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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 01, 1909, Image 1

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THE EVENING STAR
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION.
i Oflce. lit* St. ud FeuayIrani* Anmm
The Swung Star Newspaper Compaay,
Eorepeac Office: 3 Rs(?nt at, London, Kaffiud.
New York Office. Tribune Bulldiflf ?
Ckieaco Office: First National Bank Suildiflff.
Tb?* Erenlnir Star, with th* Stmday m?rnia?
edition. If* delivered hy carriers wltMn the city
at .V> rents I'Pr month. Orders roar ^ ??nt by
mall "r telephone Main 2440. Collection L? made
fcy carrier at th* end o* each month.
By mall, poetaip'- prepaM:
Dailr. Simday Included. on* month, *?0 rent?.
Dally. Sunday excepted, one month -V) rent*.
Satarday Star. $1 year. Sunday Star. $1.50 year.
No. 37,781,
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1909-TWENTY-TWO PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
Weather.
Tartly cloudy and continued
warm tonight and Wednesday.
TUFT PRESSES KEY
OPENING EXPOSITION
Message of Congratulation
and of Hope for Success
Sent by President.
SENATOR PILES UTTERS
THANKS OF PROMOTERS
Tells of Great Western Empire Built
in Seventy-Five Years.
RESPONSE BY THE EXECUTIVE
Cabinet. Diplomats, Congressmen
and Newspaper Men Present at
Ceremony Held in East Room
of White House.
At 3 o'clock this afternoon, in the east j
room of the White House, in the presence
of a distinguished gathering of diplomats,
r -ongressmen and others. President Taft
opened the Alaska-Yukon Exposition at ,
Srattl^ l>y touching a gold key studded i
with g"ld nuggets taken from the first
mine in the Klondike.
A hearty cheer from the assembled
guests followed the flash of the electric
current to the other side of the conti
nent. As the hum of the great machinery
in the exposition ground;- was heard by
the officials of the exposition tiiere ai
rived for them a message of greeting and
cheer fiom tlie < hief executive of the
1 riited States.
Telegram From President.
The message, which followed quickly on
the heels of the current that put every
thing to work, was as follows:
The, White House,
Washington, June 1, lfx*?.
J E. Chilberg, President, Alaska
Yukon-PaciBc Exposition, Seattle,
Wash.:
I congratulate you and your asso
ciates on this auspicious opening of
the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition,
and 1 congratulate the people of the
great northwest on the courage and
enterprise they have shown in bring
ing it forth.
The exposition, designed as it is to
exploit the natural resources and mar
velous wealth of Alaska and the d?i
\elopment of trade and commerce on
the Pacific slope, should appeal not
only to the people of the west, but to
the people of the country at large.
I trust it will fully meet the ex
pectations of those to whose untiring
energies it owes its birth, and that it
will prove a source of instruction and
education to its thousands of visitors.
WILLIAM H. TAFT.
To this message of the President there
was instant and grateful reply from the
officials of the exposition, thanking him
for his service and his congratulations. A
more formal and extended response trom
the exposition was made to the Presi
dent by Senator Piles of Washington.
Senator Piles Responds.
Responding to words of encouragement
to the progressive people of the great
northwest, spoken by President Taft after
i:e had touched the key which set in /no
tion the machinery of the exposition,
Senatoi I'iles of Washington voiced the
thank?- of tiie people of the Pacific coast
tor thus naugurating the fair, which he
said "opens in perfect readiness at the
time appointed and which has thus, at
the outset, scored a success not achieved!
i>> another exposition."
Retracing brieflx the early history of
the northwest country fr<?m the time the
terst wr.it>-1 women, young missionary
brides or Marcus Whitman and Henry
Spaulding i ro.-sed the Ro^ky mountains j
with their husbands and with them took
possession, in the name ot (iod. of the
"fertile valleys that lay to the west
waid." down to the present day, Mr.
Piies spoke with much enthusiasm.
Empire Built in Seventy-Five Years.
?"This exposition will fcive an ?i u ai
demonstration of the empire liwit has
grown up in a wilderness in less than
seventy-five years," he said. "Railroads
have tunneled the supposedly impassable
mountains. Our commerce is borne upon
cvrrv sea and our products are found in
every mart of trade. Cities, towns and
villages have sprung into existence as if
by magic?all within the brief span of
human life.
"We seek to unveil the jnarvetous
wealth and limitless resources of Alaska,
the Yukon territory and tue stales and
provinces of the Pacific slope and to
emphasize the importance and future pos
sibilities of the commerce of the Pacific
ot ean and of the countries bordering
thereon.
"The exposition represents an expendi
ture ot $10,?f?>,OOo. The grounds are
Ideally situated between two beautiful
lakes, in full view of some <>f the loftiest
arid most picturesque mountains in the
wor d Here nature and art blend in per
fect unison.
"Ennobling and inspiring a;- other ex
positions have been, this one will point
out to our countrymen a grander destiny
for the whf n- republic, a higher hope for
all toe race."
President Expresses Good Wishes.
President Taft made l>rief reply to the
speech, again expressing his best wishes
lor the success ot the exposition and his
belief tii.it tins s .it i t-.-a would be boun
tiful.
Among i mist- present in the t*.?st room
to witness the cercmonj were the mem
bers ??l the President's cabinet many
member-- ot tin- diplomats corps, Mrs
rait. c I' Taft, w i ?> is> here visiting his
biothi: Sit ctary Fre? 1 Carpenter, the
sc.-; ? i- and :? preventatives from Wash
ington. the de'.^ates in Congress from
Alaska, the Philippines ;?nd Hawaii, news
; ape-t rt ] rescntatix? s and correspondents.
Completed Exposition Opens;
Ceremonies According to Book
SEATTLE. Wash.. June 1.?Preceding
Piesident Taft's signal in the White
House, setting in motion the machinery
oi' the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition,
the exercises at the world's^ fair grounds
were earned o.it with military precision.
The exposition gates were Opened at
>?:.*>> o'clock At *.?.'!?? troops from the
I'nlted States army and navy, the Jap
anese cruisers, A??? and Soya, and tie.
state militia paraded through the grounds
(Continued on Second Pa;-c.)
ACTION IS POSTPONED
Shipp and Fellow Prisoners
Before Supreme Court.
ALLOWED THIRTY DAYS
Granted Leave to Petition for a
Rehearing.
CASE GOES OVER TO NEW TERM
Supreme Court Closes Its Present
Term and Adjourns Until Sec
ond Monday in October.
In the cases of former Sheriff Shipp and
his deputy, Jeremiah Gibson, and of An
ther Williams, Nick Nolan. Henry Pad
gett and William Mayes, all of Chatta- j
nooga, Tenn.. charged with contempt of j
the Snpreme Court of the 1'nited States in j
connection with the lynching in of
j a negro named Kd Johnson, the court to- ?
' day postponed the passing of sentence to i
permit the prisoners to file petitions for a ]
rehearing The cases therefore go over i
until next term, the prisoners remaining ,
out on bond.
The corridor outride the courtroom was
densely crowded with persons filled with i
a desire to pet a view of the snx princi- '
pals in the unusual case. Only a few of
them, however, were a hie to get inside, j
as the space was almost entirely taken !
up by attorneys and congressmen, includ
ing the delegation from Tennessee. In
the throng outside t\as a negro who was
loud in charges of discrimination regard
ing admissions. It was observed that but
two negroes, and they practicing attor
neys. were in the court.
Defendants Appear.
Shortly before noon I'nited States Mar-i
shal Dunlap of the east Tennessee dis- j
trict, brought the prisoners to the court j
and they were assigned seats in the rear |
of th% room. ' hen the juMiees had
taken their accustomed places. Chief Jus
tice Fuller beckoned to the defendants to
come forward Marshal Wright of the
court announced that in obedience to the
writ attachment lie produced the bodies
of the accused men. ?
Solicitor General Blowers, representing
the Department of Justice, moved for
sentence, but Messrs. Chamlee, Clift and
Shepherd of counsel for the men called
attention to the fact that they had seen
the opinion of the court only a few min
utes before and asked leave to tile a pe
tition for a rehearing. The request was
opposed by the solicitor general, but Chief
Justice Puller announced that the court
would take the request under advise
ment.
The Request Granted.
Thereupon the justices withdrew for
a conference, at the end of which Chief
Justice Fuller announced that it had
been decided to grant the request, thir
ty days being allowed in which to file
the petition. The defendants in the
meantime were remanded to Tennessee
for a renewal of their binds. The case
in consequence now goes over until the
next term of the court.
In connection with the motions for
permission to file the petitions for a
rehearing an amusing incident occurred,
which caused even the members of the
court to smile. Attorney Chamlee. rep
resenting Williams, who is said to be in
the liquor business, called attention to
the prohibition law of Tennessee, which
is about to go into effect. "If your
honors please." he said, "my client in
this case is not in any business of eon
sequence to others, but it Is a matter
of very much importance to him. At
this stage of the game a little delay of
thirty or sixty days will be of much ad
vantage to him. because he would be in
bankruptcy if yon send him away now.
For instance, last Monday he only heard
of this decision. Down in Tennessee
we are expecting a long drought in the
liquor business, and lie wants time to
I prepare for it."
SUPREME COURT ADJOURNS.
Justice Harlan Celebrates His Sev
enty-Sixth Birthday.
The Supreme Court of the I'nited
States today closed its present term and
adjourned until the second Monday in next
October. With the exception of Justice
Moody, who was aBsent on account of
an atta'-k of rheumatism, all the mem
bers of the court were in attendance on
today's session, and ail seemed in high
spirits over the prospect of a long rest
from their labors. Included in this cate
gory \va Justice Harlan, notwithstand
ing he is suffering somewhat from a re
cent fall. Justice Harlan today cele
brated his seventy-sixth birthday and
when attention was called tp the fact ho
replied that lie felt "just as spry as he
had felt any time for many years." He
will leave Saturday for his summer home
at Murray ba>.
To Prevent Pollution of the Hudson.
On behalf of the government of the
United States, the Attorney General today
presented In the Supreme Court a petition
for a perpetual injunction against the
Bronx river swwer commission of New
York, prohibiting them from permitting
the discharge of the sewayo of the Bronx
river valley sewerage district into the
waters of the Hudson river.
The bill is similar to that filed by the
state of New York against the state of
New Jersey in the case of the Passaic
valley sewerage district.
In his complaint the Attorney General
calls attention to tiie already badly pol
luted condition of the New York bay. and
sa\s that "any further contamination,
especially in such bulk. a:id to be dis
charged in one place as contemplated and
1 planned, will render conditions more In
tolerable and tend to prevent the ready i
{assimilation of the sewage already enter
irig those waters.
The Attorney General also declares that
" in the light of modern sanitary science
and engineering methods there are other,
i better and more advanced methods for
tie disposal of sewage than those pro
1 posed l>\ the Bronx river valley sewer
commissioners, so that the methods
adopted for such sewage disposal to the
manifest and continued injury of com
merce and navigation, the public health
of the port and the property of the I'nited
States were not necessary."
Against Interstate Commission.
! The test case of the Southern Railroad
Company against the interstate commerce
contmission. involving the right of the
commission to tix the charge for the re
; consignment of hay shipped through Kast
St. l.ouis, was decided today by the Su
preme Court against the commission
Slight Earthquake at Panama.
i PANAMA. June 1?A slight earth
i quake shock was felt here about o'clni-k
j \ esterda\ afternoon and again about 7
, o\ lock la.'t evening a much stronger
i movement occurred. No damage nas been
| reported. The weather is extraordinarily
j hut. '
Philadelphia Transit Company;
Makes Big Effort. J
SENDING OUT MORE CARS
Steam Roads Carry 90 Per Cent
"Outlying" People.
DISORDER IN CITY'S CENTER.
Sympathizing Metal Workers Hurl
Rivets, Bolts and Nails From
Tall Building on Crowd.
Sjtpoinl l>isr?ati-b to The Star.
PHILADELPHIA, June 1.?For the first
time since the unk>n carmen of the Phila
delphia Rapid Transit Company went on
strike there was disorder in the city's
center. Tills afternoon at T.:U? o'clock a
crowd attacked the mot<>rman and con
ductor of a car at 10th and Market streets
within !?*> yards of the ciry hall and
under the shadow of the biggest depart
ment store in Philadelphia. Prom the
top of a huge addition to the store, iron
workers hurled steel rivets, iron bolts and
nails down on the crowd.
One of the bolts struck Poilce ("apt.
Callahan on the head, injuring him pain
fully. and another missile knocked a
mounted tpoliceman froiti his saddle. Half
a score of persons in the crowd around
the car were cut by nails or bruised by
the heavy bolts.
The police took drastic measures to
curb the disorder. They rode their horses
through the crowd at a gallop, and the
footmen used their clubs right and left.
Women fainted in the crush and men
fought wildly to escape.
Sending Out More Cars.
Extraordinary efforts are bens: made to
day by the Philadelphia Rapid Transit
Company to increase the number of cars
in operation. While the service is still
badly crippled, less than .V) per cent of
the cars being in operation, conditions are
slightly improved. Several hundred new
men, brought from other cities and picked
up here since the strike was inaugurated
last Saturday, have been put to work un
der the protection of the police.
In all parts of the KiO square miles of
the city people who under ordinary con
ditions never walk to or from their places
of employment are walking, most of them
compelled to do so hecause of the lack of
transportation facilities, but thousands
from choice through sympathy for the
men. The Reading, Pennsylvania and
Baltimore and Ohio railroads are carry
ing more than 5)0 per cent of the people
from the outlying sections. Each com
pany lias opened new ti< ket windows and
extra equipment has been drawn from
other sections' to handle the increased
traffic. There has been no effort made
on either side to the struggle or by third
parties to end the strike by ordinary
means. The company is continuing its
policy of hiring men wherever it can to
take the strikers' places*; the strikers are
doing all in tiieir power to cripple the
service.
The officials still believe they will break
the strike without conceding anything to
the men, and the strikers are equally pos
itive they will gain something from tlie
company before the strike ends.
Policemen in the Cars.
The -It\ during the early hours of the
day was qui?*t. Two to four policemen
accompany every car sent out from the
barns. Scores of arrests were made yes
terday of disorderly persons and heavy
bail was demanded in each case.
,\t m o'clock the company issued a
statement tuat ."?pi cars were in operation
at that hour. 1<n- more than at the same
t me e?ti-ida> The statement also said
that the additional cats were being oper
ated 1>\ o iner e:iip'"vcs of the company.
Strikebreakers and motormen from
otlic:- < were ;<u! to work yesterday
in an effuil to break the strike. Not
THE JUNE BRIDE.
withstanding these importations, not a
tar left any of the barns after 8 o clock
last night. and at lO o'clock the last car
had been taken off for the night.
Incensed at the bringing' of the strike
breakers here sympathizers of the strik
ing street car men made demonstrations
at the barns where the new men are
quartered, and many arrests were made
by the police. Most of the prisoners were
charged -with nothing more serious than
calling the working motormen and con
ductors names. Considering the number
of men on strike there have lyen remark
ably few acts of violence.
Mayor Reyburn says lie will swear in
ten thousand extra policemen, if nece?
sary, and keep the cars rnnnlng for the
convenience of the public. The public
will be accommodated, the mayor said,
if the city has to take over the transit
company's lines and run them itself with
the firemen, the police and the extra po
lice. _ w
At a meeting of strikers John J. Mur
phy. president of the Central Labor Union
pledged the support of the Central Labor
Union to the trolley men. "If the Rapid
Transit Company don't come to time by
Thursday." he said, "there will be a gen
eral strike declared by Friday. We will
parade Hroad street Saturday and show
them our strength.
"The elevated and subway men, as well
as the power house men. are about ready
to join us. and as for my own union, the
1 metal workers, I can say that if they
don't get in line I will let the lights go
! out.'' , ,
A crowd of strike sympathizers-attacked
! l^eslie Snow, a motorman of the l?th
street and Snyder avenue barn, last night.
Snow drew a revolver and fired five bul
lets into the crowd, but no one was se
riously injured. The police rescued the
motorman in time to save him from se
rious injury.
APPLY FOB POSITIONS.
Thousand Men in New York Seek
Strikers' Places.
NEW YORK. June 1.?More than 1 ono
men made application at a local employ
ment office today for work on the Phila
delphia transportation lines in the places
left vacant by the strikers. The local
agents were instructed to engage men.
More than half that number were employ
ed before noon and will leave for Phila
delphia this afternoon under the guard of
special policemen employed by the rail
road companies. Six hundred conduc
tors were sent from here yesterday and
tod;?\ the men wanted were motormen.
; joo for the trolley lines, 'JOO for the sub
way and -*00 fur the/power houses. The
agents said today that they would have
no difficulty in getting experienced men
and that the remaining needed would
probably he sent to Philadelphia tonight.
RESIST TRIAL Of LIBEL SUIT
SMITH AND WILLIAMS OPPOSE
REMOVAL TO DISTRICT.
Correspondent Who Wrote Objection
able Articles Denies He Had
Orders From Superiors.
INDIANAPOLIS. June 1.-Charged with
having committed criminal libel in pub
lishing articles charging that there was
| corruption in the purchase of the Panama
canal by the United States. Del avail
Smith and Charles R. Williams, owners
of the Indianapolis News, appeared be
fore Judge Anderson in the United States
district court today, resisting the effort
of the government to remove them for
trial to the District of Columbia.
Stuart McNamara. assistant United
States attorney for the District of Co
kimbia. made the government's opening
statement. Mr. McNamara asked that
Judge Anderson, sitting as a committing
magistrate, make an order removing
Smith and Williams to the District of
Columbia for trial.
Ferdinand Winter, for the defense,
maintained that the indictment was de
i fective on its face, that the offense was
i not one in which the defendants could be
i removed from their own United States
I district to another for trial.
! He called the first witness. Ernest L.
Lewis, a staff correspondent for the In
' dianapolis News. Mr. Lewis testified that
I he was at the national republican and
democratic headquarters in Chicago in
! October of 1008. and that there was gos
sip of the conditions of the transfer of
tlie Panama Canal Zone to the United
States.
He took no notice of the matter in his
dispatches to his paper until after the
publication in a Chicago newspaper of a
cable from Paris bearing on the subject.
He said he had no instructions from the
defendants as to his course in reporting
these rumors and allegations.
HI IS DELIGHTED
Japanese Admiral Elated Over
Reception Here.
LEFT FOR NEW YORK TODAY
Hard to Equal Hospitality of the
Country, He Says.
SPEAKS FOR SELF AND WIFE
Tells of Academy Days at Luncheon
for Him by Secretary Meyer.
Meets Old Classmates.
Vice Admiral the Baron Sotokiohi and
the Baroness l.'riu, escorted by Ambassa
dor and Baroness Takahira and the en
tire staff of the Japanese embassy; also
members of the class of '81, IJhited States
Naval Academy, left in a special train
at 1 o'clock this afternoon on the Penn
sylvania railroad for New York. Reach
ing "J3d street, New York, the entire
; party will go at once to the Hotel Astor,
where they will be the quests of honor
at a dinner to be given them by the
Japan Society of New York. Admiral
Urlu. when asked of his ideas of Ameri
can hospitality, said today:
"The last two days have passed so
swiftly. We have nut had a moment of
time to ourselves, and both the baron
ess and myself feel that it would be hard
to e<jual the hospitality of this great
country.
"Your Secretary of the Navy tendered
to me yesterday a luncheon which I shall
always recall as beinj one of the pleas
j ant est official functions 1 have ever at
j tended. 1 know him to be a most de
| lightful gentle-man. We had a most en
tertaining chat, I assure you. And last
evening both the baroness and myself
were overcome with the spontaneous good
will shown to us by so many of our new
friends that we have met in Washing
ton. I refer, of course, to the most de
lightful reception tendered us by my
classmate, Mr. W. J. Weeks, and Mrs.
Weeks.
"While it has been almost impossible
for me to even answer n fraction of the
many kind expressions of good will that
have been written to me and to accept of
the countless invitations given to the
baroness and myself. I wish to take this
opportunity before leaving Washington of
thanking the Individuals who have so
contributed to our happiness as to remem
ber us by these kind Invitations."
Reminiscent at Luncheon.
Vice Admiral Urlu, graduate of the
I'nited States Naval Academy at Annapo
lis. class of '81, declared last night that
"the recollection and the memories of old
school days Is a pleasure than which none
greater has come to me as a result of my
present \Msit to this country."
At a luncheon given in his honor yes
terday afternoon by Secretary of the
Navy Meyer, Baron Urlu had the oppor
tunity of chatting remlniscently of his
Naval Aoademy days when he had met
some of Ifis classmates, whom he had not
seen for more than twenty-five years.
Among those present were the Japanese
ambassador. Admiral Dewey and other
prominent American naval officers and
naval attaches from some of the embas
sies and legations here.
Admiral Uriu expressed last night his
deep appreciation of the warmth of the
reception which has been tendered him
by the American people, and his face
beamed with especial pleasure as he spoke
of his delight in renewing after so many
years his American school-day friend
ships.
Tonight the admiral will he the guest of
honor at a dinner to be given in New
York city by the Japanese Society of
New York, after which he will return to
Washington and remain until June 5.
Representative Lowden Better.
CHICAGO. June 1.?Although Repre
sentative Frank O. Ixjwden has been a
patient at the Presbyterian Hospital in
this city for two weeks the fact did not
become generally known until today, when
preparations were made for his return to
his home in Ogle county within a day or
two. Hi? illness, it is said, was not of a
grave character.
Committees of Congress Hear
About City Planning.
TELL OF PRACTICAL SIDE
Speakers Explain Application to
Washington, D. C.
CHANGE IN TAXATION SYSTEM
Suggestion That Joint Committee of
Senate and House Be Appointed
to Investigate.
The member.' of the District committees
of the Senate and the House listened
this morning to interesting facts and
fieures concerning the practical side of
Hty planning, with special reference to
its app^catlon to Washington, from Ben
jamin C. Marsh, executive secretary of
the committee on congestion of popula
tion in New York city. After giving a
complete review of city planning in va
rious parts of the world Mr. Marsh, who
was in charge of the exhibit at the Ra
leigh Hotel last week, made a number
of suggestions as to the operation of a
scheme for the District.
He pointed to the fact that legislation
would be needed to secure an adequate
city plan, to deal with conditions in tlie
area now. comprised in the District and
with adjacent areas which may be In
corporated later, and with the wage
question as affecting the workingman.
Struggle for Existence.
Mr. Marsh said he had found by ex
amination of the statistics on the subject
that there were many employes of the
Government in Washington working f<jr
less than $700 a year, which, he declared,
showed, according to the report of Presi
dent Roosevelt's home commission, a seri
ous struggle for existence. In New York,
he said. It had been found that a salary
of $W0 a year is necessary to enable a
workingman with a wife and three child
ren under the working age to live de
cently. The figure set by the President s
commission was $720 a year.
Regarding the building plans. Mr.
Marsh made a number of suggestions on
the matter of laying aside certain areas
'or detached houses for worgingmen, re
strictions as to the character of apart
ment houses erected, width of streets,
conversion of alleys into streets and regu
lation of the size of city blocks.
System of Taxation.
The system of taxation, he said, must
be changed by legislation to insure the
payment by lands which show a large in
crease in value of a fair -and appropriate
share of the expense of the government,
a careful study of the assessment of land
values, and to necessitate the recording of
the actual price paid for land in the Dis
trict by incorporation in the deed of
transfer. The fact that in certain sections
of Washington the increase in the price
of land is phenomenal makes it manifestly
unjust. Mr. Marsh told the members of
the two committees, that a uniform tax
rate should obtain.
As to the method of securing houses for
workingroen Mr. Marsh said:
"The wages of day or unskilled laborers
may be raised. The possibility of rais
ing the wages of the federal and District
emploves has been discussed and the need
indicated. This, However, would not nec
essarily affect the wages of the tens of
thousands of workers not engaged in the
government service. The minimum fair
wage for a married man with a family is
apparently $720 a year. This is the onb
permanent solution of the problem with
the present cost of houses and food, and
it would not suffice if there must also be
exploitation by the landlord and trusts.
As to Charity Homes.
"The suggestion for providing charity
homes is an unfortunate one, since it
means subsidizing the workingman and
is practically charity in place of wages.
The Sanitary Homes Company can secure
a net profit of only 4 per cent upon
houses which they can rent at prices
within reach of the workingman.
"Congress may authorize the District
to erect houses for workingmen and
charge the deficit to "outdoor relief" for
landlords and trust magnates.
"The same objections hold aside from
any constitutional objections of the erec
tion of houses at a non-commercial profit
bv tiie municipality as to their erection
bv private charity. In both cases it is an
insidious method of aiding and abetting
unfair profits, but only one ot the three
methods suggested seem inevitable to
gether with regulations of the prices ot
shelter, food and clothing.
Suggests Joint Committee.
"In conclusion I would suggest that the
District committees of the Senate and
House appoint a Joint committee to in
vestigate the subjects following.
"First?The methods of assessing prop
erty, especially land, in the District.
"Second?The returns net upon land
and various improvements in the District,
methods of taxing land and condemning
land.
? Third?The results upon wages of gov
ernmental action in erecting houses for
working men at a non-commercial profit.
"The interests of Washington would
be thoroughly subserved by this triple
investigation, which has not as yet been
undertaken thoroughly and which will
deal with the fundamental problems of
municipal organization and the effects
of municipal activities, as well as the
results of what is commonly regarded
as unfair exploitations of land. I would
not attempt to anticipate the conclu
sion of the same to the committee, but
the findings would be of most value,
and the ascertaining of the facts to be
studied is fundamental to a fair solu
tion of the problems of city planning."
Allen D. Albert, jr., also addressed the
members of the two committees on the
necessity of restriction of buildings in
the District.
WANT TO CENSOR THE DRAMA.
Movements of the Chicago Branch of
Actors' Church Alliance.
CHICAGO. June 1.?A movement in
Chicago to censor the drama is about to
be inaugurated by the Chicago branch of
the Actors' Church Alliance, which is
now established in all the large cities of
the United States. Its membership in
cludes not only members of the theatrical
profession but ministers and laymen in
terested In development of the drama as
a powerful agent in the solution of edu
cational and social problems.
At the annual meeting of the Chicago
branch it was decided to establish as a
permanent feature a discussion of all
modern plays presented in Chicago as
to their moral and social features and
giving the theatergoers public and un
prejudiced criticism.
Dolliver Would Not Be Told He
Read "Importer's Brief."
INDIGNANT AT ALDRICH
His Recriminating Charge Denied by
Finance Chairman.
COTTON GOODS CAUSE TROUBLE
Iowan and Rhode Islander Apologize
to Each Other and Agree Not to
Say Harsh Things.
Some harsh words were indulged In this
morning in the Senate by Senator Dol
liver of Iowa, one of the leader* of ths
republican insurgents, and Senator Aid
rich. chairman of the finance committer,
over the cotton goods schedule in the
Payne-Aldricli tariff bill.
An appeal to the rules of the Senate
was made by Mr. Dolliver. Mr. Aid
rich charged him with reading "th^
brief of a foreign importer" against the
committee amendments to the cotton
goods rates.
The Iowan declared he would not per
mit the chairman of the committee to
say that agaiij. It was absolutely false,
he asserted.
Mr. Dolliver had observed, sarcastical
ly. that Marion Devries, chairman of
the board of general appraisers at ths
por* of New York, had made the new
cotton goods rates which the .ommit
tee was seeking to have adopted. Mr.
Aldrich got angry and asserted that "the
senator from Iowa had no right to make
any such assertions.
Mr. Aldrich Explains.
Mr. Dexries and other members of the
board had come here by direction of the
President, he said, and had given valua
ble assistance to the committee. They
had never seen the provisions in question
until after they were completed by the
commitee, he stated.
Furthermore. Mr. Aldrich said, no one
had been consulted by the committee be
fore it took action of which Mr. Dolliver
was complaining of substituting graded
specific rates for the Dingley ad valorem
rates.
"The honorable senator from Rhode
Tsland," retorted Mr. Dolliver, with fine
sarcasm, "cares more for the reputation
of the chairman of the board of general
appraisers at the port of New York than
he does for a colleague in this chamber,
concerning whom he has used language
unbecoming in this chamber, and unbe
coming in gentlemen In the service of this
government."
Mr. Aldrich replied that he had no In
tention of so addressing the senator from
Iowa.
i know it has become a habit With the
senator from Rhose Island," retorted Mr.
Dolliver. ?
"If I have made any Improper state
ments, I shall apologise and withdraw
them," said Mr. Aldrich.
Mr. Dolliver accepted the apology, and
declared that if Mr. Aldrich would agree
never again to charge him with holding
the brief of a foreign importer and credit
him with having spent many years study
ing the tariff question, just as Mr. Al
drich had. he would not again refer to
the action of the finance committee as
concocted by gentlemen In New York.
All Fixed Up.
The chairman of the committee did not
reply. But he smiled, and the unpleas
antness apparently passed over.
The whole trouble came about because
Mr. Dolliver offered an amendment to one
of the cotton goods paragraphs restoring
the Dingley 25 per cent ad valorem rate
on cotton cloth containing not more than
50 threads to the square inch. He charged
the committee with having increased the
rate in 70 per cent of the cotton schedule
by substituting a graded specific rate, and
then of denying it and trying to cover
it up.
Mr. Aldrich asserted that there was t*?
increase over the intent of the Dingley
act. Mr. Dolliver replied that the table
of estimated revenues which the commit
tee's experts had prepared itself dis
closed the fact.
Senator I>a Follette of Wisconsin agreed
with Mr. Dolliver. and claimed that on
some of the cloths in question the duty
had been increased 1W> and 200 per cent
by the committee's action.
Mr. Dolliver proposed to go through
the entire schedule and restore the ad
valorem Dingley rate on this class of
goods wherever it had been str.icken out
by the committee.
Thread Amendments Agreed To.
Taking up the cotton schedule as the
first tariff matter for consideration to
day, Mr. Aldrich proposed amendments
reducing from 25 to 20 per cent ad val
odem the minimum duty that may be
charged on spool thread of cotton, cro
chet, darning, embroidery, cottons on
spools, etc . and from 20 to 15 per cent
the minimum on cotton thread and carded
yarn, etc. These amendments were agreed
t0The clash between Senator Aldrich and
Senator Dolliver occurred almost as soon
as the senator from Iowa attempted to
obtain agreement to an amendment of
fered by him to replace with ad valorem
rates a line of specific rates on cotton
cloth, not bleached, dyed, mercerized, col
ored, stained or printed.
Speaking on the cotton schedule. Sena
tor Smoot sought to demonstrate by
elaborate argument that the amend
ments made by the Senate committee do
not increase the average equivalent ad
valorem duties contemplated by the
Dingley law. He declared that the cor
rectness of that statement in all its
comprehensiveness can be shown to al
most a mathematical cer:ainty.
Answering criticisms that the changes
had been approved by importers and
manufacturers of cotton goods. Mr.
Smoot said that the amendments pre
pared under direction of the finance
commits were in language meeting the
approval of members of the committee
after a most careful consideration of the
subject and without regard to who may
have suggested ?he' particular phrase
ology. . .
Pertinent suggestions were accepten.
be said, whether they came from manu
facturers, importers, members of th?
ways and means committee of the
House, customs officials or other ex
perts.
Dingley Law Evaded.
"The fact that manufacturers or Im
porters express satisfaction with exist
ing laws in no sense controls the efforts
of the committee." said Mr. Smoot. It
tequires no exercise of Intelligence to
know that su<h. in many cases, might
prove absolutely fatal.
"Upon examination of the cotton sched
ule of the Dingley law. as administered
todav. it was found vastly different fro"*
that' contemplated by the Congress when
enacted and as administered for severs!
years immediately after enactment
??It was ascertained by the cominitte?
that, by a constant process or ?" ml na
tion of certain of its provisions in

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