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THE EVENING STAR.
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY June 27, 1909 THEODORE W. NO YES Editor Ea'ored as second-clftts nail matter at Ui? poit offlco at Waahiofton, D. C. THE STAJfc has a regular and permanent Family Circulation much more than the combined circulation of the other Wash ing-ten dailies. As a Kewa and Adver tiling' Medium it has no competitor. The Keening Star, with She Sunday morning edition. Is delivered liy carriers within the city at ?*< cents per tunntb; without the Sumiav morn lag edition at 44 ceuts per mouth. By mail, postage prepaid. Daily. SSimlay included, one month. 00 cents. Dally. .Sunday excepted, one month, oO cents. Saturday Star, one year. $1.00. Sunday Star, one year. $1.50. The Next Regular Session. Will this extra session shorten the first regular session of the Sixty-first Con gress? Under ordinary circumstances it might. But circumstances are not ordi nary. With the tariff out of the way?if it is satisfactorily disposed of at this session?there will still be abundant busi ness for congressional hands to do. For instance, there is the question of currency reform, second In importance and difficulty only to that of the tariff ; itself. This is to come up next winter. As yet no bill has been agreed upon, j Public sentiment Is very much divided. The east talks in one strain, and the west in another. As usual, the west is suspi cious of any financial plan favored by the east. In all money matters, the east spells Wall street to the west. Here alone Is a text which may call out the orators in Congress in as great force as the tariff has just marshaled them. Then we are to hear from both parties a good deal about economy. The repub licans, it is said, will present estimates much below recent figures, and, of course, the democrats will move that even they l>e reduced. All departments of the gov ernment will figure in the discussion, and we may expect it to be protracted. And then is It at all certain that the tariff, although with a new law on the books, will not again, in a debatable form, be brought forward? Much will depend on the operations of tho new law. If it starts well, the democrats may not find it a topic then to their taste. I Hut if the early results are vulnerable; If the country has not taken kindly to the new schedules, or the law as a rev enue producer has disappointed expecta tions, then. Inevitably, the democrats will return to the subject and de\ote time to It. It will be both human nature and good poi.tics for them to capitalize the failure to the utmost degree possible. And over all will preside considerations affecting the approaching congressional campaign, which will take place in No vember of next year. The work of the session will enter into the fight for con trol of the next House, and both parties will play for advantage in the shaping of the record. A long first session is sel dom to the advantage of the party In control; and it Is always in the power of the minority, and particularly in the Senate, to protract the session for polit ical purposes. On every account, therefore, It is Im possible now to forecast the length of the next regular sess.on. It Is likelier to be long than short, but how long de pends upon things which at this time ?re either only half shaped or have taken on no shape at all. Misguided Missionaries. The New York Chinatown murder, so shocking In its details as now they are being gradually disclosed, and so repel lent in its general features bearing upon the relations of the young missionaries In the slums and the under world, directs attention to the fact that the charitable Impulse often leads into misdirected chan nels. There is an abundance of work in every city for the man or woman who seeks to ameliorate conditions and to lead people into better ways of living. The modern tendency to organize chari ties and prevent waste interposes no bar to the personal efforts of those who wish to enlist In this cause. There are homes where Ignorance of the commonest re quirements of decent living Is sapping the moral and physical vitality. There are places where good cheer Is needed, where the occasional helping hand is required. One seldom needs to look far from home to find an inviting field for true mission ary labor. This crime in New York should not tend to discourage the effort to enlighten the Chinese living in this country, or to as sist them morally. But it must be re membered that this is a dangerous and ? discouraging work. It calls for tact and discretion and for peculiar acquaint ance with the Chinese temperament. The Cl..namen have through many genera tions and centuries acquired an inscruta ble poise. It is virtually impossible for occidentals to kuow their thoughts or even to understand their processes of reasoning. They are of a race apart, dis tinct and different. The Christian workers In a large city will sometimes go to an extent which Is not Justified upon a calm examination of the conditions. The peculiar, undefin sble fascination of the unknown and the unguessable draws many into this dangerous field. The young girl In this case seems to have been unfortunate in the fact that she was not restrained by family Influences, her own mother urging her Into the Chinatown work and even encouraging her to receive the attentions Ct Chinamen for her affections. Thus this situation is an abnormal one and cannot be regarded as typical. The case, however, teaches its impressive lesson In the need of greater circumspection in all the relations between the west and the east. If the predictions that farmers will use automobiles in carrying produce comes true a good-roads movement that really means something may be looked for. Picnics. At this time of the year It is a good thing to break away from ? house and city and get out into the open, into the woods?any where away from pavements and sidewalks?but not too far away from street cars. In short, this U the Ideal season for family picnics, those occasions of extreme Joy to all the youngsters and a certain pleasurable responsibility for the elders and a relaxation and refresh ment for ah One of tne advantages of a family pic nic is that it can be organized on short notice. It is true, of course, that some housewives would regard it as contrary to the fundamental law of nature to get up a picn'c without at least two days for preparation. But the modern family pic nic is a simpler, more eas ly arranged affair. The grocery stores supply a great variety of foodstuffs suitable for picnic use and easy to transport. At small cost and with little fuss a bounte ous picnic basket can l?e assembled and the family start d off into the country. There are r.omtt Ideal picnic grounds ? round Wasl.lngton. In almost any direc tion ope car fare will carry the pleasure ( a?-ekcr to a place of semi-seclusion and i sylvan beauty. This country is well j watered with small streams and creek*, j ? and springs are abundant. The owners1 of the land are, as a rule, good natured, but it is not necessary to trespass upon private property in order to give a picnic party an ideal place of settlement. Re sort parks and public parks are within easy reach where the family can be made comfortable. The chief benefit derived from going on a picnic Is the change of scene. It may be that there is discomfort in sitting on the hard ground and eating In an unnat ural posture and defending one's food from the encroachments of inquisitive in sects. Possibly one will be positively dis commoded by the roots and rocks and sand and sunburn and be kept in a fer ment of apprehension about poison ivy and snakes and all that sort of thing. ? But these are negligible handicaps. They do not overbalance the advantages gained from a departure from routine. Sometimes a woman who has been con scientiously managing her household throughout the week will find in the all day picnic in the woods a refreshing change. The man who has been tied to a desk for six days may need precisely this sort of readjustment. The children can' stand all the picnicking that can be given them. They cannot be taken into the woods and fields too often for their own Ro.id. Even if they do stub their toes and step on thorns and get their clothes wet they derive far more physical j advantage than they would out of a day' spent at home. I False Public-Building Economy. The action of the House and Senate con ferees in striking out from the census bill the provision for a new building for that bureau is another instance of the penny wlse-pound-fooilsh policy of economy j which ordinarily prevails at the Capitol in the matter of providing quarters for ! the government offices. The census bu reau is now a permanent feature of the government service. Between the decen nial enumerations It la engaged in art im portant work of collecting and analyzing statistics. It has for some years been inadequately housed In a rented building, which the bill pro posed to replace with a public-owned structure of adequate size and approximately in keeping with the general scheme of official const ructions in Washington. The passage of this appro priation would have been genuine econ omy in cutting oft a large rental and placing the government In possession of its own building, in which the work could be done at an advantage. Congress has been chronically Indis posed for years to fit the government out with a full equipment of buildings. One Secretary after another has appea.ed through his annual reports and estimates for new quarters, not alone for the ac commodation of bureaus that are housed outside of the parent bu.ldlngs. but for departmental buildings themselves. Noth ing could be more wasteful than the proc esses In this respect. The local map is dotted with privately owned buildings that are rented to the government for sums which m the aggregate represent an annual interest on far more than enough money to provide the public service with all its necessary equipment on a proper scale. It is true that the government is not in abundant funds and tnat economy must be practiced th<s year in order to trim the outgo approximately to the in come. But It is also true that the surest economy is to stop these wasting rentals for inadequate quarters. Furthermore, it is to be remembered that the work ot erecting a new government bu-lding is a matter of several years, and tnat even it Congress were next week to pass an om .nibus bill authorizing tne construction ot every one of the ten or a dozen struc tures urgently needed for the government service the cost would be so distriuuted over half a decade at least tnat the pres ent stringency of the Treasury Depart ment would have become a matter ot his tory before the expend.ture of the last dollar. Indeed, If the projected tariff and corporation tax measures raise the reve nue that is expected there will be an abundance of money for such necessary works as public building construction within the next few years. No Public Baths Here. Even when the public bathing beach Is opened this city will seriously lack facili ties. The small boyB of Washington can not all be accommodated there, even if a strict time limit is placed upon those who go to the beach. It is difficult of access, and save for the possible improvements effected by the changes now in progress it is not particularly inviting. As The Star suggested the other day, this city should be ideally equipped with public baths in the interest of health and for the protection of life. It has an unusual extent of water front, and at a comparatively small expenditure public baths could be established at frequent in tervals on the water's edge sufficient to accommodate thousands daily. Committees are at work trying to edu cate the poorer classes out of their in sanitary w^ys of living in the hope of combating the diseases that are common in the habitations of comparative poverty. Yet here in Washington there Is virtually no means of public bathing. There are accommodations for very few men and boys, and none for women. In this par ticular Washington is shamefully behind the times, and if Congress does not take cognizance of this matter the capital will suffer seriously in health. The prohibition party Is not making the political capital that might be expected of its declaration in plank No. 4 of Its succinct platform in favor of "equitable graduated Income and inheritance taxes." Baltimore has no fear that the railway Interests w'.Il undertake to reduce it to the status of a way station whose most Important features are a telegraph office and a flower bed. Polar explorers do not express great confidence in one another's expeditions. It will be a long time before anything like a merger Is effected In arctic trans portation. The income tax may be a reliable reve nue raiser, but the democratic delegates to Denver did not find it much of a vote winner. It begins to look as If Sir Thomas Lip ton's cup-liftlng enterprise would never again get any farther than the debate on rules. A vegetable diet is commended for sum mer. But it should not be accompanied by ignorant experimentation with mush rooms. Some antl-lniperiallst will doubtless be holding before this country the fear of a Theodorus Afrleanus. Pledging: the Ken for Suffrage. New York suffragettes have at last pitched their campaign in the key of practical business. They realise that in order to win the fight for equal suffrage they must enlist the sympathy and co operation of the men. The men have the votes necessary to grant the franchise to women. The syllogism is simple. The conclusion Is direct. In order to get the voles they must get the men. Inasmuch as many of the fair advocates of woman Huffrage are unmarried, and. of course, all are attractive, the logical expedient is obvious. That the reasoning powers of the suffragettes of the metropolis are not impaired is shown by the fact that a pledge has now b?en drawn up by the Progressive Woman's Suffrage Union, the signers of which agree not to marry any man who will not declare himself in favor of woman suffrage and take an active part in fighting for It. It is ex pected that within a month over 10.000 girls eligible to matrimony will have pledged themselves in this matter and that in six months the number will have grown to 100.000. The following is the pledge: "We. the undersipned. hereby declare that we will not Indulge in matrimony with any man who is not willing to sign an agreement that he will not only lend his moral support to suffrage, but will work patiently and hard toward its sup port and success." This will lead to one of two results. Either the number of old maids In the United States will be materially Increased or else woman suffrage will be voted by a large majority. There is just one pos sible exception from this alternative. Far be it from any one at this stage to sug gest that any large number of men will be base enough to win the^hand and heart of a woman on the strength of a false vow. But it is .Quite possible that many a man led to the altar on a wom an suffrage plank might afterward have business and political reasons to repudiate liis pledge. The question naturally arises In this connection whether such a re cantation would be rated as a good ground for divorce. Will the laws of the state of New York require to be amended with reference to the granting of legal separations if the Progressive Woman's Suffrage Union carries its campaign to a finish with the energy that it has here tofore shown in making the franchise is sue a vital factor in American politics? Missing Men. Developments in the Maryland murder :-ase have followed so rapidly that it Is impossible to know when the mystery has been .fully solved. The case, which has peculiarly unpleasant features in Its dis closures of misconduct, strikingly illus trates the old doctrine of the police that one crime often uncovers another, and points to the ease with which men can conceal themselves and lose identity for a time in these days. When Mrs. Wood ill's body was first discovered the report circulated that she had been killed by a man named Roberts, a magazine writer, and it was as Roberts that the man was sought. It was not until after he had -- lied himself while being pursued by a posse that evidence was found that he was in reality Robert E. Eastman, for merly a broker in New York, lie had become involved In difficulties and had been indicted for a transgression of thd laws, but had tied the jurisdiction while under bond. Since December no trace had been found of him, and even his wife, living in New York city, had no clew to his whereabouts. During all that time he had been living in a bungalow on the Choptank river near the Chesa peaKe bay in Maryland, posing as writer and entertaining Baltimore and Annapolis friends, making acquaintances in the neighborhood, and apparently taking no precautions to avoid attracting attention. He appeared to rely tor concealment upon the change of his name, and this measure was effective uuntil a tragedy occurred and he took his own lite to avoid capture. Probably he was success rul in avoiding detection largely because he appeared to make no attempt to avoid meeting people and led an appar ently normal lite. Had he been a recluse, surrounding himself with mystery, It is quite possible that he would have become an object of suspicion and identified. It would b? interesting to know how many of the men who are now fugitives from justice or borne on the police records as missing from their homes without being accused of crime are at this moment residing under other names in various parts of the counry and possibjy engag ing in business without subterfuge or dis guise. No genial persuas-on on the part of Chauncey M. Depew w.ll convince a num ber of political personages that It is a joke for a man to have to pay his own railway fare. Wu Ting-fang thinks a man should live 200 years, but is doubtless ready to make an exception In the case of the Chinaman who is wanted In New York for homicide. The Wright brothers have brought to light the fact that the camera is as In dustriously employed In civilized regions as in the hunting districts of Africa. As a man with a reputation for distln* guished silences, Judge Alton B. Parker does not feel called upon to jump into the tariff discussion. 11 i ? This summer the Chinese eating house supersedes the roof garden as the scene of sensational tragedy in New York. SHOOTING STABS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Experience. "It Is hard to succeed in finance with out experience," said the observer. "Yes," answered Mr. Dustln Stax. "There must be experience; and one of the objects of the game is to let other people get most of it." Heredity. "I don't know what to make of that young spendthrift," said the prudent rela tive. "I should say he Is a victim of hered ity," said Miss Cayenne. "It was a mis fortune to inherit a lot of money." Dont's. Don't eat too much. Don't drink at all. And if you'd find Some comfort small And slumber through A peaceful night. Don't read the "don'ts" That people write. Evident Misrepresentation. "You say you have no faith In the sin cerity of that man who signs himself 'Constant Reader'?" "No faith whatever," answered the ed itor, wearily. "As constant a writer as he is couldn't possibly have time to read much." Well Named. "What's that you call your mule?" "I calls him 'Corporation,' " answered the old colored man. "How did you come to give him such a name?" "Fum studyin* de animal an' readln' de papers. Dat mule gits mo' blame an* abuse dan anything else in de township an' goes ahead havln' his own way, jes' de same." Delayed Luxuries. K no wed him when he was a boy. Many years ago. Never saw a kid enjoy Cske an' pastry so! All along through dinner time Us?d to hear him sigh, "Had enough o' plain food. I'm Ready for the pie." He's a statesman with a face Known both west and east. Holds a most Important place At the mental feast. Through debate he sits at ease. Yet. as time goes by. Yawns as if he's thlnkln', "Please Pass along the pie!" < FIFTY YEARS AGO IN THE STAR Half a century ago there ware very few survivors of the war of the revolu tion. There were, however. Veterans numerous survivors -of the of 1R1Q war ?* 1812, and even more of the veterans of the Mex ican war. The veterans of 1812 had their organization, corresponding with the G. A. R. and the Confederate Veterans to day. In The Star of June 20, 1859, is the following news paragraph telling of a meeting of these old soldiers: "The Association of the Survivors of the War of 1812 held its anniversary meeting in the city hail on Saturday, on which occasion an address was delivered by Col. W. W. Seaton, the president. Resolutions of condolence with the fami lies of Isaac Holland, Henri* B- Robertson and Paul Steven*, members deceased dur ing the past year, were passed. The treasurer's , annual report having beer, read and adopted, the follow-insr officers were elected for the ensuing year: "Col. William W. Seaton. president. Col. John S. Williams, first \1ce president: Gen. St. John B. L. Skinner, second vice president; James Lawrenson. secretary: James A. Kennedy, treasurer; Col. Wil liam P. Young, marshal; Dr. William Jones, surgeon: Edward Simms, Richard Burgess and Peter Bergniann, executive committee. On motion it was unanimous ly resolved that the association Are a na tional salute from the armory grounds at meridian on the Fourth of July next and that the members meet there at 11 a.m. on that day." * * * There was trouble between the market men and the authorities half a century ago, and in discussion of Market the matter The Star in Its ? . , Issue of June 22, 1850, said: xtenta/9. "The renters of stalls and stands In the Center market are In a state of excitement just now over the act of the eommlss'oners and master of i the market in demanding the very heavy advance in the cost of the facilities they enjoy from the capital corporation In the matter of supplying people with food, in some cases the advance chargod belnj? mora than 100 per cent. Almost all the Improvements the renters claim to have made at their own expense. They fur ther allege that there is nothing whatever in the cond'tion of their business at this time to justify any increase in the taxes levied on th?m. We And that these men have good reason thus to complain of being made the instruments of heavier exactions for the benefit of the corpora tion upon the public at large, -for, as a matter of course. In self-defense they must charse the Increase to those deal ing with them. We hear It is the pur pose to get the city's revenue from the Center market up to $32,000 this year. To doT:his it is necessary to change the stall rents enormously; indeed, quite as much per front foot as a fee simple title to the ground covered by the stalls, or of any private property in that vicinity, would bring at auction?say $10 per front foot." * * * It has been many a day since the o'd Piney Branch race course was used for the entertainment of the Trotting' horse-loving public of this x. District. Fifty years ago that course was opened, the following paragraph in The Star of June 23. 1850, telling of the occasion: "Yesterday the Plney Branch trotting course was opened with two trotting matches, the first by two green fillies four years old; untrained and neither being trotted on a track before. The time made was uncommonly good for the new track, and the race was closeiy contested, the winner having nothing to boast of. In deed, so questionable Is It as to which Is the fastest that there is an universal desire to see It repeated at an early day, and we hope the public will be Indulged by the spectacle of a new match. The second race was not so Interesting, aa the horses were not closely matched. The company was large and respectable, and everything was conducted In a most or derly manner. We learn that this track is entirely under the control of an asso ciation; that they have adopted the most stringent rules, so that all who vlBit the track will have a pleasant time. No gam bling is allowed on the track, and It is closed against every one on the Sabbath day. Whilst the track Is a private one, occasionally there will be a public trot for the recreation of our citizens; and as it Is the most pleasant drive near Wash ington, we hope our citizens will patronize It by subscribing thereto." ? * * Ballooning was regarded as a distinctly novel sport fifty years ago, aeroplane* not having then been Extraordinary'Jreamed of, and dirigibles , _ uelng quite out of the Ballooning r+ng* of public imagina tion. In The Star of June 24, 1800, there is an article descriptive of a projected balloon trip from St. Louis to theAtlantic seaboard, a distance of over a thousand miles. It was expected that the hazardous under taking would be made during the week of the publication, or that following. Those engaged in the enterprise were Prof. John Wise, a well-known aeronaut, and Messrs. C. H. Gaeger and John La montaln, their balloon being named the Atlantic. The Star, quoting from the St. Ltoula Republican, said: "Prof. Wise is an unassuming and agreeable gentlem&n, very reasonable in his viewB, and quite competent to sustain them on scientific principles. He contends that at a distance of from three to four miies from the earth there is a current of wind blowing from west to east which is constantly the same, never varying in Its direction, and rarely In the rate of veloc ity. On this proposition he has experi mented for years, and has not failed once to obsarve tho invariable feature. As soon aa he discovered this phenomenon seventeen years ago he conceived the Idea that It was not impossible to navi gate the air from America to Europe. In furtherance of this purpose he applied to his friends for assistance, but they hooted at the project as crack-brain. He next petitioned Congress for aid, but that bodf was too much engrossed with everyday affairs. And thus the balloonist was forced to forego hla cherished idea until some months ago. when he associated with him Messrs. Gaeger and Lamontain, the former the inventor of a balloon boat with air wheels, and the latter a balloon builder. The three went to work Imme diately, and in a few days we shall aee the success which will attend the first trial." THE CORPORATION TAX. From tho Milwaukee Sentinel. A "tax on corporations" doesn't sound so good to the multitude of small stock holders. From tbe Richmoud Times-Dlspatck Undoubtedly corporations regard legis lators as a lot of fresh Paul Prya. ' From the Buffalo Expreaa. "What is a corporation, pa?" "That depends, my son. For taxing purposes it Is an aggregation of poor widows and helpless orphans who have nothing in the world to live on except the profits of a few double-track trunk-line railroads." From the rittaburg Dispatch. Jfow the manner of the corporation tax has been decided, may we not have the tariff bill through the Senate before the end of this mouth? from tbe Houston Po$t. A 2 per cent income tax on the net earnings of corporations would hit the United States Steel Corporation for a cool million a year. Of course, that would show Senator Bailey's devotion to the steel trust, wouldn't it? From tbe Sjraene* Post-Standard. Judging from newspaper comments, the corporation tax Is just about as popular as a green persimmon. From the tlarrUburg Telegraph. Final agreement has been reached among the leaders in support or President Taft's proposition for a 2 par cent tax on the net earnings of corporations in excess of ffi.OOO a year. The President doesn't make much noise about it, but he appears to have a way of getting what he wanta. ITALY AND HUNGARY IN TRIPLICE The visit of Emperor William to Brin disi and Vienna -was inspired by the necessity of strengthening William's the ve?y frail tie that binds Italy and Austria. An un Visit. fortunate incident, the re fusal of Baron von Aehrenthal to accept Italy's invitation to Austria to partic pate in the exposition of fine arts, wn i > is to commemorate Italian unity at Rome and Turin in 1911. has effaced the good effect of the official interviews and caused old wounds to bleed afresh. Itau is In ill humor. Hungary, too, is in ill humor. Former ly the kaiser was very kind and gra cious toward the Magyars, but s.ncc ie Austro-German coup in the matter o. Servia and the annexation of Bosnia Herzegovina all is changod. Be- ?e; was not Hungary assured that Bosnia and Herzegovina, when annexed, should be joined to Hungary" Hungary is rag ir.e #mad against Austria. There are thus two members of the ttiplice^ who may be classed as irreconcilable malcon tents, Italy and Hungary. The National Review in its latest po lJtical summary mentions the Wrman emperor's efforts to soothe the irrita tion of his allies. To accomplish tl.is purpose and emphasize their newl>" *?* quired authority in European questions, Emperor William and Emperor Francis Joseph, on the former's arrival in \ ienna, May 14, sent the following joint tele gram to King Victor Emmanuel: ' Our meeting affords us fresh occasion to greet our august ally and friend, and to address to him a cordial expression of our unalterable friendship." 1'nder the circumstances the K.ng 01 Italy, who recalls th? Rustic reference of the kaiser to Italy s unfaithfulness at Algeciras, may exclaim in the words of Racine that he "had neither tliat excess of honor nor that injustice. Nevertheless King Victor replied: "I am very grateful to your inajestj, who lias, with the emperor, our Joint ally and friend, so kindly sent me the expression of his unalterable friends I This friendship is very dear to me. ana I assure your majesty that It is sincere ly and fully reciprocated." Such Is the language of diplomacy, which is defined tersely as the scienc. of interests." ? * * Meanwhile the effervescence in Italy has been augmented rather than dimin ished. Austria's refusal to Italian participate in the commem orative exposition in 1911 Ferment, included also, and for sen timental reasons, the ceremonies held at Solferino. June *4, in honor of the Ital ian soldiers who fell at Solferino in 1859. The Austrian government, however, in view of the adverse criticisms of the Austrian press, changed its mind Count do Lubzoff, its ainbassad*#*' at Rome, was instructed to assist oflcially at the ceremonies. Because of the tension in the \rela tions of Italy and Austria and th4 cer tain independence of action which char acterized the policy of Baron von Aeh renthal. Austria's abstention wad ? ot altogether unexpected. Informed a! year ago of the fetes and the assumed par ticipation of the Austrian government. Baron von Aehrenthal replied Duke d'Avarna. negatively. "}/C ha^ been decided," said the Austrian minis ter, "that Austria-Hungary woiAld not participate officially for an indefinite time In International expositions^^ reason of the little enthusiasm of her industrial subjects." In truth, the Aus trian government did not care to take part in what was to it a Calvary. Cele brate the conquest of Lombardy, the annexation of Venice, the absorption of states governed by the Hapsburg and the occupation of Rome! Austria could not submit to such humiliation. The response of Baron von Aehrenthal was kept secret, being divulged only a few days ago. The news created as much emotion in Austria as in Italy. In the latter it awoke the latent hostility which, it may he remarked, is as intensely racial as national. It was another incident added to the Snndjak railway in the Balkans, the annexation of Bosnia Herzegovina and the refusal to permit the establishment of an Italian uni versity at Trieste. Besides, Italy saw in Austria's decision another form of protestation against Rome capital of Italy. Francis Joseph I had never con sented to visit the King of Italy in Rome. It was certain ho would never change, and it was equally certain that the archduke, heir to the throne, Fran cis Ferdinand, more strictly Catholio than his uncle, would follow his policy. The personal relations between the two sovereign families were destined, there fore, to become more and more distant. * * * The maritime armaments of Austria also, in disproportion with her interests In the Adriatic, waB an Anutria's other source of Italian uneasiness. Finally the Navy. military measures adopt ed by Austria on the Tyrolean frontier are of such a nature that they denote rather preparations for invasion than precautions for defense. The period ot commemoration of historical events, battles and annexations is calculated to envenom and embitter the relations ihat already, perhaps, arc past mend ihg. The Austrian press, the semi-official Included has violently criticised the attitude of the government at Vienna. The Zelt remarks that it would causa the loss of aU the efforts which had been made to establish friendly relations between Vienna and Rome. The f*ou" velle Presse "would live with the living and go forward with the strong. The official organs of Ballplatz found difficulty in justifying the government s refused. They based their defense on the ground that the Italian invitation was an act of simple courtesy, and that the cabinet of Rome did not expect them to accept. Had the Duke d'Avarna. in transmitting: the invitation, insinuated ? muXhf would have translated wnat was In the minds of some political men who foresaw that the Presence of Aus trian* at the fetes in 1911 would be em bNo*',8ifo^ a fact, the Austro-Hungarian monarchy is no longer what it waa in 1859. It is composed actually ot two parties, which were pitted against each other in 1848. when the Austrian Field Marshal Radetsky conquered Charles Albert at Novare In 1849. In 18.>9 tne Maygars were heart and soul with the Italians against Austrians, with whom they .are now a part. . The Hungarian papers, among others the Pesti Napio and the Pestl Hlrlap, ex press the opinion that Sadowa hasi been for the monarchy a more painful defeat than Magenta and Solferino. They ask Baron von Aehrenthal by what right he treats of the industrial* and commer PEARY AND THE POLL From the Spriogl)el<l Union. Starting a report on a day like yes terday that Peary had reached the north pole was juBt like piling on the misery. From the Scran ton Tribune. It is now believed that Peary has reached the north pole. But what's the use, unless he can return and tell us about it? From the Charleston New* ami Courier. If Peary's friends are correct in their belief that he has now reached the pole, pur advice would be that he stay there for the present. From the Buffalo News. Peary .must have found the pole and flagged It by this time. Even a messen ger boy could make the distance from the Roosevelt to the pole in ten months. From the Scranton Truth. It Is rumored that Peary has found the north pole. It might be just as well to wait for confirmation of this rumor before we celebrate. From the Detroit Journal. The argument is positively unanswer able. Commander Peary has been gone Just long enough in the Roosevelt to have reached the pole. . | , rial affairs of Hungary, and they olalm I for Hungary the right to Part,c,*'a^* ; In the Italian fetes under the Hungarian ! flag. And they add In unison that If the i Weckerle cabinet has not resigned there ' would certainly be Interpellations in the ? Hungarian parliament. v * ? In addition to these subjects, at Vienna and at Pestb, in artistic centers, thers are elements actively at Hungary work to force the hand of the government. In Jealous. order to causc it to re tract its decision, and It is thus possi ble. perhaps* probable. th?tt Baron d Aeh renthal will reconsider his action. "Ti:e Magyars." says the Hlrlap. "have given their blood In order to maintain the throne of Austria-Hungary. Vienna for gets Buda Pesth. "It is a case of re catling the Itolian proverb. "When the danger has passed, we laugh at the saint.' " Hungarians have discovered the small place they occupy in the edifice called the "dwal monarchy"?a mere rough stone. All they may b? permitted to do is to vote millions in time of peace, and in time of war to fight and to receive wounds. For a warlike race, full of mili tary traditions, the place is not very grand. , Is it worth the candle to serve toe cause of Germanism to have risked a war with Russ'a. to renm'n irredeemably at variance with Serbs, who should be the friends and best clients of Hungary. What advantages may Hungarians derive from the triumph of Germanism and a G-Tman march toward the Balkans and Salonlltl? M. Raymond Recouly writes in the Figaro: "I defy any one to* tell me what Hungary will gain. On the con trary, every one may see what Hunga rians may lose." Between Hungary and Turkey there exist old and strong friendly relations; also between Hungary' and the United States. "W^ien that great Hungarian patriot Kossuth, after Irs defeat at Temesvar, fled for refuge to Turkey, ac companied by several of his devoted of ficers, among whom Gens. Gorgay and Bern and Capt. Albln F. Schoepf- (The latter entered the United Statee service during the civil war with the rank of brigadier general, and the writer served for some time on his staff.) Kossuth's name In America, where he came in 1KT.1. holds high place In the af fections of those who honor sacrifice In liberty's cause. * * * The Italian press, as one may imagine, J is most pronounced in its interpretation of Austria's attitude. The Italy Glornale d'Italia writes "We have only to watch Watcties. and walt tn order to learn where Vienna prefers to go." The ibune prints an article full of dlscon nd manifest uneasiness. The Na tional Society "Risorglmento." composed of distinguished political personalities, proposed Jhfe commemoration which took place at Rome on June 24. The presi dent of t\e society asked that the salle "Horaces Curlaces" at the capital should be set apart for the ceremonies but the mayor of Rome, M. Nathan, re fused, because it could not be accorded except for International congresses or for meetings of a munlrfpal character. M Marcora, ex-p/eeldent of the Italian mber, replylnc/to a toast at a ban u9c of veteran*^ at Rome recently, re alllrtfr-Miwe-^plsode of the war of 1850. said: "Such memories should incite Italians to prepare themselves well, so that the country may not be obliged to submit to the yoke of the stranger who waits at the frontier. The word Of command will come from the chamber, which will echo the unanimous voice of the nation, which is determined to preserve the liberty which has cost so much blood." The semi-official Italia says that *M. Marcora should avoid such tirades, very patriotic perhaps/ hut the more inoppor tune that Austna is about to give a manifestation of her friendship. (Allude ing to the accrediting of the ambassador to take part In the June fetes.) Italy has lost no time In the discussion of her war budget, and, having her finances in good .shape, the chamber promptly voted a number of dread noughts. In 1012 the Italian navy will be composed of four divisions, thus: The first with four Dante-Ahghieri type; tto second, four Regina-Elena: the third, four San-Giorgio; the fourth two cruis ers Regina-Margherlta. plus three Gari baldi all with formidable armaments. This'line will be reinforced by a reserve squadron of two cruisers Sicllle .and three cruisers. Carlo Alberto, Vlttorlo Kmmanuele, Vettor-Plsanl and Marco PIn 1912 the work which will constitute Brindisi a first-class fortified town will be completed. Also the formidable armed fortifications of Venice, which is destined to become one of the most Important fortified places in Italy. ? ? * It is pertinent to mention in connection with Italy's present situation In the .trlpllce the fact that it Crispi's was Crlspl who was the chief cause of that at Triplice. tachment. It Is no less true that from 1880 to 1890 there was almost entire accord between England and Germany, while the relations between France and England were very bad, due In a great measure to the latter 8 military occupation of Egypt in 1882. The czar having retired from the trlpllce in 1880, Russia's place was occupied by Italy, the signatories guaranteeing the integrity of their respective territories. This guarantei meant clearly the guarantee to Germany of the provinces lost to France, and this produced 111 feeling between France and Italy. Meanwhile the estrangement be tween Austria and Italy has continued to Increase, and the. latter is pursued by the ever-present danger that the day she should cease to be a member of the trip lice-or rather the ally of Austria?that day Italy would be obliged to face a war with Austria. Unsuspecting spirits who see nothing below the surface ask why Italy does not sever brusquely her relations with the trlpllce? The answer Is found in the foregoing. Warned by the prepara tions of her enemy, but ally, on land and sea, Italy is now doing likewise, encour aged by her new friends in the triple entente. In diplomatic circles it is said by those who affect to know that when King Edward VII and King Victor Emmanuel met at Bala a few weeks ago the question of Italy's situation In the triplice was Beriously discussed. The last twelve months have been brim ful of surprises, but the measure would overrun quite If we should learn some day that Italy, and perhaps Hungary, were no longer In the trlpllce. It may not happen tomorrow, but some such sur prise may happen to counterbalance the one experienced by M. Isvolsky at the bidding of Baron von d'Aehrenthal. CH. CHAILLE-LONG. ELIOT'S FIVE-FOOT LIBRARY. From the Memphis Commercial-Appeal. President Eliot's shelf of books are either the best or the worst. Prom tbe Columbus Dispatch. Dr. Eliot never did anything so un Fiopular as he did when he published his 1st of books, the reading of which he warrants enough for a liberal educa tion. Everybody has his own list, an* no two of them are alike. Who would have thought there was so profound a love for books as the loud and angry voices Indicate? From the Detroit Free Preas. Dr. Charles Eliot's flve-foot-library scheme comes too late to benefit tha man who has already contracted for several miles of books on the install* ment plan. From tbe Baltimore Star. As President Taft has pardoned a Doy who stole a Greek text, he Is a pre sumptive buyer of an Eliot library. From the Council Bluff* Nonpareil. The world has gone sadly astray. Among the books that President Eliot of Harvard has pronounced the tinea everybody should read are the very ones nobody reads. VARIOUS VERSES ON TIMELY TOPICS SATISFACTION! They're enrllnr on the duty where the duty shouldn't ho. , And thiols that oocht to bear a tax they'r* putting down at (ri*; They're raising hob ulth everything there U beneath the nun. But ?>h. it's good to realise It's hot tn Wash ington! It's hotter there than bis re* when they get a real hot spell. It'a hotter than the torrid lone, it's hotter far than- well! When those soft pavements catch the heat re flected fmnj toe win. You wsut to bet pood money that it'a hot la Washington! They're roasting and they're toasting and they're sweltering all day. Those senators of evil bent are simmering away: ? And oh. the hotter that It (eta, the whlla they tinker on. Let's hope It tt:1I be fcattsr yet down there in Washington! They're throttlinj* our recoureea. they are crush ing enterprise. They're tying iJp our business and dertroyttg our supplies. They're taking taxea off the rich the poor folk to put on. But (there'll one deep satisfaction -lt'a hot la Washington! O aun, shine hot! O breeze* cease! O asphalt, melt and boi!! O alsde trifs. Rive them naught of shade to lighten up their toll! Aye, while the Senate link'ring sits and loads Injustice on. Let all the land unite In prayer frr heat la Washington! -Paul West. In New York World. COMES ON SUNDAY! I been good since vacation come. An' I tend'd the lawn, I washed my feet ev'ry evening, some. An' T ain't never gone Out doors at nlirht, uer fllppln' csrs. Ner turtle tltihin'. An' ain't et them preserves o" ma's, Without permission, So whadda you knoT about this here? An' It ain't no lie? I rot to go to church, this year On the fourth O' July! ?Cleveland Leader. THE LEGEND OF THE DEGREE i After R. K.) This ia the sorrowful atory. Told ou the evening breew. When the millionaires alt together. Comparing their LL. !>.'?. "We worked from our early boyhood. An<l we made our Industries hum. Till at last we found tlma for breathing And could watch the dollars come. "Then dtne the college m.istera And captured us, ode and ull. Though most of u.< siaike not Initio. And onr knowledge of grammar wn small. "Tliey put UK In mother hubburds And caps like mortar-boards, too. And said: 'Now watch up. rich men, And see what we do to you.' "And they led us In gro?:j>? and singly. And led us by two* itnd three. And handrd us, wlllynilly, A collection of high degrees. "And now we hare titles In plenty Attached to each plain old name. And to pay. we must tap the check book, For that la the rule of the game." This la the horrible atory. Told on the evening breece, When the millionaires sit together Comparing their LL. D.'s. ?Drover Republic** HIS SUMMER GAME. A summer game mv fan^r suits? It la the game of picking route*. Ah. often Han ambition snared To routes that I could ne'er afford. I study folders, and the tralna. And find rare pleasure for my pain*; And yet, tls strange, I never use ? The routes that tbu* I pick and cIkmm. ?Cleveland Plain Dealar. THE GIRL AND THE GAME. He took her to the ball game, sud when they ihad found their places, He showed her where the players stood and tol# about the bases; With patient care he showed her that the umplra ?did not play. i Explaining that on every point b? had the final |||; He poiu'ted out the benches where tha rival players eat. And made it clear that "club" Is not the sanw thing as a bat. She thanked him prettily, and said As thought that It waa splendid To have the chance to see a game and he so well attoMcd: And When he carefully set forth tha pitcher's plan and aim, She thanked him onee again, and aaid that aba was glad she came. He told her why the man was out, and showed her h?iw a fly When caught liefore It struck the ground would make him out, and why. He did not give her any chance to ask a single question; lie analyzed the game for her without the Itast suggestion. With linger pointed at the men, be showed bow it was done; Showed how the coaeher slgnuled to the men to ?tay or run; And while with cheers the very air above the fleld was jarred. He showed her how to mark the run upon tha little card. 8he smiled a gentle smile. and said *he wished rhe had his knowledge. That she had tried to piuy the game one year at Hmussar College He grinned in pity, then he tuld In measured terms and alow. The inner motives of the game as then and tljere on show. Then .came the ninth; the scoje was tied; two out. the ba?es full. And every rooter in the stand exerting psychic pull. A long, clean hit to center?and a tumult on to* bleachers. With men in wildcat voices shouting like to craxy creature? And she! Oh. she was on her feet and yelling all tl>e while In accents that you could have heard, I'm mire, for halt a mile! "Oh. run! Ice wagons! Run! Run! Run!"? Her tones were shrill and loud. And soared above the roaring and the shrieking of the crowd. ? ?????? He never said a word as they walked homeward from the game. But for a week or so the world was not to htm the same. ? Wilbur D. Nesbit In Chicago Post. A WOMAN'S WAY. Her husband will get "loaded," He'll go the primrose way; He'll squander all his earnings And leave her to work by day; Yet, when he Is arrested For this, without a doubt. She'll promptly leave her washing And gu and bail him out. Her husband will deprive her Of comforta In the home. He'll club her and he'll snub her And he'll go away to roam; But does she say, "You scoundrel, I'll have you up for this?" Ah. no, she tell* the neighbors That her life is perfect bliss. ?ad thus It Is she laltors To keep him In her hesrt, To minimise his errors Which leaves the *>rest smart; And though she's often foolish In that she thwurts the la?*. Should you ask her why she does It She'll Just answer you, "Because." ?St. IjOuIs Star. BALKINESS. Yqu can lieat a mule when the critter slope; You can pull bis ear as It wearily n<>|?; You <^an (MHind him mightily here and there As he gloomily stands with a patient air. A mule's a mule. You cun make him feel; You can light a bonfire beneath his keel; You can make him squirm, though he will net tote - But what can you do with a motor tioat? ?Peoria Herald-Transcript. You can start it If you're on lo your Job; You can oil the crank of the thlngnmitob; You can lighten the dingus If It* l<>o*e. Then Open the valve and turn on the Juice; Put goo on the whlsxer and twirl the crnnk; 8ee that the jigger tits ?nug on the shank. if the thing still balks, spite of ull your care, 'ou can sit in the stern of the imat sud a wear! -Chicago Tribune. VERY POETIC. widf Quite off hi* ?wi ?,o im """? and did aver Ksrw