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THE EVENING STAR
Vmn SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. Busineea Office. 11th St. ud Fisu^ItuU Are? The Evening 8Ur Newipsper Comp&nj, European Office: S Re (ant it.. Leaden. Zztflaad. New York 0In: Tribune Building. Chicago Office: Flrat Vatiaaal Bank Builiin*. The Erenlnp Star, with the Sunday nmrnlBK edition. le delivered by carrier* within th?- city at ."*? rents per month. Order* may he ernt by . mall <>r telephone Main 2440. Collection 1? made b;- carrier at the end of each month. By mail. i**?taj??* prepaid* Daily. Snnday included, one month, fif! cent*. Pally. Sunday excepted, one month. SO i-ept*. Saturday Star. $1 year. Sunday Star. $1..V> yew. Weather. Unsettled. with thur.der showers tonight or Tuesdav; not much change in tempera ture. No. 17,808. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JUNE 28, 1909-EIGHTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS. JURY SESSION BRIEF Satisfied Eastman Is Mur derer, But Seeks Light on Launch Party Mystery. VERDICT NOT REACHED; NO MATERIAL EVIDENCE Arrest May Follow Identification of Sunday Pleasure Seekers. SHERIFF SfRIPPED BUNGALOW Grand Jury May Take Cognizance of His Action Taken Prior to Completion of Coroner's Investigation. ST. MICHAELS, Md.. June 28?The coroner's inquest into the death of pretty Edith May Woodill resumed today with several jurors still convinced that there was a large element of truth in the letter left by "Ume Bob"' Eastman, the fugi tive broker and suicide, who declared that there had been a party at his bungalow and that Mrs. Woodill had been attacked with a champagne bottle and slain by a jealous woman. The jury met in the lonely little bunga low. itself within sight of the grave to which the body of Eastman was con signed early yesterday morning with no further ceremony than the muttered pray ers of a few laymen. After a brief session in the bungalow the coroner's jury adjourned the hearing j without rendering a verdict. No very material new evidence was forthcoming. Investigation Not to End. It is not believed now that a definite verdict will be rendered by the jury. It is certain that no matter what may be | the outcome of today's sitting of the In quest. investigation of the tragedy will be carried forward by the law officers of the state and county with undiminished j energy. Theories as to how. when and why the murder was committed are borne upon j every wind. They are built up and torn j down again at random. The authorities give no credence to a | report circulated last night that Eastman tried to induce Mrs. Woodill to elope to Europe with him and that he killed her when she refused. This report went on ! to state that Eastman's hiding place bad i been discovered and that it was neces sary for him to again take flight. As a cold matter of fact Eastman was I in financial straits and did not have money enough to take himself to Europe, to say nothing of the girl. There 1b no] indication that Eastman's identity v about to be discovered by the authorities. The Baltimore police had no thought | that the man known among his neigh bors on the eastern shore was a fugitive I from justice in New York state. Prior to the murder Roberts' neighbors would have been prepared to defend him against any imputation of his character. [ Took Money and Jewels. After all is said and done the one strik ing fact remains that Eastman, follow-1 ing the murder, for which he claimed in the letter that he was not responsi ble. came to Baltimore and coolly pawned the jewels of the woman he Is supposed to have loved. The Indications are that he also took a considerable sum of money from her either before or after I h-?r d^ath. There are many who believe that Mrs. Woodill had frequently supplied the man] with needed money. If the two had eloped together the man's source of| money supply would have been cut oft. Returning from Baltimore after pawning I the dead girl's Jewelry, Eastman joked with his acquaintances, showed them a] roll of bills which made the frugal coun try residents open their eyes In wonder j and conducted himself in the coolest pos sible manner. He showed no trace of excitement un-l til after the identity of the body became known and he was told that he had bet ter not leave the county. It is then that he made his plans to eseape, and. falling that, to take his own life. Life did not seem "very bitter" to J Eastman, as he wrote his fwife, until j he was told that he might be wanted to explain the death of Edith Woodill. the most popular girl the eastern shore! has ever known. Want Light on Launch Party. Hie members of the coroner's Jury who I believe that there is truth in Eastman's letter, do not claim that he wa? not | the actual murderer in the last analysis, but tbey do believe that he had other | visitors at the bungalow either at the time, or Just prior to the tragedy. These men are anxious that the mys tery of the launch containing two wom en and three men. which was seen com-1 ing out of Broad creek, on which the . bungalow is located, shall be cleared in some satisfactory way. Three wine and two whisky glasses, which had been used, were found in the bungalow sub sequent to the murder. In spite of the stories of many gay parties an<} much drinking at the bung-1 alow, no on? of the many persons who knew Eastmaji during his several months' residence here, oan be found to say that they ever saw the man take a drink either of wine or whisky The story sent out that Eastman did | not patronize the local merchants in buy ing his wines and whisky is ridiculous Talbot county has been "bone dry" for twenty years. Arrest May Follow Inquiry. Members of the coroner's jury intimated today that the investigations into the identity of persons seen in the launch coming out of Broad creek Sunday may lead to an arrest at any moment. Upon what they base such a claim Is not known. The inquiry Into the launch incident may amount to nothing. Sunday la a general excursion day and launch par ties are not so Infrequent along the east- i ern shore as to attract any great decree of attention. There may be evidence In the hands of the authorities which has thus far been kept from the public and which may thr??w a new light upon the tragedy. Cer tain it is that so far there is nothing of a tangible nature to take from Eastman's shoulders the bufden of responsibility for the death of Mrs. Woodill. Nothing is known here today of the al leged discovery of a partly ourned note which is said to have warned Eastman that his presence in Baltimore last Tues day was known to the police. This note (Continued on Fourth Page.) WORK, OR GET OUT Secretary NagePs Simple Rule for Department Clerks. HAS NO USE FOR SHIRKERS Proposes to Run His Department on a Business Basis. NO BLAME ON THE COMMISSION Published Charges Against the Civil Service Bureau Made Without His Knowledge or Authority. '"No one can say at this time just who or what percentage of clerks in the De partment of Commerce and Labor is to go on the first of July," said Secretary Nagel to a Star reporter this morning. "I generally do things first and talk of them afterward. "I propose that the employes of this department shall render a fair equivalent for the salaries paid them, and those who do not must get out," continued the Sec retary. "It is purely a question of put ting the department on a business basis. I am less disposed to be exacting with a man who has grown gray in the service after years of faithful performance of duty than -with the young fellows who have come into it to be supported. The fellows who observe office hours because they are compelled to, who drop their pens at the hour for quitting no matter what the condition of their work or who fall to give intelligent interest to it at any time have no place here. "Men of bad habits, whether it be in temperance in drink or intemperance in neglect of duty, need expect no consider ation from me. I am going to consider each case carefully on its merits, and when I act it may be depended upon my action will be well within the require ments of the law." Asked as to the authenticity of a state ment recently published in which a prom inent officer of the Department of Com merce and Labor is said to have assailed the civil service commission, charging it wih the responsibility for the wholesale amount of inefficiency found to exist in his department and with the daily open and flagrant violation of the law, Secre tary Nagel said: "80 far as I am concerned, the state ment is utterly without foundation and false. Indeed." he continued, "you are the first newspaper man I have talked with on the subject. I have better sense than to start a controversy with another department of the government through the newspapers. Furthermore, I do not know of my own information, nor has anything been reported to me which would warrant some of the things set forth In that statement. Wothing to Warrant" Charge. "The trouble here is being dealt with here and will be dealt with In a proper xhanntr. I know of nothing to warrant the charge that the civil service com mission is hampering this department or responsible for the inefficient em ployes that may be found in it." The charges referred to Intimated that the United States civil service commission is responsible for the wholesale amount of inefficiency found In the Department of Commerce and Labor, and that the commission daily openly and flagrantly violates the civil service laws. When the attention of Assistant Sec retary Ormsby McHarg was called to the statement, with the inquiry as ta whether he was responsible for the matters which it contained, he declined to confirm or deny, saying he did not propose to be brought into a newspaper controversy with the civil service com mission or ajiy other government de psrtment. "What I have to say," he said, "I do not say anonymously, and when I say a thing I am willing to back up my assertion. "Nothing has occurred in this depart ment to warrant the belief that the civil service commission was in any way in terfering with its administration or forcing Incompetent clerks upon us. By direction of Secretary Nagel I ran down this inefficiency proposition, and the facts will be reported to him for his action. That Is all there is to it. There has been found a large number of in efficient. mechanical clerks in the de partment service?men who have no in terest whatever in their work. Beyond a statement which was given out Sat urday. and which The Star had in full yesterday morning. I have not author ized the publication of any statement whatever upon this subject. I cannot permit the newspapers to force quota tions upon me. but some of them have done so without warrant." Kurt Do Their Duty. Mr. McHarg is known in his department as a strict disciplinarian. A hard worker himself at all times, he insists that his employes shall likewise render a fair equivalent for the money paid them. He is a bitter enemy of the "mechanical" clerk, as he terms him?"the man who drops his pen in the middle of a letter at quitting time, who takes no pains to inform himself as to the proper perform ance of his duties, whose chief recom mendation is not In what he is doing, but what he has done in days gone by, or whose nerves need alcoholic stimulant to steady him for his daily task." Since Mr. McHarg has taken hold of the Department of Commerce and La bor the output of work has been in creased, he says, fully 30 per cent. "In deed, I would swear it has been increas ed 25 per cent," he exclaimed; "and it Is simply the result of making the men Just do their plain duty. No one is asked or expected to work himself to death or make a phenomenal record. It is simply a case of doing what he is paid for; that is all there is to it. There Ik no reason or warrant for sensationalism In this case or for lugging In a controversy with any other department." Gen. John C. Black, president of the civil service commission, who is reported to have been very angry at the charges against the commission, was not at his desk today. He was reported to be in disposed at home. Commissioner Mcll henny, however, while declining absolute ly to make any comment as to the pub lished statement or the alleged grievance of the Department of Commerce and Labor, said: Rules Strictly Adhered To. "There Is never a single instance where a person is certified by the civil service commission for appointment under the government outside the civil service law and rules except by executive order, and for that the commission Is, of course, not answerable. Nor is there a single In stance where the rule as to apportion ment of certifications for appointment among the several states is ever waived until after it Is shown to the satisfaction of the commission, by the department asking it. that such waiver is for the gowd of the service and in the interest of good administration. Discretion as to the waiver of the apportionment rule i& expressly given the commission by the Preliminary Practice for the Game Between Board of Trade and Chamber of Commerce. President's rule 7. section 2, and is clearly contemplated in the civil service law itself, paragraph 2. section ? of the civil scrvice act. This has been the case since the adoption of the first rules, in 188.S. ?'Jf persons are being appointed from states from which It is not proper to accredit them, the commission is not to blame, for here again Congress has expressly prescribed the rule governing the proof of citizenship and the com mission cannot go behind such proof. "The general reason for waiving the apportionment rule is to secure persons of special fitness for special positions. This is particularly true of male stenog raphers in Washington. In this city are found a great many men and women whose knowledge and ability are of spe cial value to the government in certain po sitions. They are people who have served the government frequently in the past under temporary appointments, which were q^ilte numerous, and made by the department heads according to their dis cretion until President Roosevelt modi fied the rule so as to require them to be made upon certification from the com mission. District of Columbia's Quota. "For Instance, in the District alone since the law has been in effect there have -been 963 appointments in all. The District is only entitled to twenty-eight under the apportionment rule, but, all things considered, I think the number It has is quite small when all the con ditions are taken into consideration, for appointees from the District are, as a rule, very well qualified, indeed, for the services to which they are appointed. The same is true, too, of persons from Maryland, Virginia, New York, Penn sylvania, Massachusetts and nearby states. They are people who have been tried and found all right, but even they have not been certified by the commis sion until after the departments them selves have first proved to the satisfac-i tion of the commission that their ap pointments were for the best interests of the service. "When certifications are called, for by requisition from the departments the com" mission takes up the states in their order , in its search for eligibles, the one having the fewest number of appointments under its quota being taken first and the others in like order until the requisite number of eligibles is found. There is never any variation from this, except where the ap portionment rule is waived for the reasons already stated. No one is ever c r.ii.eii by the commission for appointment until after he has first passed the required ex amination." Commissioner Mcllhenny felt that the civil service commission was blamed for many things unjustly, and he courteously devoted a great deal of his time to The Star reporter in obtaining and explaining various data relating to appointments in the government service. Apportionment Among States. The following table shows the appor tionment among the several states June 26. together with the quota allowed each state and territory under the law: Ap- Ap point- Quo- point- Quo % ments. ta. rni-nts. ta. Alaska 2 6 Michigan 271 242 Hawaii 6 IB Nebraska 120 102 Porto Rico 36 96 Maine 78 ? Alabama 130 183 Utah. 28 Arkansas 98 131 Indiana 289 252 Mississippi-... 123 155 Connecticut 106 91 Louisana Ill 138 Kansas 174 147 California 135 141) Idaho 19 IK Kentucky 195 215 New Jersey.? 226 18S Texas 284 305 Ohio 513 416 Oregon 39 41 New Hanipsh'e 51 41 Wisconsin 199 207 New York 226 727 Vlorfd* ">< Rhode Island... 55 43 Tennessee 202 202 Colorado 70 54 Mexico 20 2u Pennsylvania. . 826 630 Missouri 317 311 Montana 32 24 Georgia 227 222 West Virginia.. 136 9? Illinois 494 482 Ariiona 18 12 Oklahoma 81 79 Massachusetts 42rt 281 Washington.... 54 52 Vermont 55 34 South Carolina. 140 134 Delaware 32 18 South Dakota.. 42 40 Nevada 8 4 Iowa 235 223 Wyoming 18 9 North Dakota.. 34 32 Virginia 399 185 Minnesota 194 175 Maryland 412 119 North Carolina. 210 189 Dist. of Col... 963 28 Drowns in the Columbia Canal. COLUMBIA. S. C., June 28?Arthur L. Royster, chief clerk to Supt. Williams of the Columbia division. Southern rail way, was drowned early today in the Co lumbia canal by the capsizing of a boat. His companions, Frank Harper, a train dispatcher, and Night Clerk Hanna of the Columbia Hotel, tried In vain to save him. READY FOR THE GREAT BATTLE . ** i ? "BOARD" AND "CHAMBER" TEAMS PLAY TOMORROW. Base Ball Game for Benefit of the Playground Fund?Tossers in Fine Fettle. "We love our Nationals, but oh you Board of Trade and Chamber of Com merce!" The Nationals today play their last game on the home grounds for a month. Tomorrow the Board of Trade and the Chamber of Commerce will appear at American League Park In a struggle for honors for the benefit of the playground fund. And the Indications are that by the time these two lusty teams get through tearing up the ground the field will need a rest of a month. Hard practice for both teams ended Saturday. The Board of Trade players will be out for a little batting practice this afternoon, and will then be sent home to rest until tomorrow afternoon. The members of the Chamber of Com merce team will not work today. "I'm going to give them a lay off," Capt. Phil King said. "They are going so strong that I am afraid of them. They haVe been hitting the ball so hard in practice against good pitchers here lately that I have ordered them not to eat but one meal between now and the hour of the game. Man-Eating Lot,, Chamber Players. "Afraid they will jam the ball through the fence or break some of the board players' hands if they put their full strength behind their drives. Man-eating lot, these chamber players." "Nothing to it," Capt. Gibson of the board said. "We can't lose. Tnope silver cups are ours. Pretty cups, too. Will look well in'the board rooms. Star players? We haven't any. Great on team work. Just like the Chicago White Sox in their championship days. Inside ball? You never saw anything like it. Manager Cantillon has borrowed five new plays from us and will use them on the west ern trip as soon as George Browne gets back in the game to help pull 'em off. Takes fast men to do it. Nine men In every play with us." All questions of eligibility have been settled by the two opposing captains. Umpire Betts has trained himself into perfect condition to perform his strenu ous duty. The tickets are selling like hot cakes and a record-breaking crowd is sure to be on hand. Line-Up in Doubt. Phil King said today that he could not be quite sure of his line-up. His brother. Harry King, is slated to begin the game at first base. He is a mighty slugger and Saturday strained himself trying to stretch a three-bagger into a home run. If he cannot go through with the job Dr. Kaufman will take his place. Phil King will play second base. He says he thinks his bad knee will not Interfere. Either Cray or Plant will play shortstop. Both are good men. Murphy will hold down third base. Capt. King says Murphy acts exactly like Shlpke, except that he is a better batter. The outfielders will be chosen from the following: Ray Knox. Mere dith, Albert, Lamb, who is also a third baseman, and Guy. who can go behind the bat. The Hume brothers will be on the points. Tyng in the box and Tom doing the Charley Street stunt. The name of the Board players is legion. They have about eight men for every positfon. The Chamber rooters say that before the game is over the Board will wish it had been able lo play four or five men in each position at the same time. , The Board rooters j say that when the final count is regis tered it will look like they had played a million men. For the Board Team. For the Board Southerland will hold down first base. If he gets hurt or tired Doc White will take his place. Brewer and De Moll are the second basemen. Mandeville Carlisle, also known as "Pudge," will play short. Drown will be held in reserve for this position. Lang-j ley and Farquhar are the third basemen. In the outfield will be at various stages of the game West, Dr. Duffey, Gockler, Burdine, McQuade, Brooks, Crane, Sin clair and Dr. Gibson. The Board has two good pitchers In Chamberlain and Conners. In the days when the District building had the best amateur team in town Chamberlain was a great twirler. Capt. Gibson says he has a "fade away" that beats anything Christy Mathewson ever dished up. Con ners is a youngster who can go twenty innings without a let-up. Behind the bat Church and Hempstone are counted as steady as rocks. The game will begin promptly at 4 o'clock. For half an hour before that time the crowd will be entertained by a band concert. Tickets for school children will be fur nished free at the gates. TAFT TO VISIT NEW ORLEANS. Will Attend Deep Waterways Con vention November 11-13. NEW ORLEANS, June 28.?The ex pectation that several presidents of Amer ican republics may meet here during the Lakes-to-the-Gulf Deep Waterways Asso ?ciatlon convention, November 11-13, ha? been strengthened by a press dispatch from Washihgton announcing that Presi dent Taft will spend one day In New Or leans upon that occasion. Invitations to the executives of Mexico and other Cen tral American republics and Cuba, it is said, will be extended by the committee in charge of the arrangements for the gathering. OFFICER LANGUISHES IN JAIL* Acting Police Captain of Brooklyn Must Serve Term for Contempt. NEW YORK, June 28.?Acting Police Capt. August Kuhne of Brooklyn must remain in a prison cell for the rest o? the thirty-day term for contempt of court, which he began serving four days ago. Justice Kelly, in the supreme court in Brooklyn, today dismissed the writ' of i habeas corpus which Capt. Kuhne had sued out, demanding relief from incarcer ation in a cell. Justice Kelly decided that th? officer had no ground for demanding treatment as a civil prisoner. The court of ap peals recently decided that Capt. Kuhne had been guilty of contempt in photo graphing an officer of the Jenkins Trust Company of Brooklyn, in violation of a court order. RAID ON BUCKET SHOP. Armed Watchmen and Customers Ar rested in Cincinnati Concern. CINCINNATI, June 28.?County Prose cutor Hunt's- spectacular campaign against bucket shops was continued .today, when he and ten deputies overpowered two armed watchmen and raided the of fices of the Consolidated 8tock and Grain Company. C. A. Acton and C. B. Fox were arrested, all the books of the con cern were taken and the wires cut. The men wefe held to the grand jury. Ten days ago this same company was raided by Hunt and his deputies and Louis W. Foster and W. H. Klausman were arrested. They were indicted later by a grand jury on charges of operating a bucket shop. During today's raid twenty customers of the concern were held behind locked doors for several hours In order that their correct names might be secured. They were wanted as witnesses. Senate Will Not Act on Devlin's Case This Session. REPLY TO WICKERSHAM Attorney General Would Not Give Up Perrin Papers. INEXPEDIENT NOW, HE SAYS Members of Judiciary Committee Dissatisfied, But Decide Not to Enter Into Controversy. Attorney General Wickersham will not send to the Senate the files In the De partment of Justice relating to the trial of Dr. E. B. Perrin, charged with con spiracy to defraud the government in California timberland cases, data demand- | ed in connection with the nomination of Robert T. Devlin to he United States at torney for the northern district of Cali fornia. As a result of the refusal of the Attor ney General to send the information the Senate committee on Judiciary today de cided that It would put over the Devlin nomination until the next regular session of Congress. In replying to the order of the com mittee calling upon him for all reports and correspondence connected with the Perrin case. Attorney General Wicker sham said that it would be "inexpedient" to supply the information, as the Perrin case is still on the docket subject to re trial. Senators Are Not Pleased. Several memberB of the Judiciary com mittee today expressed themselves as dissatisfied with Mr. Wlckersham's re sponse. especiilly as It was known that Assistant Attorney General Harr had made a report to former Attorney Gen eral Bonaparte declaring that proceedings against Perrin should be dismissed. At the same time the committee decided that it would not be wise to become involved in a controversy with the Department of Justice at the present time. It was agreed, however, that no action should be taken on the Devlin nomination now This will necessitate the reappoint ment of Mr. Devlin if h? continues to serve as district attorney after the ad journment of the present session. Although agreeing temporarily not to press the order for the facts demanded, members of the Judiciary committee as sert that the Information will have to be produced If President Taft reappoints Devlin during the recess of Congress and the nomination again comes before tne committee for action next session. The information which the committee was particularly anxious to have before it was left In the Department of Justice by former Attorney General Bonaparte when he retired from the cabinet. It Includes a mass of correspondence and the- report of Assistant Attorney General Harr, all sealed by Mr. Bonaparte, and the packages marked "confidential. Some members of the Judiciary commit tee were shown the Harr report, which, they say, indicated conclusively that the proceedings against Perrin should be^dis missed. They have not seen the corre spondence. Perjurer Not Prosecuted. Devlin prosecuted one case against Per rin which resulted in conviction. The superior court reversed the case and re manded it for a new trial on the ground that perjured testimony had been Nidmit The chief opposition to the confirmation of Devlin relates to his failing to bring an action against the alleged perjured witness. Members of the Senate committee have criticised former Attorney General Bona ? _ he Ignored the recommen dation of Mr Harr that Proceedings against Perrin be nolle same criticism is now directed against pea re" that**he T sy m^at^ res * w 11 h the a? "Sfth? SJSSTZ* m t<*.y should be reappointed. Members of the California delegation declare that Dev Un unquestionably will be renominated by Mr. Taft. WOMAN AVENGER SHOOTS. Mortally Wounds Man She Says Murdered Her Husband. NEW YORK, June 28.?In revenge for the alleged murder of her husband a year ago, Mrs. Louise La Bartia today fired four bullets into Dominlco Versagia. \ er sagla was still alive when taken to the hospital, but his wounds are probably fatal. Mrs. La Bartia was arrested. The shooting took place on the side walk at Spring and Sullivan streerts. as Versagia was on his way to work. Mrs. La Bartia was waiting for him, and when he approached her she opened fire with a revolver. Every shot took effect. A by stander seized Mrs. La Bartia after the fourth shot and gave her into the cus t?Mre?fLaeBartl(a "declared that Versagia murdered her husband a year ago and that she had appealed In vain to the police to punish him. ADBIFT FOB. EIGHT DAYS. Occupant of Fishing Boat Nearly Dead When Picked Up. Special Ptapateh to The Star. ROCKLAND, Me., June '28.?A story of eight days on the high seas in a small open boat, with naght for subsistence save a half pint of fresh water, a little raw fish and some kelp, was brought in here last night by the $shing schooner Fred Leland. which had on board Ber nard J. Dobbin of East Boston, Mass. Dobbin had been picked up at sea last Friday, when on the verge of starvation. Shipping on the Boston fishing schooner Alice, Dobbin left the vessel off Clarks Banks to set a trawl. He was separated from the Bchooner In a thick fog and could not again locate her. although Capt. Edward Russell of the Alice searched for him twenty-four hours, as it later de veloped. For eight days Dobbin rowed shore ward, as he thought. At least six times he sighted passing vessels, only to be disheartened by his failure to attract attention. Finally the hoisted oars, mute signals not only of a lost dory, but of the exhausted condition of the occupant, were seen by the Fred Leland, and Dob bin was carried aboard. ? Finished Second in French Race. PARIS. June 28.?Thomas Hitchcock, Jr.*s Bayonet finished second in the Prix Grandlieu at Auteuil today. TUFT SITS US II JUDGE Hears Arguments Regarding Labeling of Whisky. QUESTION ONCE SETTLED First Decision Reviewed by Solicitor General Bowers. DISPUTE OVER ETHYL ALCOHOL Distinction Made Between That Derived From Grain and That Made From Molasses President Taft gave nearly all of lilt timw at the W hite House today to hear ing statements from representatives of whisky interests as to how that liquid should be labeled under the pure food law. The hearing was held in the cab inet room, there being a distinguished array of lawyers and representatives of the various interests, including ex-Secre tary John G. Carlisle, Joseph H. Choate. former ambassador to Great Britain; State Senator Armstrong of New York, Warwick M. Hough, Herman Cellarlus. former collector of internal revenue at Cincinnati; Maurice J. Freiberg of Cin cinnati, Lawrence Maxwell. Cincinnati; Edmund Taylor of Louisville, William Robins and others. Question Settled and Reopened. The fight over the question ha? been going on for a year. It was settled once and then reopened for further hearing. Attorney General Bonaparte months ago took sides with Dr. Wiley and rendered a long decision that "straight whisky" must be that article of manufacture from grain without rectifying, blending or mixing with anything Rfdistillation, mix ing with neutral spirits, etc.. necessitated labeling as "blended wnisKy" or "imi tation whisky." A great protest went up from the men engaged In rectifying and putting upon the market choice assort ments of mixed, blended and other grades containing neutral spirits nr ethyl alco hol They claimed that their business would be ruined and that their product was Just as pure and as much entitled to 'straight whisky" as the stuff taken from the government warehouses in Ken tucky. President Roosevelt sustained Mr. Bonaparte and Dr. Wiley and appeals to him were in vain. The appeals were renewed with President Taft, who finally Instructed Solicitor General Bowers of the Department of Justice to have made a searching examination and an investiga tlon as to what the general whisky trade considered to be whisky. Mr. Bower* held many hearings, tak ing volumes of testimony. His decision, rendered some weeks ago. overturned the Benapart?>-Wiley Interpretation, hold ing that all combinations made from grain, even if containing ethyl alcohol, also made from grain, were entitled to the term "whisky" Ju*t the same as the unmixed, straight goo<is, never touched filT Je9tifleiu. Mr. Bowers, however, held tnat If the ethyl alcohol was made from molasses the term "whisky" could not be used. Latest Ruling Unsatisfactory. Mr. Bowers' decision has likewise caused a big protest. The Kentucky distillers and others of the same class scattered over the country, who had found themselves blessed with the term "straight whisky" for their goods, un "le .?onaPart? decision, are most in sistent In their demands that they have the only slmon pure stuff. But the blenders and rectifiers have also kicked notwithstanding the decision of Mr Bow er? extrlcated them from a bad hole They hold that ethyl alcohol derived from molasses is a'commercial product of Identically the same purity, chemically, physically and physiologically, as that de rived from grain. Mr. Bowers, as stated, held that molasses ethyl alcohol, when mixed with whisky, would put the com pound out of the realm of "whisky" so far as the trade was concerned. President Taft's duty today was to listen to hours of expert statements and legal argument as to the whole question ar.d especially to try to grasp the dis tinction between ethyl alcohol derived from molasses and that derived from grain. President Well Informed. At a former hearing held in his office in April last on the preliminary phases of the question President Taft remind ed those present that he had been a collector of Internal revenue at one time and was fairly well informed as to what whisky it. Mr. Carlisle has long represented the Kentucky distillers, whose product is said to be about one-third of that con sumed in the United States. The Ken tucky process is to distill the grain and place It in charred barrels. In two or three years the natural process of puri fication brings the whisky up to a high degree of perfection. The other process is to redistill and rectify the original output and accomplish at once by me chanical appliances what age and char red barrels do. When the spirit first runs from the still it is utterly unfit for use because of the deleterious elements. President Taft adjourned the hearing and arguments at 1:30 o'clock this after noon until 9 o'clock tomorrow morning, when he will again take it up. TEN MILLIONS ON A DRAY. Fourteen Truck Horses Transport City Cftsh at San Francisco. SAN FRANCISCO. June 28,-EarIy this morning a dray loaded with $10,000,000 in gold coin was driven down Market street in this city from the temporary quarters of the city treasury in the California Safe Deposit and Trust Company building to the vaults in the old cit hall. Fourteen of the finest truck horses that could be secured drew the valuable load and twenty-five mounted policemen guarded the caravan. John E. McDougald, city treasurer, oc cupied the seat beside the driver. The east wing of the old city hall, where the vaults are located, is the only part of the building left by the wreckers, who have made a thorough job or the work started by the earthquake and tire of 1906. ERNST VON HALLE DEAD. Well Known for His Articles on Economic Subjects. BERLIN, June 28.?Prof. Ernst Von Halle, the political economist, died here today of pleurisy. He was born in 1S68. Prof. Von Halle was well known In the United States. He wrote various studies on cotton culture in the south, on the enterprise of Germans in America and on economic inquiries in the West Indies and Venezuela. The professor was an ardent advocate of the German navy and aided in the preparation of several naval bills. He was personally liked by Emperor Wil liam.