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. HO^ (Copyright, I DOT. by Frank O. Carpenter.) CAIRO. WHEN I was in Cairo, sixteen years aso. I had a long interview with Tewflk Pasha, who was th?n Kedlve of Egypt. Today I have had a talk with his inn Ahhas Hllml. who Is now on the throne. Both of these interviews took place In the Abdin Palace, the great structure which forms the business office and official residence of the rulers of Efrypt, situated here In the heart of Cairo. The Interviews were arranged by T'ncle Bam s diplomatic agents, who act also as consuls genera! to Egypt. The first was by Consul General '"ar'lw;'U. who represented us here In 18?<0. and the other by Consul General lddings, who is now the diplomatic ag< nt of the United States. The audiences were in ootn cases m-ia m me mivriiiiuu, an ! the dress required was the tall hat anil morr.:"ng costume of frock coat and light trousers, customary for otn-cial calls. W e went to the palace in the consular carriages, with a gorgeous dragoman of the legation on the s<-at beside the coachman. ar;<l were met at the door in both instances by the soldiers of the khedive. The Abdin Palace. The khediws of Egypt have two official residences. one !n Cairo and one in A lex an drla That In Alexandria is the Ras el Teen Palace, situated right on the harbor, with Its windows looking out upon the kliedlval yacht and the ships of a half dozen nations which are at anchor there. The Ahdln Palace faces a great square in the heart of this biggest city of Egypt. It Is built In the form of a horseshoe, and its two stories have many windows looking out upon the square. There la a grand entranceway in the center, and to the left of this a door, which I am to'd leads to the harem and to other private apartments or nis rngnnesis. As our carriage drove up to the palace We Wire passeu liy a. ciuaru Luat-Ii Ulanii by magnificent Arabian horses. On the box beside the liveried coachman sat a soberfaoed eunuch, whose biack skin and dark clothes see>med ail the more somber under his bright red skull cap. In front of the carriage ran two brown-skinned, bareietired scvces with their wands held up in front of them, warning plebeians to get out of the way. I afterward learned that tills carriage was that of a princess about to call on the wife of the khedive. The palace doors were opened to us by an Arab otfleial < !ad In European clothes and wearing the red fez cap which the Egyptian never takes off whether in house or out. We tirst < ame into a grand entrance hall, floored with mosaic, the walls of which were finished in cream and gold, and then went up to the second floor by a staircase so wide that two wagonloads of hay could be drawn up it without touching. On the second floor are the reception rooms fi>r visitors and auso me apai uuciua ?c- | served for the chamberlain, masters of 1 ceremony ami iiuitr uiuina ui mc dive's household. Here we were taken into a large parlor by one of the khedive's cabinet ministers, who chatted with us until an official entered and told us his highness was ready to receive us. Face to Face With the Khedive. We were then conducted across the hall to the chief reception room of the palace, and a moment later were face to face with tl.e young khedive of Egypt. The room was the ?ime In which I met his father, and our reception was as free from ceremony anil as cordial as that 1 had many years ago. Tiie young khedive does not look much like his father. He has more dignity and is a tritle taller. He has, however. the same light complexion, the same liaz-1 eyes and the same broad. open forehead. straight nose and full lips. lie is. I Judge, about five feet six inches in height, but Iiis tall red fez cap makes him luok taller. The father had a full beard, but the son Is satisfied with a brown mustache. Both men dressed simply. The father wore a black coat, vest and trousers, with the coat cut rather high and preacher-like His only Jewelry consist. ?j of three gold studs the size of bird shot and a watch chain of thin, golden lin"ks. His necktie was black, and as I remember, it was of uie uuiiemy varifij, line wivse mai you buy on lower Broadway for 2." cents. His bigness of today wore a double-breasted frock coat and light trousers, with a necktie of light colored s;ilk. which he had apparently tied himself. In both instances, after shaking hands. BREAKFAST BREADS. Wliilo the acidity of milk varies, reqj.ring Judgment on tne part of the cook, a safe general rule to follow is a level teaspiionful soda to one pint sour milk, ' that has stood two or three days, and a scant teaspoonful soda to a pint of sour milk that lias just turned to a jelly-like consistency The mistake that many cooks make is to add too much soda. Just enough Is required to counteract the acidity of the milk. Sour milk that has stood long: enough to acquire a bitter or m>Idy taste is unlit for use atul must be thrown away, k For the hiacnit. sift toeether two cunfulfl flour, one-halt teaspoonful salt, a level teaspoonful sugar and a rounding teaspoonful baking powder. Put into a bowl a half cup each sour cn*am and milk, then beat into il a half teaspoanful soda dissolved In a tablespoon f". ?old \\ai??r. \Vh*n it stops "singing" stir in with the sifted tluur, mix gentl> but <|i:i kly wl:li a spoon and turn out on a vs l!-tloured board. Pat with the floured hand until a smooth cake is formed, then rut into shape with a small bis< lit cutt?-r or t?-a raddy I d. Lay in a greastd biscuit pan and hake in a hot oven. If you have no cream, rub a spoonful lard or butter in th pivj tared flour before adding a cupful sour milk with the soda. Keep the dough, as soft as possible. So that the biseuit will b? teiaJer. Buttermilk biscuits are mad^ in the same way. using a tablespOonful shortening to a quart of Hour Steamed Corabread. Sif: into a br ad l?>wl t.irt-e oupfu!a Indian meal. one t upful wheat flour, and a half t**asi K?nful of salt. Mix in another bowl one cupful sour milk and one "of molasses and beat into It a teaspoonful soda dissolvnl in a tabl,spoonful cold w it- ! Add to th?> sift d flour, pour Into a v 1! gr?as*d mold and steam steadily for t:.re*- l ours, li-tkt* a few moments at the f!. i to brown the top of the loaf. Sour Milk Corn Cake. S.ft together on* eup flour, a half cup Indian m *al. two fahl. sj oonfuls sugar and a half t-aspoonful each .-al. and soda. Pour In one cupful sour milk and a teaspoonful lard or butter melted, and b at well. Fold ! in a beat n t*gg and bake in hot gem tin or a round shallow pan. Sour Milk Pancakes. Stir into a pint of sour milk a teaspoonful soda a ha f tt-aspoonful salt and flour to make a good c ?n*>- :;oy for baking Have th?* griddle hot and well ?i>ns%d bake t?he ! rak> s in pvrfeet n< U?s ai^l nile iMie on ton < of til" other. N.> >kk? an <!. A nice addition at tliia ? ason is a landful of lnn kleberrles. Cream Waffles. Beat two eggs 1 iiclit and add to a pint ?"iir cream into which a teaspoonful of oda h is neen lieaten Add half a tcaspuunful salt and Hour to make a thin batter. Pour In well-greased waffle Irons, which ni'ist he piping hot. Turn the iron the moment it is tilled, shut It. and in a few moments turn again. When the waffles are lirown on liotli sides place in layers and nerve very hot. cutting through the layers to ser\e Kal with plenty of butter and honey. S'jft Gingerbread With Sour Milk. . Flit into a |'ii: one cup molasses, one cup sour milk, on -half cup softened butter i^ne h? ipiug teaspoonful soda, a tableBIHi.ii.ful ginger ar.d tlour to tnlx very soft. THE SCEN N THE MO these khedives. father and son. led the consul general ar.<l myself to seats on the opposite side of the room and each took his own place on a divan there and sat down with one foot under him. There seemed to be nothing undignified in this attitude, the manners of both being perfectly simple and free from ostentation. Model Lives. During the talk of today cigarettes wera brought in and the consul general and rayself each took one and lit it. His highness refused, and upon my asking him if he did not smoke, he replied: "No." I asked the on rna .iliAvfli.ri Tnivflb Pg.ha u .,,1 ha me that he neither smoked nor drank, saying that Mohammedans do not believe It right to drink anything intoxicating, and that he tried to follow the laws of life as laid down by the. Koran. The present khedive drinks nothing but pure wateai, and he is, I am told, quite as religious as was his father. lie says his prayers Immediately upon rising and goes to the mosque every day Tewfik Pasha was devout. He told me that he knew the Koran from one end to the other, and that he could begin at the back and quote almost every paragraph from there to the fiont. He had as much faith in his relii-'ion as we have in ours, but. he said, during our talk, that he thought every iiian should fo!low the faith of his father. Mohemmedan Monogamists. The khedives of the past have been noted for their numerous wives. Every one of them has had the four allotted by the Koran, and In addition concubines and slaves. The father of the present ruler waa a monogamist. He was true to his ono wife, and, as far as I can 'learn, she wa? a most accomplished lady and queen. When I was here before I heard many stories of the love which Tewfik Pasha had for this young man's mother, and of jhe rhasant home they had outside of his official career. It was probably that example that made Abbas Hilmi a monogamist, and gave him a home which in ita quiet and peace corresponds favorably with that o! any ruler of Europe. Indeed, Tewflk. the father of Abbas Hilmi, once expressed himself strongly in favor of monogamy, spying: "In my own father's harem I saw tho disadvantages of many wives and of many children by different wives, and 1 then decided that when I came to manhood I would marry but one woman and THE gradual retirement 01 the clgarstore Indian from his post of honor at depots for the supply of smokers' needs is a reminder not only of ttie crowding-out process which overtook the live Indian, but also of the passing of what may be called the heraldry of trade, once inseparable from the conduct of business of any kind, l... _l I, l? u-|th llirt tobacconists, almost confined to three varieties of shops or stores?those of the pawnbroker, the barbtr and the druggist. As regulations against obstruction of sidewalks have made the barber's pole in many instances the more shadow of its former self, they have helped to bring about the banishment of the wooden Indian. The development of the show window is *rii^ titnu.' a-imlnw has not only supplanted the favorite emblematic (It-vice of the tobacconist, but many similar devices popular not long ago among other tradesmen. Of the few that remain the pawnbrokers- three balls, the barbers' pole and the druggists' show bottles are most generally used. They not only survive an era in wiiicii signs emblematic of the charOi.tur U in creur vnirlie but they have been "handed down" from an era in which they alone, amid a wilderness of pictorial and sculptured signs, were Indicative of the character of the business instead of the identity of a particular shop or store. They flourished when streets were tilled with representations of lions anil unicorns of various colors, together with a medley of designs of everything animate or inanimate, in creation or out of it, few of which had the slightest connection with the use to which vbey were put. Butcher and Baker. While the butcher, the baker and the candlestickmaker observed no restrictions as to choice of tokens, which might be suggestive of astronomy, natural history, botany or mythology, but rarely were of bread, meat or candles, the pawnbroker, barber and druggist adhered to conventional and uniform emblems. Why? Perhaps it was be ause they realized that mankind when In need of a loan, a shave or medicine is prone to se k the nearest source of relief, without being conc.-rned as to whose place it is. It is not improbable that the same reason un tW-rll'-s tno staying qualities of tlie signs mentioned. They were among the first signs adopted to classify a trade. They are practically the sole remnants of that variety of sign heraldry, though some saddleries continue to display a wooden hors-j, some jewelers a large gilded wooden clock, some opticians eyeglasses and huge proportions. some locksmiths an immense kay and furriers who are independent of department stores specimens of the taxi dermists' art. That form of trail" heraldry which distinguished the individual and not his occupation b?'gan to become obsolete toward the close of the eighteenth century. It was a relic of the time when Illiteracy was prevalent and was not regarded as a reproach. ES WITH ' iDERN PHA I be true to her. I have done that and I have never r;gretted It. The present khedive is undoubtedly of much the same opinion. II? has been marrlfxl tliirteen years, and that to a single W'fe who is the mother of his six children. A Business Ruler. My conversation with his highness, Abbas Hilmi, covered a wide rang-. It dealt with the present prosperity of Egypt, and I can see that his highness understands both his country and people. He thinks that tha Nile valley has by no means reached the maximum of Its poasi il'.ties, and says that by increasing the dairis and drainage facilities Egypt might 3'ield much greater crops than she does nov<. I spoke to him about having met his father, and referred to the great Interest which Tewflk Pasha showed in Egypt and its future. Th? khedlve expiessed a slmtlar desire to do all he could for the Egyptians, and had he greater power I am sure it would be used for their benefit. As it Is now this country is practical'y in the hands of the British, and almost every act of the khedlve, as far as official doings are concerned, is directed by them. The only matters as to which his higflness has full sway are those regarding his own estates, and his management of them is such as to show his great business capacity. He has an allowance of $o<)0,000 a year out of the public treasury, but in adoiticn he owns thousands of acres of valuable lands, and the value of his private propel tj must run high Into the millions of co'lars. He handles this in such a way that it pays well, and his experiments and improvements are the talk of farmers and business men throughout the Nile valley. Abbas Hllmi, the Farmer. I have heard a great dead of these farms of the khedlve since I have be?n in Egypt. He inherited much land from his father, but he has other large tracts, which he himself has redeemed from the desert and others which he has made good by draining. Not far from Cairo he- owns 2,500 a-.es. which a few years ago were cov 1 ered with swamps, quagmires and hillocks. He bought this cheap and then began to improve It. He cut down the hills, drained the swamps and put water on the land. At present that estate Is paying over a year, and it is bringin# his highness 30 per cent and upward on his Investment. He has another great farm not far from Alexandria, which was all desert not long ago. The khedive laid down a small rail- 1 way and put dump cars on It. With this PASSING OF but it outlived this period and flourished for a long time after newspapers had become popular, because mankind had not Invented the simple expedient of numbering houses, which eventually became the substitute for the picturesque assortment of arbitrary symbols that formerly guided tlie eusfomer to the shop at which he wished to deal. Signs were so numerous in I.ondon in the early part of the seventeenth century that Thomas Fuller said, in extolling the ri-marKaDie inenroi ) 01 unc ma ?? >n:v.o of England": "He would repeate you, forwards and backwards, all the signs from Ludgate to Charing Cross." Heir to the Crown. A crown was one of the most popular symbols, and it Is related that a London grocer who lived under one of the Plantagenets was hung because of his fondness for perpetrating the pun, "My son will be heir to the 'crown'." It seems that his tragic fate did not abate a propensity to use royal insignia as trade signs nor did It check the pernicious habit of punning. In 1721 it was advertised that there was a speedy cure for agues of all sorts to be had of. William Denman at "The Golden Bull," near Hyde Fark corner; that those troubled with itch could buy of Dr. Rock his infallible liquors at the sign of "The Hand and Face." in Water lane. Blackfriars. and that a "grand cathartick" was sold at "The Black Boy," on London bridge. Mrs. Carter, an occulist of this period, had as her sign something apt, "The Hand and Eye," but Dr. Clarke, dentist to his majesty. King Charles II, left posterity no explanation of his choice of "The Sun and Eye" for his sign. Exceptional judgmeitt was displayed in the selection of "The Bible and Key" as the sign of a bookstore,, but as a rule no attempt was made at this period to obtain signs that were pertinent. Sir Walter Besant, In writing of London In the reign of George II, says: "The shops are small and there is little pretense in displaying the goods. They, have, however, all got windows in front. A single candle or two at the most illumine the wares in the evening and in the short afternoon of winter. A sign hangs out over every door." He illustrates this paragraph in his book with a wood cut on one of the signs, "The King's Porter and Dwarf," rudely carved In bas-relief, without Indicating what maimer of store it decorated. Hogarth's famous cartoons contain many representations of thesp >hnr. =i . London and Dickens. In Dickens' London, however. the fashion Sf having individual signs other than a mere legend giving the name of the firm or Individual ap)M>ars to have been abandoned by all save the innkeepers. It Is true that there was a little midshipman in front of the shop of Solomon Q1H, but he was only on-e of a number of "timber midshipmen In obsolete naval uniforms eternally employed outalde the ?hop doors of nautical instrument makers In taking observations of the hackney coaches." B. rHE KHEDI Tfc A /-\TT T fT TT^ KAUH LIVE pjlp= I OF THEL K*"""P/ l^ti?,T>JVEL, / V '%?k ' ;:f' - 11 tm ^HhS ho hauled oft the sand which came from his drainage works, and now has It well watered. j He has taken 4.000 acres and turned them Into cultivated fields. Farm vll'ages I have grown up about them and his highI ness has so laid out the estate with trees ! and flowers that it Is said to b3 a paradise, j In one place he has a plantation of 15,f)00 mulherrv hushes, the leaves of which fur nlsh food for his silk worms, and In other places there are fir forests. This estate Is at Montzah, a few miles THE HERALDRY L>!ekens speaks often of doorplates and other lettered signs, and readers of the great novelist are told that the name of "Pecksniff, architect," appeared on a brass plate; that "Peffer & Snagsby, law stationers," was a legend painted on the installment plan, and that the name of "Cheeryble Bros." was inscribed on a doorpost. Dickens would- have been replete with references to the old-fashioned signs had they prevailed in the period of which he wrote, which extended from the eighth decade of the eighteenth century to about the middle of the following century, as he was always minute in his descriptions. His allusions to signs in front of inns are numerous. He describes at length the Maypole in front of John \Yill?tt's inn of that name in "Barnaby Rudge." and. in "Pickwick Papers," that at the "Marquis of Granby" at Dorking, owned by the widow of whom the elder W'eiler failed to beware. He says: "On the opposite side of the road was a large signboard on a high post representing the head and, shoulders of a gentleman with apoplectic coun tenance, in a red coat with deep-blue facings. and a touch of the same blue over his three-cornered hat for a sky. Beneath .the last button of his coat wer3 a couple of cannon, and the whole passed as an expressive and undoubted likeness of the Marquis of Granby of glorious memory."' 'The George and Vulture," the "Blue Lion" and the "White Hart" are among the other inns mentioned in "Pickwick Papers." It was at the "White Hart" that Mr. Pick wick niHue n;s greatest discovery?Hamuei Weller. The "Blue Dragon" was the inn which Mark Tapiey of "Martin Chuzzlewit" fame deserted because it was no credit to be jolly there, and the "Uotyen Cross," at Charing Cross, the one at which the unsophisticated David Coppc-rfleld encountered the officious waiter and was allotted inferior accommodations before his frien?' Stewiforth came to his relief. , In Old New York. The- custom of having pictorial ot carved oiftiia jjic* ouru iu c* caicul ill UU3 country In the colonial period. Thus from chronicles of New York city about the middle of the eighteenth century It is learned that John Wallace, "at the sign of the Cross Swords, next door to Mrs. Byfleld, near the Fly market," made, mended and ground all sorts of knives, razors, scissors and penknives; that Anthony Lamb, mathematical instrument maker, did business at the sign of "The Quadrant and Surveying Compass"; that Joseph Seddell, pewterer, held forth at the sign of the "Platter," at the lower end of Wall street; that a grocer had "Three Sugar Loaves and a Tea Canister" for a sign; another, "Unicorn and Mortar"; a chairmaker. a "Chair Wheel"; a vendor of clocks, a "Dial"; a livery stable keeper, a "Dolphin"; a tailor, a "Blue Ball," and tfrat a craftsman and merchant who new-silvered looking-glasses and sold pictures had "Two Cupids" for his emblem. Among the New York taverns of this period were the "King's Anna," VE, ABBAS IS AND MA V THE, l^iEj DIVE, out of Alexandria, on a beautiful bay of the M -diterran^an pen. The khedive has built a palace there, or rather two palaces. He has a little one for himself and a larger one for his family. In other parts of the estate he is carrying on all sorts of breeding experiments. He has chicken houses and rabbit hutches, as well as a tower containing thousands of pigeons. He has dynamos, which furnish his place with electric lights, and carpenter shops and , i>.a.i>i>s i.miB, me macmnery ror which the i same dynamos operate during the day time. | OF TRADE. the "Scotch Arms," the "Duke of Cumberland," the "Black Horse.'" the "Cart and Horse" and the "Bunch of Grapes." The same conditions prevailed at Boston, and McMaster, In his "History of the American People," says: "The mean appearance of the houses in Old Boston was to some extent relieved by the rich display i of painted and sculptured 9igns which ..adorned the front of taverns and stores. | The numbering of houses had not come Into fashion, and every business street was an endless succession of golden balls, of blue gloves, of crowns and scepters, dogs and rainbows, elephants and horseshoes. They served sometimes as advertisements of tlw business, sometimes merely as designations of the shops, which were indicated popularly and in the newspapers by their signs. The custom still lingers among opticians, glovemakers. bootmakers, furriers and barbers. But we are now accustomed to regard the sign as being a direct relation to the character of business it advertises. We should never seek for eyeglasses in a shop over whose entrance hantrs a eilt boot, nor inquire for gloves In a shop before whose door stands an Indian in war paint and feathers. One hundred years ago no such relation was understood to exist, and It is not thought remarkable that Philip Freeman should keep his famous bookstore at the 'Blue Glove' on I'nlon street." Old Washington. Many Baltlir.oreans still living can recall the time when pictorial inn signs were to be found in that city at the "Three Tun" tavern, the "Swan," the "General Wayne" and nthpra ?>o11 * .... V.O..Crei tuum IIU1 jail lO find the Fountain Inn because It had a fountain in its courtyard. Philadelphia had. among other inns, its "Green Tree"; Richmond Its "Eagle"' tavern. Washington, however, was laid out at the time when this custom was being abandoned and the word "tavern" supplanted by the word "hotel." The commissioner who conducted the tirst federal lottery at the National capital spoke of the first prize to be awarded as "a hotel," to be erected at a cost of $50,000. This substantial prize became known as '"Blodgett's Hotel." A I picture or a tavern In Georgetown as It was in 1791 shows a swinging signboard on which there was nothing more than the simple Inscription, "Suter's Tavern." There was no pictorial device. Thus was foreshadowed the passing of the heraldry of trade, though owners of dairy rooms in some cities have made an attempt to revive It within recent years by choosing a design to emblason upon their windows In harmony with the name adopted. It li now in order to consider the origin of thos9 peculiar signs that remain almost ..?ci<aiauK irom me trade or occupation which they represent, which, though McMaster overlocJks the fact, had a relation to the character of business they represented not only one hundred years before thd time at whloh he wrote, but long before. The three glided ball* which hang in front of a shop where articles are left , in pledge for the repayment *t loans were HILMI. NAGES HIS & ' II A wJr Bk iv In them all the woodwork required for his various estates and houses Is turned out. A Stock Breeder. The kliedlve is fond of fine stock, and he Is doing much to Improve that of Egypt. On his various farms he has high-bred horses, cattle and sheep. He has a large number of Arabian thoroughbreds, soma Jersey. Swiss and other fine breeds of cows, and his water bufTaioes, known here as gamoushes, are far better than any others of the Nile valley. He Is also breeding cattle for oxen ami mules for draft animals. His highness believes in scientific farming. He wants good stock arid xood seed, and lie works to some extent with the Agricultural Department here. He has a school on his estate near Cairo where 'JOO boys are being educated to take places on his various properties. This school is run at his own expense, and the boys are as well as reading:, writing and arithmetic. The course of study lasts five years -and at the end theg raduate Is pretty sure of a good position as steward or overseer on one of the khedive's farms. The Khedive's Railroad. I have already written something about the khedive's railroad. This begins on his estate near Alexandria, having connection with that city by the state railroad system. and thence runs for sixty miles or more westward, one Idea being that it may be extended to Tripoli. Much of the land along the road lias been redeemed and a lange part of this belongs to his highness. He has put up a number of villages here and there in this region; and 1 am told tnut me roaa is paying so wen that the track, which was originally a narrow gauge, has had to be widened. His highness is much interested in the road, and it is said that he sometimes mounts the locomotive and manages the engine as the train goes over it. In speaking about tills road he told me that he was well satisfied with Its present condition, and that he thought that It might be extended along the coast of the Mediterranean as far as Tripoli and be made to pay. I I am told that the khedive has made a great deal of money within the past three or four years. His farm lands have doubled In value and the great boom, which Kgypt is now having, has added greatly to his ...Aniti, ucaM to ho Invpstlne largely [ in Cairo itself, and among other things is building some apartment houses which I have elevators, telephones, electric lights, bathrooms and all other modern Improvements. He has a brick factory on one of borrowed from the armorial bearings of the Medici, the earliest and most famous of r That the me monej-iniuria ?? uu.hu?,. Lombards were partial to the pawn-broking business is a fact attested, say the entomologists. by the derivation of the world "lumber room." which is a corruption of the word "Lombard room," meaning a room in which the Lombards were wont to store the odds and ends of property they retained as pledges for loans. But "Why did the Medici adopt three balls in their armorial bearings?" is a question which nat' urally arises here. For it there are divergent answers. One is that Alverado de Medici, a commander under Charlemagne, slew the giant Magello. took his club, which had three Iron balls upon it. as a trophy, and afterward incorporated the three balls in the heraldic device of the family. The other is that the three balls represent gilded pills, used in the profession of medicine, in the practice of which the family was eminent and from which they derived their surname. That the family was versed in the knowledge of drugs and that some of its members made lmr, ,. ,,ac of I, or., fn.-ta nasfrteil hv manv historians. T!i barber's pole was designed at a time when the barber was also a surgeon. It is symbolic of blood-letting, once held to be a sovereign remedy for almost any ailment. The pole signs represented <he brass basins in which the blood was caught, the bandage twisted aroiAid the arm previous to bloodletting and the bandage us^d for binding up the arm. It is needless to add that the sign represents something which iirst-class barbers avoid in these days. The presence of the blue stripe on many of the poles has not been satisfactorily accounted for. Sir Walter Besant, in writing of I-ondon in 17u0, speaks of red, white and blue poles to be seen at that time, so American patriotism has no legitimate connection with the color scheme that varies from the original red and white. How It Began. As for the druggists' show bottles, it is Impossible to speak with deflnlteness, because explanations of their origin vary, and many authorities are content to call them ancient emblems without attempting to trace their history. It is thought, however, that their adoption was by a process of evolution, that at first druggists displayed medicines In their windows, but as these were affected by exposure to sunshine, colored fluids were substituted. From this the evolution went on until ornamental bottles made especially for show purposes became popular. During the time that many varieties of classified trade signs were In vogue the pharmacist often had in iruiu 01 ins morn me representation of a large mortar and pestle. Implements used In mixing powders. But even the show bottle Is becoming of leas general use. As for the cigar-store Indian, a tobacco dealer In one of the larger ottlee aaya that while there were eight hundred of him there thirty years ago, there are now not over fifty. lit! FARMS. VI 'lis estates near here. and his profits from is cotton and other crops must be sreat The Dally Life of the Khedive. I have made some Inquiries about the laily life of t>he kliedlve. It is a quiet one. "nit full of business and hard work from lajilght to dark. His highness is an early . iser. He is usually out of bed by rt. and Is prayers are over shortly afterward. He eats a light meat upon rising and then _ ??.- um unTN over ins rarm .'or an hour or so. After that he soon to ho palace of Ras el Tin If he Is In Alenmdrla; or of Abd'n If ho Is at Cairo, and looks over hla official business, rrwlvlng such audiences as have bo-n airinn'il for. This taVes up the rest of t*i? morning He cats a substantial breakfast at mten. In all his meals he sits down at the table and uses a knife, fork an.1 pl.it s Just as vo do IT* 1 ?- ? ' ... 41?<- H" "l? wun mm .\l other times he dines alone with his wlf? and family. After breakfast he talks with his friends or family for an hour or so and then go's out for another drlv* In his carriage. At this time Is usually with a member of hl9 court. He may go again to his farms In the afternoon or he may go back to the palace and attend to certain official business there. Ills dinner Is taken ... . a. l iiin in si-rvca in me r r?ncn style, and Is usually eaten In company with guests. By 10 o'clock, or 11 at thrt latest, his highness Is ready for bed. and is tired enough to sleep like a baby. Tho Family of the Khediva. I have spoken of the khedlve having but one wife. This Is the IVincess lkbal Hanem. whom he married when he was ohni.f 01. - ? -- ? ?fv?. L..vnij. one ia num xo i?e ootn accomplished and beautiful. l>ut, like all Mohammedan ladles, she leads to a large extent a secluded life, and does not appear at the great functions at the palace. Sha Is not seen at the khedlve's grand ball, which Is given to his officials and the foreigners about once a year, and to which something like l.SOO guests nra Invited. She Is present, however, all the same, for she has a curtained chamber which looks down upon the ballroom, and the curtains are arranged In such a way that sha can see the dancing and flirting while she, herself. Is unseen. Her majesty has gorgeous apartments In each of the palacea and she has a little court of her own of which the noble ladles of Egypt are a part. The khedlve has six children, two boys and four girls. The eldest is the Princess Emina Hanem, who Is now twelve. Ths next Is Princess Atlatou-Uah Hanem. Juat I nhrvnt nno ? J ' * v?- vU. iniu wie uuru is Princess Fathieli Hanem, who was born ten years ago. The fourth chllrl is the hetr apparent. He is Prince Mohammed Abdul Moneim. and he was born February 30, 18!W. The next was a girl, brought in bjr the stork on the following September, and two years later came the last baby, a boy. Prince Abdul Keder. born In t'.X)2. The khedive's children are all of light complexions and they look ar.d dress like Europeans. The khedlve has one brother and two sisters, all t>f whom live in Cairo. A Well-Educated Man. The khedive is well educated. .18 waa his father before him. Tewflk Pasha spoke as good English as I do and the conversation of our audience of today was carried on In English. Abbas Hilml speaks French, German and English, as well as Turkish and Arabic. He went to school In Vienna at the Theresianum, a college celebrated for the educa ...... ... ijnuvra. xi i-uiuains. an told, about ;?*> students, and It has barons by ths dozens and counts by the score. The students all live together on terms of equality and they are under rigid discipline. Ths tutors watch them day and night, and ther* Is not an hour of their school life when thejr are free from restraint. They are taught to box and fence aa well as the ordinary studies. The young khedlve learned his German, French and English there, and he also stuflled geography, history, mathematics and the natural sciences. Later on he was Instructed In politics and law and at the same time In military taotlcs. He attended lectures on army organization. military geography, fortification building and the art of war, and on the whole he has received what would bs iu.ibiucicu a. giiou aii-rouiid training for any monarch. The result la that In such matters he Is far In advance of most of the .officials of this country, and Is well fltted to represent the Egyptians in the dual government of Great Britain and Egypt by which they are ruled. FRANK Q. CARPENTER. SPfUOUSE7 m Hold. yCTIHIH'P 1 It Is a perfectly amazing thing In the summer how much clabbered milk Is thrown away by careless housewives and wasteful. Ignorant serving maids, who fail to discover in it the foundation for Innumerable tasty dishes. Pancakes, biscuits, gems, gingerbreads, etc., made with souf milk are much more tender and delicate than those compounded with sweet milk, so that economy ! In this particular Instance Is not only a I savins of money, but "elegant"?to quota | the dear ladies of f'ranford?In Its results. ; lf"re are some of tdie ways In which sour ! milk may he used with particularly gratl Lying results: Cottage Cheese. Put thick sour milk in a pan and cover with boiling water from the teakettle. T,et stand on the back of the stove a few moments until the curd separates from the whey, then pour into a bag and let It drip I until dry. Salt well, sprinkle with nanrtka or add a tableipoonful pepper grass rut fine. Add a little cream and melted t?utt'-r to moisten, and make into pats or pile lightly on a pretty dish. Mined olives or ground nuts are also nice mixed wiUh the cream cheese. Cabbage Salad. Chop or shave fine half a medium sized head of cabbage that has been left In cold water until crisp, then drain. Season with salt and pepper, then pour over it a dressing made In this way: Beat the yolks of two eggs, add two tahlesnoonfuls m?lto.t and beat again. Add two tablespoonfuls thick sour cream, two tablesponnfuls sugar, a sprinkle of mustard and half a cupful of vinegar. Beat until thoroughly Incorporated. pour over the cahbag > and toss lightly until uniformly seasoned. Molasses Cookies. Put into a bowl one and one-third cups molasses, one cup brown sugar, one cup sour milk, in which a heaping teaspoonful soda kas been dissolved. Ada one teaspoonful vinegar and stir until the soda has stopped "purring." Now add one < up melted shortening, one beaten egg. one tablespoonful eaeh cinnamon ard ginger and a sauspoonrui gait. mix. add flour enougn to make as soft dough as can he rolled out, cut In thick cookies and bake in a quick oven. FASHION IN HAIR ^ Glreawoinau a beautiful head of jnai hair and half the battto of beautf't KjCMJkM won. Never before :n t e tuftoi y of the world Ua* woman gloried in rich beautiful hair a? to day. 1 he MMapapT'i Imperial Hair Regenerator EraSer/ftwhich fa an absolutely bannBWgV/mmleas preparation. will restore Hjf^ XjfijhaJr t hat has hei'ome 8? rr*aked. Pr Fade. 1 or (iray. or mined by K'rt X#?ISw [Obnoxious llyea to the actual r^y^ift?rSlcolor of youth. In application VVMB6??foannot b-s detected. Sample of >?4Sj3gP+ your halrcolorel free. Privacy \yr ^^ assured correspondence. Sill* manufaciiirers aud patentee UVBKIAL CBEJHICAL MfQ. CO,,lit w. ZU St..New Varfc Bold and applied by ' WL 0. Whelan, 1108 T St. S.W.