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Miles of Water Front Accessi ble to Ocean Steamers. GRAFT IN DOCK LEASES Interesting Points on the Banks of the River. WORK ON NEW CATHEDRAL How the Famous Hamilton Elms Were Saved?The Jumel Mansion and Its Occupants. N BY WILLIAM K. C1RTIS. Special Correspondence of Tlie Star and th<* Cfefrago Ilecord-lleraldw NEW YORK. June 2fi. 10W. No other city is so conveniently situated to handle comment* as this narrow is land of Manhattan, which has a water front accessible to ocean-going steamers of twenty-three miles, with halt as much more on the Brooklyn side of the East river, and on the Jfew J- rsey shore of the Hudson. Nor does this include the is lands of New York hay. nor yet the va rious inlets on tiie Jersey coast, all of which are ut.iiz> ,l as railway terminals and steamship docks for handling coal, cotton, lumber, live stock, grain and Other heavy freight. Manhattan Island, as you know, is a narrow strip of land from halt a mile to two miles wide, and about nine miles long, and, having deep water navigation and a fringe of doc "s on all sid< s, freight can be handled more economically here than at any other place 1 know. it is a short haul from any dock to the business suction of the city and belt lines of railway encircle it, touching all the steamship piers and con necting with all the railway stations and ferries. I told you the other day about a scheme which that brilliant young genius o: transportation, VV. J. W'iigus of Minne % sota, has proposed to the public service commission for the distribution of freight to and from steamers. He proposes to build?eitii r an elevated or an under ground railway as the public service com missioners consider most advisable, all the way around the water front ot New York, Connecting with the various sub ways and railway tunnels for the con venience of passengers v\lio go out to and Come in rrom tne sea in ships. He will have delivery stations at every dock, so that the cargoes can be distributed throughout tue city underground, and transferred from the hold of a ship to the warehouse of a wholesale merchant w.thout seeing daylight, i believe such a si heme was in contemplation in Chi cago, connecting the wholesale district with the railway stations, so that the streets will be relieved of heavy truck ing. Lease of the Docks. The municipality of New York owns the river frontage an both sides, and down at the finance department in the cit yhall the controller will show you deeds that date back as far as 1US?4, one of them signed by King George II and others by De Witt Clinton and h.s .pred ecessors as governors of the slate, con veying to "the mayor, aldermen and commonalty, within the city of New York, granting patent for all the right and title of the people of this state to ? the land covered with water along the easterly shore of the North or Hudson river, and from low-water mark, running 4U0 feet into said river." There are simi lar deeds conveying the riparian rights upon East river and the Harlem and ! Spuyten Duyvil creek. There are twenty-four wards in the Manhattan borough of the city of New York, and all of them have water fronts except ti\e, wluch extend on either side of 5th avenue above 4'Jd street. The dock properly is under the control of a department of the city government, and has been the cause of a great deal of scandal, for the reason that piers have been leased at rates that are absurdly below their actual value, and certain in lluentlal individuals, among them Mr. Kic::ard Croker, have .leases extending for several generations and which cannot be taken away from them, although the rental is merely nominal. These leases have been assigned, or the docks cover ed by them have been sublet to steam ship and railway companies, at an enor mous advance, which gives the original lessee an income not only for himselt, but for his posterity, that will insure the highest decree of luxury. If the docks of New York were leased at their proper value, or even at one-half the average rentals paid for private property tn the same neighborhood, they would bring many millions of dollars into the city ti asury every year, whereas I am told t at t: e total revenue from this source !,i> . rar was only $l,839,86K. The New York Central Railway Com ; try has a long line of docks at the i acis of the most important thorougn K;es, for which it pays only $110,000 a jear upon a lease lasting a lifetime; the .Pennsylvania Railroad Company has ferry landings at Cortlandt. Desbrosses ? and Std streets for which it pays only a nominal sums. The Lackawanna railroad pays only S30.0'*) a year; the Cunard Steamship Company, tM.yO; the White Star line. and ot m r steamship companies a simi ar amount. The city treasury is robbed of more revenue by thesa dock leases than it loses from all the othtr forms of graft combined Scenes on the River Front. There are many Interesting points upon the waterfront of New Yoik, particularly on North river. Opposite lith t-treet, on the Jersey shore, just above Hoboken, where the Hamburg-American and North German Lloyd steamship companies have their piers, is a castellated structure which every stranger inquires about. It Is tr.e former home of the late Com modore Stevens, and is now occupied by the Steven!- Institute of Technology, founded by h s munificence. Son.e of me most noted naval vessels were b-.ii t there, including Ericsson's famous little Moni tor and "Stevens' Battery," an immense floating f>:tr?ss which was constructed by Commodore Stevens at his own ex pense dining the civil wax for the de fense of New York harbor. Opposite r_' i street at Weehawken, N. J.. i.-> a place of am isemeiit, which oc cupies tli ? former e-tat?- of Col. King, which via.- the headquarters of Gen. La fayette aftir the Brandywine campa gu in the revolution, and was the scene of the duel between Alevir.d r Hamilton and Aaron Burr In July, The * Quarrel which led to that terrible tragedy was personal, although for honorable v motives it was attributed to political ri valry. Burr provoked it; Ham. ton re luctactly. with the old-time notions of honor, accepted the challenge and tired in the a r Burr tired to kill. A boulder upon whi' h Hamilton fell was inscribed with his initials by Col. King, the owner of the dueling grounds, and may still be seen. The Jit Andrew s Society erected a monument to mark the spot, but it ha* b> ? n badly defaced and. ;?artlalty car ried away by the patrons of the resort. Aaron Burr fought two duels on this jpot. the first 'n 1TW with John B. Church, a brother-in-law of Alexander Hamilton. Shots were exchanged, but neither party was injured. Many other 'affairs of honor" have occured there before and since. th? lest being in September, 184.%. when two Hood-thirsty rivals met to decide their fat- as to the woman they Ioved. The econd turned what might have been a tragedy Into a farce by loading the pistols w. ;th cork bullets. There is very little el>e of historic in terest on th- Jers y side of the river, ah hough the sloj.es westward from the steep cliffs called the palisade? are cov ered with lovely villages and estates of rich "commuters." The New York Sky Line. On the New York side may be seen the greatest panorama of human interest In ^ all the world. Nowhere else or from any other point of observation can be seen such an extent of habitations, manufac tures, and business structures, rising rasa* t Hammock Chairs. 10% Discount on Accounts Settled in Thirty Days. This Strong Folding Hammock Chair .... / f ^ Strong White Maple Ham mock Chair, like this illustra tion. It has wide arms, is ad justable to four different posi tions, and has nice natural gloss finish. 409-411-413-415-417 Seventh St | Blacking Boxes. This Exact Oak I?kinK.. 69c Strong Solid Oak Blacking Box, like this illustration, fin ished in choice of weathered oak or golden oak. Size 8 by 16 inches, and 13 inches high. Nicely finished. I ? << 4 Leonard Refrigerator's Perfect Circulation The continuous circulation of dry, cold air, the perfect twelve-wall insulated construction and the non-destructible, easily cleaned white porcelain interior are what go to make the Leonard the superior of every other refrigerator. This Exact Porcelain Lined Leonard Refrigerator .... ed i S3 0 H The construction of the interior of Leonard Refrigerators is so arranged that there is a continuouous passage of cold dry air through every part and corner of the provision chamber. Many refrigerators are cold only directly un der the ice. The temperature of the Leonard Refrigerator is uniform throughout, every part is equally chilled, pre serving the food perfectly and consuming the smallest amount of ice. Leonard Refrigerators have twelve separate cold-retain ing walls. Xo heat can penetrate these walls. They main tain a cold, even, dry interior at all times. 1 The porcelain steel lining of Leonard Refrigerators is the finest possible to secure. It is pjire white and cannot be r^j cracked, chipped or broken off. This porcelain will not craze like tile, will not break like glass or opal, and does if.Jl 11 ot smell of paint or peel off like white enameled refriger ators. A damp rag is all that's needed to clean a Leonard Porcelain Refrigerator. , $39.75 This is the best, most commodious and most economical Refrigerator made at anything near the price. It is just like this illustration, 46 inches high and 33 inches wide. The case is of solid oak, the panels quartered oak and it has twelve walls of insulation. The interior is of pure white porcelain. The shelves are of tinned steel wire, rust proof and easily removed to clean. The ice chamber of this refrigerator has a capacity of too lbs. of ice. The four shelves and the two bottom compart ments of this refrigerator provide more space for provisions than is found in any other refrigerator at even much more money. It's built to preserve food, not ice, and does its work thoroughly. Leonard Refrigerators, $19.00 Up. Grand Rapids Refrigerators, $12.50 Up. Standard Refrigerators,$6.75 Up. We Are the Only Washington Agents for Leonard and Grand Rapids Refrigerators. White Frost Sanitary IS illW Steel Refrigerators. White Frost Refrigerators are made entirely of steel, pure white Inside and outside. The interior Is round, having no corners to collect dirt, and facili tating cleaning. The shelves are re volving. All interior parts. Including the ice chamber, may be removed, cleaned and replaced in a few min utes. Every White Frost Refrigerator is guaranteed absolutely by the fac tory and by us. $30 White Frost Refrigerators . . $25 These refrigerators are built Just like this illustration. They are of steel throughout, having double walls insu lated with "Aerofelt" and "Maltha"; have three revolving shelves; all p^rts removable and easily cleaned. This refrigerator, is pure white inside and outside, has a capacity of 75 lbs. of ice and furnished with roller-bearing casters. Reduced to $23.<J0 for this week. $35 White Frost Refrigerators . . We are exclusive agents. $30 Porch Rockers. This Heavy $2.75 Porch Rocker, $2.29 Heavy White Maple Porch Rocker, Just like this Illustration. It has large turned posts and rungs, wide <irms, mirror finish and seat and back of double woven rat tan. Si & Mission Tables. This Exact Weathered Oak Table, We Give 15 Days' Free Trial on White Sewing Machines. We don't expect you to buy a sowing machine unless you prove to your own satisfaction that the White Is the best sewing machine made, su perior to any other machine at any price and much cheaper here. We send the machine you select to your own home, our instructor will call at a time convenient to you and thoroughly explain the operation of the machine and its attachments, and we don't ask you to pay a penny unless it is perfectly satisfactory in every way. We could not do this if we were not confident that the White is the best, fastest and easiest running ma chine made; that its attachments are superior to any others, and that our prices are less than those of com peting and inferior machines. * Let ua send you a White tomorrow for trial. Don't buy it unless it suits you. This Exact Ball Bearing White Sewing Cf| Machine This machine Is Just like the il lustration here shown. It has au tomatic-lift drop head, four draw ers; is full ball bearing; has patent tension indicator and stitch regula tor that are only to be had on the White; has a full set of the finest steel attachments, and Is absolute ly guaranteed both by the factory and by us. Other White Sewing Machines, $29.75 up. We Are Exclusive Agents. i Hastings Dining Tables. This Exact Solid Quartered Oak Q70 OX Hastings Table,'?sO Isn't it a handsome design? Made of solid quartered oak. not ve neered, with round top 44 inches in diameter; extends to six feet in length; has three leaves, heavy round carved pedestal base, and is highly polished. This table, like all Hastings tables, is furnished with the celebrated Tyden pedestal lock which absolutely prevents a spreading pedestal, and makes it the best table made. Princess Dressers. This Exact $20.00 Mahogany Finish Princess Dresser, $15.98 Just like the Illustration here shown. It i? In polished mahogany finish, has large oval-shaped beveled French plate-glass mirror, full swell front, three drawers, claw feet, and Is nicely constructed. $22.00 Princess Dressers, $17.98 $26.00 Princess Dressers, $22.75 $3J.00 Princess Dressers, $26.50 $43.00 Princess Dressers, $37.98 This Exact $12.50 Go-Cart Go-Carts. $9.98 Fine All-round Reed Go-Cart, Just like this illustration. It has shell-shaped sides, adjustable reed back and dash,, porcelain grips, fine steel springs, folding gear and heavy rubber tires. (Parasols sold separately.) $8.75 Go-Carts $13.50 Go-Carts $18.00 Go-Carts $26.50 Go-Carts $5.98 $11.25 $14.98 $21.98 KM & 1 f mm cm II r?0 13 Perfect Gas Ranges. Lawn Settees. $2.29 Strongly made Round Mission Table, Just like the illustration here shown. It is made of genuine oak, weathered finish, with round top 28 inches in di ameter; is 30 inches high, h:is large undershelf and is strongly constructed. This Heavy Folding Settee 98c Strongly made hardwood Lawn Set tee. just like this illustration. It has five heavy rounded slats on back, sev en heavy slats on seat; strongly braced; trimmed in red or green, and is nicely finished May be folded compactly when desired. Same Settee, 58 inches wide, $1.50. Perfect Gas Ranges save an enormous amount of gas in a year. The burners are so constructed as to secure the greatest amount of heat without wasting any gas. They are lined with asbestos and fully guaranteed In every way. This Exact 5-Burner Perfect Gas Range, $18.48 Large Five-top-hurner Perfect Gas Ranee, just like this illustra tion. It has extension shelves on top, five removable burners on top, large baking oven; separate broil ing oven, two oven burners, pilot lighter, and is nicely trimmed with nickel. jf We Are Exclusive Agents. 13 13 t?)!?3 m , vpWA . higher and higher into the air as the years go on. The greatest object of in t< rest at present is the new tower of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company building on Madison square, which rises :eet. 1?:"? fe t higher than the Wash ington Monument, above the roofs and domes of the great city. It is a beauti ful structure of pure white marble and of graceful proportions. As the steamer creeps along by the New York shore thp passengers can see a nobler array of apartment houses and hotels than can be foun.l in any other city in the world, and nearly all of them are of a high class of architecture, and everybody as*s to have pointed out to them the residence of Charles M. Schwab, the German boy, who used to carry water to Mr. Carnegie's rolling mill hands at wages of three dollars a week. He has since paid the New York Orphan Aslyum ISrtO.OOO for a plot upon which be has spent '2 in erecting a resi dence that lie will not live in, because it is too large and elegant for his Simple tastes. He has a chapel, a library and various other architectural features which he does not need, and it is said that a millions dollars worth of pictures are hanging 011 the walls, li Is as conspicuous a monument to the folly of a man who does not know how to spend his money as can be found anywhere. A little farther on, near the foot of 85>th street, is the Soldiers' and Sailors' monument, erected by the citizens of New York to the memory of those who fell in the civil war. Theodore Roosevelt laid the corner stone in 1900, when he was Governor of New York, and the monument was dedicated May 30, 1902. The New Cathedral. You cannot see much of the new Epis copal Cathedral of St. John, the Divine, because of the intervening buildings, but it is proceeding slowly, and services are l.eld there every Sunday. It will not be entirely completed until the year ltWO, when the total cost will have been $10. U00.000. The library building of Columbia Uni versity, which was erected by Seth Low in memory of his father, at a cost ot fl.AOO.OMX marks the spot upon which the Americans gained a victory over the British, after a sharp fight in 177?, and the noble structures which surround It belong to Columbia University, and Bar nard College, the woman's department of that institution. Almost everybody who comes to New York has seen Grant's tomb, but there are several interesting objects In the neighborhood .which are not often pointed out to strangers. One is a solitary grave, breaking the exquisite monotony of the lawn that stretches between the roadways of Riverside drive. It Is inclosed within a stanch iron fence and well protected. The gravestone is low and small and simple of design, and is inscrlhed. "To the Memory of an Amiable Child," the daughter of a man who used to live on that spot, and who, in Celling his home stead. inserted a clause in the deed stip ulating that the burial place should never be disturbed. The Hamilton Elms. Th* home of Alexander Hamilton used to stand at the corner of Convent ave nue and 143d street, about ten minutes' walk from the tomb of Gen. Grant, and there you will find, still growing with splendid vigor, thirteen magnificent elm trees, which were planted by him in his door yard, shortly after the revolutionary war, to commemorate the federation of the thirteen colonies. The preservation of these trees is due to the enterprise and generosity of the late Orlando M. Potter, for many years a prominent banker and afterward a member of Con gress from the city of New York. In the early seventies this property was offered at auction, and a real estate syn dicate was organized to purchase it and cut it up into villa sites. This would have destroyed the most Impressive and picturesque memorial in existence of Alexander Hamilton, the founder of our system of finance, and Mr. Potter -de termined this should not be. Hence he went to the auction and astonished everybody by offering SIOO.UOO ns a first bid. The owner, before his death, would have been satisfied if he could have sold the entire property for $50,000, and the syndicate expected to bid it in for some thing like that amount. But Mr. Potter was a very earnest and impetuous man, and wanted to close the deal as prompt ly as possible. His first bid took the breath away from the auctioneer and the members of the syndicate, and created all the more ex citement because no one recognized the bidder. The syndicate immediately sus pected that something important was go ing on that they knew nothing about, and took a gambler's < hance by running up the price to $140,000, and there they quit. Mr. Potter raised them $.VH), the property was knocked down 1o him, and when he handed the auctioneer a check fur the amount his identity was disclosed. "What are you going to do with this property?" asked the promoter of the syndicate. "I bought it to save those trees," re plied Mr. Potter, and the next day he dedicated it to the city for park pur poses forever. Each of the trees had a name given it by Col. Hamilton when it was first plant ed. and all of them have grown straight trunks and regular branch's except one. which is crooked and twisted and deform ed. It offers a striking contrast to the rest and emphasizes their stately sym metry. This crooked tree has borne the name of "South Carolina" since 1780. and many people think they see something significant in Its luck of symmetry. Hamilton's home was culled the Grange after the residence of his grandfather in Ayrshire. Scotland. It is fight miles to the Battery, following Broadway, and when Hamilton lived there it was consid ered far out in the country. But now it is entirely surrounded by apartment houses. The Jumel Mansion. "Morris House," better known as "The Jumel Mansion." is in the same neigh borhood. It was built by Maj. Morris for his bride. Mary Phillipse, who jilted Washington to marry him, and there, un til her death In 18HS. lived an extraordi nary woman known always as Mme. Jumel after her first husband, although she was for several years the wife of Aaron Burr. Mme. Jumel was the daugh ter of a tramp shoemaker who spent most of his life wandering in search of jobs from town to town in the central part of Massachusetts. He finally came to New York, where his daughter's beau ty attracted the attention of a rich French importer, who educated her and married her and left her several millions of dollars. Claremont Hotel, which Is the fnoat popular roadhouse in the neighborhood of New York and is only a stone's throw from the Grant monument, was built by Mr. Courtenay, an Englishman, after ward the Earl of Devon. Before he came Into his title he spent several years in New York, where he was a great favorite. Claremont was the residence of Joseph Bonaparte after the battle of Waterloo, and the next tenant, was Francis James Jackson. British minister to the United States at the opening of the war of 1S12. A little farther up the river is the for mer house of Audubon, the famous nat uralist, whose estate now belongs to the city and is known as Audubon Park. Mr. H. A. K. Billings of Chicago has built a <*nspicnous mansion nearby, which overlooks the Hudson and the Pal isades, and connected with it is a group of stahles which are believed to be the most convenient and i.-ostly in the world. i < LATJEEL, MD. * ?-? Special Correspondence of The Star. LAUREL, Md? June 2<5. WO. At a special meeting of the city coun cil last night a petition signed by over one hundred voters was received asking for a special election on the sewerage question Tuesday, July 13, which was granted. Laurel Wreath Lodge, No. 149, will at tend church Sunday morning at the Cen tenary M. E. Church, to hear a special sermon by Rev. P. H. Martin. The Brewster Park Hotel, which for merly stood In the grove here, and pur chased by Laurel Sanitarium about a year ago, has been moved a distance of one mile from the southwestern part of the town to the Laurel Sanitarium. The hotel contains flfty-one rooms and will be used in connection with the present sani tarium. Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Stanley and son John are spending the week at Pen-Mar. Mr. Stanley attended the Mary land Bankers'* Association, which met at the Blue Mountain House, Md. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Henle, residing on Laurel avenue, are the happy parents of a tine son. The comic opera "Penelope" was pre sented at the Academy of Music last night to a large and appreciative audience by local talent. The characters. were all we'l acted. Mrs. George E. Baldwin, as Penelope was very good and re ceived much deserved applause. The cast of characters and program were as tol lows: Penelope, the kitchen maid, Mrs. Gorge Baldwin; Mrs. Croaker, the missus, Mrs. A. B. Chase; Pitcher, In the police, A. E. Barr; Tosser, of the grenadiers, A. B <'hase; Chalks, the milkman. L. F. Randall; pianist, William Holmes. Previous to the opera the fol lowing selections were rendered: Chorus, by select juvenile singing class; trio (from Attila). Verdi, Mrs. John Cross, Mr. Barr, Mr. Chase; tenor solo, L. R. Randall; duet, from "Lily of K (Harney," Mrs. Cross and Mrs. Chase? piano duet (sec ond Rhapsody), Liszt, Mrs. Chase and Mr. Holmes. -? UPPER MARLBORO. ? ?* Spwial Correspondent** of The Star. UPPER MARLBORO, June 26. 1000. The board of election supervisors for Prince George county. S. Marvin Peach, Charles L. Turner and Richard B. B. Chew, met here yesterday and announced the appointment of the following registra tion officers and Judges of election: First district?John G. Hall, democrat; Charles K. Ridgway, republiaiv. Second district?Frank H. Gasch, demo crat; Pfrrcy H. Veitch, republican. Third district?Michael J. Wyville. dem ocrat; Charles Traband, Jr.. republican. Fourth district?F.k R. Sasscer, demo crat; William E. Duvall. republican. Fifth district?James R. Edelen of Phil ip, democrat; J. H. Underwood, repub lican. Sixth district?No democrat named; W. E. R. Suit, republican. Seventh district?Herndon Peach, demo crat; Eli 8. Harrlaon. republican. Eighth district?John R. Richardson, democrat; Boykin E. Watson, republican. Ninth district?William H. Long, demo crat; John O. Dennison, republican. Tenth district (ilrst precinct)?Frank L Ahern, democrat; J. W. O'Disney, repub lican; (second precin. t), W. H. Owens, democrat; Robert T. Frye, republican. Eleventh district?Charles S. Early, dem ocrat; H. W. Grimes, republican. Twelfth district?Charles Marden, demo crat; Nathaniel Huitgerford, republican. Thirteenth district?Albert S. Nalley, democrat; W. Cassius Crandall, repub lican. Fourteenth district-J. R. Hardie, demo crat; T. D. Cross, republican. Fifteenth district?Lewis Branson, dem ocrat, Percy Duvall, republican. Sixteenth district?John A. Johnson, democrat; Alexander J. Hasson, repub lican. Seventeenth district?Amos Norton, dem ocrat; Roljfirt F. Gates, republican. These officers will qualify before tho board of election supervisors July 13, 10(19. A*. Latmani Sunday last Children's day was observed in the Hynesboro Baptist Church. A program by the Sunday school was followed by an address from the superintendent. D. Bell. Each scholar was presented with a g:ft. M. S. Pettitown of Lanham spent the past week with his family in Atlantic City. Edgar Brown is attending the American Seed Growers* Asso iation convention at Niagara Falls, Ontario. Mrs. H. S. Pettibone and Mr. and Mrs. Charles Frazier have returned home after a visit to Mr. Fraxler's family at Chester town, Md. MILLIONAIRES UP IN BALLOON. Three Accompany Veteran Aeronaut in Ascension at St. Louis. ST. LOUIS, June 28.?Three millionaires, two of their friends and a veteran bal loonist ascended today in the balloon St. Louis III. 7?.00<> cubic feet capacity, and sailed toward the west. The members of the party were Albert Bond Lambert, Lewis M. Rumrey, Jr., and Lee Rums y, three of the wealthiest young men in St Louis; Marquard Schwartz, Louis Sylvester von Phul and H. E. Honeywell, winner of the distance flight in the nat:onal balloon at Indian apolis. The fligat was m^de for pleasure.