Newspaper Page Text
THE EVEN'NS JT'AR
WTTB S'JNEAi MORNING EDITION Po?in?-?Offlc?. Ilth Street aao F(m;traili Arerut. Tje Evening Stat Newspaper Compact ?JHSODORE *. NOTES Precidenl. New York Office: Tribune Building. Chicafo Office: first National Bark Building:. Th^ Evenfnsr Star, with the Sunday morninsr t1?>n Is ?!?'It\ered I t carriers, on their own account, within the Ity at .V> centr per month: ulthon* lbs Sunday morning edition at 44 cents per month Py mall, noatace prepaid: r'r:*!v. Sunday Included, one month. HO crntft, l' i ? > \ > , one month, 50 ccnta. Pntnriljiv Star, one v ?h ? 11 <M1. Weather. Showers late tonight ami to* morrow. No. 17,145). WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1907?TWENTY - FOUR PAGES. TWO CENTS. HAGUE ON HOSTILITIES Nations. Like Individuals, Must Hail Before Shooting. RULES OF THE WIRELESS i Focdstuffs Are Declared Contraband of War. EIGHTS OF REFUGEES SETTLED Germany Objects to the Employment of Neutrals in War?Private Lines of Communication. Til K UAlil'K, September ".-The fifth plenary -Siting "f the p ace conference, M Neliiloff presiding. met this morning in the knight-! Hall. The delegates were not so numerous as on the occasion of former sittings, several of them having temporari- ! Ij left The Hague while awaiting a de hate on more important questions. The wh ile American delegation was present. Th?- following rules regarding the opening ? f hostilities were adopted, a few countries making reservations: The contracting powers agree that hos t "ies must not begin without previous >. ? <i11;vocal notice having been given, either in the form of a declaration of war, setting futh its motives, or in the form of an Ultimatum with a conditional declaration of war. A state of war must be notified without delay to the neutral powers, the effect for tlie latter beginning after they receive no tice which can be given even by wire. In any case the neutral powers cannot pro test against the lack of this notice if it is established that they undoubtedly knew that a state of war existed." The sitting also approved, with some re serves, the agreements concerning the rights anj duties of neutral states in time O! war. The land rules include the fol lowing: Some Rules Approved. The territory of neutral states is in violable. Belligerents cann-t establish wireless telegraph stations in neutral territory, or any other means of communication with belligerent forces on luiul. or sea. Volunteers cannot be enlisted or * body of combatants formed in neut.al terri tory. The exportation of provisions from neu tral states and the?trsinsi>ort of provisions for belligerents are forbidden. Belligerents are allowed to use means of communication belonging to neutrals or private companies. "Prisoners who escape to neutral terri tory if recaptured by troops must, after having asked for refuge in a neutral state, l>e set froe. A neutral state can defend its neu trality by force without this constituting an act of hostility." When the project regarding the treatment of neutrals on belligerent territory was brought up for discussion Baron Marschall von Blebersteiu (Germany) objected, say ing that Germany could not admit the principles supported by Great Britain, to employ neutrals in warfare when the laws ?'f a belligerent state permitted it. Ger many. on -the contrary, maintained that eutrals must take no part in a war. For the Permanent Court. On the motion of Count Tornielli (Italy) :he proposition on this subject was returned :o the committee for further study, in the hope of reaching an understanding accept able to all. The Bulgarian delegation submitted the following proposition, as an amendment to the American proposal for the establish ment of Wpermanent court of arbitration: ' The permanent court of arbitration to sit at The Hague shall be composed of fifteen judges, a third of whom shall be renewed every three years, beginning from the day ?>f the organization of the court. "The first and second renewal of the judges shall occur by drawing a third of the number by lot, while the successive re nt wals sha'l occur after the expiration of rune years from the day of the electon or re-election of Judges, as the latter can al ways be re-elected." PARDONED AFTER 16 YEARS. Remarkable Story of Woman Who Suffered for Another's Crime. *ie. til I>iK|>ntcli to The Star. MII.WAIKEK, Wis., September 7.? After serving sixteen years in the state prison for a crime which it Is now be lieved she never committed Mrs. Wllhel iii.na Baehr was today released through a I anion granted by Gov. Davidson when the facts in the case were presented to him. Mrs Baehr came to this country an Immigrant girl about twenty' years ago. Fhe came to Shawano county, and there met a family bj- the name of Baehr, con sisting of the father and several grown" daughters The latter persuaded the lit tle immigrant to marry their father. She consented and found herself the slave of Die entire family. It was shown that soon after a man named Seil came to the Baehr home. Sell bail considerable money. While there he was murdered Suspicion rested on Baehr It is claimed that he induced his wife to make a confession saying she had killed the man, making her believe that she would escape with a light sentence. In rtead, she was sentenced to Waupun for life Baehr later committed suicide. It is claimed by neighbors that he took his Ule because he was afraid that the true story of the crime would come out. XV. C. Zachow. a wealthy resident of the county, hearing the story anil becoming con vinced of Its truth, started a petition for the pardon of the woman. Burton Is Nominated. i'I.KVKI.ANP Ohio. September 7.?Rrp ri si trtatlvc Theodore E. Burton, chairman ?if the House committee on rivers and har bors, was todav nominated by acclama tion for mayor of Cleveland at the re publican city convention. Francis \V. Treadwav was nominated for vice mayor. Roosevelt Likes Bloomers. OYSTKR BAY. N. Y. September 7 Pres idium and Mrv Roosevelt visited the riding ?l< ademy hi re yesterday, where the Presi ib nt reviewed the work of the class. Archie and (juintin Roosevelt took part in the re view The girls in tlie class ride astride, and the President in the course of the re "? view expressed himslf as in favor of that siethod of riding for ui^men. Ultimatum From Drude to the Moors. ENEMY PLAYING FOR TIME Germany May Give France Temporary Police Power. CAID MacLEAN AFRAID TO EAT Lives on Milk and Haa to Go Without a Bath?Has Chills From Sleeping on Floor. Special Cablegram to The Star. CAS A BLANCA, September 7.?Gen. Drude, acceding to the enemy's request, re ceived a Moorish delegation yesterday, with the object of arranging- peace. The deputation represented certain of the tribes and asked a suspension of hostilities pending the conclusion of a peace. Gail. Drude gave the tribes till tomorrow to surrender. It is believed that the sole object of tlu enemy in sending the deputation was to gain time. Germany May Yield Point. BERLIN September 7.?Germany's reply to France's circular note to the signatories of the Algeciras convention will not be drawn up before Monday next. It Is un derstood In the most influential quarters that Germany will not give a negative reply to the suggestion that the interna tional Moroccan police be temporarily con stituted from purely French and Spanish elements. Some reserves, however, will certainly be made on the subject. It is fully understood here that the pres ent situation at Casa Blanca and Mazagan was not foreseen at the t'.me the Algeciras convention was drawn up and requires to be specially dealt with, but Germany will const nt for the moment to rely on French loyalty to the engagements entered Into. No limitation, therefore, is likely to be placed on the French military movements so long as they are considered to be neces sary for the security of Europeans and the Moroccan ports. Caid MacLean Goes Bathless. TANGIER, September 7.?Some of the de tails contained In the recent letters received i here froun Caid Sir Harry MacLean, who was captured early in July by the bandit Raisuli and lias since been held a prisoner, have been divulged and it is seen that Rai suli has not been treating his captive well. The caid complains that he is suffering from chills as a result of sleeping on the floor with only a carpet for a covering. KaiBUli Mfused to supply him with a. mat tress. but the caid adds pathetically: "The chief IS very kind in sending me mflk, as I am afraid to eat anything." Sir Harry says he is in a tumbledown room, the toot of which on one side Is com pletely lacking. He is guarded by four of Raisuli's men. and the five have only one small kettle for water. It Is consequently impo^ible for the Englishman to wash. Events Move Rapidly. TANGIER, September 7.?Events in Mo rocco are marching on with great rapidity. Yesterday both the sultans, Abd-el-Aziz and Mulai Hafig, were reported to be leav ing the rival capitals, Fez and Morocco City, at the head of armies which had been levied in hot haste, and which may de cide within a fortnight the destiny of Mo rocco's monarchy. The immediate objective ot these forces is the ancient city of Rabat,1 on the Atlantic seaboard, the prior posses sion of which great center of western Is lams national life probably would have an important If not a decisive bearing upon the struggle for supremacy. Half way between Fez and Morocco City, Rabat is the natural frontier port, dividing northern and southern Morocco, and there the dra matic interest of the situation for the mo ment culminates. Both sultans are sons of the same father, and they are dally issuing passionate ap peals to the patriotism and religious en thusiasm of the nation?each denouncing rival as worse than an infidel, a traitor to Islam. Appeals to Patriotism. In the meantime the powers have not yet decided whether to recognize Mulai El Hatigl his correct name, as sultan of the south, seemingly awaiting the result of the. appeal to the arbitrament of civil war. The general impression here, based upon telegrams from London and Paris, is that France and Spain have resolved upon the immediate occupation of all the Moroccan seaports, which has caused universal con sternation. for It is feared by those who best know the character of the Moors that any extension of the Intervention of France and Svain will infallibly provoke further massacres of Christians and Jews in the various towns on the coast. In other words, a situation has developed which never was contemplated at the time of the Algeciras conference, and it appears that serious events wlli follow. Situation More Serious. PARIS. September 7.?The French nation hits suddenly come to the reallzat on that the Moroccan question looms up bigger every dav. In Paris the situation is now the main subject of discussion by the peo ple who feel that momentous events In which France is bound to play a leading role are inevitable. The real question is asked. Will France be compelled in order to crush the hostile Moorish tribes and insure the safety of Cassa Blanca to dis patch an imposing expeditionary army Into the interior? for it is generally accepted tliat Gen, Drude. with his force of 7,000 men. is powerless to make a punitive march into an unknown country and amidst an enemy which numbers 20,000 men whose forces are reported to be constantly grow ing. Moreover, even if the French moved against the Moors Casa Blanca could not be left without a strong garrison, as other wise it would be seized by the Moors. Another serious feature of the situation to tliat the time Is approaching when the warships will be unable to safely land troops on the Moroccan coast, owing to the severe gales and heavy seas which prevail In the autumn, which will also render diffi cult the movements of the warships up and down the coast in supwtrt of the troops. The French government has not changed its attitude on the question of sending a military expedition into the interior of Morocco. The last announcement on the subject was that France intended to abide by the terms of the Algeciras convention, but the planned occupation of the principal Moroccan ports by the troops of France and Spain preparatory tQ the establish ment of the international police may neces sitate sending heavy reinforcements to Mo rocco, not for the purpose of conquest, but in order to fulfill the duty of France to the powers and restore order in that country. Hampered by Algeciras. The reports from Berlin to the effect that Germany does not understand the pol icy which France is following in Morocco shows that Wauce, fettered by the restric tions of the Algeciras convention, cannot make any movement without Its being liable to arouse distrust on the part of Germany and other signatories of the convention, and at the same time place France in a most delicate position in trying to remove the suspicions of the powers and at the same time pacify the Moors. WIRE STRIKE ? RUMORS SAID A SETTLEMENT IS NEAR AT HAND. Special Dispatch to The Star. CHICAGO, September 7.?Rumors that a settlement of the telegraphers' strike Is new *t hand w?re persistent among the striking operators today. Word was re ceived in Chicago from W. W. Beattie, in ternational vice president of the Commer cial Telegraphers' Union in New York, that there is "every reason to hope" for an early ending of the struggle. The rumors of an early settlement also were based on the fact that Labor Commissioner Neill was In New York In conference with Presi dent Small of the commercial telegraphers and President H. B. Perham of the Order of Railroad Telegraphers with a view to bringing about a settlement of the troubles between the companies and the key men. During the conference Commissioner Neill and President Small had communica tion over the long distance telephone with President Samuel Gompers of the American federation of Labor at Washington. The strikers declared that if peace comes It will be on terms honorable to the key men. Important developments in the strike the operators say, may be expected to result next luesday, when the board of directors of the Western Union Telegraph Company meets to hold its regular quarterly meeting ill New York. Many of the strikers pro fess to believe that a complete termination of the strike may follow action taken at that meeting. Officials qj both telegraph companies, however, say they are paying no further attention to the strike. They say the strike is over so far as the com panies are concerned. NEW YORK CITY BONDS. Over 100 Proposals Received for Is sue to Be Sold Tuesday. NEW YORK, September 7.?More than 100 sealed proposals for the $40,000,<KXJ worth of city bonds to be sold on Tuesday have thus far been received at the con troller's office. The indications, the city officials said, were that the sale of the 4>A per cent bonds would be a success. Recently the city tried to dispose of bonds bearing 4 per cent interest, but failed be cause of the money stringency and the higher interest rates held out elsewhere for capital. WALL STREET:BANKERS'HAPPY. Cortelyou to Place With Them Sub stantial Wads of Money. NEW YORK, September 7.?Banks in the Wall street district were much relieved yesterday when they received word from Washington that the government was pre pared to place with them substantial de posits of treasury money. For some time, following Secretary Cortelyou's announce ment of his program for making weekly deposits commercial banks In the uptown district have been receiving government deposits, but the so-called Wall street banks had heard no word from Washington re garding their fate. When word came that the department was ready to make deposits upon the pres entation of acceptable collateral, the banks in the financial district at once took steps to get the monev. The? are a number of big banks In the financial district having from 300 to 900 correspondents throughout the United States and they were beginning to feel the effect of the requests for money from points riot covered by the treasury de posits. There was" some anxiety lest this situation was not exactly understood by the Treasury Department. Townsend Against J3urrows. Special Dispatch to The Star. SAGINAW, Mich., September 7.?Repre sentative Charles E. Townsend of Jackson lias announced himself aB a candidate for United States senator, and it was intimated I that he will oppose Senator Julius C. Bur ? rows for the toga if Mr. Burrows becomes a candidate to succeed himself. "I have no hesitation in saying that I should like to be United States senator," said Townsend. in an interview. "It would, however, only be by consent of the peope 1 expect to become a candidate and at the earliest opportunity." NOTICE. The price of this paper at NEWSSTANDS and from NEWSBOYS is TWO CENTS. There has been no change of any kind in the price of the paper to newsboys, and readers should pay no more than the printed price. TO REVISE THE TARIFF NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MANUFACTURERS' ACTIVITY. f To Take Matter Out of Politics and Put It in Hands of a Semi Judicial Commission. A new and aggressive Influence in both legislative and administrative affairs Is ex pected to make Itself manifest at the Na tional capital during the next session of Congress and probably for a long time afterward. This new force is embodied in the organization known as the National As sociation of Manufacturers, which held its convention In Washington last spring, when it was addressed by Secretary Root and several members of Congress upon the Importance of enlarging our export trade. Heretofore this important organization has conducted Its affairs In Washington without publicity. But now it seeks publicity and the widest advocacy of its views principally as to two subjects?the revision of the tariff and the relations between capital and labor. The National Association of Manufac turers is said to be composed of about .'1,000 manufacturers, representing somewhat more than that number of Industries. This mem bership is claimed to represent a capitaliza tion of about $15,000,01K>;000,x and at least 75 per cent of the manufacturing industries of the country. The membership is dis tributed throughout the United States, but is especially strong In the central west, and It Is said that the attitude of this or ganization will be of especial Interest to Speaker Cannon and the other "stand patters," who have opposed the plan of revision of the tariff which is advocated >by the association. Take It Out of Politics. This association declared last spring, with practical unanimity, that the present tariff ought to be revised, and that process of revision should be taken out of politics. It had been believed by many that it was the manufacturers of the country them selves who wished to retain the existing customs schedule intact. It was a sensa tion that stirred up the high protective organs of the republican party throughout the United States when an organization of manufacturers asked for Immediate revision of the tariff. The resolutions adopted did not ask for revision at some Indefinite time In the future, as suggested by Secretary Taft, but asked for It now? that Is to say, at the opening of the next Congress. Those resolutions also declared In favor of the creation of a national tariff commission, of a seml-judlcial na ture, somewhat like the interstate com merce commission, whose function it would be to give continual hearings upon the customs duties and to report periodically both, to Congress and the executive. It was also proposed that there Should be granted In the next revenue act by Con gress a limited discretion to the executive in the way of proclaiming through treaties reductions or increases of duties upon im ports, so as to facilitate reciprocity ar rangements. To Be Carried on Actively. The propaganda for revision and for a tariff commission is to be carried on ac tively through the press and other recog nized methods of publicity during the com ing session of Congress and thereafter. This association's efforts will be In oppo sition to the campaign of the American Protective Tariff league, which is also composed of manufacturers, but which represents the extreme high protective tariff idea. WILL WELLMAN STAKT DECISION A MATTER OF A PEW HOURS NOW. NEW YORK, September 7.?A special to the New York Herald from Paris ?ays: In the Echo de Paris ??this morning IT.' Robert Chauvelot reports his last Inter view with Mr. Walter Wellman. ife says the question whether or not the aeronaut will start for the pole Will soon be an swered. When he left ^r. Wellman the wind waR blowing strong from the north. The American explorer stated that unless there was a south wind by September 10 his attempt would be abandoned for this year, for then the polar night commences. "We cannot leave," added Mr. Wellman, "for a north wind would drive us south of the archipelago and an east wind up to Greenland. I want to reach the pole and not commit suicide." If, therefore, Mr. Wellman does not find a wind favorable before September 10, he will deflate his balloon and bring it to Par s to wait until August of next year to make his start. QUICK FIRES FOR FISHERMEN. Canadian Lajte Patrol Ready to Shoot Americans. Special Dispatch to Tbe Star. DETROIT, Mich., September 7.?The cruiser Vigilant Is now in the vicinity of Port Stanley, fully equipped with a set of ft'ie new guns, which were set at Port Fol fcrne. The old smooth bore flve-povnd muzzle-loader has been discarded and the . boat Is now equipped with four modern quick-firing guns, two In the bow and two In the stern. The new guns are rilled Maxim automatic quick-firing and measure 8 feet IHi Inches over all, and weigti. Including mounting, 1,200 pounds; throw 300 shots explosive shells, weighing 1% pounds, per minute, with an effective range of tf.oOO yards, a muzzle velocity of 2,350 feat per second and a penetrating power capable of piercing 3 inch Iron plate at the muzzle. It Is understood that the new armament is Installed for the purpose of an aggressive campaign against American lake fish poachers. HORSE CAR LINES IN GOTHAM. Forty Miles of Trackage and 2,100 Horses Used in Service. NEW YORK; September 7.?Why Greater New York has forty miles of horse car lines in operation in this modern day is a ques tion which the public service commission is trying to have answered. W. M. Ivins, special counsel of the commission ? In its investigation of the Interborough-Metropoli tan system, had Oren Root, general mana ger of the New York City Railway Com pany, a component part of the system, go over on paper all of the lines and explain why 2,100 horses are yet in use to draw cars. Mr. Root declared that in some Instances the traffic would not warrant the cost of electrifying the lines; that In other in stances plans had been made to do away with the horse car lines' and to replace them with trolley lines, and that In the rest of the cases electric traction was imprac ticable. But when Mr. Ivlns suggested that a change of route would enable the company to convert some horse car lines now exist ing because of the physical limitations of the streets into electric lines, Mr. Root admitted that that was true. SPANISH YACHT WON KING'S CUP American Vessels Off for the San Se bastian Regatta. BILBAO, Spain, September 7.?The Span ish sonderklasse yacht Princess de las Asturias has come In a winner in both the international races and has therefore been awarded the king's cup. The second prize, a cup given by Queen Victoria, went to the Spokane I, one of the American com petitors. The American yachts left here for San Sebastian today to take part in the re gatta Lo be held there. EPOCH-MAKING EVENT Great Ocean Steamships Start RaCe Today. ACROSS THE BLUE ATLANTIC Turbine Steamer Pitted Against Re ciprocal Engines. GREAT INTEREST IN SHIPPING Lusitania on Her Maiden Voyage. All Accommodations on Both Ves sels Taken?Notables Aboard. LIVERPOOL, September 7.?The people of this city and its vicinity today concen trated tjieir attention on what was con sidered to be an epoch-making event?the departure of the giant Cunard Line steamer Lusitania. the latest of the Atlantic liners, on her maiden voyage to New York. Additional interest was given to the event in that the Lucania leaves port at 4:30 o'clock this afternoon, about two and a half hours earlier than the Lusitania, making possible a trial of speed across the Atlan tic between the swifest ocean steamer with reciprocating engines flying the Brit ish flag, and the largest turbine steamer. Both vessels ? will call at Queenstown to morrow mornlnf, but the Lusitania will not enter until the Lucania has cleared, so the older vessel will have a start of at least three hours over the boat which the Cunard company built with the view not only of beating the fastest time of its own ocean greyhounds, but of regaining for Great Britain the blue ribbon of the At lantic, which was lost to Germany a de cade ago. Of course, the officials of the Cunard Line say that no race is contem plated, but the engine ifira crews of the two vessels have been busy for a week past getting everything in readiness with the expectation that the engines will be Tailed upon to do their best on this occa sion. Notables on Board. All the accommodation on both vessels has been taken. For the Lucania 370 first class and 360 second-class passengers have been booked, and for the Lusitania 480 first-class and 495 second-class. The lists include many notable people. Among the passengers on the Lusitania will be Robert Balfour, M. P.; E. C. Barber, H. G. Dolan, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Hay, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Goelet, Countess Dunmore, Mr. an<^ UrK Cyrus H. McCormick, Lady Vjclori^ Murray and S. C. Perkins. The Lucania fakes the team of the Marylebatifc Cricket Club, which will play a series of gnme* la America, and Bishop P. J. O'Reilly. ATLANTIC BLUE BIBBON. Lucanifa and Lusitania Will Have a Struggle for It NEW YORK, September 7.?The advent of no ship was ever watched with keener Interest than that displayed in the maiden voyage of the huge Cunard steamer Lusitania. which will sail from Liverpool for New York this evening. The Lusitania, which is expected to travel at a sustained speed of twenty-live knots an hour, repre sents a new departure In marine archi tecture, so far as her engines are concerned, and shipping men are deeply interested to see just how they will act. The engines are of the turbine type, heretofore con sidered too costly to run for commercial use. Added interest is given to the trip of the Lusitania by the fact that the managers of the Cunard line will start for New York the Lucania, hitherto their fastest ship and the record holder for the trip from Queens town to New York, a few hours before the departure of the new steamer. It will act ually be a race and will thoroughly test the capabilities of the two types of steamers. The two great ships are commanded by two of the finest captains In the service, Capt. Watt of the Lusitania and Capt. Barr of the Lucania. Each will know haw to get every omnre out of his vessel. They are quiet-mannered, reticent men, with closed Hps and steady eyes?men who will make the great race notable. Shipping men expect that the Lusitania will not only win, but that she will break the transatlantic record now held by the Germans. SEABOARD AIRLINE WRECK. Five Badly Hurt in Accident Near Helena, Oa. HELENA. Ga., September 7 ?By the < e rallment of an eastbound Seaboard Air Line passenger train at Wilcox creek, one mile from here, last night, five persons were seriously injured and many others slightly cut and bruised. The seriously In jured are: Baggagemaster Sliger. Two colored mall clerks. Colored passenger, name unknown. The entire train, with the exception of the engine and rear coach, left the track and went into the creek. All the cars except the first-class coach, which was left stand ing on the brink of the trestle, were de molished. The cause of the accident has not yet been ascertained. POST-GRADUATE CROOKS. Technical Course on Bank Swindling in Auburn Penitentiary. ROCHESTER, N. Y., September 7.?Alon zo J. Whlteman, ex-mayor of Duluth, Minn., has been removed to Dannemora prison from the state prison at Auburn. The cli mate did not agree with him at Auburn, and either on account of that or the prison fare his stomach became affected, causing much sickness and discomfort. Wlilteman was sent to Jail two years ago for stealing $750 from a trust company of Buffalo. He is a native of Dansvllle, N. Y., and was a graduate of Hamilton College. After graduating he went to Duluth. where he became state senator and mayor. He amassed a fortune of nearly a million dol lars, but lost it in speculation and then be came one of the country's most notorious criminals. The superintendent of the Auburn prison says Whiteman is one of the most Intellect ual men he ever met. When first taken ta the prison he was put to teaching In the prison school. It was ascertained soon. It is stated, that he was teachfng some of the students on the sly to work the banks for an easy living when they were once liberat ed, so Whiteman's career as a teachercame to a sudden close Then he took up the study of stenography in the superintendent's of fice, and now can follow a speaker at 100 words a minute. OOWU ON STILUS Organized Labor Demands His Removal From Office. VIEWS OF OFFICIAL ORGAN Retention of Public Printer Regarded as Insult. SUNDRY ACCUSATIONS MADE Alleged Violation of the Eight-Hou* Law?Unwarranted Reduc tion of Wages. < i ganlzed labor has started a movement against Public Printer Charles A. Stillings an.d his methods of conducting tin- govern ment printing office. In advance of official action by certain labor bodies, the Trades mtonist, the official organ of the Central I.almr Union and tlia trades Council of Alexandria, Va., in to day's issue demands the elimination of Mr. Stllllngs from the public service, and gives its reasons for the demand, besides making strong editorial comments. The article in the Trades Unionist fol lows: Mr. Charles A. Stilling?, stand up! The writer wants to say something to you I When you took charge of the government printing office?not "works'' you succeeded to an office which had >been held by men of high standing in the affairs of this coun try; men who held the esteem and confi dence of those who made pages of glorious history; men who made dignified the high office of public printer to the greatest gov ernment on < arth.* You, Mr. Stilling.*, have destroyed all the glorious history of that institution, which has given to the country some of its great men?writers, politicians, members of Congress, cabinet officials, etc. How? By your silly administration of the office, by your petty aud your ridiculous orders* ani clownish assumption of dignity, you have brought down upon the Institution you think you represent the ridicule of tha entire nation. Alleged Orand Stand Play. ? You and your attempt at the grand stand has been pitiable to all but yourself, and your vanity has prevented you from see ing it.* You are a public official, Mr. Stillings. and as such, we are addressing you. We don't care a rap about your private affairs?they are yours, and no one else's. But ?s an of ficial who deliberately violates the law of the land, ^s you have done, we propose to hav*something to say. You have been the cause of more strife, turmoil, and heart-burnings in the brief time you have been bungUng tiie office of public printer than all p? your predecessors, Cen In the days when to the "victor Mb oged the spoils." Why? Because of your efcatted Mm of your own importance, you have destroyed the working efficiency of a body of men, some of whom, when dark clouds hung over this republic like a pall, shouldered a musket and went to the front, and amid shot and shell faced a thousand deaths that the republic might be preserved, and who, for that very reason, earned the right to feel that they had more than a "hired hand's" Interest in the big printing office you preside over so miser ably. By your nagging and everlasting issu ing of brders and creating an air of un certainty many of these veterans are afral>l to buy a home or assume any monetary ob ligations, because they don't know when you will erupt next and put them out upon the streets?deny them the right to tha privilege they have earned to make a living by reason of an honorable and heroic serv ice to their country. Injustice to Employes. Arid if you could hear the comments made upon some of your latest doings, that by forcing old women, some of them widows of veterans, to go through a tiresome, dis tasteful examination for physical fitness, to see If they_ are capable (?) of earning the measly stipend, tlie ridiculously low wages you have brought about In the office, your ears would tingle, yea, more than tingle, they would burn with shame. You have reduced wages of those who could least afford It. You have violated the eight-hour law. You or your subordinates have discharged faithful employes# of years' standing, alleg ing Incompetency, when such was not tha case. It Is aUegcd you have violated the civil service law. We believe It. You have humiliated old women ? tlia widows and rvlstives of Union soldiers. You have made rules that no sweat-shuf) would stand for. Some of your trusted employes say you have made conditions Intolerable. You have, by your conduct of the office, unsettled business in this community Busi ness men say so. They feel It In trade, be cause your employes are afraid to make a move; they don't know when a fool order Is coming out to discharge them. They can make no arrangements for the future, because of the uncertainty you have created. Mr. Stillihgs, you are a failure as an ad ministrative Official. You have been placed In the balance, weighed, and found want ing. You have failed as lamentably to make a competent public printer as would a seamstress trying to make a silk purse out of a sow's ear. Discredits Workers. More than, all, you have, through Mr. Ixjeb, thrown discredit upon the very force of workers you now have, by stating that the office was in a chaotic condition when you took charge. You thus charged them with unfaithfulness, when every member of Congress and even the President knows they are a competent, painstaking, hard working force of men and women who have been commend-'d by Congress for their ef forts to maintain the efficiency of the pub lic service, and whose pride In life Is to be thought well of by those whom they serve. Mr. Stllllngs, yoij are a demoralizer, not a constructor. Take our advice?Resign! Tell President Roosevelt frankly that; the Job Is too big for you, and get out. You will rise in the estimation of many If y?u do. Get out, before you are thrown out, for relatives of those old ladles, God bless them, whom you have imposed upon will take up the cudgel, the public will take up the cudgel and you will make a sorry figure endeavoring to explain your posi tion. Think of rwrecs. Clapp, Benedict, Rounds, Palmer and Ricketts. compare their highness and your littleness and?Resign! The foregoing news article appears und? r the following double-column display head ing: " 'Mr.' Chas. A. Stillings, violator of eight-hour law and humillator of faithful I servants. A demoralizing and bungling in competent. His administration of Uncle Sam's big print shop notable only for Its fads. Vanity reigns In the front office and chaos and uncertainty In the work rooms. 'The works' a laugh and a byword. Should resign position." The Editor's Views. I In a leading editorial, under the caption | "His Retention an Insult," Kditor Sam D?