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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 14, 1908, Image 2

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being extended to vou down here at this
time by the friend" of Ions: standing?the
friend who has stood the test, the I n;ted
States of Brazil."
Compliment to Brazil.
Then turning to his Brazilian guests.
Ambassador Dudley said:
"Permit me, gentlemen, to thank you
sincerely for the welcome you have ex
tended our fleet, and at the fame time I
have the honor and the pleasure of pro
posing the health of his excellency, your
illustrious President. I>r. Penna, and that
your groat and novel nation continue
long in the path of peace and prosperity."
Admiral Alencar. the Brazilian minis
ter of marine. spoke in reply to Mr. Dud
ley. He proposed the toast to President
Roosevelt, the United States and the
? merican navy.
No less than two thousand men had
shore leave from the vessel of the fleet
yesterday and visited the city. Two sail
ors were Injured by being run over by an
automobile in the street. They were at
once picked up and taken back tci their
vessel, where they are in the hospital. Tn
spite of the large number of sailors on
shore* there was only one serious brawl.
Care for the Sailors.
The American colonv of this city has
established a bureau of informaUon for
the sailors who come into the city. Tins
bureau has already given excellent results
and is a great help to the men.
The Americans of Rio Janeiro have ar
ranged with a local theatrical manager to
give a series of free entertainments for
the crews of the battleships. ?.
.lust at the moment that the torpedo
boat flotilla was leaving l'ernambuco yes
t? rdav ir was learned that two sailors
v cre missing.
The shore authorities were notified and
the nolice found the men and returned
them to th^ir vessels before the flotilla j
t-ailed.
PESSIMISTIC OVER CANAL.
Naval Officer Sees Too Much Politics ,
in the Work.
tperlal Dispatch to Tbe Star.
CHICAGO, January 14?-'The United
f^ates will never finish the Panama ca
nal.' was the declaration made last nignt
by W. Lee Russell, chief warrant engi
neer of the I'nited States Navy.
"I mean," he added, "that tne govern
ment w ill not be able to ?omplete the
work for the reason that there is too
much politics mixed up in the work. The
difficulty will continue as long as the gov
? rnment ha*< the work in hand.
"There have been good men at the head
of the work, but they did not stick. Tf
you would know the reason, ask the men
that quit. The work could be finished in
record time if done by contract. 1 have
been there for some time superintending
for the navy some of its dredging and
construction work, and know what I
say."
Mr. Russell is a brother of the late Sol
Smith Russell. He was with Sigsoee when
the Maine was blown up and was serious
ly wounded in the explosion.
CHARGE BY MAE WOOD.
Asserts She Was Imprisoned and
Forced to Give Papers.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
NEW YORK January 14 ?In an affi
davit filed in the supreme court today Mae
Wood Piatt, who is using United States
Senator Thomas; C. Piatt for an absolute
divorce, tell how she says she was closely
confined in the law office of Howe &
Hummel without food for a whole day in
1903. She says that she was kept there
until finally, jchen she had no strength
left, she gave to DeLancey Nicoll, theu
Senator Piatt's attorney, certain letters
and papers. She sets forth that after
she had signed a receipt and a release of
all claims against Senator Piatt "they
gave a sum of money to Hummel, who
had pretended throughout the farce to be
acting: fur me. and he in turn gave me a
part or it Then I was releas?d. and,
teellng that my life was not safe in New
York, 1 It ft the city as quickly as 1
could, a nervous and physical wreck."
Th? affidavit was filed by counsel for
Mae C. Wood Piatt in support of an ap
plication which she made to Justice New
berger for an order directing Mr. Plau
and his counsel to permit her to have a
discovery and inspection of the papers
which she said she was induced to sur
render in Hummers office and to take
copies of them.
ALLEGED SHORT WEIGHT.
Warrants Issued for Local Manager
of Flour Company.
Four warrants were issued t^is after
noon by Assistant Corporation Counsel
James L. Pugh at the Police Court build
ing for the arrest of James H. Kays, local
manager of the Gold Medal Flour Com
pany, alleged short weight in practically
all the output of the concern in its prod
ucts so d in tihis city. The information
upon which the warrants were based is
sworn to by Inspector of Weights and
Measures George W. Howe, after an in
vestigation upon the part of the latter
covering a period of fully ten days.
It is alleged by the authorities that the
flour company has sold flour in packages
of various sizes to the Washington trade,
each one of which was under the stand
ard weight. In obtaining the evidence
upon which the warrants wer?- based In
spector Howe secured samples of the
company's products in untampered pack
ages and found. it is sa^d. an average
short weight ranging ;n proportion to the
bulk from four ounces in the six-pound
packages, s:x to eight ounces in the
twelve-pound packages, one pound in the
nfty-pound bulk, and the same Di'oportiata
ate decrease on :o the barrel Quantities.
The local manager. Jamc-s H. Kays,
whose offices are in the Ouray building,
frth and H streets, and for whom the war
rants were issued, is held technically re
sponsible for the shortage. At a late hour
this afternoon Mr. Kays could not be
s- _n or a statement outain.d in refer
ence to the matter. ,
That the flour company was selling
short weight in their products was first j
suspected bv a tew people, but no;n;ng1
was called to the attention of the authori
ties until a littl* over a week ago, when
Judge Anson S. Taylor, it is said, discov
eivd a snortage m purchases for private
use. Additional packages were tested and
the matter was reported to the authori
ties. Alter the report of Judge Taylor
other people with the same experience
?a!led the attention of the officials to
their suspicions and an investigation was
instituted.
The warrants charge Mr. Kays with
selling food products in four.sei--trate in
stances at a short weight in' violation of
the laws govrr.inc weights and measures
of the D.strict of Columoia. The matter
<?: tr.e arrest of the accused manager was
placed in the hands of the police of tne
t.rst precinct, but up to a late . our this
aft- rr.oon no arrest ;n the case had been
reported.
OCEAN LINER MOVEMENTS.
NEW YORK. January 14-Arrived:
Steamer Kronprinzes?in Cecelle, from
Bremen; North America, from Naples;
Ryndam. from Rotterdam.
GIBRALTAR. January 14.?Arrived.
St* amtrs Caiotiia, ?from New York for
Genoa, Hamburg, from New York for
Genoa
ANTWERP. January 14..?Arrived:
Steamer Kroonland. from New York.
Fears for Fourteen Skaters.
PARIS. January 14.?Thirty young peo
ple were skating on the lake in the Bois
de Boulogne this afternoon, when the Ice,
wihlch was thin, broke and they were pre
cipitated into the water. Every effort to
rescue the skaters was at once made and
sixteen of the young p-ople are accounted
f'>r. Fourteen arc- still missing and it is
feared that they have been drowned.
To Manage Georgetown's Eleven.
At a meeting of the executive commit
tee of the Georgetown University Athletic
Association Vincent Lynch of the 1900
'"lass was selected to manage the foot
ball team.
t
PASSED B* SENATE
Bill Providing for Site for De
partment Building.
HEYBURN BILL GOES OVER
Senator Nelson Objects to Present
Consideration.
NO ONE ELSE IN OPPOSITION
Minnesota Senator Claims That It
Will Cost $50,000,000 to Get
the Desired Land.
The Senate this afternoon passed a bill
appropriating $3,000,000 for a site on the
south side of Pennsylvania avenue, east
of the grounds of the White House, for
a building for the departments of State,
Justice and Commerce and Labor.
The Heyburn bill, appropriating $10,
000,000 for the purchase of the land lying
between Pennsylvania avenue and the
Mall, from the Capitol grounds to loth
street northwest, for the use of the gov
ernment in the erection of public build
ings. was reached on the calendar in the
regular course of business in the Senate
this afternoon, and but for an objection
by Senator Nelson of Minnesota would
have been passed at once. As it is. the
vote was postponed. No objection to the
measure was made by any senator except
Nelson.
The Heyburn bill is No. 8 on the calen
dar. After it had been read by the sec
retary Senator Whyte. of Maryland asked
if there was a committee report on the
bill, and when informed by Senator Hev
burn that there was, he asked that the re
port be read, which was done.
"I would call the attention of the Sen
ate," said Senator Heyburn, following
the reading of the report, "to the fact that
the Fifty-ninth Congress considered this
bill and that it was passed by the Sofiate;
also that it was adopted as an amendment
to the sundry civil bill."
Without attempting to elaborate upon
the plan Mr. Heyburn directed the atten
tion of the senators to the report on the
bill and the accompanying diagram.
Senator Tillman Makes Inquiries.
Senator Tillman of South Carolina
arose at this juncture, and said he had
not had an opportunity to examine the
bill, hut that he wanted to ask a few
questions concerning it. He asked Mr.
Heyburn whether the bill provided for
an appropriation of $10,000,000.
Senator Heyburn replied that that is
the maximum amount.
Mr. Tillman then wanted to know what
was the plan for acquiring the property,
and he was informed by Mr. Heyburn
that it was by contract or condemnation
in the usual manner.
W hat becomes of the old Pennsylvania
depot?" demanded Mr. Tillman.
That already belongs to the govern
ment, replied Mr. Heyburn.
Mr. Tillman said he thought the rail
road might try to hold on to it, anyhow
and a smile spread over the features of
the senators who were listeniug to the
dialogue.
The railroad would have no right to do
an> such thing, said Mr. Heyburn, in
substance, and continued by remarking 1
that in his opinion the Senate would find
no great obstacle In acquiring this land.
Site for the Grant Statue.
"I see some mention in the papers."
said Mr. Tillman, "of the Botanic Gar
den being removed or some of the trees
being cut down, and of a. purpose to
put up a statue of Gen. Grant there. I !
myself have too much respect and ad
miration for Gen. Grant to have a
statue of him stuck in that hollow. He
ought to be given a place in front of
the Capitol, on the biggest, highest
place in Washington, instead of put
ting the statue down there "
"The ground upon which it is proposed
to erect that statue." replied Mr. Hey
burn. "is not involved in the considera
tion of this measure."
"I understand that," said Mr. Tillman.
but I brought that up incidentally, as
this seems to involve a grand scheme of
the capital's beautification. and I thought
I would mention, incidentally, my own in- I
dividual views in regard to sticking a
statue of Gen. Grant down there." !
replied: "I would suggest I
to the Senate that the place selected for
the erection of that statue lies entirely
?l ?,!!*" 1)05311)16 building line upon
which buildings m'ght be constructed "
Tii^^ne..T ^e and an"ther.'- dec ared Mr.
d-in ' w* * ha\'e seen hanging about t.ne
walls here or in some Committee rooms
a great scheme of capital improvement
and beautification. involving a big bridge
from some avenue to Arlington. Is this
part^of that program?"
replied Mr. Heyburn "this is nn
part of that program. That program was
not taken into consideration with this
legislation at any time. The sole purpose
of th.s measure is to scure the ground
i?f titS Use win be determined'
u say> its use ^ build
ings. the character or numbers, or the use
of the buildings themselves."
Mr. Tillman wanted to know whether
the government was properly safe
guarded by the.bill, and when he was
told by Mr. Heyburn not to worry on this
point had no more to say. except that he
was always in favor of beautifying Wash
ington.
Senator Nelson Objects.
Senator Nelson next took up the discus
sion. saying that he was not infatuated
with the Idea contained in the bill. He
said that if senators w?uld examine old
plots of the city they would discover that
all of this ground which is now the Mull,
or what is supposed to make into the
Mall, was once a swamp. It would be a
very unfortunate place, he said, to put a
iong row of public building*,. He held
that no one would ever know how much
it cost to get a foundation "for that post
office building down there."
Mr. .Nelson voiced the opinion that the
property between Pennsylvania avenue
and the Mall will decrease in value, in
stead of increase, on account of the fact
that the line of development is toward the
northwestern part of the city on the high
ground of the city. He said he agreed
perfectly with the senator from South
Carolina that the Grant statue ought to
be placed on high ground, and not in the
hollow where the Botanic Garden is
Senator Nelson's parting shot was that in
his opinion it would cost $50,000,000 before
the government would get possession of
the land described in the Heyburn bill.
In view of the reasons which he had
stated." said Mr. Nelson, he would have
to object under the rules of the Senate, to
a vote on the bill at this time. Accord
ingly the matter was dropped.
Committee Indorsed Hughes.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
BUFFALO. N. Y., January 14.?At the
annual meeting of the republican county
committee held here at noon today reso
lutions were adopted as follows:
"We commend and indorse the admin
istration of Charles E. Hughes, governor
of the state of New York. We believe
that his strong personality and clear
vision upon questions of public policy are
recognized by the people of the common
wealth. We believe that his policy of
control public utilities Is a wise one
and meets with the approval of citizens
of the state of New York.
"We believe that the sentiment in this
community is favorable to his nomination
to the Presidency, and we recommend
that delegates be chosen to attend the
next national convention of the republi
can party who will be favorable to his
nomination"
President Had to Decline.
Vice President Fairbanks today Invited j
President Roosevelt to make the principal
address at the dedication of the Benjamin
Harrison monument at Indianapolis next
summer. The President indicated that It
would be impossible for him to keep such
au engagement at that time.
ENTICING AWAY WORKMEN
AMENDMENT TO PENAL CODE
BILL REJECTED.
Storm of Discussion Started Over
Restriction of Private
Employers.
No sooner liad the Housn today re
sume^ consideration of the bill to codify
the penal laws than amendments began
to be offered. Mr. Wilson of Pennsyl
vania. moved to strike out the whole of
section 45. which pn. "uited any one
from inducing an artift^r or workman
employed .at any arsenal or armory to
leave the service of the government and
enter private employment.
The amendment started a storm of
discussion as to the necessity of such
legislation in a time of peace, and
Messrs. Cockran, New York; Crum
packer. Indiana; Hull, Iowa; Moon. Penn
sylvania: Henry, Texas; Hardy, Texas;
. Macon. Arkansas, and Gaines, Tennessee,
iand others gave their views. Mr. Cock
| t*an ch;?racterized the section as ex
traordinary. and as laying pitfalls for'
j the unwary. "We are asked to vote for i
the section." he said, "under the whip
and spur of a shout on the other side."
referring to the republican portion of
the House.
Mr. C'rumpacker maintained that the
i proposed law did not prevent a man from
i voluntarily leaving the government serv
ice. but that it was intended to provide
! an element of public policy.
"The element of public policy would ex
ist only in case of war," interjected Mr.
Williams, who referred to the Webb
amendment voted down yesterday, which
I sought to limit the application of the
j law to times of war.
This remark brought to Vs feet Mr.
Hull of Iowa, chairman of the committee
011 military aTfairs, who declared that In
time of peace the government was prepar
ing for war. If that were not necessary,
he said, there would be 110 need at pres
! ont for a single soldier or sailor. Tho
amendment, he said, sought to destroy the
! ability of the government to care for its
! defense.
The amendment was lost?78 to I'M.
TOKIO MINISTERS OUT
CRISIS IMPENDING IN THE
JAPANESE CABINET.
? '
TOKIO. January 14. 7:25 p.m.?Yoshiro
l
Sakatani. minister of finance, and Isaburo
Yamagata. minister of communications,
have resigned from the cabinet. Their
resignations have been accepted. The
resignation of Marquis Saionja, the prime
minister, has been refused.
After a conference of the cabinet min
isters Marquis Saionja visited the em
peror at the palace this afternoon, and
was quickly followed by Prince Ito.
It is understood that differences exist
over the budget, which are irreconcilable.
Premier Saionja is still at the palace.
Trouble With the Budget.
Cable dispatches received here from
Tokio during the past month have Indi
cated that the Saionja ministry was
meeting with growing opposition through
out the country, particularly because of
the reductions made by it in the appro
priationsfc for military and development
purposes. The elections in Japan are ap
proaching, and the opposition has baen
endeavoring to create a strong sentiment
against the cabinet by means of a news
paper campaign attacking principally the
government's policy of increasing taxa
tion and limiting emigration
The financial program was formally
settled at a meeting of the council of
elder statesmen held December 17. It
was one of retrenchment, and involved a
reduction in the expenses of the army
and navy for the next six years, whereby
the government would save $JOO,OuO,Ouu.
As soon as this program became known
the opposition made vigorous prepara
tions to fight it in the diet. Other reports
declared tr.at a miscalculation of $2i.>,
uuu.ouu in the budget had aroused wide
spread distrust in the financial policy of
tne Saionja ministry, and three days ago
there was a serious difficulty in the
cabinc-t because of the reduction in the
appropriation for railroad construction.
As a result the resignation of Isaburo
Yamagata, minister of communications,
j was announced, but immediately denied.
CONFIRMED BY SENATE.
| Nominations of Commissioner Den
nett and Others Go Through.
| The Sfnate today confirmed the nomina
j lion of Fred T. Dennett of North Dakota
to be commissioner of the general land of
fice, and of George Curry to be governor
of New Mexico, and also of the follo^ ng
naval officers:
Capt. John E- Pillsbury, to be chief of
' the bureau of navigation.
Capt. Charles W. Rae, to be eningeer
in-chief and chief of the bureau of steam
engineering.
Naval Constructor Washington L. Capps,
to be chief constructor and chief of the
bureau of construction and repair.
Civil Engineer Richard C. Hollyday, to
be chief of the bureau of yards and
docks.
Lieut. Commander Edward H. Campbell,
to be judge advocate general of the navy.
For the Vanderbilt Wedding.
j Special Dispatch to Tbe Star.
NEW YORK. January 14.?Members or
I the family of Count Szechenyi, who Is to
j marry Miss Gladys Vanderbilt, January
27. were passengers on board the steam
ship Kronprinzessin Cecilie, arriving to
day from Bremen and Cherbourg The
i party was a numerous one and Included
Count Anton Sigray, who will act as
best man; Counts Dionyo, Peter and
i Stephen, Szechenyi and their wives; Count
Paul Esterhazy, Count Joseph Wenckhelm
and Count Michael Karolyi. The announce
ment of the engagement of Count Laszlo,
Issued by the Szechenyi family, reached
America yesterday. It is elaborate In
design, the cards being H by 12 inches.
It is printed in French, German and Hun
; garian.
_ _
BONI S CASE GOES OVER.
Sequel to the Fight of Castellane
and Sagan.
PARIS, January 14.?The first sequel
to the, fist fight between Count Boni de
Castellane, the divorced husband of Anna
Gould, and Prince Helle de Sagan, bis
cousin, was placed in the correctional
court today when Count Boni and Count
Jean de Castellane, his brother, appeared
to answer to the charge of assault brought
; by Prince Helie. Replying to a question
put by the judge, Count Boni admitted
that he had spat in the face of his cous
iin, but only after provocation. Count Jean
denied that he had struck Prince Helie,
and mantained that he was in nowise
connected with the fight.
Owing to the absence of the attorney
for Count Boni, further hearing of the
case was postponed until February 4.
*
Wonderful Swords.
From the Montreal Standard.
The most valuable sword in existence is
that of the Gaekwar of Baroda. Its hilt
and belt are incrusted with diamonds,
rubles and emeralds. It is valued at $1.
100,000. The Shah of Persia possesses a
sword valued at $50,000. There arc some
costly swords in India, and both the
czar and the sultan possess jeweled
sabers of great pric-. The most valuable
sword in Great Britain is the one pre
sented by the Egyptians to Lord Wolseley.
The hilt is set with brilliants and.it Is
valued at $10,000.
%
I
Col. Goethals Questioned by
House Committee.
PUTS COST AT $300,000,000
Regards Progress Being Made as
Satisfactory.
DISLIKES ACCOUNTING SYSTEM
Makes an Excellent Impression
Upon His Hearers?Isthmian
Situation Described in Detail.
Col. Goethals. chief engineer of the Pan
ama canal. appeared before the House
committee on interstate and foreign com
merce this morning and made the state
ment that the Panama canal would cost
about $300,000,000 to complete. He said at
first that it would cost $250,000,000, but
this did not Include the amount paid to
the French Canal Company.
Col. Goethals made an excellent Impres
sion upon the members of the commit
tee. He had none of the trouble that
previous elucidators upon canal affairs
have had in getting in touch with the
committee, individually and collectively,
about two minutes after he took his seat
in the witness chair. One of the mem
bers of the committee who had not pre
viously met Col. Goethals said after the
hearing that he was more certain now
that the Panama canal would be built, and
well built, than he ever was before.
"Col. Goethals looks capable." said this
member, "and his work up to date has
demonstrated most conclusively that in
this Instance appearances are not de
ceptive."
Col. Goethals' pictures do notdo him
justice. He is a good-sized. 8-thlet^",f>ok:
ing individual, with iron ?ray^ ? .
strong face, tine eyes, a warmJtrnJe and
a comfortable grumbly sort of a %olc'
He spoke frankly of the work on the
isthmus, particularly with re?^d lo
system of accounts that kep.. tt
"1 couldn't make head or tail of them.
said the colonel, "and Stevens, who pre
ceded mo as chief engineer considered
them a Chinese puzzle. But^
ticular system of account keeping
provided for by law, the colonel couldnt
drop it. and so Just had to KO ahead and
have a different system kept^ on the tside,
bv this, he will soon be able to tell on tne
20th of any month just exactly w^at each
.ittle item of canal construction cost dir.
ing the preceding month. He told the
committee that things
finely, and that the work was progressing
rapidly.
Satisfactory Progress.
Col. Goethals was Questioned at length
concerning the Gatun dam. but said that
a definite method of construction had
not been adopted. After a recent visit
to the Wachusett dam he said the com
mission would not attempt to duplicate
'''The work of building the canal. Col.
Goethals said, was progressing more sat
isfactorily than he had expected - The
rainy season had interfered with
Donation and with other works. The
tracks sink and get out of level, causing
derailments of trains, but these difficul
ties, he anticipated, would be reduced.
During all heavy showers work is sus
pended. _ , _ . .
In answer to Questions Col. Goethals
said he thought the excavation of Culebra
cut would be completed in the next four
or five years. Steam shovels and trains
are diminished as the cut gets deeper, and
he believed the maximum of installation
in this regard had been reaped.
Answering a rapid fire of questions by
members of the committee, all of whom
were present, Col. Goethals said that the
number of men on the canal and rail
road pav rolls fluctuates between 30.000
and 40.000. The force is made up mainly
of Spaniards. Italians and West Indian
negroes.
"We have been getting more labor in
the last few months than we can use,"
he said. "There are no Americans on the
labor rolls, with the exception of a few
machinists' helpers."
Commissary Arrangements.
Asked by Representative Mann for a
full statement of the commissary ar
rangements on the isthmus, Col. Goethals
replied: "The government's employes are
divided into two classes, those on the
"gold roll' and those on the 'silver roll.'
The former are those who are aliens to
a climate such as that of the isthmus,
the latter are Spaniards. Italians and
West Indian negroes. We were paying
the men twice a month, and thereby los
ing four days work a month, for the men
willjlay off on pay day and the day after.
We now pay once a month and lose only
two days. Negroes get 13Vi cents an hour
and subsistence, or 26 cents an hour if
they subsist themselves, some of them we
pay as high as 32 cents.
"Foreign laborers receive 40 cents, and
they subsist themselves. A day's work
is nine and one-half hours. Bachelor
employes on the gold roll get free bunk
or bed in a room, the bachelor house
containing from sixteen to forty-eight
rooms, and from two to four -occupy
each room. Married men are given
houses, sized in accordance with their
pay, from one to four families occupy
ing a house. These houses are furnished
and fuel for cooking is supplied, also
electric lights where we have them.
"There are hotels and large settle
ments for the feeding of gold-roll em
ployes. the meals costing the men 30
cents each in gold. There is no inspec
tion of the food provided by those who
subsist themselves, but much of It is
bought from the government stores.
"The negro labor is housed in bar
racks, and there are eighteen mess
houses. which at night are used by the
men as clubs. The price of meals sup
plied in hotels to the Spanish and Ital
ians is 40 cents. This includes cheap
wine of Sundays."
White and Negro Labor.
Col. Goethals said that one Spanish
laborer was equal to two negroes, but
he doubted whether that ratio would be
kept up. Asked why. he answered: "Be
cause our feeding of the negroes Is in
creasing their efficiency, and as the
whites come in contact with the blacks
the efficiency of the former decreases.
They see the negroes doing less work
than they are performing, and then they
know they're on a government job.
"The houses are equipped with water,
sewers, sidewalks and roads. They are
seldom inspected, but the hotels, barracks,
messes, kitchens and bachelor quarters
are regularlv inspected. Of the 30.000
odd men on the pay rolls, from 22.000 to
23 000 are common laborers, and about
0 000 of these are Spaniards and Italians.
We have stopped our agents from sending
us any more foreign labor. Negro labor is
constantly coming from the Islands."
Col. Goethals referred to the criticisms
by Spanish newspapers of the treatment
of Spanish laborers on the isthmus, but
he declared that the government took no
advantage whatever of these men. The
criticisms were pronounced unwarranted.
Prefers the Lock System.
Replying to a question by Mr. Wanger,
Col. Goethals said he had no doubt that
the lock system as against the sea level
plan was the best. The engineer com
missioners. he said, were unanimous as to
that. "We have the beet type of canal
we can get down there."
Vaccination of laborers on the canal
work he said, was compulsory, but the
commission found it hard to get the men
to bathe and change their clothes in wet
weather, and their failure in that respect
caused more or less sickness. The com
missary had increased the vitality of the
men, and that had helped to reduce sick
ness. ? ..
Beyond a charge of 3 per cent on its in
vestment in storage houses and buildings.
Col Goethals said the Panama Railroad
Company, which controls the commissary,
sought to make no profit on the food sup
plies furnished the men. The present ar
rangement by which the railroad and the
canal work are separately managed was
very satisfactory and ought not to be
changed.
Questioned as to a comparison of cost
and amount of the work being done on
the isthmus and similar work done in the
United States. Coi. Goethals declared that
if Congress would abolish the eight-hour
law he would get 20 per cent more work
out of the men.
The organization and operation of the
department of civil administration was
explained by Commissioner J-C. S. Black
burn, in charge of that branch.
Saloons in Canal Zone.
When Commissioner Blackburn touched
on the subject of the zone saloons those
members of the committee especially in
terested in prohibition legislation evinced
much interest. Mr. Blackburn said the
commission has reduced to thirty-four the
number of saloons in the canal zone, and
Representative Richardson of Alabama
quickly interposed this question: "With
the intention of eventually wiping them
all out of existence?"
"Well." said Mr. Blackburn, "I don't
know if that would be possible. If we did
it the men would still have plenty of op
portunity all along the line, and in the
terminal cities of Colon and Panama, to
get a*s much to drink as they wanted: and
the result would be that the sprees would
last longer if indulged in in those old
Spanish towns than if the men slaked
their thirsts along the zone."
"And." added Col. Goethals, "worse dis
organization and delay in the work would
follow."
"All of the liquors sold over tho thirty
four zone bars," Mr. Blackburn resumed,
"are subjected to the most critical gov
ernment inspection. There is now one ,
licensed saloon for about each 1.000 of the
canal-employed population, and we get
along pretty well. 1 think prohibition
would make it difficult to keep the men
out of the Colon and Panama resorts."
SMALLPOX REPORTED.
Four Cases Discovered in Southwest
Section of City.
Four cases of smallpox were discovered
late this afternoon in South Washington.
Those infected were: Addie T. Stewart,
colored. resldlag at 1228 1st street south
west; George H. Spinks, colored, of 1229
3d street southwest: John Buchanan, col
ored, of 71 M street southwest, and Ju
lian Brown, colored, of 71 M street.
These eases were discovered through re
ports from neighbors of those Infected
of the suspicious character of the dis
ease. Aadie Stewart had been going about
the neighborhood three, days showing the
marks of the disease before she was re
ported 111.
John Buchanan was nearly well when
he was apprehended by the authorities,
and it seems he had also been going about
the city during the time he was infected.
All the smallpox cases were removed to
the smallpox hospital for treatment and
their residences placed under quarantine.
The officials and police are looking for new
cases.
CENTRAL LABOR UNION.
Breezy Discussion at Meeting Last
Evening.
MuclO discussion and some argument
marked the session last evening of the
Central Labor Union in Typographical
Temple, brought about, it is said, by the
friends of a defeated candidate for office
at a former meeting.
It was resolution night also, and when
J. J. Purcell of the electrical workers in
troduced a resolution alleging that the
affairs at the District engineers' stabl?
were not properly conducted the flood
gates of oratory were opened.
The resolutions provided for the ap
pointment of a committee of three to call
the subject matter of the resolution to the
attention of the Commissioners. Dele
gates Brinkman of the Carriage and
Wagon Workers, Delegate Long of the
Clerks, and Delegate Pincell of the Elec
trical Workers, were named as the com
mittee.
The next resolution dealt with District
affairs also, being unanimously adopted.
It deals with the publication of certa n
articles alleging or intimating that irreg
ular conditions exist in the office of the
building Inspector under the Engineer
Commissioner of the District of Colum
bia, and provides that the attention of
the District Commissioners be called to
the matter, with the request that they
advise the Central Labor Union what has
been done to correct the alleged unfortu
nate conditions.
Delegate Ross of the sheet metal work
ers introduced a resolution dealirs with
public school affairs, which, after a de
bate, was laid on the table.
The proposition providing for an "edu
cational half hour" was defeated.
The proposition to hereafter held ses
sions of the Central Labor Union be
hind closed doors was made a special
order for the next meeting.
I A new local, that of the railroad
Tielpers and laborers, was represented
in the central body for the first time
last evening.
BRITONS STILL SORE
REGARD AMERICA'S CUP AS
SOUR GRAPES.
Special Cablegram to The Star.
LONDON, January 14.?The Yachtsman,
after an examination of the fate of the
cup challengers from 1887 to Shamrock
III, which "Is st'll in existence, but no
doubt is awaiting a breaklng-up bid."
comes to the conclusion that "this coun
try has been playing a fool's game all
along in its efforts to regain the cup."
The Yachtsman argues that America,
from several Imported samples of the
plank-on-edge type, discovered its su
periority to their shallow centerboard
type. It says:
"Had the Vanduara been sent out 'n
1880 England might have won the cup, but
it was mere folly to attempt this with
#>uch boats as the Genesta and Galatea
After this it was a struggle on the part
of our challengers to get on terms as to
type with American designers. This was
only achieved in the case of Shamrock I."
The articles concludes as follows:
"The most patent proof of all that the
challengers played the fool's game has
been recently given by the New York
Yacht Club in regard to Sir Thomas Lip
ton's attempt to challenge a fourth time.
We are never meant to lift the cup. it
seems, and even if any challenger won
three out of the five stipulated races it is
not improbable that some good man and
true would rise up to dispute the validity
of the new deed of gift and prevent the
club from parting with the trophy."
Insult to a Relic.
Special Cablegram to The Star.
BERLIN. January 14. ? The idea has
been started among prominent yachtsmen
that the ensign of the American warship
Chesapeake, which is shortly to be sold
at auction in London, should be pur
chased by Great Br tain and put up ajs a
sailing trophy, America being challenged
to sail for it. It is thought that America
would send crack bdats to compete, and
that the old Chesapeake's flag would be
come as great a drawing card as the
America's cup.
Chinese Justice.
From the San Francisco Chronicle.
Wrongdoers in China bring misfortune
on all their relatives. Not long ago a
man murdered Gov. An Min. of Anhui.
The murderer himself was caught and
beheaded, and now the law demands that
his female relatives be sold ir\to slavery:
that his male relatives sixteen years old
and above be decapitated, and that his
male relatives younger than that be com
pelled to serve in the imperial palace.
The ancestral graves of the rebel are also
to suffer. The tombs are to be razed
and despoiled and the bones and dust
within scattered to the four winds. It is
hoped, however, that the authorities will
not exact the full penalty of the law.
According to the Chinese opium regula
tions of last November all teachers, schol
ars. soldiers, and sailors of all ranks
were to be allowed three months wherein
entirely to rellnauish the opium habit.
Information has reached the authorities
in Pekln* that some soldiers are paying
no attention to these regulations, so in
structions have been issued to the effect
that any officer or man found smoking
will be at once beheaded.
t
CHARGES VIOLATION OF LAW
CULBERSON ADDRESSES SEN
ATE ON RECENT BOND SALES.
I
Declares That Many Bids Were Re
jected That Were Higher Than
Those Accepted.
?
*
I Senator Culberson again today brought;
! up ttie question of the recent bond issue
by the Secretary of the Treasury and
[ asked the Senate to adopt a resolution of
; fered by him calling on the Secretary
for additional information. His resolu
' tion directed the Secretary to inform the
; Senate of the amount of circulating notes i
issued by each national bank, to which ?
were awarded the Panama bonds, under
the Treasury circular of November IS.
\ 1907, which notes were issued in conse
j quence of the award of those bonds.
Mr. Culberson said that the act of Con
: gress under which these bonds were
| awarded provides "distinctly and unequivo
j cally" that the bonds may be disposed
| of by the Secretary of the Treasury at
? not less than their par value under such
regulations as he may prescribe, ?"giving."
continued Mr. Culberson, " to all citizens
of ^the United States an equal oppor
tunity to subscribe therefor."
"Not only that." he added, "the rircu- 1
lar of the Secretary dated November 1*. 1
1!R>7, contains this statement: "In consid
ering bids the bidders offering the high- I
est prices will receive the first allotments." j
"'I desire," said Mr. Culberson, "to sub- i
mit to the Senate one or two facts which
indicate that the Secretary of the Treas
ury has violated the law In issuing the
bonds he has awarded."
Mr. Culberson read a statement which,
he said, showed that bonds had been bid
for by individuals aggregating $27,900,000,
and not onrr of these bid.? was below
$1,02H. and yet, according to newspapers,
bonds were awarded to the national hanks
aggregating $7,262,500, the bids for which
were below those of Individuals.
Mr. Culberson offered to prove his stala
ment if the committee on finance would
examine witnesses he could produce.
Mr. Aldrich read the resolution adopted
by the Senate, an answer to which is ex
pected tomorrow, and said it specifically
called for "the reasons for the issue" of
these bonds.
He asked that the resolution l>e not
pressed uptll the Secretary's reyly is re
ceived. and said if it did not give all the
information desired he would be glad to
assist in securing what was'required.
"I am frank to say." said Mr. Culberson,
"that I have endeavored to get this in
formation from the Secretary of the
Treasury by letter, but have failed to do
so. and I think this resolution should be
adopted."
Mr. Aldrich insisted upon his objection
and the resolution went over.
REPORT NOT CREDITED
ALLEGED SELECTION OF WOOD
RUFF TO RUN WITH TAFT.
White House officials will not discuss
a story that the President has selected
Timothy Woodruff. republican state
chairman of New York, as the running
mate of Secretary Taft. The inference
is given that the/White House does not
propose to deny or affirm all the stories
on the rounds as to'politics. It is plainly
intimated, though, that the President has
not said anything to anybody about Mr.
Woodruff's qualifications as vice presi
dential timber and that he is not trying
! to pick a vice presidential candidate for
his party. Later on he may have some
thing to say, if he is asked to do so, but
right now he Is keeping quiet.
Mr. Woodruff is strongly upholding tlie
hands of the administration in New York.
He is standing with Herbert Parsons,
chairman of the republican county com
mittee of New York, against Hughes in
dorsements in the county committees of
New York and Brooklyn. He hasn't any
love for Hughes and will do all he can
to stave off action favorable to the gov
ernor.
Outside of the White House not much
credence is given the talk of the President
having picked Wooaruff. Even if he in
tends to try to choose the republican nomi
nee for vice president he would hardly turn
to Woodruff. It is also pointed out that
Woodruff is generally understood to be a
candidate for the United States Senate.
He is a protege of Senator Piatt, who
likes him very much, and the old Piatt
machine, together with the one headed by
Woodruff, is said to be in favor of Wood
ruff as the successor of Senator Piatt
at the expiration of the latter's term.
WHERE HE PUT IT.
Tuner Finds Lost Poker Money in
the Piano.
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"T never 've been taken for a doctor
yet." remarked an old piano tuner the
other day, "but you'd be surprised how
I many curious experiences a man does
have in my business.
"Not long ago, while tuning an upright
piano in the home of a fashionable fam
ily here in town." went on the foe to
discord. "I noticed when I ran oyer the
keys that three or four* of the strings
seemed to be hushed in some unaccount
able manner?just enough to be percepti
ble to the tr^ned ear of the tuner. I
reached inside, and after groping around
for a minute brought out a big bunch of
greenbacks?yep, money. That's what it
was that had been interfering with the
proper tone of the piano. The bills were
all scrunched up just about like waste
paner that's been thrown away.
"The woman who had employed me was
sitting in the next room with her daugh
ter. and I hustled in there to tell them of
my find. They stared at me a moment
and then both burst out laughing. 'So
that's what he did with it.' says th ? older
woman, between her shrieks of laughter.
"It seems that about two years before
her husband had com ? home late aft^r a
poker session about $2<X> to the good. For
reasons of his own he didn't want the
family to know of his good fortun? just
then, and he shoved his whole wad back
into the piano. The next morning he
couldn't remember iust what he had done
with it. and announced that he must have
been robbed.
"'Another time I found a diamond ring
that had fallen back In the piano. The
lost ring had caused four servants in the
house to be fired, and had even placed an
intimate friend of the family more or less
under suspicion."
Contributions for Charity.
John Joy Edson, treasurer of the joint
finance committee, has also transferred the
following contributions to the Associated
Charities: Hugh Wallis. $5.40; Henry H.
Ward, $10; Louisa F. Simonds. $2: John
Porter Lawrence. $5.40; Spencer Crosby,
$5; Philip K. Reily, $5; William Manley,
$5; James S. Fraser. $5; Wil'.iam F. Dra
per. $50; Miss Mabel T. Boardmun, $5;
L. B. Lawrence. $1; C. W. Shoemak?r. $5;
E. Morton Chapman. $1.08; Lucy M. Hew
itt. $"; John J. Rothermel. $2; Mr. and
Mrs. Arthur G. Cole. $1; Mrs. Ellen N.
Warder. $25; F. J. Lewis. $5: Miss Mabel
L. Taylor. $10; Daniel MbFarlan. $10;
William H. Taft. $25; Thomas B. Wood
ward, $5; Mrs. James C. Merrill. $2 50;
Gen. Dangerfield Parker. $5; the Misses
Coyle, $10.
For the Citizens' Relief Association, the
following contributions have been trans
ferred by the joint finance committee to
Milton E. Ailes. treasurer: Augustus G.
Heaton, $5; Wallace Radcliffe, $5; C. K
Goulding, $1; Henry L. Brewood, $2;
Henry H. Ward, $10: Louisa F. Symonds.
$2; Spencer Cosby. $5: Philip K. Reily. .<5:
William Manley. $5; James B. Fraser. $5 j
For the campaign against consumption ,
the following contributions, received by j
the joint finance committee, at Mil G
street, have been transferred to Gen. Wil- ,
liam H. Forwood, treasurer: Wallace Rad- .
cliffe. $5; C. K. Goulding. $1; Henry H. ?
Ward, $5; Philip K. Reily, $5; James S. J
Fraser, $10.
WESTMINSTER. Md.. January 14. ? '
Caot. William H. Miller of Hampstead is ;
dead, at the age of sixty-nine years. Capt.
Miller was a native of Danville, Pa. ]
TAFT-FORAKER FIGHT
All Eyes'Are Turned on the
Contest in Ohio.
A
THE PRIMARY CONTENTION
Senator to Attack Validity of the
Bronson Law.
TALK OF PEACE OVERTURES
An African in the Woodpile in
Cleveland Struggle?Designs on
Burton?Attorney at Work.
Special Dispatch The Star.
CLEVELAND. January 14?The Cuya
hoga county election board has heeded the
instructions of Secretary of State Thomp
son to keep It* hands off th? Taft-For*ker
tight, and the settlement of the vexing
question of "Which committee is which?"
rests with the secretary. Walter Brown,
chairman of the state republican central
committee, is *akini? overtures of peace
to loth factions on th? basis that the rail
for primaries be revised to Include the se
lection of a new county committee along
wi'.h the delegates to the state convention,
but neither side seems disposed to make
the firs? concession.
The Foraker crowd is prepared to deny
the jurisdiction of Sttfte Secretary Thomp
son, and the threat is openly made that if
the secretary of state rules that the Cuya
hoga board of elections must racoanlse
the call issued by the old committee th?
entire matter will b'* taken into the courts.
A refusal on the part of the board of elec
tions to obey the ruling of Secretary
Thompson may lead to the ousting of the
board and the appointment of an entirely
new list of members. Already this Is be
ing taken for granted, and several can
didates have appeared for appointment to
the new board, each with considerable
backing.
It has become evident to the Taft man
agers that the struggle here has a
deeper significance than the question of a
presidential indorsement. It is asserted
that part of the trouble in Cleveland is
actuated by a desire of the enemies of
Representative Burton to put him in a
hole, if possible, and open the way for a
fight against him as republican leader in
Cleveland, as well as for renominatlon to
Congress.
Senators Foraker and Dick are expected
from Washington this w?ek, open head
quarters probably in Columbus and make
the fight on Secretary Taft as vigorous
as possible.
The Erie county republican central com
mittee has again reversed Itself. A year
ago it indorsed Taft for President. A
week ago it rescinded the Taft resolution
and declared that Foraker was the man
the country wanted for President. Last
night the committee again met and once
more switched its coat, declaring en
thusiastically for Taft.
FLY IN THEIR OINTMENT.
Taft Men Disturbed Over Plana of
Foraker Followers.
Sfiecial Dispatch to The 8t?r.
COLUMBUS. Ohio. January 14 ?Though
the Taft managers are meeting with a
continuous series of victories over the
Foraker faction in the preparations made
by county committees for the coming
state primary election, the news that Sen
ators Foraker and Dick are about to
begin litigation to test the validity of the
Bronson primary election law. under
which, by the call of the state central
committee, these primaries are to be held,
comes as a fly in their ointment. It is
slated here that either Senator Dick or
Senator Foraker. or both, will he here
next Monday for this purpose, and that a
Columbus attorney Is now engaged in the
preparation of a petition for this suit. It
Is believed that Thomas J. Keating Is this
attorney, though he affects to know noth
ing about it.
The Bronson law has been on the
statute books three years and^ used
without question all this time, feo far
as known, no one ever before sug
gested that it was Invalid, and no one
here has indicated the ground upon
which it is to attacked now. Taft
republicans say that the courts will not
stay the primaries now called. ?Y.en
if asked to renew the law, and that
the purpose of the suit if brought will
fail of attainment.
Some criticism of Seaator foraker is
heard regarding this litigation to the
effect that, having first proposed sub
mitting the question of the presiden
tial nomination as between himself and
Secretary Taft to a primary election,
he should not. as soon as a movement
to that end is set on foot, try to stop
it by litigation.
Marriage Licenses.
Marriage licenses have been isfcued to
the following:
Greenlee Lilly of Ocala. Via., and
Mamie E. Smith of Warm Spring. Va.
William H. Robinson and Blanche V.
Turner.
Nelson Magruder and Llllle Wallace.
Domenico Cuozzo and Elvira Dl
^"wilfiam F. Slmms and Mary E. Rob
lnjohn R- Herbert, Jr.. and Victoria C.
Walter S. Carter and Gertrude T.
Epps. ? .
Allen Jackson and Eva Rich
Joseph . Branson and Irene Herbert _
Lewis A. Reynolds and Clara O. Hack
nev, both of Bertratld, Va.
Richard M. Vowells and Bettie A
MWmiam L. Stant and ^th L Lang.
Robert F. Plummer and Florence
?'james R- Lyon of Benedict Md . and
Mary E. Rogers of Chesterbrook, \ a
Waters Receding at Williamsport.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
HAGERSTOWN, Md.. January 14
After having reached a height of twentj
ftve feet above normal the Potomac river
at Williamsport ceased rising shortl>
after midnight, and today is slowly re
ceding. Great quantities of drift are pass
ing down the stream. At many Points
along the river the towpath of the Chesa
peake and Ohio canal is completely sub
merged. and the waterway Is believed
to be badly washed It. will be several
days before the full extent of the damage
can be determined. Many manufacturing
plants along the Potomac and its tribu
taries are at a standstill as the result
of the flood. It was late this evening be
fore the big landslide on the Cumberland
extension of the Western Maryland rail
road was removed and through traffic
was resumed. The slide was the worst
sines the road has been cnen.
v Weather Bureau Explains.
prcf. Alfred J. Henry of the weather
bureau explained this afternoon that the
expected flood did not materialize in full
force here because the high water that
rolled down from Harpers Ferry reached
Washington ahead of schedule time. It
was expected to be here at flood tide?o
o clcck a.m.?but reached the river front
at 3 a.m.. when the tide was not at its
full.
Records for Twenty-Four Hours.
The following were the readings of the
thermometer and barometer at the weath
er bureau for the twenty-four hours be
ginning at 2 p.m. yesterday:
Thermometer?January 13. 4 p.m.. 42; *
p.m.. -11: 12 midnight, "8. January 14, 4
a.m.. 35: K a.m.. Ml: 12 noon, 35; 2 p.m.,
'n. Maximum. 42. at 4 p.m., January 13;
minimum. 81. at 8 a.m. January 14.
Barometer?January 13, 4 p.m., 20.44; *
p.m., 29.52: 12 midnight. 20.05. January
14. 4 a.m.. 29.77 ; 8 a.m., 20.93; noon, 30.08;
2 p.m.. 30.03. -
Minimum temperature past twenty-four
tiours, 31; a year ago, 36.

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