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^ fl . j^r ? ^Dr J ? I JS^*' I **-^^?ihb3 fcft *- v^BB%SKB^^g^CPv .%^ Cf oi Jte&zmnt Houses mx. GENERAL GOSSI THE I Demand for Houses Gre, pective Purchasers and, Some Recent Transa tion Building Following a summer of more than the average dullness in the realty market in Washington, the local real estate dealers, almost without exception, are now in the midst of a season of prosperity. September always has marked the real opening of the autumn and winter renting season in the National capital, because this month witnesses the returning tide of summer vacationists and the consequent swelling of the ranks of house and apartment hunters. But this year tl.o number of prospective leasors has been particularly large, and at the same time there has been a material increase in the ranks of the would-be purchasers of homes. The result of this combination of conditions has been that desirable houses and flats, particularly in sections of the city convenient to the car lines, have been taken almost as rapidly r j offered either for lease or for sale. Nor has the demand appreciably diminished with the satisfying of the wants of the searchers who were early in the field, and at the present time a majority of the real estate firms are having all sorts of difficulty finding homes, home sites ana fiats with which to supply their clients. Several of the larger local realty operators have said within the past week that this fall season bids fair to surpass similar seasons in any recent years. Not a day has passed that several sales of more ** frnm thtt Stand man avei a.Bc uu|ivi iau\.<. point of price have not been reported, and la scores of instances these transactions have been accompanied with the statement: "The owner proposes to occupy the premises as his home." Consequently it is evident that Washington is becoming more and more a city of home owners? and the end is not yet. Investors, too, have taken cognisance of the opportunities offered by this apparently unceasing demand for houses, and building operations are in progress all over the city. Good renting property does not lack for buyers, so that the real estate men have little difficulty in placing the funds of their clients to advantage. SALES REPORTED AT THE END OF CURRENT WEEK Among the sales reported at the end of the week were the following: Willlge, Gibbs & Daniel, real estate brokers, have sold for Mr. Henry Collier Stott lot 3, in square 2710, on the north Flap or Emerson street. oeiween mn ?nu 13th syeets northwest. The lot has a frontage of 40 feet by a depth of 100 feet, and is attractively situated on a terrace. It Is the purpose of the purchaser. Mr. Koan B. Poole of the Post Office Department, to improve the property with a splendid modern cottage, having two stories and attic, ten rooms, reception hall and hotwater heat. It is understood the sum of $2,830 was paid for the premises. Mr. Eimer E. Covert, executor of the estate of the late Rufus li. Darby, the well known local printer, has sold for the estate the beautiful country seat Hickory Hill, at l>ew insville, Va.. to Mr. Slant on Weaver of the War Department. The property, which comprises about seventeen acres, was improved several years ago with a splendid fourteen-room modern cottage, with hot-water heat, porcelain bat lis and all other city conveniences. It Is situated partly in Alexandria county and partly in Fairfax county, a short distance from Falls Church, and near the country home of A. M. Lothrop. It occupies an elevation of 42b teet above the sea level and commands a splendid view of Washington and the surrounding locality. Among the outbuildings are a large stable with six stalls, loft and carriage room, a tenant house, granary and chicken house. Three acres are in cultivation, with grapes, berries and almost every kind of fruitbearing trees. It is understood that $10,000 was paid for the property, which Mr. Weaver will occupy as his re sidence. The sale was made through the office of Willige, Gibbs & Daniel. tl'lHi ir^> I 1 i I V. rf. T Inn in) * ?-?? ? I #i?4 F ** iltifsV. v*iui_/r? ? JL/oiucif i <~ai caittLt* brokers, have sold for Mr. James Martin the two-story brick dwelling. No. 41 Adams street, between North Capitol and 1st streets northwest. The purchaser, Mr Edwin T. Miller, will occupy the premises as his residence. About was paid for the property. The sale was made in conjunction with the office of Beit, O'Brien & Co. NEW TRANSFORMER HOUSE FOR CAPITAL TRACTION CO. Ground was broken at the corner of 1st and B streeta southwest early this week for a large building for the Capital Traction Company, the structure to constitute a link In tho chain of improvements that corporation is making in its equipment. A beginning was made in this work at the Georgetown power house at 3hth and M streets about a year ago. when one of the big Corliss engines was torn out, together with its heavy foundation, to give way to a modern high-power steam turbine engine. It is expected the near future 3.RBNT Ht - r ?-v . - .... - M : V> ?^ 1 ' j '.-W udC^Kvj ^h!HI^E?^w^,i?^^E*^^S > ^MBm G2SW7 C&IIXjETiatJJWJCFtn P OF REALTY WORLD ater Than Supply?ProsLeasors Go A-Begging? ctions?Capital Trao New Station* will see the whole power plant similarly transformed, and a complete battery of turbines in place to produce the electric power necessary to operate the cars c. the company's street railway system. James L. Parsons has the contract for the new building at 1st and B streets, and the contract calls for an expenditure of about $150,000. It will have a frontage of thirty feet and a depth of eighty feet, and will be two stories in height. When completed it will be equipped as a transformer station for the reduction of the high-power current, sent to the station over big cables directly from the power house at Georgetown to the lower voltage current required for the operation of street cars. This station, though a little nearer the navy yard and the Pennsylvania avenue terminals at the eastern ends of the Capital Traction Company's lines than to the Georgetown power house, will be the center from which power will be distributed to the main section of Pennsylvania avenue and to all of the cars running east of the Capitol. BOOM IN HYATTSVILLE, MO, COMPANY PERFECTING PLANS TO OPEN NEW SUBDIVISION. Sufficient Money for Enterprise Already Subscribed?Tract Contains 450 Lots. Special Correspondence of Tie Star. HYATTSVILLE, Md., September 19. 1908. It is reported that plans are perfecting for the consummation of a real estate transaction here that will mean much to the material prosperity of Hyattsville. It is understood that a company is to be organized for the purpose of purchasing a tract of land containing aboul 430 building lots located in the northwestern section of the corporation. This property is a part of the estate of Louis D. Wine s and John O. Johnson, and is beautifully ' located for building sites. Sufficient I money has been subscribed for the purchase of the property, most of it being i pledged by residents of Hyattsville. i The idea of the promoters is to develop the property during the coming winter so that it can be placed upon the market early next spring. The future growth of Hyattsville will naturallv tend toward the northwest, and with the extension of, the town s water supply and sewerage system to this tract it is believed there 1 will be little difficulty in disposing of the | lots. During the past three weeks ne | newly established real estate firm of: Vnllor A olToclon/1 hue Hic?noc>/l n0 eotf- I ? ??IV i U, i?*V j. ut 1UIIU >*UU Uif ;iwo*.u V'l OV ? eral desirable pieces of property and several deals are in contemplation. Mr. James Kerr, formerly a professor at the Maryland Agricultural College and now employed at the United States Depart- ; ment of Agriculture, purchased a home at the corner of Sheridan and Franklin j ; streets. Mr. Alfred T. Drowning of River- ' dale purchased a place' belonging to the Riverdale Park Company and Mr. William Davis bought a home from Mr. C. A. M. ' Wells on Melrose avenue. Twenty New Dwellings. The past summer has not been a particularly active one here in the erection of new houses, although over twenty moderate sire dwellings have been built. | Mrs. Ellen E. Tlerney, widow of M. J. | Tierney. recently subdivided Ravenswood' and constructed five or six handsome cotj tages. For these she found ready sale and she contemplates further building in the spring. Many of those who have purchased homes in Hyattsville are employed In the government departments in Washington, and are now full fledged sub. urbanites. Besides the enjoyments of a life in the country, these newcomers have i r.n nt-u in" aumunnai privilege 01 me dui1 lot In presidential and state elections, j Hyattsvllle has all the advantages of ! a modern city. The town has an exccl| lent water supply, a sewerage system and and electric lighting plant. Granolithic sidewalks are laid whenever the citizens express a willingness to bear the expense thereof. Most of the houses are lighted i with gas furnished by the local gas company. whose plant ^s located in East I Hyattsvllle. Both the steam and electric j railways pass through the center of the town. ?na the latter road la operated during the busy hours upon a five to seven minute schedule. The town Is located > about six miles from the Capitol building and a mile and a half from the-District of Columbia line. There never was a saloon In the town, and there are churches of nearly all denominations. Cities for the Farmers. From the Technical World Magazine. As the strength, wealth and mental and moral stability of a nation can be measured only by such qualities In her people, a distinct upward national movement la that now being undertaken by the federal reclamation service In laying out model cities and towns on the vast stretches A.PPENIN( ? - ? - - I ^ ^^ ^Hi^?i@^H^S68i.^G*v* Wtimk L mwffWlP ^^-* ?f I ft si\i^SSi^r^ BfiRnMMK8B?M^wBB8KfcfilKBS8pSlBKM5sMfliH8ig *x*> i#H9BF^BI^H^K?SiSc^3Sp?6P$^tiH9B^B^6?^?* ~" JfcwJJqiE OF J of soil which It is wrenching from the former desert wastes and bringing to lush fecundity through the distribution of the impounded waters of mountain-born rivers. While planning, as It wisely does, to Irrigate thousands of miles of land which was once given over to the sage brush and the cactus and which boasted as inhabitants naught but the rattlesnake, the prairie dog and the centipede, the engineers of this branch of a broadly paternalistic government plan now to irrigate the mind of the farmer while irrigating at the same time the soil from which he gets his sustenance; to draw the man who farms from the restricted and socially beggared life he leads and bring him Into a closer communion and a keener competition with his kind?In fact, to confer upon him the blessings which flow from a blending of country and city life. This is to be done by plotting the reclaimed tracts so that each homesteader may not merely have his fields within three miles of the heart of a model town, but may, if he desires, live within the limits of that town and drive mornings and evenings to and from his work as the banker or broker now drives from his suburban home to the office wherein he buys and sells money. Street Cars for Shanghai. From Zion'R Herald. The problem of tram traffic in a Chinese city presents peculiar difficulties. In view of the crowded condition of the streets and the lack of familiarity of the people with time-saving devices generally. The construction of a new tramway system in Shanghai has been practically completed, although the current will be turned on at first only in sections where the Inexperience of the Chines? drivers and conductors will be less likely to have bad effects. Upward or tweniy-tnree mites or iracns have been laid, and the tram routes have been divided into eleven sections, over which the passenger is entitled to travel? the first-class fare for one section being only cents. Each car is divided Into two compartments, not on a color basis, but rated according to fares paid. The cars are lighted by electricity, and notices posted in English, French and Chinese warn passengers against smoking, spitting or bringing dogs on board. A notable feature is the entire absence of advertisements on the cars. The Country Laborer's Lot. From the Agricultural Economist. An encouraging feature of the times is that a large number of small men appear to have saved sufficient money to take a small farm, and this, in spite of bad times, serves to show that the laborer's lot Is by no means so hard as many would have us believe. js in te -M9sjE]?y Heumoin cstrm wnvev isr NfljsyE.,J?Jot BUILDINGS' HEIGHT LIMIT QUESTION OF WIND PRESSURE AND FOUNDATION WEIGHT. Engineer Computes Structure 2,000 Feet Tall May Be Safely Erected on 200 Feet Square. From the Literary Digest. How much further may the craze for gigantic towers be carried? Is there any limitation, pnysicai or otnerwise, tnat will ultimately call a halt? The Singer building in New York rises 612 feet above the sidewalk; the lantern of the Metropolitan Life tower is 700 feet above the same level, and recently plans were filed for a tower building to be erected by the Equitable Life Company, at Pine street and Broadway, to be 009 feet high or about 200 feet higher than the Singer building. We are told by the Scientific American that the height limit is fixed not so much by the weakness of the structure or by the surface ofTered to wind pressure, as by the crushing weight on the foundations. Says the paper named above: "Under existing conditions, the ultimate limit of height is determined by a certain clause in the present building code of the city of New York, which says that the maximum pressure under the footings on a rock bottom, if caisson foundations are used, is not to exceed fifteen tons per square foot. That is to say, if the architect and builder and the owner see fit to do so, they may keep piling story upon story until the pressure upon the rock underlying the foundations has reached a maximum of fifteen tons to the square foot." 2,000-Foot Building. On the authority of O. F. Semsch, who is responsible for the engineering features of the Singer tower, the writer asserts that a structure of 150 stories, 2,000 feet high, could be built upon an area of 200 feet square without exceeding the building code limit of foundation pressure. He goes on to say: "The walls of the building would be twelve inches thick at the top and 140 Inches, or almost twelve feet thick at the bottom. Assuming two-thirds of the wall surface for windows, these walls would IfrMU*. ,v-? ATOOUT&WB3TCaKJf&E QF/0T1 [E REAL! ||jjk 1 m 31 I iaLIFULi E TJ2MNCZE VfSmST5? weigh, if built of brick, 203,000 tons, and assuming the dead weight of the floors and other interior construction at eighty pounds per square foot of floor area, the weight of that part of the building would be about 213,500 tons. The 'live' floor load to be transmitted to the foundations, according to the requirements of the building code, would be 100,000 tons. Add- j ing these items, we get a total weight of 516,500 tons. This, distributed over the entire area of 40,000 square feet available for footings, would result in a pressure of thirteen tons per square foot. "The allowance for increase of pressure due to wind, and the weight of the footings themselves, would easily bring this figure up to the limit of fifteen tons per square foot. This would mean that there would have to be one solid block of concrete covering the entire area of the lot. "The total wind-load on one side of this building, when exposed to a heavy gale of wind, would be 6,000 tons; and as the center of pressure would be 1,000 feet above the street level, the overturning moment due to this pressure would be 6,000,000 foot-tons." The Overstraining Pressure. Tt would spom at first sierht that n nr#vs sure of 6,000 tons applied to this building at a height of 1,000 feet must surely >turn it over; but owing to the weight of the huge mass it would require, the writer assures us, over eight times as much pressure before it could be upset. Although, as just noted, the overturning moment would be 6,000,000 foot-tons, the opposing moment of stability would be no less than 51,650,000 foot-tons, so that the structure, for all its 2,000 feet of height, would be perfectly secure against being blown down. To quote further; "Mr. Semsch states that if a good rock bottom were so near the surface of the ground that It would be unnecessary to sink a caisson, a steel grillage or other form of snrpftrl fnnnrlAtlnn onnM Ka uco/9 v ? wv wovu, in which case the building bureau would probably allow of a somewhat greater load per square foot than fifteen tons?although that is not specifically set forth in the code. If this were allowed, it would be possible to go still higher than 2.000 feet; but it Is evident that the thickness of walls in the lower stories and the size of the columns would soon become prohibitive. "The experience gained in connection with the designing of the Singer building leads to the belief that a building of this height would require a mezzanine story in every fifteen stories for the placing of tanks, distribution of pipes and service rooms. Looked at from this point of view, the building would really be equivalent to ten fifteen-story buildings placed on the top of each other. Such a tower, if constructed and equipped like the Singer building, would cost approximately 000,000." vANVFJrXEET^M Irf 4 "Y MARK] ?:? * 'I V*T VV^ c "?TV?.**k 1 ,ul 1F?WJmfir-r%$??** : v . ^,|^-\ jSHBi I f * X <?it *Inifl^B^B H H ycDLEYHmsioN, IJHLCH: mz AND' REBUILT. AT'J) CITY GAINING FI Contrast Between Develo of Washington Realt Building of Inv< ty of Modi Several notable additions have been made within the past year to the number of palatial residences in the northwest section of the city, and active steps toward the construction of still another were made during the present week when the District building inspector's office passed favorably upon the plans and specifications for the new residence of A. M. Lothrop, fronting on California avenue at the crown of the Connecticut ave ? - - m . * nue hill, and Issued tne necessary Duiia| ing permit. Prominent among: the mansions now nearing completion is that of Mr. and Mrs. Perry Belmont, which occupies the entire triangle made by the intersection of New Hampshire avenue, 18th and R streets. Work on this great stone residence has been in progress many months, but it is now nearlng the stage of completion so far as the actual construction is concerned, and it will soon be ready for me plasterers and the interior decorators. Over an almost similar length of time a large corps of artisans have been laboring in the remodeling and rebuilding of the residence purchased by Mr. Edson Bradley of New York, fronting on Dupont i Circle at the intersection of Connecticut avenue and 19th street. Originally it was a dwelling of more than the average size, but the builders have so changed its former lines and increased its area that it, too, ranks at the present time with the largest of the capital's more pretentious homes. It is expected the Bradley home will be ready for occupancy during the ensuing winter season. Another house, which has gone a great way toward increasing the prestige of 16th street is the new French embassy, at 16th and Euclid streets, built by former Senator and Mrs. Henderson, on a part of their large property holdings north of their residence. Boundary Castle. The embassy has been finished and furnished ready for occupancy, and from it will radiate much of the hospitality extended by M. and Mme. Jusserand, the French I nmhaosKfinr anrt his wife, to the dinlo matic set this winter. DESCRIPTION OF MR. A. M. LOTHROP'S NEW RESIDENCE Work on the palatial residence of A. M. Lothrop of the firm of Woodward & Lothrop, on the heights overlooking both Washington city to the south and the beautiful Rock Creek valley. Connecticut Avenue bridge and the hills to the north, has been started and it is expected the'contractor will take advantage of every fair day during the winter building season to hurry the structure to completion. This residence is to be one of the most elegant in architecture and general construction in that section of the city. Its situation on a high terrace is considered ideal?giving a view over the entire city. The Maryland hills and the Virginia shores far to the south will be plainly visible from the broad veranda that is to grace the side of the building. It is estimated the house will cost $100,000?that is. for the actual construction work. The interior, which will be elaborate, has not been definitely estimated upon. The house is to be of the Italian renaissance. There are to be three stories and attic and basement. Large reception rooms and parlors and a dinina room will comprise the first floor. The foundation will be of concrete, the exterior of the building of stone and brick and the roo', of slate and of the mansard shape. From an exterior viewpoint the house will be of simple beauty. A wrought-iron marquise will overhang the main entrance and in the rear there will be a two-story bay-window, with an uncovered porch with winding stairways to the street. The dimensions of the building are 77x50 feet. SCARCITY OF SMALLER INVESTMENT PROPERTY One of the noticeable features of the local real estate situation ami a condition that has prevailed for some considerable time is the dearth of middle class investment property for sale. Of alley and court properties th?re?ls a good supply. Of apartment houses, other than those of the two-family non-heated variety, there Is a good selection with prices ranging all the way from $15,000 to many times that figure. It is in the field of small Investment properties ranging from $1,500 ! to *5.000 that the real estate men find it hard to supply the demand. Washington has many small investors ; and these are ever on the lookout for I property of tills latter character; proper- 1 ties where they can place their small nest-eggs, perhaps paying a portion down on the property and giving a mortgage on the remainder. In this way these holders, who pay 5 or 6 per cent for the use mm m rfn| jl w} s^My1 BEEW REWSELLED upont.Circle . MANY NE RESIDENCES pment of the Best Class y With the Dearth of stment Properirate Price. of their money, net twice that or even more on the amount really invested. Amonp those who are in the field for property of this kind are many department workers, who are laying by against the possible rainy day. The tax records of Washington could tell some interesting stories of substantial fortunes accumulated through the savings out of the earnings of many government clerks, men and women. Not a few of these can confidently look forward to the day when the loss of their positions would lack the elements of tragedy that are so real in the lives of those who have made no pro- > vision against a change of fortune. Some clerks on comparatively moderate Incomes are paying for a number of properties, having started with a few hundred dollars down on each property and using the rents from these properties toward paying for them. As an instance showing the barrenness of the local market in real estate investments of the kind described, and also attesting the lively market for such property. may be instanced the sale by Moore & Hill, Incorporated, within barely three weeks of a row of nine houses in V" street northwest between 1.3th and 14th. These houses, which were erected by Messrs. H. A. Kite and W. W. Chiswell, are of six rooms and bath each. They are just finished, most of them being sold before completion. Several were sold as homes and those which were purchased for Investment have been rented for $23.10. The houses sold for $3,500 each. LOTS TO 6ET NEW NUMBERS ASSESSOR RICHARDS WILL APPEAL TO CONGRESS. The Change to Be Made for th? Convenience of Tax Department. All" lots and parts of lots within the boundaries of the city of Washington are to be renumbered?that is. if the necessary legislation authorizing the change and providing an appropriation can be obtained. An effort will he made to secure it at the next session of Congress. A hill providing for the change will be drafted by the corporation counsel. Ever since his appointment as assessor William P. Richards has had this improvement in mind. He contends that the change is necessar.y not only in the interest of brevity and more efficiency in his department, but in view of the fact that errors are frequently made In the issuance of deeds for parts of lots and parcels of land because of the present intricate and antiquated form of designation. Originally the squares were divided up into so many lots and the latter were recorded on the plat books, but since then the lots have been divided up into parts of lots and these parts of lots have been * subdivided until the matter of recording has assumed difficult proportions and the chances of making errors have become great. When the county?that is. that part of the District bevond the citv limits?was platted several years ago, all parts of lots and sublots were eliminated and the property is all designated as an individual lot. Assessor Richards' plan Is to renumber every lot- and part of lot within the city limits. This work will require an appropriation. of about $8,000 and will take more than a year before completed. Th; Commissioners of the District are known to favor the plan, and preparatory to drafting a bill the corporation counsel is considering the idea as presented to him by Mr. Richards. Constitution Island. From th" Boston Transcript. TU? If.. r..-> .. _ i lie nuusun i nvi waa n vrry uurirsiin^ and very vital lin? of communication and transportation during the revolutionary war. and It was especially Important that British vessels should not have the benefit of It. The great chain that was stretched across as a part of the m^ans to prevent this is a matter of history, and one end of It was anchored on Constitution Island, while batteries were arranged there ready * , to deliver their messages should the right of way b<? challenged. This chain was forged at works on Mount Rhigi. an elevg. tion in the Tasmlc range next south of Mount Everett, which the recent legislature voted to take over in part as a state reservation. The states of New York, Ma.c. sachusetts and Connecticut are on hailing terms at that point.