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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 31, 1907, Image 21

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1 BEHIND
. HO^
(Copyright, I DOT. by Frank O. Carpenter.)
CAIRO.
WHEN I was in Cairo, sixteen
years aso. I had a long interview
with Tewflk Pasha, who
was th?n Kedlve of Egypt. Today
I have had a talk with his
inn Ahhas Hllml. who Is now on the throne.
Both of these interviews took place In the
Abdin Palace, the great structure which
forms the business office and official residence
of the rulers of Efrypt, situated here
In the heart of Cairo.
The Interviews were arranged by T'ncle
Bam s diplomatic agents, who act also as
consuls genera! to Egypt. The first was by
Consul General '"ar'lw;'U. who represented
us here In 18?<0. and the other by Consul
General lddings, who is now the diplomatic
ag< nt of the United States. The audiences
were in ootn cases m-ia m me mivriiiiuu,
an ! the dress required was the tall hat
anil morr.:"ng costume of frock coat and
light trousers, customary for otn-cial calls.
W e went to the palace in the consular carriages,
with a gorgeous dragoman of the
legation on the s<-at beside the coachman.
ar;<l were met at the door in both instances
by the soldiers of the khedive.
The Abdin Palace.
The khediws of Egypt have two official
residences. one !n Cairo and one in A lex an
drla That In Alexandria is the Ras el
Teen Palace, situated right on the harbor,
with Its windows looking out upon the kliedlval
yacht and the ships of a half dozen
nations which are at anchor there. The
Ahdln Palace faces a great square in the
heart of this biggest city of Egypt. It Is
built In the form of a horseshoe, and its
two stories have many windows looking out
upon the square. There la a grand entranceway
in the center, and to the left of this a
door, which I am to'd leads to the harem
and to other private apartments or nis rngnnesis.
As our carriage drove up to the palace
We Wire passeu liy a. ciuaru Luat-Ii Ulanii
by magnificent Arabian horses. On the box
beside the liveried coachman sat a soberfaoed
eunuch, whose biack skin and dark
clothes see>med ail the more somber under
his bright red skull cap. In front of the
carriage ran two brown-skinned, bareietired
scvces with their wands held up in
front of them, warning plebeians to get out
of the way. I afterward learned that tills
carriage was that of a princess about to
call on the wife of the khedive.
The palace doors were opened to us by
an Arab otfleial < !ad In European clothes
and wearing the red fez cap which the
Egyptian never takes off whether in house
or out. We tirst < ame into a grand entrance
hall, floored with mosaic, the walls
of which were finished in cream and gold,
and then went up to the second floor by a
staircase so wide that two wagonloads of
hay could be drawn up it without touching.
On the second floor are the reception rooms
fi>r visitors and auso me apai uuciua ?c- |
served for the chamberlain, masters of 1
ceremony ami iiuitr uiuina ui mc
dive's household. Here we were taken into
a large parlor by one of the khedive's cabinet
ministers, who chatted with us until an
official entered and told us his highness
was ready to receive us.
Face to Face With the Khedive.
We were then conducted across the hall
to the chief reception room of the palace,
and a moment later were face to face with
tl.e young khedive of Egypt. The room
was the ?ime In which I met his father,
and our reception was as free from ceremony
anil as cordial as that 1 had many
years ago. Tiie young khedive does not
look much like his father. He has more
dignity and is a tritle taller. He has, however.
the same light complexion, the same
liaz-1 eyes and the same broad. open forehead.
straight nose and full lips. lie is. I
Judge, about five feet six inches in height,
but Iiis tall red fez cap makes him luok
taller. The father had a full beard, but
the son Is satisfied with a brown mustache.
Both men dressed simply. The father wore
a black coat, vest and trousers, with the
coat cut rather high and preacher-like
His only Jewelry consist. ?j of three gold
studs the size of bird shot and a watch
chain of thin, golden lin"ks. His necktie
was black, and as I remember, it was of
uie uuiiemy varifij, line wivse mai you
buy on lower Broadway for 2." cents. His
bigness of today wore a double-breasted
frock coat and light trousers, with a necktie
of light colored s;ilk. which he had apparently
tied himself.
In both instances, after shaking hands.
BREAKFAST BREADS.
Wliilo the acidity of milk varies, reqj.ring
Judgment on tne part of the cook,
a safe general rule to follow is a level
teaspiionful soda to one pint sour milk,
' that has stood two or three days, and a
scant teaspoonful soda to a pint of sour
milk that lias just turned to a jelly-like
consistency The mistake that many cooks
make is to add too much soda. Just enough
Is required to counteract the acidity of the
milk. Sour milk that has stood long: enough
to acquire a bitter or m>Idy taste is unlit
for use atul must be thrown away,
k For the hiacnit. sift toeether two cunfulfl
flour, one-halt teaspoonful salt, a level
teaspoonful sugar and a rounding teaspoonful
baking powder. Put into a bowl a half
cup each sour cn*am and milk, then beat
into il a half teaspoanful soda dissolved
In a tablespoon f". ?old \\ai??r. \Vh*n it
stops "singing" stir in with the sifted tluur,
mix gentl> but <|i:i kly wl:li a spoon and
turn out on a vs l!-tloured board. Pat with
the floured hand until a smooth cake is
formed, then rut into shape with a small
bis< lit cutt?-r or t?-a raddy I d. Lay in a
greastd biscuit pan and hake in a hot oven.
If you have no cream, rub a spoonful lard
or butter in th pivj tared flour before adding
a cupful sour milk with the soda. Keep
the dough, as soft as possible. So that the
biseuit will b? teiaJer. Buttermilk biscuits
are mad^ in the same way. using a tablespOonful
shortening to a quart of Hour
Steamed Corabread.
Sif: into a br ad l?>wl t.irt-e oupfu!a Indian
meal. one t upful wheat flour, and a
half t**asi K?nful of salt. Mix in another
bowl one cupful sour milk and one "of
molasses and beat into It a teaspoonful
soda dissolvnl in a tabl,spoonful cold
w it- ! Add to th?> sift d flour, pour Into a
v 1! gr?as*d mold and steam steadily for
t:.re*- l ours, li-tkt* a few moments at the
f!. i to brown the top of the loaf.
Sour Milk Corn Cake.
S.ft together on* eup flour, a half cup
Indian m *al. two fahl. sj oonfuls sugar and
a half t-aspoonful each .-al. and soda. Pour
In one cupful sour milk and a teaspoonful
lard or butter melted, and b at well. Fold !
in a beat n t*gg and bake in hot gem tin or
a round shallow pan.
Sour Milk Pancakes.
Stir into a pint of sour milk a teaspoonful
soda a ha f tt-aspoonful salt and flour to
make a good c ?n*>- :;oy for baking Have
th?* griddle hot and well ?i>ns%d bake t?he !
rak> s in pvrfeet n< U?s ai^l nile iMie on ton <
of til" other. N.> >kk? an <!. A nice
addition at tliia ? ason is a landful of
lnn kleberrles.
Cream Waffles.
Beat two eggs 1 iiclit and add to a pint
?"iir cream into which a teaspoonful of
oda h is neen lieaten Add half a tcaspuunful
salt and Hour to make a thin batter.
Pour In well-greased waffle Irons, which
ni'ist he piping hot. Turn the iron the moment
it is tilled, shut It. and in a few moments
turn again. When the waffles are
lirown on liotli sides place in layers and
nerve very hot. cutting through the layers
to ser\e Kal with plenty of butter and
honey.
S'jft Gingerbread With Sour Milk.
. Flit into a |'ii: one cup molasses, one
cup sour milk, on -half cup softened butter
i^ne h? ipiug teaspoonful soda, a tableBIHi.ii.ful
ginger ar.d tlour to tnlx very soft.
THE SCEN
N THE MO
these khedives. father and son. led the consul
general ar.<l myself to seats on the opposite
side of the room and each took his
own place on a divan there and sat down
with one foot under him. There seemed to
be nothing undignified in this attitude, the
manners of both being perfectly simple and
free from ostentation.
Model Lives.
During the talk of today cigarettes wera
brought in and the consul general and rayself
each took one and lit it. His highness
refused, and upon my asking him if he did
not smoke, he replied: "No." I asked the
on rna .iliAvfli.ri Tnivflb Pg.ha u .,,1 ha
me that he neither smoked nor drank, saying
that Mohammedans do not believe It
right to drink anything intoxicating, and
that he tried to follow the laws of life as
laid down by the. Koran.
The present khedive drinks nothing but
pure wateai, and he is, I am told, quite as
religious as was his father. lie says his
prayers Immediately upon rising and goes
to the mosque every day Tewfik Pasha
was devout. He told me that he knew the
Koran from one end to the other, and that
he could begin at the back and quote almost
every paragraph from there to the
fiont. He had as much faith in his relii-'ion
as we have in ours, but. he said,
during our talk, that he thought every
iiian should fo!low the faith of his father.
Mohemmedan Monogamists.
The khedives of the past have been noted
for their numerous wives. Every one of
them has had the four allotted by the
Koran, and In addition concubines and
slaves. The father of the present ruler
waa a monogamist. He was true to his
ono wife, and, as far as I can 'learn, she
wa? a most accomplished lady and queen.
When I was here before I heard many
stories of the love which Tewfik Pasha
had for this young man's mother, and of
jhe rhasant home they had outside of his
official career. It was probably that example
that made Abbas Hilmi a monogamist,
and gave him a home which in ita quiet
and peace corresponds favorably with that
o! any ruler of Europe. Indeed, Tewflk.
the father of Abbas Hilmi, once expressed
himself strongly in favor of monogamy,
spying: "In my own father's harem I saw
tho disadvantages of many wives and of
many children by different wives, and 1
then decided that when I came to manhood
I would marry but one woman and
THE gradual retirement 01 the clgarstore
Indian from his post of
honor at depots for the supply
of smokers' needs is a reminder
not only of ttie crowding-out
process which overtook the live Indian, but
also of the passing of what may be called
the heraldry of trade, once inseparable
from the conduct of business of any kind,
l... _l I, l? u-|th llirt
tobacconists, almost confined to three varieties
of shops or stores?those of the
pawnbroker, the barbtr and the druggist.
As regulations against obstruction of sidewalks
have made the barber's pole in
many instances the more shadow of its
former self, they have helped to bring
about the banishment of the wooden Indian.
The development of the show window is
*rii^ titnu.' a-imlnw has not
only supplanted the favorite emblematic
(It-vice of the tobacconist, but many similar
devices popular not long ago among other
tradesmen. Of the few that remain the
pawnbrokers- three balls, the barbers' pole
and the druggists' show bottles are most
generally used. They not only survive an
era in wiiicii signs emblematic of the charOi.tur
U in creur vnirlie
but they have been "handed down" from
an era in which they alone, amid a wilderness
of pictorial and sculptured signs,
were Indicative of the character of the
business instead of the identity of a particular
shop or store. They flourished
when streets were tilled with representations
of lions anil unicorns of various colors,
together with a medley of designs of
everything animate or inanimate, in creation
or out of it, few of which had the
slightest connection with the use to which
vbey were put.
Butcher and Baker.
While the butcher, the baker and the candlestickmaker
observed no restrictions as
to choice of tokens, which might be suggestive
of astronomy, natural history, botany
or mythology, but rarely were of bread,
meat or candles, the pawnbroker, barber
and druggist adhered to conventional and
uniform emblems. Why? Perhaps it was
be ause they realized that mankind when In
need of a loan, a shave or medicine is prone
to se k the nearest source of relief, without
being conc.-rned as to whose place it is. It
is not improbable that the same reason un
tW-rll'-s tno staying qualities of tlie signs
mentioned. They were among the first
signs adopted to classify a trade. They
are practically the sole remnants of that
variety of sign heraldry, though some saddleries
continue to display a wooden hors-j,
some jewelers a large gilded wooden clock,
some opticians eyeglasses and huge proportions.
some locksmiths an immense kay
and furriers who are independent of department
stores specimens of the taxi
dermists' art.
That form of trail" heraldry which distinguished
the individual and not his occupation
b?'gan to become obsolete toward the
close of the eighteenth century. It was a
relic of the time when Illiteracy was prevalent
and was not regarded as a reproach.
ES WITH '
iDERN PHA
I be true to her. I have done that and I
have never r;gretted It.
The present khedive is undoubtedly of
much the same opinion. II? has been marrlfxl
tliirteen years, and that to a single
W'fe who is the mother of his six children.
A Business Ruler.
My conversation with his highness,
Abbas Hilmi, covered a wide rang-. It
dealt with the present prosperity of
Egypt, and I can see that his highness understands
both his country and people. He
thinks that tha Nile valley has by no
means reached the maximum of Its poasi il'.ties,
and says that by increasing the
dairis and drainage facilities Egypt might
3'ield much greater crops than she does
nov<. I spoke to him about having met
his father, and referred to the great Interest
which Tewflk Pasha showed in
Egypt and its future. Th? khedlve expiessed
a slmtlar desire to do all he could
for the Egyptians, and had he greater
power I am sure it would be used for their
benefit. As it Is now this country is practical'y
in the hands of the British, and almost
every act of the khedlve, as far as
official doings are concerned, is directed by
them.
The only matters as to which his higflness
has full sway are those regarding his
own estates, and his management of them
is such as to show his great business
capacity. He has an allowance of $o<)0,000
a year out of the public treasury, but in
adoiticn he owns thousands of acres of
valuable lands, and the value of his private
propel tj must run high Into the millions
of co'lars. He handles this in such a way
that it pays well, and his experiments and
improvements are the talk of farmers and
business men throughout the Nile valley.
Abbas Hllmi, the Farmer.
I have heard a great dead of these farms
of the khedlve since I have be?n in Egypt.
He inherited much land from his father,
but he has other large tracts, which he
himself has redeemed from the desert and
others which he has made good by draining.
Not far from Cairo he- owns 2,500
a-.es. which a few years ago were cov
1 ered with swamps, quagmires and hillocks.
He bought this cheap and then began to
improve It. He cut down the hills, drained
the swamps and put water on the land. At
present that estate Is paying over a
year, and it is bringin# his highness 30 per
cent and upward on his Investment.
He has another great farm not far from
Alexandria, which was all desert not long
ago. The khedive laid down a small rail- 1
way and put dump cars on It. With this
PASSING OF
but it outlived this period and flourished
for a long time after newspapers had become
popular, because mankind had not
Invented the simple expedient of numbering
houses, which eventually became the substitute
for the picturesque assortment of
arbitrary symbols that formerly guided
tlie eusfomer to the shop at which he
wished to deal.
Signs were so numerous in I.ondon in
the early part of the seventeenth century
that Thomas Fuller said, in extolling the
ri-marKaDie inenroi ) 01 unc ma ?? >n:v.o
of England": "He would repeate you, forwards
and backwards, all the signs from
Ludgate to Charing Cross."
Heir to the Crown.
A crown was one of the most popular
symbols, and it Is related that a London
grocer who lived under one of the Plantagenets
was hung because of his fondness for
perpetrating the pun, "My son will be heir
to the 'crown'." It seems that his tragic
fate did not abate a propensity to use
royal insignia as trade signs nor did It
check the pernicious habit of punning.
In 1721 it was advertised that there was
a speedy cure for agues of all sorts to be
had of. William Denman at "The Golden
Bull," near Hyde Fark corner; that those
troubled with itch could buy of Dr. Rock
his infallible liquors at the sign of "The
Hand and Face." in Water lane. Blackfriars.
and that a "grand cathartick" was
sold at "The Black Boy," on London bridge.
Mrs. Carter, an occulist of this period, had
as her sign something apt, "The Hand and
Eye," but Dr. Clarke, dentist to his majesty.
King Charles II, left posterity no
explanation of his choice of "The Sun and
Eye" for his sign. Exceptional judgmeitt
was displayed in the selection of "The
Bible and Key" as the sign of a bookstore,,
but as a rule no attempt was made at this
period to obtain signs that were pertinent.
Sir Walter Besant, In writing of London
In the reign of George II, says: "The shops
are small and there is little pretense in
displaying the goods. They, have, however,
all got windows in front. A single candle
or two at the most illumine the wares in
the evening and in the short afternoon of
winter. A sign hangs out over every door."
He illustrates this paragraph in his book
with a wood cut on one of the signs,
"The King's Porter and Dwarf," rudely
carved In bas-relief, without Indicating
what maimer of store it decorated. Hogarth's
famous cartoons contain many representations
of thesp >hnr. =i .
London and Dickens.
In Dickens' London, however. the fashion
Sf having individual signs other than a
mere legend giving the name of the firm
or Individual ap)M>ars to have been abandoned
by all save the innkeepers. It Is
true that there was a little midshipman
in front of the shop of Solomon Q1H, but
he was only on-e of a number of "timber
midshipmen In obsolete naval uniforms
eternally employed outalde the ?hop doors
of nautical instrument makers In taking
observations of the hackney coaches."
B.
rHE KHEDI
Tfc A /-\TT T fT TT^
KAUH LIVE
pjlp=
I OF THEL K*"""P/
l^ti?,T>JVEL, / V
'%?k
' ;:f' - 11 tm
^HhS
ho hauled oft the sand which came from
his drainage works, and now has It well
watered.
j He has taken 4.000 acres and turned
them Into cultivated fields. Farm vll'ages
I have grown up about them and his highI
ness has so laid out the estate with trees
! and flowers that it Is said to b3 a paradise,
j In one place he has a plantation of 15,f)00
mulherrv hushes, the leaves of which fur
nlsh food for his silk worms, and In other
places there are fir forests.
This estate Is at Montzah, a few miles
THE HERALDRY
L>!ekens speaks often of doorplates and
other lettered signs, and readers of the
great novelist are told that the name of
"Pecksniff, architect," appeared on a brass
plate; that "Peffer & Snagsby, law stationers,"
was a legend painted on the installment
plan, and that the name of
"Cheeryble Bros." was inscribed on a doorpost.
Dickens would- have been replete
with references to the old-fashioned signs
had they prevailed in the period of which
he wrote, which extended from the eighth
decade of the eighteenth century to about
the middle of the following century, as he
was always minute in his descriptions.
His allusions to signs in front of inns
are numerous. He describes at length the
Maypole in front of John \Yill?tt's inn of
that name in "Barnaby Rudge." and. in
"Pickwick Papers," that at the "Marquis
of Granby" at Dorking, owned by the
widow of whom the elder W'eiler failed to
beware. He says: "On the opposite side
of the road was a large signboard on a
high post representing the head and, shoulders
of a gentleman with apoplectic coun
tenance, in a red coat with deep-blue facings.
and a touch of the same blue over
his three-cornered hat for a sky. Beneath
.the last button of his coat wer3 a couple
of cannon, and the whole passed as an expressive
and undoubted likeness of the
Marquis of Granby of glorious memory."'
'The George and Vulture," the "Blue Lion"
and the "White Hart" are among the other
inns mentioned in "Pickwick Papers." It
was at the "White Hart" that Mr. Pick
wick niHue n;s greatest discovery?Hamuei
Weller.
The "Blue Dragon" was the inn which
Mark Tapiey of "Martin Chuzzlewit" fame
deserted because it was no credit to be
jolly there, and the "Uotyen Cross," at
Charing Cross, the one at which the unsophisticated
David Coppc-rfleld encountered
the officious waiter and was allotted
inferior accommodations before his frien?'
Stewiforth came to his relief. ,
In Old New York.
The- custom of having pictorial ot carved
oiftiia jjic* ouru iu c* caicul ill UU3
country In the colonial period. Thus from
chronicles of New York city about the
middle of the eighteenth century It is
learned that John Wallace, "at the sign
of the Cross Swords, next door to Mrs.
Byfleld, near the Fly market," made, mended
and ground all sorts of knives, razors,
scissors and penknives; that Anthony
Lamb, mathematical instrument maker, did
business at the sign of "The Quadrant and
Surveying Compass"; that Joseph Seddell,
pewterer, held forth at the sign of the
"Platter," at the lower end of Wall street;
that a grocer had "Three Sugar Loaves and
a Tea Canister" for a sign; another, "Unicorn
and Mortar"; a chairmaker. a "Chair
Wheel"; a vendor of clocks, a "Dial"; a
livery stable keeper, a "Dolphin"; a tailor,
a "Blue Ball," and tfrat a craftsman and
merchant who new-silvered looking-glasses
and sold pictures had "Two Cupids" for
his emblem. Among the New York taverns
of this period were the "King's Anna,"
VE, ABBAS
IS AND MA
V
THE, l^iEj DIVE,
out of Alexandria, on a beautiful bay of
the M -diterran^an pen. The khedive has
built a palace there, or rather two palaces.
He has a little one for himself and a
larger one for his family. In other parts
of the estate he is carrying on all sorts
of breeding experiments. He has chicken
houses and rabbit hutches, as well as a
tower containing thousands of pigeons. He
has dynamos, which furnish his place with
electric lights, and carpenter shops and
, i>.a.i>i>s i.miB, me macmnery ror which the
i same dynamos operate during the day time. |
OF TRADE.
the "Scotch Arms," the "Duke of Cumberland,"
the "Black Horse.'" the "Cart and
Horse" and the "Bunch of Grapes."
The same conditions prevailed at Boston,
and McMaster, In his "History of the
American People," says: "The mean appearance
of the houses in Old Boston was
to some extent relieved by the rich display i
of painted and sculptured 9igns which
..adorned the front of taverns and stores. |
The numbering of houses had not come Into
fashion, and every business street was an
endless succession of golden balls, of blue
gloves, of crowns and scepters, dogs and
rainbows, elephants and horseshoes. They
served sometimes as advertisements of tlw
business, sometimes merely as designations
of the shops, which were indicated popularly
and in the newspapers by their signs.
The custom still lingers among opticians,
glovemakers. bootmakers, furriers and barbers.
But we are now accustomed to regard
the sign as being a direct relation to the
character of business it advertises. We
should never seek for eyeglasses in a shop
over whose entrance hantrs a eilt boot, nor
inquire for gloves In a shop before whose
door stands an Indian in war paint and
feathers. One hundred years ago no such
relation was understood to exist, and It is
not thought remarkable that Philip Freeman
should keep his famous bookstore at
the 'Blue Glove' on I'nlon street."
Old Washington.
Many Baltlir.oreans still living can recall
the time when pictorial inn signs were to
be found in that city at the "Three Tun"
tavern, the "Swan," the "General Wayne"
and nthpra ?>o11
* .... V.O..Crei tuum IIU1 jail lO
find the Fountain Inn because It had a
fountain in its courtyard. Philadelphia had.
among other inns, its "Green Tree"; Richmond
Its "Eagle"' tavern.
Washington, however, was laid out at the
time when this custom was being abandoned
and the word "tavern" supplanted
by the word "hotel." The commissioner
who conducted the tirst federal lottery at
the National capital spoke of the first prize
to be awarded as "a hotel," to be erected
at a cost of $50,000. This substantial prize
became known as '"Blodgett's Hotel." A
I picture or a tavern In Georgetown as It was
in 1791 shows a swinging signboard on
which there was nothing more than the
simple Inscription, "Suter's Tavern." There
was no pictorial device. Thus was foreshadowed
the passing of the heraldry of
trade, though owners of dairy rooms in
some cities have made an attempt to revive
It within recent years by choosing a
design to emblason upon their windows In
harmony with the name adopted.
It li now in order to consider the origin
of thos9 peculiar signs that remain almost
..?ci<aiauK irom me trade or occupation
which they represent, which, though McMaster
overlocJks the fact, had a relation
to the character of business they represented
not only one hundred years before
thd time at whloh he wrote, but long before.
The three glided ball* which hang
in front of a shop where articles are left
, in pledge for the repayment *t loans were
HILMI.
NAGES HIS
& ' II
A wJr
Bk iv
In them all the woodwork required for his
various estates and houses Is turned out.
A Stock Breeder.
The kliedlve is fond of fine stock, and he
Is doing much to Improve that of Egypt.
On his various farms he has high-bred
horses, cattle and sheep. He has a large
number of Arabian thoroughbreds, soma
Jersey. Swiss and other fine breeds of
cows, and his water bufTaioes, known here
as gamoushes, are far better than any
others of the Nile valley. He Is also breeding
cattle for oxen ami mules for draft
animals. His highness believes in scientific
farming. He wants good stock arid xood
seed, and lie works to some extent with
the Agricultural Department here. He has
a school on his estate near Cairo where
'JOO boys are being educated to take places
on his various properties. This school is
run at his own expense, and the boys are
as well as reading:, writing and arithmetic.
The course of study lasts five years -and at
the end theg raduate Is pretty sure of a
good position as steward or overseer on one
of the khedive's farms.
The Khedive's Railroad.
I have already written something about
the khedive's railroad. This begins on his
estate near Alexandria, having connection
with that city by the state railroad system.
and thence runs for sixty miles or
more westward, one Idea being that it may
be extended to Tripoli. Much of the land
along the road lias been redeemed and a
lange part of this belongs to his highness.
He has put up a number of villages
here and there in this region; and
1 am told tnut me roaa is paying so wen
that the track, which was originally a narrow
gauge, has had to be widened. His
highness is much interested in the road,
and it is said that he sometimes mounts the
locomotive and manages the engine as the
train goes over it.
In speaking about tills road he told me
that he was well satisfied with Its present
condition, and that he thought that It
might be extended along the coast of the
Mediterranean as far as Tripoli and be
made to pay.
I I am told that the khedive has made
a great deal of money within the past three
or four years. His farm lands have doubled
In value and the great boom, which Kgypt
is now having, has added greatly to his
...Aniti, ucaM to ho Invpstlne largely
[ in Cairo itself, and among other things is
building some apartment houses which
I have elevators, telephones, electric lights,
bathrooms and all other modern Improvements.
He has a brick factory on one of
borrowed from the armorial bearings of the
Medici, the earliest and most famous of
r That the
me monej-iniuria ?? uu.hu?,.
Lombards were partial to the pawn-broking
business is a fact attested, say the entomologists.
by the derivation of the world
"lumber room." which is a corruption of
the word "Lombard room," meaning a
room in which the Lombards were wont to
store the odds and ends of property they
retained as pledges for loans. But "Why
did the Medici adopt three balls in their armorial
bearings?" is a question which nat'
urally arises here. For it there are divergent
answers. One is that Alverado
de Medici, a commander under Charlemagne,
slew the giant Magello. took his
club, which had three Iron balls upon it.
as a trophy, and afterward incorporated
the three balls in the heraldic device of the
family. The other is that the three balls
represent gilded pills, used in the profession
of medicine, in the practice of which
the family was eminent and from which
they derived their surname. That the family
was versed in the knowledge of drugs
and that some of its members made lmr, ,.
,,ac of I, or., fn.-ta nasfrteil hv manv
historians.
T!i barber's pole was designed at a time
when the barber was also a surgeon. It is
symbolic of blood-letting, once held to be a
sovereign remedy for almost any ailment.
The pole signs represented <he brass basins
in which the blood was caught, the bandage
twisted aroiAid the arm previous to bloodletting
and the bandage us^d for binding
up the arm. It is needless to add that the
sign represents something which iirst-class
barbers avoid in these days. The presence
of the blue stripe on many of the poles
has not been satisfactorily accounted for.
Sir Walter Besant, in writing of I-ondon in
17u0, speaks of red, white and blue poles to
be seen at that time, so American patriotism
has no legitimate connection with
the color scheme that varies from the original
red and white.
How It Began.
As for the druggists' show bottles, it is
Impossible to speak with deflnlteness, because
explanations of their origin vary, and
many authorities are content to call them
ancient emblems without attempting to
trace their history. It is thought, however,
that their adoption was by a process of
evolution, that at first druggists displayed
medicines In their windows, but as these
were affected by exposure to sunshine, colored
fluids were substituted. From this
the evolution went on until ornamental
bottles made especially for show purposes
became popular. During the time that
many varieties of classified trade signs
were In vogue the pharmacist often had
in iruiu 01 ins morn me representation of
a large mortar and pestle. Implements used
In mixing powders.
But even the show bottle Is becoming of
leas general use. As for the cigar-store
Indian, a tobacco dealer In one of the
larger ottlee aaya that while there were
eight hundred of him there thirty years
ago, there are now not over fifty.
lit!
FARMS.
VI
'lis estates near here. and his profits from
is cotton and other crops must be sreat
The Dally Life of the Khedive.
I have made some Inquiries about the
laily life of t>he kliedlve. It is a quiet one.
"nit full of business and hard work from
lajilght to dark. His highness is an early
. iser. He is usually out of bed by rt. and
Is prayers are over shortly afterward.
He eats a light meat upon rising and then
_ ??.- um unTN over ins rarm
.'or an hour or so. After that he soon to
ho palace of Ras el Tin If he Is In Alenmdrla;
or of Abd'n If ho Is at Cairo, and
looks over hla official business, rrwlvlng
such audiences as have bo-n airinn'il for.
This taVes up the rest of t*i? morning
He cats a substantial breakfast at mten.
In all his meals he sits down at the table
and uses a knife, fork an.1 pl.it s Just as
vo do IT* 1 ?- ? '
... 41?<- H" "l? wun mm .\l
other times he dines alone with his wlf?
and family. After breakfast he talks with
his friends or family for an hour or so
and then go's out for another drlv* In his
carriage. At this time Is usually with
a member of hl9 court. He may go again
to his farms In the afternoon or he may
go back to the palace and attend to certain
official business there. Ills dinner Is taken
... . a. l iiin in si-rvca in me r r?ncn
style, and Is usually eaten In company
with guests. By 10 o'clock, or 11 at thrt
latest, his highness Is ready for bed. and is
tired enough to sleep like a baby.
Tho Family of the Khediva.
I have spoken of the khedlve having but
one wife. This Is the IVincess lkbal
Hanem. whom he married when he was
ohni.f 01. - ? -- ?
?fv?. L..vnij. one ia num xo i?e ootn accomplished
and beautiful. l>ut, like all Mohammedan
ladles, she leads to a large extent
a secluded life, and does not appear
at the great functions at the palace. Sha
Is not seen at the khedlve's grand ball,
which Is given to his officials and the foreigners
about once a year, and to which
something like l.SOO guests nra Invited.
She Is present, however, all the same, for
she has a curtained chamber which looks
down upon the ballroom, and the curtains
are arranged In such a way that sha
can see the dancing and flirting while she,
herself. Is unseen. Her majesty has gorgeous
apartments In each of the palacea
and she has a little court of her own of
which the noble ladles of Egypt are a
part.
The khedlve has six children, two boys
and four girls. The eldest is the Princess
Emina Hanem, who Is now twelve. Ths
next Is Princess Atlatou-Uah Hanem. Juat
I nhrvnt nno ? J ' *
v?- vU. iniu wie uuru is
Princess Fathieli Hanem, who was born ten
years ago. The fourth chllrl is the hetr apparent.
He is Prince Mohammed Abdul
Moneim. and he was born February 30,
18!W. The next was a girl, brought in bjr
the stork on the following September, and
two years later came the last baby, a boy.
Prince Abdul Keder. born In t'.X)2. The
khedive's children are all of light complexions
and they look ar.d dress like
Europeans. The khedlve has one brother
and two sisters, all t>f whom live in Cairo.
A Well-Educated Man.
The khedive is well educated. .18 waa
his father before him. Tewflk Pasha spoke
as good English as I do and the conversation
of our audience of today was carried
on In English.
Abbas Hilml speaks French, German and
English, as well as Turkish and Arabic. He
went to school In Vienna at the Theresianum,
a college celebrated for the educa
...... ... ijnuvra. xi i-uiuains. an told, about
;?*> students, and It has barons by ths
dozens and counts by the score. The students
all live together on terms of equality
and they are under rigid discipline. Ths
tutors watch them day and night, and ther*
Is not an hour of their school life when thejr
are free from restraint. They are taught
to box and fence aa well as the ordinary
studies. The young khedlve learned his
German, French and English there, and he
also stuflled geography, history, mathematics
and the natural sciences.
Later on he was Instructed In politics and
law and at the same time In military taotlcs.
He attended lectures on army organization.
military geography, fortification
building and the art of war, and on
the whole he has received what would bs
iu.ibiucicu a. giiou aii-rouiid training for
any monarch. The result la that In such
matters he Is far In advance of most of the
.officials of this country, and Is well fltted
to represent the Egyptians in the dual government
of Great Britain and Egypt by
which they are ruled.
FRANK Q. CARPENTER.
SPfUOUSE7 m
Hold.
yCTIHIH'P 1
It Is a perfectly amazing thing In the summer
how much clabbered milk Is thrown
away by careless housewives and wasteful.
Ignorant serving maids, who fail to discover
in it the foundation for Innumerable tasty
dishes. Pancakes, biscuits, gems, gingerbreads,
etc., made with souf milk are much
more tender and delicate than those compounded
with sweet milk, so that economy
! In this particular Instance Is not only a
I savins of money, but "elegant"?to quota
| the dear ladies of f'ranford?In Its results.
; lf"re are some of tdie ways In which sour
! milk may he used with particularly gratl
Lying results:
Cottage Cheese.
Put thick sour milk in a pan and cover
with boiling water from the teakettle. T,et
stand on the back of the stove a few moments
until the curd separates from the
whey, then pour into a bag and let It drip
I until dry. Salt well, sprinkle with nanrtka
or add a tableipoonful pepper grass rut fine.
Add a little cream and melted t?utt'-r to
moisten, and make into pats or pile lightly
on a pretty dish. Mined olives or ground
nuts are also nice mixed wiUh the cream
cheese.
Cabbage Salad.
Chop or shave fine half a medium sized
head of cabbage that has been left In cold
water until crisp, then drain. Season with
salt and pepper, then pour over it a dressing
made In this way: Beat the yolks of two
eggs, add two tahlesnoonfuls m?lto.t
and beat again. Add two tablespoonfuls
thick sour cream, two tablesponnfuls sugar,
a sprinkle of mustard and half a cupful of
vinegar. Beat until thoroughly Incorporated.
pour over the cahbag > and toss lightly
until uniformly seasoned.
Molasses Cookies.
Put into a bowl one and one-third cups
molasses, one cup brown sugar, one cup
sour milk, in which a heaping teaspoonful
soda kas been dissolved. Ada one teaspoonful
vinegar and stir until the soda has
stopped "purring." Now add one < up melted
shortening, one beaten egg. one tablespoonful
eaeh cinnamon ard ginger and a
sauspoonrui gait. mix. add flour enougn to
make as soft dough as can he rolled out,
cut In thick cookies and bake in a quick
oven.
FASHION IN HAIR
^ Glreawoinau a beautiful head of
jnai hair and half the battto of beautf't
KjCMJkM won. Never before :n t e tuftoi y of
the world Ua* woman gloried in rich
beautiful hair a? to day. 1 he
MMapapT'i Imperial Hair
Regenerator
EraSer/ftwhich fa an absolutely bannBWgV/mmleas
preparation. will restore
Hjf^ XjfijhaJr t hat has hei'ome 8? rr*aked.
Pr Fade. 1 or (iray. or mined by
K'rt X#?ISw [Obnoxious llyea to the actual
r^y^ift?rSlcolor of youth. In application
VVMB6??foannot b-s detected. Sample of
>?4Sj3gP+ your halrcolorel free. Privacy
\yr ^^ assured correspondence.
Sill* manufaciiirers aud patentee
UVBKIAL CBEJHICAL MfQ. CO,,lit w. ZU St..New Varfc
Bold and applied by '
WL 0. Whelan, 1108 T St. S.W.

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