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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 23, 1907, Image 25

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A TRIP THROUGH KHARTUM, THE NEW CAPITAL OF THE SUDAN. ~
REMARKABLE GROWTH OF THIS "CHICAGO" OF CENTRAL AFRICA.
(Copyright, 1007. I>y Frank O. Carpenter.)
Spceial Correspondence of Tie Star.
KHARTUM.
AREAI. estate boom in the heart
of Africa!
Farm lands rising sky high!
Town lots selling at fabulous
prices.
N'"?' streets reaching out into the des
t rt!
Residences and business blocks going
iip. and tlie people crazy at the Increase
In values!
Thar is what we have here at Khartum.
1 have already to'd you of the prosperity
of the Nile valley, of tha mushroom
growth of Alexandria and Cairo and how
farm land? In the delta are selling frcm
?300 to SJ.? w?> per acre. Similar boc.m
conditions prevail in upper Egypt and
farm lands are rising all along the great
river As?!out, Luxor. Assouan and the
trt^ns and villages of lower Nubia are
thriving, and away up here, as far from
the n-.outh of the Nile by its windings as
the Hocky mountains ar.) distant from the
mouth of the Hudson. I And the same
t'linc; going on. T.ands on the Island of
Tu!i In the Blue Nile opposite Khartum
ar? pric:d out of sight, and real estate
speculators nr.; trying to buy all they can
In the Gezireh. that rich territory between
the Blue and til? White Niles which here
c.inn ? tog ther. In Khartum itself build
ing lots are selling at the government
auctions for two hundred times what
t'.eir owners asked for them seven yars
;igo: and In Halfava. the suburb which
lies at the end of the railroad on the op
posite side of the river, the farms have
been divided into lots and are being sold
for manufacturing purposes. Farm lands
n-ar the river which not long ago were
to be had for $-Kl an acre are now worth
from $la() to $.'!00 per acre, and some
even more.
Chicago of the Sudan.
Khartum is bound to be the Chicago
of the Sudan. It lies here at the junction
of two of the greatest rivers of north Af
rica. giving It navigable highways to
Abvsslnia and to the rich lands along tha
watershed of the Kongo. It has railroads
connecting it with the Mediterranean, and
wit.-, the exception of one stretch of less
.n ?>?> miles, where the cataracts lie,
i' !.ns the main stream of the Nile to
iv" It cheap freight rates to Europe.
V. ;hln the past year or so it has opened
i railroad to Suakim. on the Red sea, and
in tim-* it will be one of the great sta
tins on the main route by steamer and
nil from Cairo to the cape.
Khartum is the capital of the Anglo
Ugyptian Sudan. I wonder if you know
v at that moans. If you do you are
wiser than most men. not on the ground.
Tl.is country is a world In Itself and it is.
to a large extent, unexplored. It is of
vast size It begins at the upper end of
Kirvft and reaches to Uganda and the
I - le:an Konero. or farther than from N-^w
York to the Mississippi. It Is more than
I <>;o mil s wide-; and it covers altogether j
twice as much territory as France and
3ermany combined. It is more than one
fourth as large as the United States with
Alaska and the Philippines added there
to: and it has some lands which are
richer than almost any part of our coun
try. The province of the Gezireh. to
a-.'iich I have referred, could be irrigated
?nd form a country more fertile and
jigger than Egypt, and there are regions
)? good rainfall in the south which are
tusceptible of cultivation. The Sudan has
rast forests and rich deposits of iron and
>'her minerals. It has extensive grazing
snds and at the time when thp mahdi
j'gan his wars against the khedive and
'.i* Christians. It contained a population
>f more than 12.0no.000 It would prob
iblv support ten times that number, al
*ough It has only about 2.000,<V.X> today.
|-i!is country is all tributary tor Khar
vm. The best parts of it are reached by
:lic upper Nile system, and the other
?cgions will be tapped by railroads, some
if which are already planned and soon to
?e built.
Story of Khartum.
I called upon the governor of Khar
!r,m this afternoon and ask?d him to
til m? the story of the city. Said he:
??The buildings which you see here are
ill new, but the town is older than^some
>f the mushroom cities of the United
Strifes. Tt was born before Chicago, be
j ing founded by Mohammed Ali in 1821. It
grew with remarkable rapidiiy, ' and
along about ten y?ars later it was mad'
j the s?a>t of the oveernment of the Sudan
| and became an Important coram rcial
I cer.ter. It was such just before the insur
rection of the mahdi occurred, and it was
: here that Gordon ruled and here that he
cut one another at right angles with
avenues running diagonally through
them, forming squares and circles, where
one cannon could command many streets.
Lord Kitchener had the same idea as to
Khartum. He directed his architects to
make the streets wide, with several large
squares, and to have the whole so ar
ranged tihat gatling guns placed at the
Botanical and Zoological Gardens, where
all the trees of the tropics and semi-trop
ics luxuriantly grow, and where one may
see the soap tree. the monkey-bread tree
and oth?r curious examples of the Sudan
ese flora. There are several lions and
tigers in the garden, and there is also a
mighty giraffe which I photographed this
afternoon as he was taking a bite out of
XlVEfcSTOE j
was killed. He was butchered on the
steps of a buildine on the site of the
present governor's palace. After that
the mahdi declared that Khartum
should be wiped out- He destroyed all
the houses and made' the inhabitants
come to his new capital. Omdurman,
which he had laid out on the other side of
the White Xil;- about five miles to the
southward. When th^ pr-opl^ left they
tore off the roofs and pulled out the doors
of their houses and carried them along
to use in their new houses at Omdurman.
After that, for years, and until Kitch
ener came, Khartum was nothing but a
brick pile and a dust heap. Omdurman
had swallowed up not only its whole pop
ulation, but that of a great part of the
Sudan. The khalifa forced the tribes to
come there to live, in ord"r that he might
have their men ready for his army in
times of war. and the result was that
Omdurman had more than a half million
inhabitants, while Khartum had noth
ing.
Like Washington.
"Then we had the war witih the khalifa,
and we Anally conquered him." the gov- j
ernor continued. "Wo reduced the greater
part of Omdurman to ruins, and then be
gan planning the building of a great city.
The idea at first was to force the people to
move from Omdurman to Khartum, but it
was finally decided that it would be far
better to have a native city there, and to
make this place the government and for
eign center, with a manufacturing and
commercial town of Halfaya, on the north
ern bank of the Blue Nile.
"The Khartum of today was laid out
after somewhat the same plan as your
capital at Washington; at least, the rea
sons that determined the plans were the
same. Washington city was plotted at
about the time of the French revolution,
and its architect was L'Knfant, a French
engineer. He planned the city so that it
could be easily defended fn case of a re
bellion and at tihe same time be beautiful.
For that reason tihe streets were made to
frVETiUfi, KhAJLTOUN
chief crossings could command the -whole
city. The result was the Khartum as
you now see It.
"Tha town is laid out in three great sec
tions, and all building plans must first be
submitted to the government architects
before permit3 of construction can ba
issued. The section along the Nile is de
voted to the government buildings and
the residences of the officials and others
who can afford good houses. Back of that
'tih=re are streets where houses of a smaller
class may be built, and farther back still
and more to the south is a third section
of houses for natives. The city is so
planned that it can grow along these lines,
and we believe that it will some day be
one of the largest and most beautiful of
the cities of interior Africa."
An Oasis City.
I have now been in Khartum over a
week and find it most interesting. The
city is a great oasis in the midst of the
desart, away off here in the heart of
Africa. In coming to It I crossed the
sands and rocks of Nubia, and it was not
until X was within a few miles of Halfaya.
which lies opposite here on the other bank
of the Nile, that I saw signs of vegeta
tion. The train t'aen entered a region of
thorn bushes ten or fifteen feet high:
beyond which patches of grass bleached
by the sun were to be seen, and closer
other evidences of cultivation. Tihe Arabs
were digging out the thorn bushes on the
edge of the desert and stacking them up in
piles for fuel. There were a few animals
grazing on the scanty grass, and the
country made me think of the Big Bow
Bend of Washington state, which is now
being turned into farms. There is desert
all about Khartum, and everywhere back
from the Nile tilie lands ars nothing but
rock and sand.
Out of these bleak and arid surround
ings rises a city of green. All along the
river, for a distance of more than two
miles, runs a wide avenue shaded by
trees and backed by buildings and pri
vate houses in beautiful gardens. This
avenue is a succession of narks from one
end of it to the other. It begins with the
r%ESE "WOMSIT CARRY
STOTJES JLT ONE CEWT.<
HOUH..
a branch at the height of a two-story
house.
Next to the Zoological Garden is tho
Grand Hotel, a long bungalow-shaped
structure; and beyond are the two-story
homes of many officials, all most beauti
fully shaded by date palms. The first
public building on this avenue is the post
and telegraph office. Beyond it are the
offices of the war department, with public
gardens behind them, and further still is
the great white palace in which the gov
ernor general of the Sudan lives and has
his offices. This is directly on the river,
with a beautiful garden behind it. Far
ther along the avenue is the Sudan Club
and the hospital, and away >at the ?outh
Faking a bite out of a
ETOHJCH AT THE HEIGHT OF
* TWO STOEY HOUSE.
the large buildings of the Gordon Memo
rial College, with the British barracks at
the end of the street. This avenue runs
right along the Biue Nile, with beautiful
views in sight all the way. On the edge
of the river are numerous sakiyehs, or
huge water wheels, moved around by
bullocks with humps on their backs. They
raise the water from the river into the
ditches and canals, which carry it over
the city and make vegetation possible.
The sakiyehs start at 7 o'clock every
morning. Their wheels are never greased
and as they move they screech and groan
and sigh. There is one In front of the
Grand Hotel, which serves as my alarm
clock, for sleep is murdered at the mo
ment it begins.
Business Khartum.
The business parts of Khartum are on
the streets back from the river and run
ning parallel with It. There is one great
square devoted to the markets. This
covers ten or more acres, and the Abbas
square, in which the mosque stands, a
little farther west, is fully twice as
large. The business section has two
blinks and many stores managed chiefly
, by Greeks. The Italians also have some
larg" establishments. One of the biggest
| of all is the house of Angelo Ca
| pato. a man who might be called
I the Marshall Field of the Sudan, for he
; has a large businesss here, with branches
all over the country and desert sh^ps fai
up thw Nile. The stores have covered
porches In front of them or they face ar
cades which Keep off the sun.
The new motgue- of Khartum 1;
one of the most beautiful buildings in
Africa. It Is a great two-story struetur"
of white stone, with minarets rising high
above It. The galleries of the minarets
have a lacework of stone running around
them and the towers are covered with
Arabic earrings. The mosque Is named
after the young khqdive, and he has. 1
am told, furnished much of the money
for Its erection.
Khartum has also a new Coptir
church of large size, as well as a Church
of England and the schools and chapels
of the United Presbyterian Mission of our
country. 80. you see. It has abundant
religious facilities, notwithstanding its po
sition on thia far-away part of the globe.
Woman Do the Work.
I have been Interested In watchinar the
women at work in the building of Khar
tum. New houses and business blocks
are now going up almost everywhere, and
every mason and mechanic has his
women helpers. The laborers come from
all parts of the Sudan, and the women
of a half dozen tribes may be working on
the same building.
I wish I could show you some of these
women as I see them laboring on the
buildings and on the barks of th^ Nils.
They are lusty black gi-ls, straight and
plump, and so lightly drassed that one
"an see all the outlines of their forms
Some have but a thin sheet of blu* cotton
wrapped loosely around thetr shoulders
and another wound about the waist so
that it falls to the feet. The upper gar
ment is off half the time. The g'.r: is
then bare to the waist, and her plump
bust shows out In the bright sun. as she
raises her arms high to steady the load
on her head. Her skin shines like pol
ished ?hony, and look as elite as you
please you ran see no sign of a hair on
any part of her except on the head These
African natives, both men and women,
pull out all the hair on their bodies, go
ing over them once a month for this pur
pose. This custom is common In Tiany
parts of the world, tt Is so with some
of the Indians of the Amazon. go with the
Jewesses of Tunis, who ars shaved from
head to foot Just before marriage and
so with the Moros of our Philippine
Islands, who carry along with them little
tweezers to pull out any stray hair that
appears.
Labor and Wages.
The wages these women receive are
pitifully low. Ten or 15 cents a day is
big money for a woman, and a man can
be hired for 20 cents or less. For these
wages the women, unload the stone boats
on the Nile, wading out into the river
and coming back up the banks with two
or three great rocks piled high on the
head. They carry sand in baskets, and
spread It over the stones on the road
ways, and they sit down on the sides of
the roads and break stones for macada
mizing They carry the mortar up the
scaffo'.ding to the masons, and quite an
army of them Is employed in bringing
water in five-gallon coal oil cans up from
the Nile. Some of the streets are
thus sprinkled, and many of the
gardens of Khartum are kept moist
In this way. Here, at the Orand Hotel,
we have a half doezn women who carry
water all day long to Irrigate the garden.
Some of the girls are tall. I had a pho
tograph of myself standing beside one
taken today, and she overtopped me
some Inches. She objected to nhy hav
ing her picture, and as she was a lusty
young negress it was for a time unde
cided whether I should succeed.
I have asked some questions here as to
labor. The builders tell rte it is almost
impossible to get what they want, and
that the more wages they pay the greater
the danger of a labor famine. The trou
ble is the natives will not work if they
have money, and when wages are high
they work so much the less. All they
need is their food, and a family can live
on 5 cents and less per day. The food
consists chiefly of boiled durra or sor
ghum meal, and the drink is a native beer
which costs almost nothing. A man can.
get a suit of clothes for a dollar, and a
woman can be outfitted for less. When
food is cheap the prices of labor rise, and
when it is dear they fall. The native
reasons that he ought to be paid more
for his work when the food prices are
low, for in such a case he can easily get
3RADUATES GO RIGHT INTO GOOD FOREIGN BERTHS FROM CONSULAR SCHOOL.
(Copyright, 190T. br John Elfreth Watklna.)
OUR new school far consuls, re
cently conceived by Secretary
Root, is now open and a class
of nine men is In attendance.
This educational institution,
inique in America, occupies a little room
n the consular bureau's suite, on the first
toor of the Department of State. ,
The nine student-consuls daily group
:li?mselvcs about a long; table, whose
! ad is occupied at Intervals by various
I'vtrnment officials chosen to instruct
!.em. Bureau chiefs of the State De
jjirtmpnt deliver lectures on the keeping
>' accounts, the framing of reports on
: mmerce and trade relations, the pro
ration of our customs revenue, the set
Vment of the estates of Americans
lying abroad, etc.
Dr. Wiley, the father of the pure food I
aw, comes over from the bureau of
:hemistry and talks to them about the
>?>per invoicing of food imports, and Mr.
fi\ id G. Fairchild. the explorer of the
Agricultural Department, instructs them
?oncerning valuable foreign plants
v'.iich lie desires them to collect for in
roduction into thi^ country. Upon the
\ ill of the schoolroom is a schedule of
. vernment offices to b"? visited by the
'.udents during their course. Appointees
? ? seaport posts must go to the immigra- s
?n bureau and learn how to keep tab on
ens booked for our shores; also to the
i aduuarters of th3 public health and
nirine hospital service, where they are
?::ght the laws concerning disinfection
if contaminated baggage and the quaran
!:ir of diseased immigrants.
Is a Motftl Consulate.
The consular school room is arranged
0 represent a model consulate. There
r ? pigeonholes containing ail official
nrina which the American constll uses?
)'lls of health, invoices and the like, ar
anged as they should be according to the
iew system of uniformity which is here
1 ttr to preva'l in the consular corps,
"here are shelves of the references books
)? 'I d by ach consul, and tiielr uses ar
u''.v explained. There are also three
arge registers in which, under the new
lutu.allzation law. each American cit
z.n raiding in a consular district must
?nter liis name. There is a bookkeeping
It sk. with on" set of shelves for seaport
.-.d another for inland a 'ounts, and each
rudent-con ul must mak ? i:p and bai
rn ce u typical set oC accounts before
taving the school.
Asid from the spe-ial lectures there is
l n iitine of instruction in ths official con
iular regulations. conducted daily by
Jr. Augustus K Ingram, who has had
?xperience in eight or ten of our Im
>ortant consulates, and who is an expert
n consular procedure. In instilling the
Iftails of the regulations he uses the
'cm* system." which some of our inod
?i ii law schools are now substituting .or
!:?? text-book syst-m. In other words,
lypothetlcul cases, b.ised upon important
l .estions which have late:y aria n in our
iirioiis consulates, are stated to the
-rodents, wiio are then asked as to how
'..ty would art under such circumstances,
lust before leaving the schooi the new
insula are given a final lecturing on
ai t and discretion, promptness In report
r.g foreign trad?- openings for A-.r>?,-leans,
-tc.. by Mr. Wilbur J. Carr. lately ap
oointed to the general direction of the
?insular service, and by Mr. Herbert C.
ilei gstler. new chief of tho Consular
~iureau and principal of the consular
school.
The full course occupies but thirty days.
^on*:ess years ag^ provided by law that a
newly appointed consul' should receive his
salary during an instruction period of
thirty days spent in the United States
lust prior to his leaving for his post. This
law has hitherto remained a dead letter,
each appointee being permitted to spend (
the newly prescribed school period axe
now to be spent In either the New York
or San Francisco custom house, according
to whether he departs for the orient or
the Occident. In the custom house he is
Instructed in ucdervaluation, invoicing
partment officials. Consulships were al
ways countod among the most tempting
"plumbs" in the gift of Presidents, and in
times back these "examinations" were
often but farces, the educational defects
of politicians who liud "come to the aid
i; - ?i?,r
X1BBBEE.T C-HeNGSTLEK
tihe month as he has seen fit: but Secre
tary Root lately decided tliat this month's
salary was never intended as a bonus.
Kach student-consul's last two days of
Augustus E. Ingram"
and kindred customs details..
Appointments to the new school are
made from an eligible register, as va
cancies occur In tihe consular corps. For
merly the President directly filled each
vacancy, but before the appointee went to
his post ha had to take a lenient examina
tion embracing practically nothing be
yond the consular regulat'ons and a smat
tering of international law. No foreign
languages were required, it being consid
ered safe for our consuls to bi at the
mercy of native interpreters. In lands
whert- they were to guard tuir Interests
and find trade openings for" us. These
examinations were not competitive. No
two men ever took th,e same examination
at the same time for the same consulship.
Answers to the questions were written in
the consular bureau and the papers were
corrected by a board of Uiree State De
"William J Cae,b .
of the jfarty" being duly sniffed at.
Bu; now competitive examinations, mod
eled arfter those of the civil service, ara
required. Each state has a designated
quota of appointees to the corps, arranged
in proportion to population. Thus New
York will hereafter be entitled to twice as
many consular appointments as Missouri,
four times as many as Alabama, and so
on. As vacancies occur the President des
ignates, from states whose quotas are not
full, the names of citisens who may com
pete for entrance into the corps. He
designates these men simply for examina
tion, and not for appointment, as here
tofore. and those who pass are enrolled
upon the eligible register, ksept at the
State Department.
No one under twenty-one or over tlfty
may be designated for examination. At
i intervals all who have been designated
since the last examination are ordered to
the civil service commission at Washing
ton and are required to pay their own
traveling expenses to and from the cap
ital. The chief examiner oif the commls
I sion is a member of the special board
I chosen by the President to examine
them, and that their competition is no
' cut-and-dried affair is best shcfwn by a
list of the subjects in which they are
questioned:
Modern languages?French. German or
Spanish.
Natural, industrial and commercial re
sources and commerce of the United
States.
International maritime and commercial
law.
American history, government and in
stitutions.
Political and commercial geography.
Political economy.
Modern history (since 1850) of Europe,
South America and the far east.
Arithmetic.
An oral examination is also held at the
Department of State under the direction
of two other members of the board?Mr.
Carr and the third assistant secretary of
state. This is conducted to determine
"the character, distpositlon, address, man
ners, health, personal appearance, readi
ness, judgment, discretion, resourceful
ness. aocurateness of information, expe
rience and business capacity" of the can
didates.
Foreign Language Essential.
Language is now an absolute essential
to entrance into the service. Unless a
man has mastered at least one modem
foreign tongue he cannot even take the
examination. While a candidate is tak
ing the oral examination. Mr. Wilford
Stevens, chief translator of the Depart
ment of State, is very apt to be called in
to discourse with liim in the languages
which he claims to have mastered. Recent
ly a candidate claiming ability to speak sis
foreign tongues, including modern Greek,
proved his ability to Mr. Stevens, who be
sides havfag command of all European
tongues. Including Russian, speaks
Chinese and understand Arabic. Only
a third of the candidates pass this rigid
examination. Of the fifty-four designat
ed for the last competition, but thirty
nine reported, and of these only thirteen
passed. Those who are successful re
ceive notice in three or four weeks and
their appointments are then made at ir
regular intervals, depending upon vacan
cies. They are not consulted as to i...e
posts to wh'.ch they are to be assigned
and the successful candidate who has had
his heart set upon some picturesque city
of Europe, may find himself accredited to
some distant island In the south seas or
a lonely spot on the African coast. But,
of course, ne is sent to a country using
one of the languages in which he has
Qualified. Vet, proficiency in French is
as liable to result In his being sent to one
of the lonely French colonies as to France
itself.
Naturalized Americans are no longer to
be accredited as consuls to their native
countries. This Is another of Secretary
Root's recent reforms. In no country
will our interests be guarded by any one
whose loyalty will not be entirely with
the United States, come what come may.
Good Travel Monty, and Pay.
Upon receiving appointments to their
posts the successful competitors are or
dered at once to the new consular school
and receive traveling expenses at the rate
of 5 cents a mile for the trip to Washing
ton. Their four weeks at the school being
completed, tihey receive their first month's
salary and are then allowed mileage at
the same rate to their posts. From New
York to Liverpool this travel allowance
amounts to about $175. which for one
person Is considerably in excess of or
dinary steamship fare, bwt It would not
cover the expenses of a wife, a family of
children and the usual household furniture
taken abroad by a married consul. A
graduate of the school now about to set
out for Tasmania will receive about 9600
for traveling: expenses. This mileage al
lowance has been but recently established.
Until the past year.new appointees had to
; pay tfceir own fare to and from their
posts, and those sent great distances often
expended several months' -alary in this
way.
Graduates of the consular school will
now go directly to posts paying either
<2,000 or |2,900 per year. There are sev
enty posts paying the smaller sum and
sixty-one the larger.
Theae 131 consulships are now to be re
served exclusively for these beginners.
They include such comfortable berths as
Madrid, Niagara Falls (Canada) and
Venice, and yet such Isolated posts a?
Tahlte. Zanzibar and Sierra Leone. In
exceptional cases where graduates. al
though twenty-one. appear too immature
to be appointed full-fledgod consuls at
once, they may be appointed consular
clerks at an entrance salary of only
11,000, with an increase of $200 per year
up to 11,800. Having served as such In
various posts until thoroughly seasoned,
they will, within a year or two. bs ap
pointed as consuls without further exam
inations. Congress, In 1874, created thir
teen of these consular clerkships and pro
vided that Incumbents should be appoint
ed for life or during good behavior. They
are frequently changed from one con
sulate to another, and the experience ac
quired Is Just what is needed to sharpsn
a young man ambitious for a consular
career.
Gets Life Appointment.
Entering the service, whether as a con
sul or a consular clerk, the graduate of
the new consular school now r?celve? as
permanent an appointment as though he
enters the classified civil service. Ap
pointments to the higher grades of con
sulships, paying from $3,000 to $8,000. and
of consul generalships, paying up to $12.
000. are to be made by promotion. Of
course a future President could, under
existing law, restore matters to the old
"spoils system" basis, but this Is very
unlikely.
The merit principle has been growing
in the consular service for several ad
ministrations. both democratic and re
publican, President Cleveland having
been the originator of the former exami
nation scheme. Secretary Root will pres*
the next Congress to pass a law making
commissions in the consular corps as
permanent as thoie in the army and
navy. Some congressmen, who, Just to
placate office-seeking henchmen, out
wardly object to this proposed reform,
Inwardly welcome it. as in the case of
civil service reform, which relieves our
national legislators of naggings from
millions of office-seekers.
All Feee Now Abolished.
Some of the glamor of the consular
berth was tarnished by last year's law
prohibiting the retaining of even notarial
fees. However, salaries were raised
partly to compensate for this loss. Our
consuls general In London have In recent
years been permitted to retain fees some
times more than $10,000 in efcoess of their
salaries of $5,000. But white the salary,
by being raised to $13,000. is now more
than doubled, the London berth does not
pay as well, by^ome $8,000 or $4,003, as
It did under the fee system in some
recent years of great commercial activity
The salary of th# Paris mission also has
been increased to $12,000, while the posts
at Liverpool. Berlin and ?ve other great
foreign seaports have been assigned J flat
salary of $8,000.
JOHN EiiTRETH WATKINS.
food ah>*ai1. and Why should h" work at
the ordinary wave when he ha* all h?
wants When th? food go s ii|> the la
borer* ne?d the work to rur for it and the
competition brings wag. s down
An American Brickir.aksr.
Referring to the building up of Khar
tum. many of the new structur a ar*
to be furnished with brick by a
rflan from Chicago. This man cam*
to. Port Sudan som? months ago. in
tending to start a brick factory then
and supply building material for th? nrw
port now going up at the end of the Nile
atffl the Red Sea railway Whllj he w-is
waiting for his brick making machine he
took a run up to Khar:um to sec what
was going on here. He found the town
booming and decided to B-'ttle. He h;n
bought a native brickyard and pending
the arrival of his machine Is now making
bricks by hand with native labor. lis
started only a month or so ego. and lie
tells me he has already contracts for
more than five million bricks. He is em
ploying several hr.ndr?d Sudanese men
and women at 15 or JO cents a day, but
he says that their labor is so poor and
unreliable that the work of six of his na
tives will not equal that of one good
American.
FRANK G. CARPENTER.
OU5E=
QLD
INTS
Where It is possible, the introduction of
game or some of the traditional dishes
that crowne.d the first Thanksgiving feast
is to be advised In the praparatlon of tha
Thanksgiving dinner. This Bends a touch
of tender sentiment to tiie day and brings
us in closer touch with the homely, every
day history of our nation's founding.
Quail on Toast.
While quail on toast would hardly
answer for the piece de resistance of art
elaborate Thanksgiving dinner, this dainty
little game bird makes a delicious smart
course. As for cooking, there is no bet
ter way than to roast them plain, with
red pepper and salt. Then If any are
left over they can be made into a de
lightful salmi. They are also exceeding
ly nice broiled with bacon. Take as many
quail as you are to have covers, wipe
with a damp cloth??not wash?split clean
and break the leg bones. Mix together a
tablespoonful of olive oil. a teaspoonful
salt and a good pinch of pepper, season
the birds with this mixture, and broil
over a clear fire, allowing six minutes on
eacl^filde. Have ready as many deli
cately broiled thin slices of bacon, and
the same number of slices of crisp brown
toast. Place a bird on each slice of
toast, and baste with a mixture made by
stirring together two tablespoonfuls but
ler, a teaspoonful fine minced parsley,
the Juice of a lemon and a grating of nut
meg. Garnish with a bit of crispy bacon
and three or four sprigs of water cress.
All game requires the accompaniment
of a salad with a tart dressing and a
i piquant flavored Jelly.
Babbit Pie.
Cut a pair of rabbits Into eight pieces,
wash, soak in salt water eight minutes,
then stew gehtly in boiling water to
cover until they begin to be tender. Take
up and keep hot while you thicken the
gravy, adding butter, salt and pepper to
season. Chop fine a quarter pound of
fat salt pork, and hard boll four eggs.
Lay some of the pork In the bottom of a
deep pudding dish, and upon this a layer
of the rabbit. Over this arrange a layer
of sliced eggi salted, buttered and pep
pered, and over this again, more pork,
rabbit and egg, until all the material baa
been used. Have pork for the top layer.
Pour In the gravy, to which have been
added the Juice of a half lemon and a lit
tle mace, and cover with a good crust,
which haB a slit in the middle to allow
for the escape of steam. If it shows
I signs of browning too quickly, cover with
' paper. When nearly done, brush orer
with a glaze of milk and yolk of egg.
Astor Mince Heat.
Add to twenty tart apples, peeled and
chopped fine, one pound beef, boiled and
chopped; one pound raisins, one pound
currants, one-half pound suet, chopped
fine; one pound citron and orange peel,
cut fine; one pint brandy, one pint sherry,
one quart molasses, one pint cider, one ta
blespoonful each salt and cinnamon, one
half tablespoonful each cloves, nutmeg
and mace, and one-half pound sugar. Mix
well, let stand as long as possible to ripen,
then bake in a rich crust.
Suet Pudding.
To one-half pound suet, cut fine, add
one-half pound raisins, one cup milk, one
teaspoonful soda, four tablespoonfuls su
gar, one cup molasses, a tablespoonful
nutmeg, half a tablespoonful each cinna
mon, cloves and mace, and about two
cups flour. Steam In a buttered pudding
mold wltti a tight cover for three hours,
or let it boll standing in water an Inch
from the top of the mold. Serve with
Cream Sauce.
Beat together one-half pound butter and
a cup of sugar until perfectly blended,
then add cream until the mixture Is soft,
like thick cream. Dust with mace or nut
meg and Berve.
FASHION III HAIR
<d?
ataaottfal beedof
baiC
UiiTtS* bettle of kMtl'i
. _ rw before In 11* hJ?orr W
Imperial H*l?
Regenerator
which is am absolutely harm
less preparation, will restore
hair thathas becomeStreamed,
aded or Oray, or mined by
baoxiooa Dyes to the actual
' tr of youth. Its application
net be detected. En.tuple of
yourhairoolorei free. Prtvaey
rJ' assured eorreeponi'.enee.
Sole ?naontee'afers aad peteeteei
MUUCAL*raC0,.UIW.2MSt,Nc*Yertu
Sold and applied by
O. Whelan, 1105 T St. W.W.
Ask your groctr why the sales el
LIEBIG COMPANY'S
EXTRACT Or BEET
exceed twenty nlllloa Jars u
?sally.
He'll Ml yett irs I
?lertf years Ike first" aad
knewn the world over as the
kest aad most economical
lor sickrosM and kitcksa.
hairbalsIm
<n*aa*M end b?eet?k* the Mb
Promote# a luruimnt rrowth.
*"er Mle to Seetore Orer
Heir to ite ;v ' - ?
Cam nei|
seU-2d&4tbaa,24t,10
falls to Setter* Ores
Vdf-issFELte

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