THE EVENING STAR.
With Sunday Morning Edition.
SUNDAY June 27, 1909
THEODORE W. NO YES Editor
Ea'ored as second-clftts nail matter at Ui? poit
offlco at Waahiofton, D. C.
THE STAJfc has a regular and permanent
Family Circulation much more than the
combined circulation of the other Wash
ing-ten dailies. As a Kewa and Adver
tiling' Medium it has no competitor.
The Keening Star, with She Sunday morning
edition. Is delivered liy carriers within the city
at ?*< cents per tunntb; without the Sumiav morn
lag edition at 44 ceuts per mouth.
By mail, postage prepaid.
Daily. SSimlay included, one month. 00 cents.
Dally. .Sunday excepted, one month, oO cents.
Saturday Star, one year. $1.00.
Sunday Star, one year. $1.50.
The Next Regular Session.
Will this extra session shorten the first
regular session of the Sixty-first Con
gress? Under ordinary circumstances it
might. But circumstances are not ordi
nary. With the tariff out of the way?if
it is satisfactorily disposed of at this
session?there will still be abundant busi
ness for congressional hands to do.
For instance, there is the question of
currency reform, second In importance
and difficulty only to that of the tariff ;
itself. This is to come up next winter.
As yet no bill has been agreed upon, j
Public sentiment Is very much divided.
The east talks in one strain, and the west
in another. As usual, the west is suspi
cious of any financial plan favored by
the east. In all money matters, the east
spells Wall street to the west. Here
alone Is a text which may call out the
orators in Congress in as great force as
the tariff has just marshaled them.
Then we are to hear from both parties
a good deal about economy. The repub
licans, it is said, will present estimates
much below recent figures, and, of course,
the democrats will move that even they
l>e reduced. All departments of the gov
ernment will figure in the discussion, and
we may expect it to be protracted.
And then is It at all certain that the
tariff, although with a new law on the
books, will not again, in a debatable
form, be brought forward? Much will
depend on the operations of tho new
law. If it starts well, the democrats may
not find it a topic then to their taste. I
Hut if the early results are vulnerable;
If the country has not taken kindly to
the new schedules, or the law as a rev
enue producer has disappointed expecta
tions, then. Inevitably, the democrats will
return to the subject and de\ote time to
It. It will be both human nature and
good poi.tics for them to capitalize the
failure to the utmost degree possible.
And over all will preside considerations
affecting the approaching congressional
campaign, which will take place in No
vember of next year. The work of the
session will enter into the fight for con
trol of the next House, and both parties
will play for advantage in the shaping
of the record. A long first session is sel
dom to the advantage of the party In
control; and it Is always in the power of
the minority, and particularly in the
Senate, to protract the session for polit
On every account, therefore, It is Im
possible now to forecast the length of
the next regular sess.on. It Is likelier
to be long than short, but how long de
pends upon things which at this time
?re either only half shaped or have taken
on no shape at all.
The New York Chinatown murder, so
shocking In its details as now they are
being gradually disclosed, and so repel
lent in its general features bearing upon
the relations of the young missionaries
In the slums and the under world, directs
attention to the fact that the charitable
Impulse often leads into misdirected chan
nels. There is an abundance of work in
every city for the man or woman who
seeks to ameliorate conditions and to
lead people into better ways of living.
The modern tendency to organize chari
ties and prevent waste interposes no bar
to the personal efforts of those who wish
to enlist In this cause. There are homes
where Ignorance of the commonest re
quirements of decent living Is sapping the
moral and physical vitality. There are
places where good cheer Is needed, where
the occasional helping hand is required.
One seldom needs to look far from home
to find an inviting field for true mission
This crime in New York should not tend
to discourage the effort to enlighten the
Chinese living in this country, or to as
sist them morally. But it must be re
membered that this is a dangerous and
? discouraging work. It calls for tact
and discretion and for peculiar acquaint
ance with the Chinese temperament. The
Cl..namen have through many genera
tions and centuries acquired an inscruta
ble poise. It is virtually impossible for
occidentals to kuow their thoughts or
even to understand their processes of
reasoning. They are of a race apart, dis
tinct and different.
The Christian workers In a large city
will sometimes go to an extent which
Is not Justified upon a calm examination
of the conditions. The peculiar, undefin
sble fascination of the unknown and
the unguessable draws many into this
dangerous field. The young girl In this
case seems to have been unfortunate in
the fact that she was not restrained by
family Influences, her own mother urging
her Into the Chinatown work and even
encouraging her to receive the attentions
Ct Chinamen for her affections. Thus
this situation is an abnormal one and
cannot be regarded as typical. The case,
however, teaches its impressive lesson In
the need of greater circumspection in all
the relations between the west and the
If the predictions that farmers will use
automobiles in carrying produce comes
true a good-roads movement that really
means something may be looked for.
At this time of the year It is a good
thing to break away from ? house and
city and get out into the open, into the
woods?any where away from pavements
and sidewalks?but not too far away from
street cars. In short, this U the Ideal
season for family picnics, those occasions
of extreme Joy to all the youngsters and
a certain pleasurable responsibility for
the elders and a relaxation and refresh
ment for ah
One of tne advantages of a family pic
nic is that it can be organized on short
notice. It is true, of course, that some
housewives would regard it as contrary to
the fundamental law of nature to get up
a picn'c without at least two days for
preparation. But the modern family pic
nic is a simpler, more eas ly arranged
affair. The grocery stores supply a
great variety of foodstuffs suitable for
picnic use and easy to transport. At
small cost and with little fuss a bounte
ous picnic basket can l?e assembled and
the family start d off into the country.
There are r.omtt Ideal picnic grounds
? round Wasl.lngton. In almost any direc
tion ope car fare will carry the pleasure (
a?-ekcr to a place of semi-seclusion and i
sylvan beauty. This country is well j
watered with small streams and creek*, j
and springs are abundant. The owners1
of the land are, as a rule, good natured,
but it is not necessary to trespass upon
private property in order to give a picnic
party an ideal place of settlement. Re
sort parks and public parks are within
easy reach where the family can be made
The chief benefit derived from going on
a picnic Is the change of scene. It may
be that there is discomfort in sitting on
the hard ground and eating In an unnat
ural posture and defending one's food
from the encroachments of inquisitive in
sects. Possibly one will be positively dis
commoded by the roots and rocks and
sand and sunburn and be kept in a fer
ment of apprehension about poison ivy
and snakes and all that sort of thing.
? But these are negligible handicaps. They
do not overbalance the advantages gained
from a departure from routine.
Sometimes a woman who has been con
scientiously managing her household
throughout the week will find in the all
day picnic in the woods a refreshing
change. The man who has been tied to
a desk for six days may need precisely
this sort of readjustment. The children
can' stand all the picnicking that can be
given them. They cannot be taken into
the woods and fields too often for their
own Ro.id. Even if they do stub their
toes and step on thorns and get their
clothes wet they derive far more physical j
advantage than they would out of a day'
spent at home. I
False Public-Building Economy.
The action of the House and Senate con
ferees in striking out from the census bill
the provision for a new building for that
bureau is another instance of the penny
wlse-pound-fooilsh policy of economy j
which ordinarily prevails at the Capitol
in the matter of providing quarters for !
the government offices. The census bu
reau is now a permanent feature of the
government service. Between the decen
nial enumerations It la engaged in art im
portant work of collecting and analyzing
statistics. It has for some years been
inadequately housed In a rented building,
which the bill pro posed to replace with a
public-owned structure of adequate size
and approximately in keeping with the
general scheme of official const ructions in
Washington. The passage of this appro
priation would have been genuine econ
omy in cutting oft a large rental and
placing the government In possession of
its own building, in which the work could
be done at an advantage.
Congress has been chronically Indis
posed for years to fit the government out
with a full equipment of buildings. One
Secretary after another has appea.ed
through his annual reports and estimates
for new quarters, not alone for the ac
commodation of bureaus that are housed
outside of the parent bu.ldlngs. but for
departmental buildings themselves. Noth
ing could be more wasteful than the proc
esses In this respect. The local map is
dotted with privately owned buildings
that are rented to the government for
sums which m the aggregate represent
an annual interest on far more than
enough money to provide the public
service with all its necessary equipment
on a proper scale.
It is true that the government is not
in abundant funds and tnat economy
must be practiced th<s year in order to
trim the outgo approximately to the in
come. But It is also true that the surest
economy is to stop these wasting rentals
for inadequate quarters. Furthermore, it
is to be remembered that the work ot
erecting a new government bu-lding is a
matter of several years, and tnat even it
Congress were next week to pass an om
.nibus bill authorizing tne construction ot
every one of the ten or a dozen struc
tures urgently needed for the government
service the cost would be so distriuuted
over half a decade at least tnat the pres
ent stringency of the Treasury Depart
ment would have become a matter ot his
tory before the expend.ture of the last
dollar. Indeed, If the projected tariff and
corporation tax measures raise the reve
nue that is expected there will be an
abundance of money for such necessary
works as public building construction
within the next few years.
No Public Baths Here.
Even when the public bathing beach Is
opened this city will seriously lack facili
ties. The small boyB of Washington can
not all be accommodated there, even if a
strict time limit is placed upon those who
go to the beach. It is difficult of access,
and save for the possible improvements
effected by the changes now in progress
it is not particularly inviting.
As The Star suggested the other day,
this city should be ideally equipped with
public baths in the interest of health and
for the protection of life. It has an
unusual extent of water front, and at a
comparatively small expenditure public
baths could be established at frequent in
tervals on the water's edge sufficient to
accommodate thousands daily.
Committees are at work trying to edu
cate the poorer classes out of their in
sanitary w^ys of living in the hope of
combating the diseases that are common
in the habitations of comparative poverty.
Yet here in Washington there Is virtually
no means of public bathing. There are
accommodations for very few men and
boys, and none for women. In this par
ticular Washington is shamefully behind
the times, and if Congress does not take
cognizance of this matter the capital will
suffer seriously in health.
The prohibition party Is not making the
political capital that might be expected
of its declaration in plank No. 4 of Its
succinct platform in favor of "equitable
graduated Income and inheritance taxes."
Baltimore has no fear that the railway
Interests w'.Il undertake to reduce it to
the status of a way station whose most
Important features are a telegraph office
and a flower bed.
Polar explorers do not express great
confidence in one another's expeditions.
It will be a long time before anything
like a merger Is effected In arctic trans
The income tax may be a reliable reve
nue raiser, but the democratic delegates
to Denver did not find it much of a vote
It begins to look as If Sir Thomas Lip
ton's cup-liftlng enterprise would never
again get any farther than the debate on
A vegetable diet is commended for sum
mer. But it should not be accompanied
by ignorant experimentation with mush
Some antl-lniperiallst will doubtless be
holding before this country the fear of a
Pledging: the Ken for Suffrage.
New York suffragettes have at last
pitched their campaign in the key of
practical business. They realise that in
order to win the fight for equal suffrage
they must enlist the sympathy and co
operation of the men. The men have the
votes necessary to grant the franchise to
women. The syllogism is simple. The
conclusion Is direct. In order to get the
voles they must get the men. Inasmuch
as many of the fair advocates of woman
Huffrage are unmarried, and. of course, all
are attractive, the logical expedient is
obvious. That the reasoning powers of
the suffragettes of the metropolis are
not impaired is shown by the fact that
a pledge has now b?en drawn up by the
Progressive Woman's Suffrage Union,
the signers of which agree not to marry
any man who will not declare himself
in favor of woman suffrage and take an
active part in fighting for It. It is ex
pected that within a month over 10.000
girls eligible to matrimony will have
pledged themselves in this matter and
that in six months the number will have
grown to 100.000. The following is the
"We. the undersipned. hereby declare
that we will not Indulge in matrimony
with any man who is not willing to sign
an agreement that he will not only lend
his moral support to suffrage, but will
work patiently and hard toward its sup
port and success."
This will lead to one of two results.
Either the number of old maids In the
United States will be materially Increased
or else woman suffrage will be voted by
a large majority. There is just one pos
sible exception from this alternative. Far
be it from any one at this stage to sug
gest that any large number of men will
be base enough to win the^hand and
heart of a woman on the strength of a
false vow. But it is .Quite possible that
many a man led to the altar on a wom
an suffrage plank might afterward have
business and political reasons to repudiate
liis pledge. The question naturally arises
In this connection whether such a re
cantation would be rated as a good
ground for divorce. Will the laws of the
state of New York require to be amended
with reference to the granting of legal
separations if the Progressive Woman's
Suffrage Union carries its campaign to a
finish with the energy that it has here
tofore shown in making the franchise is
sue a vital factor in American politics?
Developments in the Maryland murder
:-ase have followed so rapidly that it Is
impossible to know when the mystery has
been .fully solved. The case, which has
peculiarly unpleasant features in Its dis
closures of misconduct, strikingly illus
trates the old doctrine of the police that
one crime often uncovers another, and
points to the ease with which men can
conceal themselves and lose identity for
a time in these days. When Mrs. Wood
ill's body was first discovered the report
circulated that she had been killed by a
man named Roberts, a magazine writer,
and it was as Roberts that the man was
sought. It was not until after he had
-- lied himself while being pursued by a
posse that evidence was found that he
was in reality Robert E. Eastman, for
merly a broker in New York, lie had
become involved In difficulties and had
been indicted for a transgression of thd
laws, but had tied the jurisdiction while
under bond. Since December no trace
had been found of him, and even his
wife, living in New York city, had no
clew to his whereabouts. During all that
time he had been living in a bungalow
on the Choptank river near the Chesa
peaKe bay in Maryland, posing as writer
and entertaining Baltimore and Annapolis
friends, making acquaintances in the
neighborhood, and apparently taking no
precautions to avoid attracting attention.
He appeared to rely tor concealment
upon the change of his name, and this
measure was effective uuntil a tragedy
occurred and he took his own lite to
avoid capture. Probably he was success
rul in avoiding detection largely because
he appeared to make no attempt to
avoid meeting people and led an appar
ently normal lite. Had he been a recluse,
surrounding himself with mystery, It is
quite possible that he would have become
an object of suspicion and identified. It
would b? interesting to know how many
of the men who are now fugitives from
justice or borne on the police records as
missing from their homes without being
accused of crime are at this moment
residing under other names in various
parts of the counry and possibjy engag
ing in business without subterfuge or dis
No genial persuas-on on the part of
Chauncey M. Depew w.ll convince a num
ber of political personages that It is a
joke for a man to have to pay his own
Wu Ting-fang thinks a man should live
200 years, but is doubtless ready to make
an exception In the case of the Chinaman
who is wanted In New York for homicide.
The Wright brothers have brought to
light the fact that the camera is as In
dustriously employed In civilized regions
as in the hunting districts of Africa.
As a man with a reputation for distln*
guished silences, Judge Alton B. Parker
does not feel called upon to jump into
the tariff discussion.
11 i ?
This summer the Chinese eating house
supersedes the roof garden as the scene
of sensational tragedy in New York.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
"It Is hard to succeed in finance with
out experience," said the observer.
"Yes," answered Mr. Dustln Stax.
"There must be experience; and one of
the objects of the game is to let other
people get most of it."
"I don't know what to make of that
young spendthrift," said the prudent rela
"I should say he Is a victim of hered
ity," said Miss Cayenne. "It was a mis
fortune to inherit a lot of money."
Don't eat too much.
Don't drink at all.
And if you'd find
Some comfort small
And slumber through
A peaceful night.
Don't read the "don'ts"
That people write.
"You say you have no faith In the sin
cerity of that man who signs himself
"No faith whatever," answered the ed
itor, wearily. "As constant a writer as
he is couldn't possibly have time to read
"What's that you call your mule?"
"I calls him 'Corporation,' " answered
the old colored man.
"How did you come to give him such a
"Fum studyin* de animal an' readln'
de papers. Dat mule gits mo' blame an*
abuse dan anything else in de township
an' goes ahead havln' his own way, jes'
K no wed him when he was a boy.
Many years ago.
Never saw a kid enjoy
Cske an' pastry so!
All along through dinner time
Us?d to hear him sigh,
"Had enough o' plain food. I'm
Ready for the pie."
He's a statesman with a face
Known both west and east.
Holds a most Important place
At the mental feast.
Through debate he sits at ease.
Yet. as time goes by.
Yawns as if he's thlnkln', "Please
Pass along the pie!"
FIFTY YEARS AGO
IN THE STAR
Half a century ago there ware very
few survivors of the war of the revolu
tion. There were, however.
Veterans numerous survivors -of the
of 1R1Q war ?* 1812, and even more
of the veterans of the Mex
ican war. The veterans of 1812 had their
organization, corresponding with the G.
A. R. and the Confederate Veterans to
day. In The Star of June 20, 1859, is the
following news paragraph telling of a
meeting of these old soldiers:
"The Association of the Survivors of
the War of 1812 held its anniversary
meeting in the city hail on Saturday, on
which occasion an address was delivered
by Col. W. W. Seaton, the president.
Resolutions of condolence with the fami
lies of Isaac Holland, Henri* B- Robertson
and Paul Steven*, members deceased dur
ing the past year, were passed. The
treasurer's , annual report having beer,
read and adopted, the follow-insr officers
were elected for the ensuing year:
"Col. William W. Seaton. president.
Col. John S. Williams, first \1ce president:
Gen. St. John B. L. Skinner, second vice
president; James Lawrenson. secretary:
James A. Kennedy, treasurer; Col. Wil
liam P. Young, marshal; Dr. William
Jones, surgeon: Edward Simms, Richard
Burgess and Peter Bergniann, executive
committee. On motion it was unanimous
ly resolved that the association Are a na
tional salute from the armory grounds
at meridian on the Fourth of July next
and that the members meet there at 11
a.m. on that day."
There was trouble between the market
men and the authorities half a century
ago, and in discussion of
Market the matter The Star in Its
? . , Issue of June 22, 1850, said:
xtenta/9. "The renters of stalls
and stands In the Center market are In
a state of excitement just now over the
act of the eommlss'oners and master of
i the market in demanding the very heavy
advance in the cost of the facilities they
enjoy from the capital corporation In
the matter of supplying people with food,
in some cases the advance chargod belnj?
mora than 100 per cent. Almost all the
Improvements the renters claim to have
made at their own expense. They fur
ther allege that there is nothing whatever
in the cond'tion of their business at this
time to justify any increase in the taxes
levied on th?m. We And that these men
have good reason thus to complain of
being made the instruments of heavier
exactions for the benefit of the corpora
tion upon the public at large, -for, as a
matter of course. In self-defense they
must charse the Increase to those deal
ing with them. We hear It is the pur
pose to get the city's revenue from the
Center market up to $32,000 this year. To
doT:his it is necessary to change the stall
rents enormously; indeed, quite as much
per front foot as a fee simple title to the
ground covered by the stalls, or of any
private property in that vicinity, would
bring at auction?say $10 per front foot."
It has been many a day since the o'd
Piney Branch race course was used for
the entertainment of the
Trotting' horse-loving public of this
x. District. Fifty years ago
that course was opened,
the following paragraph in The Star of
June 23. 1850, telling of the occasion:
"Yesterday the Plney Branch trotting
course was opened with two trotting
matches, the first by two green fillies four
years old; untrained and neither being
trotted on a track before. The time made
was uncommonly good for the new track,
and the race was closeiy contested, the
winner having nothing to boast of. In
deed, so questionable Is It as to which Is
the fastest that there is an universal
desire to see It repeated at an early day,
and we hope the public will be Indulged
by the spectacle of a new match. The
second race was not so Interesting, aa the
horses were not closely matched. The
company was large and respectable, and
everything was conducted In a most or
derly manner. We learn that this track
is entirely under the control of an asso
ciation; that they have adopted the most
stringent rules, so that all who vlBit the
track will have a pleasant time. No gam
bling is allowed on the track, and It is
closed against every one on the Sabbath
day. Whilst the track Is a private one,
occasionally there will be a public trot
for the recreation of our citizens; and as
it Is the most pleasant drive near Wash
ington, we hope our citizens will patronize
It by subscribing thereto."
Ballooning was regarded as a distinctly
novel sport fifty years ago, aeroplane*
not having then been
Extraordinary'Jreamed of, and dirigibles
, _ uelng quite out of the
Ballooning r+ng* of public imagina
tion. In The Star of June 24, 1800, there is
an article descriptive of a projected balloon
trip from St. Louis to theAtlantic seaboard,
a distance of over a thousand miles. It
was expected that the hazardous under
taking would be made during the week
of the publication, or that following.
Those engaged in the enterprise were
Prof. John Wise, a well-known aeronaut,
and Messrs. C. H. Gaeger and John La
montaln, their balloon being named the
Atlantic. The Star, quoting from the St.
Ltoula Republican, said:
"Prof. Wise is an unassuming and
agreeable gentlem&n, very reasonable in
his viewB, and quite competent to sustain
them on scientific principles. He contends
that at a distance of from three to four
miies from the earth there is a current of
wind blowing from west to east which is
constantly the same, never varying in Its
direction, and rarely In the rate of veloc
ity. On this proposition he has experi
mented for years, and has not failed once
to obsarve tho invariable feature. As
soon aa he discovered this phenomenon
seventeen years ago he conceived the
Idea that It was not impossible to navi
gate the air from America to Europe. In
furtherance of this purpose he applied to
his friends for assistance, but they hooted
at the project as crack-brain. He next
petitioned Congress for aid, but that bodf
was too much engrossed with everyday
affairs. And thus the balloonist was
forced to forego hla cherished idea until
some months ago. when he associated
with him Messrs. Gaeger and Lamontain,
the former the inventor of a balloon boat
with air wheels, and the latter a balloon
builder. The three went to work Imme
diately, and in a few days we shall aee
the success which will attend the first
THE CORPORATION TAX.
From tho Milwaukee Sentinel.
A "tax on corporations" doesn't sound
so good to the multitude of small stock
From tbe Richmoud Times-Dlspatck
Undoubtedly corporations regard legis
lators as a lot of fresh Paul Prya. '
From the Buffalo Expreaa.
"What is a corporation, pa?"
"That depends, my son. For taxing
purposes it Is an aggregation of poor
widows and helpless orphans who have
nothing in the world to live on except the
profits of a few double-track trunk-line
From the rittaburg Dispatch.
Jfow the manner of the corporation tax
has been decided, may we not have the
tariff bill through the Senate before the
end of this mouth?
from tbe Houston Po$t.
A 2 per cent income tax on the net
earnings of corporations would hit the
United States Steel Corporation for a cool
million a year. Of course, that would
show Senator Bailey's devotion to the
steel trust, wouldn't it?
From tbe Sjraene* Post-Standard.
Judging from newspaper comments, the
corporation tax Is just about as popular
as a green persimmon.
From the tlarrUburg Telegraph.
Final agreement has been reached
among the leaders in support or President
Taft's proposition for a 2 par cent tax
on the net earnings of corporations in
excess of ffi.OOO a year. The President
doesn't make much noise about it, but he
appears to have a way of getting what
ITALY AND HUNGARY IN TRIPLICE
The visit of Emperor William to Brin
disi and Vienna -was inspired by the
necessity of strengthening
William's the ve?y frail tie that binds
Italy and Austria. An un
Visit. fortunate incident, the re
fusal of Baron von Aehrenthal to accept
Italy's invitation to Austria to partic
pate in the exposition of fine arts, wn i >
is to commemorate Italian unity at Rome
and Turin in 1911. has effaced the good
effect of the official interviews and
caused old wounds to bleed afresh. Itau
is In ill humor.
Hungary, too, is in ill humor. Former
ly the kaiser was very kind and gra
cious toward the Magyars, but s.ncc ie
Austro-German coup in the matter o.
Servia and the annexation of Bosnia
Herzegovina all is changod. Be- ?e;
was not Hungary assured that Bosnia
and Herzegovina, when annexed, should
be joined to Hungary" Hungary is rag
ir.e #mad against Austria. There are
thus two members of the ttiplice^ who
may be classed as irreconcilable malcon
tents, Italy and Hungary.
The National Review in its latest po
lJtical summary mentions the Wrman
emperor's efforts to soothe the irrita
tion of his allies. To accomplish tl.is
purpose and emphasize their newl>" *?*
quired authority in European questions,
Emperor William and Emperor Francis
Joseph, on the former's arrival in \ ienna,
May 14, sent the following joint tele
gram to King Victor Emmanuel:
' Our meeting affords us fresh occasion
to greet our august ally and friend, and
to address to him a cordial expression of
our unalterable friendship."
1'nder the circumstances the K.ng 01
Italy, who recalls th? Rustic reference
of the kaiser to Italy s unfaithfulness
at Algeciras, may exclaim in the words
of Racine that he "had neither
tliat excess of honor nor that injustice.
Nevertheless King Victor replied:
"I am very grateful to your inajestj,
who lias, with the emperor, our Joint
ally and friend, so kindly sent me the
expression of his unalterable friends I
This friendship is very dear to me. ana
I assure your majesty that It is sincere
ly and fully reciprocated."
Such Is the language of diplomacy,
which is defined tersely as the scienc.
Meanwhile the effervescence in Italy
has been augmented rather than dimin
ished. Austria's refusal to
Italian participate in the commem
orative exposition in 1911
Ferment, included also, and for sen
timental reasons, the ceremonies held at
Solferino. June *4, in honor of the Ital
ian soldiers who fell at Solferino in 1859.
The Austrian government, however, in
view of the adverse criticisms of the
Austrian press, changed its mind
Count do Lubzoff, its ainbassad*#*' at
Rome, was instructed to assist oflcially
at the ceremonies.
Because of the tension in the \rela
tions of Italy and Austria and th4 cer
tain independence of action which char
acterized the policy of Baron von Aeh
renthal. Austria's abstention wad ? ot
altogether unexpected. Informed a! year
ago of the fetes and the assumed par
ticipation of the Austrian government.
Baron von Aehrenthal replied
Duke d'Avarna. negatively. "}/C ha^
been decided," said the Austrian minis
ter, "that Austria-Hungary woiAld not
participate officially for an indefinite
time In International expositions^^
reason of the little enthusiasm of her
industrial subjects." In truth, the Aus
trian government did not care to take
part in what was to it a Calvary. Cele
brate the conquest of Lombardy, the
annexation of Venice, the absorption of
states governed by the Hapsburg and
the occupation of Rome! Austria could
not submit to such humiliation. The
response of Baron von Aehrenthal was
kept secret, being divulged only a few
The news created as much emotion in
Austria as in Italy. In the latter it
awoke the latent hostility which, it
may he remarked, is as intensely racial
as national. It was another incident
added to the Snndjak railway in the
Balkans, the annexation of Bosnia
Herzegovina and the refusal to permit
the establishment of an Italian uni
versity at Trieste. Besides, Italy saw
in Austria's decision another form of
protestation against Rome capital of
Italy. Francis Joseph I had never con
sented to visit the King of Italy in
Rome. It was certain ho would never
change, and it was equally certain that
the archduke, heir to the throne, Fran
cis Ferdinand, more strictly Catholio
than his uncle, would follow his policy.
The personal relations between the two
sovereign families were destined, there
fore, to become more and more distant.
The maritime armaments of Austria
also, in disproportion with her interests
In the Adriatic, waB an
Anutria's other source of Italian
uneasiness. Finally the
Navy. military measures adopt
ed by Austria on the Tyrolean frontier
are of such a nature that they denote
rather preparations for invasion than
precautions for defense. The period ot
commemoration of historical events,
battles and annexations is calculated
to envenom and embitter the relations
ihat already, perhaps, arc past mend
The Austrian press, the semi-official
Included has violently criticised the
attitude of the government at Vienna.
The Zelt remarks that it would causa
the loss of aU the efforts which had
been made to establish friendly relations
between Vienna and Rome. The f*ou"
velle Presse "would live with the living
and go forward with the strong.
The official organs of Ballplatz found
difficulty in justifying the government s
refused. They based their defense on
the ground that the Italian invitation
was an act of simple courtesy, and that
the cabinet of Rome did not expect them
to accept. Had the Duke d'Avarna. in
transmitting: the invitation, insinuated
? muXhf would have translated wnat
was In the minds of some political men
who foresaw that the Presence of Aus
trian* at the fetes in 1911 would be em
bNo*',8ifo^ a fact, the Austro-Hungarian
monarchy is no longer what it waa in
1859. It is composed actually ot two
parties, which were pitted against each
other in 1848. when the Austrian Field
Marshal Radetsky conquered Charles
Albert at Novare In 1849. In 18.>9 tne
Maygars were heart and soul with the
Italians against Austrians, with whom
they .are now a part. .
The Hungarian papers, among others
the Pesti Napio and the Pestl Hlrlap, ex
press the opinion that Sadowa hasi been
for the monarchy a more painful defeat
than Magenta and Solferino. They ask
Baron von Aehrenthal by what right
he treats of the industrial* and commer
PEARY AND THE POLL
From the Spriogl)el<l Union.
Starting a report on a day like yes
terday that Peary had reached the north
pole was juBt like piling on the misery.
From the Scran ton Tribune.
It is now believed that Peary has
reached the north pole. But what's the
use, unless he can return and tell us
From the Charleston New* ami Courier.
If Peary's friends are correct in their
belief that he has now reached the pole,
pur advice would be that he stay there
for the present.
From the Buffalo News.
Peary .must have found the pole and
flagged It by this time. Even a messen
ger boy could make the distance from
the Roosevelt to the pole in ten months.
From the Scranton Truth.
It Is rumored that Peary has found
the north pole. It might be just as
well to wait for confirmation of this
rumor before we celebrate.
From the Detroit Journal.
The argument is positively unanswer
able. Commander Peary has been gone
Just long enough in the Roosevelt to
have reached the pole. . |
, rial affairs of Hungary, and they olalm
I for Hungary the right to Part,c,*'a^*
; In the Italian fetes under the Hungarian
! flag. And they add In unison that If the
i Weckerle cabinet has not resigned there
' would certainly be Interpellations in the
? Hungarian parliament.
In addition to these subjects, at Vienna
and at Pestb, in artistic centers, thers
are elements actively at
Hungary work to force the hand
of the government. In
Jealous. order to causc it to re
tract its decision, and It is thus possi
ble. perhaps* probable. th?tt Baron d Aeh
renthal will reconsider his action.
"Ti:e Magyars." says the Hlrlap. "have
given their blood In order to maintain the
throne of Austria-Hungary. Vienna for
gets Buda Pesth. "It is a case of re
catling the Itolian proverb. "When the
danger has passed, we laugh at the
Hungarians have discovered the small
place they occupy in the edifice called
the "dwal monarchy"?a mere rough
stone. All they may b? permitted to do
is to vote millions in time of peace, and
in time of war to fight and to receive
wounds. For a warlike race, full of mili
tary traditions, the place is not very
Is it worth the candle to serve toe
cause of Germanism to have risked a war
with Russ'a. to renm'n irredeemably at
variance with Serbs, who should be the
friends and best clients of Hungary.
What advantages may Hungarians derive
from the triumph of Germanism and a
G-Tman march toward the Balkans and
Salonlltl? M. Raymond Recouly writes in
the Figaro: "I defy any one to* tell me
what Hungary will gain. On the con
trary, every one may see what Hunga
rians may lose."
Between Hungary and Turkey there
exist old and strong friendly relations;
also between Hungary' and the United
States. "W^ien that great Hungarian
patriot Kossuth, after Irs defeat at
Temesvar, fled for refuge to Turkey, ac
companied by several of his devoted of
ficers, among whom Gens. Gorgay and
Bern and Capt. Albln F. Schoepf- (The
latter entered the United Statee service
during the civil war with the rank of
brigadier general, and the writer served
for some time on his staff.)
Kossuth's name In America, where he
came in 1KT.1. holds high place In the af
fections of those who honor sacrifice In
The Italian press, as one may imagine,
J is most pronounced in its interpretation of
Austria's attitude. The
Italy Glornale d'Italia writes
"We have only to watch
Watcties. and walt tn order to
learn where Vienna prefers to go." The
ibune prints an article full of dlscon
nd manifest uneasiness. The Na
tional Society "Risorglmento." composed
of distinguished political personalities,
proposed Jhfe commemoration which took
place at Rome on June 24. The presi
dent of t\e society asked that the salle
"Horaces Curlaces" at the capital
should be set apart for the ceremonies
but the mayor of Rome, M. Nathan, re
fused, because it could not be accorded
except for International congresses or for
meetings of a munlrfpal character.
M Marcora, ex-p/eeldent of the Italian
mber, replylnc/to a toast at a ban
u9c of veteran*^ at Rome recently, re
alllrtfr-Miwe-^plsode of the war of 1850.
"Such memories should incite Italians
to prepare themselves well, so that the
country may not be obliged to submit to
the yoke of the stranger who waits at the
frontier. The word Of command will
come from the chamber, which will echo
the unanimous voice of the nation, which
is determined to preserve the liberty
which has cost so much blood."
The semi-official Italia says that *M.
Marcora should avoid such tirades, very
patriotic perhaps/ hut the more inoppor
tune that Austna is about to give a
manifestation of her friendship. (Allude
ing to the accrediting of the ambassador
to take part In the June fetes.)
Italy has lost no time In the discussion
of her war budget, and, having her
finances in good .shape, the chamber
promptly voted a number of dread
noughts. In 1012 the Italian navy will
be composed of four divisions, thus: The
first with four Dante-Ahghieri type; tto
second, four Regina-Elena: the third,
four San-Giorgio; the fourth two cruis
ers Regina-Margherlta. plus three Gari
baldi all with formidable armaments.
This'line will be reinforced by a reserve
squadron of two cruisers Sicllle .and
three cruisers. Carlo Alberto, Vlttorlo
Kmmanuele, Vettor-Plsanl and Marco
PIn 1912 the work which will constitute
Brindisi a first-class fortified town will
be completed. Also the formidable armed
fortifications of Venice, which is destined
to become one of the most Important
fortified places in Italy.
It is pertinent to mention in connection
with Italy's present situation In the
.trlpllce the fact that it
Crispi's was Crlspl who was the
chief cause of that at
Triplice. tachment. It Is no less
true that from 1880 to 1890 there was
almost entire accord between England
and Germany, while the relations between
France and England were very bad, due
In a great measure to the latter 8 military
occupation of Egypt in 1882. The czar
having retired from the trlpllce in 1880,
Russia's place was occupied by Italy, the
signatories guaranteeing the integrity of
their respective territories. This guarantei
meant clearly the guarantee to Germany
of the provinces lost to France, and this
produced 111 feeling between France and
Italy. Meanwhile the estrangement be
tween Austria and Italy has continued to
Increase, and the. latter is pursued by the
ever-present danger that the day she
should cease to be a member of the trip
lice-or rather the ally of Austria?that
day Italy would be obliged to face a war
with Austria. Unsuspecting spirits who
see nothing below the surface ask why
Italy does not sever brusquely her relations
with the trlpllce? The answer Is found in
the foregoing. Warned by the prepara
tions of her enemy, but ally, on land and
sea, Italy is now doing likewise, encour
aged by her new friends in the triple
entente. In diplomatic circles it is said
by those who affect to know that when
King Edward VII and King Victor
Emmanuel met at Bala a few weeks ago
the question of Italy's situation In the
triplice was Beriously discussed.
The last twelve months have been brim
ful of surprises, but the measure would
overrun quite If we should learn some
day that Italy, and perhaps Hungary,
were no longer In the trlpllce. It may
not happen tomorrow, but some such sur
prise may happen to counterbalance the
one experienced by M. Isvolsky at the
bidding of Baron von d'Aehrenthal.
ELIOT'S FIVE-FOOT LIBRARY.
From the Memphis Commercial-Appeal.
President Eliot's shelf of books are
either the best or the worst.
Prom tbe Columbus Dispatch.
Dr. Eliot never did anything so un
Fiopular as he did when he published his
1st of books, the reading of which he
warrants enough for a liberal educa
tion. Everybody has his own list, an*
no two of them are alike. Who would
have thought there was so profound a
love for books as the loud and angry
From the Detroit Free Preas.
Dr. Charles Eliot's flve-foot-library
scheme comes too late to benefit tha
man who has already contracted for
several miles of books on the install*
From tbe Baltimore Star.
As President Taft has pardoned a Doy
who stole a Greek text, he Is a pre
sumptive buyer of an Eliot library.
From the Council Bluff* Nonpareil.
The world has gone sadly astray.
Among the books that President Eliot
of Harvard has pronounced the tinea
everybody should read are the very
ones nobody reads.
ON TIMELY TOPICS
They're enrllnr on the duty where the duty
shouldn't ho. ,
And thiols that oocht to bear a tax they'r*
putting down at (ri*;
They're raising hob ulth everything there U
beneath the nun.
But ?>h. it's good to realise It's hot tn Wash
It's hotter there than bis re* when they get
a real hot spell.
It'a hotter than the torrid lone, it's hotter far
When those soft pavements catch the heat re
flected fmnj toe win.
You wsut to bet pood money that it'a hot la
They're roasting and they're toasting and they're
sweltering all day.
Those senators of evil bent are simmering
And oh. the hotter that It (eta, the whlla they
Let's hope It tt:1I be fcattsr yet down there in
They're throttlinj* our recoureea. they are crush
They're tying iJp our business and dertroyttg
They're taking taxea off the rich the poor folk
to put on.
But (there'll one deep satisfaction -lt'a hot la
O aun, shine hot! O breeze* cease! O asphalt,
melt and boi!!
O alsde trifs. Rive them naught of shade to
lighten up their toll!
Aye, while the Senate link'ring sits and loads
Let all the land unite In prayer frr heat la
-Paul West. In New York World.
COMES ON SUNDAY!
I been good since vacation come.
An' I tend'd the lawn,
I washed my feet ev'ry evening, some.
An' T ain't never gone
Out doors at nlirht, uer fllppln' csrs.
Ner turtle tltihin'.
An' ain't et them preserves o" ma's,
So whadda you knoT about this here?
An' It ain't no lie?
I rot to go to church, this year
On the fourth O' July!
THE LEGEND OF THE DEGREE
i After R. K.)
This ia the sorrowful atory.
Told ou the evening breew.
When the millionaires alt together.
Comparing their LL. !>.'?.
"We worked from our early boyhood.
An<l we made our Industries hum.
Till at last we found tlma for breathing
And could watch the dollars come.
"Then dtne the college m.istera
And captured us, ode and ull.
Though most of u.< siaike not Initio.
And onr knowledge of grammar wn small.
"Tliey put UK In mother hubburds
And caps like mortar-boards, too.
And said: 'Now watch up. rich men,
And see what we do to you.'
"And they led us In gro?:j>? and singly.
And led us by two* itnd three.
And handrd us, wlllynilly,
A collection of high degrees.
"And now we hare titles In plenty
Attached to each plain old name.
And to pay. we must tap the check book,
For that la the rule of the game."
This la the horrible atory.
Told on the evening breece,
When the millionaires sit together
Comparing their LL. D.'s.
HIS SUMMER GAME.
A summer game mv fan^r suits?
It la the game of picking route*.
Ah. often Han ambition snared
To routes that I could ne'er afford.
I study folders, and the tralna.
And find rare pleasure for my pain*;
And yet, tls strange, I never use ?
The routes that tbu* I pick and cIkmm.
?Cleveland Plain Dealar.
THE GIRL AND THE GAME.
He took her to the ball game, sud when they
ihad found their places,
He showed her where the players stood and tol#
about the bases;
With patient care he showed her that the umplra
?did not play. i
Explaining that on every point b? had the final
He poiu'ted out the benches where tha rival
And made it clear that "club" Is not the sanw
thing as a bat.
She thanked him prettily, and said As thought
that It waa splendid
To have the chance to see a game and he so well
And When he carefully set forth tha pitcher's
plan and aim,
She thanked him onee again, and aaid that aba
was glad she came.
He told her why the man was out, and showed
her h?iw a fly
When caught liefore It struck the ground would
make him out, and why.
He did not give her any chance to ask a single
lie analyzed the game for her without the Itast
With linger pointed at the men, be showed bow
it was done;
Showed how the coaeher slgnuled to the men to
?tay or run;
And while with cheers the very air above the
fleld was jarred.
He showed her how to mark the run upon tha
8he smiled a gentle smile. and said *he wished
rhe had his knowledge.
That she had tried to piuy the game one year
at Hmussar College
He grinned in pity, then he tuld In measured
terms and alow.
The inner motives of the game as then and
tljere on show.
Then .came the ninth; the scoje was tied; two
out. the ba?es full.
And every rooter in the stand exerting psychic
A long, clean hit to center?and a tumult on to*
With men in wildcat voices shouting like to
And she! Oh. she was on her feet and yelling
all tl>e while
In accents that you could have heard, I'm mire,
for halt a mile!
"Oh. run! Ice wagons! Run! Run! Run!"?
Her tones were shrill and loud.
And soared above the roaring and the shrieking
of the crowd.
He never said a word as they walked homeward
from the game.
But for a week or so the world was not to htm
? Wilbur D. Nesbit In Chicago Post.
A WOMAN'S WAY.
Her husband will get "loaded,"
He'll go the primrose way;
He'll squander all his earnings
And leave her to work by day;
Yet, when he Is arrested
For this, without a doubt.
She'll promptly leave her washing
And gu and bail him out.
Her husband will deprive her
Of comforta In the home.
He'll club her and he'll snub her
And he'll go away to roam;
But does she say, "You scoundrel,
I'll have you up for this?"
Ah. no, she tell* the neighbors
That her life is perfect bliss.
?ad thus It Is she laltors
To keep him In her hesrt,
To minimise his errors
Which leaves the *>rest smart;
And though she's often foolish
In that she thwurts the la?*.
Should you ask her why she does It
She'll Just answer you, "Because."
?St. IjOuIs Star.
Yqu can lieat a mule when the critter slope;
You can pull bis ear as It wearily n<>|?;
You <^an (MHind him mightily here and there
As he gloomily stands with a patient air.
A mule's a mule. You cun make him feel;
You can light a bonfire beneath his keel;
You can make him squirm, though he will net
But what can you do with a motor tioat?
You can start it If you're on lo your Job;
You can oil the crank of the thlngnmitob;
You can lighten the dingus If It* l<>o*e.
Then Open the valve and turn on the Juice;
Put goo on the whlsxer and twirl the crnnk;
8ee that the jigger tits ?nug on the shank.
if the thing still balks, spite of ull your care,
'ou can sit in the stern of the imat sud a wear!
Quite off hi* ?wi
?,o im """?
and did aver
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