I If you we:
' I another oppor
1 quick clearan
i]l ever inaugurs
I ment of a dep<
i j; \V ell Built Oak Dressers,
plate mirrors. Reduced from
| ' to
Five patterns of Goldei
, I $15.00, $18.00 and $20.00 va
j ! Sale price ,...
Natural Birch Dresser a
j ! match. Regular price, each, $3
j j Sale price
v Well Constructed Polishe
[j Extension Tables. Regular
Golden Oak Extension
square tops; pedestal base
? styles. Regular price, $25.00.
. Parlor Si
3-piece Mahogany Suite*
seats. Regular orice. $*7.s;o.
I III " . ? M. * * %JW
| I I price
j | If 5-piece Parlor Suite, with
: j rona. Regular price, $45.00.
3-piece Parlor Suite; mah<
I rona velour covering. Reg
price, $50.00. Sale price
Fine 3-piece Inlaid Chippe
j holstered in silk damask. Reg
1 price, $55.00. Sale price
< ! 3-piece First Empire Suit
r hogany, with loose silk cushii
j I^ght price, $60.00. Sale price-.
I 3-piece Silk Damask Si
< I frame; upholstered seat and b
| I Proper price, $65.00. Sale pri<
* I 3-piece Colonial Suite; up
j red silk damask. Regular pi
! $60.00. Sale price
4 I I ? !!
Tflll/U fit TIDDCDADV
lunn ur in i Liinui
The Deadest in All Ireland, So
Say Its Shopkeepers.
. FINE PASTURES NEARBY
No Public Vehicles to Be Found on
HOW THE NEW TOWN AROSE
When the Plan of Campaign Waa
Tried by the Land League on
BY WILLIAM E. CURTIS.
Special Cornedpoadeace of The Star and the
TFPPERARY, August 9, 19U8.
"It's the deadest town In all Ireland." said
a bookseller In Tipperary of whom we were
buying some post cards. "I don't believe
there was ever a deader town than Tipf
rar-ry <for that's the way they pronounce
i it), and everybody Is going to America
who can get away." That seemed to be
the prevailing sentiment among the peo;
pie I talked with. This is the moat pessimistic
community I have found in the
country. The people are without even a
single good word for their own town.
[ "There's no business outside of cattle and
; dairying," said another merchant. "Trade
; Is so dull that the shopkeepers are loafing
' half the day." But the people seem to
j keep up their interest in politics, and
t that they have some money left is evl1
dent, because at a meeting here the other
| day ?95 was collected in a few minutes
for the expense fund of the parliamentary
No Cabs in Tipperary Streets.
Outside In the streets there was a good
deal of activity. It was market day and
the farmers from all the surrounding
country were In town to sell their produce
and buy a stock of supplies for the ensuing
week. But there was no vehicle,
not even a jaunting car. at the railway
. station to take us to the hotel. Evi'
dently nobody was expected. So we had
i to do the best we could. We Anally suc'
ceeded In persuading a farmer who was
there with an "inside car" to carry us
i and our luggage, which he managed to
do by sitting on the shafts himself.
. Afterward when we wanted to see the
town we couldn't And a vehicle In the
street, although Tipperary is a town of
6.000 population, so the hotel proprietor
i sent out to a livery stable for one.
I The militia are having an annual encampment
at Tipperary Just now and the
streets are Ailed with smart looking
young men In uniform who seem to think
re not among the
tunity during the
s of dollars' worth
ce to make room f<
ited because value
with good French Princess
.$,.O0? $6.90 price,a$27.(?n'
n Oak Dressers. Mahogan
ind Chiffonier to Mahogan
T; $15.00 ^.logf,em
d Oak 1 Heaw G<
nr:rp massive pede:
$7.50 ^750 to
Tables; polished b,e?pedestal b
ular price, $3;
' ^ Handsom
oStes . Ch
>; loose cushion Large Oa
s.a'! $22.50 polish finish.
1 covering of ve- Fine Golc
$27.00 ova' m*rror' *
"" * * , Sale price....
>gany frame; ve$30.00
indale Suite; up- foniers, with 1;
uIar $32 SO lar price' ^25*C
:e; polished ma- Large ?
ons- $33.00 0aJc Chiffoni<
?c^'$37.S0 Several F
bolstered in fine bird **** ma*
rice $37.50 pncf"...^5
very well of themselves and put on a
martial air for our benefit as they stroll
along the streets. In their gay uniforms
they made a striking contrast to the
wretched looking barefooted women who
sat at the doors of their squalid cabins
on the side streets.
Not an Attractive Town.
"Tip-rar-ry." with the accent on the secT
ond sylable, is the least attractive town
we have seen in Ireland, and from appearances
one may accept the judgment
ui ixit? grniirmcii x nave quutcu uu uic
condition of its business. The streets
are dirty, the houses are out of repair,
many business places and residences are
vacant and the windows are broken in.
On the outskirts of the town people are
living in cabins as primitive and as filthy
as any we have seen in the mountains.
At the same time the shops are large and
well stocked, and. judging from the show
windows, they keep a superior class of
Tipperary lies in the midst of a lovely
country, more level than that we have
been traveling through for the last three
weeks, but there are only a few patches
of timber and a few gentle slopes, but
no peat bogs, so far as we could see from
the railway train. The landscape reminds
me of fhe Western Reserve of Ohio, with
the exception that the Sllievenarmick hills
rise in the background to the height of
U00 or 1,000 feet. The Aherlow river
waters the plain and runs through the
town. There doesn't seem to be much
cultivated ground in the neighborhood.
There are long stretches of meadow in
which the farmers are now cutting the
hay and we can catch the perfume as
we pass through them if we stand at the
open windows of the car. Alternating
with the meadows are fine pastures,
where large herds of sleek and fat cattle
and many yearling colts and foal maree
are feeding. There are several large
stock farms in the neighborhood, and, as
this is the season for county falr^ the
Tipperary farmers are raking in prizes
for all kinds of stock. In the town there
is a creamery which, we are told, is the
largest in Ireland. It employs 120 hands
and its butter is shipped almost entirely
The Plan of Campaign.
The most interesting feature of Tipperary
is the new town lying on the outskirts
of the old, whtch represents an exciting
Incident in Irish history. During
the land war of 1887 the leaders of the
man parry selected several lanaioras as
examples for boycotting, in order to attract
attention to the conditions. In the
country and create public opinion. This
was called "The plan of campaign."
Among the places selected as storm centers
were the Ponsonby estate, near Cork;
the Vandaleur estate, in County Clare; the
Defrayne estate, in Roscommon; the Massaure
estate, in County Louth, and the
Barry estate, in Tipperary. These estates
were selected as battlegrounds because
the landlords, who were treating the tenants
badly, were very exacting and oppressive
and furnished excellent examples
to illustrate the evils of the Irish land
and tenantry system. Some of the tenants
were behind in their rents and. being
unable to pay. were threatened With
eviction unless they settled on or before
a certain date.
Arthur Hugh 8mlth Barry, the landlord
who was selected as'an awful example at
thousands who t
week at hand,
i of furniture, rug:
or the Fall stock
:s are greater thai
Dresser, in mahogany and quarter'srP?^..Regu.,a:$i6.5o
y Dresser; straight
ir price, $30.00. Sale g | ^ JJQ
y Princess Dresser; serpentine
price.. R.^U.r.P.r!"'$ 19.50
Dlden Oak Extension Tables, with
stal. Reduced from ^ g g qq
1 Oak Round-top Extension Taase;
10 ft. long. Reg- gA
2.50. Sale price....
e Round-top Golden Oak Extenleavy
base. Regular A/\
k Chiffoniers, with fine aq /\A
Reduced from $12.50 to $0?UU
len Oak Chiffonier; swell front;
Regular $20.00 value. ^ | ^ gQ
i Polished Quartered Oak Chifirge
mirrorsr. Regu- _ ./v
kd. Sale price
iwell Front Polished Quartered
:rs. Reduced from ^ | ^ QQ
ine Toilet Tables, in mahogany,
le, golden oak and curley birch.
.00 values. Sale$2Z5()
Tlpperary, is descended from the Earl of
Barrymore. whose title expired when the
I direct male line became extinct forty or
unjf jreura Hgu. n? came inio possession
by Inheritance of a large tract of land
near Cork and another tract qpvering between
8.000 and 9,000 acres In this vicinity,
which paid him an annual revenue
of ?7.368. His first wife was a sister of
the present Lord Dunraven. His second
and present wife was Elisabeth Wadsworth
Post, a sister of former Congressman
James Wadsworth of Geneseo, N. Y.,
and the widow of a Mr. Post at the time
of her marriage with Mr. Barry in 1880.
They have a beautiful home at Fota. on
Fota Island, in Cork harbor near Queenstown,
and a town residence in Berkeley
Square, London. Mr. Barry has been a
member of parliament and has served
the government in different capacities
with great credit to himself and usefulness
to his country. For that reason the
old title of his family was revived In 1802
and he was elevated to the peerage as
How the Hew Town Was Built.
The courage and determination he exhibited
during the fight that was made
upon him by the land league was one of
the reasons for giving him the honor.
The boycott was managed in behalf of
the land league by William O'Brien, then,
as now, member of parliament for that
district. Under the tatter's direction between
five and six hundred tenants of
Mr. Barry stopped paying rent. Some
were actually too poor to do so; others
were perfectly able, but they all went in
together and made a common cause and
boycotted their landlord, who promptly
took steps to evict them. Mr. O'Brien
and other leaders of the land league appealed
to patriotic Irishmen all over the
world, and raised between forty and
fifty thousand pounds?nearly $230,009?in
America, Australia, Ireland and elsewhere,
with which they started to build
a new town upon land belonging to Mr.
Stafford O'Brien, who, by the way, is no
relation of the member of parliament of
the same name. Several blocks of tenement
houses were built of substantial
materials and attractive appearance and
are models in their way. But when Mr.
Barry got the machinery of the law in
motion and wholesale evictions commenced.
the managers put up cheap barracks
of wood as rapidly as possible to
accommodate those whe were turned out
of their homes.
There was a general and generous re
sponse to the appeal to the patriotism of
Ireland, and people In this country who
had no money gave material and labor
to help the cause. Carpenters and stone
masons, bricklayers and other mechanics
came to Tlpperary from all parts of Ireland
to work on the buildings without
wages, and within a short time all of the
evicted tenants of the Barry estate were
comfortably housed free of rent. Mr.
Barry's revenues ceased entirely and the
boycott was complete.
The Usual Quarrel.
It was a significant Illustration of the
unity of purpose of the common people of
Ireland, but, unfortunately, the leaders
of the oarty quarreled before the demonstration
was complete. The death of
Charles 8. Parnell in 1891, about eighteen
months after the boycott was undertaken
on the Barry estate, caused a split In the
Irish party, which'continued until a few
years ago. The effect of this division was
to demoralise their followers at Tlpperary
and the tenants of (he Barry estate began
gradually to slip hack to their old homes
ook advantage of <
s, curtains and taf
now rapidly arrivi
a ever. Purchases
Weathered Oak Buffet, with
French plate mirror. Proper
Weathered Oak Buffet, three
patterns to choose from. Proper
Weathered Oak Buffet, with
glass front. Reg"
Sale p^:..*6.7: $39.00
Very Fine Golden Oak Buffet,
with carved front. ReguSale
Beautiful Quartered Oak
Buffet; swelled glass doors.
$62.50! ' Sale price $35 .00
Polished Golden Oak Buffets,
three patterns to choose from.
Golden Oak Buffet, with
leaded glass doors. Regular
price $67-5?:.Sa'e. $42.00
Many excellent patterns to select from.
Size 9x12; regular price. C71 OA
$35. Sale price ...*<*
Size 8.3x10.6; regular Ctfi AA
price, $30. Sale price
Size 6x9; regular price, CIS AO
$28.30. Sale price *? 0.W
Size 36x72; regular price. Ci CA
$7. Sale price
Size 27x54; regular price, BA
$5. Sale price ^.OU
Size 18x36; regular price, C| CA
$2.50. Sale price I. W
All Our Stock of Mattings
Is offered at such deep reductions that
~it means by far the biggest bargains of
We still have a magnificent assortment
of Go-carts, which we are going
to close out in short order by cutting
prices to less than cost.
Refrigerators and Ice Chests are all
offered at reduced prices. We handle
the best makes in the world, including
the famous "North-Star" cork-lined refrigerator.
and resume paying their rents. The j
houses, at New Tipperary, which were ,
built at that time, now belong very large- .
ly to Stafford O'Brien, who furnished the
land upon which they were built. Others '
are still the property of the land league,
and the rent, which is collected by a com- i
mlttee. goes into the parliamentary fund, i
People here declare that the "kick-up," ]
as they call the quarrel between the lead- 1
ers of the Land League, ruined the town, i
because it broke the boycott and com- i
pelled the tenants to surrender to the 1
landlords, who have had them under their i
heel ever since. Several people told me ?
that the "kick-up" ruined the butter bust- i
ness, but -I couldn't get any one to ex- l
plain -why, ...... ,
An Exodus to America. ,
At any rate Tipperary lost a great deal 1
of its prosperity, as well as Its commer*
clal importance. Immediately after that j
trouble, especially because It was fol- <
lowed by a large exodus to the' United ]
ssxaies. as many or tne Harry tenants as 1
could raise the money emigrated when ]
the support of the Land Leafue was .
withdrawn from them. They refused to J
stay and surrender to the landlords. All
the yoWag people In the connty caught the
emigration fever and left for the United ,
States as fast as .they could get money
enough to buy steamship tickets. I was
told that several of them bad come back,
bringing a good deal of money with
them, and were buying farms in the
neighborhood, but tthey soon became discontented.
The experience of a few years
in the United States unfits the Irish people
for the primitive methods and the
monotony of life over here. And the
eagerness of everybody to get to the
United States is very significant. The
Jaunting car drivers, the hotel porters,
the dining room waiters, the chambermaids
at the hotels and everybody of the
working class that a traveler comes in
contact with always asks questions about
the expense of the Journey and the probabilities
of securing employment' in the
United States, and they express their determination
to emigrate as soon as they
Wearing of the Green.
The Tlpperary people claim to be pure
Irish. They declare that there Is less
mixed blood and purer Celtic pedigrees in
this county than anywhere else in Ireland,
but the same claim is made elsewhere.
and as it is there is no way to
decide the dispute.
Tlpperary also claims the authorship of
that ancient and beautiful old air, "The
Wearing of the Green." It Is one of the
oldest of Irish melodies, but only modern
words are sung to It now, and there are
several versions. That which is claimed
by Henry Grattan Curran, who is an excellent
authority, to be the original was
written at Tlpperary and runs as fol
"I met with Napper Tandy,
And be took me by the band.
Saying. Bow la old Ireland,
And bow doe* afar stand?
8he's the moat dtatreaaful country
That ever yet waa seen.
And. they're hanging men and women
Fog the wearing at the green.
"I care not tor the thistle,
I care not for the rone;-'
When bleak wtnde round as whistle
Neither down nor crimson shows.
But, like hope to him that's friendless
When no Joy around lo seen, .
O'er our graves with lore that's endless 1
Blooms our own immortal green." 1
Lismore, Lord of Tipphrary. J
There lo very Utile reason fog cam- t
ng. It's the grea
for future deliver
Weathered Oak China Close'
front. Right price, $26.50. Sal
Polished Golden Oak Chin
swell front. Regular price, $30.5*
Polished Golden Oak China
front. Proper price, $36.00. Sal
Heavy White Enamel Iron B'
Regular price, $5.00. Sale price..
White Enamel Iron Beds,
posts; brass trimmed. Regular pi
$14.00. Sale price
oirtr W/Viifn TTnnme%\ Tfnn R,
livav j ? t intv x^iii?iiiva ii vii jl-t
Regular price, $15.00. Sale price
Heavy Brass-trimmed White
1%-m. posts. Regular price, $if
Sale of Cm
One lot Fish Net, 50 in. wide
tains and drapery. 50c quality,
342 remnants Upholstery Go<
and silk-finished armures for fui
ing; 1 and 1 Yi yards to the
126 pairs Nottingham Lace
fall effects. Sold for $2.00.- /
164 Brussels Effects Lace C
tains. Sold always for $4.00. T
plaint about largo estates in Tlpperary
county. The land is very well divided
among: the people. There are 1,111 landowners
for a population of 184.279 and
1,044,069 acres; which Is an average of
about 1,000 acres each. In no other part
of Ireland is the average holding so
large. Of the 1,117 farmers, 208 have
1,000 acres each, 124 have between 1,000
and 2,000, 164 have 500 acres, 135 have
100 acres, 177 have 200 acres, and 92
have 100 acree each. Only 45 have farms
as small as 50 acres, and 50 have 25 acres
sach. On th othr hand, Lord Dunalley
and the Viscount Llsrmore are the only
landlords who have more than 20,000
Lismore is the Lord of Tlpperary and
the head of the O'Callaghan family, who
were formerly princes of the province of
Munster and are descended from a
famous Milesian prince. The various
generations since history* began have
tatoem an active part in the affairs oif
Ireland. They have been bishops, statesmen,
lawyers, soldiers, sailors and
E>rlest?; they have married the daughters
of the most prominent houses In the
Kingdom, and their sisters have been the
wives and mothers of dukes. They Jive
at Clogheen In the famous Shanbally
Castle, and occupy land which has been
In the family for many centuries.
| B0YDS AND THEREABOUTS.
Special Correspondence of The Star.
BO YDS, Md? August 17, 1908.
The remains of William C. Strailman,
the Baltimore and Ohio railroad conductor
who since the opening of the metropolitan
branch in 1873 has bdfcn on duty in this
division, were interred today at Martinsburg,
W. Va. A special train conveyed
the remains, relatives and friends, members
of the Order of Railway Conductors
and the Eagles, who had charge of the
Interment, to Martinsburg. Many floral
offerings were sent.
The new barn belonging to James E.
Day near Clarksburg caught Are last Saturday
v afternoon and burned to the
ground. Hay, corn and wheat, carriages,
buggies, harness, drills,, wagons and machinery
were destroyed, entailing a loss of
ibout |2,500. Mr. Day discovered the fire
In time to save his hordes.
Mrs. Thomas Mills, who was injured at
Stoppers recently by being struck by a
base ball, continues in a serious condition.
Marcellus EL Wade, a farmer of near
Buck Lodge, has lost live line farm horses
jy illness recently. Yesterday he lost an>ther
Herbert D.-Waters of Germantown has
>egun the erection of a home near Ger13
an town, to cost about $8,000.
The new rural delivery routes from
Clarksburg will be put in operation 8epember
1. The successful carriers In
:ompetltive examination recently held at
Hockvllle were Clifton Dronenberg. astigned
to route No. 1, and William H.
j?unan, assigned to route No. 2. The <
outes will get their mall by star route '
rom Boyds, which will carry the mall *
o Clarksburg for distribution. ,
Prof. Barle B. Wood, county superin- <
endent of-schools, who has been in the
nountains for the benefit of his health,
ias returned here and Is arranging the '
irogram for the Teachers' Institute to
egln at Rockvillo August 81. 4
.to l?2l I
gains of last week, you'll have
lus stock are being sacrificed for
test August clearance sale we've
y will be reserved upon the pay- ?
t; leaded glass Weathered Oak China Closet; cabinet top. i
* $ 17.50 ppr pe.r... ,pn";.. ,$44-.00;....Sa'? $27.50
a Closet; full Golden Oak China Closet; mirror back; ||
3; $18.75 |'aa,: ??. ^n.sma! .pri";.$5?' ; $30.00
Closet; swell Large Golden Oak China Closet; swell j
^ $21.00 ^.a1alr?.yg:?a'..p^: $37.50 I
eds. dr-T) or White Enamel Iron Bed; double size; i%...
jn pOS^s; brass trimmed. Regular d?| r AA
, with heavy price, $22.50. Sale price ^lJ.UU
ice; $7.00 Big White Enamel Iron Bed, with brass
, ^ fillers. Regular price, $30.00. Sale r f|A I !
eds-$9.00 Pri? 515.UU
: Enamel Bed, Brass Bed; full double size; heavy posts j |
** $ 11 25 Re?ular pr?ce? $38.00. ^24 00 ||
rtams, Tapestry and j
, for sash cur- I lot Silk Damask and Tapestry, for reNow,
covering furniture. Was $3.00. At (C f ag
; this sale, yard
ods; plain rep 60-inch Oriental Couch Covers; latest Perrniture
cover- sian- effects. Reduced from $3'50 f ZO
plece- 50c to
Curtains; late 26 pairs French Tapestry Portieres; heavy !
it this g\Qi~ fringe top and bottom. Always sold A \
VOC for $12.00. This sale, special
lur- 1 lot Real Irish Point Lace Cur- !l
his d?| qz? tains. Always sold for $10.00. This
. . . ^ ~ J SwlIC ....... v :
i| EDMONSTON'S i;
?Home of the Original "FOOT FORM*
Boot* ut Oxford* for Her, Women C
I Close Every Day in the Week at 6 P.M. ) I
;L We Offer You a Shoe
i| for Your Foot That'll
Fit Your Foot:
I "FOOT FORMS/'
tit's a noted fact that ?:
these shoes are carried : j
in stock at all times in :!
# t * i
more sizes and widths j |
n any other line ever j j
:s are so designed that::
y comfort the foot,::
ss it well and correct j j
r irregularities that may j j
re resulted from wear-::
m -w r ? ?
:: we illustrate onejj
style. There are others |
: some smarter and others plainer.
Prices, $4 to $7, i i
Edmonston & Co., Inc.,
L Phone d. 1911. 1334 F St. N.W. J |
i-',.- . *
The delivery o? Thornton's aailk require* 1 England loaes 00,000 imrsone every yeaa
1,800 horse*. "by emigration.
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