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LEGISLATURE TO CONVENE
WEST VIRGINIA GOVERNOR TO CALL EXTRA SESSION. Amendment to Tax Laws Assigned ? as One of the Reasons?Polit ical Gossip. OpTinl CorrespendeTi'e Tb?' S??r. WHEELING, W. Va.. December -1. , A special session of the tVest Mr Ktnia legislature is an assured fact. 'but the date for its assembling is a later thai. was originally indicate.!L The supreme court of appeals reaffirmed its decision in the Wirt county tax case ,?! the rehearing granted to the ad ministration. and that decision wiped STTTirdoubt of a legislative cession. A reversal of the court s first Decision would have gone a long way toward causing its abandonment, but oo/. Daw son was inclined to have a special ses sion just the same. ?The chief objection to assembling the legislature is its cost. There are ml e age and per diem to be paid for the lib members, in addition to the compensa tion received by the army of attaches, tlie cost of printing and otner inci dental expenses. The special ;?dvocates argue that this cost will be more than made up to the people b> 21? act of the legislature which will correct the defect embodied in the tax STwTas disclosed in the Wirt county cuse They argue that unless tnere i. a posiUve limitation to di,tr,,road levies county courts h*v* taVheit wufbeVe"^ and principal miruose of the lawmakers to pass an amended bill which will put the clamp* ?\?ShCTVs a matter of opinion whether countv courts would be disposed to take advantage of a l.mphole?"d raise taxes to the highest possible limit In the face of popular protest, the admlnlstra &>n apparently believes there U such a danger confronting the taxpayers in the year liKif. This may be true, but the po litical effect could liardly amount to much, inasmuch as the democrat^county courts hold forth only in demo<ratic counties and republican county courts In counties of that faith. Biennial Session a Short One. It is said, however, with truth, that the West Virginia legislature does not have sufficient time in a biennial session of forty-five days to properly cohsider legis lation of a general character. Local bills take up most of the time. A special ses sion affords the best opportunity con sidering measures which get lost in the shuffle at a regular session. After the session of klck^ ln.l?of the^rtate basket the elaborate report of the state tax commission Gov. White kepiL a ?P? rial session in mind and called It a wees after the republican state convention in 1ft.4 and in two weeks the same body enacted measures which have since "jade up most of the political history of West V0?ce1e'very twelve years the terms of all countv officers expire simultaneously in West Virginia, and that time is at hand. Consequently the champions of an an I ffte bill believe that their opportunity raust not be neglected. Jo that end Gov. llawson i? desirous of putting all count> offic/A on a straight salary basis, and turning their fees into the state treasury, incidentally furnishing a new source "nTunderstood he will also ask the *olons to consider a local option bill. ?it he succeed along that line It wi.l nece^ sarilv give the republicans a certain new standing in the 1008 campaign. Go\. ??wTon is credited with foresight even by his bitterest political opponents That he has looked <jver the ground and real i?pd the magnetism of temperance aim anti-fee planks to.' the republican -plat form goes without saying. * ytna Horror to Ba Considered. The awful vine horror at Monongah is due also to ccme In for attention, and criticism of the state mining department is not unlikely :y There was a series of serious mine disasters last winter while the legislature was in session, and a spe cial investigating committee was ap pointed by Joint resolution to visit scenes and gather information. That eommlttee, headed by 8enatoi\ Gartland^ took: anew on life a few days ago toy Journey Tn'fiS^-Monongah. ]*o as to bave its report upflptye. Mlni legislation iiliaPst^as come/to be one of the main itemslbr legislative attention. l?9e%itor Bailey of Taylor county can ha5e lis way /the legislature will be a^fcd ^bce mrfre to restrict the export fStf't Virginia of natural gas This tor amatter which bobs up serenely with sessions. It is always ^rlous in its int iBieney. but usually the dis icovery ls/$fl?that the hi? -would be un ?r would be contrary to the '-?erstate commerce laws or embairass otherwise. Unless there is something along this llnp the session will have iction Jm a lobby. that Representative Woodyard Is ueceed ('apt. Dovener on the rivers harbors committee waa the most, in teresting Item to West Virginians of any happening at Washington this month. The place was coveted by Representative ifcbl'ard. who defeated Dovener for re ?^fcWoodfyard selection is fraught with mu<9^^^eiflcance. It means a great feattjj((pn Woodyard's cap. and will do more dTrenomlnate him in the fourth dis trict than anything else possible to con ceive. He made his fight for Speakqf Cannon's favor with that point In view likewise. Hubbard wanted the same com mittee place, because he realised Its value. Sentimentally, if not materially, the place meant more to Hubbard. Interest of River Counties. Whjrn Dovener was turned down there was a great wall among the people of the rive- pountl's in the first district, which w.ls met h; response that Hubbard's superb Intt:iectual attainments and phy sical vigor ?..?ould enable him to do even more for the Ohio river in Congress, or at least to continue Dovener's good work. Dovener was ranking member of the com mittee at the time. Senator Scott wanted Hubbard to suc ceed Dovener on the committee. Doubt less he felt that the place would clinch Hubbard in the lower House and militate against his reputed desire to change to the Senate. Hubbard cannot now expect to get on the committee for years to come, presuming that Woodward will continue to represent the fourth district. Two members from West Virginia on the com mittee are not to be hoped for. Disap pointed In his pursuit of the river com mitteeship. Hubbard may feel disposed to try for the Sanate. But his failure Ito land the.committee place rifc-ans. first and foremost, an added inspiration to State Senator Hazlett to try to beat Hubbard for a congressional renomlnatlon. ARE AFTER SIENXIEWIEZ. Lemberg Students Accuse Him of * Libel. Special Cablegram to The Star. VIENNA. December ill.?M. Sicnkiewiez. the author of "Quo Va.lls," is shortly to appear as a defendant In a curious libel esse, which will be tried before a Jury In Vienna. The case arose out of th? im prisonment sometime ago of a number of Ruthentan students charged with disor derly conduct at the University of item berg. In Polish Oallcla. These students, mh protest against their long preliminary detention, declared what Is called a "hun ger strike." that Is. refused to take any food utiles* and until their demands were satisfied. As a Polish patriot. M. Sienkiewirx wrote an article In' the Austrian Polish Press, as weij as in the Zelt. stigmatizing the conduct of the Buthenlan students as disgraceful, and Insinuating that the hun ger strike (hey had declared was a mere sliam. Inasmuch as they were secretly supplied by their friends wi\h steaks and wine. It is because of this assertion, which tliey regard as a calumny, that the Rutlxnian students have Instituted legal proceedings. Although M. Slenklewle* Is not an Austrian subject and is living abroad, he has informed the court that he will not fall to put In an appearance on the day fixed for the trial. TALE CALDWELL TOLD VERY INTERESTING AND IM PORTANT IF TRUE. Special Diapatcb to The Star. NEW YORK. December 21.?Early last summer Caldwell tried to sell to New York newspapers for the modest sum of $10,000 a story which he claimed to be the truth regarding: the theft of the body A- T. Stewart. He did not succeed, and shortly afterward went to London to give evidence in the Druce trial. This action was Instituted by members of the Druce family to recover the estates now held by I?rd Howard de Walden as heir-at law of the fifth Duke of Portland. Here was litigation involving a dukedom, and probably offered, a bbtter field for high class endeavor than selling mere $10,000 stories. The Druce action began in London Oc tober 13 last, and its revelations caused widespread interest. The Druces alleged that the fifth Duke of Portland led a dual life and was one and the same with Thomas Charles Druce, who kept a ba zaar on Baker street in London and tended the counter sometimes himself. The Druce evidence also set forth that the present George. H. ' Druce was the grandsrf of the storekeeper, and there fore the rightful heir of the Duke of Portland. Told Marvelous Story. The syndicate formed to support the Druce claims laid great stress on Cald well's testimony, for It was asserted that he had known the Duke of Portland very well and had known of his alleged con nection with the Baker street shop. When Caldwell appeared to give his testimony those In court saw a white-haired man, apparently over seventy years old, and heard his remarkable story delivered in a quiet tone. It began back In 1853, when Caldwell was nineteen years old. At this time he was affected by a bulbous growth of the nose. He lived at this time at the parental home. In. Ireland, and his father sent him to various surgeons In search of a cure. He found one, after traveling all over the world. It was shortly after this time that Cald well learned that the Duke of Portland was afflicted by a- tiulbous growth of the nose. He conveyed the information that he possessed the wonderful secret of a cure and was called ip to assist Sir Mor rell Mackenzie in trying to effect a cure for the duke. The remedv again made good and the duke was cured. Subsequent ly the handv Caldwell became a frequent er of the ducal mansion, and according to his story grew to be the duke's confident. That Fake Funeral. In the course of time, Caldwell asserted in his storv. he learned that the duke was leading a dual life. Part of the time he was the bachelor Duke of Portland and part of the time the modest Druce. a storekeeper up Baker stTeet, who was married and had children. In time the duke appeared to tire of the Baker street idea,.and in order to rid himself of the Incubus decided to all intents and pur poses to die. This decision was reached, the story went on. In 1884. and in order to facilitate matters a mock funeral was held. Cald well declares that he was chief assistant at the fake obseoules. His testimony was to the effect that about 200 pounds of lead was put in the coffin which was sup posed to contain Druce's body, after which an interment wait held and a monument erected to Druce's memory. His family inherited the bazaar in Baker street. Shortly after this, for various services rendered. Caldwell Is said to have re ceived the sum of $25,000 from the Duke of Portland: In 187o Caldwell came to America, and nine years later the fifth Duke of Portland died in seclusion at Welbeck Abbey, his seat. FRENCH CHURCH CASE. Sale of the Property Has Realized But Little. Special Cablegram to The Star. PARIS, December 21.?M. Guyot Des saigne, minister of justice, has finished his report on the liquidation of the prop erty of the religious orders. In It he says that as a rule there were few bidders out side departmental or municipal communi ties, one cause being the opposition offered by the friends of the religious orders. M. Waldeck-Rousseau. In his speech at Toulouse seven years ago, had estimated the value of the house property owned by them at more than *200.000.000, but M. Guyot Dessaigne argues that this calcu lation Included them all. whereas the laws of 1901 and 1004 only suppressed the non authorized religious orders and those which devoted themselves to education. The value of the property of the au thorized orders w;as set down at $155,000, 000. that of the non-authorized ones at $53.000,000. Now, be adds, the religious orders which had been suppressed sent nearly the whole of their fortune abroad, leaving their house property heavily mortgaged. At the present moment a good deal of litigation is still going on, and it seems clear enough, at any rate, that promoters and supporters of the drastic measures taken against a numlier of orders are alike disappointed at the material result. Whether this report will be regarded as a sufficient explanation has yet to be seen. ? GREAT PARNELL STATUE. America's Part in the Tribute to a Notable Man. Special Cablegram to The Star. Dl'BLJN, December 21.?The task he fore the newly formed Parnell monument committee should not be very difficult. The Irish people in America have given the whole race a stimulating lead, if stimulus were wanted. Out of their gen erosity they have provided for the cost of the statue and all the bronze ornamenta tion for the monument, together with the plans and specifications, the amount of the contract with Saint Gaudens being $25,000. It remains for others to furnish funds for the erection of the masonry and arch- I itectural work, estimated to cost not less than $15,000. A magnificent site has been I secured for a magnificent work, the last from the hands of a sculptor of world-1 wide fame, and it was due to the mem ory of Parnell and to the artistic taste of a city rich in examples of the sculp tor's art that the masonry and architectu- ! ral work should be worthy of this great figure and the site dedicated to it. In the autumn of 1SK> the movement was set on foot to erect a national mon ument to Mr. Parnell in Dublin. After some time a small committee was formed! under the presidency of the lord mayor. Mr. Daniel Tallon, and this committee proceeded to solicit subscriptions and to obtain a site from the Dublin corporation for the erection of the monument. The fundatlon stone of the monument was laid at the top of O'Connell street, outside the Rotunda. October 8. 1800. The statue itself is eight feet high. f50,000 Train Wrtck. CHARIXJTTE, N. C., December 21.?A trestle four miles from Wadesboro. on the Seaboard Air Line, collapsed this morn ing under the-weight of a freight train, precipitating the train Into the Peedee river. Twenty-one cars went into the river, and also two engines. There were no casualties. The accident will cost v.ie ro i. and traffic cannot be resumed until Tuesday. OTTAWA. Kan., December21.?Fire yes terday destroyed a great part of the busi ness portion of Lane, Kan. Ixmss, $40,000 m Pro*re8s of the fire, the post office building was blown up with dynamite. v CALEB POWERS TRIAL STIB CREATED IN THE COURT ROOM AT LEXINGTON, XT. LEXINGTON, Ky? December 21.? V\ hlle' Maj. W. C. Owens was examin ing J. S. McKnight, who declared he had been approached by Youtsey, who wanted to knpw If Frank Gross could be depend ed on* to kill a man. McKnight created a stir by declaring that the prosecution had spies In the witness room of the defense. The court here took a hand and inter rogated McKnight closely, saying he would thoroughly sift the matter. John B. Hurst of Harlan county, gave the best evidence yet introduced In favor of Powers. Hurst was at a meeting at which Powers acted as chairman. He referred to Sheriff Burton's incendiary speeches i? that meeting, when Burton exhibited some cartridges and suggested that "If some, of these are exploded around the contest committee it would soon, settle the contest." The witness said: "When the incendiary speech was made CaleB Powers Jumped to lils feet and said that he had more at stake than anybody in the meeting, and that if vio lence was resorted to he would 'resign his office and go home.' " In this testimony Hurst exactly corrob orated Powers and others as to wThat transpired, in this meeting. Hurst was one of the mountain army of January 2T>. and irorroborated other defense wit nesses as t# the good character of the mountain men. Damaging to Youtsey. Hurst also testified to meeting Youtsey in Frankfort before the Goebel shooting, at which time Youtsey was Introduced to him by L. K. Rice, and, showing him (Hurst) some steel bullets, said: "Thes^ will settle the contest." Asked why the mountain army men all came armed If they were in J^tankfort only for the "moral effect." Hurst said that the objpet in bringing the men armed was to protect the rights of the republican officials, and. if the moral ef fect was not evident, to make a show of rorce and influence the legislature and contest board to give them a square deal. I myself was in favor of resistingr any attempt to forcibly eject the republicans," said Hurst, "but Powers and Taylor were both opposed to the men being armed, ?*ov. Taylor did not hesitate to say so after the crowd reached Frankfort." An Important Witness. - Capt. John Davis. Capitol square po liceman at the time of the assassination, and who was Jointly indicted with Powers] but who has never been tried, was an important witness. Davis -wfas in the re ception room between the governor's and secretary of state s office when the shqt was tired, and gave a graphic description of what he saw Immediately after the shooting. ; In less than five minutes after the shots Davis saw Youtsey come Into the reception room from the hall. Youtsey was greatly excited, and had a pistol in his hand. | He said he and Powers accepted par dons and left Frankfort on advice of thele I attorneys. Davis made a dramatic avowal at the close of his testimony by declaring that he h^d been indicted for complicity in the Goebel murder, and that he had never been tried, but was ready to >e. Davis was arrested in this city March To, 190O, at the same time as Powers. He had a pardon in his pocket, signed by Gov. Taylor. Representative D. C. Ed wards was a witness late yesterday, con tradicting some minor statements, hav ing come from Washington for that pur pose. A New Witness Today. A new witness was Introduced today in person of Judge J. N. Hubbard of Carter county, who swore that Youtsey came to Jim a few days before Goebel was killed nd said: "Goebel can be killed. I have a gun that shoots steel bullets and smoke less powder, and a place from which I can shoot him as he comes from the sen ate. and I can get out of the building and mingle with the crowd without being seen." This was testimony which had never been produced itefore, and created a decided stir. C. T. Noe swore that Youtsey had com plained that Tallow Dick Combs had promised to kill Goebel and then failed to do It. Several other witnesses testified to day to minor details. It was brought out again that Powers and Gov. Taylor had repeatedly protested against any violence being used. Changes Among Catholic Clergy. Special Dispatch to The Star. BALTIMORE. December 20.?Rev. P. C. Gavan, chancellor of the archdiocese of Baltimore, this afternoon announced the Christmas changes and appointments as follows: Rev. P. B. Tarro, D.D., of St. Agnes' Church. Catonsvllle. succeeds Rev. Thomas B. Hughes as pastor of St. Thomas' Church, Baltimore. Father Hughes has resigned, owing to ill health. Rev. John M. Barry will succeed Father Tarro at St. Agnes' Church, Catonsvllle. Rev. Father Flottermesh, just ordained, haw been appointed to St. Vincent's Church. Baltimore, as assistant. Rev. Fath'er Conlon, just ordained, has been appointed as assistant to St. John's Church. Frederick, to. take the place of Rev. Albert E. Smith, a native of Wash ington, D. C., who; at his own request, has been sent to the Apostolic Mission House. Washington, to prepare himself to give missions. Cardinal Gibbons officiated at the ordi nation of twenty-four yotyig men to the priesthood this morning at St. Mary's Cathedral. A great throng was in at tendance. These new priests are all graduates of St. Mary's Seminary. Balti more, and it is regarded as a tribute to the cosmopolitan character of this vener able Institution that practically every section of the country was represented among the candidates. Only two of those prlested are affiliated with tills diocese. Directly after the cerfemony the young priests left for their homes, where they will celebrate mass for the first time on Christmas day. Bishop Kenny of St. Augustine, Fla., officiated at the ordination of three priests yesterday morning at the Apostolic Mis sion House, this city. They are Fathers Buckley and Little of St. Augustine. Fla.. and Rev. William Walsh of the Order of the Holy Cross. FACTORY W0M?N DRUNKARDS. | ? Crusade Carried on by Canon Denton Thompson. Special Cablegram to The Star. LONDON, December 21.?Canon Den toa Thompson has within the past few' months been actively engaged in or ganizing a crusade against drinking clubs for women in the Birmingham factories. So tactfully has he performed this difficult task that he has already secured the co-operation of several well-know'n Birmingham manufactur ers, who are In entire sympathy with the proposal to circularize employers In the city and district on the subject. As the result of the rector's inquiries he found that there has gradually grown up in the city a secret system of organ ized drinking among the women and girls working In the factories. He states that these have been "Invited and en couraged. and even coerced to. Join drfrnking clubR and to pay a weekly subscription of a penny, or threepence, or even more, or to contribute 10 a gen ral collection made by one in au thority." As to the effects of this system upon the female workers, the rector has a large accumulation or facts illustrating the degradation that has followed in numbers of Instances. "Go to the homes In Birmingham," he says, "and see the young unmarried inpthett! of sixteen and seventeen, and remember that these are some of the effects." Both the Bishop of Birmingham and the Rev. J H. Jowett, M. A., as well as many of the leading citizens, are supporting Canon Denton Thompson in his cru sade. BERLIN, December 21?Ambassador Tower lias arranged for a deputation from the Arion Society of Brooklyn to sing be fore Emperor William when the members of the society visit Germany and Austria next spring. The deptuation will consist of ISO voices. Look for the Elk Head When you buy Elk Grove Butter "Look for the Elk Head"?It's stamped on the carton of every pound of Elk Grove Butter. None genuine without it. SERVE ELK GROVE BUTTER AT CHRISTMAS DINNER ( - / * It Is the True Quality Butter?Delicious to the Taste and Refreshing in Its Purity. Adds Zest to Meals. "Matinee Girl," Very Swell Art Subject Free to t Consumers of Elk Grove Butter. O UR custom each year is to give some little remembrance to those.who buy Elk Grove Butter. They're sought for and greatly appreciated. The favor we offer this year is truly elegant-=an art subject entitled "THE MATINEE GIRL." It's a masterpiece?an ornament that woull do justice to any home. Save FIVE ONE-POUND or TEN HALF POUND ELK GROVE BUTTER COUPONS (not cartons), and bring them to us, in return for which you will receive an Art Subject. All First-class Grocers Sell Elk Grove Butter GOLDEN & CO., Sole District of Columbia Agents 922-928 Louisiana Ave. good textile season. British Cotton Manufacturers Did Very Well. Special Cablegram to The Star. LONDON, December 21.?The position of the great Lancashire textile trade is one of considerable interest at this time. Practically all branches of this industry have enjoyed great prosperity during nearly three years; an ample supply of the raw material has been coincident with a high level of prices for yarn and man ufactured piece goods, and there has been a large expansion in the volume of the home and foreign trades. Manufacturers^ in both the spinning and weaving sections of the industry have reaped large profits, and dividends ranging from 10 to 40 per cent have been paid by many of the mills. Some of these undertakings have adopted the policy of prudent finance characteris tic of the better class of .other limited liability companies, and have added large sums to reserve out of their earnings, with the result that, generally speaking, the Lancashire cotton companies were never In a sounder financial position tnan they occupy at the present time. The reports of the great textile com panies fully reflect the fayorab e eondi tions which have recently prevailed in the industry. The smaller companies have also done well, and in a recently issued cotton trade circular Mr. William Tatter sall of Manchester gave a list of thirty seven cotton spinning companies wnlch had taken stock for the preceding six months, the profit figures working out at 40 per cent per annum on the ehare cap ital and :i0 per cent on all capital em ployed. The total of the share capital was $7,258,705 and the loan caJJMH ?2,570,045. SUFFERING SUNDERLAND. Great Famine District in the Midst of England. Special Cablegram to The Star. LONDON,. December 21.?Thirty thou sand persons at Sunderland ar*6 in want, many are homeless and hundreds are starving as the result of the stoppage or curtailment of work in the shipbuild ing Industry. Nothing, however, could be more admirable than the way in which the people of Sunderland have them selves tackled the distress problem. The entire borough has been mapped out into districts, and'a local committee appointed for each one. These all work under the direction of a central body. The chil dren are being cared for in the schools, and the other day $s many as l,700->free meals were distributed. People are en couraged to give in the names of those in want, and a large band of voluntary workers visit these in their homes. "It is our business to see that the money which reaches us is used to the best ad vantage, and that not a penny is wasted," the mayor Baid. He and his helpers ape certainly doing this. The area of distress is too great to per mit relief to be given 10 any but really urgent cases. Of these there is no lack. Besides tfie public fund a vast amount of private charity has been promoted. The ladies of one church bake and distribute about 130 loaves of bread a day. Another church provides each noon a large quan tity of soup, and so on. The scenes at some of these food distributions are touching. Women, pale and thin, break down and cry at the sight of the bread for their children. --And, although the machinery for distributing relief is im proving each day, there is undoubtedly still a great mass of suffering untoucf-sd. ; Hundreds of men leave Sunderland cach I morning searching for food and coal. : Often there will be as many as 500 a dav j gleaning the great potato fields, search- | lng for small tubers that were overlooked I in the harvesting. Others tramp for miles I to the collieries, picking up s!ack|coal and carrying it home. There is every pros pect now that the worst should be over in February by the latest. Unfortunately, there are no signs of more immediate bet terment. One or two shipbuilding firms are reported to have secured small or ders, but others are continuing their re ductions. * ENGLISH GERMANS PROTEST. They See Awful Thing's in the .Kaiser's Recent Visit. Special Cablegram to The Star. LONDON, December 21.?The fact that the kaiser has been conducting his official ?tflislness oa English soil is profoundly ag itating the Germanopliobe party hero. One paper says that Highcliffe is nothing less than an '"English Potsdam." and implies that when the kaiser came here lie should have abstained from utilizing his stay foi official purposes. It Is. of course, accepted by this class of thinkers that the only serious work that' ever engages the attT.tion of the kaiser is the undermining of England's power \nd fnterests. They are of opinion, tliere 'ore, that during his stay in this country he might have had the good feeling to refrain from pursuing this pernicious work. They view with particular suspicion such attempts to throw dust in the eyes of their countrymen as Uie kaiser's kissing of the little girl of thrCountess of Ork ney. It must be clear to any one of ordinary penetration that this apparently tY!?ndly act covers some particularly turpitudinous scheme against this country. Then the empi?ror'8 apparently innocent motor rides are really undertaken so that he may laj^ up information against the day when his* pet plan or Invading England is carried into effect. ' Gyroscope and Seasickness. Special Cablegram to The Star. LONDON, December 21.?If Dr. Schleck's , gyroscope abolishes seasick ness he will be one of the greatest bene factors of mankind. Sir William White, who recently attended demonstrations of :ts value on board a German torpedo Scat, say that in a sea representing waves of great magnitude compared to the size of the Seebal*?the torpedo boat fitted with the Invention?while others much larger than she were rocked heav ily in the Immediate vicinity, the See tor's decks were dry and practically iorizontal, thbugh the waves were eight feet high and a hundred feet long. When the apparatus stopped, within the space of two seconds the Seebar rolled fifteen degrees on each Side. He savs that the gyroscope will, beyond doubt, prove a great boon In small quick-rolling steam ers. such as those that eross the chan nel. He does not think that with big, slow-rolling liners the space needed for the gyroscope could be advantageously spared. NOTED RUSSIAN HELD. Nicholas Tchaikovsky Imprisoned at St. Petersburg, Says Wife. NEW YORK. December 21.?A cable gram was received here today from Mrs. Tchaikovsky, giving the confirmatory In formation that her husband^ Nicholafc Tchaikovsky, known as "the father of the Russian'revolution." was Imprisoned In the fortress j>f St. Peter and St. Paul In St. Petersburg. Friends of Mr. Tchaikovsky have been at a loss to under stand his imprisonmentl.and doubts were heretofore expressed Vnat the prisoner was he. The cablegram from Mrs. Tchaikovsky follows: "Husband imprisoned in fortress. Wishes me to come to St. Petersburg to secure permission for interview with him." Fraud and Corruption Wreck Polish Socialists * \ Special Correspondence of The Star. WARSAW. December 7. 1907. NOT for a long time has anything occurred which has afforded so much satisfaction to the Russian bureaucrats as the break up of tne revo lutionist section of the Polish socialist party. They are still chuckling and rub bing their hands gleefully over it. It is said that when the news reached the czar, who seldom smiles these days, he actually laughed for Joy. Some meager details of the dissolution of this militant organization of socialists may have reached you by telegraph and cable, but as news the matter is deserving of a more extended report. That as an organization it has ceased to exist admits of no doubt. Its djsbandment has been announced In a circular issued at Lodz, the headquarters of Polish socialism, by its responsible hetids. That once power ful party, before which, one short year ago. Russian officials trembled and to which Polish citizens turned for protec tion. has dissolved itself. ' The manifesto is not without a certain pathos. "We have still." it says, "an Income of 1.800 roubles per month and we still possess somn 5,000 members. But those who have been given arms for the cause of liberty Use them for banditism and horrible acts of terrorism.) We. therefore, dissolve this party, as it has ceased to aim at the purpose for which it was created." * * * This is only too true. The revolution ists, having shown great courage, wide resources an? a certain amount of talent for organization, failed utterly to preserve discipline among the rank and file. The leaderg Imported revolvers from Germany; thev showed their followers how to use them and showed them to such good pur pose that whenever a man was aimed at it was almost a dead certainty that he would be killed. But thev omitted one precept: they forgot to teach these,war riors when not to shoot. They forgot , to teach them when not to take money, and the consequence was that 90 per cent of them raided banks and shops and trains, not for the sacred "cause of freedom, but for the sordid benefit of their own pockets. And this was not all: the rank and tile had their examples from some of the leaders themselves, who. while pretend ing to work for their party, schemed and intrigued to get money from nervous citi zens who blessed them for the best police in Russia and paid dearly for the honor of the benediction. Here is an example: A rich householder In Warsaw, named Zielinski. evicted a tenant, a restaurant keeper, for not pay ing his rent. The restaurant keeper call ed in the rabble, who ruined the premises, got drunk on half the liauor, flooded the cellar with the remainder and declared that thev would kill Zielinski If he did not find the restaurant keeper a thousand roubles to start afresh.' Zielinski weajt to the police, who refused V) help him. Then the waiters came to him demanding that he should make good the deposits they had placed with the restaurant keeper. This amounted to another thousand roubles. Zielinski was in despair when a stranger presented him self to him saying: "My name is Hero. I belong to the committee of the Polish partv of socialists. These waiters must have something, as they are destitute, but tht-v want too much. Let me act as your intermediary and I will settle the sum to be naid." ' ? ? ? * * Zielinski thanked, Hero?and accepted his offer. In a few days, he had got rid of the restaurant keeper's molestations and satisfied the waiters by giving them one-fourth of the sum they had originally demanded. All this thanks to Hero, who. in the name of his party, arranged the details. When everything was done and Ziellnski. with the generosity of a man who feels safe for the first time for weeks, offered to reward Hero, the latter refused. "I dare tajce nothing for my self." he said, "but any offering to the party will be gratefully accepted." Ziellnski offered some 300 roubles to the party (for which Hero gave him one of the party's receipts) and spent the next few days In singing the praises of Hero and the magnificent organization to which he belonged. But at the end of these few days he got another visit, this time from three strangers. who refused to give their names, but who looked myste rious and illkept enough for bona fide rev olutionaries. "What uassed between you and Hero?" they asked. After ? little persuasion Zielinskl told them. "Here are your .'#*> roubles." one said, when he had finished. "\J'e give them back tor the party's honor. Hero, who was one of our best men. lias proved to be "a fraud. He spent the 300 roubles you gave him as well as what you handed over for the waiters in chumpagne suppers. We found this out through one of the waiters, who plucked up courage to come and tell u.v He had threatened to shoot any who dared apply to you for the money and th? terror of our name made them obey. We had Hero shot this morning. He hat confessed all." * Men like Hero have brought the party to ruin. There have b$en too many ef them. So long as the better class of leaders had power enough such traitors were shot, but this kind of demoralisation spreads like wild fire in an organization of the sort, and soon the traitors outnum bered the faithful. This is why the Pol ish revolutionaries have signed their own dissolution. Nevertheless, as day follows night, another organization will surely rise on its ruins or Poland would not be Poland. CIVIL SERVICE VICTORY. ? i Reform Association Wins Out in Philadelphia. PHILADELPHIA, December 21.?The Civil Service Reform Association of Phil-, adelphia won a victory today when Judg* Wilson, In common pleas court, handed down a decision ordering the reinstate ment of Harry W. Truitt. superintendent of Rittenhouse Public Square, who was dismissed several weeks ago. The opinion of the court grants a per emptory mandamus against Director of Public Safety Clay and Mayor Reyburn requiring that Truitt be immediately re instated as superintendent of Rittenhouse Square and recognized as such by the mayor and the directors. The case of the dismissed superintend ent has attracted considerable attention, as the friti.ds of civil service have taken it as the first opportunity to test the right of the administration to remjve municipal employes "for the good of the service." ' Extradition for Walker. NEW HAVES, Conn.. December 21.? Gov. Rollin S. Woodruff today signed ex tradition papers for William F. Walker, the defaulting treasurer of the Savings Bank of New Britain, who was arrested, a few t days ago In Mexico. The - papers were turned over to Chief Kgan of the state police, who left for Knsenada. Mex ico, to bring the bank looter east. Chief Kgan Will slop at Washington for a war rant from the State Department. Mrs. Martin Weaver of Newville. pn? was burned to death at her home Thurs day. She was seventy-live years old and is survived by sU children.