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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 22, 1907, Image 28

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settled again comfortably in his big ami chair and
drew a gray woolen robe over his knees. He must
be careful not to take cold, he explained. I asked
him about the big pile of letters. "My inter
national correspondence," he said, as happy as a
child. "Why, I have more correspondents than
'The Boston Post,' ' New York Herald,' and 'Chicago
Record-Herald' combined. Everybody writes to
me, it seems, and I get things going through the
Lend a Hand clubs. Here is a letter from Tiflis:
earthquake there; funds are needed. And here's
one from Liberia: rice crop has failed there. Here's
one from Dr. Grenfell, about reindeer needed in
Labrador to take the place of the dogs, on the dog
sleds. Here are others, for money, counsel, or sym
pathy. Each call is prayerfully considered in "this
work room, and appeals come from America, Asia,
Australia, and Africa."
For a thousand men who write books there is but
one coiner of phrases that really live. With some
literary goldsmiths phrase making is a delicate art;
but Dr. Hale uses the hammer blows of the black
smith, and forges great, strong things that en
dure for years. He hits off a thing at a stroke. He
makes vou think of Ben Franklin's homely philoso
phy. There is something of the aptness of biblical
truth about Dr. Hale's way of making things stick.
He puts together a hundred words and cuts them
down to three; paragraphs become sentences,
sentences words. His sentiments appeal to love of
home, love of country, love of the fireside. His
story with the apt title, "The Man Without a
Country," has made America his debtor. It is
nearly forty years since Dr. Hale named another
of his stories "In His Name," and soon after he
brought out another called "Ten Times One Are
Ten " These simple expressions were big with
meaning. To refer to some one as "a man without
a country," is to preach a terrible lesson of patriot
ism, and to say "lend a hand" is to strike a fellow's
heartstrings till they tingle.
When Dr. Hale wrote "Look up and not down;
look forward and not back; look out and not in;
and lend a hand," he was doing a service to man
kind. Thousands of men and women caught up
the terse words and made them a rallying call. " Lend
a Hand" clubs sprang into being everywhere, until
they girdled the earth; "Ten Times One" clubs
followed; "In His Name" clubs multiplied like
the leaves in spring. To-day, the Maltese cross,
sign of Dr. Hale's followers, is seen this wide world
over. As president of the central organization.
Dr. Hale has become a sort of pious tradition, a
spiritual godfather to good people everywhere, who
turn to him for advice. His mail, as we have seen,
is international.
Practical Sentimentality
A ND the thing is not merely sentimental ; Dr. Hale
is nothing if not practical. Why, the year the
crops failed in Kansas, Dr. Hale's followers replied
with carloads of clothing; next, an infirmary,
'founded by a Xegro in Alabama, needed and re
ceived help: then a floating hospital was endowed;
Helen Keller wore the Maltese cross when, she
Continued on page 20
THE record of the Northwest mounted police
since they were first organized and began
their celebrated march toward the Rockies in July,
1874,?then two hundred and seventy-four strong,
?is unique, and in point of achievement has
probably been excelled by no other body of police
the world over. With pardonable pride. Com
missioner Perry in his recently issued annual report
refers to the accomplishments of the force, and dis
cusses the propriety of its continuance in a manntr
to which no one can take exception; and it is satis
factory to know that, at least while the great North
west land is in a state of transition, the mounted
police are to be maintained. They will follow the
builders of the Grand Trunk Pacific, the new trans
continental railway, as Sherman's soldiers guarded
the builders of the Union Pacific; but they will have
little fighting to do. The "Bad Indian" has never
been in evidence north of the forty-ninth. Critics
of American methods argue that the docility of the
northern Indian is due largely to the fact that he
has always had a "square deal."
The secret of the success of the force may be traced
to the high ideals of duty and pride in its traditions,
which have been kept ever before it. From the day
when the recruit enters the barracks at headquar
ters he is taught that his first duty is to know the
law, and his second to see that it is observed with a
single eye to justice being administered without
fear or favor. In the six months of his probation
the recruit is kept at headquarters and drilled with a
thoroughness that would do credit to the best
trained army. He is not only taught his duty as a
member of the collective force; he is educated in the
laws governing the territories, civil and commercial,
and shown the necessity of being absolutely just in
dealing with the rights of everyone, including those
accused of wrong doing.
The Friend of the Newcomer
TX a land where he may have to act in emergen
* cies, solely on his own initiative.
in dealing with serious and complicated
troubles, perhaps hundreds of miles
from headquarters, and out of reach
of the telegraph and the telephone, the
mounted policeman requires this equip
ment. and, despite the ofttimes arbi
trary character of the methods he is
compelled to take, there have been few
complaints of misconduct or misplaced
zeal. Indeed, the man with the red
tunic is everywhere regarded as a
friend of the prospector for land, tim
ber, or minerals, of the traveler for
pleasure or sport, of the settler, of the
traveling merchant?in fact, of every
body but the lawbreaker.
Wrong doing has been dealt with sharply and un
flinchingly, no matter how remote the place, how
flangerous the journey, or how great the cost. It
took the mounted police in the Yukon eighteen
months to hunt down the murderer O'Brien, who
from ambush on the trail slaughtered a number of
United States gold seekers that he might possess
himself of their belongings. Many thousands of
dollars were spent by the Dominion Government to
accumulate the evidence that hanged the miscreant;
but every Canadian considered the money well
spent, even though the murdered persons were
foreigners. The lesson had to be taught, as it had
been taught again and again, that Canada is no
place for the lawbreaker, and that his punishment
is almost invariably swift and sure.
Last January Inspector Genereux. of Prince Al
bert, returned from a patrol to the Far North to in
quire into a case of alleged murder. He was absent
one hundred and thirty-two days, and traveled
seventeen hundred and fifty miles by canoe and dog
train. As a coroner, he held an inquest, and estab
lished that the death was accidental. It is no un
common thing for a mounted policeman to have
thrust upon him the duty of acting as undertaker
clergyman, and executor.
The commissioner strongly commends the heroic
conduct of Constable Pedley, who was stationed at
Drawing by
Fort Chippewyan, whose duty it was to accom
pany a lunatic from that far north point to Fort
Saskatchewan. The solitary journey lasted from
December 17 to January 7, and was accomplished
by dog train, with only the companionship of an
Indian interpreter. For days the party struggled
through solitary wilds, in slush and water up to the
knees, and though the lunatic had his feet frozen
and his tongue was paralyzed so that he could not
speak in several days, under expert treatment in
Manitoba he speedily recovered both his mental and
bodily faculties, and is now as well as ever. The
mounted policeman saved the man's life at the risk
of his own; but he suiTered so much from the strain
that he too lost his reason for some months. With
careful attention, however, he fully recovered?and
reenlisted for another term.
The commissioner also highly praises the daring
of Corporal Conradi, who by risking his own life
saved the lives of a rancher, his wife, and ten chil
dren in a prairie fire.
The statistics of the force for last year indicate the
social and moral condition of a rapidly developing
country, and show how carefully the Canadian Gov
ernment safeguards the interests of the settler. It is
true that since iqoo the number of criminal con
victions has greatlv increased,?from nine hundred
and thirty-six to three thousand seven hundred and
sixty-seven last year,?but the increase is only three
hundred and two over 1904, which Commissioner
Perry regards as highly satisfactory, considering
that it is only an increase of nine per cent, in wrong
doers, whereas the population increased twenty-five
per cent.
The inspectors of the force are justices of peace,
and travel to different points in their divisions to
hold court. These officers, and sometimes the men,
are called upon to act as arbitrators in the disputes
that arise between settlers, especially those from
European countries, and the experience thus gained
is of value not only to the force, but to the Depart
ment of the Interior in dealing with problems arising
among the newcomers.
Their Record in South Africa
THE mounted police are under the immediate
supervision of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the Premier.
He readily consented to the formation of the Strath
cona Horse, the magnificent troop raised in Canada
for the South African war, and agreed
that the command of this force, largely
i' composed of members and ex-members
. of the mounted police, l>e given to
K3c|HhV Colonel Steele, a veteran of the force.
wttKBOfr' Colonel Steele was selected subse
ffiHK <|uently as reorganizer and head of the
South African police. The achieve
ments of Strathcona's Horse demon
strated to the Empire the great
advantage of educating and maintain
ing the mounted police as an auxiliary
defense in time of external trouble.
After all, however prospective
settlers in Canada must always view
the mounted police in the light
of the best possible agents for
insuring safety to their lives
and properties, and making
existence as tolerable on the
far distant prairies as it is in
the best policed centers of
population in either the Old or
. the New World.
An Indian chief, addressing
a mounted police officer in a
friendly council, declared,
"Before you came the Indian
|crept along: now he is not
jljr?SC afraid to walk erect."
! To which Commissioner
?? .. jl Perry, head of the force to
day, can truthfully respond,
" For thirty-one years neither
white man nor Indian has
been afraid to walk erect,
whether he might be in the
great plains, in the Far North, or in the distant
Yukon country."
First Duty Is to Die
'THE Northwest policeman's first duty is to die. if
that should be necessary. He is not allowed to
shoot a desperado, go up, sit on his carcass, roll a
cigarette, and then read the warrant. He must
not shoot. At all events he must not shoot first,
which is often fatal; for if there is a time when
delay is dangerous it is when you are covering an
Numbers of the force have been known to ride or
walk into the very mouth of a cocked .45 Colt and
never flinch. In about ninety-eight cases out of
every hundred the man behind the gun weakened.
In the other two cases he extended his lease of life,
but made his going doubly sure. When a mounted
policeman falls, the open space he leaves is immedi
ately closed, for back of him stands the Dominion
Government, and back of that the British Empire.
So the desperado who thinks he can kill and get away
has a hard time. If the police chase him out of the
Dominion back to the islands, he is likely to fetch up
at Scotland Yard. If his native village lies south of
the" forty-ninth, the Pinkertons take up his trail, and
when all these forces are after a man his days are
gliding swiftly by.

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