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Statue Is Unveiled to Former
District Governor. GLOWING TRIBUTES PAID TO "THE MASTER BUILDER" Impressive Ceremonies Held in Front of Municipal Building. PROMINENT PERSONS PRESENT j Duty of Continuing the Work of Beautifying the Capital Begun by Former Governor the Key note of Speeches. Alexander Robey Shepherd, the master! builder of the new Washington, was1 honored yesterday afternoon by the un veiling of a memorial statue of him In front of the District building in the pres ence of prominent representatives of the national and municipal governments and an immense throng of citizens of the National capital and to the accompani ment of high words of praise of his life and work for the city's development by representatives of the new Washington which he founded. Impressive In the highest degree were the ceremonies attending the unveiling. When the hundreds from all walks of life had gathered aroung the flag-draped statue in the park in front of the District building at 14th street and Pennsylvania avenue, under the very eaves of the mag nificent home of the municipal govern ment. there were words of praise for former Gov. Alexander R. Shepherd and a manure of the task accomplished by him in making the National Capital worthy of the republic and a city of beauty. Then came the unfolding of the flag from around the bronze figure in the center of the gathering and there came to view the striking bronze representation, in heroic proportions, of the man who had accomplished the wonders just previously described. And in conclusion was the presentation of the statue to the District as a testimonial of the appreciation of his public services by his fellow citizens. The ceremonies also served as the oc casion for the sounding of a call for another Shepherd campaign for Wash ington to continue his work for orna menting the city with parks and statues and beautiful buildings and for obtain ing for the residents of the capital equal rights of employment and representa tion in the national government as are accorded to residents of any other city. Ambitious predictions for Washington nere made, and the name of Shepherd was used as the rallying call to its citizens to greater accomplishments In the future than have been recorded in the past. First Native Washingtonian So Hon ored. The occasion was unique, too. accord . ing to one of the speakers, because it was the first time that a memorial statue has been erected in the National capital to a man born within its limits and in tribute to the work he did for the development of his native city. Statues of great heroes of war and peace have been unveiled before in Washington, but never before have the residents so sig nally honored a native-born fellow-citi zen. The occasion was also unusual be cause It marked the paying of tributes to a hero in civil life, a warrior in civil affairs. And, fitting this feature of the occasion, the bronze figure of the former governor shows him in a business suit ? just as he looked in life and as he fought for civic victories. Th<; weather was in sharp contrast to that which was a feature of the last pricr public demonstration In the National capital March 4. The blue dome of the heavens was only here and there dotted with white fleecy clouds, and even the sun and the sky seemed to declare a benediction on the ceremonies of tribute. An hour before the time when the pro gram was to begin?3:30 o'clock?people began to gather around the flag-covered statue, and from 3 to 3:30 o'clock they came in large numbers, until every seat In the large rectangular inclosure was taken and humanity crowded around the railings. Every point of vantage around the statue waa filled and many were unable to get within hearing distance of the speakers' stand. Around the statue were gathered prac tically every person of local prominence and many who have nation-wide renown. There were representatives of the na tional government, the Speaker of the llouse of Representatlvs, United States senators and representatives, the Sec retary of the Treasury and others high in national administrative circles. There were the Commissioners of the District and other officials of the government at the head of which once stood the man to whom they were met to pay tribute. There were representatives of every civic organization in the National capital?men who are carrying forward the plans for a sreater Washington, first practically wrought out by former Gov. Shepherd. There were still hundreds of others who, by their presence, simply desired to pay their respect to the man who was the master builder of the city whose beau ties and comforts they now enjoy. Flags for Every State. The inclosure in which were the seats for the specially invited guests was marked with flag poles and a flag was flying for every state of the republic. From pole to pole were ropes of laurel, and suspended from them were laurel wreaths, typifying the victory which Gov. Shepheru won. The statue was enveloped in two huge American flags. On the speakers' stand, besides those who took part in the ceremonies, were the members of the family of the man whose memory was honored That party Included Mrs. Alexander Robey Shepherd, the widow of the dead gov ernor: Mrs. Edward A. Quintard and her four children. Mrs. and Miss Bro die. Dr. and Mrs. Merchant. Mrs. Wajr tier and two children, Mr. and Airs. Crant Shepherd. Mr. and Mrs. John C. Shepherd. Alexander R. Shepherd. 3d; Mrs. C. F. Co?i of New York and Mr.. Mrs. and Miss Stevens of New York. Alexander Robey Shepherd. "Jd, was the only absent member of the family, he being detained in Mexico by the death of a child. Alter a couple of musical selections by the United States Marine Rand, un der the leadership of Lieut. William H. Santelmunn. the formal ceremomc.4 were begun by the sounding of "As sembly" by a bugler of the baud. When the band struck up "America'' a minute later the large assemblage arose. At the conclusion of the piece, while the audience remained standing. Rev. Dr. Wallace Radcliflfe, pa<stor of the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, which Cm. Shepherd and his family attended when residents of this city, pronounced the invocation. Dr. Radcliffe's Prayer. "Aimlghty Ged." the minister prayed. except Thou build the house they |s?!?? r in \ain that build it: except Thou keep the city the watchman j SCENE AT THE UNVEILING OF THE SHEPHERD STATUE. waitetl? but in vain. We bless 1 hea for this city, tHo heritage of Ihy favor, wherein the little one hath become a thousand and the small one a great nation. Thy hand hath been our min ister. Thy wisdom our guide. Thy love our sustenance. Thy power our shield and buckler "Thou has't made us citizens of no mean city. For its beauty, healthfulness and comfort, for its people and its homes, for Its schools and colleges and churches, fcr its manifold ministries of charity and culture, for the Eoiccess ot its business, the Jov of its pleasures and the sanctity of its worship, for its history and mani fold influences of patriotism, good citi zenship and national life, we render Thee our humble and hearty thanks. We bless Thee for the succession of able and de voted men through whom Thou hast in the past years brought leadership and advancement and honor to our com munity. Especially do we today make mention of Thy grace in the gift of Thy servant, Alexander Robey Shepherd, whom Thou didst bring into the kingdom for such a time as this. We bless Thee for his prophetic vision and heroic en ergy, for his? indomitable will and patri otic persistence, even for the painlul struggles and misunderstandings and confusions of these early days, and for the Jife spared unto the other days of recognition and honor. Today in this service we bring glad tribute of apprecia tion and gratitude. May this statue be preserved in Thy providence to stand in perpetual history and prophecy to this people. "We invoke Thy benediction upon his household. May his memory be a cher ished joy and inspiration. Speak to all their hearts the comforts and consola tions of Thy Spirit that are neither fe* nor small in Jesus Christ, the Resurrec tion and the Life. Make our citizenship faithful to the inheritance of his work and. example. Do good in Thy good pleasure unto this Zion. Peace be within her walls and prosperity within her pal- [ aces. Let pure and undeflled religion prevail. Make her walls salvation and her gates praise. Make those who rule over us to be,just, ruling in the fear of God. that judgments may run down like a river and righteousness like a mighty stream. Rebuke iniquity in high places. Make it appear that Thou standest in the congregation of the mighty and judgest among the princes. Defend the poor and fatherless. Give bread to the hungry and justice to the afflicted and needy. Promote our Industries. Fill our homes with the; voice of joy and melody. Here enthrorle Thy word. And may the voice of the Lord cry continually unto the city. "Bless William Howard Taft. President of the United States, and all in authority, and so replenish them with Thy Spirit that their words and service may make this capital a fountain from whence shall flow the glad streams that shall make our land the city of righteousness, the holy place of the Most High. For Thy name's sake. Amen." Chairman Noyes' Tribute to "the Master Builder" Theodore W. Noyes, chairman of the Shepherd memorial committee and the presiding officer, made the introductory address, pointing to Alexander Robey Shepherd as the master builder of Wash ington and calling for a new Shepherd campaign for civic development. His sub ject was "Shepherd and the Ne ' Wash ington. as follows: Only an associate of Sh ph v/ho ; stood by his side in his year.; <>. three | struggle can picture the man whom we honor today with those personal, intimate characteristic touches which make the j perfect portrait. Many men of the New Washington, for whom I speak, may never have seen Shepherd?not even in the home comings of 1887 and 1895, when apparently all Washington turned out to greet him. Our impression of his great personality may spring from perusal of the pages of municipal history, or from the fireside tales concerning him told by our fathers or others of the local patriarchs. For ex ample,* my own conception of his char acter, his controlling motive, his true greatness, is derived largely (though not | entirely) from my father, who knew his inmost thoughts and plans, and who as a Arm friend and a loyal VV ashingtonian fought for him, and with him for Wash ington. , We of the younger generation can there fore portray Sh^plierd only in the broad est outlines, appreciating and emphasiz ing those traits In his make-up which stand out strikingly conspicuous, and which impress themselves indelibly upon the observer. Shepherd as determined force personi fied and Shepherd as In devoted loyalty the great and typical U ashingtonian will live forever, humanly speaking, In the minds of the men of Washington; as his phvsical aspect will be perpetuated by tuls monument of bronze and granite. The rugged lines of face and head and figure faithfully portrayed in thi-= statue suggest (what his whole life confirms) the man of power, of abnormal strength i and energy, of elemental dominating ; force. In his name the characteristic em- i Dliasis is upon Alexander, the conqueror, and not upon the Shepherd He was no ! gentle shepherd, as sung by the Roman poet, reclining in the shade of the wide- j spreading b*ech. and feeding milk to lamb?: but he was a warrior shepherd of the type of David of old, full of concen trated nervous energy, a man wno makes and overcomes enemks, a man who de lights to beat down obstacles?action in carnate, power personified. His Talk a Jlighty One. His labor of Hercules in Washington was the apparently impossible task of reconstructing the city physically and ot revolutionizing its relations to the na tional government against the active op position of a host of powerful enemies and against the fearful negative force of Inert'n local and national. His labor of i Hercules, in Mexico was to overcome the for.es of nature, to remove mountains ! and to extract from (hem their treasure i But as a test in measuring his strength, the form which his labors look is im i mate rial, lie is ot the type of the men of elemental force of all age?, who centuries apart and in widely varying environment have stamped the same im print of personal power upon tlie world 3 records. Strip these men of what is merely external and non-essential, and the bedrock foundation Is the same in all. Thev are the men of granite, the type of Inflexible will and unconquerable spirit; men who are masters in any emergency, against whom every force of opposition, however strong and unexpected, dashes itself harmlessly. The modem title of the master man is "Boss." Our "Boss" Shepherd is pe culiar among modern bosses in that the motive of his bossship was not mercenary self-seeking, but public spirit, civic pride, the wholesome ambition to promote the welfare of his native city. He was, how ever, undeniably "boss" in that his in domitable spirit was master of the situa tion In every emergency. Shepherd will also live in local his tory as the type of the loyal Washingto nian and throusrh this intense loyalty as the master builder of the greater Wasli inston. Shepherd's ambition, his controlling, ab sorbing purpose, was to raise his native city from the dust and to place it in the position of honor to which as the Na tional capital it was entitled. He burned with indignation at the sneers aimed by foreigners and other visitors at the de spised capital at a time when, through the repudiation of national obligations and through the limitation of cramped local resources and ideas the city was a nation al reproach. He saw the scanty popula tion of Washington's half dozen strag gling, wrangling villages staggering un aided under the burden of capital-making, broken down in the effort, helpless, hope less. He saw the nation, which had in the beginning undertaken this task and then abandoned It to the feeble local pop ulation, watching with indifference the latter's struggle and paralyzing local de velopment by holding constantly over the city's head the threat of capital removal. He recognized the only means of revolu tionizing these conditions, and he had the courage and the will to adopt this means and to follow it unflinchingly to success. The city was hemmed in. its development was checked, access to its heritage of na tional affection and pride was denied by obstructing walls built high through local shortsightedness and congressional neg lect. Shepherd became a mighty batter ing ram leveled at these obstructions. In the crash of the collision this engine was for a time overturned and broken, but Its work was done. The obstructing walls went down forever. They can never rise again. A True Washingtonian. In every atom of his make-up Shepherd was distinctly Washingtonlan. Born in the National capital, he gave the best of himself and of his powers to restore its birthright of beauty and honor and pros perity; he loved it, fought for it, sacri ficed and suffered for It; he compelled the nation to recognize and in part to fulfill its obligations to the nation's city; he ren dered impossible capital removal; and finally Washington has developed through the Shepherd-given impetus into the won derfully attractive capital of today of which the whole American nation Is proud. . , The men of the new Washington, whom I represent, can in no other way more greatly honor Shepherd than by catching the inspiration of his unselfish loyalty to his native city, his inflexible and irre sistible determination to substitute honor fo'r contempt in the world's opinion of that city, and by applying this force to the removal of present obstructions in Wash ington's path and to the upbuild.ng of the future capital. Shepherd s inspiring name and memory sound a trumpet cah to arms to all Washingtonians. We may not emulate him as the man of elemental force?that strength is God-given; but we can each of us in his own w-ay and ac cording to his power emulate him as the typical loyAl Washingtonlan. righteously indignant over the city's wrongs, battling ever for its rights and the rights of Its people, and in this war filled not merely with the conventional public spirit of en lightened selfishness, but. with Shepherd s spirit of devotion which drove him irre sistibly forward as the city's champion, sweeping aside all obstacles, careless of what happened to himself or to others if only the victory for Washington might bThe?new Washington, like the old, needs a Shepherd or a revival of the Shepherd spirit. Through fair play by Congress, local co-operation and an honest and etn cient municipal government much has been gained; but a vast deal remains to be accomplished. Another "Shepherd's Task." There is another Shepherd's task in the systematic adornment of the capital, in the development of the city's park system on the wisest lines, in mustering the Potomac and utilizing it to its full capac ity for the benefit of the health, trade and business prosperity of Washington. The capital as an educational center, as the seat of a great university, must be de veloped until It binds to itself with col lege ties and links of patriotic pride the affectionate interest of Innumerable rep resentatives of the rising generation In state of the l*nlon. In addition to the original capital there is suburban Washington?a new city?which must be supplied with model streets, sewers and other modern municipal equipment with out unjustly oppressing either its own peo ple or those of the old city. It is superfluous, however, in this gath ering to specify the many opportunities offered another Shepherd to promote the capital's material interests by making it notably more attractive, more healthful, more prosperous; to develop it vigorously as an educational, literary, musical and artistic center; to sratify Its High as pirations toward every form of in tellectual and moral uplift. The great National city is now building, and there is room for every notable contributor to the welfare of the expanding capital - whether In Congress or in the White House or among our own citizens?to erect for himself a conspicuous and en during monument as a creator or the Greater Washington. _ ^ Shepherd fought not only tor the ma terlal Washington, but for the Washing toman. Who in Shepherd's spirit will compel full recognition that the Greater WashiiiKton contain? not only streets, buildings, trees und parks, but men, with duties to perform and rights to be main tained? Since Shepherd's day. and to some ex tent through the influence of his labors, the scorned Washingtonians have, like the once-despised Washington, come part ly into their own. They are now gener ally recognized as by far the.largest con tributors to the upbuilding of the capital. They gave of their own property that the nation might practically own and ex clusively control a national city. They donated to the nation tive-sevenihs of the area of Washington. They gave the land from the proceeds of the salt"- of which the original public buildings were erected. Nearly all the work of street improve ment and capital making which was done for three-fourths of a century was done by them. Through disregard by the nation of its financial obligations to the capital the Washingtonians were in forced into bankruptcy in the public spirited attempt to bear alone the na tion's burden. In the same spirit they endured in the 70's the travail of the birth of the new Washington. They have paid their proportion of every national tax. direct and indirect. They pay more per capita In city taxation, as the census re ports 6how. than the average taxpayer In any of the ten American cities approxi mating Washington in size. They have risked life and shed their blood in every national war. As a border community Washington sent many of her sons to the south in the civil struggle; while to pre serve the Union the first volunteers came from the capital, and Washingtonians supplied more troops in excess of their quota than any s'.ate except one. In the recent war with Spain they sent to the front a fine regiment, far exceeding their quota in numbers. They have thus placed both sacrifice of treasure and blood-sac rifice upon the nation's altar. In modern times of peace the public spirit of the Washlngtonlan is ecvually in evidence whenever sacrifices of time or of energy or of money in the city's interest are required. No other American com munity responds more promptly or more liberaily in proportion to Its means to any call for aid for the distressed, wheth er in Russia or San Francisco or It&ly or at home. Our business and profes sional men, the educational, scientific, literary and artistic elements of our popu lation, our workingmen in public and pri vate employ, our department clerks and other government employes, our winter residents in process of conversion into Washingtonians, combine to constitute one of the strongest, most Intelligent, most public-spirited and most American communities in the whole republic. Embodies the National Spirit. When the Americanism of the Wash lngtonlan is slurred he is able to reply that, owing no allegiance to a state, he Is American and nothing else; American in a peculiar and exclusive sense?the most American and national of all Amer icans. The nation's city is the material embodiment of the national spirit. It has flourished and it hat sickened in proportion as that spirit has been strong or weak. It has been and is a vital, pa triotic harmonizing force in the republic's i history, bringing together in sympathetic | interest the people of the sections and the states and binding them together In the Grand Order of National Americans. The people of the National capital, with their record of practical and sentimental service to the nation as good Americans ' and through their city, as a unifying pa triotic force, and with their peculiarly high standard of Americanism, are clea' ly entitled to fair treatment by tiie nation, and surely deserve to be relieved from humiliating slurs and from disabilities not essential in the public interest which place them in certain respects on a lower plane than other Americans. What should be the objects of a new Shepherd campaign in behalf of the Washingtonian? First, he needs continued and ungrudg ing recognition by the nation and by Con gress of his public-spirited services as a capital builder, as a contributor in land and money, as a taxpayer and otherwise to the citv's development: lie needs faith ful fulfillment of the nation s own finan cial obligations hi respect to the cap ital. and very Nearly he needs relief from slanders upon his public spirit and from undeserved slurs as a mendicant. The Washlngtonlan is entitled to his good name. Second, he needs access for his sons to local means of self-support, that they may not be exiled in order to live. The establishment of light and clean manufactures like those of Paris and Vienna, and the development of local trade, wholesale and retail, must be en couraged. Then repeal or amend in the Interest of th" District the apportion ment of offices law. so that the youth of Washington. If the most meritorious of all applicants, may have ready access to the government departments and workshops, which for Washington take ALBAtrD&RlZJ&Er&BISDEZ the place of iron mills in Pittsburg and the cotton, woolen and shoe factories of many New Kngland cities. Congress by its policy of discouraging commerce and manufactures at the capital ex cludes all other great factories and workshops than its own, and then by the apportionment of offices law (a relic of the old spoils system, distributing of fices like bandits' plunder among the states in proportion v to their strength) shuts out the growing youth of the city from the classified service and from ac cess to the only local means of self support of this kind which it permits to exist. In the nation's city national work shops are local. Washington is ihe only community in the world where employ ment of the local youth in the local workshops, Instead of being encouraged, is prohibited; where the young man must go abroad in ordpr to become eli gible for employment at home. Third: He needs access on equal terms with other Americana to the federal courts; the same right to sue in a fed eral court as that enjoyed by the citizen of a state. Fourth: Without disturbing national control of the ten miles square he needs representation in accordance with American orinciples in the ?ational legislature, which exercises this exclusive control, and which may dispose of his property, his liberty, his life. This right, to secure which a constitutional amendment is held to be necessary, will be granted by the nation slowly and grudgingly. But when granted it will not necessarily weaken In the least the na tion's control of the National capital or reduce In the slightest its obligation to participate financially in the capital's de velopment; and it can hardly be denied when the District attains a half million population of intelligent, public-spirited Americans, the goal toward which it is now speeding. The Great Duty Ahead. Meanwhile the Washingtonian should be scrupulously protected in the meager vestiges of representation and participa tion in his own government and affairs which he now enjoys by custom or by law. He should endure i\o slurring dis crimination, new or old. which Is not clearly shown to be absolutely essential to the national welfare. In his inaui gural address, delivered March 4, 1841, under weather conditions which brought to him speedy death. President William Henry Harrison said: "It is in this Dis trict only where American citizens are to be found who under a settled system of policy are deprived of many important political privileges, without any inspiring hope as to the future. Their only con solation under circumstances of such deprivation is that of the devoted ex terior guards of a camp?that their suf ferings secure tranquillity and safety within. Are there any of their country men who would subject them to frrenter ?mcrlflcca, to any otheu humiliation!* than <!? owe emteutlally aeceanary to the Mecurlty of the object for which they i were thus separated from their felloM cltlrensf" To raise the capital and its people to the pinnacle of honor and prosperity on which Shepherd aspired to place them Washingtonians must struggle not only tor justice from the nation, especially as represented by Congress, but for har mony among themselves. The latter is, in fact, esfcential to the former, and both are necessary to the capital's victory. We must attack local inertia on the one hand and soften local discord on the other, bringing about harmonious and effective co-operation among ourselves. I When the Washingtonian. proud of his I city, and so loyal to it that he is ready to sacrifice personal prejudice in its be half. works shoulder to shoulder with all other Washingtonians in promotion of he city's welfare, the obstacles to tire I capital's advancement will disappear as if by magic; the national obligations will be fulfilled ungrudgingly and with pride, and Washington will extend to ihe far thest limits- of the District every charac teristic feature of a modern, model cap ital. Shall we not, then, enroll ourselves under Shepherd's standard in the patri otic order of "Modern Founders of the Newer and Greater Washington," weld ing the 300,000 Washingtonians into a unit, whose motto shall be. "All Wash tonians must stand together." and who shall labor in the true spirit of Shepherd for the animate as well as the inanimate Washington, for the men of the capital as well as its streets and buildings-, its parks and monuments? And when, building on Shepherd's foundation and inspired by his example, we have made a grand reality of the ideal capital of which he dreamed and for which he fought, we shall have erected to his memory another monu ment more enduring and more honor able even than that of bronze which we dedicate today with music and oratory and public rejoicings. Following Mr. Noyes' address, the Ma rine Band plajed "Some Day." by Wel lings. the cornet obligato being played by Arthur S. Whitcomb. "Shepherd and His Times," Theme of Mr. Mattingly "Shepherd and His Times" was the sub-' Jecl of the next address, by William F. C/NBAR^CCTLFTER Q,lNC0tNST Photo Mattingly. Irf presenting the speaker Mr. Noyes announced that the character of Mr. Shepherd would be adequately and accurately delineated by one who was very close to him in the days of his un appreciated labors. Before beginning his eulogy of Gov. Shepherd Mr. Mattingly paid his tribute to the memory of Crosby 8. Noyes, who. he said, was the best friend of the dead executive, and whose monument, an ex pression of popular appreciation, was In the District building nearby. Mr. Mat tingly said: Mr. Mattingly Gives Facts. < "Although conscious of my inability to do Justice to the subject assigned me on this occasion, it is gratifying to me. by a simple reference to facts, to make knofA to those of you who knew him not what kind of a man Shepherd was and some what of the difficulties with which he had to contend. "With so many monuments in this, the federal city erected in memory of heroea of war by a grateful nation, It is grati fying to realize that the residents of this municipality and friends of Shepherd have caused to be erected this monument to its civic hero, this fighter and con queror for the city of his birth. "He had to fight against the neglect, inattention and indifference of the Con gress to the duties assumed by the na tion for the benefit and welfare of the nation's capital: he had to fight against the inertia, fears, prejudices and appre hensions of many worthy and well mean ing citizens, and he had to arouse the dormant knowledge of the Congress and the people of thts District, of the fact that this was the capital city of the United States, a wealthy, powerful and growing nation, whose Constitution gave its Congress exclusive legislative jurisdic tion over it. "His ambition was to make the < apital city worthy of the nation, illustrative of its wealth, its power. Its advancement along the lines of education and progress, in the arts and sciences, and, in fact, in 'all that makes up civilization Itself. "Conscious of being right. of his own honesty of purpose, intention and thought, ! with grim determination he steadily pur | sued the course he had mapped out in ! spite of all opposition?in spite of the severest and bitterest criticism to which any man had ever been subjected; but sacrificing his personal comfort and per sonal fortune, he continued the fight and won. The world loves a fighter, and es pecially a victorious fighter. "This assemblage here today is evidence of the fact of public appreciation of the arduous services of the man and of a de sire In the hearts of the citizens of this District to make manifest in some vlsl i ble form this appreciation of a grateful j people. Shepherd and His Times. "And now. my friends, something of the man himself and the times during which he struggled. "He was born in this city January 31, At the age of seventeen he under took to learn the trade of a plumber. His opportunities io acquire what _ we or dinarily understand as an education were few; but with his wonderful brain op portunities for an education in tact, ac quired by contact with men, by observa tion, experience and thought, were many land were availed of by him, so that while he was not an educated man in a scholar ly sense, yet in the broader sense of that term he was educated. "In personal appearance he was a mas niflcent specimen of manhood. Tall, large of frame, with remarkable strength, broad forehead, rugged features, firmness expressed in mouth and chin, he attracted attention wherever he might be. In his presence you felt that a spirit of force emanated from the man. "He possessed that rare quality, which we often hear of, but seldom exrerience, of personal magnetism. He was quick in judgment and quk-k and energetic In ac tion: strong In his friendships and strong in his hatreds, yet with all gentle and forgiving in nature. Such Is a brief and somewhat unsa'lsfactory idea of the per sonality of the man. "In order to comprehend the situation I want briefly to call your attention to the condition of this city and District at the time of Shepherd's advent in municipal affairs. Original Plan of City. "Ti:e original plan of the city under the guidance of Washington and the genius and skill of 1/Enfant, the French en gineer, whom he had caused to be em jloytd, shows that its founders fully re alized and appreciated that in time it waft to be a magnificent capital city of a great and powerful nation. Hence Its eirctes, from which radiated broad avenues lii sectlng the ordinary numbered and le< tertd s;reett of the city, which lis found ers never intended nor expected that the newly born city, with a pojiuiaiion of a few thousand, would be able to develop and imorove. "CowrrfM authorized the construe tlon of a few flne and artistic public building* for tl-.e us# of the government, granted * municipal charter to the cltv of Waahing ton and. apparently having satisfied Its conscience that it had discharged its con stitutional duty, left the cil> to get along as bes*. it could, and continued Uils state of neglect until Shepherd's activities along the line of municipal and civ'.c improve ment caused it to wake up and take no tice. Three Municipal Bodies. "There were hrae distinct municipal legislative bodies in this District?a mayor, board of aldermen and common council for each of the cities of Wash ington and Georgetown and a levy court for the county outside of the two cities These municipal bodies had been able to do but little toward the improvement of a city laid out on such broad plam. Streets and avenues were unp?vcd. exeert with cobblestones In some instancea. Thr broad sidewalks were generally out of re pair: no general system of sewerage; the people disheartened by their inability to act and by what they regarded as the neglect of the general government Then came the civil war. attracting thousands to the city. Army and supply wagons and the activities which naturally centered here during the war left its highway at its close in a horrible condition, many of them utterly Impassable. filled with mud and muddy pools after every rain fall. ar.d In dry spells with every wind the dust was at times as thick as a Lon don fog. penetrating business places and homes snd human tempers The city authorities did what they could to remedy the' evils, hut could not do much. Its condition as the federal capital was mortifying to its citizens, was considered disgraceful by visitors from other sec tions of the country, and'by representa tives of other nations who were compelled to come here was regarded with con tempt and disgust. In fact, agitation for removal of the seat of government t?i some place in the west had begun snd was increasing in strength and Influence "Shepherd. In 18rt1. at the outbreak of the war. with the National Rifles of this city, volunteered his services under the call of the President for three months' service. This bare statement of fa>-t makes no Impression upon your mind* beyond that of knowledge of the fact, yet it Is suggestive of the character of the man? bold. Independent and self-re liant. At that time Washington was a southern city. The sympathy of the ma jority of its stable citizens was with ths south, and Shepherd's volunteering In the federal service and running for member ship of the common council on the repub lican ticket, when the city was under ths domination of the federal government, was not calculated to win for him the re gard of his fellow-citizens. At this ssd period, when bitterness of feeling and an tagonism were violent, he simply did what he deemed his duty to his country and the city of his birth demanded of him. regardless of breaking ties of friendship and consequences to himself. President of Common Council. "He was elected a member of the com mon council and was chosen president of that body. In 1867 he became a member of the levy court. "His attention being thus attracted to municipal affairs, he naturally took a broad view of the situation, and, deplor ing the disgraceful condition In which the city was, he concluded that a change In the form of municipal government was necessary, and determined If possible to bring it about. The basic Idea of his thought was that the administration of municipal affairs ought to be tied more closely to the national government?the closer the better. His own idea was that the government of the District ought, to be placed under one of the executive de partments of the United States, prefer ably the Department of the Inferior. But recognising that so radical a change at once might be impracticable and utterly fall, he railed a meeting of some half dozen progressive citizens and friends who were In sympathy with him to con sider the matter and consult as to the best means of accomplishing something practical in the betterment of municipal affairs. A line of action was decided on, and the result was that In 1800 a committee of cit izens was selected, of which Shepherd was a member, to draft a bill for the better government of the District. "In 1870 he became president of the Citizens' Reform Association, and was elected to the board of aldermen. At this time the population of this city was a little less than 110,000, and of the en tire District about 131,000. "This agitation for a change In the mu nicipal governments of the District re sulted In the act of Congrpss of February 21, 1871, whereby the District of Columbia was created a body corporate for munici pal purposes. The act provided for a governor, a secretary, a legislative as sembly consisting of a council of ateven members and a house of delegates of twenty-two members, a delegate to the House of Representatives and a board of public works. "To preserve the elective franchise the members of the house of delegates and the delegate to the House of Representa tives were to be elected by the qualified voters; the governor was ex-ofllcio presi dent of the board of public works. Ths eleven members of the council and all the other officials were to be appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate of the United 8tates. The act was to go into effect June 1. 1871. Henry u. Cooks was appointed governor and Alexander R. Shepherd vice president of the board of public works, and in 1873 he was ap pointed governor. "That you may appreciate what en sued I desire to call your attention to tw.? sections of this act of Congress relative to the board of public works. " "Section 77. The board of public works shall have entire control of and make all regulations which they shall deem neces sary for keeping in repair the .^Jfraets, avenues, alleys and sewers of tin, 'city, and gll other works which may be in trusted to their charge by the legislative assembly or Congress. " '8ectlon 78. They shall disburse upon their warrant all moneys appropriated by the United States or the District of Co lumbia or collected from the property holders In pursuance of law for the Im provement of streets, avenues, alleys, sewers and bridges.' Citizens Watched Experiment. "The new government being fully or ganized, tlie citizens watched, some with hope and confidence, others with appre hension and fear, to see how the experi ment would turn out. "Shepherd regarded this new municipal machinery as an instrument by means of which he could accomplish vast improve ments in the physical betterment of the city which he had long thought out and determined upon. By his strong per sonality he impressed hie associates and those who came in contact with hlni with the correctness of his views and their feasibility. He infused not only hope, but belief and enthusiasm. By his man hood, courage and strength of character he naturally dominated. "A bill was introduced in the legislative assembly providing for s. loan of $4,000. 000, evidenced by bonds' of that amount, to be used for public jMnpvements. The legislative assembly,i^^HFing thus early the principle of the ieTerendum, referred it to a vote of the citizens at an election to be held November 21, 1871. At the election It was approved almost unani mously. This was encouraging, and dem onstrated that the mass of the voter* were In full sympathy with the efforts to improve the Capital city and efface con ditions which had brought it into na tional disgrace. Begins Herculean Task. "Now began Shepherd's herculesn task, the doing of which is the cause of your being here today to b.mor the memory of the man who did it. "In the short space of three years a vast work was done. Sewers wer? laid. Miles of avenues and streets were graded and paved. The treA. which we now take so much pride in,~were planted. "The entire city was in a state of up heaval. He tore up the track of ths railroad from the south extended across Pennsylvania avenue at the foot of Cap itol Hill and running into the old station of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad on the north side of Pennsylvania avenue. "In the early morning hours lie tore down the old Northern Uberty market house, where now stands the beautiful Carnegie Library building. One Satur day night he nearly burled the depot of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad at the corner of New Jersey avenue and C atreci.