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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 30, 1908, Image 1

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8uain??? Office, 11th Streat r ad Penniy.r^r.ia At*.
The Evening Star Newspaper Company,
THkODOR" W. NOTES, President.
lurcpean Office: 3 feet St., 1 ndon. England.
New York ' Ice: Tr.bur.e Building.
Chicago ffre: First National Bank Building.
Tb?> l'TPtiing Star, with ih? Sunday morning
?.lltlon. delivered by .-sirier!". ,Tu tlulf n
account. wliblu tbi' city at 5<> centa per muntb;
without Tbe Sunday Mar at 41 i-enta p^r mouth.
Py nwll. po?tasr? prepsid:
Sunday Ihi'IiiJhI. one month. rents.
T'ally. Sunday 'excepted. one uiontb. a? cent*.
Saturday Star, on* y?-ar. $1.00.
Sunday star, one year. |1.50.
No. 17.294.
l air, continued cold tonight.
Tcniperaitire 10 t?? 1 _* decrees.
Tomorrow lair. not >o ccld.
Argument for the People in the
Famous Trial.
District Attorney Changes His View
of Stanford White.
Mr. Littleton^ in Closing for the De
fense, Calls Abe Hummel a
Snake and a Rat.
Conceding that Harry K. Thaw
may have had irrational outbreaks
now ami then during the thirty
six years of his lite, I)i>trict At
torney William Travers Jerome,
in his plea for the conviction of
Stanford White's slayer today, de
clared there was absolutely noth
ing in the case presented to the
jury to show that Thaw w as so in
sane the night of the tragedy that
he did not know the nature or qual
ity of hi> aet or that the act was
wrong. The prosecutor followed
this, however, by signifying very
plainly that he believed justice
would be served if the defendant
should be found guilty of some
lesser degree of criminal responsi
bility than pumlcr in the first de
NEW YOJtK. January CO.?District At
torney Jerome made the final argument
for the state tod?y at the t:iai of Harry
K. Thaw for the killing of Stanford
White. Mr. Jerome at the outset told the
jury that they must keep before them
ail the while the point at issue. and that
was whether or not Thaw was Fane when
he killed White on the Madison Square
roof garden. It . made no difference as
to what Thaw's action at other times
may have been. If they were of the con
clusion that Thaw knew that he held
a revolver in his hand, that it was White
whom he was shooting and that lie knew
that his aet was wrong they must bring
in a verdict of murder in the first de
At the early stages of his argument,
too, Mr. Jerome dwelt a considerable time
on the lesser degrees of crime, and point
ed out circumstances that niigl t bring
the killing und^r the class of cases that*
call for a veruict of murder in the sec
ond degree or manslaughter. He quoted
from a decision ol the court of appeals
to show that he w"s not bound to go out
and prove that Thaw was sane, and that
there was na buiden upon the d"fenst\
The decision, he said, set forth thai par
tial or Incipient insanity could not be of
fered as a defense, but that the attor
neys for the prisoner mast have some
thing more stable on which to base their
A good deal of the mornine session was
t*ken up by the prosecution ridiculing
the evidence as to Thaw's insan.tj. They
had shown that he haci tantrums as a
child, he said, which might have be.-n
cured by that most effective of medieai
treatment, a good spanking. He could
not see that the peculiarity's sroken i t
by his nurse and his kind -rgarteu teach :
showed that he was insane on the Madi
son Square roof garden on the night of
June 'S>. Ne.ther was this shown
from the tact that Thaw had kicked ov.-i
1-is bre-.ik'ast accidentally while he liv?-J
in Washington. from hi.s illness :u J.i n
don ami M?Vite Carlo, ui from his f?-vcr
in Ro
All through his address of the firen ?on
Mr. Jerome's tone seldom went b j-.n-l
conversational pit' h.
Privileged Spectators.
There wa- another treat crush at tin
?'riniin ?! ? n\-; >v build. - i?v jh'-ai
I?>tr Attorney .hronie mike the dos
in* a-idr f..r t '.?> p--iplo in tie Thaw
C? V- ?.? :i ? <"? u.mji . \V,T Ope;je 1 ' .if
? anibe: - ;ound to ie- a!rfadv ti 11 -.
with specially privtievd spectators. Jus
tice l>ow.11:t was late j:. g<-udow
town. aral it was so.i-.e t:?ne after the
usual hour set for convti.;ng when lit
took his p!a<-r on the bench.
Evelyn Nesbit Thaw and Josiah 'I uau
v.ere ti:'.-only memb*-.s of the defendant-!
family pres-nt when Mr. Jeronje ie-gai:
his argument at 11 o'clock H<- declared
?\he case had be?n handled by hltn w:th
*?me difficulty, as he had many othe:
matters of importance to attend to a!
ti." sa-ue tl ae.
"If I have .i[ an> time !a< kr-d in 'hi
dgnity tha* attached to .ay off} " ?en
tinned the prosecutor: "If a: a-iy tin: - 1
l ave shown *n\ .!>?..: ?% !a,.j ,,f .
s;der;?ti< n I can only s.u r. >w that 1 r<
grot it Any personal Imptviitlon 1 havt
made or i avf not u.adc "-hould have m
I^irt w atfwr in > onr verdict Yon *r<
not trying tha district attorney. Any
j.;ie?r* he nia\ ' ave mad- arc not c\i
deucc T *r tta piM.pl and ne titer are
a:;y idenee that Harrv !* Thaw #vvas
insane v. . e - c kllls-d Stanford White
"A? to f w?>.nan. if In> manner wa^
< r.r- of ?l ; rtpprnUatloi that :s not evi
dence N?-.ti.r-" 1 r." ; .< v' o.i an - I icing
tried h-'?< Herry Thaw is <>n t-iai !" m
the :.!u:d?T of Stanford Wlhe and tiu
de.ense i- that he was insane the night
? ?f Ju:.e 1'>?>: Ilia- he was not Kent-rally
insane or insane now All \>;j have to
deal with and all I h-ve to deal with is
w'.ft:icr or at a particular time an.i
place this defendant was insane wlcthei
v. i-? ii i-e shot and killed Stanford Whit
he knew t-at the act was wrong and
; ;;:?:riFt the lav. of tin land."
Motive in the Killing.
? I shall endeavor." Mr. Jerome added.
"Voldlv to dissect the evid- nci in this
case, trace it step by step, and to show
you that the burden the law places upon
the defense of proving tha insanity of
this defendant has not been met."
Mr. Jerome explained to the j.iry the
different decrees of murder defined by the
law. and declared that in this ease ti.e
only verdicts possible under tli-> circum
stances wen- murder in the first degn-e,
murder in the second degree, manslaugh
ter in the firs: degree, or not guilty on
the ground of insanity.
The district attorney d?* dared Thaw
plalnh hf-.d a motive for killing Whit".
Kverv act of his for two oi three years
l?eforc the tragedy ooiutr-d to his dea?ily
(Continued on El eve n't h i'age.j
Financial Measure Reported
- to Senate.
Amendments Intended for More
Money in a Stringency.
Secretary of Treasury Must Ap^vove
Recommendation of Controller
of Currency for Issue.
Senator Aldi-idi. chairman of the Senate
! committee on linance. today favorably re
ported his hill pt ov idiutr lor an emergency
increase in t!i national bank circu
lation. Tin r?port was authorized at a
meeting ?? f ti?*.- committee held today at
j which all il < republican members pres
' ent voted for a resolution authorizing the
| reporting of the l.ill and all the demo- J
? crats voted for the Bailey substitute. Sen
ator Hansbroitgh. who favors a central
bank scheme, was not present, and his
vote was unrecorded. The only demo
crats in attendance were Senators Teller,!
Bail?y and Daniel. Senator Taliaferro,
j who is absent in Florida, was recorded
as for the Bailey substitute. Senator
| Monty also was absent and his vote was
unrecorded. Mr. A Id rich said he would
? call the bill up for consideration Monday, !
r'ebruary 10. !
Mr. A Id rich said he made this announce
ment as to time so that senators might
have ample opportunity to prepare for
tiie discussion of the bill. Me slid that
the committee had under consideration j
some amendments to the bill relating to J
ailroad liquids and probably would sug- '
gest them at a later day. lie explained
that the bill i was the bill of the ma
jority of the committee, and that mem
bers of the minority might have a sub
stitute to offer later. He also added that
nis correspondence with the Interstate
eoinm?rce commission upon the subject
of railroad securities would be presented
as a document.
Mr. Bailey said that if the tinanee com- j
mittee p: oposed to submit a written re-'
port on the hanking bill he wished to!
reserve the right on behalf of the mi
nority of the committee to do the same
he: ea fter.
Mr. Aldrich replied liiat it had not
been customary to submit written reports j
in such cases, but he expected to explain
the measure 011 behalf of the committee. 1
In that case M*\ Bailey said it would not !
be necessary to reserve any right for a
Summary of the Bill.
Various amendments which have been |
published from time to tim^ appear!
111 the bill, although hi general char-'
actei the bill remains the same as,
when introduced. There has been- an!
effort 011 the part of the committee to em- '
phasize the emergency nature of the act j
that is proposed, and to this end various
amendments are inserted in the hill wh.ch j
are intended to cause speedy issuance of
additional currency when a stringency oc
curs. The following amendme nt is insert
ed in the tirst sect.on of the bill in lieu j
of the provision which gave the controller ,
of the currency power to lix the time,
and amount of issues when application is .
made' according to his judgment and at
?lis convenience.
"The controller * of the currency shall
.ransrnit immediately the application, with
a is recommendation. to the Secretary of
the Treasury who shall, if in his judgment
aufsiness conditions in the locality demand
additional circulation, approve the same,
and shall determine the t:me of issue and
rix the amount within the limitations'
.lereina ter imposed of the additional eir- j
culatinvr notes to be issued. In order that 1
-he distribution of notes to be issued !
under the provisions of this act shall be
.nade aw equitable as practicable be.ween
die various sett ions of the country, the
Secretary of the Treasury sha.l not ap
? >rove application Irom associations in any
state ,n excess of the amount to which
such state would be entities of the addi
tional notes herein authorized on the
oasis ot the proportion which the unim
paired eaphal a'ni surplus of the national
banking associat.ons .11 such state bears
;o the total amount or' unimpaired capital
and surplus ot the rat.onal banking as
sociations >f the I'.iitMl States; Provided,
iiow?\er, that in euse iite applications
.ron. assjOcSat o'i-* n any state shail not
be equal to the amoint vfiiieii th.; .?*<so
ciations ot such st.i e would he entitled
? j under this method o distribution, the
Secretary of ihe Treasury may, in his dis
cretion to meet an cuei-scnev. assign the
amotint not thus applied tor to any ap
p yng ass 'ciation or associations in stales
m the same se -tioii of the country."
Limit of Issue.
The claus-. of the original bill fixing 7,~>
per cent of the market value 01 all
municipal and railway bonds as the limit I
of the issue of notes against them has I
been amended so that railroad bonds |
alone are to be taken at ?."? per cent of 1
their market value. Notes may be issued
against deposits of municipal and county
bonds up to *.h? per cetit of their market
The limit of circulating notes that may
b> issued under the act has be* n raised
.'rotn S'jr.n,ne.MrfM) to mm. The sec
tion o; toe (.ill relating to the ae.eptanc
of interest-b.'aring obligations or any le
i^aliy authoriz il bonds of states, cities,
towns and counties as deposits for the
s< ? urity ?t additional bank enrrenev is
sued against them has been broadened 1
consideiably by amendment. The worife |
"Or otliei legally constituted municipality,
o: district wtlt' li have been added. ar< j
taken to mean that bonds issued b\ school
districts and townships will In acceptable
providing they conform to r? quirenirnts :
sp.eifjeil The population of th.-.v muni
cipalities is Hxed by the reported t>ill at !
Io.ij'o in>t< ad of a.- oriKinall\ pro
There is an aniemlm-nt making it the
iluty of the 4Je< retar> of the Treasury to
obtain information with reference to the
value and character of the municipal
and railroad securities authorized to he '
accepted und'r the provisions of the act.
and lie is required from time to lime 10 [
furnish information to national banking
associations as to such bonds as would be
acceptable as security. To the end that i
information concerning railroad bonds !
may be gathered with some degree of
accuracy the clause of the bill relating to
the acceptance of railroad bonds as se-'
<-univ for note issues is amended so as 1
to include only the bonds of roads w hich I
comply with the existing law In report- '
ins statements of their conditions and j
earnings to the interstate coirimerce com- I
j mission.
j lhe provision in the old bill requiring j
a memorandum on the back of each'
bond showing that the lepal title of the I
same has passed to the treasurer of the
I'nited States in trust has be<?n strieken
i oat and it has be<<n made the duty ot
the Secretary ot the Treasury to pro
scribe regulations lor conveying title.
Preparation of Notes for Circulation.
The provision of the orig.nal bill relat
mg to tue preparation of circulating notes
in blank to an amount equal to .">U per
cent of the capital stock of a bank rc-.
questing an issuance lias been changed so
that it is mandatory upon the controller
to proceed as soon as practicable to pre
pare notes for a'.l national banks so that
they ma^' be ready for issue immediately
upon the receipt of applications and alter
securities have been approved.
In the bill as reported tlvre is no men
tion of the reserves Of hanks located out
side of reserve or central cities. In the
original bill it was required that they
should hereafter hold at all t.mes at least
two-thirds of their reserve in lawful |
It is specifically provided that all acta
and orders of the controller of the cur
rency and the treasurer of the United
Stales authorized by the act shall have {
the approval of the Secretary ot . tiie|
Baltimore Grand Jury Rejects Detec
tives' Claim Against Goffe.
BALTIMORE. Md., January :tO.-The
grand jury hast dismissed the charges
against Alfred Constantlne Goffe. a part
ner of Antonio Lanasa in the doff ^
Steamship and Importing Company. .
Goflfe was charged by the detectives
with b?"-ing one of tlv- conspirators who
met at Lanasa's home when it is al
leged the pl.?t to blow up the. residence i
of Joseph Di Giorgio was perfected.
GofTe is a Jamaican, and at his prelimi
nary hearing he testified that he did not |
speak Italian.
The grand jury made an investigation :
into tills phase of the matter and, be
lieving that if a plot was made, the
men who concocted it, who were all
Italians, naturally spoke in that lan
guage, they decided to discharge Goffe.
Purchases Old Glory That Floated
From Man-o'-War Chesapeake.
LONDON, January ."50.?The (lag of the
American man-of-war Chesapeake, cap
lured in the fight with the British ship
Shannon in 1813, was put up at auction
in tlii>- city today and sold for S4,"J."iO to
a dealer named Partridge. It Is reported
that Partrldg.- acted for Cornelius Van
French Superior Court Rejected Ap
peal in Divorce Case.
PAKIS. January :;n -The "superior j
court today rejected the app.-.ii from
the finding of the lower court brought!
by Mrs. M.-Bride, better known as Maud j
Gonne. the "Irish Joan of Arc," who j
sued her husband. Maj. -Mi-Bride, for an '
absolute divorce. The legal separation!
decreed by the lower court w is con- j
firmed by the superior court. Mrs. Sic- j
Bride brought her tirst action in the
summer of ijmmi and was then granted
a judicial separation from her husband,
who was a prominent member of the J
Irish brigade of the Boer army during :
the South African war. This tribunal !
refused to grant her an absolute di
vorce on account of her Irish nation- i
Mrs. MeBride contended todav that j
the superior court should follow the.
English practice, but the court held
that the marriage was contra -led in ;
Ireland, where divorce is granted only
l>y \irtue of an act of parliament, and
that, therefore. It was powerless to :
grant Mrv McBride more than a sepa- 1
ration. The testimony presented before
the superior court was the same ah Mrs.
M'-Bride brought forward in her orig
inal suit, in which she prayed for di
vorce on the ground of cruelly.
Sensational Incident of the McDon-1
aid Trial at Chicago.
CHICAGO. January ;{??.? At the trial to
day of Mrs. l>ora McDonald, charged with ,
the murder of Webster S. Guerin. Police
man John Donerty told of finding in tlie
desk of Guerln one of the bullets from the
revolver held by Mrs. McDonald at the i
time of her arrest. On cross-examination
the defense demanded to know why he
had carried the bullet in his pocket for
ten months without saying anything
about it.
Doiierty explained that he had "been
upset mentally" because of Illness in his
family, and had forgotten all about the
Mrs. McDonald collapsed just a? Do
he:t> took the stand, and It was necessary
to adjourn court until physicians had ad
ministered restoratives. The trial was dc
luyed about fifteen minute#. . J
Situation Is Decidedly Mixed.
Hard to Tell What Kind of a
Bill Will Be Reported.
< onsidcration of tho Union station per
manent trackage hill an?l the Madden
unnirsal transfers iiK'asurp was resumed
at the reg.jl?ir weekly meeting of the
House District committee this morning.
No decision was reached on cither of these
propositions. The universal transfers hill
was referred to the subcommittee on
street railways, which will meet tomor
row and Saturday morning. and the track
age |,i|| win ho considered at a special
meeting of the entire District committee
at in o'clock next Mond:i\ morning. [t is
hoped by Chairman Smith and other mem",
her* of the District committee that it will
be possible to report the permanent track
Pleasure ;.t the regular meeting of
the committee one v.cek from today, and
also to decide whether th< committee will
sanction or frown upon the universal
transfers pian.
The street railways subcommittee has
noon instructed to consider, not the orig
inal proposition for universal transfers
provided for i!i the Madden bill, but an
amended plan for the issuance of a trans
fer upon a straight five-cent fare. But
this does not contemplate a discontin
uance of the sale of six tickets for a
quarter by the local traction companies.
Instead. It is the tentative plan to give
serious consideration to a proposition to
continue the pres? nt arrangement with
regard to the sale of tickets, but permit
passengers to pay a straight tive-c>nt
fare, if so desired, and upon this live-cent
fare to demand a universal transfer?
that is. a transfer to the liius of the un
related traction company.
"Otiirials of the Capitiil Traction Com
pany and Washington Railway and Elec
tric Company are not enthusiastic over
this plan, as it would invoive additional
mental arithmetic by conductors and ad
ditional bookkeeping afterward.
The, permanent trackage bill is very
much tip in the air just now. Some mem
bers of the committee ar* greatly op
posed to the plan of having lour tracks on
the I nion station plaza, other members
don't want any tracks there at all. pre
ferring to have the street cars approach
the station from east and west, and still
others don't want to see any street ear
tracks at all on 1st street in front ot
tin- Congressional Library. In other
words, the situation is decidedly mixed
and it is difficult to predict just what
kind of a bill.will come out of the Dis
trict committee when that body finally
makes up its mind.
Selections Sent to the Senate for
The President today suit to thr Senat
the following nominations:
ar?Colonels to be brigadier generals
Charles E. T?. I<. r>avis. <'orps of Engi
neers; Ramsay D. potts, r.tli Field Artil
Navy?Commander to be captain: Albert I
n. Will its. I
Treasury-?Revenue .-utter service: Ca-I
' et engineer to be second assistant en- !
ginT^'" 'arvey Fletcher Johnson of Vir- J
But William Wilson Wants Real
Money for It.
From the fertile fields of.J. rsey, where !
' ie lose blush of the ripening tomato
puts to Shame the radiance of the rain
bow and the shimmering glories of the
setting sui1i comes William Wilson, i
i mariner, bearing an invention. Today
he was at the Capitol, tacking up and
down the resounding corridors, hailing
passing political craft and trying to col-!
|leot $75,000 in real money. % !
William Wilson would make the I nited
| States navy invulnerable; lie would pro-;
tect each ship from torpedo attack* he
.would establish this nation as invincible!
and immune. And to this end he has
, invented a battleship bedouilt of linked
. chaiii steel. The bed ouilt is let down!
around the ship. It protects, but it does
?not impair the vessel's speed.
Hark! The enemy approaches. Psssst*
A torpedo is on its way to ravish and
destroy. Hut no: The skulking me
chanical reptile, full Ui hostile intent
and gun cotton, speeds on until it runs
into the "William Wilson Impregnable J
Linked-Chain-Steel Battleship Bedquilt
I Protection Itcviw." The bedquilt grves
;i bit. The torpedo whirs a bit and then
runs down. There is no explosion. The
"William Wilson Impregnable Linkeu
! Ch*i*-St'eel Battleship Bedquilt Protec
tion Device" has saved the day.
William Wilson of Jersey there
i* i>o question about the reliability and
worth of his device. He knows it will
work. Ho has tried it on a rowboat.
Firmin and Haitian Insurgents Are
I Fugitives.
Minister Furniss. United States minister
| at port au Prince. Haiti, cabled the Stati
I Department today that the legation had
1 been advised by the government of Haiti
| that the blockade of St. Marc arid Go
' naives has been removed.
The blockade was established bv the
government at the time those places were
i in the hands of the revolutionists. U . >
understood here that Gen 1- irnnn com
I rnoniy supposed to be at the head of h'
, revolutionary movement, and his patt>
are at the German consulateat (?.>nai\es.
where they sought asylum from the go\
ernment troops.
State of Siege May Be Declared by,
the Government.
BFENOS ,AIRES. January The po
litical situation arising fr-.m the strained
relations between President Alcorta and
; congress, due to tlie senate and house of
deputies refusing to deal wit.h the mat
ters for which they were espeeia ly sum
moned and to their omitting to sanction
the annual budget, a course which v.as
followed by an executive decree closing
t he congress, remains practically un
. chang d.
There is reason to believe, however. that
? an overwhelming majority of ihe p=>opl
; approve the policy of the government
Tiie government is in readiness to adopt
everv measure necessary for the main
I t< nance of law and order, and a state of
sic-ge throughout the entire republic will
be decreed on the tirst i-ipn of an organ
ized subversive movement.
President Alcorta said today that tle
government was complete master of the
situation and that tit >r?* was 11 ?? dangei
! whatever of a disturbance of the estab
' lished order. Tranquillity pr. vai's
throughout the whole country.
Autoists Held Responsible.
LOS ANGELES. Cat.. January ::?> A
; decision by the district court of appeals
' yesterday d/eelares in effect that automo
biles are obliged to look out for pedes
trians and keep from running them down
1 and that pedestrians cannot be charged
i with contributory negligence it they do
j not keep out of the way of automobiles,
i The decision confirmed a judgment for
IT.OoO damages awarded Stanley King,
who had been run down by the automobile
j of E. K. Green.
Dogs to Track Criminals in Panama.
I SAN ANTONIO, Tex.. January ??.?The
tirst of a number of bloodhounds to be
used in tracking criminals in the Panama I
P.iral Zone wen- purchased here yester
day by Lieut. Stephens. The dogs brought
*.{o i each. Thus far the government has i
found "no suitable dogs except in Sin
I Antonio. Exhaustive tests have been
I made here with the dogs, a number of
soldiers trailing for miles out !rom rort,
Sam Houston, crossing streams and go
ing through herds of cattle in the ?n-1
| deavor to lose the trail for the dogs.
Count Cassini Recovers From Illness
ST. PETERSBURG. January ;>0.?-Count
Cassini. former Russian ambassador at
Washington, and who h is more recently
represented his government at Madrid,
has completely recovertd from the. ill
reps which at one time was thought
might necessitate his retirement from
the diplomatic service and he mill lea\c
I here to return to the court of King Al
fonso February 1. He is to be received
l in audience by the emperor before hi*s de
I nurture. Count Cassini was stricken with
typhoid fever while returning from
Spain and for several weeks lay dangei
ously ill at Berlin.
$100,000 Fire at Marion, Ind.
MARION. Ind.. January flO. ihe Dia
! mond window glass factory at Gas City
i was destroved by tire early today, re
j suiting in a lo.-s estimated at <100,000.
| ?
Big Stone Gap Burned.
RICHMOND. Vh.. January :U?.? Fire i;t
, Big Stone Gap. Wis- county. Va . early
today destroyed the principal business
section of the place, including a hotel.
I The loss Is estimated at ?12T.,unu.
Bryan Urges Pubiicity in Polit
ical Contributions.
Duty of the Voter to Give for Cam
paign Expenses.
Corruption in Elections Declared to
Be an Evil That Should
Bp Remedied.
"Am oloi-1 ion is n public iitlair. ?iu?l pur
ticipation in politics is a civic duty. All
arguments used in elections should be
used publicly, and all means employed to ,
seen"o t lie elf < t ion of or to defeat a candi- j
date should he moans which the one using
them would not Ik- ashamed to have the
world know."
This epitomizes tho views o' William J. j
Bryan on the subject of publicity of cam
paign contributions as expressed today
Ik- fore J!.e 11 oust* committee on election
of President ami Vice President.
The meeting was called for the special
purpose of hearing Mr. Bryan, and. in
addition to the full membership, there
were present Perry Belmont and Samuel
Gompers and other labor leades.
Mr. Bryan declared that reforms come
only when abuses arc recognized. "Not
until there is an evil to be remedied, he
said, "does one think upon a remedy."
Evil in American Politics.
The one thing to be remedied in Amer
ican politics, h<^ continued, was the use
of money to secure control of the govern
ment, "the money being advanced by
those antagonistic to the public purse.
Whenever a man resorted to secrecy. he
said, it must h- because he has some
thing to gain that he did not want the
wo; id to know or that lie distrusts the in
?ttlligence and patriotism of the people.
Mr. Bryan insisted that the most im
portant thing to be done was to make
the campaign contribution known before
the election. lie recognized that there
was an advantage in find.ng out aft jr
the horse is stolen how the door was un
j.ockcd. "but." he said. "I think it much
better to lirnl oul before the horse is
| stolen that a theft is contemplated." The
! trouble about the publication of expendi
tures after elections was that the knowl
edge came too late to be ot any adv intage
to the people in that campaign. It was
very easy to change the committee and
personnel of the organization, he said,
and then make scapegoats or" those who
had been in charge of the elections.
Duty of Voter to Contribute.
Mr. Bryan declared that there could be
no objection to any one making si cam
paign contribution "if that contribution
represents his patriotic interests in a pub
lic cause." i le said it was the duty ot
the people to contribute to the expense
of disseminating campaign mater al 1>>
way of education.
It had been charged, he said, that
Chairman Cortt'.yun had reco.ved coiitri
uutioris from <">.< contributors "as if.
tie said. "it was a matter to deserve rec
ognition that so m my peop c had con
tributed." Kv.oi if luis were true, h
argued, that tliev were a very sl.m frac
tion of t!i' T.oo'HXNt voters for President
As for the demoerati party, Mr Bryan
sai<l that in 1VH, ii I.ad mor? contribu.ors
than in any previous campaign. M <ny
.men wou'd b.-t ?.V o on the r ilt ot an
ebct.on who would not contribute $5 to
a campaign fund.
Influence of Contributors.
Mr. Bryan, however, voiced his opposi
tion to the principle of allowing only a
tew men to provide campaign funds. It
fo lows almost as a matter of necessity."
ne said, "that these few men will have
an influence after the el.ction entirely out
of proportion to their numbers or to tne
-nfluej.ee they ougut to have. In otnei
worus." said Mr. Bryan. "Wuluut any in
. nt.on of yielding to the entreaties ot
u.ese men. tf.thout any conscious sacii
a?e of the pu .hc interest to tne piivate
laim, these men who Contribute large
sums naturally and almost tiecessa . uy
nave this influence because of t:ie contri
Air. Bryan said lie was glad President
ftoosevclt had taken the matter up. "He
..as spoken so plainly on tie- subject 01
pubiicity of campaign contribution*." said
Air. Bryan, "tt.at I am sure that the fact.
..nat I :? m a democrat will not place sus
picion upon my argument, tor I think I
aavc the same interest in this matte;- that
the President l as expnss d." II d -
elated le luid a far greater interest in
government and in public questions 11:: 111
.ii personal concern about the suet ss of
ui individual. "and." he added. "1 as
sume that President U'oscvelt and those
?vho, like him. have ,-pokeii out in the re
publican parly. I :iv 11.?* same broad g?-n
cia 1 interest ti at have democrats w no
nave spoken out.
Chairman Gaines interrupted with the
remark that the uittieulty of the com
mittee. had been in agrecj upon a plan
.o accomplish tne d sired purpo
Mr. Bryan replied that li* recognized
the difficulty >f getting a law sufficient.y
comprehensive in its material purpose
which v.OUid nui invade ti e sphere of the
.-tat s. but he believed one could be
enacted along the line- indicated.
Puts "C. K " on Cockran.
Mr. Bryan siiowe<' today that he can
forgive and forget, for h ? luhju 11iti- dly
plac d tlie brand of democracy upon Rep
resentative William Bourke I'ockran of
New York, than whom lit re was none
who more bitterly opposed him in tn
can.paign ot 1 .-?'.?H.
Mr. Bryan was s.iying that the subject
of publicity in contributions was no,- a
partisan one. and that h - did not advo
< at?? the passage ot such a law in a
partisan spirit. II referred t" the tact
tli't Mr. Mci'all had iniroduo d one b.ll
upo.i to subject, "'and. saul Mr. Bryan,
"he is a republican. Mr. i'ockran oas
offered another measure a lon? simiiar
lincs. and he?is a d nwra!. Mr. < o-k
ran sat beside the sjieaker and apparentiy
unconsciously nodded in approval.
.\l mbers of the committee asked Mr.
Bryan various questions as to hh* plan
for accomplishing the purposes sought
for, and ihese were answered by Air.
Bryan to the effect titat lie advocated
onlv the general principle involved, and
thought the members of the committee,
working in harmony on the subject, could
construct a measure which would in* broad
enough to attain the ends sought and
still he within constitutional limitations.
He left that matter entirely to tlie com
mittee, he said.
i The members of the committee were
s> highly pleased with Mr. Bryan's re
j marks that they voted to a.-k to have
them printed tor distribution.
Virginia Judge Dropped Dead.
t.TIARLOTTfcSVILLK. Va., January
:n>?Judge George W". Harris of the cor
poration court and for several terms state
senator dropped dead today while on the
way to bis'office. He was fifty years of
Plays a Return Engagement in
This Region.
Hew Would You Like to Be the
, Coal Man ?
Chicago Is Not So Cold, But the
Rest of the Northwest Has
the Shakes.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
XEW YOIIK. January ."A?A cold wav*
that canie whooping out of tip? north
west yesterday afternoon and .sent the
mercury tumbling was wry much in evi
dence today. At sunrise this morn ins the
oftl. iaI thermometer registered ?? degr-?<?.?
above zero. At in o'clock it was J .i -
grees warmer.
I'll.- coldest day of the winter was r> -
ported from upstate points, being; \ ? r >*
: seven* iii tlie Adirondack region. The most
I frigid spot was Mountain View, w hem
| the mercury dropped to :t7 degree** below
zero. At Owl's Head is was ill below, and
at Ma lone Jlo below.
Western cities reported eold weather,
Chicago i degrees above zero, and Hut
falo ii above. Cincinnati had it com
paratively warm, however, with a temjier
atur<* of 17 degrees above. It was g ir
erally fair in the northern part of ta ?
count ry.
The icy blasts which swept down on t.e
city sent the mercury tumbling to the
lowest point of tlie present season and
! brought intense suffering to thousands
and even death came to some.
Patrick Allen, who for forty years had
i been a horse ear driver, succumbed to
; eold and exposure just as he was about
to finish his night's work and tumbled
from the platform of his ear Into t'
street, lie was taken to the hospital la
a dying condition.
John J. Harrington, a news dealer, was
] found lying in a roadway in the Bronx, so
badly frozen that he died soon after being
j taken to a hospital.
A man who said he was Ginte.r Empel.
twenty-eight years old. was found lying
insensible in i'nion Square. He hail
: slipped on the icy pavement and sus
; t.i:i;<*d a fracture of the hip a.nd had been
lying helpless a long time before he was
| found He is in a hospital in a critic,tl
condition. Sixteen-year-old Charles Jack
si>n also is in a serious condition at ft
, hospital, as a result of exposure.
From t o'clock yesterday afternoon,
when the temperature-stood at .'JO degrees
above zero, the cold increased steadily
until 7 o'clock this morning, when the
mercury stood at only <> degrees above.
A high wind came with the cold wave.
Zero Weather in New England.
BOSTON". January New England
today for the first time this winter is ex
periencing zero weather. The cold wave
i w is particularly welcomed by the ie*?
dealers, especially those in southeastern
X w England. A stiff gale blew all last
nieln. and incom'ng chipping not only
showed the effects of {lie battering, but
sonic of the vessels were badly iced up.
In some parts of Connecticut the ther
mometer registered 1- below zero. Ice
; harvesting this year is being done at low
rates on accnunt of the large number of
men out <>f work. The men in \Vinst?d
and vicinity are paid 1<? cents an hour on
the pond and 1^'l? cents in the houses,
these he.ng the lowest rates paid in yeais.
The crop so far has been light.
Eastern Pennsylvania Around Zero.
PHILADELPHIA. January 3>?.?The
coldest weather of" the winter in eastern
Pennsylvania was experienced today when
' the temperature in the mountain regions
went^below the z*ro mark. The minimum
' temperature in this city was 11 degives
above zero. The weather in the western
part of the state is warmer than that in
I the east.
32 Degrees Below Zero.
CHICAGO. 'January ?>.?The coldest
weather of the season came lo Chicago
yesterday. The lowest point reached in
the city was at 8:3o a.m., when tiie gov
ernment thermometer registered two
1 tenths of a degree above zero. Ju the
; suburbs lower temperatures were re
ported. Many Chicago street ther
mometers recorded degrees below. Char
i ity associations today began preparations
I to alleviate the sufferings caused by the
| cold weather.
Imports received from the northwest
^ive Green Bay's temperature as 14 be
! ??: Madison. 10; Duluth, St. Paul.
] and Milwaukee. 6. Superior. Wis., wa*
the mid st point on the weatlier map.
, ti.erniometers there registering below
; zero.
Zeio Weather in Maryland.
i Special I?is|>aUh to The Star.
HAiJKRSTOWN, Md.. January ?0.?Zero
weather prevailed at a number of points
in this .-ection of Maryland this morn
in*-r. there having b en a decline of "O
'1 wis in the temperature since yester
day. Today is the coldest of the wint r,
tl. rmo meters ranging from .S to 10 above
| in I la.u -rstown. All small streams and
| pends are froz* n over and indications
? point to a tin - harvest of natural kc.
j Sj.fi iiiI I>iy|iuti*b i" TUe Star.
Kt).\l)A. X. V.. January ;>?. - After niid
: night last ninl.t. t';e thermometer dropped
mi the Mohawk \ alley from 1'-' to 20 de
crees below zero. the coldest weather by
M dfgtvi's this v int. r. Many telegrapii
at'.d i-lepiiom* wires ha\e been broken be
cause of the extreme cold weather.
Firemen Suffer Intense Cold.
Special lH<|iatc|| in The Star.
.MuXTKKAL. Quebec. January ,",o._
With t lie mercury *jn below /?ro, causit g
inte;i*.-o suff-Ting among tlie tire-tighters,
a tire swept througli the wholesal- dis
trict early this morning, starting n ti e
wholesale paint and o.l hi use of P. I?.
I Dods Co., in McGill street. a*nl spread
inn both north and **nth. damaged the
buildings occupied by Hermann Wolf &
Co.. wholesale woolens and E. I'. Walker
& Co.. wholesale hardware. The total loss
will be *ll>"U?oo
Firemen after p'aying upon the ti im?;s
from ladders, found themselves frzen
fast and their comrades were obi gcd to
cut them out be.tire they could gei frmn
their positions.
Special Dinpatch to Tin* Star.
PLATTSB1 "RG, X. V.. January i.e
thermometer registered 1H b low zero in
this city today. At l.ake Placid it was
:K b?Iow; Saranac Lake, below; Dau
namora. J7 below, and i'aul Smitlis,
1 below.
I'TICA. X. V., January .'50.?C?aual
and northern Xew York experience# the
coldest wvirther of the season last night.
The mercury in this city at ?i o'clock thia
morning was at 1* below zero. Suver?i

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