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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 06, 1908, Image 26

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Atherton. New York: The Ma mil
lan Company. Washington: Wood
ward & Lothrop.
THERE can he no mor? doubt of
the seriousness of purpos1 with
which the author lias written
this book than of the unusual
interest of the product. In t!ie
complex social structure of ' The Califor
nians." the process of amalgamation be
tween the new and the old. the S;>anis!i
and th* Yankee, elements is represented In
all of its varying shades of coinph tones
The successful "forty-niner an.l his d -
scendants. the modem importation from
the e ist. the Mexican und rstructure, the
Span ard who has adapted himself to new
conditions, and the old grander Wio has
been worsted In the contest with \ankep
Undgrabwrs. these are the more signiti- ?
cant of the types that crowd Miss Ather
ton's canvas
With this wonderful, shifting. <olorf-.il,
background, the main personages of the
romance need l?e forceful to enal'le tliem
to detach themselves and step forward
into the neeefsary relief . It is no small
tribute to the author's skill that this .ms
been accomplished. The Interest centers |
around two families, dashing, dissipated,
kindly Jack Belmont, and his equa l>
brilliant daughter, and the-Yorba family.
Pon Roberto, who has saved himselt
from the ruin that overtook his brother !
grandees by allying himself witli the dev. ;
er Yankee speculator. Polk, and aUo tiy ;
marrying Polk's sister. The B.-lmonts
represent the picturesque mining adven- |
turers who remained to rear tlie struc- |
ture of San Francisco's "old families en
trenched on Nob Hill. The Yorbas ex
hibit the results of Spanish pride and pas
sion grafted on to the cool and master
ful energies of New England.
Don Roberto Yorba is a keen and pow
erful study. With little ability of his own.
with the inherent indolence anil extrava- ;
gance of his race, he has yet been able
to grasp the fact that in the \ ankees is
to be found the dominant race. Because
of his admiration for Polk and the fa
natical belief in him and the tendencies
he represents. Yorba is able to curb his
own recklessness and has made of him
self. when the story opens, one of the
ruling financiers of his native California.
All things American are to him a fetich. j
He carries business caution to the point
of niggardliness, he worships the flag as >
the tymbol of the power that had saved
him from ruin. The reader sees his j
obsession approach the point of mania. On
the occasion of the death bf Polk the :
latent insanity develops itself. Fear that t
his native tendencies will reassert them- j
selves so works upon Yorba s mind that '
he becomes in the midst of millions the j
gloomiest of madmen, a suicide from ab
ject fear of poverty.
If Yorba represents the grafting on to
ail alien stock of new principles, in Mag
dalena. his daughter, the reader is able ;
to observe the warfare of opposing ten
dencies. until the final resolution into fine
balance and power. There are few more
significant creations in literature than
the spectacle of this girl, in whom min
gle what at first appear to be the least ;
admirable traits of the two races, setting :
herself with the tenacity and clearness of
purpose of New England forbears to ere. j
ate for herself a personality of power and ,
distinction. With no beauty, with a cer- j
tain sluggishness of mind to overcome. ^
with all of the passion and intensity of ?
her Spanish ancestors and none of their ,
grace and charm, she wages continual !
warfare for an ideal of character which ;
she has, in some mysterious fashion !
evolved. Through neglect, disappointment, ?
sacrifice, sordid tragedy, all of which cul
minate in a wild storm of feeling where
her own revolted tendencies are in sym
pathy with the winds of one of San i
Francisco's sandstorms, she struggles
painfully into ultimate peace and happi
ness. The main conception of personal
ity has been maintained by such consist
ent sincerity of incident and detail that
Magdalena stands out as an achievement
of a nature to make the author s former
work, brilliant as it has been, seem a
preparation for this latest development. ;
Samuel T. Maynard. professor of ,
botany and horticulture at the Mas
sachusetts College, etc. One Hundred
Illustrations Philadelphia: J. B
Lippincott Company. , j
This is a valuable book for the man
who. having the love for country life,
has but small resources with which to
gratify it. There are suggestions for re
modeling and improving old buildings at
moderate cost, with practical informa
tion on such subjects as roofs and gut- ?
ters. shingles, the purity of the water sup
ply, farming tools, poultry houses, paint
ing old buildings, kinds of paint, etc. In
connection" with building new houses, con
tract and day labor, location, houses of
wood, brick, stone and cement houses are
discussed. The matter of outside decora
tion. lawns and tlower gardens, as well as
industrial occupations, fruit growing, mar
ket gardening, poultry keeping, dairying.
and the like complete the subject-matter
of the book. The Illustrations are plenti
ful and Illuminative.
DUCTOR. By Wallace Irwin, author
of "The Love Sonnets of' a Hoodlum."
etc. With a harmless and instructive
Introduction by Wolfgang Coperni
cus Addleburger. processor of liter
ary bi-products. University of Monte
Carlo. New York: Paul Elder & Co.
The uttermost limit of street slang as a
source of humorous intention is reached j
in this latest effort of the jingle-producer. ;
There may be some readers who will be
amused at the heart history of the
amorous conductor and his Pansy, but the
fun Is too forced and the slang too recon
dite to do much more than arouse an oc
casional well-intentioned smile.
LOW TWELVE. By Edward S. Ellis,
A.M.. P.M.. Trenton <N. J.) Lodge,
No. 5. F. and A. M. New York: F.
R. Niglutsch.
The author has brought together a
series of Incidents "illustrative of the
fidelity of Free Masons to one another in
times of distress and danger." The first
narrative of the collection takes the
reader into the dangeis of Indian war
fare, when the ruthless Geronimo was on
the warpath. Even there a Mason proves
himself a faithful ally of the whites. The
book is prefaced by a history of Free-^
de l^a Pasture, author of "'Peter's
Mother." etc. New York: E. P. Dut- (
ton & Co.
A gentle young widow, a lovely Eng
lish landscape, an old gray castle and
it man past his youth, but with the heart
of a knight, are the chief elements in
Mrs. de la Pasture's quiet romance. The
ator> pursues a level which is not many^
degrees above monotony, but which is
pfrvaded by a certain sympathy and by
faithful portraits of English t>pes. The
heroine. Louise, is an appealing creature,
and the reader is pleased to take his
leave of her safe in the haven she most
des'res. The book is marked by the re
straint and good taste of an earlier Eng
lish school.
Not So Long Ago. Bv L. C. Yiolett
Houk. New York: Joim I^ane Com
The crimes committed under the name
of "Washington novel" have surely
reached their culmination in this achieve
ment. The absurdity of Its attempt to
portrav the social life of the capital is
only less amusing than the grave travesty
of "the "political" field and the amaz ng
glimpses Into "colored high life." The
crudity of the whole production is worthy
of notice only from the fact that a
publisher has been found ready to r sk
paper and Ink In such a cause. Cabinet
officers, army officers, senators strut their
hour upon this stage who would require
the utmost enthusiasm of a Bowery melo
drama audience to enable them to pass
muster as "perfect gentlemen "
HANDICAPPED. By Ehfiery Pottle.
New York: John Lano Company.
Mr. Pottle has proved that he is some
thing other than a humorist in this novel
It is a serious and sympathetic story of
the warfare of opposing strains of hered
ity in Donovan 0"Hara.?son of Dennis,
horse trainer and rider. "Donovan was
peculiarly like hi.s father," states the au
thor. "the same insolence of eyes, the
same clear chiseling: of face, the line
smallish head, covered with thick Mark1
hair, and the s;tnie beautiful, sullen .
mouth. But there was in all this the |
buoyant freshness or nts youth?he was
scarcely seven-and-twt nt>. The young j
man possessed also, diffused, one might j
say. a quality that softened the cold alert
ness of his eyes and rendered into a kind
of pathos the sullenness of his mouth."
With all his brutal, even evil, inheritanc e,
the nature of his beautiful Virginia
mother, who had left her home and gentle
associates for the reckless Irish horse- ' While there are few actors in the drama
man. is potent enough in the son to oc-? of "Handicapped." they are strongly!
casion bittar discontent with his lot. The drawn and till the stage. It is a story of j
pathos of the book is that it is the im-I considerable power and of unflagging in
possible mate for whom Donovan longs. | terest.
The woman who could have understood '
i and helped him he passes l>v. And there-j THR PHI\CRSS l)KH It A. Bv John
! fore it is that, after a brief moment of j Reed Scott, author of "The Colonel
l joy, Donovan finds his end?in tragedy. J of the Red Huzzars," etc. With Il
lustrations in Color bv Clarence F.
Cnderwood. Philadelphia: J. B. Lip
pincott Company.
To those who enjoyed the stirring ad
ventures of "The Colonel of the Red
Huzzars" this further acquaintance with
th<? fortunes of the charming Princess
Dehra will be full of interest. At the
? T *7- CT - ~ ~ 9 ?*; ** V V V ?-> K V1 ^ V;-y> ._ ^ .... ., v c, _y. <y;. -7. ??; H> ?* -W?*R- :?!*? ^ ** "^r -W ^ ^=T *3? ^ ?=T'^ ^ 'ST'
CouMT2ZXFE7TJlZTE,c?^ Fans g?,z,Tq? Os-'Zj&t
J BO Is J? ? JZji/fTIC I?JI(ZEj*
J. I
fj AMERICAN Distributing ^
|j Centers of Bogus Works ??
::a or Art and Antiquity?Mich- j?
M igan Plant Producing Relics
^ of Lost Asiatic Peoples Who j|
M Wandered to America?Dug jf
jj Up in Michigan "Mounds"? 1
. Mexican Plants Producing ^ ?
^ Works of "Aztec Art"? (?
Manufacturers of "Indian" H
Pipes, Axes and Slate Carv- p
^ ings?Wisconsin Man Makes ^
$12 An Hour Making Arrow
Heads and Other "Indian |
Relics" of Flint?Natural ?
History Hoaxes ? Ossified -
Woman Exposed by Smith- %
sonian Scientists?Both of
Her Front Incisors Were it
^ Lefts ? Great San Diego
^ Giant and How It Was -
k Found to Be Made of Gela- jf
: tin?Great "Cardiff Giant" Z
^ Hoax and How It Took New ?
|j York by Storm, Fooling ^
| Some Learned Men?Manu- f,
i factured in the West and W
^ Dug Up in New York?Col
^ orado's Petrified "Missing ;
'4 Link"?Other Petrified Men 5
4 and Dr. Koch's Monster ?
^ Sea Serpent. 9
(Copyright. !..v John Klfreth Watkins.)
THK present scandal anent the
withdrawal of the two paint
ings "Old Mill at St. Cloud" and
"Near Newport," from the
Smithsonian's national gallery,
hv William T. Evans, the donor (who has
caused the arrest of the art dealer who
is charged with selling these alleged for
geries as works of the late Homer D.
Martin), recalls numerous enterprises in
forged and spurious art works and an
tiquities which have been exposed by the
scholars of the Smithsonian and of our
other not"d institutions.
Some time ago a man tried to sell the
Smithsonian's bureau of American eth
nology an elaborate collection of al
leged idols, tablet? and caskets said to
have been dug out of no less than H52
Michigan mounds. They bore a jumble
of oriental hieroglyphics, explained as
having probably been employed by a
mixed colony of Egyptians, Phoenicians
! and Assyrians who in the remote past
found their way from the cradle of the
human race, in Asia, across the seas, up
the St. Lawrence and lakes to Michigan.
| Some months ago Prof. F. \V. Kelsey of
the University of Michigan found that
one larsre private collector had purchased,
fifty specimens coming from this same
| forger. These included tablets bearing
rudely executed scenes from the biblical
| story of the deluge and a copper crovn
alleged to have been found on a skull.
These pictures and the forger's inevita
ble oriental hieroglyphics, always turned
upside down, at once called to Prof. Kel
sey's mind a call which he received In
ISOK from a dilapidated man with two
trunks and a huge box containing a tew
| human bores and a miscellaneous Collec
: tion of clay idols, tablets, etc.. bcr.ring
| similar scenes from the "deluge" and the
i sam" reversed hieroglyphics; also a large
I seated idol of baked clay holding a tab
i let.
The mysterious stranger, 'after show
ing certificates signed by persons claim
ing to have seen these articles dug out
of mounds in Michigan, asked for
the lot. and. being laughed at. came down
to $100. Being assured that they were
spurious, lie asked to be allowed to'leave
them temporarily, but he has never yet
returned to claim them. The professor
also found in the trunks show tickets
and handbills advertising "the finest col
lection of prehistoric relics ever exhibited
in the United States." I'pon examination
he found the same reversed hieroglyphics
which had appeared upon a lot of alleged
antiquities said to have been excavated
in Montcalm county, Mich., in 1MK), and
which he had investigated at the time.
Great excitement reigned in that county
when these "finds" were announced, and
people A-ere making the dirt fly in every
direction over a wide area. One man dug
so deep that a cave-in swallowed him
up and snuffed out his life.
Made by Sign Painter.
An even more prolific distributing cen
ter of this kind was exposed some time
ago by Prof. \V. H. Holmes, chief of the
bureau of ethnology, who refused the
Michigan "relbs." and who. as curator
of our new national gallery, has been in
terested in the weeding out of its alleged
forged paintings. These Mexican coun
terfeiters have supplied museums the
world over with "prehistoric" art relics
carved out of wood, stone and metal.
One, plying his trade in the valley or
Mexico, supplies ancient Aztec musical
instruments, wrought with amazing clev
erhess from worm-eaten wood. Other
spurious relies turned out from these
renters are Aztec antiquities In clay,
mostly pottery, to whose surfaces have
been added casts taken from other speci
mens or conventional designs, more
quickly applied with stamps. The coun
terfeiter. after finishing his ware, ages it
by burying it for a while in moist earth
or by washing it with a thin solution o!
clay. Counterfeit Aztec vases sent out
from San Juan Teotihaucan. the princi
pal center of distribution, sell in the City
of Mexico for $lo. One sent to the Na
tional Museum was alleged to have been
found fifty-two feet down by a man dig
ging a well; another was alleged to have
been picked up in a cavern beneath an
Aztec pyramid.
Made $12 an Hour.
Marvelous specimens of chipped tltnt.
which have been sold broadcast over the
country for a number of years, and some
of which found their way to the Smith
sonian archaeologists, have been more
recently traced to a farm in Wisconsin
by A. E. Jenks of the bureau of ethnol
ogy. He caught the counterfeiter red
handed in his laboratory, where he was
waxing rich at his trade. The farm is
occupied by a widow with three daughters
and three sons, one of the latter being the
manufacturer of the spurious flints?
knives, fishhooks, cleavers, spear and ar
rowheads?a thousand of which had been
sold for from $2 to $?> apiece. All were
of flint found in the neighborhood and
shaped with a pair of common pincers
with one jaw rounded and flafttened. To
give the stone an aged appearance the
counterfeiter with his thumb smeared the
freshly chipped surface with earth, and
by thus plying his trade he earned some
times $12 an hour. In a few years he
cleared the farm of its mortgage and then
had built a large new house for the
Teeth Betrayed ''Ossified Woman."
An alleged "ossified woman" was
brought to Washington some years ago
by a man who had paid $.V)0 for it. He
submitted it to several scientists of the
Smithsonian for examination, among them
F. A. I.uoas, the well known anatomist.
The ossified lady's jaw was dropped, as in
death, and her two front teeth were ex
posed. .\s soon as Mr. Lucas had focused
his critical eye upon these incisors he
pronounced the specimen a fraud. "They
are both left teeth." said he. The owner
paled a little, but was not satisfied. The
scientists told him that an absolute test
could be made only by boring into the
stony-hearted beauty, and the owner
agreed, provided that this could be done
without defacement. So her ladyship was
turned upon her face and a drill applied
to the crease under her bent knee. The
drill was of tubular sort and when pulled
out betrayed a generous thickness of
cement, below which was a button of the
lady's skeleton, which proved to be of
gas pipe.
The mummy of the "tallest human giant
who ever lived" was being barked by a
sideshowman at the Atlanta exposition
while a number of these Smithsonian
scientists were there. They asked per
mission to examine It., and when consent
was given applied their tapes and found
that it measured eight feet four inches
from crown to heel.
The giant had been found in a cave
near San Diego. Cal., by a party of pros
pectors. according to the exhibitor. Over
the head were the remains of a leather
hood, which appeared to have been |?art
of a shroud. Worn teeth were visible in
the mouth and the outlines of the ribs
were plainly seen through the skin. Tne
elongated, emaciated body stood erect in
a great, narrow coffin, ten feet long. The
exhibitor agreed to sell it for $500 to tne
Smithsonian, which dispatched Mr. Lucas
to the scene. He. Prof. W J McGee and
others made a careful test. A piece of
the giant's dried skin was removed and
when tested in the ch mical laboratory
of the Smitsonian was found to be gela
tine. Prof. McGee is shown on-the left
of the giant, in the accompanying picture,
and the exhibitor, said to have been per
fectly innocent of the fraud, is shown
on its right.
The "Cardiff Giant."
New York state was 4n commotion In
the autumn of '69 over the discovery of
a petrified giant, ten and one-'nalf feet
tall, upon the farm of one Newell, near
Cardiff. Onondaga county. Newell stated
that he uncovered the monster while dig
ging a well. A tent was promptly placed
over the. pit and an admis^on fee
charged. People swarmed about the scene
and fought for admission to the tent,
within which they saw lying five feet be.
low the surface an enormous figure with
massive features, its limbs contracted as
If in agony. Its color indicated that it
had lain long in the earth, and over Its
surface were miniature punctures, like
pores. The appearance of great age was
further given by grooves on the under
side, aparently worn by water, which
trickled along the rock upon which the
giant lay. A spirit of reverence enwrap
ped visitors once they were inside the
tent. They hardly spoke above a whis
The good country people found cor
roboration of the Biblical text, "There
were giants in those days." The admis
sion fees soon reached 1150,000, and
a joint stock company was formed to ex
hibit the giant about the country. Among
the leading spirits in this enterprise was
the original of Westcott's character.
"David Harum." "Colonel" Wood, an
eminent showman, was engaged to ex
ploit the "Cardiff giant," as It was call
ed. and it was exhibited in New York
city and in other centers. P. T. Barnum
tried to purchase it. and finally had a
copy made which he exhibited as the
"Cardiff giant." Prof James Hall, the
state geologist, examined the original j
and gave a favorable opinion, but Prof, j
Marsh of Yale pronounced it a fak<\ The j
more skeptical poopl ? of the neighbor- I
hood watched Newell's movements and
he was detected in sending considerable
sums to one Hull, his brother-in-law. in
the west. At length Hull confessed that
ho got his inspiration of the fraud while
listening to a revivalist who insisted that
"there were giants in those days." A
huge piece of gypsum was found by Hull
near Fort Dodge. Ia. This he had trans
ported to Chicago, where a German stone
carver wrought the giani. its pr>res being
made with a leaden mallet faced with
steel needles. Alter being stained with
an aging preparation the giar.t was trans
ported to a town in New York state,
whence Hull hauled it to Xewell's farm
at Cardiff by team.
Petrified Missing Link?
Xewell sent his family on a trip cover
ing the time of the giant's arrival and
burial. Hull, who was a religious skep
tic, was undaunted by the exposure and
felt that he had gotten even with the
revivalist who preached the giant doc
trine. Even after his confession the Rev. .
Alexander McWhorter and Prof. White,
both of Yale, continued to believe in the
giant's antiquity, the former announcing
that It was a Phenician Idol upon r.hich
he had found an important inscription. '
One of those who from the first branded !
the giant as a hoax was Andrew D.
White, president of Cornell
Shortly afterward a "petrified missfng
link" was alleged to have been dug up
In Colorado. It had a tail and ape-like
legs and feet. Prof. Marsh went to see
it and it was discovered to be the work
of Jhe same Hull, promoter of tlie Cardiff
giant hoax. The present specimen was
of clay, baked In a furnace and contain
ing human bones. This he had buried
and "discovered" in Colorado.
Another petrified man was alleged to
have been found in the Pine river re
gion of .Michigan, in 1876, by one Wil
liam Ruddock of St. Clair county, that
state. This was of cement and was an [
echo of the Cardiff giant, as was another :
"petrified man" alleged to have been j
found near Bathurst. Australia, and taken j
to Sydney, where it was exhibited in
1889. 1
A sea serpent 114 feet long, called the
"hydrarches" or "sea king." was exhibit
ed In skeleton form, on Broadway, New
York, by Dr. Albert C. Koch in 1X45.
Great excitement prevailed at the time
and it was accepted as genuine until Prof. '
Wyman carefully examined it and dis
closed that it was made up of the verte
brae of several aeuglodons strung togeth
er. After the exposure Dr. Koch sold it
to the Uresden Museum.
AN exceptionally interesting collec- 1
tion of laces, textiles, ceramics,
fans, miniatures and miscella
neous art objects lias been placed
on exhibition in the National Gal
lery hall of the National Museum. This
collection has been assembled by a com
mittee of ladies appointed a; a meeting
held at the home of the chairman. Mrs.
Pinchot, just four weeks ago today, and
it may be regarded as the initial step in
a large enterprise. Reviewing the history
of the great museums of the world it is
found that the majority, like our own
National Museum, have been built up by
gifts?that they are literally "institutions
for the people by the people." The I'nited
States is still a young nation, but it can
profit bv the experience of others, and
for this reason, perhaps, make more rapid
progress. For tiie past few years the
.museum possessions have so far exceeded
the facilities for exhibition that it has
been impossible to consider development
along new lines, but now that the new
building, with its additional acres of floor
space, is approaching completion, oppor
tunity for expansion presents itself. With
in the past two years the National Gallery
has taken concrete form, and in tlie near
future it is hoped that a department of
industrial arts may he established. The
Boston Museum of Fine Arts includes, it
is true, many manifestations of the arts
and cralts in its collections, possessing
valuable textiles, laces, ceramics and sil
verware. and the Metropolitan Museum,
under tlie direction of Sir Purdon Clarke,
is developing in this same direction, but
there is at the present time no museum
in the I'nited States given over exclusive
ly to exhibits of this nature. And yet
nothing could be. It would sf-em. of
greater nation.il importance.
We are a great manufacturing people?
remarkable producers?but if we are to
compete successfully with other nations,
or to excel them, it is essential that
the quality of our work should be more
than good. It is only by familiarity with
the best that this is accomplished, by
a knowledge of what has l>een done that
progress is made. A museum is not a
mere storehouse of curiosities, but a li
brary of reference exerting an active in
fluence. Already the National Museum
ha? tlie nucleuses of several collections
which would properly be Included in an ;
exhibition of industrial arts?such for ex- !
ample, as textiles, pottfry, baskets, etc.. !
but the desire is to enlarge these and to i
cover a broader field. It was with the
object of practically assisting in this work
that the committee of ladies was or
ganized, and along these lines that the
efforts of the committee will be directed.
The suggestion was made about a year
ago by Mrs. Pinchot, who was associated
in 1*77 with Mrs. Candace Wheeler in
establishing the Decorative Arts Society
.ind has since been intimately connected
with the management of the Metropolitan
Museum. New York, but definite action
was postponed to this spring. Now,
however, work has begun in good earnest.
For the benefit of summer visitors the
loan exhibit has been arranged, arid while
this is in place other projects are l>eing
considered. The members of the com
mittee all share Mrs. Pinchot's enthu
i siasm, and private collectors have re
sponded generously to appeals for loans.
Turning to the exhibit itself one will
find that while it manifests its temporary
nature by a somewhat heterogenous char
j acter and lack of classification, it still
gives an excellent suggestion of the field
I to he covered and contains much of ab
I sorbing interest and very real value. The
laces are beautiful and In some instances
exceptionally rare.
Mrs. Roosevelt, who has taken a deep
and active Interest in the project, has lent
an exquisite handkerchief presented to
her by Senor B. Legardo, as well, by-the
1 way. as a very charming French fan with
ivory sticks and pictorial design; Mrs.
I Pinchot has lent many specimens which
| would indeed be difficult to duplicate, and
Miss Codnian, Mrs. Richardson, tiie
; Misses Trapicr. Mrs. James S. Bowdoin,
j Mrs. I .ay. Mrs. Hobson. Mrs. George
Maxwell Robeson and others have con
tributed generously. There is a towel of
Italian reiii-ella, an old Italian altar cloth,
some very rare old Danish heidenbo, as
well as some modern; there is needlepoint
and bobbin lace ? some Flemish point,
probably of the fifteenth century, with
| point ?i milanese, point d'angletet re and
i point d'alencon of a later period. And
besides all these, there are examples of
! honiton, chantilly and Spanish blonde,
together witn perfect pieces pi valencien
' n-?3. mechlin and point applique, the de
i signs of which are peculiarly charming
and artistic.
It is Interesting to know that there is
no proof that real lace was made before
the fifteenth century, and that the first
poi.it lace was a development of embroid
ery made by drawing threads through linen
and binding together those which were
left to form a pattern. After that, open
ings were cut In linen and partially filled
with needlwork. the linen being enriched
. with embroidery. These laces are known
as rtrawnwork and cutwork. Next came
reticella, in which it is often difficult to
see the linen foundation. Floral designs
were first used in "punto in aria," which,
being literally translated, is "stitch in the
air." so called because it is without foun
dation. From this, we are told, came the
raised points and various needle laces,
made without a net ground. The credit
of their origin is given to Italy, but they
were copied and adapted by other coun
tries during the sixteenth, seventeenth
and eighteenth centuries. When in the
eighteenth century ruffles came into
vngue. a softer lace was needed, and
France made the needlepoint "neseau*"
used in Alencon and Argentan laces, and
Italy became the imitator. Flanders and
Italy disputed the origin of the bobbin
laces, but in the latter country undoubt
edly the most remarkable workmanship
was found. This knowledge gives, as it
were, the key to the study of a lace col
lection. and proves the comprehensive
character of that which is now set forth.
But the interest in this loan exhibit
does not end with the cases containing the
laces. There are also beautiful speci
mens of brocades, tapestry fragments,
embroideries and other stuffs. One large
upright case is filled with rare specimens
of china, there are examples of old silver
ware. some Ivory carvings, Limoges
enamels and inlaid jewel boxes. Mrs.
Richardson has lent., besides many other
interesting things, three remarkable"neck
laces? one of Egyptian beetles, such as
was worn by the ancient Egyptians: one
of rare antique intaglios and one of coins
mounted in platinum and gold.
The fans also deserve special note, being
placed in the cases open on a background
of lace and displaying fine decoration and
workmanship. There are Dutch. French.
English and Spanish fans with carved and
enameled sticks and various types of
ornamentation, some of which are par
ticularly beautiful. Great artists have
been known to paint fans and in more
than one instance much genius has be^p
expended on their design and execution.
These, with a few miniatures and some
other objects, complete the exhibit and
give at least some conception of its scope.
It has been carefully arranged and is
agreeably set forth, each specimen being
plainly labeled. With the paintings and
the sculpture which had already been
given place in this same gallery?for the
accommodation of which, in fact, it was
remodeled?the room may seem now a
trifle overcrowded, but the cases have
been so placed that they are well lighted
and yet do not obstruct the view, so. if
anything, they seem to add a grateful
note of color. The fket that all Washing
tonians do not leave home in the summer
and that many strangers come here dur
ing the vacation day? is not always re
membered. so that this summer exhibition
is in more than one respect a good innova
? ?
The work of the students of the School
of Architecture of the George Washing
ton University was held this week at the
?school. Two hundred and forty-five
drawings representing thirty-two stu
dents were shown, and among them
many worthy of more than passing note.
There were drawings from casts from the
antique, water color sketches freoly ren
dered, architectural drawings and colored
perspectives executed with cleverness and
skill. Some of the problems were ex
tremely interesting and purposed obvi
ously to encourage originality and de
velop artistic perception. One was for
a government exposition building, an
other for a rustic bridge, still another for
a soldiers' monument and a fourth for
a swimming pool and pavilion. Perhaps
some of the solutions were overambi
tious, but they all displayed thought and
were by no means stereotyped or halt
ing. The facilities for architectural study
in America today are very superior to
what tliey were a generation ago and
there is reason to believe that before a
great while the result will be tangibly
* *
With the object of preventing the civic
beaqty of Washington b-ing destroyed,
or at least marred, during a time when
the greatest number of ptrsons visit the
city the National Society of the Fine
Arts. Washington Architectural Club and
Washington Chapter of the American In
stitute of Architects have united in in
stituting a competition for plans for the
arrangement of stands for spectators on
the route of the inaugural parade, of
fering prises of 1300. $30 and $3t>. for the
best three submitted. The designs which
are awarded prizes will become the prop
rrtv of the committee and will be pub
lished and ofTered to the Inaugural com
mittee for such use as may be deemed ad
visable The desire is to devise a scheme
which shall be decorative, leave the
statues and trees free and seat the maxi
mum number of spectators and to bring
out If possible, suggestions for the per
manent treatment of Pennsylvania ave
nue The Jury of award will be composed
ot Messrs J. R- Marshall, chairman; T.
J. D. Fuller. Frank D. Millet, Frederick
E*. Owen and John B. learner. The com
mittee in charge of the competition con
sists of Messrs. Joseph C. Hornfolower,
I^eon E. Dessez. Snowden Ashford, Wad
dy B. Wood and Tercy Ash. secretary.
Rffjuests for programs and all informa
tion should he ^ddressed to the secretary,
the Octagon, \\ ashington, D. C.
* *
Mr. Evans has added another very io
teresting and valuable picture to his Na
tional Gallery collection this w^ek??
snow scene by the late John H. Twacht
man. He procured it directly from Mr.
Twachtman's son, and it is unquestion
ably a particularly characteristic exam
ple. All the subtlety of which this paint
er wa.s master is shown in it. together
with a decorative sense which is not al
ways so evident. The composition is ex
tremely simple, but the snow, as in Japa
nese paintings, st ems to be r^resen^ed as
a pause?a soft white mantle enfolding
the earth?not a leaden crust holding it in
bond. In order to establish the authen
ticity of all the pictures in this collec
tion, not only for the present, but for all
future time. Mr. Evans is going to ask the
living artists represented to authenticate
their works by autograph letters and to
turn these with other b-tters already In
his possession, many of which throw an
Interesting light on the history of the
paintings, to the Smithsonian Institution,
the custodian of the National Gallery.
This is certainly an excellent plan and
one that it would be veil for other col
lectors to follow.
? ?
Some interesting new pictures by the
young Spanish painter. Domingo, are to
be seen at V. G. Fischer's gallery, where
two or more years ago a large collection
of his paintings was exhibited. They are
larger than his earlhr works and more
finished, but no less vigorous or colorful.
One of a herd returning over the dunes
at sundown is exceptionally effective and
others of coast scenes are peculiarly im- i
presslve. Mr. V. G. Fischer .mailed for j
Europe Thursday and wi'l probably not \
return until late in Septemb?r?fortu- j
nately, however, while the gallery is in <
summer dress. It is not clos-d and those;
who are sincerely interested in art may j
profit by its set exhibits.
moment when the union <>f the princess
to the gallant man of her choice .seemed
assured a fresh series of complications
aro.se. The superseded he r presumptive,
the I>uke of I,otzen. proved that he was
not .1 man to he lightly set aside.
Through the maze of intrigue following
the death of the old king, the princess'
father, t lie Archduke Armand and the
princess play their heroic parts. The
happy culmination of the romance is not
secured without cost. The hook is .1
pleasant and absorbing story for summer
Novel By Klinor Glyn. author of
"The Visits of Elizabeth." etc. New
York: Ouflield & Co.
The proud and gentle Amhrosine, the
granddaughter of a proud old French
aristocrat who had found poverty the mo
live for an exile to England as her an
cestors before her l\ad found the great
revolution the reason for a sojourn In
Ireland, is onn of the author's most
charming heroines. No one can read of
her history and not feel horror at the
marriage arranged for the little French
girl by the dying grandmother. Surely
not even f^ar of leaving Amhrosine alone
in an unfamiliar world could quite excuse
an alliance with the unspeakable "Gussle."
Having been led to tic fatal step, noth
ing rou'd have exceeded the little patri
cian's dignity in the mid: t of her trials.
There is the background of cynically tol
erant society usually to be found in Kli
nor Glvn's romances. Jlut against it Am
hrosine moves with ? delicate grace, with
scarce an oblique glance at conditions
around her. For that reason the reader
is peculiarly glad at Gussie's sp edy de
mise. Amhrosine in the role of long
suffering virtue might be edifying, hut
neither as natural nor a.^ . ttractive as is
the last glimpse of hlutihli'.g happiness be
fore i he covers of her romance are un
kindly cosed.
COM Mill ?, THE l.\M) OF THE
FREE. Kv Anna Singleton Macdon
ald. New York: The Neale Publish
ing Company.
Ol R COl.OMAI. (TKRK tM M. 1??7
1776. By Colyer Meriwether. Ph.P.
(J. H. l'.?. author cf "History of
Higher Education in South Caro
lina." etc. Washington: Capital Pub
lishing Company.
The following books have recently been
added to the District Public Library:
Plllsbtiry. W. B. Attention. 1 *"?>??. BIO-PC.t">.
Swift. K. J. .Mind in tin- Making: Study lu
MentHl Development. l'.aiv ItlK .??.">:;in.
Washburn. M. F. The Animal Mind. 1908.
BKY W272.
Sermons and Addresses.
Brooks. Phillips, Lectures on Preaching. 1S33.
Crapsey. A. S. The Rr-birth of Religion. 1007.
Cladden. Washington. Church and Modern
Life. I'.hiS.
?tones. J. L Love and Loyalty. 1007. Ci6
I.lnscntt. T. S. The Ileart of Christianity.
P.KKJ-7. CGR-Llio.
Church History.
Dudley. Dean. History of the First Council of
Nice; With a Life of Constantino. ivsii. DNN
Haeusser. Ludwlg. Period of the Reformation.
1.117 to lt?4f?. 1S7.:. I?J-Hat?7p.
I.aiisilell. Henry. Sacred Tenth: or Studies ia
Titlie-givlng. Ancient mid Modern. 2v. lOOti.
Yacandari. Elphege. The Inquisition; a Criti
cal and Historical Study. 1JKW. DI-V13L Ref?
Campbell. Mrs. H. Anne Bradstreet and Her
Time. IWtl. E-B723e.
Clarke. T. K. S.. and Foitcroft. H. C. Life of
Oilliert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury. 1907. E
Crawford. Mrs. Man-. Madame de I>afayett?
and Her Family. i:*i7. E-LlSle.
Douglass. Frederick. Life and Times of Fred
erick Douglass, written by himself. 1$!I3. K
Gardner. E. G. Saint Catherine of Siena.
BMitT EC-'Me.
Oosse. E. W. Ihsen. lt*??. E-ll?7Sb.
Herriot. Edouard. Madame Kecauiler. 2?.
l'.MHi. E R242h.
Hole. S. R. The letters of Samuel Reynolds
Hole. Dean of Rochester. It*i7. E-H712.
Hoist. Hermann von. John Brown. 1W?R. E
Howard, rt. O. Autobiography of Oliver Otis
Howard. 2v. 1007. ElK:
Howe. M. A. D. Life and letters of George
Bancroft. 2s. l!*iS. E B22h.
Howe. S. G. Letters and Journals of Samuel
Gridley Howe. ed. by his daughter. Laura K.
Bil liards. Its*!. E H^'!7.
Johnson. Allen. Stephen A. Douglas; A Study
In American Politics. I'tov E-D7.1KJ.
Lenotre. Gosselin. The last days of Marie
Antoinette. 11K)7. E-MXUKlni.E.
Macauley. G. C. James Thomson. 100S. E
Mistral. Frederic. Memoirs of Mistral. I!*l7.
E-M<CI.">. K.
Ober. F. A. John and Sebastian Caixit. 19<*>.
E-Cll2o. ?
Oberlioltxer. ? E. I*. Jay Cooke. Financier of
the Civil War. 2v. 10O7. E-C775o.
Paslon. George, pseud. I.adv Mary Wort ley
Montagu and Her Times. 1!X*7. K M7?Ei7p.
Podmore. Frank. Roliert Owen, a biography.
2v. 1!?07. E-Ow2i>47|>.
Rennert. H. A. The Life of Lope de Vega.
1!M>4. E-V."22r.
Ristorl. Adelaide. Memoirs and Artistic Stu
dies. 1!?07. E-R49.E.
Ruville. Alliert von. William Pitt. Earl of
Chatham. .*iv, 1SH>7. E-PrtSRru.
Segnr. Comte de. Julie de Lespinasse. 1007.
Shield. Alice, and Lang. Andrew. The King
Over the Water. l!to7. E-StO.'52s.
Smith, tioldwin. The Moral Crusader. William
I.lovd Garrison. 1K!?2. E-<>lft7sni.
Thomas. F. M.. comp. and ed. Fiftv Years
of Fleet Street; Being th* Life and Recollec
tions of Sir John It. Robinson. 10O4. E-R.'rtio2.
Great Britain: History.
tiorame. ?i. 1.. The Governance of London.
1007. F4.M. Or.wig.
I/vker-Lampson. ??. T. L. A Confederation of
the Stale of Ireland in the Nineteenth Century.
1!?07. F42-L7S7.Y
McCarthy. Justin. A Short History of Our
Own Times. A new edition revised and en
larged. lOOS. F4."i?jtl-M 127s.
France: History.
Flliot. Fram-es. old Court Life in France.
2v. 18?:S. KM-Klu.
Lenz. Max. Napoleon, * hiopraphical study,
mo?. F:ion2 r.".4un.
Stephens. II. M., od. ThP Principal Spocc'nps
of the Statesmen and Orators of the Krencli
Revolution, -r. 1S'.*2. F393-St4fl?p.
England: Description.
Belloe. Hilalre. The Historic Thames. 1007.
?Terrolil. W. r. Highways and Byways in
Kent. 1007. G45K-J487.
Itansome. Arthur. Bohemia in I.ondon. 1 f?0T.
G4.~>l-r 177.
Shore, W. T. Oanterburv. 1007. Gl.'iCa
Spain: Description.
fairer!. A. F. Granada and the Alhambra.
! 1!H?7. G40GC 13.
Calvert. A. F. Seville. 1007. "G40S-C 13Se.
Calvert. A. F. Toledo. 1!X?7. GlflTC 137.
Harrison, J. A. Spain in Profile. 1R7J*. G40
Italy: Description.
Bianciardl. Mrs. F. P. At Home In
1884. G3.VB473.
Story. W. W. Vallomhrosa. 1881.
Whltinsr. Lilian. Italy, the Mask; Land.
G33-W .
Asia: Description.
Crane. Walter. India Impressions. With Some
Xotea of Ceylon. 1!*'7. fiflS-CKVIf.
Kliot. Sir C. X. F. Letters From the Far
Fast. 1007. G?iO-EI4?.'\
Huntington. Ellsworth. The Pulse of Asia, a
Journey in Centr?' Asia. li<07. G?>4 -H020p.
Lorey. Fust ache de, and Rladen. D. B W.
Queer Tilings Alinut Persia. 1007. <iH;UVI.XS7q.
I^nti Pierre, pseud. From Lands of Fiile.
188s. G?fi-L914.F..
Marsoliouth. I>. S Cairo. Jerusalem and Da
mascus. 1007. G2S-M337.
? Fiction.
Bates. Arlo. Intoxicated Ghost, and other
stories. l!(OS.
Bow en. Marjorie. pseud. S*vord Decides. loos.
Bradhy. <?. F. Awakculnc of Blttlesham. lli??7.
Brand. Ja<k. By Wild Waves Tossed. 1008.
Brown. Alice. Rose MacLcod. 1!I08.
Chesterton, O. K. The Man Who Was Thurs
day. lOOS.
Churchill. Winston, Mr. Crewe's Career. 11108.
Crawford. F. M. Pr I madonna. 1908.
Deepimt. Warwick. Bertram! of Brittany. 1008.
Deland. Mrs. Margaret. R. J.'s Mother antl
Some Other People, l'.sis.
Field L. M. Katharine Tr?valyan. 1008.
The I'our-|MK?ls Mystery. 1!>08.
Cardenhire. S. M. Purple and Homesnn.
Matlarcn, lan, p?eud. St. Jude's. 1WL
I ? ? h)*

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