Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING STAR
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. Oflea, 11th Straat and PannsyiTiaia Are. Tit iTMinf SUr Newspaper Company, TBIODOU W. N0TX8, rm<dint l?rtf?u Offlca: 3 Barest St.. Londoa, Zetland. N?w York Offlca: Tr-.bua Buiidin*. Chieafo OSea: Firat Katioaai Bank Building. The KT'ninf Star, wUa th? Sunday morning | ?dlttn*. d-Ilrrrod by oarr1*ra, ?o thrlr "*n ?' ?c. nat. within th? oJt/ at 50 rrnta per montii; ; without Tbr Sunday Star at 44 roria p?r month. By mall. pn?tair? prepaid: Dally. Sonday Iclud^d, one month. ftO oenta. Paily Stm'lay *T>-?pt*d. on? month, 50 ctnia. ffatj-dar Star, one yaar. $1.00. ?inday Star, caa year. $1.60. Weather. Fair, much colder tonight and tomorrow. Cold wave. Tem perature tonight about ij de grees. No. 17,293. WASHINGTON, D. C, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1908.-EIGHTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS. NEGRO MISCREANT lohn Harden in Custody foi Assault and Robbery. IS UNDER STRONG GUARD Maryland Authorities Take Precau tions Against Lynching. PRELIMINARY HEARING GIVEN Heinous Outrage Upon Mrs. Maggie Buggie Near Owing's Station. Gross Ingratitude. John Harden, colored, has been placed in custody on the charge of criminally assaulting and robbing Mrs. Maggie Buggie, a widow, near Mt. Harmony, a station on the Chesapeake Beach railroad, lie is said to have confessed that lie committed the dual crime, and is being held under guard at Mt. Ilarmonv. At the preliminary hearing at Mt. Harmony this aft ernoon the prisoner was held without bail. It is stated that as a precautionary measure the pris oner will be conveyed to a Balti more jail, but on account of the bad condition of the roads this was impossible today. Sprrial Vrom a Staff Correspondent. OWINGS. Md.. January 29.?"Thank God." exclaimed Mrs. Ma^if Buggie. the victim of yesterday's outrage and rob- j brry near Mount Harmony, on the Chesa peake Beach railroad, when a Star re porter today told her of the arrest of her ?assailant, a brutal-looking negro named J^hn Harden. The particulars of the brutal crime were Riven exclusively in The Star. The frail woman clasped her hands as she made the foregoing exclamation, yd asked the newspaper mun if there was any danger of Harden escaping from the* Vlufches of the law. She was reassured on that point, and being told that the cul prit will be held at Mount Harmony to- J night and will be take(n to Baltimore and i jailed there tomorrow, she expressed great satisfaction. The prisoner readied Mount Harmony ' 'a;e this afternoon in custody of Sheriff . Mead, and was given a preliminary hear- j inc there before Magistrate William Ward, j who held him "Without bair fwr the May term of the court. It is believed to be beat to get Harden out of the country as .*oon as possible lest the citizens get together and lynch h'm. He said to have confessed to ?the crime alleged, and that he had pre v'ouslv hee;i guilty of a similar offense. But f*w pet sons in this section knew of j 'iie rapture o' Harden last r.igiit. and ; v lien the Information came to Owings and I other pla -es in this vicinity this morn- : nig Mirp.Lse was expressed that the cui- j fit t had not been lynched. Harden's Ingratitude. M:s Ruggi". the victim, in conversation ' with a Star :epi escntat ive. said Harden ? ame to her home New Year day. he hav ing been in the county but two weeks. He ?said he had come from Baltimore on the steamer Maggie, and had experience on oyster boats. He informed her also that nis hotne was in FJaleigh. N*. <*.. where he had been raised by a Mr. Harris, and 'at?r had lived at the home of Dr. Mc Cullough. The man was barefooted and suffered for want of clothe* when he applied to Mrs. Buggie for employment. He was hungry also and in a generally wretched ? ondition. Mrs. Buggie was m^ved to! sympathy by ihe fellow's bad plight and j took him in as a muti?r of mercy, she ? says. playing the part of Good Samaritan, i Sue bought shoes and clothing for him . and gav e h:m a comfortable place down- ' stairs to sleep. She said he had never i said an improper word to her until yes- ' terday mornir.g. when he broke into her f room armed with an ax .md shotgun and ; criminally assaulted her. The man. Mrs. Buggie said, had shown i ?igns of dissatisfaction Sunday and Mun- | day ana left her employ, but came back again. The morning of the assault and robbery s>he heard him moving about down . stairs. He then came to her door and! asked hfr what time it was "It is yet cirly in the morning." Mrs. j Buggie replied. "The roosters have not ' yet crowed." Mrs. Buggie "hen repeated the story of} the criminal act the hired man perpe trated Threats of Lynching. "I.yneh him!'* was ttie cry raised in j this -ectlon when :t became known yes- : terday that Mrs B.tggie had been cr'm Uial'y assaulted. "Why should th* county be put to the I expense of trying a man tor such an of fense?' asked on*- uf the hading resi- ? driits of th!s section. "It's a bail ex ample." he add.-d. "to put s'.:ch .1 fellow 'n taii. give him a trial and let him die bravely upon the scaffold. Such a trial would cost ti.e taxpayers more tj.au SI 4"0>> Wi 1 a' should be done with him j is to riddle h :n ar.d lea\e him upon the j road, and not even g.> to the trouble of smtig.ng him to a t r? e .Mrs. Buggie reached the station here j from Mount . Harmony early yesterday morning to tell her story and slop pay- 1 rnent of the check taken from her Pay- ! ment was stopped by telephoning the j firm of Walter Brown A- Son. in Wash- i ington. makers of the ?-he? k. and the bank upon which the check was drawn. I James E. Ilardisty. a neighbor, went 'o Marlboro to spread the news of the ' ? r.me and have the officers there be on the lookout for Madden. All the tele phones ir. the county were kept busy dur ing the day. and later in the night it was announced that the < ul;>rf.t had been apprehended at Barstow. Mr. Harry [' Owings. proprietor of the hotel at this I. see. was kept busy answering messages ? ?f inquiry about the crime. Mr. Owings was hi communication with Sheriff Mead.'State's Attorney Parian and others at Prince Frederick, and advised that the prisoner be brought here last '< night in order that he might be started away on the Chesapeake Beach train today to be taken to Baltimore for safe keeping. "What :s the sentiment in your part ' of the county?" Mr. Owings was asked b\ the several county officials, and he said that but lew persons about here were acquainted with the fa-is. The story of the crime was repeated bv Mr. Owings at least twenty times during the early hours o^ the evening. Record of the Prisoner. 'A'nil? but ve-y little is known in tlis -??! or a bo 14 the prisoner, it .3 generally (Continued on Second Page> * CAPITOL GRAFT THAI Assistant Architect Lewis on the Witness Stand. HE IS ONE OF THE ACCUSED Joseph Huston Was Not in Court Today. BROTHER. A CLERK, TESTIFIES Tells of the Rough and Ready Methods of Certifying Accounts in Harrisburg. HARRIS BURG. Pa.. January ^.-Stan ford R. Lewis of Philadelphia, assistant to Architect Joseph M. Huston, who de signed the state capitol and Us furnish ings, was a witness for the commonwealth again today at the trial of the capitol conspiracy suits. Lewis is one of the fourteen defendants in the prosecutions, having been indicted on two charges of conspiracy involving 704. but has not yet been tried. Lewis was called late yes terday afternoon to explain the plana and specifications prepared by Huston for the furnishings of the capitol and also to ex plain the "quantities plan" upon which orders were given at various times for the furnishings. The "quantities plan" is a blue print showing the amount and lo cation of all the furniture in the cap itol. Huston Was Absent. Before the opening o"> court today one of the attorneys for the commonwealth said that when the Rev. Samuel C. Hus ton. the architect's brother, takes the stand as a witness for the prosecution it will be made plain why a severance was allowed Huston's case from the four others involved in the five conspiracy suits. He explained that Rev. Mr. Hus ton's name appears to a number of certifi cates for capitol work which he signed while exercising a power of attorney for the architect. The clergyman will be a witness today to identify these signatures. The architect was not in court today and probably will stay away until he ia tAlled ;is a witness. He has b?en sub- ' poenaed by both sides. His attorneys, George S. Graham and A. S. L. Shields, were in court, but took no active part in the proceedings. The "Quantities Plan." Lewis was under cross-examination by P. F. Rothermel of counsel for John II. i Sanderson, one of the defendants as to the character of the furniture supplied by Sanderson, witen court adjourned yester day. When he was recalled today the defense caused some surprise by stating that it was through with the witness. Assistant Deputy Attorney General Cun ningham for the commonwealth had Lewis identify a copy of a letter sent by Huston to Sanderson, notifying him that he had been awarded the contract for the capitol furnishings, indorsing the "quanti ties plan" and directing the contractor to furnish the articles in accordance with these plans. The commonwealth claims thts is the only authorization Sanderson ever received for supplying the furnish ings. the total value of which was $.">.4K7, 8W.45, and upon which his profits in some instances were alleged to have been as much as 4.0<X? per cent. Certificates in Blank. After the identification and placing in the record of bills, contracts .'?nd other documents that figure in the case the Rev. Mr. Huston was called to the stand by the commonwealth. He testified that he entered his brother's office as a clerk In | and that he has since been in his i employ. When his brother went to En- I rope in the interests of the state in 1!M*i j he left with the witness certificates signet! 1 in bland by the architect. Mr. Huston then identified a bill upon which the in dictment in the present case is drawn an I which had been brought to the archi tect's office by Sanderson with an affi davit as to its correctness. Sanderson asked for the architect's certificate. "I reminded him my brother was in Eu rope." said the witness. "Sanderson saiu the auditor general fSnydert demanded the certificate, and Sliumaker would ap prove it. and that everything would be all riu'ht. I then filled it out and gave it to Sanderson." The commonwealth tin n produced the certificate. "Were the words 'O. k\. J. M. Huston, of 'goods received in roo<j condition' on tir- certificate when you issued it?" asked Mr. Cunningham. "I don't remember seeing (hem * said Mr. Huston. Mr. Huston was still on the stand when the court took a recess until 2 p.rn. PRESIDENT INDORSES IT. Brockton Man Plans Apartment House for Families With Children. Special LMspatcb to The Star. BROCKTON. Mass . Ja| iary -jo.?John i Hill Ilartiett's plan to put up a big apart- 1 ment house for the sole benefit >.f families with children has received the indorse nient of the White House. Some time 1 ago Mr. Bartlett, wiio is a lawyer, de- ' c'ded that landlords were tr>.? one-sided in their preference for childless tenants. He said so. and the papers got hold of it President Roosevelt happened to see some of the .-lipplrgs. and th:s letter has reached Mr. Bartiett. "Wlilie House. Washington. L>. <'. M> Dear Mr. Bartlett: 1 am in receipt of notes and dippings concerning your at titude toward children and must send yon a personal line to say how all good citizens should appreciate wnat you have ?lone. With kindest regards, believe me, sincerely yours. t Signed i "T. ROOSEVELT." Mr. Bartlett'* unique apartment build ing will be directly opposite the hand some residence of George E. Keith, one of Brockton's .* millionaire shoe manu facturers. J. A. KEMP'S CREDITORS. E. H. Bo^ley Selected to Take Charge of Assets of Bankrupt. SpfdMl Dispatch to Tlio Stnr. ROCKVILLE. Md.. January J9.?By di rection of the referee in bankruptcy, Mr. Goldsborough. the creditors of James Ar thur Kemp, who was several weeks ago declared a bankrupt in the United States court at Baltimore, met here today and elected Emory H. Bogjoy trustee. Mr. Bogley will collect all assets and hold same for one yeat. during which time creditors will be allowed to file and prow claims. He will then distribute the funds In his hands pro rata among the claim ants It is understood there will he about ST.'Hdi with which to satisfy claims aggre gating about Sll.o.tn. Referee Goldsbor ough was present at the meeting of tho creditors and Mi. Kemp was also in town. STYLES FOR STATESMEN. ASKED TO NEW MEXICO CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES INVITED TO THE TERRITORY. New .Mexico today practically gave up its efforts to obtain statehood at this session of the Sixtieth Congress, when Gov. Curry, appearing; with former Gov. L. I?. Prince before the House committee on territories, invited that committee and the corre sponding committee of the Senate to visit New Mexico next summer after the na tional convention and "see and jud?e for themselves whether the territory, which for fifty years has been seeking- admission to the Union as a state, is entitled to that benefit and ought to have it." Although there, was no formal declara tion by the delegation that New Mexico has abandoned all hope of joining the stars on the flag before the next session, it is understood that Gov. Curry's invita tion, following the suggestion to him by Speaker Cannon a few days ago that it would not be wise to press the issue on the eve of ?? presidential campaign, signi fies a truce for the winter. It is positively denied that in considera tion of this relinquishment the House committee on territories or its chairman (Mr. Hamilton of Michigan) has agreed to report favorably the statehood bill at the short session: but the delegation l^is hopes of such action. The principal speaker before the com mittee was former Gov. Prince. lie sketched the efforts of New Mexico throughout the last half century to pain statehood; claimed a present population in the territory of 490.000, based on the last school census, and gave a compara tive survey of resources. The committee took no action on Gov. Curry's invitation. BRYAN'S BOLDEST SPEECH. Announced for Carnegie Hall, New York, Next Tuesday Night. Special Dit)pat<*b to The Star. NEW YORK, January 29.?The William J. Bryan publicity bureau in this city issued today the following: "William Jen nings Bryan will arrive in the city next Monday night or early Tuesday morning and will go to the Hoffman House. Dur ing Tuesday he has engagements to meet a number of Tammany leaders and Brook lyn democrats. That night he will lecture at Carnegie Hal! under the auspi. es of the Civic Forum, the subject being: 'Thou shalt not steal. The speech will be Hie boldest on* Mi. Bryan has ever made. It has been carefully prepared. "On Wednesday morning Mr. Bryan will talk* upon foreign missions at. tlie hotel Manhattan and at I o'clock in tii ? after noon lit* will address ihe Young Men's Hebrew Association at !Mth street and Lexington avenue. Wednesday night he attends a dinner of th? Economic Club and will discuss tin- currency question. "On Thursday, Felnira v ?J. Mr. Bryan will make a w hirlwind < ampaign in New Jersey, muter the auspices of the. New Jersey Progressive Democratic League. He will Hrst address three meetings in Jersey City, and Robert Davis, the leader of Hudsoit county, says that he will break all ecords in giving Mr. Bryan a rousing reception. A dinner in his honor will be given in th? evening at Passaic and at night he will address a mass meeting at the Coliseum in Newark. "Early Friday morning Mr. Bryap starts for Schenectady, where he speaks that night. He will probably spend a couple of hours at Albany on the way there, and will meet a number of state leadt s. From Schenectudy lie goes to Plattsburg and Malone. He will then deliver two lectures in Canada, one at Montreal and one at Toronto, winding up his New York state lour at Baffalo February 1-. when he will l>e the guest of the Erie county democratic com mittee." PORTUGUESE POLICE ACTIVE. Jails Ha^g Out the "Standing Room Only" Sign. LISBON. January 29.?The political sit uation here shows no sign of improve ment. and the tension between the con testing parties is growing greater. Doubt is now expressed as to whether or not Premier Franco will be able to triumpii over his republican and monarchistic ene mies who have combined against him. The polic-.e continue to search actively for new plots and conspirators. Nu merous arrests are being made. The king has signed a decree which practically em powers the noiice tribunals to cxp-?l sus pects from the countrv. This is done be [ cause the limited orison accommodations 1 already are crowded. TWO WEEKS' DEBATE LIKELY ALDRICH FINANCIAL BILL TO BE REPORTED TOMORROW. Democratic Opposition to the Meas ure Probably Will Be Protracted. | The Aldrich financial bill, which is to b reported to the Senate tomorrow, will be taken up for debate about February 10. ami kept steadily before the S--nat<^ as the unfinished husiness until it is disposed of. , Senator Aldrk-h. who will engineer the measure, lias made a careful survey of the situation as regards probable debate and is of the opinion that not more than^ two weeks will be consumed in discussing the measure. Senators who have inti mated that they will make remarks con j cerning the bill have been urged to pre pare their speeches as soon as possible in ! order llittt there may be but little lost ' time while the bill is before the Senate. The announcement of the attitude of | Mr. Bryan concerning the Aldrich bill i maue during his recent visit to the <'apiiol I is taken as an indication that democratic ' 1 opposition to the measure will not be 'long drawn out There will be an attempt ; to have l.'nited States government notes j substituted for bank notes in the bill, hut I the contention will not extend much 1 ; farther. The conference of democratic : senators on Saturday last developed a 1 policy against any measure but one of an I emergency nature, and there has been a! I tacit understanding among the minority I that proposed radical financial remedies j 1 will have to be brushed aside for the! j present. The proposition o? Senator Owen, pro- ! j vldlng for the insurance of bank de- i posits, has plenty of opponents among j the democrats, and it will not be debated to any great extent. Senator Aldrich has sent a request to 1 the interstate commerce commission for j an opinion as to railroad bonds as se- i eurit.v for bank-note issues to be deter mined on the data already in the hand of the commission, which have bee ? cured through the operation of the ih-w | interstate commerce law. MOST UNUSUAL. Prayer of the House of Representa tive's Chaplain Applauded. The most unusual incident of applaud ing the prayer of the chaplain occurred in the House of Representatives today. , The chaplain barely had finished when handclapning and laughter were heard i I from various directions. The prayer j rati: "Good Lord, deliver us. we beseech ' Thee, from t lie jingo, the demagogue, the! bigot and all other undesirable citizens, I and give us instead tlie patriot, the' I statesman, the broad-minded, generous- ! j hearted, manly man, that Thv kingdom may come and Thy will be done on earth j as it in heaven. for Christ's sake. ! Amen." The prayer \va? the tall: of the House! I for an hour after its delivery, and the | numbers who na\e b.-en taking part in j . the uninteresting and lengthy debat es over! the penal <odi and urgent deficiency hills were jocularly shifting responsibility lor lis inception from one to another. Sev eral republican members were inclined to j the belief that the visit of William Jen | nlngs Bryan had something to do with it. i and the democrats, when confronted with this idea, declared Mr. Couden was tak ing politics into the pulpit. ? $150,000 FIRE IN KANSAS. ! i Half Dozen Stores Destroyed in New ton Today. j NEWTON. Kan., January 2ft.? Fire to- ? | day destroyed half a dozen stores, causing ; a loss of Jl.KMHtO. OSliKOSH. \..s.. January J9.?Fire to day caused loss of about |o3,0(K) to the K. Brand & Sons Company, manufactur ers of fixtures and interior woodwork. . THE KENTUCKY SENATORSHIP. ' Allen of Lexington Gains Four More Votes in Ballot. FRANKFORT. Ky., January JS?.-John I R Allen of Lexington today gained four more votes in the ballot in the joint ses- i sion of the legislature for United States scnaior. , The ballot resulted: Beckham, 07; Bradley, 57; Allen, 7; J. J. Mayo, 1. CARELESS HOLD UP MEN OVERLOOKED A BAG OF $40,000 IN GOLD. MANSFIELD. Ohio. January 23.? Short ly after midnight last night two masked men entered the office of the Adams Ex press Company at the union station here, I knocked William Depew. the itijent, un conscious and cot away with TA.OOO while nearly fifty passengers stood about the station waiting for trains. A bag con taining $40,000 in sold lying near the $3,000 was overlooked 'by the robbers. Robbers Were Daring1. The men on entering the office asked De pew for a package they said must have j arrived on a train too late for delivery. ! While Depew was looking for the sup posed package one of the robbers strm k him on the head and knocked him uncon scious with a three-Inch cash in his head. The other robber covered George Mc Ginty. a friend of Depew. with a revolver, and the first robber then went through , the safe. Then, keeping McGlnty eov- i er'ed. the men ran from the express of- ' lice and disappeared. Depew lav unconscious for more than an hour he'.?ro aid had been summoned by McGintv. When the robbery was re ported Detective Fitzgerald of the Penn sylvania railroad force and the local po lice got busv and made a number of ar rests. but none of the men have been iden tified by Depew and McGinty. Blood hounds were brought here this morping and nlaeed on the scent. " Two Men Are Arrested. Telegrams were promptly sent to the po- j lice of all nearby towns, and as a result I John McCue and Joseph Stovens were taken into custody at New London. They had the sack taken from the express of- ; flee containing $3,000. Stevens, the police say, confessed and j implicated McGinty. According to Stevens' \ ! story? the money arrived lau- Inst night from Delphos. Ohio, and was consigned to a bank at Hamilton, Ohio. Stevens said i McGinty tipped off the arrival of the money and cookcd up the scheme *.vith I him and MeCue to ro>b the office. As soon as this information was wired here M> i Ginty was locked up. He denies .he charge. i BRYAN CHIEF GUEST. After Dining at Senator Newlands' i He Goes to Roanoke. Mr. William Jennings Bryan was again ! the chief guest at a dinner given in his i honor last night by Senator Newlands of Nevada, at "Woodley." Invited to dine with the distinguished Nebraskan wera thirteen democratic senators and Judson Harmon of Ohio. Last night's dinner was the second one given by Senator Newlands in honor of Mr. Bryan, and the two functions were so arranged that one half of the democratic members of the Senate were entertained Monday evening and the remainder last evening. Those present were Senators McEnery! of Louisiana. McLaurin and Money of Mississippi. Martin of Virginia. Overman and Simmons of Nonh Carolina; Rayner j and Whyte of Maryland. Stone of Mis- : souri. Taliaferro of Florida. Taylor of Tennessee. Telle?1 of Colorado and Tillman t of South Carolina. Democratic policies in matters of legis- j lation again formed the topic of discus- ' sion. Mr. Bryan left Washington last night for Roanoke. Va.. to visit a daughter who is at school there. TAFT IN CLEVELAND. Guest at Informal Luncheon at the Union Club. CLEVELAND. Ohio. January Sec retary William H. T.ift, accompanied by Col. Clarence Edwards of the. United i States Army and Representative Duncan j E. McKinley of California, arrived here ' at noon today. They were met by a re- , ception committee headed by ex-Gov. Myron T. Herrtck. Immediately upon the arrival of the Secretary the party was taken to the Union Club, where an in formal luncheon was served. This afternoon Secretary Taft address ed a meeting of the local Red Cross Society. This evening there will he a i public reception, and tonight Mr. Taft! (vil! attend the McKinley Day bancuet j to 1># given by the Tippecanoe Club, at! which he will deliver the main address. | The Secretary will return to Washington i Friday morning. _ Fault Found With Cortelyou'Sj Statement. OBJECTIONS OF DEMOCRATS I Claim That Printed Document Should Not Have Been Sent to Senate. DEFENDED BY REPUBLICANS Somewhat Lively Discussion as to Proper Method of Departmental ] Communications to Congress. The reply of Secretary Cortelyou to a ! Senate resolution calling for information concerning the operations of the Treasury ! Department in connection with the recent financial crisis was lai<l before the Senate , today by the Vice President. The docu- ; nient was not read, but a printed copy of it was on the desk of each senator, j and nearly a?l of them at once gave it his J attention. Mr. Culberson inquired of the \ ice I'resident whether the pamphlet con tained all of the Secretary's communica- j Hon. The Vice President said he had not j examined the report, and did not know I whether the pamphlet contained all of the message. "1 do nni recall an instance," said Mr. Culberson, "in which si head of a de partment of the government has an nwi-fd a Senate resolution in printed form."' 1 ask the senator from Massaehu- | s"its." b-nke in Senator Tillman, turn itig to Senator I.odgc. "wlio is such a stit kl-r for senatorial dignity and sen atorial rights, to reply to this inquiry." "1 don't know,"' responded Mi. Ixnige. "whether a cabinet officer ever sent in a printed report of this kind as a conven ience. and 1 do not think it is a matter of importance. The entire reply will be printed tomorrow." "Is it legal?" asked Mr. Tillman. "It is certainly leg^l. because the Sec retary can communicate to Congress i either Ml typewriting or in print." The Usual Practice. Mr. Aldrich remarked that all the re ports of the Secretary of the Treasury are made to the Senate In printed form. Mr. Tillman retorted to thjs sugges tion by declaring: "The Secretary of the Treasury is as-, suming the airs of a president before he I is elected to that office. The President sends his message in this printed form, but I have never known a cabinct otftcer to assume to do this before. Mr. Culberson" said that the fact ot which he complained was that the Secre 1 tary of the Treasury had printed Ins ! argument and had It laid on t he desks of senators and had left the statement of facts which accompanies it to be printed afterward. Senator Carter of Montana referred to "constant importunities" that had b**en heard in the Senate for an immediate an swer to the Senate-resolution by the Sec retary of the Treasury. j "Had the Secretary of the Treasury de- , laved in making this reply," he added, j 'he would have been criticised no doubt. ' Now his expeditious method of placing his reply before the Senate Is made a sub i ject for criticism. How in the world could the Secretary of the Treasury have pleased the senators from South Carolina and from Texas?" Senator Beveridge interrupted, saying: "1 wish to call attention to the fact that [ the criticism of the senaor from South Carolina was directed to the *a:rs that i the Secretary has assumed." I "I want the Secretary to reply in an | orderly manner," replied Mr. Tillman. 1 "ami in the same manner tljat has char | acterized his i>redeccssors in office. lie | should send his report here and let us print it if wc think fit. The senator can j not point to a solitary case in which the printing has been done before." Mr. Tillman said there never had be?n I such unaccountable delay in replying to a Senate resolution. "The Secretary." he said, "had bren in New York making speeches ami now he ; sends ihis labored report to us." Mr. Carter inquired whether Mr. Tillman ! had read the report and, being told that he had not. declared that the senator could not tell whether the report was in fact "labored" or whether it had been i prepared "in a fluent manner and with ! .special skill. "It may l><\" he added, "that before the 1 sun goes down the senator may agree with all the Secretary of the Treasury has to say about this bond issue." "I ask him." interrupted' Mr. Tillman, j waving his hand toward Mr. Carter, "whether he undertakes to vindicate the j issue of the Panama bonds." Mr. Carter retorted promptly that the ! Secretary had just s^nt the information ! concerning that matter to the Senate and h>* did not propose to determine that mat ter until he had an opportunity to con | sider the facts. Mr. Tillman declared that tiie senaloi" from Montana was partisan in his de fense of the Secretary. "I have not been in any case partisan." retorted Mr. Carter, who then added, amid general laughter, that "all presi dential candidates would acquit him of being partisan." Mr. Tillman t>hen declared that the printed part cf the Secretary's report was merely tilled with assertions. Lodge Rebukes Tillman. Mr. Lodge said he was surprised at the senator from South Carolina. "f know no one," said Mr. Lodge, "who has pleaded ?o inueli for light and shows i so much anxiety to have it sl.ine in dark [ places as he. and yet when we begin to! shed light he resists because of the par- j tial illumination. I think it is a great j convenience to have in printed form this reply summarizing the exhibits, all of which will be here tomorrow. "Does the senator assert there is any light in this pamphlet?" interrupted Mr. Tillman in high pitched voice, and then adding. "1 say light.' 'light,' 'light.' Don't go off on anything else?light, light, light." "I think." replied Mr. I.odge. "there is abundant light in it, but whether the senator from South Carolina will b^ able to see it I do not know. ,Mr. t ulberson then took up the r<:\>rt and said that upon a cursory examination he discovered that the Secretary admitted that he had not replied to the specific inquiries or the Senate resolution. He stated that his main objection was con cerning the piecemeal method used by the Secretary in giving the report to the Senate. He had no objec tion to the re port being printed, but he did object to having the argument given out to the country in brief before the Senate had ordered the facts printed. Senator Aldrich suggested that the sen ator trom Texas, as well as the senator from South Carolina, instead of showing themselves to be se iously engaged in an endeavor to obtain light on the financial question were taking part in a comedy. Senator Carter hrougiit the debate on ;he report to a closf by reiterating his statrmei.' that the Secretary had simply put the whole matter in a convenient form and that no fault could be found with ?uch actiou. PLEADS THAW'S CAUSE Littleton Begins the Argument for the Defense. COURTROOM WAS CROWDED Unusual Gathering of the Defend* ant's Relatives. SENIOR COUNSEL IS ELOQUENT Refers to the Pre-Natal Influence That Cast Its Shadow Over the Whole Life of the Prisoner. Special Dispatch to The Star. NEW YORK, January 20.?The Spin ning of the end of the fight for Harry K. Thaw at liis second trial for the killing o* Stanford White was seen today in tho criminal branch of the supreme court, when Martin W. Littleton. Thaws rhic' counsel, began to sum up for the defence. It was said that Mr. Littleton would tak? at least five hours In reviewing tlio ra?e and presenting his arguments. lie seemed only well under way when a rocess was laken for the lunch hour, although by that time he hiul gone over nearly all the evidence as to insanity that had ben ad duced by Tiiaw's side. No small Inci dent that would tend to show that Thaw was insane when he shot White was left untouched. Mr. Littleton's talk of the rnorntng was a review of Thaw's history as it has been shown by witnesses, from his cradle until two months before the shoot ing. It was a careful and generally calm marshaling of facts in chronologi cal order and seldom did the attorney I indulge in much oratory. The general opinion of those in the court room wa.i that this would be reserved for the last. That Old Letter. j In beginning his address Mr. Littleton dwelt strongly on the hereditary taint of insanity in the Thaw family and h? made what was considered a strong argument with reference to the affidavit j made by the prisoner's mother at th?* time when an application was before the court for the appointment of a com mission to Inquire into her son's mental state. /U that time she barf said that there was no f?uch taint In h?r husband'* family or her own for more than four gen erations back. ' To offset tills Mr. Littleton went Paclc to the letter Thtiw's mother had written when Thaw was eleven years of age and j at the tjnie he was attending Beck's j school for boys In Pennsylvania, in tin* | letter the mother spoke of her "terrible ! feeling of dread" and of her fear that | her son might be mentally unbalanced. The letter, Mr. Littleton said, had nono of the lepal phraseology of an affidavit, but was the simple and true expression of what a mother felt and feared. He was willing that the jury should place the letter alongside the affidavit in the jury room and select the one which they thought conveyed the real belief of the prisoner's mother. Jerome Was Absent. The demand for seats at the Thaw trial | ted ay so far exceeded tho capacity of jthe court chamber that the polite in charge had their hands full in handlii s? the disappointed crowds. For the tir?t I time since the taking of testimony was begun Evelyn Nesbit Thaw had a seat in the courtroom. Mrs. William Thaw, the mother: Mrs. George L. Carnegie. tli? sister, and Josiah Thaw, a brother, also were in the family group. The bar against woman spectators was suspended, and there were many of them 011 lia^vi when Justice Howling took his place on i the bench. Attracted by Mr. Littleton's reputation as an orator, prominent law yers and men of affairs from all parts of the country were Included in the courtroom tnrong. It was l<?:-"50 o'clock when Mr. Littleton arose and began his pica to the jury in behalf of Harry Thaw. District Attorney Jerome, who mad? a point of remaining away from the courtroom throughout tua summing-up of Mr. Delraas last year, was absent wiien court convened toda>. Assistant District Attorney Garv&n was present and took copious notes of the address of the chief counsel for the de fense. m ??Reasonable Doubt." Mr. IJtrletojp said he asked nothirg more than that the jury should observe in reaching its verdict the ordinary rule? of any ordinary trial in an ordinary court of an American community. He cautioned tiie jurors ?o keep clearly before thei? the fact that the presumption of inno cence is always with the defendant until he is proved guilty. At :-yme length Mr. Littleton explained the doctrine of reasonable doubt. "In a ease of this kind." lie said. "whe:> insanity is the ;-lea. it is not incumben. upon counsel for the defense to establish 1 lie defendant's insanity beyond a rea sonable doubt, although I think I can point out to j 011 that we have done all of that. The law places the burden upon the prosecutor to prove to you beyond all reasonable doubt that the defendant was sar.e." With impressive strength of presenta tion Mr. Littleton reviewed Harry Thaw ? history from the time of the pre-natal in cident. when his mother, in the middle of th* nigiit. put out her hand in bed to feel the cold features of a child who had sud denly died, down to the day of the tragedy. Taint of Heredity. "This boy," he said, "took on the brood ing. the very melancholy which came to the mother that fearful night. I may be hlinded by partisanship, but. gent'emcn, can't you see with me that this defense is 110 tiling born of an exigency, to see that injustice is done or that a murder may b? covered, but born instead of the very history of this? boy." Reviewing the evidence in detail and picturing the devotion of the old nurses and the school teachers who had come from afar to give their testimony, Mr. Littleton said: "Gentlemen, you who look and listen in sincerity may read In the footprints of the boy the course which led him through London. Rome, Monte Carlo and New York in after lif?." Mr. Littleton dwelt at lengtn upon the testimony of Abraham Beck, the old school teacher, from Pennsylvania. "That testimony would mean something to me if I were sifting 011 a jury." dc clated the attorney. "There is no more honorable man in all Pennsylvania th.ui old man B-ck. His testimony was all his own?given in his own language?it was uo rehearsal when he told you what t? r.