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HEW YORK TO PARIS.
Latest Test Run Proposed the Freakest Ever. Automobile Topics has the following to say about the proposed New York to Paris run: "No more hair-brained, foolish and Im practicable proposal was ever made than to have a contest from New York to Paris via th? North American continent, Ber ing strait and Asia. Yet. in spite of all. the belief entertained in some quarters that the wild plan might be carried to success possesses a certain amount of probability the mor^ it is examined into. The Peking-Paris run demonstrated the rashness of characterizing any "stunt" In which the automobile is concerned as Impossible. It Is beginning to dawn upon the average mind that with the youthful automobile th^fe is no such word as fail. Given enough ears to reduce to a mini mum the chances of accidents, and ade quate preparations, it is difficult to con ceive S feat that the automobile cannot perforin. It is commonly supposed that roada of some sort are essential if the au tomobile is to devour space, but It has been many times demonstrated that such Is not the case. Before transcontinental trip? with automobiles became so common as to excite no comment the absence of highways in some sections of the western country was looked upon as an irremov able obstacle to such trips. The remote ness of the vast eastern part of the Asian continent. Its lack of roads and facilities for obtaining supplies, were looked upon as making inevitable the failure of last summer's run, but such anticipations were quickly dispelled. Similarly the talk about employing automobiles in which to make dashes for the pole has been re ceived with more or less amusement. Yet we cannot be sure that some adventurer will not some day solve the baffilng prob lem in this way. 'The amount of seriousness that is h?ing bestowed upon the New York-Paris run renders it necessary to give it some attention. In spite of the opera bouffe features that mark It. and which are evi dent in the publicity methods of the two papers back of the venture, not only the latter, bqt a number of motorists as well, are plainly in earnest about It. The love of adventure and the quest of the un known-practically insure the project a certain measure of support. Great as are the difficulties, many of them, if not all, could be overcome by the expenditure of an adequate amount of money and labor. As It is already proposed to make use of boats for transportation over certain of the more difficult parts of the journey, notably the crossing of Bering strait, it Is plain that the promoters will not deem It Incumbent upon them to drive the en tire distance. Even so the progress through or over the snow, the encounter with temperatures 50 and GO degrees be low zero, and such like things, leave the undertaking one of sufficient magnitude to daunt the most courageous." ORMOND-DAYTONA RACES. Agreement Reached and Date of Meet fixed. At a recent meeting of the contest com mittee of the Automobile Club of America the agreement with the Florida East Coast Automobile Association turning over the entire control and management of the races to the Automobile Club of America was ratified and the date of the races was fixed for the week beginning Monday, March 2. 1908. The flrst weak of March is the height of the Florida season, when many thou sands of people are then on the ground to witness the \ races, and the general temperature ana> weather conditions are at their best and' present the most invit ing prospects to northern motorists. Arrangements hbve been completed to provide an approximately sixteen-mile stralght-away course, with loops, one at the northern end o|f the beach at Orroond, and-one at the southern end, at the Inlet, , 11 provide the fastest course in | \ for long/distance races. TH1 FOR THE WISE ONES. Engine as a Brake and Be y Happy. t By having the engine turn over against \lts own fri^pa and other resistances. Ihe moto?y?nay often be used as an ex efficient means of braking the rm in descending steep grades. Although in %iost cases the ordinary brake on motor cd^ja would' ^fef?uffif'ently pOW<>rfU| t0 boUythe car. trie amount of friction in *t>lv?d will result in considerable wear ufeon the brake surfaces. Many motor s. therefore, when going down a hill, i^ard the progress of the vehicle by thflanring in the clutch, with the low speed enp)M. thus letting the onward move ttient^jB^lhe car turn the engine over again?P?w own compression. This, of oourse^equires considerable power.- and therefore results in a powerful braking cflfect. However, in braking the car with tha engine care should be exercised, and no motorist. unless he is fully familiar wit."! the operation of his car. should un dertake It. In Investigating the exact source of the braking action of the engine, when driven try the eaf under the circumstances cited above, the question arises whether the braking power is greater wlieu the valves arj closed than when they are open. Since th>! air taken into the cylinder upon each suction stroke must be compressed on tha next stroke, a considerable degree of resistance must be overcome? hence the braking effect. At the same time it has be*n asserted that the braking effect thus secured Is very nearly rendered useless by the release of compression and the consequent expansion of the gas. which his given rise to the opinion that the resistance encountered by the air in being sucked in and expelled through the valve openings consumes more power and pro duces, therefore, more efficient braking. Other opinions lAn to tha theory that the friction set up in the various parts of the motor rather than the pumpig action is the real source of brakit)g. Be that as It may. the fact Is that a motor when used in this manner makes a very go>d brake, saves the ordinary brakes and gives greater security to the operator in going down steep inclines. Broking with the engine Is not only' gentle, tout absolutely regular and par ticularly valuable when tlie ordinary1 brakes are wet and slippery or overheat ed by continuous use. A point to be observed Is that tha spark should be given again shortly before the end of the incline is reached. In order to star* the power of the engine. Thia Show Will Be Great. As the time draws near for the opening of the importers' automobile salon at Madison gq'uare Garden, New York. De cember 2S-January 4. the opinion is galn ;ng ground that that show is to be not only the most spectacularly beautiful show of the year, but also the most fruit ful in practical results. The inclusion of the Maja and Benz exhibits makes the representation of all the important for eign producing countries complete. The available space is all taken, and the show ng of cars and accessories will be worthy the attention of not only the entire trade, but of the large class of discriminating buyers at retail who desire to be thor oughly informed regarding the motor car situation. How He Has Changed! Representative Cocks of I.ong Island has charge of the federal automobile bill which the A. A A. is seeking to hav^ passed. Motorists with a good memory will*recall the representative as the au thor.of the odious Cocks bill, which was oa the New York statute books half a dozen years ago. From a rampant motor phobe the Long Islander, who was then In the state legislature, lieoame a motor ist and a firm friend of the reasonable use of the motor vehicle. Six-Day Record Not Broken. "Form." as Judged by the wise ones, made good in the six-day race at the Madison Square Garden, for the Germany Holland team finished ahead in the final SJast Saturday night. The greatest m.leage record ever made, however, was l \? approached. This honor was won by tsoo iu i*nd ^ank (Dutch) Waller, in | Ur":. thf ?r,st six-day event after New , ?^k K legislature made teams oompul VL3' . , recor* figures are 2,733 miles Sto1 a,ld ""'J achieved -,312 miles and 5 laps. Behind Pop Weston. George Wilcox, who drove a car through the country back of Old Pop Weston, tells of many an amusing incident along the route. "One day," said he. "we were toiling along at about four miles an hour following the game old codger, when a farmer came along in a buggy and stop a lift, friendV said he to weston. The old man kept right on piod ding and finally said 'No, I'll keep along It s too expensive to ride.' The farmer looked him over and Inquired regarding his destination. 'Chicago,' raid Weston 'Where from?' asked the farmer, 'Port land. Me.,* replied Weston. Then the farm er glared. 'Go along, you fools.' said he to the horses, 'that man's crazier than a bedbug, gtt up, and he drove away.** Didn't Know Barney. "Such is famfe," said Barney Oldfield. when he was introduced to a prominent newspaper advertising man at the Chicago show. This man, in the search for copy, ran across Oldfield and a friend, and was Introduced. "Interested in the automobile business, are you?" said the gentleman, and Barney bought drinks for the crowd. The incident was a reminder of the New York show, when Barney wandered into one exhibit and spent one-haif hour with a salesman who tried his best to dispose of a car. The salesman finally said, "Is there anything else I can tell you." and Barney replied, "You might tell me how many cylinders the car has." He ulti mately informed the salesman that he might be in the field for an eight-cylinder car, as that was what lie had been accus tomed to driving and finally offered to split the difference and take a seven cylinder car if it could be obtained. The salesman found that things were wrong somewhere and from that time on Bar> ney was unable to catch the eye of that salesman at that booth. Big Climb Ahead. The Mount W ashington six-day endur ance run for next summer, the last week in June, probably, is almost settled upon. "Senator" Morgan is making all the nec essary arrangements and came to Chi cago to talk over the late reliability run ?t tJ?e ,Chicago Motor Club and the rules of the latej contest. The plan is to opar ,e< Washington on the Scottish reliability run rules. 200 mi.es daily for five days, and * climb of Mount Wash ington the fln&! day. The ' nightly ren devous will be at the Mount Washington and Mount .Pleasant Tiotels, if the plans do not miscarry, and It is thought a large entry list will be secured. Sparks! The latest development of the motor cycle is a machine with a long wheel base, somewhat resembling an automo bile, as the driver occupies a chair-like seat some dlstancs to the rear of the motor and steers with a wheel. Two miles to a hospital in less than wu recent'J' was made at New Annoyed by her male rivals and hv boys who would invade her cab even time she stopped, Fran von Par>-> Ber lins first chauffeuse, was forced to iin ply to the police for permission to carry a joung man with Her as a bodyguard It is of the utmost Importance that the bolts holding together the pa-ts of | live axle housing be drawn up t0 "heir full capacity at all time*. Any slack wh.8,.hn5aynrrmi!,a sIlffh! amount of plav which will render them liable to rup Do not ring the bell or turn on the lamps while the battery of an electric are more than 200 men in New ~?pn srs? jag; arI"dest-urT'vlh^e '"atural enemies that Si? and each L 1? !rUber' "gbt "^t and Which Should be guarded 'against'6* ^ in^'I01^, :h:orld'f never should be nsed' to f j? I s solution if it be liable to come In contact with aluminum .s is almost certain to corrode the mstal. when" the* enJ^'T"* SOund ,s noticed e...t 'SnXz.' A lamp using alcohol for fuel whieh Is said to give from seven to Tin as much ilumination as an elect-ic lleht at a cost of less than a cent an hour s a recent arrival from Europe. 1 'S ??I line vehicles in that city Ha.'m they h/ve been forced to spend SIBO.OOO for foreirn ,he l>,48, ,en months teeau^ ???? ?""vSSr" "?**"->? SB j.? ,h. a re* times to wash the burnon i S . eating: oil 'rom the piston" and rinrs ?? I can be Injected through th* mmnlt ? SK ,r h!" ffiTS gKSShj' interest in the construction of 1 h?uSln* fom New York to San vLt rghway the use of both automobiles and8*!? f0r drawn vehicles. and horse Paradoxical as it mav se?m ti,. lght is Just as necesarT on a light night as a dark one An ,,on' ticn of serious automobile acc'dents in'r^ past year shows that ov?r Ju> 11" !?;> at night half of these when th?PPSned was shining brightly. Of th?s? nrnh^" twenty-five were brought on . Illusions caused by .he moon s de^pUve Address Before Italian Society "A legendary Emigrant, the Dantesoue wlft be the subject of an ad dress to be delivered at the Italian em bassy Monday evening beforo the Societa j Dante Aligliieri by Miss Amy U Beruady | professor of Italian literature at Smitli College. Northampton. Mass. The societv ! a world-wide organization for the studC ! of Italian literature. Mr. Mayor d4 Planches, the Italian ambassador is hon orary president of the Washington branch Miss fe.rnady will speak' In Italian an? her address will begin at 0 p.m. Recommendation of Dr. Wm. A. White Discussed. LOCAL ATTORNEYS' VIEWS Persons Suspected Declared to Be Entitled to Hearing by Jury. SOME PREFER TRIAL BY JTTBGE Each Side Presented in Interviews With Local Attorneys?Con stitutional Aspect. \ The recommendation of Dr. William A. White, superintendent of the Government Hospital for the Insane. In his recent re port to the Secretary of the Interior, that Congress be asked to pass a law abolish ing jury trials in cases of alleged insanity arising In the District of Columbia, hag attracted no little attention In legal cir cles. Many lawyers assert that a person who is alleged to be of unsound mind is entitled to have the question of his in sanity determined by a Jury of his fellow citizens, and that a law which denies him that right would be unconstitutional. Others claim the trial before a Judge only to be the more humane method of con ducting the investigation into the mental condition of the unfortunate persons. Presented by Mr. Sinclair. Attorney A. Leftwich Sinclair, who for several years represented the District Commissioners in proceedings taken by them in the local courts for the commit ment of the indigent insane to the Gov ernment Hospital for the Insane, in con versation with a Star reporter yesterday, had the following to say regarding the recommendation of Dr. White: "The recommendation of t'ne superin tendent of the Government Hospital for the Insane recalls the tight we had In the District several vars ago to get rid of a law which was believed to be unconsti tutional. On January SI. 1889. Congress passed an act which in terms denied to al leged lunatics the ngnt of trial by Jury and commuted the question of thei* l? * JLy i?, ? determination of a Justice of the District Supreme Court. This law had many objectionable features andl to very unsatisfactory. Pro ceedings under it were cumbrous and en a,v5reat.1r Pxpense "P?n the govern Jlan.. th?y 1,ad theretofore. The chief objection to the law, however lav in the fact that it was believed to be un constitutional. . We were constantly troubled with the fear that the law might be judicially declared unconstitutional In --i i ?vent there would have been a jail delivery, so to speak, as the super intendent of the Government Hospital for 1 . ? JIlsane would have been unable to justify the detention of any of the per DlSfl T.nrt* t)b6en co!n,mitted to the hos pital under the provisions of that law Fortunately for the District, the question of the constitutionality of the law was never adjuqlcated. Action by Congress. In 190o the District Commissioners suc ceeded in securing from Congress an act repealing the act of 1880 and reinstating the former procedure In insanity cages, restoring to persons whose sanity was called In question the right to have their cases passed upon fey a jury. Such was the practice at common law, and has always been regarded as the proper procedure in such cases In this Jurisdiction. In ISM the Supreme Court of the District, sitting in general term, had before It a case involving the ques tion as to what constituted due process of law in lunacy proceedings, and Mr. Jus tice James, delivering the unanimous opinion of the court, said: " 'We do not think there is anything in the language of the statute which gives any power of compulsory seclusion with out due process of law. It opens the doors of this asylum, and nothing more. It sim ply merits Its use for an Insane, person? a pay patient?and means no more than :f the statute had prescribed the rate of boarding for such persons. One of the terms for admission is that two physi cians shall certify to the Insanity of the Partj. But that does not do away with the necessity of a proper Judicial ascer tainment of the fact of insanity. The provision for the physician's certificate only contemplates the fact that a person may have been found insane by 11 jury on inquiry, and yet may have' became sane again, and. therefore, the certificate is to show that the insanity has not ceased. ? Statute Merely Permissive. Afi a matter of interpretation the statute Is merely permissive. It gives no power to seclude a person in lnvltum who has not been judicially found to be in sane. ? ? ? There must 'be a regular adjudication of the question by due proc ess of law. without which even the chan cellor cannot act: and due process of law in establishing the insanity of a person has long been declared to be by inquiry through a Jury. * ? ? This deprivation of the liberty of a citizen upon the ground of lunacy Is a matter of very grave im portance. because it may easily happen that for fraudulent purposes, perhaps with a view to deprive a person owning property of his control over It, a per fectly sane man might be sent to an asy lum by his relations upon a certificate of physicians and be illegally confined there for years.' "The act of 1899, which denied to the alleged lunatic the right of trial by Jury, was declared to bo unconstitutional by several of the members of the District Supreme Court while I had charge -of the lunacy proceedings and by lawyers gen erally. It was declared to be unconstitu tional by Mr. Henry E. Davis, United States attorney for the District, shortly after its passage, In a communication to Senator Hoar, chairman of the judiciary committee of the Senate, and also by Mr. A. B. Duvall, the late corporation count sel. and by Mr. Thomas, the present corporation counsel, in opinions submit ted by them to the District Commission ers. "It would seem, therefore, that such a law for cases of alleged insanity In the District as that proposad by the superin tendent of the Government Hospital for the Insane would be of exceedingly doubt ful constitutionality, to say the least." Opposite View. The opposite view of the matter Is taken by Attorney Frederick A. Fennlng, who has handled as attorney or In the capacity of committee a number of lunacy cases. He says: "The most striking difference in the care and treatment of the Insane between the past and the present is that more and more the status of nn Insane person is being fixed as that of a patient needing treatment. Time was when the insane man was considered and treated more as an animal than a human being, later he received more humane toleration, now he receives the care and attention of a sick man. Thus lias the medical profession ntoin-essed In Its treatment of the mental ly deficient. "The law In many Jurisdictions. Includ ing the District of Columbia, has not by any means kept pace with the pn*r?ss of the physicians in this respect. Even to day writs de lunatlco lnqulrendo are made returnable before a Justice holding crimi nal court, and the hearings are before a criminal court jury. The man who is al leged to be a lunatic lr thus served with papers commanding Itlm to b? present in a criminal court, and he Is frequentl suoktn of as being 'charged' with lunacy This is a criminal term and It fits a pro ceeding in a criminal court, but ltn use lias no justification or excuse In a lunacy proceeding. As well say a consumptive Is "charged with tuberculosis,' or an In fant :s "charged with croup.' Patient Needing Treatment. "The insane man is a sick man. as a patient needing treatment. i8 entitled to am! should receive from.every person with whom -he comes In contact gentle, non exciting, comforting ministrations. He is This is the house of a thousand gifts something here for everybody. All rea sonably priced, too. The question of "what shall I give?" is easily solved here. Prove it! Come first thing in the morn ing and take "a look around.'' You'll not be obligated to pur chase, but you will purchase when you see the things we are offering. Come early or come late, but come. There's a rea son. ONLY 24 MORE SHOPPING HOURS BEFORE XMAS. From 8 A:M. till 9 P.M. Monday, and from 8 A.M. till 6 P.M. Tuesday?that's all the time you have to do your shopping. ^?Last-minute" shoppers will find us specially prepared to supply their wants and make deliveries. Anj^article purchased before 6 P.M. Christmas eve will be delivered at your home same evening. Come and inspect the articles we have listed below. Genuine bargains, every one of them. 23 24 22 W e'r e specially prepared to handle big crowds]tomor row and Tuesday. We expect big crowds, too, because the specials we offer warrant them. See that YOU are here. It's mighty hard to describe some of the Xmas specials we are offering. We won't attempt it but we do ask you to come and inspect them. A dollar will buy a full dollar's worth?and more? tomorrow and Tues day. 21 20 17 This Invitingiy Com fortable Fireside Chair, mahogany-finish frame, covered in velour; ex cellent upholstering-, lis 3 This Pretty Parlor F.ocker This Comfortable Morris , in mmiogany finish highly Chair: golden well upholster ed in leather ette. Price only. oak frame: $9.35 polished: loose cushion: cover- itC ed in plush. IJ^ Only ~ V, <? >* v V * ? J ' A ? ' $21.25 This Excellent Oak-frame Couch, claw feet, good upholstering; covering of pretty velour. deep tufting. An exceptionally good value at.. $8.75 This Handsome Prin ces* Dresser, of Ameri can quartered oak, with serpentine front and large French bevel-plate mirror. Price only $14.65 w y15] When in Doubt, Buy of HOUSE & HERRMANN 7th and I (Eye) Sts. N. Some Other Gift Suggestions. _ a a ? n:..? * I Y1a *1# Ciua * DaaLa??i Giva a Music Cabinet. It makes a most ac ceptable gift. Our Una of these is the largest of any in the city, i You'll be surprised at th^ ex ceedingly low prices which prevail. -A vsry special Xmas value at 5*1. S5. Give a Lady's Desk. Daintiness is one of the special requisites of milady's desk. ours were selected by an ex pert, and combine beau ty with lnexpensiveness. An excellent line at the Xmas price of $0.75. Give a Bookcase. One of the moat beau tiful and useful presents one could give. We laid in a special stock of these for Xmas. and ev ery one is VERT rea on ab y priced. We've a lot of beauties at $10.50. 8 1? "LAST-MINUTE" SHOPPERS?COME HERE. YOU'LL GET WHAT YOU WANT ' WHEN YOl) WANT IT 10 1 W. When in Doubt, Buy of HOUSE & HERRMANN 7th and I (Eye) Sts. N. W. far from receiving such consideration when lie is brought Into a crowded court room, there to sit and hear his own ail ments and those of probably a dozen other unfortunates discussed before a Jury of j twelve men. "I am well aware that some of my brethren at the oar hark back to the cry that a trial by Jury Is granted by Vie Con stitution of the United gtates. Fortunate ly for the progress of the legal profession, however, a distinguished jurist handed down a decision in February, If OS, which holds that an inquiry into the mental con dition of a person alleged to be of un sound mind is not a criminal prosecution, and therefore does not require a jury under the third article of the Constitu tion or the sixth amendment, and fur ther that the term 'due process of law.' as used In the fifth amendment to the Constitution, means 'that law of the land which derives Us authority from the legis lative powers conferred upon Congress by the Constitution of the United States exercised within the limits therein pre scribed and interpreted, according to the principles of the common law.' Justice Barnard Quoted. "The opinion to which I refer Is that of Mr. Justice Barnard, reported in 35 Wash ington Law Reporter, 128 (In re Emily Murdock). and the quotation just given Is from 'Hurt ado agt. Ckllfornia. 110 U. 8., 510. Justice Barnard holds In the .Mur dock ca*e. following the decision of the highest court of the land, that If Con gress provides by law for hearLngs in lunacy cases by a judge without a Jury, proceedings In conformity with such, a law are 'due process of law.' as required by the fifth amendment. 1 Concluding his opinion. Justice Barnard, reviewing our many lunacy laws covering the past few yfars, gives the weight of hl^-good Judg ment in favor of a hearing without a juiy, when lie says: My experience and observation under the three different statutes as a Judge le-id me to the conclusion that the said act ot January 31, 1809, is perhaps the best of the three for the Individual who is suffering from mental disease, as there Is less disturbance to the patient when he Is brought- Into open court before a single Judge than there is when he Is brought before a marshal's jury of thir teen, or before a judge and twelve Jurorq. and is subject to all the excitement of an Inquiry and argument before the jury." Sum of Investigation. "I have itudled the lunacy laws of many jurisdictions and discussed the subject witn scores of lawyers, alienists and mem bers of hospital boards. The sum of my Investigation and Inquiry is that the wisest action Congress can take is to diaft a law in close keeping with the New York insanity law of 1806. "Ajmong other provisions, this law says as to hearings: " 'The Judge to whom such application is made may. If no demand is made 'for a hearing In behalf of the alleged In sane person, proceed forthwith to deter mine the question of insanity.' "This law fully guards qjl the legal rights of an allfyed lunatic: at the same time In the intsifsts of humanity It pro tects and shieWte his mental Infirmity. This has been in operation for more than ten years in New York state and has glveji satisfaction. It should be the law In this District. No ons can seriously contend that the right* of an alleged luna tic can better be protected by a Jury than by any one of the Justlees of the Supreme Court of this District.' f Funeral of Mrs. Mary V. Lawver. The funeral of Mrs. Mary V. Lawver, who ended her llje on the tracks of the railway between Manieeap and Gaines ville. Va.. last Thursday, took place from the undertaking establishment of. Joseph Gawler. 1784 Pennsylvania avenue, yester day afternoon, the Interment being In Oak Hill cemetery. Before throwing hereelf In the way of the train, it is stated. Mrs. Lawver placed her hat. furs and handbag alongside the track, where they were found by the atlrosd employe who discovered the body. Although the latter was mangled, the -eatures were in such eonditiomthat rela tives were able to fully Identify the body. IN THE OLD DOMINION SW ANSON'S LETTER TO LEG ISLATURE?HEALTH LAWS. RICHMOND. Va? December 21.?Gov. Swanson is practically through with his message to the general assembly, except perhaps he is still "tduching it up" at some points In which he may have used an expression that does not exactly sutt him. The message will be lengthy and will cover a wide range of subjects. The governor says that he will have copies ready for the press several days before the paper is presented to the jgeneral as sembly, but it will not be printed till the actual reading Is begun. The governor will make many recommendations to the legislature, and it is believed that among the subjects which he will treat at great length are two?the schools of the state and the public highways. Gov. Swanson is taking the liveliest in terest in the matter of buildlftg good roads at all costs. It is understood that he will recommend that the general as sembly amend the present road laws so that the state will have to make an appro priation to each county for road Improve ments, the work to be done by the state and by the counties jointly. This will re quire a very large appropriation on the part of the state and may result In each of the counties having to issue bonds with which to take care of its part of the gen eral improvement. Then, too, there is the question of'compelling all men who are sentenced to prison for a term of five years or less to be sent to the roads. There are some 2,000 men In the state penitentiary and the same number in the jails of the state. The general assembly is to be asked to put all the men on the roads Instead of letting them stay In the Jails for months awaiting trial, and if they shall be acquitted let the state or the county pay them for work done on the road at a stipulated amount. More Money for Schools. The state will have at the end of the year an amount of money that It has not had for a long time. There will be something like $1,250,000 in bank to the credit of the state after all the expenses are paid. This will receive attention at the hands of the general assembly, for all the colleges and the public schools will demand that th?y be given an additional sum. The several state hospitals will ask for more, and the hospital for the colored insane will modestly request the tun of $300,000 for new buildings toNiCcommo dats the increasing number of patients. The state board of education will ask for more money with which to Improve the school system of the state and to provide at least one more normal school?either at Winchester. Harrisonburg or Manassas Gap. In addition to this, there will be a demand for an epileptic colony and also for a school for the negro deaf, dumb and blind. There are twenty-nine circuit judges the state at this time, ..>ey taxing the places of the old county court judiciary system. The number was raised from twenty-five to twenty-nine at the last session of the legislature, and this session there Is to be an effort to still further increase the number by the creation of at least Ave new circuits. This Is due to the enormous growth of business, all th* courts being crowded with business, with few exceptions, giving the judges little time for the consideration of law ques tions when they are presented. Another matter that will receive con sideration at the hands of the legislature will be the proposition of the Anti-Saloon Iveatfie to still further restrict the sale of liquor. The league has plans formu lated for a campaign, wu.ch, in ease there is no compliance on the part of the law makers. will precipitate the state in * fprohibition fight' that will be marked for ts bitterness and aligning of the parties in a way that will have a result that will surprise the voters and the politicians. Health Laws and the Doctors. The question of amending th. health laws of the state In many particulars will be presented by the stale board of health. The laws as now enforced do not meet the approval of the authorities and the records are far from complete. There is no way to get at the vital statin ties in any of the counties and In few of tfie cities. The practitioners are the ones most concerned In this move. They will- ask for more money with wh-ch to, enforce the laws as regards public !.43.1th and vital statistics. There Is a report, and it seems to be well founded, that the state board of medical examiner*, the body which grants licenses to practi tioners in Virginia, will ask that the laws be so changed as to require the graduates to take all the examinations on the general subject of medicine and surgery at one time. As the law stands at this time, when a student completes any group of studies he is allowed to "get them off" before, the board and if free to pursue his other studies without having to keep all of the others up. Tue board, it is said, will ask that this be abolished and, the students be denied the right to take any examination thl they have completed the course. It is pointed out that in the case of graduates in law this rule is applied?the full examiitat.on at one time. The genera] assembly will certainly be asked to reoeal the statute which forbMs the paralleling of the Richmond, Fred ericksburg and Potomac railroad. The presentation of the application for a char ter tor the Fredericksburg and Southern, and the avowal of the hope to have a line to compete with the old line between this city and the north, has begun the agita tion alone this line. There is a law which prevents the building of a line to compete with the Richmond. Fredericksburg and Potomac so long as the state has an In terest In that property. The question now is whether it is not better to give the people of the state competition between this city and the north -than to be within the power of a single line. It is said that the state would gain much by selling hei stock and requiring the Richmond. Fred ericksburg and Potomac to pay taxes, as she would then have the taxes that would come from that line and the competing line and have the assurance that "feed ers" would be built to many points which are now without fajlroad facilities. Money for the Military. One of the first bills to be presented will be that to amend the military Jaws of the State to conform to the nrovlslons of the Dick bill, so that the military establish ment of the state will receive from the federal government about $30,000 a year. The adjutant general will ask for an in crease in the fund from the state from $15,000 to $50,000. so that the militia may be brought up to the very highest stand ard of efficiency. The state board of education, after striving for a long time, has at last got ten rid of the multiple book list, and with the beginning of the next school year there will be only a single book list for the entire state?books used In the coun ties being the same as those used In the cities for the same grades and studies. This means an enormous saving to the people of the state. The change, how ever, Is to be gradual, so that patrons will not be required to buy a complete new set at once. The possibility for a change from the multiple to the single list was only made after a bitter struggle, when at least two men who stood for the prin ciple of the mutlple list were defeated when their-terms expired. The matter was an issue in the state two years ago, all the candidates at that time expressing themselves for the slnsrle list. The list to brf adopted the coming spring will hold for four vears. , -- Polio* Break Up a Game. * Charged with an alleged violation of the gambling law. Aartin Phillips, colored, a resident of the JUdge road, was locked up at the Georgetown police station last night. Policeman Giles interrupted a game and summoned several alleged play ers to appear In the Police Court tomor row as witnesses against Phllllpe. Brick Sends Him to Hospital. Benjamin Nayior. colored, twenty-five years of age. who lives at No. 4 Dyer's alley. Georgetown, was treated at tlie Georgetown University Hospital last night for an injury to his head. The injury, he said, was inflicted with a brick that was thrown by Timothy Connors. His condition wAs not serious. LONDON HOLIDAY SEASON. Distinct Re rival of Cheerfulness on Approach* of Christmas. Special Cablegram to The 8 tar. LONDON. December 21.?Perhaps it Is the approach of Chrtatmaa. "perhaps U ie some deeper psychological cause, but at all events the worldwide Impression? which Impression has been prevailing for some weeks past?that the times were out of Joint, is disappearing, so far as Europe Is concerned. There Is a dis tinct revival of cheerfulness and optimism in the public mind in regard to financial affaire and the press shows It. Holiday crowds radiate it. Even the weather In spires it People have beep complaining of hard times for months, yet never were the throngs of Christmas shoppers so wior mous. Some favorite shops have been compelled te charge a penny admission for their Christmas sales, or otherwise the crush would-make It literally impossi ble to do business. A tired shop gir| in one of the big bazaars complained last night: "Oh. I wish it was Christmas eve. We never had anything like this before." Soasa Convalescing at Pinehurat. Special Dispatch to The Star. PINEHUR6T, N. C., December 21. Among todays hotel arrivals were Band master John Philip Sousa. who is here for fresh air and sunshine, convalescing from his recent serious illness. Mr- Bousa spent hhe best part of last season here with his family and <b welcomed back by many close friends and acquaintances. PEORIA. 111.. December 21.?Edward Clifford, aged twenty-five, was hanged yesterday for the murder of his father a year ago. Clifford walked te the scaffold with a flrm step, praying aa he went. NERVDU8, WEAK, RUN-DOWN WOMEN THOUSANDS OP WOMB??. WHO SUFFERED FOR YEARS. RAVE BEEN RESTORED TO COMPLETE HEALTH BY STL'ART'S CALCIUM WATERS. TRIAL PACKAGE FREE. Are you nervous. weak. tired, nia-<1own. ffla pirlted. easily exhausted? la other words. do yon feel like a dlibrae at tines) Do yen ever hsve to step ritht In the middle of your work to take a re?tl Nearly every woman baa these miserable ex periences. and many such aafferera Reek relief In aecret remedies, containing harmful drugs and cheap a)cobol. if you are doing this, atop it sow. before yon rain roar health complete!?. Your condition Is bed enough without making It worse. Yeu need s tonic that will brace ap the nervous system. cleanse the bowels. liter and kidoeye. and enrich the blood. The last. nam?, safest preparation to de thta Is Stuart's Calcium Wafers. Stuart's Calcium Wafenf are sot a setryt rem edy. They do not centgln harmful drugs, nor do they lose their medicinal power as pftst lie all medicines &>, becsuse these wafers aiv in tablet or leeenge form, which cannot deteriorate or evaporate. , Stuart's Calcium Wafers contain sulphide of calcium, the atroogest blood purifier tuowo; also golden seal, quassia, eucalyptus, belladonna. and the vegetable alteratives aad la satires. These Ingredients will restore the normal action of the bowels, liver and kidneys: invigorate tfce nervea aad brain; make pure. rich, healthy Mood; drive away that tired, worn-out feeling sod make roe feel ten years younger. You can obtain Stuart's Calcium Wafers la aay drug store nt only fifty cents a bog. but If yeu bsve any doubts ae to the merits of these wonderful calcium wafers, why aevd as your name aad eddrtas and we will send you a free sample package, ao yea can give them a fair trial and convlncs yourself. Write today. Ad dress F. A. Stuart Co.. 173 Stuart Bid*., Mar shall. Mich.