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THE EVENING STAR
TOH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. Office, 11th at. aad PmmtItuU The Craning Star Ntwapapar Company, Bvopun Office: 3 Itfnt at., tnin. FulMt New York Office: Tribune Building. Ohiotfo Office: First Nation*? Bank Building* The Rreotnp Star, with the Sunday morning edition. i.* delivered hy carrier* within the city ?t SO cents per month. Orders may be sent by nail or telephone Main 2440. Collection Is made by carrier at the end of each montk. By mail, postage prepaid: Dally. Sunday Included, one month, 80 cent*. Dally. Sunday excepted, one month. uO cents, aatnrday Star, fl year. Sunday Star. $1.50 yr No. 17,867. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 26, 1909.-EIGHTEEN" PAGES. TWO CENTS.. W eather. Partly cloudy, with showers tonight or Friday; not much change in temperature. No New Developments in In terior Department Case. EXPLANATIONS IN ORDER Officials Silently Preparing Keport for the President. TAFT MAY LIFT UP THE LID If He Doesn't Open Up the Cun ningham Land Case Others May Do It. In the celebrated case of "Glavis agl Interior Department Officials" there were no developments today. Respondents were at work upon their explanation to he sent to the President, and pending that report had nothing: to say. Rumors there were in plenty, the clr rumamblent atmosphere as full of them as of the caterpillar fuzz that is blowing about and making folks sneeze, but un substantiated hy official backing. While the general tenor of the Glavis charges is known, only a few officials are aware o' the .specifications, if any. and they will not tell. As stated in The Star yesterday, the report of Mr. Glavis was made to tiie President. Me is understood to have at tempted to show that high officials of the Interior Department were unneces sarily concerned in the expedition of v hat are known as the Cunningham claims to valuable coal lands In Alaska. President Wants to Know. The President called upon the depart ment officials for a report upon the mat ter. A decision by First Assistant Secretary Frank Pierce ol" the Department of the Interior, now acting secretary, dated May in. 1909. it is declared here, would have clear-listed and patented the Cunning ham claims had not Attorney General Wickersham overruled his action upon an appeal made by Louis R. Glavis. In this decision, addressed to the com missioner of the general land office and referring, it is declared in some quarters, to the Cunningham case, Mr. Pierce said: ? "I have to advise you that the act of Maj 2>. 19uK. was a curative act and should l?e liberally construed so as to 1 i;rih?v the object intended to be ad \ .iced by said legislation, namely, the ? onsolldation of coal claims in Alaska, in itiated prior to November 12. 1906. through the means of associations or ? ?Titrations, so as to permit of the ac ? inircniem of title to contiguous loca tions, not f\i ceding 2.o00 acres. Calls Difficulty Technical. "It ;s asumcd that the difficulty with which your office Is confronted ih pass ins upon those applications is merely that te< hnicai objection might have been raised a-- to the good faith of the claim tt nt or ?ntiymun, because of the under standing, arrangement or agreement con templated or entered into with respect to the completion of such entries prior to the passage of the act of May 28, 1908. With respect thereto, I am of opinion that to so limit the scope and purpose of the act of 1908, as to refuse the privilege of perfecting such claims under its liberal provisions, solely because of such pre vious arrangement, is unwarranted, and that in passing upon entries sought to be perfected under the act of 1908. where the only objection thereto is an arrange ment of the character specifically de scribed in your letter, the same might and should be accepted and passed to patent." After reciting the question at issue Mr. Wickersham. in his opinion overruling Mr. Pierce, said: "I am of the opinion that if the agree ments or arrangements mentioned in your letter were entered into by locaters of co.il lands in Alaska after they had made their locations in good faith and in their own interests^ alone, such locations may, under the provisions of the act of May 28. Ilnis, lawfully pass to entry and patent in accordance with the terms of said act. On the other hand. I am of the opinion that if such agreements or arrangements wer?* entered into prior to such locations oeinK made, such locations do not come within the provisions of said a"t and can not be lawfully passed to entry and pat ? nt." Will Taft Lift the Lid? In 11 ??? department and out of it fur ther developments are awaited with the keenest interest. The gossips go so far to say that ihe President is confronted b> ;? situation which will force him to take a< tion. and that if he does not there will I?e an outburst of publicity through '>i~s.? channels which will create a scan dal. It is said that western newspapers are in iMissession of information which they will spring as a last resort that will make interesting reading. For the present, it is deiiaied, these data are being withheld to allow the President to take the initiative of "lifting the lid." MBS. W. B. MOSES DEAD. Widow of Furniture House Founder Expires in Maine. Mrs \V. B. Moses, widow of W. B. .Moses founder of the furniture house of W. It. Moses & Sons, and mother of Messrs. W. H.. H. C. and Arthur C. Moses, died this morning at her cottage at South Bristol; Me. She had been in ill health for some time, but when she left foi her summer home earlier in the seascn it was expected the change would benefit her. Death came unexpectedly. \Y II Moses will leave the city this evening at o'clock for Maine. Both H. ?and Arthur C. Moses are out of the city. The funeral services will probably be held in this city. Arrangements will not be completed until \V. II. Moses reaches South Bristol and consults with the other members of the family. TWO STATES GIVEN BOOST. Kentucky and Texas Exploited at Club Convention. UMTSVILLK, Kv., August Ken lucky and Texas received exploitation to day during the tifth annual convention of the Associated Advertising Clubs of Amer k-a. 1'nited States Senator William O. Bradley of Kentucky spoke at a function given by John C. Shaffer, owner of the Louisville Herald, on "What the Blue ijrass State lias to Advertise." and James Kirkland of Dallas. Tex., took for his tiieine "Texas?the Kmpire of Possibili ties." Oth r speakers were Hugh Chambers, Detroit: Oeorsre W. Barker. Dallas. Tex.; S. S. McClure. New York; James Scher nierhorn Detroit, and Ingalls Kimball, New York. Maj. Morrow Speaks Well of Washington Aqueduct. REPORT ON WATER SYSTEM Condition Excellent and No Neces sity for Additional Plant. CAKRYING CAPACITY AMPLE Recommendations Made for Com pleting- the Installation of Meters. Resume of Conditions. *ni?rdlnjr to Mil J. Morrow, the en gineer officer In charge of thr District natrr-uippW nyntem. the UnxhlnKlon aqurdurt, after forty-nix yearn of Nrrv I Ire, is In exrelleat condition, nnd there j In no ne<*ennlty for any additional ! nouree of nupply to meet the demands | of the Immediate future. Maj. Morrow's annual report pn the sub- . ject was made public at the War De partment today., Tt contains a mass of information in regard to the aqueduct j system and the various steps taken for increasing and improving the water sup plied to the residents of the District. The main portion of the report is de voted to a description of the conduit from Great Falls and the various auxiliaries of the filtration plant. He says that the conduit between the gatehouse at Great Falls and the north connection of the Dalecarlia. or receiving, reservoir was drained, cleaned and inspected twice dur ing the past year. That section of the conduit is about nine j miles in length. It is generally lined with brick, having an internal diameter of nine feet. There are, however, several places where the conduit was blasted through solid rock, where no brick lining has ever been placed. Maj. Morrow says the outline of the conduit at those places is rough and ir regular and is considerably larger in sec tions than are the lined portions. The feeder between the dam and gatehouse at Great Falls was cleaned once during | the year and was found to be in good | condition with the exception of a leak | under the stop logs, which, it is stated. J will be repaired this summer. Crosses Twenty-six Valleys. The conduit is carried across twenty six valleys on four bridges and twenty two fills with culverts. "As a general rule," says Maj. Morrow, "the conduit, aftar forty-nix years' service, is in excel fent condition. The brick lining is almost Invariably strong and sound. It is only at the first of the unlined sections, and at the bridges and culverts, that any mate rial deterioration has occurred. It was only in the fourteen-hundred-foot section between Great Falls and waste weir No. 1 that any considerable decay of rock was noted. In that section it appears that the rock becomes dislodged in the greatest amount only in a section of about 400 feet in length north of and near waste weir No. 1. Outside of that section there has been little falling of rock from the roofs and sides of the con duit since construction, about forty-six years ago. "According to Lieut. W. T. Hannum, the vertical diameter in the section where the rock is most liable to decay appears to have been increased not more than live feet, and it may be that when sufficient rock shall have fallen, so that the roof will be above the level of the flowing water, thus preventing wash of the seams the rock .will cease to break off. Further water, thus preventing wash of the seams, now washed in certain places, can be pre vented by filling with cement mortar. "I do not anticipate any sliding or any fall of rock of sufficient magnitude to cut off or seriously interfere with the sup ply of water. To guard against any pos sible danger, the section where the rock is liable to decay should be lined. That this would be very difficult to do under present conditions is evident, but it is not believed to he absolutely impossible, although to do so would require excep tional expense for such work and con siderable time. Method of Averting Danger. it is believed that dangerous overtop ping of the fill may be presented by keep ing the culverts properly cleaned, and if possible altering the stream bed above or below the culvert in order to reduce the deposits of sediment in the culvert and increase the velocity of flow through the culvert. At certain points along the line of the conduit where it crosses ravines of earth tiils these fills since the construc tion of the conduit have shrunk, with-a consequent deformation of the conduit It Is believed that this deformation occurred within a comparatively short time after the conduit was constructed, and that the deformation has at present reached its i limit. "It is believed that there is no danger from further settlement, but there may be danger from a leak starting through the rubble lining of the conduit and the earth embank inent outside. To prevent this possibility, it has been proposed, and ma terial has been purchased, to line culvert No. 20. which shows the greatest deforma tion, witii a cement mortar lining, rein forced by a type of wire cloth. "It has been noted that the mortar in the brick masonry in the lined sections of the conduit is inferior to our present day Portland cement mortar, but at no point has it been observed that the mortar has been washed out of joints between the bricks to an extent to cause any appre hension. "The loose bricks, occurring at several places at the invert of the conduit, occur red. according to my recollection, only in those sections of the conduit crossing the eartli Alls mentioned above. This may be explained by the fact that the settlement , of the conduit, causing a shortening of j the vertical diameter and the lengthening i of the horizontal diameter of the conduit, , would cause a crack along the crown and i also along the invert of the conduit, mak ing it possible for the water to easily wash out the mortar between the joints of the bricks in the invert. Test of Carrying Capacity. In order to test the maximum carrying | capacity of the aqueduct and to determine the loss of head at various rates of the flow in the several sections, some experi mental work was done in November of this year. The reservoirs were first drawn down to about the elevation they would assume at the calculated maximum; tlje (Continued on Ninth Page.) TH E R ET U RNIX G CON OU E RORS. Return of the National Guard of the District. GENERAL PARADE OMITTED Trip From Boston Made Enjoyable by Pleasant Weather. TROOPS PRAISED BY HARRIES Men Paid Off?Lessons of Maneu vers Discussed?Health of the Command Excellent. Bringing the National Guard of the Dis trict of Columoia from Boston, the army transports McClellan and Sumner arrived at the lighthouse service and Washington barracks docks shortly after noon today. The McClellan ran into the mud off Arsenal point and was delayed for about half an hour. If there hadn't been bottom there of nice greasy mud both the sea wall and the ship would have suffered, for the bow of the vessel was only about ten feet from the wall when the pull of her propellers, grinding at full speed astern, yanked her off into deep water again. Then, as she lay crosswise in the channel, it was necessary to hail a tugboat to pull and push her around until she was head ed up stream again. As the troops marched off the boats They were welcomed by a large crowd of relatives and friends who had been notified that the boats were to arrive about noon. Realizing that the men were anxious to get home after an absence of more than two weeks, Gen. Harries decided not to have a parade in Washington, and each regiment and separate organization marched to its armory, being greeted with cheers on the way. Details from each organization, except the 1st Battery, Field Artillery, were left at the docks to unload the transports. All members of the battery had to re main at the McClellan's dock to unload the field guns and harness. Late this I afternoon the artillerymen were still en gaged In this work. ? , After returning to their armories the infantry troops, Signal Corps and Ambu lance Corps turned in their camp equip ment to the respective quartermaster sergeants, and early this afternoon Dis trict guardsmen, tanned by the sun and bearing other evidences of a strenuous campaign, were sef n hurrying home to all parts of the city. Delightful Trip Home. All of the troops were enthusiastic over the field exercises in southeastern Massa chusetts, their visit to Boston, and the i trip home. Hardly a man was seasick on either transport. The weather was delightful and the water -was as smooth as a pond. With the exception of a few setting-up exercises and police and guard duty, which was performed by the 1st ? Separate Battalion, the men were excused from all military duty on the transports. 1 lie boats were so crowded that many of the men were forced to .sleep in cots or hammocks on the decks, but a*, the weather was good the men on the decks had the best bunks. The bands on each ship gave two concerts a day, and the music was much appreciated by the men, who usually joined in the chorus when ever a piece that they knew was played. Singing, playing cards and other games, and reading books or magazines which were brought on board in large quantities at Boston formed the principal amuse ments of the men. Messages were sent back and forth between the transports by wireless^ and by visual signals. When about 150 miles from the bay the trans ports stopped and Maj. Taylor, accom panied by L.ieut. Herron, aid-de-camp to the general, and Sergi. T. R. Clarke, were taken in a small boat from the Mc Clellan to the Sumner to pav off th? 1st and *Jd.Infantry regiments. About the Men's Pay. Maj. Taylor took about ?t8,000 in cash with him. The money was lashed se curely to a buoy and as there was so much silver that it would not float, it was attached to a line, long enough to reach to the bottom, according to sound ings that had been taken Just before the money was transferred. At the end of the line a floating buoy was attached, so that if by any chance the money fell over 1 ->ard it would have been easy to recover it So accident happened, however, and one of the soldiers was heard to Temark that they seemed to take far greater pre cautions for the safety of the $l8,0fK) than of the paymaster. The soldiers crowded on each deck watched the transfer of the paymaster, and as he stepped on the deck of the Sumner he was received with cheers from ithe members of the 1st. and l!d Infantry. I The men w*re paid off in record tijne, land after a little entertainment by the ' officers of the two regiment* Maj. Tay hrr returned just at dark to the Mc Olellan. As his little boat drew up along side of the transport a voice called out j in the dark. 'See Perry crossing Lake. Krie." The voyage ot the paymaster was one of the real Incidents of the trip home. Last Night's Concerts. Yesterday evening being the last night on board, concerts were arranged j on each transport. The men on the McClellan boasted of the fact that they had a printed program. The musical entertainment on the McClellan was arranged by Maj. F. J. Woodman, who received many congratulations on the success of the event. Chief Musician Donald MacLeod of the band of the 1st Infantry furnished the music. The pro gram opened with "Annie Laurie" l>y the 1st Separate Battalion Glee Cluu. Maj. Woodman sang "The Holy City." W. E. Thorn of the Signal Corps re cited "The Face on the Bar Room Floor." Herbert Carroll of the 1st Sepa rate Battalion gave a buck dance. After the hospital corps sextet sang a| selection, the 1st Infantry Band played the Washington Post March. D. J. Hick ey of the hospital corps recited the Med icine man, and Henry W. Jaeger sang "Sing Me to Sleep." After a buck dance bv Jones and Lee of the 1st Separate Bat talion, Mr. Rowley and the hospital corps sextet sang "Sweet Sixteen." Philip ; Ordwein, 1st Battery, sang "I Wish I Had a Girl Like You," and John Wade. 1st Separate, gave an exhibition of sleight of hand. J. D. Carpenter of the Hospital Corps gave a recitation, and J. H. Smith and Gus Zeltler. 1st Battery, won much ap plause in a sailor dance. After a solo by B. S. Gynan of the Hospital Corps , and a selection by the Glee Club of the 1st Separate, the concert terminated with the singing qf "Old Hundred" by every body. Gen. Harries Praises Brigade. Just before debarking this afternoon Gen. Harries issued a general order ex pressing his appreciation of the excellent work done by members of the brigade. The order said, "At the conclusion of the most exacting, interesting and profitable field maneuvers ever experienced by this I brigade, the commanding general thanks ? the officers and men who by their faithful activities have placed upon record the courage, discipline and self-supporting ability of the National Guard of the Dis trict of Columbia. "Increased efficiency ha^ marked every day of the period, and there is now a solid foundation ui>on which to build an organization that should be of the best. More gratifying than the growth of sol dierly skill is the good conduct record of the brigade; there was no depredation or intoxication in the field, and while there were more than 1,5U?J men on pasts in Boston for three days there was not one case of misbehavior and not a single complaint of any kind whatsoever. Of all i nat has been accomplished the Na tional Guard may well be proud. "The command of such a brigade is a great honor." As the transports passed Mount Vernon the bands played "Nearer, My God, to Thee," and courtesies were exchanged with Fort Washington. Every man was on deck and stood at attention while the band played "The S ar Spangled Banner" as the McClellan passed the fort. The men spent the greater part of the morning in getting their personal equip ment together and in thoroughly policing the ship, so that everything was left in first-class condition as the District troops left the transports. Discussing Lessons of Maneuvers. On the way home the officers on each boat held a meeting and discussed the lessons learned during the field exer cises. On the McClellan Gen. Harries gathered his stafT officers and those of the 1st Battery, 1st Separate Battalion, the Signal Corps and Medical Corps about him on deck, and for several hours the experiences and mistakes made in the field exercises were discussed. It was the general sentiment of the officers, who spoke also for their men. that tiie pres ent field exercises were the most instruc tive that the District uuard had ever had. and the hope was expressed that similar ones could be held next year. One of the officers recalled Gov. Draper's remarks as he reviewed the 1st Brigade of the Red army, that he had never seen (Continued on Second Pago.) AGAIN AT PRACTICE Battleship Firing at Moving Targets Off the Capes. CRUISERS JOIN THE FLEET Desired Rough Condition of the Sea Not Yet Obtained. SEARCHLIGHTS AID GUNNERS Firing Kept Up for Several Hours Last Night ? Reports on Results Not Received. NORFOLK, Va., August 2fl.--With the Atlantic battleship fleet augmented by the armored cruisers North Carolina, Mon tana and New York, which rejoined the battleships this morning, Rear Admiral Seaton Schroeder was today in supreme command of eighteen warships?the flower of the American navy?while these vessels engaged in battle practice and mimic war evolutions on the southern drill grounds off the Virginia coast. The cruiser division, which arrived only this week from Massachusetts waters, having completed its bunker coaling and recep tion of general stores sent from the Nor folk navy yard, weighed anchor in Hamp ton roads at 6:30 o'clock and under radi ant skies proceeded seaward. The cruiser division just before its de parture from Hampton roads this morn ing was passed and received a color salute from the gunboat Commodore Maury, having aboard Brig. Gen. C. C. Vaughn, commanding the Virginia militia, and members of the Norfolk infantry and artillery, which yesterday participated in the unveiling of a monument at Tappa hannock to the memory of the Confederate dead of Essex county, Va. The battleship Missouri is expected to join the fleet in these waters September 1. Battle Practice Work. Th<* battle practice work of' the day, with the dismantled torpedo boat O'Brien and battle practice barge No. 2 still as moving targets, began early in the fore noon, as told by the faint sounds of boom ing cannon heard along the ocean shores at Cape Henry and Virginia Beach. The ships of the fleet being still at work be tween themselves with wireless batteries screwed down to avoid commercial inter ference, it was today impossible to pick up at this distance anything official from them. "They sound like a beehive,'-' was the summing up of receiving wireless people today trying to catch something from the fleet. The desired ocean swell and rough con ditions for the battle practice work are yet to be had. The sea today, under n wind of only nine miles from the south west. was still and smooth as a river. Night Work. The first night work in battle target practice was had last night when the brilliant searchlights from the ships were distinctly visible from shore. This contin ued for several hours. Reports as to the success of the battle target work under searchlight aim have not yet been re ceived. The battleships at sea were last night passed by the incoming army transports Sumner and McClellan, bearing home from Eoston. the National Guard of the District of Columbia, which later pro ceeded directly up Chesapeake bay for Washington. Finds Fearlf Sells It for $2,500. MOUNT VERNON, 111., August 2fi.? George Rutledge found a pearl ir. the Wabash river weighing forty-six grains, ? which he sold for The jewel is j the largest ever taken from the stream. 1 and the finder has been engaged in pearl fishing for years, with varying success. Rutledge will receive enough from his find to buy a fleet of mussel boats, which he will isc to gather shells and search for pearls. Benzoate of Soda on Trial in Denver Today. THE ROOSEVELT REFEREES Dr. Ira Remsen Says Preservative Is Harmless. FOOD MEN ON OTHER SIDE Secretary Wilson Is Present and Listens With Keen Interest to the Wrangling. ? DKXVEIt, Col., August 'm.?Benzoate [ of soda as the preservative most com monly used in manufactured food prod ucts was put on trial before the con\M tion of tlie Association of State and Na-j tional Food and Dairy Departments to- j day. The opposing forces were the gov- j eminent chemical experts, including members of the Remsen reteree board, : who contended that benzoate was harm- J less, and some of the 2"H> state food com- j missioners and agriculturists delegated to the convention. Secretary of Agriculture James Wilson was an interested spectator. Near him i sat Dr. Ira Remsen of Baltimore. Md.; Dr. Russell H. Chittenden of New Haven, j Conn.; Dr. John 11. I?ng of Kvanston, j 111., and Dr. Christian H. Herter of New York city, all members of the "referee j board" of consulting scientific experts appointed by President Roosevelt to set-. tie the disputed points in the federal pure food law. Each member of the board j read a paper upholding the conclusion | that benzoate. when used in food in mod erate quantities,, is harmless. The position taken by Mr. Emery and his followers, as announced by them, is "if there, is any doubt as to the liarmful ness of chemicals in food the public should have the benefit of the doubt. That there is any doubt is the belief of many competent scientists. Catsup From Rotten Tomatoes. As showing that benzoate does not cover up inferiority. Dr. Long said he had made catsup out of rotten tomatoes, apples, peaches' and bananas. In one portion were put vinegar and spices, and in another benzoate, and the only por tion which tasted good was that in which vinegar and spices had been mixed. It was Dr. John II. Long, who as a member of ttie referee board, came in daily contact with the six younc men upon who mthe experiments with ben zoate of soda were made for the govern ment. I "The evidence from the experiments was so open and iinmi^lakable that no fair-mird^d person could avoid the con elusion that benzoate In tlw amounts om ploved is a perfectly harmless substance," said Dr. Ixmp. "I must admit that in I one respect I protected my men. and some i of you may assume that my protection I was an interference. "What may result frnm a 1 ittVe physical disturbance was shown before any actual tests were made. The men were brought I j together in advance of the period proper. They supposed that the administration of benzoate would begin immediately and it is an actual fact that some of the men became apparently too sick to eat properly for several days. But after the newspapers had ceased to note the \york he had no further trouble. "After drawing the conclusion that ben zoate used In small quantities never would injure health, Dr. Long went on to discuss whether or not the drug could he employed to cover up any inferiority in foods. "At the request of a large manufactur ing firm," he said, "there was sent to my laboratory a mass of rotten tomatoes with which to make catsup. Some of it was preserved with vinegar and spices, some with benzoate and some left unmixed. The odor and taste of the last were bad; that with the benzoate showed essentially the same condition, while with the vinegar and spices a fair grade of commercial catsup was secured. Benzoate has but little taste and no odor, and, therefore, it cannot conceal inferiority." George L. Flanders, assistant com missioner of agriculture of New York state, is named as the probable next president of the association. After the convention Secretary Wil son will make a tour of the western states. Dr. Remsen Speaks. Dr. Ira Remsen of Baltimore. Md.. chairman of the referee board of con sulting scientific experts, addressed the convention, saying in part: "In the early part of the year l.?"8 President Roosevelt wrote to the pres idents of half a dozen universities, say ing that in the administration of iue pure food law difficulties had arisen land that it seemed desirable to call in the aid of.a group of-scientific men to pass upon such disputed matters. I "From the first letter of the President the exact nature of the duties of the hoard to be appointed was not clear. Shortly after this I was invited by the President to call upon him and talk the matter over. At this meeting he asked me t<> take the chairmanship of the board. I demurred and indeed said 1 did not want nxv name considered. He, however, urged ine to accept, saying: 'I want you to start the work. If after it is under way you find it takes too much time, or for any other reason you wish to give it up. you can withdraw." There was apparently nothing left "for me but to accept, and I did so. "The President then turned over to me the letters he had received from the uni versities. and asked me to select the! members of the board, giving me free rein. a result. I submitted to the Presi dent the names of Doctors Chittenden, Long, Herter and Taylor. The selec tions were at once approved by the Pres ident, and the appointments were prompt ly made by the Secretary of Agriculture. Talked With Wilson. "In the meantime. I had talked over the situation with Secretary Wilson, and j since the appointments my dealings have been directly with the Secretary. You understand that the referee board was to take up-only such questions as would be referred to it by the Secretary. We understand we had nothing to do with the administration of the pure food law. Our function is to answer to the best of our power such questions as the Secretary may put. Now in regard to this work on benzoate of soda. The referee board was asked to determine two points: ??1 ?Whether benzoate of soda in quan tities as are likely to be used is or is not injurious to health. ??^?Whether the quality or strength of a food to which benzoate of soda has been added is thereby reduced, lowered or injuriously affected. "You know the conclusion to which the board has been led by Its work. With the actual experimenting I had nothing to do." Speaking of the results of experiments made by administering quantities of ben zoate of soda into the food given to six healthy young men for periods, respec (Contiuued on Second Page.) French Aviator Sets New High Marks for Speed and Distance. COVERS 95.01 MILES IN 2 HOURS 18 MINUTES Panlhan's Performance of Yesterday Beaten by Twelve Miles. FLIGHT MADE DURING SQUALL Remarkable Performance at Rheima Arouses Intense Enthusiasm. Motor Used Was of Ameri can Manufacture. RHEIMS, August 26.?In his second at tempt this afternoon Hubert Latham, th* French aviator, broke the world's record l for time and distance. He came down in two hours and eighteen minutes, after he had covered about 153 kilometers, or 93.01 miles. The record for distance Is 83.<T miles, made by Paulhan yesterday. I..atham started ort his second effort to day shortly after 2 o'clock. The breeze. i when he got away, was less than three ' meters a second, but there were ominous l black clouds on the horizon, and during i the aviator's fourth lap a sharp squall j of wind and rain broke over the aero drome. ; The spectators did not believe it pos t sible for Latham to ride out the storm, ' but to their delight he only mounted the higher, and took his machine over the tribunes at a height of 300 feet. His time for the first round was minutes 22 4-5 seconds: the second round IS min utes 51 1-5 seconds: the third 27 minutes and 41 seconds; the fourth 38 minutes 15 3-5 seconds: the fifth 44 minutes ?? seconds; the sixth 53 ijifnutcs 50 4'" sf!C" onds. Eighth the Fastest Lap. The eighth lap was covered in 8 min utest 2? 3-5 we'onds, the fastest time La tham has yet made His time at the com pletion of the ninth lap was 1 hour 1# minutes 56 2-5 seconds. In this compe tition I^atham is using his celebrated No. 79. He made his flight this morning with his No. 13. During the tenth round the wind dropped to five meters a second. Latham was the only man flying over the field. He eoin pleted his tenth routid. Kiving him a total of 100 kilometers, or 62.10 miles, as steady as a liner in 1 hour, minutes and 17 seconds after his start. During the elev enth round the wind was blowing be tween three and five meters a second. His time at the end of the eleventh round was 1 hour, 36 minutes and 46 seconds, and at the end of the twelfth it was 1 hour, 45 minutes and 33 seconds. Americans are rejoicing at Lathams splendid showing, as the Antoinette motor, used by the Frenchman to drive his monoplane, is the invention of an American named Joseph Adams. Wind Blowing Hard. During Latham's fifth and sixth laps the official signals indicated a wind blow ing at the rate of ten meters a second. The spellbound crowd breathlessly watch ed the frail machine battling against the heavy gusts. The wings of the monoplane often fluttered like those of a bird caught | in a heavy storm, but the machine main < talned its steady progress. Latham smiled and waved his hand in response to the enthusiastic cheering as he passed over the tribunes. Four minutes later Latham beat tha world's record for sustained flight in a monoplane, 1 hour and 7 minutes, made by himself last June. The excitement was intense as Latham completed his thirteenth round. His time was 1 hour. 54 minutes and 2!? se-onds. The wind was blowing at the rate of sev en meters a second. . The fourteenth round was completed at the end of 2 hour". 3 minutes and 10 seconds, and the fifteenth in 2 hours. IS minutes and ? seconds Weather Good at Start. The fifth day of aviation week was ushered in with ideal weather conditions. The light airs and overcast sky brought the flyers out early, and before noon no less than a dozen machines, like hu;re gulls, were circling above the plain. The program today included the contin uation of the trials for the Grand Prix de la Champagne, the endurance test; the lap event, the speed event, a race between dirigible balloons, and a landing competi tion for spherical balloons. Latham, in a beautiful monoplane, was the first aviator to get awav. He an nounced his intention to make an effort to beat Paulhan's sreat record for the endurance prize, made yesterday. 2 hours. 53 minutes and 24 seconds. Latham started flyins at a great height. Sommer. Cock burn. Bunau-Varilla, Delugrange mid finally Glenn H. Curtiss. the American | contestant, followed Latham into the air. I Curtiss' purpose was to Improvr his re. - j ord in the speed lap contest and to qual ify for one of the six prizes in the en durance contest. He accomplished three rounds in an impressive manner, but his ; speed was disappointing. His total tlmo was 28 minutes 50 3-5 seconds. By rounds his showing was as follows: H minutes 32 2-5 seconds: !? minutes 502-5 seconds, and 10 minutes 36 4-5 seconds. In the meantime lhe other flyers, ex i cepting l>atliam and Dela??range, had allchted without doing anything A note worthy feature was witnessed when Dela grange, flying low. started to overtake I>atham, who was still high in the air. There was a pretty race for four miles, and Delagrange was overhauling Latham, when he was compelled to descend. Latham, after covering 70 kilometers (43.47 miles), was obliged to descend be cause of trouble with his ignition. Ten minutes l^er he was in the ai^ again, racing with another machine. Did Not Push Machine. Curtiss declares that he did not push his machine this morning, but he doubtB I whether he can beat his time of yester day. Blerlot, therefore, will be the win ner on form if he can go the distance. The Wright managers intend to make a desperate effort to wrest the endur ance prize from Paulhan and capture the height and weight-carrying events. Lefebvre, in a Wright machine with a tank holding ninety liters of fuel. Will make a try this afternoon. Blerlot made his first appcarance in ?? *?