesburg and which have affected
the other sections might have been
avoided If the liberal government of Great
brltaln had only kopt hands off?not the
Boer question, but rather the Chinese situation.
For nearly three years now has depression
reigned in Johannesburg. Only one
more stage Is left?a ere?t flnnnfiai ^raati
The people have become familiar with the
words "stagnation" and "ruin." They have
(frown callous to Insolvencies and Immense
lists of Judgments In the smaller olvtl courts.
Debts are too common to worry about.
Book debts are unsalable at any figure.
Never before has the financial sky of the
Rand been so dark as It Is today. A cloud
of the deepest pessimism has settled over
all. The gloom Is unrelieved. It Is difficult
to find a single man who looks forward
with oonfldence or even hope. Every
week retrenchment becomes more drastic.
Every day swells the ranks of the unemployed.
Only the very wealthiest can obtain
credit, and then only for small
The disappearance of so many sound,
well-established firms is slgnMlcant. In
tne main streets dozens of shops are empty.
The Jewelers' shops?once the pride of the
Rand?are almost all In the hands of liquidators.
It Is claimed that the recent vote in the
legislative assembly, which, as Sir George
Farrar admits, means the end of Chlnesa
labor. Is responsible for the existing condition
of affairs. But that would be equivalent
to admitting that 53.000 Chinese alone
stand between the Rand and ruin. And
probably there Is not a Boer or Briton on
the Rand who would go so far as to admit
ttiat In the flnal analysis.
Undoubtedly the decision nf the mvnrn.
ment has had a great deal to do with making
bad worse. It has removed a last hope
to which so many clung with such pathetic
confidence. People have undoubtedly been
buoyed up with the assertion of the mining
houses that Chinese labor spelled prosperity.
London capitalists have undoubtedly
continued their support wit<h the mental
reservation that the final vote for or
against the Chinese would decide their action.
ltf favorable they would persevere;
if unfavorable they would cut their losses
and got out of the whole business. Hwi?
trlation was to mark the end of perseverance.
It was the signal for giving up. It
was regarded merely as implying a continuation
of depression. Alone It would
have worked mischief, for in a shaky com|
munity the withdrawal of any prop Is dangerous.
Combined with the great strike it
has undoubtedly be**n fatal. Nevertheless
the output has been ami still is $10,000,000
a month. There are 17.0<?) natives ready to
take fhe places of the 17.000 served with
ejectment notices. On the face of it It
would appear as though the decision to
send hack the Chinese ought not to have
deepened the depression so terribly.
But repatriation Is only one of the
; causes of the Rand's decline. Many there
are who blame-the strike, and undoubtedly
the strike has had a great djal to do with
It, Just as the Chinese question has had a
great deal to do with It. But now that
things are settling down It Is recognized
that Johann?sburg has been over-built and
over-peopled. Capitalists and speculators
have bullded a city for a quarter of a mlli
lion people where they should have planned
only a mining camp and a good old-fashj
ioned county or borough seat, for Jahanj
nesburg Is not and never can be much
| more man a mining camp and a center for
I the rural districts of the Transvaal to shop
' In. And. of course, mere mining without
manufacturing and shipping can hardly
j build a great city. It was the madness of
the boom which gave employment to thousands.
Today the boom has c-ased and
thousands are out of work, while other
thousands have left the town. Just as an
Indication of the fall of values. It ia worth
! mentioning thot In o wmi. ? n t ? i
........ <-.. . 0 V mmm u J v ?. UO IMUill VJ jiai
j valuation of Johannesburg has been reI
duc?d by $."><>.<?*).<?*> And it Is still sinking.
| Johannesburg Is undoubtedly suffering
! (he fate which has overtaken all of the
boom towns of the new countries of North
and South America. Whether it will ultimately
recover its relative position In the
world Is for the future to decide.
Refuse to Accept Southern Pacific's
Permission to Work.
LOS ANGELES. August 10.?H. J. Small,
superintendent of motive power of the coast
division of the Southern Pacific Company,
today served notice on the strlkftig boilermakers
that If they did not return to work
by next Tuesday the company would refuse
to reinstate them.
The men say that they will not return to
work and the prospect tonight is that a
general strike of bollermakers all over the
Harriman system will be called.
COMING WOMAN'S CONGRESS.
Aims and Objects of the Gathering Set
Special Cablegram to The Star.
LONDON. August 10.?Mrs. Arthur Hoilftnd
InfprvlAWfH (>Ynlalna tho
woman's congress thus:
"The woman's congress is one of the
most necessary organizations of our day.
We will take a single illustration to prove
my words. A husbagd gives his wife a
ten-dollar bill to buy a new hat. She Is
very busy and asked him if he will go out
and buy it for her. He does so, searches
the shops, and with the best Intentions in
the world chooses a Parisian model which
is absolutely unsuitable. His wife knows
Uiat he has done his best, but the hat is
useless to her and she blames herself for
noi going out in tne nrst place, because she
knows best what style would prove suitable
. "It Is exactly the same with the congress.
Our candidates in parliament are
willing to do thfclr best for us. but only
women can Judge what Is best for women,
and that Is the foundation stone of our
movement. We intend to employ women
only la our congreaa, even to the printing
There must be one exception and that is
the legal adviser.
"Witmpn rtvflp tur.nt v.fmi r vou r? nf a tret I
will be eligible to. vote, and ..each voter
will be presented with a badge which must
be ihown at the poll before her vote can
be registered. It Is proposed that the election
of members to the congress shall take
place In six months, by which time the
scheme will be thoroughly voiced throughout
the land the organisation will be com
plete. As candidates must nnance ineir
own Section. It is desirable In the event
of any very able woman wishing to represent
a section and being financially unable
that a reserve fund should be In hand so
that irrants can be made where the candl
dates cannot themselves Influence support."
It has been decided that the woman's parWamSnt
Is not to have an upper bouse or
a house of peeresses. The lines of the districts
will be coterminus with those which
return members of parliament. Of course,
about all that the woman's congress can <lo
is to educate the women In votln* and in
politics, but it is hoped that the real parliament
of "mere men" will sometimes take
notice of their recommondatlons.
MISS SUTTON'S CUPS
BRINGS BACK A WONDERFUL
LOT OF TROPHIES.
Sprrliil ninpntrh to The St?r.
NEW YORK, August 10.?Miss May Sutton.
the American girl who has wrested
from the Britons their most-cherished lawn
tennis trophies, returns to this country in
a few days the acknowledged world's queen
of the courts. This twenty-year-old I'allfornla
girl has brought about a new era
In lawn tennis for women here and abroad.
In America the influence is shown In the
increasing number of women players that
have turned out for the tournaments thl?
year. On the other side it has made certain
an invasion of the United States bjr
the foremost English women to compete for
the newly offered international challenge
c.un the evpr hnnjr nn for women 111
any branch of sport.
With her Miss Sutton brings prizes, silver
and plate, which may well cause the eyes
of the customs officials to bulge and make
them Imagine the diminutive girl has in
some manner contrived to secure the stock
of a Piccadilly silversmith. Of the collection
the magnificent Welsh cup. valued at
has been won outright by Miss Sutton.
Then there Is the first pr ze for the allKnglish
championship, which Is also her
tn.-i.iumn progeny, ana uie ali-Kngianti
championship cup on which the -American
girl lias now won two legs; the prize for
the all-England mixed doubles, the Kent
championship prize, the mixed doubles
prize at Beckenham. second prize at the
northern championship, second prize in the
Manchester doubles and l?rd Butt's cup.
This is a wonderful array, and In no
ot her hranph r?f ctmrf hna a nlavor f rr% rr? tluo
country ever approached the success Miss
Sutton has achieved on tills her third tour
In all England they have never seen such
powerful driving as that of the American
girl. She hits the ball with a full-arm
sweep of the racquet, and places so accurately
that she soon has her opponents at a
disadvantage. Miss Sutton displays an
amazing amount of energy and Is tireless
In her footwork.
She Will Play Here.
There la a secret about this which she
divulged while playing In the St. Nicholas
Rink tournament In this city last April, be
luiu alio Btuiru lur fingmnu. DII1C? ner
early school days Miss Sutton baa been
fond of long walks and running Often she
takea two and three mile cross-country
runs so as to preserve her endurance and
sustain her "wind."
It waa her abundant health and endurance
which made It possible for her to defeat
Mrs. Chambers and Miss Tuple Lowther.
The latter la rated as the most expert
all-around woman athlete In Kngland, and
It Is expected that she will be a member of
the Invading team of Britons next year.
Miss Lowther is a winner of championships
o.i lawu kcuiiw, ai ^njikj iinu it'll(,'iii($, ana
holds prises as a boxer of no mean ability.
The annals of lawn tennis In England reoord
her as having once severely chastised
an impolite official of a tournament In
wlilch she was playing, and having sent the
man sprawling in the d'rt.
Upon her arrival Miss Sutton is expected
to participate in some of the women's
I ft VP n t fl ?n t ho KI Or f AHfnom/?r>* n Qntai V> ? ~ *
j - . v... V? ... v.av I/'O iVUHllMilViH ak uv/uviiaill|^"
ton. L. I., on the courts of the Meadow
club. Then she will follow the crack players
to Newport to witness the deciding of
the national championships, and also to
take part In some of the Informal matches
which are always a feature of the gala
week at the famous "Casino." It Is planned
to have Miss Sutton meet Miss Evelyn
Sears of Boston, winner of the American
championship this year, in a world's championship
match during the trl-state meeting
at Cincinnati early next month. Altogether
Miss Sutton has worked wonders In
setting a new and high standard for the
American game of lawn tennis and inspiring
a wholesome fondness for the sport among
BELGIAN WRESTLER WILL
- MEET HACKENSCHMIDT
LONDON. August 10?There is a flutter
In the wrestling world. Since Hackensch-mldt,
the "Russian Lion," defeated
Madrall, the "Terrible Turk," at Olympla,
the British public has heard Iltt'e of any
one contesting the claim of the Russian to
be the world's champion wrestler. But new
aspirants to the position have arisen, and
four of them at least are. It Is stated, the
equals if not the superiors of Hackenschmldt.
One of these Is he Marin, a
Belgian, who. It has been arranged, will
meet Hackenschmidt In Dublin during the
August horse show week. The match will
be for $1,500 a side, the style, "caU-h-ascatch
car." 1-e Marin publicly cha'lenged
Hackenschmidt In the Theater lloyal, Dublin,
last Saturday night.
The other wrestlers whose prowess Is
compared favorably with that of Hackenschmidt
ar? Paboudny, Cyganlewsky and
Koch. Herr Melms, a prominent German
wrestling authority, has thus expressed his
opinion on thes? men:
"Klther Paboudny or Cyganlewsky or
Constant be Marin (the weakest of the
three) Is able. In my Judgment, to defeat
Hackenschmidt. Hackenschmidt has long
been considered in Berlin as a fallen
giant, and his challenge to the wrestlers of
the world is not taken seriously, inasmuch
as iie. notwithstanding prodigious efforts
on the part of his opponents to get him
Into a match, has not been coaxed into the
ring. According to a cha'lenge published
by Jacob Koch, the Qerman champion
wrestler. Koch for a year has be?n pursuing
Hackensehmldt in England to indues
Jiim to enter into a match. Paboudny Is
the champion wrestler of the world, and
without question the best the world has at
present. He is a Cossack, travels much In
Russia with his own troupe of wrestlers,
and his remarkable wrestling In Berlin attracted
enormous attention. Cyganlewsky.
the Pole, is also well known In eastern Europe.
lie. as well as the less known Le
Marin, would without doubt defeat Hackensehmldt."
a rill Ptriranloiirabir
i,uul i v/6a.urnorvj ai C
coming to Kngland.
AL KAUFMANN READY
TO MEET JOE RODGERS
SAN FRANCISCO. August 10.?Whfn
Billy Delaney read the challenge of Parson
Davies on behalf of Joe Rodgers. O'Rourke's
new heavyweight, he lust no time In calling
upon the writer to accept It on behalf of
A' Kaufmann. Delaney states that he Is
porfectly willing to match Kaufmann
against Rodgers or any other heavyweight
? - - Kniit
If a suitable purse is om-nrw ??. i..c
"I will gladly match Kaufmann with Tom
ORourke's big mltt-slinger," said Hilly,
"providing we are offered reasonable Inducements.
I will meet the Parson at anytime
or place he names to sign articles. A1
is not side-stepping anybody and I feel that
he would be 'able to dispose of a huskyscrapper
like Rodgers quicker than the
more nimble fellows. Kaufmann Is a much
improved man and the experience he has
gained will make him a dangerous fellow
for any of the heavies to hook up with We
do not want the earth In the shape of a
purse, and if the Parson can get any
reputable club to hang up a satisfactory
amount of money or the right kind of inducements
for a match between the pair,
I will lose no time in signing articles. A1
Is in tine condition and a few weeks of
stiff training would make htm tit for battle."
The Star Beaort Bureau Is open to the
public from 8-"SO a.m. to B p.m., and the
service is free. Do not worry about your
vacation. L?t The Star Bureau plan It for
FIGHT FORTHE SENATE
Real Contest in State of Maryland.
DEMOCRATS WILL UNITE
Republicans Are Well Organized and
Determined to Win.
THEIR PLATFORM ON SUFFRAGE
Will Be Unequivocal and Open?Will
Demand a Law to Give Every
Citizen Right to Vote.
Special Pt?p*t.-h to The Star.
BALTIMORE, Md.. August 10? As lh?
dust of conflict roll* away from (ho scene
of last Thursday's democratic scrimmage,
politicians are looking the field over and
trying to peer Into the political horizon of
tli? future. They have their ticket now, and
th?lr plat form; what can they do with
As to their candidate for governor, the
general opinion Among democrats la ttkat
Judge Crothers' nomination. taking all tha
circumstances Into consideration, was about
as good as they could have made. Ills selection
has brought to the support of the
whole ticket th<> backing which was con
sldered essential, and which. It wan alleged.
would not be forthcoming tf Mr WII-.
llams had been chosen. There Is a little
soreness among Mr. Williams' friends over
what they claim w.li the unnecessarily brutal
way In which he was slaught 'red. but
It Is predicted that this Irritation will disappear
In the heat of battle when the democrats
find that they are tight ng for their
lives. Promises of loyal support from factional
leaders are on public record.
That the democrats will have to face the
fight of their lives Is assured. The republicans
are alert, confident, well nrgsnlxed
and determined to win. They believe that
they have an Issue In the question of elections
and disfranchisement, and will push
It to the utmost.
The Fight of Their LItm.
Among the rarrK ana nie or me democrat*
the question that Is causing the moat
discussion Is the proposition In the platform
for the choosing of United Stated senators
by primary vote. The laymen art
asking each other how the plan Is to work
out. Th? plank la ?imew-h.it unsat'sfactory
In Its* declaration. It ^rlll he noted that th?
senators are not to be named by the total
popular vote, but that tue 1 'glslators are
to be bound by the vote of their district or
county. This may result In presenting a
number of candidate*, neither of whom
could swing a majority, yet the legislators
would have to stand by the particular candidate
for whom the r district Instruct!*!
The democratic suffrage plnnk Is construed
by some republicans to mean. In lt?
last ar.alysls, that the democrats pructl*,n"v
tn ih? refected amendment.
In spirit though not In terms, and that If
the democratic party Is successful and controls
the necessary strength the Issue r?4??d
by the Poe ampmlment will liave to be
fought over ugaln. Some of the rcpublleju*
leaders Utlnk that the Independent vote of
the state will take fright at this possibility,
or, as It Is held, this prospect. and will lean
to the republican plan of election law exipected
to be proposed.
The republican inanagi-rs say that their
platform on sufTr.Lge will be unequivocal
and open: that they will demand the enactment
of a law which will give every cltissa
the right not only to cast his vote, bin tilso
to secure Its being counted, and they believe
that they can win votes with such a plank.
If the republican state convention, wliloh
meets next week, turns out to 1>e as harmonious
as the leaders are now working to
*"?>ira It ai\A if th?w ar*> fnrlunitft in th*
selection of tho head of the ticket, the corning
campaign will he one of the most stirring
that has been witnessed in Maryland
in many years. Assumln* that K?pres>>ntatilve
Wllllaun H. Jackson cornea out of convention
In a good humor and willing to "assist."
there will be a tattle royal on th?
eastern shore between two big men. Mr.
Jackson and Mr. John Walter Stall th. It
will be Interesting to watch the "ante" and
to observe the si?e of the stacks a.s their
are pushed over the board.
United States Senatorshlpa.
Democratic a.-nlran td for the United State*
senatorshl-pa are getting on their flghtlnc
clothes. Former Gov. Frank Brown declares
that he hns tuluindoned his trip to
Kurope and will work for the whole ticket.
He will look after his own Interests also,
and Is regarded .is one of th?? most formidable
candidates for the Senate. Mr John
Walter Smith declared In an interview ttvia
morning that he is not a candidate. Former
Representative Miles and Repre?ontat!v?
J. Fred TaVbott reiterate announcement of
The republicans In their state campaign expect
to draw largely upon the national ad
ministration Tor support ana credit. rnai
was demontrt rated at the meeting of th?
city republicans last Thursday night, when
a resolution was adopted declaring that
President Roosevelt's administration must
Attorney General Bonaparte's curtailment
of his vacation and his return to this torrid
latitude is regarded as significant of the
interest of the administration In the republican
outlook. It is thought that he will
furnish the medium for communication of
the administration's support.
COLUMBIA HAS NO
. HOPE OF FOOT BALL
NEW YORK. August 10.?Whatever hope
Columbia University had for foot ball has
been dashed to the ground by the refusal
of the faculty committee to approve the
recommendations of F. -S. Bangs and other
i i.,u,jor? in Columbia athletics.
tllllUCllllUI III>uvi? ...
They proposed that foot hall be reinstated
with certain restrictions In the hope that It
would Improve the Inharmonious relations
between the undergraduates and the faculty.
There Is no doubt that the Columbia
authorities are making a serious mistake
by carrying their opposition to foot ball to
such lengths. The whole student body and
practically the entire aluinui organization,
as well as many members of the faculty,
are In favor of the game, so that President
Butler and his associates are merely storing
up trouble for themselves by their arbitrary
refusal to consider the wishes of the
thousands of undergraduates and alumni
DEFEATS OF THE BRITISH
- ? ? * f*?i J _
A London Writer Tens or men
Ia'.NDON. /.biscst lO.? A writer In tho
Dally M.lli believes persistent International
cotrpollion Li- a safeguard against professn?r.nllsi.
Commenting upon the defeats
sua'a1n<'<l by ?l>o British In rowing. tennis,
g,i(f am! other MA-rtB, he says:
"For loriii-oi k?tlon tn all these defeats
w?i need lccU no further than enjoyment
of tlio rlg^r of the game, which always accutr.|i'.uili:*
anil Amtrtianr between them first saved
lawn tennis fi?.nr? painless extinction, and
t'l.n rrilsetl li to a new level of vigor It
Is twice tlie fc? m. It was. thanks to the
<l?sh am' oiIk naltty of the non-English
piay-sr.4. In (ticket, rowing, tennis, lawn
teuiiix. h<r??<? Ji-mpingr?one must noi iurj?i
jjo'.f. In ?h cn two championships have irons
r.M-^rxtly to 'oi<- gners? we move at a brisker
tlrpc, since many visitors from many
plr.-m Irouwht their native vsrvs to tha
ae-vi il -f.nipctltlons. As a people, we tend
t<> iH'otni) ?t? :i optrped. Ws tread tha >
ml'.! ai.<< lr>w without thought and with
dtillo.1 liiti -t;'t to an Image of mechanic*!
tjrl* which It la hardljr good form Is
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