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THE CALIFORNIA**. Hy Gertrude Atherton. New York: The Ma mil lan Company. Washington: Wood ward & Lothrop. THERE can he no mor? doubt of the seriousness of purpos1 with which the author lias written this book than of the unusual interest of the product. In t!ie complex social structure of ' The Califor nians." the process of amalgamation be tween the new and the old. the S;>anis!i and th* Yankee, elements is represented In all of its varying shades of coinph tones The successful "forty-niner an.l his d - scendants. the modem importation from the e ist. the Mexican und rstructure, the Span ard who has adapted himself to new conditions, and the old grander Wio has been worsted In the contest with \ankep Undgrabwrs. these are the more signiti- ? cant of the types that crowd Miss Ather ton's canvas With this wonderful, shifting. <olorf-.il, background, the main personages of the romance need l?e forceful to enal'le tliem to detach themselves and step forward into the neeefsary relief . It is no small tribute to the author's skill that this .ms been accomplished. The Interest centers | around two families, dashing, dissipated, kindly Jack Belmont, and his equa l> brilliant daughter, and the-Yorba family. Pon Roberto, who has saved himselt from the ruin that overtook his brother ! grandees by allying himself witli the dev. ; er Yankee speculator. Polk, and aUo tiy ; marrying Polk's sister. The B.-lmonts represent the picturesque mining adven- | turers who remained to rear tlie struc- | ture of San Francisco's "old families en trenched on Nob Hill. The Yorbas ex hibit the results of Spanish pride and pas sion grafted on to the cool and master ful energies of New England. Don Roberto Yorba is a keen and pow erful study. With little ability of his own. with the inherent indolence anil extrava- ; gance of his race, he has yet been able to grasp the fact that in the \ ankees is to be found the dominant race. Because of his admiration for Polk and the fa natical belief in him and the tendencies he represents. Yorba is able to curb his own recklessness and has made of him self. when the story opens, one of the ruling financiers of his native California. All things American are to him a fetich. j He carries business caution to the point of niggardliness, he worships the flag as > the tymbol of the power that had saved him from ruin. The reader sees his j obsession approach the point of mania. On the occasion of the death bf Polk the : latent insanity develops itself. Fear that t his native tendencies will reassert them- j selves so works upon Yorba s mind that ' he becomes in the midst of millions the j gloomiest of madmen, a suicide from ab ject fear of poverty. If Yorba represents the grafting on to ail alien stock of new principles, in Mag dalena. his daughter, the reader is able ; to observe the warfare of opposing ten dencies. until the final resolution into fine balance and power. There are few more significant creations in literature than the spectacle of this girl, in whom min gle what at first appear to be the least ; admirable traits of the two races, setting : herself with the tenacity and clearness of purpose of New England forbears to ere. j ate for herself a personality of power and , distinction. With no beauty, with a cer- j tain sluggishness of mind to overcome. ^ with all of the passion and intensity of ? her Spanish ancestors and none of their , grace and charm, she wages continual ! warfare for an ideal of character which ; she has, in some mysterious fashion ! evolved. Through neglect, disappointment, ? sacrifice, sordid tragedy, all of which cul minate in a wild storm of feeling where her own revolted tendencies are in sym pathy with the winds of one of San i Francisco's sandstorms, she struggles painfully into ultimate peace and happi ness. The main conception of personal ity has been maintained by such consist ent sincerity of incident and detail that Magdalena stands out as an achievement of a nature to make the author s former work, brilliant as it has been, seem a preparation for this latest development. ; THE SMALL COUNTRY PLACE. By Samuel T. Maynard. professor of , botany and horticulture at the Mas sachusetts College, etc. One Hundred Illustrations Philadelphia: J. B Lippincott Company. , j This is a valuable book for the man who. having the love for country life, has but small resources with which to gratify it. There are suggestions for re modeling and improving old buildings at moderate cost, with practical informa tion on such subjects as roofs and gut- ? ters. shingles, the purity of the water sup ply, farming tools, poultry houses, paint ing old buildings, kinds of paint, etc. In connection" with building new houses, con tract and day labor, location, houses of wood, brick, stone and cement houses are discussed. The matter of outside decora tion. lawns and tlower gardens, as well as industrial occupations, fruit growing, mar ket gardening, poultry keeping, dairying. and the like complete the subject-matter of the book. The Illustrations are plenti ful and Illuminative. THE LOVE SONNETS OF A CAR CON DUCTOR. By Wallace Irwin, author of "The Love Sonnets of' a Hoodlum." etc. With a harmless and instructive Introduction by Wolfgang Coperni cus Addleburger. processor of liter ary bi-products. University of Monte Carlo. New York: Paul Elder & Co. The uttermost limit of street slang as a source of humorous intention is reached j in this latest effort of the jingle-producer. ; There may be some readers who will be amused at the heart history of the amorous conductor and his Pansy, but the fun Is too forced and the slang too recon dite to do much more than arouse an oc casional well-intentioned smile. I LOW TWELVE. By Edward S. Ellis, A.M.. P.M.. Trenton <N. J.) Lodge, No. 5. F. and A. M. New York: F. R. Niglutsch. The author has brought together a series of Incidents "illustrative of the fidelity of Free Masons to one another in times of distress and danger." The first narrative of the collection takes the reader into the dangeis of Indian war fare, when the ruthless Geronimo was on the warpath. Even there a Mason proves himself a faithful ally of the whites. The book is prefaced by a history of Free-^ masonry. THE GRAY KNIGHT. By Mrs. Henry de l^a Pasture, author of "'Peter's Mother." etc. New York: E. P. Dut- ( ton & Co. A gentle young widow, a lovely Eng lish landscape, an old gray castle and it man past his youth, but with the heart of a knight, are the chief elements in Mrs. de la Pasture's quiet romance. The ator> pursues a level which is not many^ degrees above monotony, but which is pfrvaded by a certain sympathy and by faithful portraits of English t>pes. The heroine. Louise, is an appealing creature, and the reader is pleased to take his leave of her safe in the haven she most des'res. The book is marked by the re straint and good taste of an earlier Eng lish school. THE GIRL IN QUESTION | a Story of Not So Long Ago. Bv L. C. Yiolett Houk. New York: Joim I^ane Com pany. The crimes committed under the name of "Washington novel" have surely reached their culmination in this achieve ment. The absurdity of Its attempt to portrav the social life of the capital is only less amusing than the grave travesty of "the "political" field and the amaz ng glimpses Into "colored high life." The crudity of the whole production is worthy of notice only from the fact that a publisher has been found ready to r sk paper and Ink In such a cause. Cabinet officers, army officers, senators strut their hour upon this stage who would require the utmost enthusiasm of a Bowery melo drama audience to enable them to pass muster as "perfect gentlemen " HANDICAPPED. By Ehfiery Pottle. New York: John Lano Company. Mr. Pottle has proved that he is some thing other than a humorist in this novel It is a serious and sympathetic story of the warfare of opposing strains of hered ity in Donovan 0"Hara.?son of Dennis, horse trainer and rider. "Donovan was peculiarly like hi.s father," states the au thor. "the same insolence of eyes, the same clear chiseling: of face, the line smallish head, covered with thick Mark1 hair, and the s;tnie beautiful, sullen . mouth. But there was in all this the | buoyant freshness or nts youth?he was scarcely seven-and-twt nt>. The young j man possessed also, diffused, one might j say. a quality that softened the cold alert ness of his eyes and rendered into a kind of pathos the sullenness of his mouth." With all his brutal, even evil, inheritanc e, the nature of his beautiful Virginia mother, who had left her home and gentle associates for the reckless Irish horse- ' While there are few actors in the drama man. is potent enough in the son to oc-? of "Handicapped." they are strongly! casion bittar discontent with his lot. The drawn and till the stage. It is a story of j pathos of the book is that it is the im-I considerable power and of unflagging in possible mate for whom Donovan longs. | terest. The woman who could have understood ' i and helped him he passes l>v. And there-j THR PHI\CRSS l)KH It A. Bv John ! fore it is that, after a brief moment of j Reed Scott, author of "The Colonel l joy, Donovan finds his end?in tragedy. J of the Red Huzzars," etc. With Il lustrations in Color bv Clarence F. Cnderwood. Philadelphia: J. B. Lip pincott Company. To those who enjoyed the stirring ad ventures of "The Colonel of the Red Huzzars" this further acquaintance with th<? fortunes of the charming Princess Dehra will be full of interest. At the CHEATS AND HOAXES RECALLED BY NATIONAL GALLERY'S ALLEGED FORGERIES ? T *7- CT - ~ ~ 9 ?*; ** V V V ?-> K V1 ^ V;-y> ._ ^ .... ., v c, _y. <y;. -7. ??; H> ?* -W?*R- :?!*? ^ ** "^r -W ^ ^=T *3? ^ ?=T'^ ^ 'ST' CouMT2ZXFE7TJlZTE,c?^ Fans g?,z,Tq? Os-'Zj&t J BO Is J? ? JZji/fTIC I?JI(ZEj* J. I fj AMERICAN Distributing ^ |j Centers of Bogus Works ?? ::a or Art and Antiquity?Mich- j? M igan Plant Producing Relics ^ of Lost Asiatic Peoples Who j| M Wandered to America?Dug jf jj Up in Michigan "Mounds"? 1 . Mexican Plants Producing ^ ? ^ Works of "Aztec Art"? (? Manufacturers of "Indian" H Pipes, Axes and Slate Carv- p ^ ings?Wisconsin Man Makes ^ $12 An Hour Making Arrow Heads and Other "Indian | Relics" of Flint?Natural ? History Hoaxes ? Ossified - Woman Exposed by Smith- % sonian Scientists?Both of Her Front Incisors Were it ^ Lefts ? Great San Diego ^ Giant and How It Was - k Found to Be Made of Gela- jf : tin?Great "Cardiff Giant" Z ^ Hoax and How It Took New ? |j York by Storm, Fooling ^ | Some Learned Men?Manu- f, i factured in the West and W ^ Dug Up in New York?Col ^ orado's Petrified "Missing ; '4 Link"?Other Petrified Men 5 4 and Dr. Koch's Monster ? ^ Sea Serpent. 9 wwwwwwwwwmwwmwwww (Copyright. !..v John Klfreth Watkins.) THK present scandal anent the withdrawal of the two paint ings "Old Mill at St. Cloud" and "Near Newport," from the Smithsonian's national gallery, hv William T. Evans, the donor (who has caused the arrest of the art dealer who is charged with selling these alleged for geries as works of the late Homer D. Martin), recalls numerous enterprises in forged and spurious art works and an tiquities which have been exposed by the scholars of the Smithsonian and of our other not"d institutions. Some time ago a man tried to sell the Smithsonian's bureau of American eth nology an elaborate collection of al leged idols, tablet? and caskets said to have been dug out of no less than H52 Michigan mounds. They bore a jumble of oriental hieroglyphics, explained as having probably been employed by a mixed colony of Egyptians, Phoenicians ! and Assyrians who in the remote past found their way from the cradle of the human race, in Asia, across the seas, up the St. Lawrence and lakes to Michigan. | Some months ago Prof. F. \V. Kelsey of the University of Michigan found that one larsre private collector had purchased, fifty specimens coming from this same | forger. These included tablets bearing rudely executed scenes from the biblical | story of the deluge and a copper crovn alleged to have been found on a skull. These pictures and the forger's inevita ble oriental hieroglyphics, always turned upside down, at once called to Prof. Kel sey's mind a call which he received In ISOK from a dilapidated man with two trunks and a huge box containing a tew | human bores and a miscellaneous Collec : tion of clay idols, tablets, etc.. bcr.ring | similar scenes from the "deluge" and the i sam" reversed hieroglyphics; also a large I seated idol of baked clay holding a tab i let. The mysterious stranger, 'after show ing certificates signed by persons claim ing to have seen these articles dug out of mounds in Michigan, asked for the lot. and. being laughed at. came down to $100. Being assured that they were spurious, lie asked to be allowed to'leave them temporarily, but he has never yet returned to claim them. The professor also found in the trunks show tickets and handbills advertising "the finest col lection of prehistoric relics ever exhibited in the United States." I'pon examination he found the same reversed hieroglyphics which had appeared upon a lot of alleged antiquities said to have been excavated in Montcalm county, Mich., in 1MK), and which he had investigated at the time. Great excitement reigned in that county when these "finds" were announced, and people A-ere making the dirt fly in every direction over a wide area. One man dug so deep that a cave-in swallowed him up and snuffed out his life. Made by Sign Painter. An even more prolific distributing cen ter of this kind was exposed some time ago by Prof. \V. H. Holmes, chief of the bureau of ethnology, who refused the Michigan "relbs." and who. as curator of our new national gallery, has been in terested in the weeding out of its alleged forged paintings. These Mexican coun terfeiters have supplied museums the world over with "prehistoric" art relics carved out of wood, stone and metal. One, plying his trade in the valley or Mexico, supplies ancient Aztec musical instruments, wrought with amazing clev erhess from worm-eaten wood. Other spurious relies turned out from these renters are Aztec antiquities In clay, mostly pottery, to whose surfaces have been added casts taken from other speci mens or conventional designs, more quickly applied with stamps. The coun terfeiter. after finishing his ware, ages it by burying it for a while in moist earth or by washing it with a thin solution o! clay. Counterfeit Aztec vases sent out from San Juan Teotihaucan. the princi pal center of distribution, sell in the City of Mexico for $lo. One sent to the Na tional Museum was alleged to have been found fifty-two feet down by a man dig ging a well; another was alleged to have been picked up in a cavern beneath an Aztec pyramid. Made $12 an Hour. Marvelous specimens of chipped tltnt. which have been sold broadcast over the country for a number of years, and some of which found their way to the Smith sonian archaeologists, have been more recently traced to a farm in Wisconsin by A. E. Jenks of the bureau of ethnol ogy. He caught the counterfeiter red handed in his laboratory, where he was waxing rich at his trade. The farm is occupied by a widow with three daughters and three sons, one of the latter being the manufacturer of the spurious flints? knives, fishhooks, cleavers, spear and ar rowheads?a thousand of which had been sold for from $2 to $?> apiece. All were of flint found in the neighborhood and shaped with a pair of common pincers with one jaw rounded and flafttened. To give the stone an aged appearance the counterfeiter with his thumb smeared the freshly chipped surface with earth, and by thus plying his trade he earned some times $12 an hour. In a few years he cleared the farm of its mortgage and then had built a large new house for the iamily. Teeth Betrayed ''Ossified Woman." An alleged "ossified woman" was brought to Washington some years ago by a man who had paid $.V)0 for it. He submitted it to several scientists of the Smithsonian for examination, among them F. A. I.uoas, the well known anatomist. The ossified lady's jaw was dropped, as in death, and her two front teeth were ex posed. .\s soon as Mr. Lucas had focused his critical eye upon these incisors he pronounced the specimen a fraud. "They are both left teeth." said he. The owner paled a little, but was not satisfied. The scientists told him that an absolute test could be made only by boring into the stony-hearted beauty, and the owner agreed, provided that this could be done without defacement. So her ladyship was turned upon her face and a drill applied to the crease under her bent knee. The drill was of tubular sort and when pulled out betrayed a generous thickness of cement, below which was a button of the lady's skeleton, which proved to be of gas pipe. The mummy of the "tallest human giant who ever lived" was being barked by a sideshowman at the Atlanta exposition while a number of these Smithsonian scientists were there. They asked per mission to examine It., and when consent was given applied their tapes and found that it measured eight feet four inches from crown to heel. The giant had been found in a cave near San Diego. Cal., by a party of pros pectors. according to the exhibitor. Over the head were the remains of a leather hood, which appeared to have been |?art of a shroud. Worn teeth were visible in the mouth and the outlines of the ribs were plainly seen through the skin. Tne elongated, emaciated body stood erect in a great, narrow coffin, ten feet long. The exhibitor agreed to sell it for $500 to tne Smithsonian, which dispatched Mr. Lucas to the scene. He. Prof. W J McGee and others made a careful test. A piece of the giant's dried skin was removed and when tested in the ch mical laboratory of the Smitsonian was found to be gela tine. Prof. McGee is shown on-the left of the giant, in the accompanying picture, and the exhibitor, said to have been per fectly innocent of the fraud, is shown on its right. The "Cardiff Giant." New York state was 4n commotion In the autumn of '69 over the discovery of a petrified giant, ten and one-'nalf feet tall, upon the farm of one Newell, near Cardiff. Onondaga county. Newell stated that he uncovered the monster while dig ging a well. A tent was promptly placed over the. pit and an admis^on fee charged. People swarmed about the scene and fought for admission to the tent, within which they saw lying five feet be. low the surface an enormous figure with massive features, its limbs contracted as If in agony. Its color indicated that it had lain long in the earth, and over Its surface were miniature punctures, like pores. The appearance of great age was further given by grooves on the under side, aparently worn by water, which trickled along the rock upon which the giant lay. A spirit of reverence enwrap ped visitors once they were inside the tent. They hardly spoke above a whis per. The good country people found cor roboration of the Biblical text, "There were giants in those days." The admis sion fees soon reached 1150,000, and a joint stock company was formed to ex hibit the giant about the country. Among the leading spirits in this enterprise was the original of Westcott's character. "David Harum." "Colonel" Wood, an eminent showman, was engaged to ex ploit the "Cardiff giant," as It was call ed. and it was exhibited in New York city and in other centers. P. T. Barnum tried to purchase it. and finally had a copy made which he exhibited as the "Cardiff giant." Prof James Hall, the state geologist, examined the original j and gave a favorable opinion, but Prof, j Marsh of Yale pronounced it a fak<\ The j more skeptical poopl ? of the neighbor- I hood watched Newell's movements and he was detected in sending considerable sums to one Hull, his brother-in-law. in the west. At length Hull confessed that ho got his inspiration of the fraud while listening to a revivalist who insisted that "there were giants in those days." A huge piece of gypsum was found by Hull near Fort Dodge. Ia. This he had trans ported to Chicago, where a German stone carver wrought the giani. its pr>res being made with a leaden mallet faced with steel needles. Alter being stained with an aging preparation the giar.t was trans ported to a town in New York state, whence Hull hauled it to Xewell's farm at Cardiff by team. Petrified Missing Link? Xewell sent his family on a trip cover ing the time of the giant's arrival and burial. Hull, who was a religious skep tic, was undaunted by the exposure and felt that he had gotten even with the revivalist who preached the giant doc trine. Even after his confession the Rev. . Alexander McWhorter and Prof. White, both of Yale, continued to believe in the giant's antiquity, the former announcing that It was a Phenician Idol upon r.hich he had found an important inscription. ' One of those who from the first branded ! the giant as a hoax was Andrew D. White, president of Cornell Shortly afterward a "petrified missfng link" was alleged to have been dug up In Colorado. It had a tail and ape-like legs and feet. Prof. Marsh went to see it and it was discovered to be the work of Jhe same Hull, promoter of tlie Cardiff giant hoax. The present specimen was of clay, baked In a furnace and contain ing human bones. This he had buried and "discovered" in Colorado. Another petrified man was alleged to have been found in the Pine river re gion of .Michigan, in 1876, by one Wil liam Ruddock of St. Clair county, that state. This was of cement and was an [ echo of the Cardiff giant, as was another : "petrified man" alleged to have been j found near Bathurst. Australia, and taken j to Sydney, where it was exhibited in 1889. 1 A sea serpent 114 feet long, called the "hydrarches" or "sea king." was exhibit ed In skeleton form, on Broadway, New York, by Dr. Albert C. Koch in 1X45. Great excitement prevailed at the time and it was accepted as genuine until Prof. ' Wyman carefully examined it and dis closed that it was made up of the verte brae of several aeuglodons strung togeth er. After the exposure Dr. Koch sold it to the Uresden Museum. JOHX ELFRETH WATKINS. CURRENT NEWS AND NOTES OF ART AND ARTISTS AN exceptionally interesting collec- 1 tion of laces, textiles, ceramics, fans, miniatures and miscella neous art objects lias been placed on exhibition in the National Gal lery hall of the National Museum. This collection has been assembled by a com mittee of ladies appointed a; a meeting held at the home of the chairman. Mrs. Pinchot, just four weeks ago today, and it may be regarded as the initial step in a large enterprise. Reviewing the history of the great museums of the world it is found that the majority, like our own National Museum, have been built up by gifts?that they are literally "institutions for the people by the people." The I'nited States is still a young nation, but it can profit bv the experience of others, and for this reason, perhaps, make more rapid progress. For tiie past few years the .museum possessions have so far exceeded the facilities for exhibition that it has been impossible to consider development along new lines, but now that the new building, with its additional acres of floor space, is approaching completion, oppor tunity for expansion presents itself. With in the past two years the National Gallery has taken concrete form, and in tlie near future it is hoped that a department of industrial arts may he established. The Boston Museum of Fine Arts includes, it is true, many manifestations of the arts and cralts in its collections, possessing valuable textiles, laces, ceramics and sil verware. and the Metropolitan Museum, under tlie direction of Sir Purdon Clarke, is developing in this same direction, but there is at the present time no museum in the I'nited States given over exclusive ly to exhibits of this nature. And yet nothing could be. It would sf-em. of greater nation.il importance. We are a great manufacturing people? remarkable producers?but if we are to compete successfully with other nations, or to excel them, it is essential that the quality of our work should be more than good. It is only by familiarity with the best that this is accomplished, by a knowledge of what has l>een done that progress is made. A museum is not a mere storehouse of curiosities, but a li brary of reference exerting an active in fluence. Already the National Museum ha? tlie nucleuses of several collections which would properly be Included in an ; exhibition of industrial arts?such for ex- ! ample, as textiles, pottfry, baskets, etc.. ! but the desire is to enlarge these and to i cover a broader field. It was with the object of practically assisting in this work that the committee of ladies was or ganized, and along these lines that the efforts of the committee will be directed. The suggestion was made about a year ago by Mrs. Pinchot, who was associated in 1*77 with Mrs. Candace Wheeler in establishing the Decorative Arts Society .ind has since been intimately connected with the management of the Metropolitan Museum. New York, but definite action was postponed to this spring. Now, however, work has begun in good earnest. For the benefit of summer visitors the loan exhibit has been arranged, arid while this is in place other projects are l>eing considered. The members of the com mittee all share Mrs. Pinchot's enthu i siasm, and private collectors have re sponded generously to appeals for loans. Turning to the exhibit itself one will find that while it manifests its temporary nature by a somewhat heterogenous char j acter and lack of classification, it still gives an excellent suggestion of the field I to he covered and contains much of ab I sorbing interest and very real value. The laces are beautiful and In some instances exceptionally rare. Mrs. Roosevelt, who has taken a deep and active Interest in the project, has lent an exquisite handkerchief presented to her by Senor B. Legardo, as well, by-the 1 way. as a very charming French fan with ivory sticks and pictorial design; Mrs. I Pinchot has lent many specimens which | would indeed be difficult to duplicate, and Miss Codnian, Mrs. Richardson, tiie ; Misses Trapicr. Mrs. James S. Bowdoin, j Mrs. I .ay. Mrs. Hobson. Mrs. George Maxwell Robeson and others have con tributed generously. There is a towel of Italian reiii-ella, an old Italian altar cloth, some very rare old Danish heidenbo, as well as some modern; there is needlepoint and bobbin lace ? some Flemish point, probably of the fifteenth century, with | point ?i milanese, point d'angletet re and i point d'alencon of a later period. And besides all these, there are examples of ! honiton, chantilly and Spanish blonde, together witn perfect pieces pi valencien ' n-?3. mechlin and point applique, the de i signs of which are peculiarly charming and artistic. It is Interesting to know that there is no proof that real lace was made before the fifteenth century, and that the first poi.it lace was a development of embroid ery made by drawing threads through linen and binding together those which were left to form a pattern. After that, open ings were cut In linen and partially filled with needlwork. the linen being enriched . with embroidery. These laces are known as rtrawnwork and cutwork. Next came reticella, in which it is often difficult to see the linen foundation. Floral designs were first used in "punto in aria," which, being literally translated, is "stitch in the air." so called because it is without foun dation. From this, we are told, came the raised points and various needle laces, made without a net ground. The credit of their origin is given to Italy, but they were copied and adapted by other coun tries during the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. When in the eighteenth century ruffles came into vngue. a softer lace was needed, and France made the needlepoint "neseau*" used in Alencon and Argentan laces, and Italy became the imitator. Flanders and Italy disputed the origin of the bobbin laces, but in the latter country undoubt edly the most remarkable workmanship was found. This knowledge gives, as it were, the key to the study of a lace col lection. and proves the comprehensive character of that which is now set forth. But the interest in this loan exhibit does not end with the cases containing the laces. There are also beautiful speci mens of brocades, tapestry fragments, embroideries and other stuffs. One large upright case is filled with rare specimens of china, there are examples of old silver ware. some Ivory carvings, Limoges enamels and inlaid jewel boxes. Mrs. Richardson has lent., besides many other interesting things, three remarkable"neck laces? one of Egyptian beetles, such as was worn by the ancient Egyptians: one of rare antique intaglios and one of coins mounted in platinum and gold. The fans also deserve special note, being placed in the cases open on a background of lace and displaying fine decoration and workmanship. There are Dutch. French. English and Spanish fans with carved and enameled sticks and various types of ornamentation, some of which are par ticularly beautiful. Great artists have been known to paint fans and in more than one instance much genius has be^p expended on their design and execution. These, with a few miniatures and some other objects, complete the exhibit and give at least some conception of its scope. It has been carefully arranged and is agreeably set forth, each specimen being plainly labeled. With the paintings and the sculpture which had already been given place in this same gallery?for the accommodation of which, in fact, it was remodeled?the room may seem now a trifle overcrowded, but the cases have been so placed that they are well lighted and yet do not obstruct the view, so. if anything, they seem to add a grateful note of color. The fket that all Washing tonians do not leave home in the summer and that many strangers come here dur ing the vacation day? is not always re membered. so that this summer exhibition is in more than one respect a good innova tion. ? ? ? The work of the students of the School of Architecture of the George Washing ton University was held this week at the ?school. Two hundred and forty-five drawings representing thirty-two stu dents were shown, and among them many worthy of more than passing note. There were drawings from casts from the antique, water color sketches freoly ren dered, architectural drawings and colored perspectives executed with cleverness and skill. Some of the problems were ex tremely interesting and purposed obvi ously to encourage originality and de velop artistic perception. One was for a government exposition building, an other for a rustic bridge, still another for a soldiers' monument and a fourth for a swimming pool and pavilion. Perhaps some of the solutions were overambi tious, but they all displayed thought and were by no means stereotyped or halt ing. The facilities for architectural study in America today are very superior to what tliey were a generation ago and there is reason to believe that before a great while the result will be tangibly manifested. * * * With the object of preventing the civic beaqty of Washington b-ing destroyed, or at least marred, during a time when the greatest number of ptrsons visit the city the National Society of the Fine Arts. Washington Architectural Club and Washington Chapter of the American In stitute of Architects have united in in stituting a competition for plans for the arrangement of stands for spectators on the route of the inaugural parade, of fering prises of 1300. $30 and $3t>. for the best three submitted. The designs which are awarded prizes will become the prop rrtv of the committee and will be pub lished and ofTered to the Inaugural com mittee for such use as may be deemed ad visable The desire is to devise a scheme which shall be decorative, leave the statues and trees free and seat the maxi mum number of spectators and to bring out If possible, suggestions for the per manent treatment of Pennsylvania ave nue The Jury of award will be composed ot Messrs J. R- Marshall, chairman; T. J. D. Fuller. Frank D. Millet, Frederick E*. Owen and John B. learner. The com mittee in charge of the competition con sists of Messrs. Joseph C. Hornfolower, I^eon E. Dessez. Snowden Ashford, Wad dy B. Wood and Tercy Ash. secretary. Rffjuests for programs and all informa tion should he ^ddressed to the secretary, the Octagon, \\ ashington, D. C. * * * Mr. Evans has added another very io teresting and valuable picture to his Na tional Gallery collection this w^ek?? snow scene by the late John H. Twacht man. He procured it directly from Mr. Twachtman's son, and it is unquestion ably a particularly characteristic exam ple. All the subtlety of which this paint er wa.s master is shown in it. together with a decorative sense which is not al ways so evident. The composition is ex tremely simple, but the snow, as in Japa nese paintings, st ems to be r^resen^ed as a pause?a soft white mantle enfolding the earth?not a leaden crust holding it in bond. In order to establish the authen ticity of all the pictures in this collec tion, not only for the present, but for all future time. Mr. Evans is going to ask the living artists represented to authenticate their works by autograph letters and to turn these with other b-tters already In his possession, many of which throw an Interesting light on the history of the paintings, to the Smithsonian Institution, the custodian of the National Gallery. This is certainly an excellent plan and one that it would be veil for other col lectors to follow. * ? ? Some interesting new pictures by the young Spanish painter. Domingo, are to be seen at V. G. Fischer's gallery, where two or more years ago a large collection of his paintings was exhibited. They are larger than his earlhr works and more finished, but no less vigorous or colorful. One of a herd returning over the dunes at sundown is exceptionally effective and others of coast scenes are peculiarly im- i presslve. Mr. V. G. Fischer .mailed for j Europe Thursday and wi'l probably not \ return until late in Septemb?r?fortu- j nately, however, while the gallery is in < summer dress. It is not clos-d and those; who are sincerely interested in art may j profit by its set exhibits. LEILA MECHLIN. moment when the union <>f the princess to the gallant man of her choice .seemed assured a fresh series of complications aro.se. The superseded he r presumptive, the I>uke of I,otzen. proved that he was not .1 man to he lightly set aside. Through the maze of intrigue following the death of the old king, the princess' father, t lie Archduke Armand and the princess play their heroic parts. The happy culmination of the romance is not secured without cost. The hook is .1 pleasant and absorbing story for summer delectation. TUB REFLECTIONS OF AMBROSE. A Novel By Klinor Glyn. author of "The Visits of Elizabeth." etc. New York: Ouflield & Co. The proud and gentle Amhrosine, the granddaughter of a proud old French aristocrat who had found poverty the mo live for an exile to England as her an cestors before her l\ad found the great revolution the reason for a sojourn In Ireland, is onn of the author's most charming heroines. No one can read of her history and not feel horror at the marriage arranged for the little French girl by the dying grandmother. Surely not even f^ar of leaving Amhrosine alone in an unfamiliar world could quite excuse an alliance with the unspeakable "Gussle." Having been led to tic fatal step, noth ing rou'd have exceeded the little patri cian's dignity in the mid: t of her trials. There is the background of cynically tol erant society usually to be found in Kli nor Glvn's romances. Jlut against it Am hrosine moves with ? delicate grace, with scarce an oblique glance at conditions around her. For that reason the reader is peculiarly glad at Gussie's sp edy de mise. Amhrosine in the role of long suffering virtue might be edifying, hut neither as natural nor a.^ . ttractive as is the last glimpse of hlutihli'.g happiness be fore i he covers of her romance are un kindly cosed. BOOKS RECEIVED. COM Mill ?, THE l.\M) OF THE FREE. Kv Anna Singleton Macdon ald. New York: The Neale Publish ing Company. Ol R COl.OMAI. (TKRK tM M. 1??7 1776. By Colyer Meriwether. Ph.P. (J. H. l'.?. author cf "History of Higher Education in South Caro lina." etc. Washington: Capital Pub lishing Company. THE PUBLIC LIBRARY BIOGRAPHY AND TRAVEL. NEW FICTION. The following books have recently been added to the District Public Library: Psychology. Plllsbtiry. W. B. Attention. 1 *"?>??. BIO-PC.t">. Swift. K. J. .Mind in tin- Making: Study lu MentHl Development. l'.aiv ItlK .??.">:;in. Washburn. M. F. The Animal Mind. 1908. BKY W272. Sermons and Addresses. Brooks. Phillips, Lectures on Preaching. 1S33. CY-B79. Crapsey. A. S. The Rr-birth of Religion. 1007. CI'-<VK!r. Cladden. Washington. Church and Modern Life. I'.hiS. ?tones. J. L Love and Loyalty. 1007. Ci6 J7141. I.lnscntt. T. S. The Ileart of Christianity. P.KKJ-7. CGR-Llio. Church History. Dudley. Dean. History of the First Council of Nice; With a Life of Constantino. ivsii. DNN DSC. Haeusser. Ludwlg. Period of the Reformation. 1.117 to lt?4f?. 1S7.:. I?J-Hat?7p. I.aiisilell. Henry. Sacred Tenth: or Studies ia Titlie-givlng. Ancient mid Modern. 2v. lOOti. CPAL-LUOs. Yacandari. Elphege. The Inquisition; a Criti cal and Historical Study. 1JKW. DI-V13L Ref? erence. Biography. Campbell. Mrs. H. Anne Bradstreet and Her Time. IWtl. E-B723e. Clarke. T. K. S.. and Foitcroft. H. C. Life of Oilliert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury. 1907. E B02H4. Crawford. Mrs. Man-. Madame de I>afayett? and Her Family. i:*i7. E-LlSle. Douglass. Frederick. Life and Times of Fred erick Douglass, written by himself. 1$!I3. K D74a2. Gardner. E. G. Saint Catherine of Siena. BMitT EC-'Me. Oosse. E. W. Ihsen. lt*??. E-ll?7Sb. Herriot. Edouard. Madame Kecauiler. 2?. l'.MHi. E R242h. Hole. S. R. The letters of Samuel Reynolds Hole. Dean of Rochester. It*i7. E-H712. Hoist. Hermann von. John Brown. 1W?R. E DS12h. Howard, rt. O. Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard. 2v. 1007. ElK: Howe. M. A. D. Life and letters of George Bancroft. 2s. l!*iS. E B22h. Howe. S. G. Letters and Journals of Samuel Gridley Howe. ed. by his daughter. Laura K. Bil liards. Its*!. E H^'!7. Johnson. Allen. Stephen A. Douglas; A Study In American Politics. I'tov E-D7.1KJ. Lenotre. Gosselin. The last days of Marie Antoinette. 11K)7. E-MXUKlni.E. Macauley. G. C. James Thomson. 100S. E TK'iSin. Mistral. Frederic. Memoirs of Mistral. I!*l7. E-M<CI.">. K. Ober. F. A. John and Sebastian Caixit. 19<*>. E-Cll2o. ? Oberlioltxer. ? E. I*. Jay Cooke. Financier of the Civil War. 2v. 10O7. E-C775o. Paslon. George, pseud. I.adv Mary Wort ley Montagu and Her Times. 1!X*7. K M7?Ei7p. Podmore. Frank. Roliert Owen, a biography. 2v. 1!?07. E-Ow2i>47|>. Rennert. H. A. The Life of Lope de Vega. 1!M>4. E-V."22r. Ristorl. Adelaide. Memoirs and Artistic Stu dies. 1!?07. E-R49.E. Ruville. Alliert von. William Pitt. Earl of Chatham. .*iv, 1SH>7. E-PrtSRru. Segnr. Comte de. Julie de Lespinasse. 1007. KLVWU.K. Shield. Alice, and Lang. Andrew. The King Over the Water. l!to7. E-StO.'52s. Smith, tioldwin. The Moral Crusader. William I.lovd Garrison. 1K!?2. E-<>lft7sni. Thomas. F. M.. comp. and ed. Fiftv Years of Fleet Street; Being th* Life and Recollec tions of Sir John It. Robinson. 10O4. E-R.'rtio2. Great Britain: History. tiorame. ?i. 1.. The Governance of London. 1007. F4.M. Or.wig. I/vker-Lampson. ??. T. L. A Confederation of the Stale of Ireland in the Nineteenth Century. 1!?07. F42-L7S7.Y McCarthy. Justin. A Short History of Our Own Times. A new edition revised and en larged. lOOS. F4."i?jtl-M 127s. France: History. Flliot. Fram-es. old Court Life in France. 2v. 18?:S. KM-Klu. Lenz. Max. Napoleon, * hiopraphical study, mo?. F:ion2 r.".4un. Stephens. II. M., od. ThP Principal Spocc'nps of the Statesmen and Orators of the Krencli Revolution, -r. 1S'.*2. F393-St4fl?p. England: Description. Belloe. Hilalre. The Historic Thames. 1007. G4.VT-B413h. ?Terrolil. W. r. Highways and Byways in Kent. 1007. G45K-J487. Itansome. Arthur. Bohemia in I.ondon. 1 f?0T. G4.~>l-r 177. Shore, W. T. Oanterburv. 1007. Gl.'iCa Sli773. Spain: Description. fairer!. A. F. Granada and the Alhambra. ! 1!H?7. G40GC 13. Calvert. A. F. Seville. 1007. "G40S-C 13Se. Calvert. A. F. Toledo. 1!X?7. GlflTC 137. Harrison, J. A. Spain in Profile. 1R7J*. G40 11246a. Italy: Description. Bianciardl. Mrs. F. P. At Home In 1884. G3.VB473. Story. W. W. Vallomhrosa. 1881. St7Kv Whltinsr. Lilian. Italy, the Mask; Land. G33-W . Asia: Description. Crane. Walter. India Impressions. With Some Xotea of Ceylon. 1!*'7. fiflS-CKVIf. Kliot. Sir C. X. F. Letters From the Far Fast. 1007. G?iO-EI4?.'\ Huntington. Ellsworth. The Pulse of Asia, a Journey in Centr?' Asia. li<07. G?>4 -H020p. Lorey. Fust ache de, and Rladen. D. B W. Queer Tilings Alinut Persia. 1007. <iH;UVI.XS7q. I^nti Pierre, pseud. From Lands of Fiile. 188s. G?fi-L914.F.. Marsoliouth. I>. S Cairo. Jerusalem and Da mascus. 1007. G2S-M337. ? Fiction. * Bates. Arlo. Intoxicated Ghost, and other stories. l!(OS. Bow en. Marjorie. pseud. S*vord Decides. loos. Bradhy. <?. F. Awakculnc of Blttlesham. lli??7. Brand. Ja<k. By Wild Waves Tossed. 1008. Brown. Alice. Rose MacLcod. 1!I08. Chesterton, O. K. The Man Who Was Thurs day. lOOS. Churchill. Winston, Mr. Crewe's Career. 11108. Crawford. F. M. Pr I madonna. 1908. Deepimt. Warwick. Bertram! of Brittany. 1008. Deland. Mrs. Margaret. R. J.'s Mother antl Some Other People, l'.sis. Field L. M. Katharine Tr?valyan. 1008. The I'our-|MK?ls Mystery. 1!>08. Cardenhire. S. M. Purple and Homesnn. mo? Matlarcn, lan, p?eud. St. Jude's. 1WL Italy. I ? ? h)* 11*07.