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If HE EVENING STAB.
With Sunday Morning ?ditto*. WASHINGTON. i SATURDAY June 86, 1909 THEODORE, W. NOTES Editor Entered ?? second-claw mall matter at the pert office at WasklBgten, P. 0. rEE STAS has ? regular ul p?nut* rent Family Circulation mueh mora than tha combined circulation of the other Washington dalllea. As a ViWl and Advertising Kadi am it kM so competitor. C7Zn order to avoid diltyi on account ef personal absence letters to tu btab should not be addressed to any Individual connected with the ofloe, but simply to TXS STAB, or to tha SdltorUl or Business Department, acoordiag to tenor or purpose. The President's Tariff Course. Sain*1 criticism Is heard of the Presi dent's rourfr in the tariff matter. Why did he not take a liand from the day < 'oiiBrPM assembled In extra session? "Why did he not go into details' in his first message to that body? Why when he *aw that the Senate was disposed to re vise t!-? House bili upward did he not send for the republican members of the finance romtnittee and put them on no tice that he would indorse no such pro cedure? Why this. that, and the other? And we are only three months distant ifrom the Roosevelt administration! And Fome of this criticism comes from men find newspapers with records of the se verest renstire of everything Mr. Roose velt did while President! They ex hausted th? accepted vocabulary, and coined new words, in denouncing the In tel ferenre by the man In the White 'jlo^iso with the business of Con press. Why did he not keep his hands r?ff? What right had he under the Con Hit ut ion, or good precedent, to be bully ing. or lobbying with, senators and rep resentatives as respected their official duties? I jet him attend to his own af fair*. Congress was not Intended to be in leading strings' to the executive. He exhausted his full power in recommend ing measures, and then in vetoing such actions by Congress as failed to meet his approval. .Vow the very coursc laid down In this criticism is the course Judge Taft as President has pursued. He called Con gress together In the redemption of the party's pledge, and recommended a re vision of the tariff. He was not expected to submit a bill, and did not. It was for ? ongress to shape the measure, and he knew, unofficially, that a bill prepared under the order of the previous House was ready for Introduction. The bill was promptly Introduced, and since then the lawmakers have been occupied with it. While the President has not interfered, he has kept fully abreast of the news, and has heard no little of it from the men making it. Many senators and represent atives have visited him?not by Invitation, hut o? their own motion?and discussed the" steps that have been-taken. He has listened with interest, but he has. not committed himself specifically a* to the schedules. He will be as free-handed in passing upon them when the time comes ?.< Congress has been in preparing them. Is not this best for the country, and heat far the President's party? ' If the President signs the bill he will associate himself by that act with the praise or the ?Mame that may follow. If the bill ig a failure It will not be in the power of its makers to excuse themselves to their con stituents by saying that they yielded ta threats or cajoleries at the White House. Clothes, Comfort and Statecraft. Vice President Sherman is exciting the envy of his fellow statesmen at the Sen ate wing of. the Capitol by his attire. He has put on a suit of comfortable, if inelegant, clothes, a sort of light-weight denim, that he declares is the ideal garb for hot weather. Some of the ancient and honorable traditions of the Senate have been jarred by this innovation, but while more conservative members of the body suffer in the course of the day's work In costumes supposedly proper for the scene, the Vice President sits at ease in his'plc tureiiQue and homely clothes. We have acquired a reputation abroad for our "shirt-sleeves" diplomacy, our directness and rough-and-ready prepared ness for emergencies. It is quite likely that we may in time come to be regarded as a nation of overall statesmen, if the Sherman style of summer costuming is copied. But this will not hurt the United States seriously in any quarter. The country will be finally judged by the laws it enacts and not by the clothes that are worn by the men who enact them, nor by the garments that inease the forms of those who enforce the statutes. President Taft, it is reported, greatly shocked some people by appearing In his official per son in public immediately after the inau guration in plain sack suit of business cut, whereas it had been a White House tradition that it was improper for a Presi dent to appear save in a frock coat. But up to date nobody has objected that the Tuft administration lacks in wisdom or force or effectiveness because the Presi dent has chosen to be comfortable in the discharge of his duty. The Vice President's blue denim suit and the President's sack coat make a jjood combination and suggest to the country at large that the government is in the hands of men who take a normal, sensible view of life and are not slaviahiy bound to convention. If their example were followed generally throughout the country the physicians would have less work to do in this trying wehtner. Appetite for power Is never satisfied. If some of the suffragettes were given the ballot they would hunger for the ar bitrary authority of an umpire in a base ball game. Taft and La Follette. T! is is a dispatch from Madison, Wis: " "faffs Service to Aldrich" Is the title of the leading editorial in this week's issue of La FoUette's weekly magazine, to be issued Saturday. In part, the edi torial says: ? The President s recent message to ?'ongress was inopportune and not in the public interest. " It would have been a great help to the band of progressives making a tight in behalf of the public interest and for the maintenance of party pledges bad .Mr. Taft seen tit to send a special mes sage. stating whether the party pledgee were, in his judgment, being fulfilled by increasing the tariff rates. Because, be it remembered, the President Is the one who has the final word. His approval or veto decides whether the work of Cbn i;ress shall stand. " 'One fact stands out high and plain above all else lr. the situation. His mes sage came to Congress at a most oppor tune time to serve the fixed determination of Senator Aldrich to defeat the income tax, and to aid him In passing the tariff bill, with its expressively high duties, as lie wanted it." " There are two points to be considered. The first relates to the President and the schedules. As the President had no schedules of his own to recommend, why should hi have chosen as between those of the "In surgents" and those of the finance com mittee in the Senate contest? And how could he have done so piecemeal, as it were?.. The situation was changing daily. Neither Mr. Aldrlch and his friends nor Mr. La Follette and his friends werj In -any one ease disclosing their full pro gram. Should the President have as sumed that in every proposition as it might-be submitted the Aldrlch side would be wrong and the La Follette side right? And had he done this, would it have determined the nature of the Senate's action on the tariff bill? Would the [finance committee have yielded its views at once, Mr. La Follette virtually sup planting Mr. Aldrlch as the republican leader In the debate? It is to be doubted. The second point relates to the recom mendation of the corporation tax. If revenue other than from customs was to be raised now was the time to speak. The customs schedules were about ready for conference. Mr. Bailey was both witty and embarrassing when he asked Mr. Aldrlch why, if, as Mr. Aldrlch claimed, the customs features of the new bill would supply all the money the gov ernment needed, provide for raising reve nue from another source? There was no adequate reply. As a matter of fact there had been hanging over the situation from the start the shadow of some new form of taxa tion. Should It be an income tax? Many, including Mr. La Follette, favored that, tax. and but for the attitude ^ the Su preme Court the President would have asked for it. lie asked for the corpora tion tax because It could be levied and collected at once, and the Treasury deficit and the government's current needs be surely provided for. So far th^ President's course has been strictly constitutional, and probably wise, He has charged nobody with "perfidy and dishonor," and therefore is in good position to confer with both regulars and Insurgents when the account is made up and the conference between the two houses begins. And there is reason to believe that at that time his influence will be considerable, and will be felt in the final shaping of the tariff measure. The Wright Aeroplane Tests. While of course the public is interested in the performances of the Wright brothers with their aeroplane at Fort Myer, which have been postponed from day to day during this week just closing, it is to be remembered that these tests are not being conducted for the entertainment of the peo ple, but represent a serious effort on the part of these men accomplish to the task of meeting the government's require ments. A great deal depends upon their success. They are confronted with a dif ficult task. A contract has been drawn between them and the government where by they agree to furnish an aeroplane capable of certain performances, the con ditions being more exacting than any that they have heretofore met- It is well for the public to remember this fact and to know just how difficult is the task which now faces the Wrights. Tho contract for the aeroplane, which was drawn after consultation with aero nautic experts, laid down stipulations just as definitely as though it had been for a torpedo boat or for a wireless outfit. It required that the machine, to be accepted by the government, must be capable of carrying two men seated?not lying down ?and make a speed of forty miles an hour. There is a penalty of 10 per cent of the purchase price for eVery mile under forty down to thirty-sly, below w>hich the machine will be rejected, and a bonus of 10 pet; cent for itery nille over forty up to forty-four. The contract price is $25, 000, and thus the lowest price the Wrights can receive for their machine will be $15,000 and the highest price $35,000. These figures give an idea of the im portance to the inventors of getting the maximum out of their machine and indicate how reasonable is their insistence upon being thoroughly prepared for the test. Far more' damaging than tlte loss of the contract or of part of the purchase price, in case of failure to meet tlte full re quirements, would be the Injury to pres tige which the brothers will suffer. It is Interesting to the public, which awaits so eagerly the spectacular per formances themselves, to kndw that the speed test will be over a measured course of five miles out and five miles back. A further condition of the contract Is that the machine must carry fuel for a flight of 125 miles. Thus while the test itself will be actually over only ten miles, the machine must be capable of maneuvering, perhaps with stops, but not with fuel replenishment, twelve and one-half times that distance. The contract is slightly Indefinite as to whether the ipachine must carry two jnen in the course of the speed flight. In addition to this flight there is to be another to test endurance, in the course of which the machine must be kept aloft for one hour while carrying two men. These Fort Myer tests are by far the most important that have been projected In the history of heavier-than-air aerial navigation. If the Wrights succeed In meeting all the requirements it may be concluded that they, with this machine, have practically and scientifically solved the problem of human flight beyond all question. 8en*tor Depew's advice, "Don't marry until you can support a wife," is good, even though not original. But Howard Qould's experience proves that its observ ance is not sufficient to guarantee domes tic happiness. * Great as may be the prejudice against the third degree as administered by the New York police, there is an impression that It was of practical benefit In the case of Chung, the suspected accomplice of Leon Ling. Eminent literary men who construct ex hibitions for moving-picture machines apparently have some sympathy with the managers accused of exploiting the drama on a purely commercial basis. However much the Senate might need W. J. Bryan, It could not offer him a salary sufficient to justify him in neg lecting lecture engagements In order to give it his entire time. * ? Alexandria, Va., once the metropolis of a great and important area, gains re newed importance as the objective point of a flying* expedition by the Wright brothers. Reference to the tariff as the mother of trusts does not convey the impression of dignity that attaches to allusions to George Washington as the father of his country. Realizing that this country has trou bles of Its own, African, correspondents refrain from including therpiometrlc read ings In their bulletins. I By restricting the use of Fourth of July explosives by small boys more of them will be enabled to be on hand to see the fireworks In the evening. . Public disapproval of the sugar trust is so strong that it may be necessary to caTI In the polite but forceful vocabulary of Judge Land)* to give it adequate ex pression. . ? Gould. . Mrs. Howard Gould 1* quoted as saying that she will be able to "worry along" on the court's allowance of $100 a day. Why not? It is a tidy sum, even ?n this lan<J of plenty. Apd then, all happi jiesa is n?t to be found In expensive ?yachts,-still more expenslv# Jewels, and roaming about. A simple life. and on* Insuring peace and contentment, should be possible on $36,000 a year. It It true Mrs. Gould asked for a much larger siyn, but the court's decision does not pau perise her, by a long shot. References to Mr. Aldrich as a good listener may be Intended as highly com plimentary. But they cannot obviate the suspicion that the Rhode Island senator, while apparently listening, is reaching conclusions by a course of reasoning dis tinctly his own. Amid the numerous temptations now flourishing at the Capitol let it be defi nitely understood that senatorial cour tesy forbids discussion of the question, "Is it hot enough for you?" Patten goes ahead adding to his fortune without taking any personal part in the discussion of whether he Is exceedingly wise or merely lucky. Experimenters with toadstools may make it necessary for the pure-food ex perts to enlarge their operations. SHOOTING STABS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. A Domestic Strategist. "When you are late to dinner how do you apologize to your family?'" "I don't try." answered Mr. Bligglns; "I plunge Into a technical description of the ball game that gets my Bon so Inter ested and my wife and daughter so mys tified that I have the conversation all my own way." The Constant Kicker. "Not so many years ago people would have laughed at a man who proposed to do business by talking through a tele phone." "Yes," answered Mr. Sirlus Barker. "Once they would have laughed. Now they feel sorry for him." City Content. Never mind the sylvan plan. With birds and rustling trees, Just start the old electric fan That guarantees a breeze. The Quest of Novelty. "Where's that big news novelty you were going to dig up?" asked the editor. "I have it," answered the new reporter, confidently. "Here's an Interview with a naval man without a vehement epithet in it." An Easy Convert. "So you believe In telepathy?'* "Yes," answered Mr. Meekton, "For what reason?" "Because my wife believes In It and It's too warm to argue." Knows Better Now. Oh, where Is the bard who was strum ming A gay, irresponsible tune. That set us so hopefully humming A jollying jingle of June? "Oh, June, with your beauties dispelling regret. Your trees and your blossoming glade"? He seemed to forget the thermometer set For 100 degrees In the shade. "Oh, June, with your birds and your breezes! Oh. June, with cerulean skies! The season where everything pleases And nature no pleasure denies!" His spirits kept rising as lightly anew His thoughts In fair words he a frayed. And the mercury, too, of Jumps took a few Toward 100 degrees in the shade. Somewhere with his fancies all shat tered. Where people say "Gee! Ain't It #arm!" With a "lyre" that Is strlngless and bat tered. A victim of spelling reform, He Is crying for Ice. 'Neath a mirroring sky. Whence the glare seems ne'er destined to fade. Sounds the cry "Why did I sentimentally sigh For 100 degrees In the shade!" "The Star of Empire." From the New York Herald. No greater mistake could be made than for our government in dealing with China to do so through Europe instead of directly. The protest was called forth by the fact that the Ignoring of the United States in this loan arrangement was a breach of the Conger agreement and an infringement on the "open door" principle, which all the powers are pledged to respect. Consequently, no matter what delay may be caused by the reopening of the entire question, the United States should maintain its pro test and Insist upon dealing directly with China. It would be a grave diplomatic blunder to withdraw now and to arrange with a European financial group for a sort of unofficial participation in the loan. Such a step would inevitably create In the minds of the Chinese an Impression that the United States was merely a satellite of Europe, or rather of Enfland. As a matter of fact, the United States is more directly concerned in that devel opment that Europe is. The United States, not Europe, Is now the economic world's center or gravity, and when the Panama canal Is completed the United States, through its possessions?Porto Rico, Hawaii and the Philippines?will control the direct highway frem Europe to Asia. "Westward the star of empire takes Its way." Celebrating Independence. From the Detroit Free Press. Sixty-flve persons are reported to have been injured during Boston's celebra tlon of Bunker Hill day. Attention is called to the number in the dispatches, because It Is compared with the list or casualties In the battle Itself. The rev olutionary records show that 146 Amer icans were killed and 304 wounded on the slopes of the Charlestown hill in the course of the contest with the Brit ish. June 17, 1775. Of this total of 448. the injuries of Thursday last wduld make Just about 14 per cent. So that, In seven years' celebration of the flght, the celebrators at this average would cause as many casualties as were caused On the occasion of the famous battle. It seems rather an expensive means of recalling a historical event. But Boston is not to be upbraided by the rest of the nation. During the revolu tionary war the American losses were about 8,000 from Lexington to York town. When we observed Independence day last year the national list of killed and Injured was 2,702. Just about one third of all the war's casualties! It costs the country as much every three years to celebrate Independence as It cost to win It. Eternal bloodshed seems also to be the price of liberty. Hot Weather and Crime. 1 From the Baltimore Sun. Since the beginning of the present sea Ison of hot weather the newspapers have been called upon to record an Increased number of crimes. With the first hot wave of summer there often seems to come a wave of crime. No one can tell exactly the psychological and physical connection between the two, hut the co Incidence Is often marked. Perhaps the germs of crime implanted in some na tures develop Into active life under the influence of excessive heat, just as do the seeds in the earth. The police dur ing hot weather should be especially vigi lant to detect and arrest the "pistol toters." Any man who carries a pistol about with him has the seed of murder In his heart, and hot weather may make that seed bear bloody fruit. We are warned against typhoid germs in our drinking water, but the germs of crime and evtt ?re even more dangerous, and every man and woman should try to keep them out of their systems, lest under some influ ence affecting mind and body they should spring up suddenly into active life and impel the commission of Irreparable wrong. ?ginning' Sunday, June 27,190 ^T\ J ? 1 CTP ?iftij Will Be Placed in Service on the D Dp Ha The Pay-As You-Enter Car introduces system in the place of confusion, adds greatly to the safety, comfort and satisfaction of passengers, and to the rapidity of service. The entrance and exits are separate and distinct. A passenger entering the car meets no passengers struggling to get off. A passenger getting off meets no one struggling to get on. The conductor is not constantly passing and repassing through the car, jostling and crowding the passengers. The conductor remains on the rear platform, minimizing the now constant danger of starting the car while passengers are in the act of boarding or leaving the car. DIAGRAM OF PAY-AS-YOU-ENTER CARS. In order that the operation of the Pay-As-You-Enter Car may be successful and that the benefits to passengers arising from the use of same may be fully realized, the public is earnestly requested to co-operate with the Company by observing the following regulations: ist?Board car only at rear platform by step marked "IN." 2d?Have exact fare in hand when boarding car; if cash or ticket, deposit same in fare box; if transfer, have it unfolded and hand it to conductor. If transfer is desired, ask conductor for same before passing into the car. Passengers not having exact fare in hand will please step to one side until those having fare ready have entered car. CAUTION?Do not put more than exact fare in fare box. 3d?Pass quickly to the interior of the car and move forward as far as possible. 4th?Use electric push buttons to notify conductor and motorman when you desire to leave car. 5th?To avoid confusion and crowding at the rear of car, passengers are requested to leave by the front exit. 6th?It is necessary to keep platforms clear for entrance and exit of passengers; therefore smoking will not be permitted. ^ 7th?Wait for the following car when requested to by conductor. J*25-2t 1 New Pierced I 1 Brass Work. * i a % tt tt The latest fad Is pierced brans. Com- ;?? plate ontflta here, with a full line of & designed Sheet Brass ready for piere- % Inf. Aak for catalogue giving full & Ins tract lona. Decorated pieces priced % ?t 25c up. ~r I Muth&CoJ jjQeo. Sip. it i t Formerly v Ryaeal's, jeas-asd ' " ? %??**???** 418 7th St. I /f^OOK with COKE. ?You'll jet the very best re sults ami save money In using Coke for summer cooking. We'll fill your order promptly. Large Coke, delivered $2.50 Large Coke, delivered $3.70 Large Coke, delivered $">.30 Crushed Coke, delivered. .$3.00 Crushed Coke, delivered. .|4.U) Crushed Coke, delivered. .$6.50 35 Bushels 40 Baskets 60 Bushels 95 Bushels 40 Bushels 00 BMhels Washington Gas Light Co., 4^3 TENTH STREET N.W. J*V-3M Win.dow Screens to order. ESTIMATES CHEERFULLY GIVEN. Kraemer & Duehring, 1410 14th st. Phone N. 3643. je34-th.sa.tu.lm,14 $3.50 SWITCHES NOW $3.00. $6.50 SWITCHES NOW $5.00. $8.00 SWITCHES NOW $0.00. Lee's Hal;- Medicant, 91. Restores gray hair h natural color?GUAR* ANTE ED. Prevents falling bflr. Halrdressln*. shampooing. 720 7TH 8T. N.W. S. HELLER'S, mh27-d.eSu.20 ? Brandy for Preserving ?Cherries, Berries, 75c qt. Peaches and other inr fruits. Never fails ^ " * to give best results. To=Kalon ISBii Je25-20d VOUR RUGS PROPERLY AND THOROCGHLX Repaired, Qeaned, Etc Mothproof Storage. Estimate Free. Oriental Rug Importing Co., 1510 H ST. N.W. )eU-30t,14 PHONE M. 1233. Brimful Decorators. ?(Jood taste and sood judgment charac terise pint's work. The workmanship l? faultless. I.ct ns do the Paiuting and Paperhanglng while you are out of town. Painter. 1T27 7th st. n.w. * Papcrhanger, Phone N. 4123. Jc<M lOd . 4 McCRAY MODERN. SANITARY Are without question the best Refrigerators made. HEfLSSK 1EFRBGEIIIJIT0R S3., 620 F St. N.W. apl-90t,2S $1 OLIVE DRAB (Woolen) For Bedbugs Use <?) Army Shirts KHAKI (Cotton) Meyer's Military Shop, 1231 Pa. Ave. N.W. Je24-d.*8u.28 Dependable. HOT SHOTi-vv*M2 PT I5C HENRY EVANS, 922-24 F St. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST. JeS5-d.eSu,14 WANTED. Boys over 116 with bi cycles can obtain employ ment in otur Messenger to Postal! Telegraph Cable Company, 11345 Penna. Ave. OoI6-28d * T <?> i II o % V Oftentimes dizziness, Insomnia and nervousness are caused by de fective eyesight. We examine each eye separately without charge. Kahn's Special Bi-fo- on cal Glasses ?PI.U"U? A Kahn's Special Gold- ffiij *>.<(> <*> filled Nose Glasses <$> 50 per cent discount on oculists' ?2* prescriptions. & T Human artificial eyes a specialty. V |k. a* A.KAHN.93S F St.| ? C"3"r "91 v i<**r <??SmMmS><s,4HJh An Ideal Vehicle for Summer. The Handacmie All-reed Queen Surrey* irf'r* showing are greatly admired. Thew vehicle*. ap art latleally designed, richly trimmed :idiI are equipped with fublouable canopies. Moderate price. T IP VAiinO1 <'nrriaj;e 464 -406 Pa.IV n.w. * ?G. ? 4/IUaBg, Repository. I'honu M. ?i. JelSMOd